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SUMMER RESORT BOOM.
Or Isn't There Too Much Indolent La- ziness for Anything So Purely En- ergetic to Occur? Franklin File Tells of His Experiences and Observations on the Beach at Long Branch. The Growing Tendency to Use Famous Ideal Fancies in the Nude for Ad- vertising Purposes. The Daily Gossip of a Big Seashore Hotel a Liixture of Amusement and Malice. Special Letter to the Globe. Special Letter to the Globe. Long Branch, July 27. — July closes at the sea shore with what might be called a boom. only that nothing so ener getic as a boom could occur in the laziness of summer at a pleasure resort. But there is plenty of indolent commotion among tne plople here. This year's favorite recre ation in itself save the youi% folks from physical disuse, for it "is equestrianism, with the trot as the approved gait. The gallop is quite unknown, and the riders rise and drop in their saddles, hour after hour and mile after mile, with an aggregate inertness. Even if one takes to the serenity of an easy chair, he gets mental agitation through his sense of sight, for the beaux of summer have taken to gaudiness of attire that the belles do not undertake to exceed. Striped coats and red-yellow and other bright hues reveal shirts of glossy gaiety, and even in hat bands the dandy is dazzling. The seaside girl of 1887 is remarkable for a delightful breeziness of both demeanor and apparel, and, even SUMMER BEAU AXD nUEEZT when coupled with a chappie for a I stroll along the beach, she easily beats ■ him in sightliness. One of the most attractive advertise ments that has appeared all along the routes to this resort, 1 say attractive be cause I have seen more men stop and look at it than at all the other boards put together. It calls attention to the existence of one of the seashore beaches, and to the best way of getting to it. The advertisement was designed, ap parently, to suggest the joys of the re sort. Nearly the whole of the board is covered with a nicely colored picture of a young woman in a bathing dress float ing on the crest of an impossible wave. One of the oddest features of this pic ture is that it was suggested by a well known painting by Kray, the German artist whose pictures of the nude have already attracted favorable notice and bid fair to make him famous, lt is quite the fashion now-a-days, by the way, to put clothes on famous ideal fancies in the nude and use the picture thus made for an advertisement. For instance, a few years ago a picture called "L'etoile Double," ("The Double Star") made a sensation and had a run. It represented two female figures in the sky reaching up after two shining stars just above their heads. Exactly what the artist's idea was in making this ex traordinary combination of the real, the fanciful and the absurd I never hap pened to hear, but the prudish makers of advertising cards have cloaked the nude bodies of the two females in a diaphanous veil, tulle apparently, about half a piece, yard wide. It really con ceals nothing, of course, but is supposed to cater to the proprieties. 'I lie original picture of Kray, which has been simi larly distorted to make a card for the beach, was 'ailed "The Maid of the Wave." lt represented a young girl perfectly nude, riding a breaker, her arms thrown back of her head, and the wave just on the point of curling over and rolling her upon the shore, lt is not altogether a possible picture, but it comes nearer reality than its copy. In the latter the girl has been partially clothed, but pains have been taken that no excess of drapery or unmannerly fall of water should conceal her shapely limbs. Her hands are thrown back, as in the original, and her face expresses voluptuous enjoyment of the bath. But that wild old ocean never cominited such an aqueous solecism. The picture, however, catches on. I heard a young man say, as he stood looking at it while waiting for a train : "if I really thought there was any thing like that to be seen at the beach darn me if 1 wouldn't go right own and hunt for it." I suppose tlie next thing we shall see will be Venus di Milo with a corset and tournure set up as an advertisement to a modiste's establishment. Meanwhile, an example of an actual bather at Long Branch can here be FTiOM INSTANTANEOUS IMIOTOGKAPH. given. An amateur photographer aimed his instantaneous camera at an average girl on her way from bath house to surf. The accompanying picture is exactly drawn from the resulting photo graph. Like the now famous portraits of horses and other animals in motion, the gait of this girl seems curiously awkward, because the camera caught the real and not the ideal altitude at one juncture of a stride. "The gossip of a big hotel would be amusing if it were not so often tinctured with malice. How the guests find out so much about one another is a question that was partially answered by a dia logue which was overheard in the veranda. "Why did you discharge your maid?" a husband asked of Ins wife; "I thought you had found her satisfactory." - . "So I did in town." was the reply, "but not here." "Isn't she just as skillful in helping you at your toilet?" -"O, yes." ''Has she developed any vicious qual ities?" "O, no." "Then what on earth is the matter with her?" "Matter enough. She hasn't brought me the first word of interesting points ■boot a single lady in the house. There's Mrs. Smith's Mary has gath ered half a dozen scandals, and Mrs. Brown's Bridget is a perfect Vidocq in petticoats for detecting the doings of her fellow-servants' mistresses, but my Jane isn't worth a copper for Paul Pry- ' ing." M So it is through servants' interchanges of confidence • that the mistresses get their personal gossip. And how trivial are some of the reports thus obtained, which provide. topics for hours of con versation. One instance, a young mar ried woman had actually sat at her win do, behind the shutters, and in a wrap- IN* WHAPPKR AXD BKAID. per, while a masculine caller chatted and both listened to the morning music of the hotel orchestra. What was the mater with that? O, the lady's gown was a loose, informal robe, instead of a more elaborate dress, and her hair hung in a braid, instead of being arranged for public view, Brides are particularly the object of close scrutiny. In one instance the lady is a bride for a second tine and the true story of her marriage has no scan dal in it:" About fifteen years ago, on l>oard a dancing barge, when a big Tammany excursion was holding