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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, March 03, 1888, Image 10

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Who Will the Republicans
Nominate for Delegate
in Congress?
Gifford Wants It, But Nobody
Is in Favor of Giving" It
to Him.
Allen in the North and Grims
by in the Sooth in the
The Convention to be Held
and the Division Ques
tion Considered.
From the Globe's special staff contributor,
Watertown, March Who will it
be? That is the very interesting ques
i tion that troubles the average Dakota
politician when he thinks about next
fall's campaign undelegate to congress.
Of candidates there i- no lack. But
there is something in the human con
stitution, Inherited from Mother Eve I
have heard said, that likes to know be
forehand how these things are going to
be a curiosity as to what the future
will be. This is particularly the bulk
of political matters as they are treated
by newspapers. The public expect that
they will he informed pretty definitely
beforehand how political matters will
stand, who will be nominated, elected,
appointed, etc. The newspapers are al
ways ready to offer information on
these heads— which is accurate, as
they have means of proving. The
delegate question in Dakota at the
present time, presents many interesting
aspects. I have already given, in pre
vious letters, my ideas of who will be
the Democratic party's candidate; and
in this letter I will endeavor to state
what the times indicate as to the other
party's candidate for this place. We
can lay down as safe ground to start
with that some one will be nominated.
But who the "some one." This is a
•big territory, and "many are
called but few are chosen." In
the last convention at Yankton, (I was
there there were several strong candi
dates for the place. There was Gen.
Allen, the choice of North Dakota; J.
Gordon; the choice of Aberdeen, and M.
C.rigsbv, the choice of South Dakota;
. Of course, Delegate Gifford had many
. friends in the convention, and among
them was Mr. Grigsby, who was
not a candidate, except Delegate
Gilford was out of the race. Any one
of the three candidates would rather
i that Delegate Gifford should be nomin
ated than that either of the others
should t,ct it. This was the way the
matter stood. Mr. Grigsby made no
light for the place, but was there as a
candidate In case Delegate (ii fiord
could not be nominated— he pro
posed to step in and secure the support
. of South Dakota. The outcome was
that Delegate Gilford was renominated,
although there was not present a dele
gate to the convention who was not dis
satisfied with him as the representative
. of their great parly in congress, where
such a good man was needed to ac
complish so much that the territory
needs. Gifford will
but will hardly be nominated, because
every member of his party, both rank
and file, feel that he has had it as long
as he deserves it, and that not only their
party, but the good of the territory de
mands a change. There is a great deal
in that little idea that the people want a
change once in a while. That great
statesman and deep politician, Thomas
A. Hendricks, used to dwell much upon
this— that the people demand and must
have a change. On this ground— it is
l sufficient, if there were no others—
Gifford will never be nominated again.
of North Dakota. He is not very likely
to be nominated for several reason's.
' First, as a lady of Bismarck said, when
asked if she, with all the rest of North
Dakota, was not solid for Gen. Allen for
delegate, "Why, certainly! How could
anybody, especially a lady, help to be,
who has seen Gen. Allen button up his
coat, put on his gloves and tuck his cane
under his arm and walk off!" I was
talking with a friend of Clerk Young,
of the supreme court, the other day, and
he said: "The examiner of this district
informed me, when he was here last
fall, that there was considerable differ
ence between the conduct of the office of
United .Stales marshal under ('apt. Ma
rat la and under Gen. Allen. Capt. Ma
ratta is a good business man, and al
ways has the affairs of his office in good
shape. Gen Allen lets everything" get
behind and matters all clogged up, so
• that you can't make head or tail to
them." Gen. Allen, I do not believe,
has the backbone to him to enable him
to secure the delegate plum. In the
second place, I do not believe, that
North Dakota will be able to nominate
their man for delegate, anyway. One
thing is sure, they will not, if South
. Dakota, with nearly double the number
of votes, wants a man from that section
of the country. Another candidate at
the Yankton convention
of Aberdeen. Mr. Gordon is a bright
young lawyer with a future before him,
but his time is not yet. I understood
that his supporters proposed him more
for the sake of having their part of the
country represented than from any hope
they had of nominating him. The last
name on the list that I have named is
that of
but because I have reserved his name
until the last is no reason that he is
least, but on this occasion to the con
trary. There have been articles in our
papers to the effect that Sioux Falls had
several candidates, but I am reliably
informed that this is a mistake. Sioux
Falls has but one candidate. There
is talk that Editor Caldwell, of.
the Press, is a candidate, that
ex-deligate Pettigrew is, that Judge
rainier is. This is all a mistake. These
men are not candidates, in the first
place, because they have no inclina
tions for anything of the kind, and in
the second place, if they did, it wouldn't
do them any good. Mr. Grigsby is
Sioux Falls candidate, and not only-
Sioux Falls" but the district's and the
whole southern part's. He was the
choice of this part of the country two
years ago, and is now. A man to make
anything of a success iv this kind
business, must be solid at
home. There is no denying
the fact, that Grigsby can carry his dis
trict, without any shadow of a doubt,
against Messrs. Caldwell, Pettigrew and
Palmer, if they were all candidates (as
they are not), and all working together
against him. Mr. Grigsby is strong at
home— in fact, has a "sinch" on
the thing. lie is making him
self, solid with other parts of
the ". territory as he is at home.
Mr. Grigsby Is a worker and a schemer.
He is laying every possible wire aud fix
ing up his fences wherever they are
down, and doing it with a keen and ex
perienced eye. He lets slip no oppor
tunity to help on his boom, and those
who are on the inside and know about
such things, say that it is assuming
no small proportions,, and is carrying
terror into the camps of his envious
competitors. Mr. Grigsby has many
political friends in the territory. He is
naturally of a conservative and inde
pendent mind, and goes ahead making
friends and very few enemies. The se
cret of it. is that he is a strong man. He
has a good head on him, is a well-read
lawyer, a good thinker and a polished
speaker. He is.an old soldier, and has
nearly every qualification for a likely
candidate, He has not compromised
himself on the questions of division and
prohibition, and, in short, is a good,
clean ; candidate, and has a record that
he can stand on— which is more than
most of these Dakota politicians can
stand. Mr. Grigsby has no record '-be
yond the 'Red," as Maj. Edwards says,
that he is ashamed of. One thing that
makes Mr. Grigsby strong with the true
Republicans of the territory at heart, is
the fact that he. was about the
only man and leader who dared
to organize a movement against Gov.
