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TALKING OF THE DAIRY The Meeting of the Minnesota Dairymen's . Association at Moorhead Largely Attended. Many of the Solid Men of the State Show Their Appreciation of the Impor tant Industry. . Moorliead Gaily Decorated with. Bunting and Evergreens in Honor of the Occasion. Addresses Made by Experienced Dairymen, Full of Humor, Wit and Instruction. Tno Dairymen. Special to the Globe. Mookhead, June 24.— morning opened cool and slightly oloudy, but other- Wise pleasant. The ranks of the excur sionists received fresh accessions from the regular trains on both the .Northern Pacific and Manitoba roads until there were fully 500 strangers in attendance. The spacious corridors of the Grand Pacific and Jay Cooke hotels were well filled, while many were quartered in Fargo or about the city with friends. Among the prominent peo ple noticed were the following: Col. J. G. Lombard of Chicago. J. B. Towers of St. Paul. Hon. Am Barton and wife of Faribault. C. T. Dexter of Chicago. 1). W. Curtis, secretary of the Wisconsin Dairymen's association, of Atchison, Wis. F. D. Holmes and wife of Owatonna. Mrs. V. C. Holmes of Owatonna. • Hon. George Buffin and wife of Owatonna. Hon. George Martin and wife of Hudson, Wis. Col. A. H. Reed of Glencoe, Minn. Dr. J. B. Straw of Wells, Minn. Hon. M. F. Leeland of Wells, Minn. N. J. Leavett, Northfleld, Minn. J. A. Sinclair of Fairmont. C. G. Spaulding and wife of Mapleton. J. E. Putman and wife, treasurer of the State Darymen's association, of Big Lake. J. D. Sciiofleld of Bloomington, Mine. Col. Legate of Benson, Minn. A. M. Burdick of Glyndon, Minn. E. G. Aultof Dundas. Capt. J. D. Wood of St. Paul. H. C. Smith, wife and daughter, of Lo Bueur. Hon. CM. Pinney of Le Sueur. Evan T. Jones of Le Sueur. ' W. H. Tomlinson of Le Sueur. Daniel Hare of Le Sueur. Herman Meyer of Le Sueur. H. W. Stone of Morris. E. P. Watson and wife of Morris. It. J. Hall of Morris. D. C. Smith of Morris. G. C. Thorp and wife of Hancock. F. W. Moreley of Clinton, la. L. H. Stan ton of Morris. A. Harrington and daughter of Rochester. Gov. L. F. Hubbard. Gen. J. H. Baker and wife. W. C. Rice, state dairy commissioner, of Zumbrota. H. C. Howard, assistant dairy commis sioner, of Mankato. William Fowler, president of the State Dairymen's association, and daughter of Newport. R. C. Judson, secretary of the State Dairy men's association, and wife of Farmington. W. D. Hoard, president of the Northwestern Dairymen's association, of Fort Atkinson, Wis. Col. R. P.McGlincy, secretary of the North western Dairymen's association, of Elgin, 111. O. C. Gregg of Marshall, Minn. Gen. W. G. Laduc and wife of Hastings, Minn. A. P. McKinaiTie and wife of Wlnnebago City. W. H. Patton and wife of Le Sueur. M. J. Myers and wife of Wells. James McHench of Fairmont. John P. Ludden of St. Paul. - ~. S. M. Emery and wife of Lake City. At 10 a. m. the City band of Fargo pa raded the street and played in front of the Bruns opera house, which was the center toward which all steps were turned. A crimson arch had . been erected over the walk jat the entrance, and flags and other decorations lent quite a holiday appearance. Within the hall was most tastefully deco rated, the committee and citizens having vied with each other to extend a right cor dial welcome to their guests. The v spacious room soon filled with people, a large num ber of whom were ladies, and at a few min utes past 11 Mr. William Fowler, president of the Minnesota State Dairymen's asso ciation, ascended the platform, accompanied by his excellency, Gov. L. F. Hubbard, Hon. W. I). Hoard, president, and Col. R. P. McGlincy, secretary of the Northwestern Dairymen's association: Rev. J. W. Luke, R. R. Briggs, H. G. Ffaikle and others of Moorhead; Col. J. G. Lom bard of Chicago, Hon. W. C. Rice, Minne sota state dairy commissioner, and others. The exercises of the day were opened with prayer by the Rev. J. W. Luke, which was followed by an address of welcome from R. R. Briggs, who welcomed the ladies and gentlemen of the association, on the part of the common council, in warm and enthusi astic terms, while from without came the 6ound of BOOMING CAXNON to emphasize the speaker's words. Gov. L.* F. Hubbard was introduced, who replied in fitting language to the kind and cordial wel come. During the course of the governor's remarks he alluded to his presence at Man kato two years ago last winter, at the meet ing of the Northwestern- Dairymen's asso ciation, when in the course of his remarks at that time he had told those from other states who were present to look out for their laurels, or Minnesota would soon dis tance them in the quality and quantity of their dairy products. He appealed to his hearers if the record of Minnesota at the late World's fair at New Orleans, where she had taken the grand sweepstakes premium for the best butter made in the world, did not verify his words. He did not come here to instruct, but to learn, and would only say that he was sincerely in sympathy with the interests which had brought -the people together, and proposed to lend all the aid in his power to advance them. "We hold the banner now, but those from whom we have taken it would struggle to recapture it. We must be active, ener getic and earnest, if we would retain it. Again, he would say, his heart was with the prosecution of this industry, in which Northern Minnesota was destined to play such an important part." Col. J. G. Lombard of Chicago was then introduced, and sang in his most inimitable manner the national hymn,- "America," the audience, at his request, joining in the chorus. THE COMMITTEES. President Fowler then read the following list of committees: Program- Jen. W. J. Laduc of Hast ings, F. J. Schreiber of Moorhead, J. D. Scofield of Bloomington. ■ * Resolutions— W. D. Hoard of Fort Atkin son, Col. R. P. McGlincy of Elgin, W. B. Totten of New York city. Judges of Dairy Products — C. F. Dexter of Chicago, D. W. Curtis of Fort Atkin son, Wis., J. D. Ludden of St. Paul. " Music— Maj. M. J. Myers of Wells, Minn., J. D. Perley of Moorhead, Capt. A. H. Reed of Glencoe. Col. R. P. McGlincy of Elgin was intro duced as the first speaker, who, the presi dent said, was always, loaded. He had read, he said, recently in some newspaper the statement that dairying could never be car ried on profitably out of a certain section of country, in which Northern Minnesota was , not mentioned., He would say that the so-called " dairy belt only existed in imagination and had no place in point of fact. He