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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, October 16, 1886, Image 1

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VOL. Yin.
As Practiced By the Wheat
Ring Monopoly.
Grinding the Lifa Blood Out
of the Farmers.
Workings of the Millers' As
sociation Now Known
As the Millers' Union and
Wheat Pool.
McGill as the Tool and Puppet of
the Eingsters.
a. Cry From the Wheat Growers
for Deliverance.
Price of Wheat Regulated By the
Millionaire Sharks.
Royal Ovations Tendered Ames at
Elk River and Anoka.
A Foul monopoly.
The nomination of A. R. McGill was j
Drought about solely by the powerful influ- I
ence of the wheat riug. This wealthy
pool had gone carefully over the field and |
made its seleotion of a man best suited to
iis purpose, and A. K. McGill is the man.
C. A. Gilman and J, L. Gibbs were kuowa
to have the interests of the farmer at heart, j
but A. R. McGill was known to have no !
regard for the agricultural interests of the
state, and was accordingly selected as the
tool and puppet of the wheat ring. He |
will be the clay and the members of the j
wheat pool the potters, to fashion him to |
their own ideas. If. by any calamity. Me. j
Gill should be elected governor, his official )
acts and official appointments will be die- |
tated by the members of the wheat pool,
to wholn he will owe everything. The cry j
groins out from the wheat growers of the
state is not an idle one. They have felt
the power of the gigantic monopoly which j
has crushed the pro tit out of wheat raising, j
and they cry now for deliverance from the J
insensate tool of the ring. The head and
front of the wheat ring in Minnesota !
is the milling firm of C. A. Pillsbury <k
Co., the heaviest flour millers in the world
■nd the leading millionaires in the North- I
west. The leadins spirits of this powerful j
firm are C. A. Pillabury and John S. Pills- j
bury. C. A. Pillsbnry and Johu j
S. * Pillsbury dictated t'-e nom
ination of A. E. McGill. With them
in influence was Loren Fletcher, another
aiillionaire miller, and no on© who at
tended the
sonventien in St. Paul can or will dare
ieny that through the exertions of C. A.
Pillsbury, Loren Fletcher aud Juhn S.
Pillsbury, the nomination of A. R. McGill
was accomplished. The voice of ihe
iarmer of the Northern part of the state,
represented through Knute Nelson by C.
A.. Gilman, was drowned in insulting jeers;
the cry of the agriculturist from the South
ern part of the state, in behalf of J. L.
Gibbs. was stifled with contempt, and the
nomination of Andrew R. McGill was con
summated by the wheat ring that for years
has dominated this state and built up that
giant. millionaire monopoly of mills
at the Falls of St. Anthony.
Against a member of this monop
oly Dr. Ames was pitted last
spring and triumphantly elected by au over
whelming majority: to-day Mayor Ames is
pitted against the monopoly itself, and his
victory will be just as signal. The farmers
of the state have rallied and united against
the wheat ring that has steadily been rob
bing them for years and now seeks to per
petuate its power by the election of its tool
and puppet, Andrew R. McGill. The cry
of robbery is no empty one. The career of
the Millers' association has been one long
system of robbery grinding the farmers
down to the lowest notch for wheat, com
pelling them to sell at once or take the al
ternative of the elevator charges all winter
and no better price in the spring. The plan
of the association, briefly described, was
this: All the territory tributary to Minne
apolis was laid out and called by them "our
territory," within which they fought out all
competitive buying aud paid the fa rmer for
bis wheat
At every station they kept an agent to do
their purchasing. Each day, after
tiie close of the market, the association de
termined what price they would pay next
lay, and so wired each buying agent. This
pr.ce, of course, was the lowest possible.
No other buyer was permitted in this terri
tory, as an example will show. Suppose
the" association had nxed the price at 53
cents and an outside buyer would appear at
Glencoe and offer 00 cents. The association
would instantly advance the price at Glen
coe to say 62 cents, so as to shut out this
buyer, and at the same time would make
a redaction at all other points, so the aver
age would cause them no loss. An outside
buyer could not afford to pay 62 cents and
would retire, whereupon the price would be
dropped immediately. If the farmer should
refuse to sell his wheat at association prices
and should ship it into Minneapolis for
sale, the buyer at that city would ask:
"Where did this wheat come from?"
"From Glencoe." *'We can't buy it;
Glencoe is in our territory." The result
wouid be the farmer must sell it at
a reduction to get rid of it.
In territory tributary to Minneapolis
alone and having no other outlet, the farmer
is compelled to sell wheat to the association
at its own figures, having no other alterna
tive. The re.-ult has been to build up the
Bulling millionaires of Minneapolis. Under
this arrangement the Millers' association
was enabled at one time to make a clear
profit or S3 on every barrel of flour made!
It is not surprising that the name of the
to the ears of the farmer. The association
became abhorred and feared wherever wheat
was grown for the market, and its methods
brought it into bad odor even at points
against which there was no discrimination.
jionticelio, Montevideo and Glencoe can tell
stories of the war of extermination waged
against it last year. The association exists
do longer, but in its stead the Millers" union
and the wheat pool have sprung up, with
C. A. Pillsbury & Co. at their head. Their
methods are even worse, and the cry of the
wheat grower is going ud on every hand.
From goud Republican sources come the
stories of the evils against the farmer,
caused by these wheat monopolies. The
Journal, of Minneapolis, which is now ad
vocating the election of the wheat pool's
candidate, published the following on
Sept. 7:
The grain business of the Northwest is
to-day practically under the control of one of
tbe most powerful pools ever organized. Some
WMka a.uo it was auuouoced that tbe Millers'
Association would be abandoned. It was
abandoned, but two others have arisen to
take its place. If any one imagines that tbe
rccuit is likely to be in any sense a benefit to
the producer it is to be feared bis hopes f o.-
I an improvement in this respect are not to be !
i realized. One of theso associations ig tho :
i Millers' union. It i 3 apparently a very iuno- !