Church in the last legislature in order
to control some of the patronage.for the
Republican party. He would have been
successful, too, if it had not been for
Gov. Church's superior tact, with his
experience in New York politics, who
was able with a little maneuvering to
control a majority of the. 'Republican
members. Mark my prediction : When!
the time rolls around Melvin Grigsby
will be found to be about as strong a
man as will be found in that Republican
territorial convention. He is starting
right, and much depends on that; he is
already far In the lead, and with every
thing in his favor. Mr. Grigsby has
friends at Washington, too, that control
Dakota politics. \SHgH
is fast approaching. The national con
ventions arc held iii June, which will
necessitate the holding of the territorial
conventions some time in May at the
farthest, and the fall convention in Au
gust or September, probably. it is
about time for the territorial commit
tees to be "getting in their work." In
an old history I read that in the time of
the Federalists, when it seemed as if
they had the control of the government
so firmly thai no new party could
hope to succeed to it; when their
position in this country was not
unlike that of the Republican party a
few years ago, and not unlike it has
been' in our territory; at this time, it is
stated that Jefferson's confidence was
in the great body of the men of the na-.
tion irrespective of party, who, as he
oeiieved, were for for republican forms,
republican principles, simplicity and
economy, anil for civil and religious
freedom. The confidence of all well
wishers of our form of government to
day is in this same class of people.
They are the strong, independent
minds that are never afraid to go
where they see the right; they make up
the large floating vote, that acts as an
Influence upon each party to make that
party faithful to its trust, true to our
republican institutions, iv ■•' - simplicity
and economy; and it is 'to that
class of people that the Democratic
party in Dakota, at the present
time, is looking for approval; from
them must come the accessions,
the aid and assistance that will put our
party in control of state affair.-, or at
least an even competitor with the Re
publican party. As it has been, the
Republicans have had most too big a
steal— most too much their own
way. The class that I have referred to
above will see that things, in political
matters at least, are more evenly bal
anced after this. From various sources
•1 see that the
is not entirely settled yet. Campbell is
still able to give a healthy kick when he
is punched up. Gifford has had no more
to say. 1 would like to have one thing
explained by some of these eminent
apostles of division; It is, why are all
the St. Paul, Minneapolis and Sioux
City papers, except the Globe, in favor
of dividing the territory of .Dakota
into two states'.' They say that it is
to give more Influence to the
West in the senate. If this is the case,
why docs not Texas divide into four
states, as it has the right to do in its
constitution, and have lots of power in
the senate? It has occurred to me that
these so patriotic papers are not alto
gether honest in the reasons that they
give for the division of Dakota. It
seems to me that ' there is something
stronger that urges them to their
belief on this subject. Is it not
likely that these rival cities are
jealous of Dakota's growing influence as
a great state and that they are trying in
this way to cripple her. If our great,
prosperous commonwealth is built up
here, there is likely to be some cities
within its borders that will rival
these other cities outside that now
have such an influence in Da
kota matters and business. Arc
we not able to take care of ourselves,
without the assistance of these so
kindly disposed cities'.' They think
that if they can get us all cut up, ; di
vided and with different interests, with
no great enterprises in common, that
they will always be able to advise us as
they do now. They do not care for any
great state here; it is as big a job as
they can handle now to run us just to
suit themselves. »
Our most esteemed and most re
spected friend. Gen. Campbell, of the
"We-are-a-state" idea. .
with a long , letter addressed to Mr.
Springer, He gives Mr. Springer a lot
of history that will probably be quite
fresh to him. He talks about Jefferson,
Clay, Douglas, and others, being con
temporaries, and dividing up his state-
Illinois. Probable Mr. .Springer will
have a change of heart after this, for he
can never make any sense out of this
letter of Campbell's. Yes, and let
me ask these wild statehoodists another
question while I am about it. Why does
not Texas divide into four states? Why,
instead, does she go ahead with so
much material prosperity? Why only
rately has she disposed of 3,000,000 acres
of land and built a $4,000,000 state house,
free or debt, and one of the finest
structures in the world? Could four
states do this? Could four have any
more influence than Texas has .to-day?
In the words of that veteran journalist,
Henry Watterson, YY:Y
of the Dakota Pioneer Press, "has 'em
again, bad." He thinks that he has
found out something, and devotes over
half a column of his valuable space to
what, he evidently thinks,' is a discus
sion of it. As 1 have stated before, he
will find, upon a little- reflection, that
he is totally wrong in his premises,
and the matter that ' he pretends
to give is entirely misrepresented.;
Mr. Boynton has never said anything
like what Gov. Pierce makes him out to
say. Mr. Pierce evidently goes on the
presumption that it Is the doctrine of
most of his gang that a lie takes better
in Dakota than the truth, It used to.
before Dakota became- "a .doubtful
state," but don't, anymore. g We like to
note, however, -that Gov. Pierce evi
dently reads the Democratic papers, as
lie quotes Goddard's Sioux Falls Argus-
Leader in this matter, and there is hope
for him yet. What Mr. Boynton was
attempting to do, was to show just such
partisans as Gov. Pierce that there are
reasons why Dakota might not be ad
mitted this year, as there are, and have
been in times past. He revealed no
scheme, and anybody who knows hon
est Abe Boynton will put his word
against wily Mr. Pierces. We probably
will soon now be called upon to say
good-bye to Editor Pierce. His reign
has not been a success. It might have
been, as he seems to have some ability,
if it had not been for certain revelations
made by the many correspondents of
the Globe concerning this man. The
public knows him now, and that is the
whole and only epitaph that we need
write for him. The Looker-Is*,
The Divisionists.
Special to the Globe.
Hukox, Dak., March 2.— Hon. Hugh
J. Campbell, chairman of the division
and statehood committee, writes that
the committee requests as many citi
zens as possible, who wish such a con
vention held as proposed in the address
to the people, shall send their names to
the committee, to be appended to the
call. Clergymen will send their names
to Bey. D. S. McClaslin, of Huron, the
farmers and business men to Hon. D.
W. Diggs. of Milbank. the editors to A.
Davis, of Huron, the lawyers to Hon.
John A. Owen, of De Smet, and those
who desire to sign the general call to
the chairman of the committee at Yank
The Wonderful Climate.
Jamestown Alert.
