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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, March 05, 1885, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1885-03-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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I - READ "
A SHIP OF '49.
The Grand National Spectacular
Drama, with Cleveland the
Central Figure,
Performed in the Presence of the
Greatest Number of People
Ever Assembled.
As a Combined Military and Civic Dis
play the Procession Pronounced
the Most Brilliant
Pageant Witnessed in the Ptepnblic—
Taking the Oath of Office—
Inaugural Address.
The Pyrotechnical Display a Perfect Tornado
of Eire, Accompanied by an Incessant
Volley of Explosions and
A Continuous Hissing Roar of Ascending j
Rockets, Torpedoes and Bombs—Beauti
ful Washington Fairly Ablaze.
A Continuous Hissing Roar of Ascending
Sockets, Torpedoes and Bombs—Beauti
ful Washington Fairly Ablaze.
Beauty at the Magnificently Bewildering
■Jail Lent Its Aid to Crown
t»«- Triumph
Of tho Incoming Administration—
Capital a Scene of Brilliancy Un
paralleled in History.
The Animated and Brilliant Scenes.
Special to the Globe .
Washington, March 4. — The center of in
terest turing the earlier half of the day was
Pennsylvania from Fourteenth to Seven
teenth streets, where the opening acts in the
great national spectacular drama were per
formed lb the presence of unnumbered
thousands of eager beholders. The broad
sidewalks ou either side of the avenue were
thronged with a mass of swaying humanity.
Soon after daybreak and from that time un
til the president-elect began Li.- advance upon
the capital a succession of animated and
brilliant scenes was enacted. There was a
rapidly shifting panorama of color and ac
tion, of which no adequate picture can be
presented by any process short of Instanta
neous photography. All was life, animation
and movement The rattle of artillery, the
patter and clatter of horses hoofs,
the fluttering of flags and banners and the
measured tread of armed battalions
a- they marched and countermarched
in front of the treasury building
and the White house formed all together a
medley of sounds which was only equaled in
variety by the infinite diversity of sights
which greeted the eve. The crowd, like all
American crowds, v is a good-humored one.
The statement that all American crowds are
good humored has been repeated so often
that people have come to accept it as Indis
putable. Nothing could be wider
of the truth. There are a
good many American crowds which
are Dot good humored. There was one
which tramped down the lower Broadway in
New York a night or two
which was not burdened with superfluous am
iability, as more than one man conspicuous
in public life has cause to remember. The
crowd which lined the streets of Washington
eight years ago to-morrow, when If B. Hayes
rode to the capitol to take the inaugural
oath, was sullen and a silent
one, but that of to-day was
fairly overflowing with good humor
und formed au interesting and novel study
during the waiting hours. li was a cosmo
politan crowd, and in threading his way
through it one heard snatches of nearly till
dialects known to civilization. The rich
Irish brogue and the sweet German accent,
to use the term employed by a famous war
rior of the lust generation, while In a delirium
of raging residential fever, were almost as
Ircqueut a- the native vernacular.
It) 1 race of Europe, Asia and America was
represented among tiie sight seers and the
dark continent had a most formidable con
tingent The fondness of the average Af
rican for any kiud of street show irom a
circus procession to a fuueral cortege is
proverbial and never was it more forcibly
Illustrated thau to-day. The crowd although
cosmopolitan wes distinctively American and
homogeneous as well. The underlying prin
ciple which actuated it was that all men were
born to equality, or ia a oiler phrase, that
one man is just as good as mother. Its Ir
reverence tor authority or rather for trap
piugs uud
was displayed In many ways, in
uouc more striking or suggestive than iv
the variety of comments it passed upon the
president-elect and other notables who passed
iv review before it. It was a well-dressed
crowd and a happy oue. Not that individ
ual atoms composing it wore attired lv the
latest modes ol Picadilly or the avenue d> l<i
J\ur, or that there were no sad faces
to be seen among thctn, but that
they were with scarcely au exception
decently and comfortably clothed and enjoy
ing the occasion to the fullest possible ex
tent. There was not a trace of that squalor
and wretchedness which always form such a
somber and distiiAl background Uxthe gaudy
pageants of royalty in European capitals.
OucCoutlnuoiis Ovation the Km ire I.c atth
«.| the Mini!.
A large crowd congregated areund the j
White house, and another equally as large !
around the entrance* to the Arlington hotel.
at an early hour in th;.* morning for tte pur
pose of obtaining a view of the president
aud the president-elect a* they took the
places assigned to them in the line. Both
gentlemen rigidly denied themselves to visi
tors during the morulas. The members of
the general inauguration committee net a:
the Arlington hotel before 10 o'clock and
placed their services a*, the disposal of tbe
presidentelect. President Arthur break
fasted with his family at tbe
White bouse about 9 o'clock. N\>
one was admitted to the house to
disturb hi* privacy except Senators Sherman,
Ransom and Ha wiry, of the senate commit
tee of arrangement*. The; had a short in
terview with the president, and soon after
... . .. . .
