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PUBLISHED EVEKT DAT IN THB YEAR, j LEWIS BAKKK. ST. PAUL, WEDNESDAY, JAN. 20, 1886. DAILY -WEATHER IJULLETIX. Office or Chief SfOHAii Officer. Wash ington, D. C. Jan. It, 10 p.m.— Observations taken at the same moment of time at all sta tions : "_v_ P^ I = : Stations. ! = Wth'r Stations. 5 W'th'r 7 '■ ■'_ Dulnth....! ' Q'Appelle. -3*|Cloar Paul... -8 Cloudy Albany.... 2H|Uoudy LaCrosse.. 0 Cloudy New York. SfljCloudy Huron.... -9!L f t s'wj Chicago... J6]Cloudy Moorbead. -26Cloudy Cincinnati. 22 Cloudy St. Vincent -29; Clear Cleveland . 20|Cloudy Bismarck . -15 L't s'w 805t0n.... 2»: c ' ear , Ft Buford -21 Cloudy Galveston. « lomly Ft. A'boln -2l!(loiid.v! Memphis.. 32! Clear Ft. Custer. -17',Cloudy N. Orleans. 68JC oudy Helena. ... -16 1/t s'w jShreveport 4U,r;iear Ft Garry.. Clear St. Louis.. Pair Minnedosa -36 Fair ( Vicksburg ;41 Cloudy Med'ncHat -24 'L't ~ THK HOME bepobt. Barometer. SO.2G: thermometer, -8: rela tive humidity, C'J; win.l. west; weather, cloudy: maximum thermometer, 2; mini mum thermometer, -IS', daily range, 14: Elver, Frozen. Note— Barometer corrected lor temperature and elevation. P. F. Lyons. Signal Corps, U. S. A. INDICATIONS. WASHINOTOSr, Jan. 20, 1 a. m.— For the upper lake region: Fair weather, followed by increasing cloudiness and local ■ **; slowly rising temperature, preceded in the extreme northern portion by ii flight fa. l in temperature, variatilo winds, generally Miitt ing to easterly. For the upper Mifisissipp valley: Increasing cloudiness and local snows, winds gmerally southeasterly, fa ling barometer. For the Missouri ley: Warmer, increasing cloudiness, with local snows, southerly wlnd9. falling barometer. THE PRICES. The stock market opened irregularly yes terday, and was followed, by decided activity and considerable firmness for most stocks, but at lust the market closed irregular and comparatively dull. St. Paul was weak at llr!«t, Bulling down to ! .. but afterwards rose and dosed, a shade lower, with an advance of 1«£. while the prerorrod is up 1$& North western showed a net gain of "«, and Mani toba is i higher. Wheat opened at Chlcapo a shade firmer, quickly declined 1 ' .<•, and lluully closed launder the day before. At St. Paul, Minneapolis aud JJuluth it was lower. m of thi; eTßwa. The Duluth board of trade elected officers. PMllwater will have an Immense toboggan slide. The signal service reports another cold wave coming. A divorce was granted in the Nlinocks case at Minneapolis. The Minnesota Horticultural society opened its annual session. A Missouri colored woman threw her babe Oil a red-hot stove. Senator Teller miked to his colleagues about the silver dollar. .1. 11. Corrigan and Miss Alice Kelly of Min neapolis were married. The would-be Senator Moody was admitted to the floor of the senate. The Minneapolis East Bidera ure happy over securing the exposition. A bill for the relief of the northern Cheynnes passed the house. The orange, Crop locs in Florida will amount to a million and a half dollars. The French army in Tonkin will be re duced from 22,000 to 10,000 nieii. The president says ho will not give, the sen ate his reasons for milking removals. J. C. Lowry, charge l with using tho mails fraudulently, is still behind the bars. Three Philadelphia negroes want ft part of uu estate In Baltimore valued at $7,500,000. The particulars of a tragedy of unusual in terest have developed in Union county. Dak. The remains of Miss Kate Bayard have been laid In their last resting place at Wilmington. DeL Capt. Mollett, in a lecture, gave boom inside hi-tory of the Confederacy during; the late war. The N>w York eigiir manufacturers are weakening; and only twelve factories will close. A lively fight Is being made against TUOM Hull, nominated for postmaster at Prestou. Minn. The secretary of war wants an appropria tion made Immediately for tho Mississippi river. An injunction has been ordered to prevent the Burlington & Northern from tilling the river. Kulojrles on Gurficld were pronounced in the house by Taylor, McKinley, (ioddes and others. The strikers in tlie Pennsylvania coke re gions had a collison, and much trouble is feared. The Clarendon hotel was sold to Mr. I, eland. formerly of the Villanl bouse, Bralaord, tor $25,000. A special from Huron indicates that the South Dakota Democrats favor a division of the territory. Senator Voorhees favors the admission of Dakota, Washington Territory and Montana vi the same time. The president has approved the act legaliz ing the election of the territorial legislature assembly of Wyoming. Tho Minneapolis authorities and the gov jiiilnent otli«-ials held a conference on tin iione-ureh bridge question. The London Telegraph says it is undeniable that Russia is preparing for a campaign in .lie Balkans for her own ends. It is stated that Turkey has agreed to ilis- Etrm when it becomes evident that Bern la, and Greece da not Intend to break the peace. Secretaries Bndioott and Whitney left Washington yesterday morning for Wilming ton, Dei., to attend the funeral of Miss Bayard. The rumor of the proposed deposition of the king of Bnvaria is unfounded. The min isters propose to prosecute the journals that uubtisluMl the report. Mine. Pattl Is suffering from a serious at tack of bronchitis. The concerts in which she was to hare appeared at Vienna have been iudelinitely post poned. The Bulgarian government lias replied to the powers that Bulgaria will disarm if Ber via will do likewise, or if the powers will guarantee the Integrity of Bulgaria. A condition of great alarm exists in Dublin :-oinmctviai circles owing to reasonable fears regarding an extensive boycotting system, which it Is thought will lie inaugurated. The president baa approved tho act pro viding for the perlormance of tho duties of the president in case of the removal, death or .nubility both of the president and vice pre9i iunt. Mr. McLane, tbe American minister at Paris, has bronchitis, and has been Instructed by his doctors to remain indoors, but, not withstanding their orders, he visited Mime. Nilsson yesterday. fJSensational reports regarding the entombed miners in Slope No. 6 of the Nanticoke mines are being sent from there, but there is no truth in them. The unfortunate mon remain imprisoned iv the dismal chambers, and bo read a doubt are dead. Mme. Nilsson Is going to Cannes for a fire week's sojourn. In an Interview yesterday she spoke of retiring from the stage at the conclusion of her American tour. She said she was fond of English society, and would probably settle in London. »i A St. Paul correspondent of the Omaha Herald gives a vigorous presentation of the propriety of Gen. Howard succeeding Gen. Vopb, instead of Goo. Terry receiving the appointment.. "All the blood of all the Uow- Anns" might