Dakota people are justified in shout
ing about the § wonderful climate up
here. If Eastern editors could enjoy a
few such days as have been a regular
occurrence of late, they would so de
cide. " YvY" '^iS •'" ;
Caps the Climax.
Salem Pioneer-Register. J 1 f" ;'•£;•
Dakota to the Rescue, as ; illustrated
in last week's Dakota edition of the St.
Paul Globe, caps the climax. " •
A Spicy Chapter in the His
tory of the Reeve
Family. V
v. — ■■■ i — *
How Dad Came to Leave New
York With Fourteen
Young" Reeves.
The Forty Days' Journey and
Life at Sock Town, .
Dad Failed There Farming,
and Budd Came to the
Dakota Land.
Special Letter to the Globe. ',
; BixTo.v,l)ak., March. I.— How every
thing lias changed since dad went
West. Dad left York state in a lumber
wagon, and, like most wagons fixed up
for the purpose of moving, there was a
cover on it. It was a coach by day, a
family bedroom by night. There is one
thing the reader is asked to note as an
agreeable and meritorious feature of this
letter; he is not going to be bored by a
long, dreary chapter on the inmates and
contents of that wagon. A brief his
tory will describe all there was
in it and following behind it.
It is sufficient to say, like most men of
his time, dad had a family. That is the
principal thing he did have. It was
more fashionable to have a large family
when dad was young and on the carpet
than it is now.
was nothing -unusual or startling
then to see a dozen or fifteen youngsters
roll out of one shanty. It is different
now. If an American woman gets up
to five or six, she is looked upon as a
curiosity, and is considered entitled to
the sympathy of all the neighbors. The
latest whim and freak of fashion in
family matters is one young one and a
fortune. Or a fortune and no brats at
all is still a little more bon ton. This
doctrine would have
and cleaned him out of all he had. If
his family had been subtracted from
the balance of his possessions the re
mainder would have been so small the
posse comitatus would have to have
been ordered out to look for it. No for
tune, but fourteen children/ was the'
happy fix he found himself in. Every
honest man and woman who have fol
lowed the star of empire in a covered
wagon, with a greater or less number of
jewels in their crown than dad had in
his, can appreciate this part of the fam
ily history.
For a moment go back with me and
linger around that wagon and see it as
it started. Dad sat in the front seat
with a new buffalo robe over his legs.
He did not sit behind an iron horse
breathing a breath of flame, panting for
a long journey. No bell-rope was pulled
to signal the starting. But he
pulled a pair of rope lines „over
as poor a pair of raw-boned horses
as were ever pulled upon. The harness
on these horses had leather enough in
one breeching to clothe a four-horse
team as harnesses are now made. It
was not until 1 had reached a more ad
vanced and experienced age that I was
able to appreciate the philosophy and
importance of the old-fashioned breech
ing used in York stale and Pennsylva
nia. The principal safety and success
of all business and travel was supposed
to lie wrapped up in the con
struction of this part of the gear.
It was nearly all hills where .we
lived down East, and on the road we
traveled when we moved away the
wagon was either going up or coming
down or standing on one end or the
other about all the time, and the only
way to get along was to have a col
lar on
one in which the beast could push
ahead, the other in which it could push
back. There was a time when people
living among these lulls put a slight de
gree of trust in Providence and
less leather in the breeching:
but after picking themselves up
at the bottom of v a hill
a few times, they became so skeptical
as to the care of Providence over them
when the breeching broke, that : they
concluded it would be better to put a
whole side of leather in this part of the
harness rather than tempt Providence
or take any chances of having their
faith shaken in prayer. The : weight
and width of the thing was considered
as important in some cases as the
strength of it. For instance, take it on
a hill where it was so steep the
horse's head stood nearly straight down
in descending. It was supposed
in a critical descent of this kind, that
the weight acted as ballast, or served as
a balance to keep the elevated end of
the animal from going clear over and
reaching the bottom ' of the hill first.
While the breeching is an important and
interesting subject to write upon, it
will not do to let it take up too much
space to the exclusion of other matter.
Mother sat on a back seat clear out of
sight, and took a last view of friends
ami native land through a peep-hole in
the back end of the wagon cover. It
was a YY
thing to go West when dad started—es
pecially for a woman.. Good-bye as
often "meant farewell forever as any
thing else. Out of sight was about the
same as out of the world. There were
no daily mails or telegraph to report
progress or landing. But more like
Jacob, when he went forth to seek * a
new home, and rested his head on a stone
for a pillow, dad journeyed out of York
state, through. Pennsylvania over into
Indiana. Indiana was the "Far -West'"
then. Here he pitched his ■tent and
hung his buffalo robe out to dry. Just
whyhe stopped there, I shall not under
take to say. In fact, he never took the
younger members of the family fully
into his confidence on this point. There
is one thing certain, he had strong rea
sons for stopping or he never would
have stopped. The wagon was threshed
around over 1.000 miles of road, which
was so rough that dad's knees sawed a
hole through the new buffalo robe, and
were sticking out bare and ex
posed when he halted. V Then the
horses played out, and as time wore on
I gathered from one circumstance and
another that dad's pocketbook might
have been in about the same fix as the
horses. This, however, is a simple sur
mise, for he* never told me anything
directly about his pocketbook. In fact,
1 never saw it. It makes no difference
why it was, or how it happened, facts
arc* facts and history is history. That he
stopped and lived there is a dead sure
thing. More than a dozen storekeepers
could swear to that. The In
diana homestead was on Still
well " prairie, in La Porte county.
It was a modest, unassuming eighty
acre tract, twenty acres of which were
marsh, ten acres a gravel field and the
remaining fifty acres were nothing to
brag of. "It was not only poor land, but
turned out to have a poor title— and it
was not in the indemnity limits either.
The exact location of his farm was:
Eleven miles west of Sock Town, five
miles south of Bald Hill, and nine miles
north of the great Kankakee marsh,
crossed by the Yellow River stone road.
Perhaps you would like to know why
Sock Town >Yy '. '■■
It was . because 'it - was '• so soft and
swampy around there that only tam
arac poles would grow. These poles
were the principal if not the only prod
uct of the place, and .were extensively
gotten out and used for fencing pur
poses—mostly for what were known as
fence stakes— these stakes ' could f only
be gotten out in : the winter, when the
swamp was frozen over so a man could
walk on it. :It was so soft, when not
frozen, that a boy. could take : one of
these poles in his hand fifteen feet long
and sock it down clear out of sight, so
far it could not be : seen :or pulled- up
again, . Hence ' the name of "Sock
Town." Not particularly a poetical.but
a very appropriate name.
