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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 23, 1888, Christmas, Image 20

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THE DAILY GLOBE
Published every day.
AT l BE GLOBE BUILDING,
COR. ' FOURTH AND CEDAR STREETS
BY "T.EWIS BAKER.
ST. PAUL GLOBE SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
D.mi.v (Not li*c__t>ino Sitniiay.j
1 vr inadvau-c.58 00 I 3m. in advances. OO
om. in advance 100 1 6 weeks in adv. 100
One month 70c.
DAILY AND SUNDAY.
3 vriti ndvanceflO OO I :i mo-, in adv. .£2 50
-in iv advance 500 I 5 weeks in adv. 100
One month 80c.
SUNDAY ALONE.
Ivr In advance. *"*•_ (Mil 3 mos. in adv 50c
Cm. In advance 100 1 1 mo. in adv 20c
Tin* Weekly— (Daily - Monday, Wednesday
and Friday.)
1 vi in advance.?! 00 | 0 mos. in a*lv--S2 00
3 months, in advance fl 00.
WEEKLY BT. PAUL GLOBE.
One Year, Si : six Mo. 65c i Three Mo. -oc
Rejected communications cannot be pre
served. Address all tellers and telegrams to
THE GLOBE. St. Paul, "Minn.
One of the Boston papers insists, as
an objection to female suffrage and
politic.-, that they never could nail a lie
without mashing a thumb.
maw
Rev. Joseph Cook, the orthodox
Boston luminary, doesn't think that
"Robert Elsmere is a nice book." That
will insure a great sale for it in Boston.
Mar*. Anderson has planted her
English shoes upon her native heath
once more, not as English shoes, but in
disgust with the high heels which she is
said to have discarded for all time.
Mary is generally sensible.
mm*.
Chicaco is having a run with a dain
ty religious fad, in the way of church
concerts (iii Sunday— a sort of pious
opera. Admission i- charged and li
cense paid as in other shows, and even
thosesobusy in abhorring the Sunday
daily have not manifested disapproval.
m*
It i- said that, an insurance company
refuses to pay the loss ou the driver of
a nitroglycerine wagon in the oil re
gions, because alter the explosion noth
ing could be found of him but a knee
cap, and that was not sufficient evidence
of bis death. Persons insured should
be careful to keep their parts more to
gether.
mtm.
It i- figured out by the New York
Time- that Boston investors have sunk
182,000,000 of their good money in the
Atchison, Topeka ft Saute Fe and Chi
cago, Burlington it Quincy railroads.
Jf such is the fact, it would suggest that
their mistake was made in putting their
money in roads thai do not penetrate the
new Northwest.
After 20,000 women had -.one to the
ballot box in Huston, nearly all the pul
pits discoursed upon the event as the
inauguration of a new era, and the gen
tle voters were deluged with compli
ments. One foresaw a time in the has
tening future when there shall be "a
female loveliness thai --hall be the de
spair of tin* painter of posterity." Some
examples of it are not unknown in this
city reach .
mm
li the experiments being made to gen
erate electricitj by wind succeed, and
heal for Fuel can be elicited by electric
agency, llie problem of cheap fuel for
the North will be. solved, appar
ently. The farmer uses the windmill
for pumping water; why not attach the
dynamo and generate heat lor his bouse
and stables? The more severe the
storm, tin* greater amount of electricity
will be developed. There might be a
difficulty in ease there was no wind, but
that seldom happens on the prairies in
the cold season.
It is alleged that a man at Indianapo
lis has a somewhat substantial back
bone. The other man who will step out
of his way gracefully in March has dis
played a more rigid spinal column than
was altogether agreeable to some friends.
But there ha- been no accurate appraise
ment Of the value of a backbone in a
public man. Boston, however*, has re
cently indicated some of its estimate of
the financial worth of the female spine.
In a suit against a railroad for damage
to the dorsal column of a woman, the
jury gave her $23,000, and the higher
judicial wisdom Ol the state pronounced
it nolaiiuv •rvalulation. It was only au
average spine and an average
woman thai is, a Boston woman,
of course— but they vote somewhat
down there. Even a Boston man might
lose his head, and everything else of
value to him, in a railroad catastrophe,
and his family would get but "55,000
worth of satisfaction out of it. It is a
chivalric age, manifestly.
"OF SUCH.*"
In the current number of the Scien
tific "Magazine, a medical writer states
that between one-third and one-halt of
all the children born in the world go
out of it before they are five years old.
This is a strange statement for tnis late
day in the history of scientific research
and knowlege of the contributory con
ditions of life. It is a fearful indictment
of the race as an animal institution; but
the sparkling eyes and merry face- are
too numerous lor .somber hues or prosaic
homiletic- just at this time. It is not,
aside from the view of human grief, a
forbidding picture suggested by this
wholesale mortality. The Christmas
Master has said that the translated
little ones an* the joy and light of the
abodes where there is fruition of
the Christmas foretastes. The men
who doubted that little children with
out some sacerdotal indorsement
go to heaven have gone where
they can learn the error of
their clumsy conception. The little
earthly buds will bloom in the celes
tial life, an-Pno possible servitude in
expiatory realms can Ik* presumed of
them. Bad they lived and become men
and women, a good many of the male
portion would have become dudes,
tramps, sots, and worthless generally,
while a considerable fraction of the
other sex would have saddened life
as gum chew ers. whistlers, trifiors with
the adolescent center of masculine emo
tions; worn tall hats to the theaters to
make bald-headed men .-wear, or have
done other deplorable things that would
cloud, it not ruin, the life in another
sphere. The question as to whether
the loss of the information to be gath
ered in this terreslial career would be
a permanent or weighty deprivation is
not for present solution. The evidence
Is absolute!, conclusive that no demerit
marks will be made against those who
do not reach five years in the records of
the new lands to which they are borne
on angelic wings. They must be re
garded as the fortunate who are caught
upward in the bud of life. They will
bloom where there conies no blight.
mm :
OVERWORKKD EMPLOYES.
There is no doubt as to the fact that
some of the most serious railroad acci
dents have been due to the overworking
Of employe-:. This makes it a matter of
concern to the public, and efforts have
been mate to interpose legal barriers.