: cent sort of a combination by which all the j
i millers ayree to buy ail their wheat together, i
at * uniform price, by sample, on 'chanyre, \
the total purchase of each day to be ilivi.i !
among: the various wills according to their <
nee.ls. These purchases are made by two i
■geata of the unioa at prices for
in store, fixed by a committee of three
millers. The other association is made up j
of the elevator eotupani.-s and local
buyers, eoreriaff tbe (Tester part of
tue territory west and MMtawest
tribntan to Minneapolis. The buyin-'l.v t.iU
MMttieiloa is at uniform agreed «sqootnd
dally 10 a!l buyers in the country lio.u lv- j
neapolis headquarters. The price la mrulated
by the price of urade wheat that <lav. and tuo
Miller's uniou Ixei the prices of grade j
I wheat. This all looks harmless enouxa. Uut. i
it isnt. In the first place there i 3 uu more
competition between the buyers than if there
were only one la the field. The powerful in- '
dueemeut of mutual interest and profit is '
stronar enoojrh, apparently, to hoid this pool
together. They even go so tar a< to divide
the business between themselves, and if one j
member of the association eoinpiaimj that he \
is not getting his share the others are ready to
tnrn over business to him and even up all
around for the sake of midntniuins: the pool. 1
This organization not oa!y seeks to monop- j
olize the grain business in tbe territory j
through which it extends, but it has been ■
powerful euouisb thus far to add 2 cents to
the ssarcta upon which it buys. Last year
the Millers* asaodatioa bought upon a margin
of 3 cents; thts year the pooiiscu>iug upon
a margin of 5 cents. I've difference comes
out of the
aad goe3 Into the pocket of the dealer, simply
■ because bo belongs to an association strong I
. enonyh to exact it. The advantage to tho !
producer secured by the suspension of the !
Millers' association has been the increase of |
2 cents in the country grain buyers' margin
I above what it was List year, and a corre
j sponding- reduction in tne price the farmer
pets for his grain. As they say in tbe play, !
"It's just a< transparent as glass" when you j
once see through it, and we predict that when
the farmers come to understand how the. are :
being compelled to Kiro up an additional 2
cents a bushel by this powerful pool of grain
buyers aud millers t bey will find some way to
I stop it. We shall probably have soinetbiug
; more to say on this very interesting 1 topic.
On Sept 9, this Republican paper, un
-1 aware of coming events, followed up the
subject in the following editorial:
Another feature of the profitable system
under which the grain pool is operating ia
I the udvantage pained by buyinjr by grade
I in the country and selling by sample in the
; market. A3 stated in the Journal a few
i days ago, the grain pool has succeeded in in
creasing the margin from 3 cents, the flsrure
last year, to 5 cents per bushel. Tnat adds 2
i cents to the profit of handling it, and cuts oS 1
j 2 centa from every busnel of every grade of
I wheat bcugut by grade in the territory in
I which this pool operates. This is claimed to
Ibe a legitimate profit. Perhaps it is. It is !
1 large enough, however, to hold the buyers to- <
■ getber iv
of the grain-buying in the country, and pay 9
! so well that noone thus far has cared to breau
it. but, on the other hand, tho slivmest coin
plaiut from any member that he is not getting
I his share of the grain results in diverting
' the stream to him till he has caugat up
and bis percentage is full. But there is more
proiit in the transaction than is represented
I in the fire-cent margin, nnd so uiuoii more
i that we think the iulhction of this two-cent
; extra tax upon the producer the less justifia-
I ble. The prices paid for different lots of
. whe»t of the same grade when sold here by
! sample will vary from one-half a cent to
! three or four cents the same day. For exam
ple, yesterday No. I Northern sold on track
j all the way from 72 to 75 cents, and No. 2
! Northern sold at [email protected] — difference of
3 cento in tbe one case and of 4 cents in the
other. This is about an average variation
when there is no excitement. To-duy wheat
is being bousrht all through the country trib- ;
utarr to Minneapolis on a basis of not 75
cents for No. 1 Northern or even 73% cents, j
but about 72 cents. The lowest price paid by
sample is practically the grade price in the
country. When the wheat comes in to Minne
apolis and is offered for sale by sample, it is
sold according to
and, as already explained, will vary in price
wiibiu the same grade from 1 to 3 or 4 ceuts
above the grade price at which it was bousrht.
Wbere does this difference — the aavnuee over
the country price with the live-cent margin
added— go to? Back to the country proaucei
whose wheat proved to be worth more than
be got for it? Is tbe buyer so well satisfied
with his almost sure margin of 5 cents that
he rushes ba«k to tbe farmer to pay him this
difference? We would like to publish the
name of one who would even divide. Instead
of the margin being- 5 cents, ad claimed, the
pool is really working on a margin of 8 cents.
This is another reason why we protest against
the pool*. It ia not only demanding a larger
margin than before, but is doing 1 so in the
face of the fact that the present system of
handling the grain enables it to add from 1 to
3or 4 cents to the marginal pro St. We have
said we do not expect this to last long. We
have heard of farmers shipping their own
trrain and doing: well at it, and would not be
surprised to ccc it done again very generally.
This is the wheat pool ring that has se
lected A. R. McGill as its candidate. A.
R. McGill is the man the Pillsburys and the
Fletchers would place in the gubernatorial
chaii in the interest of their schemes
against the fanners. And this is why Mc-
Gill is carefully kept away from the farm
ine districts, and is why the farmers of the
state are rising to a inati in support of A.
A. Ames, the foe of monopolies of all tind,
and the wheat monopoly in particular.
