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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, September 05, 1885, Image 1

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Omnibus Resolutions Adopted Demanding
Appropriations for Northwestern
The Mississippi, Missouri, Red, Pox, Wis
consin, St. Croix and Yellowstone
md Also the Hennepin and Sault Ste.
Marie Canals and Lake
Some of the Congressmen Fear That
the Resolutions Are Too Specific
and Comprehensive.
Evening Keception--Lots of Cham
pagne and Speeches--Notes
o! all Sorts.
How It Was Done.
Yesterday was a great clay for Goose
creek in the convention. When the assem
bly came to order in the morning the com
mittee on credentials was not yet ready to
report, and so the boys indulged in a little
sport. The first humorist, after a number
of little things had been disposed of, was
H. L. Cm <lou,
Who had been thcH
subject of a new.— H
paper fling, heidM
himself up as i heH
object of sympa-M
thy. and in hisH
wrath excited i ;"'H
feelings of theH
convention to aH
pitch bordmngM
on frenzy, wiiidiM
he vainly strovoß
to allay by ivad-H
Ing his poetry atH
them. At first ir- r" gordox.
end of the first v- *» GOBDOK.
line he was interrupted with shouts and
laughter, which continued at intervals un
til the call of time shut him off.
Still there were no resolutions reported
and Mr. Donnelly, who was also "attacked
by that infamous sheet," spoke of his trials,
lie then posed as the only representative of
the producing class, and tried with his win
ning eloquence to persuade his hearers to
his own way of thinking. Everybody that
heard him was delighted with his tall:, even
if they did not believe much what ho said.
An' eloquent speech followed from
Senator Eustis of Louisiana, who
spoke of the harmony that
should pervade all sections of the Mis-
BissiDDi valley when discussing waterways.
He was followed by Congressman Hatch of
Missouri, whose words bear weight from
the fact that he is reputed to have as much
Influence over legislation as any Western
member of congress. He announced him
self as an implacable foe t« what he called
the dry-laud barnacles on the river and
harbor bill, and as one of these barnacles he
characterized the Hennepin canal. This
sentiment brought forth many expressions
Of approbation from the Missouri benches,
which are in front and to the right of the
platform. The Illinois delegation on the
other side of the hall and in front, began to
tfet white in the face, however, as they
heard it openly charged that a Hennepin
canal man hac defeated the river and harbor
bill in the closing moments of the
last session of congress. The applause
from the Missouri seats was dangerously
infectious, and was spreadingto other parrs
of the hall when Congressman Hatch su!>
sided and Illinois had her turn, sending to
the front Offensive Partisan Carr of Gales
burg. Col. Carr has a bay window, and
was introduced as the greatest orator and
the handsomest man in Illinois. He dis
claimed the first compliment and admitted
the soft impeachment contained in the sec
ond. His hearers soon began to believe
that if Uiere were any better orators in llli-
nois than he, they had not been sent to the
convention. He eloquently described the
greatness of the country, and related in a
way that brought tears to the eyes his
hearers how the republic would be cimented
yet more firmly together in the lends of
fraternity by means of the Henuepin canal,
connecting the Mississippi with New York
city by water. Illinois led the applause
this time, and it soon became general all
over the house.
As soon as the convention assembled in
the afternoon the report of the committee
on resolutions was read by Gen. Beadle of
Dakota in a clear and resonant No. 1 hard
voice. The resolutions favored about all
the Goose creeks that had been brought to
the notice of the committee and as each
particular Goose creek was mentioned it
was recognized with a burst of applause
from the delegation representing that sec
tion, so that when the reading was concluded
the resolutions were adopted with a rush.
All of a surideuM
Mr. Donuell yl
came up again. ■
and wanted to irotH
in a motion abol-B
ishing the com-B
mittee on resolu-B
lutions so that lieH
could get in oneß
forever annihilat-H
.Ing any railroadH
which would strayß
so far from theH
paths of integrity*
as to pool its earn-HHipHHHHHHI
ings with any oth- chairman warxer.
er road. Col. Crooks was meanwhile at
tempting to get the floor for Col. Walker
to read a Minnesota memorial. A delegate
■C 3? Qlv ,&£^SS&m: '■','.
with a very white moustache and a very
red face moved that everything be laid on
the table until the "convention
had heard from Gen. Crooks
and Gen. Walker." The motion
was taken by the chair as laying Mr. Don
nelly on the table. It prevailed and the
convention was a failure from a Nininger
point of view. While this was going on
Mr. Cole of Faribault, thinking he would
sit on Mr. Donnelly some more, attempted
to burlesque him by moving that the con
vention appro\e the revised edition of the
Old Testament.
The Chair—That motion is not necessary,
as the chair takes it for granted that no
member has read the revised edition.
Mr. Donnelly—There is one text] in it
we approve, however, and that is, "the
ox knoweth his owner, and the ass his
master's crib."
Mr. Cole did not join In the burst of
hilarity that followed this sally.
Col. Crooks got the floor tor his col
league. Platt Walker, to read the Minnesota
memorial, but as it was getting late the
paper was ordered printed without read
ing. The convention then adjourned, sine
The. Routine Report.
When the convention was called to order
at 10:15 o'clock Chairman Warner an
nounced that as there didn't seem to be any
member of the clerical profession present,
the prayer would be dispensed with.
Ex-Mayor Chase of Nebraska of the com
mittee on resolutions said that the resolu
tions were substantially completed, but
were in the hands of a subcommittee for
formulation aud wouldn't be ready for some
time, meanwhile he wanted to bring for
ward a few statistics. He spoke of the corn
production of his state and the heavy
bullion which was reduced at Omaha.
