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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 04, 1886, Twin City Edition, Image 1

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VOL. Yin.
THE TWOIN ONE
_ Chatty Chapter of the Fa
mous Minnesota
Twins.
Of One Motive Born and With
Common Interests, They
Are One
In Policy, in Impulse, in all But
Name and Govern
ment.
The Generous Advertisement Their
Ambitious Emulation Has
Proved.
Winter and Summer Fairy Tales
Told by Carnival and
Exposition.
Northwestern Portals Through Which
Flows the Diffusive Commer
cial Tide.
Capital Meets Legitimate Eeturns and
Labor Finds Its Choicest
Home.
Ihe Busy Glint of What the Future
Probably Holds in Store For
the Twins.
Potent Factors Which Built Chicago
Quickened in Their Northwest
ern Work.
The Home of Hope Built by the Faith
of Men in a Future Serene .
and Sure. .
The Twin Cities.
No one ever questioned the eternal fitness
of this appellation; its utter appropriate
ness was never disturbed by a doubt; yet
few, upon whose tongues it has been
trippingly uttered, have ever reasoned out
the why and wherefore of the name. St
Paul and Minneapolis are not twin cities
merely because they adjoin each other, and
because one boundary line is nearly mutual.
Twin implies something more, and in the
solution of that implication lies all the his
tory of the growth, development, energy,
enterprise, and. above all, the boundless
future of these two great cities.
I use the word future ad
visedly, and not futures. for in
the destiny reserved for this double expo
nent of what may be wrought, there is no
room for plurals. They are twins because
the children of a common mother-cause and
sisters in the evolutionary work of progres
sive civilization. They were born of one
motive and have grown by one impulse,
and in a common cause. Bound together
by the band of mutual interest, they are
one in all that might affect the material
welfare of either. Benefit one. and the
other feels the impulse; strike at one,
and the shock is carried at once
to the other. Their interests are
so common and so intertwined that they
are one in everything but name and mu
nicipal government. Twins also implies
something of similarity and equality — re
semblance in form and condition. Minne
apolis and St. Paul, compared, again illus
trate the aptness of the cognomen. One
•would scarcely speak of St Paul and Mer
riam Park as twin cities, or refer to Minne
apolis and Hamline as twins, for this rea
son. It is obvious therefore, that in apply
ing the title. Twin Cities, and it is ap
plied with equal satisfaction in either— the
idea is communicated of two municipali
ties, adjacant and alike, identified and har
monized, and in all but name, one in prog
ress and prosperity, growth and greatness.
They are alike, yet how different!
It would be a difficult matter to find two
as large cities, differing so widely in many
essential characteristics. Here are two
flourishing towns, occupying the same gen
eral plane, striving for tiie same good and
necessarily very much alike in many re
spects, yet peopled by an aggregation of
races in no way similar except in the at
tribute of enterprise. St Paul is older
and more conservative; Minneapolis
younger and more impulsive. St.
Paul calculates. nlans and maps
out before moving steadily to its object;
Minneapolis, conceives and with an im
pulsive rush, reaches for its goal. Both
''get there." one by a carefully laid out
route that avoids and sets aside obstacles;
the other by an impetuous dash that sur
mounts and overtops all impediment. St
Paul is thoughtful, Minneapolis mercurial.
The population of the Flour City is rash, en
ergetic and excitable: that of the Capital is
philosophic, solid and not readily stirred
up. Incidents that would blockade a Min
neapolis avenue with an eager crowd, would
scarcely divert a St Paul pedestrian from
the direct path he was pursuing. St Paul's
populace is a trading people; that of Min
neapolis leans to manufacturing. But while
general ideas run in these respective chan
nels, the fact does not prevent an increase
of trade with the one and a spread of
manufactures with the others; neither does
it prevent the sharp scanning by each of
the new directions in which the other is
branching out So the cities are d fferent
in those points where resemblance is the
strongest. Minneapolis is aggressive and
iuvincible, St Paul piogressive and power
ful. Both are ambitious and emulous.
And how well that is.
Nothing could be better.
A NT.tIh.GLE
Between the "I «in» That Chal
lenges the Admiration of the ."Na
tion.