An Afternoon Speech Which Was
Received With Hearty Approval.
Special to the Globe.
Elk River, Minn., Oct. 15. — Mayor
Ames, D. B. Johnson and Col. Hill ar
rived in this city from Brainerd on the 10
o'clock train this morning, and were met at
the train by a large number ot the leading
citizens of this county, who escorted them
to the parlors of the Sherburne house,
where there was a continuous stream of
visitors to pay their respects to our future
governor. A great number of the callers
have been strong Republicans, but are
now goina to support Mayor Ames in this
great contest of the people. At 2 o'clock
this afternoon Mayor Ames was escorted
to the hail, where he made a very eloquent
and interesting speech, exposing the wheat
and prison rings to the great satisfaction of
which was composed of the most intelligent
and influential ladies and gentlemen of the
county. The doctor showed when and how
he was the friend of the laborers ana farm
ers, also how the poor, old aud disabled
veterans could get a home to rest their last
days. Mayor Ames was followed by Mr.
Johnson, who made some brief but inter
esting remarks, giving the facts why Dr.
Ames is so popular in the great city of Min
neapolis, and, in fact, throughout the state.
The speakers were very enthusiastically re
ceived. After the speeches Mayor Ames
was besieged, every one being anxious for
the honor of shaking the genial doctor's
hand. Some of the mo->t ardent Republi
cans said the speeches had opened their
eyes as they never were before, and pledged
to Mr. Ames their votes and support from
now until the 3d day of November, when
Sherburne county will give Dr. Ames a
rousing majority for governor of Minne
As in Other Places, the I'eopte Gave
Dr. Anies a Royal Welcome-Col.
Glenn's Figures.
Special to the Globe.
A>'oka, Minn., Oct 15.— Dr. Ames, D.
B. Johnson aud Col. M. W. Glenn ad- j
dressed a large and enthusiastic meeting at
the court house in this city to-night. Ames
was introduced by G. W. Morrill as the
next governor. Ames spoke for an hour,
giving the wheat and elevator rings a
severe trouncing, showing how the Demo
cratic party is taking high ground in favor
ing the old war veterans and the laboring
men. The farmers had forced the Repub
lican party to put a few similar ideas
in their platform. He made a
strong plea for the rights of the
laboring men, and asked the people to pro- j
tect themselves by breaking down the ci- j
gantic rings and monopolies that were
grinding them to death. He thought Mc-
Gill was an honest man. and the people j
ousrht to protect him against the rings,
who would make him their tools, by de
feating him. His speech was frequently
cheered and was well received. He was
followed by D. B. Johnson, who said the
Fifth district was
for Ames, and that both Polk and Norman
counties were solid for him, and that St.
Louis, heretofore a strong Republican
county, would give him 2.500 majority.
CoL Glenn paid his "compliments" to
Windoui. In spite of all the abuse and
misrepresentation Ames would be elected
by 23,001) majority. He said that if Ames
was in Minneapolis to-nigtii none of the
policemen would be running the cars and
crowding out the men who were trying to
get a pitiful little raise of $5 per month.
After the meeting Mayor Ames held a re
<■!• rionat the International hotel and ve
eeived many assurances of support from
several of our leading citizens, prominent
among whom were A. S. Lane, J. M.
Baker, H. M. Colby, E. S. Clinch, H.
Over and others.
Davis at Laku City.
Special to the Globe.
Lake City. Minn., Oct, 15.— Promptly
at 8 o'clock this evening the Harmonial
band escorted ex-Gov. Davis and Atty.
Geu. Hahn to theAcademy;of Music. After
Mr. Stout, the mayor, had opened the ex
ercises, Mr. Green introduced Atty. Gen.
Hahn. Mr. Hahn said that he would not
say anything that would detract from Wil
son's character, vet at the same time he
did not say anything but what was a direct
insult to Mr. Wilson. Mr. Green next iu
troduced ex-Gov. Davis. Mr. Davis began
his speech by telling the people that it made
i him happy to speak to an audience in
j Lake City, as it was in this city that he
! first conceived the idea of becoming eover
ner of Minnesota. Mr. Davis said that he
never did nor never would vote for a Dem
ocrat, no matter how near a friend he was
to him. This plainly shows that Mr. Davis
votes for party and not for principle. He
tried to show the people that twenty years
a^<> this part of the country did not exist,
but that the Republicans had opeued it up.
He said that some men were too good to
mix in politics. Mr. Davis as well as At
torney-General Hahn made it a point to run
down Wilson, but in this he hurt the Re
publican vote to a great extent.
nindom at Preston.
Special to the Glooe.
PBKBTOH, Minn., Oct. 15.— The Windom
meeting at this place to-aight was largely
attended, most of the audience being ladies
aii.l children. The speaker avoided the
issues of the day, except the tariff ques
tion, and harped on the old strain of the
short comings and unfulfilled promises of
the Deuiocratic party, saying that as an
organization they were the monumental
fraud of the nineteenth century. He said
the ticket in this district was Ames. Wil
sin aud reform, and that reform would
have a hard time of it before
it got through. Referring to the
tariff he said: "I am in favor of
protecting American industries and labor.
.No tariff passed now would be equitably
adjusted fifteen years hence, aud no tariff
passed fifteen years ago is equitably
adjusted now. I am in favor of reducing
the tariff to the lowest possible limit that
will sustain the government and protect
the interests of the American people." The
audience was largely made up of people
from neighboring towns, and a great many
left before the conclusion of the address.
Mr. Windom made few freinds for himself
or party.
Lovely a Disappointment.
Special to the Globe.
