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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, September 09, 1885, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1885-09-09/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Daily Globe never had such
In circulation as it is now enjoying Tell
nS?o riendV and neighbors how bright
■IHE Globe Is every day.
A Cold Drizzlling Rain Renders tho Second
Day of the Pair a Most
Cheerless One.
And-the Magnificent Exhibit "Waits in
Rain for the Admiring Eye of
the Visitor.
Yesterday's Program is Set for To-day
and Minneapolis Day is Changed
to To-morrow.
Some Facts Gleaned From a Round
of tlio Stables Where the Fliers
Are Housed,
The Thoroughbred Dairy Stock—
Some Additional Features of the
General Exhibit.
A Rainy Pay.
Everything was favorable to a successful
day at the fair grounds yesterday, except
the weather, and that played havoc with
the whole. The light rain that had begun
the evening before and continued straight
through the night, showed no signs of slack
ing when morning came, and all day it
drizzled steadily. A slight wind added to
the annoyance and the result was absolutely
disastrous. There were some additions to
the exhibit already on the grounds, but
there was no body to
see it. A more deso
ate and utterly
wrecked project than
he state fair ap- '
peared on alighting^
from the rain seldom '
greets the human
eye. The steady rain- !
fall, the sharp gusts wet. "
of wind, (he many wet.
booths, frail in their constructure, the
newly laid out roadways, that changed on
slight notice to the finest specimens of mud,
all this, mingled with the general feeling of
disappointment that every one experienced
at the general appearance, made a combina
tion that rendered those compelled to visit
the grounds somewhat tired of life. Pro
bably there were not fifty visitors to the
grounds beside those whose business
in connection with the exhibits called them
there, and life was a burden to those fifty
if their remarks as they waded through the
mud are any indication.
was in good shape and nearly everything
was put in condition for visitors whenever
they come. The main building leaked a
little in spots, and on some of the
elegantly carpeted ions, pans and
pails bad to be placed to prevent ruin.
This building with its elegant displays, and
ho lovely, reminded one of some palace,
whose owners had deserted, and where the
spectres of old monarchs occasionally stalked
forth, though the spectres had too many
umbrellas and rubber coats, and did too
much general swearing at the condition of
things outside, to make the illusion per
fect. In Machinery hall the noise
of the twine binder was as
completely and thoroughly hashed
as it is on the Dakota prairie in January,
when the toils of old winter have tied up
the fanning implements and the blizzard
rustles over the plains. The rattle of the
steam thresher was stilled and the rain that
came through the open sides of the build
ing where they were located had everything
its own way. The grand stand was there
doing nothing but getting wet, amino white
man ventured to set foot in it during
the long cold day. The track resembled
a street in Venice, with the gondolas all
taken in, and no hoof dented its slushy sur
face during the day. If it had frozen it
would have made a slick skating course.
The horses, cat
tle and* sheep
made no m u r
mur. The thor- -
oughbreds quiet- .
ly wore th e i r^
blankets in their
box stalls, and
watched their
drivers play the
appropriate game
of stud poker on mud.
an Inverted feed box. The blooded
cattle winked their herd book
eyes and were apparently satisfied with the
general turn of affairs.
and a hundred lightly built booths, filled
with ordinary perishable grub, designed for
fair weather, lay in beautiful confusion
where the loud-mouthed huckster had rent
the air with his clarion tones. The booths
were mostly all built for fair weather, and
the rain went through them like a
thousand of brick through a scuttle;
making in some cases a grand hash of the
goods within. And still nearly every one
of the owners took it very good-naturedly,
and there few threats of violence.
It was almost impossible to get from one
end of the grounds to the other, if any one
had any respect tor their lower limbs, the
mud was so deep in spots. It is the same
old black variety of mud that has annoyed
people before on similar occa
Rions. It was very muddy mud.
There was just wind enough to
make getting wet preferable to fooling with
umbrellas, and such as were obliged to be
out took the former alternative. Among the
number were several women who had work
among the exhibits. It was very trying to
them to have to wade through the mud and
water, which was so deep, but they needn't
be annoyed in the slightest for
there were very few men folks
around. Two or three of the tents went
down, and there was a considerable depth
of water within the others, but any little
thing like that don't cut much of a figure at
a big state fair.
Tin re were many reasons assessed for the
general flood that prevailed. Some said
that Bill King did it to knock the whole
thins In the head and give him a better
show next year. Others said it came
from the fact that a signal office
had been located then and that all such un
necessary fooling with the elements might
have been expected would bring on a
-. p. w-» storm. Some regarded it
'.}) •''! /Ill" as a special dispensation
r&W ■ *" Prevent betting on
ri^M'V^' the races, and some
1 l-TW thought it was' a hint
I//wJi-- • that as nothing but water
I/' {W, Y<\"> was allowed on the grounds
Mm, £j, it might be well to satisfy
• '( -__£** all concerned that a fair
*Af$Ki couldn't be run to the full
satisfaction of everybody on that element
It is said in a spirit of "the utmost kind
ness to everybody that the rush
at lie station was about up to their capac
ity, and those arrangements are admirably
fitted to a rainy day audience. Those
turnstiles are no better"than a three-minute
class, and if there ever comes a bright day
something will have to be done to lower
their record, or the entrance money will
have to be refunded to several thousand
people who get distanced. It takes
about a half a minute for one
person to get through at the present rate,
and with the gatekeepers that have to be
awakened every time a train comes in.
They are all right and do as well as they
can, but they can't—that's why the people
Minneapolis day, which was to have been
to-day, has been slid over until to-morrow,
and the program which for some reason or
other did not come off yesterday- is an
nounced for to-day, if it doesn't rain.
