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THE DAILY GLOBE PUBLISHED EVERY DAY. ■ AT TIIE GLOBE BUILDING, COR. FOURTH AMD CEDAR STREETS BY* LEWIS BAKER. ST.PAUL GLOBE SUBSCRIPTION KATES. Daily (Not [MCLUuua B-ctbat.) 1 jt in advance.?** 00 ] 3m. in advances 200 om. in advance 1 00 I 0 weeks in adv. 1 00 One month 70c. DAILY AND HI'SDAT. 1 yr in advancc-SlO 00 1 3 mc*. in adv. .s'_ 50 tim in advance 500 I 5 weeks in adv. 100 One month 80c SINDAT AI.ONK. 3vr in advance -$2 oo I 3 y.os. in adv 50c t>in in advance 1 00 | 1 mo. in adv 20c Tei- Weekly— (Daily —Monday, Wednesday and Friday.) _vi in advance. sl 00 |ti mos. in adv.. $2 00 ■J months, in advance —$1 00. WEEKLY ST. I'AI i. GLOME. One Year, §1 1 six Mo. 65c : Three Mo. 33c Rejected communications cannot be pre fcened. Address all letters nnd telegrams to TIIK GLOBE. St Paul, Minn. TO-DAY'S WEATHER. Washington, Dec. 27.— Indications for Upper Michigan and Wisconsin: Fair; con tinued low temperature, followed in Wiscon sin by .lightly warmer winds, becoming (southwesterly. For Minnesota and Dakota: Fair; warmer: winds becoming southerly. For lowa and Missouri: Fair; continued low temperature; winds becoming variable. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.. . |3|P:! E W ll ski 2. 5 * tt« g*o 6*B- So Place of 2~ § _ Place of 2- = g Obs'vation. §g, ~~j obs'vation. 2 = _r * *■>'':•« f ' % St. Paul.... 30.12 16| Ft. Buford. 30.26 2 Ft. Sully . 30.30 10 Ft Custer.. 30.32 8 Ft. Touch Helena ... 30.42 —4 Duluth.... 130. 06 20 Minnedosa 30.08 4 La Crosse. 3 '.IS 20 <_*Appelle. 30.16 12 Huron 30.32 10 Calgary.... 30.«'4 20 Moorhead. 130.18 12] Medic'e B. 30.14] 8 St. Vincent '0 10 10 ' Fort Garry ... "Bismarck. 30.32 A Edmonton. 30. is; '20 —Below zero. _ -— The weather has regained its spinal column. |H_» Quay should burn his letters before mailing them. It is to be hoped thai Judge Simon's Illness Is not serious. Upright judges lire too scarce to be taken away. a__ If -.in signal station will keep down It*? black flag there will be more en couragement for the ice industry. If GEN. Uabijison has as much trouble with cabinet-making as the newspapers do. life must be a compli cated affair for him. Ohio has a new law prohibiting the sale of imitation vinegar. It is said that the investigations in connection with it disclosed that nine-tenths of the alleged vim-gar sold was bogus. "So reason appears why that fact should be peculiar to Ohio. ■_» : — If steamboats are to make a prac tice of burning ami cremating or drown ing travelers by the boatload and the lightning trains are to decimate the confiding public in their erratic way, it is to be hoped that the era of airships may be hastened. —»» Gov. MEBBIAM, the days of tribula tion are close at hand for you. The voice of the office seeker is heard in the land, and he is a lusty-lunged EeHow- Neither will he take denial. The promises thai were made in haste can now be repented of at leisure. Cor.. Stew aim*, a prominent resident of Nebraska City, has made his will iiml provided in it that his body shall be cremated and the ashes dumped into the river at midnight. That is a waste of material when soft soap is in de mand, and slippery sidewalks need ashes. _ li was expected that Quay would give an apparent denial of the authen ticity of the confidential letter to the Fargo doctor and coming postmaster, but the denial by the Dakota friend, his former family physician, seems a need less exaction. it is to be hoped he will not lose the postoffice. The Turkish government has granted a permit for *• railroad between Con stantinople and Bagdad, 1,500 miles. When this is completed it will reduce the time from London to Bombay from twenty to about twelve clays. It will open up some of the finest wheat land in Asia in the Euphrates valley. «a»i COASTiNfi on the sidewalks is great fun for the boys. We were boys ourselves once, and we know what it is. But the adult pedestrians ho are compelled to frequent the streets have some rights which even boys ought to respect. The Vacant lots and back alleys should answer for coasting ground, while the streets and sidewalks should be kept for legitimate uses. -»— _. in:. Talma. views the Sunday newspaper as a co-operator with the pulpit in elevating and instructing the people, and would direct effort to elimi nating any objectionable features, lie says the "Sun da. new-paper has come to stay."' II is special interest, however, tain the issue mainly prepared on San day, which appears Monday morning, for it affords a market for his sermons. The discoverer of the alleged fact that poets are long-lived, it is to be hoped is not a fact. The good of society and comfort of life may be endangered by the display of unwholesome facts, or fractional truths. Some poets have been noted for longevity, but more have gone down in the springtime of life. Those who live to a great age are the born, not made, poets. Newspaper poets are noted for their early translation. -s--_fc There is a suspicions bitterness in the denunciations of the appointment of L. 0. Bailey as the United States dis trict attorney at Indianapolis. His op position to Harbison in the campaign will not account for it. He is suspected of too great a disposition to prosecute the investigation of the Didlev mat ter. The subject is not a political one, and, in the Republican view, should be treated as a little pleasantry or cam paign freak, not to be obtruded on the public after the election, A somewhat novel legal case is re ported in one of the towns of New York state. A pastor of a synagogue wants to recover ISO from the two sons of a de ceased Hebrew for savins prayers for the soul ot the departed lather.teaching the sons the Hebrew prayer for the dead and preparing an epitaph for the tomb. The young men were not well up in religious rites and customs, and hence required special instruction. Their defense in the proceeding is that the services of the rabbi were of no value. A court or jury would be likely to be puzzled, if of secular composition, to fix an appraisement of the money value of prayers for the souls of the dead. -— SOCIAL DISORDERS. The portrayal of sickening and brutal crimes, so numerous of late, gives coun tenance to the theories that social dis orders more than keep pace with re formatory efforts, and that the criminal classes are swelling in greater propor tion than the population of the country., The remedies are not apparent, jj About as many, perhaps more, perpetrators of the most shocking crimes atone for their deeds in a slight measure by self-de struction, as the law slowly puts out of the way, and still the brutal record goes on. ' .;•.'