The last legislature ill Pennsylvania
passed an act designed to restrain em
ployers from exacting or permitting
more than twelve nours" work. A grand
jury in Philadelphia, under this law,
has just indicted the president and
superintendent of a street railway for
allowing an employe to work beyond
the twelve hours. If convicted, and the
penalty enforced, they will be impris
oned from one to six months. It is said
to be the first case of the kind, and its
result will be noted with much interest.
The law fixes the maximum working
day at twelve hours, and all over that
must be counted as overwork. But
the employer is forbidden to allow
such overwork. The performance of
the work is prima facie evidence of vio
lation of the law. Ignorance of the law
is allowed as a defense, but in this case
the defendents do not make such claim,
but will test the validity of the act. It
presents the novel phase that a man
cannot work beyond the specified time
at hi- own instance without bringing
his employer into, criminal liability.
The control of his time inheres in the
state and not in himself, and may be
exercised at the discretion of the state.
The courts must decide whether a man
can be imprisoned for not preventing
too willing servants from doing over
work. Should the statute be sustained,
its scope will be more fully developed,
as it will evidently have the sympathy
of the pubic. It will apparently apply
to ladies in stores, street car drivers and
all classes of employes. If it is a suc
cess in Pennsylvania, it will likely be
taken up in other states.
m*»
OCR ; ANNUAL* REVIEW.
The Twin Cities of the Northwest
have passed another milestone on the
turnpike road of their marvelous prog
ress, and as they pause to look back
upon the record of their development
within the last year as it is spread be
fore them in this Christmas annual num
-1 ber of the Globe they must experience
a feeling of pride and gratulation that
the lines have fallen to them in such
pleasant places, It is not by the capac
ity of a city's population for horn blow
ing, nor by their indulgence of a boast
ful spirit, that a city's growth is to be
measured. The dimensions of its in
crease are only ascertained by the use
of the plumb line of truthful figures and
the square of unerring statistics. De
termined by this, the only cor
rect method of measurement, the
growth made by St. Paul and
Minneapolis during the year 1888 has
in some respects been more phenomenal
than that of preceding years. While
there has not been a manifestation of
that disposition to spread out and cover
the earth which characterized the
growth of some former years, there has
been an improvement more stable in its
character, and more permanent in value
than in all the years that have passed.
The growth has been of a more decided
metropolitan character, giving evidence
that the people of the Twin Cities have
awakened to a full consciousness of
their destiny, as it has all along been
understood by the outside world. It
must be remembered, also, that the
record of Isss was scored in a sea
son ol universal financial depression
and business stagnation. It was
presidential year, and everybody knows
what that mean-, in our American busi
ness and financial affairs. A commu
nity that can hold its own during a
presidential year is lucky. The one
that takes one -Hide in the direction of
progress is exceptional. Yet here are
the Twin Cities of the Northwest dur
ing the year I*****', not content with hold
ing their own, not satisfied with taking
a single step forward, but, bursting all
the bonds ami limitations of municipal
expansion and metropolitan growth,
have bounded into an era of prosperous
development unparalleled in the history
of cities.
It is not surprising, then, that the peo
ple of St. Paul and Minneapolis should
be proud of the year's record as it is
unfolded to them in this issue of the
Globe.
* #
buildings and PUBLIC IMPROVE
MENTS.
In looking for evidences of metro
i politan proportions the reader will
! naturally turn lirst to the statistics re
lating to buildings and city improve
ments. Here they are, and how mag
nificently they loom up. It is not of the
number, so much as of the character of
the buildings that have been erected
during the year, that the two cities have
just cause to be boastful. Here in St
Can! we have added a building frontage
of fifteen miles, with a total expendi
ture of $15,0-0,000, principally in busi
ness blocks that would be an ornament
to any city in the world. A total ex
penditure of 130,000,000, with thirty
miles of frontage, is the year's
record for the two cities. St.
Paul has expended 12,000,000 this year
in public improvements, street paving,
street grading, increasing the Water
supply and extending the sewerage sys
tem. It is upon solid foundations, such
as our building and public improve
ment records exhibit, that cities of per
manent prosperity and enduring quali
ties arc built.
* ♦.
*■
TUT. JOBBING TRADE.
Among the most gratifying features
of the year'- prosperity is the rapidity !
in development of our commercial in
terests. The jobbing statistics here in
St. Paul show a business of (118,000,000
for the year 1888, being an increase of
117,000,000 over last year. When we
consider that commerce is our destiny,
and that all onr future prosperity must
depend largely on the maintenance of
our position as the commercial center
of the Northwest, we find more com
fort in the figures which tell of this
great increase of our jobbing trade than
in all the other evidences of one year's
growth.
. *
RAILROADS.
The railroads have kept pace with the
growth of our commerce, not so much
: iv the building of new lines as in the
; extension of branch roads into new ter
\ ritory and in the equipment of the vari
ous roads to accommodate the increase
of trade and traffic. The opening ofthe
'•Soo" line during the year has marked
an epoch in Northwestern railroad busi
ness.
* *
MAN L" FA CTURI NG.
Manufacturing is the handmaid of
Commerce, aud .while the latter has a
THE SAIXT PATJB DAILY GLOBE: .SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 23, 1888.— THIRTY-TWO PAGES.
more mature development' in this local
ity, the former continues to grow into
comely proportions. The St. Paul fig
ures rest at -44,000,000 for 1888, a gain of
5G,000,000 over last year's record, with
plans already projected, and many of
them perfected, to give a stimulus to
the manufacturing interests during the
coming. year unprecedented in the his
tory of the city. The building up of a
large commercial business in Minne
apolis and a corresponding building up
of manufacturing industries here in St.
Paul are bringing about an equalization
of interests between the two cities that
has long been desired by those who had
the welfare of both at heart, and who
have believed that their destinies were
common.
* *
BANKING AND REAL ESTATE.
