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THE DAILY GLOBE PUBLISHED EVERY DAY. AT THE GLOBE IUII.IHXG, COR. FOURTH AND CEDAR STREETB BY LEWIS BAKER. ST.PAUL GLOBE SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily (Set fecmnoc Sunday.) 1 rr in advanced 00 I 3 m. in advances'- 00 6 in. in advance 4 00 I 0* weeks in adv. 1 00 One montii Toe. DAILY AND SUNDAY. I vi in advauceglO 00 I 3 mos. in adv. .$2 50 Cm. in advance 500 i 0 weeks in adv. 1 00 One month Hjc. SUNDAY ALONE. 1 advance. s2 00 I 3 mos. in adv 50c Cm. in advance 1 00 | 1 mo. in adv 20c Tbi Weekly— (Daily — Monday, Wednesday and Friday.) lyi in advance. s4 00 j 6 mos. in adv. .s2 00 3 months, in advance.. ..sl 00. WEEKLY st. PAUL GLOBE. One Year, SI | Six Mo. 65c | Three Mo. 35c Rejected communication, cannot be pre fer; cd. Address all letters and telegrams to THE GLOBE. St. Paul, .Minn. * TO-DAYS WEATHER. Washington, Dec. 21.— For Wisconsin: Rain, snow; colder; westerly winds. For Minnesota: Fair, preceded in eastern por tion by snow; colder; northerly winds. For Dakota: Fair; slightly colder; variable winds. For iowa and Nebraska: Light snow, followed Tuesday by fair; colder; west erly winds. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. "■" n^ — ? — : I I ai o an 2. _?_. '~- S = i?P •§ 2 Place of = - = _ Place of 5 « g| Obß'vatiou. 2g, x a Oba'vation. gg, -& I - - I? h_ .-j : ? ° -7 St. Paul... . 120.9-1 21 Ft Buford. 30.3. 4 Ft. Sully . I Ft Custer.. 30.32 12 F&Totten. Helena. ...30.30 14 Duluth.... 2!'.!> "-'4 Minnedosa 30.26* 6 La Crosse. 29.0. 30 (. A pne lie. 30.34 8 Huron 30.22 4 Calgary.... 30.28 24 Moorhead. 130.20 8 ] Medic 11. 30.40 0 St. Vincent 30.28 0 Fort Garry Bismarck. |:*0.30 io Edmonton.|2i>.7B 14 The convenient absence of material witnesses may help out Dudley in In diana. «o. Steamboat excursions and linen duster picnics on Christmas day were a trifle too much for this climate. It got its back up last night. The Republicans in the senate seem to be voting right along to keep up the tax on the necessaries of lite. But that Is what the people appeared to want when they voted. The idea that R. B. Hates may go into the cabinet is afloat, and as plausi ble as scores of other suppositions that serve the purposes of news purveyors, in the absence of facts. _. . One of the latest military devices is to fill bombs with asphyxiating gas or some Bleep-producer that will give re pose to all in the vicinity of their ex plosion. It will be pleasant for com batants if both armies can be put to sleep. _» Eastern syndicates are reaching out after street railways in Western cities. One has just put three-quarters of a million in Milwaukee, and more or less in other cities. It indicates confidence in the development and prosperity of the West. ■__ The Virginia senator lately threatened to* resign on account of the offensive rela tions to him of the other Kepublican senators, which left small room for self respect lie was nearer sober than usual, too. — —> Boom and BAnitKTThave given their Influence to prevent the importation of foreign actors in blocks under contract. The public needs protection also. Per haps a commission would be the thing) to license only those who can act to go on the stage. Recently the senate passed ninety pension bills in fifty minutes, of course, with such haste, the members could know nothing about tho merits of the cases, and it is well that a faithful supervisor at tne other end of the ave nue dares to investigate them and cor rect the blunders. — That watermelon trust in the South takes in the planters who cultivate over tl.lMKi acres, and proposes to limit pro: duction and fix prices. It is evidently a conspiracy to deprive the colored brother of the South of one of his in alienable gastronomic rights. 'The new administration should make an excep tion in favor of the victims of this cruelty. — «__ One of the latest suggestions in the trust line is that lli:\i;\ Vii.laki) wants to make a combine to take in electricity and all the appliances con nected therewith. it looks like a dan gerous business to try to corral the lightning. If it could be let loose upon the trust makers, it would inspire gen eral gratitude. The largest bustle factory in the .United Slates has recently closed for an Indefinite period. Some of the Re publican papers attribute it to the al leged discarding of that feature of the female panoply by Mrs. Cleveland. One familiar with the subject attributes the depression in that industry to the fact that old newspapers are coming into use again. m* An lowa Republican, who visited Harrison, and. as incredible as ii may seem, didn't want an office, reports "they are killing Gen. IlAitßis'ox-r-the cussed office-seekers. His face shows signs of extreme fatigue, and be is nearly worn out." What will he do when he has the offices to give, If he can't stand the little scramble now, when hi' doesn't have to do more than keen an ear open." •__«. In the devising going on over the cabinet, or other features of the coming regime, it may be that too little notice is given the modest Ohio idea called Hayes. Be has been summoned to In dianapolis, and private consultation has been had. The intimation that it re lated solely to Christmas poultry is a mere subterfuge. Hates worked out a hard cabinet job at one time, and the president is a close friend. Guesses may be made from this basis. Among the Hakkison Democrats who lost New York to their party, one, who was an employe of the Biggins carpet factory, has this candid explana tion, which might be given in spirit by a great man. : The reason 1 did not vote for Cleveland is because 1 was a fool. I thought protection made wages high and gave plenty of work, and 1 now find my wages reduced 15 per per cent and 800 men laid off. Where does he protection come in for us, I would like to know! The genial doctor at Fargo who. in the exhilaration of the assurance that the postoffice of that city was to be his share in the distribution under the Quay dispensation, gave the good news to the public, evidently furnished a surprise to his Pennsylvania friend in the publication of his private letter. The senator did not discount the effu siveness of patriotic anticipation in Da kota, or he would have attached the Republican injunction. "Burn this let ter." No question as to the genuine ness of the letter can be] raised with those who know the jovial and obese old soldier. -_* — — CHRISTMAS. The Globe sends its Christmas greet ing- to its great family of readers. We wish one and all the fullest en joyment of the festive season when all hearts are lightened