If there is any one thing in which the
Twins can claim equal participation, that
has succeeded in thoroughly advertising
them, ii is this active, zealous and alert
emulation. It is a great error, a palpable
blunder to speak of it as jealousy or rivalry,
in the ordinary sense. it is ambitious emu
lation. The outside world calls it rivalry,
just as it has learned it.and this rivalry has
carried the name and fame of the Twin
Cities all over the country. Nothing but
good has resulted, and it is ax
iomatic that whatever advertises
the Northwest helps it. There are
good and well meaning people in these
cities who have been heard to regret the
•'active jealousy" between them, as they
phrased it; but even if the feeling which
is nonsense— were as strong as represented
and as bitter as possiole, it must still be
blessed as one of the potential causes of
growth, in that it has attracted general at
tention toward a section of the republic
which needed the advertisement and ful
filled its glowing promises. As long as this
emulation exists, and the country knows it,
so long will restless eyes be cast in this di
irctiou to see what will be next brought
forth. Let one of these cities engage
in any enterprise of moment and
see how quickly the world will exclaim:
-Wait and see what the other city does.*'
There is that effort in each city to keep
abreast of the other, and the struggle chal
lenges the admiration of the nation— it is a
race which the public knows is no hippo
drome, and it is the best advertisement the
cities could have devised.
Emulation should be encouraged.
Only let it be honest aud generous, as
sow.
If any example of this were required, the

C 3? \- s^^ . 'v§^^_^^o^-[ : V" ;,. V y ;•,--■; - ■■•■-.-",
I St. Paul winter carnival and the Minneap
i lis Industrial exposition will readily furnish
j it. The ice palace came first, and the
beauty of the structure and the splen
dor ot the earn went all over
I the land; but people in the midst
lof their admiration asked what Minneap
[ olis would do. The season passed and the
Question was answered in the vast temple
of industry and art which rose almost as if I
by magic in the Flour City. Who could
say that one does not assist the other? The
world knew of emulation between the cities
and the world knows of their enterprise, con
sequently any remarkable expression of this
enterprise from the one causes the world to
turn to the other in expectation of the
parallel.
And it always finds it, too.
While on this topic I may as well show
the additional proof these enterprises fur
nish of the statement made above that the
cities, while alike, are so different. This is
also admirable and commendable, and
serves to foster the outside interest. Pla
• giarism is unknown, and the envious and
longing multitudes in the East know that
when they look to one of these cities to see
how it will meet and offset an enterprising
coup ot the other they will see something
entirely different. The carnival and
exposition are antipodal. And only
look at the effects of the
advertisement of each. There have been
those who might have made their home in
the Northwest, but for fear of the long and
bitter winter of Minnesota. The carnival,
with one burst of its splendors, did more to
dissipate that fear than might otherwise
have been accomplished in years. It told
of the bracing and inspiring atmosphere
of a Northern winter, sending the bright,
warm bood coursing swiftly through the
vigorous and hardy form; it scouted the
idea of suffering from a cold too ex
treme; it heralded to the world how
the imaginative ligors of a long Northern
winter were mitigated and dispersed by
sports and scenes
Minneapolis gravitated reasonably in the di
rection of manufacturing, and her capital has
chiefly been invested in that direction,
even though the competition of steam with
the power of the fails became neces
sary. Being the older city, the capital
of the state and naturally the first business
center, the energy and money of St. Paul
were turned toward banking and trading,
and the supremacy it attained in those
valuable channels has never been wrested
from it. Those differences in the cities'
expenditure of energy will largely account
for the difference in the character and na
tionality of their respective populations,
hut this difference, very marked two or
three years ago. is being rapidly obliterated
by constant changes. As for instance: St
Paul has turned her attention to
the advantages accruing from man
facturing and is now reaping the
benefits of having secured a number of
valuable plants. Minneapolis has received
a new invoice of jobbers and her increased
trade is ramifying the entire Northwest.
So. also, has her banking business steadily
increased, reducing the difference to almost
nothing. If the progression be continued
for only a few years, it will be difficult for
either city to point to a superiority in the
other of the points named, though doubt
less by that time each w.ll have opened out
some new line along .vhicli it will lie work
ing toward supremacy. And invested cap
ital is all the time receiving at least a
legitimate return.
But how about labor?
Here there is no distinction between the
cities, and what is said of one will be
equally and burly applicable to the other.
In common with every new and growing
vicinity, the working classes have fared
well, and are in much better conditio., thau
large cities usually show. This is particu
larly true of those branches of labor uot
known as skilled, and in which poverty is
most apparent the wages being lower, as a
rule, in proportion to the cost of living.
These cities have paid no fancy prices for
labor it may be claimed not even
living prices by some — but the rate
has been above the average. with
other circumstances in favor of the em
ployed. The general condition of the la
boring clases. however, is largely dependent
on other elements than wages and those
elements are here favorably furnished.