It has been settled by the management
that one day more of rain will throw the
exhibition into next week. In. answer to a
Globe reporter's question if it would be
continued if the rain held on until Wednes
day President Clarke said last night: "Yes,
it it rains to-morrow it will be continued
for two or three days next week." The
probabilities of no races to-day were
so great that no pools were sold last even
ing, and the weather was more the subject I
of conversation than the races about the j
hotels. Visitors arrived at tho hotels yes- j
terday and last evening in considerable
numbers, intending to visit the fair, but few
ventured to the grounds yesterday. There
was a variety of sentiment expressed as to
the effect of the rain, even should it clear
to-day, on the fair as a whole, and some
who had heard of the decision to continue
it next week, if it rained to-day, expressed
a belief that it would be the best thing that
could happen if this were the case.
Too Wat for ..acinar.
The water en the race track was
several inches deep yesterday, and of
course racing was out of the ques
tion. The horses were not even worked
out in the morning, as the slippery
condition of the track would have resulted
in the serious injury of some of them un
doubtedly if they had been exercised.
Around the fast horse stalls there was
discontent, and jockey?,. Olivers and train
ers all joining most cordially in anathema
tizing the weather which interfered with the
sport. One horse tender, who has an un
usual talent for vigorously and volubly ex
pressing the sentiments of the fraternity on
this question is Charley Clark, an employe
of E. A. Parker of Minneapolis. A sketch
of him was caught just as he had finished
an unusually effusive outburst of abjurga
While this was going on, a Globe re
porter took the opportunity of looking
around among the stables and Inspecting
the horses quartered there. In one stall
stands Cyclone, a three-year-old boy stallion,
owned by W. J. Phelps of Hutchinson,
Minn. He is entered in the Chicago horse
man stake race, but his owner is undecided
whether or not to start him. Sister to him
is lolanthe, a four-year-old bay mare, en
tered in the four-year-old race. A member
of the same family is Isis, bay mare,5 yeais
old, with a record of 254334 as a three-year
D. P. Smith has Maggie Kevine, a cherry
mare, with a record of 2:293£, which he has
entered in the 2:28 class. She won the
2:30 race at Stillwater last summer, beating
Zig and Mable H.
G. W. Farrien of Minneapolis has quite
a string present. There is Dotty, a brown
stallion, with a record or 2:21, entered in
the 2:20 class. He is a horse which John
Splan brought from California six years
ago. His brown mare Wallacca also is en
tered in the 2:25 and 2:28 classes. Regard
less, whose name used to be Ben Hamilton,
is also a member of his string, with a record
of 2:1714". He is entered in the free-for
all pacing race, and is expected
to at least make one mark.
Then there is also Gen. F entered in the
3:32 class, a well-known horse hereabouts.
His record is 2:3434", made in a race which
he won at the state fair last fall. Sleepy
Fred also belongs to this string, a sorrel
gelding pacer, entered in the 2:30 class.
Dick Dunnington's running mare, La
Belle X, is also quartered here. She is en
tered in the mile dash and in the mile and
repeat running race. She hurt her foot
within the last two or three days, however,
and it is doubtful if she will start.
A prominent guest at these horse inns is
A. V. Panthan, a late purchase of W. R.
Merriam's, to go to the pole with Silverton.
He is said to have given SS.OOO and another
horse for him. He has a record of 2:20)4,
and is entered in the 2:20 class.
James Lovejoy's brown stallion. Gen.
Hancock, is a well-known horse in Minne
sota. He lias a record of 2:25 and has
trotted in the 2:25 classes for the" last two
seasons, in which race lie is also entered
here. It is unnecessary to predict that the
record will be lowered in this race.
Commodore Kittson's string has arrived,
and occupies nearly all of one barn. Ollie
Becker, a 'nay mare thoroughbred, is entered
in the running face, and is expected to win
i it. Blackwood, Jr., a famous black breed
j ing stallion, is also present He is entered
I in no race, being merely on exhibition. His
record is 2:22J<. Then there's Von Arnim,
a big stallion with a record of 2:19K. entered
in the free-for-ali stallion and breeders'
stake races. Revenue, a bay stall
ion with a record of 2:2234, en
tered in the breeders' stake race.
Fanny Witherspoon is one of the fastest
horses in the party, with a record of 2:10)4'.
She was entered in the 2:17 class, but it
didn't fill. If there is a good day, however,
before the end of the fair she will try to
beat the two-mile record, for a special
purse. Prince Arthur is also a member of
this stable. He is a bay gelding with a
record of 2:24%, which makes him eligible
in the 2:25 class in which he is entered, and
in which he is such a heavy favorite.
That great variety performer, Minnie 11, is
in this stable. She has three records, 2:19
trotting, 2:1634 pacing and 2:0334 pacing
with running mate.
Near the end of the procession should be
mentioned the chestnut gelding, Westmont,
owned by J. M. Hill of Margaret Mather.
Peter V. Johnson is his driver and trainer,
i and has entered him in the free-for-all pac
' ing race. He made his record of'2:13)4" at
Rochester this season, and lias a record of
2:02 with Firebrand. He has done a good
deal of work this summer and -n on consid
erable money.
Fred I) is bearing his honors meekly. He
is owned by C. A. Dolliver of Minneapolis,
and won the 2:37 race on Monday against a
held of five horses, lowering his record from
2:8734 to 2:31. He could have made better
time yet if he had wanted to.
E. A. Parker of Minneapolis, one of the
most reliable horse trainers in the
Northwest, has charge of Gen. Hancock,
and A. V. Panthier, noticed above, and also
.Mable II, a chesnut mare owned by Dr. C.
C. Lyford of Minneapolis. She has a
record of 2:2l) which it is expected she
will lower in the 2:38 class. Mr. Parker
is also handling Uncle Eb, a grey gelding
who, on the snow last winter, driven by T.
