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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, June 04, 1888, Image 3

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SAINTLY NTY DOINGS.
Rev. William McKinley Deliv
ers the Baccalaureate Ser
mon at Hamline.
A Large Turn-Out at the Ben
efit to Billy Wells and
Jim Murray.
The Warm Summer Weather
Brought Crowds Out
of Doors.
Summary of the Doings of
Sunday Gathered Fro
All Sources.
TO HAMLINE GRADUATES.
The Baccalaureate Sermon Deliv
ered by Rev. William McKin
ley.
The baccalaureate sermon to the grad
uating class of isss of Hamline univer
sity was preached yesterday morning
in the university chapel by Rev. Dr.
William McKinley. The graduating
class occupied seats at the right of the
speaker, and the body and gallery of the
chapel were filled with the friends and
relatives of the .lass. Dr. McKaig made
the opening prayer, after which Dr. Mc-
Kinley announced as his text: "Keep
thy heart with all diligence, for out of
it are the issues of life." The education
of a human being never ends. the speaker
said. It has as many sides and aspects
as the nature and needs of men. Its
goal is a horizon which recedes forever
as we advance. Every ending is a be
ginning of another stage in an endless
process. Infinite mind in an infinite
universe with everything to learn can
find no limits to its task. In this large
sense human education is universal and
compulsory. The universe is a school
which has no absentees and no vaca
tions. Our necessities, our experiences
ami surroundings are teachers by whom
we are never excused and from whom
.we can never escape. An education of
some kind we must have and are always
getting. What it shall be and do for us
we must each determine for ourselves.
All good education includes self-educa
tion. Teachers, books, schools at best
can furnish facilities only; to improve
and appropriate them must be our own
work. It is with the mind as with the
body. Others may provide and prepare
our food, but we must digest and as
similate it: and all truth, by whonisever
taught,
MUST BE DIGESTED
and assimilated in our own minds or
remain outside of and alien to us forever.
There is no vicarious way to wisdom.
The mind of the non-educated or ill
educated man is a wilderness of wan
dering thoughts and fleeting fancies
which come and go without rule or
law. lie has scarcely more control over
them than he would have over a herd of
wild horses turned loose on the prairie.
He cannot harness and drive them on
any road; if he attempts it they are
likely to run away with him and carry
him "where he does not want to go.
His thoughts are dangerous to hinisels,
and as likely to harm as to help others.
He is the victim of illusions and de
lusions, superstitions and fancies of
every sort. SO the uneducated and un
disciplined heart is a chaos of warring
passions and discordant desires. Like
v city without government, in posses
sion of a mob, the untrained, the un-.
governed heart is tyrannized by a
a rabble of tumultous emotions and
; lawless impulses which must rage and
riot till they exhaust themselves or
destroy their victim. To reduce this
anarchy to order, this discord to
harmony, is to educate, the heart.
TO Till: GRADUATES.
Toward the close of the sermon the
' graduates arose, and were addressed as
..follows: "The wise Providence which is
over all things wisely conceals from us
all or most of the things that await us in
the future. But of some tilings we may
speak with confidence without claiming
any prophetic foresight. In the larger
school of life before you the prepara
'" tory training you have received here
will be tested, and the stuff in it and in
you made manifest. To endure this
ordeal successfully you will need all the
discipline of mind and of heart you
have received here, and all the help
which God has promised to those that
seek it. The world will be to you as it
has been to others— largely what you
make it. If you give it service and sym
pathy, if you bring light and help to
those who need it and wait for it, if you
are true to yourself, to your country, to
your race and to God; if you transform
the knowledge and discipline you
have received into wisdom, conduct
and character which shall add to the
moral wealth of the world, it will be
known and in due time appreciated and
rewarded. You may have to wait and
suffer, but you will not toil nor wait
nor suffer in" vain. Even in this life it
is true, as a rule, "Whatsoever a man
sows that shall he reap;" and so go
forth, both admonished and encouraged.
Of the admonition 1 will not speak/but
leave it to your own thoughts. Let it
encourage you to know that you go
hence with the sympathy and pi ayers
of your teachers and friends, who are
interested in you. Let their faith and
hope for you inspire you with faith and
hope and courage for yourselves to be
and to do all that God and men have a
right to expect of you. Carry with you
all the good you have gotten here, and
add to it all the good that awaits you
and earnest endeavor wherever you
are to be; and "whatsoever things are
true, whatsoever things are honest,
whatsoever things are just, whatsoever
things are pure, whatsoever things are
lovely, whatsoever things are of good
report; if there be any virtue, if there
be any praise, think of these things."
SONGS AND DANCES,
With Other Features at the Benefit
to Billy Wells and James Murray.
The benefit given Billy Wells, stage
manager, and James Murray, treasurer,
at the Olympic theater last night, was
a success in every particular. The
house was filled with friends of the
beneficiaries, and many tickets found
their way into the box which
were not represented in. the audi
ence. The sketch team which
has become so familiar to patrons
of the Olympic, Billy Wells and Grace
Sylvano, appeared first on the pro
gramme in a new production of their
own, sparkling with songs and fine
comedy. Miss Ida Marsh, ballad singer;
Joe Crawford, comedian, and May-
Adams, in her pretty living pictures,
pleased the audience- immensely. Per
laps the most entertaining feature was
the song and dance entitled "My Little
Colleen Rose,"by little Rosa Barnes. The
song is the production of James Murray,
and he furnished the piano accompani
ment. James Wheeler, stage manager
of the Comique, at Minneapolis, ap
peared in an Indian club act; Mike
Cohan, a St. Paul amateur, performed
an Irish song and dance; Miss Ray Ir
vin, professional, rendered some
excellent vocal selections, and
Prof. John V. Sheiry played on
his banjo. A. M. Humphrey,
who was announced to appear in a
shooting contest with Prof. John 11.
