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FROM SHOP AND MILL.
Two Prominent Men in Labor Circles in the Mill City, With Their Records. Problems That Are Being Discussed by the Workiuginen— Notes from the " Crafts. liltecta Say That Labor Troubles are Having Little KUoet ou liuildiug Operations. Locul Strlkes--\'oteß from the State ami the Northwest In Uenerul. L.IBOR KKl'ltrsriVTATlYnS. E*roniineut Worker* for the ('aunt at >l iniieapoli«. In the circles of organised labor In Min neapolis and the state of Minnesota, no man is more widely known than J. I. He- Gauche?, and it may be added, no one is more hurhly respected. ".Jack."' as be is familiarly called, seems to have OHM natur ally by the ijuali lications of a lead er among me n . lie is a conserva tive thinker, but .tearless when his mind is once made up. and possessing a tireless energy and quick percep- Hon. he i- apt t>> see a point or grasp an idea with more than ordinary rapidity. He is a firm believer of the principles of the K. of 1., anil baa a good share of what is commonly called "horse sense," so that general he is to be found upon the right side of the questions pertaining to labor. Mr. McGaughey Is 34 years old. and was born at Mount Yeinon. O. lie first identified himself with the cause of labor during the strike of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers in Ohio, in 1873. In IST? he was elected secretary of the Trainsmen's union of Ohio. In 1878 he was yardiuaster at Memphis, Term., and was one of the few survivors of the yellow fever Scourge. The year following he came to Minneapolis and identified himself with the Printers' union in ISS2. In 18S4 and ISSS he was elected state delegate to the general assembly of the Knights of Labor of the United states and Canada, and at the last assembly, which met at Hamilton, Canada, be was made secretary of the general co operative board, lit' lias recently been elected master of District 79, which em braces the state of Minnesota. *** c. A. 3. lIIO LEY. Typographical Union No. 30 to-day elects a delegate to attend the annual convention of the. International union at Pittsburg. Pa. Une ot the candidates is ('. A. 8. Higley. a young man who has been active in his en deavora to promote the cause of labor among the organized crafts. Mr. Uitrley waa horn at the me tropolis of Windham. U.. and learned his trade as a compositor at Ravenna, a place •iear Kent., O. He was an active worker in the movement which made the Cleveland Leader a fair paper. Later on. he was one ot the members or au attempt bo ran a paper on the co-operative plan at Scranton, la. The venture was un successful, and Mr. Higley, after a tour of the leading cities of the country* turned up at Minneapolis two years ago. where he has !«ince resided. He has represented No. 42 in the Trades of Labor assembly for over a year. If elected delegate to-day he will certainly fill the position faithfully and creditably. A PROBLEM. Shall Organized Working .nen Help the liioi'!:;inizvi|)-A Test Cane. The Trades and Labor assembly at its meeting Friday night did not choose to take up the cause of the men who have been employed by the Minneapolis Bottle Manu facturing company for the very reasonable reason that the men knowingly entered into a contract with the company by the terms of which they agreed to have nothing to do with labor organizations. The Trades and Labor assembly decided to make this reciprocal, and chooses to have nothing to do with men who sign contracts to the effect that they will have nothing to do with it, or the organizations that are represented in it. At the same time the situation of the men is pitiable. They are mostly Scandinavians and the company instead of pay ing them gave checks upon the Security bank which could be negoti ated at the Security bank upon which they were drawn, only at great discount or not at all. Orders which were given by the men to pay landlords and obtain for them the necessities of life were repudiated, and ►Saturday the men were uncermoniou^y liied. Perhaps these men deserve no pity since they have agreed to shun the aid they now seek, but at the same time their con dition certainly appeals to charity. At the Trades and Labor assembly Friday night they stated: Pint— That they were given checks dated thirty days in advance. The cheeks were dis •ounttfd 15 per cent, and charged up at lace value. BecoDd— The foreman agreed to jrire cer tain prices not specified in the contract, which were not paid, but eonsideral deductions were made, contrary to agreement. It was al>o stated that the manager told the men who visited him to get out of his office, as it was *"no place for glass blow ers," Mid be would talk with them at the factory. When lie visited the factory he was invariably in a hurry, and no satisfac tion could be gotten from him. It was said that one man gave his landlady an order on Mr. James, the manager, having no other way to pay his board. She was told that