The banking and real estate statistics
for the year are encouraging. The
shortage in the wheat crop, and other
causes that are apparent, have short
ened the bank clearances for the year,
and jet there is no reduction below any
previous year. If the wheat ••'crop had
been an average, the bank clearances
would have shown an increase in pro
portion to everything else. Still, money
is plentiful and to be had at easy rates,
mortgages have been paid at maturity,
and the report of debt collections is the
best the city has ever shown, even in
(lushest times. While there has been
no "boom" in real estate, the figures
show a remarkable activity in the real
estate market. And it has been a
healthy movement, for of the ?21,000,000
real estate investments herein St. Paul,
there has not been a particle of the
•■mushroom" business. It has been
good hard cash planted in good honest
dirt, and every handful of the dirt
worth the money paid for it. The same
is true of the Minneapolis real estate
business.
* *
*■
POPULATION.
The estimate made by a reliable di
rectory firm places the population of
St. Paul at this time at 193.000, and that
at the end of next year it will be 224,000.
Those of us who have the best opportu
nities for judging are satisfied with the
correctness of these figures. The esti
mate falls under rather than over the
actual population of the city. The
GLOBE admits that it would be wild fig
uring to estimate the population of this
city, or even both cities, at 1.000,000 by
the year 1!»00. We are not deceiving
ourselves into that belief, nor do we
propose to deceive any one else. Yet
we believe it to be a very modest esti
mate to place the population of the two
cities at over a half million two years
hence, with the prospect very strong
■ that by the year 1900 we will have
passed the million mark.
*. »
CONCLUSION.
It is because tlie Globe thinks it
neither right nor profitable to be vain
glorious that we have refrained from
the '-padding" processes so often em
; ployed by the press in getting up their
annual reviews. We have made an hon
est effort to get honest figures, and con
gratulate ourselves that we have suc
ceeded. There is no necessity for the
employment of fiction in writing up the
annual statement of the development of
two cities like St Paul and Minneapo
lis. The truth i- marvelous enough.
And while we say it with a feeling of
mingled pride and modesty, the Globe
itself and its publication of the Chblst
mas Annual are the surest evidences
of the thrift, enterprise and prosperity
of these two great cities.
THF. CAMPAIGN KISS.
It is related that since the election,
at a reception in Indianapolis, ('en.
Harbison went out of his way to kiss
a little girl prattler following it- mother;
and tlie historian of the event narrates
that the oscillatory effort was so pro
nounced as to be heard over the hall,
and elicited applause. It is not re
ported that either the child or its
mother was specially calculated to
provoke the incident. The conundrum
now with Hoosier social aud political
philosophers is. why did he kiss the
child. Had it been before the election,
partisans would have found an easy in
terpretation. If he had been known to
be subject to such spasms, it might be
regarded as a somewhat involuntary
act, requiring no special theory. An
explanation insisted upon by some is
thai it was a vindication of ante-elec
tion practices, showing that they were
free from interested motives. The tact
that it was a loud kiss, in violation of
the most artistic requirements, and evi
dently designed to secure the at
tention of the company, is evi
dence of a purpose behind and
permeating it. Had it been (.en.
Sherman, he would have kissed
both child and mother, had they been
pretty; but (Jen. Harbison is not ac
customed to unbend on social occasions,
in this direction, at least. If he kissed
tender young female- while a candi
date, it was done in a perfunctory man
ner, not with the unction and explosion
thai seems to have attended this post
election event. There are instances on
record of politicians going out of their
way to kiss the darlings of strangers, ;
and the theory seem- strongly fortified
by circumstantial evidence that there
was significance to this kiss. When the
mind of President Lincoln was over
burdened with state cares, he found
relief in witticism and romping with
children. May it not be that the work of
cabinet building demands this relaxa
tion. If so, does it point to the charac
ter of its chief components? But, with
out further light on the subject, there
can be no complete solution of the ques
tion why Harrison kissed the infant
with such oscillatory emphasis. He re
fuses to talk.
CHRISTMAS CHATTER.
To-morrow night how many little lips
will lisp: "God bless fader, God bless
moder, God bless sister"'— then a pause.
Then the sweet, young lips devoutly
murmur: "God bless Santa Claus."
And Santa Claus will come, for both
father and mother have seen him.
* *
The poor you have with you, even on
Christmas. Is there a home in the city
so dark that no ray of the glorious
Christmas light will not penetrate? If
so, seek it out and carry the sunshine of
the season with you. -*r" V
*■» . „.-.-.
Most of the letters now being written
are addressed to old Santa Claus or
Gen. Harrison. The subject "Matter is
similar iii all. They want to be remem
bered in the distribution. Y^-Y
•_**
A Boston "paper says that, thousands
of people flock to that city before Christ
mas solely to view the show window
tableaux, * which bring into exercise
very great artistic taste and skill. They
are more than mere advertising devices;
they are exhibitions in themselves.
There are some such in St. Paul which
attract the attention of the throngs, and
they all advertise in the Globe. ; t
* *
" Even in St. Paul there are some
whose Christmas will bring no remem
brances, unless those who are more
fortunate are thoughtful* and actively
kind. j_
» *
Before the first Christmas, so far as
the records show, it was said upon
authority never discredited that it was
better to give than receive. It is a good
time to verify it.
* *
*
Last night it seemed as if about all
the population of the city were in the
throngs that choked the ways nnd
stores where the Christmas goods were:
alluring. All arms on the homeward
route were loaded, and there was a)
brightness of anticipation in the face
that made the picture a peculiarly;
pleasing one. Had there been no other
legacy of the Christ than the anniver
sary woven about Bis nativity, the world
would still be incomparably happier
and richer in all that beautifies and
sweetens life than it had otherwise
been. One who can catch no breath of
its inspiration is worthy only of pity or
contempt.
* *
It will give a brighter ray or two to
the Christmas light to accept the faith
that the wonderful explorer of Africa is
verging upon civilization and safety,
laden with the mysteries of a strange
land. He will be credited with a
charmed life if he comes out of the dark
ness of primitive savagery to the eager
view of Christendom.