Clark, was unable to be present. Prof.
Clark was there, however, and gave the
-audience some samples of his wonder
ful marksmanship. Fiskev Barnett
sang "He's All Right When You Knows
Him," "The Blue and Gray" and "The
Piccadilly Cigar Divan," to the accom
paniment of Mr. Murray, and was
ertily encored.
The Maguhn brothers, bantam
weights, sparred four . lively . rounds,
and Mason and Murdock" rendered two
banjo duets. A wrestling match be
. tween Smith-' -and Gilbert was
" won by Smith in two straight
falls, An amusing feature was
the walking contest between
two bootblacks, under the supervision of ,
Pill}* Wells. The performance couclud-
Ed with a wrestling match" between J.
F. Dormer and George 11. Dunham for
the best two in three falls. Dunham
won the first fall, but lost the other two,
and Dormer was awarded the match.
CAUGHT ON THE CURB.
Two Old Boozers — The Tramp's
Soliloquy on the Barking Dog.
ALMOST TIME.
The press tins ceased to talk of things
On which it lons has raved.
So let us now chip in and have
All hairy butler shaved.
r ;'-;: . •;<* v ; '•■ -. * *
"It was during the war, when our
forces were encamped near a town in
Tennessee," said an old soldier, "that a
funny incident occurred that I often
laugh over. A corporal had managed,
by frequent trips to the town, to get
comfortably drunk. He was reported to
the colonel of his regiment, and ordered
to report to headquarters at once. Gen.
James B. Steedinan, the well-known
'hero of Chickamauga,' was sitting with
the colonel when the corporal reported.
He was still quite full, and Gen. Steed
man did the questioning.
"Is there any truth in this report,
corporal?'
"No — sir.'
"Be careful, corporal, be very careful
how you answer. You must remember
sir, that the colonel and I are two old
boozers.' "
"Ah, me," mused the old tramp in the
Globe tower yesterday, "1 often think
me of the adage old "which says the
barking dog doth never bite, and I am
forcibly reminded of the truism just
now by yon yelping cur that follows
every passer-by • a short distance and
yelps and snails like one possessed.
Even though the populace objects to
noise, 1 am prone to think it quite a
beneficial thing at times. Suppose, for
instance, there are GOO dogs in all St.
Paul, and one of that number is a bark
ing dog. Then if the adage old be true,
we stand only 599 chances of being bit
ten. The noisy, mischievous youngster
who romps about the house from room
to room in noisy play always betrays his
presence, so that the gentle mother can
follow in his wake and prevent wholesale
drstruction of household goods. 'Tis
the quiet, thoughtful youth who is al
ways found with his fingers in the jam
pot. 'Tis hot the noisy, wordy man
that works the harm, even though he
may be so inclined. His noise is like
the fog-horn, and betrays the coming
danger, which gives us an opportunity
to stand from under. It is the quiet,
cunning man who successfully steals
my purse. 'Tis the' loud-singing brick
layer, at work on the housetop, that
causes you to look up and avoid the
stray brick that accidentally falls.
Where the bricklayer works in silence
deep, 'lis then you know not of the dan
ger and your head is crushed. Thus do
i contend that noise is a good thing in a
fashion, and 'tis time the populace did
take the hint."
* *
"See that," said an observant young
man as he was walking with a friend
down Third street. The friend looked
in the direction indicated, but didn't
see anything but a couple of ordinary,
every-day women looking at a show win
dow display. "Well, what is it?" he
asked, to which the observant young
man replied, "When those women
stopped to look in at that window, they
both opened their mouths. Ever notice
it? No? Well it's a thing you can gam
ble on! When a woman" stops to look
at a picture or poster, she'll open her
mouth."
* *
A little farther down the street the
two friends noticed a man on the oppo
site sidewalk who was stalking off with
the measured tread of a grenadier. The '
observant young man was on deck
again. 'There's another thing. That
man is walking on a stone block pave
ment, and he steps on every hexagon.
Going up the hill he will take
three steps to two hexagons. That
indicates a mathematical turn of
mind, because the man doesn't know
that he is taking one step to a block.
Some men unconsciously measure dis
tance that way. 1 had a friend once,
an engineer, who used to count his
steps as he walked, and double up a
finger at every thousand feet. He lives
here in the city now and never goes
anywhere that he does not repeat the
process. Lots of men count the paving
blocks as they go along the sidewalk.
It's about as sure a thing as the red
headed gin chestnut."
A SUMMER SUNDAY.
People Were Out of Doors Yes
terday Enjoying the Beautiful
Weather.
The mild south wind that prevailed
yesterday brought the first fragrant
breath of summer. It acted upon the
people like magic and brought them to
the streets in droves. The parks looked
clean, cool, inviting, and were filled
with pretty nurse girls and happy chil
dren. The clean benches in "shady
spots were likewise a loafers' paradise,
the workiiignian's treat and a haven for
the social walking delegate and his fair
companion. One had a great opportu
nity to study summer fashions, for they
were seen in all directions. Sum
mit avenue was equivalent to
a park and was crowded- all
day long. With the lartre shade
trees and beautiful residences; it gave a
splendid idea of the great beauty of St.