The assertion is boldly ventured that in no
cities in the world does so large a propor
tion of the wage-earners own their own
home's, and in no city in the world is prop
erty purchasable on terms better within the
reach of this class. Owning their own
homes and imbued with the pride of pro
prietorship; with the absence of the tene
ment house system inseparable from
most cities; ' devoid ot metropolitan
squalor and its accompanying vice, the
general situation of the Xoith western
breadwinner is far above that of his fellows
in the country at large. .
It must not be understood that this is a
Beul-th Land for the mechanic.
If there is any one thing the Northwest
would sedulously avoid, it is the over
crowding of the labor market It would bo
foolishly cruel to invite labor beyond the
legitimate demand for it and it is now a
matter of congratulation that in' spite of
the influx of mechanics of all lines, the
building and improving operations have been
so steady and uniform as to have kept pace
with the labor community and prevented
that direst of social misfortunes— an over
stocked labor market. The Northwest only
invites labor to meet the demand, and to an
overplus points to the millions of unbroken
acres to the westward. We would not have
more unemployed men on our hands, and
they cannot all go into the real estate busi
ness.
What a business that has been.
How much it has done for the Twins.
No North westerner but will realize
all that is meant by a boom. The
ST. PAUL, SATURDAY MORNING, DECEMBER _, 1886 -SIXTEEN PAGES |*
real estate . dealer is the only and
original boomer, and much credit
is due his efforts, selfish as they are. It is
the teal estate dealer who lays in the stock
of valuable statistics that go for so much,
and which tell the fairy tale of the North
.west in language so fascinating. .It is he
who has made the fabulous fortune in the
rise of values, and who stands forever be
fore immigrant and investor alike as at the
goal all may reach. Numerous as he is:
sharks as many as the ciass contains, the
Twin Cities would have languished and
halted but for these indefatigable boomers,"
who. in making themselves, have
made the cities. Their influence
reaches as wide as their sales, and
their sales are illimitable. Their voice
has made fictitious values real, and their
work is one of the corner-stones of these
giant municipal structures. Their name is
legion, and their work is miracles. But we
have now reached a point where their labors
are over.
The cities are now metropolitan.
. WEALTH A.--.0 ll ,I'IRE.
Sixty-One millionaires in the Two
title*-- i rt a.i.t Literature.
The people feel this, and feel that the
first ami most difficult stuiggle for place
and rank is over. Those who have for
years been toiling for a competence feel
they have at length reached the top of the
ladder. The "Twin Cities now
number . among their inhabitants
sixty-one millionaires and quadruple that
number of half millionaires, and a wealthy
class has been fairly established. This
being an accomplished fact, the grinding
struggle for wealth is over and the benefi
cent influences of its possession are making
themselves apparent. With, or after
wealth, comes culture and there is no surer
index to inetropoiitanism than a widespread
love of the beautiful. The attention of the
cities is turning to art and to Lterature, and
a higher grade of society is being evolved.
' More liberal education, more elevating stir- .
rouudings, a higher home life and the bene
fits of travel and observation are
i following as natural sequences. The
effect on the middle and lower
classes is a material improvement of their
condition, owing mainly from a better ap
preciation of their necessities. The school
system undergoes a gradual but certain im
provement; pub' c exhibitions of art are
encouraged; circulating libraries are estab
lished and general reading encouraged;
park systems, the gardens of the poor, are
built at great public cost and to the great
public delight, and, finally, eleemosynary
institutions of all kinds are established
and maintained. These are the indisputa
ble evidences of metropolitanism. ob
| servable in both cities. The universal
j effort to provide an abundance of theatrical
i and musical amusement and entertainment
is another conspicuous evidence of the at
! tainment of that certain growth, in which a
! city puts on metropolitan habiliments. The
j presence of nine theaters, besides the run of
! minor and transient places of amusement
; and two permanent panoramas cannot be
overlooked in this estimate of greatness.
Then there is the matter of sports.
While opinions may differ on this subject.
and without entering info the question of j
utility, there is no surer index of the ad- I
vanced growth of the Twin Cities than is
found in the fact that they have recently
become a great center for leading sporting I
events. The Northwest has in the past two I
years been the arena for more leading !
events than any other section of country,
and as sporting events are all dependent
upon gate receipts this fact is a "tribute to
greatness," an acknowledgment of popula
tion not to be doubted. Only great centers
of population attract great sporting events,
and iv this line the Twin Cities may claim
even more than their proportion.
A word might also be added calling atten
tion to the fact that within the past two
• years the number of national organizations
that made one or the other of the two cities
the place of their annual convent ons was
exceeded by only two cities on the conti
nent New York and Chicago. This is a
fact worthy of mental digestion, too.