she must look to the man for the money as the company had nothing to do with the matter. It was further said that the fore man wanted one man to make sample bot tles and offered him S4 per day, but after the work was done refused to allow him credit for it; that the time put in on the work was three days; that only 11 cents was allowed on quart whisky bottles, when the contract called for 13}^ cents; 5 cents for blueing bottles, for which 7 cents was gpecilied in the contract. LABOR OB BIILDIKG. Buildinsr Operations in St. Paul Not Affected by Labor Troubles. There are a number of croakers, enemies of organized labor, over-timid capitalists and persons of great credulity in the city who are together responsible for the under standing that prevails to some extent that there is now in St. Paul anywhere from a half million to a million dollars' worth of projected buildings that are laid on the shelf on account of the unsettled condition of labor. That the proposed reduction of hours to go into effect in a month or so, the fact that some of the local building trades have not even yet settled on wages and hours, and the little clouds of trouble that continually neck the sky of the indus trial world, do produce a hesitation in the minds of some builders is doubtless true, but tiiat this feeling is so great as to mate rially affect the building operations of the season, an investigation yesterday failed to prove. None of the trades will be foolish enough to demand ten hours' pay if a shorter day is established, and none will ask a raise of wages which would be disastrous to their employers. Whatever possible in crease in the wages of building trades may follow in the future it will be gradual, not nsudden, and will not be the result of arbitrary demands on the part of the trades unions. They recognize the rights of capi tal and of contractors as well as the econo mic forces which may properly be allowed to regulate wages, and are not going to paralyze industries and progress by any blgU-hauded or foolish ttroceedimre. r j jua large majority of the laborers representing the building trades are, or shortly will be, in the various labor organiza tions in the city and the trades who have not already determined the wages and hours they will ask this season, will shortly do so. The recently organized contractor's union could tind profitable em ployment in trying to hasten a general understanding in these respects, and the labor organizations would consult their own interests by doing all in their power U> work a prompt solution of the question. ARCHITECTS INTKKVIKWKD. Inquiries were propounded to a number of local architects, who . replied substanti ally as follows: Walter lie— I do not think that the feel iug you mention U at all prevalent In tho city. 1 have a number of large buildings on hand and ail will go right ahead. 1 don't think that building operations will be re tarded on that account. The building opera tions of tills year, both in business block* and dwellings, will exceed those of last year. 0. Wiloox— Ho; I do not know or think tbut building operations are materially af fected by labur troubles. We have no clients that are holding back on that account. C. A. Walllngford — From general comment I should judge that there is a large amount of building which will be suspeuded until the labor situation is more settled. It will not affect • nailer frame buildings so much, as the carpenter trade is not so much affected by agitations. 1 think the building opera tions ol this season will consi.-t more largely Of smaller contracts though aggregating more thun last year perhaps. Capital is nat urally timid and the news of such sus pensions in other cities as given in tbe daily prase as well as the local troubles would nat urally tend that war. C. T. Mould— l l there is any work on the shelf on account of labor troubles, I dou't know it. I have more to do now than I bad last year at this time, and I know that con tractors are carer lor jobs. 1). W. Milhud— l think there Is an opinion prevalent amoug architects and contractors that building operations are retarded this year on account of labor uncertainties, but 1 know of no particular instance-*. Contract- - ors are all anxious to get jobs, and about half of them feel a little uncertain but are ill ing to take the risks. liiiilding is opening up later than last year and will not be as ex tensive. It will be of a cheaper class as a rule too. E. J. Hodgson— Building Is retarded in the city, but 1 don't think It is on account of tho labor difficulties. There is such an Idea prevalent to sonic extent, but tbero Is noth ing in it. The building operations of this year will compare favorably with those of last year." STONE nAso>s oikuamze. A New and Promising I on — Tbe Building Trades Well Organized. The building trades are rapidly becoming thoroughly organized in St. Paul, and if they go about it right thy can soon settle the uncertainty that now prevails to some