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chamber of commerce and urtre its in fluence .towards arbitration, and the following resolutions were unanimously adopted: ». ri - ~Y Whereas, The employes of the street rail way company of the city of si Paul, owing to an attempted reduction in their wages of about 13 percent, have quit work; and. Whereas, The reduction is unjust and un necessary in the opinion of all fair-minded people: and. Whereas. Mr. Lowry has refused to submit the matter to arbitration and wishes to coin i"-'l the men to si:, an ironclad contract that they will not become members of any labor organization, thereby depriving them of their independence as men; therefore, be it Resolved. That St. Paul Typographical L* I*lloll No. 30 condemn the action of the Street Car company; and. believing that tho jnl'ii are justified in resisting the reduction >; ".wages to an amount barely sufficient to sustain life, and be it further Kesolved, That we prefer to walk to and from our work rather than patronize a com puny that reduces its employes" wages, con trary to its written agreement, and that re quires them to woik for unreasonably low wages in order to deceive Eastern capitalists into buying its watered stock; be it further Resolved, That the president of this union autiio'rized to call a special meeting, at his discretion, for the purpose of rendering Mich financial and other assistance as we, as a union, may deem advisable. NOT A LOCAL QUESTION. Strikers Say President Lowry's Action Is a Blow at Organized liabor. The following is the position of the strik ers, as gathered from conversation with a large number Of them. This is not a purely local question, but one that affects the very foundations of society the worhk ovci. The tendency of the rich to get richer, and the poor poorer, is becoming more marked as year follows year, and civilization, so called, takes greater strides. Riches are becoming the "Ultima Thule" of men's lives, and there seems to be no limit to their ambition for wealth. Here in America the race for wealth is a rapid one. According to the con stitution all men are born equal. Everyman lias au equal right to live. But America is rapidly sinking into the same position in which Europe has been for centuries. In stead, however, of an aristocracy of gentle men, a plutocracy of grasping parvenues has arisen. The worst bands in which the reins of power can be placed are those of men without breeding or education— men whose ' only claim lo social superiority rests upon their possession of money. "Xo man is so hard upon those in his employ as one who has risen from the humbler ranks in life," said one of the most intelligent strikers yesterday. He continued: "When a man "becomes wealthy and has hun dreds of men in his employment, his true make-up shows itself. If he be a man. his acts are noble towards his hands, but if lie is a on general principles, his men have a hard time of it. Some men are born to rule, but the trouble here is that the men who are the rulers (net in a political tense) arc those who were born to serve." These men. in their wild race for we.ilth, forget the rights of others. Their one aim in life is to get rich. How the money is ac quired is a minor point. If they can enrich themselves by grinding down their employes until the minimum living point of wages" is reached, they too frequently do so. So" it is that the breach between the classes and the ''masses'' is gradually widening. How WII. I. Tills DRIFTING APART KM)'.* In the old countries it has ended in rev olution and bloodshed, and if something does not occur to biingnoout a change in the condition of society, revolution and blood shed will result in America. But the labor ing classes in the new world arc more intel ligent than those in tbe old. They have not been born and bred to be slaves." and have ail received a lair education. The fleet of this is that they will brook no arrogant oppres sion, no domineering interference with their inalienable rights to live as freemen. This feeling is the seed which, being sown in re ceptive ground, sprang up as an ear of corn into the principle of organization. Organ ization tor the protection of mutual interests was regarded by the wiser heads as a remedy lor the evil which apparently was growing more emphatic year by year. The Knights of Labor were started and" have succeeded in many cases in ameliorating the condition of, its members. The strikers claim, as do all the knights, that ttiey have a right to organize, of which no individual and no corporation, however powerful, can deprive them. The action of the company was nothing more nor