would say that wherever grass would grow and good pure water could be found, dairying could be carried on.. He had passed through some beautiful country yesterday. Grass was abundant and luxu rious, water without measure, and all that was necessary to make it a rich dairying region - was the right kind of men ,' and women. Moorhead had achieved * some thing of a reputation in the dairy line already. He had himself been present, on a certain, occasion, Vwken a Moorhead man J^m came into competition with the oldest and best dairymen in the state, and lw had received a premium. This great territory of Northern Minnesota and Dakota had all the necessary elements to make A GREAT DAIRY REGION, but to make it such required the introduc tion of a class of cows other than the aver age of the United States, that only produced 150 pounds per year. To make dairying urofitable it was necessary to have cows that would give COO or 700 pounds a year. He then paid a glowiug tribute to President J. J. Hill of the Manitoba road, whom, he said, had done more tlian anyone else to improve the condition aud quality of the stock in the Northwest Hon. W. D. Hoard was then introduced by the president, who said that Mr. Hoard would now chip in. The uiannei «n which Mr. Hoard chipped in paralyzed the audi ence again and again. He said the trouble with dairying was that the majority of peo ple were "warped" and prejudiced in their ideas of the way to make butter. They were determined to make butter just as they pleased, and wanted to cram their product down the resisting throats of the poor American people. Dairying is aji art of it self aud an intellectual pursuit. God raised wheat, but MAN MADE BUTTER. He had heard it asked: "Why do you hold these dairymen's conventions?" It was this meeting together and rubbing our ideas against one another that gave us en larged views of how to produce good butter, and dairying was a progressive science. There wero many things to learn, and un less people became as little children aud willing to learn, they could in no wise enter the kingdom of the cow. At the close of his remarks Mr. Hoard was warmly ap plauded. The secretary then read the fol lowing: Resolved, That the secretary of this asso ciation be requested to telegraph J. J. Hill, president of the St. Paul, Minneapolis & Man itoba railroad, and say to him that the asso ciation scuds greeting 1 , and ask, as a still f ur thnr favor that he favor us with his presence to-morrow. The resolution was adopted by a rising vote, with which the morning session closed. The afternoon session began at 2 p. m. The first in the order of exercises was the report of the committee on program, Gen. Laduc,! chairman. Maj. A. P. McKinstrie made the first address, his topic being Prac tical Dairying. Practical dairying in Min nesota dated only four or five years back. Prior to that butter was made, but it usu ally sold for what buyers were pleased to give for it. which was quite generally AN INFERIOR PRICE. There were certain principles that were necessary to the production of a first rate quality of butter, and the best private dairies, as well as the creameries, followed them. He had the fortune, or misfor tune, to manage seven creameries. The farmers gathered their own cream and his teams drew it to the creameries, farmers being paid so much a pound for their cream, according to its value. He shipped to New York city, and it- ssafiy cost him 3 cento ,per pound freight. A number of interesting questions were propounded and answered by the speaker. In his experience he received about three fourths of a pound per cow. The second speaker was Mr. C. F. Dex ter of Chicago, his topic being: Organiza tion for the Promotion of Special Interests. After an elaborate apology, rich with wit and humor, Mr. Dexter read a very excel lent essay. Later on, Mr. Dexter was called upon to tell what he knew about Butterine. His experience was rich, rare and racy, the verdict which he gave being that it was impossible to detect the finer grades of oleomargerine or butterine from genuine creamery butter. Although an ex pert himself, he had been frequently de ceived and would not guarantee his ability to DETECT THE SPURIOUS from the genuine at all times. He ex pressed it as-his own opinion that an abso lutely prohibitory law was impossible, oa account of the inability to detect the article in all cases. Mr. Dexter thought that the dairymen of the Northwest would be com pelled to face the manufacture and sale of the spurious article will their only recourse, be ing a law Jwhich would regulate the sale of the article for just what it was. The pro cess of its manufacture was reducing the component parts to a fluid by heat, which was afterwards granulated. Manufacturers used 60 per ceut. of the best creamery butter in their manufacture of the spurious article. Mr. J. B. Powers, land commissioner of the St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba Kailroad company, was next introduced, who proceeded to relate his own practical experience with his herd of stock. He pre faced his remarks by saying he was re minded to-day of what Gen. Hazen once said of the Ked river valley. He termed it a wild, inhospitable region where nothing but wheat could be grown. In May, 1884, he weighed his stock carefully and weighed them again in the fall. Their average gam in 185 days, on NOTHING BUT NATIVE GRASS, was 280 pounds, while several were 360. Nov. 1 he began feeding his stock an aver age each of fifteen pounds of hay and one and one-half pounds of ground oats, the whole costing about 3 cents per head per day, and they gained one pound per head per day, the stock having the run of the oats and straw ricks, sheltered from the wind. Desiring to place himself in the position of the fanner who had only common scrub cattle and was not able to buy better and must feed just such feed as he raised, he put up six head of native cattle. He fed them what hay they would eat and five quarts of a ground feed composed of wheat, barley, oats and corn. Their gain per day was two and one-half pounds and the cost eleven cents per day. He also experimented with sheep. They cost him SI. 27 per head for their care. His experience with hogs and also with horses showed him that stock not only could be safely but profitably raised in this section. His remarks were full of interest through out. He thought THE GREAT WRONG was committed in palming off upon the peo ple for the best creamery butter this spur ious and unhealthy article. It was labelled "creamery butter" and