Owatoxxa, Oct. 15. — Lovely's speech
last night did not seem to have that glori
ous effect on the people which many Re
publicans had anticipated. While he is a
good talker and can, by telling f tinny stories,
make an audience roar with laughter, his
hearers last night were disappointed in the
extreme. If be has any views of present
political issues, he must have forgotten to
present them. Tha Republican county
committee, however, is making strenuous
efforts in his behalf, in fact, have laid plans
for a most active canvass in behalf of the
whole party ticket during the present cam
Went to Hear Wilson.
Special to the Globe.
Pbestox. Minn.. Oct. 15. — An excursion
party numbering nearly 100 of the leading
citizens of Preston and vicinity, headed by
the Preston band, attended the Wilson
meeting at Harmony to-night Nearly as
mauy more were deterred from going by the
statement that Judge Wilson was sick and
would uot speak as announced. The special
train chartered for the occasion departed
amid wildest enthusiasm.
Opening: the * mupaizu.
Special to the Globe.
Nobthfield, Oct. 15. — The Democratic
campaign will open with a rousing rally at
Lockwood's opera house Saturday evening.
Among the speakers will be Hon. A. F.
Nordiu, C. A. Ebert and W. H. Donahue.
The Democratic caucus held last evening
at the city hall elected the following dele
gates to attend the convention at Faribault
Saturday: Joseph Roach, John Tripp, M.
W. Berkman. Frank Roetter. Ole Bruns
berg. A. C. Hamtuine and Fred Burns;
the delegation went uninstructed. Hon.
C. K. Davis and B. B. Herbert will ad
dress the Republicans at this place next
Wednesday evening at Lockwood's hall.
Will Vote for Wilson.
Special to the Globe.
Rochester, Oct. 15. — C. K. Davis and
J. A- Lovely spoke in this city last night.
The hall was well tilled, but they failed
most decidedly to enthuse. Many promi
nent Republicans say this morning that
the speech of Lovely had convinced them
he was not the mau to represent this dis
trict and that they should vote for Hon.
Thomas Wilson, who will address the citi
zens of Pleasant Grove and vicinity Mon
day Oct. 20. He will meet with a perfect
New senatorial Candidate.
Special to the Globe.
Winona, Oct 15. — John Lohse, who
was placed upon the Democratic ticket for
state senator by the county committee, has
declined the honor, and W. A. Finkelburg.
Esq.. a prominent young German lawyer
of this city, has been placed in
in his place.
An Avoca Amen Club.
Special to the Globe.
Avoca, Mi uu., Oct 15.— A largely at
tended meeting of Democrats was held here
this evening, and an Ames club was formed
with the following ofneers : T. J. Harga
don, president; M. Cosstrove, vice presi
dent; J. N. Rivers, secretary; F. W. Ber
trang, treasurer. Murray county will give
Ames double its vote lor Cleveland.
Donnelly's Last Flop.
Special to the Globe.
Fakibult, Oct 15.— 8. B. Herbert, M.
E. Clapp and Ignatius Donnelly spoke
here to-night. Their eloquence probably
made very few converts.
A Lesson to Re Learned.
New York World.
Organized labor la as Blow In learning tbe
folly of asking too much as capital is in learn
ing the unwisdom of taking too much.
Judge St. J. Cor and John H. Ives will
address the Ames club in tbe Knights of
Labor hall, at Park avenue and Sycamore
street, to-night. The meotinr will be called
to order at 7 :30.
The Waters of the Gulf and Lake
Swooped Down on the Town
of Sabine Pass,
And of the onc9 Thriving Village Hardly
a Vestige Now Keinaina to
be Seen.
Over One Hundred of tbe Inhabit
ants Met Deata by
Active Measures Bejjan for the Relief
of tlio Homeless and starv
ing Sufferers.
Tbe Sablue Pa*» Horror.
Beaumont, Tex., Oct. 15.— The first
reports of the great disaster at Sabine Pass
were not in the least exaggerated. In fact,
they underestimated the number of deaths
caused by the storm. The traiu could not
get within twelve miles of the town, but
over a dozen tow boats have been sent
there, and are at work saving drift and
property. There is considerable backwater
yet at Sabine, hemmed in aud held there by
the railroad embankment. The most in
tense excitesnent has prevailed here since
the first news of tiie fearful catastrophe.
The people have neither eaten nor slept,
and crowds have surrounded the wharves
and depot waiting for the return of the
train or boat from the devastated town. The
steamboat L. Q. C. Lamar left Orange
Wednesday night at 10 o'clock with a re
lief committee on board. Ylfhen she would
return no one knew, but a constant watch
was kept at Orange and here. At exactly
midnight last night
was heard. People hurried helter-skelter
to hear the news and to receive the sick
and destitute. Tbe relief committee aboard
the Lamar consisted of twenty citizens
from Beaumont and about forty from
Orange. They traveled up the Neches
river between 4 p. m. and midnight, which
was an extraordinary trip, fraught with
fearful danger. Twenty-rive of the com
mittee were left at babiue Pass to recover
some of the bodies, many of which are re
ported to have washed a dozen miles over
into Louisiana, The members of the relief
committee who returned were so tired and
worn out, and so overcome
they had witnessed that it was next to im
possible to get a coherent story from them,
and as each of the rescued refugees was
surrounded by about a hundred people it
was equally impossible to get a detailed
account from any one of them. The exact
extent of the storm-swept territory is as
yet unknown. From reports brought by
the committee it is certain that tha flooded
district emDraced an expanse of couutry
many times larger than at first supposed.
The" gulf seems to have moved over the
laud for miles in one high unbroken wall
of water. The committee report that 101
persons are missing, 90 of whom are
Thirty-five of the vi3tiras were white and
fifty-live colored. Joseph Smith, a famous
local character, known as "Alligator"
Smith, was supposed to be 'among the lost,
as people on the relief train saw him driv
ing before the gale on the lake. Many per
sons were brought up on the Latnar.