Paul. The bridges were crowded, and
many a pleasant thought flowed onward
with the old Mississippi. Many private
conveyances were out, and quite early
in the day it was almost impossible to
secure one at a livery stable. The
Globe tower and other points of
elevation were besieged with hundreds
of people anxious to see St. Paul and
the surrounding country almost in full
bloom. Children romped and played on
cool, refreshing lawns in every portion
of the city, and the base ball fiends got
in their deadly work wherever there
was a vacant lot. It was an ideal day,
just enough wind to make it pleasant,
not enough to raise the dust.
Bishop Ireland Home.
Archbishop Ireland has returned
from Washington, D. C, where he at
tended the laying of the corner stone of
the new Catholic university, now being
erected in that city. He was seen yes
terday by a Globe reporter, who asked
him if he had anything to say concern
ing the pope's rescript.
"Oh, 1 don't care to express myself
on that at all. I have nothing to say
about it whatever." .-•:.-
PERGONALS.
L. M. Tyler, of Sioux City, is a guest at the
Ryau.
B. W. Lacy, of Dubuque, was at the Ryan
yesterday.
W. N. shephard, of lowa, was at the Ryan
yesterday.
F. Ephraim, of Grand Forks, Dak. , is at
the Merchants.
W. H. Kline, of Lincoln, Neb., registered
at the Merchants.
I. De Groat and E. D. Baker, of Hillsboro,
Dak., are at the Merchants.
Isaac P. Baker, of Bismarck, Dak., regis
tered at the Ryau yesterday.
Railroad Commissioner Alex Griggs, of
Dakota, is at the Merchants. , ... -
: E. K. E. Carpenter, of Helena, M T , is
registered at the Hotel Byau. ; •
1 J. R. Cooper, of Esmerado. Dak., and Isaac
Britton, of Britton, Dak., are guests at the
Merchants. J^KSS
: Henry Nichols, of St. Paul, who has been
for some time city editor of the Omaha Her
aid, has returned to this city.
••Dick" Jones left Saturday evening for
a four months' tour in the East. He will
visit Chicago, New York and Saratoga befors
his return.
William Anglim, of Crookston; T. E.
Chuseman, of Diiluth, and Frank P. Thomp
son, of Cloquet, were prominent Minneso
tiaus at the Merchants' yesterday.
; A party of distinguished New Yorkers at
the Hotel Ryau are Gen. Horace Porter and
Mrs. Porter, Gen. Edward F. W'iuslow and
Mrs. Window. Gen. W. L. Frost and "Mrs.
Frost, Mr. and Mrs. William Aniarv. Jr., and
Miss Andrews. The party arrived yesterday,
having come over the Northern Pacific road
from Portland, in private car. They are on
a tour of recreation and pleasure throughout
the West, and will remain in the city a few
days before returning to their homes.
Delightful Office for Rent.
A splendid office on ground floor of
Globe building is for rent from May.l.
An excellent location for any important
financial institution, it having a large
lire and burglar-proof vault in it. in
quire at Globe counting room.
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY . GLOBE: ' MONDAY MORNING JUNE 4, 1838.
FUNDS AREWANTED,
Rev. S. G. Smith Asks for
Fifty Thousand for His
Church,
— _
The Location of Which He
Shows on a Real Estate
Map.
After Which He Preached a
Sermon on "Dangers of
Liberalism."
"Liberal" and "Orthodox," He
Says, Are Only Rela
tive Terms.
Attendants on the services at the Peo
ple's church were treated to a little pre
lude out of the usual order yesterday.
The church has been established since
New Year's, and not once in the five
months past has any appeal been made
for money. Yesterday Dr. Smith an
nounced that the advisory board of the
church had decided to erect a building
large enough for a free tabernacle, and.
cards were passed about among the
audience, on which they were invited to
subscribe whatever sum they chose
toward bearing the expense of building.
A real estate map was brought on the
stage and Dr. Smith showed where the
church would be located, on Pleasant
avenue, one block from West Seventh
street, in the geographical center of the
city. He said: "This map may have a
familiar look, but we're not going to sell
you any real estate. We simply want
to show you that the proposed location
will be nearer to 20,000 more people
than any other we could name. Some
wanted it on St. Anthony hill, and,
though I didn't oppose them, I didn't
agree with them; not because I
thought the hill people needed no re
ligion, tor I think perhaps they need it
more than anybody else, but 1 wanted
it located where everybody could come
to it. The amount wanted is $50,000,
and we can raise it if you observe two
points. First, everybody give some
thing, and second, everybody give as
much as they can."
The subject of the morning sermon
was "Danger Signals in Liberalism,"
and the text was from Gallatians i., 8:
"But though we or an angel from
heaven should preach unto you any
gospel contrary to that which we
preached unto you, let him be
anathema." Dr. Smith said:
"In the religious evolution of the
world there have been two permanent
parties, and in order to call them some
thin^ they may be named the liberal
and the orthodox. These two parties
have existed in more or less clearness
in every religion and in every age.
