Newspaper Page Text
ONE AND INSEPARABLE. The People of Central and Northern Da- i kota Want Admission Without Division. They are Disgusted With the Attempt of Demagogues to Slice the Territory For the Purpose of Increaslns Their Chances for Office-Holding by Doubling the Offices. The Trend of Public Sentiment Since tlic First Settlements in North eastern Dakota. ..... Admission Undivided. Special to the Globe. .. ' Aberdeen, Dak., Oct. 6 —The change *» . iJL*f i^ntiment throughout Dakota n.relatiAp^tne division of the territory is iiujj^v^f^ierfuL and if the time ever iijie&wben the people are given a chance A) .vote .on this question the fact will be Nearly shown. The earliest settlement of ;he territory was in the southeastern corner, md after many years, viz: in IS7I, settle ment commenced in the northeastern cor ner. Anticipating such settlement the Northern Pacific Railroad company caused a bill to be introduced in the senate that fall for the creation of the territory of Peni bina, from the northern . part .-of the terri tory. This attracted attention and did much toward settling up they Peoabina region. At the time there .^riff" 1 settle ment to speak of in Northern- Dakota. There was not a soul at either . Fargo. Bis marck or Jamestown, Fort A. Lincoln was not established, Grand Forks had net been born and Pembina had only been heard of through the operations of Joe Rolette and George Potter. Potter, by the way, was a member of the Minnesota legis lature at the time of the Ramsey- Wilkinson contest for the senate. Ramsey was the only Republican senator and had a firm grip on the patronage of the state. Wilkinson had been elected to con gress in the First district, and controlled the patronage of that district. It was a pic nic that year tor members of the legisla ture. Everybody sot something if they asked for it" Wakebeld and Freeman got land offices, Bryant got seed wheat, Fuller was banished to Duluth, but poor old George F. Potter, who cast the nominating vote, was left without anything. George FROTHED AND FUMED, and cursed Ramsey, and finally it was de cided to banish him, so the Pembina laud district was created and was opened for business. Potter was appointed receiver, and as a receiver he was an immense suc cess. He told me a few years later that he had a clean official record. "There wasn't a d d entry in it," said he. His bond was an illustrious one, and is said to have carried the names of Windorn, Marshall, Bill King and others of that stamp. It was good, and the government did not lose anything where official receipts were is sued, but Jim Hill is out $800 for some claims paid for by him at Bismarck, for -which Potter didn't have time to give official receipts. Potter said Ramsey told him it was prospectively a good thing and he got tired of working prospects and concluded to try the reality. A United States court was established at Pembina, ami quite a little city was established. EvSryoody, men consisting Jud La Moure, his father-in-law, Nelson, Enos Stutsman and half a dozen other actual settlers on the fanning lands at Pembina and the few in the village; Capt. Griggs a Grand Forks, and half a dozen settlers there: John Haggart, Capt. Egbert, An drew McHeude and a few others, at Fargo: Goodrich and Veuum at Jamestown; Billy McFadzen at Valley City and Bill Shaw and his camp at Bismarck, all favored division. Those in the Southern part of the territory had heard of the proposed division, but didn't care whether it was accomplished or not. North Dakota made its fust appearance as North Dakota and won its first victory in 1874. Judge Barnes, of Fargo, and Lounsberry, of Bismarck, went down with ten votes. There were about sixty votes m the convention. JVfoody and B. F. Campbell were the heading can didates. The Northern delegates made a fight for Judge Kidder. 'I hey held the balance of power and wor. His first bill was for the division of tlu territory, and during his six years in congress, his best efforts were given for ts division. The North GREW AND PBOSPIPED, and always favored division tint! Ordway and the capital went to Bismarck, In 1883 Burrows, in urging division, brought 'for ward ten-year-old arguments. He told of a barren waste which separated the two sections. He said there was not a wag«n track connecting the two sections, and that the North could only reach the South via St Paul and Sioux -City; that there was undy ing hostility and no • prospective railroads between the two sections, and the people were as separate and distinct in their tastes, interests, etc., as those ot Ohio and Ten nessee. After he closed his speech, be vis ited the gallery, where the Dakota boys then in the city had congregated in order to hear his great effort in behalf of down trodden Dakota, and Maj. Edwards said: "Burrows, for heaven's sake, don't ever tell that barren waste lie again; it was a good enough plan for you to work for division five years ago, but Central Dakota is now the best settled portion of Dakota, and if you fellows are not pretty lively about securing division, sh« will come down here aud demand admission as a whole." And that is just what Central Dakota is doing to-day. She demands that this nonsensical cry for division be silenced. And ii we of Central Dakota ever do suc ceed in gettins a vote upon the question — a vote that being legally authorized is entitled to respect— we shall show how completely the sentiment of the people has changed. The politicians may want to double the expense of state government in order to gain a percentage of the spoils; they may want to double their chances for gaining official positions, but the people of this section want admission without divis ion — want to be a part of our grand, Imperial and undivided Dakota. They want the power in the house of representa tives and in national conventions that a large and united delegation will give them. They want the North united with the South, and both to be in sympathy with Central Dakota instead of using Central Dakota as the battle ground on which the hostile tribes of the North and South meet year after year to fight their battles over. For our part we are in earnest in opposition to division. We are tired of this sectional war. We are disgusted with THE CAPITAL CONTROVERSY and are perfectly content to allow the cap ital to rest in peace on the banks of the Upper Missouri, knowing full well that if It remains there it will result in drawing to It new lines of railroad that will open up to settlement a portion of the territory as pro ductive as the best, now almost entirely unoccupied; that the North and South •will, within a year or two at, most, fee united by half a dozen north and south tines of railroad, and the people of both will unite in opposing the iniquity that the poli ticians are trying to work upon them in , Ijhis division matter. Whatever may be said of Orilway, to him the people are in debted for the first anti-division seed planted in Dakota. He left the comforts of his $few England home to found an Ordway dynasty in Dakota. He knew no North.no •South, and came as a Moses to lead the Da otians to statehood and glory, expecting, of course, that when the time for admission cawt he would be chosen senator. A fight ■was commenced upon him at once, and the headquarters of the opposition was located «t Yaukton, He secured property interests / "'"■' ;' ; .