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If you want to Buy or Sell
Bead and Advertise in THE
VALUES QUITE STEADY
A Good Scalping Movement in Wheat
but Not Much Else Doing. Corn
Oats Dull and Provisions Continue
to Suffer Prom Heavy
Little New in the Financial World
Tliougn the Demand for Loans
Railroad Stocks Gettlns Very Dull,
but tlie Prices Keep Up Sur
Special to the Globe.
Chicago, Oct. 30. —If Woerishoffer sold
1,500,000 bushels of wheat here to-day, as
was ported, besides a great deal more at
New York, or if Xat Jones sold out his
wheat, as the crowd of gossips persistently
declared that he had, then wheat to-day
was, under the circumstances, very strong
indeed. It did not go up, but it did not go
down, and if both or if either of these re
ports are true, it is a remarkable fact that
the price did not go to pieces. The price
for December is again at about 87.% c, and
was soon under 87c, with great efforts being
made by the bulls to get the figures down
to B(J;.jC, and "put" price last night.
There was heavy trading lor a while, and
Ihe bulk of the business was done by the
brokers, The idea that Woerishoffer was
really unloading gained credence as the mar
ket grew more and more depressed, and the
story looked more plausible when another
report came from Gotham that Woerishoffer
was selling wheat there, Rowan B. Ream
got back on the board to-day, and was as
bearish in his declarations as before he went
away, and it was part of the gossip, and
gossip that affected the feeling, too, that
Ream and Nat ones had held a sort of con
sultation, and that the former had pre
sented enough bearish information about
the stocks and crops, and the supply and
demand to convince Jones that it was
TIME TO GIVE UP HIS SCHEME
of bulling wheat. Wheat opened this morn
ing at a loss of ; .ji'. and the market con
tinued heavy throughout the day. Observ
ers failed to detect sales of long wheat in
any considerable quantities, and were gen
erally of the opinion that as a result of the
day's business Hie short interest was mate
rially increased. Weak cables and energetic
selling on all street account both here and
in New York served to depress prices, and
after a slight rally near the beginning, a de
cline, of about ;■.; <• occurred. The bull and
bear professionals had a pretty light, not
boisterous but quiet and stubborn.
December, which sold at 87 ■_<.■,
declined to 86 •'•>'<•. advanced to S7c,
fell back to SlijJjjC, advanced to 87% c and
closed at ST v, c. The other months moved
on the same scale up and down, leaving off
at 1 o'clock about %c above the opening
and the same figures below yesterday's
closing. A majority of tlie traders are
bullish in sentiment and they are short for
a turn. The prevailing belief seems to be
that prices are going lower, but they stand
ready to skip into camp at the first signal of
an upturn, and this state of things causes
commission houses to warn their custom
ers to be on the lookout. "The
market is very heavily undersold
and when prices turn up there is
liable to be a scramble," is the essence of
the advices given by many houses that are
in the habit of sending out circular letters.
THAT VATVtTES WILL SETTLE
to a low standard, basing their opinion on
the fact that there is enough wheat on the
way to Europe to supply foreign consump
tive demands for three or four months
ahead, with a large exportable surplus in
California yet to be moved. "The bulls
seem to have about all they want," ex
piained one of their number, and as the
shorts are not quite ready to take in their
profits the market has no support
worth mentioning. The merchants
and clerks, and small investors
generally have been buying wheat for a
month or six weeks and having invested all
they care to they are sitting down on their
deals determined to stick it out. There is
nobody in the market now to sell to. and
thai is the truth of it. It is also of common
floor report that strong parties are getting
ready to boost the market preparatory to
which they are depressing values, so that
they may be able to load up with cheaper
wheat. This gossip is given for what it
may be worth. Such stories were the con
trolling influences that were at work to-day.
The market was easier the first part of the
afternoon board, and near futures
sagged off K@%c, but recovered
and closed at about 1 o'clock
figures, Chandler, Brown and the heaviest
bears in the market to-night give out the
following: The European situation is re
carded by the trade as very critical, and
this fact tends to check very heavy shorts
selling and induces the bears to take small
profits, thus forming one of the weakest
points in the outlook. New York reports
"no wheat taken for export." We have
reliable information to the effect that the
number of cars of wheat side-tracked at
Minneapolis is nearer 3,000 than 2,900, and
that the St. Paul has great difficulty in rill
ing orders for oars. We do not" believe
present prices can be maintained, and
would sell on these bulges.
CORN WAS QUIET -VXD EASIER,
business being confined to pit traders. The
weakness in wheat had a depressing effect
early and prices declined ] 4 c on the near
futures, but reacted later and closed steady.
The close approach of delivery day is bring
ing October and November nearer together,
and only 1 cent difference was paid. Re
ceipts were light, 270 cars. Shipments
large, 17G,31S bushels, and vessel room was
chartered for 324,000 bushels. The latter
had a stimulating effect toward the close.
October sold at 40@40%C and closed at 40%.
November ranged at 395£@39&e, and
closed at the outside. May closed at SS^c.
There was no gamble in provisions to-day.
In the futures fluctuations were within an
exceedingly narrow range, and the trading
was light and featureless. As on yesterday.
a fair inquiry for cash stuff was noted, and
the aggregate for transactions was large.
The market was quiet a!l through the ses
sion and prices, notwithstanding the large
receipts of hogs, kept steady within a range
of %2'■..(■. January pork closed at 59.02K,
January lard at So.'JO and January short
ribs at $4.55.
Chicago, Oct. —Flour quiet and un
chauged. Wheat opened weak at 87% c for
December, and under free offerings sold off to
865 -<". rallied several times, and finally closed
. under yesterday. Sales ranged: Oc
tober and November, >!'•_ -v.-.-, closed at
!-•'>',<■; December, 86%@8?%Ci closed at 87%e;
January, j?7%@;?gc, lose I at 87%e; May,
f'S'a&'Jlv'sC, closed at 94%e: No. 2 spring,
85% c: No. 3 spring:, cy@7:>e; No. 2 red, 89®
89% c; No. 3 red, 77©77% c. Corn dull and
generally a shade easier, closing %©%c lower
than yesterday; cash. 40% c; October, 40 ] 4
40%e, closed at 40%e; November. 39% c,
Closed at 39% c; year, 36%@36%c, closed at
36vgC. Oats dull and easy; cash, 25% c; Octo
ber, 25%; November, 25%@25>£c, closed at
25% c; May, -:•.-:"<.■. Bye dull; No. 2,
61c. Barley quiet; No. 2. *G6c. Flax seed
steady; No. 1. §1.16. Mess pork quiet and
Steady; cash, $5.15<£3.20; October, §3.17%©
8.20; November, $S.l7%@S.2o;December.sß.2s
(38.27%; January, $9.<firstname.lastname@example.org. Lard quiet
and firm; cash, $6.85; October, $5.82^(^5.35;
November, £5.8085.82%; December," $5.85
<&5.57%; January, $email@example.com%. Boxed
meats in fair demand; dry salted shoulders,
53.40(0.3.50: short rib sides, $firstname.lastname@example.org%;
short clear sides, $email@example.com. Whisky firm
at $1.15. Sugars easy: cut loaf, 7%©7% c;
granulated, Q'c; standard A, 6%c. On pro
duce exchange butter was easier; cream. 14
©27c; dairy, 12%<&20c. Eggs firm at 18%@19c.
Receipts— 11,000 bis: wheat, 61,000 bu;
corn, 142,000 bu; oats, 118,000 bu; rye. 8.000
bu; barley, 59,000 bu. Shipments Flour,
800 bbls; wheat, 22,000 bu; corn, 27,000
bu; oats, 56,000 bu; rye, 6,000 bu; barley,
MICHAEL DORAN & CO.,
COMMISSION MERCHANTS, ST. PAUL, MINN
Grain and provisions bought and sold for cash
or future delivery.
