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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, May 19, 1888, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1888-05-19/ed-1/seq-2/

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VOL. X.
. ]
Its Past, Present and Future
—Facts That Cannot Be
Overlooked.
The History of its Marvelous
Progress Unparalleled
on the Contin ent.
Kow Its Building" Figures
Compare With Those of
Other Cities.
The City Has the Start, and
Must Maintain It Against
All Comers.
One of the Best Fields For In-
vestment—A Remarkably
Healthy City.
Manitoba as a Wheat Country
—Sixty-Seven Bushels to
the Acre Sworn To.
It is just about a decade and a half
since the now flourishing city of Winni
peg, with its busy thoroughfares, with
its wholesale streets, with its public
buildings, with its palatial residences,
and in fact with all the concomitants
of progress and wealth, was known in
history as Fort Garry, and as such was
read about in dime novels. The won
ders that can be wrought in ten or
fifteen years by the transforming
hand of civilization could ask no
better illustration than that re
vealed in Winnipeg. Little more
than fifteen ' years ago the
spot where the busy rush of commercial
business is felt was the home of the
red man; here he built his tepee, here
he lighted his smudge to keep away the
mosquitoes; here lie dried his buffalo
meat, made and manufactured his
pemmican for which he secured ready
sale to the Hudson's Bay company,
whose intrepid officers penetrated the
country to the Arctic circle in quest of
fur. It is safe to say that history
FURNISHES >-() equal
to Winnipeg for progress and sub
stantial improvement in so brief a time.
Within ten or twelve years after the
idea first became prevalent that Winni
peg was destined to have a future
among the cities of Canada, the popula
tion increased from about 3,000 to 25,000,
and to-day the city is holding its own
with the live cities of the great North
western states ill its onward march
of progress. Its citizens have un
bounded confidence in its future,
and with true Western enterprise are
seeking to advance its interests in every
form where capital and foresight are the
requisites. No Western city possesses
a more enterprising, vigorous and far
seeing class of citizens than does Win
nipeg. From all parts of the Do
minion, yes, and from many points
in the United States, the clear
est and brightest men came, anxious
to push their fortunes in a city which
offered such exceptional advantages for
the investment of capital and the en-
ergy of hard working, honest men. The
substantial progress made by those who
cast in their lot with the city which
forms the distributing point to the great
Canadian Northwest, coupled with the
onward march of the metropolis, are
ample evidence of the foresight of these
people.
WINNIPEG.
Great Advantages of Its Location
—Country Tributary to It— Its
"Waterways.
The city of Winnipeg is situated at
the confluence of the lied and Assina-
boine rivers (latitude 50 deg. north, lon-
gitude '.'7 deg. west), occupying the site
chosen by the Hudson's Bay company
for its administration center in the
Northwest, known in history as Fort
Garry. The fori, with its bastioned
walls, memorial of many stirring and
interesting events with which it was
identified In the early history of this
country, has passed out of existence, the
only remaining relic being the archway
at the northwest angle. Many years
previous to the establishment of Fort
Garry an enterprising French discov-
erer reached this point, establishing
Fort Rouge on the south side of the As-
sinabone river about the year 1735.
For over a century, therefore, the ad-
vantages nature has afforded for the
site of a great city have been recog-
nized, although ml .- recently availed of;
and at the present time, as regards gen-
eral trade and the development of a new
country, Winnipeg occupies the same
relative position to the great Northwest
that Fort Garry occupied during the fur-
trading days. With the increase of
population new wants have arisen,
ami new channels of trade have been
developed, but the foundations of
the city have been too firmly established
to change, and to-day Winnipeg occupies
the proud position of being not only the
capital of Manitoba, but the distributing
point for the entire Northwest. The
junction of two such important rivers as
the Bed River of the -North and the
Assinaboine is an important factor in
the future prosperity of the city. The
Bed river drains about 45,000 square
miles. 85,000 of which are in Minnesota
and Dakota, the remaining 10.000 miles
being in Manitoba. It is navigable for
about 200 miles of its course, and its
valley contains what is known to be the
most productive
SOIL IN THE WORLD,
producing a larger yield and better
quality of grain than any known similar
area. * The Assinaboine river drains an
area of about 66,000 square miles, en-
tirely within British territory, the
greater part of which vast area may be
described as rolling prairie, the soil be-
ing unsurpassed in richness and fertil-
ity. It is navigable for steamers of 100
tons burden for 600 miles from Winni-
peg. With such waterways, natural
channels for the transport of grain, coal
and iron, flowing past herdoors.eoupled.