and all souls are being bathed in a sea of merriment. It is good to have Christmas. It is good because it celebrates the in auguration of an era on earth of the highest form of spiritual life ever vouchsafed to man. It is gqpd because it ushers in a sea son of unembittered humanity, when the asperities of life are lost in the joy ous merry-making. It is good because the merry-making of the Christmastide becomes infectious, Imparting itself from one to another, until all are swept away on a tide of merriment far beyond the sight of the cares and troubles which have bur thened the rest of the year. Christmas is the soul's resting place. To many hearts it is the shadow of a great rock falling across the treeless plain of human existence; the single fountain of cool waters bursting forth in the parched desert. * How inviting its shadow, how refreshing its waters to the tired ones of earth. Christmas is the good genius of our American home life. It is the season when we make our pilgrimage to the Mecca of social purity. The Christmas home-gathering, with its hallowed as sociations and unalloyed pleasures, has been a blessed influence in preserving the purity of our social conditions, and thus becomes a potent factor in main taining the integrity of our national system. ■ «•»»- . DON'T LIKE IT. The ('lew Leader is considerably worked up over the scheme, made pub lic in this community a short time ago, for establishing a route lor iron ore shipments from the Lake Superior re gion to Pittsburg, by rail to the Missis sippi river at this point, and thence by river to the heart of the Western Penn sylvania iron region. The Leader, nat urally enough, a Sects to look upon it as a chimerical scheme. The lake towns were not expected to view it with a fa vorable eye; therefore the Cleveland pa per's opposition is just what the pro jectors of the scheme looked for. The arguments employed by the Leader to show the futility of the scheme are the increase in distance by the river route and the uncertain stages of water. For the information of our Cleveland contemporary it may be as well l«» say that these difficulties have all been con sidered by the projectors of the scheme, and they were not found insuperable. In water transportation for heavy freight distance cuts very little figure. As to the stages of water in the Ohio and .Mississippi rivers, there are always seasons of each year when the volume is enough for transporting all the iron ore that will be mined in the Lake Su perior region. The Leader strains a point when it says that the Pittsburg coal shippers lave found from experi ence that about the only time when much coarse freight can be sent down the Ohio is during a Freshet or flood. If that were true, it would add to the diffi cult] of ore transportation up the river, because during a heavy flood the up ward trip can only be made at a slow pace and with a costly consumption oi steam power. The Ohio river is .i fickle stream, it is true, but for all it is an ex ceptional year when there is not a good boating season, and for months at a time. After the spring and fall freshets there is almost invariably a long boating season, with ample water for till the uses of the Lake Superior iron shippers. «»■ ■ CONVERTING LIGHT. A late number of the Northwestern Prohibitionist contains a very -strong article against Sunday newspapers. In j addition to the stereotyped arguments so generally used by the puritanic classes, the article contained some telling points If the argument had been directed at the Chicago press. But the meat of the article is in the postscript which the editor adds by way of apology, saying thai since writing the article he had seen a decent Sunday paper. By a stroke of good luck a copy of the Suxi ».v V (.LOBE had fallen under his eye, and he was so fascinated with it that he bad to apologize for having abuser! the Sun day newspapers at all. If more of these detainers of the Sunday press would read the Globe they would have the Males removed from their eyes, and their prejudices against the Sunday newspaper would disappear like mist before the morning sun. STATESMEN'S PERQUISITES. It is now urged that each congress man should be allowed a clerk, to be paid out of the public funds. It is said that it is not uncommon for a member of congress to receive as many as 100 letters in a day, most of them from con stituents, soliciting some information or service that wiil involve time, and often expense. The Dakota delegate has de fined the member as the errand boy of his constituents, and still he would give months of hard labor to get there. People who write there for merely per sonal interests should pay for the serv ice. If a clerk were allowed to each member, most of them would simply pocket the allowance ami go on writing the letters or leaving them unanswered. The people are watchful of devices to add to the perquisites of congressmen. STILL A LIVE. Those who talk about the Democrats taking water on tariff reform arc be fogged in their views, as illustrated a few days ago. A conference of repre sentative Democrats from all parts of Wisconsin was held at Milwaukee in order to keep the good work moving on. There was entire unanimity in the cause, and no disposition to halt on ac count of the blunder so many people in that state and elsewhere made in voting on the subject. Defeat cannot depress or unnerve the men of convictions. Democrats are enlisted in this contest because they honestly and earnestly be lieve that it involves the public good. ELIMINATING SECTARIANISM. As a result of the contest in Boston over a school question petitions have been signed asking, for a constitutional -. amendment prohibiting any sectarian feature in the system. One of the sena tors of Massachusetts has introduced some of these petitions in the senate. There is no doubt as to the substantial unanimity of public sentiment In op position to anything of a sectarian char acter in the school ranges, aud the fact of this sentiment renders it needless to agitate in the direction sought by the petitioners. _ A PAIR TEST. Two rival electricians, who are -as jealous as medical gentlemen _in other places of their relative capacities, pro pose to test upon each oilier the strength THE -SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 25, 1838. of their respective machines. . Each as serts that his rival could not' kill a fly. with his contrivance, although it is al- . leged to be equal to lightning in" effect iveness. Electricity is not a good thing to fool with ; even experts have not ex hausted its possibilities. «^_ There are