was sold as such. In his own case, as commissioner of Minne sota, lie had already prepared eases which would come before the grand jury this fall. The commissioner was attending to adulter ated milk, wliich he proposed to push to its total extinction. Considerable desultory talk followed, touching upon various- topics of interest. W. C. Rice, state dairy commissioner, was called upon to follow Mr. Dexter. In his remarks on butterine and other spurious products Mr. Rice gave it as his opinion that the people could enforce laws against its manufacture. Because New York and Illinois did not do \,t that was no reason why we iv Minnesota could not. He could tell the difference between the pure and the bogus article. The microscope revealed it. The pure butter globule had a minute cross, perfect and easily seen. He could test it by holding the spurious article in his mouth until it had all melted, the lard being slower to melt than the butter, and being easily detected. The evening session of the association opened at 7:30 with a full attendance. The interim between afternoon and evening was passed in inspection of articles entered for the premium or exhibit, consisting of a dairy product, tools and implements. These were received in a convenient room on the street floor of the opera house block, by Harry C. Judson, son of the secretary, in whose charge they were placed. The first exercise of the evening was a duet, "Lar board Watch," by Messrs. Myers and Crockett, followed by a solo by J. G. Lombard, "'Tis I Alone Can Tell," and, upon beingjencored, sang: "I Fear No Foe." Gen. J. H. Baker was then intro duced and proceeded to deliver an eloquent and able address. The univerfte, he said, would be incomplete without one special an imal,'which, all knew, "was the cow. Man ST. PAUL, THURSDAY MORNING, JUNE 25, 1885. kind could better spare a whole race of statesmen than do without this magnificent creature, for without her the whole system of creation would bo almost a failure. Other domestic animals, as compared with her, cut but a slight figure. Her product was upon the tables of the wealthiest and she nourished the poor and lowly. YOUTH AND OLD AGE alike fed on her bounty. She did more than supply food — she lifted the mortgages from the farm and tossed the note, lying In the bank against the farmer, upon her crumpled horn, while she clothed his fam ily and supplied his table with comforts and luxuries from the store. But the cow does still more for us. She recuperates our wasted farms, wheat-ridden and de pleted as they are. In. Southern Minne sota land had been depleted from S3 to $5 per acre by wheat-raisiug. It was easy enough to show that dairying was the most desirable kind of farming. First, no lands increase in value like dairy lands. Experience in England and America both proved that no lands were inexhaustible, and dairying and stock raising returned more to the soil thau anything else. Acre for acre they give a larger yield in dollars and cents. Then, it cost less in money and drudgery to run a dairy than it did a wheat farm. Inferior soil could be used for pasture. It costs only one-twentieth as much for transportation to market as the wheat or corn product, and they were easily TURNED INTO CASH. Dairy farms were seldom mortgaged and they did not have to look for p. foreign war to give them a market. Nor does profit able dairying depend actively upon the sea sons; and finally dairying works not only .the regeneration of the soil, but ele vates society. Mixed farming has always shown the best results. Stock raising and dairying had been advanced very much in Minnesota. As he had often said, we pos sessed all the nature elements necessary to successful dairying — soil, rich grasses, abundant water and suitable climate— all tliat was necessary to insure success was good cows and good treatment. We have many good cows, thanks to the num ber of breeders, and if our cows were well fed and kindly treated they would repay us. A cow was a machine, but she required delicate treatment. If turned out to shiver in the rude blasts of our rigorous winters and allowed to get her sustenance from a straw pile, she would give a small amount of whitish liquid, skimmed by the fingers of the wind, but that was not milk. What ever went in at the mouth of the cow came out at the pail. don't keep poor milkers. Fatten aud sell them as fast as possiDle. He believed that a general-purpose cow was de sirable. While all breeds had their good points the Short Horns, for crossing with our common stock, were invaluable, and he thought better than other kinds for that purpose. It had been shown that a grade Short Horn steer in the market would bring as much as six Texas native ones. Gen. Baker then touched upon the vile com pounds sold as butter, which he said were a robbery upon the cow, and if our law, as it stood at present, was not what it should be, and was unconstitutional, then the 100,000,000 sovereign people of Minnesota ought to amend their constitution so as to give the cow a chance. The success Min nesota has made in dairying ought to stim ulate those engaged in the industry to re newed exertions. The speaker was warmly applauded. Mr. J. G. Lombard following with his specialty, "It's, Are ye Sleeping, Maggie," sung in his very best style, after which Mr. Hoard was called out and opened his fund of stories, which always point a moral, and by special request sang "Finnegan's Wake," after which the session closed. Gov. Hubbard was obliged to return to St. Paul this evening. The following telegram was read before Gen. Baker's address, and was received with cheers: St. Paul, June 24.