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FROM SHOP AND MILL.
Bepresentatives of Both Parties of the Minneapolis Cooper Controversy Explain. in Interesting Variety of Notes from the Mills and Shops of the Plonr City. rhrough. tlie Omalm Sli ops- -Division ol Life into Tliirds--St. Paul Briefs. The Great Iron Strike— lts Causes and the Probable Conse quences. THE COOPERS' DEADLOCK. Intelligent Statements From Both Sides— General Cooper Notes. There are always two sides to a story, and in order that the public may get something like a definite understanding of the compli cations of the affairs of the coopers of the pity, which have of late attracted so much attention, the Globe yesterday interviewed representatives of both the co-operative and journeyman coopers. C. MeC. Reeve, the manager of the Hall & Dunn Barrel company, which is the larg est "boss" shop in the city, was asked to give his views upon the situation, and re sponded about as follows. "In Minneapolis the coopers are divided into two classes— co-operatives, who own their own shops, and the journeymen coopers who are employed by the boss shops. The co-operative shops, if they make anything during the year, divide the profits pro rata; if they lose they assess themselves to make up the deficit. If the boss shops sell their barrels for less than cost the loss comes out of the pockets of the proprietors, or "bosses" as they are called, and is not assessed upon the men. Suppose, as an illustration, that oak barrels are sell ing at 42 cents, which allows lo cents for making, and the bosses and the co-operatives agree to stick to that price for a certain length of time. Suppose, again, that when be agreement expires we cut to 40 cents and we find we are losing 2 cents a barrel, and say to our men, 'We can only pay 14 cents.'" The co-operatives have also been losing 2 cents a barrel, but they will assess their loss back upon themselves. They will say to our men, 'Strike if they cut you to 14 cents. We are paying I<> cents and the boss shops can do it if we can.' And they will pay 10 cents too, but at the end of the year or expiration of the contract they will assess their loss back upon themselves, so they have in reality been making but 14 cents. If our men strike it makes us trouble, for the mill men can't be bothered without difficulties, and will go to the co-operatives, who 'never strike.' It has taken the jour neymen two years to get onto the way in wiiich the co-operatives assess themselves for the losses they stand in 'keeping up prices,' and now that they understand the situation I think there will be no more strikes. "Last fall we all entered into a contract with the mills to make barrels for 42 cents to May 1. This shop was equipped with machinery and wus supplying the Pillsbury A mill. In the meantime the Sixth street and North Star shops, the largest co-oper ative shops in the city, put in machinery and before the expiration of the contract they go to Pillsbury A and offer to furnish barrels at 40 rents. We of course cut to 40 cents to meet them, but are compelled to reduce the price for making 2 cents. Then the journeymen say to the co-operatives, 'How comes it that you are cutting down the price for making?' The co-operatives answer, 'We are not cutting; we are going to pay 16 cents just the same, but we have got machinery and find that we can save the 3 cents there that we are going to lose by the cut.' This brings us to THE MACHINERY QUKBTEOH, another - point in the controversy. When we get 16 cents, we charge 5 cents for the machine, and allow 11 cents for the hooping, Now these two co-operative shops claim that it only costs from 2Jj to 3 cents to work off a barrel by machinery, and as 5 cents is allowed they claim they can make the 2 cents here which they cut ©n-tlie price they make to the mills, * We claim that it costs from 4 to 5 cents and that is just the difference be tween us. We have had our machinery for three years, and know that it can't be done for any less. The co-operatives have just got theirs, and don"t know within 3 cents a barrel how much it is going to cost them. Now they have asked for a conference and submit the matter of how much shall go to the machine and how much for hooping to an ARBITRATION COMMITTEE consisting of disinterested parties who know very little about the business. Now I imagine this arbitration will go about as follows: The North Star and Sixth street chops will say it only costs 3 cents to turn a barrel off, and we will say it costs about 5 cents. The arbitratorsjwill think that the co-operatives have the advantage of lately improved machinery, and that we should get in the same kind. But this is not the point. The co-operatives don't know how much it will cost them, and we do. as we have had three years' experience. Their machinery is new, and you know a new broom sweeps clean at first. After awhile they will have constant expenses for repairs, which must be charged up to ma chinery. For instance: We have a Corliss engine of the best make, but have been com pelled to pay §800 in the past year for re pairs upon it. The expense of tress hoops alone is $200 a year, and we pay SI. 75 a day on an average for new belts. The co operative machinery is new, and just now they don't have these expenses. Now in refusing to submit to this arbitration I have simply refused to pit our experience against their theory concerning the expense in mak ing a barrel by machinery to a committee which will not fully understand the matter. "There is another way in which I Slaim our men are given an advantage which enables them to make more money than the co-operatives can at the same pay. In our shop we deliver the stock into the building and soak the hoops. The co-operatives have to get their own stock and soak it or else pay to have it done. There are a number of other- ex penses, such as removing ashes, etc., which co-operatives have to stand from which our men are free. I claim that our men make more than the co-operatives by 15 per cent. as a