to be no more prize fights. They are merely "certain exhibitions of tho Delsarte movement of physical cult ure." That is the way the manager of Kilbain" and Mitchell understands it. In view of the meeting of these two gen tlemen with soft gloves in a Chicago theater, this artistic theory was pre sented to explain why the authorities were enjoined from disturbing the"de velopment^ of physical gifts in this way. " * — PROMINENT PEOPLE. Senator Riddleberger believes in high license in the senate chamber. It is evident that the Republican chairman did make Harrison (inayke. By the death of Colorow, Sitting Bull be comes the most doubtful ward in the coun try. The Boston women who voted for Hart thought be was such a dear mau, don't you know? John w ann maker has been chosen presi dent of the Presbyterian union of Phila delphia. Senator Quay's head stHl aches. Perhaps il would feci better if he had --a word to say for publication'" now and then. Dboleep Singh asserts that he is the "proud and implacable foe of England." But Dhuleep is on! y a Singhed cat, at best. Harriet Beecher Stowe still continues in good physical health. She is somewhat stronger mentally than she was a few weeks - ago. y'y: Carter Harrison is a near relative of Presi dent-elect Harrison. This Carter, however, lives at Murfreesboro, Term., mid is a very harmless sort of man. .I.Warren Keifer. of Ohio, says- that no office in the country would tempt him to again enter public life. But wouldn't ho kindly go as consul to TimbuctooS Says the Epoch: "Amelie Rives is at work on a new novel of the goody-goody order, the scene of which is laid in Russia and the greater part of the dialogue is to be in Rus sian." Evidently Amelie has learned at hist that she cannot write English. London's new commissioner of police. Mr. Munro, is, like his predecessor, 6>ir Charles Warren, a graduate of the Anglo-Indian school of affairs aid methods. He was at one time chief of the Indian police and had 20,00 > men at his command. Warren was a soldier pure and simple, but Munro has been at the head of the detective department of Scotland Yards since 1884, succeeding How ard Vincent. Munro - does not keep blood hounds. There are those who assert that President Cleveland is totally lacking in sentiment, and imagination; that he Is, in fact nothing more than a Gradgrind. This is far from the truth. The fact is that in a very undemonstrative way Mr. Cleveland cherishes deep in his na ture a vein of romance. The announcement that he will live in New Jersey after he leaves the White house results from his de sire to end his career iv the state iv which he was born. He has always had a loudness for New Jersey, as he first saw the light in that historic commonwealth. Besides all this, mosquitoes never bother him. -ry^ ALL ABOUND. The gossips are wondering why I refused him— The catch of the season— who, toothless and old. A poor, wheezy Croesus, asthmatic, dyspep tic, Is steeped to the eyebrows in silver and gold. I let them ascribe to me loftiest motives. ell plersed to make capital out of my woes: And no one has guessed that I couldn't ac cept him. For the best of all reasons— didn't pro pose ! — Life. "Talking about employing women in fac tories," said a Manistee, Mich., lumberman to the Timberman, "brings about the fact that the hoop factory at Manistee employs women feeding the planers and other lit-ht work of that nature, and finds that they do the work well, and al the dairy salt factories ah the sacking and such work is done by girls, who work em piece work and earn about SI to 51.25 _ day, and seem to tike the employment." John O'Leary, a mere boy, with the aid of hi- sister and younger brother, drove a bur glar from their home in Glen's Falls. X. V.. a few nights ago. The thief awakened the lad, who instantly jumped from his bed aud grappled with the intruder. His sister soon appeared, and in a few seconds the brother came to the rescue. The trio attacked the the burglar from all sides, and it was only after a hard struggle that he managed to es cape. Young Leary works on a canal, and had just returned home with bis summer's wages, which it is supposed the thief was alter. A little volume, says the New York Post, has just been Issued in Paris, written by Dr. Paul I.oye, in which the subject of death by decapitation is discuss* at length scientific ally. Dr. Love's experiments have been con ducted chiefly at the txpense of dogs, of which be has beheaded a great number. He has noticed with great exactness all motions of the eyes, tongue, lips, ears and jaws of the animals during the first few seconds after the severance of their heads from their bod ies, and has reached the conclusion that in every case death was absolutely painless. lie will publish, hereafter, the results of similar experiments in the case of human beings. .lan.- Hading almost had nervous prostra tion in Kansas City. She was accosted, by one of the citizens who spoke very good F'reuch. With Parisian politeness he in vited her to buy a cornel lot. Mrs. Parsons, the Anarchist, ha? not met with p, warm reception in Chicago. Her fel low-dynamiters assert that she lias become tainted by Anglomania. it is even said that she would rather drop an "h" than throw a bomb. By the death of Yietorine D'ernay, Gen. Boulanger has loots bitter opponent. Der nay was the most popular of the Parisian cafe singers and was .relentlessly opposed to Boulaugerand his party. she eagerly sought for Bongs which Would offend him and his friends, and her pleasing voice and manners enabled her to hit him many a hard blow which a man could not have delivered with Impunity. -~»_ LITTLE LAUGHS. An oyster never gets "in the soup"' at a church fair.— Cartoon. If Utah comes into the uuion she will probably be called the Matrimonial state.— Cincinnati Enquirer. If there is anything in a name, Meneiik. king of the rebellious Abyssinians. will be an invincible adversary.— Chicago Globe. Patti is getting $3,500 a night now in Lon don. With the assistance of tie-** figures one can understand why hers are all fare well tours.— Pittsburg Chronicle. First Amateur Nimrcd— lt is getting late and we haven't killed anything yet. Second Amateur Nlmrod— Well, let us miss a couple more rabbits and then go Home.- Texas Sift ings. First Boston girl ('referring to a gayly-at tired miss who has just passed)— Did you ever see such taste': She must be color-blind. Second Boston Execrable 1 Her dress is as inartistic as a Philadelphia Record. Moral citizen— are dreadfully intoxi cated, my good man. Beware, you wilt even tually fill a drunkard's grave. Intoxicated man— Yesh, 'aye filled many a drunkerd's grave— hie— rm sexton down at the— hie— shemetery — - Thompson Street Hostess (at dinner*'— gracious, Mis' Dinah, yo' ain't eat none ob yo" pie ! Miss " Dinah— Mis' Brown, servant hab ebideutly forgot ter lebe me a knife or fok an" I's done got my kids on.