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s**il||l§l»§foW. published every day IN tue YEAR. ' lewis BAKER. St. Paul, monday. march 1887. ~ ST. PAUL GLOBE BUBdCRIPTION RATES. Daily (Not Including Sunday.) . 1 yr. in advance... lS 00 I 3 mo*., in advance. s2 00 li mos., in advance. 4 00 | 0 weeks. in advance. 1 00, One month 70c. DAILY AND SUNDAY. lyr.. in advance .*lO 00 I . mos., in advance. 50 i mos., in advance *> 00 | 6 weeks. in advance 1 00 One month Sic. SUNDAY AI.ONK. ; . '■.': 'l""i yr., in advance. .s2 10 I"i mos., in advance. .soc cos., in advance. 1 00 | 1 mo., in advance. ...2oo .bi-weekly— (Daily— Monday, Wednesday and Friday.) I jr., in advance.. ft 00 | 6 mos., in advance.!? 00. ''months, in advance $1 00. WEEKLY ST. PAUL lII.OBE. One Year. %1. Six Mo., 85 cts. Three Mo., 35 cts. Re'ected communications cannot bo preserved. A licress all letters and telegrams to THE GLOBE, St. Paul, Minn. THE ST. PAIL GLOBE Has a I.arser Circulation titan thai of Any Other Newspaper Printed Northwest of Chita to, and it is Stead ily and Bapidly increasing. Keeping Pace with the Growth of the Great « Ity of Which the GLOBE la Admit tedly the Journalistic liepreseuta live. It I* the Best Advertising* Medium for Those who Desire to Beach All Classen of Newspaper Headers in the Great! Northwest, and 'Especially in Minnesota and Dakota. TO-DAY'S WEATHER.. Washington, March 7. 1 a.m. lndications: For Michigan and Wisconsin, fair weather, colder, northwesterly winds verging to north erly. For Minnesota and Eastern Dakota, lair weather, colder northerly winds, beeouu injf variable, with a cold wave. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. St. Paul. March 6.— -The following observa tions were made at 8:48 p. in., local time. *"~ ~ I Bah. I Thek. I S~~ X ■ i'W: L.2 _:» Place of Observation. 2. I•_ i«*s| 2*2, **■ 3 _• *** : S - '£ . _ *** ! a ! : .a -i Duluth 29.69' 871 +21; Cloudy it. Paul... 29.83 83 +9 Clear l.a Crosse 29.90 34 +7 Clear Huron 30.00 ! 32 +4 Cloudy M'jorhead 29.98' 21 »5 Cloudy St. Vincent *!«.'>-' 14 *1» Fair Bismarck :>0.07 15 **_7 Clear Fort ford 30.08 7 *33 Clear Fort Assinaboine.. . 30. 1 9 *30 Fair Fort Custer 29.92 31 *10 Cloudy Helena ' 29.78 38 *1 LtSnow Carry ! 29.8b 6 M 9 Fair Minoedosa j 29.90 9 *16 Cloudy Medicine Hat 30.14 17 — Clear Quapell | 30.37 — 9j — [Clear ""tHiffber. *Lower. THE LEGISLATURE. In glancing over tlie list of laws passed by the late legislature one is struck with the fact that three- fourths or probably four fifths of them are of a local or private na ture. This fact is an additional argument in favor of a new constitution. There should be a constitutional provision prohib iting special legislation except in cases where a general law cannot be made appli cable. The fact that the constitution per mits special legislation is one explanation of why the average legislature does not give more satisfactory results. In the lirst place, each member is elected on some local issue. His constituency have some ax to grind on the legislative grindstone, and they elect the representative to do the grinding. He comes up to the legislature with that one i — -tie uppermost in his mind. He gels to talking with his fellow members and finds tiiat every one of them is situated just as he is. They have local axes to grind also. Then commences a system of log-rolling, and on the principle of 'you tickle me and I'll ttvkle you." the work of the legislature gifts on. Measures of public importance and of. a general nature are shelved to make room for the local bills. The member Win) ' lias a local measure to push feels justified in sacrificing everything else to secure its success, because lie knows that his constituents will indorse his action. Thus it is the general welfare suffers in order that private anil local interests may be promoted. The last legislature was no exception in this respect. Possibly it was cumbered by a larger number of local bills than any of its predecessors. In addition to this, the last legislature lacked competent leadership and the busi ness of the body got into inextricable en tanglement. This is apt to be the case in any legislative body unless there is some person with experience and capacity to lay hold of the business of the session and re duce it to a system. As a rule members of a state legislature are not men with an en larged business experience. They are gen erally good, clever men, with honest inten tions and impulses— probably well-to-do farmers or skillful mechanics— but their line of thought and action has not qualified them for the duties cf a legislative career. They come together as strangers, and for the most part entirely ignorant of parlia mentary law and practice. By the time they have acquired sufficient knowledge of legislative life to qualify them to make a beginning, the session has expired by limi tation. Thus it is year after year legisla tures meet and adjourn and accomplish but little to commend itself to popular favor. Now and then it occurs that some per son of influence, experience and capacity gets into the legislature who can gain the confidence of the body to a degree that en ables him to take the lead in blocking out good legislative work. It was the misfor tune of the last legislature to have been in the condition of an army without a com mander. Those best qualified to command were relegated to the ranks and kept there, and some of the ablest of them hardly per mitted to serve in the ranks. In considera tion of all these things it is a matter of sur prise that the legislature accomplished as much good as it did.. It is singularly for tunate for the state that no worse results were achieved. While we have some cause for congratulation that the state lias es caped a good many evils that might have been inflicted, still there are enough in sight to remind us of the duty of taking every possible precaution to provide against their recurrence in the future. First and foremost we want a new constitution which will limit the work of a legislature to mat ters of a general nature. IGNATIUS DONNELLY. People who are under the impression that Ignatius Donnelly has been eternally squelched by the late legislature know nothing of the elastic qualities of that gen tleman, It is not an uncommon thing for Mr. Donnelly to be turned down, but lie is not a man to be kept under. His genius is a light which cannot be hid under a bushel. That he is erratic and lacks ballast Ls admitted by his best friends. That he often permits his impulses to run away with Ids judgment has had too frequent demonstration to be doubted. And that he too frequently assumes a dictatorial bearing •where more modest pretensions would suit the occasion better, is lamentably true. Yet, notwithstanding all these defects, the man who questions Mr. Donnelly's pre eminent abilities /writes himself down a fool. The people of Minnesota recognize in Ignatius Donnelly the brainiest man of the state, and the people are always sure to pay tribute to intellectual worth. The simple fact that a legislature wasted