Orders for the purchase and sale of Stocks on
any Mock Exchange in the country promptly exe
Northern Pacific Preferred Stock and Scrip for
The Fluctuations in Detail.
St. Paul, Oct. The'following quota
tions, giving the range of the markets dnrin?
the day, were received by M. Doran, commis
-~~— Wheat. I Corn. Pork.
Time ■ !
Nov Dec Nov My Nov. I Jan.
Yes. close. 85% 87% 39% 38% $S 20 Is 9 02%
, . I ~_. I -_
Opening. 85% 87% 39% 38 8 22% 905
9:40 a. M. 84% 86% 39% 38 820 i 0 05
9:50 " 85% 57% 39% 38 8 17% 0 0.'.'%
10:00 " 85% 87% 39% 38 820 I9OS "
10:10 " 85 S7 39% 37% 8 17% 9 02%
10:20 •' 84% 86%|40% 37% 8 17J<£ '.(Or."
10:30 " 84% 86% 39% 138 8 17!-:; 9 02%
10:40 " 84%86%89%38 8 17% 9 02%
10:50 " 84% 80% 39% 138 820 9 i':.":: |
11:00 " 85 87 |39% 38 8 17% 9 02%
11:10 " 84% 86% 89% 37% 815 902 Vi
11:20 " 85 i«7 39]-4'i3B 8 17% 9 02%
11:30 " 85 !se 7; :Jl>>^37% 8 17% 9 02%
11:40 " 84% 86% 89% 87% I 8 20 905
11:50 " 85% 87 89% 88 I 8 20 905
12:00 m. 84%|86% 39%!37% 8 17% 9 02%
12:10 P. M. 84% 86% 39% 87% 8 17% 9 02%
12:20 » 85 86% 39% 37% 8 17% 9 02%
12:30- " 85% 87% 395 i 38% 820 905 "
12:40 " 55% 37% 39% 38% 820 905
12:50 " 55%57%39%38% 820 905
1:00 " 85% 87%|39%|38% 8 17% 9 05
2:00 " 85% 87% 39% 33% 8 17% 0 05
2:15 " 85% 87% 39% 38% 815 " 9 02% !
2:30 " 85% 87% 39% 33% 815 9 02%
Wheat. Corn. Oats. Pork.
October 85% 40% 25% S3 15
May 'J4;£ .... .... ....
DILL INGHAM £ CO.
(Successors to Powers & Dillinglmm.)
313% Jackson Street (Up Stairs^.
We buy and sell Graiu,Provisions and Stocks
of all kinds, on margins to suit customers,
with the understanding that the actual deliv
ery of property bought or sold upon orders is
in all cases contemplated and understood. All
orders filled correctly and with dispatch. We
respectfully solicit city and country business.
Special to tho Globe.
Duluth, Miuu., Oct. 30. —In our market
we have had a very quiet and uninteresting
day and trading has been comparatively life
less. Opening trading 1 was slow in develop
ing value of wheat this morning, as buyers
demanded concessions and sellers would not
submit lor a time. Values were finally fixed
for the movement at 92% c for December, but
soon dropped to 9:»e. A fair business was
generally transacted at this figure, but buyers
were not able to break it below this point.
May opened at 99% c and had only gained %c
up to near the close at the noon hour. A
small amount was sold at 99% c and we think
a little was sold at 99c. With tho limited
offerings and a strictly Increased demand,
with rather more favorable outside
markets, sellers were able to advance
values slightly before the close,
December selling up in one case
to 92%<592%c, with May at 99% C Northern
wheat has l)een in good request, but not
largely traded in; December sold at 88%0.
Cash wheat has been in fair request: No. 1
hard sold at OCc, with No. 1 Northern at 87% C.
Toward the close tho feeling- was quiet and
steady, without disposition to trade, and we
have little to report. At the close the market
was quiet, dull and steady; December, 92% c
asked; May, 99% c: December Northern about
88%0. The afternoon market was quiet,
steady and firm. Traders were very indiffer
ent about operating, sellers were back
ward with their offerings, and buy
ers were not inclined to advance
their views. Trading was consequently
light. December opened at 02% c, sold up to
92% c, closing at 92% c; May opened at 99%e,
Bold up to 99% c and closed with 99% c bid,
99% c asked; December Northern, 88%e cash;
No. 1 hard, nominally 90c. Bales: 720,000 bu.
Grain inspection in: No. 1 hard 01 cars, No.
1 Northern 5S cars, No. 2 Northern 12 cars,
No. 3 Northern 2 cars; rejected 1 car, no
grade 3 cars, winter white 15 cars, barley 3
cars; total cars 155. Inspection out: Schooner
Polynesia, 62,000 No. 1 Northern; schooner
lted Wing, 39,579 bu No 1 hard.
Milwaukee, Oct. 30.—Flour quiet and
unchanged. Wheat firm; cash, 85% c; Novem
ber, 85% c; December,B7%c. Corn steadier: No.
2, 40% c. Rye dull; No. 1, Gle. Oats quiet;
No. 2, 25% c. Barley steady N0.2, 56% c. Pro
visions lower; mess pork, cash or November,
|8.15; December, $8.20; prime steam lard,cash
or November, $5.80; December, $5.85; butter
scarce and firm; dairy, 15@17c; cheese quiet
at 8%©9% c: eggs firm and wanted at 18
©.18%. Keceipts—Flour, 13,017 bbls; wheat,
20.295 bu; barley, 29,060 bu. Shipments
—Flour, 21,084 bbls: wheat, 2,360 bu; barley,
New York, Oct. 30.—Flour.—
909 bbls; exports, 588 bbls, 14,425 sacks; mar
ket heavy and dull; sales. 10,900 bbls; super
fine western and states, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Wheat
Keceipts, 152,600 bu; exports, 18,322 bu;
spot lower and dull; options opened heavy
and declined 1(U,1%c, but later ruled stronger
and recovered %@%c, closing firm; sales,
10,032,000 bu futures, 72,000 bu spot; No. 2
Chicago, 92% c: February, 92?.jC in store; un
graded red, 75®95c; No. 2 red, 95c f. o. b.;
No.l white, 97c; No. 2 red, October, 91%@
94% C closing at 94% c; November, 94@94%c,
closing at 94% c; December, 96©97 c, closing at
96% c; January, 9S@9B%c, closing at 98% c;
February, §email@example.com%, ' closing at $1.00%;
May, $firstname.lastname@example.org% < closing at 51.05%;
June, $1.05%. Opened heavy, but
later reacted, closing firm; re
ceipts, 30,900 bu: exports, 52,824 bu:
sales, 928,000 bu futures, 228.000 bu
ungraded, 40©51 c; No. 3, 44% c November
steamer, 4Gc December; No. 2, 51%@52e
elevator. 52%@53%c afloat. 51c to arrive; No.
2 white 52c, low mixed, 51% c; No. 2 October
52e; November, 50?4@51%c, closing at 51% c!
December, 4l>%c, closing at 49% c; Janu'
ary, 46%@46%c, closing at 46% c; February,
46@46%c, closing at 46% c: May,46%@4C%c,
closing at 46%c> Oats opened a shaee lower,
closing decline recovered; receipts, 26.000 bu;
exports, 122,939 bu: mixed Western, 30@32c.