extent among builders as to the wages that will preval during the season. The brick layers, stone masons, carpenters and plumbers have old and rapidly growing or ganizations, the painters and lathers have recently organ and last Thursday even ing a most successful organization of the stone masons was formed at Arion hall. The organization was made under the aus pices of the bricklayers' and stonecutters' unions and the hall was packed with mem bers of those trades, and with stone masons of several nationalities. Thomas Ward of the stonecutters 1 union acted as chairman, and the objects and work of a trades uniou were *et forth by G. A. Lafayette and T. P. McDermott, president of the brick layers' union. Remarks of a similar nature were made in German, French, and Swedeish by 11. A. Baal, Mr. Grenett and Artbur Chelberg. respect ively. When the roil was offered for sig natures, ninety-live stone masons responded. The election of offlaeci re>u!ted as follows: President, Denuis McDonnell; vice presi dent, John Simons; recording secretary, Duncan Hogg; linancial secretary, Eric Isackson; treasurer, Fred Schramm; door keeper, Swan Bousted: trustees, Anthony Faulkenberg, John Noeit-mberg and Ed ward Kyan. The result of the meeting was a phenomenal success aud promises a strong union. THE Hi nu.oi.l I. A St. Paul Workiugiuan Chides His Ttlinneapoli* Brethren. To the Editor of the Globe: I was pleased to read in your Sunday's issue of March 2S. that you had giveu to the public one page of your valuable paper in which may be discussed the general topics of the day. 1 have often wished t<^ say a word or two on various questions, have held aloof because I did not know just how this labor page was carried on. But judging from the writings of some of the labor agitators, I was led to suppose they had bought that page, body and soul. The majority of these writers seem to think their interests can be protected only by a general organization of their forces, and by constant preparation for some sort of vio lent contest, as "One of the People"' says. by eternal vigilance. This is a state of mind most apt to lead men into strange miscon ceptions as to the world they live in and thus breeds all sorts of extravagant schemes, such a condition of things is to say tiie least, full of mischief. While the great majority of working people are not only honest, but well-meaning and sensible, there are unquestionably among them a few demagogues who try to acquire leader ship by playing upon the passions of the exciteable and the credulity of the ignorant The first thing the demagogues aim at al ways is to alienate the working people as much as possible from the other class of society, and thus shut out what influence the latter Might exercise upon them. Noth ing could be better calculated to play into the hands of the demagogue* iv this mpaol than an impression created among the work ing people that the church has abused its office in the interest of capital. It is the duty of the Church to overcome this antagonistic feeling existing between the working people and the chuixiu and to still the voice of the demagogues. What would become of the working people should they follow the advice of ihe C. L. L. iv regard to the church? And on the other hand what would become of them were they to follow the lead of "One of the Peo ple" and settle all their grievances by the same means as was used to settle the ques tion of independence and slavery? This great Southwest strike seems on* the eve of such a settlement, and furnishes ample reasons for condemning tbis mode of set tling difficulties of this kind. Keform must begin WITH THE INKIVIDUAL. Capital can never get ahead of labor if labor is educated to govern itself, to know its rights and de mand them, doing justice to all. This laboi problem is a complex one, and more than one element forms a factor in determining the rate of wages. 1 think, too. that the labor movement is becoming too conspicuous. I can but liken it unto a tender plant which has been raised iv a dark corner of the hot house, sheltered from the rays of the sun for years. Wlxat folly then, all of a sudden, to bring it into the noon-day glare! The effect is sure to be very injurious, if it does not entirely kill the movement The working people must keep the motes from their eyes that they may see the many defects of the dema gogues who, if let alone, will more than counteract any good which might otherwise come out of the movement. When the working people take for their school some thing better than a beer garden, and for their pastor and church something better: than the demagogue and rum shops they will be better able to make just demands and get their due. Bath. St. Paul, April 3. Tbe Railroad Strike. Another strike occurred on the Chicago, Burlington <& Northern railroad grade just below the city Thursday, 200 men quitting work and kicking up a general fight among themselves. The men have been getting £1.25 per day