Their conflict has sharpened into dis
tinctness in those transitional periods
which hayed marked the ascent of the
world toward a reasonable faith. These
are really relative terms. In India the
man who would advocate throwing
CHILDBBN INTO THE GANGES
would be orthodox, the man who
thought this unnecessary would be a
liberal. In the old Rome of the first
century he who demanded that polythe
ism, or the worship of many gods,should
be maintained would be orthodox. He
who proposed to abolish the old religion
that the new gospel of Christ might
come in would be liberal. But these
terms describe two general tendencies
among the votaries of the Christian
faith itself. They have both doctrinal
and practical significance. In general
terms, he who exists the most strongly
upon literalism in the interpretation of
Scripture, upon the necessity of the
largest number of traditional dogmas,
and upon the greatest particularity of
practice, calls himself orthodox, and. is
styled by those who differ with him as
bigoted and superstitious. Those who
hold to the least posiblo dogma, the
most generous interpretation, and the
greatest freedom of practice call them
selves liberal, and are called by others
heretics. These two parties are not di
vided from each other with any exact
ness. Both tendencies oi thought are
found within all the denominations, and
they shade from the most ignorant and
superstitious devotees of literalism and
authority to the most fantastic and
hare-brained .■ spiritual adventurer
who ever cut for himself men
tal garments out of intellectual
gauze. As a church we stand for
the unity of Christendom. We believe
that the simple appellation. Christian, is
the highest name known among men;
and that partisanship is essential anti
christ. The disciples of Jesus ought to
join in a loving and united pursuit of
all truth, and ought to yield to it their
humblest obedience, whether it be clad
in new garb or old. But on this occa
sion 1 desire especially to call your at
tention to some of the dangers which
threaten the liberal wing of Christian
thinkers. They are in danger of exalt
ing negative dogma to the chief place
among intellectual convictions. The
so-called liberal churches hove named
themselves by denials. It would
not do for an architectural reformer to
carry on his work simply by tearing
down the buildings which he did not
like. Cromwell and the Roundheads
could hardly be called architectural re-,
formers, although they filled England
and Ireland with ruins. So, the merely
critical spirit which
WASTES ITS TIME IN WAB
upon what seems unworthy in the ac
cumulations of the Christian faith can
never come to the strength of a great
Christian force. The world must have
something to build it up, and a positive
religion is what is wanted. Liberals are
in danger of forgetting that Christianity
is a historical religion. It has been in
the world for more than 1,800 years. It
has reached certain relations to human
culture. It has accomplished certain
achievements in every domain of human
endeavor. It is impossible that Christi
anity shall lie a modern creation, though
it may indeed take on modern forms.
The best way to get rid of error in re
ligion is therefore by restoration rather
than reconstruction.
But liberalism has great moral and
practical dangers. It is in danger of
weakening the moral sanctions." . In
throwing off the hideous nightmare of a
Grotesque and impossible future pun
ishment, there is danger that the great
truth of retribution shall be ignored or
lightly esteemed. But it seems to be
the fact that the most of men who ac
cept the dogma of universal salvation,
do not find it necessary to go to church
at all, or at best, do so only occasionally.
Ami this seems to be the natural re
sult of banishing the dangers of the fu
tuie life. What is needed, therefore,
in the present low tone of public and
private morals, is everywhere an earn
est exposition of the principle underly
ing the Apostolic statement, "Be not
deceived, God is not mocked; whatso
ever a man soweth that shall lie also
reap." In throwing off the angulari
ties of Puritan morality and the harsh
ness of the Puritan Sabbath," we : must
with the more strength insist upon gen
uing moral discrimination and the
power and inspiration of worship. In
giving a broader law to amusements
we are in peril of forgetting that the
finest issues of character are not
wrought out by the joy and
LAUGHTER OK THIS WOULD,
but by its noble toil and its divine sor
rows. We are in danger of forgetting
that self-control is the basis of all Chris
tian virtues, and that self-denial is the
condition of all achievement. The
words of the Master are as ■ true to-day
as they ever were— "lf any man will
come after Me, let him deny himself
,and take up his cross and follow Me."
We need,, therefore, to have the deepest
consciousness of the malignity of sin.
We need to recognize that soul and
body are servants of the most high God.
Liberalism is in danger of failing
from the lack of missionary motives. It
is in danger of so exalting the individ
ual freedom that it will ignore the right
ful claims' of our . social obligation.
All great missionary enterprises
have been carried forward by the con-;
viction that men are imperiled without
the gospel, and that Christians are un
der obligation to deliver.them. If we
lay aside the belief that the heathens
are in danger of damnation, .we must
substitute some conviction- more true
and equally strong, or. the world will
practically suiter. The same thing is
true of missionary' work at home. Now
it is simple fact that the liberal churches
have, not been distinguished " by the
missionary spirit and by those aggres
sive forms of work which build
Christianity into large and permanent
forms of power. . It must be emphasized
everywhere that truth itself is the most
valuable possession of. the human-mind,
and there is an infinite obligation ,upon
the part of every one of us to teach the
things which we know. It must be seen
that love is a regenerating force,' and
there must come to us a passion for men
that will give us no rest unless we ( are
lifting our brethern out of ignorance
and sin into light and holiness. This is
widely different from that zeal Which
seeks simply to swell the number of sec
tarian adherents, and which reckons ho
work a success unless it builds up one
particular denomination. It is a' fact
that much of the ■ &z It ?
SO-CALLED CHRISTIAN WORK -~>
seems to violate almost every principle
for the vindication of which JesusUived
and died. And of many his words may
still he said: "Ye compass sea "and
land to make one proselyte, and when
he is made ye make him two-fold
more a child of hell than yourselves."
Liberalism is in danger of obscuring
the truth of the supernatural. How
ever much we may outgrow old state
ments, it is impossible to exaggerate
the truth that God is, and has ever
been, the molder of human history; that
He is now, as ever, the loving Father of
the sons of men; and that to pardon, to
strengthen and to comfort, God will "in
very deed dwell with men in the earth."
Liberalism is in danger of belittling
the doctrine of salvation. The old
penal substitution theory of the atone
ment may be as difficult for our under
standing, as it is abhorrent to our moral
sense. We may rise up and say
with all our strength that justice
could never be vindicated by punishing
the innocent instead of the guilty. We
may believe that such a theory vindi
cates the devil instead of God, but we
must not forget that His name is called
"Jesus because He shall save His people
from their sins."