Hay steady and in fair demand: shipping,
6E(S7Oc. Coffee— Opt. fairly active, closing
barely steady; sales, 24,000 bags; Novem
ber, $6.85; December, $6.9C@695; January,
59.95@7: February, $7.05; March, $7.10:
May, $7.25; June, §7.35. Sugar dull; refined
dull: white extra A, 5%@5%c; off A, 5%, 6c;
Standard A, OJ^c; granulated, 6 9-16 c,
cabes, 6%c. Molasses steady; new crop,
New Orleans, 60©63 c. Itico firm, fair in
quiry. Petroleum, firm. United closed at
10% c Turpentine steady at 36% c asked.
Eggs firm, fair inquiry; receipts, 1,968 pack
ages; Western, 22@23c. Wool fairly active
and firm; domestic fleeces, 27@36c; pulled, 14
@33c; Texas, 9@22c. Pork quiet and barely
steady; mess, $9.50@10 for inspected. Cut
meats steady; pickled bellies, 6%c; pickled
shoulders, 4%c; pickled hams, B%<&S%c; mid
dles dull; long clear, 5%c. Lard dull, sales:
Western steam. 5p0t,email@example.com%; November,
56.16; December, $6.16©6.17; January, $6.23
©6.24; February, $6.32; March, $6.38: city
steam, $firstname.lastname@example.org. Butter firm, fair inquiry;
Western, 7©27 c. Cheese dull and easier:
Western fiat at 7®9%c. Others unchangvl.
Foreisrn Produce. .
Liverpool, Oct. 30. —Cotton dull and un
changed; sales, 7,000 bales, including 500 for
speculation and export, and 5,600 bales of
American. Weekly cotton report: sales of
the week, 2,900 bales: American, 30,000 bales;
speculators took 500 bales, exporters took
4,000 bales, forwarded from ship's side direct
to spinners, 9,300 bales; active export, 5,700
Bales. Total imports, 6,300 bales; Americas,
5,400 bales. Total stock, 365,000 bales; Amer
ican, 244.000 bales. Total afloat, 205,000 bales;
American, 197,000. Wheat quiet and in fair
; demand: the supply is good; the receipts for
the past three days were 165.000 centals, in
cluding 59,000 centals American. Corn steady,
with a fair demand. The receipts of Ameri
can corn for the past three days were 31,900
centals. —Long clear, 23s for new.
American refrigerated beef isqnoted at 5%d
for hind quarters and B%d for fore quarters
THIRD NATIONAL BANK,
Corner Third and Hubert streets.
CAPITAL, .... $500,000.
Walter Manx, Richard E. Stower,
\_/i H <a \^/ M # la jI
ST. PAUL, SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 31, 1885.—TWELVE PAtiES.
Special to the Globe.
New Yokk, Oct. SO. —The opening in
the stock market proved another disap
pointment to the bulls. Almost everything
on the list opened lower than last night's
closing and the tendency of early dealings
appeared to be In favor of lower prices.
Friends of St. Paul were reported less bull
ish, and it was stated that the recent de
crease in receipts of wheat at Chicago would
unfavorably affect its earnings. The new
pool in Erie, it was reported, were buying
stock and were confident that prices would
be advanced to 35 within thirty days.
Western Union was advanced in order
to force a big line of shorts in this
stock to cover at a loss. In Vanderbilt
circles some bear talk was indulged in and
Yauderbilfc brokers were reported to have
sold New York Central and Lake Shore in
anticipation of a further decline in those
properties. The tendency of the market,
however, after the first hour changed ab
ruptly under a very general attempt on the
part of the shorts to cover. All the active
stocks recorded a sharp rise, Northwestern
touching the highest point reached this
year. Western Union, however, was the
leading bull card. Missouri Pacific had an
erratic boom, advancing I} 4 points. It was
announced that the trunk line meeting
at Commissioner Fink's office would ac
complish nothing to-day, whereupon the
market weakened, ruling for a time dull
and heavy. The total sales to noon were
140,000 shares. Northern Pacific and Ore
gon Transcontinental were boomed by
heavy buying for Boston account. The
shorts in Western Union were closely
pressed by Gould, the stock being advanced
to 78c. Dispatches from Mexico reported
heavy floods on the line of the Mexican
Central, and bonds of this company were
correspondingly weak. It was announced
late in the day that the Baltimore & Ohio
had completed a project for securing its own
right of way into New York city, Reading
it was claimed, aiding it in securing termin
als at New York. Trading just before the
close was remarkably active, and shorts gen
erally fared badly. Western Union was
closed two points above the opening, and
the entire list closed strong at about the
best prices of the day.
New York, Oct. 30.—Government bonds
were dull and strong; State bonds were very
dull and heavy. There was again an active
and well distributed business in railways
with more or less speculative trading in the
Erie 2nd consols, Atlantic and Pacific and
East Tennessee's. Total sales were £3,858,000.
There was some improvement in the stock,
steady both in amount and business doue,and
in the prices realized, notwithstanding the
fact that the general sentiment on the street
last evening and this morning was more bear
ish as to the immediate results than at any
previous time since top prices were rallied
last week. The only very active stock to-day
was Western Union, the sales of which were
67,600 shares, but there was a good business
in Laekawanna, Lake Shore, Reading, North
ern Pacific, Oregon Transcontinental and St.
Paul. The total sales to-day were 389,830. The
opening was somewhat irregular, but gener
ally %®% per cent lower, and in many cases
there was a further decline of Y^W-A per
cent, in the early dealings. At this time the
lowest prices of the day were made. The
weakness was soon followed by a firm market,
during which prices made persistent but
slow progress upwards until about 1 o'clock,
when there was a slight rally and in the last
hour the market was decidedly strong for
some and steady for others. Comparing
closing figures with those of last night ad
vances range from % to over 1 per cent. The
greatest gains among the active stocks were
in Missouri Pacific and Western Union. The
latter developed decided strength in the last
hour, during which-it—- —.«. ,..„. . i
ROSE OVER 1 PER CENT.
and closed % below the best prices of the day
at 78%. Lake Shore was inclined to be heavy
until afternoon, when it slowly advanced to
87% and closed % lower with a net gain of 1
per cent. New York Central is up % per
cent, Canada Southern is % lower. The
Grangers show only fractional gains, except
Manitoba, which made a net loss of % per
cent. Unusual interest is taken in the North
ern Pacific and Oregon Transcontinental,
owing to the fact that the option given by the
Oregon Transcontinental on the other stocks
will expire to-morrow. It is the general be
lief that all of the stock embraced in the op
tions will be called before to-morrow night.
In negotiating loans the Oregon Transconti
nental gave options on 60,000 shares of North
ern Pacific preferred at 50 and 60,000 shares
of Northern Pacific common at 25, also on a
large block of Oregon Railway & Navigation,
but it is understood that very little of this
stock has been called for. It is
rumored here that an injunction
had been obtained restraining the delivery
of the Northern Pacific stocks on the Oregon
Transcontinental notes, but the story was de
nied by both President Ralston of the Farm
ers' Loan aud Trust company and President
Smith of the Oregon Transcontinental. The
stock has boon delivered for a week past.
Northern Pacific preferred shows a gain of
1% and the common %, while Oregon Trans
continental is up 1%. Union Pacific has been
weak most of the day, and closed with a gain
of only %. Louisville & Nashville is down
"o. The total sales of stocks to-day were
889,831 shares, including Delaware, Lack
awanna & Western, 27.450: Eric, 16,965; Kan
sas & Texas, 11,320; Lake Shore, 36,380: North
western, 10.835: New York Central, 7.390;
Northern Pacific. 8,625; Pacific Mail, 5,210;
Reading, 26,510; St. Paul, 28,1C5; Texas Pa
cific, 10,800: Union Pacific, 5,090; Western
Union, 67,585; Northern Pacific preferred,
21,200; Oregon Transcontinental, 23,195. <&
QUOTATIONS OF STOCKS AND BONDS.