a whole session in attempting to bury a man, simply because he Q towered head and should-" s above his col leagues in inteiltciia! strength, dies] not detract from the man's standing before the. people. > The- people are impartial judges, and always render 'Judgment ac cording to the merits of the case and dispose of honors according to tho deserts of the man. The Globe differed with Mr. Dox nei.ly on many of the measures he advo cated, and has had frequent occasion to criticise his public actions. That does not prevent us from recognizing Mr. Don nelly's superior intellectual worth. Nor, simply because we differ with a man on public questions, are we justified in at tempting to strike him down, or even to misestimate his influence and standing ' with tlie public. There is a well-settled popular conviction that on the issues over which the legislature quarreled with Mrs. DONNELLY he was nearer right than the legislature. ' Then, so far as those particu lar questions are concerned, Mr. Don nelly's martyrdom will exalt him in pop ular favor. He is really a bigger man to-day in the estimation of the people of Minnesota than he was before the legisla ture convened' And the people who have been crowing over Donnelly's downfall have really crowed before they got out of the woods. ' The •impression in certain quarters that Donnelly is a political corpse is an unwarranted delusion. He has vital ity .'enough to be a lively factor in the future politics of the state. . . _, m , GRASS WIDOWS. To the Editor of th. Globe. Will you please inform me the origin and meaning of the phrase, "grass widow." -Minneapolis, March 5. A Subscriber. A grass widow is a widow by brevet. She is sometimes described as a weedless widow, who exhibits none of the outward signs of desolation which the heart feels. She is a married woman without a husband, j or at least for whom the husband is what ! Paul said of faith, "the substance of things hoped for and the evidence of things [ not seen." The dictionaries define a grass widow to be a woman who has been es- j tranged from her husband, or has been I abandoned by him. It is difficult to give the origin of the phrase, as there is such a difference of opinion among competent au thorities. We know that it comes from two good old Saxon words, gras and widna, the former meaning "to devour," and the latter "spouseless." The Greek word "graseia" corresponds witli the Saxon "gras," and signifies "to gnaw," from which we are led to infer that a grass widow in ancient times was supposed to possess dangerous quali ties. She probably went about as a roaring lion, seeking whom she might devour. She is an entirely different type of womankind in this age — thank, to the progress of civilization— and is now more apt to be devoured than to de vour. There are others who hold to the opinion that tlie phrase dates back to a more ancient origin than our Saxon ances try. They hold that it originated in the primitive ages of the human race, when pastoral pursuits constituted the world's sole industry. Men. held very light views respecting the marital relations in those days and brevet widows were numerous. It is asserted they herded together in flocks like the sheep on the plains and subsisted as best they could on fruits and herbage hence they came to be spoken of as "grass widows." In the absence of any positive i evidence as to the correctness of these two ! theories of the origin of the phrase, we leave our correspondent to "pay his money and take his choice," but in a spirit of mire kindness we remind him that Mr. We_ leu's cautionary advice to his son Samuel included all sorts of widows. MORE LIGHT. If there is one thing more than another which this city wants in the night time it is more light. The badly lighted streets are a reproach to the city. Last Friday night at an early hour in the evening a man was run over at the crossing of . Fourth and Cedar sheets, his leg was horribly mangled . and the man's life is despaired of. Arid yet, while this occurred at an intersection of two of the most public streets, and that, too, at an hour of the night when people are still on the streets, nobody knows how the accident happened or who or what ran over him. And all because of the darkness which prevails at that corner. This is one of many instances which might be cited showing the dangers which people are sub jected to because of .** lack of street lamps. There should be a better system of street lighting and more electric lights should be used. One electric mast of proper heighth is worth a hundred gas lamps. ♦ — . Now the Republican brethren are exceed ingly wroth because it Is intimated that Gov. McGill may appoint a Democrat to a minor oflice. "Consistency"— but then who could reasonably expect consistency of Republican politicians? What a difference it does make whose ox la being gored. . The refusal of the Dakota legislature to consider the question of female suffrage was probably due to the generally accepted maxim that the minority shall not rule, al though many forlorn Dakota bachelors were only too willing to give the minority an op portunity. _ . — m . The death of Henry Ward, Beecher Should have been expected in the natural course of human nature. He has passed the allotted age of man long since, and during his busy life has performed work enough to break down half a dozen men less rugged. <_, The Flour City divorce record for the past winter has been extraordinarily heavy, but we trust that the springtime thoughts of love now begin- ing to agitate the breasts of Minneapolis men and maids will soon result in restoring the balance. '■ • — m There is some appropriateness in exhibit ing Miss Van Zandt in wax, for from all ac counts she is a very soft' young woman, easily impressed even when the thing creat ing the impression is of the most trifling nature. ■ THE fact that several handsome business blocks will soon be erected in this city is an indication that capitalists are beginning to discover that St. Paul, rents are about as satisfactory as profits in St. Paul corner lots. Immigration agents should be particularly observant of Lent, in order that their con sciences may be able to state the strain which will as a matter of course be placed upon them In working up the spring boom. m A long, , but" not a fond warewell to the blizzard. It has gone, let us hope, leaving nothing behind but a disagreeable memory of what Northwestern winter weather can be when it is in an especially savage mood. • •* Minneapolis should begin to perfect her Exposition plans at once. This season's show should be greater by far than the last, and St. Paul promises to do her utmost to make the Exhibition a success. One thing clouded the closing hours of the legislature with the most poignant regret, it was the fact that less than a week after adjournment a most sumptuous ballet would appear at a local theater. ■ Considering the unenviable records made by many other cities, tho Twin Cities have been wondetfully free from failures. In the bright, lexicon of the West there is seldom such a word as fail. . . Each individual congressman, and legisla tor, too, for that matter, is now busily ex plainiim- to his constituents how differently things would have turned out had his advice ! only been heeded. i- — » ; . A glance at yesterday's advertising col umns would convince the most doubting that St. Paul's spring real estate boom is on. and, what is best of all, is on a substantial basis. It is beginning to be generally believed that the Hon. Willy Wind hasn't a string tied to the chairmanship of the interstate commerce commission after all. The man who has the Inevitable cold in his THE ST. PATH. DAILY GLOBifi. MONDAY MORNING, MARCH 7. 