Omaha had doubled her population
in rive years and her bank clearances last
month were over $19,000,000, and her com
merce must be immense. At this point
Mr. Chase said he would skip most of hi.s
statistics, whereat there was a good deal oi'
applause aud laughter, with a few more
figures, and hnaliy subsided amid cries of
While waiting for the committee on reso
lutions, some friend of H. L. Gordon
called on him for a speech, to which he re
sponded with an explanation of the little
muss in the Minnesota delegation. It was
charged by the Pioneer Press that there
was a conspiracy between him aud Donnelly
to capture the meeting of the Minnesota
delegation at the Merchants hotel on Thurs
day morning. This he denied, stating that
he had attended the meeting rather by acci
dent, and only called it to order after wait
ing half an hour for some one else to do so.
He called the Pioneer Press a sheet which
was always wrong in principle and some
times right by accident. [Loud and long
continued applause.] Mr. Donnelly inter
rupted him to call the Pioneer Press an in
famous sheet, which had also misrepresented
him. [More applause.]
Mr. Gordon, at this point, produced a
blue-covered book and said he wanted to
read an extract, and by common sufferance
the crowd allowed him to proceed. Mr.
Gordon read one iine and then paused, as
"Onward rolls the royal river," began
Mr. Gordon.
"Bully!" said an Illinois man.
"What river?" said a Dakota man.
"Roll on," said a delegate from lowa.
"I bet it don't roll," screamed a delegate
from Missouri.
••Let it roll," said a Kansas man.
"Onward rolls the restless river," con
tinued Mr. Gordon.
"Hot your life," said a Minnesota man.
' 'How did you hear?"' questioned a dele
gate from Nebraska.
"You can't prove it," said another Illi
nois man.
"Bully;" "Bully for the river;" "Roll
on,'" said half a dozen.
"If you don't want to hear it you don't
have to," said Mr. Gordon.
"O. we need it: we've got to have it."
said Congressman Lawler of Illinois.
"I wish you would put the question of
whether you want to hear it or not," said
Mr. Gordon.
The convention—"Oh, we've got to have
it;" "Goon;" "Let it roll;" "Give us the
Mr. Gordon, when he saw that the con
vention was trying to phase him, folded his
arms, and with his book of poems in his
hand, stood as unmoved as the statue of
Liberty Enlightening the World. He
and said he thought he could make himself
heard if the convention would give him
half a show. He had been called "Thun
dering Gordon." and if the audience would
allow him he would thunder so loud that
the back pews would have little difficulty in
catching the thread of his narrative.
The convention apparently had nothing
against Mr. Gordon or his poem, and kindly
consented to let him go on. After he had
g' ne nearly to the end somebody called
"time." This idea seemed to be favored
by the crowd, and while Mr. Gordon was
thundering th« last stanza his thuudering
was as insignificant as a pebble on the
beach, compared with the general clatter
that welled up from the body of the house.
Judge Atwater gained the speaker's eye
and insisted on ringing down the curtain,
and in accordance with his ideas Chairman
Warner called Mr. Gordon to order.
Mr. Hope of lowa arose and moved that
inasmuch as this was the first poem ever
raised in Minnesota it be given free trans
portation to the seaboard.
Then somebody called for Donnelly and
that gentleman took the platform, some one
remarking that there was no poetry about
him. He said he had no poem present, but
thanked the convention for greeting him,
especially since he had been the subject of
a. foul attack from an infamous sheet. Mr.
Donnelly announced himself as the sole
representative present of the farmer inter
est. If the convention were made up of
the producers, he would not be without in
fluence here, for he was known as the
champion of that class. There were pres
ent lawyers and merchants, who had but
little direct interest in cheap transportation.
He acknowledged that he had been sat
down upon by the Minnesota delegation,
not that he would be afraid to compete
with them in brains, but that they were
possessed of a broad comprehensiveness of
capacity for sitting down, which he could
not equal.
Continuing, he said that this convention
is an organized raid on the treasury of the
United States, but justified by precedent;
and in the grab-bag of national legislation
the Northwest has thus far been ignored.
He indorsed Congressmen Murphy's argu
ments in favor of cheap transportation, to
the effect that India and other half-civilized
countries were competing with the United
States in wheat production.
Mr. Donnelly advanced the protective
tariff as the reason for this, the result being
that the demand for American wheat is
growing loss dally. The price of wheat
in the home market is fixed by
the price in the Liverpool market.
Diversification of industries will not
avail. Jf he were to advise the
farmers of Minnesota, he would advise
them to diversify their industries by rais
ing not only corn and wheat, but to raise
hell also. [Applause.]
Mr. Donnelly alluded to the good pros
pect for anarchy in this country, owing to
the growing discontent of the working
classes. He attacked the railroads for
watering their stock, and insisted that they
had bought up the legislatures and the
newspapers, and sent their paid emissaries
to such conventions as this.
even though it was composed of non-pro
ducers. Let its voice go out, not a beggarly
appeal for money, but let it go out as the
thunders of an oppressed people, so that it
shall influence future legislature. He won
dered where was the boasted prosperity of
the West. He charged that Minnesota was
foil of poverty and want. He wanted such
legislation enacted that a merchant, farmer
and manufacturer should bo under the same
laws and have the same rights as
the man that builds a railroad. He
hoped there would be no uncertain
sound from this convention here. If the
Hennepin canal was important, demand it.