rule, and will only make one exception — the Phoenix shop — in which the men receive the highest pay in the city. This is a small shoo where they make barrels by hand, and" the Crosby mill buys all they can make." In making the statement that the co operative shops do not know within 3 cents the cost of working off a barrel by ma chinery, Mr. Reeve said he spoke figura tively, and did not mean to be understood as literally saying that. He did mean, though, that the co-operatives have had no experience with machinery and are not in a position to judge of what the cost is going to be. THE OTHER SIDE. From the following interviews with some of the leading co-operative coopers it will be seen that the statements of Mr. Keeve are not only denied, but facts are brought forward to contradict them. It is only in tended at this time to give each side a fair hearing, and thus allow the public to learn something concerning the perplexities of a ' situation which involves nearly every phase of the labor problem of the day. The co operatives are at the same time employers and employes, and while this seemingly paradoxical position would appear calcu lated to produce complications of an embar rassing nature, their past success in the face of difficulties which have been cleared away points to their successful solution of an ex periment which can be applied to other branches of manufacturing. THE XORTH STAR SHOP. F. L. Batcheldor, manager of the North Star shop, said the company had always been opposed to the introduction of machin ery, but had been compelled to adopt it or jo out of business. When they made bar rels by hand he was satisfied that the ma chine shops had an advantage of about 2K cents a barrel. That is, they were allowed 5 cents for machinery when the work could be done for 2}£ cents. Now the North Star has machinery which will turn off three times as many barrels as any other shop. With a single tresser Thursday 2, 300 barrels were made. Concerning the arbitration Mr. Batcheldor said the co-operative coop ers have no grievances to adjust. They are getting full pay, 16 cents, and have a con tract to supply the Pillsbury A mill for six months, and mean to fill it. The ones wno want an arbitration are the journeymen coopers who have been cut l}£ cents. As loug as the co-operative shops . pay the regular price of 16 cents they are open to censure, because they have en deavored to obtain contracts to furnish themselves employment. In receiving the Pillsbury A contract, he said, the North Star shop was only getting back what ,it was cheated out of by the managers of the Ball & Dann shop. Concerning the statement that the journeymen ■ coopers are better off and receive more pay, Mr. Batcheldor said this was not true where the conditions were the same. It stands to reason that the co-operative men, who own their own shops receive a profit in addition to their regular wages, and conduct their business as inexpensively as possible, should receive more money than the journeymen who only work for hire, and give what profit there is to their employers. As far as conveniences for work are concerned, the coopers of the North Star have every arrangement to save them time and unnecessary trouble. Their hoops are soaked and the stock is delivered at each man's berth. Mr. Batcheldor said that thus far the cost of. working off by machinery has not exceeded 8 cents per barrel. When the men get accustomed to the work he expects that the cost will not exceed 2}£ cents, including a margin for repairs. o. E. i>u eois, - . V ■/'; fj-r treasurer of the Hennepin Co-operative Barrel company, was highly amused at the assertions made by Mr. Reeve and intimated that the statements would hardly stand the light of truth. The Hennepin shop has been using machinery for five years and thus offers a practical test as to the cost of working off. Mr. Dv Bois said this e< st had not exceeded 3 cents, including repair*. It might cost the Hall & Dann shop 5 cents, but he doubted it. That establish ment is run at a greater expense than any of the co-operatives. It occupies an ex pensive site, has a high-salaried manager and the coopers are not careful to work up stock as closely as the co-operative men. The statement that the journeymen were making 15 per cent, more pay than the co operatives was too absurd for denial. He was willing to wager that a comparison of the pay rolls would show that the co-oper ative men have received 15 per cent, more wages than the journeymen. Another thing, the Hennepin shop has earned a div idend of 30 per cent upon its investment during the past year, and paid its men IX cents more than the Hall & Dann men get now. The trouble with Mr. Reeve is that he has been making plenty of money, and now that he is compelled to make a cut, he wants it to come out of the pockets of the men, instead of the pro prietors. Concerning the matter of the ar bitration, Mr. Dv Bois said the journeymen find fault with the North Sta* and Sixth street shops for making the cut The co operative men believe, however, that they were justified in so doing as long as they do not cut the pay of the men. Then again, there was something back which induced those shops to make the cut. Several years ago, while one of the proprietors of the Hall &Dann shop was up town signing an agree ment to keep prices up, another was at the Pillsbury A mill offering In cut under the prevailing price. In this way the North Star and Sixth street shops, which were then supplying the Pillsbury A, were euchered out of their contract. Now they have got it back, and he was glad of it. Concerning the convenience for turning out work, Mr. Dv Bois said the Hennepin is the best arranged shop in the Northwest, each man having plenty of room, with his stock soaked and brought to him. Even the shavings are carried away for the men, and there was nothing lacking in the way of conveniences. AT THE SIXTH STREET SHOP. Mr. Kobler of the Sixth Street shop said that the machinery has only been running for a few days, and it is not known what the cost of running the machinery will be. It was not anticipated, however, that it will amount to more than 3 cents. It has not cost the Hennepin more than that, and in New York and Philadelphia only 2 cents is allowed the machinery. He. could not see how it. had cost the Hall «fe Dann shop 5 cents, and . considered the statement to that effect the veriest bosh. The co-opera tive men have not sought any arbitration, ' but are willing to submit their side of the question to any fair-minded men, with per fect confidence as to what the decision will be. The co-operative men have never urged the journeymen to strike. He believed that the latter should stand up for their rights and should put the blame where it really belongs — the bosses and not the co-operatives. ;■ f'y ;.