be shed In vain to bring about this result unless Coramander-In-Cbief Cleve land chooses to th»- contrary. The apparently fatal flaw discovered by tbe Globe in the new railroad law has, of course, excited much comment. If the legislature should have to meet BBee of it, DM mem- | bers will be just in time for the carnival, and incidentally they might pay their respects to other Batten requiring attention — tbo in- t iquitous tax title law, for instance. , TIIK EXECUTIVE BACKBONE. President Clevkland has announced j his intention to preserve the dignity and j protect the prerogatives of the executive office. He gives the senate to understand that it may call upon him from now until j doomsday lor reasons for removals from j oflice, and they will get no response. He ( will give the senate what information he j has regarding nominees, but it will be an ' exceedingly cold day when he will descend i to explain why he appointed them. The president is right, and his display of back bone in this matter is quite timely. If the senators do not want to vote to confirm the appointments, it is their privilege to vote against them. If the executive branch of the government is equal in dignity ami , power to its co-ordinate branches, the sena torial inquisitiveness is a little impudent, to •ay the least of it. THE NEW I'AHTY CHANK. The attempt to construct a new political party on the free-trade issue, like all other attempts of late years to create new parties, will "die. a bornin'." It will go the way of the Greenback party, the Prohibition party, the Woman Sakrage petty, the Bales Pom- EROT party, the Bex u.i.i: party, and j all other similar organization*. For some i time to come all the great jxilitical issues will be fought out and decided by the polit leal parties which now contest tor suprem acy hi the government. Politicians do not create parties. The people do that and whenever the emergency arises demanding | the creation of a new party. popular senti ment crystali7.es the movement and the poli- i ticians fall into line afterwards. The attempt of the projectors of the new : party movement to coquette with Mr. Moll ueov, and induce him to accept tho leader ship. with a promise of tho presidential nomination in 168 S. is without any special significance. So far as practical results are concerned, it doesn't make a particle of ■ difference whether Mr. IfQBJSaMMI goes into the new movement or stays out, Bi^rer men than Mr. Morutiso.v have led oil' iii new departure movements without creating' ' a ripple on DM current of political events. Butler and Qbeelev are notable illustra- ' tions of this. Bat, so far as Mr. Moit- SIMM is individually concerned, he is prol> ably too old ■ bird to be caught with chaff. and is not going to be tempted into a death trap. The Washington corresjiondent of the New York Sun has outlined ■ more im- , portant program for Mr. afOBSUKMT. Ac cording to that authority, Mormisox and Carlisle have figured out ■ policy for th« Democratic party by which the fol ••rum of political action is to be transferred from New York to either the state of Illi- i nois and Kentucky, and to put the Democ- ■ racy of the Mississippi valley in control of the party organization. Another part of the scheme is to make Mr. CARLISLE the presidential candidate in 1888, with Mr. | MORRISON and Mr. Wattf.kkox as genera! managers. The West is to be attracted to the program by making free ' trade conspicuous in the platform, ' while (be East i-; to be held in place by favoring the suspension of silver coinage. It is cited Man evidence that this scheme is incubating that Speaker Carlisle has packed the coinage committee in the inter est of the gold bugs and Wall street wreck ers in th« face of tho fact that ■ large ma- ■ jority of tho Democrats of the house are opposed to the demonetization of silver. To the ordinary observer this looks like a pretty cranky program. Without any in tention to discredit the source from i which the information comes, we ', confess that We are inclined to the opinion that there must bo somn mistake - about it. It is possible that to a man of Mr. Monnisosr's sanguine nature there ' may be glittering evidences of future politi- ' cal preferment and distinction just ahead involved in a scheme of this kind, but to ■ cool-headed man like Mr. Carlisle it must J have a very funny it not a very foolish : aspect As the matter now stand-; Demo cratic supremacy rests upon New York, ' New Jersey, and Connecticut in con- ' junction with tho Southern stales, If the new-fledged Morrison* program pro poses to ignore the solid South entirely and to kick New York and New Jersey ami ' Connecticut oat of the way, where does it propose to gather strength for its new ! establishment The West may lake kindly enough to free trade, but it will not join with the (\\i:i.i>i.i:-M<>im:i«<>\ faction in its crusade against silver. So. after look ing the whole field over, we ate forced to the conclusion that the new party move ment is vanity and that the reported Car i.is| i>M.ii:i:i>o\-\V a i i combina tion is a myth. The country is well enough satisfied with Democratic ad ministration to let matters remain in statu quo. The nimble capers of self -constituted party leaders may amuse the public, but they will have no perceptible effect on dis turbing party relations. SALISBURY'S DODGE. Lord Salisbury's Hank movement on GLADSTONE Is not much of a surprise. The English politician is as much given to tricks and dodges as the American politician. It is not a matter of much practical difference to the Irish people from which side home rule conies. The main thing for Par- NELL to do now is to hold his vantage ground. His party holds the balance between the Gladstone and BAt.isi:i-i:v parties and what he has to do Is to see that it is not lost in the deal which the respective parties are making. If the Salisbury ministry presents a scheme for Irish home rule of course tho Pameliites are not expected to oppose it. Nor would it be wise in them to be bought by this con cession and converted into partisans of the Salisbury ministry in opposition to the Glapstoxk party. Looking to future re sults the Glaijstoxe party is the one with which to form a permanent alli ance if tho Parnellltes should deem any sort of an alliance advis.i able. Gladstone is the leader of the i best English sentiment. lie is more in ! sympathy with the democratic ideas which prevail in England than the Salisbury party. Salisbury is the immediate rep resentative of DM throne and it is well enough understood that tho queen has no sympathy for the Irish cause. Conse quently. Salisbury, who is her direct agent in the government, is more a repre sentative of the castle rule party than the Liberal loaders are. What ever, concessions his ministry may make to