Sonator Haalry left and proceeded to the
Wiilard bote!, where he was jciued by Vice
Fresident-e'eet Hendricks, and the two pro
ceed rd to the White bouse. Tbey ocenpied
A handsome open barouche lined with crim-
son satin and drawn by four beautiful white j
horses. The vice president was heartily j
cheered all along the short ride to the White j
house. Just as be was entering the grounds
President Arthur's carriage containing Sena
tors Sherman and Ransom started to the Ar- j
lington for the president-elect.* This ;
carriage was also an open barouche. ;
It was drawn by four . bays from the presi- j
dent's stables. • The seats were covered with I
soft, heavy black and white robes. The sen
atorial committee were ushered into the pres
ence of the president-elect immediately on |
their arrival at the Arlington, and after a j
short delay the three gentlemen appeared at
the south entrance, of the hotel, took their
seats iv the carriage and were rapidly driven .
to the White house, where they joined Presi- |
dent Arthur and Vice President Hendricks
and Senator Hawley. Marshal McMichael
met the party at the White house
portico and escorted the president-elect
into the presence of the . president. |
The president-elect was greeted with i
cheers and waving of handkerchiefs as he i
drove along Sixteenth street from the hotel. I
He kept his hat raised in recognition of the
compliment. While the party were at the J
White house the chief marshal of the proces- |
sion and his aids rode into the grounds and I
notified the president that the procession •
was ready to start. It was precisely at the
hdur set, 10:30 o'clock, that the presidential
party entered their carriages and took the
position assigned them in the line. The
party entered their carriages as follows: In
President Arthur's carriage, President
Arthur, with President-elect Cleve
land on his left, Senator Sherman
'facing President Arthur, and Senator Ran
som on his right facing the president-elect.
The second carriage contained the vice
president-elect with Senator Hawley on his
left As the carriages drove out of the gates
and entered the line the occupants were
men shouting, women screaming and wav
ing their handkerchiefs, a"nd all seemed car
ried away with the excitement of the moment.
The president-elect and vice president-elect
came in for the principal share of the enthu
siasm, and each of them raised their hats
and bowed right and left to the crowd, which
lined both sides of the carriage way. The first
division of the procession escorting the
president-elect then began its march to the
capital. The scenes on Pennsylvania avenue
almost baffle description. A great surging
mass hid the sidewalks. Above them stately
buildings were covered with cloths of gor
geous colors, arranged in patriotic device.
The soft spring-like breeze lazily stirred in
the numberless flags and streamers, and
special aides in brilliant uniforms clashed
hither and thither, lending animation to the
scene. The police regulations were perfect,
and the broad avenue, with its hard, smooth
surface, was completely cleared of everything
that might obstruct the pageant The United
States regular troops came first, thus depart
ing somewhat from the order of the program,
with the probable object of, insuring a clear
marching space. Their ranks extended
clear across the avenue and presented
The United States marine corps, with its
magnificent band, followed. The artillery
battalions of this section of the procession
proceeded as far as the south front of the
treasury department and then baited and
came to parade rest, in order to afford
an opportunity for the presidential
party to fall In line, when the march
was resumed. The president's elegant
carriage was preceded by (.'en. Slocum, the
chief .marshal, and Lis staff and' a troop of
United States cavalry. Surrounding the car
riages were a dozen mounted policemen. The
party received an ovation all along the line 'of
march. Men cheered, women waved
their handkerchiefs and clapped their bands,
and the -greatest enthusiasm was evinced by
the Immense throng. President-elect Cleve
land kept his silk hat in hand and bowed to
the right and left as the carriage rolled slowly
along. The same reception was accorded
the vice-president elect whose carriage f ol -
lowed. Next came the national Democratic
committee and Inaugural committee in car
riages, followed by the District militia, headed
by* the Washington light Infantry. The
marching of this organization with Its un
usually long front was almost perfect, and it
succeeded in making the difficult wheel at
♦he southeast corner of the treasury building
without breaking — a feat which even the
United States regulars did not attempt
formed a part of the first division and pre
set) ted a highly creditable appearance. The
local divisions of the Grand Army of the Re
public closed the escorting divisions.
of New York was oue of the first organiza
tions on the grounds. As the Tammany
sachem, attired in aboriginal costume, en
tered the place, he was accosted by Ug«l
Ugh and other characteristic expressions.
Civic aud military organizations, preceded
by a, single drummer boy or a band of 100
pieces, as the case might be, followed, and
look the positions assigned them. The sun
shone brilliantly on the uniforms of the
troops and their bayonets gleamed la the
sunshine like a sea of burnished steel.
At 11 o'clock the crowd had Increased to
0,000 or 7,000, and crowded the place. Gen.
Hancock and Lieut Gen. Sheridan arrived,
and. as .ascended the steps to the cast
Boor of the senate wing, a deafening cheer
arose from the crowd. Twenty minutes
later the president's "carriage, with" the four
horses fairly prancing, cat red the west end
of the place. Prior to its arrival the people
stood enmaased on the east front. Police
men on horses rode among them and with
shouts and clubs cleared a passage way. The
carriage began to move through the passage
way preceded by the military. The people
cheered, first faintly, but as the vehicle pro
ceeded the hurrahs increased. Hats were
lifted and
handkerchiefs were waved above the heads j
by both ladies and gentlemen. The tiny |
flags held by patriotic children and elders '
were waved. The bands seemed to play '
with greater vigor and drums were beaten
with greater vehemence. The fife's shrill
sound was more piercing and the bogle blast
louder and louder. The carnage was driven
in front of the cast stops and around to the
passageway beneath them. It bad been ex*
pected tbe occupants would ascend the steps
and enter the building at the main door.
When, however, it was di^overed they
would enter through tho basement passageway
there was a rush in that direction.
But in a moment the president and president
elect, the senators who had accompanied I
them in their carrfage.and thevice president- j
elect and his companion were within the !
building and the doors were closod. Mr.
Cleveland on the arm of Senator Sherman
went to the private entrance of tbe senate j
chamber and proceeded immediately to the |
vice president"* room. President Arthur f
wont to tin* president's room. where his cab
(net was assembled, and where he engaged
himself in signing measures which congress
was rushing through the legislative halls.