.'" ■tan EDUCATIONAL ERRORS. Many subjects of interest in connec tion with our educational system have been discussed by the teachers and school superintendents during the ses sion of their convention in this city the last two days, and those who have fol lowed their proceedings have gained much valuable information. It occurs to us, however, that the friends of pop ular education are now, and have al ways been, too much dependent on the force of legislative enactments to bring the public school system up to a state of perfection. The design. of the school law is to build up a school system equal to the education of all the youth of the state, and yet this design cannot be ac complished by confining ourselves to a mere mechanical performance of those things set forth in a statute. Statutory law at best can do little more than pre scribe negative duties- performance it can compel but in a very limited class Of actions, and its chief force is in pro hibition. Statutes must speak in gen eral terms, and address themselves, not to one or to a few, but to all. They give, ,or can give, no suggestion of either morality, justice or good feeling, and they act mainly by way of restriction upon some of the tendencies of mankind. Statu tory law amounts to a little more than a restraint upon the actions of individ uals, and that upon a very limited num ber of their acts, and possibly point out a formal execution of a few others. This idea is fundamental to the whole superstructure of statute laws, for it is only in a very small and insignificant part of the domain of human nature that law can be applied. Hence we see the fallacy of depend ing entirely upon legislative enact ments for the perfection of our school system. The work depends rather upon the individual effort of* the teacher and the school officer in their execution of the principles of the great unwritten law, which, as COKE says, "is written with the linger of Cod on the heart of man.'' The school room is a little do main into which enter the same abstract and practical questions which enter into every form of human government. It is just as impossible to fix one unalterable rule for the successful government of the school room, as it is to command a course of human action by the instru mentality of written laws. We have made the mistake in our edu cational system of- repressing the in dividuality of the teacher, and in a cor responding decree repressing the in dividuality of the pupil by excessive legislation. The teachers want more elbow room. They want to be relieved ofthe automatic conditions which the laws impose upon them. Then again there is another fatal defect that we want to remedy. The one great false doctrine underlying our whole educa tional system, the one which gives birth to so many others, and one with which the vastly preponderating portion of our population are indoctrinated, and our laws made to conform to- is a belief in the inherent equality of man. The great 1 truth that mankind are unequal and dissimilar— so made like all things else by the natural laws producing and governing them* and wisely predestined by these immutable laws ever to occupy different relations to each, appears to have been wholly ignored by modern educators and political economists. The result of building the system on this false foundation is that the pupils in the public schools are gathered together like cattle in a barn, the same provender being dealt out to all alike, and iv equal quantity, without any regard to the dif ferences in the brain power of the pupils or of their different capacities for mental digestion. Our school system can never obtain perfection until the teacher is granted more latitude in the government of the school room, ami is permitted to use more discrimination in the training and education of children. The best the law can do is to erect a linger board here and there, and leave to those engaged in educational work the duty of supply; ing the motive power and directing the course of the journey. Human govern ment cannot be reduced to geometrical exactness, for form and method will do only lor things of form and method. Hence, those to whom is committed the government of our school system must be left free to .study tin- secret forces of nature, and apply the principles thus gathered to the government of their pe culiar domain. _ <_. ANOTHER RICHMOND. The favorite method for entering a senatorial candidate into the field in this state is first to boom him for a cabi net position. Mr. Saiun, Gen.WASH mitN and Mr. Donnelly have all had then terms on the cabinet racket, and now the list must be opened to Km tk Nelson, The latter gentleman has suc ceeded in having himself written upas the prospective secretary of the interior. So we take it that Mr. Nelson is really preparing to shy his castor into the sen atorial ring. Ami vet it is possible that Gen. llu.i.i-ON may have hi.-, eye on Mr. Nelson as lit timber for a cabinet post. His long experience in Congress and his familiarity with the operations of * the land laws might make him a valuable person to have in the interior department. still the chances are that the president-elect will confine his cabi net selections to the list of really big guns whose names have been presented to his consideration. Mr. Nelson will have to come back West and grow up with the country before he can attain the distinction of sitting at the cabinet board. __. THE OPIUM HABIT. It there are, as asserted, million? of dollars' worth of opium smuggled into this country by way of the British re gions on the northern border, there must be an alarmin_ consumption of it. It is agreed that the opium habit is more pernicious than drink or tobacco in any of their forms. It wrecks both mind and body. It is a drug that shat ters the domestic sanctuary more surely than strong drink, as its use is as com mon among women a.- men. Why do not the reformatory movements put it upon their programme and open batteries in this direction occasionally. Its sale can be more easily restrained than that of liquid stimulants. : - «..»■ r AN ELECTORAL CHANGE. In the discussion of the conceded in equitable electoral system, the sugges tion of a combination of the state and congressional district plans meets with a good deal of favor. Under this each voter will vote for but three electors two for the state at large and one for his congressional district. The result would not then depend upon the vote of two or three great states, and the inducement for bribery and fraud would be largely reduced. The sectional character of the result would be less marked. Repub lican s would have electoral votes in the South, and the Democrats would have THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: FRIDAY MOKMXG, DECEMBER 28, 1883. some in the West. New York would have voted nineteen for Haukisox. to seventeen for Cleveland, and in most of the states there would be division. Kansas," Minnesota, Vermont and some others would be solid for the Repub licans, as Texas and a few other states would be for the; Democrats. The suit might not often be changed, but the minorities would have a better chance, and < the growing evil of great over shadowing states would be obviated. -.