-."* ■ ' ■ v^ * v^^22s^^?> at Pierre and originated the removal scheme ; with a view to locating the capital there, ] but McKinzie could do things that Ordway j could not, and the capital was located at j Bismarck in spite of Ordway's interest at Pierre. When he afterwards consented to the Bismarck location he is said to have de rived satisfaction from the fact that Petti grew's property at Pierre was not benefited by the removal to Bismarck as it would have been by removal to Pierre. ; The seed planted by Ordway grew, and the more the people canvass at the subject the more they are at a loss to tind a reason to urge for the division of Dakota. The peo ple are becoming disgusted with the Camp bells and the Moodys, and the demagogues of both the North and the South, who have robbed Dakota of statehood for the past four years. Dakota could gain admission before the Ist of January if her people were united In asking for admission instead of urging division, which the people do not want and do not think possible. CASS COUNTY'S ROW. The Difficulty Explained by One of the headers. To the Editor of the Globe: Your Fargo correspandent, who has usu ally been impartial, has allowed himself to be carried away from the straight lines by the excitement of politics in respect to the trouble in the Cass county Democratic convention. For example, a few days before the territorial convention at Aberdeen he sent the Globe a list of the contesting delegates as tbe regular delegation, and made no mention whatever of the latter, which was admitted after a full hearing. Again, in commenting on the result, he referred to the regular delegation which was admitted as the "Baker-Ryaa-Kennedy gang." There is noth ing unusual in the fellows who got left re ferring to their opponents as "the gang," but It does not look well in one who is supposed to be an impartial chronicler of events to betray so much feeling. The facts are briefly these. A majority of the delegates to the county convention was lor a straight ticket, while the minority was in favor of indorsing a county ticket previ ously nominated by an alleged farmers' con vention, composed of dele* ates appointed by a lawyer on the plan of the Donnelly- Fuller convention in St. Paul. This ticket was composed of seventeen Republicans and six Democrats. The majority of the delegates to the Dem ocratic convention thought this was too much crow to take at one meal. To force the in dorsement of this ticket, the minority at tempted a scheme to capture the convention by having the chairman of the county com mittee appoint the temporary chairman of the convention without permitting the dele gates to vote on the question. He appointed a man whose seat was in contest and the latter claimed the right, without motion or vote of the delegates, to appoint a committee on credentials, consisting of five, three of whose seats were in contest, thus placing tbem in a position to pass on their own con tests and that of the chairman who appointed them. At this point the majority of the del egates took the matter in hand and elected a chairman, who took his place on the platform. Resolutions were passed indorsing the Democratic administration, affirming Democratic principles and a straight ticket was nominated. The minority formed a little circle on the side, indorsed the farmers' ticket referred .to and hastily withdrew. In speaking of the matter after wards, your Fargo correspondent admitted to the writer that it was a "ground hog" case with the minority in order to carry their point. There are two or three good men among the six Democrats on the farmers' ticket who ought to be ashamed of their action in at tempting to force the Indorsement of so many Republicans. Having got their own names on the farmers' ticket they had secured all the advantage there was in it and should have been satisfied with their own nominations by the Democratic conven tion. That they were not Is conclu sive that there was a bargain to secure tbe indorsement of the seventeen Republicans on the ticket. The talk about a sell-out or trade at Aberdeen is all bosh. The case was too plain. The writer was not even present at Aberdeen, and was elected a mem ber of the territorial committee in his ab sence. The party can never be consolidated in this territory unless its conventions con fine their nominations within the party lines. Fargo, Oct. 7. Martin Ryan. Walsh County Exposition. Special to the Globe. Graftox, Dak., Oct. B.— Graf this week put on her holiday wear on account of the Walsh County Agricultural exposi tion, which was held on the sth, Gth and 7th. The fair grounds were nicely laid out on the west side of the city, occupying ten acres, which were inclosed with a high board fence. Tbe agricultural hall is built something on the plan of the St. Paul fair building, only not so large, and is a very neat structure. The race course is one of the finest in the North, it being a half mile. The sheds and booths are all well built, and on the whole is ai great investment /for the city. There weire lare;e delegation's here from the sivfrounding country and also from^Brarto to Neche. The Minto and Park §irver fire companies were here to I contest with our two hose companies for a fine trumpet. A large number of blooded stock was on exhibition, and fast trotters of the Northwest were here. On the Vf hole the exposition was a grand success in every way. A Harmonious Gathering* Special to the Globe. Gbafton, Oct B.— The Twentieth legis lative convention met in this city and nomi nated the following ticket, which is the same one the Farmers' alliance nominated at Conway last Saturday. For the council, Roger Allin, of Walsh county; for the house, Donald Stewart, of Walsh county, and H. M. Creel, of Ramsey. Walsh county, being; the senior county, was en titled to two legislators. It "was a very harmonious gathering. County treasurer Sandages sold all the delinquent taxes this week, -which, was very large. Pennington County Democrats. Special to the Globe. Rapid City, Dak., Oct. B.