Ireland will bo strategic political movements in which the government will have no heart and no desire to maintain further than to defeat the movements of the opposition. On the other hand, what ever is done by the Liberal party will be the outgrowth of principle, and there will be. a consequent sincerity and heartiness about it that cannot be expected of Salisbury's | forces. For these reasons It would be un wise in Parxkll to permit the Salisbury ministry to do any thing which would dis organize the Liberal party. Parxell's power consists in keeping the two parties equally balanced and then standing between them with the ability to turn the scale either way. If Salisbury's flank move ment is intended to disorganize and destroy the Liberal party, then it is Mr. Pabxell's duty to see to it that the plan is frustrated. Kven the promise of home rule ought not riTE ST. PAUL DALLY GLOBE. WEDNESDAY MORNING, JANUARY 20, 1880. to be a temptation to the Irish party to rut ' loo«e from their pa-sent moorinsi and drift into a tide which may. ami most probably will, result in their utter destruction. CHICAGO'S SENSATION. The sensational dispatches which have j been pent out from Chicago relative to an | expected socialistic uprising in that city are not calculated to give that city a k«hml ad- i vertisement. The reports state that the Socialists and labor organizations have united their efforts and are at work prepar ing dynamite bomb* and all sort* of destruc tive machinery tor the purpose of blowing the city into atoms unless their demands for an eight-hour law are. granted. The Ist of May is named as the time when the carnival of destruction i-> to commence. In the first place such a report i« a libel on the labor organizations. They are not mixed up with the dynamite class of social agitators. They desire an enactment of an eight-hour law with every probability of achieving success without any necessity for resorting to violence and bloodshed. In the next place, the report is a libel on Chicago. It carries abroad the Impression that there i- no security for life or property in that city. It Mich an element exists there, and in such force, as these dis patches represent Chicago would be a good l»!ace to get away from. It is true that Chicago is petting a back-set from the suc cessful rivalry of the metropolitan twin Bisters of the Northwest, and Its stand-still conditions are likely to excite discontent among the multitude who flocked to the place in the days of its wonderful prosperity hut who now stand around with id!« hand* beeaaei there Is not work for nil. Notwith standing the dlflteultlee which always at tend the beginning of n retrojj^de com merce, Chiraco is not yet sunkento the depths which these sensational dispatches portray. While Chicago cannot hope lathe future to compete with m. I'aul and Minneapolis in the race for commercial supremacy, still it will always be a good town with a thrifty trade. Its position on the Jake and the fact that it has a rich agricultural territory lying back of it will always make it a place of considerable local importance. When Chicago gets rid of its surplus population. and gets reduced down to a city of a quarter of a million, its commercial and manufac turing interests will support Its population aha comfortably. Bat until II gets through tim work of reducing its blze to its capacity for sustaining a prosperous ami contented population it ougitt to kill off some of its sensational newspaper rej»orters. TuiEDof the monotony of territorial con ventions, Cnloa county, Dakota, furnishes a mystery of love and < rum- which would do tl'-i-rt-dit to tho most lawless Plate. Mr. and Mrs. 1. ■. ma WAV may not be guilty of murder »iut they will flud it very difficult to disprove thai fact. It looks very much although Nemesis bod got on the right trail. It is said that complete pUns have been discovered for the. invasion of Canada by Franco, in tbe event of a war ever taking place between that country and Englnud. In view of the former ownership of Canada the battle eonir will probably at "When Johnny Comes Marching Home." The railroads take, much comfort in a clause of the antidiscrimination bill reported by the M-iinle, which is to the effect that "In special case* approved by the commissioners road may charge BOM for a short than a long haul." What room that sentence leaves for persuasion with susceptible commissioners '. TnEitE Is a man in Chicago who ha» risen from a coal carrier to the emiuent position of .1 journalist. This hustler now wields a pOß ell on the lkrnld.and is a striking illustration «ii the possibilities which our free, institutions open up to the ambitious American youth. ■^ Collector BnECHEn of Washington Ter ritory is quite prepared to replace any costly gold watches which hi-, reverend father limy be idle red of in the future. Ills recent seizure of a cargo of smuggled opium will net him prize money amounting to (25,000. ■ FonECASTS are being raado of what tho quoen will pay at the opening of tho new En gliee. parliament. As has been tbo case for years past, the royal figurehead will gay to "bur" people precisely what tbo prime minis ter tells tier to say. is nr.rrsiNO to transmit to tbo senate his reasons for inukinsr removals, the president rightfully rebukes unwarranted inqulsltlvc ness. The reason for not making more re movals would strike many people as far more <•> the i o.nt. It is a sturtllngly improbable story that soinu of the Imprisoned Nanticoke miners may still be alive, but the slender basis upon which it re«ts is still substantial enough to warrant vigorous resumption of the rescu ing efforts. Langtry calls this c..uiiii\ her "dear America," and mindful of the many dollars spent for the privilege of looking at the alleged prettiest woman in England, it would seem appropriate to coll the Lilly "our dear Laxotry." Camping in the national capital, and be sieging cougress for good round appropria tions, tho waterways conference eeetns to have reached the fountainbead. How exten sive the golden stream will be. remains to be seen. At the recent testimonial ball in New York to l):\»;v 2.276 bottles of champagne were emptied. The wine Importer* are already looking around for some one for whom :i tes timonial can bo worked up. Sam Jones says thai copper cents will be the circulating iced ii: in of most Christians in heaven, Brother Jokes bases his opinion on bis cxperieuce iv taking up Sunday school collections. Montreal accuses Chicago of originating the case of small-pox which produced the epi demic in the former city. And now when a Canadian visits tbe city by tbe lake be goes disguised. These recurring cold waves very effectu ally servo the purpose of reminding the whole country that there is no slacking of work ■pea our ice palace because of unpropitious weather. The odvocutes of the Btone-arch bridge having bad their innings, the millers' side will come to tbe bat to-day and do their best to knock yesterday's arguments into a cocked bat. Kansas Crrr papers are complaining of the costliness of gas, wbieh gives rise to the in fcreuce that libel suits have been going against the newspapers in tbe Missouri town. The Chesapeake Hay Blockade. Baltimokk, Jan. 19. — The ice blockade in Chesapeake bay still continues, and no attempt is made to get to or from tl.e port except by heavy vessels. A large number of sailing crafts are reported fast in the ice. and many of the oyster fleet have been kept so long away that there is much suffering among the crews. The ice extends down to the mouth of Patuxen river and is very solid. The milder temperature which now prevails, it is hoped, will let loose the large licet of coasters and bay craft Suspicion* of CarlUts. Madrid. Jan. 19.