Perhaps you would like to know why
Bald Hill was called Bald Hill? It was
so called because the top of it stuck up
like the head of a great bald eagle . and
could be seen for miles around as bald
as old Uncle Ned, Who had no wool on
the. top of his - head, in the
place where the wool ought to grow.
I taught school in Bald Hill one winter.
■ I did not have a high grade certificate,
but I got through all right and drew pay. j
I was quite surprised at -the close when
some of the leading citizens of the lull
offered to, build a two-story seminary
and make -me principal for life .if I
would remain. They seemed to have
more confidence in me than I had in my
self. Fearing indoor confinement might
not agree with my health, I declined. :
The great Kankakee marsh. . This is
a place where the oldest inhabitant will
get lost in an hour, and if not lost,
would be eaten up in summer by flies
and mosquitoes. It may be it has
changed since I left, or that the spirit
of St. Patrick has passed over it and
freed it from all annoyances. We will
not dwell on the great Kankakee marsh. -
It took dad forty days and forty nights
to move from York state to Indiana in
his covered wagon, just as long as it
took Noah to go through the flood. ' But j
like Capt. Noah, he got there just the
same, and the trouble was he never got
away again. ' YY
he struggled on that farm and the fam
ily struggled with him, never once
dreaming- or thinking that muskrat
houses are not the best evidence of a
good agricultural soil, and that wheal
and beavers can not be gathered from
the same field. It was not until this
farm had been sold for taxes and the
surviving members of the family seat-:
tered on a Dakota prairie iv the Bed
river valley that the theory of the rat
house was fully exploded and given up,
Gopher hills are sometimes considered
a favorable indication of soil, but steer
clear of the muskrat. Before closing
this letter, I wish to say most sincerely
that it is with no lack of reverence or
want of love that I refer to the old and
early home. It is true it was humble,
almighty humble, but it was far from
being all shadows and no sunshine.
The sunbeams of happiness sometimes
find their way farther through the
cracks of a log cabin than polished
glass in a gilded palace.
on that farm It is because no live man
could have succeeded. Who could suc
ceed on a farm when everything put on
top of a hill to enrich and fertilize it
would be washed out and carried away
by the first rain, and the hill left full of
holes and gullies where the water tore
down it? This was the fault of the
laud, not dad's. I have seen him work
a week, sweeping the barnyard, to get
a hill in. condition for a crop. : Then I
have seen him go out after a heavy rain
and look at the long, deep gullies made
by the water, and then notice the rise in
the marsh below at the expense of the
hilltop. Then 1 have seen him turn
away and heard him say: ' .";■;:
"Honor and shame from no condition rise.
Act well your part, there all the honor lies."
He considered he had done his part
when he plowed the hill and
dressed it like a garden; he
did not hold himself responsible
for damages and results afterwards.
You may wonder why he did not take
the second thought and give that farm
away and move to Dakota. The rich and
fertile lied river valley, where hills are
not known and fertilizing is not
needed, at that time was not open or
known, If he could have got a farm
like one to be gotten here, what might
the condition of the family- be to-day.
They would
wearing diamonds, sure. It is hard to
meet fate sometimes, and bear with it
patiently and cheerfully, but when it is
done manfully and bravely there is a
virtue in heroism and manly suffering
which brings pleasure and reward, and
hardships borne to attain noble ends
are forgotten in the triumph of success.
I think the nearest dad ever came to
having a touch of the blues was one day
when he went to Sock Town and found
a letter in the postoffice, and he could
not negotiate a loan or make financial
connections to pay the postage and get
it. The mail service was different then
from what it is now. They did not
come daily. Once in two weeks or a
month was considered pretty lively get
ting around. Postage was charged ac
cording to the distance the letter was
carried, and the postage was usually
collected from the person to whom the
letter was sent. It was hardly ever pre
paid. YY' ; ,;! ii.
fYt-'Y THEY CAMEO. O. D., ■ • V
the same as express packages, and the
postage on a single letter was some
times as high as 50 cents. This letter
sent to dad was an unusually fat one,
and the postage was up to the top
notch. Tne postmaster did a cash bush
ness and would not deliver, mall! on
time, and refused a proposition of half
cash and the balance as soon as the
swamp froze over, so dad could get out
a load of fence posts. Everybody in
Sock Town knew dad was honest, and
offered to indorse for him, but the post
master said that would not help the
matter in the least, that he would be re
moved from office if he sent their note
into the department instead of money.
So when dad came home, mother saw
he was not feeling very cheerful and
she asked him if he had received any
bad news. He said no; the trouble
was he could not see the news.
Then, he told her about the
letter and his not being able to get it.
This seemed to completely overcomo
mother, and she asked him what he
could say over such a forlorn situation?
She had.no more than asfced the ques
tion than mounted a stool and com
menced reciting:
"Full many a gem, of purest ray serene,
• The dark, unfa t homed caves of ocean bear; •
Full many a flower is born to bltisb unseen.
And waste its sweetness on the desert air."
Mother said she never felt so much
like blushing "unseen/-' and never
realized so fully before the extent and
boundlessness of the "desert air."
V ; '/-..' _ Bi~dt> Reeve.
entered a printing office at Oberliri,
0., January, 1871; remained there five •
years. Went from there to Norwalk, •
0., as local editor of the Telegraph. «'
Then did editorial work on the Toledo, "
0., Bee, Cleveland Herald and Leader
until the spring of 1882, when he ckme '■
to Mitchell, Dak., and connected linn*.- 1
self with the Mitchell Republican) for •'
six months, then bought the Capita"-,
which he ran till the fall of 1883. ! He.<
then sold out and spent two years in[ the <
office of Secretary Teller at Yankton.
Was secretary of the capital commission
in 1883. . , In 1885 became ' a member of
the Mitchell Printing company, ; and
consolidated the .Capital and Re4ub4i
licau. The . Daily ■ Republican is , the I
leading paper of its section, which '
ably edited; is : keen and crisp in tone, <
but never : bitter nor abusive. Mr. «'
Wheelock was married in November, I
1880, to Miss Lilian G. Steele, at Bis
marck.... ..;--. * : 'Y ;YWi;iC.Y:.' '■'
: t. - . ..,"■/ People Tired of It.