J. Mackey of Minneapolis, his owner,
showed some very fast time. He has a
record of 2:32K; is entered in the 2:30
pace, and with a good track his friends are
confident lie will win.
One of the most remarkable horses on
the grounds is Butterscotch, a bay gelding
ow ned by Dr. Sutherland of East Saginaw
He has been working hard this summer.
He won the 2:25 race at Hartford and trot
ted fourteen heats in three days. His best
record is 2:2134", and he entered in the 2:20
race, in which he will be almost sure to
stand well up toward the head. Another
good horse entered in this race is Maggie
G. Middleton, owned by Mr. Dickey" of
Battle Creek, Mich. She has been in the
same races with Butterscotch aud has won
considerable money for her owner. Her rec
ord is 2:2034". Another of the 2:20 horses is
Bonnie McGregor, a bay stallion owned by
S. W. Wheelock of Moline, 111. He has
trotted through the Illinois and Michigan
circuits this summer and made his record
of 2:203," at Freeport. Of the seven races
he has been in he has won six. He will
make a formidable antagonist in this race.
Georgiana, a young bay mare, owned by
Mr. Stout of Dubuque, la., is entered in
the 2:25 race. She has a record of 2:204",
made at Freeport, having started a green
mare this year.
THE water PARTY.
There is a good string present from Still
water, owned by Abe Rohrbach and Isaac
Staples. First in the list stands Mike
Wilkes, a big bay pacer, well known in the
Northwest, and who lias been doing good
work for his owner this summer. He has
a record of 2:1634", and will start in the free
for-all pacing race. He has worked hard
this season, but has been resting for six
weeks or so, and will be likely to lower his
record. Rohrbach also owns Boston Davis,
a very fine bay stallion, with a record of
2:203.;. He is entered in both the 2:25 and
the 2:20 races.
Isaac Staples' sorrel mare, Western Maid,
has a record of 2:4234- She started in the
2:37 trot Monday, but she would have to
lower her record ten seconds to win a heat
of it. Mr. Staples also has his bay gelding,
Zig. with a record of 2:29)4, entered in the
2:28 class. He won a race at New Rich
mond this season and made his record on a
half-mile track.
A horse which will attract attention is
Belle S, a bay mare owned by J. L.
Mitchell of Milwaukee, with a record of
2:30>£, and is entered in the 2:28 race. She
won a race in Freeport and Janesville in
three straight heats. The same man owns
the brown mare, Mary Sprague, with a
record of 2:2G)£. She is entered in the
2:25 race.
J. K. O'Brien, the hotel keeper of Fer
gus Falls, owns Rollo Parvin, a brown
stallion with a record of 2:35. He is en
tered in the 2:32 class. He was in the 2:45
classes all last year.
Joe B is a roan gelding owned by F. n.
Adams, with a record of 2:3134. He is en
tered in the 2:30 pace.
Genial Tom Foley, the old billiardist of
Chicago, has entered his brown gelding,
Wild Collender, in the 2:20 race. The
horse has a record of 2:21 and has won
money this season, although only starting
in two races.
L. A. Legg of Minneapolis has two run
ners in the stables, one of them, Alemeda,
a three-year-old thoroughbred, entered in
all the races. The other is a two-year-old,
Bootjack, and there is talk about starting a
two-year-old race for his benefit. Another
thoroughbred is Screwdriver, owned by C.
Cushman of Minneapolis, entered in the
Minneapolis cup race.
Belle D is a bay mare owned by J. E.
Campbell of Ohippewa Falls, Wis. She is
a young horse with no record, although she
has taken second and third money several
times this year. She is believed to be the
fastest pacer in the 2:30 class, as she has
shown 2:25)4 on the Minneapolis track in
private this season. Nigger, a well-known
black gojding. owned in Red Wing, is also
entered in this race.
A. W. McMillan of Austin will enter the
bay gelding Wallace in the 2:2S race. This
horse made his record of 2:2734" in the fourth
heat, in the mud, at Prairie du Chien last
year, and will prove a formidable oppo
George D. Cadwell of Minneapolis has a
bay mare, Sweet Home, on exhibition.
She has no record and is not entered in any
race. She will trot at Rochester, how
G. A. Smith of Hastings owns the five
year-old George A, a bay geldins: with no
record, who will start in the 2:32 race. He
also owns Saline, a young bay mare with
no record. She will start in the 2:45 class.
The last horse noticed was First Call,
a bay gelding with a record of 2:31)4 He
Will start in the 2:32 class.
Annie West is a bay mare owned by F.
Kindred of Brainerd, entered in the 2:45
race. Near her is the bay mare Iris, owned
by D. W. Newgass of Ciiicago, with a rec
ord of 2:29)4, and entered in the 2:28 class.
She won two races last week in Racine.
Exit is a brown mare 3 years old owned
by G. W. Sherwood. She has not been
driven much, but has made a trial heat in
2:47 on the Midway track. She
was entered in the three-year
old race, but didn't start.
Firefly, owned by the same, is a bay two
year-old mare with no. record. She will
trot in the two-year-old race on Saturday.
She has shown a half mile in 1:30. She is
Exit's sister. Cricket is another of Sher
wood's horses that trotted for the first time
this season. She has a record of 3:05 as a
two-year-old and 2:41 a year later.
H. G. Frinkle of Moorhead has three
horses on exhibition and G. B. Closon of
St. Paul has two.
Minneapolis Bay Thursday.
President Clarke, Secretary Judson, F.
C. Pillsbury, J. C. Oswald and one or two
others interested held a meeting yesterday
afternoon and discussed the course to
be taken to-day and to-morrow,
in view of the rain which - had
caused a break in the program. It was
decided to count on fair weather to-day, and
to simply set the program along for one
day, Minneapolis day, will consequently be
to-morrow with the special races which "had
been announced for to-day. The program
of yesterday will be carried out to-day if
the weather permits. If the rain continues
the management are inclined to favor an
extension of the exhibition for two or three
days next week. __: '
Trie Dairy Department.