1887. head is no believer in ctherial mildness, either of temper «r of weather. ■ STRAY SUNBEAMS. Henry Ward Beecher would be 74 years old if lie lived until the X4th of next June. He was born at Litchfield, Conn., in 1818, aud graduated from Amhcrest college In his 21st year. He went from college to Lane semin ary, where he studied theology. ?•* . - Mr. BEECnER's first pastorate was of a Presbyterian congregation in Lawrenceburg, Ind., which he took charge of in 1837. Two years afterwards he accepted a cull to church in Indianapolis, where he served ! for eight years. During his pastorate in Indianapolis he contributed to an agricultural journal aud his contributions were afterwards published under tho title "Fruits, Flowers .■ and Farm ing." Ho was always partial to rural life and never seemed so happy as when on his little farm. *_* In 1847 ne took charge of Plymouth church, theu a new Congregational organization In Brooklyn, which has since become famous under his administration. His congregation to-day is probably the largest in the world. ►.« Mr. Beecher always discarded the mere conventionalities of the clerical profession. Ho is a natural humorist, and has always held that humor was entitled to as much place in the pulpit as argument aud exhorta tion. His philosophy has been that the devil was not entitled to all the pleasantries or this life. * * Mr. Beecher's theory was that a minister's congregation should, not be confined to the people who came to hear him. He regarded the whole world as his congregation and was the first preacher to Introduce the system of sending out weekly sermons to be published in the newspapers, It was as far back as 18. r >7 that stenographers began to take down his sermons for publication. *** There is, perhaps, not another man in the world whoso usefulness and Influence as a minister of the gospel would have survived the disaster of the Tilton scandal. The tenacity with which the Plymouth congrega tion clung to the cause of their pastor and the loyalty they manifested in protecting his reputation from the blight of that unfortu nate episode exhibit the great personal power he exerted over people. ■"*-..* With the possible e.xcception of Daniel Webster this country bas never produced a man who had more brain power than Henry Ward Beecher. His intellectual greatness made him ade mi-god in the sight of those who came in contact with him. And yet as he*(llps there in his Brooklyn home on his feverish couch, heaving his thick breath and shaking his palsied head, and wo contemplate his helplessness, we are forced to exclaim, "How utterly nothing aie the great things of earth." *_* A question of veracity has sprung up be tween Marcus Mayer and Miss Fortescue. The young lady says that the statement made by the well-known manager that ho and she were to be married when tbe flowers bloom in the spring is wholly unauthorized. She says she has not been consulted about it and she will not submit to being married by proxy. Marcus says he is still willing and there shall be no ground for a breach of promise suit. Patti is making the people of Chicago green with .jealousy by telling them what a nice city St. Paul is and what a cultured pop ulation it has. She says she could toll from the applause of her St. Paul audience that it was a critically discriminating one and knew when to catch the line points of the music. **•_.* There is an air of dreary loneliness around the state house since the legislature ad journed. The soul of eloquence has fled from its crumbling walls and its echoes no longer linger among the broken rafters. It is a marvel that the building stood the continuous strain of a sixty-days' quarrel between Pot ter and Donnelly. **"..'**• Slush can be endured in the press, the pul pit, at the bar, or anywhere better than in the street. If this thawing process keeps up a few days longer the city will have to adopt Sheridan's advice to congress and provide itself with some "cavalry of the sea" for the accommodation of street travel. . PRESS COMMENT. Should Remain In St. Paul. Sibley Independent. The stormy discussions over the change of locution for a new state capitol have about subsided. It had become almost a mania with most of the citizens of the largo cities. Looking at the matter candidly, there is no necessity for a new capitol for years, and the decision of the matter was timely. If there must ben new one built, however, then the proper place to put it would be midway be tween Minneapolis and St. Paul. If. as we have a right to expect, those two cities will ever be closely ui.lted or become one, it is a duty to-day to place the capitol in the heart of such a city. Rut there is yet no sincere desire on the part of the people to remove the capitol out of St. Paul, as it should remain there for many obvious reasons. The Game and Fish Nuisance. Owatonna Journal and Herald. During the session of the present legisla ture we have again had the absurdity of the enactment of a large number of local game and fishing laws. One general game and fish law should regulate the whole business in every locality. There are numberless local bills passed every session covering matters that should be regulated by general statutes. These are some of the practices which waste the time of the legislature and give the state a multitude of local provisions which are per plexing. A Blank In History. St. Peter Herald. gs?gg The legislature has adjourned for two years and the people of the state will enjoy a whole some respite. A retrospective glance will reveal no great amount of legislation. When one asks what the present legislature has done, nothing will naturaliy be the answer. Neither branch has developed an unlimited quantity of statesmen: in fact, statesmanship has been notoriously absent. The legislature of 1887 will go down to history quite a blank. Too Much Wind. Austin Transcript. The house spent valuable time in wrangling over a ridiculous charge of bribery, while the question of redisricting the state, and other questions of importance were entirely disre garded. Legislatures must either learn to utilize their time, or have more time. The proportion of legislation to wind expended 19 too low. Paying Political Debts. Wahpeton Times. It is thought that it will require $20,000 to pay employes at the Minnesota state capital this closing session, and that a very large proportion