and claim that they were promised 91.50 per day on April 1, which they did not receive. This and the dis charge of some of the men caused the strike. Work has been suspended until Monday and it is understood that the contractor in tends to pay 31.50 after April 15, when the frost is out of the ground. Tbe Contractors' Union. The recently-organized Contractors' union will appoint a board of arbitration com posed of fifteen men, to whom difficulties with employes will be submitted. They will effect an amicable adjustment of diffl- GultLaa it naudhta. »>>H the daoieinn at tha ST. PAUL. DAILY GLOB& SUNDAY MOR3XXG. APKTL 4, 1886. -EIGHTEEN PAGES. board will be binding on tbe contractors who submit their cases. They will employ a secretary who will devote bis whole time to their interests, one of his duties being to keep informed ou all local labor matters and furnish information thereon when it is called for. Members of the union will take muted action on all questions of labor, and will stand by each other in all troubles. At the first meeting held eighty-live contrac tors joined the organization. Another I uiuu. The bricklayers employed on the court house and a few others have organized a new union called the St. Paul Local Benevolent Bricklayers' union. It starts with a membership of twenty-two. and tbe following officers: President, Cornelius Casey; vice president, <J. S. Johnston: secretary, John O'Neill; treas urer. Thomas Wheeler, An initiation fee of $1.50 and 50 cents monthly dues are ex acted. The union cordially invites all bricklayers to come into the fold, and publishes the following principles: Members of the union shall be at liberty to work for any employer and for such wages as are acceptable to them; there shall be no strikes iv the union and all difficult ies shall be settled by arbitration; ten hours is a full day's labor, with nine hours on Saturday. There are twenty bricklayers now at work ou the court house job. nearly all of whom are members of the union. About twenty-live will be em ployed during the season and will be paid the highest current prices. Local Kit*. It is said tbat some local contractors are advertising in other cities for bricklayers, hoping to tiood tbe city with non-union men and keep down waves. The untou asks all bricklayers to keep away fioui St. Paul until the situation here is Settled. It is understood that the bricklayers now In tho city can do all the work to be done tbis season. Tim Limestone Cutters' union met at tbe court bouse last evening and adopted a con stitution and by-laws. Four new members will be received, making twenty-nve now on the roll. They say tbat Mr. Breen knew nothing of the organization until after it was made. Tbe Minneapolis stonecutters' union adds emptiatic indorsement to the statement of tbe St. l'uul union tbat the Limestonecutter's union will be recognized nowhere and under no circumstances. E. B. Harrounbas left on aflve-woeks' trip. 1: is a question whether or not the recently elected delegate from tbe labor lyceum to tbe Trades assembly will be received by tbe latter body. Two rates of wares are being paid on the court house job. tbe best workmen receiving 35 cents per hour. J. A. Johnson will speak on co-operation at the labor lyceum at Oarfleld ball tbis evening. Tbe question of establishing labor lyceums in various parts of tbe city i» being agitated. Contractor Breen will have a special police man employed about the court house Job. J. M. Minor was elected president of the Labor Lyceum at tne last meeting. Tbe typographical union will bold its eleo tion to-day. Strike Xotable*. The vice president and general manager of the Missouri Pacitic road has been the central figure during the progress of the Southwestern strike and the exponent of Gould's policy, as well as his deep sym pathy with the laboring classes. He is nominal 1y "the other side' 1 of the struggle and in his hands rests the settlement. Frederick Turner, general secretary of the National executive board of the Knights of Labor, is one of the most prominent members of the order and sits in his office buried under a mass of work that comes iv a constant flood. The recent marvelous growth of the order and the labor troubles that have demauded the attention of the board have needed a man of ability in the secretaryship and he has always proved himself the man for the place. IS IT GENEROSITY? Cobbing Peter to Ha) Paul-- A Miu neaboli* Work ins iuxiu'm Views. To the Editor of the Globe. We notice an article in the Journal upon the great generosity of C. A. Pillsbury & Co. in dividing a surplus profit of SSG.OOO with their employes. Now let us take a little look upon this subject How do the Pillsbury's get such profits to divide. No doubt a million or more sticks to their own clothes before any division is made to their employes. One who has been around this country for any length of time can form something of an opinion. The warehouses owned by this concern number