When Edward 111. captured Calais he
demanded six citizens upon whom he
might expend his wrath. Euatache de
St. Pierre and five others offered them
selves for the sacrifice. They would
suffer for their town. But when they
came barefoot and with halters about
their necks into the presence of Ed
ward, all the lords and ladies prayed the
king with tears to have pity on them,
and when he would not hear, his own
queen threw herself at his feet, and to
her he granted their lives. So at thought
of the punishment of the pure for the
impure, the slaughter by divine venge
ance of the innocent for the guilty.' l
think that the music . of heaven would
have wailed into sobs, and the
TEARS OF THE ANGELS
would have flowed down on the streets
of gold, as they besought our Father
not to be the murderer of His only be
gotten Son. And, believe me, the heart
of no barbaric king, in the midst of the
ravages of war, can rival the undying
pity and. the inexhaustible tenderness
of our Father, whose very heart is love.
The holiness of God is not made mani
fest by a sacrifice like that of Moloch,
but it is revealed when, through .faith
in Christ, through knowledge of God
and through His reconciliation of us to
our Father, we are made "free from sin
and become servants of God, having
our fruit unto holiness and the end
everlasting life." ::• v-
We must preach Christ not less, but
more. We must emphasize His worth
as Savior, teacher, and master. We
must show how it is that there ris 110
other name given among men whereby
we must be saved. He brought the offer
of pardon. Through him the life of,
God enters human society, After the
failure of the old rituals and old sacri
fices He opened up "a new and a living
way" whereby we come to God. i.
GLOBULES. :
The funeral of Henry Ipps will occur at 3'
o'clock this afternoon. I: :.: i
The Ramsey County Democratic club will
meet Tuesday evening in the dining room of
Market hall to make arrangements for the re
ception of the Minnesota delegation on their
return home from St.. Louis.
Martin Mooney, a boarder at Kennedy's
boarding house, on Minnesota street, was.
robbed of SO by John T. tiroderick, a fellow
boarder, Saturday evening. The robbery was
reported to the St. Paul police, and yesterday
afternoon Lieut. Cook arrested Broderick in
Minneapolis, where he was in hiding. The
prisoner was brought to St. Paul, and will be
arraigned before Judge Cory this morning.
The song service at the rooms of the Tem
parauce union, 70 East Seventh street, yes
terday afternoon, was conducted by Mr. Swift,
assisted by Mrs. Briuckerhoif. At 4 p. m.
there was a meeting of the White Cross
league. Never in the history of the society
.was a more powerful address ever given thai:
the one on the theme, '-The Serpent of Im
purity," delivered by Rev. C. D. Andrews, of
Christ church. ... •-•-"
THE FARM DEPARTMENT.
THE RUT OF THE FATHERS
Doesn't Mean Much When Used in
the New Regions of the North
west.
Special to the Globe.
Fountain, Minn., May 28.— am at a
loss to really and fully understand what
this expression means: "follow in the
rut their fathers and grandfathers did,"
as applied to the farmers of the North,
and 1 may say the same of the whole
Western states. I know that men in
driving will follow in the track of other
wagon tracks and go down into a "pitch
hole" on one side and then into a "pitch
hole" on the other side, when on an
other side of the road is a good,
dry but rough driving place, but
"it's too rough," so they will "wallow"
through that same muddy spot and
then say they "didn't know the rut
holes were so deep," instead of driving
around it on the rough side of the road
and wearing it down until smooth. If
that is the meaning of the expression
as applied to farmers following in the
rut of their ancestors, then what is the
appellation to be applied to farmers of
this whole Western country whose an
cestors never lived on a farm, those
who never lived a day on a farm? Now
some of the most thrifty fanners . that
1 know are of this latter class.
Then there are those who do the best
they know how, and improve slowly
until, after years of hardest toil, they
understand the method of farming
clearly and scientifically and profitably. '■
1 know there are a few farmers who do
follow the oldmethod of farming—
out machinery until they can purchase
and * ;'. .. i
PAY CASH DOWN, ,- . ~.\ i
instead of placing a mortgage on their
homesteads. Now, I want to know if '
here is anything wrong in that? sTo
my mind such an one is to be honored :
and not sneered at, as it seems to me
they are by the expression so often used.;
QHaving seen so much of the cause'
and effect of pioneering the past forty
two years of my lite, I most strongly
protest against that expression of "fol
lowing the same rut as their fathers did;
before them," and many that have
placed the mortgage on their homes for
machinery to farm with have done so
under the belief that they could pay it
so easily, and did net know anything'of
the mishaps that a farmer has to con
tend with, but it was simply to . : ~
FLOW AND HOE •..';.*'->"•
and reap a crop of grain, and
pay the debt when due. This
is written with a decided feeling of re
sentment against the term being used
as it often is by those that do not know
the underlying cause 'of so many fail
ures in . farming. This term. was used
in a patter read at a farmers' institute
in Wisconsin and sent to me when pub
lished. I believe in any good and legit
imate way of drawing farmers together
and making their isolation less marked'
and their lives more pleasant. This
rests among themselves, as I „ found ■
when we. took .possession of .our
farm eighty rods from the 'city
limits." I- never found it "very
lonesome in pleasant days and
on' rainy or "bad days" the neigh
bors made those days the visiting days;
or, if in winter, there would be a sleigh
load of people to drop in and spend the
long winter evenings, consisting of all |
ages and sizes, to say nothing" -of the
various nationalities in the gatherings.