with a network of railways radiating
from her as a common ceenter,
Winnipeg is bound to become
to the British Northwest what Chicago
or St. Paul are to the American North-
west. With a territory at its back
larger than tin- entire United States,the
larger portion of which will yet be in
habited with teeming millions, no
power under heaven can prevent Win
nipeg from taking a first position
among the great cities of the conti
nent. Forty-live miles north of
the city of Winnipeg the Bed
river empties into Lake Winnipeg, a
body of water 2S0 miles in length and 57
in breadth and having a coast line of
upwards of 1.000 miles. This lake
empties into Hudson bay through the
Nelson river. The northern extremity
of the lake is only 350 miles from Fort
Churchill on Hudson's bay, the proposed
terminus of the Hudson's Bay railway.
Thus the city of Winnipeg is connected
by water not only with the base
of the Bocky mountains through the
north and south branches of the Sas
katchewan river, but with Hudson's
bay through Nelson river. The former
has already been availed of by the steam
ers of the Northwest Navigation com
pany, which ply upon the waters of
Lake Winnipeg and the Saskatchewan
river; but the latter so far has only
been used by the Hudson's Bay com
pany as a route for bateaux, carrying
their goods from Hudson's bay to the
interior.
A FEW YEARS HENCE.
There is no doubt that railways and
steamships will make this the most
familiar, as it is the shortest route
to Great Britain. When this is ac
complished, not only will the prov
ince of Manitoba and the North
west territories be tributary to the
city of Winnipeg, but a large portion of
the adjoining-states of Minnesota and
Dakota will ship their products by this,
their shortest route to the sea. So that
there is not much doubt that Winnipeg
is destined to become the great North
ern metropolis, and the largest wheat
market in the world.
ITS RAILROADS.
Something About the City as a
Railway Center.
It was August in the spring of 1*7;)
that this city had railway communica
tion with the outer world, through a
line connecting with the American sys
tem of railways, which was built by the
Canadian government as a part of the
great Canadian Pacific railway system.
The city of Winnipeg erected the iron
bridge which spans the Bed river at
the north end of the city at a cost of
$250,000, and gave it as a contribution to
the work. It was not till the winter of
1SS3 that the opening of the railway to
Port Arthur— known as the Thunder
Bay branch— gave the city an alterna
tive route to the markets of the Fast
and South. Among the railways that
terminate at Winnipeg are the follow-
ing:
The Canadian Pacific trunk line, which
stretches from ocean to ocean ; the C.
P. B. Southwestern, controlled by the
Canadian Pacific railway, extending into
Southern Manitoba from Winnipeg a
distance of about 2:20 miles, with a
branch running down to the interna
tional boundary to connect on the
west side of the Bed river with
the American system of railways; the
Manitoba Southwestern railway, also
controlled by the Canadian Pacific rail-
road, extending about 120 miles into
Southwestern Manitoba; the old Pem-
bina branch or government line con
necting Winnipeg on the east side of
Bed river with the St. Paul, Minne-
apolis & Manitoba railway system;
two branch lines of about twenty
miles each, one running to Selkirk
and the other to Stony Mountain; the
Hudson's Bay railway, running from
Winnipeg in a northerly direction some
forty miles; and lastly, the much
talked-of Bed River Valley railway,
running from Winnipeg on the western
shore of the Bed river and to West
Lynne. at the international boundary, to
connect with the Northern Pacific
system. This road is not quite finished
yet, but will be in a very short time.
lit sides these half a dozen other roads
are projected, and it is safe to say that
with monopoly removed and the city
| and province free to build roads in any
| and every direction, the time will be
short when Winnipeg is entered by as
I many more railways as at present.
| The. 'most important of any of taese raii-
f0S2S, 12 so tar as the city of Winnipeg
is concerned, is undoubtedly the Win-
nipeg & Hudson's Bay railway, connect-
ing Winnipeg with Fort Churchill on
Hudson's bay, a distance of 700 miles.