nearly 100. spread through all the best farming dis tricts in this state and Dakota. It is well known also when farmers need money most wheat is the lowest and you can find plenty of room to store and cars to ship it, but when wheat is a fair price East, no cars and no storage can be had and the poor farmer has been and is without redress. It is easy to guess how a firm can make them selves independently rich when they can buy all the grain within reach of their waiehouses without opposition for ten or twelve years and also be the principal firm which controls prices. The poor granger who stands the winter blasts and frosts is the man who of all others is entitled to our sympathy and protection. Ills little family in an open shanty or sod bouse are the people who furnish the basis of those much boasted of surplus with which they make them selves so conspicuously generous. Again we ask are they paying the taxes upon their milling property which brings them such a large income in proportion to the man who owns a little house and lot in this city. 'We think not. and why not? An es tablishment erected to make a fortune in a year ought to certainly contribute as much in proportion as this dwelling which merely serves us cover for the family. The state has passed a law to protect the farmer from the systematic robbing which has prevailed for some time. But we fear it will prove like the blind pigs about our city since George 1 , A. has been mayor. The blind leading the blind was a true and life-like picture of the situation In last Sunday's Globe, and it affords serious reflection to a rational and unbiased mind. Voter. * Minneapolis. April 3. THE COOPERS. The Effort to Advance liases Be* yond the Starvation Point. The committee from the coopers' as sembly has been very active the past week In its efforts to effect some plan for an ad van£ of wages. It is claimed to have brought enough pressure to bear upon some j of our leading millers to induce them to seriously consider voluntarily advancing the price of barrels sufficiently to admit of 16 cents being paid for making, and on Wednes day strong hopes were entertained of the two parties coming to a satisfactory under standing. The committee and shop man agers of the city held a meeting at the office nf tUa Hardwood SUxnsra oomnanv Tu>° day to determine upon uniform prices at which they could furnish barrels aud }»y 10 cent) for making. The committee stated that a leading miller, sup posed to represent some of the heaviest nrtns in the city, had made figures ou the cost of an elm barrel, aud tacitly agreed to pay 38fn'c. After full consideration of the question, the meeting decided to offer to make the price of elm barrels 3Vc and oak 41c. This was done with the understand ing that the millers should of their own ac cord advance auy contracts they might have to this basis, making thu prices uniform to all. Tbe cost of an elm barrel, on these values, was divided as follows: Staves, 10«ic; heading, 4^'c; hoops, s^c; shop expenses. _-«c; making, 10c. The com mittee having made this much progress, was next to consult with the millers. It is to be hoped that some amicable settlemeut will be reached.— Northwestern Miller. ■niniM-Hpollfc Cooper*. The large proportion of flour lately put into sacks receives strong emphasis this week in the flgur«*s on flour production and barrel sales. While tho mills made 123.50U barrels of flour, tbe uumber if barrels sold was only 42,500. Iv other words, only one-third of the Hour went into barrels. The sales for tho preceding week were 31,000 barrels, and for tbe corresponding time in ltf£s. &4.30U barrets. For tbe current week tbe mills will probably uf« less sacks and not reduce their output. Tbe manufacture of barrels last week was ■bout 3ti,. r >oo, the first time for quite a while thas the baies have exceeded the make. The shops continue to run indifferently, those making full time being the exceptiou. Bar rel stock rules about the same, not much be ing bought to test prices. — Northwestern Miller. oThe annual election of officers of tho Hen nepin Barrel company occurs to-morrow. O. E. Dubois, tbe president, declares bis in tention of resigning. The Northwestern shop is running a Mint on band time. Tbo Palisade mill, which it supplies, will probably shut down for sup plies this week. The coopers in tbe Sixth street shop on Monday commenced to work by the piece, re ceiving 8 cents on one-stave barrels. Mr. Tracy, formerly of tbe North Star, has purchased the stock of William Rogers and the Phoenix Barrel company. 11. C. Palmes of California is guest of Pres ident Pa lines, bis brother, of the Northwest ern Barrel company. The Doud shop was shut down all last week for the second time during the past winter. Peter and George Champion have with drawn from the Acme Barrel company. . ?11.\.