— — ■ THE OLD STORY. yy Jay Gould is broken down in health and his physicians prescribe a sea voy age southward in hopes that a change of climate will benefit him. His son's wife drives him out for an airing in the park every day. treating him with the gentle care of a weak invalid. He is only in the prime of life, and should be in the enjoyment of all that life affords to the most favored, but the strain upon his faculties in the effort, to provide against want has been too great, aud recuperation is probably impossible. He will linger along as a physical suf ferer or drop into a princely tomb pre maturely. That is the record of most of those who keep up the severe tension of managing great enterprises to pile up needless wealth. Such instances should be improved by the average citizen, and warn him to be content after he has gathered in fifteen or twenty millions, and try to live with such comfort as lie can, without straining after the rest. REVERSING LAWS OP TRADE. It Is remembered by some that there once was a theory embodied in the adage that "competition is the life of trade." That was before the trust and combination era. The object now, in all the great lines, and some not so great, is to obviate competition, in order to make larger profits on less business, and give the consumer less temptation to indulge in extravagance and luxury. The coal mines shut down to keep up prices, mills close to prevent flour going down with wheat, the copper ore devel opment is reduced to Keep up the corners, and so on through all the lines of industry. The great effort Is to de vise means to victimize the public to enrich the individual. The docile public winces a trifle at times, but still offers its back for new burdens. m GOING TO STICK. There is some alarm felt by the Re publicans in Michigan over the declara tion of Don Dickinson that he means to remain in that state until it becomes Democratic. He has the indications of longevity, but be expects that four years more will release him from local obliga tions. Gen. Cass, of that state, who missed the presidency in 1848 by the divisions of the Democrats in New York state, like Dickinson, foresaw events in a cheerful light and afforded the Whigs a great deal of merriment in the idea of taking home his remains oy way of the lakes. Don, however, is a good, enterprising citizen, and his chief dan ger is that the good people of his state will manipulate the voting conditions to the end of retaining him with them. THE STATE PRESS. Stillwater Gazette. Joel P. Heatwole, editor of the Northfield News, was among yesterday's arrivals at the Ryan. lie said that the country papers of Minnesota were vering around and shaping their coarse in the right direction. They were opposed to "Mr. WashDiirn, and seventy that be knew of were indorsing the candi dacy of Senator Sabin. Fine, Pink-Edged. Shakopee Courier. The Globe issued another fine pink-edged edition on Sunday— regular Christmas num ber. A Good Pair. St. Peter Tribune. The Globe has recently published portraits and biographical sketches of the Nicollet county delegation to the state legislature- Senator G. S. Ives, and Representative C. R. Davis. A better-looking pair cannot be found in seventeen counties. Was No Loss. Faribault Republican. The Minneapolis Tribune is showing up the promises made by the Pioneer Press to print a weekly letter booming the towns from which it secured the stipulated circu lation for its daily, and the fulfillment of which would require the publication ot from thirty to fifty columns of this kind of chaff every week. Puff, of a town, which are so notoriously paid matter, are of little value anyway, and those localities that are not re ceiving the weekly write-ups stipulated for have no occasion to make a great ado over the matter. Safe This Winter. Granite Falls Tribune. It is to be hoped that the capitol building will not give way as it has on former occa sions when insignificant outbursts of oratory was emitted from the two chambers. It is safe to predict no serious collapse this win ter, however, as Donnelly will have no chance to throw himself. Means to an End. Albert Lea Standard. It is reported that there will be actually twenty members of the legislature whom Ig Donnelly can bank on. If ho would only di vide with them it would be different, but he will not. He is never able to get enough to satisfy his own alitudinous ambition or his insatiate wants. The chaps that hang to his ci at tails are simple means to an end. j A Non-Resident, Albert Lea Enterprise. With all due respect to Mr. Windom we are of the opinion that our valued contem porary, the Winona Republican, will have serious trouble in working up a boom for him, as be is generally looke 1 upon as a non resident of this state. -^ ALL AROUND. Mrs. Catharine Teagle, the wealthy colored woman who left $70,000 to charity, was buried Monday at Westchester, Pa., the fun eral costing over $'-.000. The body reposed in a JI.OOO casket, composed of sheet cop per, cedar, silk plush, and tufted satins. The shroud, a most elaborate and costly one, was made of pearl colored satin, heavily trimmed with fine laces cords and tassels of the showiest patterns. The coffin-plate, bearing the name and age of the aeceased, was a large one. and. like the huge casket handles, was of solid silver. Dr. John W. Scott, father-in-law of Presi dent-elect Harrison, was caught m a rain storm one day last week, contracting thereby a, severe cold which resulted in a case of bronchitis and kept him in bed for some days He is now convalescent. Dr. Scott has become something of a great Scott in that he receives a great many letters from men anxious to obtain his influence with the new administration. He answers all letters addressed to him courteously, informing his correspondents that he has no special In fluence with the President-elect. The grounds and buildings of the Bonlaq museum, that great repository of Egyptian antiquities, was sold on the Bth of December. The collection is to be placed in the . Palace of Geiyeh. Victoria \\ oodhull is said to have taken up her abode nt#aris. where she has bought a house for 2,000,000 francs, in which she hopes to found an institution for the tree education of women. . The New York Star says: Henry Villard is once more a familiar figure on Wall street, and is deeper than ever iv big financial deals and corporation management. He has grown a trifle gray and is stouter than when he was the presiding genius of the Northern Pacific Railroad company; but he is just as active and seems to possess an unlimited faculty for acquiring the confidence ot investors. At preseut he confines his connection with the Northern Pacific to a seat in the board of directors, and, in addition, is president of the Oregon Transcontinental company, which originated in his famous "blind pool." Cir cumstances he could not control, rather than any want of foresight on his part as to the outcome of his enterprises, was tne cause of the trouble which overtook him in ISS4 and 1885. I like to see a man who is plucky and energetic enough to recover his Dosition after such a downfall, and Mr. Villard certainly offers a striking example of \ this. He ' now has a million of German money at his back, and, I learn from people S