— The government of Spain has drawn the attention of France to suspicious movements of Carlists and Re publicans on the frontier, and asked her to prevent any hostile demonstrations against Spain from French territory. At a meeting of the cabinet Senor Sagasta, the prime minister, read a letter from the pope con doling with the queen and her daughters in their loss by the death of the king, and sending them his blessing. ' Hi* holiness , also offers to assist in strengthening the po sition of Spain, so far as he can possibly do so within the limits of his spiritual mis sion. Diet <i(sm.ill-i>ox. Chicago, Jan. 19.— Michael Grohser of 232 Lime street died of small-pox to-day, fie was taken to the pest house a week ago. OUR FRUIT GROWERS. Hinteenth Annual Winter Session of Us State lHorticnltural Society in Minneapolis. Practical Papers Presented on the Leading Points of Fruit Culture in the State. Col. Stevens Sams Up the Results ; of Experiments on Apples and .-uiall Fruits. " ™~ Culture of the Grap«--Theorles on '' Cross Breed 1 ng- Veteran Fruit Growers. OCR IRHT GROWERS. II" 71lnne%om Male Horticultural Society- in Annual Session. The nineteenth annual winter meeting of j the Minnesota State Horticultural society was opened in Harrison hail yesterday. The forenoon was occupied in arranging the exhibits of small fruits and vegetables, and a tempting spectacle they present | Apples, larpe. rich and luscious, which would do credit to any clime, were taste fully arranged on long tables. The exhib itors camo from all sections of the state, and among the members present were: Truman M. Smith. St. Paul; O. W. Fuller, Lltchfleld; If. Cutter, C. KlapSeiscb, J. No b!es, :npt«r: M. J. Hot.'. Rochester: W. E. Brim* aA. W. H. Drtmball. St. Paul: Knla-ht 11. Whipple. Xorthome: J. S. Harris. La Cres cent; J. J. fale, Mlnnrtonfca: T. Dost, Excel sior; Mr. and Mrs. O. E. ■ and A. I;. Ucjrcster, East Granite Falls; A. W. Latham and F. G. Gould, Excelsior; J. P. Gil more, Itlcbfleid; M. fuller. Sumptor; r.tMMve J. KHlo*?. Janesvllle. Wls.; B. C. Tuttle. Bamboo, \VIs.;J. O. Harrett, Rrowns rtOe: G. 11. Roberts. 8. D. Hillman, uimu Elliott, M. Pearce. J. E. Northrop, J. T. Grinies, W. s. Porter. John ii Stereaa. CG. Morrison, Minneapolis: Charles Ludiieff. car rcr; L D. White, St. Anthony: E. F. Pea body and A. I). Gilbert, Minneapolis; S?. S. CJrafßn, Rlchacld. Others arrived In the evening from more distant points. The nice!. was called to order by Pres ident Truman M. Smith at 10:45. Prayer was offered by Her. G. W, Fuller of Rich field, and the president appointed the fol lowing committees: Premiums— V. J. Hoair, Rochester; W. E. 8.-Imhall. St. Paul; F. G. Gould, Excelsior. Final Resolutions -A. v. . Mas, Rochester; J. P. Hauis, La Crescent; G. W. Fuller, Lltch fleld. Obituary— CoL J. 11. Steven*, Minneapolis; A. W. Sias; B. D. llHtman. Minneapolis*. Russian Apple*— M. J. Hoa?; M. Cutler, Sumptvr; A. U. Peterson, Carver county. Grapes— J. 8. Harris J. T. Grimes. East Minneapolis; W. i:. Uricihall, O. E. Saundcrs, Granite Falls; Truman M. Smith. St. Paul. The executive committee, exclusive of the president, vice president and treasurer, con>titute the financial committee. A local committee of arrangements, con sisting of G. H. Roberts. M. Paaiee, W. Elliott, .1. O. Grimes and William Ljon*. provided entertainment for, out-of-town delegates at the homes of tho various mem bers of the society who live in the city. AFTKKXOO.V SHS.«IOX. According to the published program. Prof. Edward D. Porter, in charge of the theory and produce of agricultural at the stite university, delivered the address of wel come. Bo credited to the state society with relieving the state from the charge of being a cold and fruitless country, destitute of everything but ice. snow, trees and prairie. THE i:i :im.y. George Fuller of liltrhinltl made a fitting response, from which the following was taken: "I have been requested by this so ciety to accept the hospitality you have of feredand to thank you for these words of wel come. We have too often enjoyed the hos pitality of this city not to know that these are not the words of a mere formal add) but are the expressions of the real feelings of the citizens of .Minneapolis. You are building here a great city, and you are wise in planning to make it great not only in the census of its inhabitants; iii the number and magnitude of its buildings, and in its manufacturing and business establishments, but great also in the aesthetic, mental, moral and re ligious power of its citizeu. Hence your schools, your churches/ your societies for encouraging music and lie tine arts, your beautiful homes, surrounded in their sea son by lawns and flowers, your shaded trees and your grand system of public parks. God has put into every soul an ele ment of lovo for the beautiful. Keep a flowering plant in every house, a grass plat and shrubs about every home, and your streets shady and clean, and the people, even the lowest, will necessarily approxi mate In character to their surroundings. It is our work to do what we may to extend the cultivation of the fruits and flowers iciven by God. We are confident that an increased interest in these things is extend ing through our state, and that soon beauti ful as well as comfortable homes will be the rule in V v.try and town. "And we are glad that in this city so strong an luterest is manifest in this direc tion. I believe. Prof. Porter, you are building what is to bo one of the most beautiful cities on earth. We thank you for inviting us now to enjoy its hospitali ties." PRACTICAL SUOOESTTOXS. CoL John 11. Stevens read an instructive paper, giving suggestions on fruit growing. Alter an elaborate introduction the veteran horticulturist said: While it is as true that we cannot make as favorable showing as we might wish we must not blame our cli mate and soil fur