— New York Sun. - : -: It seems that our great-gran dfathers were sometimes fickle, as witness the following from intentions of marriage in Brunswick in ISG3, as given by the Bangor Historical Magazine this month: "Juue 13, Peter Coombs, Jr.' and Charity Coombs, of Harps well." "Juue 25 ithe next entry) Peter Coombs, Jr., alters his mind and intends marrying with Ells Smith, of uarpswel:. "— Lewiston Journal. A Kentucky school teacher called on a pa tron, "Uncle Billy." said the teacher, "I don't think it is worth while for you to aeua your son Tom to school."' '-Why?"" "Well, he can't learn anything. '• He studies as hard anybody in school, but he is totally incapable of seizing an idea.*, "Good !". the old ■ fellow j exclaimed. The teacher looked at ' him |in amazement. "It is npt a matter of congratu lation," said he "your son will never be anything but a dance." "res, and therefore I am rejoiced. i You see, he can make a good living writing , tariff articles : for the maga ziries.'.'—Arkansaw Traveler. \.- .\ a THE STATE PRESS. 0 Fargo the Center. %\\ Fargo Argus. * >U When it is said that the St. Paul Globe is a newspaper, it must be considered as a very great compliment, and so it is. Still, to ere" is human, and, of course, the Globe is of the human kind. It ha? been discussing the prospective capita! of the United States, with Canada annexed. " '•* Here, the Globe, unwittingly, purposely, or interestedly, favors one of the twin cities as the capital of the future great American nation. Now, if the Globe will take the time to draw a line from northwest Alaska,' cape Lisbume, to southeast Florida, cape Sable; and from northeast Labrador, Byron's Bay, to the southwestern portion of the United States, it wilt find that the 1 lues inter . sect at, or near, Fargo. A Base Fabrication. Winona Republican, y :. y: The rumor that Hon. Gordon E. Cole has retired from the senatorial scramble is a base Twin City fabrication. Mr. Cole daily walks through the lobby of the Merchants hotel, at St. Paul, takes off his hat and overcoat, marches into the dining room without recog nizing his great rival, Mr. Donnelly— or any body else— and enjoys his meals like a man without a care and precisely as would the possessor cf an infinitudiually good diges tion. Gen. Cole is au ideal politician of ye .olden time. A Farmer's View. Dawson Sentinel. I have been a resident of Minnesota for thirty years aud have been somewhat famil iar with its history and its prominent men, and I can recall no instance where Gen. Washburn lias ever made either personal or pecuniary sacrifice for the good of the state. When dollars cease their flow to his coffers he ceases to know aught but self. Want It Strong. Ellsworth News. There is no question but what Senator Sabin will be returned, but we want to see it by such a voice that no one will have ground to doubt that the people oi Minnesota fail to appreciate his noble efforts in their behalf ana understand full well how to reward Mich worthy qualifications and actions. Very Significant. I.c Sueur News. On the other baud nothing of the kind can be brought against Senator P. M. Sabiu.and there is a change of sentiment in his favor in those portions •of the state which have heretofore been pronounced for Washburn that is truly very significant, Greatest Newspaper. Edgerton Enterprise. The St. Paul Globs is the greatest news paper ot the Northwest, and will soon raise to that permanent position of being the best newspaper on the continent. Alarming. Lac Qui Parle Press. It is now said that failing iv an election to the United States senate, Washburn will shake the dost of Minnesota t:om his feet forever and take up his residence in New York city. Won't. Kick. Paynesville News. The Minneapolis Tribune gave the Pioneer Car "Success"' a horrible roust last Satur day. It found no victims in Paynesville, so we won't kick. In the Houiliion. Northflelci News. At this distance it looks as though Mr. Washburn will be in the bnuillion when tbe senatorial contest is ended. Carl Dander's Philosophy. Detroit Free Press. Der man mltont any honor vbill shwear by it shusl as queck as anypody else. . : ''-'7i'7. Some men demand a certificate of. character simply pecause dey pay deir debts, It vhas a surprise to 'em. No man is entirely satisfied mit der weather. For instance, der fly-screen man firmly believes dot winter vhas in vented simsi to spoil his peesness und help der wood men out. 1 hat seen men who vhas too good to beat a street car mit a lead nickel. Dey afterwards robbed tier bank of £»o,oob and skipped to Canada. Sonic folks give a poor family a tur key for Thanksgiving, und some gif 'em a sheet of piano music, it vhas all der same thing, except dot tier music tloan' make anybody seek. 1 liaf found out dot yer ticf who plots to steal my horse goes along mit his head down shust der same ash der man who repeats der Lord's prayer. You can't shudge a feller by his looks. After 1 vhas seek en der bed I can look pack und sec shust where 1 shouldn't hat" done dot vhay. After 1 vhas well again 1 can see nottings. 1 like to gif somepody advise, but when somepody advises me 1 reel dot be should mind bis own peesness. No doubt somepody has buried his money in der ground, but you may look for de money und I vhill take a bushel of turnips. It vhas curious dot among all der men who know vhas ails dis country und liaf a remedy lor der ailments, not one rec ommends more sawbucks and less chin chin. One reason vhy marriage vhas a fail ure va.sh pecause der wife married for a home und der husband wanted a serv ant. * Conscience vhas a queer thing. It keeps us from sheafing man out of a cent to his face, und excuses if we find und keep His wallet mit fSO in it pehiud his back. . The Human Form Divine. The Empire gowns are a delight to the women with handsome necks and < busts— l am talking now about the low evening gowns— but there is many a woman who refrains from wearing them, not because she is bony but be cause she is slender. The low French corset is scarcely low enough to do what she requires, and so if she is wise she will have a long strip of soft cheese cloth, which she will bandage just below her bust, literally binding herself in it. When the end is reached it may be fast ened, by some one else, of course, with safety pins. The result will be that the flesh will be effectively and not immod estly pushed up. and the Josephine gown will look much better than if a pair of French stays were worn. Not that [object to stays, though 1 do ob ject to the wrong kind. .Inst try these beauty suggestions and see if, to use a I very old "proverb, "the game is not worth the candle." sr PEACE ON EARTH. We drop the mask To give and ask A Merry Christmas, full of cheer, And words of gold ' • To close the old. And to begin ihe coming year. Friends tried but new, Friends old and true. . ' We wish you happiness and mirth '. . '■>>' May days uuDoru Bring brighter mom .y . "-'• And sweeter gloaming to your hearth! Like little boys . Who rind with toys Their Christmas stockings overflow, . We pray jour lot Be not forgot By Him who doth all good bestow. \ Though tears will rise In loving eyes here grief her master.