\r..11'01,1i LABOR NOTES. The Trades and Labor Assembly— City Contracts. The regular meeting of the Trades and Labor assembly Friday evening was largely attended. It was reported that the Short Hour league, at a meeting held Wednesday evening, decided to ask that a day's work shall be reduced to nine hours after May 1. The league embraces the Plasterers', Paint ers', Bricklayers', Carpenters' and Joiners' Union No. 34, Stone Masons', all of whom have agreed to make a united effort and to stand by each other in securing the reduction. It was decided to call a public meeting for the discussion of the proposed establishment of a second state penitentiary. A delegate reported that the Union Stone and Building company has issued checks to its employes for work performed, which had never been paid. The checks were issued weekly, payable the 10th of the com ing month. No checks were paid after Oct. 10, and some of the employes were forced to submit to a discount of 50 per cent in order to get them cashed. Dec 10 200 checks were preseuted which were not paid. The families of the men were rep resented to be in a destitute condition, their children almost naked and crying for bread. G. W. Archer, a contractor, took work amounting to SI, OOO. and is still waiting for bis pay. This statement caused con siderable indignation and lead to a discus sion of the inadequate protection of the laws intended to secure tbe payment of wages. A committee was finally appointed to wait upon 11. N. Holway, secretary of the com pany in behalf of the employes. Similar complaints were made by the employes of the Minneapolis Bottle Manufacturing com pany, who have been given checks for their labor in lieu of cash. The checks were drawn upon the security bank and payment was refused. In this instance the case was laid upon the table, it appearing that the glass blowers were not union men and had signed a contract which forbid their joining labor organizations. XKEDF.D REFORMS. The following resolutions aimed at a needed reform in the manner of letting city contracts were unanimously adopted: Whereas, A new pumping system is soon to be established in North Minneapolis by the city, and Whereas, Much of this work and also the work on hydrants, grates and water pipe has been heretofore d one in tbe East at on in creased expense to i be taxpayers to the neglect of home industry and tbe injury of homo me chanics, who are in idleness and could do the work as well, if not better than it can be done in the East: therefore, be it Resolved, That we condemn the practice of bavin* any work for tbe city done in tbo Cast or elsewhere, that can be aa well done by tLis city by home mechanics, and we earnestly recommend that all work of this class done by tbe city in future be given to home work men when they stand ready to do it at tbe same or even a somewhat increased expense over Eastern bidders. Kesolved. That this policy of spending public money at borne in keeping borne labor employed, sustaining home manufactures and increasing tbe quantity of available pat ronage to home d e-ders, both in realty and merchandise, will vastly outweigh it Its gen eral good effects any apparent gain which may seem to be secured by sending large sums out of the city, even to secure a Flight saving of expense in the cost of certain ar ticles. ISDCBTRIAL JOTTISOR. Typographical Union No. 42 meets to-day to elect a delegitto to the International union. Tbe clgartnaiters of Minneapolis and St. Paul held a meeting Thursday night for the purpose of consulting about tbe expediency of adopting a uniform price list. A meeting will be held by tbe Shorthand league some time during tbe week to arrange for action in obtaining a reduction to uinc hours as a day's labor after May 1. Edward Hoban. a boilermaker at the Mil waukee & St. Paul car shops, was severely scalded Tuesday morning while testing an en gine boiler. M. O'Neill, proprietor of the stone yard at Sixth avenue north and First street, has com plied with the demands of the Stonecutters' union, and have reduced the working hours from ten to eiLtat and fixed wages at $t per day. Mr. O'Neill states that hereafter none but union men will be employed. This latest accession to the union shops puts all the shops in the city within the control of the Stonecutters' union. August Ekberg, the blacksmith who was stricken with paralysis, died at St. Barnabas hospital Sunday morning. The coroner's at tention was called to the case, and after an investigation concluded that death resulted from cerebral hemorrhage. It was one of the most remarkable cases on reccud. De cea>«J was a man of remarkable muscular development, and had never experienced a day's illness. He was 27 years of age. The funeral will occur on Wednesday. The funeral of William Chapman, a car ac countant in the once of the Manitoba road, took place yesterday from his late residence. Twentieth avenue north and Sixteenth street. 