— 8. C. Judson: Mes sage received. Nothing but imperative ne cessity prevents my being with you at Moor head. Please say to the association that this work has my full and hearty sympathy, and may the seod planted by them this year re sult in a bountiful harvest in the future. Our Northern farmers have the God-given heritage of the best soil in the world, and it only needs intelligent work on their part to insure to themselves the greatest measure of success. Yours, J. J. Hill. meeting of Theoretical Fanners. Special to the Globe. Washington, June 24. — Commissioner Colmau's convention of representatives from agricultural colleges and kindred in stitutions, which convenes early next month, promises to be a notable gathering. The commissioner, in opening the proceed ings, will take occasion to elaboiate his views about agricultural education. He takes the ground that closer relations between the department and these institutions can be mutually beneficial. It is his hope to be able to enlist them in the experimental work, sending to them new seeds and plants, and receiving from them reports on the results of these trials, which may be made public through an annual volume from the department. These agricultural schools have land attached, and such an ar rangement as the commissioner hopes to make would give all the advantages of ex peri mental farms in the various sec tions of the country, with varying soils and climate. Mr. Colman expects to enlarge greatly the scope of this experi mental work. Ho will try to enlist the diDlomatic representatives of this govern ment, through the state department, in the work of collecting new varieties of seeds and plants in all countries, to be sent home for trial. He thinks there is A GREAT MISSION for the department in showing the farmers of the United States new crops which can be raised with a profit He believes that many things now imported can be raised successfully. He will even go into the realm of medicinal plants and see if herbs and barks which are now imported at great cost cannot be produced in this country, In these pro jects he desires the co-operation of the colleges and the societies, and he believes he can show the agricultural professors how they can make their institutions much more popular than they are now, by embark ing in the work with him. Prof. Dodge, the department statistician, will read a paper on applied science as a factor of rural prosperity. Prof. Charles E. Thorn of Springfield, 0., will present his views upon the preparation of experimental reports for popular use. Prof. F. G. Adams is down for an address on the importance of teaching agriculture in the common schools. Prof. E. Wicks, the new president of the Michigan Agricultural col lege, will discuss industrial education. Dr. Salmon of the bureau of animal indus try, and Prof. Sanders of the department, will present papers. These are some of the , features of the program not fully arranged. Dissatisfied Dairymen. New York, June 24. — The dairymen of the state are not satisfied with the present decision of the court of appeals in the test oleomargarine case. They state that the .case (the People vs. Marx) was not a test case at all, but a bogus suit gotten up by the oleomargarine manufacturers against one of their own number and pushed on to the court of appeals upon a pretended state ment of- facts which did not explain the case at all, and with no evidence offered on the part of the people to contradict it The decision of the court of appeals, how ever, honestly arrived at, has done im mense injury to the dairy interests of our state, and even in the one sided case presented for their con sideration, their decision is in conflict with that of the circuit court of the United States, and also with the highest courts of other states. They propose to immediately bring other suits, and in case they are de cided against them they will appeal to the United States supreme court GORDON SACRIFICED. Extracts From the Diary of Gen. Gordon, Written at the Seat of War in the Soudan. His Pent-np Wrath at the Sluggishness of His Country Finally Finds Utterance. The English Government Roundly Scored for Its Vacillating Course, England's Sovereignty of tlie Soudan Some th IHa She Is Unable to Maintain. Gen. Gordon's Journal* Bostox, June 24. — The journals of Gen. Gordon at Khartoum, extracts from which follow, will be published on Tuesday next. Gen. Gordon's diaries are in six parts. The first is from the 10th of September to the 83d of September; the second, from the 23d of September to the 30th of Septem ber; the third from the Ist to the 12th of October; the fourth from the 12th to the 20th of October, the fifth from the 20th of Octo ber to to the sth of November, and the sixth from the sth of November to the 14th of December. The first, second, third and fourth diaries are addressed to Lieut. Col. Stewart, C. M. G., or the chief of the staff. The fifth and sixth are addressed to the chief of the staff of the expeditionary forces for relief of the garri son. Each diary has the remarks some times repeated three times on the outside of the journal to the effect that it should be pruned down prior to publication. The journals or diaries were handed over to Sir Charles Wilson on the 22d of January, at Metemneh, by the officer commanding Gen. Gordon* steamers. The following are extracts from the diary: "If it is right to send up an expedition now, why was it not right to send it up before? It is all very well to say one ought to con sider the difficulties of the government, but it is not easy to get over a feeling that a hope existed of no expedition bong neces sary, owing to our haviag fallen. As for myself, personally, I feel no particu lar rancor on the subject, but J own I do not care to show that I like men, whoever they may be, who act in such a calculating way, and I do not think one is bound to ACT THE HYPOCBITE. "I do not judge the question of abandon ing the garrisons or not; what I judge is the indecision of the government They did not dare to say Abandon the garri son, so they prevented me leaving for the equator, with the determi nation to relieve me and the hope (well I will not say what their hope was). March, April, August — why he ought to have surrendered. He said six months. This is my point of complaint. A heavy lumbering column, however strong, is now here in this land. Parties of forty or sixty men, moving swiftly about, will do more than any column. If you lose twe or three, what of it? It is the chance of war. Na tive allies, above all things, at whatever cost. It is the country of the irregular, not of the regular. I can say I owe the defeats iv this country to having artillery with me, which delayed me much and it was the artillery with Hicks which, in my opinion, did for him. I altogether decline the impu tation that the projected expedition was to come to relieve me. It has come to save our national honor in the extracation of the garrison from a position in which our action in Egypt has placed these garrisons. It was BELIEF EXPEDITION NO. 1. They are Relief Expedition No. 2. As for myself I could make good my retreat at any moment I wish. I now realize what would happen if this first relief expedition was to bolt and the steamers fall into the hands of the enemy. Tliis second relief expedition (for the honor of England en gaged in extricating garrisons) would be somewhat hampered. We, the first and second expeditions, are equally