Following are the closing prices bid yester
day and the three preceding business days:
„ _.. __ _____________ ___
~ Tuos. Wed. Thur.l Fri7
United States 35... 103% 103% 103%: 103%
United States 4%5.. 113% 113% 113% 113%
United States 45... 123% 123% 123% 123%
Pacific 6s Of'9s 128% 126% 128% 125%
C P Bonds, lsts 113% 113% 113 113
Erie seconds 83% 83% 82 7 52%
& Wilkesb'e 102% 102% 108% 102%
Louisiana consols.. 80 80 80 80
Missouri 6s 102% 102% 103 103
St. Joe 117% 116% 116% 116%
St. P. &S. C. lsts. 122% 122% 121% 121%
Tennessee 6s, old.. 53 52 52 52
do new 53 52 52 52
Texas Pacific grant 40 46% 46 45%
do Rio Grande div 70 70 70 10
Union Pacific lets.. 115% 115% : 115% 115%
U. P. land grant.. 105 I 105 | 105 105
U. P. sinking fund. 120% i 120% 120% 120%
Virginia 6s 40 40 ', 40 " 40
Virginia consols. 48% 48%; 48% 43%
do deferred 13% 13 : 12% 12
Adams Express 140 140 j 140 140
Alton &Ter'eHa'te 43 44% 4-1 44
do preferred 84 84 80 84
American Express. 101 101 101 101
8., C.R. &N 70 70 70 70.
Canadian Pacific. 49% 50 49 49%
Canada Southern.. 43% 44% 43% 43%
Central Pacific 42% 43 42% 42%
Chesapeake & Ohio 7%! 8% 8% 9
do preferred lsts 14 15% 15% 16%
do2ds 9 10% 10% 11%
Chicago & Alton... 135% 135% 136 130%
do prof erred 150 150 150 155
C.,8. &Q ....... 131% 131% 131% 131%
C. St. L. & Pittsb'g 14 14 15 15
do preferred S3 34% 35 3"%
C.,S. &C 30 32 32% 32
C. C., C. &I ".. 62% - 65% 65% 65%
Delaware &Hudson 98% 95% 95% 98%
Del., Lac. & West'n 118% 119% 118% 119
Den. & Rio Grande 17% IS% 17% 18
Erie 21% 22% 21% 22%
do preferred 43% 45 44 j 44%
East Tennessee 6% 6% 6% 6%
do preferred 11% 11% 12 11%
Ft. Wayne 138 135% 135% 139%
Harlem ... 205 205 206 205
Houston & Texas.. 31 35% 39 35
Illinois Central 133% 134 134% 134%
Ind., B. &W 10 19% 19 j 18%
Kansas & Texas... 27% 27% 27% 27%
Lake Erie & West.. 11% 11% 11% 12
Lake Shore 81% 81% 80% 81%
Louisville & Nashv 45% 45% 45 44%
Louisville N. A.. 33 3S 33 36
Memphis & Charles 34 34% 34 36%
Michigan Central.. 73% 74% 73% 73%
Mm. & St. Louis..'. 20% 21 20% 20
do preferred 45 44% 44% 44
Missouri Pacific... 102 101 101% 103%
Mobile & Ohio .... 14% 14% 14 14%
Morris & Essex 128 128% 126% 126%
Nashville & Chat.. 44% 44% 44% 45
Now Jersey Central 45% 48% 46% '47
Norfolk &W. pref. 33% 33% 32% 32%
Northern Pacific... 25% 25% I 25% 25%
do preferred 53 53%! 53% 51%
Chicago* Northw. 109% j 109% 109%] 110
do preferred.:... 133% 135% 1 134 135
New York Central. 102% 102% 101% 102%
Ohio Central....... .1% 1%! l 1
Ohio & Mississippi. 23% 2i% .23% 22%
- t t . ■_n___k &____ -_____.
do preferred ... 00 90 90 90
Ontario Western. 15% 15% 15 15%
Oregon Navigation 96 96 97 98%
do Improvement. 27% 31 31% 31
Oregon Transc'l... 29 " 27$£ 27% 28 %
Pacific Mail 59% 50 56% 56%
Panama 98 93 " 98 98
Peoria, D. & E 20% 19% 19 19
Pittslmrg 141 141 141 141
Pullin'n Palace Car 131 131 131 131
Reading 20% 21% 21% 22%
Rock Island 123% 123% 123 123
St. L. & San Fran.. 20% 20% 20% 20%
do preferred 39% 40 39 39%
do lsts preferred 89% 89 89% 89%
C, M. & St. Paul. 86% 88 87% 88
do preferred 112% 113% 113 113%
St. Paul, M. &M... 105 105% 105% 105
St. Paul & Omaha.. 37% 67% 37 .37%
do preferred 98% 99% 93 98%
Texas Pacific 21% 21% 21% 21
Union Pacific stock 53% 53% 53% 53%
U.S. Express 58 58 59 59
Wab., St. L. &P.. 9% 10 9% 9%
do preferred 17 17% 16% 16%
Wells & Fargo Exp 110% 117 117% 116
W. U. Telegraph.. 76 70% 76 78%
Colorado Coal 24% 24% • 24 24
N. V., C.&St. L... 9% 10 9 9%
do preferred 18% 18% 18 18%
Special to the Globe.
Chicago Oct. 30. —The money market
shows a little more activity, in the way of
calls and short loans. The improvement is
largely due to preparations being made by
grain and provision carriers, who want
funds with which to pay for property
bought for November delivery. The large
receipts of hogs also greatly increased the
absorption of money by packers, but the
supply of funds seeking loans on choice j
collaterals is ample, and call and thirty-day
paper is quoted at 2@5 per cent., 4 being the
prevailing figure for large loans, and some
banks decline everything below that price.
Business names are quoted at 5@7 per cent,
according to standing of the paper. The
outside may be considered the ruling
figures for small amounts to miscellaneous
customers in fair standing. The invest
ment demand for choice local stocks and
bonds is active and market firm, but offer
ings light. Eastern exchange was firmer
and sales between city banks were at par.
The clearings of the associated banks were
$8,032,000 against §7,757,000 yesterday.
THE CAPITAL BANK,
Drake Block, St. Paul, Minn.
CAPITAL $100,000. SURPLUS $30,000
L. E. Reed, President; W. D. Kibe, Cashier,
J. W. Wait. Assistant Cashier.
New York 3E<mey.
New York, Oct. 30.—Money on call easy
at 2@3 per cent.; prime mercantile paper,
4©5. Foreign exchange dull and unchanged.
orne r Fifth aud Wubasha streets, oppos'te Post
E. ALBRECHT, Prost. Alex. Ramset, Vice Pr.
Wai. Bickel, Cashier. P. M. Kekst. Asst. Cash.
Sew York. ?liii:js.y SHares.
New York, Oct. 30.—Mining shares were
generally more active. Bulwer was down
sto 10 cents on the assessment. Sales:
Father Desmet.s 5% Sutro $ 18
Robinson 65 LaCrosse 10
Horn Silver 205 Plymouth 11%
Central Arizona 15 lion Silver 115
Homestake.... 20% Ontario 26
Bulwor 45 Quicksilver 07%
Bodie 300 | do preferred. 28
San Francisco Mining Stocks.
San Francisco, Oct. 30.—Mining shares
closed here to-day us follows: . .:.'