— Pen nington county Democratic convention nom inated the following ticket: For register of deeds, J. B. Gantz; sheriff, Robert Boyd; treasurer, John Kelliher; pro bate judge, Levi McGee; district attorney, superintendent of public instruction, W. H. Tompkins: surveyor, W. D. Kicker; assessor, L. C. Kyle; justice of the peace, Howard Worth. Resolutions were adopted strongly con demning the Republican administration of county affairs, and demanding a change. Pennington county is looked upon as relia bly Republican by about ] three hundred majority, but the Democrats propose to make the hottest tight o.i record, and shrewd guessers say they will elect their candidates for register, sheriff and treas urer. Gantz. the candidate • for register of deeds, is one of the hardest and most skill ful workers in the territory and will proba bly carry the day, as he did two years ago. Kicking Asuinwt Creel. Special to the Globe. Devil's Lake, Dak.,: Oct. — There is great dissatisfaction over the legislative candidacy of Creel in ? : this district. The Inter-Ocean vigorously | opposes him and calls upon law-abiding citizens to aid in his defeat. It supports D. W. Ensign for the place. Telegrams were received here to-day pledging the support of- all the newspapers in the district for Ensign. The Democratic convention meets to-morrow and probably will indorse him, although he is a Repub lican. Democrats Hopeful. Special to the Globe. . Jamestown, Oct. S. — The straight Re publican county ticket nominated here Wednesday in a hard- fought convention, will undoubtedly bp contested by an inde pendent ticket, cons posed of candidates who did not take part in the convention itself, but who have worked unremittingly., for the offices named. This : ticket will be led •by Sheriff McKechin, who desires a renomina ; : tion; William Mansfield, a strong man, for county treasurer; ? Thomas - Bowditch for ST. PAUL; SATURDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 9, iBBd— TWELVE PAGES. auditor, and P. 11. Foley for superintend, eat of schools, and perhaps others. The political surface is not a mirror of smooth ness, and talks of trading and knifing are heard with considerable frequency. The Democrats are hopeful, and it is said a number of that ticket are willing to expend something more than time between now aud election. A LonK Contest. Special to the Globe. » Yanktox, Dak., Oct. B.— The legisla tive district comprising the counties of Bon Homme, Charles Mix and Douglas con cluded their work last night at midnight, being iv session since Tuesday morning, by nominating T. O. Bogert, of Bon Homme. for the council, and J. 6. Jones, of Charles Mix. for the house. The con vention was held at Armour. Three hun dred and fifty-three tie ballots were taken, when the matter was referred to a referee, who cast the deciding ballots. Dakota Educators. Sneoial to the Globe. Fargo, Dak., Oct. B.— Superintendent of Schools Gleason has secured a rare corps of distinguished educators to take part in the Cass county Institute, to commence at Fareo next Monday, and to hold till Friday night. Among these are Prof. Mc- Cleary, of Mankato; Prof. J. H. Ca-rol, of Stillwater; Dr. Cowen, assistant super intendent of public instruction of Dakota: Prof. Rose, of Fargo, and Mrs. T. H. Kalston, said to be the most accomplished singer in Dakota. The energetic superin tendent means to make it a great success. TERRITORIAL, TIDBITS. Notes of Interest to the People of Dakota. The Sioux Falls Argus, the only Democratic daily iv the South, is somewhat disappointed that the Aberdeen convention did not take • emphatic ground in favor of admission as a whole. It says: "The sentiment of the con vention as between division and admission as a whole was almost unanimously in favor of the latter view. But the fight came upon the different methods of reaching that result. One portion of the convention was ardently in favor of a positive declaration. Another thought best to let tbe great people of the territory say what they thought about the matter. The latter view was adopted, and upon that issue will the campaign be fought." The Argus also says the Democrats were con fident that the people would pronounce at the ballot box for one undivided state. The Columbia Sentinel is a Republican paper, but does not put up Gifford's name, ana talks in this way of him; "There are scores of men in the southern portion of the territory who are better qualified to represent Dakota in the halls of cougress; but the divialonlsts down there were afraid to put forward any other man themselves, or allow anybody else to do no, lest Gifford might secure strength enough to divide the southern vote, and allow the central or northern portion to name a man better qualified by ability and intention to represent the people, but who could not be handled by the poli ticians who want office through division. Gifford is too small a man to properly ap preciate the situation, and, from his action, evidently considers himself the greatest man in the Northwest, instead of the child of circumstances and the tool of a corrupt parcel of politicians." The effort of some of the Republican divis ion papers to make out that both parties took similar ground in their recent conven tions on the division question, is a partisan perversion of the facts. The Tankton con vention had a small majority of extremists, a»d they used their power relentlessly to put the party on a square out,unequivocal division platform, even denying the minority a reso lution in favor of submitting the question to a vote of the people. On the other hand, the Democrats at Aberdeen had a strsng majority in favor of admission as one state, and it was simply a matter of courtesy to the minority who favored division that they did not insist upon the passage of the resolutions declaring against division. There has never been » vote of the people of the territory on the sub ject, and when an expression in favor of that was asked for, there could be no reasonable objection. No good Democrat could oppose giving the people a chance to determine the matter in a manner that would leave bo doubt as to their wishes. A compromise was had upon the Hill bill, which allow* a se»a rate expression of each section of the terri tory. If a majority in both North and South favor division, this would be a finality so far as a policy could originate in the territory. Nothing was to be gained by forcing the minority upon an anti-division platform, and the desired result could be attained without. The North was certain to vote a big majority against division, and it was doubtful if even the South would be decisively in favor of separation. By leaving the question to a settlement by the Hill bill, the admission of one big state would be most likely to be at tained, and at the earliest feasible time. There is nearly as much complaint of ex orbitant freight rates on the railroads in South as in North Dakota. The Pierre Signal gays it costs one bushel of wheat to get an other from Hughes county to market. On certain classes of goods, it says, the tariff from Chicago to St. Paul is 10 cents a hun dred, and from Chicago to Pierre, 200 miles further, it is $1.20. With such inequality it is not surprising that the people are willing to forget politics to secure legislators who will exhaust their powers to remedy this ruinous oppression. It may be taken as a fact that the coming legislature will be In the interest of the producers. The Fargo Daily Sub, the only daily in the North which claims to be Democratic, and whose editor was one of the excluded dele gates from Cass county, bolts the nomination of Mr. Day, advises all Democrats to scratch his name f rem their tickets and refuse to hear bim when be visits that section, which he is expected to do very soon. Those who follow this course will hardly be in the range of federal patronage, as Mr. Day, it is believed, will have a hand on the ladle. The represen tatives of the element that did get seats at Aberdeen will make an effort to hnve no vacant chairs whan Mr. Day shall speak in Fargo. It is believed that only one of the members of the last legislature from the North will get back there this winter. This is Uncle Donald Stewart, an old Scotchman from Waish couDty, who was regarded as a