Yesterday was a rainy, damp, disagree
able, dirty, dismal, dull day on the outside,
but in the dairy department, there was more
cheer and good nature than one would ex
pect to find under such circumstances. The
interior of the refrigerator is full of butter
in tubs, rolls, prints, bricks, boxes, etc.,
while of the ornamental display, nearly all
varieties of flowers are represented, from
the delicate little violet, to the gaudy sun
flower. Then too, some enterprising ex
hibitor has made a lot of sheep, pigs, ears
of corn, chickens, ducks, geese, grapes, ap
ples and other articles out of butter. The
ornamental display is certainly the largest
ever made in the state. But, while the
weather is against us, and we cannot float
around the grounds, let us sit down by the
fire and talk about
At the dairy convention the question is
frequently asked, which is the best breed of
cows for dairy purposes? and the answer
often depends upon who answers the ques
tion as to what breed will be given the
recommendation. Tho question of breeds
is a mooted one and one tlr.it cannot be de
cided on short notice, for the reason that it
is not always known what is wanted. For
instance, the questioner may desire to have
a breed from which he wishes to make but
ter alone; while another may want cheese,
and yet another may want to simply milk
to a city. So what would be satisfactory to
one would not be to another; one may want
to combine beef and milk ill one and the
same animal, and this is commonly denomi
nated "the general purpose cow," which is
greatly ridiculed by dairymen in the older
sections, where breeding for a specific pur
pose has been carried on for some years.
The question, it will be seen, is one that is
difficult to answer satisfactorily to all.
An average cow for dairy purposes should
give not less than 5,000 pounds of milk in a
milking season, and there should be not less
than eight pounds of cream from every 100
pounds of milk, and ten pounds of cheese
from each 100 pounds of milk. Bulk,
volume or per cent, of cream is no safe
criterion of tho quantity of butter in that
cream; weight alone is the proper mode of
judging. Breed as much, if not more than
food, affects the quantity and quality of
milk, cream, butter and cheese.
An Eastern gentleman occupying a prom
inent position at one of tho experimental
farms made a careful test of several breeds,
and gave his opinion as follows: "The Short
horn is an average milker, short in duration
per season, low in specific gravity, high in
per cent, of cream, proportionately high in
butter, and also high in cheese production."
In England and in many portions of the
United States Shorthorns have been bred
almost exclusively for beef, and many herds
of remarkably fine cattle could make no
record for milk, cream or butter. There
are occasionally individuals and even
families of this breed that are quite noted
in tho dairy.
The Shorthorn grade approaches the near
est of any to what is called a "general pur
pose cow." The sire, we suppose in this
case, is a full blood Shorthorn; we know of
several good dairymen in the state who
have cows of this kind, who report them to
be good milkers, rich in cream and yielding
large quantities of butter.
A day or two ago a lady was met from
the southern part of the state who has a
dairy herd of twenty-three cows, and
among them nine grade Shorthorns; the
butter average for the year was 248>0
pounds per cow; the butter sold at twenty
six cents per pound, making $05.7:3 per
cow; deducting tiie cost of feed, which she
says was $8.08 per cow, these grades netted
$57.64 per cow. This of course may bo an
exceptional case.
"The Aberdeen Poll," the gentleman
continued, "is low in quantity of milk, and
the second highest of any in specific grav
ity. The grade of this breed is much im
proved in milking properties, giving a
greater weight of cream, though a lower
per cent, of it." There are so few of these
cattle in tho West, that but little is known
of them. They are exceedingly hardy and
are said to be good beefers.
"The Hereford is not more prominent
than the Shorthorn and Aberdeen Poll In
regard to milk, except in proportion of
butter from cream, in which it is highest.
The grade is very prominently in advance,
particularly in proportion of cream, but one
of the lowest in cheese." The Herefords in
this country have been bred for beef, and
have not been developed for milk.
"The Devon is most distinct in highest
specific gravity of milk, and the weight of
cheese from milk." The Devons, in Eng
land have been bred for oxen, and they
have well and patiently filled the place al
lotted them. There are two fine herds on
the grounds that have been bred with a
view of developing their milking qualities.
other Er.r:;i s
"The Galloway milk appeats to be of a
peculiar texture —rich, or so small in butter
globules, as to rise very slowly and very
indistinct in the test tube." This breed is
but little known in the West.
"The Ayrshire is a particularly heavy,
long milker, giving five times her own
weight per season. The milk is somewhat
low in specific gravity and per cent, of
cream, but is over the average in cheese
production. The Aryshire grade is not
improved in any respect except in duration
of milking season." There are compara
tively few herds of this breed in this
country, and but little more can be said of
them, except that in the cheese-making
districts of Scotland and England they are
noted for the large quantity and excellent
cheese they produce.
"The Jersey is remarkable for proportion
of cream, averaging 35 per cent., and giv
ing a value of dairy products incomparable
to any other breed in our experience." The
little Jersey is indeed the butter cow of all
others, and thero are several very noted
herds on the ground. When dairyingfis car
ried on on the associated plan, that 'is, the
milk or cream from many herds is gathered
at one point for butter or cheese making,
but few Jerseys will be found; fanners
who make their own butter, as a rule, run
largely to Jersey blood. The Jersey has
long been denominated the gentleman's
cow, because her cream is so rich in butler
fats, but the skim milk has little value as
all the cream rises, nor is the Jersey good
for cheese or beef, and the farmer who
wants a general cow lets her severely
of cattle used in the dairy, but it appears
there were no others at the experimental
farm where these tests were made. We
might enumerate the Kerry, the Gurnsey,
the Swiss, of which there is one herd on the
grounds; the Holderness, all of which are
but little known in this country. Then,
there are the Holsteins, of which there are
many herds on the grounds. These cattle
come largely from North Holland, where
they have been bred for milk witJi the ut
most care for generations. This breed is
becoming exceedingly popular in all the
dairy states, and especially so in the West.