Ree Heights Free Press (RecO^.'.Y Y~i
1 The long and wordy warfare being
'waged in the Dakota edition of the Pio
neer Press '■; against "Gov. 1 Church -and
; each and all of his g appointees is grow- ;
ing tiresome. The people of- this part
of the territory do not forget that there:
was once a- governor of North' Dakota '
by the name of Pierce. * -„•
A Globe Representative Smells It and
Traces the Odor fo Its Source.
The Formation of the Country and
* Coal Deposits Give Color to
„':., the Oil Theory. >'
Special to. the Globe.
Mandan, Dak., March 2.— lt 'Is put
ting it very mild to say that this com
munity is excited over the oil question.
The indications of a genuine oil boom
such as were referred to in last Sato
day's Globe have been followed up by
your correspondent, and although there
have been attempts to cover up the
facts, they shall be given -as found. The
people of . the prosperous little settle
ment on the Little Heart river, about
fourteen miles south of Mandan, think
they have struck oil, and it is a question
whether they don't '. think that their
property is worth a good deal more than
they regarded it a few weeks ago. Many
of them are dreaming of good tiriies.and
they are 'not slow to predict— the most
optimistic ones.— derricks will be
seen on every hill in the course, of a
year or two, when the speculators and
the capitalists realize just what there is
to be found beneath the soil.
There is no mistake about one thing
—this is a very interesting part of Da
kota. There is a relief from the broad
expanse of prairie that one meets in the
eastern part of the territory, and be
neath the soil there is the never-failing
coal that is such a source of comfort to
the West Missouri settler, and source of
profit to the community in general. It
is true that the interest is not likely to
be so overwhelming when the investi
gator has to drive a span of horses in
the teeth of a biting wind, tilled with
ice particles that are as a matter of
courtesy called snow. The horses may
be willing, but even a horse sometimes
finds it a difficult matter to keep in the
road when the marks of prior travel are
obliterated by fresh snow. The
of the consisting, of. Banker
Streichenberg, Real Estate Speculator
Halleck, Expert Hoke and the Globe
correspondent— was the farm of Conrad
Hoeffler, who with his spouse and twelve
children lives in comfort in a capacious
log house near the creek ; that
affords such strong evidences of
oil. The reports had been to the effect
that Mr. Hoeffler had quit buying oil in
town that he was down on the Stand
ard Oil company on general principles,
and he was using that which he got off
the water in the . creek. On
the way to the house of this industrious
and thrifty German we encountered
Emory Sheppard, who has resided in
the vicinity for six years, and who was
inclined to laugh at the "dudes" who
had been induced to come out such a bit
ter day. But he admitted that he had
smelled the kerosene in the water of the
creek for years, especially in the winter
time, and he thought nothing of it. As
there was not enough to take off the
water to use, and as there was no re
finery out there anyway, he haa not
bothered over the matter. But the ker
osene was there, and -could be found
anywhere that a hole was cut in the ice.
Mr. Hoeffler said that he still used the
Standard Oil company's product, and
had never thought of getting his oil out
of the creek, but oil was there, never
The most satisfactory exploration
was made at the place of G. W. Grant.
The old man has not proved up on his
claim, and he is afraid that if there is
oil there he will have difficult in con
vincing Uncle Sam that ;':;.',•'"-* '' «
-' He can have no object in fooling the
public if he were able to do so, for he
bas nothing to gain. Here we found a
hole in the ice about eighteen inches in
diameter, which hole is kept open all
winter, and from which water is hauled
with which to water the cattle. There
Is no draining into the creek above or
below from any farm yards to taint the
water. Yet, as dipped up, there is a
strong and somewhat offensive smell
as it is taken out of the hole, though the
cattle drink it without objection. Mr.
Halleck, wno is from Pennsylvania, re
marked as he smelled into the hole:
"My. but that smells like home." This
water, if put into a bottle and allowed
to stand for about three days,' gives off
a very strong smell of kerosene. There
has been no doctoring of the water, for
there has been no chance for this.
D. D. Wilbur, who lives up the creek
a little way, has a hole in the ice from
which water is taken that smells just
like that which the Grants show. The
smell is the same when taken out and
when allowed to stand awhile, the
Now that the subject Is being talked
up there are plenty of men in the county
wlio say that they have similar water
on their places, and that they have con
stantly seen in the summer time, on
this and that pool, a scum which was
greasy when taken off. The Indians
have been in the habit of taking the
same scum off the water and using it
for purposes of a medicinal character,
mostly ■ for external application for
wounds, bruises and rheumatic affec
tions. W. E. Martin, who has a claim
north of town about twenty miles, re
ports the same kind of water on his
farm. Young Mr. Grant says that last
year he thought that the queer smell to
the water, which was the most observa
blein the winter time, was that of gas.
which in the. summer time passed off,
but which could not get a vent through
the ice in the winter time, and so came
up through the holes that might be cut,
and there appeared the strongest. But
the strong kerosene smell which is ob
servable only when the water is allowed
to stand would indicate that there was
something more than gas to it.
A theory has been advanced which is
worth quoting. It is said that the vein
of coal that crops out at the Little Heart
dips north, and if a bore were made at
Mandan, fourteen miles above the crop
ping-out place, the vein would be struck
about 100 feet down. Four miles north
of Mandan another vein crops* out, and
this also dips north. From this vein a
good deal of the coal that we use is ob
tained. The theory is that connected
with the vein of coal that crops out at
the Grant place is a deposit of oil. Down
at the base of that vein kerosene is in
the process of making, and the smell
that we find in the creek is nothing but
the gas that comes up from the chemical
process that is going on in the depths of
the earth, somewhere below Mandan or
miles north. To bore down at Little
Heart would not give the borer the oil
that he seeks for, unless perchance he
managed to strike a pocket of oil that is
being formed or stored at the base of an
other vein that may crop out fourteen
miles further south. But, it is claimed,
the place to bore to strike the oil
that causes the disturbance at "the
Grants' ranch is at Mandan, or perhaps
further north, even. ' There may be
something in this theory that is worth in
vestigating. It may be added that there
is enough enterprise in this town to go
further with this question, and it is al
together probable that an effort will be
made in the near future to find this
pocket of oil that it is said is sending its
gaseous breath to worry and excite the
good folks of the Little Heart valley.