Mr. Donnelly quoted Bacon, and hoped that
the convention would not go to congress
crooking "the pregnant hinges of the knee,
that thrift might follow fawning." He
closed amidst much applause.
Hon. Gordon E. Cole called for a speech
from United States Senator Eustis of
Louisiana, who is a member of the com
mission for the permanent improvement of
the Mississippi. That gentlemen was con
ducted to the platform, and spoke at some
length. He said he had heard assurance by
some of the speakers that it is not the pur
pose of the convention to antagonize any of
the interests of the United States. This
had been unnecessary. Whatever interests
in the Mississippi valley are to be benefited,
to receive direct benefits from any conven
tion, the South feels in hearty sympathy
with such a movement. The interests are
common and the light is common. It is tiie
first requirement that the two sections be
united. The Northerner and the Southerner
must stand together and have no suspicions
of each other.
The senator said this was his first visit to
the Northwest. He had been amazed at
the startling results of the industries of this
section. It seemed almost strange that men
who represented so much of the intelligence
of the country were compelled to assemble
in convention in order to secure its wishes
among its representatives. It is an error
to suppose that the voice of this convention
will not be obeyed. The convention would
present to congress not only a request but a
of Missouri was called on and made a
brief speech in which he stated him
self as an ardent and enthusiastic
friend of any movement looking to
the improvement of the waterways
and an implacable foe to the idea of tacking
on to the appropriations for this purpose
any barnacles known as dry land schemes.
Coming to the Hennepin canal, he said he
had no objection to its friends doing all in
their power to secure its construction, but
did object to its being paraded before the
convention, because it had no abiding
place on a river and harbor bill. It is well
known that it destroyed the river and har
bor bill once, and there had been remarks
made in the convention that were tanta
mount to threats that it would be done
again unless it will be recognized. The
reason that these recognitions of this scheme
were tacked onto the action of these con
ventions was because the warmest friends
of this scheme knew that it was the only
way on earth that it could be brought
ot the congress of the United States,
It came with bad grace from men from Illi
nois to insist on the recognition of this ca
nal when in the constitution of the great
state of Illinois there was one clause that
would stand as an eternal reminder that no
canal through that state was recog
nized as constitutional. Himself
had ever favored the improvement
of the entire Mississippi from the
northern end to the jetties, and he would
favor, if it were the only way to preserve
this great inland stream, bringing
the granite from the rocky hills of New
England and walling in the entire stream.
The great Missouri, the lake ports, the
inland seaboards were the proper objects for
the convention to consider. Cut loose from
all these schemes,let them come from where
they may.
as in favor of building a canal, though Illi
nois would be barred out by the statute of
limitation. He arraigned the friends of
the canal for defeating the last river and
harbor bill: He said: "You have said on
this platform, 'In union there is strength.'
Not much. Wheu in the last expiring
hours of the last congress you might have
secured the appropriation for the improve
ment of the great rivers and harbors, you
did not do it, and that bill was killed by
the vote of a man who favored the canal,
and himself lived on the banks of
the mighty Mississippi. When the
next congress meets, in December,
it will prolong its session from December to
December but the voice of this convention
will be recognized. I never have been, and
I never will be. a party to any scheme that
tacks a swapping clause onto a bill for the
appropriation for the benefit of the rivers
of the country." The scheme was uncon
stitutional, and he would never be driven
to anything, and this gag method of pro
ceeding would never go down. The speaker
then said he did not suppose there was any
thing cut and dried in the movement of the
Illinois men, but he had wondered some
what that the speeches of Gov. Bross and
Congressman Murphy had sandwiched in
so nicely—that Gov. Bross, as temporary
chairman, had hit so nearly the line of Mr.
Murphy and that the two were so unani
on the ground that Mr. Murphy was a mind
reader. Mr. Hatch professed himself a
fanner and devoted to the farmers' interests.
No man had a warmer devotion to the ag
ricultural interests. He came as a citizen
of the Mississippi valley, representing no
class or branch of industry.
"If you want to see tlie improvements,"
said he, "made until barges and steamboats
can carry the products of the Northwest on
this great inland river, stick to your own
text. We are not supplicants. We can de
mand our rights. There is no reason why
the same improvements that have been made
on the seaboard should not be made on the
Western rivers."
Men get into congress who have never
been west of the Alleghanies; who never
heard of such cities as Minneapolis, St.
Paul and Denver. How they get there the
Lord only knows, but they are there. They
think the sun not only rises in the east but
sets east of the Alleghany mountains, and
they will grant no favors to this great West.
This internal improvement business was
like a cow with her head in the West and
her hind-quarters east of the Alleghany
mountains. For many years the Eastern
people had been milking and the Western
people feeding her. It was the dearest
wish of his heart to turn the cow around.
[Applause and laughter.]
While Congressman Hatch was speaking
there was a good deal of quiet hustling and
consultation among the Illinois delegation,
and after he had finished Aid. Shorey called
for Hon. Clark E. Carr of Galesburg, 111.,
who supported the claims of the Hennepin
canal in an eloquent speech. He spoke of
himself as interested in the Mississippi val
ley; not only in the Mississippi valley, but
in the states of the South and East, and all
the people of the nation. Most of the ques
tions which have agitated the republic have
been disposed of and the vast capital and
population of the country has made it pos
sible to realize the hopes and wishes of the
fathers of the republic and turn our atten
tion to the internal improvement of the
farm of Uncle Sam. He pleaded for a com
prehensive view of the subject, aud was
sorry for the spirit of some of the remarks
of the last speaker, and saw in that spirit a
reason why the river and harbor bill was
defeated iv the last congress. He wanted
to know how the interests of the country
could be better helped than by uniting
together the Mississippi and the lakes.