less than a blow specially directed at organized labor. They refused to employ any organized men, discharged em in batches* of tnrec or four without giving reasons, and filled the places of those so discharged with men whom they made sign an ironclad agreement, by which they were pledged to withdraw from any labor organization to which they belonged and not to join any other, The strikers say that in their opinion the reduction in wages ■was intended to have precisely the same ef fect it has had. They think the managers of the company wanted the men to strike iv or der that they could fill their places with non union men, who would be willing to WORK AT ANY PRICE. .Many of them say it is probably true that the company has not paid after deducting $118,000 for interest on bonds. But these bonds are almost ail held by the directors of the company, so that in reality the company is making money in large amounts. The men all feel confident of success, and look at the situation in a most hopeful way. They say a strike is the only weapon they can use against organized capital, and recog nize the fact that their success de pends in a large measure ou public sym pathy. So long as they can keep public opinion on their side they feel they are all i i-ht. This is why they deprecate any resort to violence of any nature, feeling that at the ■first outbreak of any disorder, public opinion will at once be aroused against them— when they may just as well bid farewell to nil their hopes ot bringing the strike to a successful termination. These facts have been im pressed upon them by all their speakers, and teem to be admitted by all the men. The inaction of the gripmen has appar ently caused some disappointment. Co-op eration was confidently looked for. but. as one of them said yesterday, "Those cable car men have no organization, the reduction in wages was not so meat as in ours, and none of them felt like taking the initiative." The strikers are perfectly willing to allow the cable car men to remain at work if they desire to do so. but would very much like to see them come out and join their ranks Tney have little hope of success in this di lection, as the grip sen seem, to avoid any meeting, and prefer to let matters drift. SAVINGS AM) DOINGS. The -even a half-pound bass which was presented to Mis. E. S. Bean some time ago has been stuffed with funny remarks uttered by < 'apt. Beau before he was mar ried. If every wife would save the wit of their husband before marriage, they might find much to solace them after. The contractors for the repairs on the Wabasha street bridge claim to have arrived at a point in the proceedings where future progress will be more rapid. The trestles for carrying the new iron are now in place, and the whole work has assumed a more busi ness-like aspect than has characterized it thus far. Those in charge of the work say that the bridge will be ready for traffic by contract time. Charles W. Post is being talked of as the probable recipient of the commission to paint the drop curtain for the new Arcade theater. "Nero Persecuting the Christians" is one of the studies under consideration, end if adopted the Arcade will have the grandest drop curtain in the country. There me over one hundred figures in the picture, the facial expression of each being different and a study in itself. The original was painted by Yon Kaulbach, aiid is certainly a classic. The enterprising owner of the Windsor hotel is making extensive additions and im provements to his house, improvements which will bring it up on an equality with the best hotels in the city. A new dining room is being .Hided, which will seat 300 persons, and the whole interior will be re decorated and furnished. The plans for the work were prepared under the personal supervision of Jobn Summers, the senior member of the firm of Summers & Monfort, who is determined to complete the house by .Inly 1. This already popular hostelry will then take rank with the best, both in interior finish, accommodation and cuisine. The Crusaders' Total Abstinence society held another of their popular rallies yester day afternoon, the chief feature being "an ad dress by H. H. Gillen, of Stillwater. Mr. (iillen Is an accomplished orator, and held his audience in admiration and delight dur ing a long address. Music of a varied char acter, both instrumental and vocal, was rend ered by Messrs. Nunan, Prank Crawiord, J. «1. Dougherty and llanneban. Short addresses were given by Rev. Father Cosgrove. Messrs, Shortall, of Stillwater; Gutridgc and Presi dent Twohy. while I . Twony gave a most ex cellent comic recitation. These meetings are doing a great deal of good among young men, as will be teen trom the fact thatabout twenty signed the pledge yesterday. -3»- A Letter . From . Dr. Hans Yon 7 . _ I.ulow. The Knabe Pianos, which I did not know before, have been chosen for my present concert tour in the United by my impressario and accepted, by tne on the recommendation of my friend,* Hechstcin. acquainted with their merits. Had 1 known these pianos as now 1 do, I would have chosen them by myself,* as their sound and touch are more sym pathetic to my ears and hands than all others of lie country. -*f* ■'•' : ' * " ■ ... -f ■-■■■■ ■■: flit. Hans Yon Bui.ow. Xew York, ADril 0,1889. : To Miosis. Win. Knabe & Co., ■ -■-..