Public opinion in this country is so
well satisfied as to the practicability
of Hudson's bay and strait for steam
navigation that it is only because it was
necessary to prove the fact to the world
at large that the Dominion government
dispatched an exploring expedition,
which passed winter about Hud
son's bay and straits, making ob-
servations and verifying surveys.
As a commercial route there can be no
doubt as to its advantages over routes to
the south. The distance from Winni
peg to Liverpool via Hudson's bay is
3,641 miles, or 783 miles shorter than via
Montreal, and 1.052 miles shorter than
via Chicago. By sea Fort Church-
ill is sixty-four miles nearer to
Liverpool than Montreal, and 114 miles
nearer than to New York. This advan-
tage in distance, of course, applies
equally. to the Pacific trade; the route
from China find Japan being nearer via
Churchill by 1.117 miles than via Mont
real and 2,136 miles, nearer than via
New York.
WOULD MAKE HER INDEPENDENT.
As a political and national necessity,
it is only requisite to point out that a
route via Hudson's bay from Great
Britain to the vast wheat fields and cat
tle districts of the Northwest would
render her independent of foreign pro
duction; and should the time arrive
when war closed the ports of Bussia,
Turkey, Egypt and India, an abundant
supply of food would be available
through the opening of this route.
STATISTICS.
Actual Figures About the Growth
anil Development of Winnipeg —
Facts That Speak.
In no way can the progress of a city
be better traced than by statistics. Nor
is this material progress to be traced
solely by its increase of population, but
rather by the increase of its invested
wealth, together with its increased pop-
ulation. The following tabulated state
ments shows the estimated population
and assessment for municipal purposes
each year.
The population has been calculated as
follows:
Year. Population
1870 300
1871 500
1872 1,000
SAINT PAUL, MINN. SATURDAY MORNING, MAY 19, FOURTEEN PAGES.
1873 1.500
1874 2.O00
1875 3,000
1876 •. 4,000
1877 , 5,000
1878 0,000
1879 7,000
1880 8.000
1881 9.500
1882 21,000
1883 22.500
18*4 25,000
1885 2.>,000
1886 27,500
1887 30,000 I
The total annual assessment since the
incorporation of the city is as follows:
1874 §2,070,018
1 875 2,035,805
1870 3,031.685
1877 3,097.824
1878 3,210,980
1879 3.415,065
18S0 4.000.000
1881 9,190.435
1882 30,30:
18S3 33,000,000
1884 30,325,000
The decrease in the assessment in
1884 was due to the wise action of the
city council in seducing the scale of
assessment from '-boom" figures to the
more reasonable and stable rates at
which city property is now held. This
policy lias been pursued steadily since
that date, and although steady progress
has been made year by year, and the
city property has increased in value.
the same wise, conservative policy has
prevailed and the. assessment has been
retained at about the figures of 1884.
Remission of taxation has been allowed
the Canadian Pacific, railway and cer
tain large manufacturing industries,
which serves to decrease the total sum.
From the figures given it will be seen
that the population doubled and the
city's wealth trebled within a period of
three years.
WINNIPEG'S BUILDINGS.
Progress in This Direction — How
its Figures Compare With Those
of Other Cities.
There is no better index to the prog
ress of a city than the amount of
buildings erected from year to year, as
this represents the amount of capital
invested, and displays the confidence
the public has in the future of the city.