All this is of the past and present.
The Twin Cities stand for themselves, as
they are.
What of their future?
Their growth and development have not
j. been erratic nor spasmodic nor eccentric,
; but regular and steady. The law of causes
: and effects is never more plainly shown.
; Those causes are not only still in existence,
: but have been stimulated and accelerated.
; The effect produced thus tar is but the be
, ginning, it the future may justly be viewed
in the light of the past. Enterprises, bora
with the birth of the cities' greatness, are
' but now beginning to make themselves
j felt in the development of the Northwest,
' which means the combined growth and
j prosperity of St Paul and Minneapolis.
; The era of the railway age has just fairly
j dawned. The settlement and growth of
; the northwestern country are still in their '
! infancy. The progress of the two cities is '
j that of a rolling snowball, gathering and |
increasing as it moves. These are con- j
densed truisms, simply. No one will dispute
that the growth of Minneapolis and St
Paul is and will continue to be coincident i
to the growth of the vast territory to the :
northwest, of Minnesota, Dakota and Mon
tana, until at least, there shall spring up in
that directum another city, by the same
causes, when the Twin Cities shall have ful
filled their present destiny.
COMPARED WITH CHICAGO.
The Growth o_ Thai City Never So
Great or Rapid, as That of the
Twins.
Take Chicago, for instance and make a
comparison.
_ Its growth was never so proportionately _
I great nor its development so relatively
I rapid, yet the causes that, accumulated
that so secure metropolis on the shores of
Michigan were identical with those now
operating to a greater end through the
Twin Cities. ' Cn cago was the depot of
supplies for the Northwest. That is the
secret of its present greatness. Today
Minneapolis aud St. Paul occupy that posi
tion and are the gateway through which
rolls the commercial tide, diffusing itself
over the great country beyond. For Chi
cago this territory was limited, but for
the Twins it is almost boundless. When
Chicago became the commercial portal that
was most potential in her greatness, the
Northwest was almost a trackless waste
and afforded but limited trade; while in the
West, St Louis disputed supremacy iv one
direction, and Kansas City sprung up as
an additional bar in another. To day the
Twin cities are purveyor to a vast territory
that stretches to the Pacific ocean; that is
developing with wondrous rapidity; that
promises to outrival the Middle states, and
that has in office uo rivals to the cities
of St. Paul and Minneapolis. The con
-1 ditions of Chicago's growth are all present,
• in improved and quickened form, to preside
over the destiny of the Minnesota Twins.
The advantages Chicago has long held are
melting away. Her despotic control of the
railroads is slipping from her grasp ami dis
criminations in her favor will soon be a
tiling of the past. It is a fact which may
be reviewed with complacency, that, in
spite of the obedience Chicago wrested
from the railways, the general discrimina
tions in her favor in the shape of conces
sions and rebates, the reductions in freights
on long hauls as against shorter ones — in
spite of all of these obstacles to their youth
ful progress, the onward match of the Twins
has never faltered.
i Now mark the improvement.
! That was when the little Twins were
hold out inducements to railroads to
build iv this direction; wheu valuable frau-
chides were offered to secure them: but the
railroads now come to the giant Twins and
Mahomet has become the mountain. Vast
tonnage is here for transportation, and ton
nage is the magnet that draws the iron
tracks. From way stations on uncertain
lines, the cities have become the center of
great railway systems, and from hoping to
secure projected lines from elsewhere, have
grown into projectors of lines themselves.
The railway outlook is no uncertain ele
ment in the future of the Twins. • Even
now, in various portions of the state, and
in the heart of winter, snow is
b'-ing cleared from the ground to make way
for new tracks, along which cars will roil
to and from these cities, themselves linked
togethei by so many iron bands. What
ever aids in developing Minnesota reacts to
the bene.it of the cities. As in England
all roads lead to London, so in Minnesota
everything centers in the two chief cities.
and for these purposes Minnesota extends
to the western boundary of Montana. The
entire Northwest has two loci— Paul
and Minneapolis.
Will this growth continue?
There is no reason to doubt it, though
that past growth has been so phenomenal
as to prompt many to wonder If it could
la?t As year by year adds its quota to the
record, the marvel ceases -for all but those
to whom it is a novelty. Nothing has been
a more conspicuous factor in the uprising of
the cities than that unswerving, undaunted
faith in their future remarked in those most
prominently identified with past achieve
ments. It is a faith that lives and
is accompanied by works, and confi
dence in the future of these cities
has never yet been misplaced or gone un
rewarded. To look through rose-tinted
glasses has become as habitual to the
dweller in Minneapolis or St Paul as to
breathe the pure Minnesota air about him.