Then the Mississippi would not only flow
unvexed to the sea, but there would be an
inland waterway connecting all the cities of
the Mississippi valley with the city of New
York. Any view of internal improvements
that ignores this is sectional and narrow.
[Applause from Illinois.] Illinois
which it proposed to give as a free gift to
the country, if it would only improve it.
Cut through the Hennepin canal, and you
practically move Chicago 160 miles
west of where it now is. (N"ofc so
much applause from Illinois). He wanted
to get Missouri out of this narrow view of
looking at things. This canal would be in
the interest of St. Louis, Kansas City,
Omaha, and every cifry on the Mississippi
and of all the country tributary to them.
Illinois comes to the convention with no
narrow feeling. It wauted to be generous,
and more, too, to the interests of the South
ern Mississippi, and merely asked that the
convention do tha same for that state.
rose to a question of personal ' privilege and
took the platform. He was sorry that it
was necessary to defend himself by answer
ing the gentleman from Missouri. He
wasn't here to go into detail,' but would say
that when the gentleman took the liberty of
questioning the historical facts in his own
paper concerning the convention of 1845, he
would only say he was sorry for and ashamed
of the ignorance of the gentleman from
objected to and repudiated Mr. Hatch's in
sinuation that he and Congressman Murphy
hud lixed their speeches together. But
they of Chicago were used to such, things
from Missouri and especially from St.
There were calls for Gen. Henderson of
Illinois and Gov. Stannard, but neither of
them were present.
A delegate from Minnesota said that they
had heard about the washing of dirty liusu
between Minneapolis aud St. Paul. He
moved that Chicago and St. Louis have
also an opportunity to wash their dirty
Tne chairman stated it would be so or
dered unless there was objection.
The convention then -adjourned for din
It was 2:34 in the afternoon when the
cuairaiati's gavel fell and the resolutions
prepared by the committee and unani
mously Indorsed by it, were read by Gen.
Beadle of Dakota.
Mr. E. 11. Boultor of lowa, the chairman
of the committee on resolutions, moved the
adoption of the report. Tlure ware cries
for "question" and the rules being sus
peuded they were adopted viva vocq with a
shout, followed by much cheering and clap
ping of hands.
Mr. Oittjeld of Illinois proposed an addi
tional resolution, but a point of order was
made that it should be referred to the com
mittee on resolutions. For the purpose of ad
mitting the resolution, a motion was made to
discharge the committee, find the motion was
lost. ,
At this poiutGov. Bross introduced Judge
Fry. lie said the last speech he made was In
New Orleans two years ago on the Fl6rida
ship canal. This, he said, was the outlet
of all the produce that had come to points
the other side of the gulf. First, this
shortens the route from Europe and Eastern
cities 800 miles eacli way to New Orleans,
and that of the most dangerous navigation
on the high seas. Secoud, this would avoid
navigation through the gulf stream. Gov
enmieut reports showed tiiat in ten years
the loss of ships by reason of this had been
over §10,000,000. Since the war
the destruction has been less, be
cause of steam and the placing
of signal lights. The extra insurance on
ships that navigate this water was annually
35,000,000. The Florida ship canal would
save this expense. It was the natural out
let for the richest producing country
that the sun ever shone on. Again,
it had been supposed by many
that canals had gone out of use. Briefly he
went into history, showing that England's
experience had proven that canals were to
be worked together with the railroads.
After trying the railway system exclusively
English statesmen had turned to the canals.
which were built by private capital, and
purchased all that could be had at any price.
The result had been the strengthening of
the whole system of trailic. These can a!s
are all on a paying basis. In
Germany, and in Holland particu
larly, the canals and railroads work
most satisfactorily. In Holland the canals
have been built by private capital, the
government backing them to the extent of
0 per cent, per annum on the stock in
vested. It is true all over the world that
canals pay a larger per cent, on cost of
construction than railroads. This is recog
nized in European countries and they Sre
constantly building others. The Suez, pay
ing IS per cent, dividends, and seventeen
others are now in successful operation or are
being niadu so. All this he urged as argu
ing favorably to the Florida ship canal.
He believed the cost would be Sis, 000,000,
more or loss. A syndicate of London
capitalists had been formed and it was ex
pected that the work would be rushed
through in eighteen months. He favored
improvements on the Mississippi and said
the South favored the Henuepin canal. He
dwelt at considerable length on the neces
sity of such transportation rates beins
secured that the grain could be got into the
markets of Europe.
At this point "time"'was called on Mr.
Fry, but by unanimous consent he was al
lowed to go on, which he did, touching ou
the tariff and other topics until time was
again called.
Mr. Donnelly moved to discharge the
committee on resolutions, saying that under
the rules adopted so long as that committee
was in existence it muzzled the convention,
and they should either release the commit
tee or adjourn instanter.
Gov. Stannard, after some remarks on
Capt. Blakeley's resolutions, moved that the
chairman appoint a committee of one from
each state and territory in the convention
to present the resolution of the convention
to congress, the chairman of the convention
to be one of the committee.
H. L. Gordon offered an amendment that
two from each state and territory to be se
lected by the delegates from the several
states and territories. This amendment
was accepted and the motion wa3 carried.