- hath won, May roars be few, Aii-i like the dew Refresh whatever they fall upon. . If, friends, our jest Be e'er expressed A- to inflict too deep a smart. In kindness see Fseb slip to be But of the tongue, and not the heart. Believe, in sooth, That love of truth A love of mankind guides our pen. And tha; our prayer Is "Eve-ywhere Be peace on earth, good will to men." — Wiiliam K. b. rules. ' AN ENEMY OF THE STATE. Why One '. of tbe Candidates for United States Senator Should Not be Chosen. y «""" The Globe recognizes the fact that the senatorial fight now raging in Min nesota, does not concern its political family. The large Republican majority in the legislature renders it certain that a Republican will be chosen, but though in a political minority, Demo crats have as much interest in the pro gress and development of the state as other citizens. It is on this ground that the Globe proposes to discuss the mat ter from a purely business and non-po litical standpoint. : ■No one will gainsay the fact that the interests of our producers, consumers and business men generally, lie in reaching by the shortest possible route, the great chain of lakes which afford Minnesota such important and vital protection. .J. T AS}* business which can be advanced by dwarfing the carrying trade of Lake Superior, or throwing impediments in 1 the way of the great improvement de manded.for the Sault Ste". Marie canal, is hostile to all the business interests of Minnesota and every individual within her borders, save those who may be fos tering the scheme. W. D. Washburn, who is one of the prominent candidates for the senate, has slaked his entire business interests [ upon a scheme which can only succeed j by diminishing, if not destroying, the j value of Lake Superior to this state. A glance at the accompanying map, anti a J comparison with a similar but ineffect ual attempt to dwarf Chicago and llli- 1 nois, will forcibly illustrate the point j at issue. , The distance by rail from Chicago to i Toledo is 234 miles. The distance by j circuitous lake travel from Chicago to Toledo is soo miles, and from Toledo te j Buffalo 300 miles more. It was perhaps j not surprising, before the experiment had been tried, that business men should have conceived tin- idea that such an enterprise as the Wabash sys tem, extending from St Louis to To ledo, on Lake Erie, and designed to j build up St. Louis and Missouri at the j expense of Chicago and Illinois, would prove a great success. They know a great deal better now. The Wabash road was built with a view of taking the carrying trade from Chicago, on the theory that the addi tional rail haul would be overcome by j the lake transit of bOO miles to reach a . point only 234 miles distant by land. If I it had proved a success the incalculable j damage to Chicago and Illinois, and even the states of the Northwest, is ap parent. But natural laws of trade are not easily reversed, and the Chicago & Alton, the Rock Island, the Chicago. Burlington & Qinncy and other roads j which took the shortest route to deep ' water at Chicago, prospered, while the Wabash fell into hopeless bankruptcy, \ and there remains. The problem was j solved for all time, and it was demon- | strated that the shortest rail route to deep water is the developer of the conn- | REACHES THE MILLIONS. I The Interurban Passenger Traffic ' Is Something Enormous. For the last two years the board of trade has periodically discussed the j matter of trying to get the several rail road companies whose lines run be- ' tween Minneapolis and St. Paul, to make a redaction in the fare charged I for passage between the two cities. So j far nothing has come of these discus sions, and the same old rate of 30 cents : for passage one way and 10 cents for the round trip is still charged. A number of schemes for building a rapid transit elevated roads between the two cities have been talked of, and a year ago it was generally supposed that such a road was to be built at once, but for some reason all these projects have failed to materalize. No reason has ever been given for their sudden abandonment and it is the prevailing j idea that the short line railroad officials J could explain why an elevated road J has never been built, if they | chose to. The fact that such J a road would pay from the very start and yet has never been built, although several companies with un limited capital have been incorporated for this very purpose, has been the cause of this prevailing opinion that short linefroads have injsome way-topped its construction. The passenger travel between the two cities and t« the inter vening stations between the main de pots has reached such an -enormous fig ure that any one investing money in such an enterprise is absolutely certain to receive back in a short time the full amount of his investment in divi dends. Outside of railway circles there are very few persons who can realize to what vast proportions this traffic has grown : they know it is im mense, and they know that the never quiet short line trains are invariably crowded, but when reduced to cold figures the result is, to say the least, certainly startling. The Globe has taken the trouble to ascertain from the books of the several railroad companies the number of passengers which they had carried during the past year, and tlie total number is something over 0,000,000. This magnificent number does not include the passengers carried to the interurhan station ] of St. Anthony Park, Hamline, Como. I Merriam Park and Macalester, but is only the passenger who went from one city to the other. Neither does it in clude the passengers traveling on through tickets from the East or West, who were compelled to pass through the Twin Cities,* nor passengers en route to the East or West on tickets purchased in the Twin Cities. These figures were collected with infinite diffi cult}-, but they may be relied upon as being approximately correct. For in stance, the average summer sales of tickets from Minneapolis to St. Paul by the Manitoba road was over 80,000 per month, of which one-third . were single trips and the .balance round trips. This would be equal to about 133,000 single trips, and if the St. Paul office sells about the same number of tickets it -would make 266,000 people j traveling over the • Manitoba road, be- j tween the two cities, in a single! month. ; From the figures obtained from the other roads it was found that about i one-half of 'the traffic between the two cities was over the nianitoba road, and try as well as the financial success of the railroad: y . . :'-. y " y The situation in Minnesota is almost relatively the same.