Alta S 25 Mexican $ 95
Belcher 1 75 'Mt. Diablo 2 62%
Best & Belcher. 1 50 ( Navaj o 45
Bodie consol... 250 Ophir. 25
Chollar 1 00 , Savage 1 50
Con.Cala. &Val 50 Sierra Nev 75
Grownpoint.... 125 Union c0n..... 80
Gould &Curry. 1 00 Y. J 175
Halo &Norc... 3 02% Mono 7 50
Boston Iff inins: and Railroad Shares.
Boston, Mass., Oct. Following were
the closing priced at the stock exchange to
A. & Top. Ist7s.. 124 ! do 7s 121%
A. &Top. K.R... 77%0.&L. C. com... 13
Boston & Albany 178 'Rutland pld 20
Boston & Maine.. 181%! Con. com... 14
C, B. &Q 132% do pfd 21
Cm., San. & C... 16 Allouez M., new 50
Eastern R. 8..... 52% Calumet & H 209
do 6s 122% Franklin 8
do pfd..... 78 Osceola 12%
Little Rock &FtS 41 IGuincy 38
do 75.......... 9% Bell Tel. Co 180
Mex. Cent. com. 10% Boston Land 5%
do Bond scrip.: 83% Water Power.. 4%
Mex. lstmor bds. 46% Tamarack M 75
N. l r. &N. E :.'
London, Oct. 30. sp. —Consols 100
5-16 for both money and tho account.
U. S. bonds', 45.. .127%' Illinois Central. .138%
A. &G. W. lsts.. 37% Mexican ord 23%
do 2ds in St. Paul common 90%
Canadian Pacific. 50% N. Y. Central 104%
Erie 22 ! Pennsylvania. ... 56 %
do2ds 84%|Barj-ilver 47%
Paris, Oct. —Three per cent, rentes,
80f 5c for the account.
EOXSIE I -SEm'
. CREAMERY AND DAIRY PKODUCT3.
UiiU uiill apples. Coarse Grain in Cab lot S
St. Paul, Oct. 30.—There was a weakening
tendency in the market this morning, and
when the call was made tho bidding for wheat
commenced lc lower than on the day before.
Corn was in less demand and was lc lower.
Oats remained firm. Barley unchanged. Rye
declined lc. Millstuff quiet and steady.
Dressed hogs are 5Uc higher. The time for
shipping live poultry to this market is passed
and no more should; be sent here. It is too
cold for the fowls and plenty cold for dressed
poultry. The call: '
Wheat— 1 hard, 80c bid; November,
S9c bid; December, 90c bid: May, 98c bid;
No. 1 Northern, 85c bid; No. 2 Northern, SOc
Corn—No. 2, 39c bid, 41c asked; Novem
ber, 39c bid, 41c asked: December, 35c bid;
year. 35c bid, 390 asked.
Oats—No. 2 mixed, 27c bid, 28c asked;
November, 26c.. bid, 28c asked; December,
26c bid: May, 26c bid. SOc asked; No. 2 white,
2Sc bid, 29c asked; No. 3 white, 27c bid.
Barley— 2, 5Sc bid; November, 58c bid;
No. 3 extra, 50c bid.
Rye^— 2. 16c bid; November, 46c bid.
Ground Feed—sl6 bid, 516.50 asked.
Corn Meal—Bolted. 520 asked; coarse, $16
bid. $16.50 asked..
Shorts— slo.so asked. '• ;
Bran—s9 asked. ' .
Baled Hay— bid, $7.50 asked.
Timothy Hay— bid, $10.50 asked.
Live Hogs—S3.3s bid.
Dressed Hogs—s4.so bid.
Flax Seed— sl.oS.
Potatoes-45c bid; 50c asked in sacks.
Eggs— bid. /.
■ CARS RECEIVED 446.
Barley . 6 Flour.. .... 14 Oil 1
Bran ...... 4 Fruit..-.... 14' Potatoes... 2 I
Bar'l stock.: 1 Furniture.. 1 Pig iron.... li
8rick........' 9!Horses and Paper...... 1
Cattle If mules.... 18. R. iron
Canned ,Hay.... 3 and rails. 8
'goods 3 Hogs 3 5t0ne...... 21
C0a1........ DC Ham 5...... 1 Sugar 20
Cement 1 Lumber.;.. 28 Salt.:. 2
Construct'n : Liquor 1 Scrap iron. 2
material. 7 Lime....... 11 Sundries... 15
Em ant .Mereh'dise. 92 Wheat 56
movables 1 Machinery.: 1 W00d...... 21
Flax l'Oats .-.' 2
Bbl stock..' 2lFruit 1 : .', 12 Oil 2
Cattle 3 Furniture.. 1 Potatoes... 2
Coal ; 9 Hams.V.. ."; 1 Pork 2
Castings 1 Lins'd meal Stone 2
Construct'n- i & oil cake 1 Sugar 4
materal.. 7Lumber.... St. Salt;*.'.-.;...:. 4
Emigrant Liquor.^titf 2!Sundries... 19
movables 3 Merch*disd.lß;s Wheat ..... 20
Flour 7 V ;:,i; } ;
Butter is without change, the. best qualities
being very firm at quotations^ '■ Eggs are a
little stronger. The'call:^">\vjf aV;^
Fancy Vicar , pears, 5 V boxes or more j
$2.75, 1 to 5 boxr-j 753; ; California quinces, |
line quality, 5 bo-^s or more 51.75, 1„to 5
boxes $-'. . ■.-'/: ' • ■■ I
■ ' ■ '
Lemons— per box $5@6; good, per
box $5® 5.50; oranges $5 to $6 per box.
Grapes—Concords, 10 lb baskets 45@50c;
30 lb baskets email@example.com.
—Yellow, per bunch $firstname.lastname@example.org;
Apples continue to improve in quality, so
that the stock on the market Is very excel
lent. That coming in is largely from Mich
igan and Illinois. Choice winter fruit is
quoted at $2.50©2.75. This is for the very
best stock. Eating or stand apples, $-.50®
2.75; cooking, $2.25©2.50.
Cranberries—lt is now understood that the
supply of cranberries will be suilicient and
much better than was at first expected.
Prices are firm at $email@example.com per bu. and $6.50
Cocoauuts—Per hundred 55©5.50.
Poultry— from the interior to this
market should boar in mind that the season
for shipping live poultry is passed. The
weather is too cold and the animals suffer. At
the same time the weather is sufficiently cold
to warrant the shipment of dressed poultry in
any amount. The demand for live turkeys is
very light, indeed, and but few are coming
in. They are worth from 8c to 10c. Live
chickens, per pair, are from 30c to 45c 0 v
the pound, 6c to Be. Dressed turkeys ll®12c;
chickens, 7c to 9c.
Game—Wild —Teal, 1.®1.25 per doz;
mallard, $firstname.lastname@example.org per doz; live, tame duck,
8c lb.; brant, 25c each; wild geese, 35@75c;
Cider— Michigan, 16-gal. kegs, $3®
3.75 per keg; choice refined, 16-gal. keg, S3
@4perkeg;s choice refined, 32-gal. barrel
email@example.com per bbl. Ohio cider, $4 for % bbls,
$7 for full bbls.
Butter—Extra creamery, 25c bid, 28c asked;
extra firsts, 20c bid, 22c asked fresh made,
sweet dairy, 18 to 20c: choice stock, 16 to 18c.
. Cheese—Fancy, 10c; fine, 8c; fine, partly
skimmed. s@6c; Young America, 12c asked.
Eggs—Firm at 18c bid.
Vegetables Onions, per bbl, $2 to $2.25;
parsley 35@40c; parsnips, perbu, 50c; horse
radish, per lb, 4@6c; spinach, per bu, 25e;
cucumbers, 10@12c; pie plant, per B>. lc; to
matos, per bu, $1®1.25.