crank by the commercial politicians, as ho would not ride on a railroad pass — would rather walk— and would not sing with his jovial con federates, "There Is a Hole in the Bottom of the Sea," or any of their favorite hymns. He was nominated by both the farmers' and Re publican conventions, and probably will not be opposed by the Democrats. Farmer Oliver, the Lisbon statesman, who was the alleged father of important measures in the interest of wheat growers in tbe last legislature, has only a fighting chance to get back. His friends held a separate conven tion at Valley City, Wednesday, as they feared Maj. Butts and bis crowd bad got possession of the regular one. Oliver and Butts are rival chieftains and both have just harvested big crops of wheat, which they can turn in to fight each other. There ought to be a good show for the Democrats in that district, with two Republican tickets in the field. This reference to tbe recent appointment of attorney general by tbePlerrsPress is a sample of the Republican division press in regard to it: "As >ir. Eugleis a rabid anti-Ji vision Dem ocrat, it can readily be seen that our Repub lican (?) governor is using the influence of his office to further the interest* of the Dem ocracy. Something of this kind was to have been expected." The governor may as well go ou and fill all the territorial positions at his disposal with Democrat*. He has little further to hope for from the Republicans. It was announced some time since that the Yankton Press and Dakotaian had ceased to take Associated Press dispatches after having had them a half dozen years or more. Now the other daily at Yankton, the Telegram, published by ex-Gov. Pennington, announces its suspension as a daily. Yanktoa is a growing, ambitious town and It cannot well afford to allow its dailies to be starred out, but it is true that few of the daily papers in Dakota are doing more than paying expenses. His recent appointment of Geesge S. Bngle, a Democrat ami strong^anti-divislonist. as at torney general, leads the Mitchell Repub lican, whose editor has been a personal and political friend of Gov. Pierce, to say that "he is in process of transition from Repub licanism to Democracy." Some of the friends of the governor excuse the appointment on the grouad that no capable Republican could afford to take the position for tbe abort time he would probably bold It. Tbe Democrats are making the point upon the Yankton platform that it contains nothing in the interest of the farmers — does not pro pose any reduction of taxation or relief from the oppressive burdens of extravagant railroad rates. The farmers are comparing notes, and more alive to their interests than ever before. They mean to be heard in the next legislature, whateYW becomes of any political party. The St. Thomas Times. In Pemblna county, supports Glfford warmly on the theory that the Yankton couTention, "by not declaring for division, practically Indorsed tho admin istration as a whole scheme." Some hnvo supposed that one of the resolution* of that body leaned rather strongly toward divlo nu, and that the majority of that conven lion \^We afraid to trust the people t« Tote ou the sub ject. The impression has gone out, nn.l Is bring actively circulated by the division lßta, that the Aberdeen contention declared in fav< ■ of division. This is aot true, in fact, nor Is it a legitimate inference from the nomination of Mr. Day, who has favored division. The Democrats stand upon the ol«l Don das ground of popular sovereignty, and arc will ing- to trust the people on thU aaU all otbtx questioas. It is surprising to nete the number of Re publican papers in the North tbat are silent in regard to the nomination of Giflord. Even the rampant Dev.l's Lake Inter-Ocean lias not a word of approval of t ha sitting member, but cays of the nomination at Aberdeen: "M . H. Day, nominated br the Democrats for dele gate to congress, is one of the brightest men in that party. Day is a worker, and will poll a large vote." At the boring for natural gas near Fargo, when the larger machinery was put up, anew and larger hole was commeaced with an eight inch tube. Tbe past week the Irst gas wa« struck at seventy-niae feet. The large bore and powerful machinery indicate fit-eat confi dence in tbe success of the enterprise It is believed that a vein of coal struck will prove to be valuable. According to the Hunter Eye, In Cftss county, the prosperous farmer. Will Carter, skipped the country, leaving only mortgaged proporty for a great number of creditors. He toek bis wheat to Minneapolis and sold it for some three or four thousand dollars, and is supposed to have % on© to England to surprise his friends at his prosperity In the new world. As the platform of the Republioan conven tion at Yankton is generally published in Da kota papers, It pronounces tbe defeat of the Morrison bill| in the bouse of representatives a blow at civil liberty. It is probable that reference is had to the Harrison bill admit ting tbe little state machine gotten up by the Republican party, a thing so dead that not even a political earthquake could move it. Tbe exercises at the morning worship in tbe church at Mellette, in Splnk county, last Sunday were made attractive by tbe publica tion of tbe verdict in tbe secret church trial of C. C. Elliott, on charges brought by Mrs. Stebbins. Mr. Elliott was found guilty and a dangerous man to fellowship with the sisters. He was suspended. As an illustration that Judge GifTonl is too near-sighted for a good politician, when be saw the band from his own town at Yankton and heard them play, he complimented them as being one of th? finest bands he had ever seen and inquired if they resided at Yankton. If it had bueu the Cantou female band it is believed he would have recognized it. The anti-diviiion Republicans in the cen tral regions who were dissatisfied at the result in Yankton will generally vote for Gifford under protest, as they were disappointed that the Aberdeen convention did not make an issue on the division question, and especially as the nominee has been active as a divis ionist. At tbe recent census at Standing Bock there were counted 4,60$ Indians. Of these 1,211 were men; 1,582 women; 908 boys, and 847 girls. It will be noted that while there are about one-fifth more women than men, the boys outnumber the girls very materially. This affords another illustration of the effort of nature to equalize the sexes in Dakota. In most of the counties that appeared at Aberdeen with contesting delegations, there seems a disposition to keep up the division aad run two tickets for local officers. On neither of them has the party ever made a respectable showing in numbers, and they are not goed party men if they do not now unite and try to count in the returns. A younjt farmer in Brown county was so elated over his nomination for a county office on the alliance ticket that be at once ordered two dozen fin,; shirts made, to be worn when be enters upon his office at the county seat. It i& allegeo that he will have no occasion to wear them officially. I The Mitchell Republican claims reliable In formation that Gor. Pierce is to appoint Mr. Bojnton, of Lennoi, on the railroad commis sion in place of one of