They are tinged by hope and the hope is
born of knowledge and experience. Hope
is the living in expectation.
That is what we all do.
Hope built the Twin Cities.
m .
MRS. LIStOi^'SSISTEB.
The PinMMt Will -Probably Reap
point tier Postuiiktreks at Ellla<
bethiown. Ky*.
Washington, Dec. 3. — Kentucky has
been quite fruitful in postoffice contests,
some of which have resulted disastrously to
those who have been engaged in them. It
is soon to have another, which has some
historical interest. Those who are familiar
with the war will remember that there was
at different times much comment on the
fact that Mrs. Abraham Lincoln had a sis
ter who was the wife of a ptominent Con
federate. That sister was Mrs.. Helm, who
is now postmistress at Elizabethtown, Ky..
which is now in Larue county, which has
been cut off from the former Hardin county,
in which Abraham Lincoln was born. The
husband of Mrs. Helm was the Confederate
general Ben Hardin Helm. He was the
grand-son of the noted Ben Hardin, and the
son of John Helm, ex-governor of Ken
tucky. He was killed at the battle of
Shiloh while leading a brigade. His widow
was appointed postmistress at Elizabeth
town by President Arthur at the recom
mendation of Gov. Knott, who was sup
ported by nearly all the leading men in
Kentucky in both parties. The term of
the office expires in January, and some of
the active politicians of that town who
think that the office has been held by her
long enough, wish to succeed her. Mrs.
Helm was here a few days ago, and is in
vigorous health, quite capable of perform
ing the duties of the office for . many years,
which she has already tilled with satisfac
tion one term. It is believed that the pres
ident will follow the example of President
Arthur and permit Mrs. Helm to retain this
office. . .1
PERILS OF THE DEEP.
Terrible Experience of the Crew of the
So_.ooner Parr During a Gale on
! Lake Michigan.
The Vessel Beached on the Indiana Shore,
After Desperate Attempts to
Eeach Shore.
Graphic Description of the Wrecl*. of
the Ariadne, Near Oswego,
N. Y.
i
j _________________
Desperate Attempts to Rescue the
Crew--Sailors Frozen to
Death.
i Chicago. Dec. 3. — Last Tuesday the
schooner Bay S. Farr left Muskegon for
Chicago with a load of slabs. On Wednes
day afternoon she went, ashore on the beach
near Michigan City, Ind., and the crew
reached this port this morning. The wind
was blowing stiff from the north when the
vessel left Muskegon, and there was
a moderate sea running, but it was
thought that- Chicago harbor could
easily be made with the Wind as
it was then. All went well until Wednes
day morning just as Chicago harbor was
sighted. Just then the wind freshened up
to a gale and veered to the westward. The
schooner had been lying up tolerably close
and the change in the wind made it impos
sible for her to keep on her course to Chi
cago. The wind grew more and more fierce,
and the cold more intense, until every drop
of spray that struck the vessel
FKOZE AS IT FELL,
gradually loading the vessel down on her
lee side until she was nearly on her beam
ends, and her canvas solid sheets of ice,
two or three inches in thickness, and totally
unmanageable. The sea began to rise and
run from the north, and every wave broke
over the vessel, now so loaded with ice that
-lie was almost hull-down in the water.
South Chicago was sighted, but the crew
were unable to do anything toward guiding
their vessel, and she drifted helplessly by.
A determined effort was made by the crew
to get in the stiff, frozen canvas, and it was
brought down. though the sails were broken
in pieces as they were folded on the deck.
By this time the crew of the vessel were
almost dead from exhaustion. They had
been oh deck all night long, and were
covered with the frozen spray. Several of
the men were badly frozen, and Capt
Granzo. who had stuck to his post in the
icy wire rigging, keeping a lookout for
shore and giving orders to his brave men on
deck, was
in A pitiful condition.
His nose, ears, fingers and toes were
frozen, and* he was completely encased in
ice. As his vessel drifted past South Chi
cago, the captain saw that ail hopes of mak
ing a harbor were gone, and he determined
to put his vessel before the wind and beach
her in the sand near Michigan City, Ind.
This was done about 2:30 o'clock. The
vessel struck the bar about seven miles this
side of that town. She grounded on the bar,
and the next moment a tremendous wave
came down on her, sweeping her over the
bar, and drenching her with water from
stem to stem. Another bar lay beyond,
and the steamer struck again and was
once more carried over by another wave,
which froze as it struck, and left the vessel
little more than a mammoth iceberg. The
schooner struck on the beach, but it is
sloping at this point, and the crew were
still a long distance from shore. The
yawl boat was lowered, but was immedi
ately struck by a cake of ice and swamped.