■- DEDICATORY^ DUET, ! Thousands Attend the For mal Opening- of the New People's Church. Initial Service at the Cort land Street Temple of the Lutherans. Hebrews Will Celebrate To- Day the Anniversary of Their Exodus. No Fears of a Shortage in the Meat Supply of Min nesota. The formal dedication of the new People's church was celebrated in a most impressive manner by Rev. S. G. Smith and a congregation of upwards of two thousand persons yesterday morn ing. A veritable sea of faces was at tively turned toward the speaker, who roused the true spirit of a current re ligion in the minds and hearts of his multitude of hearers. The emblems of the festival Sunday were pro fuse. Sweet scented and refresh ing floral decorations littered the rostrum and altar. and the eloquent .pastor, gazing upon the staunch adherents of the church which has just been reared, spoke to them words of the deepest meaning. The majority of the adherents of the~chu_ch had but a vague idea of the work which had been accomplished by their officers, and yesterday being the first and formal day upon which the church was thrown open to its flock, all were certainly in terested. The pious train surged in fast and thick, and when Dr. Smith, all aglow with delight, stepned to the pulpit there were less than a hundred chairs unoccupied. Not a seat was vacant in the auditorium, and the gallery was well filled. The church organ has not been built yet. but the music was none the less sweet— a small pipe organ skillfully played, serving in lieu of the grand instrument soon to be placed in the church. The church orchestra was also in attendance and played beautifully, The singing was soothing and inspiring, and the musical programme throughout was a pleasing feature of the palm service. The Te Deum in G was grand, and Dr. Stonier*- duet, "Love Divine,'*' by Mrs. Fuller and Mr. Swift, was most pleas ingly rendered. In the evening Mrs. Yale and Mr. Garland sung Gounod's "Glory to Thee, My God This Night." The anthem, "Savior, Again,"' was rendered by the composer, Mrs. Frederic Fitch, with violin obligato by Mr. Yon Goetzen. The first per formance of this anthem was in the Guild hall, London, when it was eiven by a chorus of 350 voices and an orches tra of 210 instruments. At the con clusion of the noon sermon. D. S. B. Johnson, one of the trustees of the church, was called to the floor and asked lo read a statement of tbe financial condition of the church. He stated that on Dec. 17. 1887, at the call of Key. Samuel G. Smith, about fifteen gentlemen met in an office "down town" and planned the construction and maintenance of a peo- ; ple's church to be such in truth, in spirit and in fact. "A period of about fifteen months have elapsed since that meeting, and you see-before you to-day the great organization of a religious body and its house of God. of which it may well feel proud. The lot and ex cavations cost 000; the building $55, --000, the furnishings, etc. $9,500", and fixtures and sundries about $2,500, mak ing the total cost 986,000. Of this amount there was secured by liberal and generous subscription when the project was first formulated, about $40, --000* shortly afterwards $30,000 more was raised and we now owe $10.000 upon that which surrounds us to-day." GENEROUS GIVEUS. Then the pastor addressed those as sembled, and in his happy way asked them to make up this deficiency, then and there, by subscription. Twenty-one months would be allowed any one pledging a sum of money in which to pay. With much pleasing 'humor he led off with a request that all those willing to subscribe $500 should raise a hand. Dr. Smith himself had previously se cured several subscriptions of" this amount, which he held back but for a moment. As he surprised his audience with those he had himself secured dur ing the week by announcing one at a time, others fell in line, and donations of $500 came pouring in. lie then graded the amount down to $250, $100, and optional amounts and before the