who are closo to him, is making a specialty of investments for his clients in smaller enterprises like electric light and street railway concerns which promise good returns. :.'";-• ". ' PROMINENT PEOPLE. In spite of tempting offers Lord Tennyson refuses to write his memoirs. Who says Tennyson is not a great man? Queen Victoria's speech to Parliament was a brilliant effort at distorting facts. Victoria should try her hand at a novel. Mary Anderson is now fulfilling an en gagement in Boston, a thing which she has never done for her engagements to British peers. *;'. -^jj~-y 'l Gov, Swineford of Alaska predicts that the mommoth, alive and well, will yet be found in the interior of his remarkable Territory. • Queen Maria Pia of Portugal has a clearly defined mustache on her upper lip, and it is said that she is positively proud of her hir sute adornment. Secretary Vilas will not go to New York to practice law after March 4. It is his inten tion to return to Madison, Wis., and to re sume his practice there. ' Mrs. Vilas is still in poor health. y Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria rises all the year round at 6 in the morning, but often he is surprised by his personal attend ants when sitting at his writing table as early as 4 in the morning. Gov. Foraker flatly repudiates Congress man Grosveuor's intercession in his behalf for a cabinet position, and says: "I am not making any I claim upon Gen. Harrison, or anybody else and no one has a right to put me before the public in such an altitude." Miss Xellie Bayard, daughter of Secretary Bayard, will make her debut in Washington society on New Year's day. She will be pre sented to President and Mrs. Cleveland at the White bouse, and will afterwards receive the diplomatic corps at her fathers house. Kate Field, who Is now engaged in boom ing California wines, has been arguing with the committee iv charge of President-elect Harrison's inaugural ceremonies. She claims that a party devoted to the protection of American industries should drink nothing but native wines at an inaugural banquet. The committee is willing to compromise and divide its order for wines between native and foreign brands. • :■■ Lillie Devereux Blake says that the Ameri can eagle is a ben. At the same time we hear that Rutherford B. Hayes is going into th. cabinet. Miss Hii King Eng is a Chinese beauty who is making quite a sensation in Washington society. She is said to be a relative of the emperor of China. - Gustave Herman, tho Ann Arbor tailor who went crazy because he received a letter from the presidcut-elect, differs radically from the politicians. Some of them will evidently go crazy if they don't get a letter pretty soon with the autograph of B. Harrison attached, t, IiITTLiE LAUGHS. Paradoxically enough, a standing army often occupies the seat of war.— Mail. Ho was "Claud"' before he married her and clawed afterward.— Traveler. The man who finds fault when Ms news paper is clamp is equally dissatisfied when it is dry. — Times. Christmas trees are full. Bight there is where Christmas trees differ from .pocket books.—Baltimore American. The season Is approaching when the full dressed fashionable woman will give society the cold shoulder.— Washington Post. One gift that is always within reach and that is always welcome— the cheery face and the kindly Philadelphia Ledger. We have been waiting for some one to say that the prettiest thing in a Christmas stock ing is a pretty girl's shapely ankle.—Hose leaf. Let well enough alone. Ignorance is bliss. Don't take your Christmas present to an ex tort to find out what it is worth.— Boston Courier. ... There are 2.750 languages, but not one of them comes up to the scratch when the weary editor soills a quart of ink over an editorial which co>t him two hours' hard —Burlington Free Press. A fellow in Springfield, 111., is pretending that he is Frank J-ames. There-is something peculiar about this ambition. Frank James used to put in most of his time pretending to be somebody else.— Omnhi lie-eld. There were 19,912 patents issued nt Wash ington last year, and yet a woman still uses a dollar and a halt pair of sheiirs^o pry open a can of peaches. Genius seems to be mis applied considerable extent. — Xorristown Herald. It is not strange that iJiddleberger makes a donkey of himself so frequently. Alterations required are so small that nothing is easier for him to do.— New Orleans Picayune. It is said that there are 1.200 actors out of employment in this country. They ought to be given the places of some of the people on the stage who are not Baltimore American. Mrs. Bliffers ('reading*— An elegant winter wrap, the latest Paris style, can now be bought for $75. Mr. Bliffers (greatly in terested) it say anything about the price of overcoats? Mrs. Bliffers (looking over the paper)— Let mc see. O, yes; here it is "Go to Cheap John's Celebrated Misfit Emporium lor an overcoat, elegant garment, price $*">. wo.th 58. Alto freshly assorted stock second-hand goods, slightly soiled, neatly latched, $;.."* Hear me 1 How cheap things are nowadays. Just thiuk. A wrap for me and an overcoat for you can be got for §78.— Xew York Weekly. .0. He Wanted a Preacher. Auniston (Ala.) Watchman. A good old colored brother thus sent word to the bishop to send a minister out to preach to his church in Alexan dria valley last Sunday: "Send us a bishop to preach. If you can't send a bishop send a sliding elder: if you can't send a sliding elder send us a stationary preacher; if you can't send him. send us a circus ridei ; if you can't spare him send us a locus preacher; if you can't spare a locus preacher send us an exhauster." That settled it, and he got a preacher. ■ Carver Is Plucky. At 1 o'clock this morning Dr. Carver's score was :;7.000 shots fired. During the day he shot 10,000 balls, and late at night gave it out cold that he was going to shoot all night, and make up some if not all of his lost time. OBITUARY. Chicago, Dec. 27.— Michael Keeley, a prominent brewer of this city and well known throughout the West, died last evening, aged fifty-nine, sf In Good Company. Xew Yokk, Dec. Russell Harri son attended to-night the dinner of the commercial travelers at the Metropoli tan hotel. ■ ■-* - ■■' _ ■ *m- THE YEARS AND I. We clasped our hands, the blithe youngyean and I,* i * We saw the luring world before ns lie, We laughed aloud, nor dreamed of tear and sigh. We blessed our fate, the tide of hope ran high When we clasped hands— the blithe young years and I. — We saw Love flit before us on the way. And shine with light that far outshone the - day. _.- We heard his call, we hastened to obey, We sought him eagerly lest he"d delay ,-'-'*,?. '-. To show the site where his sweet city lay, The blithe young years and I. We clasped our hands, the gray bent years and I, We saw the darkened world behind us lie. We wept aloud, we shook with sob and sigh. We cursed our fate, the tide of grief ran high When we clasped hands— the gray tint years and I. We saw Death flit before us on the way And cast a shade that did obscure the day; We heard his call, we trembled to obey. We shrank from him as fain we would delay To find the site where his dread city lay, V-- y ■-' ' ' ' The gray bent years and" I. ' - • —Susie M. Best in Home Journal. „ THE WIRESJF FATE Are Being- Pulled Between the Warriors, Sabin and . Washburn. i.