THE TACKLE STILL HELD
and the boat was regained and the crew
managed to crawl into her and make their
way through the tield of floating ice to the
shore, where, almost dead from exposure,
they were cared for by the villagers iv the
neighborhood. The men were all in a ter
rible condition, and the medical force was
kept busy attending the numerous frost
bites. Cant. Granzo's injuries were the
most severe, his lingers being perfectly
black. They were lanced, and it is hoped
that his hands will be saved. The crew
were cared for until last evening, when
they left for Chicago, arriving here this
morning. The Fan is on the beach and is
vow completely surrounded by ice. fl^~
Fire on a Lighter. '
New York, Dec. 3. Fire broke out
this morning on the lighter Ino, which was
receiving a cargo of cotton from the
Charleston line dock, Pier 29, East river.
The Ino had 295 bales of cotton on board,
which were destroyed. The loss is esti
niatee at $35,000.
A Detroit Blaze.
Detroit, Dec. 3.— The Detroit Pipe
Foundry company's works on Michigan
avenue, near the railroad crossing, were
burned to the ground early this morning,
together with thousands of dollars' worth
of" machinery and patterns. The fire was
the most destructive that has occurred in
Detroit since the Ferry conflagration last
June. The loss is estimated at 100. 000;
insurance £20.000, divided into ten policies
of $2,000 each. One hundred and fifty
men are thrown out of employment The
works will be rebuilt
Schooner in Distress.
Vineyard Haven, Mass., Dec. 3.—
unknown three-masted schooner has been
ashore on L'Hommedieu shoal, Viueyard
sound, since vesj.eid.iv. with signals for as
! sistance flying. Owing to the northwest
gale which is prevailing, no assistance can
reach her. The sea is breaking over her
ana she is covered with ice. It is believed
she is the William T. Donnelly. Capt Bas
sett, from Baltimore for Boston, coal laden.
FROZE.*. TO DEATH.
The "lory off the Wreck off the Ari
adne—An Am fill "Experience.
Oswego, N. V., Dec. 3.— One of the
severest storms of wind and snow that ever
v. sited this section swept over Lake On
tario Wednesday night. The wind, which
had all day blown from the southward,
changed around to the west in the evening,
and by nightfall was blowing at the
rate of sixty miles an hour. Seven vessels,
loaded with barley, were known to be
off this port, and much anxiety was, felt
tor their welfare. Rockets were sent up
by the life-saving crew from the piers,
and huge bonfires, fed by willing hands,
were kept constantly burning on the bluffs
along the lake front to guide the storm
j tossed vessels into port. About 8 o'clock a
' large black vessel was discovered through
the snow, drifting past the mouth of the
■ harbor. Her mainmast was gone and her
crew were burning signals of distress
! from her decks. The seas were very
| heavy, and the snow was carried along in
I blinding sheets, which at times shut out the
j lights from the vessel, which ' was drifting
hopelessly to destruction. A tug boat tried
to reach her. but was nearly swamped in
the endeavoi to back into the harbor. After
considerable difficulty the crew succeeded
in clearing away the disabled rigging, and
got a portion of her mainsail set aud headed
her for the foot of the lake. About 3
o'clock Thursday morning the vessel
STRUCK ON A REEF
about twenty miles from this port, and the
crew lashed themselves to the forward rig
ging, where they were discovered at day
light by farmers on shore. The surf was
very heavy, and there was no suitable boats
in the vicinity to
I hausted to make it tast for some time. At
.last
j ONE poop, FELLOW,
who was seen clinging to the main mast,
let go" his bold and grabbed the life link,
took a turn at the spar, and life savers
were quickly aboard the ill-fated vessel.
The poor fellow that had roused himself
sufficiently to make the line fast was
washed overboard by a large wave, but
graspep a piece of the wreckage and
was tossed insensible upon the shore.
His two companions were found
lashed in the fore rigging unconscious,
and badly frozen, and were sent ashore,
in the life buoy. Two sailors were found
lashed to the capstan frozen dead, and one
body was seen in tiie forecastle. The life
saying crew found it impossible to rescue
the bodies, and with the two unconscious
sailors left the wrt/jk. The rescued men
were taken to a farm house and a physician
sent for, but it is feared that they will not '
recover. There was nothing on their cloth
ing by which they could be identified. One
of the dead sailors frozen to the capstan is
thought to be Sutherland McKay, father of
the young captain. He is about 60 years
old, and has a wife in Toronto.