The number, therefore, of costly dwell
ings and stores that have been erected
in the city in recent years furnishes in
contestable evidence of the solidity and
substantial progress of the city. It
was thought by many that after
the great boom of 1881-2, build
ing operations would flatten out:
but such has not been the case. Al-
though there has been a decrease from
1882 in the annual expenditure, still the
amount expended yearly has been very
large and the class of buildings erected
has been away beyond that of previous
years. In 1681-2-3 living was high in
the city,and hundreds kept their families
in the East. But a change has come
over the scene. Consequent upon the
magnificent crops in cereals and roots
and the development of the cattle and
dairy industries, living has become as
cheap here as in any Eastern city,
and as a natural consequence the hun-
dreds who kept their families
East have built houses here
and are now living with them in
ease and comfort. The greatest build
ing year that Winnipeg experienced
was in 1882, when $5,000,000 worth of
buildings were erected. There was a
big falling off in 1883, but still the fig
ures compare well with those of other
cities for that year, as the following
comparative statement for 1883 will
show :
Chicago $12,780,000
Cincinnati . ... 11,000,000
St. Paul 9,580,000
Minneapolis 8,310,000
Cleveland 3,750,000
Denver . 3,000,000
Winnipeg; 2,750,000
Des Moines 2,750,000
Detroit 2.580,000
Hwiisas City 2,000,000
Toledo 1.490,000
Pittsburg.: 1.420,000
Memphis 1,300,000
Indianapolis 1.250,000
Burlington 1,100.000
Milwaukee 1.070,000
Nashville 1,050,000
What better evidence of substantial
prosperity than this could ha asked, and
what better could be given? The state
ment was prepared by Bradstreet's and
is doubtless as reliable as it would be
possible to procure. If the figures for
1882 were taken Winnipeg would rank
fifth among all the great cities of the
continent.
I
WHY WINNIPEG SUCCEEDS.
Because She Has the Start and
Will Keep It.
If any doubt existed as to the perma
nency of Winnipeg's prosperity arid
the absolute assurance of its fut
ure, all doubts must be set
at rest by a glance at the fol
lowing list of a few buildings, public
and otherwise, which she contains:
C. P. B. round house and Cost.
shops $275,000
Olgisvies' mills and elevators.. 200.000 !
Canchan block 125,000 i
Parliament building lOO.noo
Government house : 50,000 1
I
j Hudson's big block 125,000
McKenzie hotel 100.000
Mclntire block 100,000
j Ppstoflice 00.000
■ Manitoba college 00.000
I C. P. R. station 75.000
I Court house and jail . . .-. 70.000
I Churches 300,000
I Hospital 00,000
j Opera house 00,000
Winnipeg has a large number of man
j ufacturing establishments, a large por-
tion of her inhabitants being thrifty
| mechanics. All the provincial build
; ings are located in the city, which is tbe
j capital of the province. She is the c..l
! legiate and school center of the North-
west. In. addition to three colleges
there is a univeisity for the conferring of
degrees, etc. -
WINNIPEG CLIMATE.
Nothing to Surpass It on the Con-
tinent—A Healthy City. *
There is probably no finer climate in
tiie world than that of Manitoba. Trav-
elers from all parts of the globe invari-
ably stop over at Winnipeg as they
journey across the continent and the
great national highway, and they all
unanimously pronounce Winnipeg's cli-
mate to be the healthiest they ever en-
joyed, .lust like the Northwestern
states, the cold is sharp for a brief time
in the winter months, but its clearness
and the brightness of the sky are a long
way more preferable than the dullness
of more southern climates. The
best evidence of tiie . healthiness of the j
climate is the fact that the death rate
has, taking an average of the five years,
been only 10.50 per annum. When, it Is
remembered that the world's average is
22.00, this, statement will carry all the
more force with it. The rate in Chicago
was 18.24: Boston, 20.43; Brooklyn,
21.01; Detroit. 14.00: Milwaukee, 16.84;
New Orleans, 84.83; New York, 24.36;
I Philadelphia, 19102; San Francisco,
j 19.86; St, Louis, 11,69; St. Paul, 11.72.
i With a complete sewerage system, with
I a satisfactory scavengerlng system, arid
with a capital supply of artesian water
I flowing in abundance from natural
wells it is no wonder that ; the
city is so healthy. The city is well fur-
nished with live newspapers, always a
criterion of the progress of any city.