The interpreter of faces does not
often misjudge when lie looks into one
worn by the man laden with the little
packages that are carried so plentifully
homeward just before Christmas. An
element of goodness and kindliness will
have its impress there. The rest of the
year the crust of selfishness and auster
ity may be over the heart, but it will be
lifted in the Christmas time. An utterly
bad face, with ineffaceable lines of
cruelty, would be an anomaly in the com
pany of those who remember tiie sweet
est of all anniversaries in its relations
to the youthful life.
* *
The ancient ladies may chill the at
mosphere about them with the mossy
legend that a "green Christmas makes
a fat graveyard." but their mumblings
are not adapted to this latitude. The
conditions for hcaltli have never been
more favorable than this winter, and it
is a salubrious fact that the physicians
have had less than usual occasion to
enjoy the delicious atmosphere on
remedial errands. Those who have
trouble with the movements of the
physical machinery must find other
cause to berate than the irreproachable
weather of this winter so far.
. mmm
DRAMATIC DRIFT.
The past theatrical week was all jan
gled out of tune. A dramatization of
(Hilda's "Moths" was produced with
only limited success at the People's,
while the Grand did next to no business
at all. Sol Smith Russell played to small
houses the first three nights 01 the week;
and an audience disgracefully small, in
proportion to the merits of the perform
ance, attended the Seibert concert and
Fantasma of Singing Flowers Thursday
night.
The Christmas theatrical bill is an un-.
usually attractive one. At the People's
the dramatic romance entitled "The
Cusican Brothers," in four act*; and
tableaux. from the French 01 Dumas.and
dramatized by Dion Boucicault, will be
produced with new scenery and start
ing effects by the following cast:
Fabian del Frauchi ( Twin 1, c T -__,,_
Louis del Franchi "( brothers »A _ & * 1 - l l ,ma **>
31 .Alfred Meynard.: Harold Russell
M. de Chateau- Renaud F. C. Huebner
Baron de Montgiron Chas. Wyngate
'Baron Giordano Martelli Ben Johnson
M. BeanchamD W. Haggerty
M. Taveolleo."..: '..T. Duncan
Orlando * the heads of two I It. F. Cotton
Colonna 1 Corsican families j .Claries Stanley i
Antonio Sanola, a judge ...Johnson ;
Boissec, 11 woodcutter M. Woods t
Griffo. a Corsican ....Will Marks i
Emilie de Lesparre Miss Loduski Young ]
Mine. Saviliadel Franchi.. Mrs. Mary Meyers
Estelle Miss Lisette Le Baron
Celestine Miss May Louise Aigen
Mane, with son*? Miss Sally Williams
Coralie Miss Katy Lauphear
* ■*
- At the Grand opera house throughout
this week, with matinees Christmas day
and Saturday, the well-known Boston
lans in English opera, Karl, Mac Donald
& Barnabee proprietors, will appear in
a varied repertory, of which three ofthe
operas are new in this city. "Pyg
malion and Galatea," billed for Monday,
Wednesday and Saturday evenings, is
by- Anibroise Thomas, author of
"Mignon" and "Hamlet," the libretto
being founded on Gilbert's well-known
comedy. Marie Stone, Jessie Bartlett
Davis," Carlotta Maeonda,- Josephine
Bartlett, Tom Karl. 11. C. Barnabee.
W. 11. Mac Donald. Eugene (owles and
Fred Dixon have the principal roles in
the opera. Tuesday afternoon "Fati
nitza," with Jessie Bartlett Davis as
Lieut. Vladimir. Juliette Cordon as
Lydia, Edwin W. Hoff as Julian Hardy,
Barnabee as the Pasha, and Ricci, the
general. Tuesday evening and Satur
day matinee. Collier's comedy opera.
"Dorothy," never sung here before:
Thursday evening. Donizetti's "Don
Pasquale," also new here, as it is in
most American cities; Friday evening,
"Mignon."' with Corden in the title
role." The advance sale, which is large,
gives reason for belief that the coming
angagement will be a notable one in at
tendance.
* *■
a<?w York man proposes to test the
light ot the high hat worn by ladies to
obstruct the view in theaters. He
bought a seat to see a play, and failed
to get a view of the stage because of
the high hat in front of him. Now lie
asks the courts to compel the manager
to pay him damages for violation of con
tract." He holds that when be bought
his ticket it was with an implied con
tract that he was to see the show. He
alleges that by permitting the woman
with a high hat to make a nuisance of
herself the manager did not fulfill his
contract with him. and is therefore lia
ble to arrest and to be mulcted in dam
ages. The issue of the suit will be
awaited with impatience by thousands
who are yet sitting behind the high hat.
. » * -
•Is it gentlemanly to go out between
the acts?" asks a lady correspondent of
the Globe. Yes., provided the gentle
man has a good reason for going out.
It is sometimes annoying to those who
have to get up and let him out. In 1
country towns it is considered an awful
thins to go out between the acts, be
cause in those places they presumably
go out to get a drink. Here in St. Paul,
where bright women and brilliant men
are constant theater goers, it is very en
joyable to meet between acts in the
foyer aud exchange views about the
new play, or to see eacli other and talk
over current -events. Remember the:
line is drawn at the foyer. The man
who goes on out of the outside door is
at.once a suspect.- .
* •»
..-. .-- * ■' .
It is not going out between the acts
which is. so much of an annoyance as
coming late to the theater. That disturbs
everybody, because everybody's atten
tion is intently engaged with what they
paid their money fo see. But when the
curtain drops on an act and .the orches
tra strikes up a fune that was a chest
nut when we .were little boys and girls,
the natural impulse of everybody in the
house is to get right up and go out. It
makes you tired, and you. want a rest—
0--.4 vrnnt. it sudden. * "V * V . "
CKRISTMASLONG AGO
Gen. Johnson Tells of Holi
days in St. Paul Old
When the
1 :
8 ■
I Indian and the Pioneer Were
Waging* Their Last
Great War,
And Luxuries Were Few and
Far Between for the
■tii Settlers Early.
r 1 '■ ———
A Glance Back to the Hard
First Days of the
2 City's Past.
i fi
The annual return of this holiday sea
son recalls similar events in the early
days of our city and state, and brings
up to view* our condition as a sparsely
settled portiou of the world, without
resources and without credit. As we
pass the panorama in view we see some
of those who were here, and their occu
pations and distinguishing character
istics. While our pioneers were denied
the luxuries, and, in many cases, the
absolute necessaries of life, yet they
were rich in faith as to the future
growth and development of our state.