- The short distance by rail of 150 miles from St. Paul and Minneapolis to deep water at Duluth, gives Minnesota a grand opportunity for development. Instead of the lengthy and circuitous lake route even under which Chicago and Illinois prospered, the route from Duluth to Buffalo by the lakes is almost in a direct line. The distance is about 1,000 miles as against 1,100 miles from . Chicago to Buffalo. Taking St. Paul ana Minneapolis as about the center of population in Min nesota, though not geographically the center, and adding the rail mileage, we have from this center to Buffalo, via Duluth and the lakes, a distance of 1,150 miles, and via rail to Chicago and thence by lake to Buffalo 1.500 miles. The noon day sun could not be clearer than the fact that all of Minnesota's interests lie in reaching the lake with the least pos sible rail haul. In the face of this and the Wabash experiment, Mr. Washburn has con structed his Soo route, a distance by rail from St. Paul and Minneapolis to his lake port at Gladstone of 342 miles, or to the Sault Ste. Marie of 494 miles. If the intelligent reader will again glance at the map he will see that the drying up of Lake Superior from the Soo to Duluth would be directly in the line of Mr. Washburn's business inter ests, and the only thing which can ulti mately save his road from the fate of the Wabash, while the short rail routes to deep water at Duluth prosper, and the whole region of country prospers, from the improvement of the lake ser vice. Though, as a physical proposition, the lake cannot be obliterated, its value can be seriously impaired by the nature or lack of congressional legislation. In the face of such a business situa tion, can Minnesota afford to place Mr. Washburn in the senate for the next six years'.' Do the business men of this stale. who attended the great conven tion at the Sault Ste. Marie, held for the purpose of securing appropriations from congress to enlarge that canal, feel that they wish to be represented in the sen ate by a gentleman whose entire pecuni ary interests, and the interests of those associated with him, would be ad vanced by the failure or abandonment of those appropriations? Can the farm ers of Minnesota or the consumers of coal afford to send a man to the senate whose interests lie in dwarfing our only lake port, ami throwing obstacles in tin' way of reaching it. instead of securing additional facilities'.' The questions answer themselves. We do not assume that there would be any open hostility on the part of Mr. Washburn (if elected to the senate) to the enlargement of the Soo canal or the improvement of the harbor at Duluth. He is too intelligent and shrewd a politi cian not to be aitai-i in their favor. It is not necessary to explain how a senator, whose heart and pocket book lie in one direction, could follow those dictates while his face was seem ingly set the opposite way. We simply point to the map and ask the members of the legislature whether they do not consider that Mr. Washburn is human? that the total number of passengers carried timing any one of the summer months over the several roads was something over 500,000. The num ber of passengers carried between the cities and the interurban stations was a little over one-fourth the number who traveled directly be tween the two cities and numbered about 130,000 per month, making a grand total of 680,000 passengers carried by the short line train during anyone of the summer months. It was shown that the travel between the cities .during the winter was not quite so heavy as during the summer, but in spite of this loss the number car ried during the year was consid ruble over 6,000,000. It is estimated that a double-tracked elevated road running between the two cities would cost, fully equipped. 18,000.000, and as it would be above all 1 the streets and roads it could be run at full speed from the time it started from the depot in the center of one city until it reached the One in the other, thereby reducing the time between ihe two cities considerably. Such i road would get nearly all the travel ami with the fare reduced even to 25 cents for the round trip, it would be one of the beat paying roads in the country. „ O.N'K SMALL ROYS CHRISTMAS fll B small boy looked at the Christmas And, straining nis eager eyes to see, "Now I wonder just There's a buliy old pair of nickeled skates The size of which clearly indicates That they're meant for a boy ot about my size— If I get them I'll draw a prize. "Then over there is a dandy drum. « hioh I'm rather led to believe will come Mv way, and a printing press and type I see Which would be just about the thing for me. "That clipper sled loots mighty fine. And 1 shouldn't wonder if that were mine. And I'm rather inclined to think, from the looks Of things, that I'll get that box of books. "And the shot-gun up there behind the tree I'm mighty sure is designed for me; And tlie camera and the base ball bat Are coming to me, I'll bet my hat." BUT, • The camera went to another boy And loaded him up with peaceful joy, While the case of type and the printing press Filled his cousin Tom with happiness: And the nickeled skates, his brother Jim "Remarked, a grin, beloneed to him. And the dandy dram and the clipper sled Were both designed for his cousin Ned. But When the small boy sadly saw The shot-gun go. he dropped his jaw. And doleful, indeed, became his looks When he lost his grip on the box of books, While the thing that simply knocked him flat Was the fact that he missed the base ball bat. AKD All that gladdened the small boy's life Was a candy-bag and a new jack-knife. en* vox: To the boys who have read this