It has also plenty of amusements, the
leading actors and vocalists always pay
ing their annual visits. Besides this it
is a great place for outdoor sports, and
possesses probably the best representa
tion of amateur sporting men to be
found in any city on the continent.
FIELD FOR INVESTMENT.
Exceptional Advantages Offered
by the Prairie Capital.
There is probably no Western city in
existence which offers to the capitalist
a better field for investment. With an
assured great future, with the monopoly
in railways removed, and with the cer
tain knowledge that it must in the nature
of things continue as it now is the dis
tributing point for such a vast country i
as lies at its back, what better evidence *
could be offered of the exceptional ad
vantages afforded in the direction indi
cated? The depression in prices
of real estate which succeeded
the inflated valuations that ob
tained during 1881-82 has brought
the holders of city property to reason
able terms; and building lots in the
best portions of the city are now held
at such figures as will enable to realize
handsomely when the gradual and sta
ble growth of the city shall have caused
real estate to reach its maximum.
Hence property commands a fair
rental at from 12 to 15 per cent
upon investment for a medium class of
houses, and stores and warehouses in
good localities are always in demand.
The loan and investment companies are ,
doing an excellent and safe business at
8 and 9 per cent upon a third
valuation, and it is only „ fair
to suppose borrowers find " good \
use for their money at more advanced
rates. More capital is, however,
needed to properly develop the re
sources of the city and country. More
elevators are needed, and would un
doubtedly pay large dividends. The
manufacture of flax, both into
paper and linen, would util
ize what is at present a waste
product— as flax, which grows in such
abundance in Manitoba, is now grown
for seed only. The manufacture of
building paper an I builder's boards
from straw and poplar-pulp would util
ize an another waste production. Tan
neries would work up hides now
shipped to other points for man
llf:let lire • j'lne >v_.vlr>_ tin- lwn-iic
,, ___\_. ____ _. , j_luv' .»wir__., tilt; __.__ __.-_
and the hoofs: starch factories
the potatoes that tire so prolific in crop
and so exellent in quality, while there
are openings for many other industries.
Our great lakes abound with the finest
fish that run in Canadian waters, and
all that is required is the capital to de
velop the industry. Tne country in the
vicinity of Lake Winnipeg abounds in
the finest iron ore to be found in the
world.
Inexhaustible veins of iron ore, mag- ,
netic, kidney and hematite, are to be
found. The time must soon arrive when
vast iron works for the manufacture of
iron and steel must be located in or near
Winnipeg, utilizing coke made from the
Saskatchewan, Cascade.or Souris coal to
reduce the ore. Nor will the iron in- j
-- ■ c* '-■ v
j dustry alone afford a means for invest- |
I incut of capital, as works for the reduc- 1
I tion of silver and copper ore will like- I
I wise be necessary. Then the countless j
islands of Lake of the Woods, loo miles
distant, abound with veins of the finest
gold, and all that is required is the cap- |
ital to develop the industry. The build- i
Ex-Premier of Manitoba.
ing of cheap railways, which in this
country must at least be contempora-
neous with production, will utilize vast
capital in a profitable manner to invest-
ors—while to those who simply seek
safe investment there are hundreds of
enterprises which afford good security
; in the manufactories and industries at
present established.
{WINNIPEG'S VACANT LANDS.
Thousands of Acres of the Most
. Fertile Lands Available Near
Winnipeg.
'*. It is a matter of astonishment to new
arrivals in Winnipeg to learn that while
the population of the city exceeds that
of all the other cities and towns in Man-
itoba put together, the lands around it
are more sparsely settled, and a smaller
proportion of them under cultivation
j than is the case with the lands around
j any town of any prominence in the
province. The astonishment increases
when the fact is learned that among all
the fertile lands of the Canadian North
west none are richer, from an agricult
ural point of view, and in few districts
are they so fertile as are these same
sparsely settled and almost unbroken
prairie lands around Winnipeg.