of this goes to supernumeraries, dragged in on thl#aud that pretext, all tend ing to pay political debts. Polish Up the Spectacles. Sauk Centre Tribune. The legislature has closed its labors and the result of its work will soon be shown to the people by the printing thereof in the papers. It is as well to be prepared lor a big grist, and to polish up the spectacles. Used to Levy Blackmail. Owatonna Journal and Herald. The legislature has passed a new libel act. It is intended to correct many of the abuses growing out of the old law, which has been used in frequent instances merely as a means to levy blackmail. Maj. Edwards' Dashy Appetite. Milnor (Dak.) Free Press. Maj. Edward's "dashy" appetite may be ac counted for by the fact that he is one story high and two stories long. Sei Backs Are Proper. Milnor, Dak., Free Press. A 825,000 libel suit against the St. Paul Globe resulted in a verdict for 1 cent. That was probably a fair allowance. It is only the "small fry" who seek to get rich by libel suits, and set backs are proper. ■ — . __ IHE PRESIDENT SUSTAINED. A Word to the Veterans About the Dependent Pension Bill. Shakopee' Courier. The president is sustained in bis veto of the dependent pension bill, the bouse falling to pass It by the requisite two-thirds. There has been a good deal said about this measure for and against it. .But there are many things about it that are objectionable, and especially in including the '64. substitutes who never left their states, but after getting big draft and bounty money, went Into camp and stayed there, rilled and uncalled for. Particularly was this the case in some of tho eastern states, and to many it didn't look Just exactly right to include these already well paid men in the benefits of the measure. Especially as it don't help that consid erable class of patriots who served out their time in one or more regiments from 1861 to 1880. Many of these men served out the original three monts term, then, re enlisting-, went through three years, became veterns, and in Hancock's corps and other service remained active soldiers to the finish. Nothing hus ever been done to rewind those men in the shape of, not pensions — for pensions belong to the disabled— but bounty. It is true the soldiers' homestead act took thorn In with all others, and that had too many re quirements to be available to all; but while big pensions have been paid under the arrears act to those claiming disability, nothing has been offered to those having no such honest claim. We copy from a number of loading journals,, many Republican, an-1 all evidently willing to do the lair thing by the deserving, extracts to show their opposition to the dependent bill, aud thero is a great deal of force In what they say. But while some or the more radical pitch into Mr. Cleveland for his veto, they seem to forget that when Gen. Grant was president, be ve toed the - equalization of bounty bill— cut. it right out of the bill increasing his own salary —and that in face of the fact that it was one of the campaign promises of his party. The bill, if it hud beeeme a law, would have hud a tendency to settle the whole business by plac ing those who enlisted in the early #*art of the war without thought or expectation of bounty, on a foot in '< with others who got large boun ties to go,. after It began to be developed that fighting was not play, but a serious matter, where men were killed or crippled for life. ■ ■ DAKOTA DO IS jt*HD DASHES. New. Note* of Interest to the People of Use Great Territory. • A young man named Kells came out from Hudson, N. ST., about five years ago, the son of wealthy parents, his mind absorbed with the attractions of sequestered life in hunting and trapping. Ho built a pood-sized but. or mud shack on the .lames river, near the village of Dickey, in the south part of La Moure county. With an associate ho has lived there ever since, trapping beaver, otter and mink, and hunting foxes, squirrels, wolves nnd other fur animal-, and shipping large numbers of the furs East. In the past three weeks he has trapped thirty-nine beaver alone. He relates that his method of catch lug them in the winter is to cut a holo in the ice of the river, fasten his trap, baited with birch bark, leaving it there a day, when he cuts out the hole that has frozen up and gen erally takes out a beaver fust in the trap and drowned. He says that last year a beaver caught by the leg in the trap, cut the leg off and escaped, leaving the amputated limb. Recently the same animal was again caught, having but three legs. Tho beavers have covers dm? out in the banks above the water level, and opening under the water, keeping out the cold. This hunter has never extended over twenty miles from his base of operations and has made a great deal of in >ney. One day lust week ,J. Anderson, in driving from Dunbar to Harlem, in Surge county, was held up by four highwaymen who de manded his money and the contents of his sleigh. He was disposed at first to accede to j the demand, but observing that they were I amateurs and bunglers, who did not show any I pistols, he made believe as if he had one and told them to get out of the way or he would shoot. They stepped back a few paces and he lashed his horses, but they saw his trick and pursued with knives and threats. Hut the horses were too fast for them. Such in cidents are as rare In Dakota as in any state Nowhere Is traveling more free from such an noyances. A newspaper crank in Clay county, with Rev. re hard in mind, makes the startling declaration that the path to Dakota statehood is obstructed by "rum, Democracy and New England." It. was a Republican senator from Maine who obstructed Dakota statehood in the Forty-seventh congress.and it is difficult to find any serious effort by that party since to admit a Dakota state. lt* the.Democrats in con gress have not favored the movement as they should, they have had ample company from the Republican side or the house. Groton has a flue Sunday school and a good business man is superintendent, but he can't pray— the president of the college has always done that for him— but last Sunday the latter was sick and the good superintendent could And no one in the school to help him out. He started in desperately on the Lord's prayer and got into tho second paragraph when he stalled—could not think of another word— and cut short with. "O, Lord. Thou knowest the rest and we don't." He is trying to learn it. As preachers do not exaggerate the state ment of Rev. B. J. Kelly, nt Springfield, in re gard to a late blizzard, may be taken as a literal fact. Ho says he started from the hotel to go to his house, about feu blocks, lost his way and roamed about the suburbs of the town for a time and finally found his way back to the hotel, where ,he remained over night rather than venture out again. The Yankton Herald, which is not given to looseness of statement, says Auditor Cald well retires from otlice with a record of hav ing permitted 'more fraudulent vouchers to slip unchallenged through his hands than any of his