Mr. Hendricks on the arm of Senator Haw- \
ley entered tbe department where Mr. Cleve
land had previously gone.
Cleveland and Arthur Welcomed— Ed- I
maud*' Final Artdrc**—Distin
guished GCe*ts.
In the senate, a little before 11 o'clock. Use
doors of the president's gallery were opened
snd the poop!* entitled to admission wore
escorted ia. Among them were Miss Cleve
land and Mr*. Hoyt, sisters of the president
elect: Rev. a. W. Cleveland and wife and j
their two soas; Mr. Hastings, nephew of the
| president-el-ct* Miss Hastings, V •■ Nellie
I Yeoman s and Miss Annie Yeoman*, nieces
( of the presfcient-eiect; Mr. and Mrs. Bacon
|of Toledo and Col. and Mrs. Lamoat. The j
[ bice tapestried seats of the diplomatic gallery J
j remained the longest vacant . tut
they, too, were filled by 11:15.
A • quorum of senators having
arrived the business of : the
senate proceeded with frequent
and long interruptions while awaiting
the action of conferrees on the appropriation
bills. Among the early' arrivals upon the
floor were Senators-elect Payne and Evarts,
who were warmly greeted by a dozen or more
acquaintances as they came in at the main
door of the hall. Ex-Senator Tipton of Ne
braska, Surg. Gen. Murray, Mr. Bissell, law
partner of President Cleveland, Commis
sioners Eaton, Thorn an and Gregory of the
civil service commission, arrived in their
turn, and were greeted by friends and ac
quaintances and conducted to. their ap
pointed places. The only events of the early
proceedings which were not upon
the program were
which greeted the announcement of the
passage of the Grant retirement bill and the
reception of the president's message nomi
nating Gen. Grant to a newly-created va
cancy. The applause, which was hearty and
prolonged, was not suppressed by Mr. Ed
munds. The arrival of the diplomatic, corps,
fifty strong, clad in their uniforms varying
from the silken robes and mandarin caps of
the Chinese to the gorgeous gold
bedecked dresses of the Euro
peans, " occasioned a suspension of the
buzz of conversation for a moment. They
entered unannounced and were escorted to
seats in front and upon the right of the
chair. Just before the entry of the members of
the supreme court, arrayed in their ample
black silk gowns, and preceded by their
marshal, the annual act of turn
ing back the hands of the senate
clock was performed by the veteran door
keeper, Capt. Isaac Bassett. " The supreme
court justices were placed upon the right
and front of the chair.
President Arthur was now announced, and
his coming was greeted with warm
in recognition of which he bowed gracefully
to the assemblage. A moment later, the buzz
of conversation was again suspended in an
ticipation of the announcement of the-presi
dent-elect of the United States. - Mr. Cleve
land bad already entered the hall with his
escort and . halted within sight of the as
semblage while his arrival was being an
nounced. Great applause and the clapping of
hands at first and then cheers loud and pro
longed welcomed him. Then a stalwart voice
in the gallery rose above the din demanding
"Three cheers for G rover Cleveland." This
was not held by the assemblage to be in good
taste, and Edmunds'* proclamation that
"Order must be preserved or the gallery will
be cleared" was a superfluity. The vice
president-elect was then escorted into the
chamber and without delay, but with solem
nity and decorum befitting the occasion.
The oath of office was administered to him*
by the president pro tern. Edmunds now
turned to the front and said: "Senators:
,We now close an epoch in the
under the constitution. This brief period of
our national existence has, by the exertion
of co-ordinated forces" of national and state
systems, brought the experiment of a free
social and political government to an estab
lished and secure triumph. I think I may
safely say for us all that we believe the long
years to come in the future of the
republic will more and* more increase
the peace, liberty, order and security of all
the people of our country. But perhaps it
may not be improper for me to say that in
view of our recent cxpericnoe it may be
doubted whether . congress congratulates it
self on being the best example of a legisla
tive body conducting its business with that
deliberate and timely diligence which Is the
inseparable handmaid of wisdom and jus
tice, as well in making as in the administra
tion or the laws. It is I think an evil of
large and growing proportions that meas
ures of
requiring much time for their proper exami
nation aud discussion i:i detail, arc brought
to our consideration so late that it is i< <<.__■
UMuW 7^
sible to deal with them intelligently, and
which we are tempted (ovcrtemptcd I fear)
to enact into laws in the hope that fortune
rather than time, study and reflection will
take care that the republic suffer no detri
ment. The chair has heard with deep sensi
bility of the resolution you have kindly
adopted concerning the administration of his
duties, and wishes to express sincerely his
gratitude for it. If, in the course of the exe
cution of his duties be has (as he sometimes
may have done) wounded the feelings of any
senator or. officer of the senate, he can truly
say he has not intentionally given offense to
[anyone, and In closing this session of the
senate be assures every senator, whether re
! tiring l.c assures every public whether re
tiring or continuing in public duty, that be
wishes for him every friendly good wish, and
hopes that be may long enjoy all the happiness
| that ran be realized by a citizeu or senator.
' He now declares the senate adjourned with
! out day.
How Cleveland was Clad— The Might}
Multitude of People.
Mr. Hendricks now took the gavel and
called the senate to order in extra session.