It requires a little study of the history
of Manitoba to learn the reason for this
sparsity of settlement around the Mani
toba capital. It is necessary to go back
to shortly after Manitoba arid the North
west territories were added to the Do
minion of Canada. One of the con
ditions upon which the government at
Ottawa assumed control of this vast
country and its lands was that every
white and half-breed resident of the
country at the time of its being em
braced in the confederation should
receive a free grant of 240 acies
of land. Thus, every man, wom
an and child was entitled to
this grant, and so eager was
the Ottawa government to secure the
peaceful possession of the country that
the grant was unconditional beyond
their being residents at the time stated.
The bulk of the lands thus granted
were located near the city of Winnipeg,
or Fort Carry, as it was formerly called.
and in the days when people looked for
ward to long years of waiting for rail
way communication, it could not be ex
pected that they would be considered of
great value. There being no conditions
of cultivation attached to the land
grants, and the recipients being largely
a people whom generations of isolation
from the outer world had deprived of
incentive to enterprise, as might be ex
pected, very little in the way of cultiva
tion was done, and thus the virgin
prairie sod was but little broken when
railway construction connected Winni
peg with the eastern world.
Besides this, all the volunteer soldiers
under Gen. Wolseley engaged in quelling
Kiel's first rebellion were each granted
100 acres of land, and although
they secured their grants about
Winnipeg, few, if any, settled down to
farming operations, contenting them
selves to hold their claims for specula
tive purposes. In the interval a crowd
of far-seeing speculators had been grad
ually gaining possession of the lands
which their first owners did not culti
vate, and the prices they sold at were
never very high. There are those here
who remember of many a half
breed claim of 240 acres being
traded off tor a pair of blankets.
By the year 1880 the majority of these
lands were in the hands of speculators
living in this province and the East, and
when the om" of 1881 was at its
height, no class were more greedy in
their extortions of high figures for these
lands than the men who had secured
them for the price of a song. In fact,
they overreached themselves, j and all
the immigration of 1881 and 1882, which
was larger than during all the balance
of the history of Northwest settlement,
passed on westward where free lands
could be had from the government, or
where improved farms could be bought
at reasonable figures.
Towards the close of 1SS3 the specula
i five holders of land around Winnipeg
began to discover they had been killing
tiie goose that would lay the golden egg.
Many of them were in a bad fix finan-
cially. Mortgages on these lands were
falling due, and to sell in time to meet
these was found to be impossible. It
was scattered broadcast over the east
ern provinces and in Europe that lands
around Winnipeg were held at fabulous
prices. Offers to sell at reasonable fig
ures were futile, and would not bring
any one to make inquiry about such
lands, and it has taken years to clear,
even partially, the result of the evil
work then carried on.
Extremes always bring a reaction,
and one came with a vengeance in con
nection with the price of lands around
Winnipeg. In 1884-5 and 0 the foreclos-
ing of mortgages, and other proceedings
for closing out margin land speculators,
went on at a lively rate, and those un-
able or unwilling to hold longer had to
let go and lose heavily by so doing. The
consequence is that at the present time
lands in the vicinity of the Manitoba
capital are now as far (or almost as far)
below their natural value as they were
above it six years ago, and to agricult-
ural • settlers they furnish at the pres-
ent time probably the best opportunity
to secure what can in a few years be
made a valuable farm, that ever was
offered in the history of any new coun
try.
The inquiries of the committee of the
Winnipeg board of trade and the com
mittee of the Winnipeg city council,
working with each other, bring out the
fact that within twenty miles of the city
nearly 1,000,000 acres of the most fertile
land in the world can be had by settlers
at unprecedentedly low figures. At
least 250,000 acres of the low-lying and
wet portion of these lands can be bought
for $3 an acre or less. Another quarter
of a million of better quality, compris-
ing mixed prairie and grazing lands,
can be bought for $5 an acre or lower,
and another quarter of a million of the
very best of lands, where settlers can
commence breaking sod at once, can be
had at from $5 to $8 an acre.
Thus it will be seen that probably
nowhere else in the world are such ex-
ceptionable advantages offered for se
curing cheap and fertile lauds, and
which rarely if ever yield less than
thirty bushels ot the finest wheat to the
acre.
WHEAT FARMING.