the members who is to resign. In view of the fact tbat the Demo cratic platform denounces that board, it would be uncomfortable for a Democrat to be a minority member of it. A lady in Brown county lately had her ap plication for final proof on a homestead returned with this indorsement: Rejected for the reason that the party having married since making :the original entry, has there by forfeited her right to perfect entry, subject to appeal withia thirty days. Among the features of the canpalgn in ; Cass county, it is charged that the young and agile superintendent of schools charged for 13,000 miles of travel tbe past year, and that the greater part of the travel yas due to vis its to a charming lady teacher in the country, who is his "best girL It is a great disappointment to La Moure tbat the junction of the Northern Pacific and i Northwestern is made at Oakes, only five miles away, and a new town is to be built thore. At the first sale of lots at Oakes last week seventy were sold, the lowest bringing $160. A lively town will evidently grow up there very rapid! y . As illustrative of the versatility of tbe Da kota politician, it is stated tbat an attorney in Pemkina county, now a candidate on the Democratic ticket, two years ago named his only son James 6. Elaine. He now calls him GiHesple, and don't care to refer to the rest of his name. The local papers mention that Dr. Durksen, who was recently killed by lightning in Tur ner county, was In great financial distresa, his farm having been sold on a mortgage and be ordered to leave it. It is thought he was more than willing to have his troubles ended in this way. There is an unusual amount of sickness in Dakota at present, mostly malarial and typhoid fever. It is attributed to the drouth and scarcity of good water. If heavy rains do not fall before winter it is feared the eiok ness will become still more prevalent. Dairymen in the Missouri river region state that since the frost has stopped the young grass from growing and cows have only the dry buffalo and other grasses to eat, tbe quantity of milk has greatly increased, with a much larger relative yield of cream. Pierre is anxious to have Judge McConnell's recent decision tbat only tbe lands belonging to the railroads used for railroad purposes, extended to tbat district, as the Northwestern owns 200 acres of valuable property in that city on which it claims exemption. SThe Pierce Signal regards the members of c railroad commission as men of rare faith. It says they passed through that place on a special train at midnight recently and didn't see or hear any cause of complaint. Prob ably they were asleep. The engineers have completed the survey of a brunch of tbe Manitoba railroad from Hope, in Stesle county, northwest some forty five miles to a point in Nelson county. It is stated tbat the road will be built early in tbe spring. Col. J. B. Edwards has issued the first num ber of his Spirit of the West at Grand Forks. It is a rattling Democratic sheet, and has an almost boundless lirld, as there are but one or two Desocratlo papers north of it in Dakota. The absurdity of tbe claim that the Repub licans are united m favor of division is ap parent when it is not«d that they admit tbat uearly or quite a majority of their territorial committee is opposed to division. The territorial board of health, in pursu ance of law, has ordered the killing of diseased cattle, but the law does not provide I for any paymoat to the owners and suits will result from the n»atter. Tons McConnell in his disgust over tbe fail ure of the Campbell movement sold out his paper, the Prairie Henae. and the name bas been changed to Carthage News. Mr. Me- Connell is still very ill. A district attorney in Stutsman county gives his opinion that tbe congressional act limiting expenditures to 4 per cent, of the valuation does not apply to current expenses of the ceunty. A veterinary surgeon recentlyfound twenty two glaadsred horses in two or three oentral counties, and ordered them killed. This fatal disease seems to be quite common of late. Some suppose there is no precedent for the scarcity of water lv some northerly sections, but tradition recalls a much dryer time in 1863, but not much water was needed tken. Spink ceunty is entering upon another red hot county seat fight. It is not likely, how ever, that tbe militia will be called into ser vice again to keep the peace. Armour, in Douglas ceunty, lately indulged in bonfires, anvil Bring and carmine painting generally over the opening of the railroad to tbat point. The foundries at Yankton use flax waste for fuel, and report it satisfactory and a (Treat deal cheaper than coal. A THANKLESS TASK. The Heroio Work of the Democratic Candidate for Delegate at the Capitol City. * ■ • ~ ;: ■■• His Labor, Though Pro Bono Publico, not Appreciated by Many in His Own Party. Congressman Hill Expresses Himself as Still Favoring Admission and Division. Stogie Says Day's Nomination Doesn't Mean Division— Sparks and the Candidates. Day's Work at Washington. Special to the Globe. Washington, Oct. B.— The result of the nomination of Hon. M. H. Day, by the Democratic congressional convention, is al ready apparent here. Cases are being pre pared for action in the interior and post office departments. There have been no recommendations yet received from Mr. Day in any of these cases, but they are ex pected. The territorial appointment clerk for the post office department says: Mr. Day became disgusted with the oppo sition of the Democratic factions, and he left Washington last spring without making any indorsements for appointments to vacancies the a existing. He has declined to have any thing to do with any of the pending: cases since then. They * are hanging fire, and will be until he gets ready to dispose of them. In reply to an inquiry as to the meaning of all this, Mr. Haynie said: You know that Mr. Day has always been our referee. The department has recognized no one else. He has always been prompt and careful, and sagacious, in making: recom mendations. He stopped because he re garded it as a thankless job, and one which brought to him only the quarrels and bicker ings of Jealous men. Now that his party has chosen him as its standard-bearer, he will be more than ever their representative man: and it will be necessary for him to again assume the task of selecting good men to fill vacancies Is not that an arbitary power to be conferred upon one man? • "Not necessarily so. Dakota has no Demo cratic representative in congress, and we must have a Democratic referee. We cannot decide which one of a dozen applicants for an office is the right man to appoint. The rep resentative man for a territory or congres sional district practically decides for us by making a suitable recommendation." "But how does your referee know whom to recommend? Is ho not an autocrat?" "Not if he be honest, and he usually is. He refers to the known representative men in the counties and townships. He knows those men and they know him. They make the first recommendation, and our referee in dorses the men who are thus practically se lected by the people in their own little village or hamlet." "Still, It seema strange that all these mat ters are referred to one