Bedding was immediately carried from
house to house for the comfort of the heart
broken suffers, every one of whom has
some dear friend or relative among .'. the
dead. Nearly all the refugees are sick and
prostrated from exhauy ion and hunger.
They are being tendederly cared for by the
citizens of Beaumont. Dr. B. F. Calhoun.
one of the relief committee, says there are
many persons in the vicinity of Sabine
Pass who are utterly destitute, being: with
out clothing to cover their nakedness. Dr.
Calhoun requests aid for the destitute. He
says it makes no difference what is sent,
wnetherfood, clothing, medicine or money.
Dr. Calhoun is mayor of Beaumont, and
he will distribute through committees what
ever is sent to him. From all the accounts
gathered language could not exaggerate the
state of affairs at Sabine Pass. Out of
more than one hundred and fifty houses in
the village, les3 than six remain standing,
and they are ruined. Wives and children
were swept away and drowned in the pres
ence of their husbands and fathers, who
were powerless to save them. The waves
broke against the lighthouse in solid walls
fifty feet high, tearing out the windows at
the very top of the structure. Corpses
have been picked up at a distance of thirty
miles from the scene of the disaster. Friends
and relatives of the drowned residents are
coining into Orange and Beaumont on every
train. The steamboat Lamar took on board
a cargo of food, blankets and clothing, and
also a fresh relief committee, and at day
light this 'morning started down the Neches
to succor the unfortunates. She will prob
ably reach here on her return trip about
midnight. The pecuniary damage at Sa
bine, including that to the government
works, will aggregate nearly SoOO.OOO, as
many of the neighboring plantations sus
tained serious injury.
The latest list of those known to have
been drowned is as follows:
Mrs. W. A.. JTJNKE.
Mrs. COLUMBUS MARTEE and child.
Mrs. POMEROST and three children.
Mrs. C. POME ROY and child.
Mrs. MULLIGAN and four children.
Mrs VONDUAY and three children.
Miss MAHALA CHAMBERS and two chil
dren of William Shaw, and a child of Capt.
The foregoing names are all of white per
sons. The names of the fifty-five colored
victims have not been ascertained.
A boat sent out to Johnson's bayou re
turned to the relief steamer in the after
noon with a most distressing report from
that community.
as well as fearful and complete destruction
of property, including thousands of heads
of live stock. The Cameron Beach
hotel was seriously threatened, but
saved by cattle crowding into
the lower story, thereby preventing
the building from floating off with its upper
stories filled with terror stricken humanity.
The Emily P. and the relief party for
Johnson's bayou are yet unheard from
and full particulars of the disaster in that
section cannot be given until her re
turn. It is safe to say that no
such destruction of life and property was
ever known before on the Gulf of Mexico,
and help will be needed and is asked from
all quarters of the country. The people are
without food, clothing or shelter, the sur
rounding country is to poor to supply their
very urgent needs. At the latest six bodies
had been picked up at the mouth of the
Sabine river, having floated across the lake,
a distance of thirty miles. Three of them
have been identified, being the bodies of
Mrs. Mulligan and child and Mrs. Whiting.
Later — The Emily P has just arrived
with sixty-two survivors. Thirty-seven
bodies of persons who were drowned at
Johnson's bayou have been recovered, and
sixty-five are still missing, but their names
cannot yet be given. Previous accounts
have not been exaggerated. The relief
party reported fearful devastation. The
government tug Penrose has also arrived.
Those on board give a gloomy account of
the situation at the pass.
Twenty-* 1 laves Lost.
New Orleans, Oct. Capt Bailey,
bar pilot atJPort Eads, reports there were
twenty-six lives lost during the recent
storm on the bayous leading from the gulf
in the direction of and back of the quaran
tine station. /.
All the Packer* Stand by Phil
Armour and are Firm for Ten j
Chicago, Oct. 15.— The situation pt the j
stock yards was further complicated this
morning by the refusal of the 1,200 beef J
butchers employed by Armour to go to
work. This lung threatened move, the
strike of the beef butchers, was decided on
at a meeting last night. Knight of Labor
Barry, sent here from Richmond to try and
effect a settlement, says he is satisfied he
can do no good here, as the packers will
not treat with him as an association. The
order for the beef aud sheep killers to
strike this morning was contihed to the
Armour establishment. The beet depart
ments of the others are running as usual.
This is taken as Indicating that the tight
by the Knights of Labor is being directed
solely against Armour, and the latter
states it as his view that the general as
semblyofthe Knights of Labor will not
countenance this inuve, as he declares that
in all the houses, and that the only differ
ence is that his firm is employing a larger
number of men than any other. Tue firm
now has 600 men at work preparing goods
for shipment, but announces that it will
start up all branches as soon as a Minicient
number of workmen have been engaged.
The tirm does not expect to be able to re
sume in all its departments for two or three
weeks. The opinion is gaining ground that
a long and bitter contest between the pack
ers and their employes at the stock yards is
inevitable. All attempts by Delegates
Barry and Butler to negotiate or compromise
the questions raised by the strike have sig
nally failed.
have not shown a disposition to discuss the
matter in an official manner, and the strik
ers are disposed to regard this treatment in
the light of a qhalleuse. Illustrating the
general feeling among the packers, one of
the most prominent ones said to a reporter
when approached on the subject:
We wont subm't to any rule but that ct
tea hours for a day's work at ten hour's pay.
In other words, an unconditional surrender
or notaiag . I attended a meeting of the
packers the other day when the matter was
fully discussed. .
The gentleman said it had been deter
mined upon to hire new men. He said the
green hands could be easily broken in. in
spite of the statement of the strikers that
their places could not be filled.