Those who are the most earnest in their
desire to bore for oil are encouraged by
these reports that come from south of
us, but they base their greater confi
dence upon the fact that Mandan lies in
a basin west of which and sloping to
wards which are vast strata of . coal. ;
; They- say that this Missouri valley was
formed centuries ago by a vast up
heaval, which has left Mandan only,
1,025 feet al>ove sea level, while a point
• abouL miles .west is 1,200 feet higher
than - Mandan.- Mandan, • claim these
"experts, is directly oyer a . basin of coal
oil that has been formed in the centu
ries which have seen the making in the
: bowels of the earth | of " the I lignite that
extends over • the whole West Missouri'
■' country. If - : the skeptic may say that
there is no evidence to prove that oil is
formed in - the making of lignite, but
only in the making of bituminous coals,
we would point to the oil that is found
in the Black Hills and in Wyoming,
where the coal is of the same character
as here. _ -:'
Something in the Wind.
Sioux Falls Press.
Certainly there must be something in
the wind. There must be indications
of a change in the drift of affairs re
garding division. The St. Paul Globe'
is asking the divisionists and the one
state people to be tolerant— particularly
the latter. It says: "There are appar
ent advantages for small states as well
as large ones." Such a confession from
such a source is indicative of indicating
an indication.
Its Commerce Decreasing With the
Opening of New Railroads.
Extract From the Annual Report of
Capt. G. B. Sears, Corps of Engi
neers, U. S. A.
Commerce on the Missouri river be
tween Sioux City, lowa and Fort Ben
ton, Mont., has been steadily falling
off, year by year, as the railroads have
reached, or paralleled, beyond it. The
completion of the Manitoba railroad
from St. Paul to Helena, Mont., via
Forts Buford, Assinaboiue and Benton,
a matter certain of accomplishment be
fore another navigation . season, will
particularly parallel the river above
Fort Buford, and will greatly reduce
the present commerce over this section
of the river.
The Benton Transportation company
operates the only steamers now running
on the upper river, and in anticipation
of the completion of the Manitoba road,
is preparing to withdraw several of its
"steamers. After that, the navigation
interests will be small, and confined to
local trade, which for a number of
years cannot be great, as the bordering
country is sparsely settled, and much of
it is closed against settlement by the
reservation for the use of Indians.
As far as benefiting any navigation
interests, present or prospective, is con
cerned, I see no use in spending any
great amount in improving tne upper
Missouri river. There is another view
of the matter, however, that may com
mend itself as an affair of wise public
policy. As long as there is, during the
season of navigation, a good permanent
channel extending from the Mississippi
valley into the heart of Montana, so
long will the public be benefited by
lower freight rates on competing rail
roads. This channel may never be
used, but its mere existence, ready for
use, will act powerfully as a check on
extortionate freight rotes. On this ac
count, I recommend for the fiscal year
ending June 30, 1889. for the Missouri
river, from Sioux City, 10., to Fort Ben
ton. Mont., an appropriation of 100,
Of this, I recommend that $110,000 be
devoted to the permanent improvement
of the rocky portion of the river from
Carroll to Fort Benton, under the pres
ent project and 180,000 to the removal
of snags from the lower and sandy por
tion, from Carroll to Sioux City. I
would also recommend that congress be
asked to specify what proportion of the
total appropriation shall be used for
snagging, should the amount appropri
ated be less than that asked for. This
may appear a larger amount than nec
essary, considering the interests in
volved, and so it would be were the
work to be carried on in the neighbor
hood of material and supplies. • .. . » ,
The work, owing to its isolated situa
tion in question, must necessarily be
very expensive. Fuel is very scarce
and high in price, and natural. material,
as brush and stone, is, at many places,
difficult and expensive to obtain.
Freight rates are high, and the dis
tances over which supplies must be car
ried are very great.
Statement of freight transported on
Upper Missouri river in 1877:
Pounds. Value.
Ore and bullion 1,450,000 §918,750
Wool 208,459 72.960
Hides 381,675 45.801
Skins, robes and furs. 1200,000 232,000
Totals 2,240,134 $1,269,511
Pounds. Value.
Miscellaneous Mon
tana freight 9,296,000 $1,394,000
Canadian freight.... 2,050,000 310,000
Totals 11,346,000 81,740,000
Total value of commerce of the rir» ?»
retires from the position of registe
in the Devil's Lake land office by rea
son of the expiration of his term. He
was appointed by President Arthur four
years ago and has made a good reputa
tion for efficiency and integrity. He at
one time represented one of the Michi
gan districts in congress and was some
what of an influential member of the
Republican party.
recently • appointed register of the
United States. land office at Devil's
Lake, Dak., was born at Warrenton,
Faulkner county, Virginia. He is now
thirty-tour years of age. Mr. Spilman
is a lawyer by profession, having studied
in his father's office, and .was admitted
to the bar in his native county in 1877.
Two . years later he removed to the
Black Hills, locating at Deadwood. and
afterwards in Rapid City. He has been
a continuous resident ;of that country
since.- He has. always been identified
in' a = quiet \ way .with local politics, but
has never appeared before the people
!as , a candidate . for * office. He is - re
garded as a gentleman amply qualified
to do credit to | himself | and the govern
ment in the position to which he is ap
The Old Method of Protecting Mining
Rights by the Ballet Done Away.
How Claims Are Located— A Demo
crat Rewarded for His Sav
ing Faith.
Special Letter to the Globe.
Bapid City, Dak., March I.— The
week has been one of quiet activity in
mining matters. And, by the way,
miners here are earning something. It
is no longer the proper thing to nego
tiate a sale positively and then give the
Whole snap away. Too much enter
prise on the part of newspapers has
made the speculator wary, and he is no
longer apt to look quietly on a complete
and detailed expose of his little scheme
to accumulate sundry Eastern shekels
in return for a prospect of more or less
glittering promise. But the newspaper
is only one thing he has. to guard
against. The adverse claimant is the
bugaboo of a mining country after it
comes to be as wholly civilized as the
Black Hills. In the early life of the re
gion, when law was written in the
hearts of brave men, when might was
nearly always right, and the sweet, sad.
note of the six-shooter cooing to its mate
was heard oftenest of all music, tin art
verse claimant did not stand much show.