In truth, were they men of fore
sight, energy and enterprise. Their
foresight is demonstrated by their
seizing upon the most valu
able corner lots and eligible build
ing sites, and. although panic after
panic have rolled over and beat against
them, yet we find these same old pio
neers holding on to their possessions
with a degree of tenacity and persist
ence truly remarkable. Others have
joined them to enjoy the blessings of
good government and good climate, and
among them men of capital and brains,
and they have used every persuasive
possible to induce them to surrender
their lands and tenements for glitter
ing gold, but the words from their silver
lips have fallen, as a general thing, upon
deaf ears. Just look at what has been
accomplished in forty years. A little
STRAGGLING VILLAGE
along Bench street has grown to a city
with not less than two hundred thousand
inhabitants. All men will agree that
this unprecedented growth is due to
the energy and enterprise of our early
settlers. Many of them have fallen by
the wayside, yet many remain with us,
and are numbered among our most
worthy citizens. They founded here in
St. Paul a community known through
out the civilized world for its intelli
gence, rapid progress and general pros
perity. In truth, it may be said of
Minnesota, "there is no speech or lan
guage where her voice is not heard.
Her line has gone out through
all the earth, and her words to
the end of the world." She pos
sesses more of the real elements of
wealth and prosperity than any other
state in the Union, and. always blessed
with a wise administration of govern
ment and the smiles of a gracious Provi
dence, will be one of the cherished spots
of the earth, consecrated as the home of
happiness, contentment and of liberty.
Who can estimate the great work of
• these earnest pioneers in moulding the
f moral character and standing of this
'community? They have encouraged
I * the j erection of churches and school
houses, and these will forever bear wit
, ness to their foresight, intelligence and
moral character. The foundations of
our grand free school system were
laid by them, and the good
Bowing therefrom will increase
with each succeeding year until all
earthly things shall be lost in the
mighty ocean of the past. These same
men planned our railroads, which have
done so much to develop the resources
of the state. Up to 1862 the shrill whistle
of the locomotive had not been heard in
this city. How quiet it was then, but
now the ringing of bells and the blow
ing of whistles make; music in the ears
of the old pioneer. We have heard the
soft, sweet strains of Ole Bull's violin,
we have heard the mellow notes from
cultivated human voices, which, for the
time, seemed to lift us up above the earth
into a realm where all was harmony;
but best of all to our ear, is the rattling,
smashing noise of the wheels of prog
ress, as they bear away the surplus pro
ductions of our people and bring back
to us the wealth of the great West,
which is tributary, to our city. How
pleasant it is to recall the old associa
tions formed in territorial days. The
pioneers were bound together in a com
mon brotherhood by strong ties forged
in the furnace of common hardships and
common privations. Genuine hospital
ity was a characteristic trait in the man
hood of each one of them. Hut times
have changed since then. The young
girls and boys of that day are the grand
mothers and grandfathers of to-day.
Those beautiful eyes we then
so much admired
are now concealed behind bi-focals, and
tnose tiny fingers now ply themselves
in knitting mittens for their grand
children. But, after all. who would
care to live in this world if there were
no grandmothers?
Then the Indian was here, but he has
followed the advice of Philosopher
Greeley and gone West, and the odor
iferous Kinikinick no more tickles the
mucous membrane of our olfactories—
churches rear their spires heavenward,
shanties have been torn down and -mas
sive structures replace them. The tepee
went! with the Indian, and upon the
site upon which it stood stand- the man
sion of the educated and refined.
It is sad to think of it. but soon these
early associations must be severed for
ever. The unsteady gait of the old set
tler shows that he is growing old: in
fact, the greater part of them seem to be
in training for the final march to Oak
land.; *
Then, how dependent we were on the
outside world. Our supplies had to be
imported, even to the very flour we con
sumed. Our Christmas dinners had to
be brought from Prairie dv Chien or
Galena, and only those who were in
comfortable circumstances could enjoy
the luxury of the American bird. Now,
with rapid transportation, the festive
board groaning under the choicest
viands and flanked by the luxuries of
every clime.it is within the reach of the
humblesthome in the land. Then new
comers were in the habit of bringing
supplies with them sufficient to last for
several months. An old friend brought
two bains, twenty pounds of crackers,
and a barrel of whisky, and he still lives
to express his deep regret at squander
ing so much money on crackers and
ham. A lady friend brought a broom
with her from Galena, as she said some
one told her that there were no brooms
in St. Paul; that the people never used
them.
- -.Then there was more genuine hos
pitality than now: and when we recall
the incidents ot our early manhood we
'can but express the thovght, "'Would I
were a boy again. On our arrival here
the legislature was in session. It was
composed- of nine counselors and
eighteen representatives. Gov. Alex
Ramsey, H. L. Moss and C. K. Smith
were young men, and, while the latter
has long since passed away, the two
former are still with us. Freeman &
Larpenteur were the merchant princes
of the great Northwest, and in their
store (15x20) could be found silks, satins,
calico, clothing, boots, shoes, moccasins,
bacon, pork, pemmican, furniture, hard
ware, shot, shot guns, drugs, patent
medicines, etc. "In those days one
could secure an outfit in that store.
Now we have .to travel "all
over the city to get the different
articles required for almost daily use.
Freeman is dead, but Mr. Larpenteur is
still with us, and having accumulated a
competency has retired from business
to pass the remainder of his life in quiet
and repose. In glancing over an old
directory, the eye falls first upon the
name of Maurice Auerbach, then a
clerk with Justice & Forepaugh. Sub
sequently he was the head of the largest
wholesale dry goods house in the North
west, but, having made all the money he
wanted, withdrew from business in
order that he might have the needed
rest he so much desired. Turning a
page or two, we come to the names of
Beaumont Sc Gordon. Their firm long
since ceased to exist. The head of the
house is now our efficient and obliging
assessor, who discharges his duties
faithfully, fearlessly, and without
partiality, favor or affection. Mr.