416 |730_x UTI minneapvlia Miller*. The Northwestern Miller, published Thurs day, sa\s: The mills now have almost as much water as they can use and show greater activity than for a Ion? while. There were eighteen which recorded an output last week, aud the figures were the. largest since last No vember, there having been no week since that date when over 100.000 barrels were man ufactured The production of the week end ing Saturday, was 123,400 barrels -averaging 30.500 barrels daUv— against 90.000 barrels the preceding week, and 83,100 barrels for the | corresponding week in 1885. This week the mills occupy about the same position as they did a week ago. There were eighteen running at noon to-day, with a capacity of 23.000 bar rels, and they are producing not far from 81. --500 barrels. The mills running last week were the Pills bury A, Phoenix, Palisade, Zenith, Pettit, Minneapolis. Pillsbury B. Cataract, Holh . St. Anthony. Columbia. Crown Roller, Dakota, Anchor, Washburn A (two-thirds). B and C I and Humboldt. The Palisade and Zonith were started up Monday, and the Cataract Wednesday. The Galaxy broke down Monday afternoon and will probably not do much the rest of the week. The smaller side of the Wa«hburn A, 1.600 barrels, was closed down Saturday. None of the mills are now running by steam, the wftterpower proving adequate for most of the mills, although some of tbem do not ac quire full motion. The mills are at present »"*Vin» obiaflv udob urdacs taken SOUMt time ago, and the greater number have sufficient to keep them running for several weeks to come. Judge Blodgett or the United States dts tfict court has rendered a decision restraining N. K. Platt ft Co. from using the brands, "Washburn's Best" and "Lincoln," which the court decides belong ex clusively to the originator*. The Wasbburu Mill company of Minneapolis. Seven different firms, four of them from Minneapolis, put In bids for the government flour contracts, which, for several weeks, have been advertised by the department of Dakota, and the Columbia Mill company was awarded tbe entire lot. The Crown Roller and Washburn C will this week put Into use the Sperry feeder, which has been tried with satisfactory results by the IMllsbury H. The ll "ad miller's association expects to consider tbe arrangements for its annual picnic at the meeting of next month. Tbo PalUado mill expects to receive its new rolls next week, and will be shut down while they are being put In. H. Williams, tbe veteran miller, expects to go into the graham Hour business, aud has applied for a patent. Second miller Giles of tho Washburn C, who has been laid up with a sprained ankle, has resumed bis duties. Tbo Galaxy mill, which has been laid up for repairs since Monday, is ready to start up again. Tbe use of steam was discontinued Wednes day at the Pillsbury A aud Anchor mills. The Operative Millers" as-« Hint ion held its monthly meeting to-day at Windoin hall. The mercurial alarm in the Pillsbury A mill is now in operation. The Standard mill will probably start up this week. Railway 1. ximtiun. Special to tbe Glohe. Mankato, April 3.— There is a well authenticated report in the city to-day to tbe effect that the Chicago, Milwaukee & M. Paul Railway company will commence an extension of the "Wells branch" of their road at once, from this city via St. Peter to St. Cloud. James Shoemaker. Esq., received a dispatch to that effect from gojd authority. If this company begins an extension other roads now at a stand-still in this vicinity w ill push out Ihe Cannon Valley road is now within six miles of the city and can not afford to remain there longer. NOItTHWEVrEH* MOTES. The laboring men are cutting quite a figure In Mankato ux-al politics. The Knights put a ticket in tbe field and the Workingmen's club ma-" some complaint because they wore not consulted. The Prohibitions have indorsed lbe Knights' candidate tor inavor. A rousing mass meeting was held at Fargo, D. T.. Thuyday evening. Mayor Johnson presided, nnd tbe aims and work of the Knlgbts of Labor were presented by C. >V, Stevent*on of St. Paul. Workingmen's meetings, under tho auspices of one of the. city pastors, are being held Sat urday even ings at Winona. At the last meet ing strikes were discussed. A public discussion of the labor question occurred at Jamestown, Dak., Thursday evening. The most prominent citizens took part. The Knights of Labor and a faction of the Democrats of Eau Claire, Wis., hare a joint local ticket in the field. The lowa assembly has passed a bill pro hibiting alien non-residents from acquiring title to real estate. A bill has been introduced in the lowa leg islature oroviding for the Incorporation of labor organizations. A. Lincoln of Cleveland, 0.. is lecturing through tbo Northwest in the interests of the Knights of Labor. The boy cot to against Johnson Bros, of Hudson, Wis.. has been removed. Tue cowboys of the Black Hills country are organizing and threaten strikes. There is some prospect of trouble in the Mankato stone quarries. A K. of L. assembly is to be organized at Rochester: The burned railroad shops at Brainerd will be rebuilt. AX.of L. assembly is