predecessors— and that he never ques tioned the justice of a single claim. There may be a chuuee for Mr. Caldwell to raise an issue with the Herald. The New York Police Gazette gives pictor ial fame to the elopement of Mrs. Myers, of Sargent county, with Paul Medsdorf, whose joint felicity had its terminus at Fargo. Neither of the parties would ever be arrested on the strength of the portraits. They have probably done duty for Spies and Van Zandt. A branch of the Salvation army has secured the opera ho.i seat Hillsboro for a religious campaign. It is rumored that Col. Plummer. the oratorical Boanerges of the North, is to have a part in the work. He has been re claimed of late, since he was not elected to the legislature and gave up making Blame speeches. -Sj9i The recent burning of the store of Mc- Donal k Ensign at Cando, in Tower county, was the first fire the place has ever had, and was evidently the work of an incendiary. The loss was covered by insurance and the building will be replaced by a better one. Public opinion at. Pembina is divided over the case ol Cyrus Strong, who has been bound over for trial on the charge of incest. The girl is but 16, and her character leads many to believe her father not guilty of the damning aspersion. Several towns are trying to inaugurate starch factories. Potatoes, it is claimed, can be grown for about **0 cent* a bushel, and 250 to 300 bushels to the acre, and consequently they can profitably be used for starch. A Pierre paper is not entirely happy in its statement that there is no more 'danger of a flood at that point than there is upon Mount Ararat, as it is believed the waters did at cne time cover that elevation. The office of the Fargo Insurance company at Sioux Falls has been closed and the appur tenances-sold at auction, and the men who wrecked it are now able to travel in style. At the revival meeting at Webster, iv Day county, the converts are said to number about 130. The entire community has been reraarkaby stirred. Parker, in Turner county, has tried prohi bition a year, and claims to have money in the treasury and to be satisfied with the ex perience. :: 'r' : J ' H. L. Henry, the editor of the Redfield Dis patch, recently sustained a severe loss in the death of his excellent wife. She left four children. ""fJ§S_SSS The attempt to establish a daily at Kimball, in Brule county, has not proved a suoc ess but the place has two excellent weeklies. IN THE OLD ALBUM. Recollections Revived by Turning- Over the Old Pictures. San Francisco Chronicle. Do you ever open the old album and look over the pictures? Well, the old folks — your father and mother— always look well, for, don't you know, parents are always old-fashioned. But there's your aunt, with a coal-scuttle bonnet and hoops, and her hair pasted down over her forehead and parted in the middle, with a kind of jaun dice complexion and bright eyes that show in their pupils nothing but the excited, in tense interest of trying to look into the camera for fifty seconds without winking. And you thought I she was ' so pretty then, v and you remember as a child when you went and told your mother you saw her being kissed by her beau at the gar den gate. Then there's her beau, who aft erwards married he. He was so handsome, don't you know. Look at him. He wears a long frock coat with lapels that curl up under his arms; lie has a flaming necktie and a shirt front slowing . down to where the coat looks as if it were tied by a string tight around his waist. His trousers don't fit, and his face is all covered with yellow specks, and he looks as if he had swallowed a fly and it was in dying agonies in his windpipe, while lie daren't cough for fear of spoiling the picture. . Then there's your self. Well, that's not so bad. You know you were pretty as . a child, and you re member the dress, .. and— well— you're not quite so old-fashioned— to yourself— the others. And you turn the page. There's Fred, whom you jilted. You look at * him and you're glad yon jilted him. He used to be so beautifully pensive. Now he looks like an idiot, and— well— you doubt if he ever could have been so horrid, anyway. Then your husband comes along and turns the book over and says: "Do yon remember that?" You close it on his fin gers; its fearful. You ' mV an old-fash ioned, shapeless, black silk gown that looks like gingham, or something with wide sleeves and big ruffles, and the skirt is gracefully bunched out like a half exhausted balloon. . And you've had the picture painted, and the beautiful red of your cheeks has become mottled, and the neck Is yellow and the hair is a dirty brown color, and you've got hold most awkwardly of a green chair. . And your ' husband' wonders what he ever could see in you until you show him his own picture. ■"■'•■ Then he shuts up suddenly like a knife, don't you know. And the old gray-headed man comes and takes up the book. He has lost the taste or fashions and for styles and only the faces speak to. him. He thinks, as he looks at this faded and yellow portrait— it is his wife when they were both thirty years younger and Photographs were not so com mon—she is for a moment young again and lie remembers how he stood in the corner and watched her as the picture was taken, afraid to breathe until the cap was put on, in case some movement of his lips might break the spell and frighten away the sun light. But he has another picture older than the paper photograph. It is a daguer reotype. He keeps it to himself. It cost him dear. Ii is of a young girl in the first blush.of womanhood, and all the modern cameras in the world, with all the most patent Improvements and all the most em- | belhshecLeffects, can never make so beau tiful a picture for him. Well, well. God bless the old folks. They're a trifle cranky, but there's an awfully kindly method in their crankiness. <: . .-.v, SOME DA A <;.*,' REPORTED To Winter Wheat, Hut It is Doing Better Than Last Year. Chicago, March "„.— The Farmers' Re view will publish the following crop sum mary to-morrow: Thus far the reports from the winter wheat belt indicate that the crop is emerging from the winter in better shape than last year. The crop is not as sured from the resulting- damage of storms and bad weather, and still has to pass through a critical period, but, as a whole, the outlook must be regarded as more favor able than at the beginning of , March of last year. The extremely ,jj mild weather of the opening days of last week, followed by the cold weather, caused some injury in Illinois and Indiana, and in Laporte and Randolph counties of Indiana considerable wheat was frozen and killed. Twenty-three Illinois counties this week report the wheat as look ing well, while in Brown, Johnson and White counties injury is reported. Thir teen counties in Indiana make very favor able returns. In Michigan and Wisconsin the outlook is reported as very favorable. .Nearly all the Wisconsin fields have had au ample snow covering since last November. The weather lias been unfavorable in Ohio and some injury is reported in Champaign,.Sen