high carnival, Morris Curran had drank more firewater than was good for him. He got to fooling with some young girls from one of the upper wards of New York. "1 want a nice little wife." said he, "which one of you will have me?" A mischievous little miss, whose father was on board anchored at the bar, spoke up that she wanted to take out her freedom papers, and knew no better way to escape her parents than to get a husband. •■No time like the present," said Cur j ran: "here's a man who will marry us," and he called to a fellow who was pass- ing. After a little badinage the Tar n man bade the proposing parties take hold of hands. lie went through a form and pronounced them man and wife. Just then the girl's father came up, and there was a discovery. Curran and little Delia were married, sure enough, for it was Justice Ledwith, from Jefferson Market, who had per- formed the ceremony. A scrimmage ensued, in which broken heads and torn clothes were conspicuous. The father hurried home with his child and early OX LAKE TAKAXASSKK. next morning sought the office of Char ley Spencer, the criminal lawyer. A divorce was obtained and ten years ago the girl was married to another man. But the passage of time brought many changes. Delia, the bride of the barge, lost net husband she had married in 1877, and in 1887, a widow with two little children and a sick father found the world by no means a Tammany picnic. She worked away with a stout heart, however, and kept a tidy home for her helpless family at the top of a new flat house on the east side. One day she got to thinking how nice it would be if she could get the care of such a house. A thousand little janitorial duties the old father could perform, and she would hire a stout servant for the hard work. She wrote to the agent of the house, stated her circumstances and wishes, • FAIR TELLERS AT TIIK RACES. and signed her whole name, Delia Coe Driscoll. Next day a portly old fellow, with a Santa Clans expression of face I and figure, imbed to her little sky par ; lor. The pretty little widow* colored I with expectation as he told her that he I was the owner of the building. "You are a widow, Mrs. Driscoll?" he said. "1 lost my husband years ago." "Was he your first husband?" "Why yes— certainly that is" — the little widow stopped as the recollection of her child-life trouble came across her. "You may have heard— it was in the papers at the time, and a great sorrow to us all. 1 was married for fun, not knowing I was being married, when 1 was only sixteen, to a Mr. Curran." "I'm that Mr. Curran," said the gen- tleman, and the widow nearly fainted. The courtship was short, anil now Mr. | and Mrs. Curran are spending their i honeymoon at the Branch. Lake Takanassee is a new thing at ; Long Branch. That is to say, it's name ■ is only two years old, and its appearance I is equally fresh in presentability. It used to be a weedy niudliole, watered by a set back from the ocean, and crossed by a bridge on the coast road. But it has been "dredged out, and the slope of ground around it has been ter- raced down to a driveway, making of Takanassee a pretty bit of a lake, on which boats can be serenely paddled within sight of the more turbulent ocean. It is in this neighborhood that : the famous Grant cottage stands, where | it once had only the summer residence of George W. Childs for. a near com- panion, but is now one and about the poorest in the unbroken two rows be i tween the west end and Eberon. Still it is to visitors the most inquired for house on the shore, save the one at El heron in which Garfield lingering!? died. Social customs change radically here from year to year. The summer resident people used to stay away from the horse races with utmost unanimity, ami Mon- mouth park went to bankruptcy. This year it is fashionable to go. and the most pretentious of the cottagers may be seen mixed with the excursion mul titude from New York. Not only is THE. SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MORNING, JtTLT 31, ; 1887.— TWENTY PAGES.' this so, but the belles have taken to demon strati at the races. They: stand on the seats, wave their handker chiefs and join their voices with the feneral yell over any admired winner. low are the fashions made and amended in these small matters? That is a mys tery. Thrifty Summering. Thrifty Summering. There is a Philadelphia millionaire at Coney Island who perhaps lives less expensively than any other person on the island. He is known in the north western part of Philadelphia as a miser and recluse who of late years has been suffering from rheumatism. He first ap peared at Coney Island two weeks ago and rented an attic room in a down town tenement on Baltic avenue, ar ranging for the use of the kitchen stove for cooking purposes. He subsists chiefly on fish caught by himself from the docks on the thoroughfare or from one of the bridges which spans it. The expense of hiring a boat he could not be induced to afford. Every day when the sun is out he goes to the beach and takes a long sun bath in the sand, which has proven very beneficial. He seldom speaks to any one, not even to the member of the household in which he resides. A banker, in speaking of him, said : "I have known him for ten years, and I think his sole thought is how to make money. The poor men up in Philadelphia who are his tenants, breathing the heated air laden with ill-favored smells, are happier than he. Strange to say, he hates men of means, caused doubtless by envious feel ings which creep through the portals of his brains." -•• THE CORSET IS QUEEN. THE CORSET IS QUEEN. About the Waist Embracer That About the Waist Embracer That Ladies Love. Even the Damsel of Knightly Days So Stayed Herself. REATER interest is taken in the cor- set than any other article of feminine apparel. It is an object of so much importance that an article in a copy of the London Tele- graph lately over is worth reproduc ing: On a recent 'Thursday, accord- ing to that journal, an inquest was held on a single woman fifty-one years of age, residing in the Gloucester road, Regent's Park, who had died suddenly on the preceding Sunday evening as she was leaving Park chapel. The house surgeon of the Northwest London hospital, who had made an examination of the body, testi fied before the coroner that she was a woman who had laced very tightly. In fact, she must at all times have found ordinary respira tion a task of extreme diffi culty, and ultimately, the lungs not being allowed free play, a