all of 081 failures be cause frequently our trees die from neclect or are eaten up by Insects. We should not be surprised at this, for wo are assured that in oiue of the heel apple-crowing commu nities on this continent that at least one half of the newly transplanted trees are starved to death, about one-fourth more are destroyed by borers, cattle, bad trimming, so that the full proportion of those set which never bear an apple is three-fourths. While our citizens are entirely practical as a class we are sadly deticient in experi ments. Equality of circumstances which might influence the result and perfect ac curacy in every particular are absolutely necessary in order to derive benefit from these experiments, and even after having done all in the most accurate manner it would not seem to be safe to form positive conclusions from the results of one, two or three trials, for there may be circum stances unknown to us or beyond our control which might give a result from which we should. If we depended on it, form wrong conclu sions, or spreading abroad, we might prob ably mislead others. It is safe to believe that many an inquirer after horticultural truth may be discouraged by the apparent conflicting of the result of experiments. and it may be. Is led to think it makes no great difference after all which way a given thing is done. Anyway our EXPERIMENTS MADE IX MINNESOTA In growing fruits have developed three facts, viz.: First— That there are a few, a very few varieties of standard apples that are iron clad up to this time, the origin of which is generally believed to be of a Sl beiian parentage; that we have great ex pectations from seedlings, as Peter McGl deon and others have Daragraphed, and are in great hopes that the Russian varieties, so extensively introduced, may prove hardy. The iron-clad* already mentioned, with the numerous Russians, together with the hy bndft, say the Whitney, the Beecher sweet and nearly fifty other semi-crab sorts, will, it I* believed by our most practical fruit growers, in an early year, furnish us an abundant supply of apples. The native wild, and the descendants from them, gives us a good supply of plums, just about as good as any of the tame varieties raised In the East Second— There is not a state In the Union that excels us in the production of small fruits. Currants, gooseberries, strawberries and raspberries are all at home in our state. It is to be greatly regretted that the black berry could not be added to the list, in order that it should be complete, hut it is almost proven to a certainty by many of our lruit-growere that such varieties as the ancient Briton, Stone's Hardy and the Lynden may yet, with proper care, be grown with success. Third — of many varieties are certain, and an exceedingly profitable crop. We bid fair to rival the vine-clad regions of the old country in their product. They are within the reach of all. \o farm or garden nor I;.. Mhetdei can afford the absence of the luxury frosd their premises. With these considerations it Is difficult to arrive at any other conclusion than the practicability of growing fruit in the slate. If it could be proved that no man had ever made money for his labor through fruit growing in Minnesota as an occupation, and that all following it had been always obliged to restrict themselves to the ereatest economy in order to gain a livelihood, that ii never in any uistanc; paid a fair profit on the capital invested, then, indeed, we might be somewhat disheartened and might consider our case rather a hopeless one. But a very different state of things can be proven. It U well known that our fruit-growers in the vicinity of St. Paul and Minneapolis have made money. Especially this is so with our small fruit and -rrap« growers. Ido not deny that to garden fruit of the large varieties requires PATIEXCE AND PRACTICE and work in this climate. The powers of eatth. air. frost and water have joined those of the far-distant nun. and during the hitherto rather short life of most of our apple trees there has been an example of complication of the most wonderful laws of nature. it seems to have been ordained that every step in the knowledge of apple growing must be won by trial and exertion, and thus it has been during the past year. What we know dwindles away in compari son with that which we desire to know. We have to contend with climated influ ences, but let us work on and win. If we have one, two, three, lour, live and six varieties of apples, we may reasonably ex pect the introduction of more of the some sort every year. This is a law of Mr ture. Let no one forget it. Our worthy old pomolotjist, Peter M. Gideon, has some forty varieties ot new seedlings, which he has propagated on the shores of Lake Min netonka, which are quite equal to the Wealthy. Some are* yen hardier than that famous apple. Some-, too, are of more nieJit and are lonirer keepers. All ot these will soon be scattered to the four corners of the state TRANSPLAXTIXO TBESS. Probably, if it were made a rule, in re moving trees to reduce the last year's growth to one bud, half the failures in transplanting would not occur, provided the proper care had been bestowed on the newly set out trees because tn.« head and roots would be brought at once to some thing like a balance of power. Shortening and mulcting tree-* ought to be followed as an established rule m this state in trans plant.: We all know that the best growth and the finest fruit are to be expected when the tree is furnished with tho materials of nu triment in just the right proportions. The bites of orchards have a great deal to do with the practicability of growing fruit in Minnesota. Situations can be found on a quarter section of land that would be favorable, and the same tract that would be unfavorable. The paper provoked an interesting dis cussion, which was pretty generally entered into. APPLE GROWING IV IOWA. E. W. Gaylord, of Nora Springs, lowa, presented a paper on apples, and related to the cultivation of apples in the Northwest in the past and included the experiences of many of the growers in Northern lowa in the last thirty-two years. The first trees were set out before the government had completed its survey. The ground selected was not adapted to the culture and after upwards of twenty years struggle that conclusion was ar rived at. and a tract was selected that was pro tected by tall and heavy timber. He had observed that in many Instances orchards on a northern slope, absolutely unprotected from the rigors of the winters.and cared for by inexperienced horticulturists, grew ap ples. He found that the actual knowledge brought West from the East is ■ damage rath er than a benefit. The theory i-. wrong. The paper alleged that nurserymen had robbed the Northwest out of many thousands of