eca and Van Wert counties, but all the other counties reporting made favorable re turns. The season is well advanced in Missouri and spring plowing has com menced. — irVCESDURY AS -USUAL. Chicago Socialist- Talk Glibly of Carrying- Arms. Chicago, March There was a large meeting of socialists at West Twelfth Street Turner hall this afternoon to discuss a measure pending in the Illinois legislature known as [Merit's bill, to punish the authors of inflammatory and incendiary speeches or writings. After an address by a newspaper man named Buchanan, de nouncing capitalists, the press and the military, a resolution was adopted protest ing against the bill. Then some very radical speeches were delivered in English, German and Bohemian. Editor Curtin, of the Arbeiter Zeitung, advised his hearers to procure arms and cany them. Holmes and the English chairman declared the socialists had a right to preach treason and overthrow society and the constituted authorities. Sooner than see the bill pass he would take arms in band and preach revolution. He was against the bill as an American citizen, as a socialist and as an anarchist. If necessary they should all become determined rebels and preach down right revolution. Curtin and Holmes were wildly cheered by the crowd, which in- eluded a number of women. WEST VIRGINIA LEGISLATURE. The Governor Calls a Special Session oft the Bod]*. Charleston, W. Va., March 6. Gov. Wilson will issue his proclamation to-mor row reconvening the legislature on the third Wednesday of April next to consider and act upon the following subjects of legisla tion: To make appropriations of public money to pay general calls upon the treasury; to make ■ appropriations to pay. members of the legis lature and salaries of the officers of the gov ernment; to protect the public treasury against unnecessary expenditures by regulat ing costs, charges and proceedings in crimi nal cases before justices and circuit courts, and to provide for and limit allowances for the maintenance of lunatics in jails. It is believed that there will be an election of a United States senator, as the work cannot be completed until the second Tues day after the meeting. Senator Kenna arrived home to-day, and says there is no doubt that the legislature will have to elect a senator at its special session, notwith standing Gov. Wilson thinks otherwise. ■ . MRS. BECK DEAD. She Expires in Washington After a Brief Illness. Washington, March G. — Mrs. Jane Washington Thornton Beck, wife of Sena tor Beck, of Kentucky, died at her resi dence in this cicy this evening of inflamma tion of the bowels. Mrs. Beck had been feeling as well as usual this winter, and her first symptoms were the result of cold con tracted while out riding in an open car riage Friday. Nothing * serious was apprehended until i this r morning, when Drs. Wales and Busey, the physicians in attendance, a informed A the family that they could offer no hope of her recovery. Senator Beck and Mrs. Goodloe, Mrs. Beck's daughter, were at her bed side in her last moments. : Her only other child, a grown son, is in Wyoming. The remains will be taken to Lexington Ky., for interment. Mrs. Beck was born in Auburn, Va., Oct. 9, 18*25, and was the grand-niece and nearest living descendant of George Washington, She married Senator Beck in Lexington, Feb. 5, 1848. —- ■ ■ i A Horse In a Kitchen. Pittsburg Dispatch. A horse belonging to S. Miller, of Wylie avenue, cut some queer pranks yesterday. He- was standing unhitched on the street, when a boy came along and gave him a sharp cut with a whin.' He immediately started, and ran into a gate opening into Mrs. Miller's yard. When he reached there he at once broke into a summer kitchen ad joining the house. . i_*sf*?g"S A glass window stood between it and the house proper. He was just about.to make his way through that when Abram, a son of Mr. Miller, "caught him and led him out. Mrs. Miller was somewnat frightened by the horse. ■ Mother Angela Buried. South Bend, Ind., March 6.— The funeral of Mother Angela, late superior of thejSisters of the Holy Cross of the United States, and founder of numerous educa tional institutions, took place at St. Mary, near this city, this morning. After solemn requiem mass a panegyric was delivered by Bishop Gilmour, of Cleveland;' The ob sequies were attended by as many members of the community as could be assembled and by numerous persons from; various parts of the country. The interment was at St. Mary's academy. ■/-,, The Oldest Wild Goose. '•;";</• There has just died in Beverly township. Canada, a venerable wild goose. Thirty years ago Morris Shelland bought it of Mr. Harris, of Gait, who eighteen years before that caught it. How old the goose was when captured, forty-eight years ago, no one knows. _ Boycott Raised. New York, March G.— The Central La bor union to-day removed the boycott from Ebret's beer. . .. .*-l MARTHA WASHINGTON. ' She Was a Poor Speller and Her Grammar Would Not Pass mus ter. Cosmopolitan. Martha Washington was not an educated woman in the sense of to-day. She did i not spell well, and ■ her grammar would hardly stand the parsing of the public schools. Copies of two of her letters to her sister, .Mrs. Bassett, lie before me. They were written at about the beginning I of the Revolution. She began one j thus: "1 have wrote to you several times, ! in hopes it would put you in mind of I me. but 1 find it has not had Its intended effect." Further on she adds: "The rivers lias never been frozen hard enough to walk upon the ice since I came here." Among "the misspelt words of the letter are: "Navey" for navy, "loded" for loaded, "coles" for coals, "distant" for destined, "clere" for clear, "lieare" for here, "plesed" for pleased, and "greatiul" for grateful. Company she spells "com paney," and persuaded " perswaded." In the fac simile of a letter that she wrote to Will'am B. Reed, of New York, in 1777. I see that she .knew 'no other punctuation mark than the dash, that the apostrophe was a stranger to her, and that her writing, though not illegible, was far from beautiful or elegant. The use of the capital was as embarrassing to her as the use of the punctuation point, and her let- j ters look as though the capitals had been shaken out of a mammoth pepper-box and permitted to lie wherever they fell. One of her letters, commencing "Mv Dear Fanny," was lately communicated by Rev. H. E. Hayden, of Pennsylvania to ."The Magazine of American History." lt is dated "Mount Vernon. Aug. 7, 1784," and the verbatim spelling and punctuation are preserved in the publication. Some of the sentences begin with capitals and some without She writes of "My little nelly," referring probably to Nellie Custis, and in the same line says that "Tut is the same claver (clever) boy you left him." thus cap italizing the boy's name, while she gives no capital to that of the girl. She writes Fanny "that the General had received a letter from her papa" dated at "richmond,'* begins the next sentence with a small letter, and in it capitalizes "Brothers," "Family" and '•General." : A person uses his best grammar while writing, and he who makes mistakes here makes more in conversation. Martha Washington may have been well educated in the school of society and in that of life. She was certainly not so in books and lit erature. There was no library to soeak of at Mt. Vernon, and Gen. Washington was more of an out-door man than a student. We have no record of his wife being a reader, save that she read a chapter of .her Bible every morning. She knew nothing about novels, and tiie American monthly magazine, the great family educator of the present, was not yet born. Martha Washington had, however, the best advantages of the day. Her whole life was spent among learned men and bright women, but tliere is no record left that she was brilliant in social conversation, and you will read in vain for the reported bon mots of Martha Washington. The truth seems to be that Martha Washington thought woman's sphere was home, and that knitting and cooking were more im portant than writing letters and a knowl edge of French. She is said to have been a good business woman and to have man aged the large estate of her first husband very ably before she handed her share of it over to George Washington. The Latest Aristocratic Idiocy. New York Mail. In the matter of clothes no perfect dandy of either sex will now protect himself with an umbrella. It has beeu discovered that by apparent recklesness of destruction a distinction can be gained over the herd of stylishly-dressed people. The young man about town goes out Into the rain wearing a cape-overcoat, but with his silk hat un covered to the storm. In his case the cost is really not excessive, for he has only to keep two hats— one to wear while the other is being blocked, and replenish his top coats often. But his sister indulges in the same whim at far greatei expense. She protects herself with an enveloping cloak it is true, but she exposes her millinery to ruinous wetting and presents a placidly serene face ' under dripping plumes and sagging ribbons. ! m - Chased By Lions. Chico (Cal.) Chronicle. The recent storm has driven deer and other animals down from the mountains, and parties of hunters are daily out in pur suit of the deer. A party of three who went out from the Yellow Jacket Mills, in Tehama county, Monday, met with an ad venture they had not bargained for. They had found the trail of the deer, and were following eagerly, while they in turn were being followed by a gang of mountain lions numbering six or seven. Discovering this the boys made up their minds to beat a retreat, and, when they took the back track the lions circled around to the rear, manag ing to keep out of the range of their rifles, but when opportunity offered would steal up to within a rod or two of the party. They kept up their bloodthirsty chase un til they were less than a mile from the mill, when they beat a final retreat, it was only the fact that the party of hunters numbered more than one, and that they kept shooting at the brutes that saved them from an at tack and death. They will hardly go so far away from the mill on another hunt > • .:": Fierce fright Ketween Rats. Quitman, (Ga.) Free Press. A privileged character about the court house is a very large white rat. His rat ship is very quiet and peaceable except when lie catches sight ot another rat of the ordinary species. This happened the other day. An enormous brown fellow, with a tail about a foot long, was caught and turned loose in the same room with the white one. They eyed each other for a minute, and then the white rat made for the intruder. The light was brief and bloody. For a few seconds there was an indiscriminate mingling of white rat and brown rat* first one on top and then the other, but the white one soon fastened his long, sharp teeth in the chest of the other, and held on with a death grip until the other rolled over dead. ■ » . An Early Suake. Blakely (Ga.) News. S. K. Ititchie. who lives at Sheffield's mill, hoard his dog harking a short distance from his house last week, but did not pay ' much attention to it. The next day the dog went to the same place and commenced to bark again, when Mr. Eitchie went to see what was the matter. On reaching the spot he found a very large black snake wrapped firmly around a large hawk. They were both alive, but with a good stick Mr. It. soon had them both laid out. It is sup posed that the hawk struck at the snake and failed to carry it off, it being so large. .Logan's Unheeded Suggestion. Washington Letter. ' In all the obituary notices of Gen. Logan 1 have never found any referring to one of the most remarkable military achievements of his life, as related by a writer in the Sunday Herald of this city. Logan had the advance of McPherson's corps in the turning of Joe Johnston's position at Dalton, Ga., just at the opening of the Atlanta campaign. He penetrated un observed and unopposed to the north side of tlie Chattahoochee river at Itesaca, where 1,500 dismounted Confeder ate cavalry held a fort guarding a bridge over the river on the only road by which Johnston could retreat to Atlanta. Logan begged McPherson to let him ford the river, scale the fort and burn the bridge or hold it, thus getting completely in the rear of Johnston. McPherson hesi tated; Logan begged. McPherson spoke of the danger; Logan insisted on the practicability of the movement. Mc- Pherson spoke of the inevitable slaughter in the fording of the stream; Logan des canted on the importance of the capture of the fort and the bridge and offered to lead one of his brigades in person. McPher son, overcautious, retreated during the night and the opportunity of driving John ston from his base was lost. The writer says: "That night I slept with Logan .in an ambulance— that is. I slept part of the night in the ambulance, the rest of it under it Logan was the maddest man 1 had ever seen. .When lie finally got to sleep he was so restless that *1" was practically pitched out of the ambulance and had to take refuge underneath it. . .The next day the needless but ' bloody battle of Resaca look place. Johnston interposed once more between Sherman and . Atlanta; the hun dred days' campaign to that place was ren dered necessary, and McPherson paid for his temerity with his life in sight of the promised point of the campaign. Gen. Sherman in his memoirs criticises McPher son for his too great caution. 1 have often wondered what, a change in the war the successful attack proposed by Logan would have wrought." . ; . ENGINEERS AND FIREMEN. The Two Great Brotherhoods, - Which Never Have Strikes. New York.Sim. "Arbitration, conciliatory measures and a wholesome appreciation of the rights of capital and corporations, but at the same time a manly estimate of all employes." Grand Chief Engineer Peter M. Arthur said a short time ago, "will settle any grievances the engineers and firemen might have, and upon that tack we propose to proceed." At present there are about 30.000 en gineers employed on all the railroads of the country, and about that. Dum ber of firemen. They run over the 138,000 miles of railroads in the country The share capital of the railroads is §4,000.000,000, the earnings are $800. 