blood-vessel burst, producing syncope and death. The jury returned a victory in accord ance with the evidence, and we are en titled to ask whether the most recent addition to the list of victims of tight lacing will have any influence in stay ins the prevalence of a barbarous and mischievous fashion. It is much, how ever, to be feared that all the homilies of the medical faculty, reiterated over and over again, will fail to per suade ladies that tight lacing is a sure means of ruining their health, and very often has fatal results; while it will be quite as difficult to persuade the fair sex that the vast majority of sensible men look upon an "hour-glass', or wasp waist as not only ugly but ridiculous. The instrument of constriction applied to the chest was an invention of depraved vanity, with a view of giving to the fe male figure a supposed lightness which it ought not to possess, or to conceal some deformities, which stays very fre quently aggravate instead of allaying. >-SKAI'"S IXFLI EXCK. Jean Jacques Rousseau, with all the power of his genius and all the warmth of the interest which he took in youth.ex posed the lament aide corruption of taste which asserts that the figure is ex cellent in proportion to the waist. The '. philosopher of 6©-i neva exercised morel social influence,per-j haps in his time than J any writer in Eu-I rope, and for awhile^ stays went out of* fashion in France."; Stiff corsets were. stil worn by the la-* dies of the old court l but sensible mothers came to a common ] agreement that their daughters should subject themselves to this voluntary punishment at as late a period a possi ble, and not until their wedding day were they allowed to wear stays. IX' THE FRENCH REVOLUTION. The revolution swept away the corset altogether, as well as hoop petticoats, but stays again made their appearance toward the end of the First Empire. A very harmless affair scarcely broader than the "fasciae mamillares" of the Romans, was the imperial bodice: for waists were then worn excessively short. and the stays were without busks, stilt pieces of whalebone or steel plates. Modified, however, as they were, the strong common sense of Napoleon re volted against the reintroduction of the garment. ••Corvisart." said the ruler, whose business it was to know every thing, to his physician, "the corset is coquetry of the worst taste: it tortures women and maltreats their progeny: it means frivolity; it heralds decadence." OXCR MORE A LA MODE. These words were full of sagacity. when the mysterious decrees of fashion — decrees which are as occult as those of fate— brought about the revival of long waists, tight stays became once more the mode, and the female chest was bruised by that dreadful instru ment of torment, the steel bask, which had originally been brought into France in 1832 by Catherine de Medici. The busk was" a long, flat, rigid strip of wood or whalebone, ami sometimes of metal. The old Surgeons Rod erick and Ambroise Pare had inveighed against it; Montaigne and Riolau had laughed at it: the Abbe Quillet had preached against it, and the Emperor Joseph had striven to drive it out of Austria by ordaining that all women leading immoral lives should wear staves with stiff busks. Medical warnings. satire, sermons, edicts of police had all been in vain. In the present epoch, al though tight lacing is fearfully preva lent, and is slaying its thousand's of silly votaries every year, the busk has ceased to be an instrument of torture. THE OLD BUSK AXP THE NEW. It is an integral part of the corset, whereas the old busk, which was cov ered with chamois leather, could be made to slide in and out in a vertical tuck in the front of the stays. The modern busk is fastened and divided down the middle like the tree of a Mex ican saddle; it is made of very flexible steel, winch should give to every move ment of the body,and per se it is wholly an innocuous portion of the corset. The mischief and the peril arc at the back. Fifty years ago a London staymaker named Mills introduced an improved formation of stay making, the texture elastic, and wholly banishing upright pieces; but the greatest of evils escaped and con tinues to escape remedy. Nearly all staymakers render the structure of the corset sufficiently narrow to allow of its being drawn at the back far too tight for the health of the wearer. THE PERMANENT LACING. Sensible ladies leave the permanent lacing of the interval at the back of their stays untouched. That interval. according to a high authority, should not be less than an inch in breadth, so as to leave the spinal column uncovered by the corset. Ladies, however, who lack common sense strain, tug, pull and haul at the lacing at the back of their stays, or they hold on to a horizontal bar put up in their dressing-room while their _>. maids • r tug, pull ; and haul -'atfr; the stay-laces . until the requisite "hour-glass" or. "wasp" effect is produced. Are there any other re sults, it may be asked, from this elegant process of garroting the female form? Tnere are a good many.and we will ven ture to enumerate a few. EFFECTS OF TIGHT LACING. On the authority of the most eminent physicians and surgeons of the last two generations, it may be stated that in the head tight lacing produces giddiness headache, pain in the eyes, ring ing in the ears and bleeding at the nose. Habitual tight lacing will provoke that most undesirable addi tion to the female complexion, a red nose. Tight lacing is quite as mischiev ous in the region of the thorax, to which it gives a false sup port, impeding the development of the natural support. It displaces the bones, deranges the circu -1 at ion, induces scirrhus in the mammary glands and ultimately can cer, and it is tqler- ably sure provocation of lung disease, palpitation of the heart and water in the chest. HMff^|POBMSPt :, ■ _ XZ'i In the abdominal region tight lacing may be reckoned upon with tolerable confidence to bring about loss of appe tite, squeainishness, indigestion, indura tion of the liver, melancholia, dropsy and rupture. Campin closely associated tight lacing with squinting; Bon haud said that it led to polypus; Flatner maintained that to tight-lacing mothers unhealthy children were born; Josepln warned the lovers of stiff corsets that their children would be ugly; ormes remarked that one of the trifling incon veniences of tight lacing was swollen feet; and Winslow showed that there was an intimate connection between tight lacing, curvature of the spine and