Gordon subsequently entered the
drug trade in the firm of
Jenks & Gordon, but he soon disposed
of his interest and entered into the "hat,
cap and fur" business. At this time he
is at the head of the prosperous house
of Gordon A Ferguson. Turning a few
more pages, we discover the name
of M. N. Kellogg. Every one has heard
of him, as he is one of our oldest set
tlers. He left the army in IS4O and be
came the junior partner in the house of
Hitchcock & Kellogg, successful drug
gists on Third street. Subsequently he
was a member of the drug firm of Bond
& Kellogg. Becoming tired of that
business, he sold out and purchased the
variety stock of Presley & Get/., which
he continued until his eyesight failed
him and he was compelled to withdraw
from all business. Kellogg is our local
weather prophet, and
THE CORRECTNESS
of his predictions is wonderful, J. J.
Hill, the great railroad king of the
Northwest, was then a clerk— now he
employs an army of clerks to transact
his immense business. He. is a living
example of what enterprise, industry
and energy will do for a man. B. J.
Horn was a young lawyer on Third
street, who took his meals at the Wins
low ; he is now one of the leading mem
bers of the bar. Aside from his devo
tion to Blackstone, l'uffeudorf, etc., he
had a taste for military science, and
hence we find him a gay and dashing
young officer of the Pioneer Guards.
Dana & White were then bankers.
Their bank went to pieces, and White
returned to his home in the South and
joined in the Rebellion of 1861. Dana
became a general officer in the war and
has since been in the railroad business.
Of all the bankers then in the city Mr.
Edgerton only remains; the others have
gone where the woodbine twineth or
elsewhere. H. S. Fairchild was one of
thirty-one gentlemen then engaged in
the real estate business, and he contin
ued in it until he could not give prop
erty away unless he paid the taxes, lie
went out of the business for a year or
so, but again returned to his first love,
and is now the only representative of
the thirty-one. Recently he made a
protracted visit to the old world, and it
has been said that be purchased a tract
of suburban land and laid it out into
Fairchild's addition to Jerusalem. He
is a clever fellow, and we hope he may
realize handsomely in this venture.
Br. George Iladfield was here then, but
was not successful. Be removed
to Cincinnati, and afterwards to
Washington city, where he now
resides, and has an immense practice.
The names of fifteen architects appear
in the directory, and only one, A. F.
Knight, is left to teil the story of his as
sociates. 11. O. Sweeny, the popular
and successful druggist of Bridge
square, then advertised himself as
"Artist and Designer." Of all the in
surance agents of that date S. S. Eaton,
the silent man, only remains; the others
probably talked themselves to death. S.
S. Eaton has reduced the business to a
science and may be termed the king of
the insurance field. Henry Galvin was
then a member of the police, and is the
only one, we believe, of that date now
on the force. lie has been a faithful
and worthy officer. On the front page
of the directory appears the adver
tisement of Borup & Oakes, bank
ers, etc. This firm did a large
and prosperous business, but both
of them have been called to
their final home. The descendants of
these gentlemen are here with us now
and are numbered among our most
worthy and enterprising citizens. As
we turn the pages of this book, the
names of many are recalled who
have disappeared, and in the language
of the negro preacher, "have gone glim
mering through the glimpse of time."
We close the book, with the remark
that it represents the days of small
things. The most enthusiastic ad
mirer of our country and climate would
have been amazed if any one had then
predicted that St. Paul was destined to
become a great railroad center, stretch
ing out
ITS "BOX FINGERS
to the four points of the compass, tak
ing our surplus productions to the
teeming thousands beyond the Mis
souri, and bringing in from that remote
region gold, silver, grain, wool, beef,
etc. And yet the development of these
vast resources is in its infancy. The
rich valleys of Montana must become
tributary to our city. Who can tell
what the next thirty years will bring
forth? The past is the prototype of the
future, and the future will in due
season give bounteous fulfillment to the
great destiny which i.- in store for our
city.
m m 0m
A CHRISTMAS MEMORY.
When fair Madge pinned to-night in my coat
A cluster of violet* blue,"
The subtle, sweet scent to my senses went,
And brought me a vision of you.
In nn instant I lived again the past
Before I"d grown worldly and wise.
Away rolled the years, and through the hot
tears,
•Which I dared not brush from my eyes,
I saw you again— my love, my love.
With your tender, sweet smiling face.
Madge ran up the stair— came and stood
there.
Then crept into my arms' embrace.
I kissed you once more— the old, wild thrill
Shot through my veins passionately—
'•Jack,*" called my wife, "did you e'er in
your life
Love a woman as well as me
With a guilty start I looked around—
Your sweet ghost had quietly gone,
And Madge blonde and fair came down the
long stair
Humming lightly an air torn •'Nanon."
I flicked the ashes from fny cigar,
"No, dear," with a sigh then I said:
A sigh for the hours which those wee blue
flowers
Brought back from the oast long since
dead. . . Edit-*. S. Tupper.
ST. PAUL'S GOOD HEALTH.
We are almost at the end of another
year, and speaking in a general way, it
has been a remarkably healthy one
conspicuous by a very low death rate
and an absence of epidemics. While
nothing that in our judgment would
be likely to promote the public health
has been neglected during the past
year, especial attention has been paid
to the condition of alleys and to endeav
oring to educate those adjacent that
alleys are not public dumps. Much
good has been accomplished in this di
rection. We are loosing annually 500
lives from what we term preventible
diseases— that no doubt 75 per cent
could be saved were the hygienic and
sanitary surroundings perfect. Just
take the matter of sewers and water
supply alone. Our records show that
about 95 per cent of deaths from pre
ventible diseases occur where they have
no sewer connections or city water.
What does that mean.* Simply that in the
vast majority of cases they have wells
supplied with surface water, into which
percolate the contents of vaults and
cesspools, perhaps laden with the
deadly germs of typhoid, diphtheria,
etc*. Is it any wonder that disease ap
pears under these circumstances? We
have 60.000 inhabited houses in St.