A man's title to his claim was general
so well supported in the way of Colts
and Winchesters that the few little dis
putes . which arose were always satis
factorily adjusted without the interven
tion of courts. Those days have long
since gone, and now all dispute as to
the right of discovery and consequent
privileges of ownership must be
There are men in every mining com
munity who would rather jump a claim
than locate one any day. It is these
fellows the honest prospector hates, and
invites by his reckless methods. In
this country during the year so far there
have been hundreds ot location certifi
cates tiled, and not one in a hundred is
valid. Haste and cupidity stand re
sponsible for this. The district regula
tions here , are not strict, and men in
locating take every advantage of the
United States statute. The locations
are either faulty as to discovery or as to
metes and bounds. A : claim must com
mence at the discovery shaft. The
statute does not prescribe of what the
discovery shaft shall consist, but it does
contemplate that there shall be found
rock in place bearing the mineral for
which the land is claimed. Then the
direction of tho claim must be so clearly
stated and its monuments set up so
plainly that an engineer can go at any
time and find it. It would seem very
easy to comply with this law. Com
pared with the custom in Colorado
where ten feet of work must be done
before a location can be filed, the law
But the average prospector does not
find it easy enough, and so proceeds to file
his claim on suspicion, and without a
vestige of discovery. The endless
amount of litigation that will one day
grow out of this may be seen in the
statement that on one claim there are al
ready three adverse locations, and
neither of them is valid, How far the
Craze has gone shows in the location of
a school section partially within the
limits ot this town for coal land. As
no coal has been found there, it is very
doubtful if the school fund will use the
land. Two or three enterprising pros
pectors descended on the ranch of an
old fellow who lives in a little park near
the tin districts. They proceeded to
locate the land for placer ground.
The old man came out with a Winches
ter, and after a very brief conversation
announced his intention of locating the
prospectors. for bad mines. They left,
and the next day one came around and
asked the permission to pull up the
stakes he had set the day before. Un
less a man is anxious to go to his own
funeral, he had better keep away from
that ranch.
at least, has reaped the reward of his
saving faith in the party. Last week
Edward (>. Spilman, secretary of the
board of trustees of the school of mines
here, received notice of his nomination
to be register of the United States land
Office at Devil's Lake, Dak. Mr. Spil
man's backing in Washington is such
as makes his confirmation a foregone
conclusion, and he is, consequently,
supremely satisfied and heartily con
gratulated. He and bis estinr.ble lady
will leave for Devil's Lake early next
month. V
The political interest of this section
still centers in the opening of the Sioux
reservation, and as the prospects for
thai daily grow brighter, the public pulse
beats quicker, and the faith in the com
ing boom grows stronger.
Great Promise for the Tourna
ment—The Sankey Meetings---
Insurance Alliance — Dehorning
Cattle. *
Special to the Globe.
Hukox, Dak., March The Huron
fire department is doing everything
possible toward arranging for the com
ing tournament in such a 'way as to
make it the best ever held In Dakota, or
in this part of the Northwest. Already
notice has been received from a number
of companies that have never before
taken part in a tournament, signifying
their intention of being present. A
number of firemen representing North
Dakota companies will be here, and also
delegations from Wisconsin, Minnesota
'arid lowa. The indications thus early
are so much in advance of those given
former tournaments that those having
the approaching meeting in charge are
confident of success in every particular.
It is safe to count on from 8,000 to 5,000
people being here each day, beside the
fire departments.
The Sankey meetings here last Satur
day and Sunday inspired our Presbyte
rian and Methodist friends to hold re
ligious meetings each evening during
the week in their respective churches.
The attendance has been good, and
much interest is manifested, a number
bavins been converted. The interest
increases with each meeting, and much
good is being accomplished.
Since the Farmers' Alliance company
and the Fidelity Insurance company of
this city clasped hands and pooled their
fortune's and took the business of the
Dakota Mutual, the new organization
has had many kind words said of
it, and deservedly, too. But notic
ing reports in some of the papers de
rogatory to the Dakota Mutual, inquiry
was made at the company's office which
resulted in positive proof that, although
the Mutual has discontinued business,
it should not be considered as having
failed. Its policy holders are being pro
tected by reinsurance, and all contracts
of the Mutual will be carefully complied
with and fulfilled.
Last fall Charles Whipple, living a
nßnnnn Manufacturers of Wood and Steel Combination nnn n n fl?
>.&,§. &.S.S. %r FENCE. It is composed of wooden pickets \%>- -3. 3- x ••• i - 3■<
■ 'II I E I X wide and X inches thick, length four feet. The ]i{j
Ili \\ R pickets are firmly woven with five double 1\ . I j
■*. liL * . i J3- twisted strands of galvanized annealed steeL Va. | . „ . : . S
Oflil ' 15 wire; distance between pickets three Inches, j H ; ; \ \
1I 1 | H It comes from the factory in rolls of OK rods 3 1 ■•■ ,j i<
.I*ll* SL each and weighs aliout 25 pounds per rod. J 3 ;j i » S .
>**!■«';" Manufacturers of Wood and Combination j BR
FENCE. It Is com*>osed of wooden pickets IY>. .... *<
wide and % inches thick, length four feet The
pickets are firmly woven with five double
twisted strands of galvanized annealed steely .... JjL«<
wire; distance between pickets three inches.
It comes from the factory in rolls ot ii 1 . rods
each and weighs about 25 pounds i>er rod. ri
Itis thestn nsest, clieapestaiidra>stdiuablefence> " ■ ■ "■"N
4 I f £ 1 S made; will turn stockand cannot blow down. Deal- J 1 ; j. > J
- 93 ! en will find it the most profitable mid best selling j1 ( : ■
all * S I i fence in tie market. W> are the only firm in the - | | i 5 J ■ .
>'WW'l*%'"i*l* Northwest Unit use machines operated by steam-/- -r ■f t 3* ' * . j* « ""»
3i ' ' 11 power and give jrou a stronger and better fence for ; I
a "J 1! J 5 I the same mi>nev. A genu, wanted in Wisconsin, Mm- \ fl st < t -j
•'a $ i.\ "A i nesota and Dakota. Bend for C.f~ erlpllve circulars, I J | j | I ,
yil^i.iJ- Mention this paper. We also manufacture a full lino «#■ 7 ■ rS
a 1313 H ™IS of ornamental wood and iron Fences, Hoof Cresting *g v |I|B
'•neT Ornamental Iron Work, forwhii li we have a special Catalogue.'.