-'.* COOPER CULLIXGS. Manager Muir, of the Doud shop is quite ill. Coopers are agitating the question of an annual picnic. Notwithstanding the backset of its April fire, the Minnesota shop is doing well. The family of President Dv Bois of the Hennepin shop is visiting in Oswego, N. Y. The Phoenix is making more barrels than it can sell and is storing them for the time when the mills will resume. • "•„ />. The Acme company, operating the Stev ens shop, is not doing much business dur ing the inactivity of the mills. The Sixth street and North Star shops are the only ones that have all they can comfortably do, but the Hennepin and Northwestern are running steadily; /. V National Cooper: An exchange, tells us that Minneapolis has a manufactory of paper barrels just getting under way with some novel machinery. A number of citi zens are interested in the project, and some of its most sanguine promoters claim that paper barrels will soon be substituted for wooden ones in many of the leading flour mills of this country. All of which sounds very nice, but is highly improbable. North western Miller: The sales and man ufacture of barrels both took a drop again last week, and have left some of the shops pretty short of business. There are, how ever, two or three that continue to run to full capacity. The sales and manufacture of barrels for t\»e past four weeks, and for the corresponding time in 1884, are shown in the appended t\ble: ,■■■■■'. Sold, Bbls. Made, Bbls. "Weekending— 1884. 1885. 1884. 1885. May 30 54,000 48,000 49,000 52,000 May 23 49,500 59,000 49,500 71,600 May 16 55,870 78,900 53,000 80,700 May 9 45,500 87.700 57,400 80,800 May 2 ........ . .62,800 84,000 54,000 • 80,000 April 25 . ... . . . 59,000 82,300 36,700 73,000 MINNEAPOLIS BOILERMAKERS. A Day Off at the Milwaukee Car Personal Mention. Ed R. Bristoff, watchman at the Milwau kee shops, is the proud father of a fourteen pound boy which arrived last Wednesday noon. Ed Page has returned from Kansas and has resumed his. old position in the engine room at the Milwaukee shop. Thomas Cummings of the boiler shops on Wednesday was struck in the right eye by a flying piece of steel while corking a boiler. The injury, while painful, will not impair his eyesight, but Tommy says it is as near as he cares to come to "having his eye knocked out" The game announced to take place at Snort Line junction last Saturday between nines from the boilermakers of the Milwau kee and Manitoba shops did not come off owing to rain. The match will be played, however, during the month. Work at the Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul shops has been very slack, and as a result five boilermakers and four helpers were laid off, and the day following seven carpenters were given notice to quit. It is feared that more discharges will follow. MAGNATES OF MILLS. McCartin and Ho yt --Two More Min neapolis Head Millers. ; The two masters of mill machinery whose genial countenances are presented to Globe readers this morning were not among the idlers by the stoppage of the mills last week, though both of them may have time to play marbles this week. Charles G. Hoyt is not as old as he ' looks, but Is old enough to know how to successfully run the largest flouring mill in the world, the big Pillsbury A. The light hair on the summit \of his head gives him an appearance of baldness THE ST. PAUL DAILY GLOBE, SUNDAY MOKNTNG, JUNE 7, 1885 — SIXTEEN PAGES. which is really not there. Of his 37 years — nearly 88 — of existence he has spent six teen in the employ of C. A. Pillsbury & Co.. and well earned' the confidence reposed in him. He was born in Portland and came, or was brought, to Minneapolis at the ten der age of 7 years, and was too young to participate in the war. When it closed he began a miller's career in the Union mill, remaining there until he went into the employ of the Pillsburys in 1869. For two years he was interested in the old Hennepin mill but went back to the Pillsbury company and was made the head miller. When the big mill was completed, he was' placed in I charge of it. Personally, Mr. Hoyt is as genial and clever a gentleman as the mill ing district contains. When the conductors visited the mill, last week, he gave them a treatise on llourmaking that was worthy of preservation. In his family relations he is happy and contented, though a cloud passed over his home last fall, in the death of a bright child. Joseph McCartin of the St. Anthony and Union mills is the youngest of the coterie of head millers, being now in his 30th year and having spent but ten years in the business. He is built like a young Hercules, but has the genial disposition of a mill ionaire. His youth is no drawback, for the firm of Morse & Sammis has the reputation of making the best of flour. A Scotch im porter, recently in the city, paid this high compliment to Mr. McCartin. Born in Rhode Island, thirty years ago, he has spent most of his life in Minneapolis, becoming a miller in 1875 in the Union mill. In 1881, he was given charge of the mill, and last year when the firm bought the St. Anthony mill, he.succeeded to that also. THE MILLERS' PICNIC. A Jolly Good Time Assured—Pro g-rantofthe Day. There is really very little more to be done toward