Prayer was offered by the chaplain, following
Which the vice president made a brief ad
dress. The new senators were sworn in after
the reading of the message of the president
convening the senate. A procession was
formed ai.d filed its way toward the platform
on the central portico of the capital. It was
In the following order: Marshal of the Dis
trict of Columbia and marshal of the supreme
court, rx-pre«idents and ex-vice presidents,
supreme court, sergeant-at-arms of the sen
ate. committee on arrangements, president
and president-elect, vice president and
secretary of the senate. Members of the senate
diplomatic corps, beads of departments, re
tired generals of the army, lieutenant gen
eral of the army, the admiral of the navy and
ollicers of the army and navy, who by name
have received the thanks of congress, mem
bers of the house of representatives and
members-elect governors and v -governors
of the states, officers of the senate und offi
cers of the honse of representatives, all
other persons who have been admitted to the
floor of the senate chamber followed by those
who have been
The stand on which the president was to
deliver his inaugural address was erected,al
most on a level with the floor? of the senate
and bouse and directly in front of the mid
dle entrance to the capital. It wus about 100
feet •.are, tbe largrst ever before erected
for an inauguration, and covered by 2.000
chairs. These were occupied by senators,
members of the diplomatic corps, judges of
the supreme court. {members of the bouse of
representatives and press representatives.
Before the president left the senate chamber
the crowd in front of the stand had increased
uutil it became one solid mass of humanity
for nearly -too feet in front of the stand and
moie than 1,000 feet on cither side. The
crowd continued less solidly in the rear.
This multitude piled the trees in the great
lawns and the roofs surrounding. Dweliincs
were covered. On tbe roof of tbe capitol
some two or three hundred men and boys
had congregated. In the approacbintr avenues
and streets the military companies and so
ciety organizations were massed in columns.
forming brilliant vistas
A 5 FAB AS T3E m con.D REACH.
On the elevated stands enterprising pho
tographers had placed their instruments to
perpetuate in photographic designs the
assembly on the stand and the sea of faces
and bats that moved continually like the
wares of an ocean. This immense throng
was variously estimated as to cumber*.
Presidect Arthur subsequently said it nas
u simply immense, tho greatest crowd I ever
saw.*' Senator Hawley, she looked st it,
said ho thought it cumbered about ooe hun
dred and fifty thousand people. While wait
ing for the arrival of the president-elect some
one would occasionally venture to the front
of the platform and his presence was the signal
for.repeated cheers. ' Precisely at 8:30 p. m.
the head of the procession appeared -coming
cut of the main east door of the capital.
President Arthur stepped to the front of the
platform followed by the president-elect,
Chief Justice Waite and the scrgeant-at-arms
of the senate. . All uncovered as they stood
facing the crowd and
again and again for several minutes.
. When the persons who were to assist at the
ceremonies were seated: on the platform
President-elect Cleveland f began f' his
inaugural address. He was clad in a' full
suit of black, Prince Albert coat, ' high old
fashioned standing color and black tie. ..In
speaking he held his left hand closed behind
him and emphasized bis speech by gestures
with his right hand. He spoke without man
uscript, but occasionally consulted 1 a small
piece of paper bearins: notes of the heads of
his discourse. His voice was clear ' and'
resonant, . and .he slowly enunciated his
words and occasionally turned ' about at
pauses as. if to note the effects of his . re
marks. . r ?^ff"'f -??•'?:•':?:-,'?
When he first began the crowd applauded
and whenever he paused to take a breath, but
after awhile contented itself with cheering
him as he made his principal points. His
reference to the prohibition of foreign con
tract labor called out loud and long-con
tinued applause, but his allusion to civil
service reform met with a faint response.
A Good, Sound and Sensible Document.
Fellow Citizens: In the presence of this
vast assemblage of my countrymen, lam
about to supplement and seal by the oath
which I shall take the manifestation of the
will of a great and free people. lu' the ex
ercise of their power and right of self-gov
ernment they have committed to one of their
fellow citizens a supreme and sacred trust,
and he here consecrates himself to their
service. This impressive ceremony adds
little to the solemn-sense of the responsibil
ity with which I contemplate the duty due all
the people of the land. Nothing can relieve
me from the anxiety lest tbat by any act of
mine their interests may suffer, and nothing
is needed to strengthen my resolution to
engage every faculty and effort in the pro
motion of thoir welfare. Amid the din of
party strife the people's choice was made,
but its attendant circumstances have demon
strated anew the strength and . safety of
a government by the . people. In ; each
succeeding year it more clearly appears that
our democratic principle needs no apology,
and that in its fearless and faithful applica
tion is to be found the surest
But the best results m the operation of a
government wherein every citizen has a
share largely depend upon proper limitation
of purely partisan zeal and effort and a cor
rect appreciation of the time when the heat
of a partisan should be merged in the pa
triotism of a citizen. To-day the executive
branch of the government is transferred to
a new keeping, but this Is still the govern
ment of all the people, and it should be none
the less an object of their affectionate solici
tude. At this hour the animosities of politi
cal strife, the bitterness of partisan defeat
I and exultation of party triumph should be
I supolanted by an ungrudging acquiescence
in the popular will and sober, conscientious
concern for the general weal. More
over, if from this * hour we cheerfully
and honestly abandon all sectional
prejudice and distrust and determine with
manly confidence in one another to work out
harmoniously the achievements of our na
tional destiny, we shall dejjy^to^rwllze all
the benefits which our happy form oigovern
ment can bestow. On this auspicious occa
sion we may well renew the pledges of our
which, launched by the founders of the re
public, and consecrated by their prayers and
patriotic devotion, has for almost a century
borne the hopes and aspirations of all great
people, through prosperity and peace and
through the shock of foreign conflicts and the
perils of . domestic strife aud vicissitudes.
By the Father of bis Country our constitution
was commended for adoption as "the result
of a spirit of amity and mutual concession."