000 annually, and the amount of interest paid each year on the capital stock of the companies is in the neighborhood, of $195 - 000,000. Between 21.000 and 22,000 of the engineers are members of the Brotherhood and nearly that number of firemen are members of the Firemen's Brotherhood. There are now 359 subdivisions or assem blies Of the engineers and '340 subdivisions of the firemen; and they are increasing at the rate of two a month. The grand officers of the engineers are: Peter M. Arthur, grand chief engineer; T. S. In graham, first grand engineer, and 11. C. Hays, first grand assistant engineer. F. P. Sargent, of Terre Haute, is grand master of tlie Firemen's Brotherhood. "Two-thirds of the and engineers firemen belong to the brotherhoods." said a well-in formed engineer, who at one time was mas ter of a firemen's division, "and at the rate we are increasing it will be but a year or two when we will have about all we care to have in the brotherhoods. The strictest discipline is maintained iii both orders. Last month there were four expulsions from engineers' divisions and seventeen suspen sions. They were for intoxication, failing to pay just debts, destroying company's property, being drunk on duty, non-pay ment of dues and for unbecoming conduct? What do we consider unbecoming conduct? Well, failing to provide decently for one's family, neglect of an engineer or fireman to send his children to school, and all unmanly actions of that sort. A member once expelled must show a sincere change in his character and mode of life before lie can be reinstated, and even then he would have to undergo a long probation. As among applicants to join the Masons or Odd Fellows, many are black balled. An engineer is not eligible to mem bership unless he is white, 21 years old, ami has run an engine one year. Then he must be proposed by three members of the broth erhood, recommended by three, and an in vestigation committee of three sits in judg ment on him. Even if their report is favorable, a very small number of black balls—less than half a dozen— will keep him out." In speaking of the status of the engineers and firemen it was stated that they are just as much separated as the engineers are from the Knights of Labor. Of course, the firemen are always benefited by any im provement in the condition of the engineers. "Many firemen become engineers," the en gineer continued. "In fact, nine out or ten of the Brotherhood of Engineers were firemen. The engineers are like seniof members of a firm of merchants. There has never been an instance where the engi neers have been iv trouble that the firemen have taken their places. I sincerely be lieve that the conservative course of Grand Chief Arthur and the officers of the Grand division will for many years preclude a general strike. People have mistaken no tions about this matter. One division of engineers does not take up another's trouble. One division might strike and they wcuid be assisted by money and encouragement if their cause was right, but a general strike could not be precipitated upon the coun try." Mention was made of the fact that the New York Central and the West Shore, running parallel with each other and con trolled by one corporation, and that the Lake Shore and the Nickel -Plate and other big Western roads were practically under the same management, and the engineer was asked how it would be if there was a strike on one division and peace maintained on the other. He replied: "The warring engineers would have to fight out their battle. All the other engineers would give them all the assistance in the way of money that they could, but even the engineers on the parallel branch of the road, if all agree ments had been lived up to with them, would not strike. If their brethren on the waning parallel struck and were beaten they would get tlieir wages from the united divisions for six months and longer if the grand division so decided." —»— Pouring lea in Tulle. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. In summing up the .season, the young people of Washington complain that there has been less dancing than usual and a dearth of evening parties. This last com plaint probably accounts for the absurd way in which these girls have taken to wearing tlieir low-necked ball dresses when they have been asked to pour tea or assist at afternoon receptions. The young men, while making the same " complaint, have not been reduced to wearing their swallow-tail coats in the daytime to make sure of showing them off. This low neck by daylight has been one of the fea tures much remarked upon during the season. The foreigners and the respecters of the conventional proprieties cannot yet over the fact, and one envoy, being asked if he knew a certain pretty girl said: "Oh, yes, she is one who wears the ball dress in the afternoon, pours tea in tulle." The recklessness with which these girls have poured tea in tulle lias been amazing, considering the pretences that they make at the same time of knowing just what is the correct thing to do in every case. Some proper hostesses have suffered in spirit to see their assistants come dressed out of keeping for the occasion, but have suffered more in seeing the looks and overhearing some of the remarks of callers. It has been a fashion, as well, this winter, for these assistants to offer their services, and one official's wife was approached at an afternoon reception by a young girl in the usual ball dress and asked: "Don't you want me to come and assist you to-morrow. I should be so happy to pour tea for you." "Yes, my dear, you may come if you wish," said the woman of the place, "but you must not come dressed like this. Haven't you any pretty house dresses tiiat are suitable for an afternoon affair." Too Much for the Judge. Augusta Chronicle. 1 have just heard tho following good story on Chief Justice Bleckley. Nobody appreciates a good thing more than Judge Bleckley, and, as he told tills story on him self, I know he will not be offended at its publication. All who know Judge Bleck ley, and recall his long, waving hair and beard, will appreciate the story. Judge Bleckley was on his way to the supreme court one morning, when be was accosted by a little street gamin, with an exceed ingly dirty face, with the customary "Shine, sir?" He was quite importunate, and the judge being impressed with the oppressive untidi ness of the boy's face, said: "I don't want a shine, but if you will go wash your face I'll give you a dime." "All right, sir." "Well, let me see you do it." The boy went over to an artesian hydrant and made his ablution./ Returning, he held out his hand for the dime. The judge said: "Well, sir, you've earned your money; here it is." The boy said: "I don't want your money, old fellow; you take it and have your hair cut;" saying which he scampered off. The judge thought it so good a story that he told it on himself.