the millers' excursion to Minne tonka on June 20. The steamer, Belle of Minnetonka, capable of carrying l,soo.pas sengers, has been chartered for all day, and will make periodical trips around the lower lake. It was arranged for the trains to start from this city at 8 o'clock a. m., go ing through to Hotel Lafayette without stop. The dancing will occur in the hotel parlors, and will be prolonged into the even ing. In returning, the main train will leave the lake at 6p. m., and a special at 11 o'clock. C. M. Palmer, A. W. Howard and A. S. Dimond were appointed a com mittee to arrange for a regatta by the Min netonka Yacht club, to be assisted by Messrs. Huinason, Lockerbie and Wright, these gentlemen being empowered to offer suita ble prizes. It was decided to offer £7, 85 and $3, and $5, §3 and $2 as prizes for a tub and sack race respectively. Messrs. Thomas Clark, J. F. Stephens, Davins, Tamm, Lockerbie and McCartin were chosen floor managers. J. H. Miller, Matt Walsh and C. M. Palmer were appointed a committee on reception, to see that outside millers shall have no difficulty in getting ac quainted. •An excursion train will start from St. Paul and tickets will be placed on sale there. Tickets are $1 for the round trip. - ' , ?-lr* Minneapolis Millers. Washburn C, fully repaired will start up on Monday. The output of flour will be very small this week from the present outlook. The base ball nine of Pillsbury A ex pects to carry off the cup at the head mil lers' picnic. Mercurial thermostats have been placed in Washburn A mill. No more fire alarms sent in by officious dudes. Any changes in the West side canal will be made in July, as the millers prefer shutting down the mills at that time. Henry Smith of Washburn B lost one of his children last week, and James Early and Bert Hager of the Paliside, each had an addition to his family. A special meeting of the head millers will be held Tuesday evening to further consider the annual excursion. The Globe j is indebted to Secretary Clark of the asso ciation for information furnished. The Miller: The mills shut down Wed nesday were the Washburn C, Standard, Union, Holly, Cataract, Minneapolis, Northwestern, Pettit and Dakota, repre senting a total daily capacity of 8,500 bar rels, The Crown Roller was to close down the next day, and statements were made at that time by millers that the proprietors of the Pillsbury A and Washburn A had agreed to shut them down Saturdey. These are the Goliaths of the platform, and would make : a hole in the daily output of about 10,000 barrels. Of this, however, 2,000 barrels may be taken off by the Washbum C starting up early in the week. Two firms of this city have been making the major part of the flour turned out, and the smaller millers, whose mills have been closed down, have complained a good deal about these parties keeping their mills in operation in the face of the present demor alized condition of the flour trade, and have threatened to start in and contribute their share toward flooding the market THE FREAK OF A DUDE. Turning 1 on the Fire Alarm in a . . Washbnrn Mill. In milling circles they tell a good story of the doings of one of the dudes in the Wash burn office, who is unacquainted with the machinery of the firm's mill. Having, an errand to some one in the mill he rushed down to C and climbed to one of the upper stories. Looking about him he could not only not see the man he wanted, but could notice nobody on the floor. In his search he noticed on one of the upright stanchions an electric push-button, and, concluding. he could summon the entire force to his will, gave it a vigorous push and waited the re sult. It came, but not in the exact form he had anticipated. The push-button was the electric fire alarm and unknown to himself he had turned in an alarm. Instantly the ' ; machinery stopped and the en tire force of the mill, with experience and discipline, ; prepared ; to fight ■;; the fire. The office dude, who had i unwittingly given the alarm, was paralyzed to see a fire brigade rush upon the floor where he was, with hoserbuckets and fire extinguishers ready for action. . They did not duck him, though the temptation was strong, when he explained with official dignity, he only de sired to summon the men. The result was more serious than anticipated. Ordinarily, before the machinery is checked, the mill in allowed to empty itself to prevent a clog ging of the elevators, which is always more or less trouble when the machinery is sud denly stopped. Nothing much was said, but what the head miller thought would never be put, by the officious youngster, on his family escutcheron. thinneapoZisilaSor notes. Items of liiii* rest from the Shops and Factories. An effort is to be made to organize the carpenters of the city. J. Wiseman had two fingers taken off while coupling cars in the Omaha yard Mon day night. Work at the Minneapolis & St. Louis shops seems to be fairly active. Neverthe less, eight men have already been dis charged. The employes of the manufacturing de partment of Dale, Barnes, Morse & Co. held their annual picnic at Lake Harriet yesterday. E. C. Cauvet and J. S. Kearney are the Minneapolis delegates to the National Asso ciation of Master Plumbers, which meets at St. Louis June 33. Martin F. Mcllale, a member of the Stonecutters' association, has been ap pointed inspector of the masonry of the new Washington avenue bridge. The boycott of the Fuller, Warren com pany stoves, in Minneapolis, is rather un necessary, as upon careful investigation not a single retail store in the city has been handling goods manufactured by this firm. The workingmen of Minneapolis are in vited to bring their families to Harrison hall Monday evening and listen to the lecture of Hon. C. H. Litchfield of Marblehead.Mass., upon the Mission of the Knights of Labor— the Cause for and the Benefits of Organi zation. • Ed O'Brien, Minneapolis delegate to the National Typographical convention, has in troduced a measure to provide for the burial of a member of the union in