Minnesota can make a very creditable show
ing of this stock and it is not without merit.
About ten years ago a few of these cattle
were brought to Illinois, and they seemed
to "till a long-felt want" in the minds of
the farmers, who recognized their milking
qualities; in a short time there grew up a
decided demand for them, and importations
at once became numerous and large, and
thousands of head are now owned in the
United States.
In color they are black and white, the
black predominating, large frame, hardy,
and deep, heavy, long milkers. Individuals
of this breed are reported as having given
ten times their own weight in milk. There
are a large number of cows of this breed
that have given from 10,000 to 22,000
pounds of milk in a milking season. Tho
butter globules are quite large, and while
the per cent, of butter is not so high as some
of the other breeds named, it is nevertheless
a fair average, and instances are on record
of very exceptional yields; the milk is rich
in caseine, which places them next to the
Ayrshire for cheese. The grades of
this breed are also good milkers. In
this country but little is known
of their beef qualities, though when not
in milk they fatten readily. They are some
what like the Jersey in that they convert
their food into milk. They come as near,
perhaps, to being a "general purpose cow:'
as any other known breed.
"the general purpose cow."
And, by the way, there are those who
sneer at "the general purpose cow," and
say such a thing is preposterous; that a
man should decide his line of dairying and
follow that specifically. If he wants milk,
or butter, or cheese, let him breed for
either one alone, but not try to combine
each in one animal. This is a very fine
spun theory, and if the dairy farmers of
Minuesotahad followed it, we doubt if the
cow would have proven such an ef
fectual mortgage-lifter as s'e has,
and we are giad to know that com
mon sense prevailed among the pioneers
of the dairy industry and they found a gen
eral purpose cow, and what a God-send she
has proven to be. She makes milk, butter
and cheese, and her steer calves can be
made into beef, and it was this happy com
bination which proved the salvation of many
a mortgage-ridden former. Wo believe m
the highest excellence, but as we know that
children must crawl before they can walk,
we also know thai; many formers must de
pend upon the general purpose cow before
they can own thoroughbreds lor any spec
iiic purpose; and we are pleased to note
that there is an inclination on the part of
farmers to improve their dairy cattle as rap
idly as they are able. This is to their
credit, indeed.
E. X. Dodgo of Clearmont, arrived yes
terday morning with his cheese exhibit.
Maj. A. P. McKinstry of Winnebago
City, owner of a half dozen creameries, put
in an appearance yesterday, and expressed
himself satisfied with the exhibits in tho
dairy department.
The iliggin's silver cup or rather pitcher
and platter, which is offered as a special
premium for butter, was on exhibition in
the dairy department yesterday. It is a
daisy, and the dairy-maid who secures it
will have a useful as well as ornamental
piece of tableware. It is made of coin sil
ver and is valued at $50.
The Globe reporter strolled into the
dairy building yesterday forenoon to get
out of the moisture prevailing on the outside
and. arrived just in time to enjoy a lunch of
cheese and doughnuts. The cheese was
furnished by tho Crescent Creamery com
pany of llochester, and was of the Young
America style. It was very palatable in
deed, and Col. Curtis of New York, a vet
eran cheese-maker, was unstinted in. his
praise of it. The doughnuts were furnished
by the Ashton Salt agent, S. 11. Knight.
The Railroad Exhibit.
The place that delights most the eye of
the visitor, or would if the visitor and his
eye had been present, which they were not
yesterday, Is the product of the farm and
garden as shown by the various railroads in
machinery hall. No such display could be
possible in any other state than Minnesota,
except they were imported from this, the
banner producing state of the Union, or at
least this is the language of an enthusiastic
railroad man in the building. The display
is largely added to by the products of tho
countries through which the railroads pass,
and attract very general attention.
occupies a space 24x:M feet square in the
form of a terraced oblong with a pogoda
roof. The base of the center-piece is pro?
vided with shelves on which are arranged
in plentiful profusion the products of the
soil contiguous to the road.* That the sec
tion of country through which tills road
passes is not a barren and sterill waste given
up to pine forests and cranberry marshes,as
many believe, is attested by this display.
Fifteen varieties of apples, grapes, plums
1 and various other small fruits are in
profusion and of excellent quality. A great
deal of the fruit here displayed is
from the unpretentious farm o£ Mr W. D.
Dadon of Taylor's Falls, wiio also has some
native-grown English walnuts, a rare pro
duction for this clime. Another article
tiiat attracts the curious is a quantity of
wild rice gathered by the Indians on ltice
Lake, a considerable body of water on the
line of their road. The Indians are Just
now engaged in their harvest of this dili
cious natural product, which is pronounced
by bomiosieurs superior to the commercial
product found in the city stores and shops.
The vegetables from this section of the
I state are remarkable in size and quality,
I while the grain will be found equal to any
now on exhibition. The display is ar
ranged most tastefully and harmoniously,
and includes much of general interest to
Five days ago the space now occupied by
the great Transcontinental line, whose
i terminous St. Paul is, showed not a sign of
I the wonderful aggregation of the products
jof a wonderful country, that now iills al
most every inch of the 25,000 square feet
of space allotted to the Northern
Pacific railroad. This magnificent display
was secured and arranged by Col. P. B.