engaged for the honor of England. This is fair logic. I came up to extricate the garrisons and failed. Earle comes to extricate garrisons and (I hope) succeeds. Earle does not come to extricate me. The extrication of garrisons was supposed to affect our nationalhonor. If Earle succeeds, the national honor thanks him, I hope rewards him, but it is altogether independent of me who, for fail ing, incurs its blame. lam not the rescued lamb, and I will not be. As for her maj esty's government keeping the Soudan it self, it is out of the question, for you could not get men to serve here, except under great salaries and supported with large forces. And as for giving it back to Egypt, in a couple of years, we would HAVE ANOTHER MAHDI. Therefore, our choice lies between Zubair and the Turks. Therefore, give the country to the Turks. When you have come to Khartoum with £1,000,000 or £2,000,000 (which you will spend in three months' oc cupation, if you delay) make arrangements at once with the porte for its Soudan ces sion. Let '6oo Turks land at Suakim and march to Berber, thence to Khartoum. You can then retire at once, before the hot weather comes on. As for evacuation, it is one thing, for ratting out it is another. I am quite of the advice as to No. 1 as we have not the decision to keep the coun try, but will be no party to No. 2 in this 'rat business,' first, because it is dishonor able, and second, because it is not possible, which will have more weight. Therefore, if it is going to be No. 2, the troops had better not come beyond Berber till the ques tion of what will be done is settled. My idea is to induce her majesty's government to undertake the extrication of all the peo ple of the garrison, now hemmed in or captive, and if this is not their program then to resign my commission and do what I can to attain it. As long as a man re mains in her majesty's servire he is BOUND TO OBEY the orders of his superiors, but if he resigns he cannot be held as insubordinate if he dis obeys. I say this because I should be sorry /for Lord Wolseley to advance from Dongola without fully knowing my views. If her majesty's government is going to abandon the garrisons there do not advance. It is a miserable country but it is joined to Egypt, and to my idea it would be difficult to di vorce the two. When one thinks of the enormous loss of life which has taken place in the Soudan since 1883, and the general upset of all gov ernment, one cannot help feeling vicious against Sir Auckland Calvin, Sir Edward Mallet and Sir Charles Dilke, for it is on account of these three men, whose advice was taken by her majesty's govern ment, that all these sorrows are due. We are an honest nation, but our diplomats are cronies and not officially honest. I declare solemnly that if it were not for the honor's sake of our nation, I would let these people slide. They are of the very feeblest nature and the Arabs are ten times better, but BECAUSE THEY AXE WEAK there is so much more reason to try and help them, for I think were they such worthless creatures that our Lord came to deliver? I think it is a great shame not to give control to Zubor Pasha, for he would know how to deal with these people. They are the weariness of my life. From Febru ary until now they have been one continued worry to me and I expect they worried the Arabs as much. As for these wretched Sepoys, they are useless. I have the greatest contempt for pure Indian Sepoys. I hate these snake-like creatures. Any man accustomed to judge by faces sees they hate us. I would back the Mus sulmans of Mara against a lot of these Snake Indians. It is the center of all party intrigue, while if our energy were deviated elsewhere it would produce ten-fold. India sways, of all our policy, to our detriment. I think Col. Stewart is hard on our.jnen, as to their cowardice. They are not heroes, I grant, but they are not to ray mind entire cowards. I must say lam against doctors. If a man is suffering intense pain and is in a more or less desperate condition, I would give as much morphine as would still the pain. There's NOTHING LIKE A CIVIL WAR to show what skunks men are. I expect both sides despise them equally. If in two days I find the news correct that the M ahdi is still at Kordofan, I shall let out all the political prisoners, which will shock the townspeople but will be a true joy and de llght to me, for It has been a work utterly repugnant to me. I like free will. We left God without our free will. We must return with our own free will. I hate a forced subjection and I feel sure that to let these people out with free will to go to the Arabs or not, to be bad policy. I must say I feel it a great compliment when my councillors say to me, 'do what you think right, irrespec tive of our advice,' when they know I am ignorant of all that goes on, ignorant of the Arabic language, and exist in my style ignorant of Arab customs, etc., etc. 'You will do better than we do,' is what they say, and I, poor devil, do not know where to turn. Oh, our government! Our government! What has it not to answer for? Not to me, but to these poor people. I declare, if I thought they wished the Mahdi I would give it up, so much do I RESPECT FREE WILL. "Mr. Gladstone has a rival up here in his shirt and collars — Mohammed Bey, lbro him. He appeared to-day with regular whigs, rather ragged and his collars up to his ears — regular orthodox patterns. I must say I hate our diplomatist. I dwell on the joy of never seeing Great Britain again with its horrid wearisome dinner parties of miseries. How we can put up with those things passes my imagination. It is a perfect bondage at those dinner parties. We are all in masks, saying what we do not believe, eating and drinking things we do ne want, and then abusing one another. I would sooner live like a dervish with the Mahdi than go out to dinner every night in London. I hope if any English general comes to Khartoum he will not ask me to dinnen Why we cannot be friends without bringing their wretched stomachs in is astounding. It certainly is a curious exemplifi cation of how very lightly religions set on men, and to note the f ea rf ul apostasy of both Musselmen and Christians when their lives aiid property are menaced. There is scarcely one great family of the Soudan families who can trace their pedi gree for 500 years who have not accepted Mohamet Achmet as the Mahdi to SAVE THEIR PROPERTY, though they latigh at ttifc' idea afterwards. I am afraid to say what numbers have been killed through the present policy, certainly some 