In that same spirit it should be administered
in order to promote the lasting welfare of the
country, and to secure the full measure of
its priceless benefits to us and to those who
will succeed to the blessings of
our' national life. ' The large
variety, of diverse and competing
interests subject to federal control, persist
ently seeking the recognition of their claims,
need give us no fear that the "greatest good
to the greatest number" will fail to be ac
complished, if in the halls of national legis
lation that spirit of amity aud mutual con
cession shall prevail in which the constitu
tion had its birth. If this involves the sur
render or postponement of private Interests
and the abandonment of local advantages,
compensations will be found in the assur
ance that thus tho
and the general welfare advanced. In the
discharge of my official duty I shall endeavor
to be guided by a lust and unstrained con
struction of the constitution, a careful ob
servance of the distinction ' between the
powers granted to the federal government
and those reserved to the states or to the
people, and by a cautious appreciation of
those functions which, by the consti
tution and laws, have been es
pecially assigned to the executive
branch of the government. But he who
takes the oath to-day to preserve, protect and
defend the constitution of the United States
only assumes the solemn obligation which
every patriotic citizen on the farm, in the
workshop, in the busy marts of trade .and
everywhere should share with bira. The
constitution which prescribes bis oath, my
countrymen, is yours. The government you
have chosen him to administer for a time is
yours. The suffrage which executes the will
of freemen is yours. The laws and the
entire scheme of our civil rules from the
town meeting to the state capital .and the na
tional capital are yours. Your every voter,
xs surely as your chief magistrate under th"
same high sanction, though in a different
sphere, exercises a public trust Nor is this
all. Every citizen owes to the country a
vigilant watch and close scrutiny of its public
servants and A fair and reasonable estimate
of their fidelity and usefulness. Thus is the
people's will impressed upon the whole frame
work of our civil polity — municipal, state
and federal and this is to be
and the inspiration of our faith in the re
public. It is the duty of those serving the
people in public places to closely limit the
public expenditures to tbe actual needs of
tbe government economically administered,
because this binds the right of the govern
ment to exact tribute from the earnings of
labor or the property of the. citizens, and
because public extravagance begets extrava
gance among the people. We should never
tie ashamed of the simplicity and prudential
economies which are best suited to the opera
tion of a republican form of government
and most compatible with the mission of the
American people. Those who are selected
for a limited time to manage public affairs
ifA may do much by their example to en
courage consistenly with the dignity of their
official functions, that plain way of life
which among their.fellow citizens aids integ
rity _ and -promotes thrift and prosperity.
The .renins of our institutions, tbe needs of
our people in their home life and tbe atten
tion which is demanded for the
social development of the re
sources of our vast territory dictate
the scrupulous avoidance of . any departure
from that foreign policy commended by the
history, tbe traditions and the prosperity of
our government. It is the policy of inde
pendence, favored by oar position, and de
fended by our knowledge of justice and by
our power. It Is the policy of peace, suit
able to our interests. It is the policy of neu
trality, rejecting any share in foreign .pow
ers and ambitions upon other continents,
and repelling their intrusion here. It is the
policy of Monroe and Washington and Jeffer
son ■peace, commerce and honest' friend
ship with all nations, entangling alliances
with none." A due regard for the interests
and .'•;•/•;
demands that our finances shall be estab
lished upon such a sound and sensible basis
as shall secure the safety and confidence of
business interests, and make the way of labor
sure and steady, and that our system of
revenue shall be so adjusted as to relieve the
people from unnecessary taxation, having a
due regard for the Interests of capital invested
and the workingmen employed in American
industries, and preventing the accumulation
of a surplus in the treasury to tempt extrava
gance and waste. Care for the property of
the nation and for the needs of future set
tlers require that the
from purloining schemes and unlawful occu
pations. The conscience of the people de
mands that the Indians without our, bounda
ries shall be fairly, and honestly treated as
the wards of the government, and their, edu
cation and civilization promoted with a view
to their ultimate citizenship, and that polyg
amy in the territories, destructive of the
family relation, offensive to the moral sense
of the civilized world, ;
The laws should be rigidly enforced which
prohibit the immigration of a servile class
to compete with American labor, with no in
tention of acquiring citizenship, and
bringing with them, hrbits and ' cus
toms repugnant to our civilization. The
people demand reform in the administration
of the government and the application of
business . principles to public affairs. As
a means to this end
should be in good faith enforced. Our citi
zens have the right to protection from the
incompetency of public employes who hold
their places solely as the ward of
partisan service and from the cor
ruptive influence of those . who
promise and the vicious methods of those
who expect such rewards, and those who
worthily seek public employment have
thought and insist that merited competency
shall be recognized instead of party subserv
iency or the surrender of honest political
belief in the administration of a govern
ment pledged to do ':?•.:
to all men. .There should, be no pretext for
anxiety touching the protection of the fieed
men in their rights or security in the en
joyment of their privileges under the con
stitution and its amendments. All discus
sion as to their fitness for the place accorded
to them as American citizens is idle and
unprofitable, except as it suggests the neces
sity for their improvement. The^fact that
they are citizens entitles them to all the
rights due to the relation, and charges them
with all its duties, obligations and responsi
bilities. These topics and the constant
and ever-varying wants of an active and en
terprising population may well receive the
attention and the patriotic endeavor of all
who make and execute the law.
and call for industrious application, an in
telligent perception of the claims of public
Office, and, above all, a firm determination
by united action to secure to all the people of
the land the full benefits of the best form of
government ever vouchsafed to man. And
let us not trust to human effort alone, but
humbly acknowledge , the power and good
ue»3 or Almighty God, who presides over the
destihy of nations, and who has at all times
been reverenced in our country's history.