Mr. Donnelly renewed his motion to dis
charge the committee on resolutions, mak
ing an elaborate speech, in which he said
that Minnesota crops were moved by rail
roads largely, regardless of how much the
river was improved. He wanted to intro
duce a resolution against the pooling sys
tem on the part of the railroads. The peo
ple of Minnesota would not be satified with
the bare platitudes expressed in the resolu
tions. After some discussion Mr. Don
nelly's resolution was laid on the table.
W. J. Hines moved to adjourn sine die or
at the call of the meeting. This was car
ried, the chairman complimenting the con
vention upon its order and harmony.
The Resolutions.
The following is the report of the com
mittee on resolutions:
Whereas, In order to secure to the producers
in all parts of the country the highest possible
return for their products and the most favor
able exchange of the same, and our proper
relations to the conditions of foreign markets,
it is essential that the cost of transportation
be reduced to the minimum; therefore,
Resolved, That the immediate and compre
hensive improvement of the Mississippi and
Missouri rivers aud thoir navigable tributar
ies to the fullest extent of their improvable
capacity, in order to secure safe, permanent
and reliable chaunols of sufficient depth and
breadth to afford at all seasons of the year
ample facilities for the water transportation
of the Immense production of the Mississippi
valley is demanded of the government of the
United States by every considerativo of com
mercial, agricultural and social ad
vancement, and by justice and Rn enlightened
policy of promoting the prosperity and defense
of the nation.
Resolved, That we favor any meritorious
project for improved wator transporting
facilities by which the general Interests of
the wholo country may be conserved, and we
commend a liberal policy In this regard to the
careful consideration and Intelligent support
of congress. But we deem the immediate
permanent improvement of the Mississippi
and Missouri rivers and their navigable trib
utaries according to some comprehensive plan
embracing the whole subject of paramount
Resolved, That the Mississippi river from
the Falls of St. Anthony to the Gulf of Mexico
is a great and natural highway for tho com
merce of the West, and that the distance be
tween the said falls and the mouth of the
Ohio river being more than half the distance
of the navigable waters of said river.
Resolved, That sufficient appropriations
should be made to give at least six feet of
water in the Mississippi river from Cairo to
the Falls of St. Anthony at the earliest prac
ticable day, and that we urge upon congress
that an immediate appropriation be made for
the amount necessary to complete the said
work, and we also favor continuing liberal
appropriation by congress for the improve
ment of the Mississippi from Cairo to the
Resolved, That appropriations should bo
made by congress for the Improvement
of navigation of the Mississippi to
the navigable sources thereof, in accordance
with tho recommendations of the govenmeut
engineers, and we commend to congress the
careful consideration of tho report of tho
resident engineers of the war departmen on
the reservoir system of the upper Missis
Whereas, The Missouri river, one of the
largest and longest rivers in the world, wat
ering an agricultural and mineral country
unsurpassed for wealth, its borders pop
ulated by over 1tf,000,000 people, yet never
having received a direct appropriation from
the national government prior to tho Forty
seventh congress; therefore, be it
Resolved, That we earnestly recommend
and urge tho present and permanent im
provement of tho navigation of the Missouri
river, upon a general and systematio plan to
prepare it for commerce by steamers and
barges, and we urge a policy of large and
continuous appropriations by oongross.
Therefore, We further recommend that the
improvement be carried forward as a distinct
and separate measure, and in not less than
lU-e divisions of the river, and United States
engineers aud civilians resident therein, with
equal application of appropriations to the
several divisions, and we now demand appro
priations for this work commensurate with
the wealth aud growth of the great country
tributary thereto, its remoteness from East
ern markets, and the fitness of the river for a
groat commerce, and the construction of ways
at suitable points for tho protection of boats
against damage from ice.
Resolved, That this convention urge upon
the government to appoint upon the Missouri
river commission engineers and civilians in
terested in the improvement of the Missouri
river, and whose other duties are not com
patible with their duties as said commission
Resolved, That in the opinion of the con
vention the enlargement of the Illinois &
Michigan canal and the extension of the same
by the construction of a canal from the Illi
nois river at Hennepln to the Mississippi river
at Rock Island, thereby connecting the great
lakes with the upper Mississippi, and giving
a continuous line of water transportation
from the Mississippi valley to the Atlantic
seaboard, is demanded in the interest of
cheap transportation, and the new, immense
and growing commerce of the Northwest, and
we call upou our senators and representa
tives in con#ros3 to urge tho construction of
of such a canal, and the enlargement, of tho
Illinois & Michigan canal by the general gov
Resolved, That this convention approve the
plans recommended and urged by the United
States engineers in charge of the Sault Ste.
Marie canal, for increasing the capacity of
the same to meet the rapidly growing de
mands of commerce, by constructing an ad
ditional lock twenty-one feet deep, and we
favor the completion of the Hay lake chan
nel at tho earliest practicable day, and we
urgently request congress to make regular
appropriations of the amounts recommended
by the United States engineers for the prose
cution of these works.
Resolved, That wo also recommend an ap
propriation sufficient to immediately com
plete the \vovk undertaken and that may be
necessary for the improvement of the Red
river of the North, and the tributary and ad
jacent lakes and streams.
Resolved, That this convention favor the
early completion of the improvement of the
Fox and Wisconsin rivers, with a view of
providing a through route of water trans
portation between the Mississippi.aud great
Resolved,! That the Yellowstone river, the
Chi ppewa river in the state of Wisconsin, the
St. Croix river, between the states of Min
nesota and Wisconsin, and the Minnesota
river,, by virtue of their present and prospec
tive commerce and the immense benefits that
would flow from their improvement, are well
entitled to the fostering: care of the general
government, and that we recommend such
appropriations for their improvement as may
bo deemed judicious by the government en
gineers. .