case he hap pens to be traveling, and for the time being not a member of any particular union. At the meeting of the Trades and Labor assembly Friday evening it was reported that there are several buildings in this city in the upper stories of which a number of women and girls are employed. • There are no provisions whatever for fire escapes, and should a fire break out the Cincinnati horror would be repeated. The committee upon factory and work-shop inspection will make an investigation, and if this culpable negli gence is found to exist, active steps will be taken to remedy the fault. THE O.I! ABI V SHOPS. A Trip Through T iieni Discloses Curious Things. A representative of the Globe put in several hours a day or so ago in going through the shops of the Omaha road, situ ated at the foot of Webster avenue, beyond the Short line crossing at West Seventh street. A visit to these shops is well worth any person's while who is interested at all in the industries of a great and growing city. While not as extensive, perhaps, as other shops of the kind in the West, they are as well equipped as any in the North west. There are now employed in the dif ferent departments 105 men, and their wages range from .92.75 to S3 per day. Of course, the apprentices are at first given a nominal figure, and are increased as they beeoine proficient in the business. Under the escort of Engineer C. M. Douty, a peep was taken into each department, from the foundry, where all the castings are made, through the storehouse, oil rooms, black smith shop, paint shop, boiler room and round house, to the machine shop, the lat ter being the largest building of the num ber. In the roundhouse there are stalls for twenty different engines, and thirty-three can be accommodated altogether in various quarters. The engineers and firemen are not included in the number mentioned as composing the employes, as this class of attaches are on the line of the road most of the time, and are only about the shops when coming with their engines to the round house, or when coining to run the machines out for a trip. THE BLACKSMITH SHOP. In the blacksmith shop the occupants were making myriads of sparks fly in every direction, like a rainfall of miniature stars, as they played upon the red-hot iron with their hammers, while to one side an enor mous steam hammer was pounding away and a curious sort of poimderous machine was turning out complete bolts at regular intervals. In the boiler room great ma chines were shearing off rods of iron with as much ease as a pair of sharp scissors can cut paper. The machine shaft is where the largest number of men work, and it is here that the most intricate work is done. Down one side of the glass-roofed building are all kinds of lathes and drills, which are boring holes of every description through iron and brass. With these machines various pieces are made to fit together with the utmost nicety. At a drill one man is engaged in turning down the tire of a palace car wheel— a paper wheel with a tire of steel fitted closely to it. The tire is turned per fectly time throughout its circumference, as by so being the wheel will wear much longer and it insures an easier ride to the passenger. Beside this is a like machine, but on a larger scale, and it performs the same ser vice for locomotive driving-wheels that its smaller neighbor does for the car wheel. THE TOOL ROOM. Near these machines is the tool room, a wire inclosure in charge of two workmen who repair and make tools and who issue them to the machinist. For instance a workman wishes some particular implement of his calling; it is necessary for him to go to the tool room, his want is at once ful filled and the tool charged against him until it is returned. All tools are required to be returned before 6p. m. This may seem somewhat like red tape, but the plan works with little delay and is found to be a saving in the wear of the tools and insures more careful usage. On the oppo site side of the machine shop are half a dozen locomotives for repairs. No engines are built by the company, but it does its own rebuilding and repairing. A locomotive will run eight months or a year with ordinarily good usage before it is nec essary to send -it to the shops, and the aver age life of a locomotive is twenty years. Of course parts of the machine will be utilized long after this period. In fact there is an engine boiler now in use as part of a con struction engine which was at one time in use on the New York & New Haven rail road at a period to which the memory of the oldest attache runneth not back. About the yards are piles of iron and car-wheels in numberless profusion— rusty-looking wheels, but worth a sum which is a sur prise to the uninitiated observer. But to gain all the information which is to be gleaned about this branch of industry one must make a visit and see for himself. It needs but the asking at the office to go about and see all that is to be seen, and it is well worth the time spent. ST. PAUL NOTES. Little Things Concerning- St. Paul Industries. Billy Fohlson has abandoned the ranks of the bricklayers and has gone to contracting for work in that line. P. J. McClelland, secretary of the typo graphical union, is suffering with one of Job's pets upon his neck. The Knights of Labor have appointed a commissioned organizer for the city, whose duties are to advance the membership of the society, as the name implies. The gentle man appointed is also state organizer for Minnesota. Local Assembly No. 1998, Knights of Labor, initiated twenty-one new members on Wednesday evening last. Gus Deguela, ex-president of the cigar makers' union, was recently wedded to Miss Bertha Fleck, an estimable young lady of La Crosse, Wis. Ephraim Airman, one of St. Paul's brick layers, made a trip to England a month or so ago and returned with his wife for per manent residence in this city. At the last monthly meeting for June of Knights of Labor Assembly 1998 there will be an election of officers, and a full attend ance is called for on the occasion. Dominick Feeley, an old member of the bricklayers' union, has contracted for sev eral new buildings and considers the out look very good for the rest of the season. /. The St. Paul Typographical union 'will meet this afternoon at 3:30 '; at :' its hall on Bridge square. ? '■■".