Let us invoke His aid and His blessing upon
our labors. . Y^Y
Upon a Uible Given Him by His Mother.
The address was very brief, and at precisely
two minutes after 1 o'clock it concluded
with au invocation of the blessing of Provi
dence, and turning to tbe chief justice and
bowing to him, said: "I am now prepared to
take the oath prescribed by law." As the
chief justice arose to administer
the oath, the vast assemblage
cheered again and again. The president
elect stood facing the chief justice with the
crowd on his right. Chief Clerk McKenny
of the supreme court stood just to the side of
Cleveland and held the Bible upon which the
oath was administered, the president-elect
also holding it with his right hand. The Bible
used is a small morocco-covered, gilt-edged
volume, pretty well worn. It is the Bible
which Cleveland's mother gave him when he
left home as a young man, and at his special
fequest the committee, on araangements
had It In readiness for the ceremony. The
crowd preserved perfect quiet as the im
pressive ceremony of administering the oath
was taking place, but when it was concluded
and President Cleveland laid down the Bible,
after reverently kissing It and shook hands
with the chief justice who was the first to
congratulate him, they cheered loudly and
long. Ex-President Arthur was the second
man to congratulate the president, and then
followed Chief Clerk McKenny and Senator
Sherman. President Cleveland was then in
troduced to the remaining judges of the su
preme court, to Lieut Gen. Sheridan and
Gen. Hancock. The. other persons on the
platform then pressed forward and many of
them shook his hand. As he re-entered the
capital he was again greeted with cheers. He
walked to the basement entrance where he
first came into the building, and enteied a
carriage to be driven in the procession to the
White house.
The Great Army that Pasted Before Presi
dent Cleveland.
At the conclusion of the ceremonies at the
capitol the procession escorted the presiden
tial party back to the White bouse. The two
carriages which contained President Cleve
land, ex-President Arthur, fvice President
Hendricks and the senate committee on ar
rangements look positions in the first divi
sion and the line started. Toe greatest en
thusiasm war*, manifested all along the route.
The crowd on the sidewalks bad lnciyascd so
tbat it was impossible to pass through it.
Many people were forced out into the road
way, and the police had all they could do to
keep tbe avenue open for the procession.
When the head of the line reached Fifteenth
street a bait was made, and the carriage con
taining the president snd ex-president left
the line and proceeded by way of Execu
-1 tive avenue to the White bouse, where the
party entered by the rear door. The vice
j president's carriage proceeded up Fifteenth
stieet nearly to New York avenue before
leaving the line. Mr. Hendricks, however,
soon joined the president
and when everything was In readiness the
entire parry proceeded to tbe reviewing
stand on Pennsylvania avenue directly in
front of the mansion and Che order was
given for the line to move. The reviewing
stand had been profusely decorated with
flags and bunting and presented a beautiful .
appearance.. Tbe president and ex-president
were placed on a projecting platform, which
was covered with flags so as to make a band
; some canopy and at the same time so ar
ranged as to afford a clear, unobstructed
view of the procession. Arm chairs were
j placed opon it for their use, but the presi
! dent remained standing during the entire
! review. Ex-President Arthur sat on his left. !
Vice President Hendricks and members of
; bis household occupied seats to the right and
I just back of the president, while the families
| and friends of the president and ex-president
sat in the front row on the right. Among
those who occupied seats
were Secretaries Frelinghuysen, McCulloch,
Lincoln, ; Chandler and Teller, Postmaster
General nation," Lieut. Gen. Sheridan, Maj.
Gen.* Hancock, Daniel Manning of New
•York, Mr.. Vilas of Wisconsin, Mr. Endicott
of Massachusetts, Senators Bayard and Gar
land, Col. Lamont, Mayor Grace and ex-
Mayor? Cooper of New. York, and a large
number of other prominent persons, includ
ing many officers of the army and navy and
members of f the diplomatic corps. • There
were a great many ladles on the stand, and
their rich costumes added f .
It is estimated there were upon the stand
about a thousand persons. It was 2:10
o'clock when the president, escorted by Col.
Bennett of the inaugural committee,took his
place at the front of the stand and the' head
of the procession started from the corner of
Fifteenth street to pass in review. The pres
ident's appearance was the signal for a great
shout from the concourse of people who had
gathered in front of the stand* and filled the
street for several hundred yards both ways.
The president quietly bowed his acknowledg
ments. A good deal of confusion was caused
in the vicinity of the grand stand by the efforts
of the police to clear the : street for the ap
proaching procession. The work was finally
accomplished, but with difficulty, mounted
police riding into " ; ff,';'. f
of spectators - and driving- them back with
their batons. The review from the presiden
tial stand was a grand sight and it was the
generally expressed opiniou that a no more
brilliant pageant has ever been witnessed in
this country. Every organization gave the
marching salute as it passed the grand stand
and the president recognized the compli
ment by raising his hat. The first division,
composed of regular United States troops and
local military organizations, presented a fine
appearance as it passed the stand. The
president saluted the chief marshal and his
aids and each of the companies, which
marched in particularly good form. The sec
ond division was composed entirely of brig
ades of the Pennsylvania National guard.
There were about 7,500 men in this division
and their good marching and
were praised on all sides. Gov. Pattison of
PennBylvaniajrode at the head of the division
by the side of ex-Gov. Hartranft. They were
recognized as they n eared the reviewing
stand and loudly cheered. The president
and Gov. Pattison exchanged salutes. The
president also raised his hat as a token of
respect to the battle-torn flags of the Thir
teenth and Eighteenth and several other reg
iments of . this division. Gen. Fitz Hugh
Lee, commanding the third division, received
an ovation from the crowd in and around
the president's stand. He bowed to the
president and the latter raised his hat In re
turn the president paid the same compliment
to the Sixty-ninth New York regiment, Ro
chambeau grenadiers and Busch zouaves of St.