Resolved, That the system of waterway
improvements herein recommended is in
tended to embrace the improvement of the
harbors to which they are tributary. , ■'•::-:.'.
Resolved, That we recognize with great
satisfaction the benefits which have resulted
to the navigation of the Mississippi river and
its principal tributaries from the extension of
the lighthouse system thereto, and also the
enag and dredgeboat service, and renew the
hope that annual appropriations will be made
to insure the efficiency of both.
Resolved, That in the opinion of this con
vention, annual appropriations of $25,000,000
for the improvement of the rivers and har
bors of the United States and the construction
of artificial waterways would net bo extrava
gant and could be expended so as to enrich
the country far and beyond the amounts so
The Minnesota Memorial.
The following memorial was included in
the papers submitted by Col. Crooks, and is
practically a recapitulation of all the papers
so submitted and ordered printed:
We, the people inhabiting the upper Missis
sippi and Missouri river valleys, in conven
tion assembled, do most earnestly petition
the congress of the United States, when as
sembled, at the earliest possible moment, to
consider and act^upon this, our memorial, in
reference to the waterways. / "
These two valleys comprise the 'states of
Illinois, Missouri, lowa, Kansas, Nebraska,
Wisconsin, Minnesota and the territories of
Dakota and Montana, containing an aggre
gate area of 744,808 square mile, or one
fourth of the area of all the states and terri
tories outside of Alaska; that the population
of these states and territories, by the census
of 1880, was 10,583,970, and now approximates
14,000,000, or one-fourth of the people of this
country; .thai this peoplo are devoted princi
pally to agriculture, mining, stock raising
and lumbering, producing the following ag
AomicuT/rtrßAi. products.
Wheat..... 339,551,000 $310,000,000
Corn 1,049,374,000 524,637,000
Oats 349,432,000 87,358.000
Barley 19,437,974 12,524,663
Rye 10,674,865 5,337,433
Buckwheat 986,372 1 493,136
Hay, tons... 19,099,008 133,693,046
Wool, lbs 38,610,721 4,633,286
Horses 6,895,705 $589,576,500
Cattle 15,792,042 423,201,969
Hogs .":... 26,052,487 208,419,803
Sheep 7,024,720 21,074,160
Geld-................1/.... I $5,100,000
Silver ...|.. I 23.370,000
Lumber 5,375,000,000 1 $60,000,000
- That : this vast product finds its principal
markets in the Eastern seaboard states and
foreign countries and can now reach either
■' only by paying - such transportation as may
■be ; prescribed by railway combinations,',
which, by pooling and consolidation, have de
stroyed all competition, or else over water
routes where navigation is rendered difficult
and expensive by want of harbor and channel
That these great producing states and ter
ritories are bounded on the north and east by
nearly one thousand miles of lake coast, in
cluding the upper peninsula of Michigan,
from all parts of which the world might bo
cached cheaply, and Is also penetrated in all
directions by 7,000 miles of navigable water
ways, comprising the upper Mississippi and
Missouri systems and the Red river
of the North, all of which could
be so improved at moderate expense
as to reduce the cost of transportation to a
minimum, greatly aid in developing our re
sources, buildiug- up our commerce and manu
facturing interests.
of surveying, examining and estimating the
cost of improving these rivers and harbors
has been thoroughly and exhaustively done
by tho engineers of the United States war de
partment, which estimates show that the
expense is insignificant when compared with
the enormous results to be attained.
That as a part of this system of waterways
improvement there has been devised and the
cost thereof estimated by tho sams high au
thorities, certain canals designed to connect
the lake system and become a part of them or
to avoid obstacles,which canals, if completed,
would greatly facilitate trade and cheapen
That the results already attained by United
States eugineers by their work on these sev
eral rivers, harborsjand canals with the mea
gre amount heretofore appropriated
has been eminently satisfactory at
all points, fully demonstrating: the
feasibility and wisdom of those plans, and we
would most earnestly iuaisi en their complete
carrying out, at the earliest moment, by such
liberal appropriations as will enable the en
gineers to proceed without delay.
That thecost of the work required to perfect
our waterways will be far les3 than the value
of the 35,546,207 acres of land which congress
donated to railways within our nine North
western states and territories (to say nothing
of the subsidies and state grants) upon tho
plea of affording cheap transportation, v.nd
in pursuance of the national internal im
provement policy, while the direct and imme
diate benefit will be many times greater.
of Stillwater, a member of the Minnesota
commission, also had a spech prepared
which will be printed in the proceedings.
Following are extracts:
To convey to this convention some idea of
the quantity of lumber sent down the Missis
sippi river, to the various distributing points
between the St. Croix and St. Louis, I wil!
call your attention to a few statistics relative
thereto: There was shipped from the St.
Croix river during the yenr 18S4 to various
distributing points along the Mississippi river,
250,000,000 feet of lumber, 46,000,000 of 'lath,
37,000,000 of shingles, 2,000,000 of pickets;
from the Chippewa rivei* during the same
period, 883,000,000 feet of lumber, 223.600,000
of shingles, and 102,000,000 of lath and pick
ets; from Black river during the same period
was shipped 250,000,000 feet of lumber, 40,
--000,000 shingles and 32,000.000 lath and pick
ets, aggregating 1,388,000,000 feet of lumber,
800.000,000 of shingles and 176,000,000 ofjlath.