There was no concerted plan .'of move
ment in these gatherings, but some one
of them wanted to go or. come, and the
team was stopped at other doors to "see
if any one wanted along, and so on
until the sleigh-box could hold no more,
often the men walking to give room to
some Other neighbor's family to join |
them in their evening .visit and have a I
good time. - * . i?S6B§£
- I must beg the editor's indulgence for i
the length of this article, my only plea
is the subject which has been so often
treated apparently, to me, in a sneering
way by some of those who discuss the
subject, or write about it. Let them
come down from high flying words and
learn the home life of the whole farm
ing community, and not take one or
two samples to judge the rest by, and
then wander away from the entire sub
ject and "spout" "Educate ! Educa
tion!" Bless you, I know some farmers
that could teach some of these high
flying - writers more than they know
now. MltS. MARTHA and all.
DAKOTA FRUIT.
The Favorable Experience of the
President of the Horticultural
Society.
President De Bell, of the Dakota
Horticultural society, in an article in
the Northwestern Farmer, in regard to
fruit in the territory, has this encour
aging statement:
Facts can always conquer supposi
tions.and theories,and the day is not far
distant when our fair territority will
have shown to the world that she is able
to produce not only the finest grains,
vegetables and stock, but that
she will be able to at least supply the
wants of her own people with all
those fruits that can be grown
in corresponding latitudes to the east of
us. We have been personally engaged
in the growing of fruit in Dakota for
fourteen years, and what we say in re
gard to her capabilities as a fruit-pro
ducing country is founded on the fact,
there is no section that can boast
of a soil better adapted to growing
fruit, and the great amount of sun
shine with which we are favored, im
parts to our fruits a flavor and color that
cannot be excelled. Strawberries, rasp
berries, currants, gooseberries, grapes,
plums and a few of the hardier varie
ties of apples and crabs are already pro
duced throughout the southern
and older settled portions by the
hundreds of bushels, and many of
our towns are supplied during their
season with home grown fruits. Our
list of varieties of apples is limited to
a few of the hardiest, as yet, but by
the growing of seedlings and the in
troduction of varieties from the steppes
of Russia our list is being augmented,
and that we shall soon be able to
name a good list of varieties of this
king of fruits that shall be successfully
grown in all parts of our territory does
not admit of a question of doubt. Fail
ures in the attempt to grow these dif
ferent varieties of fruit may be attrib
uted to the purchasing of worthless
plants, and trees, unsuitable varieties,
and a want of knowledge as .to their
proper care, in any climate. By means
of the Dakota Horticultural society, and
the experimental stations, there is to be
distributed information in regard to the
culture of trees, and fruits, that shall
result in a much better understanding
of these subjects, and we shall be able
to point with pride to fruit culture as
one of the industries of our great terri
tory. .
TWO RURAL PESTS.
In Spite of the Cold and Rain the
Chinch Bug Is Numerous and
Lively.
Special to the Globe.
Fountain', Minn., May These
are the days when the garden claims
the attention of the housewife, either in
the vegetable or flower plat of ground,
and the rain still comes down every
three or four days, sometimes each al
ternate day, as regular as the days come
along: and,, after all the cold, rainy
weather.the chinch bug survives it all, as
a neighbor of mine assured me that, in
taking a sheet from her grass plat, she
found it literally covered with the little
pests, which all had fondly hoped were
mingling with the dust of their ancestors
in woods and fields where they lived
all the winter long until the cold was
over, and still they are with us yet; des
pite all the circumstances that might be
the death of them, root and branch.they
are with us here in great numbers. Last
summer I had a fine show of Japanese
pinks, which bloomed early and went
out of blossom during hot weather.
Later they budded again and. promised
to make a show in the world of flowers.
Buds were very thick, but did not open
or ever show any color, which puzzled
me exceedingly. . One day I examined
the capsules and found every one filled
with .-; •.. •'. :,-; .•-•
the chintz BUGS,
which streamed • out in a rapid way.
Every capsule was perfectly devoid of
anything relating to a flower, and then
I cut the plants all down and clipped
aw ay every bud that made its appear
ance after that time, least the pests
should kill the plants. Whenever the
weather has been at all favorable this
spring I have been- out in the flower
gargen at work, but had not worn spec
tacles, as I supposed the bug was not
present; now I shall have to look 10 the
ways of this altogether too free enemy
of mankind, and write this to let my
floral sisters know the little wretches are
still flourishing in town as well as in the
country, as they will kill many of the
flowering plants as well as the grain
crops. Look well to the flower garden
if you have one. Another pest in the
flower garden is the
POTATO BUG.
Some years ago when large leaves
and large flowers were the fashionable
plans on the lawn, I had a large variety
of the Daturas; in fact, all the varieties
of that plant, and the Colorado beetles
were getting in their work in fine style
among the solanaeaj order of plants,
which also embraces many beautiful
flowering plants as well as the potato.
1 was very proud of my Daturas, with
their prodigious leaves and monster
flowers and great height, fairly out
stripping the tall cannas and the tall
double helianthus, and all other tall
growing plants. Ah, but that beetle
from the mountains and plains of Col
orado finished the potatoes and sought
out pastures new. finding it in my new
fashionable bed, of which I was so
proud. Every Datura was stripped of
its tender outer bark, and the inside
was not much to feed that tribe of de
structive creatures.
Mrs. Martha Craxdall.
The Growing AVheat. .
The May report of the government
agricultural department does not give
much encouragement for winter wheat.
The figures of April fall from 82 to 73.