Some Marvelous Yields in Mani-
toba— Fifty-Six Bushels to the
Acre.
A sketch such as this would be incom-
plete without some reference to the
marvelous capabilities of the soil of the
province for growing wheat. There is
probably no better grade of wheat in the
world than No. 1 hard and red Fife wheat
of Manitoba. That it produces such an
enormous yield per acre is a matter of
very great surprise. That 15,000,000
bushels of wheat were grown as a
surplus last year with such a
small farmiug -population as Man
itoba possesses, astonished the
would, as it did the farmers themselves
and the Canadian Pacific Railway com
pany, which was quite unable to cope
with the traffic and was obliged to allow
the grain to remain in piles about the
stations, being unable to move it. This
fact, more than anything else, resulted
in forcing the Dominion government to
relinquish its monopoly policy in this
country and allow free trade in rail
ways. The statements about the yield
of wheat apDear so remarkable that in
order to establish their authenticity
some unqustionable figures and state-
ments are given :
AN OATH TO FIFTY-ONE BUSHELS TO
THE ACHE.
Thomas Tapp, of 27, 11, 20, a Dennis
county man, makes oath that his brother
William, on the same section, grew in
the summer of 1887 770 bushels of wheat
on 15 acres, or 51 bushels to the acre of
grain, weighing over GO pounds to the
bushel, and that the quanity of seed
sown was 1% bushels to the acre.
SIXTY-SEVEN BUSHELS TO THE ACRES.
Councilor Pocock, of West Lynne,
who is running a threshing machine in
■ the Mennonite reserve, has made the
following statement, which he is further
willing to indorse by his solemn declar-
ation, and also to produce the declara-
tion of Jacob Loappke and others. Mr.
Loappke, a Mennonite farmer, living on
section 3, township 2, range 3 west, near
the village of Krongsgard, sowed on the
28th of April, 1887, a field 103 yards by
230 yards, containing a little over nine
acres, with twelve bushels of seed
wheat. On the 8th of October last Mr.
THE GLOBE IS THE III __ t|TA
popular medium for SHI fl K| I 4T
issr Advertise- WHPllO
• ' ' •-?'*_-._
TEE GLOBE WILL III IIITA
put your wants be- |S| ft __% I X
foro the most peo- Bl U IV I ■%
THE GLOBE BRINGS Iff ■ 1|T A
THE GLOBE BRINGS lllBBilTA
tin.- most answers aSI Si Ml I V
to "Want" adver- WW II B 1 I n\
Usements. IV IE I I V
NO. 140.
i'ocock tnresnea irom tuts same neia
004 bushels of wheat, machine measure
ment, which will easily grade as No. I
hard. This gives a grand yield, of the
full average (taking machine measure-"
ment) of sixty-seven bushels to the acre*
UNEXCELLED.
No Further Evidence Required
That Winnipeg's Future Is As-
sured.
In the light of all the facts contained
in this hurriedly strung-together mass
of facts, what more need be said to as
sure the world that the future of Win
nipeg is just as soundly assured as that
of St. Paul? The capital and metropolis
of a province whose fertile lands, ac
cording to sworn testimony, can yield
over fifty bushels of wheat to the acre
the gateway to a great country, which,
according to that eminent statesman,
Lord Dufferin, is capable of supporting
100,000,000 people; the hub from which
radiate a dozen of railways in reality,
and twice as many under projections
the bull's eye of the Dominion of Can
ada—dare any one question its
supremacy and its future? 'Tis nob
likely. This sketch is designed with a
view of placing honestly before the peo
ple of the American republic a few facta
about the city of Winnipeg, and about a
great territory which is little known,
but which in the near future, as the
statesmen of both countries grow wiser,
and learn by closer commercial inter
course and the removal of artificial bar
riers, must become to the United States
a mighty market for manufactures,
while the latter shall prove to the re-«
public a vast supply field of natural
products. B. L. Bichakdson.
VAN HORN'S THREATS.
He Demands the Purchase of Hit
Road by the Government.
Special to the Globe.