Paul. I.ess than 7,500 are supplied
with our pure and wholesome city wa
ter, and less than 5,000 are connected
with sewers. We have spent much
time and energy in endeavoring to en
force city water and sewer connections
in aggravated cases where the surround
ings demanded it as an absolute neces
sity: but the present, process is so slow
and unsatisfactory that we shall ask for
some special legislation during the com
ing session that will enable us to accom
plish something.
This year will show a slight increase
in diphtheria over last. Deaths last
year were 88; this year, up to Dec 1. 83.
Scarlet fever shows a decrease this
year, 1887. 31 deaths: 1888. 15.
Typhoid fever, 1887, 145: 1888. 13,.
The experiment was tried this past
slimmer of disposing of our refuse ma
terial by shipping it down the river on
barges below the city limits, and there
unloading it into the river. The plan
has its good features as well as its
drawbacks. It certainly disposed of
the material at a very small expense
compared with other proposed plans,
with the same object in view. It can
not be held that it is particularly dam
aging to the river water, while the
sewers of our sister city and those of
our own empty into the same recepta
cle. On the other hand, it is only
available about six months in the year,
and the dock where the barges are
loaded is a nuisance, wherever it may be
located. These objections are about
sufficient to overbalance the good
qualities of the method, and after a trial
of six months it can now be termed a
failure. During the year 32,615 pounds
of meat have been condemned; 10,658
nuisances abated, 32 arrests made, 77
sewer connections enforced, 574 alleys
cleansed, 451 children vaccinated the
contents of about 8,600 vaults contain
ing 138,089 cubic feet of night soil and
38,338 loads of garbage, etc.. have been
removed from the city. By actual rec
ord 98 per cent of vaults cleaned, 75 per
cent ot garbage and 50 per cent of back
yards cleaned are compulsory.
SECRETARY TALLMADGE
Gives a Toast to Minnesota and
Great St. Paul.
Minnesota is one of the most beauti
ful states in the Union. Located almost
central in the "North American conti
nent, and nearly equi-distant between
the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, with a
mean elevation above ocean level of
1,200 feet.
The stale contains an area of 84,287
square miles. The extreme length is
400 miles, and the greatest width 356
miles, having 53.943.680 acres, including
upward of 700 lakes, varying from 50
yards to 30 miles in diameter. Prof.
.Maury, of Washington, says: "There
is in this state a greater number of these
lovely sheets of laughing water than in
all the country besides. They give va
riety and beauty to the landscape; they
soften the air, and lend all their thou
sand charms and attractions to make
this goodly land a lovely place of resi
dence. Minnesota is far from the sea,
but it is a better watered country than
either Kansas or Nebraska, in
deed, it may be considered the
best watered state in the Union."
third of the entire state is covered
with timber. The "Big Woods"' of Min
nesota are forty miles wide and 100
miles long with almost every variety of
deciduous timber, oak, ash, lime, wal
nut and maple the most abundant. Tho
lakes and rivers are supplied by springs
or pure living water.plentifully stocked
with fish and fowl. Connecting the 700
lakes are rivers with innumerable tribu
taries, spreading out over every section
of the state and bringing almost to the
door of every farmer the priceless boon
of living water for stock and water
power for mills and manufactories.
The state abounds in abundance of
luxurious grasses (the natural blue joint
is often three to five feet high), which
are sweet and nutritious and eagerly
eaten by sheep, horses and cattle.
Timothy and clover are successfully
cultivated. Two million nine hundred
and ninety-six thousand eight hundred
and fifty-four acres of land throughout
the state was set aside for the support
of schools, which is being sold and the
money used for school purposes.
Five hundred thousand acres were
given for internal improvements, more
than half of which has been sold.
•No state in tin; Union offers better and
cheaper land to the farmer, besides the
many natural advantages.
Some of the natural advantages of
Minnesota are iron, copper, slate, gran
ite, limestone, clay, salt springs, pine
and hardwood lumber, game, fish, wild
rice, blue joint grass, healthful climate,
broad prairies, charming lakes and
beautiful natural parks.
In 1868 Horace Greeley visited the
state and wrote about Minnesota: "lier
soil warm, fertile and rolling enough to
secure proper drainage, grass ample,
wheat and oats better than I had ever
before known; in lumber greatly
favored; vegetables surpassed only in
California. Her butter, cheese and
honey would justify any prrise. Every
one seemed to have work and to make a
business of doing it. Many had gone
to her for health, and most of them
found it."
Cities are what the country tributary
make them. St. Paul is the great com
mercial and financial center for the
wealthy and beautiful state of Minne
sota and much of the vast territory to
the westward, with its wealth of agri
cultural, pastural and mining districts,
which is being rapidly opened by the
influence of the great trunk lines of
railroads, with their many branches;
by the industrious farmers; by the im
mense stock ranches of sheep, cattle
and horses: and by the wealthy corpora
tions who are daily developing the vast
riches of the mining districts: all of
which are directly tributary to St. Paul,
the natural source for their supplies.
The admission of the great territories
of Dakota. Montana and Wyoming into
statehood will add largely to the won
derful flow of emigration from the older
states to the new wonderland, all of
which will cause the city of St. Paul to
continue to grow and prosper.
*•****•*
OUR JUNIOR SENATOR.
It is the prerogative of Shakespeare
that whatever he stoops to touch be
comes anthoratative in quotation. He
is the magistrate of both imagination
and reason. ; There is scarcely a topic in
the universe of human thought which
that marvelous mind has not compassed
in its cometary sweep. He has walked
in the abyss of human nature and seen
the thousand fearful wrecks, the un
valued jewels, and all the lonely and
dreadful secrets which lie scattered in
the bottom of that illimitable sea. The
maxims of policy, the rules of war, the
subtleties of love, the patient forecast of
hate, the pangs of remorse, the ready
wages which jealousy always pays to
the miserable being it employs— all
things over which the mind or the
nature of man has jurisdiction, receive
from him their definition and expres
sion, excepting those awful topics of
the hereafter, which, of all the children
of men, he, the greatest, has been too
reverent to touch. He knew of the cir
culation of the blood. In instance after
instance he has not only used the terms
of the law with the strictest precision,
but has stated its abstrusest princi
ples with entire correctness. Shakes
peare has created an immaterial uni
verse which will, like him, survive tho
bands of Orion and Arcturus aud bi|
sons. *
ADVANCED IN VALUE.