Badly Frozen.
St. Louis, Dec. 3. — Eight negro roust
abouts, a part of the crew of the river
steamer Mattie Bell, arrived at the Union
depot last night with badly frozen hands,
feet and faces. They had been working on
the boat at Pearl Isle iv the Illinois river
all day Tuesday and Wednesday during the
blizzard, and became so badly frozen that
they were sent by rail to this city with in
structions to apply for admission at the
Marine hospital. Four of their number are
in such a serious condition that their hands
aud feet will have to be amputated.
The Brocton Fire.
Brocton, Mass., Dec. 3.— The total loss
by the. fire here last night is* estimated at
$220,000. The losses are as follows: H.
L. Bryant buildings, loss 555.000. insur
ance $50,000; Edgar & Reynolds, dry
goods. $30,000, insurance 880.000; Loring
& Howard, carpetings and paper hangings,
$60,000, insurance $46,000.
Burned to Death.
Tyrone, Pa., Dec. 3.- This morning at
2 o'clock a house at Pennsylvania furnace,
occupied by a family named Powely, was
discovered to be on fire, and before assist
ance could be rendered was entirely con
sumed. Two of the inmates. John Bar
and a child of Powely, were burned to
death.
Democrats Feeling Comfortable.
Indianapolis, Dec. 3. The Democrats
are feeling comfortable over the thought
that if two of the Republican senators who
are charged with being illegally elected are
thrown out and Democrats take their seats,
this would give the Democracy a two-thirds
majority in the senate. This would effect
ually block any revolutionary scheme of the
Republicans to secure the United States
senator. With a two-thirds majority, and
no fear of the destruction of a quorum by
the withdrawal of the Republican members,
the senate might adjourn over the day ap
pointed for the election of a senator, and
persist in so doing, if necessary, until a
senatorial vacancy under the constitution
would be declared. .In this event the gov
ernor could appoint a successor to Senator
Harrison.
The Cholera.
Buenos Ayres, Dec. 3. — Seventeen
new cases of cholera were reported in this
city yesterday and nine deaths. In Rosairio
thirty-four new cases were reported and
twenty five deaths. In Cordova there were
1 twelve new cases and five deaths.
NO. 3 3 8
A VERY TOUGH "LADY."
Further Developments in the Sensational
Campbell Divorce Case. ; at
London Yesterday.
The Gay and Festive ..Manner in Which
the Plaintiff Disported Her
self Exposed.
How She Managed ITer Meetings With
the Duke of Marlborough
and Chief »haw.
A Charge That When She Became
a Wife She Had a Loath
some Disease. ■ -
London, Dec. 3.'— the Campbell di
vorce case to-day, O'Neill, the man servant
on cross-examinati^i repeated his declara
tion of yesterday, that looking through a
key hole in the dining-room door be saw
the plaintiff and Chief Shaw in a com
promising position. Lord Colin Campbell,
witness said, was in the drawing room while
Chief Shaw and plaintiff were on this oc
casion in the dining-room. Asked if he
did not know that there were flaps over the
key hole in the dining-room door, witness
said he did not Elizabeth Evans, a house- *
maid for Lady Miles, testified that during
the Easter holidays in 1883 Lady Colin
Campbell
OCCUPIED BED-ROOM NO. 38
at Leigh court, and that the Duke of Marl
borough occupied room No. 37. .Witness
saw Lady Colin once, while in. the central
hall of Leigh court, take off one of her
slippers and throw it at the duke. Both
went to Leigh court on the same day. and
they left on the same day also. Whilst
Lady Campbell was at Leigh court she ap
peared to be robust and went out on long
walks in all kinds of weather, in snow,
rain or mud, with Dr. Bird. It was only
after plaintiff returned to London that she
appeared to be ill. Witness remembered
that on one occasion, in April, 1883, Gen.
Butler was in the drawing room with Lady
Colin when some one called. Lady Colin
came out and said she was not at home.
Her hair at the time was disarranged and
her face was flushed. When Lord Colin
came home Lady Colin went to her bed
room, and Gen. Butler came down stairs
and let himself out of the house. Soon
afterward Lady Colin came down and
BEGAN TO SING AND PLAY.