800,000, and it is not yet over. For my part I hope they, the Arabs, will all run away. We have in a most effectual way restored the slave trade and slave-hunting, for her majesty's government cannot keep the Sou dan, and never will Egypt be able to govern it. The only thing to be done is to give it to the sultan. What an end of diplomacy for her majesty's government! And it was so everywhere. When I left, in January, 1880, to have settled it quietly, giving us Kordovan, Dor'f ud and Bahrgazelle and the equator, with decency and quiet. I want to get out of the affair, but with decency. Put yourself in my position. If you say rapid retreat and leave Sinaar to its fate, I wUI say, 'No; I would sooner die first,' and will resign my commission, for 1 could not do it. If you say, 'Then you are no longer governor general,' then I am all right, and the responsibility is on you. It may be that all this writing is unnecessary and that you have other views, but it is as well you KNEW MY OPINIONS. "I am secure against any loss by the king of the Belgians if I leave H. M. ». There fore I am, so to say, free of H. M. S. If you turn me out of governor general I am relieved from all responsibility as to your action in Soudan towards the people. Ido not think I am insubordinate in the matter, nor unreasonable. If I was LordWolseley, I would make her majesty's government send the Turks here. There is 2,110 ardebo in the magazines to-day. Six weeks' consumption and then the sponge must be thrown up. I could write volumes of pent-up wrath on this subject, if I did not believe things are advanced and all work for the best. There was a slight laugh when Khartoum heard Baring was bumping his way up here, for so we read Tewfik's telegram, a regular Nemesis. I am sure wo are deprived of a treat in not being able to decipher the long telegrams on the preceding page. It also is delicious to find not one civil word from any official personage, except Kitchener. It relieves me immensely, (also I must ex cept Tewfik, who in his dispatch was civil and polite). Evidently lam in disgrace. How fearful if Baring does bump his way up here. As British commissioner, 1 shall consider he has expiated his faults and I SHALL FORGIVE HIM. We seldom realize our position. In ten or twelve years' time Baring, Lord Wolseley, myself, Evelyn Wood, etc., will have no teeth and will be deaf. Some of us will be quite passe. Now, what has been the painful position for me is that there is not one person on whom I can rely. Also, there is not one person who considers that he ought to do anything except his routine duty. We have now been months blocked and things are critical, yet not one of my subordinates, except th.c chief clerk and his subordinates, appears to-day. I have to send for them and wait till they come, perhaps an hour. Patience is almost exhausted with this continuous, ap parently never ending trial. There is not one department which I have not to super intend as closely as if I were its direct head. Nearly every order, except when it is for their interest, has to be repeated two and even three times. I may truly say I am weary of my life, day and night and night and day it is one continual worry." I Railroad Land Grant. i Washington, June 24. — It recently having come to the knowledge of Senator Van Wyck that the Backbone .Railroad company of Louisiana had laid claim to 300,000 acres of land in addition to that under the last administration, and about which the senator expressed some opinions during the last session of the senate, which were pointed critised by ex-Secretary Teller on behalf of the railroad people. The senator called upon the sec retary of the interior yester day and the attorney general to-day in relation to the matter, and said he be came satisfied that the present administra tion is now inclined to accede to the claims of the railway people, and that there was no probability that a new demand would be successful. Crop Reports. The crop reports received this week by the Omaha line are more favorable than they were last week. The frost last Mon day morning nipped corn slightly, but did not affect other grains. There have been some very heavy rains of late, but no seri ous damage has resulted. In the district about Mankato and Shakopee, the crops never looked more promising. Corn is about eighteen inches high, to which no damage was done by the storms or frost. The damage to flax by worms is not as seri ous as was at first anticipated by farmers. Winter wheat is doing welL Valuable Copper Mine. Calumet, Mich., June 24. — The Calu met and Hecla conglomerate was tapped by the Tamarack shaft yesterday at a depth of 2,260 feet. The result is supposed to mean a second mine equal, so far as quan tity and quality of its ore is conoerned, to the Calumet and Hecla, now the richest copper mine in the world. The owners of the Tamarack are wealthy Eastern men. PLANS OF POLITICIANS. Looking to the Next Presidential Plum and Elaine's Beinstatement as Premier. Cleveland Troubled by the Political Situa tion in New York and Will Try to Conciliate. Mr. IJ urcliard Asked to Resign From the Mint, But He Proposes to Make a Fight. Cheyenne Indian Troubles Said to be Caused by the Encroachments of Cattlemen. Political Triumvirate. Bpeeial to the Globe. Washington, June 34. — Hon. James G. Blame is at his Augusta home. Senator John Sherman is somewhere in the wild West. Although distance is thus between these two distinguished lights in the Re publican party, there is a belief that they are getting a good deal nearer together in fellow feeling. The announcement, made by way of Cincinnati, that Blame will stump Ohio this fall, is full of reflective meat. Blame cherishes, doubtless, for his allies in the Buckeye state the warmest feedings, and has not forgotten the splendid majority given him last fall. Still it Is not fair to assume that Mr. Blame contemplates the hustings merely to aid Candidate Foraker in his race for Ohio's executive office. If this were all, the significance of his al leged stumping, to so big a man as Blame in a national sense, the game would not be worth the candle. To correctly get at the MOTIVE OP THE MAINE MAN, it is well, as the old Irish judge was wont to say: *'To put this and that together." Not a great while ago Mr. Blame told a friend, who made him a visit, that he was not again anxious to figure as a presiden tial candidate. Moreover, he told him that for many reasons he would rather be sec retary of state than president; that it was a position a man in public life could enjoy