- . - v ! _______ ■■■. "" Democrats in the Legisla f ture Are Inclined to Favor /; j the Stillwater Man. ■* I - ■ — — . Will the Session Be of Ninety H or Sixty Days, a Ques tion. ■ I. — — — . L Much Talk Finally Awards to R. C. Elliott the Governor's • Private Secretaryship. C. P. Gregory, of Stillwater, and a member of the legislature of 1887, was caressing a cigar with his lips yesterday afternoon when asked by a Globe re porter^vhat Senator Sabin's chances for re-election were. "Good," he replied. "I think that we will send him back all right, and I be lieve that when the contest comes a good many Democrats will 'be found voting for him of their own free will. They certainly will not -vote for Wash burn. "Stillwater will have important legis lation to ask foi this winter, particu larly in regard to lumber and boom mat ters, yyy I am not certain in my own mind that this session of. the leeislature can, in the present status of the law, be 0110 of ninety days' duration. My opinion is that the people only voted on an amendment to the constitution, which now the legislature can make a law if it sees fit to do so. By pressing a bill early in the session, having the governor sign it at once, and then publishing it, a ninety-day session might be had this year. Otherwise, it would probably not come until 1890. lam not certain that this is the situation, but a casual glance at the amendment inclines me to think that it is." * * * ■.■■-■ .: Gen. Washburn scurried across the corridors at the Merchants, laid his hand familiarly upon the shoulder of D. F. Morgan and whispered: yy : "I want to see you for a moment." This and other circumstances have started the rumor that Mr. Morgan's candidacy for speaker is directly in Washburn's interest, while that of Col. Graves is similarly accused of being for Senator Sabin. Messrs. Estes, Davis, Flynn and Stevens have^done so little toward pushing their ambitions for speakership that the success of any one of them seems dependent only upon the forlorn contingency of a deadlock. Mr. Morgan has taken up his permanent quarters at the Merchants. He con siders Col. Graves to be his most danger ous opponent, but has a good word to say for the latter's. ability to fill the position. He disavows all connection with the senatorial contest, saying that he is up for speaker on his own merits and nothing else. '■ ? .*-' y * * : D. .1. Knox, of Aitkin, stopped at the Merchants on his way home from Wis consin. Of political matters he said: "I think the outlook for Sabin is much better than it was two week-, atjo or on the Ist of December. In our section of the state I think the legislative mem bers favor him in preference to Wash burn. I don't know who will be speaker, bat Col. Graves would fill the position acceptably. I should judge from the run of talk that our people would favor Barto for railroad commissioner if Mr. .Merriam intends to give the Fifth dis trict one of those offices. Barto is well liked and commands the confidence of . the people." Charley Gilman to a Friend— l am down here and not saying a word. Warren Ives— lf 1 remain dairy com- * missioner I shall present to the next legislature a bill to prevent and punish the adulteration of food in this state. it is a question which needs immediate at tention from our lawmakers. County Attorney Schallcr, of Hast ings—The only ripple from the sena torial fight that reaches us, is that Don nelly is in it for keeps. * * _ Gossip, rumor and some truth, all mixed together, seem to finally have made out that Gov. Merriam's private secretary will not be— C. M. Schulz— nor— Joel Heatwole— C. Elliott, at present a valued attache of the Mer chants National bank. Mr. Elliott r.as already served in the capacity of a con fidential secretary to Mr. Merriam and his transfer to the state capitol is re garded as very appropriate, albeit it leaves several good newspaper men out in the cold. Speculation is rife as to whether or not Will Angell, who has been governor's clerk under two gov ernors, will remain so under a third. The peanuts have been extensively wa gered among the newspaper, men that he remains. * * *. Robert Deakin is quite certain that he is to be the next clerk of the house, having received numerous assurances from members of their .-support. John 11. Howard, past clerk, continues to re ceive requests to allow his name to be i used for the same position. John does not object to this kind of solicitation, nor to its being put into practical effect. Fred L. Warner,- of lied wood Falls, will ask for the clerkship, and in the event of not receiving it, will probably j be made first assistant clerk. C. P. Carpenter desires to be attached to the house clerks again, and was at the Merchants yesterday making a canvass. The number of candidates for the mi nor positions is larger than ever before. L. H. McKusick, one of the new mem bers, relates thai he has received nearly 200 applications, and that all the appli cants state that they are either farmers or related to fanners, thinking that an A l recommend for legislative service. * * Some one (name supprrssed) who was bitten in the September wheat flurry has written a long letter to one of the senators, urging the revival of Senator . Bowen's bucket shop bill, which was "killed two years ago by an active lobby. The writer unfolds a harrowing tale of how he bought at $l.0.», held until she touched Sl.lo*<, and then sagged to SI.OS, leaving him "S4O In the hole and a large family to support."' It is the in tention of the receiver of the letter to place it in the care of Senator Ward, who is noted for his large-hcartedness. * V Senator Kellar, despite his Demo cratic proclivities, is out for Senator Sabin strong. Of the less than thirty Democratic votes in the boose and sen ate," thirteen have avowed themselves as favorable to Senator Sabin. This necessitates the securing of sixty-two Bepublican votes to elect. As far as can be ascertained, no Democratic com bination is being attempted, but as each Bourbon registers at the Merchants, he is sounded and put down in the column to which he belongs. * • Gordon E. Cole met Gen. |Washburn in the corridors of the Merchants yes terday ! afternoon and bowed. Mr. Washburn bowed very coldly, touched finger tips with him and turned his head away. So distant and - frosty was this meeting between intellect and money that the thermometer on John Ford's desk registered '20 degrees below, and the fire in the big wood stove went out. Ignatius Donnelly came bobbing along, all sunshine and good humor. His "ha ha" could be heard on the street, and when he said, "Why, how do you do, Gen. Cole." the bonds of winter were broken by the very mellowness of his solutation* Senator Sabin came In just at that momeut. and poking his finger at Dement, of Steele, let out a huge guffaw over some joke. Gen. Washburn took the elevator, the thermometer . sneaked back into respectability, and the big wood fire started up of its own accord. A bill providing labor forthe convicts of the state prison is being prepared for early submission to the legislature and with a view to having it become a law as soon- as possible. Tortious of it will not be drafted until the junketing prison inspectors report. m GRANGERS MAKE DEMANDS. Grant County Farmers Ask for and Expect a Great Deal. Special to the Globe. Elbow Lake, Minn., Dec. 27.