hunchback. AXCIEXT STAYS. Every scholar is aware that stays are articles of attire of the very highest an-' tiquity, and that the cestusof Agale was practically a corset. Some antiquarians have even contended that the girdle which Juno wore when she wished to appear her loveliest in the eyes of Jupi ter was a pair of stays. The Empress Messalina was wont to have her body cravat adjusted very tightly before she proceeded to pass a happy evening in the suburra. while in the reign of Augustus an improved corset was intro duced called a "castula;" it fitted closely to the form, and had the agreeable . ad dition of a dress-improver. JCSTAUCOItPS. The ladies' stays of the middle ages were known as "justaueorps," and sub sequently as "cotteshardies;" but Isa beau de Baviere, the consort of Charles VI. of France, totally repudiated stays. and, besides, laid it down as a sumptu ary canon that there should be as little drapery as possible between the neck lace and the lace. When the Italian Catherine - brought in the execrable busk, which was first of wood or of ivory. the corst successively developed in rigidity and obduracy. it became a cage, it became a cuirass, and it had. to be so tightly laced that the muscular power of the ordinary "femme de chamber" being inadequate to the jfulley hauling required, the Court ladies used to send for the strongest of the Forts de la Hall to tug at their stay laces, and even these athletic creatures could not accomplish their task to the entire satisfaction of their fashionable employers without pressing one foot firmly against the bedpost in ord or obtain the necessary purchase or lever age. The corsets of the present day, whether they be machine-made or hand fashioned from accurate measurement of the customer. invariably present the same general characteristics of fasten ing in front ond profusely boned atithe sides, while at the back there is that dis astrous interstice, with the permanent criss-cross lacing, which can be pulled and hauled at until the vain and silly wearer commits constructive suicided • " , •• REFUSED THE TIP. V REFUSED THE TIP. The Earl and the Traveler. * ]\ -_ Court Jaurnal. . The Earl of Ilosebery was on a journey to a race meeting at Ayr, and for his companion in the railway carriage had a remarkably pushing specimen of the commercial traveler who attempted to force a speaking acquaintance. Seeing his lordship perusing the Racing Calen dar, he "broke earth" with the remark: "Racing is a great institution. Sup pose you are going to Ayr meeting?" "I am going as far as Ayr," replied his lordship. * "Pity young swells get fleeced by blacklegs'. Some noblemen, 1 hear, drop fortunes on the turf." "Indeed "Do a bit m j self sometimes— a tenner or a pony's about my cut. Know any thing good for to-day worth my while touching?" "I am not a tipster." "Beg pardon; saw you reading the Racing Calendar, thought you might know." "Well," replied his lordship with a quiet smile, "if I give you the straight tip will it be of service to you?" . "Depends if I fancy it." "Put your tenner or pony on Lord Rosebery's Chevronel for the Welter cup." _W*B. "Not for Joseph! I never back Lord Rosebery's horses. They say he's a regular chuinpkin.'? "Indeed! perhaps they're right. How ever, you asked inc. 1 can only add that 1 beard Lord Rosebery himself tell what you term a chumpkin to back his horse." "Depend upon it, if it was all right he would not let you overhear his conver sation. Mum would then be his game. Why, there's a lot in that race. I'll bet you a pony Lord Rosebery don't win it." "Really, lam not accustomed to bet in railway carriages with strangers.'? "There's my card. Fact is, you aint game to bet." "I think you'll love your money; but as you challenge me let it be a bet. You'll see me in the stewards' inclosure at the course. I have no cards with me." "Agreed. It's a bet. I bet you an even pony against Chevronel for the Welter cup. But what's your name, young fellow?" v "l'liiuiose. Sometimes I am other wise addressed." "All right. Primrose; pay and receive after race." The companions separated at the sta tion. Chevronel won in a canter, and the commercial received next morning a ■ short note by a messenger from the j Stewards' stand: "Mr. Primrose (Lord Rosebery) would feel obliged by Mr.- — handing to his servant £25, which his lordship will have much pleasure in for warding as a donation to the Commercial Travelers' Orphan Asylum." BfSB The commercial man said his money, looking very crestfallen, and was heard to ejaculate. "Done: Who on earth ; would have dreamt that the good-looking affable young fellow, who 1 imagined was a chumpkin, was. in fact, none I other than the Earl of Rosebery, giving ; me a good, honest tip about his own horse, by which I was fool enough- to lose $25! Anyway, he's a regular trump. j and he's right— l'm the chumpkin, after i all!" ■ A CHALLENGE. A CHALLENGE. "Good night," he said, and he held her hand In a hesitating way, And hoped that her eyes won Id understand What his tongue refused to say. He held her hand and he murmured low : "I'm sorry to go like this. It seems so frightfully cool, you know, This 'Mister' of ours, and "Miss.' "I thought— perchance," and he paused to '■I thought— perchance," aud he paused to note If she seemed inclined to frown, But the light In her* eyes his heartstrings smote As she blushingly looked down. She spoke not a word, but she picked up a She spoke not a word, but she picked up a speck Of dirt from his coat lapel ; So small, such a wee, little, Rny fleck, 'Twas a wonder she saw so well. Bnt it brought her face so very near, In that dim, uncertain light", That the thought unspoken, was made quite clear And I know 'twas a sweet "good night " And 1 kuow 'twas a sweet "good night." A MAN OF RARE VIRTUES. A Concise and Interesting Biographical A Concise and Interesting Biographical Sketch of the Late Charles Andrew De Graff. He is Successful as a Builder of Rail- roads, and Makes a Com- fortable Fortune. 