dollars. For soil neither wet nor dry should be selected. Good corn land is generally all right, but extra good corn land Is not adapted to an orchard. The land should be high, and a northeast slope is the best and southwest the poorest. It is found that the natural tendency of a tree is growing toward the northeast and to certain destruction. It was deemed that clover should not be grown in an orchard, because it naturally brings rabbits and mice. Potatoes are injurious to the trees. in growing three trees in one bunch, happy results are attained. The tops diverge from each other, and thus each protects the others. Of all stock in or chards, the pig takes the precedence. He roots out the insects. Be will uproot, over turn all the rubbish and till the. soil. He should be kept in the orchards from early spring until gathering time. The paper treated blight. To prevent it, mulching was advocated. The paper elicited thanks, and Mr. Gay lord was elected an honorary member of the society. Mr. Gaylord gave the cause of blight. Sudden rains, alternating with a hot sun is apt to create blight. It is usually caused by miasmatic poison. A. C. Tuttle had considerable experience, and blight, he thought, could not be ac counted for. It comes and goes, and no one knows when it Is going to come and no one knows when it will go. Mr. Dusse set out currant bushes between the rows of apple trees, and in the spring he covered the ground near the roots of the trees, lie considered it a protection from blight William Somerville turned about seventy, five hogs into his pasture, and since then he had never been troubled with blight A. W. Blaa of Rochester believed that blight was occasioned by an insect or living organism which floats in the air and lights in the trees. He believed in kerosene and other applications that would not fail to de stroy living organisms, lie also favored salt and ashes. The subject of the dwarf June berry was brought up by Mr. Harris. He considered it a pretty plant and should raise it because in his locality there was an increasing de mand for it. The subject was discussed at some length. REPORTS. J. E. Northrop, secretary of the Ilenne pin Horticultural society, submitted his re port indicating the most gratifying results in his society. He stated that hundreds of farmers in the Northwest had received benefits from the information disseminated by it. He spoke of the last Uennepin fair or exhibition held in the new Bracken block. The receipts had been inadequate to the expenses, and the premiums were not paid, and owing to the irregularity in a certain particular in the organization the money justly due It from the stale has not been paid over. The reported was accepted and ordered published. Mr. J. Hoag reported the Olmsted County society. A. B. Register of Grand Falls reported, verbally, from the Minnesota Valley society: The interest in fruit culture Is at a low ebb there, but it is increasing with great promise, Fruit is being raised in Chippewa county. Adjourned until evening. EVEXIXO SESSION. At the evening session William McHenry of St. Charles contributed a paper on black berry culture in Minnesota. His declared motto is, "What ono man has done another man can do.' He did not think there is any variety hardy enough to bear well In this state without protection. If there is he called upon those who have it to bring it out, as it would be worth millions to the state. Nurs erymen's catalogues are full of alleged va rieties adapted to this climate. The writer had visited many parts of the state with the express purpose of gleaning informa tion. lie saw one field of seven acres, but was not satisfied that it was a success. He had a catalogue before him full of testimo nials, testifying to the hardiness of such varieties as Stone's hardy blackberry. He called upon the man who gave the testi monial and found that where the grower should have picked a bushel from his vines he only picked a box. Stone's hardy is a vigorous grower. The Snyder is also a vigorous grower, with one coarse and strong stalk and but few blanches, account ing for its light yield of fruit. The Ancient Briton, favored by so many growers, Is very like the Snyder In its growth, but has more side branches and hence has more than double the crop. But it breaks very badly In coring. He knew of many other varieties, but did not consider them worth notice. The writer then gave his method of culture and of protection. Tho tone nf the whole letter was that f blackberry vines most be covered. The pap. was discussed and it was gen- I erally agreed thai the writer was correct, although his system of covering for protec tion was too expensive to make it prac ticable. THE CHAFE. Silas Wilson of lowa presented an essay on Grape Culture in the Northwest He said that the grape vine is among the most variable plants, even in their wild state, in climate, soil, Ida, humidity and |K?rhai>s natural hybridization, have originated such a multiplicity and such an intermixture of forni3 that it Is often difficult to recognize ' the original type* and to refer to the dif- i ferent forms to their proper aiiances. I have no faith in any pareutage other than ■ that of Lubrusca and Keparia. The Dela ware has a poor leaf for the prairie, but can be grown quite successfully in so me iocal ltie» in the Northwest by process of fertiliz ing and giving proper attention, with win ter protection. The cultivation is too* Generally neglected. I recommend the Prentias and August Grant, and plant largely of the Warden, Lady Cottage, Moore's Early and Janesville. and plant for trial the Empire State. This, in my opinion, is the most promising white grape among the new varieties. It is a seedling of Hartford prolific fertilized with Clinton. ! lam free, to confess that the Niagara grape is a surprise in many of the Eastern states, but lam afraid that those who plant it largely in the West will have a different sort of a surprise. I recommend pruning and laying down the vines in the fail as early as the wood is matured. President Truman read bis annual report, which elicited applause at the end, and a special committee was appointed to consider the address and to report on the same on Thursday afternoon. CnoeS NU i Lisa vi. a- Georeo P. Peffer, an extensive grower of Pewaukee. Wis., sent a lengthy paper on Cross Breeding of Plants,- which was not read, but ordered printed. The secretary stated that one of the theories advanced in the paper was a statement that the Russian seedling is in ferior to the American. This proposition aroused a spirited discussion. A. C. Tot tlo of Baraboo, Wis., considered the Rus sian seedliug* the most valuable of any known. Russia, although having a colder climate, has some of the finest orchards in the world, and it is now an established fact that