Potatoes—4sc per ; sweet potatoes, Mus
catincs, $3 to $3.50 per bbl; Jerseys, $3.50 to
S4 per bbl. •
FINCK & McCAULEY,
Commission Merchants and Lumbermen'
Liberal Advances Made on Consignments of Grain
322 Siblet Street. St. Paul.
The following prices are for round lots
Pork, Bacon, Lard, —Pork, mess $9-25;
pork, butt, $8.50; hams, 9%@10c; shoulders,
6c; dry salt long clears, 6%c: smoked long
clears, 6%c; breaksast bacon, 8c; long
spiced rolls, B%c; short spiced rolls, 7%c;
tierce lard, 6^4'c; keg lard, 7c; 3lb tin pail,
7%c; 5 ft tin pail.7s£c; 10 B> tin pail,7^c; 20 B>
wood pail, I%c ; 10 lb wood pail, B}£c.
—Patents. $firstname.lastname@example.org; straight, $4.75
©5: bakers', $email@example.com: rye, $3.50®3.75.
The above quotations are made on the
board of trade. The Roller mill advanced the
prices a3 follows: Orange 810550m,55.40: Red
Cross, $5; Brighton, 54.75; Capitol, $4.50;
Bakers' XXXX, $3.80; Derby, $3.05.
—Common, 50® 75c; mediums, 75c@
$1; hand picked medium, $firstname.lastname@example.org; hand
picked navy, $1.30®1.50.
Dressed —Steers, choice, 7%@8%c
steers, 550 to 600 fts, 7c; cows, 500 to~6oo fts,
6%c; choice bulls, 5%c: veal, lie; hindquar
ters, B%@9c; forequarters, 4%@5%c; mutton,
extra heavy, 7^c; mutton, 40 to 50 lbs,.7c;
country dressed sides, s®Cc.
Hide?, Pelts and —The following are
the prices paid by the Minnesota Transfer
Packing company, and are corrected daily:
Hides active; g. s. steer hides, over 61 lbs,
9%c; g. s. hides, 25 to 60 s>s, o%c; g. s. heavy
cow hides, over 66 lbs, 9c; g. s. veal calf, 8
to 15 lbs, 12% c: g. Sj veal kip, 15 to 25 ibs, 10c;
g. s. fall kip, 9c: green hides, cows over 66
lbs, Bc;green hides,light cows and steers, B%c;
green veal calf. 8 to 15 lbs, 12c: green veal kip,
15 to 25 lf)S, 9c; long-haired kip or runners,
same price as light hides; dry hides, flints,
15c; dry hides, '.salted, 14c; dry calf, flints,
15% c; dry kip, flints, 14% c; deacon skin 3,
undorSlbs, 50c;.bulls, stags and damaged
stock, one-third oft; pelts, salted, 85c®$l;
pelts, dry, estimated wool, 32c per fl>: tallow,
rendered, No. 1, sc; tallow, rendered, No. 2
4J<c; tallow, rough, 2%c; grease, 3c; scrap,
Maple sugar— 1 in 1-pound bricks, 12c
per ft; strictly pure, 2-pound bricks, 15c
Honey— 12c; white clover, 13®15c;
California white Rage, 13@15c.
Hops— Km territory, 12% c; choice
New York, 13 .•■. Wisconsin, lie.
Linseed — Raw, 43c: boiled. 46c: roved
oil meal, St. Paul Linseed Oil company, $20
Malt7sc per bu.
Tallow—No. 1, 4%@4%c; No. 2, sc.
Wool—Unwashed, 16c; washed, 20®22c.
Furs—Bear, $9©13; cubs, 88@5; badger,
60@65c; wild cats, 40c; fisher, $5@7; red x
70. 81.85; cross fox, $2.50®4; grey, 75c; kit
fox, 40c; silver grey, $25®50; lynx, $2®5.50;
marten. $1©2.50; mink, 30®50c; otter, >." ■ ■'■_ 7;
raccoon, <;0(<?6.)e; skunk. 50©60: wolverine,
S3@4; timber wolf, $2.50@3; prairie wolf. Si;
muskrat, fall, 4c, winter, tic, spring, Be, kits,
lc; beaver, $email@example.com per ft.
General Produce and Commission Merchants,
627 Jackson Street,
Sell Baled Hay in car lots; also, Butter, Eggs,
Poultry and Game, as follows: Creamery. 25®
26c; dairy, good. 14@16c; fair, 10@12c; eggs,
18@19c; live chickens, 7c; live turkeys, old,
lie; Partridges, undrawn. $2.25, drawn, $2;
ducks, mal'ard, S3 per dozen; geese, §5
per dozen; dressed chickens, 10c lb; dressed
urkies, 12 %c lb. 28-330
Chamber of Commerce.
There was some activity on the board
yesterday, but the prices were lower. If any
body saw lit to ask fancy prices he could not
sell, but such lots as were offered at the re
duction found buyers. Cash sales included
the following by samples: No. 1 hard o. t.,
7 cars at 89% c, 1 at 90c; No. 1 Northern "0. t.,
5 cars at 84c, 2 at 83% c, 8 at 85c, 2 at 86c; f. o.
b., lat 87c; No. 2 Northern o. t., 9 cars at
80c, 4 at 81c and one very choice at 85>£c.
Flour is dull. Corn quiet. Bran dull. "Of
oats there is a pretty fair supply offering
now and prices are rather firm, No. 2 white
selling at 28®29c on the track. The range of
sample sales was from 250 to 28c o. t. Barley
was quiet at from 45c and to 75c for Nos. 2
and 3by sample. Hay receipts were large;
market easy and quiet; choice, $7.25®7.75.
Thefollowing quotations represent pnce3
obtained by receivers for lots from store un
less otherwise specified:
Apples— i slowly at $2.40@3 per
—Extras, 22©.23 c; extra firsts, 21®
22c: firsts, 16®20c; seconds, 10®15c; thirds,
8@10c; packing stock, s@7c; grease, 3@4c.
—Dried navy per bu, $1.25&1.50:
string, 3ii@4sc; wax, 40®45c.
Cider —New, $5(2,5.50 per bbl.
Cheese creams selling at9©loo for
large; Young America from l@2c higher.
Dressed —Beef, hind quarters, city
7@B%c; country dressed. 6®7c: sidss. city
dressed,s>s@G%c;country dressed,s@Gc; fore
quarters, 4@sc; veal, choice, B>^®9c: veal
fair, 7}^@Bc; mutton, s'r£7c; hams, city, 10®
lie: hams, country, 7@Bc; breakfast Dacon,
Eggs—Strictly fresh, 19<&20c, with light re
Fish—3@4c for croppies to s@6c for flue
bass and pickerel: smoked halibut. B®loc.
—Bananas, per bunch, $2®2.75; co
coanuts, per 100, $.">.50®6; dates. Caliph at
7%®Bc: figs, double crown layers, 12c; lemons
Messina, per box $3®5.75; Malaga, $4®4.50;
California lemons. 53&4; oranges. Southern,
$7®3 per bbl: Imperial, $6.25®6.75; quinces,
per box, $1.75&2; pears, California, per box,
$3®3.25; New York, 52.75®3: Oregon,
$2.25®2.75; Illinois barrels, 34.50® 5.50;
Duchess, per box, 52.50®2.75; small basket, 70
@80c; sugar pears, bu. 52.50; peaches, Cali
fornia, 51.75®2.25: Michigan, crate, $firstname.lastname@example.org;
per basket. 75c®$l . ■ -..
Grapes—Black. Ohio, 10», 37@45c; black.