The report says :
As compared with May, 1885, the prin
cipal states returning a lower percent
age this year are New York, Ohio, Mich
igan and Indiana. Condition was much
worse in ISSS in Pennsylvania, Illinois,
Missouri and Kansas, and in the South
generally. The early sown wheat made
the best appearance in spring. Much of
the late sown had insufficient root de
velopment and deficient vitality, and
succumb the more easily to the effects
of freezing and thawing. The covering
of snow was wanting most of the winter
over much the larger portion of the
area. The mid-winter storms, followed - ;
by freezing, left in low places a blanket
of ice, which proved a paralysis rather
than protection. On level lands the pro
vision of surface drainage- saved the
crop in many instances, while the lack
of it was the most serious disability of
the plant in large areas. It is said by
correspondents, not only in the central
wheat regions of the higher latitudes,
but in Texas as well, that wheat was
vigorous in well-drained fields. -
. FARM NOTES.
Points and Facts That May Be of
Value to the Tiller of the Soil.
y In offering a resolution in the ' United
States senate, providing a select com
mittee to examine the questions touch
ing me-Jfe and meat products of the
United States, Mr. Vest declared that
in spite of increased consumption
abroad, and the additional fact that dur
ing the past terrible winter 500,000 cat
tle perished in Montana, the price of
beef was steadily declining to produc
ers, while it was increasing to consum
ers. Mr. Vest attributed this to the re
sult of a selfish combination on the
part of a few firms in Chicago, who, he
claimed, controlled the price of meat
throughout the United States. He ar
gued that they were enabled to do so by
artificial means.
The cold weather, with a temperature
far below the mean for this time of the
year, is increasing the number of those
who tear that the cereal production of
the United States in 1888 will fall
much under the recent average. The
rain has benefited the growing winter
wheat vastly, but the spring wheat
areas in the Northwest are suffering.
Similar fears are entertained with re
gard to the corn fields farther south.
Planting is delayed in many places, and
it is even said that a great deal of land
intended to be but into corn this year
has not yet been plowed, while no small
part of what was planted early looks so
yellow as to indicate that it has starved
in the ground. ...-;:;;:.
Carrots are among the most valuabe
roots grown for feeding horses, and they
yield very large crops, but have only
about one-third the value of oats. It is
the succulent character that makes root
feeding valuable. But in this regard it
may be said that fodder and corn en
silage is rapidly taking the place of root
crops wherever it is tried, having the
succulent characteristic and higher
nutritive value than any roots grown.
The last statistical report of Massa
chusetts shows that there are now 939,
--260 acres in the state under cultivation,
against 912,521 in 1875, and 881,402 in
1805. The average size of farms in the
state is eighty-six acres, and average
value $4,112. The number of farms is
said to be steadily increasing, at a time
when the growth of agricultural popu
lation would seem to require a contrary
result. A contemporary says it is prob
ably caused by the exodus of youug
men to the city, and the high value of
land, which places it beyond the reach
of young men.
Kentucky has §7,000,000 invested in
whisky distilleries. The average an
nual production is 15,000,000 gallons,
worth $0,000,000. Of this sum $2,000,000
go to the farmer, and ?SOO,OOO to the
cooper. Before it leaves the state the
government taxes it 610,000, and by
the time it reaches the toper, it provides
a living for 300,000 people, and costs the
consumers 175,000,000 to ¥100,000,000. So
says the Louisville Post.
Chairman Hatch is preparing a new
bill on the adulteration of food prod
ucts. It places a tax on all adulterated
food products, the fund thus created to
pay the costs of inspection under man
agement of the internal revenue de
partment. It applies to all substitutes
for genuine products, and provides for
branding, registering and regulating
the manufacture and sale.
The experiment station of the Michi
gan agricultural college proposes to call
to its aid the farms of the state in ex
perimenting with spayed and unsnayed
cattle, to determine their comparative
merits for feeding purposes—whether
the former mature earlier, fatten quicker
and are more profitable than the latter.
At a recent sale of shorthorns, the
property of Mr. Jefferson, of Thicket
Priory, England, twenty cows averaged
£24 14s, od, and sixteen bulls £25. One
of the best cows, Wild Eyes Duchess,
was bought by N. P. Clark for exporta
tion to this country, and a few were
purchased to go to South America.
There are three sure ways of finding
the point of the compass when in the
woods. Three-fourths of the moss on
trees grows on the north side; the heavi
est boughs on spruce trees are always
on the south side; and thirdly, the top
most twig of every uninjured hemlock
tips to the east. Remember these things
and you'll never get lost.
. Cabbage and cauliflower want a rich
soil. The first crop may be planted
after winter frosts are over; a second,
for early fall or late summer use, a
month later, and the late winter cabbage
in July and August. Early cabbage
have room enough at two feet apart; the
late drumheads require three.
The import duties levied on wheat by
the European countries are as follows,
per sixty pounds: Austro-Hungary,
19.; cents; France and Italy, 26>^ cents;
Germany, 32% cents; Spain, 22 cents;
Sweden and Norway, 18)^ cents.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
Is carefully prepared from Sarsaparilla,
Dandelion, Mandrake, Dock, Pipsissewa,
Juniper Berries, and other well-known and
valuable vegetable remedies, by a peculiar
combination, proportion, and process, giv
ing to Hood's Sarsaparilla curative power*
not possessed by other medicines.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
Is the best blood purifier. It cures Scrof
ula, Salt Rheum, Boils, Pimples, all Humors,
Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Sick Headache,
Indigestion, General Debility, Catarrh,
Rheumatism, Kidney and Liver complaints,
overcomes that tired feeling, creates an
appetite, and builds up the system.