■' The Plasterer's union is in good working order and numbers among Its membership most of the . members of : that craft in the city. \ \ Dan Mahoney, formerly foreman of the defunct Day, will took of the me chanical department of the DispatcJ" res terday. ', Dan shaved off his mustache recently, which gave him such a clerical ap pearance that he has since been called "Father" Mahoney by his friends. James Burns, machinist, but more re cently in the employ of the Electric Light company, while working in one of the mills at Minneapolis last Tuesday, was knocked from 'a' step ladder by a j careless truckman and sustained such a severe sprain of the right arm as to be incapacitated for duty. Fortunately no bones were broken. . The employes of the Omaha shops gave a picnic last year which was so much of a success that it has been decided to continue them annually hereafter. The one this year is being talked of for some time about the middle of July, and with the effort that will be put forth will no doubt be as pleas ant as the one of last year. The day and date will be announced in these columns as soon as decided upon. THE GREAT IKON STRUGGLE. Sketch of the Amalgamated Asso ' elation, Party of the First Part. There is not a reader of the - Globe who gains his livelihood by his hands and who owes allegiance to any branch of organized labor, but will feel a deep and abounding interest in the struggle — the almost annual straggle now in progress between the iron workers and the mill owners throughout all that broad stretch of country over which the Amalgamated association spreads its Briareus ' arms. Nor is there a workman, interested in the cause of labor, but will regret what seems to be a decadence of that once invincible labor organization — the largest and most powerful, limited to one branch of industry, the world has ever known.. One year ago, when William Weihe, the champion puddler of Pittsburg, was elevated to the position of its president, the amalgamation claimed a membership of 75,000, with as many more of kindred branches clamoring at its door for admis sion. The great strike which began on June 1 is simply the rejection by the amalga mation of the proposed reduction of 25 per cent, over last year in the "sliding scale" of prices by which it is governed under the laws by which it it is held together. The history Jof the amalgamation, with a sketch of the general plans of its operation, as well as the dangers of disruption which now menace it, would not be out of place in this column and would be of interest here in the Northwest, where the powerful union is unknown: and especially as there is a proba bility that Minneapolis will number a bar or sheet (and perhaps rail) mill among her industries at no future day. THE SONS OF VULCAN. The oldest, best organized and most re spected of all of the organizations of iron workers, was the Sons of Vulcan, now ab sorbed by the Amalgamation, of which it was really the corner stone. It was formed in : ante-bellum days and drew for its largest membership on Wheeling, when that city first came into prominence as an iron center. It was composed exclusively of puddlers, and though importuned for years, steadily refused to admit rollers, heaters and others, even of the forge department. Its organization was perfect and in every agitation in iron circles it was looked up to as the recognized leader. Headquarters were established at Pittsburg and Wheeling became a district only. Less than ten years ago, after other branches of iron workers had formed unions, it became apparent that a general organization was necessary to the well-being of the workmen. Forge and finishing departments occasionally differed in their ideas of justice in work and wages and at this time, when the ten large nail mills of Wheeling rose and forced that city to the front as the nail center of the world, other unions sprung up to assert their rights. " An important strike utterly failed for want of harmony, and this was a poten tial factor in driving the different branches together. A delegate convention was held at Pittsburg and :^;>- THE AMALGAMATED ASSOCIATION of iron, steel and tinworkers of the United States was formed, swallowing up every other organization of mill workers. Grad ually the scheme of organization was per fected until, in 1878, the association was a power in the land never before known in labor circles. It included every leading branch of iron and steel work, whether bar, sheet, pig, muck or nail, except feeders, and extended its jurisdiction from Philadelphia on the east, to Bellville, 111., on the west, and from Erie on the north to Wheeling, W. Va., on the'south. Six districts were es tablished, each having a vice president in charge whose special duty was to arrange and settle difficulties that might arise be tween employers and members of the order, as will be better explained hereafter. Each district is divided into subordinate lodges, the lodges usually being made up of one class or workers and having a pro rata rep resentation in district assemblies. In its perfect entirety, the amalgamation was similar to a national political convention, the lodges being, represented as are the states in the body named. After several costly experiences, the amalgamation per fected THE SLIDING SCALE of wages, which affected every member of the organization, and based the wages to be paid on the selling price of iron. The pound of pig iron was made the unit and regulates the price of labor, the scale be ginning: "When iron sells for 2 cents, the price for puddling shall be $5 a ton," the scale limning up to a 5-cent rate for iron. The iron scale affected all but the nail de partments,- where the selling price of nails determined the wages of