jingle through: . . . Let's hope that the small boy wasn't you! Somervi'.le Journal Man. BEFORE CHRISTMAS. j ' John Roche Remembered the Holidays Way Back and Heat of Sixty-Four. Dr. Vail Chats of Delsarte, Coquelin and the Dual Character in Acting*. Whitney Wall's Heart Bounded With Joy When He Saw the Black Flag Flap. Why So Many Noses Suddenly Began to Bleed Yes terday Noon. John Roche sailing alone: with all canvas spread to catch the gale, blew the snow out of his whiskers loug enough to say : "The Christmas Globe was a grand paper. I don't know whether it was re ligious or not for me to do so, but I * spent most of Sunday reading those thirty-two pages. Do you know that on Christmas day, 1864, (Savannah was burned by our troops that holiday) it was so hot that no one wore an overcoat and citizens went around with their vests unbuttoned. We had gentle winds ana rain and not a sign of frost or snow. Seven days afterwards, or on New Year's, 1565, the themometer went down with a z— i— p. and George Reis, our present city treasurer, froze his feet. Oh, 1 remember that time well and this season resembles it very much." • * Dr. Vail was spending his afternoon in a book store, feasting on such treas ures as Hunt's "English Prose" and the Comelot series, where to his evident de light he found a Walt Whitman. The talk drifted from books to the stage, Delsarte, Steele, Mackave and Coque lin. "1 was studying in Boston," said the doctor, "when Mackaye came there to lecture on Delsarte, and while they said that lie made a hit, 1 could not see that there was so very much to it. 1 think this M. Coquelin has much the better idea of the matter, although I question his wisdom in revealing to the public his stage methods— this acting a part without feeling it. Mary Anderson, nor any other of our great American artists, would never reveal that much, even if it were so with them. It would seem to me that such an admission in jures an artist before Ins audience. I notice that Bouecicault in his last article on Coquelin, published in the North American, contradicts an assertion made in his first. lie now admits what he first denied, that the dual character in comedy may be used in tragcay." In the fire department quarters a number of the old-timers, thinking of to-day's presentation of "Fatinitza" by the Bostonlans, recalled -the fact that three years ago this date Capt. Maloney, of Quick 2. attended that opera, and that it was his last holiday. Long be fore the Ideals returned for another Christmas, the captain had gone down the road that leads to death, answered a "special" aud gone out on the "first round." » * A good many loungers about the Ryan thought that it would not lie a really bright Christmas owing to the illness ami absence of J. H. Hanson. It has become so unusual a thing to ever see "J. H." and the Ryan separated, lhat more than one will miss to-day his cheery smile and greeting. To the newspaper men of his generation and the younger ones destined to he their successors, Mr. Hanson is one of those beacon lights of good fellowship that ought never to be extinguished. Old comrades and young will wish him for his Christmas gift, renewed health. * -* Whitney Wall had an eye on the flutter of the weather service black flag, and at every flap his face grew happier in expression. He knew and felt that the ice carnival weather had come at last and the ghost of a green Christmas been banished. Report, from Sergt. Lyons and M. N. Kellogg are for good wintet weather from now on, with storms before Jan. 15 and some modera tion afterwards. The carnival directors are pushing their preparations and by the opening of the new year will he under full headway. * * Dr. Day felt the old fascination of official life stealing over him and wan dered into the postoffice to watch the throngs at the stamp and mailing win dows. He found out just how mean Uncle Sam can be in the way of public accommodations. Ono window and clerk for the sale of stamps and twenty five people every minute awaiting their turn. Everything was crowded, incon venient and annoying. The stamp clerk was so tired that he looked pre pared for instant annihilation, aud the young ladies at the weighing windows wore expressions of weariness and dis gust that would have better become a matron with fourteen children. The crowd that had to waif a place was cross and snarly, and there were enough ugly words to be heard to drive Christmas into Botany bay. * * * ■ Are Heard at Dickinson's: Cashier to Manager— How did you get over here? Manager— Oh, I'm everywhere, like bad weather. poon MAX. Madame (at candy stand) -John, where did you leave that sled? John— Bless the sled! Do you take me for a dray? FUSSY. Floor Walker to Seedy-Looking Stranger— Do you wish anything? Stranger (in stage whisper;— boss, gimme a snide quarter for Christmas, hey? A FACT. Clerk to Lady Customer— The art de partment is on the second floor. What did you wish? Customer— Thanks, awfully; I want to get my husband one of them new fangled Venus de Milos they talk so much about. * * People will make queer mistakes at any time of the year. A clerk in one of the large bookstores of St. Paul said yesterday that among their holiday buyers there had been persons who had seriously asked for— Byron's Keat3. Macaulay's History of Rome. . Gibbon's Rise and Fall of the Dutch Republic. Pope's Elegy. Whittier's Poems of Passion. Poe's Barriers Burnt Away. i * *■ There was one circumstance occurring yesterday that a good many sober peo ple wondered at when they came to compare notes. Quite a number of citi zens came down town early in the morn ing without rubbers, and, after tramp ing in the slush and rain for an hour or two. found their feet cold and wet. In stead of carefully drying them, they lee them remain so, with the result that about noon a profuse bleeding at the nose occurred. ... The attack was sudden and lengthy, and more than one man with a red proboscis asked his neighbor, similarly afflicted, why this should he. If the abused feet could have spoken they would have quickly revealed the cause. A Globe satellite met at least half a dozen gentlemen who were mysti fied at the antics their noses had been cutting up. Haber in Hard Luck. Special to the Globe. Chicago. Dec. 24.