New York. 101b, 37®45c; black, Michigan, 101b,
87@45c; Tokay, crate, $4.50®5 00 ; Delawares,
12>, B@9c; Catawbas, 101b, 65®75c; Malagas,
keg. $7©7.50: Rogers, 10 lb., 45'§.55c.
Melons —Watermelons, per doz $email@example.com:
musk, per doz., 50c. " .... J.V.
Nuts—Almonds, par E>, lac: Brazils, 8c; Pi
berts,. 12%®13c pecans, 93i12c; peanuts,
green. 6®Bc: peanuts, baked, 7®c9; walnuts
12}£©iec; chestnuts, $7.50@9.
. —Prairie chickens. f1.50®3 per
doz; duck?, mallard, per cioz., $1.50(3-2; teal,
75c@$l; geese, per d0z,54.50®5.50; patridges,
$I.so©2per doz. -
Potatoes—lrish, per bu. 40®45c: sweet, per
bbl, Jerseys, .$3.75®4; Muscatine, $3.25®
—Chickens, 7c per lb; fowls,
PT'i-.c; ducks,. per doz. $3.50@3; dressed
chickens,S(g)loc: dressed fowls,B®9c; dressed
turkeys, B@9c. ' ; :
Vegetables—Onions, per bu, . 40®50c; I car*
rots, per bu, 25@30c; citron, per doz, 40@50ci
cabbage, per doz, 50@60c; cauliflower,
dor doz, $1.25@2; celery, per doz,
40@45c; horseradish, per lb, 4c; tomatoes.per
bu, $1; turnips, per bu, 30@40c; parsnips,
perbu, 40@50c; Beets, per bu, 25©30; Squash,
Hubber doz, 50©70o; red peppers, per doz.
Vinegar—Triple white wine, 16o; white
wine, 12c; pure cider, per gal, 16c.
Lard—Sinclair, B%@9>£c: Fairbanks. 8t&9o.
—Green, per lb, 3@S%c; green kips,
per lb, B©9c: green salted calf, per lb, 10®
lie; dry salted, per lb, 8<319c: sheep pelts,
estimated weight, per lb, 25c.
Wool—Quietandunchanged. Fleece washed,
good to choice, per lb, 22@2')c; fleece washed,
fair to good, per B>, 20@22c; tub washed,
choice to fine, 23@25c ; tub washed, poor to
ordinary, 20©22 c; unwashed, choice, 14@18c;
Honey—l4@l6c for choice.
. —Red clover, per bu. $8.25; white
clover, $firstname.lastname@example.org: red top, 75c; common
millet, §email@example.com; German millet. SI.IO 311.25;
Hungarian, $firstname.lastname@example.org; timothy, $email@example.com;
blue grass, $1.15©51.25 buckwheat, 70(s>90c.
. ■ -v ) ". ;'.
Cattle—The market yesterday was slow.
There was only one car of mixed stock ar
rived and but little is left on hand. Sales
were nominal, without change in the rates of
the past few days.
Sheep— market was confined to a few
natives arrived, all' being sold that
came to hand.
No. Ay. Wt. Price. No. Ay. Wt. Price.
6* 92 $2 70 57 76 $2 50
Hogs Two carloads arrived and were sold
at following rates:
No. Ay. "Wt. Price. No. Ay. Wt. Price.
73.... ....276 $3 35 95 107 $3 25
Chicago Live Stock.
AT THE STOCK YAUDS.
Special to the Globe.
Chicago, Oct. 30.—At the stock yards the
receipts of cattle were light, and the few
loads of useful natives among the fresh ar
rivals sold a trifle higher, but low-grade na
tives, rough rangers and common Texans are
about as low as at any time this season. The
hog market opened active and rather higher,
but closed weak and lower. Estimated re
ceipts for the day, 30,000 head, and at the
leading packing points, including Chicago,
the receipts were from 48000 to 50,000 head.
New York, Oct. 30. —The market con
tinues quiet in demand for light assortments
of all classes of goods, but more doing
through deliveries in the execution of orders.
Secrets* of the Dairy.
Mr. T. D. Curtis told what he knew
about butter-making as follows, before the
Minnesota State Dairymen's association:
"In the first place, see that the milking
is done in a cleanly manner. You are not
much likely to be troubled with bad odors
if you milk on the open prairie. If you
milk in a stable, see that it is clean and
sweet, for milk readily absorbs odors, and
milk is easily tainted by the cows breathing
bad air. See that your milk things are
clean. Rinse, wash, scald and air them,
and they will be in as good condition as
needed. They should bo of tin as far as
possible, as it is difficult to keep wood clean
and sweet. Great care must be taken with
chums and all wood utensils, or they will
get foul with ferments. See that all milk
things are as free as possible from sharp
corners and roughness, where taints can
"Set your milk as soon as possible when
drawn from the cow. The less it is agitated
and the warmer it is the better will the
cream rise. If, in the fall and spring, the
milk gets much cooled down, it is well to
set the pail in a kettle of warm water,
stirring the milk gently, until the temper
ature is raised to 98 °, or blood heat. In
this way you will obviate the bad effects of
cooling. The cream rises best in a falling
temperature, and the further it has to fall
the more complete will be the separation.
When set. it should be under conditions that
will secure cooling of the milk.
"There are different methods of setting
milk for cream and different inventions for
securing the same results. I prefer setting
and cooling in air, where all the conven
iences are at hand. But. in a small way, it
will usually be found more practicable to re
sort to the deep cold setting system in some
of its forms. Apparatus that occupies but
little space and is comparatively cheap will
be found most convenient. The milk is sur
rounded by cold water, or ice water, and
complete separation of the cream is effected
in twelve to twenty-four hours. It is not
necessary that the milk should be sub
merged, but it is necessary that the water
should stand on the outside of the can as
high as the milk. And good results are
achieved with the submerging or Cooley
process, which is simple and easily man
aged. Ido not wish to recommend spe
cially anybody's apparatus. The Ferguson
Bureau creamery is good, and gives a chance
for ventilation. The Mosley & Stoddard
creamery will do the work satisfactorily,
and others, no doubt, are good. But care
should be taken in cold deep setting not to
expose the milk or cream to
a foul atmosphere. One simple
rule will serve as a guide in
all matters. So long as the milk is wanner
than the atmosphere, evaporation will go
on and the atmosphere will absorb the va
por, thus purifying the milk. But as soon
as the milk gets cooler than the atmosphere
the operation is reversed, condensation of
the atmosphere is produced by the milk,
and the milk will absorb tho vapor con
densed, with all its odors and impurities.
So always be careful to have your milk and
cream in a pure atmosphere, if the milk or
cream is the cooler of the two. Ido not
like to have the temperature of the milk
run below 50 °, nor above 60 °. In a long
series of experiments made by Prof, Kedsie
of the Michigan Agricultural college, he
uniformly got the best results with temper
atures ranging from 50 ° to 60 °.
"WHEN SHALL WE SKIM ?
"With deep setting this is usually done
while the milk is yet sweet; but in shallow
setting the skimming is best done just as
the milk shows a little acidity, and the
cream appears a little sour on the under side
next the milk. The usual practice is to
churn when the cream begins to have a dis
tinctly acid taste. It is better to mix the
morning's and evening's cream, keeping it
about 60 °, and chum it the next morning.
Fresh cream poured into the cream can and
not allowed to ripen and in uniform condi
dition with the rest, is likely to be wasted.
"nOW RAPIDLY SHOULD WE CHURN?
"Not faster than forty strokes to the min
ute with the old-fashioned dash churn.