Hood's Sarsaparilla
Has met such peculiar and unparalleled
success at home that Lowell druggists
sell more of Hood's Sarsaparilla than of
all other sarsaparillas or blood purifiers.
Sold by all druggists. $1; six for $5. Pre
pared by C. I. HOOD & CO., Lowell, Mass.
100 Doses One Dollar
GEMIL I JEWELER,
■I CI QT 85 E. THIRD,
MLIy I% I st. PAUJL,
It gives me pleasure to announce to
the public that I have sold my entire
interest in the livery business to Col.
A. Allen and W. Q. Allen, and here
wish to express my thanks to one and
all for past favors. I would ask a con
tinuance of the same to my successors.
F. D. Abbey.
Having purchased the entire interest
of F. D. Abbey in the livery business, it
give us pleasure to state to the public
that we will .continue the same under
the firm name of Allen & Co., and would
ask for the new firm a continuance of
the liberal patronage of the public here
tofore enjoyed by Mr. Abbey.
By close attention and prompt dealing
we hope to merit the same.
COL. A. ALLEN,
W. Q. ALLEN.
Allen & Co. wish to state that Charles
Ryan and Jim Alexander, the old relia
bles, will still continue at their former
posts. . .
PATENTS!
Caveats, Designs, Trade Marks, Labels,
etc. Write or call. ,
F.W.LANE,
Room 52, German-American Bank Bldg.
ST. PAUL, MINN.
MONEY
To Loan on Improved or Unimproved Prop ■
crty at LOWEST KATES WITHOUT DELAY/
WILLIAM H. VIGUERS&CO.,
Northeast Cor. Fourth & Cedar Sts.
MONEY]
AT CURRENT RATES. J
CLARK &THORNE,
316 Jloljert Street
■■TA^St'* Paul Clothing House that is Exclusively
| Owned and Controlled by St. Paul Men.
OUR 35TH
SEMI-ANNUAL RED FIGURE SALE
Has commenced with a rush. These Semi-Annual Red Figure
bales of ours are too well known and too well patronized to
need any extended description here. They are simolv
J,T!^,, P EDUOTm of all our REMAINING SWK
OF FINEST TAILOR-MADE CLOTHING, every Suit in our store hav
ing- been marked down without regard to its cost, represent
ing* an actual money loss to us of THOUSANDS OF DOLLARS.
Heretofore these Red Figure Sales have taken place at the
close of the season, when our stock was broken* un BUT
OWING TO THE UNUSUALLY BACKWARD, COLD ANDRAmY^ASON
we are compelled to start this sale AT ONCE. Rest assured
that this sale is not from choice, but from necessity. Ex
pecting-, as we had every reason to, our usual seasonable
and delightful Minnesota weather, we bought a stock double
the size of any previous season, and are now compelled to
slaughter it. But what is our loss is your gain, for we give
X°m °w/ n ■ opportunity to purchase the most desirable
Tailor-Made Clothing- that can be made for less than the
actual wholesale cost. The original selling- price still re
mains on the goods in black figures, the present selling
price is in Red Figures so that all can seethe exact amount
of reduction. When the reliable quality of our Clothing
and the LOW PRICES for which we have always sold lit if
considered, we have no hesitation in saying- that this sale is
without doubt the GRANDEST MARK-COWN SALE EVER KNOWN OR
HEARD OF IN THE WEST, making- an opportunity that never
occurred before, and may never occur again, for you to our-
TA,LOR - MADECLOTHm FOR LESS THAN
Bear in mind that this sale represents an actual money
loss to us of thousands of dollars.
*k The Best Bargains are those that go first. Be you among
the first, and so secure the Best Bargains.
BOSTON
OITE.- PRICE CLOTHING HOUSE
THIRD STREET, CORNER OF ROBERT,
ST. I=».A.TJX,.
JOSEPH M'KEY & CO. S T. PAUL'S RELIABLE OUTFITTERS.
We Have No Branch Houses, and Are Not a Branch of Any Store,
PlllinPl )STEINWAY, \CRANDS, ,
SO II SI i S R ' ' UPRIGHTS
ni Jy BEHR 8R 05.,; &
1 JGABLER. ) SQUARES.
Fanr'WooX 01l " KnOMn LeaaCl ' S ** *" M ° dei ' n and Fa,lCy Styles ' and
A few Special Bargains in Pianos that have been used, but of fine
quality and nearly as good as new.
Large assortment of Parlor Organs in elegant styles. Pianos for
Rent or for Sale on Easy Terms. Old Instruments Taken in Exchange.
Prices always the Lowest. - 5
148 & 150 East Third St., ST. PAUL 509 & 511 Nicollet Ay., MINNEAPOLIS.
92 and 94 E. Third St. ******* and 'm
LOW priced. EASY^EB^^
DECKER^ ™^ r
HAIJ^ES, Monthly Payments.
TiT?TtP f^ d Quarterly Instalments;
\JU(jj Or, to Suit the convenience
EVERETT, JJS»„ oc
-107 East New Street, ST. PADL jjLgi fARWtLILIM
107 East Third Street, ST. PAUL V^\ ILLL
Persons Loaning Money on Beat Estate Mortgages should re ire
the Mortgagor to furnish A GUARANTY POLICY OF
THE ST. PAUL REAL ESTATE
N PLACE OF AN ABSTRACT, the purchaser of Re it Estate shou/dre
quire the seller to furnish a Title Policy with his Deed.
HIGH ART JEWELRY!
DIAMONDS, WATCHE3 AND SILVEKWARB
E. A. BROWN,
111 East Third Street, _- St. Paul, Minn.
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