'it: :'..;v- A Lover of Animals, He Establishes-a A Lover of Animals, He Establishes -a ,_,' World Famous Stock Farm '■• in Minnesota. I; A Man Who Could Teach Delicacy to a A Man Who Could Teach Delicacy to a i Woman and Simplicity 1-. to a Child. •)■• Charles Andrew DoGraff.railroad con tractor and stock breeder, whose recen death excited sympathetic regrets from all quarters of the state, was born at Alexander, N. V., on the 20th day of November, 1543, of a family which has become notable from its connection with railway construction in this country, since the first line was put in operation over sixty years ago; for of the tirst rail way built in New York a great-uncle was director, a grandfather was con tractor, and his father. Col. Andrew DeGraff, then a boy in his teens, was sub-contractor. At the time of his birth, the father, Col. DeGraff, > had become the largest and best known railwa builder in the United States. It was natural, therefore, that the mind of the son should have been turned to he pursuits of the father, and that when be latter became interested in Minne- '■•' esota railways the son should have ac ompanied him to the state. s The first enterprise in which Mr. De Graff was engaged in Minnesota was in the construction of the Winona & St. Peter railway, on the line of which from Winona to St. Peter, he acted as his lather's assistant. Later, he was concerned in the extension of this line to Lake Kampeska. in Dakota. In the building of the original lines of the St. Paul & "Northern Pacific, now the Mani toba railway, and in the construction of sundry shorter lines in this state and Wisconsin. His interest in the building of these roads yielded him a comfortable fortune, with which he was enabled to gratify his tastes in a more quiet pur suit, and in which he engaged to the great advantage of the community. X During the construction of the Wi nona & St. Peter railway, Mr. De Graff was attracted by a location on Lake Elysian. near Janesville, which filled, in his eye. all the requislties of a stock farm of the larger class. This location lie secured, and by -/subsequent pur chase enlarged it to cover some 2,400 acres. He had engaged in railway building more from family habits, and in association with his father, than from special liking. His real passion was love of domestic animals. From boy hood these were his valued friends. He understood them and ■they him by the intangible but certain instinct of native sympathy. He stud ied them singly and in families, and while still a lad became an authority on pedigrees. He constructed a theory of breeding, and during the twenty years of management of the Lake Elysian stock farm every animal bought or bred was allied to this theory or was its pro duct. He took the utmost care, not only in selecting the ■ strains of blood, but also the representative individuals. An instance illustrating this excessive care occurred in his acquisition of the stallion, Empire Wilkes- This stallion united in himself the special strains which were wanted at Lake Elysian, but on attempting to secure him he could not be found. He had been sold. going through various transfers, until no trace of him could be gained by cor respondence. At this Mr. De Graff went personally in search of him, mak ing journeys during two years to the ex tent of over 12.000 miles before the prize was finally secured and added to the Lake Elysian stud. This care, intelli gent anil systematic, has given Lake Elysian a high reputation among the breeders of the country, who recognize it as the home of the best members of the reigning families of horses, and cattle, and sheep, and swine. The conscientious devotion of half his life on the part of Mr. De Graff to the improvement of stock has been of incal culable importance and value to the Northwest. If he who made two spears of grass to grow where only one had grown before was held entitled to 'merit, this man can justly be called a benefac tor. 'i he infusion of blood which adds symmetry, or strength, or speed, or weight, to animals of domestic use, is a benefit perpetually accumulative, and one which cannot be measured by com mon standards. It increases geometri cally with the years, until the sum out values comprehension; Lake Elysian is an ideal stock farm. It unites in happy proportion meadow and upland, park-shade and thicket, and brook and lake. Here, with every ac cessory which wealth could furnish a judicious taste, the genial proprietor was accustomed and glad to welcome his friends. Mr.' DeGraff held his vo cation in honor, for the gentleman al ways ennobles and adorns his pursuits. So that its methods are honest and its purposes beneficent, no calling is be neath the cautions care of the best of men. It will therefore be appreciated that the greeting to Lake Elysian was always that of the dignified host, who gave courtesy and commanded respect. The ribaldries and coarse fancies which are too often the concomitants of the stock yard and the stable, were not tol erated at Lake Elysian. He would not have the fine ears of his high-bred stock outraged by obscenity and profanity. The language of the place should be as pure as its air. And so an atmosphere of peace and quiet enfolded Lake Ely sian and justified its name. The meth ods of care and training were gentle and humane, and showed their result in the docility and intelligence of the animals .bred there. The rights of man and beast were regarded, even to the sev enth day's exemption from labor and excitement, for while the courtesies of the place were given without stint, the uniform formula was: "Visitors are cordially invited to inspect the stock and farm at all times, except Sundays." For man and beast the peace of the Sab bath brooded over Lake Elysian with out coercion or cant. The relations of Mr. DeGraff with his fellow stock breeders were always of the pleasantest. He was a model stock man. During the early years of his en terprise he competed at the more prom inent fairs in this and Northwestern states, generally securing the highest honors, and always doing credit to Min nesota; But, the reputation of his steed and herds once attained, he refrained from further exhibition, leaving to his later and in some cases less fortunate associates the privileges and benefits of competition. With a stud- presided over by Alexander and Empire Wilkes, and a herd led by the Eighth Duke of Hillhurst, and with representatives which were a credit to their sires, Mr. De Graff was content to see medals and ribbons go elsewhere, without let or hindrace. His magnanimity in ' these respects was appreciated and led to many marks of regard from ; his : fellow stockmen. He was at his death a prom-. inent member of the Minnesota Stock Breeders' association and of the Amer ican Shorthorn association. He was one of the promoters of the - reorganiza tion of the' State Agricultural society, spending liberally of his time and money in securing it on a safe footing and, until his resignation of the