'•Of course," said he, "it will take time to
fill all the house. We as an association, in
tend to start the big concern going first. We
have advertised for men all over the country,
and already the men are beginning: to come
in. As a result of these agencies, Armour
and the American will be
next week. When these two house 3 are run
ning full haaded the fight is practically won.
We can easily lay up for a few weeks, months
for that matter. Ten hours we will have, and
we don't intend to see any committee either.
If the men wish to return on that basis, they
can do so as individuals."
The opinion of this packer was read to
others and was pretty generally indorsed.
After the meeting of District Assembly
No. 57 had adjourned, at an early hour
this morning, Delegate Barry said, refer
ring to the ordering out of Armour's beef
We have formally declared war on the bi?
pork speculator and it will be war to the
knife, and knife to the hilt I shall go to
Richmond now before the convention ad
journs and you may depend upon it that Ar
mour's meat throughout the United States
will be an unknown quantity in less than
three mouths. We intend to fight
and Armour, with his millions, will either be
brought to terms or be relegated to the posi
tion of retired, if not a bankrupt pork packer.
As far aa the men are concerned, we shall
take care of them. Besides, the closing down
of the industry here does not necessarily do
away with it altogether. The demand ia
bound to be supplied; if not here, elsewhere.
Twenty-two packing houses have issued
a card, saying that they have read the pub
lished remarks of Thomas Barry, of the
Knights of Labor, in which he charges
Armour & Co. with being responsible tor
the strike, and announcing that they are
unanimous and Armour & Co. are no more
responsible for the circumstances than the
remainder of the packing houses. All
statements that Armour & Co. are standing
in the way of an amicable settlement are
without foundation, and the discrimination
against Armour & Co. by ordering out their
beef butchers is unjust, as their com
petitors, Swift & Co. and Morris & Co., are
fully in accord and sympathy with the ten
hour system.
Chicago. Oct. 15.— P. D. Armour and
Samuel Allerton met T. B. Barry and M.
J. Butler at Armour's office to-day. But
ler and Barry were there at the solicitation
of Mr. Armour. The two delegates were
received with the utmost consideration.
Mr. Armour stated that he had called
in Messrs. Barry and Butler to explain
to them his position. He denied hav
ing been directly or indirectly respon
sible tor the presence of the Pinkerton
men at the stock yards. Nevertheless, he
approved of the fact that they had been
brought there, and would contribute
towards keeping them there. They afforded
a protection that could not otherwise be
obtained. It was false that he was in the
way of an amicable adjustment of the dif
ficulties. In company with the other
packers he had made a revolt against
what he was justified in believing to be an
imposition on the part of the men.
Were the eight hour system adopted
throughout the country generally it would
be a different matter, and he had no doubt
the Chicago packers would then accept the
situation. Mr. Armour said Mr. Allerton
was the chairman of the committee that
engaged the Piukerton men, and was there
to explain his action. Mr. Ailerton then
said the Pinkertons were engaged because
they had no sheriff or governor who could
be depended upon in case of an outbreak.
Mr. Barry suggested that there
was no danger of an outbreak.
This Messrs, Allerton and Armour denied.
Mr. Armour expressed sympathy for the
men locked out, and expressed fear that
the strike would end in bloodshed. Mr.
Barry said he was unable to see how the
Packers' association could refuse a settle
ment on a slight technicality when such
great interests were involved. A messen
ger handed Mr. Armour a telegram an
nouncing that the last batch of Knights in
his employ had been called out He read
the message aloud, and. teariug the paper
into shreds, closed the interview with the
remark: "It is ten honrs or nothing."
Beccher Stirs Ip Strife.
Londox. Oct. 15.— Rev. Henry Ward
Beecher delivered an address to-day in Rev.
Dr. Parker's city temple on "Pulpit Work."
He dwelt upon the aid the newspaper ren
dered the preacher. A number of ques
tions were asked as to his idea of the doc
trine of retribution, and his answers caused
intense excitement, several divines rising to
their feet aud loudly protesting against his
views. Mr. Beecher retorted that any msu
believing in retribution who married, en
tered society or smiled was a monster. He
preferred workimr through a fear springing
from love rather than through a fear of the
barbaric doctrine of retribution.
The Hulffarian Crisis.
Sofia, Oct. 15. — The sobranje has been
summoned to meet on the 27 th inst at
Tirnova. Wine suspected officers have re
signed their positions in the army. Several
others have been transferred to Routueliau
regiments. Gen. Kaulbars is expected to
arrive hero to-morrow. The Russian con
sulate has suimuoned the Montenegrins
and Macedonians to assemble and put them
selves at the disposal of Gen. Kaulbars.
It is Now Eaising Havoc Amour the Can
adians—Heary Damage Done at
Immense lujury to Property and Proba
ble Loss of Life Reported at
Another Vessel Goes to the Bottom--
Orlgln of the Tremendous
The Fire at Eastport, Me., Inflicted
Damage to the Amount of
Damage at Toronto.
Toronto, Ont., Oct 15.— Last night's
gale has done great damage here. Along
the Esplanade the ticket office on Burns
block was blown into the bay. A machine
shop which had only been completed a few
weeks ago was so wrecked that the roof
caved in, and a large section of the crib
work at the foot of Church street was torn
off and carried into the lake. In the west
end several houses being put up by specu
lators succumbed. A large number of trees
were blown down. It is feared that great
damage has been done to the island.
Great Damage Dove by tbe Wind—
Probable Loss of Life.
Buffalo, N.Y., Oct. 15.— wind
storm which visited Buffalo last night did
a vast amount of damage. For a time the
wind reached a velocity of seventy miles
an hour. On the lake front, in the vicinity
of what is kuovvn as the sea wall, forty
small houses were totally destroyed by
wind and water, and their occupants had
to fly for their lives. Several persons are
known to have perished. Among them are
Charles Mitchell and au old man named
Johu Edmunds. The bodies of two chil
dreu were recovered this morning, and also
two bodies which are unknown at present.