The tonnage of this product alone foots up
over 3.000,000 tons, which, aside from the
many other important commercial items con
tributed by the great Northwest to the com
merce of the Mississippi river and its tribu
taries, should in itself be a powerful
argument in favor of the object we seek to
The lumber value of rafts and cargoes an
nually boated to market on the Mississippi
will not vary far from twenty millions of
dollars. The capital invested in steamboats,
100 in number, used for two purposes, is one
aud a quarter millions of dollars, while the
saw mills, timber plants and other invest
ments incidental to the prosecution of this
branch of industry will foot up fully five
hundred millions of dollars; while the laborers
and their dependencies engaged In "this pur
suit alone will equal the population of one of
ouv largest Western states.
Much has been accomplished by the gov
ernment through the able engineer corps en
gaged in the improvement of the Western
waterways. Much more can and must be
done. From the national treasury ono hun
dred and fifty million dollars has been ap
propriated for the improvement of rivers
and harbors; but a moiety of this has been
appropiiatedto the upper Mississippi river
and its tributaries.
The Giiflceßs resulting from the work
already performed gives uo o vory roaenn to
believe that the necessary appropriation for
carrying out the plans already referred to
will give us a five-foot channel between St.
Louis and St. Paul.
Now gentlemen, a five-foot channel from ,
St. Louis to St. Paul means an enhanced
value to every acre of land in the Missis
sippi valley, a better price for our farm
products and cheaper food to the con
To Take it to Congress.
The delegates from the various states.
held meetings immediately on the adjourn
ment of the convention and elected com
mittees, in accordance with the resolution
of the convention, before lay the action of
the convention to congress. The following
were selected from the different states:
Minnesota—Hon. J. S. Pillsbury, Hon. M.
H. Dunnell.
Wisconsiu—Hon. W. T. Price, Joseph Ean
Illinois—Hon. L. B. Ray, W. J. Hines.
Missouri—Henry C. Haarstick, Edward H.
Kansas—Dr. John Arthur, Wyandotte;
Capt. O. E. Giftord,Clay Centre.
Montana—Hon. Martin Maginnis, Hon.
John S. Tookcr.
Dakota— D. M. Inman, Vermillion; John D.
Benton, Fargo.
Nebraska—John M. Thurston. E. M. Cor
A Glorious Evening 1.
Last evening the exercises of the conven
tion were brought to a close by a social
gathering at the Eyan, the management of
which was under the care of the St. Paul
people. A mighty social time it proved, too,
before the guests went home. A platform
had been built in the rotunda near the main
stair case, and the Great Western band fur
nished music at intervals during all the
evening. There were probably about 800
people present during the evening, about
every delegate who was in the city was
present, and a considerable number of St.
Paul gentlemen, not members of the con
vention, came in during the evening to pay
their respects to the governor and other dis
tinguished gentlemen who did the honors.
A good-sized committee of introduction,
with blue badges, looked after the line that
tiled up to shake hands with the acting
hosts. These were Gov. Hubbard, Mayor
liice and Ex-Govs. Kamsey and Marshall,
who stood in one of the parlors for a couple
of hours and to whom nearly the entire list
of those present were introduced. The ex
ercises from the start were wholly informal,
and the longer they lasted the more in
formal they grew. The affair was generally
spoken of as a
and it was about a draw game whether the
stand around or the wines had the best of it,
and still gaining by 11 o'clock.
The tables in the dining room, which had
not been given up to the regular supper—
the guests taking this in the ordinary—
were arrayed in the form of
a hollow square extending the
whole length of the dining room, and
the guests were admitted to this room
shortly after 6 o'clock. The tables were
loaded with cold dishes, and a squad of
waiters were on hand to draw the corks of
champagne bottles.
It is very seldom that a gathering made
of such distinguished guests assembles
around one common board, and it is very
seldom, too, that any one crowd gets away
with as much champagne as did this same
crowd. It was one of the wettest
times that ever occurred in the
Northwest. They drank champagne out of
large goblets, and the popping of corks was
as when a bunch of fire crackers is set off.
Everything went.
Shortly before 10 o'clock the speech-mak
ing began, and though the majority of those
who spoke had withstood the attacks of the
bibulous god, the large proportion of the
hearers had not fought him so coyly as to
be critical in their appreciation of what was
said. It only needed one call of "Donnelly"
from City Attorney Murray, to
bring a dozen more requests,
and in three minutes the sage of Nininger
was on a table, within the hollow squall,
making a speech. It would be incorrect to
say that he was listened to with attention.
He was not. And yet it was apparent that
NO. 248
what he said was appreciated, for there
were sometimes great bursts of applause,
that made things rattle. Mr. Donnelly
paid a glowing tribute to the state in which,
he lived, and extended a greeting to all
present. He closed by making the motion
of which the privilege had been denied him
in the convention that the committee ba
D. C. Plummer of Dakota next mounted
the table, and was introduced as the
squatter governor of Dakota. He, too,
spoke of the territory in which he lived, and
waxed very eloquently over its growth and
resources. He favored transportation by
water, and said because the railroads had
been largely the means of building up tha
Northwest they should not insist on
Col. Crooks spoke next, urging the im
portance of impressing on the representa
tives in congress the action of the conven
tion, which he believed had been a success.
He was followed by Mr. Chase of Omaha,
who said iv opening that "if the spirit oi
Demosthenes should come down fronr
heaven this crowd would not listen to him.''