office, one of its vice presidents. In his general business life Mr. De Graff was of the highest tone , and re pute. He was singularly frank and can did. A hint from him was as good as his word, "his word as good as his bond" and his bond never failed. He held positions of responsibility in many corporations where his strong practical sense made him a valued ad viser. The private life of Mr. De Graff can be portrayed only in terms which might have the sound of eulogy. Of his af fectionate nature, and of inner and higher manliness of the man, the bishop of Minnesota has written in terms which, while true of Mr. De Graff, could be fit tingly said of few men living. Stal wart," strong, and blunt of manner, he was yet one of the characters who, with out assumption, could teach delicacy to a woman, and simplicity to a child. The death of Mr. De Graff, which fol lowed a most painful illness, occurred on the 20th of July. His funeral servi ces were taken charge of by the Ma sonic Order of Knights Templar, and conducted according to the rites of that order, from the Merchants hotel in St. Paul on the afternoon of the 21st of July. His remains were taken to Day ton* 0., and laid in the family mauso leum, and the form from which shone the light of a good man's life, lies hid den there forever from our eyes. E. S. G. -•■■ * TO WEAR AT BATH. Proper Garbs For Graceful "Women Bathers. The Colors Most in Vojjue — What French Women Wear. ASIIIONS in bath ing robes change as in everything else, The materials most popular for bathing dresses are jersey cloths, flannels.plain and twilled, and serge, though some use ticking or awn ing cloth, moire or alpaca. Wool goods should be chosen in preference to cot- ton, unless the latter is very thick and stiff, as it does not cling to the form so disagreeably when wet. And goods that are hard twisted and firm, or thin, is better than thick and soft fabrics, because the lat ter absorb and hold so much water as to make them very heavy indeed. The colors most in vogue are navy blue and white, either alone or in com binations, or gaily striped flannels. If we may believe our fashion writer, ladies are in the habit of trying the effect of various materials for bath ing costumes, by wetting them and then laying them on the bared arm. These generally vote that the skin shows pinkest and prettiest through rather thin white stuffs. An all-red suit, though gay and bright on the beach, is too suggestive of a boiled lob ster in the water, though combinations of red and blue are sometimes . hand some. These colors have the merit of standing an application of sea water without evil results, and this can be said of few colors. In the striped flannel care should be taken to select those colors which will not fade or "run." For trimmings, mohair braid, black, white, red. etc., used in rows, makes a very effective garniture. Stripes of colored materials in bands are used in much the same way. A gay kerchief knotted at the throat, and another to cover in picturesque shape, the ugly oilskin or rubber cap, are also pleasing additions. Buttons should be used for all fastenings, with stout buttonholes, and not hooks and eyes, which soon get rusty, unsafe and disagreeable to handle. lor the same reason flat bone or pearl buttons which "sew through" should be used iii pref erence to those with metal eyes. WAIST AND TROUSERS. 11l general the waist and trousers should be in one piece, with a skirt but toned on at the waist, lt is necessary to remember that as soon as the garments get wet they weigh so much as to bring a great strain on all the bands ami fast enings,so that the latter should be made very secure. The waist may be a plain to WEAR AT BATH. blouse, or yoked blouse, with long elbow or puff sleeves, and the trousers may be plain and long, plain to the knee, or of the full, Turkish style, long and short. The skirt may be gathered or plaited and trimmed as fancy dictates. The woven jersey suits come plain, or striped in blue, garnet or black, with long stockings to match, attached to rubber slippers, and a pretty cap with two tasseleu points. Some of the jersey suits have fitted waists with standing collars, while others are as loose as blouses, with broad sailor collars. One is very pretty, though simple and easily made from" the design. The model from which this was taken was made of cream serge trimmed with rows of red braid, the colar being cov ered with rows of braid. The sash is of thin red flannel, is wide, and shaped a little on either side so as to be easily arranged in bodice shape. Instead of the red braid plain or figered red flannel might be used for trimming. Another is from French designs. No body ever has so lovely bathing gowns as the French ladies do, and the richest materials are frequently used by them, including silks, laces and other inappro priate stuffs. These designs, however, are simple, though extremely "chic." They are made of serge, one of red with a plain white vest and sash of soft wool stuff, the other of navy blue embroid ered in white. A bath cloak is very convenient to wear in going out to the water, and more so in coming out of it, when the most beautiful is apt to look rather like a guy. This bathing cloak is of striped Turkish toweling. The body of the cloak is 'one straight strip, forty-four inches deep and fifty-eight inches wide. The hood is also a straight piece, twelve inches deep and twenty-two inches wide. Join the lower right hand i and lower left hand corner and seam the edges thus brought together. Hem the sides and . turn each side over about an inch and tack at the neck edge. Gather the hood and also the top of Hie cloak, and bind the two together in a deep standing collar. A cord with tassels is run into the collar and a tassel trims the hood, which is also drawn up by an elastic cord run into the hem. The dimensions given above are for a girl's cloak, but they can be increased very easily to make them Targe enough for any one. For the head nothing has .been de vised better than the ugly oiled silk or thin rubber mob caps which protect the hair, or the hats of the same material which pretend to do the same thing for the eyes and fail. If a cap is worn it may be concealed by a large straw hat or by a gay silk handkerchief knotted artistically over it. . For the feet there are curious shoes in white, blue and red, with cork soles, which arc made "in the shape , of moccasins and are rather pictur esque in : effect. Then there are the new "bath boots," with