benediction was pro nounced over $10,000 was pledged THE PEOPLE'S CHURCHY reducing the indebtedness to less than six thousand dollars. This showed a loyal spirit for the work of the pastor,* and th© People's 'church, from the first efforts of a single man, has come to be supported by the contributions of a -lost.;. V : . : "";*lv Dr. Smith's sermon yesterday was pe culiarly appropriate, "to the occasion. His theme was "Palms, of ; Victory," and his remarks were substantially as follows: On this da-* of festival it seems filling that a THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: MONDAY r MORNING, APRIL 15, 1889. our thoughts should find expression In words, I praise. It not a time for argument, nor of praise. It Is not a time for argument, nor formal didactics, but for the free expression of overflowing hearts. Our thoughts turn naturally towards the words of , the text, for this is the day of the Christion year which is recognized by the church ot God as Palm Sunday. And these are the words that the exalt multitude cried out when Jesus made His triumphal entry Into Jerusalem. The words were already old before they filled the mouths of the shouting Gal-, ileans. Centuries before, in the Autiphonal psalm chanted in Jewish feast were heard the first hosannas. Hosanna is an untranslatable word. In the beginning it seems to have meant only prayer — "Save, Lord:' but afterward it seems to nave passed into the freest expression of praise. Hosan na. therefore, becomes the type of all Christ ian experience. It is yearning, it ends in peace, it is seeking which ends in truth it is j aspiration which is lost in a present God. ' It j was the time of the great feast of the Jews, from all parts of the land and from distant lands pious Hebrews turned their faces toward the temple and made pilgrimage to Jerusalem, They came by twos and threes, or by caravans. At nighttime they unloaded their asses and camels, arid pitched their tents under the Syrian stars. Jesus was also a pilgrim. But this pilgrim age as to be His last. He turned from His favorite haunts in Galilee, and, wilh an in creasing company of followers, made His journey southward toward the Holy City. The consciousness or His fate was always before Him, for He talked often of His de cease. ** which He must accomplish at Jeru salem." There is a sweet picture of rest in the home at Bethany. There is the restora tion of Lazarus to show that the suffering Savior was also the life bearer. Finally the morning of this day dawned, and He made His way toward the city. Rounding tin.- Mount of Olives, He caught sight of the towers and palaces of j Jerusalem. His prophetic vision saw that city assaulted by toe ltoman eagles with all the horror of its coming desolation, and pausing to weep He said: "Oh, Jerusalem. Jerusalem, how often would I have gathered you, but ye would not.*' Descending the de clivity tne company was augmented by the pilgrims that camped without the wall, for it was noised about that the prophet of ' Galilee would enter. As was wont a company issued from Jerusalem to meet the approaching heat, and with strewn garments in the way and festoons of palms thrown down amid the acclaims of those who went before and those who followed after. He entered into the city of David. Such welcome in the Oriental exuberance was quite usual to dis tinguish sous of Abraham, but this entry aud this welcome HAD PAH rROFOrXDEK SIGNIFICANCE. Indeed, it will often happen that the most trivial incidents are the expression of world-wide forces. Perhaps, if we could truly see, we should learn that there are no trivial incidents. That robin's, song which you heard on the way to church this morn ing has in it a world's history. It took nat ure some thousands of years to fashion the throat of a robin, and that sunlight which has soothed the bird's heart into vocal glad ness, has come some 90,0 0,000 mites and more, to do its work, and because the robin cannot leaf like the trees, or blossom like the flowers, he just sings. And storms of nature and a thousand forms of evolution find peace in Him. So God had been work ing with man through all the generations of human history; at last He had fashioned on His potter's wheel one human vessel more precious than alabaster into which He c^uld pour the free expression of His own life. This chosen man is on His way to the chosen city that all the daik and tragic places of human history may at length find meaning and explanation. Yea, let the multitude cry out. Hosannaoin the highest. Let the little children -bout it in the streets and repeat it in the temple. Let the city be stirred, crying on:, "Who is this?