WOODBt'ItN FA KM. FENCE £>„ 419 Sixth Ay. South, Minneapolis
few miles from this city, dehorned a
couple of steers as an experiment. The
result was so satisfactory that a couple
of weeks since he dehorned bis entire
herd of nearly forty head. He used a
sharp, fine-tooth hand-saw. The oper
ation was quickly performed and seem
ingly not very painful. Not one of the
herd missed a feed, and all were as
lively as before the operation, and no
bad effects have followed.
There is good reason to believe that
the coining season will be one that will
exceed and even surpass all others in
point of immigration. Letters from ev
ery part of the country are received
daily indicating thai homeseekers are
preparing to turn their faces toward
this "land of promise" as soon as spring
opens. The majority are coming with
money to purchase improved forms,and
thus be ready to go to work and put In
a crop at once. Dakota needs more
real, practical farmers to till her broad
fields, and will give a hearty welcome
to all who come. Let the influx be great
as it may, there is room for all.
Fanners Organizing to Control
Their Wheat Shipments— Social
Clubs Take the Place of Saloons.
Special to the Globe.
Yw.i.ky City, March 2.— At this
writing doubt exists here as to whether
Judge Carland is to succeed Palmer or
Francis. It is needless to say that there
is a very general wish that it may be
the latter.
An enthusiastic meeting of farmers
was held in the Academy of Music
yesterday which 'was addressed by
M. L. Loucks, president of the
Dakota Farmers' alliance. Mr. Loucks
spoke at considerable length, giving
reasons why it was necessary
for farmers to organize for the better
advancement and protection of their in
terests. He referred to the operations
of the Dakota alliance, and gave facts
and figures in proof of the saving ef
fected where farmers were combined
and purchased their more costly farm
supplies from firs! hands.
The Scandinavian Elevator company,
which is the name of the company rep
resenting the alliance in Minnesota and
Dakota, was one of the important fea
tures dwelt upon. The purpose of this
company is to establish
in which farmers shall be stockholders
and directors. They will aim to ship
the No. 1 hard wheat of Dakota in Its
purity, ami not permit it to be subjected
to the "doctoring" process while en
route to the Eastern and European mar
kets. Upon the representations made
the farmers of North Dakota are not
getting within 10 or 12 cents per bushel
of what the wheat is worth, upon the
basis of value of a similar grade in the
Liverpool market. Mr. Loucks said
that the wheat which went to British
millers, as Dakota No. 1 hard, was so
adulterated with Inferior grades that it
is often not equal to "rejected"' at home
elevators. The farmers of this vicinity
meet at the court bouse Saturday, the
10th Inst., to organize an alliance and
discuss taking stock in the Partners'
Elevator company, with the view of?
erecting an elevator here in furtherance
of their plan.
The promised blessings of local op
tion seem as yet afar off. Last week
the saloon men closed their doors and
published ill the Daily Times Record a
smooth-reading manifesto that they pro
posed abiding by the law. This was
generally accepted as a declaration that
they had thrown up the sponge. It ap
pears, however, that although they do
not propose violating the letter of the
law, they will continue to dispense
liquors. Under carefully drawn regu
lations those who wish to patronize
places similar to saloons organize them
selves into a society by subscribing to
these regulations and paying a cer
tain sum as an entrance tec.
Upon payment, of the fee they
get a ticket representing this amount,
which entitles them to the privileges of
the club room— formerly the saloon—
with the right to a specified accom
modation. The former saloonkeeper
changes his relation from a liquor
seller to a butler or waiter upon the
members of the club, who are the
owners of the goods he serves them
with. Instead of throwing down the
change as formerly, the man who wants
a drink will present his ticket and havo
a hole punched in for each drink or
cigar. In this way will the lion of tho
liquor interests and the lamb of local
option lie down together.
j|lieal estate men report considerable
inquiry for land, ami a considerable
immigration from the Scandinavian
countries is expected here this spring,
Programme of the Firemen's
Tournament of South Dakota to
be ii'-bi in Jane,
Special to the Globe.
HUBOK, Dak., March 2.— The follow
ing programme was arranged by the
board of control of the South Dakota
firemen's assocition, at its session in
this city, for the annual tournament to
be held here on the sth, Btb, 7th and Bth
of June:
Reception of visiting Bremen,
0 a. m. Annual parade and review.
Ip. iv.— single man's coupling contest,
purse 925. First prize, $15; second, $10.
Hose race for teams that never competed
for prizes, purse 975. First, 950: second, 925.
Book and ladder race for teams that have
never competed tor prizes, purse 975. first,
$50; second $35.
One hundred-yard foot rate, purse 105.
First, $30; second. 920; third, 915; fourth, 95.'
Bp. m. Best drilled lire company, purse
$50. First. 925; second, $15; third. $ 10.
1 p. Champion laddermen's contest
parse $-10. First, $20 and champion badge;
second, $20.
Forty-seven class, hook race, purse $125.
First, $75; second, 950.
Forty-six. hose race, purse I •_'•"». First,
$75 ; second, 150.
Champion hook and ladder race, purse
9400. First. $I*oo nnd championship ban
ner: second, 9125; third, $75.
Free-for-all hose race, purse 9250.
200-yard foot race, purse 905. First. $31);
second, 920; third, $10; fourth, $">.
300-yard foot race, purse 15. First, 930;
second, 920: third, 910; fourth, $5.
Bp. m.— wet test. Prize, the "Polack"
pipe and coupling.
VllllJAV. junk 8.
1. p. m. Novelty laddermen's contest,
purse $:;<». First, 820; second. $10.
Championship hose race puree $100.
First, 9200 and championship hose cart;
second. $125: third, $75.
Free for all hook and ladder race, purse
$250. „„ '
135-yard handicap foot race, purse $10j.
First. $50; second, $:15; third, $20.
It was agreed that only service hose
should be used, with couplings every
fifty feet.
Ail teams will be permitted to enter
the 40-class hose race that have never
beaten that time at any tournament.
In the free-for-all races any kind of
apparatus may be used.
Run fifty feet, break three lull threads
and put oil pipe three threads; time to
be called when pipe strikes the ground.
Coupler to carry the pipe from the start.
All teams will be allowed to enter the
4(>-class book and ladder race who have
never beaten 74 at any previous tourna
ment of this association.
Coal and Tin.
Daily Iluronite.
The Black Hills, Dakota, tin mines
seem to be attracting the favorable at
tention of the British tin men. The
most wonderful mining wealth of Da
kota may yet prove to be in its coal and

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