— P. F. Ha ber. dealer in boots and shoes, confessed judgment to-day in the sum of $6,000. Haber's debts" will make his total Ha bilities fO.OOO. The assets are estimated at $10,000. ■W TROUBLES OF THE TOILERS. Organizers of Labor Speak of the Evils Attending the Importation of Aliens. . Di.tu.oit, Dec. 24. - Representative M. 11. Ford, chairman of the special committee on immigration and labor.ar rived in Detroit yesterday morning. He began his investigation in the Russell house parlor this forenoon, and con tinued until noon, when he left for Grand Rapids, to stay over Christmas at home. Mr. Ford will return Wednes day and resume the taking of testimony. Lyman A. Brant, deputy collector of customs, testified that his duties arc ex clusively in th.- interests of the customs, and he pays no attention to the inforce ment of the pauper law of 1888, and makes no examinations relative to the contract labor law. From his connec tion with labor organizations, he knew that a very large percentage, at least 40 per cent of foreign people from Europe and Canada, work in our print ing offices as compositors. Many of these printers live in Canada, In other trades the same practice prevails, but he did not know that inducements were held out to bring such workmen here. 116 knew of numbers of lumbermen coming into Michigan from Canada to work in the pine woods, who. he presumed, went hack to Canada in the spring. Henry A. Robinson, a justice of the peace and a prominent member of labor organizations, testified that he had per sonal knowledge of Canadians coining into the city for employment, working daily and returning at night. Witness had seen advertisements in Canadian papers for employes in Detroit, but no names were signed to them. There were plenty of American laborers for the various trades at the times, and the object of securing Canadian craftsmen was to break down the unions and cheapen wages. Witness stated that it was very difficult to convict employers of the offense of importing labor." In the Detroit street service there are about TOO persons employed who are aliens. A partial canvass of the labor organizations developed the fact that aliens formed twenty-live per cent of their Dumber. Jeremiah D. Long, city assessor, testified to the same condition of things, and said when labor organiza tions make any effort to increase wages Detroit employers advertise iv Canada for men to keep wages down. Firms keep their names out of advertisements. Johu llaire. assistant city assessor, tes tified that thirty per cent of the carpen ters are aliens. WAR OR NECESSITY The Only Methods by Which tho Annexation of Canada Can Ro Drought About. Special to the Globe. Washington, Dec. 24.— Congressmen whose districts are on the border of Cauada are naturally interested in tho annexation question. The majority of them, however, do not regard the prop osition with favor. "All that part of the Dominion west and north of Minnesota," said Representative Nelson, of Minne sota, "is already practically annexed to St. Paul and Minneapolis commercially. Lower Canada is so far away that thu people there are almost bound to como to US to trade. Annexation, however, I do not consider at all practical. Tho resolution which has been introduced in the house is nothing but buncombe. The building id' the Canadian Pacific railroad destroyed the last chance of an nexation by binding the provinces all together. Before they were very much separated and their isolation might havo caused some of them to desire to como into the Union. The Canadian Pacific has now strong them all together like beads on a string. Neither party in Canada dares to favor annexation, and the less said about it in the United States the better for the success of tho cause. While annexation would be a good thing for us, the Canadians do not desire it. If annexation comes, in my opinion it must come either through war or Inexorable commercial neces sity." 4_» BROKEN HILL BURNED. Destructive Fire in an Australian Mining Camp — Antipodean Echoes. Sax Fbancisco, Dec. 24.— Advices from Australia report a destructive lire at Broken Hill, a new mining camp in New South Wales, Nov. «i. The town was built entirely of wood, and in two hours sixty buildings were destroyed, comprising the main business houses. The losses were heavy, as few carried insurance. The great strike of coal miners at Newcastle has ended. The strike lasted two months. Eight thousand men were idle, and 500,000 lost by the masters ami men. A terrible hurricane swept over Clermont, Queens* land, Nov. 'i. Hailstones as bit: as hen's eggs were driven by the force of tho wind clear through the houses. Gar dens, vineyards and orchards were ruined and forests trees were stripped of leaves. Rush (ires in New South Wales are doing great damage. One is reported fifteen miles long. Largo bands of sheep have been burned be fore they could by removed to places of safety. «^ MUELLER'S MASTERPIECE. Successful Production of "The King's Fool" in Chicago. Special to the Globe. Chicaco, Dec. '24.— first produc tion in America of Adolph Mueller's ro mantle opera, "The King's Fool," was given at the Columbia theater by the Conreid English Opera company, which is controlled by the theater manage ment. Despite rain and mud hundreds of people were turned away, and tho audience was one of the most brilliant of the season. The opera was an in stantaneous success, the first act calling for repeated encores, while the sec ond and third created a furore of ap plause. The scenic setting was the fin est ever seen on a Chicago stage, and the costumes were supurb. A long run of the new opera seems assured. -m- SAME OLD SCHEDULE. Managers of Northwestern Lines Advance Passenger Rates to the Old Tariff. Chicago, Dec. 24.— Passenger rates to the Northwest, which have been cut for several weeks, were advanced to the regular rate this morning on all roads leading to the Northwest, the fare being f 11.50 to St. Paul, first class, and $0 sec ond class. January l, 1880, the passen ger fares for tickets from Chicago to Council Bluffs. Omaha, Kansas City, St. Joseph, Atchison and Leavenworth will be advanced to $12.50, first class. The rates from Chicago to points be tween and beyond above-named termi nals will, on the same date.be advanced to the rates shown in the Chicago rato sheet, in effect Dec. 1. ISMS. The report that the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fo road was to make a decided cut in rates to the West was denied at the company', office to-day. — BEN H.'S LAMENT. Say, stranger— lend me your ear— Anything— a dollar, or maybe a tear. I'm Ben— Ben Harrison— elect .Now hear me whoop. There's Blame, of Maine, And Platt. of brain, Witn <_uay behind the scenes; Allison and Foraker, Dudley. Morton and Llge, Senator this and senator that, Bosses all of a stripe. At me day and at me night, "Benjamin, oh for a bite. Bite, bite, oh, for a bite; Benjamin, give us a bite.''