— a special meeting of the Farmers' alliance of this county, held at the court house this evening, the following resolutions were adopted We, the farmers of Grant County alliance, in convention assembled, first . reaffirm our former declaration of principles .and resolu tions, aud point with pride to the fact that the farmers stood so nobly by alliance prin ciples iv Grant couuty in the recent election, and that the corrupting influences of money was powerless to* control a delegate sent frem Grant county to any convention held during this year. We protest against tha election of any man to the United States senate who is unfriendly to the interstate commerce law, and espe cially demand that the fourth section and anti-pooling clause be kept intact. We be lieve the railroad laws and grain laws are in the main good laws if properly enforced. These laws in many instances have been either ignored or openly violated. ■ We ask that sufficient penalties be attached to insure the enforcement of the laws enacted provid ing against the fraudulent issue of stocks. We ask the legislature to enact laws, with peualties sufficient to prevent the gteat evil of money in electiouß. As both parties have declared in favor of the Australian system of voting, we expect and demand that the legis lature frame and put upon the statute books laws which will mate it a penalty for any man, either directly or indirectly, to' offer or accept money for corrupting influences, either in conventions or selections. This money evil is the gravest of existing evils, and threatens the very existence of the re republic. * * . .- y ; r T. C. Hodgson was elected president, and Gen. Barrett delegate to the state .convention, to be held in St. Paul, Jan. 10, ISB9. _ -t— ..", IN FINANCIAL STRAINS. Business Firms Unable to Meet Their Obligations. Rockford, 111., Dec. John D. Godfrey's merchant tailor and furnish ing store was closed by the sheriff yes terday under confessions of judgment amounting to $9,500. There are about $10,000 of debts outstanding and un secured, mostly due to Eastern . houses. The stock will invoice about $20,000. Hastings, Neb.. Dec. 27. The sport ing goods house of C. A. Gardner failed yesterday with large liabilities; assets unknowu. Terry, Miss., Dec. 27.— R. C. Terry, general merchant, has suspended with liabilities of £20,000; assets not known. , Richmond, Va., Dec. 27.— Whig this morning announced its suspension. This morning's Richmond Whig an nounced that its subscription list, good will and advertisement has been pur chased by the Times and that the Whig will suspend publication. The Times will be issued under its own name and there will be no change in the manage ment of the paper. Galen's Owner Is Gritty. Chicago, Dec. 27.— George Hankins, owner of Galen, made a proposition to night in reply to Sam Bryant's talk about Proctor Kuott Hankins, in the course of an interview, said he was averse to making a match between Galen and Knott, believing that match races were the means of breaking down too many good horses. He was willing, however, to enter Galen in a sweep stakes with Kuott and any other "crack," the more the merrier, the backing to be $5,000 a corner.. -. Charged With Malpractice. . Chicago, Dec. 27.— The grand jury to-day returned a true bill charging Dr. John B. Chaffee with murder. It is al leged that he performed a criminal operation on a white girl named Katie Smith for the purpose of killing an un born child, of which Edward Pryor, a negro, was the father. The girl died from the effects of the operation, and the doctor and Pryor were arrested. Another indictment, charging Pryor with murder, was returned later in the day. Rewarding a Man-Killer. New B runswick, N. J., Dec. 27.— Gusti Vaski, alias Warschete, who was found guilty of murder in the second degree for killing Michael Skokam with a club, at Perth Amboy, and who yes terday saved the life of Jailer Gulick, was sentenced this morning to ten years in the penitentiary. Judge Scud der gave him a light sentence because of his defense of the jailer, and will lay his case before the court of pardons. Will bo Settled To-day. Special to the Globe. Chicago, Dec. 27.— sensational Linciauer Bros. & Co., litigation, practi cally came to an end late this evening. The court announced that he would render a decision to-morrow as to whether there was a voluntary assign ment by Lindauer Bros. & Co., and if so, whether he shall remove George Ein stein who becomes the assignee, if there was an assignment. - Unable to Agree. Special to the Globe. Pittsburg. Pa., Dec. 27.— The coke producers of Cornellsville region met in this city to-day to consider the price of the fuel for January. It was thought that the price would be advanced, but the meeting was unable to agree and adjourned without any definite agree ment. - m* Suffering From Convulsions. Xkwbi "li-iii, N. V., Dec. Mamie Wood, who has been figuring in the Schoonmaker murder and suicide case, arrived here to-night on the steamer Newburgh, from New York. She was suffering from convulsions. She said she had taken rat poison which she had purchased at a Brooklyn drug store. She was taken to St. Luke's hospital. She will probably recover. -»r_. . Decision Is Reserved. Chicago, Dec. 27.— At the conclu sion of the argument in the anarchist injunction suit this afternoon, the court announced that decision would be re served until a future date, which he would make known at the proper time. Burglars Raid a Postoffice. Chicago, Dec. 27.— Postoffice In spector Kidder was to-day notified that the postoffice at Argos, Ind.. was en tered by burglars on Sunday night last and robbed of the money order fund, the amount of which is not stated. There is no clue to the robbers. Dancers Jarred by a Bomb. Harrisonburg, Ya., Dec. 27.— Last night a house in the eastern part of this county, in which a number of colored people were holding a party, was blown up by dynamite and several of the in mates, it is said, fatally wounded. No particulars are given. ■t-> Accessory to the Crime. Louisyiixe, Ky.. Dec. John Lin ton was arrested in Jeffersonville this afternoon, charged with being accessory to killing a negro at Talladema, Ala. Linton is well connected and says, he can prove that he had no connection tion with the affair. ' . yy --■-* : Bound, Beaten and Robbed. Winthrop, Me., Dec. 27.