long stock ing-shaped legs of jersey webbing fas tened to a cork and r canvas sole. But there is nothing much better than the old canvas shoe, low and ugly, but pos sessing thick rope soles, which form the best possible protection against sharp shells and rocks. Bathing suits need to be often re placed by new ones if the bather wishes TOO SICE TOO GET WET. to maintain a neat appearance in the water. The latest suits are of blue jer sey cloth, embroidered in red or white. The blouse is plaited into a yoke, em- broidered in spots of red or white, the same sort of work ornamenting the skirt. The drawers are narrow and long. Flannel and serge are more popular than jersey cloth. Navy blue suits are trimmed with three or four rows of nar- row red or white braid down the front and across the bottom of the yoke of the tunic. AVhite serge trimmed with narrow brade is much liked. Long sleeves are made with most of the cus- tom suits, but short sleeves are pre- ferred by most bathers. Bathing cloaks made of Turkish toweling have a large box plait at the back of the neck "to give fullness; bathing stockings the color of the suit, canvas shoes, an oil- silk cap and a red silk handkerchief to conceal the ugly cap are accessories of the toilet. Some suits seen at fash- ionable watering places this summer are red stockings, dark bine skirt; another, blue hose, gray tunic, with yellow scarf around the waist, and red turban. A white serge made with the skirt and sailor's blouse had a scarlet belt, cuffs and collar, and a scarlet kerchief knot- ted about the throat. Black, white and scarlet are the most effective colors in the water, though dark blue and gray are more popular. The designs for waists are of almost infinite variety. Indeed, it is a new fad to draw ones own designs, so far as the details of ornamentation are concerned. The artistic belle is now apt to take a transcript of the waist pattern used by her dressmaker, and thereon draw with a pencil her own notions of how the front and bodice shall be made. She tries to suit her physique with the trimmings best calculated to adorn it to the best advantage. -»- A Dumas Story of Palmerston. A Dumas Story of Palmerston. Cor. Home Journal. Dumas loved to laugh at the expense of English stiffness and reserve. One of his best stories was this: One day Victor Hugo and I were invited to dine with the Duke of Decazes. Among the guests were Lord and Lady Palmerston —of course this happened before the February revolution. At midnight tea was handed around. Victor Hugo and I were sitting side by side chatting merrily. Lord and Lady Palmerston had arrived very late, and there had consequently been no opportunity to in- troduce us before dinner; after dinner it seems it was forgotten. English custom, consequently, did not allow us to be addressed by the illustrious couple. All at once young Decazes comes up to us and says: "My dear Dumas, Lord Palmerston begs you will leave a chair free between you and Victor Hugo." I hastened to do as he wished. We moved away from each other and placed an empty chair between us. Thereupon enters Lord Palmerston, holding the hand of his wife, leads her up to us and invites her to sit down on the -empty chair— all this without', saying a word. "My lady," he said to his wife, "what time have you?" She looked at her watch and answered : "Thirty-five past 12." "Well, then," said the great mm ister, "remember well that this day, at thirty-live minutes past 12, you were sitting between Alexander Dumas and Victor Hugo, an honor which you prob- ably never will enjoy again in your life- time." Then he offered his arm again to his wife and took her back to her seat without saying a word to us— because we had not been presented. _ «o=- Buffalo Bill in Clover. Buffalo Dill in Clover. El Paso Inter-ltcpublics. Col. William Roy, of this city, an old friend and comrade of Buffalo Bill, is in receipt of a frank and characteristic letter from the great scout, lt shows conclusively that he is the same Bill, howe'er fortune has smiled. The letter runs as follows: "London June 23, 18S7, My Dear Colonel— lt was a genuine pleasant sur- prise to receive your letter. I have often thought of you and wondered what had become of you. So glad you are still on top of the earth. Well, ever since I got out of the mudhole in New Orleans things have been coming my way pretty smooth and I have captured this country from the queen down, and am doing them to the tune of §10,000 a day. Talk about show business, there never was anything like it ever known, and never will be again, and with my European reputation you can easily guess the business 1 will do when I get back to my own country. "It's pretty hard work with two and three performances a day, and the so- ciety racket, receptions, dinners, etc. No man. not even Grant, was received better than your humble servant. I have dined with every one of the roy- alty, from Albert, Prince of Wales, down. I sometimes wonder if it is the same old Bill Cody, the bull-whacker. Well, colonel, I still wear the same sized hat, and when I make mv fill I am coming back to visit all thetild boys. If you meet any of them tell them I ain't got the big head worth a cent. I am over here for dust. Will be glad to hear from j any of them. Write me again. Your j old-time friend, Bill Cody." TRUE DOMESTIC ECONOMY. j How the Nucleus of a Fortune Was Started by a Sweet Girl. Omaha World. Omaha Girl— dear, now that we are engaged, we should begin to take practical views of life." Accepted Lover— "So I have been thinking." "1 feel very much like having some ice cream, but first I want you to tell me frankly how much money you have in your pocket." "Just 25 cents, and no more coming until pay day." ■...■'... "It's so nice to begin figuring on the expenses of living; seems as if we were married. Have yon only 25 cents left, dear?" zyz "That's all." *•'..;- y ■ . "Well, we will get along with two plates to-night, and you save the other j ( 5.-fs"iancet c t:g,j know. THE DUDE'S LAMENT. •Tin reduced to despair," • '■ Quoth the dude, with a stare, "When the prince gets his 'lips' from the wild, woolly West. ! If Uuffiilo Bill Sets the styles at his will, Shall the fashions be altered at Red Shirt's behest? "Have we suffered in vain All this cerebral strain In aping the prince as he held us in tow, Who, with favor and praise, -. ... -A: ■; Now affects the wild ways Of Buffalo bill and his outlandish chow? "Must the fashion compel .'