Groat, general immigration commissioner
of that road. It is one of the features of
the state fair and is attracting wide atten
tion. A newspaper might write of the
things to be seen there, and the divine from
his pulpit might discourse upon them, but
the unbelievers would be many,and the tales
of mammoth vegetables, golden grains, nat
ural grasses and woods, rich mineral pro
ducts and the fruit of the vineyard would
be received as are fables. The dis
play is wholly made up of products from
the various states and territories traversed
by the Northern Pacific, viz: Minnesota,
North Dakota, Montana, "Washington Ter
ritory and Oregon. It consists of samples
of wild marsh and prairie grasses, and those
of cultivation, of the garden and field, of
the mines of Montana, Idaho and Washing
ton Territory, together Avith a splendid ar
ray of fruits from Montana, Washington
Territory and Oregon. A watermelon from
Oregon weighs 101 pounds, and another 70
pounds; a cabbage that weighs 45 pounds,
and a turnip that weighs 11)4 pounds and
and is 13 inches in diameter. The fruit,
a considerable quantity of which
comes from the valleys that center at Mis
soula, Mont., includes pears, plums, grapes,
poaches, apples, currants and gooseberries.
From much the same regions come speci
mens of building stone, coal, iron, chalk,
Dative cements, lime and the different va
rieties of valuable woods that go to make
up the vast forests along this route. Some
of the finest grain that can be seen in the
United States is here exhibited from Boze
man, Mont., raised m the famous Gallatin
valley, which, together with the display of
minerals from that region, shows a wonder
ful variety of profitable industries.
from Washington territory some five feet in
length and two feet through is displayed.
The vegetable display comes mostly from
Minnesota and Northern Dakota, and to
the down Easter they are incredible, some
people displaying a disposition to apply the
knife, as a test of their genuineness.
Though the bulk of the display in this line
comes from the state of Minnesota and ter
ritory of Dakota, yet there are samples
equally good from all the geographical do
minions traversed by tills road, and they
show remarkable capabilities in the way of
suitable climatic conditions that seem to
be almost perfect for the maturing
of this class of products in their greatest
size and production. The display of grains
in the straw is extremely fine. Samples of
oats standing seven and a half feet in their
stocking feet, wheat five and a half feet
high, timothy grass that looms up seven
feet with plethoric heads over one foot in
length. There are attractive samples of
black African wheat, and of the Egyptian
variety, together with the seven-rowed club
wheat" of Montana, and barley of exceptional
growth. White Alfajfa towering eight
feet in height.
Added to tins may be mentioned hor>s
and flax fully matured and of heavy growth.
There are many tasty and original designs
worked out with no other material than
straw, grasses and the grain in the head.
These works of art are contributed by the
ladies along the line, usually from the dear
girls at Carrington, Jamestown, Mandan
and Bismarck. As an example of the
prompt responses which the request of the
company for samples elicited it may be
mentioned that Burleigh county promptly
responded with a car load of grain, vege
tables, etc.. J. A. Field of this county has
a fine display of North Dakota dairy
Corn from the Jlissouri slope standing
thirteen feet in heighth, andyieldms eighty
bushels to the acre, Another product of
the Missouri slope, is exhibited, which
attracts the hearty approval of the thirsty,
is bottled beer from the Bismarck brewery.
This exhibit from the wonderful land of
No. 1 hard is one of the greatest attractions
of the entire fair, and to the Eastern man
will be a revelation concerning a country of
which so little is generally known.
The space allotted to this company has
been most judiciously disposed of. Their
exhibit is contained in a square-shaped'
frame extensively thatched with grain in
the straw, the roof being supported by four
glass columns, each column being devoted
to tho exhibition of the products of some
one of the banner counties located on the
lino of this road. One column is given up
to a display of the contribution from Anoka
county, another to Todd county, the third
to Kittson, and the fourth to Polk and
Marshall counties. The center column is
bountifully trimmed with corn in the ear
and in the stalk, while the various shelves,
brackets, etc., are groaning under their
burdens of grain, vegetables, etc. On ono
side is a notable collection of the woods
grown along the lines of the road, which
includes oak, elm, ash, butternut, maple,
bass, etc. These woods are beautifully
polished and show elegant surf aces for man
ufacturing purposes. It is notice
able that their exhibit does not
include the product of the orchard or vine
yard, although it is well known that some
of the finest fruit-producing districts in the
Northwest are located along the lines of
this company, most notably the extensive
vineyards and orchards on the shores of
Lake Minnetonka.
The fourth and last of the great railway
corporations making an exhibit has the
most artistic and elaborately wrought out
idea of them all. It is a booth 8x10 feet
and 10 feet in height, and covered with a
straw-thatched roof and ornamented with
many designs at once tasty and original.
Along the two sides are arranged shelves
loaded down with samples of the grains
produced in the counties traversed ny this
road, including wheat, oats, rye, barley,
flax and corn, from Iowa, Minnesota and
Dakota. The exhibit is not the same as
that displayed in New Orleans, and which
took the gold medal, though it is composed
of very much the same material and is in
charge of Mr. W. E. Powell, general im
migration agent,, who also had charge of
the New Orleans display. Mr. E. L. Con
ner of Minneapolis was the decorator.
In the same building near the front en
trance are two creditable displays by St.
Paul stove merchants. Messrs. Walterstorff
& Morityon the right hand and Nichols &
Dean on the left Tho Duke soap, whoso
excellency is advertised to consist in "a
wash day without steam," occupies space
at the right of the Milwaukee exhibit and
attracts the attention of a visiting house
The Minnesota Exhibit.