— M. C. Frost, a farmer near Westerly, was knocked , down in his barn, terribly beaten, bound, gagged and robbed, this evening, by two men who escaped. Frost had eleven bad cuts on. his head and neck, and is in a precarious con dition. MANY MILES OF MAIN LINE. The Tear Just Closing Has Been a Great . One for Railroad Building. "> STOCKHOLDERS SURPRISED. Directors of All the Vanderbilt Lines Meet and Declare Big Divi ■ dends. -"'." Chicago, Dec. 27.— Railway Age to-morrow will say: Notwithstanding the widespread impression that tlie ad ditions to the railway systems of the United States during 1888 would be com paratively insignificant, the evidence is now before us that the railway mileage of the country was increased during the year by no less than 7,120 miles of main track. * While this is much less than the phenomenal increase in the year ISB7, 1556, 1882 and 18S1, when the new mile age was respectively 13.000, 9,000, 11,500 and 9.796 miles, the record of the past year exceeds that of every other year in history, with the exception of the year 1871, when 7,371) miles were added. New track was laid in all but two of the forty-seven states and territories, the exceptions being Khocle Island and Nevada. . Kansas still leads the list in the extent of new mile age, as she has done for several other years/ California conies next. - The most striking characteristic of the year's work is the large number of separate lines of which is composed and the corres pondingly small average— less than twenty miles— for each line. Only about twelve built more than 100 miles miles each; those doing the largest amount of work being "the Chicago, Kansas & Nebraska. 412 miles; St. Paul, Minneapolis & Manitoba, 274 miles, and Southern Pacific, through various sub sidiary companies, a little over 300 miles. These facts are important as showing how the nature of the work of railway construction changed in a sin gle year. The building of great compe titive lines practically ceased for the immediate present, and the year's work was chiefly devoted to the construction of short independent lines or branches." DIVIDENDS DECLARED. Directors of All Vanderbilt Roads Meet and Surprise Stockhold ers. . ' Nkw Yobk, Dec. 27.— directors of all the Vanderbilt roads met at the Grand Central depot this morning. The meetings have been awaited with great interest both in Wall street and among the holders of the stocks in the different companies controlled by the Vandor bilts. The amount of stock in the com panies represented amounts to nearly $200,000,000, and on all but $14,000,000 of it dividends have been paid almost con tinuously for many years. For some days rumors have been current that tins policy of the company to ad hero to a four per cent rate would be changed, in deference to the wishes of W. K. Vanderbilt, and these reports were confirmed by the action of the Lake Shore directors, who declared an extra dividend of 1 per cent in addi tion to the regular dividend of 2 per cent for the current six months. This makes the stock pay 5 per cent for the year ending Dec. 31. 1888, as a .semi annual dividend of 2 per cent had been paid in July. At a meeting of the board of directors to-day a dividend of 1 per cent was declared, payable Jan. 15,1889, and a resolution passed that the policy of the board is to return to a 5 per cent dividend basis; that with this view the surplus for the present quar ter be held as a special fund, which, to gether with the surplus for the remaining quarters, be available for a special dividend at the end of the fiscal year. The Michigan Central declared a semi-annual dividend of 2 per cent, and the Canada Southern a semi-annual dividend of l*-4 per cent. In the after noon the directors of the Cleveland. Columbus, Cincinnati & Indianapolis road met and declared a dividend of 1 ' t per cent. This was a decided surprise, as the company has paid no dividend since 1883, and none was expected on it to-day. The directors of the Beech Creek railroad also met and declared a semi-annual dividend of 2 .: per cent on the preferred stock. This makes divi dends declared to-day at the Grand Cen tral depot ou stock amounting to 188, --928,000. AMENDING THE LAW. President Hill's Views on Pool ing Interests. A dispatch was received from New York yesterday stating that a concerted attack was being made upon tho inter state commerce law by leading railroad officials, with a view* to securing an amendment to the law which will allow pooling. President J. J. Hill, of the Manitoba, declared that he did not know anything about it and had taken no pari in such a movement. It seemed to him, how ever, that roads should be allowed to enter into agreements in regard to rates. "If two roads enter a town," he con tinued, "and one is 150 miles long and the other 120 miles, the latter road will do all the business. Then the other road will cut rates. On the other hand, if they are allowed to agree upon rates they can make them so that both roads can live." OF LITTLE OR NO EFFECT. The Supreme Court of the Lone Star State Permanently En joins the Texas Traffic Associ ation. Austin, Tex., Dec. 27.— The supreme court of Texas has rendered a decision in the case of the state against the Texas Traffic association, making per manent an injunction previously ob tained. This injunction restrains the association from continuing in business. The Texas asso ciation was made up of railroads in Texas which were united under an agreement as to rates. W. H. Newman, of the Missouri Pacific railroad, says the injunction will only affect the roads that are altogether in Texas, as they composed the association. S. W. For dyce,. of the St. Louis, Arkansas & Texas railroad says it will not have much effect upon Texas roads, as the association was dissolved last July by agreement. Broke Their Agreement.. : Notwithstanding the agreement made several days ago between St. Paul and Chicago lines whereby rates were re stored with the promise' that they would be maintained, it is rumored that the compact has been broken. Advices ' from Chicago state that scalpers are being supplied with the means of con- ' tinuing the demoralization indefinitely. P. S. Lustis. general passenger agent of the Burlington, was informed that the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City road was furnishing Clark street bro kers with second-class tickets to St. Paul over that line, the brokers buying , them at 17 apiece and selling them at j SJS. The regular second-class fare is 99. , Chips From the Ties. The Manitoba weather report showed the , mercury to be «**• de<r. yesterday at Great • Falls. The Northern Pacific reports snow be tween Jamestown and Mandau, with colder . weather west of Mandan.; 'lt was 12 deg. below zero at Helena Wednesday night. ' Several of the trains from Chicago were de- - layed yesterday by snow which had drifted 1 in Northern lowa and in tne southwestern ] part of Wisconsin. 1 The Western Association of General Pas- ] senger and Ticket Agents met at bt. Louis yesterday. .** -'"'.O ■*: • ; Devoid of Public Interest. . St. Louis, Dec. 27.