Real estate has advanced in intrinsic*
value, but without special speculative
activity. The great amount of building
which has been done gives a stability to
values, and a promise of future increase
perhaps surpassing anything else that
may have happened. The current in
vestment, which took its highest artiv
ity in ISB6 and 1887, and ceased owing
to the opposition of Eastern financial
journals and bankets, modified by its
speculative trend, and which has dur
ing the past two years been turned into
the channels of conservative gilt-edged
securities, has during the past six or
eight months been going largely into
what might be termed second-class se
curities, and when they are exhausted,
as must be the case by "the vast amount
cf capital seeking them, there will be a
tendency on the part of Eastern buyers
to invest in real estate again, and thus
bring about an active market, surpass
ing, in our opinion, the period of 1885
--ISB7.
ST. PAUL HAS THE CREDIT.
.
Comptroller Roche Tells of Her
Financial Rasis, and Strength
in the Money Market.
City Comptroller's Offick, {
City of St. Paul, Dec. 20, 1888. j
The people of the city of St. Paul
have honored me for twenty-four con
secutive years by electing me to the
office of city comptroller, which I ap
preciate with the deepest gratitude, and
am happy to state that the credit
of the city of St. Paul, in
the financial centers, has reached
the golden pinnacle, accomplished
through the prompt payment of the prin
cipal and interest of her bonds, and
keeping the debt strictly conservative
within a reasonable percentage of tho
assessed* valuation of property — issuing
no bonds unless for purposes absolutely
necessary (representing large assets*,
under special legislative acts— which
places a complete check and limit upon
the power to issue bonds, or to Increase
the debt, giving the people an opportu
nity to consider the necessity.
The present bonded debt is {8,3-8,000,
being a fraction over 5 per cent of the
assessed valuation of propeity for tho
year l&w, or :*>•_ per cent, ot tbe cash
value, while the substantial assets,
without inflation, exceed $8,000,000.
Deducting the debt from the assets,
the balance will represent 1/5718 pins per
cent premium upon the assessed valua
tion of property, or .08*"*'." plus of 1 per
cent premium upon the cash value
for the year 18S8, in favor of the prop
erty owners. But as this per cent pre
mium can not be paid directly to tho
property owners, the great benefit they
derive from it is in the strength given
to the city in her financial standing,
which is the foundation of the existing
individual and public prosperity.
The census of the year 1885 shows
111,897 souls. The city directory for
this year (1888) contains 7o,234 names,
showing an increase of 8,00.'» names over
the year 1887. If by using the multiple
of 3. employed by most cities in
figuring population in the absence of
the census, will represent 210,702 souls.
Put to be on the safe side by using the
multiple of :."... the most conservative
method of computation every adopted,
the population on the Ist of March, 1888,
was 175,085 souls.
In considering the financial condition
of a city, the rate of debt per capita of
population should not be considered, as
in some cities a large part of the popu
lation own no property, while in St.
Paul most people own their homes.
The vital points to be considered are
as follows:
First— Are the interest anil principal
of the debt promptly paid hen due?
Second— What per cent of flic as
sessed valuation of property is the debt?
Third -What proportion of the esti
mated cash value of property is the as
sessed value.
Fourth— is the annual interest
on the debt, and what is the average
rate per cent upon the whole debt.
Fifth— Are the assets substantial and
do they conservatively offset the debt?
The city of St. Paul has issued no
bonds for several years for the purpose,
of redemption, but levied a direct tax
upon all of the assessable property for
the payment of all bonds as they ma
ture or used the surplus revenues, other
than taxes, for the payment of bonds.
For example: The city bonds redeemed
in the year 1887 were promptly paid out
of the tax collections levied in the pre
vious year (1886) for the purpose, while
the city bonds maturing in the year 1888,
were redeemed out of the surplus liquor
licenses in excess of 200 licenses, which
i consider i*-* absolutely the true policy
for all cities to adopt when their bonded
debt, like the debt of the city of St.
Paul, represents large assets, and the
percentage upon the assessed valuation
of property is within reason, in place
of levying an annual tax upon property
for a "sinking fund," endangering the
finances and distressing the people, as
iv many cities where sinking funds
have run into corruption funds, ending
in dishonor and bankruptcy.
1 consider it an indication of financial
weakness for a city having to resort to
levying an annual tax for a sinking
fund.
When it is considered that cities are
in excellent financial condition when
the debt is 5 per cent of the assessed
valuation, without any assets, regard
less of the per centage it bears to the
true cash value, then the financial
.standing of the city of St. Paul, with
her ?8,000,000 assets, is surely grand.
Yours truly, John W. Hoc hi;.
City Comptroller.
— mm.
THE EROTIC.
ST. PETER.
Since Shakespeare's gone; and Byron fled
To regions where unquiet dead
Koaui the isles of Dante's hell,
Tell me, Gabriel, tell me well.
What the earth-fools sing of now.
CABBIE*-,
The modern erotic, with power despotic.
Now blossoms in beat like a Northern
exotic.
"lis a questionable rase— matter of fash
ion
To sing in mad (-trains of tropical passion.
Take *'a tender embrace" and a heart
"hotly heeding;'^
A "bosom upheaving" and a love that Is
"•bleeding."
A soul swashed in terror, a "low-whispered
prayer."
A woman's "hot breath" and a lock of her
hair.
With the blood of a tigress, and a feeling
infernal,
Supposed to be caused by an ache that's
internal.
Add to this a swish of the awful supernal
With a drop of the hero to hells eternal,
While lily-white arms and lips "madly
pressing."
Eyes hot with fire and hands warm ca
ressing.
Forsaking the "whirl" of a commonplace
life,
Go "madly careering"
Wilh passion's veneering.
After the hero in "iladeau strife."
burning and sizzling, the twain are united
With a --thrill" unfelt by earth's benighted,
Who. living the life of weal and woe.
Find dearer and sweeter than passion's
"mad glow,"
The lisp of a' babe at love's "breast ot
snow." -—11. I. C.

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