man." "But if you were to be on the Inside, and gee bow it facilitates the work, and assists the clerks in keeping pace with the hundreds of thousands of papers which accumulate on their desks, you would know that the entire matter is pro bono publico, and not for tbe benefit of any one autocratic man. There can be no autocracy In this country." HILL'S SENTIMENTS. Ho Continues to Favor the Division of the Territory. Special to th 9 Globe. Washington, Oct. 8. — In the little lunch room in the basement of the great railroad hotel at Cumberland, Md., Con gressman Hill, of Ohio, submitted to an interview between bites of bread and sips of buttermilk. ~ The congressman who -is doing so much for Dakota and the corre spondent of the people's paper were unani mously economical both of time and lucre, hence they chanced to meet while occupy ing the "twenty minutes for supper," which the railroad allowed. In reply to interrogatories, hastily put and as hurriedly answered, Mr. Hill said: . I am more than ever in favor of the division and admission of Dakota. My friends bad told me much, by letter and in conversation; and I had tried to read exhaustively of the Northwestern empire. But like Sankey's song, "The Half Has Never Been Told." My visit to Dakota, In August, was a trip to wonderland. The people are princes. Their country Is imperial both in extent and wortn. The little that I had tried to do for them was understood and more than appreciated. They treated me royally; and made me feel that. my labors in their behalf had been almost Herculean. What I had done was done from a sense of right. Their appreciation seemed to magnify it almost into the domain of the heroic. If my feeble efforts to assist them in securing their rights can be so warmly appre ciated, surely their magnanimous and unex pected kindness demands of me more earnest and tireless labor hereafter. I shall cer tainly take great pleasure in speaking and doing for them. No, my own people do not upbraid me for that work. They uphold ma and sanction my continued advance In that direction. In nothing hitherto have I much felt that labor is its own reward, .", Doesn't mean Division* Special to the Globe. Washington, Oct. B.— ln a letter writ ten since the Aberbeen convention. Hon. George S. Enjle says: The nomination of Day doesn't mean divis- ' ion. A majority of the Democratic party is opposed to division. We nominated Day be cause he is a good Democrat and a strong worker, but it must not be supposed that we indorse division. We would regard division &3 a calamity to the South as well as the North. We want to retain our empire undi vided. Sparks Loves Neither. Special to the Globe. Washington, Oct. — Commissioner Sparks, is not pleased with the nomination of either Day or Gifford. Each of those gentlemen has labored with him for hours and days, to make him see the error of his ways. Gifford once told him that God knows all things and therefore knows more than Sparks; and that made the commis sioner jealous. Under the circumstances it would be unfair to expect Sparks to love either of these men. _• Aberdeen. Special to the Globe. Aberdeen, Oct. 8. — A new telegraph wire from Minneapolis, over the Chicago, Milwau kee & St. Paul railway, is now in course of construction, and will be completed to this city this week . It is expected that curs will be running into Aberdeen over the new ex tension of the Manitoba road from Campbell by the last of this month W. P. Butler left this city yesterday to locate towns near Aber deen on the Aberdeen, Pierre & Fergus Falls road. . . . J. Ross Grove, of New York, is start- Ing fifteen new tenement houses under the management of J. M. Lawson, of this city.. . . G. E. Simpson, superintendent of telegraph of the Milwaukee road, spent Wednesday in this city. . . .Three sisters of charity from Fargo arrived here Tuesday. They are going to teach school in the Catholic church. The citizens donated enough money to furnish a dwelling house for thorn W. £ Swan is again drilling out the railroad artesian well. The drill is down 800 feet, and there is quite a flow of water now. Grand Forks. Special to the Glooc. Grand Forks, Dak., Oct. B.— Grading on the Minneapolis & Pacific is nearly com pleted and the \ tracklayers will soon be at work, and . will finish it in double-quick time. .Wheat is coming in slowly, owing to the extremely low prices, 53 cents being the market price for the best grade. . . .The nom ination of M. H. Day gives universal satis faction in this part of the territory, and , be will poll the full party vote, with a large in crease over any former Democratic nominee for that position . . . The Walker saw mill has put in anelectrio light, and will sooa run a night crew the balance ol the season Mrs. H. J. Bphraim, wife of our prominent cloth ier, died <of - heart disease, and her remains were sent to Chicago for interment The injunction against the city in regard to : the Dakota avenue crossing by Judge McCaupull was sustained,' and the crossing ordered closed until the fall term of the court decides the ' Question . . .Secretary McCormacJc spent a few days at home this week, and returned to Bismarck yesterday.... Miss Jones, of Belleville, Ont., who has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Bleecker, the past year, returned to her home. Refore going she was presented with a handsome gold ring by the members of the Methodist church, in appreciation of musical services rendered during her stay h«re The fall term of tha university of North Dakota opened with a larger attend ance than ever, and bids fair to be one of tbe leading educational Institutions of the North west Al Hunter has gone to lowa for another car of draught horses.. ..K. B. Noyes and Doo Herrlman have gone West on a wild goose chase, and if geese are not too high, will bring home quite a number.... Mrs. H. B. Weller, of Mllbank, Ont., daughter of Dr. E. H. Herrlman, is spending a few weeks in our city E. P. Gates, president of the Mer chants bank, has returned from an extended Western trip jiuch improved in health.... Mrs. Walter Bissell, of Neenah, Wis., is visit ing her parents, Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Board man. Fargo. Special to the Globe. Fakgo, Oct. B.