There is no better churn than the square
box churn, turned fast enough to let the
cream dash from side to side, producing the
most concussion. Avoid all inventions for
beating cream into a foam and 'churning in
three minutes.' Churn at about 60 ° .
"HOW LONG SHOULD WE CHURN?
"Until the butter gathers in grains about
the size of wheat kernels. When the first
signs of granulation appear, rinse down the
cream with water at the temperature of
about 55°. This helps solidify the but
ter and makes it easier to handle.
"Draw off the buttermilk if your churn
will permit. If not. dip the butter out
of the churn into a butter bowl or onto the
butter worker. Rinse in pure water
not above 60° nor below 55°. It
is a good plan to give one rinsing with a
weak brine— at the rate of one pound of
salt to twenty pounds of water. Do not
work the butter, but gently stir it, keeping
it loose. Stir in the salt to suit cus
tomers—usually about one ounce to the
pound. Work just enough to mix the salt
in evenly, but not enough to work out the
salt. The buttermilk must be rinsed out
before the salt is added. Work as little as
possible, never giving a drawing or rubbing
motion, as our mothers used to, with the
ladle. The lever butter worker, with
which you can give a square and even pres
sure, is the best. Don't work your butter
when there is undissolved salt in it The
sharp crystals of salt will injure the grains
of butter and make it salvy and greasy.
Any salt that does not readily dissolve and
. melt into the butter is not fit for dairy pur
poses. We must avoid working as much as
If you want to Buy or Sell
Boad and Advertise in The
Ulobi: Want Columns.
FAEM AND GABDEN.
Dairymen Should Combine to Protect
Themselves Against the Evils
of Bogus Butter.
A Growing Evil Which is Rapidly
Assuming Gigantic Proportions
Protect the Dairymen.
Perhaps some of the readers of theGLOBH
may find the following from Hoard's Dairy
man very interesting reading: Col Hoard
thinks the farmers should have come to
gether and made thei: wishes known to
their respective congressmen and have the
evil of bogus buttermaking taxed out of ex
istence. The idea is a good one and it is
never too late to make an effort to correct
an evil. Any movement in this direction
should be made by and through a thorough
organization of the dairying interests in the
United States, as it will be no child's play
to succeed. The colonel omitted to state
that strong corporations are behind the
bogus stuff, with "millions in it," with
which to maintain a strong lobby against
the passage of any measures curtailing its
manufacture. In view of this very impor
tant fact and with the experience of the
past few years before us, is it not well to
prepare for a united effort, if favorable re
sults are reasonably to be expected.
It has long been evident that the dairy
men do not realize to what extent the man
ufacture of imitation butter is destroying
their business. They have been complain
ing the present season of low prices, and in
our confident belief at least 5 cents a pound
has been taken from the price of honest
butter. We do not believe the business
would have lasted a single year if the fann
ers of the United States had come to the
front as they ought aud made known their
wishes to their congressmen. Let them
once act as sensibly and energetically as the
bankers would if somebody were counter
feiting their products and we would see
congress hustling around in double-quick
style to remedy the evil.
The difficulty is neither the farmers nor
the congressmen have any adequate idea of
the extent of this evil. Here are some facts
that ought to stir the conviction of every
farmer in the land and cause him to forth
with write a letter to his member of con
gress and ask relief.
The butter production of the state of
Wisconsin for 1884 was 38.000.000 pounds.
This would amount to 73,000 pounds a
week. We have lately learned upon what
we deem to be reliable authority that a cer
tain butter color manufacturer in the West
has a standing order from a single butterine
factory in Chicago for three barrels of color
a week. A barrel of color will color 75,000
pounds. This proves that the single fac
tory referred to is making each week three
times as many pounds of butterine as the
state of Wisconsin produces of butter per
week. We have no doubt of the facts in
the case. In addition let it be remembered
that this is only one factory, while there are
sixteen more in active operation in Chicago.
Then remember that in all the other cities
of the Union the same iniquity is going on
and ask yourself, brother farmer," if it is"
not about time to stir yourself and let your
influence be felt. Haven't you- sat in
dumb silence like "a sheep before
her shearer" about long enough?
Look at the capital you have involved.
The production of milk alone in the United
States amounts annually to 5900,000,000,
and the milch cows, saying nothing of the
beef interest, are valued at §700,000,000.
All the banking capital of the United
States amounts to only §656,000,000, or
§44,000,000 less than the capital invested
in dairy cows.
The silver product is only 840,000,000.
Yet the farmers will sit clown quiet as mice
while the silver men are hounding Congress
day and night The remedy is a simple
one. Write to your congressman and ask
him to support the enactment of a law tax
ing the counterfeit stuff, say fifteen cents a
Concerning the power of congress to do
this we can say that it certainly ought to be
as constitutional as was the law that taxed
the State banks out of existence
by an impost of ten per cent upon their
circulation. In this way the government
would receive a benefit, the people would
be saved from being swindled into buying
bogus butter, and the 8700,000,000 worth
of cows would have a fair show.
Stick to the Dairy.
The dairy business, like the wool busi
ness, has had the dumps the past season,
and what business has not? Like the wool
business, too, it will come up again. The
business has its ups and its downs, but it
need not "go." There will be a struggle,
and a long and desperate one, between the
genuine products of the dairy and the bo
gus articles that are striviug to monopolize
the market, but the genuine article will re
main or we are mistaken in our estimate of
the wisdom of the American people. It re
quires patience and some extra funds to tide
over a season when a man's sole business
must be carried on for a year or two at a
loss, and some will be forced to the wall,
but these are some of the unavoidable evils
incident to every line of business. For
tunately the farmers who are interested in
the dairy business generally carry it as an
auxiliary to the business of the farm proper
and they make the raising of calves no
small item in connection with dairying. To
the farmer who has cows and contemplates
disposing of them because dairy products
are low, we say, as we have done and do
still to sheep owners, look around carefully
and be very sure that you can do better at
something else before disposing of the stock
you now own. Strive to keep up the price
and drive fraudulent articles from the mar
ket by improving the quality of your butter
and cheese and when the time comes for
you to protect yourself and fellowmen
against anything that is not what it pro
fesses to be, don't neglect the opportunity
Corn and Clover.
Prof. Sanbom of the Missouri agricul
tural college has been experimenting in the
last two or three years quite largely with
the different grasses and plants to be grown
for forage crops, and expresses the convic
tion, as the result of experiments thus far
conducted, that among all, for a climate
having an average rainfall, there are nono
superior to clover and corn. Johnson grass
(sorghum halapense), while highly prized
in the South, will not. he thinks, succeed iv
the North. Alfalfa has given indif
ferent success, requiring a deep,
dry soil and warm climate. When
taken into the account that corn
fodder, corn and clover furnish a combina
tion meeting all the requirements of grow
ing or fattening animals, and the value of
the latter as a renovator of the soil and pre
servative of its fertility, any plant that
will supersede these will have to possess
uncommon merits. We need, however,
other mixed grasses for pasture and mead
ows. But with red clover, timothy, orchard
grass, blue grass, red top and white and
alsike clover available, the Northern farmer
can make combinations for meadow or pas
ture which will meet all his necessities and
leave little to be desired.
A Printer's Error.
Sweet are the uses of adversity, the
printer's copy said, but he set it up, sweet
are the uses of advertising. Sweet, indeed,
to those who in sickness and suffering have
seen the advertisement of some sovereign
remedy, which upon trial has brought them
from death's door. "The best thing I ever
saw in my paper, was the advertisement
of Dr. Pierces 'Golden Medical Discov
ery,'" is again and again the testimony of
those who have been healed by it of lung
disease, bronchial affections, tumors, ul
cers, liver complaints and the ills to which
flesh is heir.