without being subjected to the criticisms and embarrassments which attach to the presidential office. Now this gives a point of triangulation. May not Mr. Blame cherish the hope that the vicissitudes of politics will again install him in his old position as premier? In this view of his future, it is not at all improba ble that Blame may seek to enter the alliance already believed to have been made between Sherman and Foster, and unite in the effort to make Sherman the presiden tial candidate upon the condition precedent that the Plumed Knight is TO BE THE SECEETABT OF STATE in the event of a successful canvass. At first blush such an arrangement would seem to be incredible. A little reflection, how ever, brings ba2k to mind that had it not been for Blame, aided by Foster, who was his ally, John Sherman would have had the support of the Ohio delegation at the na tional conventions held in 1880 and in 1884. That he did not have its support is now history. Forewarned with the lessons past, what is more natural than that Senator Sherman should seek to enter any combination which will assure him com pactly the support of his own state — the third in the union. Those who study the complications of politics from this stand point fully believe that Sherman has agreed to get out of Foster's way for the United States senate. This paves the way for a re union of the very elements which have been barricades for Sherman in HIS PBESIDENTIAIi HOPES. To add to this alliance such a potent power as James G. Blame, makes it one of such invincibility that its grandeur is the more fully realized the more it is studied. The landmarks thus far add plausibility to the alliance, for the reason that the plat form of the recent Springfield con vention but re-echoes the bloody shirt speech made by Blame in Augusta last fall, when he conceded reluct antly his defeat for the presidency. It can be discounted in advance that if Blame stumps Ohio it will not have for its prime motive the mere election of Foraker as gov ernor, but rather a fixed purpose which, though now occult, may reveal itself as tune drags its slow length along. It Wont Suit tbe Factions. Special to the Globe. Washington, June 24. — The political situation in New York is said to be giving the president a good deal of concern. He is giving much thought, it is said, to the question of how he is to guide the party into the right channel without getting in volved in entanglements with the factions. His policy will not be to espouse the cause of any particular individual or faction, but to appeal to a party loyalty to be united hi action. The delay about the appointments in the state is occasioned by the fact that the policy adopted is to look very closely into the records of the candidates recommended by the different factions, considering both the suitability of the appointment and the effect it would have upon the party. The idea is, after a careful investigation, to select the very best men, regardless of faction, and to present them to the various local leaders, together with the reasons for selecting them, and to attempt, by candid argument, to show that the selection was made with regard to the best interests of the whole party. Burchard Will Die Hard.' Washington, June 24. — Mr. Burchard, director of the mint, according to present information has decided to test the power of the president to remove him from office. There are two offices in the treasury which were created by a special statute, the tenure of which, it is assumed, makes it impossible for the president to suspend the incumbents unless the senate shall consent. These offices are those of director of the mint and comp troller of the currency. The law under which the director of the mint receives his. appointment is as follows: "He shall be appointed by the president, by and with the consent of the seriate, and shall hold his office for the term of two years unless sooner removed by the presi dent, upon reasons to be communicated by him to the senate." The claim is that the phraseology of i this act differs from all general statutes as to appointments, and that though the direc tor may be suspended during the recess his office will revert to him should the senate fail to confirm his successor. Those who have a contrary view maintain that the spe cial statute creating the office, if it means what the friends of the incumbent claim, is a violation of the constitutional BIGHT OP THE PRESIDENT to appoint to office. A request has been made for the resignation of Mr. Burchard. He will undoubtedly refuse to resign. He is not in sympathy with some of the finan cial views of Treasurer Jordan, and is in some respects opposed to the secretary's policy. From the outset ot the administra tion he has interposed legal and other objec tions to the plans of the new treasury officers. There have been many conflicts of opinion and Mr. Burchard is regarded by the new treasury officers as an obstructionist It has been the intention for some tune to se cure his removal, and his superior was not quite certain what effect would be given to the special statute under which be holds his office. It had been hoped that he would resign. Charges have been made against him. One is that he permitted a default ing subordinate to resign. Others are that he is guilty of erroneous judgment, ineffi ciency, lack of executive ability and has been careless in his management of the . silver purchases. Mr. Bnrchard's friends hold that it is due to himself not to resign when such charges are made. Never theless Secretary Manning awaits his resig NO. 176. nation. Mr. Burchard, as far as can be learned, does not wish to contest with the administration, but intends to protect his own reputation, and has decided not to re tire in the face of the charges. He has sus pended all the political functions of his office, and claims he can support the finan cial policy of the administration. Cattlemen Cause the Indian Trouble* Washington, June 24. — The outbreak of the Cheyenne Indians which was threat ened on Saturday last has been brewing for a year or longer. Army officials here attribute it to a dissatisfaction on. the part of the Indians at the leasing of their reser vation to cattle men. The Cheyenne reser vation is one of the largest in the Indian territory. It comprises about 4,279,000 acres. Of this amount more than 3,000,000 acres are controlled by cattle men who are grazing vast herds. The Indians are divided on the question of leaving the land, the major ity apparently being opposed to it. It is said here