— The meeting of the Western association of passenger 7 and ticket agents, held here to-day, was devoid of public interest. It was a post- "*■ poned meeting, and there was a large _ amount of routine, clerical business dis posed of. y."*y [ •] STUDY OF NATURAL SCIENCE, Rules for It Laid Down by Ex* pcrts. Special to the Globe. * Baltimore. Md., Dec. 27.— The American Society of Naturalists began its annual meeting here to-day. The membership is. composed of leading scientific men of the country and pro fessors of the various colleges. Harrison Allen, 'of Philadelphia, presided. The' morning session was occupied with rou tine reports and the president's annual address. At the afternoon session, Prof. George Macloskie, of Princeton, read a paper on the arrangement of the analytical keys. The committee on science in the public schools in their report discussed the plan or work in natural science which the society should recommend. The committee expressed* the opinion that instruction in natural; science should commence in the lowest grades of the primary schools, and should continue throughout the curriculum. In the lower grades the instruction should be chiefly by means of object lessons*. In the high grades the in struction should be more systematic An elementary acquaintance with some; one or more depart of natural science should be required for admis sion to college. The committee recom mended that in the lower graded schools the study of science should be confined to a study of plants and animals. The Introduction of rudimentary courses in physics and chemistry in the grammar schools is recommended. In the high schools geography, piuuenogamic, bot any and human physiology should be taught. It was recommended that a delegate from the society be appointed to present the subject before the gen eral bodies of the various colleges. The : report of the committee was adopted. -»> LAW SlHTt* SQUELCHED. Litigation that Was Begun Un der a Misapprehension .*'£ Is' Brought to a Close. Chicago, Dec. 27.— The forty-three suits instituted in the superior court ot Cook county, Oct. 25, against the indi viduals composing the firm of Howell, Jewett & Co., of Atchison, Kan., and others, by E. L. Roberts and other cred itors of the defunct Chicago Lumber company, of Kansas, were to-day aIL of them dismissed at the plaintiff's cost. It is stated that investigation has led the plaintiffs to the conclusion that the were brought under a misapprehension Of the facts and to believe that their several interests are identical with those of Howell. Jewett & Co.. as creditors and can best be subserved by harmoni ous action in enforcing their demand? against the company of which Mr. Cur rier was manager. CRUEL COL. CHURCH. The Wife of a Prominent Rail road Man Sues for Divorce. Columbus, 0., Dec. 27.— news that Col. S. 11. Church, so prominently connected with the Pan Handle rail road, has been sued for divorce by his wife, Margaret G. Church, spread like wild fire this morning, and is the talk of the city. Mrs. Church alleges in her petition that ber husband lias been guilty of adultery with Theresa Schirz inger, a domestic at the family mansion on Broad street; also, that for the past twenty-four months be has been guilty of extreme cruelty toward her. often ordering her from the bouse, and using threatening and profane language to ward her. She alleges that since she learned of her husband's adulter)' Dec. 20, she has been living with her father. Late this afternoon Col. Church filed it cross-petition denying the charges in toto, and asking for the custody of the children. _ LOWES' WIFE A LUNATIC. A Torontonian Arrives in St. Louis on a Sad Mission. St. Loins, Mo., Dec. 27. -J. D. Lowes arrived in St. Louis to-night from To ronto, Out., to take charge of an insane wife and two children. They arrived here over a week ago from Texas. The mother was sent to the insane asylum and the children! a little girl aged four and a babe of four months, were sent to the White Cross home. The husband learned of the whereabouts of his chil dren through Texas relatives. She greeted him very coldly. He started for home with his unfortunate wife and children. ' Escaped on a Technicality. Special to the Globe. BAKU Pokks, Dak., Dec. 27.— Tlie case against Dave Sulzhaek, Fred Brow and Charlie Holt was called in the district court this morning. The district attorney moved that the Indict ments be dismissed and the defendant* discharged.' lie based his motion on tho fact that irregularity existed in not ci.** ing sufficient notice to challenger ol voters. It has transpired that the per son challenging, and upon whose evi deuce the indictments were found, is not a resident of the ward as required bylaw. Judge Templcton granted the motion, and the case was accordingly thrown out of court. Thomas Burke pleaded guilty to unlawfully selling liquor and was asked to contribute $150 to the county funds. Jacob Lobsinger, indicted on two charges of selling liquor, pleaded guily, and was lined 1900. on the first charge and sentence sus pended on the second indictment Died a Natural Death. CnATTANOOGA, Term., Dec. 27.— Daily Commercial was resurrected by the Qriscomb Bros, about seven weeks before the November election, and which has been published regularly since, suspended publication again thi* morning. 1 1 was thought the Republi can business men would give the paper enough support to keep It going after the Kepublican victory in November, but this they declined to do. and the paper has gone to the wall for good. Spinners End a Long Strike. Fall I'ivki:, Mass., Dec. 27.— A special meeting of the spinner-' union was held to-night to take action on the board of trades reply to the new sched ule of prices submitted by the spinners, and the manufacturers having agreed to the principal demands of the revised price list, a report to that effect was adopted, thus virtually ending the strike at Robeson mill. Echo of a Famous Case. Special to the Globe. Sioux City, 10., Dec. 27.— M. Gray, to-day began suit against John Arensdorf, for $1,000 attorneys fees. Gray was out- of the counsel for Arens dorf in the Haddock murder case, but dropped out after doing much of the preliminary work, and before the case came to trial. » Personal Gossip. Special to the Globe. Washington-, D. C, Dec. 27.— A. M. Miller and family, of Duluth, are at Willards. James It. Dayton and Law yer Hauser leave to-morrow for home in Aberdeen. Dayttfh will remain a week in Chicago. Golden in the Lead. Special to tne Globe. Pittsbci'.C'. Pa., Dec. 28.-12:30 a. ra, —The score at the close of the fourth [lay of the seventy-two hour . walk wast Engledrum, 170; Moore, 200; MeClel land, 117; (luerrero, 171; Golden. 285; Port, 125; Noremac, 271, Cox. 269. Nore mac offer- to wager 8100 that he will rake first place from Golden. -tt_^ Movements of Ocean Steamships. Southampton— Trave, from Keif I'orit, and proceeded for Bremen. » Queenstown— Nevada, from New rorty-y Liverpool— Arrived : Italy, from New ■fork. Boston— Arrived: Lake Superior, from Liverpool. New York— Arrived: Steamer Island, frou Baltic ports. . ; .