nailers. The Pittsburg price for puddling on "boiling" was the general unit, Wheeling i paying an advance of 50 cents per ton, for the differ ence in coal and in the system of paying "helpers" and "third hands" at the boiling furnace. The scale is printed and its pay ment becomes a contract between millown ers and the amalgamation, the "signing of the scale" announcing a season of quiet for a year. The scale ■ runs from June Ito May 31, so that only once in every year can a general trouble be brought about. THE MANUFACTURERS' UNION. \N •During the great strike of 1881, when for months all of the great mills lay like sleep ing giants, the manufacturers realized the advantage organization gave to the amalga mation and after a series of meetings re solved themselves into an offensive or de fensive union, or protective union, as they called it, pledged to stand together on the matter of the scale. This union was ig nominiously routed by a combination of circumstances. During the long period of enforced idleness new mills sprang up all over the West and old ones increased their capacity. Seeing the trade steadily supplied with nails and iron and ] foreseeing a loss of their prestige in the market, Wheeling and Pittsburg were forced to yield and the amal gamation gained its point. This ended the protective union, practically, and left in ex istence only the Western Nail association, with headquarters at Pittsburg, which reg ulated the card rate of nails. ■...."• FIXING THE SCALE. V In April of each year the preliminary steps are taken by the amalgamation for fixing a scale for the year beginning June 1. Lodge meetings are held and each lodge formulates its ideas and sends its delegates with instructions to its district assembly. At the district assembly delegates are chosen to represent the various lodges in the general convention, which meets in Pitts burg in May, and at which the full and final scale is - prepared. ;At ■ a stated . time this scale is submitted to each mill for signatures, and on the result depends v the r running lof the mill. Mill owners consult, and if the scale is accepta ble it is signed; but if it is not, a confer ence is requested and committees from the amalgamation and the . mill owers meet and discuss the matter. If the : first day of June finds the scales unsigned, the mills are shut down and a lock-out ensues, to continue until an agreement is arrived at by a concession on one side or the other. It is the policy of the amalgamation to Induce the mills of one or more districts to run, pending a [ general - c settlement, ' the reason for ! which Is obvious. By so running, a portion of the amalgamation is . kept <in :■-?..,'.. ■ ..■ •"-.■_;•■■',.■■■.■■.;•. steady fund* and the nail market is sup plied, to the detriment of the trade of the locked out mills. The amalgamation pre pares for war by accumulating* money dur ing steady runs, and it was its boast in 1881 that its treasury contained thej snug sum of $150, 000. A DANGEROUS BREAK. Four years ago when the enormous and unhealthy profits of 35 per cent in the nail business induced capitalists in the West to put up nail machines, Wheeling began to feel her prestige, as the great enter, slipping from her. To retain it, the steel nail came to the front, and to-day the thirteen large mills in that district are all making or preparing to make steel nails. The result threatens a disaster to the amal gamation. Heretofore "boilers" and "heaters" have been its backbone and sinews, the Sons of Vulcan having been its foundation. The steel nail, by doing away with the forge department, eliminates puddlers, rollers and heaters from the amalgamation, depriving it of its princi pal support. The forge departments of a mill is that department which converts the pig into nail plate; for the steel nail the mills will procure steel nail all ready from the machines, thus entirely disposing of the forge department. Without a voice or in fluence in the councils of the amalgama tion it once controlled, the forge men must now retire, while the nailers come to the front, the letter having already reorganized as the United Nailers with headquarters at Bellaire. And this change is a potent factor in the strike which began last Mon day. THE PRESENT STRIKE is a repetition of those in the past. Early in the year it became apparent that, keeping pace with industry all over the East, mill owners would demand a heavy reduction. Heedless of this, the last year's scale was presented by the amalgamation, but re- ( jected by the employers, who demanded what is equivalent to a 20 per cent, hori zontal reduction. For the most part the mills are closed, some few having signed, and the situation being daily outlined in the telegraphic columns of the Globe. ST. PAUL SENTIMENT. In order to ascertain what would be the effect of the strike on the iron trade in gen eral, and]in this part of the country in partic ular, a Globe reporter recently interviewed several men in St. Paul acquainted with the iron industry, with results as follows: The general manager of the Minnesota Iron company, Mr. George C. Stone, §aid the trade Avas in a terrible condition. There was too much iron produced. He didn't look for an improvement this year. The iron men had to produce at the lowest figures and sell at the lowest prices ever known. "I am unable to see any signs of improve ment this year," continued the gentleman. "Business of all kinds is dull. Whenever the iron business is good all other branches are good. The iron trade is the best ba rometer of industries there is. No observing man will deny that when iron is prosperous all other lines of trade are in good condi tion. Even during this dull year the con sumption of iron has been enormous, and you'll be surprised to hear that it has been within 10 per cent, of what is called a good year. Iron men expect to sell their ore at less than it has ever brought. Few mines are getting the cost of their ore at the pres ent time." C. N. HACKETT. "The effect of these difficulties between the