On the Hamburg turnpike, near the city,
twenty or thirty families have been ren
dered destitute, and an appeal for aid has
been issued. Throughout the city many
buildings were damaged. The most serious
damage was sustained to the splendid new
music hall in course of construction. A
large section of the rear wall, which was
nearly ready for the roof, was blown down
with a terrific crash, shaking houses in the
The damage to the building is estimated
at 512,000. Work on the structure will be
ereatly delayed. Airs. Huberts' saloon and
boarding house on the turnpike road was
carried about live hundred feet and the
family were rescued from the building by
the police. The officers also found a fam
ily named Quiun up in a tree. Their
house had been demolished. Their hired
mau, John Edmunds, who could not climb,
was drowned. Another house on the turn
pike was carried away and the family are
missing. The scenes on the beach this
morning from the foot of Ganson street for
half a mile or more to the east baffle de
scription. People were passing in crowds
I over heaps of wrecked houses and along
the bank near the sea wall where the
houses had stood on spiles. . Of the forty
or more houses that stood on that part of
the island yesterday, but three or four re
main intact.
How tbe Loss joi" the Chamberlain
Occurred—Vessels Running: For
Chicago, Oct. 15. — The propeller John
Pridseon, Jr., which sunk the Selah Cham
berlain in a collision off Sheboygan, arrived
here to-day. Capt. Sherwood, commander
of the Pridgeon, complains that his state
ments in the Milwaukee papers have not
been correctly reported. He now claims
that the Pridgeon was bearing against a
strong head wind, and conld not have been
going faster than four miles an hour, while
the Chamberlain was steaming before the
wind, and consequently must have been
traveling at a great rate of speed. Capt.
Sherwood insists that it would have been
folly to have launched life-boats, as they
would surely have been lost The river
this morning between its mouth and the
lumber market presented one of the
From 8 until a few minutes after 9 o'clock
twenty-three vessels, principally lumber
hookers, had passed the barge office at
Rush street. All these crafts were fortu
nate enough to have gained the west shore
before the storm caught them, and in con
sequence were enabled to beat down with
out difficulty, all arriving in port safe, with
the exception of a few that lost some of
their sails. Serious fears are entertained
for the safety of vessels caught in the blow
on the east shore, where the severity of the
storm was felt, with but little chance of
finding a safe anchorage. The captain of
the schooner Stafford, which arrived early
this morning, reports sighting the schooner
B. A. Richmond in mid-lake yesterday in a
bad condition. The Richmond was stripped
clean of canvas and most of her decK load
of lumber was gone. Owing to his own
precarious condition the captain of the
Stafford could not render any assistance to
the crippled vessel.
Rochester, N. V., Oct. 15.— A severe
storm of wiud and raiu struck this city yes
terday, and though no particular disastrous
effects have been felt in the city, the storm
at Charlotte, the port of Rochester, is now
very severe. The several schooners have
been towed into harbor with great difficulty,
and at present lie in a disabled condition off
the shore. The lite-saving crew are at
work upon a three-masted schooner east of
Charlotte. The wind to-night is steadily
increasing, and heavy damage to shipping
is feared.
Detroit, Oct. 15. — Word has been re
ceived of the wrecking of the schooner O.
If. Bond, of Oswego, at Rondeau point,
Lake Erie, yesterday. The vessel and
canro are a total wreck. She was valued
at 88,000 and carried 22,000 bushels of
wheat, with which she left here on Wednes
day, bound for Buffalo. Paddy Ryan, the
mate, of Osweso, and a sailor named Jo
seph Hughes, of Muskegon, were drowned.
The Signal Service Traces the Direc
tion Taken *F the Week's Destruc
tive Hurricane*.
Washington, Oct. 15.— The storm
which has been working such havoc among
the coast towns of Texas was first heard of
by the signal office on the 10th iust., as be
ing southeast of Cuba and apparently work
in tr its way slowly around the western end
of the island and thence northward. Dur
ing that day and the next it was tinned up
ward toward the coast of Florida and
Alabama and promised to expend its ener
gies somewhere over Northern Alabama
and Tennessee, or make its way across
Florida northeasterly, ultimately develop
ing high winds along the Atlantic coast.
But this purpose Mi for convenience, the
elements may be credited with a purpose
was defeated, since before it reached the
coast it encountered an extensive field of
hish barometer and dry air. covering the
Atlantic coast, which it was unable to pen
etrate or surmount. By this it was
westwardly, manifesting itself in danger
ous winds and lii'-'h tides at Pensacola on
the 11th, its ontskirts touching New Or
leans on the 13th and its full energy strik
ing the coast between New Orleans and
Galveston on the afternoon of the 13th. It
NO. 289
was not a remarkable storm, as gulf storms
go, and its only apparent exceptional
feature was the route it traversed, piling
up the waters before it and pouring them
upon the low coast of Texas. About the
time this storm was discovered another was
found to be brewing in Utah. It developed
but little fury and moved slowly eastward.
Soon afterward
central in the extieme northwest, whose
course was southeastward. On the 13tn
these three storms bad reached the valley
region, whera they were abreast. They
manifested no remarkable energy of winds
except in Louisiana, but created an im
mense barometric trough, covering the
lower Missouri valley. Kansas, the Indian
Territory, Arkansas and Louisiana. Or
diuarily this line of low barometer would
be expected to move slowly eastward,
maintaining its general character until
it approached the mountain ranges,
but in this instance a very
sudden change occurred. Between mid
night of the 13th and the morning of the
14th an energetic center had formed in the
vicinity of Davenport, threatening danger
ous winds in its passage down the lakes.