by officials that cattle men have resorted to questionable methods in secur- ' ing control of ranches. Reports on file in the office of commissioner of Indian affair,*; indicate that the leasing of lands was* the original cause of trouble among the Indians. These reports are from Agent Dyer of the Cheyenne reservation, | who ranks as one of the best agents in the Indian service. He was appointed to his present position about one year ago. Im mediately after assuming his duties he in formed the interior department that trouble was threatened, and that unless precau tionary measures were taken an outbreak would be inevitable. He asked that 1,000 cavalrymen be sent to the reser vation. As a reason for his statement. Agent Dyer said that his predecessor had not exercised strict con trol over the Indians — that they had been allowed to do as they wished. Mr. Dyer, on assuming the duties of the agency, en deavored to control the Indians. He re ported to the commissioner of Indian af fairs that they laughed at his attempts, and boasted that the government could do noth ing with them. Agent Dyer was in Wash ington some weeks since. He urged that 3,000 cavalrymen be sent to the reservation as soon as possible, to "scare the Indians" and show them that the government had a sufficient force to punish them if necessary. He thought that if this method of influenc ing them was adopted, they would be con trolled without bloodshed on either side. He said the Cheyennes were as warlike as the Apaches; that chey were armed well and could put from 1,200 to 1,500 warriors on the warpath at any time. Down on Civil Service Rules. Special to the Globe. Washington, June 24. — Postmaster Judd of Chicago has found that the civil service rules interfere seriously with his inauguration of an era of real solid Demo cratic reform in his postoffie, and he is here to see what can be done to relieve him by amending the rules, or obtaining such a construction of the law as it is expound its provisions and afford him a wider latitude in the selection of clerks. He complains that under the present rules he has no suf ficient guarantee that the men who are certified to him by the examiners are of good character. He finds him self obliged to appoint a man on account of his rank in passing the examina tion, without regard to the person's moral fitness. He complains, too, that his range of selection is too small. He complains, too, that he has to appoint three persons out of seven who are certified to him. When he has a place to fill four names are sent to him. When he has another place to fill three of those same names and one more are sent to him, so that three of seven have to be appointed more th^n three times unless it is at his request. Mr. Jijdd's idea is that the appointment officer should* have more range to select from, having the right to pick out the number of clerks he wants from the whole list of eligible candidates. Death of Minister Phelps. Washington, June 24. — A dispatcn has been received at the state department announcing the death this morning of S. L. Phelps, ex-United States minister to Peru. Mr. Phelps died at Lima. He was about sixty years of age and entered the navy in 1841, continuing in the service until 1864 and serving with distinction as lieutenant commodore under Admirals Rogers and Foote during the war of the Rebellion. After resigning from the navy he became interested in private enterprises and was connected with the Pacific Mail Steamship company for several years. He also served as a commissioner of the District of Columbia. President Arthur appointed him minister to Peru on June 26, 1883, which post he was occupying at the time of his death. He was to have been relieved, however, in a few days, C. W. Buck of Kentucky, appointed to that position by President Cleveland, having but recently sailed from New York to Lima to assume the duties of his office. Mr. Phelps leaves a wife and one daughter, the latter the wife of Mr. Sevallona Brown, chief clerk of the department of state. Brisbin's Chances. Special to the Globe. Washington, June 24. — Col. Brisbin leaves for home to-morrow. He is reticent as to the situation in regard to the district attorneyship, but says he is well satisfied with the situation, though he does not look for an early action. From other sources, which are considered quite reliable, it is learned that the presi dent has indicated his desire for Brisbin's selection for the place by writing the at torney general a note recommending Bris bin for the appointment. Brisbin is understood to have very strong support from New York, some of his friends being very close to the president. Brisbin warmly commends the appointment of Biermann, which will help bring the Scandinavians into the Democratic party and make Min nesota, Wisconsin and Dakota Democratic Will Join the Ins. Washington, June 24. — George L. Holmes of Charleston, S. C, has been ap pointed a special agent of the bureau of labor, vice William L. Lincoln, who de clined his appointment. Andrew Caldwell of Boise City, Idaho, has been appointed a special agent of the land office to examine fraudulent land entries, and Joshua K. Spar of Indianapolis, lnd., has been ap pointed special timber agent of the same office. Capital Chips. Washington, June 24.— Secretary Manning has requested the resignation of Horatio C. Burchard of Illinois as, director of the mint. The postmaster general has appointed, among others, J. A. Murphy and E. Dar belley of Wisconsin to postoffice inspector ships for the probationary period of six months, beginning July 1. The work of transferring the machinery for the final authentication of the United States secretaries from the bureau of en graving and printing to the treasurer's of fice is now in progress, and will probably be completed by the Ist proximo. The transfer of the duty of placing the seal on the United States notes, etc., from the chief of the bureau to the treasurer, is to insure greater security in the completion and issue of the notes. The department of state has received no tice, through the Belgian legation at Wash ington, that an international congress of commercial law will be held at Antwerp in September. An invitation is extended to this government to send a representative. The treasury department to-day pur chased 295,000 ounces of silver for delivery at the Philadelphia mint, for coinage into standard dollars. Col. Denby, United States minister to China, had an interview with the president and secretary of state to-day prior to his departure for China.