Louis. A gap between the third and - fourth
divisions gave the surging mass of humanity
an. opportunity to close in and again obstruct
the line of march. The police not being
able to keep the street clear, a detachment of
regular troops was sent to their assistance.
The united efforts of the soldiers and police
only sufficed to make a narrow passage way
through which the dense throng and the
various organizations which followed passed
in review under this disadvantage. ; A large
number of colored troops were included in
the third division and their, soldiery bearing
and good marching elicited much praise
from the spectators, , The . New Jersey
soldiers in their plain uniforms,
with red blankets rolled above their knap
sacks, also attracted attention, as did
the Washington infantry of Pittsburg,
clad in navy blue with black shakers. The
Fifth Maryland, about 500 strong, in black
helmets and blue suits, who are old favorites
in this city, were warmly welcomed.. A
striking uniform of olive green with black
plumes which attracted much attention was
worn by the Clark guards of Augusta, Ga.
The New York Sixty-ninth regiment "was in
this division about 000 strong and its line
baud and
fully met the expectations which had been
raised as to the appearance of this regiment
The Grenadiers Rochainbean of New York
were also well received. The Busch zouaves
of St. Louis wore the most elegant uniform
of its kind in the procession. Company Cof
the Sixteenth Ohio National guards,in showy
uniform of gray, closed . this division
of the ' procession. The Fourth
and last division was composed entirely of
civic organizations and was commanded by
Maj. Thomas J. Luttrell of the JacKSon
Democratic association of the District of
Columbia, carrying rough hickory sticks,
acted of escort to the New York organiza
tion. After them came six Indian braves in
war paint and feathers bearing Tammany's
unique banner. The .Tammany men, who
numbered about 1,000 and carried silver
headed sticks at their shoulders, marched
nine abreast They were followed by
in their quaint ancient costume, carrying
long gold-beaded staves with which they beat
the marching time on the asphalt pavement.
Irving hall was represented by about 100
gentlemen all wearing silk hats and spring
overcoats and carrying canes. Gilmore's
immense band heralded the approach of the
County Democracy long before they were
visible, "composed of 1,500 men In
light grey overcoats and silk hats, carrying
canes with Cleveland's head wrought lv
silver and wearing purple and gold badges
on the lapels of their coats. The
Albany phalanx, numbering eighty men,
presented a neat appearance clad in brown
coats, white beavers and carrying silk um
brellas. The Kings County Democracy had
about 185 men in line, dressed in dark blue
overcoats and carrying the inevitable cane.
In dark clothes and silk bats, brought up the
rear of the first brigade. In the second
brigade of this division was the Bayard le
gion of Wilmington, Del. This was the
first out of town club and was followed by
tne Joel Parker club of Newark, N. 3.
The forty representatives of the Iroquois
club, Chicago, and Columbus (O.) Glee
club, dressed in gray and carried miniature
brooms on the lapels of their coats. One of
the neatest of uniforms in the line was that
of the Duckworth club, Cincinnati, consist
ing of light overcoats, dark trousers, high
white hate and gold and purple badges.
There was not a finer looking body of men
in the procession, and as they turned Into
Fifteenth street, marching twelve front, the
great crowd cheered lustily and
their hands and waved their handkerchiefs.
The Jefferson club of Cincinnati followed,
! and made a mo*t creditable display. Tbey
' were also greeted with applause and other
i demonstrations of approval. A col
i ored man, clad in a sky-blue
; swallow-tailed coat md bright red
; pantaloons and wearing on bis breast an
' enormous silver plate bearing the name of
i the organization, preceded the Jackson
i club of Columbus, O. Its f-ightv members
were dressed in gray and carried caries at tbe
: salute. Marcon overcoats and yellow kid
• cloves distinguished one hundred members
of $ac Americus club of Philadelphia. The
i Samuel J. Randall association of Philadel
; phia bad about an equal number of men in
; line. Tbe Moyamensing legion of Phila
i delphia bad seventy-five men In line dressed
In brown and red. The Eleventh ward Ran
dall club of Philadelphia bore a magnificent
banner of blue plnsb and gold, with an ex
cellent portrait of the patron of tbe club.
. One hundred men represented tbe
• Central club of Harrisborz. They wore _rray
! overcoats, black hats and red silk badges.
' The Calumet club of Baltimore presented an
j excellent appearance with ! 100 neatly attired
A SHIP OP '49.
fY:> • •?'; NOW RUNNING IN
NO. 64.
men in line. The Topeka Flambeaux club
also made a fine appearance.
of Chicago turned out about forty men in
gray overcoats, silk hat 3 and badges. This
club and the Iroquois club of the same city
were received with marked' favor. Some
comment was excited by the appearance in
the procession of the Blame inauguration
club of Maine; A splendid banner of black
and gold floated over 500 men representing
the Crescent "club of Baltimore. A notable
feature of the procession was the flag of the
cavalry of the District of Columbia, in
which the electoral votes off the' states
that furnished Cleveland majorities
were . represented by horses, one for each
vote, arranged ; - in states by color. They
were followed by the Cleveland and Hen
dricks club of Lewinsville, Va., and by a
number of mounted clubs wearing colored
sashes. .
was composed of the Veteran Firemen's as
sociation of New York, drawing their hand
engine, the District fire department and a
Baltimore fire company. The other civic or
ganizations inline were the Kruzer engin
eers of Newark, the First New Jersey Demo
cratic battalion of Camden, N. J., the East
Connecticut club of Norwich, the R. S. Patti
son association ' of Philadelphia, Hancock
Veteran association, Young Men's Demo
cratic battalion of Philadelphia, Sen
senderfer club of Philadelphia, Third Ward
Continental club of Philadelphia, Jackson
club of Philadelphia, Cleveland club of Phil
adelphia, First Ward German Democratic
club of Philadelphia, Americus club of Read
ing, Taney club of Baltimore, Democratic
Central association of Baltimore, Democratic
Inaugural club of Portland, Me., First
Cleveland Flag Escort of Moberly Missouri.