they are hardier than any known va rieties and are well adapted ti» the North west. Mr. Sias and others took a like po sition. Mr. Harris stated that the Russians were more than 600 years in bringing up apples from China through the seedling processes, so that they could be r%Hed in Russia. He alleged that tbe nurserymen who came hero from Illinois and Ohio With plants handsomely illustrated, claiming them to be Russian varieties, sell some common varieties and not Russian at all. PRUKIKO. Pruning and the Cause of Black-heart in Apple Trees was the title of a paper by Dr. T. 11. Uotehkias of Newport, Vt. He be gan by stating that an eminent horticultur ist had alleged that pruning should bedonfl between May 23 to June 25. Another that March was the best and only time. He never had known a tree that was not black-hearted to bleed when pruned. In Kentucky no trees are black-hearted. He bad upAwted the black-hearted trees and planted iron-cuds, He is now not troubled with bleeding from pruning wounds. A tender tree subject to black-heart .should be lightly pruned. Heavy pruning in June is a shock to the tree and often kills the trees. Pruning in summer tends to form the fruit bud, because of the shock to the tree. Fall pruning also tends to shock and is not practicable. Mr. Sms thoroughly agreed with the es sayist. Another insisted that trees will Meed when pruned in June. lie suggested that if the doctor was correct his (the speak er's) trees were surely all black-hearted. He had obsorved that pruning in March is not conducive to ding, and that because the sap has not started. He spoke of many trees of three or four years old. It Is not safe to prune in the fall, but if pruning is done in August the wound will heal, or very nearly, before winter sets in. Adjourned until this morning. tiioi <2irr to hi: hi vied. Seven .Urn nt Aspen, Col.. Supposed to bo lleiieulii a Mum Slide. Aspkn, Col., Jan. It. — This afternoon as tho 4 o'clock shift were waiting to go on at tin? Aspen mine, the men heard a noise, and looking up saw a snow slide coming down Aspen mountain. They made a tush tor a dump, and succeeded in gettinc under it. barely saving themselves. The slide struck the shaft and engine-house, completely demolishing them and killing John Rose, mine carpenter. The ensrineer was thrown under the boiler and buried under ten feet of snow. but was afterwards recovered alive. John Leonard, one of the owners of the Couombra mine, and several other gentlemen, were near the shaft bouse, but miraculously escaped with a few bruises. An hour later there was another slide on Washington mountain, burying two wagons, mules and drivers under fifteen feet of snow. Seven men who started from here this morning for Maroon pass, to re turn at noon, have not been heard from. They are supposed to be buried under a third slide, reported in the pass about noon. A 4 ii r ions Case. Detroit. Mich., Jan. 19. — A peculiar case was decided in the recorder's court to day, Sam Ashman was confined in the county jail with Henry Schindler, arrested for attempted diamond robbery in Buffalo. Buffalo Oaken were about to take their prisoner away, when his attorney got out a writ of habeas cor pus. Schindler claimed that he was innocent, and called upon Ashman, who swore that he himself was th« diamond robber. It was shown that Ashman was lying, and Scbnidler was taken to Buffalo, where be subsequently confessed. Action for perjury was then begun here against Ashman. The peculiar phase of the cass was that Ashman was an extradited prisoner awaiting trial. It was a question whether he could bo tried for an offense after his extradition. Judge Swift decided that he could bo so tried, and the trial took place to-night. the jury returning a verdict of iruilty. No such case has ever been tried before, and it is probable that it will go to the United States supreme court. Educated Intl. an*. Special to the Blobs Wabasii, lud.. Jan. 19— On the 18th of March forty of the seventy-live Sioux and Modoc Indian children who for two or three years have been receiving education at White's manual labor Institute, south of this city, will be returned to Indian Terri tory where the boys will be given tracts of .and and the girls installed as instructors in the Indian school. The class which was sent here by the United States government in ISS3 has made remarkable progress and from a totally barbaric state the members have attained a high degree of civilization. They are industrious and patient, and have mastered thoroughly the English language, arithmetic aud geography, besides becoming proficient in the tillage of the soil, and per forming housework. luTcstlcaiinar Bribery. Columbus, Jan. 19. — house legisla tive committee, appointed to investigate the charges of bribery against four members of the house, that they had accepted bribes to vote for Senator Payne, held its first meet ing this evening, and decided to make a thorough inquiry, and. if necessary to extend the scope of investigation, will ask for further authority from the house. Attached flora Board BUI. Chicago, Jan. 19. — While Stephen A. Douglas, son of the famous Illinois states man, was delivering a lecture here to-night, the box office was attached on an alleged board bill against him for $160. TELEGHAIIIIC SPARKS. Forty cases of small-pox are reported at Grandmes, Que. Fire at Mlddleviile, Mich., yesterday morn inr destroyed D. T. Finch A Son's flour mill, a water mill and elevator, with 13,000 to 15,000 bushels of wheat and some flour. The lues is $23,000 to $25,000, and insurance $13,000. Gen. Hartrunft of Pennsylvania takes the place of Gen. McClellan as one of the man agera of the National Soldiers' home. Wat nr nn.i m IX CHICAGO. T *»« Recent Story Concerning Her .■Hniiil False. Chicago, Jan. 19.— The story published about the supposed discovery of the daugh ter of Joa.ju«n Miller in this city, penniless and to deep distress, appears to be very VpTm y ex P Iod «» the statement of Mr. Elder, P w blUherof tho Literary Jour ■* l:; " OSe ""M"** l author '■ the iLn^M '. ClTen publicity. Referring to the matter to-day, Mr Elder said: aik! absurd. h. he ° nly ««wct portions ar. that she was^rJ?" 111 * the "rian.teV ami that she was tn Chlcig the Soutfa where the Miller in New \ortc ana also in W^htngton. He is also one of our contributor. His daughter was an entire »tran^ r la the city.and kao " 1D * that I was in a,;uu-t ««,taut corr** pondenco with her father she came loie"! One day I as*ed her if she would write us an article about the literary life of Mrs. Miller She- did so. and I paid for it. She wai well and comfortably dressed then and did net need assistance. She told me she should «v to Xew York for the purpose or trvttlnj another theatrical engagement. 