*' And while the answer conies. "This is Jesus, the prophet of Gali lee," let all the nations and the ages pon der the question until they break out in a toned chorus of answer, "It is none other than He: it is the chosen of the. Lord." Two thousand years before the Hebrew starting point for the development of man had occupied itseif with religion and wit conduct It was the ethical effort of .the race. .Speculatively it had proceeded soundly until it had arrived at a correct- code of morals and at an apprehension of the unity of the Divine Being. Practically it had worked itself out into a hard and petty ritual of lite and had written down its dismal fail ure in the repulsiveness- ot Phariseeism. Such was the result of mans effort to seek after the truth. A thousand years before, from a different center in Greece, man had commenced the work of the disenthralment of the human spirit. The Greek was re ligious indeed, but religion with him was only made the vehicle of another worship which was his real life. The devotion ot the (.reck was at the altars of the beautiful which he manifested in statuary, in poetry, and tn philosophy; but the worship of beauty had ended in "a decayed art and a degenerate man, and. lacking a true moral clement, the freedom of the spirit had gone down in the marshes of human depravity. In the provi dence of God Greek beauty and Hebrew truth were brought together in the world's civilization, but they lived together hope lessly divided. Jesus was born a Hebrew, but He was taught a Greet. And to these masterful elements of iimaii development He brought' a new culture; He brought it out of the heart of God. To the natural order of history He added the supernatural order of a final revelation In human nature and in human life: and He taught as he lived, that goodness was THE TRUE END OF MAN. Henceforth the dream of the prophet-phil osopher haa realization and a superb and final trinity, tne good, the true, and the beau tiful, "because the primal elements out of which was to be developed the cosmic civil ization or the Christian ages. This was the meaning of the Messiah, and this is the inner lesson of the entry into Jerusalem The mul titude pour along with Jesus in their midst; it is the outflow of natural enthusiasm. Jesus is borne along by this fickle^current of human hearts. He is doomed, but He is not disappointed; for He who knew what was in man already saw the shadow of His awaiting cross, "it was the trial of ideas against institutions. It was the spontaneous outbreak of human thought and emotion against the hoary strength of tradition and organization. There could be but one result: the waves of enthusiasm break against the battlements of tradition throned in politics and ecclesiasticism, and are broken into defeat and roll back into darkness, shrewd worldly wisdom looking on would say, of course it must be so; insti tutions are always the strongest; and shrewd worldly wisdom was justified, tor Sunday of the Palms is followed by Friday with" its cross, and the Hero of the multitude dies be . tween two thieves. He was overcome, He was betrayed. He was murdered : but He was not defeated. Shrewd worldly wisdom, which gives itself to the present, has no hold upon eternity, but Jesus ihe Prophet of Truth, the Apostle of Good ness, and the Beautiful King was waiting tor Him the Raster morning. The white lilies are yet to bloom; His mastery shall come. The vindication of Jesus Christ was one for which He could well wait: for Pharisees have gone to their oblivion: Roman govern ors ruin and condemn no more; the soldiers of Gaul have mingled their life "with the forces of nature; but the imperishable reign of Jesus, flowing on through a succession of institutions of ever-growing power and truth, shall abide for ever, the dominant force of humanity. - .-•..-' I Among the large - congregation pres i ent at the dedicatory services were Gov. and Mrs. Merriam ana a number of state officials and members of the legislature. / :. y". ". - s J-77'7 BLESSING OP THE PALMS. Archbishop Ireland, Robed in Popple and Gold, Celebrates. the Solemn Services. .' . Yesterday was Palm Sunday and was celebrated at the j Catholic churches by the long arid imposing, ceremonies pre scribed by the: ritual. At the cathedral --:■'■': :- ' " at 10 a. m. the oblessing of -the palms was commenced. Archbishop Ireland,' i clothed in gorgeous robes of purple and gold, wearing on his head a miter of white satin embroidered and trimmed ■ with gold, performed the ceremony, be ing assisted by three priests in purple and silver chasubles. The images, cru- : cifix and candelbra on the high altar;, are still draped