The general lay of land about the speaker
indicated that he was correct, for there
were no less than fifty distinguished gentle
men trying to sing and laugh at once, whil*
he was speaking. He said that Oman*
wanted the next river convention, and if it
came there Nebraska would send 700 dele
Dr. Murphy then occupied the time while
several of the younger of those present went
out on a skirmish for Mart Maginnis. Mr.
Maginnis made a most flowing speech,
picturing iv lurid colors the glor
ies of Montana and its possibilities.
He characterized his territory as a land
whose rock-ribbed hills, pointing their
cloud-capped heads beyond the jagged
clouds, teemed with rills of gold. A land
where the Genins of America would make
her home, and in the coming vistas sit upon
the lofty peaks that lift their heads into
the azure sky, and in the light of sunset
from the golden shore drink inspiration
from the eternal God.
Senator Sabin was forced to mount the
table, and, while the crowd cheesed, he
emphasized Mr. Durant's invitation to visit
Stillwater to-day. As he climbed down
three cheers were given for "Minnesota's
Mr. McClung, as the organizer of the con
vention, made a short speech in which he
said he was satisfied with its results, and
he was followed by H. L. Gordon, who
spoke for Minneapolis. He said the two
cities are no longer separate, they are one,
"Yes," said Mr. McClung, "and St. Paul
is the one."
Hon. E. W. Durant spoko briefly, after
which an attempt was made to induce Hon.
M. Fry of Florida to speak, but he posi
tively declined. There were one or two
other speakers among the number being
Lieut. Gov. Gilman. The guests, however,
had begun to go away and the exercises
were brought to a close a half hour before
What They Think About It.
The opinion about the resolutions in gen
eral was that they were very satisfactory.
Of course they were, as everybody got what
he wanted. Consenting their efficacy, how
ever, before congress there was more diver
sity of opinion. Most of the congressmen
who were on the floor of the con
vention were asked what they thought
of the resolutions, and most of them called
to mind their experiences in congress wheß
trying to get river and harbor appropria
tions through the national legislature, and
how hard it was to accomplish the object
they sought. All of them, it is safe to say,
were personally in favor of all that was
embodied in the resolutions, but some of
them were inclined to doubt the expediency
of asking for so many things at once.
Congressman Deuster of Wisconsin said
he thought the resolutions of the conven
tion would receive very little attention from
onneress. He did not believe it hadbeea
wise to make them so specific, ns this woujd
have absolutely no effect on congress, which
would go to the reports of the government
engineers for whatever information it might
want on the subject. If the convention
should have the moral effect of strengthen
ing the congressmen from the states inter
ested, then it would not have met in vain.
Congressmrn Adams of the Fourth Illinois
district said the unanimity and harmony of
this convention, together with the firm but
modest claims, as set forth by the report of
the committee on resolutions, will have an
effect on the next congress that must be
favorable to the securing of appropriations
for the insernal improvements asked for.
He thinks the coming congress will be lib
eral in these matters.
Congressman Warner of the Kansas City
district thought the complexion of the next
congress would be of a liberal hue, and
that the Northwestern waterways would
surely receive substantial recognition. The
resolutions he regarded as worthp of the
Congressman James H. Word of the Third
Illinois district, was confident thajfc congress
at its next session would take favorable ac
tion on the matter of appropriations, and
believed that the convention, by the resolu
tions adopted, had taken the most wise and
judicious action that could possibly havtf
been devised. He had faith that great good
would result from the deliberations and
official action had during the life of the
Congressman Frank Lawler of the Second
Illinois district, was enthusiastic over the
evenly tempered and worded resolutions,
and was sure they would have a beneficial
effect on congress when appropriations will
be asked for.
Congressmen Guenther of Wisconsin said
that he was a member of the committee on
resolutions, and had favored a report which,
should be shorter and less specific. The one
he would have offered would have read
about as follows:
"This convention is of the opinion that
the money expended for the purpose of imt
proving the harbors and navigable rivers ol
this country is a wise and judicious invest
ment of public funds, and we fail to see any
good reason why an appropriation of 515,
--000,000 to $20,000,000 per annum, being
about only one-half of the sum usually rec
ommended by the secretay of war as beini
the amount that can prolitabiy be expended
during the fiscal year for the purposes men*
tioned, should be too large a sum to be appro
priated by congress for the many harbor(
and navigable rivers of our comman coun<
Messrs. Price, Deuster and Beadle wer<
the only members besides himself who wer*
in favor of this more moderate action. Th<
rest were bound to have the specific im
provements mentioned, and so it had to be.
Senator Spooner said his experience in
Washington was limited, but he hoped th<
resolutions would do all the good that wad
expected of them.
Senator Sabin considered the resolution!
very carefully worded and the embodimeni
of good sense, and he had no doubt thaf
congress would give them a very favorabh
Congressman Jerry Murphy was hisrhly
satisfied with the result of the convention
aud though the resolutions the acme of goo^
sense and sound doctrine.
Convention Notes.
Minneapolis delegates were particularl]
happy sifter the resolutions had passed thi,
convention, owing to the recognition of th<
river below St. Anthony falls. Said on<
of them: "We got all we asked and more,
too. Gov. Pillsbury must have understood
his business in the committee room. It k
lucky that St. Anthony falls was recog*
nized or all Minneapolis would have jumped
on Judge Atwater for his remarks to tli<
St. Paul gentleman, that were quoted it
their meeting the other day."
During the interim yesterday morning f
while the convention was awaiting the re«
port of the committee on credentials, th<
Minnesota delegation seized the opportunity
to fortify its already impregnable frontiei
by securing the admission of two more

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