to be organized at Mankato. General New*. Bradstrect's reports a less satisfactory con dition of trade. The knitting mill strikes at Cohoes and New Britain, Conn., the boot and shoo strikes at Beverly, Mass., and that among the suitmakcrs at New York have largely disappeared, putting 19.000 operatives at work and cutting down the total striking from 52,000 to 83.000 within a week. There is, however, a possibility of another outbreak at Cohoes. On Wednesday the National house of repre sentatives agreed to a resolution to appropri ate $5,000 to pay the expenses of a commis sion to investigate the labor troubles of the West. Powderly says that if the railway officials will furnish the names of tbe strikers who destroyed property during the recent strike, they would be expelled from the order. Hill & Fritz, smoking tobacco manufactur ers of St. Louis, have inaugurated the eight hour system volunt arily, without any reduc tion in wages. • The laws of Maryland now say that 12 hours ehall constitute a day's work for street car conductors and drivers. The street railway employes of Philadel phia and Pittsburg have secured 12 hours work. The textile workers of Philadelphia are thor oughly organized. Tbe telegraphers may join the Knights in a body soon. - . President Cleveland favors arbitration. The Poor of German Cities. From a Heidelberg Letter. Since the bitter c:y of outcast London made so much slir in 18S3-18S4 and "slum ming became a pastime of the gilded youth of the West End, the idea has been pretty generally accepted that the horrors of London were unequalled in the civilized world. Yet Dr. Miguel Oberburgermeister of Frankfort-on-the-Main asserts (and quotes authorities enough amply to prove) that the housing of the poor is worse in Germany than in England, and adds: "Such holes as the so-called clappers of Berlin and its night lodgings are scarcely to be found in England to-day, and it is in perfect harmony with this that we find in London a lower average of house rents and death-rate of 23 per 1,000, whereas the death-rate in Berlin is 28 per 1,000." Fancy 150 patients ill with the spotted fever in one house! Yet such a case actu ally occurred in Berlin in N0.31 Miller strasse six years before my sanguine guide pointed out the advantages of the poor in the dwell ing question. And in the same year No. 17 Gitschiner strasse harbored 177 persons who were medically treated at the expense of guardian of the poor. Moreover, in 1867, when the first systematic survey of the housing of the poor in Berlin was scientific ally carried out, there lived 290.000 human beings in dwellings with but one room each that could be heated, and besides these there were 60,000 others in dwellings with no opportunity for heating whatsoever. In the nineteen years that have intervened the population of Berlin has increased enor mously, and it is probably safe to assume that to-day these numbers are too small rather than too large, while in 1875 10.2 per cent of the population lived in dwellings below ground, in cellars. P.V.Dwyefc£Bros. PLUMBERS AND DEALERS IN Fine Art Gas Fixtures. 96 E. Third Street. PINSKA k METZ, 16 E. Third Street, St. Paul. Now Open, 5 Cases 4 C if% New Novelties, Checks iw\^ ■ and Stripes in - , p EB m INDIA LINENS I BLUE! BROWN! PINK! A A BLUE ! BROWN ! PINK ! W W BLUE ! BROWN ! PINK IEI E9 This is the first season these goods have been in the market, and should be seen to be appreciated. Spring Hosiery and Underwear For Ladies, Gents and Children. Muslin Underwear, Embroideries, White Goods and Laces ! AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES. CORSETS I CORSETS ! CORSETS I Ferris Corded Corset Waists for Infants, for Childr en, for Misses, for young Ladies, for Ladies. We now display the finest line of Collars, Cuffs and Ruffling in the city. Adrienne Real Kid Gloves, Every pair warranted and fitted: 4-Button, 1 .25, 6-Button, $ 1.50, SPECIAL— S-Button Kid Gloves at 75c per pair. tW AGENTS FOR THE UNIVERSAL PATTERNS. .ga Cincinnati Removal ! THE KING- OF ALL SHOE STORES IN NEW QUARTERS And Ready for Business at 173 East Seventh Street New Goods at Bottom Prices! REMEMBER We sell Boots, Shoes and Slippers cheaper by ■ : 25 per cent, than any house in the North west. No Shoddy Goods! No Shop-worn Goods! Every pair new, first-class and guaranteed better quality at lower prices than can be bought elsewhere. Make no mistake in name and number. Cincinnati Shoe Co., 173 EAST SEVENTH STREET. ■^"Look for New Front. OIYDTOTfI MAW i4 ■ i"i 8 1\! 8 t "^ Pjp^<l I « S 8 W SPMNG jdEtt NOff styleswSplready! I^^ 4fllW Am F%O _-» JKIP J^^h H Stiff Hats from $1.50 Up. Soft Hats from $1.50 Dp. No old stock to sell at a discount, all Fresh and Desirable Goods. UNDERWEAR ! Silk, Cashmere, Balbriggan, Etc. All the New Patterns in Neckwear, Hosiery, Etc. R. A. LANPHER & CO., 153 East Third, St. Paul, Minn., Four Doors Above Merchants Hotel. FINE TAILORING DUNCAN & BARRY, £0 East Third Street, - - St.Pau ITL