1e in not un derstand how It become known sho visited me at any time, but incline to tbe opinion that some one in tbe offlct> who saw her, and who learned who she was. and perhaps saw me pay her for her contribution, gave thoflrst i acts, starting tha absunl story. It la t>ai>l sue telegraphed her father for aid and that no refused to receive rh.« message. I can e»Mly account for that story. I wired him concerning busine** matters in no way con. < 'M, l " U , h daughter. Tho information was [;■'"""'"■• the telf "*™pb company- that Mil »er never accepted a teteffram from anj udo. imp. nUSIiAND's STATEMENT. JkwYokk. Jan. li».-Mr. Arthur Lor- Ing Mackay. husband of Miss Maud Miller, about whose financial condition in Chicago various stories have been afloat, was seen ,'.';:; 5 e ?5 he has uot ye* received Safe l "?rf- hU Wlf * who «'« Mid to have left Chicago for New York on Satur day. and who should have arrived hereto oay. He says she will be received with KJ™' me* Bethinkssho has an estate, a commanicatlon from orbvhJrf^? bee » ''^Itvtwl by himself *™ ■"-' f ; lher> and say* thai •»«» "he tel egraphed him or written to her father her wants would have been supplied a;onw that he and Miss Miller were SwtoSE rled without the know led*, of , a of either; that he bad always si, ! huu.l her and provided ber with a home: that last spring. 5 much to bis regret, she decided to become an actress; that she at no time in her letters hinted to any lack of funds, ami that being of a proud spirit. she would bo slow to acknowledge ahe bad made i mis take in going on the stage. Mr Mackay expressed pleasure that her public venture has proved a failure and hoped that it would prove a useful lesson to her. GEORGE IOMIU KILLED. The Notorious Leader of the totter Qauai Shot Down in Cleveland. Cleveland, v., Jan. 19. — (Jeonjo Foster, the most notorious burglar, high wayman, ami bank thief in Ohio, and lor many yean the leader of the Foster pan-, whose operations extended over Ohio! Indiana, and Pennsylvania, was shot and killed to-night by Ofl George E. Corner of the Cleveland poUee force. Foster had always been regarded as a dangerous nun and his partners in crime were of the same stamp. He had been arrested many times, but always managed to escape punishment. Two ears ago when bis lieutenant, Ton Rowland, was shot and killed at Shelby, luck turned against him and be was soon arrested [or assault with intent to rob, and sen: to the Ohio penitentiary on Nov. "J, 1883, for an eight years term. " On the 25th of October, 1884. he made a daring escape from the penitentiary and bad sines been at large. Four weeks ago he, walked into a saloon on Bank street. WBARIXO a FALSE BEARD, Some of his friends recognized him, and ha said as he displayed two revolver-: 'I will shoot the first policeman who lav* bands ou me." To-night the police learned that Fos ter and another ex-convict would meet in an Ontario street saloon. Several ollicera were detailed to watch the place. Between 11 and 12 o'clock the] became convinced that Foster was in the saloon, and that Im was biding in a room over the bar. Officer* Corner, Dane and Motter were detailed to go up stairs and arrest him. and Capt Hoeun accompanied them. The] saw ■ man sitting on a long* With a bowed head and passed into another room. As they did so, for it was he. lie sprang from the lounge ami made a dash for the stairway. Oncer Corner saw him and started in pursuit. Foster ran down stairs, and, pointing In-, pistol at tin officers, attempted to get into the street. Officer Coleman grappled with him. and, during the struggle, Corner came up to as sist (Oleman. Foster placed the end of his pistol under Corner's nose, but before ho could pull the trigger Comet fired.and Fos ter dropped to the floor a corpse. The ball entered the mouth and penetrated the skull. Hirer Itcpreaeiituti vet, Special to the Globe. Washington Jan. la.— The delegate* from the conventions held last summer at St. Paul, New Orleans and Kansas City have to some extent pooled their Issues and will to-morrow morning appear before the house committee on rivers and harbors for the purpose of making arguments in favor of the respective improvement-. The St. Paul convention will be represented by .Messrs. Dunnell, Kay of Illinois, Benton and Arthur, and the Kansas City as semblage by Messrs. Miller, Walker and Hayes. Messrs. Wright. Boss and Bryant will furnish the speeches for the New Orleans delegation. The house committee) has set apart two hours for bearing argu ments, and if more time is necessary will probably grant it. The New York papers are turning their batteries on the Henne piu canal people as soon as the put in an appearance here. The World to-day re marks that If the government should con struct the Ileuuepin canal it would be morally bound to pay for the Erie canal and numerous other canals throughout the country, and adds that it has enough to do to take care of its harbors and rivers. Florida* Immense Orange l.o««. Washington, Jan. 19— Frank R. Hoi lingsworth, of Chicago, reached the city to day after a visit of several weeks in Flor ida, lie says the condition of affairs then is very discouraging. The loss to th< orange crop from the recent cold snap will not fall short of $1,500,000. The principal loss is in the destruction of the young trees, 90 per cent, of which are ruined. Thesi trees, in many cases live years old, were to« young to bear a crop and the time and mbai spent to bring them to that stage of devel opment is entirely thrown away. Maaj persons who bad invested their means ill the planting of orange trees have grows inured and are preparing to leave th« state. Mr. HoUtngSWOtth says that owing to the stringency of the money market l and 20 per cent. Is being charged by tha bankers and others for short loans, and in some instances this has reached as high as 24 per cent, per annum. Another Cold IVavel'ominr. Chicago, Jan. 19.— The signal service reports the prevalence of another severe cold wave. The thermometer touched zero in this city last night, but rose to eight de grees above at 8 o'clock. The signal bureau predicts that during the next 94 hours the temperature will fall 15 to 25 degrees ad ditional, and that the cold wave will then extend eastward. —-^^— Alexander .%« re.-%. Constantinople, Jan 19.— Owing to the pressure brought to bear by the powers on Prince Alexander of Bulgaria he has agreed that the negotiation for peace be tween Servia and Bulgaria shall be carried on at Bucharest. Mexican Murderer Captured. Galveston, Tex., Jan. 19.— A dispatch from Matauiorns, Mex., to the News saysi Advices from Carmago state the authority there have captured the man who murdered Don Tomas Uarcia last Sunday at La Grulla, Tex., and tied to Mexico. He will bo de livered to the American authorities if Uiej ask for his extradition.