— The family of Gen. W. T. Clark expect to leave Fargo early in Novem ber to resume their residence in Washington. They will be greatly missed in Fargo. . . .Ex- Mayor Johnson has given up attempting to run for office, and is completing arrange ments to take his family to Honduras. A small colony is to go with them.... Miss Ada Knowles, the sweet singer of the Presbyterian choir, and general of the broom brigade, has returned to New York, after a sojourn of two years in Fargo. It is believed she will return to make bright a new household.... Tbe old court bouse has been sold to the Y. M. C. A., and will be moved to Front stre et and refitted for their use... .Judge T. L. Con nella, the city editor of the Republican, has surprised those who supposed that he was an invulnerable bachelor by marrying an amia ble and accomplished young lady — a mate of his boyhood days, whom he had not seen for six years— in the rioinity of Louisville, Ky. Few have more friends in Fargo than the judge, and a most generous welcome awaits him and his fair bride on their ar rival from their nuptial tour.... The Argus states that plans have been drawn for the erection of $100,000 worth of buildings within easy stone's throw of the new three-story Argus block. Mr. Do Len drecie is reported to have bought the Park hotel, and will put up a 100-foot front, four story block. It is hoped the unsightly ruins of the burned Sherman house will be covered next season. The indications are that next year Fargo will take a new start. . . .Localpol itics are heating up as the weather grows cooler, and it is given out that the Republi cans will tramp the county with an oratori cal hippodrome — a new departure and indica tive of apprehension ...The only light for the street has been furnl9hed by the electric towers and a few lamps. The past few nights the motive power has been out of order, and the streets dismally dark. The oouncil is considering propositions to give the lighting business to the pas company. . . .The Argus expects to move its composing and press de partment into the basement of the new block the coming week. . . . A new insurance com pany is on foot, to take the place of the one captured by Sioux Falls. Jamestown. Special to the Globe. Jamestown, Dak., Oct. B.— The Casgrill Elevator company has made Spiritwood its sta tion, in this county, a lively point for farmers the past two weeks. They have advanced the price some 5 cents over the price at James town, and the private firm of Eagan & Gleason came to the scratch and still seems to stick. Farmers hauled wheat for thirty miles to get this advance. Among the other induce ments coal has been reduced to $7 pej ton. The big and little companies are bard at it, and farmers seem to get the best of the deal. So long as the small firm can stand it* it would seem to be a good thing. ... A move is now being developed in this city by business men and property-owners to secure the right of way from this place to Edgeley, La Moure county, where the Milwaukee road has stopped in its extension northward. The Lloyds, among the heaviest investors in Da kota, are interested in this movement. Should the effort be successful, this inducement will be offered the railroad company as an incentive to hasten operations.... The Jamestown band is determined to be heard once more and efforts to thoroughly equip it are being made by liberal business men. . . .Prairie fires are burning constantly, but so far losses of property have not proved serious. Farmers are generally taking some pains to protect themselves with sufficient fire breakers. The town of Dickey had a nar row escape last week f rom a fire. A lumber yard caught fire in several places and the whole town turned out for defense. I. C. Wade lost an immense barn, four o bead of horses and some sixty tons of millet Wednes day by fire from beating and spontaneous combustion of the millet. He was insured for some $2,500 on stock, machinery and farm produce. Walipoton. Special to the Globe. Wahpetov, Oct. 8. — The directors of the Farmers' Mutual Hail Insurance company of Rlchland county, met at the court house In Wahpeton to levy the assessment to meet the hail losses for 1886. The secretary reported asfollow3: Membership, 129; acres insured, 12,950; assessable notes, $3,885; membership fees, $245; losses allowed in full, $489.24; salaries, printing, etc., $330.25. An assess ment of 4% cents per acre fully covers all costs. This is a very successful attempt at home insurance. It was also resolved to in clude fire insurance the oomiag winter.... ,Mr. Vangsness, of Walcott township. Rich land county, from 14 acres raised 518 bushels »o- 1 wheat, or an average of exactly 37 bushels per acre; also on the ssme farm a fI«W of 86 acres yielded 1,300 bushels, ma chine measure, or an average of 36% bushels per acre. Ellendale. Special to tho Globe. Ellbndale, Dak., Oct. B.— TbeDemocratfo convention for the nomiaation of candidates for county offices will be held in Ellendale next Saturday. . . .The commodious residence ot T. C. Rice, on the corner of Second street and Second avenue, is nearly completed.... A hunting party from Frederick shot eighty jreeseintwo days on the James river Prairie fires illumine the skies in every direc tion at night and darken the days with smoke. The destruction to property, however, is not so great as that of last year An Eastern party is negotiating for the purchase of four lots on Main street, adjoining the Leader office, upon which he intends to erect a trst class hotel A drove of 200 horses from Washington Territory were recently unloaded at this point. Deadivood, Special to the Globe. Deadwood, Dak., Oct. B.— Tbe grand Jury for the present term of the district court was charged recently by Judge Church, after which the supremo court conveued, all tbe justices being present Judge Thomas has taken his seat on the supreme bench, making that body for the first time Democratic . . . Judge Gifford is in the city and will deliver addresses in several of the Black Hills' towns before he leaves. Rrafton. Special to the Globe. Grafton, Dak., Oct. B.— Clerk of the Court Merriman returned from the territorial Dem ocratic convention on Sunday. . . .Toe Graf ton guards expect to be mustered in in about two weeks, there being a vacancy in the depart ment The Grafton cornet band is now managing tbe Grand opera roller rink....T. Sullivan, of Minto, has entered into partner ship with C. L. Prince, of this city, and their intention is to open up a pork packing estab lishment her*. _ Tbe extract from the letter written by Con gressman Hill, smco his return to Ohio from bis Dakota visit, which was published in the Globe, is giving the Campbell faction, which had been petting and patting him, sour stom achs. The Yankton Telegram, the home of Campbell, says: "Mr. Hill now says he would not vote to admit South Dakota until North Dakota shall give a majority vote for our ad mission, and it is but reasonable to conjec ture that Mr. Hill does not anticipate any Buch vote. Mr. Hill has professed great friendship for Dakota, and declared unre servedly in favor of admission and division in his Dakota speeches, and then goes back east and attaches impossible conditions to hia plans that effectually defeats the whole thing. If the sentiments attributed to him be true, it is difficult to see that he is a much better man than Senator Vest. Good-bye, Mr. Hill." The statement that Mr. Hill at any time while in Dakota declared himself in favor of division, except as an acceptance of the will of the majority of the people of both sections expressed at the ballot box, is not true. Correspondents have attributed to him what he did not say on this subject. He is willing to admit Dakota as one or two States, just as the people vote. NO. 2 8 2 THE PEOPLE WITH HIM. Voters of Dakota Desire a Chance to Be Heard on the Question of Division, And Will Indorse the Democratic Platform by Casting Their Ballots for M. H. Day. Mr. Gilford's Phlegmatic Disposition and Optical Defects Unlit Him lor Delegate. Mr. Day a Typical Rustler, Wb.4 Would Make Himself Felt at the Capital. The Dakota Campaign. Special to the Globe. Aberdeen", Dak., Oct. 8. — Aberdeen has been made the seat of