-. ■"*■/'* • A thoroughbred swell. Who longs for the light of imperial smile, . ' ■ Now to hastily spurn . fe: -:l;Z What lie labored to learn And come down to homely American styles? *-■■'" "Oh J give us a prince Whom you cannot convince That excellence dwells in the wild, bloody : \ . .West, -:rA: To teach us with care . -.> Each new British stare: -. -". . For everything English is snrely the best." - —Baltimore Herald. ■■ 1$ WESTERN AVENUE. • * - '-"«''-' A.- ■.■ - -A. ' The Change That Has Taken Place iv Tbe Change Thai Has Taken Place iv Two Months in a Dwelling on That Thoroughfare. The Advice of Friends Heeded and th? Result oi Following Their Directions Carefully. A Young Lady's Fortunate Recovery From That Dread Disease Con- sumption, tbe Cause of Which Was a Slight Cold. The readers of this paper will readily call to mind the statement of Mrs. Hiram Backus published a few weeks ago in these columns. Mrs/Backus re sides at 181 Western avenue, St. Paul, and with her can be found the subject of this article, Miss Ida Buckland. Miss Buckland is a. prepossessing young lady of an amiable and charitable disposition, ever ready to do a kind act for any person in need. Ida, as she is familiarly called around the home of the Backus family, has not been enjoying excellent health. "I have," she said, "been a sufferer, on and off, ever since I was a child. I would take cold on the slight est exposure and would be compelled to take my bed. My eyelids would be puffed up and swollen, and my ears would seem perfectly bloodless. I had no appetite, and what food I did eat seemed to distress me. Was always restless at nights and could not sleep. My head seemed as though there was a strong pressure from temple to temple. At times I would become very nervous, and when a little excited I would be come pale as death. Had a tired . and languid feeling nearly all • the time. Pains through back and shoulders, throat was always dry,so much so that at times it would almost choke me, could not talk loud sometimes, my lungs were weak, throat always more or less in flamed, had morning nausea and felt bad, a continual dropping in my throat, nose would stop up and breath was of fensive. For the last three (3) years I had been growing gradually worse, my throat troubling me the worst. I used to cough a great deal. I became alarmed and sent to a specialist in Buffalo, N.Y., for treatment, but received no benefit. About two months ago, at tin; earnest solicitation of my friend, Mrs. Backus, I visited Dr. McCoy's office and com menced his treatment. 1 began to im prove at once, with the returning appe tite, followed by a sound sleep at night. 1 began to grow stronger and better in a few days after beginning treatment. I now arise in the morning greatly re freshed, do not have that dull, tired and languid feeling I had for years, my breath is not offensive any more, I have no more dropping of mucus in my throat, my nose is entirely clear, my throat is not parched and dry as it used to be, and feel like an entire different person, and have no hesitancy in fully recom mending Dr. McCoy's treatment to the afflicted." MISS IDA BUCKLAND. The above cut is an excellent portrait of Miss Buckland, who can be found at 181 Western avenue. DEADS TO CONSUMPTION. Interesting Evidence of a Condi- Interesting; Evidence of a Condi tion Not to Be Trifled With. The disease from which Miss Buck land suffered is catarrhal consumption. The disease originated in a cold, which became chronic. As a result came the formation of mucus or slime, which was partly discharged from the head or dropped down the throat and was parti ally hawked up. When catarrh has ex isted in the head and the upper part of the throat for any length of time— the patient living jn a district where people are subject to catarrhal affection— and the disease has been left uncured, .the catarrh invariably, sometimes slowly, extends down the windpipe and into the bronchial tubes, which tubes convey the air to the different parts of the lungs. The tubes become affected from the swelling and the mucus arising from catarrh, and, in some instances, become plugged up, so that the air can not get in as freely as it should. Short ness of breath follows, and the patient breathes with labor and difficulty. In cither case there is a sound of crackling and wheezing inside the chest. At this stage of the disease the breath ing is usually more rapid than when in health. The patient has also hot Hashes over his body. The pain which accompanies this con dition is of a dull character, felt in the chest, behind the breast bone or under the shoulder blade. The pain may come and go — a few days and then be ab sent for several others. The cough that occurs in the first stage of bronchial ca tarrh is dry; comes on at intervals, is hacking in character and is usually most troublesome in the morning on arising, or going to bed at night, and it may be the first evidence of the disease extending into the lungs. Sometimes there arc fits of coughing induced by the tough mucus, so violent as to cause vomiting. Later on the mucus-that is raised is found to contain small particles of yellow matter, which indicates that the small tubes in the lungs are now affected. With this there are often streaks of blood mixed with the mucus. In some cases the patient becomes very pale, has fevers and ex pectorates before any cough appears. In some cases small masses of cheesy substance are spit up, which, when pressed between the fingers, emit a bad odor. In other cases particles of a hard, chalky nature are spit up. The raising of cheesy or chalky lumps indicates serious mischief at work in the lungs. DOCTOR J.CRESAP M'COY, Late of Bellcvue Hospital, New York, has Ofliccs at .; v,- No. 10 West Third Street, ON BRIDGE SQUARE, ST. PAUL, MINN. Where all curable cases are treated with success. Medical diseases treated skillfully. Consumption. Blight's Disease, Dyspe psia, Rheumatism "and all NERVOUS DISEASES. All diseases peculiar to the sexes a specialty. CATARRH CUBED. CONSULTATION at office or by mail, tl. Many '■ diseases arc treated success fully by Dr. McCoy through --the mails, and it is thus possible for those unable to make a journey to obtain suc cessful hospital - - treatment at their homes. Office hours, oto 11 a. m.; 2to 4p. m.: 7to p. m. Sunday, hours from 9a.m. to 1 p. in. •..Correspondence, re ceives prompt? attention. .No letters an swered unless aeeon-i-aulid by -l cunts in ; stamps. Address nil mail to Dr. J. (A McCoy, West llotel.MiutiuaiJolis.