Lord Colin called her, and she went to
his room and said she didn't know he was
home, and asked him why he had not come
into the drawing room. He replied, "Be
cause you had a visitor there." Lady Colin
answered, "Only the old soldier; he has
known me since I was a child." Annie
Duffy, Lord Colin Campbell's nurse, testi
fied that she was engaged in 188*2 to attend
the defendant Lady Colin gave him, wit
ness said, but little attention. Her visits
were scarcely ever longer than five minutes,
and she never read td him. Once witness
saw Dr. Bird sitting on a stool at Lady
Colin's feet Dr. Bird met Lady Colin at
the Leigh Court station. Witness once saw
a letter in Lady Colin's handwriting tall out
of Dr. Bird's case of instruments. Lady
Colin became ill in April. Her ailment was
unusual. Dr. Bird, conversing with wit
ness ten days afterward, said, "Don't talk
about Lady Colin's illness. Just say Lady
Colin has a cold." Witness, basing her ob
servation on seventeen years' experience as
a nurse, believed that Lady Colin's illness
at this time was the result of a miscarriage. "
Dr. Bird dined in the house and remained
IN LADY COLIN'S BED-ROOM
until 11 o'clock. Lord Colin said: "Isn't
it rather late, doctor? Is Lady Colin so ill
that you have to remain, although she has :
a nurse here?" Dr. Bird answered:. *i'."l
fell asleep and forgot the time." After
this illness Lady Colin wore a half hoop
emerald ring, and when she went into her
husband's room she used always to turn the
stones of the ring around from the top to
the lower side of the finger that bore it.
Witness being asked why. being Lord
Colin's nurse, she did not inform him of
what she saw said she refrained from
doing so because she felt certain that ulti
mately he would find it all out. Lady
Colin's illness, witness continued, com
menced on April 14 and by the l'Jth wit
ness had concluded that her ladyship had
suffered a miscarriage. Witness was not
aware, however, that any operation had
been performed, and ne\*er heard that such
was the case until now, when the idea
was suggested by counsel's questions. Amy
Wright, a hospital nurse, testified that she
was in attendance upon Lord Colin Camp
bell at the time of his marriage. She ac
companied his lordship and Lady Colin to
Scotland. From what she saw, witness
believed that Lady Campbell, at the time
of her marriage, and for some time before
it, was suffering from
AN INFECTIOUS DISEASE,
the most loathsome of its class [sensation],
and that she did not warn Lord Colin
Campbell against the probable results of
: the consummation of a marriage with a
woman in her diseased condition. Witness
was not Lord Colin Campbell's medical ad
viser. She had had fourteen years' ex
perience in hospitals. Two years ago sho
made a statement to Solicitor Humphrey
similar to the one she had just made con
cerning the plaintiff. Tho case was at this
poiut adjourned.
—^^^—
Reagan Wants to be Senator.
Palestine, Tex., Dec. 3. Since the
announcement of Hon. J. R. Reagan's
candidacy for the United States senate,
some ten days ago, his pronounced support _*
has increased from a dozen votes at the
start to thirty-one senators and representa
tives. This indicates something of a boom
for the veteran congressman, and puts him
second to Maxey in the race. It is thought
by many of the best-posted politicians iv
the state that Judge A. W. Terrell, who
made a thorough canvass of the state as an
anti-monopolistic candidate, will withdraw
from the race after a lew ballots, and his
strength, which is considerable, will largely
goto Judge Reagan, because of his anti
monopolistic labors in congress. Judge
Terrell, in the event of such withdrawal,
will then buckle on his armor to do battle
with the learned Senator Coke at the expi
ration of his term two years hence. The
legislature meets the first week in January.
A Confiscate J Vessel.
Montreal, Dec. 3. — The American
schooner Highland Light, which was for- •
feited to the crown by Chief Justice
Palmer, and ordered to be sold on the 14th
inst, will be bought in by the Dominion
government and fitted up as a cruiser under
command of Capt. Loravv. who effected
her capture. Though the last of the ves
sels captured under the treaty of 1818,' sho
is the first confiscated.
— <__— ■
Shot Himself.
.unt Holly, N. J., Dec. Col.l
James N. Stratton, a well-known lawyer
and formerly judge advocate of the Nationa
guard, of New York, committed suicide by .
shooting himself in the head. Despondency
on account of illness is the supposed cause.
Made **»<' Report.
Indianapolis, Jnd., Dec. 3. — The grand
jury of the federal court adjourned to-day *
without returning any indictments against
the parties who mutilated and forged tho
election returns in this county, by which
two- Democratic, county officers were
counted in, or making any report on the
subject whatever. Judge Wood rebuked
them in a caustic manner and then dis
charged^ them.
A Verdct Asbiiki Butler.
Boston, Mass., Dec. 3.— ln the case of
the National Soldiers' home against Gen.
Butler the jury to-day found a verdict for
116,537.50 against Geu. Butler.*
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