Davis Democratic club of Piedmont, W. Va.,
and the National Veteran Democratic club of
Chicago. The civic organizations made a
very fine display and were highly compli
mented by the presidential party. The mem
bers of most of these organizations saluted
the president by raising their hats and canes
and cheering bylines.
which were carried by the Tammany club and
County Democracy of New York were made
conspicuous as they passed . the stand and
caused much amusement
. Taken all in all as a combined military
and civic . display, the procession was un
doubtedly the largest and finest ever seen in
Washington. The number of men who
marched past the president stand i 3 estimated
at 25,000. Y'.YYf &*
Vice President Hendricks felt somewhat
fatigued and returned to the executive man
sion for a rest, before all the civic organiza
tions had passed. Many other persons also
left the stand before the parade was over be
cause of weariness.
As the Cook County Democratic club
passed they saluted the president by waving
their handkerchiefs. At the conclusion of
the review the president and party proceeded
to the dining room of the White house,. where
they partook of a ljuch ordered for them by
ex-President Arthur. Tncre were present
besides the members of ex-President Ar
thur's cabinet, Mr. Vilas, Mr. Manning,
Mr. Lamont and several others.
Far Beyond Any Description— A Brilliant
Night. V ?V3S'
The public celebration of the day ended
with a display of fireworks. In character it
was like all displays of fireworks, but in vol
ume and variety it is said to have excelled
any former pyrotechnical exhibition upon
this continent. Withal it was successful to
the minutest detail. ; The scene •of exhibi
tion was at White lot, an area of two or three
hundred acres sloping gently away from the
south front of the treasury, execu
tive mansion and state department.
Uncounted crowds began early to find their
way toward the spot from every quarter of
the city. For an hour or more they waited,
commenting meanwhile upon the singular
appearance of the' monument, a hundred
rods beyond the fireworks enclosure. The
lower third of the shaft was not visible, but
all above was dimly outlined like a ghost of
itself against the black skies, reflecting to its
in the city half a mile away. It seemed
enormously higher than by day-light, and to
have not the slightest relation to terrestrial
things. When the preparations were com
plete and the display bad once begun the
people in charge had the good taste to leave
no intermissions. Jack-o'-lanterns danced
from place to place about the iuclosure, and
wherever one paused an explosion followed.
Rockets, balloons, mines, fountains, bombs,
batteries and shells were sent heavenward iv
volleys for half an hour, flliiug the air with
showers of fire. Explosions, sometimes half
a mile above the earth .took place and con
stellations numbering thousands of
floated away over the Potomac borne by the
gentle northern breeze. Three "set pieces"
of mammoth proportions were among the
last and grandest features of the entertain
ment. The first was "Jefferson." There
was a "fizz" and sputter a mile
away as Jack O'Lantern touched
his torch to the piece and then
a mammoth face in point of white fire,
encircled by an oval frame In red with ban
ners in national colors festooned gracefully
about it, burst out of thc/larkness. It glowed
for a minute in full brilliancy, then an eye
went out with an explosion, followed by a
portion of the nose and last of all the blue
stars of the banners. Tbe face of the tabular
paper of simplicity and unostentation was
probably not recognizable to the masses of
spectators, but when the letters of bis name
beneath were made out his memory was
The large piece represented the national
capital with excellent portraits of the
president and vice president, flanked
by mottoes and emblems. This
piece was 100 feet long by 75 in height — the
largest piece ever fired in America. Tbe
flight of 5,000 rockets at once forming a
vast floral boquet in the heavens terminated
the display. No estimate of numbers who
witnessed the fire works would be trustworthy.
One felt but could not see the throngs. The
voluntary dispersion of the multitude when
gathered" in the park open upon all
sides would seem to be a simple affair and
easily enough of accomplishment, but the
experience of the evening proved the con
trary. Carriages became entangled with
each other, and pedestrians wandered about
IX nswiLDcaJUST,
trying to find their way around through or
out of the crushes, which occurred in a hun
dred places. No one was hurt so far as
known, but many ludicrous episodes occur
red. Family parties became separated,
wives and husbands lost each other,
and parents found themselees leading
children not their own . Calls of one to an
other in th'- darkness sometimes indicated
distress or fear, but people were for the moat
part jolly and laughed at themselves and
each other as if it were ail a part of the pro
Immediately after tbe regular display of
fireworks occurred the night parade of
Although this organization is 'compara
tively small, one numbering only 7."> or 100
men, it has perhaps attracted as much atten
tion as any civic or military body which has,
participated in the inauguration ceremonies.
Its white ghostly uniform, Its precision drill,
and Its peculiar hollow torches, whose flames
can be blown up into slender quivering
plume fire six feet In height, were all new
features in Washington, and were all the
subjects of remark when the club made its
fir.' appearance on Pennsylvania avenue last
even :M_o%J_\
To-night a? out 8:30, just as the Immense
crowd was returning from the exhibition of
Continued on Fourth Page.

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