Winnipeg, Man., May 18.— The leg*
islature was prorogued by Gov. AikinS
this afternoon at 6. No business of ira«
portance was transacted to-day. all mat-
ters being cleared up at last night's ses-
sion, when Premier Greenway laid on
the table the correspondence between
the Canadian Pacific railway au-
thorities and the government respecting
the lease of the Emerson branch, Ii
shows that Vice President Van Haine,
in several communications during tha
past week has, through Supt. White,
threatened that if the government did
not purchase the branch and abandon
the Bed Biver Valley road he would not
construct any branch lines in Manitoba
this year. Van llaine's last threat waj
by wire from Minneapolis. Yesterday
Hon. Greenway replied as follows, ad*
dressed to Supt. White, through whom
all correspondence passed, "You can
say to Mr. Van Home, in answer to
telegram of 15th inst., that his proposi-
tion to govern the policy of this govern-
ment by threats must be resented and
met by the government and people of
Manitoba in the same manner as similar
communications were last year. It is
exceedingly unbecoming, in the face o2
. 4f
the fact that it was the obstructive and
aggressive policy of the Canadian Pa-
cific railroad that caused the initiation
of the Bed river valley project, and
from the fact that Mr. Van Home de-
clined to entertain any reasonable propo-
sition for the assumption of the Emer-
son branch at a time when arrange-
ments had
NOT BEEN FULLY MADE.
The government of the province is
not and cannot be held responsible for
the depreciation in value of the Can-
adian Pacific railway property, if such
is possible, considering that company
did not construct the Emerson branch,
and is to receive a guarantee of $15,000,-
000 in bonds as a solatium for its sup-
posed relinquishments of a monopoly
that never existed so far as the old
province was concerned. The Canadian
Pacific Bailway company does not
choose to accept the terms of the rail-
way aid act of 1885, for the extension of
its branches. Fortunately for the peo-
ple interested there are other companies
who will do so, and Mr. Van Home
must blame his own shortsightedness
and not the people of this country if the
value of his railway is further decreased.
One thing should have been learned
by Mr. Van Home from his experience
of the past, and that is that the govern-
ment and the people of this province
may yield to arguments, but they will
never concede to threats. If proper in-
ducements had been offered to this gov-
ernment at the time of the conference at
Ottawa in March last, the gov-
ernment would have given them
every consideration. But up to this
time there has been no substantive offer
from the Canadian Pacific railroad
which could possibly be considered as
an alternative to the completion of the
Bed River Valley railway. So far as
giving publicity to all that has passed is
concerned, the government has no ob
jection to the fullest
INFORMATION BEING GIVEN,
and will bring the correspondence down
as public papers to the legislature now
in session. I might add that the act to
which 1 referred in my conversation.
with you a few days ago was under our
railway act, which empowers us to
grant assistance to lines to the extent
of $6,400 per mile. This, we believe,
to bo sufficient to cover the cost of
the extension of your Souris branch."
Before the correspondence had been read
in the legislature Douglas, member from.
Emerson, made a motion in favor of the-
leasing of the Emerson branch and self
ing the Bed River Valley, but on papers-
being perused every member denounced
Van Home for his threats, and the mo-
tion was defeated by 28 to 1. Premier
Greenway, in his speech, said: "The
government had pledged themselvesjto-
build the road at the earliest possible
moment, and they were going to do
it. Arrangements had been made with
Mr. Oakes, of the Northern Pacific, by
which as soon as the road is completed
he will afford every facility, and would
on a limited express running all the
way to Montreal. The early comple
tion of the road was in the interests.
this city, in the interest of Mauitoba.
The reason why the Canada Pacific
railroad so bitterly opposed the comple
tion of the Bed River Valley railroad
was because they know that the moment
the Northern Pacific could run into the
this city they would have to drop-
their rates, and then merchants
would given benefit of competi-
tion rates from eastern points, and
the farmers the advantage of'
competing rates to Duluth." Norquay
and Lercock, Conservatives, also spoke
strongly on the subject. The company
had tried to dictate to the province, and
whatever difference there might be-
among themselves, it was the duty ol.
every Mautobian to resent their action..

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