In the center of the main exhibition
building, and radiating into its four wings,
is the Minnesota exhibit. The state com
missioner has not attempted to reproduce
the Minnesota exhibit at New Orleans here
in its entirety. The exhibit : includes a
handsome collection of specimens of Min
nesota fish, samples of the products of the
big Pillsbury flouring mills at Minneapolis,
tho fruit of the amber cane and the native
herbs of the state,. together with a collec
tion of the autoinological curiosities of the
state, includine musquitoes from Ramsey
county and bed-bugs from Hennepin. The
wool interests of the state are displayed in
attractive form, as is also the products of
the silk worm. The newspaper exhibit is
extensive and complete, and consists of the
late files of most of the state papers. The
North Star Woolen mills have a fine dis
play of the work of their looms included in
the Minnesota exhibit. Portions of the
educational exhibit and many of the other
exhibits are to bo seen in photograph. . The
main feature of the exhibit is a huge
four-winged structure, surmounted with a
square dome capped with a monster sheaf
of wheat and a Minnesota Chief thresher
in miniature. The eight sides of the four
wings are provided with shelves, upon
which are arranged samples of grains, veg
etables, plants and flowers from the state
experimental, farm. . This part of the ex
hibit is not all in place yet, but by to-day
everything will be arranged in proper order
and the exhibit in its entirety will be found
very attractive.
The Horticultural Show.
In the comparatively small wooden
structure, near the main building, the dis
play of vegetables and flowers is located.
The display is large enough to take up the
entire capacity of the building, and has
some fine samples of the products of the
garden. The German Agricultural and
Horticultural society of Ramsey county has
the largest display of any single exhibitor.
This occupies nearly tho entire central
space of the building and has nearly all the
products of the garden in abundance. The
exhibit is very neatly arranged on shelves
that are in the form of a terrace, trimmed
with evergreens. Com, apples, squashes,
melons, beets, carrots, cabbage, etc., occupy
ono table, the samples being both largo and
fair, and temptingly arranged. Another
table is devoted to flowers. They also
have a display of honey.
The Crow Wing Horticultural society
has a large display of vegetables.
J. H. Harris has ten varieties of apples,
and L. S. Woodman of Brooklyn, shows
some mammoth pumpkins and luscious
muskmelons. William Boetchu has a large
display of vegetables, exhibiting unusually
large cabbage, melons, pumpkins and
squash. H. F. Busse of East Minneapolis
has several varieties of patatoes and S. M.
Kelly of Dakota county exhibits some
squashes and pumpkins that are nearly
three feet in diameter. The exhibits had
not all been placed in position yesterday, as
from its nature it was kept away until the
last minute, and the rain prevented tho ex
hibitors from showing up yesterday.
The Poultry Exhibit.
In the poultry building the exhibit is not
large, but is of excellent quality and em
braces samples of nearly all tho leading
varieties. The exhibitors do not number
more than two or three, almost all
tho coops being owned by a single
man, Mr. Charles H. Belding
owner of the Eclipse poultry farm at Shop
iere, Wis. Several of the birds on exhibition
have taken premiums at other exhibitions.
His exhibit consists of two coops of light
and one of dark Brahmas, one coop of rose
comb brown Leghorns; one coop of Sea
bright Bantams, one coop of golden Pol
ands, two coops of white Leghorns, one
coop of Partridge Cochins, two coops of
Plymouth Rocks, two of black-brested red
game Bantams, one coop of Black Spanish,
one coop of American Dominiques, two
coops of silver-spangled Hamburgs, one coop
of white Cochins, one coop of white-crested
black Polands, one coop of
silver and gold-crested Polands,
one coop of Houdans, one coop of Games,
one coop of Wyandottes, one coop of duck
winged Bantams, one coop Golden Seabright
Bantnms. j§aPJ
The same exhibitor has coops of Bronze
turkeys, two coops of white turkeys, one
coop of wild turkeys, one coop of Toulouse
geese, one of China geese, one coop of
Pekia ducks, one coop of Rouen dueks, one
coop of white Guinea fowl, one coop of
speckled Guinea fowl, one coop of Peacocks,
and one coop of fan-tailed Pigeons. He also
has a cage of young rabbits.
There are one or two coops of Plymouth
Rocks exhibited from the Oak Lawn poultry
farm at St. Charles.
T. N. Porter "of Rochester has three
coops of white Leghorns, one of brown Leg
• C. A. Whitehead of Rochester has one
coop of brown Leghorns.
It was reported that J. H. Hanson was
drowned while swimming from the depot to
tho amphitheater yesterday. Secretary
Judson, on hearing the sad intelligence,
wrestled with the telephone for fifteen
minutes trying to order a bushel of crape
wherewith to drape the flags. Before ho
could deliver the message, however, the
dead man turned up. He had sunk twice,
but was gallantly rescued by Officer Sweit
zer of St. Paul, who bravely battled with
foaming billows and saved the drowning
man just in time. Mr. Hanson is a valu-
i-«_«-.-»._ I11.UL_._UH. _LJ1 .i.._l-_-__--_---_- f
w My order for Daily Globe" is the aong (
a of newsdealers in the Northwest. Tho 6
fi mails aro loaded with such orders. t
y 8
P_ BBaaaBBBBH 3_-__B_a_Bg St-B____BE_
i NO. 252
able member of tho community just now.
He is the mouthpiece of the fair directors
to tho newspapers, and his death would be
inopportune until after the fair is over.
Tlio fair managers and the authorities of
Rose township came to the conclusion that
no license could bo granted for soiling
liquor.' The consequence is that it is sold
openly and freely. There is not even a
blind pig or any other subterfuge under
which it is sold. There are two plain, open,
every-day bars at which a man can get any
thing he asks for and of the most rot-gut
character, although so diluted with water
that it is harmless except in large doses. It
is tho most prominent booth under tho
grand stand. A policeman took it in yes
terday morning and then lectured the crowd
for an hour or more on the evils of sump
tuary legislation.
A meeting of the state fair directors was
held yesterday morning, at which Commo
dore Davidson made a proposition to run
his steamer City of St. Paul from the depot
to the main building, making regular trips.