war, the bead* quarters of the Democratic executive com mittee of the territory. Commodious quar ters have been rerted, and by the time tha Globe reaches its thousands of readers in all portions of Dakota and the Northwest a corp3 of efficient clerks and a special tele graph operator will be busily engaged or ganizing the Democratic forces of Dakota and marching with resistless force on the 55,000 Republican majority of two years ago. Hon. M. H. Day, the nominee foi delegate to congress, ia a tower of strength, and the people, regardless of party ties, who are tired of being represented in con gress by men who cannot make their ability apparent, aye. who appear to dwindle lnt« insignificance among statesmen of even mediocre ability, are flocking to the stan dard of M. H. Day, as a man for whom it is a greater credit to vote than for the pres ent representative of a half million intelli gent people. Not only is Mr. Day incom parably stronger individually than Gifford, but he better represents the wishes, the ideas and and the character of the Dakota people. Day is a tireless worker, FULL OF VIM AND LIFE. and intelligence, bright and active, an d, in short, is a typical representative of the western colloquialism, "rustler." Gifford is poky, slow, hard of hearing and near sighted, qualities that go to make up emi nent respectability as a grandpa or justice of the peace, but operate sadly to the dis advantage of a people who must depend upon them for valuable services m the United States congress as it is constituted in this rapid age. Not to say that Gifford is not a good man, but to affirm that be is out of place as the representative of th« great territory of Dakota, which is true. Again, Mr. Gifford is not the candidate oi the people of Dakota, but of a class which has assumed the prerogative of dictating. By this is meant that the action of the Yankton convention, which nominate*} him, was not representative in its charac ter, but was by means of proxies, (tha bane of political conventions) controlled bj the rank division ists. the Campbell-state hood element, and the gag law was en forced on Central and North Dakota with promptness and efficiency. Fearful thai some loophole would be left whereby NORTH DAKOTA POLITICIANS would get the start of them, these over anxious divisionists determined to "push the medicine home," and the momentum of this determination carried them a league too far. For instance, on the question of division members of the party from North and Central Dakota desired that this, a purely local matter, be submitted to tha people of the whole territory for decision and desired to substitute the plank for di vision by a plank providing for an expres sion of the will «f the people as to the con ditions under which they desire to be ad mitted into the Union. This was promptly "knocked out" by the Gifford crowd, who, counting on the blind allegiance of a ma jority party, had the supreme temerity to assume the position of Vanderbilt, in that they thus implied "the people be d d: we are running the machine." As may be inferred, the people generally do not de serve to be treated in that way, even by a Republican convention. Mr. Day's atti tude is entirely different. While he frankly admits that he, Individually, believes di vision desirable, he has yet traveled over the territory to know and respect the opm ions of a growing class in Central and North Dakota who desire admission as on<i great and influential state. MR. DAY'S POSITION. "There is no doubt," Mr. Day said to your correspondent yesterday, "that the rapid set tlement of Central Dakota has done much tc stimulate a feeling of opposition to division throughout the North, and the only equitable way I see of settling tbe question is to submit it to a rote of all the people to be affected and let the majority, whichever way It maj decide, be tbe rule of action for congress. and," he continued, * - I believe congress woulc act as a majority of the people of tbe terri tory unmistakably indicated their own wishes in the premises. So far as I am concerned, what is good enough for the people of Da kota is good enough for me." The convention that nominated Mr. Day was overwhelmingly in favor of submitting the proposition to the people, because of the manifest fairness to all sections inher ent in a right to be heard in a matter affect ing them and the undoubted prerogative of the majority to rule. The convention se lected Mr. Day, knowing that in his repre sentative capacity he would be as he has always been, true to the tenets of his party; that if elected he would secure the passage of a law authorizing and providing the means of an election by the people to decide which of the various propositions for statehood they desire. NOT A DrVISIONIST VTCTOKR. His nomination was not in any sense a victory for the division element and no sensible, well-informed man can eiaim it as such with any leason except upon the unsupported presumption that the majority of the voters will favor it when they come to vote on the proposition. Those who claim Mr. Day's nomination as a victory for division and a preconcerted plan for that element, fail to recognize the fact that when Mr. Day arrived in Aberdeen he was first, last and all the time in favor of Hon. M. L. McCormack, of Grand Forks, for the nomination, and to the knowledge of over one hundred delegates he, with several oth ers, labored over thres hours with Mr. Mc- Cormack to induce him to run, and Mr. Mc- Cormack is not famous f*r being a very strong divisionist. Mr. McCormack could have been nominated on the first ballot, but would not permit his name to be used. Hence Mr. Day became the candidate, and he is eoiug to make a pretty torrid cam paign because the people are with him. The publication in the Globe of Mr. Hill's position ami the provision of his bill requir ing an affirmative vote, both North and South, on the division question, appears to have struck many as a revelation. They don't seem to have been aware that the Ohio gen« tlcraan held any such ground. Some wh< spread palms in his path on his recent visit, would not now even offer to "set up th< drinks" for trim. But Democrats generallj understood his position, and for that reasoa indorsed his bill. No intelligent person honestly believes the North will ever vote foi division. It is asserted that not a single con< vsntion of either party in that section hot declared for division, and very few of eithel party will favor it The fact that Gen. Allen was understood to be a divisieaisl was th« chief reason that he had so little active sup port in the North. The Columbia Tribune in Brown county bolts the nomination of Gifford. It says: * 'The political shysters, of Republican per suasion, of South Dakota are opposed to sub mitting the matter of division to the whole territory. The election of Gifford will be heralded all over the United States as a dec laration in favor of division. Republicans who are opposed to division, cannot vote for him. A man who cannot go outside of his own party to vote for his own interests is a fool. Two courses are opea to aati-divi sionists. They caa put up a^Kepnnlican can didate entertaining their views or they oaa support the Democratic aominee."