manufacturers and the laboring men will be very slight indeed upon the country at large. Of course, about the works themselves many thousands of men will be out«f employment. The strike will injure not only the strikers themselves, but a good many people in that immediate locality in which they have been dealing. Ido not see how it could operate to produce failures in any other part of the countiy. No doubt the manufacturers were perfectly satisfied to have the strike commenced, and were perfectly willing, probably, to shut down. Stocks are large and they were manufacturing more goods than they could sell. If the scale of prices paid by the manufacturers in the district east of Pittsburg was the same as that paid in the district in Pittsburg and west, then it would be no benefit to the manufacturer to ask for the reduction of the price of labor, because whatever they take from the laborer they give away to the dealer and the dealer then gives it to the consumer. The manufacturers undoubtedly desired to shut down and only wanted an ' CARPETS, UPHOLSTERY, CURTAIXS, ETC. No. 17 E. Third St., AND Cor. Pine & 7th Sts,, Is Where the two Mammoth Stores of ARE LOCATED. There are No Better Places in the Northwest to Buy CURTAINS, CARPETS, AND WALL ■ PAPER ! The Goods in these Stores are all selected with great* care by Mr. Matheis, and bought in such quantities as to f enable him to sell at the lowest possible prices. Large Invoices of New Goods Have been received during the past week, and a rare op* portunity is offered to those who wish anything in this line. Go and see them whilst they are fresh. Eemem-ber> he sells nothing but GOOD GOODS AT JL jOL AII JL ,XIIJL^L/ JLsilwp © excuse to do so. If they could market their goods readily they would- yield to the de mand of the workmen and go on. The re sult, probably, will be that certain lines of goods will be scarce and the price stiffened up. The manufacturers will mark up all goods on hand and as soon as the surplus stock is worked off at the advanced price and a lively demand is developed for goods, they will start up again. The price of iron nails has already been advance about 20 cents per keg, and a jurther advance may be looked for. No one can tell anything about how long it will last. It may continue for a week and it may last for two months. The strike may cause an advance in other goods not immediately connected with it providing it continues long enough, but there is no probability that it will last sufficiently long, as before that time is reached there will undoubtedly be a compromise." J. A. GREGG. ••It is pretty difficult to make a statement about the matter for the reason that no one knows enough about the facts to war rant a conclusion. No doubt the effect will be to put up the price of goods. Nails have already made a sharp advance of 20 cents per keg, and an advance of 10 per cent right straight through on iron. It has stiffened prices up materially all around. The stocks in the city, I should judge, would be equal to a thirty days' supply. As I said, the great trouble about saying any thing in regard to this matter is that we do not know enough about it. The parties may settle the difficulties between them at any moment, and may not settle it at all. As far as lam advised the manufacturers are not going to sign, and it is probable that they wanted the strike to take place. I do not think the strike can have any ef fect at all among the people generally. It certainly will not among the wholesale merchants. If the iron men and the Amalgamated association do not come to an understanding within two weeks it will probably be a lock-out for two or three months, and that means high prices. WILLIAM B. DEAN. The'effect upon the countiy, generally, will be very slight indeed. The men who are out of employment will suffer and all the dealers in the locality of the strike, and who have been supplying the 50, 000 or more that are out of employment with groceries, provisions, wood, <fee, will also suffer, for they will be cut off from the monthly pay ments that they have been receiving from the strikers. Of course, if the strike lasts long enough, many of the smaller and weaker ones will go to the wall. Outside of the locality •where the strike occurs there will be no results from it at all. The nat ural effect of the strike will be to raise the price of all stocks on hand. When it comes to the point where present stocks are about exhausted, the manufacturers will naturally be anxious to resume work, and the strikers will feel that it will be more advantageous to them to go to work. Consequently they will be likely to come to an understanding. No failures will be caused by the strike ex cept in its immediate vicinity. GE3i£RAL LABOR >OTES, Gathered front tiie Industrial Cen ters of the Country. A fire in the Mudge shoe f actory, at Pea body, Mass., throws 200 hands out of wots. The seventeen special agents of the labor bureau, recently appointed by the govern ment, have received their commissions -and are now on their way to the places assigned to them. In the international convention of prin ters at New York on the 4th, the plan for the benefit of printers traveling in search, of work, by which they should receive mileage and per diem, as is the system in vogue with the cigarmakers, was voted down. The proposition to re-establish the sub-list system was lost. The delegate* were banquetod in the evening. On June 3 a type setting match occurred in New York between Joseph McCann oi the Herald and Ira Somers of the World for a purse of $500. The men set for three hours, McCann putting up 6,325 ems of solid minion, without paragraphs, and Som ers 5,022. McCann is an old-timer, aged about 33, while Somers has never before participated in a race, being a young felloe aged 22. The latter was nervous and set his first stickful in sixteen minutes, while his last was emptied in thirteen minutes. Both men beat the previous record. It is thought Somers can beat McCann, and another match will probably result. 11