The only question between them was tho
matter of pay. The commodore insisted
on a guarantee, which, however, the com
mittee were unwilling to insure. lie also
wanted a monopoly of the steamboat trans
portation on the grounds. This was granted
alter some discussion on the part of tho
committee and the matter of compensation
was referred to the St. Paul chamber of
commerce, which will meet this morning to
discuss it in executive session.
Sheep and hogs were represented by Cots
wolds, Oxford Downs and Shropshires,
the former exhibited by J. C. Easton of
Chattield, Minn., and Nichols & Son of
Cresco, la. In swine there were Poland
Chinas, Victorias, Duroc Jerseys, Berk
shires, etc. W. J. Eaton and P. N. Porter
of Rochester, Minn., and Dr. wrick of
th Brookville, 111,, farm, C. E. Hancock of
Orion, Minn., and Jacob Dunn of Bello
Plaine, Minn., are the principal exhibitors
in this department.
Charley Clark, secretary of the Mbmeap
o!is fair, was a visitor at the state fair yes
tarday. • lie says the Minneapolis fair was
omitted this year to give the state fair a
better chance, but Minneapolis will be sura
to have a fair next year.
Capt. Chase and Sergt. McKiernrm of
Minneapolis, iii charge of a detail of police
from that city, were on the ground yester
day morning. Before going on duty they
were "sworn in" before a justice of the
peace to do duty in Ramsey county.
The proprietors of some of the tents at
the grounds were inclined to think that 11.
L. Gordon's "royal river" had taken a no
tion to roll their way yesterday.
The blind pig. which can see, had a skiff
running from the depot to his sty yesterday.
Both the pig and the skiff did" a rushing
If the rain continues to-day the Lurline
and Minnesota Boat clubs are arranging for
a rowing match on the race course.
A North Dakota Edham cheese, from the
Northern Pacific exhibit, found admirers in
a certain newspaper office.
There were a few ladies on the grounds,
but they were like angels' visits or mile
Tho museum came to earth early in the
game, as also did the telephone pay station.
The deserted village was a howling mob
as compared with the grounds yesterday.
There was a large demand for boats yes
terday, but the supply was limited.
People that paid their money yesterday
earned everything they saw.
The races announced for yesterday will be
given to-day, if possible.
The gate-keepers longed for tho voice of
the scriptural whale.
Tents without floors were transformed
into natatoriums.
The human raco was the only one there
was yesterday.
The only signs of life to be seen were in
newspaper row.
There was no complaint of dust.
American I»ill Constructors.
Pittsbdko, Perm., Sept. B.—Tho Amer
ican Pharmaceutical association commenced
its thirty-third minimi meeting in Lafayette
hall here at •'■ o'clock this afternoon.
Georee H.Anderson of this city made the.
address of welcome, and President John
Ingalls of Mai . G;i., responded. The
dresident's anniiitl report unrod the associa
tion to foster :;:>v! encourage eoiieges ol
pharmacy and recommemltfd iho examina
tion in the common English brunch 113
made requisite for admission to such col
leges. After extending the greeting ■■ tha
association to tho British PJiarmacentical
conference in session at Abelite college,
England, the meeting adjourned till morn
ing. One of the most important matters
to be brought up will be the report from the
committee on unofficial* formulas and pat
ent medicines, which will recommend thai
laws be enacted compeling manufacturers
of patent medicines to publish on each
bottle or package the formula under which
the medicine is made. Great opposition is
anticipated from the large monied interests
Kifr Rains in Kansas.
Parsons, Kan., Sept. B—A8 —A heavy rain
storm set in here Saturday night and tha
rain continued to pour down, with but
brief Intervals, until late yesterday after
noon. The streets of tbe city were
flooded and the water rushed through
them with fearful velocity, covering tho
sidewalks and Hooding cellars. Tha
creeks in this section are ail out of their
banks again for the third time this season,
and farmers living on the low lands are
again subjected to great damages and loss.
This city is surrounded by water, which in
some places is several miles wide. Many
people living in the suburbs along Labetl
creek, have been forced to vacate their
homes and seek higher grounds. Some
stock has been drowned, but no human
lives lost. The Kansas City, Fort Scott &
Gulf has two washouts just east of hero,
and no train from Kansas City has come in
over that road since Sunday night The
Missouri Pacific track is still solid, but in
several places cast and north the water is
running over the track and washouts are
feared should more rain tall.
Cattle Going" Slowly.
Washington, Sept. B.—lndian Com
missioner Atkins has received a telegram
from Capt. Lee, agent at tho Cheyenne
and Arapahoo Indian reservation, in which
he states that up to the present time 60,000
have been driven off the reservation. About
50,000 yet remain, but they are all moving
out, with a single exception, whero tho
owner has not yet been able to secure an
other ranch. The agent believes that this
individual means to leave, but says that if
his sincerity is doubted his stock will bo
removed by the government altogether.
Commissioner Atkins says lie is satisfied
with the condition of affairs on the reserva
Silver certificates Cancelled.
Washington; Sept. 8. —It is stated nt
the treasury department that tho only sig
nificance of the recent cancellation of silver
certificates to the amount of about $15,000,
--000 lies in the fact, as shown by experience,
that tho certificates of largo denomination
are practically worthless as a circulating
medium. Tho notes destroyed were 9500
and SI,OOO certificates, and it is proposed,
In case they shall be required, to replace
them with Flo. 520, 550 and SIOO certifi
cates, as the latter aro much better adapted
for general circulation.
In Potter county the equalizing board
discovered that real estate which is largely
held by non-residents, was assessed SO per
cent, too low, and personal property 10 per
cent, too high, and equalized accordingly,
It is believed to be the right thing to make
lands held by speculators contribute liberally
to the improvement of tho country and
building school houses.

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