Subsequent reports from its route, espe
cially those from Canadian stations of thi3
morning, indicate that this storm has been
one of the most remarkable severity. The
track of the storm center has been lost, the
telegraph lines being down.but it is thought
that terrific winds are prevailing along the
St. Lawrence valley and in the St Law
rence gulf. The people on the coast of the
Gulf of Mexico were given about forty
hours' notice of the coming of this storm.
It is doubtful the returns not yet being in
hand— whether Chicago signals were dis
played before the storm reached that place,
but all points east of Chicago were given
ample notice.
It Destroyed the Town. and the Loss
is at (east 5500,000.
Eastpop.t, Me., Oct. 15.— fire
which broke out at 2 o'clock yesterday aft
ernoon raged furiously for ten hours, defy
ing all efforts to control or arrest it. It
started in Capen & McLean's sardine fac
tory, and swept 5n a northeasterly direction
along the water front and through Water
street, burning ten sardine factories, two
hotels, about thirty dwellings, the custom
house and postoftice, and every place of
business where goods of any description
were kept for sale, except two small grocery
stores which were out of the path of the
fire. It is impossible at this time to make a
detailed report of the losses sustained or to
ascertain the amount of insurance, but the
total loss will probably amount to at least
5500,000, fairly covered by insurance, ex
cept the loss on the sardine factories, which
could not procure insurance. The factories
gave employment to 2,000 persons. Great
suffering must ensue unless immediate aid
is rendered. Contributions can be for
warded to Hon. N. B. Nutt, collector of
customs. Telegraphic communication was
cut off at 4p. m. yesterday, and has just
been reopened.
The Great Gale Raisins' Havoc
Aloe; . the Coasts ol the United
London, Oct. 15. — The wind, which be
gan blowing a gale last night, has been in
creasing all day, and to-night is blowing a
hurricane, the storm extending over the
entire southwest coasts of England and
Ireland. Serious damage to shipping is re
ported at Falmouth, Cowes and Plymouth.
Several buildings have been wrecked at
Brighton. Thirty ships have taken refuge
in the River Shannon. Two wrecks have
been signaled in Bantry bay. It is feared
that many casualties will be reported.
A Hotel Burned.
Elizabeth, N. J., Oct. 15. — Wind
sor hotel at Roselle was totally destroyed
by fire to-day. Johanna Sullivan, a laun
dress, was burned to a crisp. The hotel
was valued at $94,000 and was owned by
CoL James Moore and the E. G. Brown es
tate, of Elizabeth, and Sanford Bros., of
Newark. The insurance is §15,000.
Charleston Shaken Up.
Chakleston, S. C, Oct 15.— There
was a slight but distinct shock of earth
quake shortly after 4 o'clock this morning,
which made windows rattle but did no
other harm. The same shock was felt at
Summerville. '. :
There is Less Activity and a Fall
in? Off in Massachusetts.
New York, Oct. 15. — Special telegrams
to Bradstreets note a moderate check in
the movement of general merchandise
threughout the country. This appears to
be due in a part to a natural reaction follow
ing a season of active trading and in part
to the effect of the late period of unseason
ably warm weather. This is notably true
at Boston, New York, Philadelphia,
Pittsburg, Chicago and St. Louis.
The situatioa, however, still con
tinues very favorable, with quite a
full value of transactions and a very wide
spread feeling of confidence in the future.
The total bank clearings from thirty citie3
begins to reflect the check to the course of
trade, with an aggregate of 5i, 096, 92 1,644
against $1,205,303,137 last week. The de
cline in the week is 9 per cent, and the
gaiu, as compared with the second week in
October, 18S5, is 10 per cent. New York
lost $76,000,000, Philadelphia 55.000,000.
Roston $12,009 and Chicago 000. 000, as
compared with last week. The domestic
money market, as a whole, has not
not been quite so strong as
a week ago, Cincinnati particularly re
portine money returning from the West.
The New York stock market has been in
the main quieter, with considerable reac
tion from the higher pressure of the pre
ceding two weeks. Later, there was some
attempt to revive the bull feeling, one
stock (Manhattan) showing a phenomenal
advance. The total number or shares
dealt in this week is 2.225.968, against
3.303,719 last week, and 2.859,129 in the
corresponding week last year. Bonds have
been firm with advances in some speculative
issues. Tiansactions for the week are SlO,
--107,200 against $11,835,100 last week.
Money at New York has been extremely
firm and an increased demand from mercan
tile sources has kept call loans at from 6 and
7 per cent, as high as 10 per cent being
asked in some instances, with time money
scarce and in active demand at 6 per cent.
Foreign exchange has been at the gold im-
Dorting point during the greater part of the
week, and while it is firmer to-day.
Importations of gold are expected. While
dry goods have not been quite as active as
last week, bleached cottons are Me higher
and firm. Print cloths are no more active
at the advance. Clothing is being dis
tributed liberally. Southern cotton goods
are said to be .sold ahead of the supply.
Wool is moderately active and prices are
easily sustained. The domestic clip is
known to be short. Louisville advices are
to the effect that the damage to leaf
tobacco will not exceed 5 per cent Bread
stuffs are not much stronger. . The late ad
vances do not appear to be permanent. Pig
iron advances and the demand in the South
and West is in . excess of those of the East.
The business failures occurring throughout
the country during the last seven days
number for the United States 160 and for
Canada 19. or a total of 179, as compared
with a total of 190 last week.
The President is Fi«hin{T.
Washington, Oct. 15.— president
accompanied by Col. Lamont, Mr. Miller,
commissioner of internal revenue, and
several members of the Woodmont fishing
club, left here last night for the club house
at Woodmont, Md., on the Baltimore &
Ohio railroad. It is not known when the
party will return.

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