with purple veils, purple. , , being the color for penitential seasons. . After the archbishop had blessed the palms which were stacked in a sheaf at* the gospel side of the altar, and had in- ; ■ censed them and aspenred them with : holy water, they were distributed to the priests and acolytes, who then marched in procession round the church. The i , procession was headed by a priest bear--, i ing a -crucifix veiled .in purple. Two ' , acolytes hearing tall candles, another, swinging the censer, were followed by all the rest of the boys, the priests, and' last of all, Archbishop Ireland in .'full: canonicols, every one bearing in his hand a palm branch. -■.. ,",:': After the blessing of V the palms . high mass- was sung by Rev. Father ShanleyT assisted by the . choir. While the Eyrie Eleison. was being rendered six acolytes distributed*: the palm branches throughouPthe vast ; congregation. The lengthy gospel for Palm Sunday took so long to chant that Father Shanley preached no setmon, merely announcing the services for the week as follows: Wednesday and Thurs day evenings at 7:30 the Tenebrae and introduction will be given, and Fri day at the same time the Way of the Cross. Holy Thursday being the fes tival of the institution of the Blessed Sacrament, only one mass will.be sung, and that at 10 a. in. A re pository of the Blessed Sacrament will be made at mass on Holy Thursday, and the congregation was invited to do nate flowers for this purpose. At 9 a. in. Good Friday the Mass of the Pre sanctified will he sung, and Saturday the services will commence at 7a. m., with mass at 8:30. Confessions will be Heard all day Wednesday and Friday afternoon, while Saturday evening is set apart for the confessions of men only.. - ■'■/■-. Yesterday's services, though not to be compared with those with which the Catholic world will celebrate the crown ing point of - the whole religious year, Easter, were of a very imposing description, and the gloom of Passion week, the veiled images and . ornaments, and the mournful nature of all the chants rather added to than detracted from their solemnity. From every Catholic church, as the congregations dispersed, were seen crowds of people, every one of them carrying palms. Next Sunday these, will give place to white roses and lilies, and during the week the choirs of all the churches will work hard to perfect the glorious Easter music. Next Sunday the offerings in all Catholic churches in the archdiocese will be in aid of the orphan asylums. Archbishop Ireland has addressed a strong letter to the clergy and laymen, pointing out their duty to "hold iv kindly and generous remembrance the little wards of God's providence." The coilectious on Good Friday throughout the world are by command of his holi ness, the pope, devoted to the care of the holy places in Palestine. TALKING FOR TEMPERANCE. Rev. Dr. , Kirk wood and Gen.. '. Johnston Address a Mass Meet ing. "--.."-*.• ",.■-';,:.'-.;. i',J>- There was a large attendance at the,. Gospel Temperance mass meeting held yesterday afternoon at the Newmarket". theater. A chorus, led by J. S. Diu woodie, occupied the stage together . with the gentlemen announced to de liver addresses. After the rendering of several selections by the choir Miss Nellie Mabou was called upon and re-* sponded by singing "One Sweetly Sol emn Thought" in a charming manner. The ooening address was made by lievJ.' K. F. Kirkwood, D. D., of Macalesten* college. He said that preachers had much to discourage them. The human \ heart does not take naturally to the- Gospel of Jesus Christ, but shrinks*; from it and repels it; it is hard' to make men believe, ■ as v God* wants belief. Speaking" of drunken- i ness, Dr. Kirkwood said: "I have seen ; men reduced to moral and physical! : wrecks as the result of their inability to control an inordinate appetite for strong drink. I have also seen men, who will pinch a dime until one almost expects to hear the eagle scream, men who make professions of religion, who sit at the communion table and believe them selves Christians from the fact. Men who, when the plate goes round to col lect a little money to carry on the Lord's work, drops one of their treas ured dimes with a sigh, and never think of giving more. 'These are men who perhaps have hundreds -of thou sands of dimes, but only one to aid the cause of Christ. There are others who irive liberally, and attend the church meetings, mingle with the true Chris tians, and mask their black hearts with a cloak of simulated Christianity simply for the position it affords them in the walks of life. I say to you this after noon that the drunkard, ruined as he is, vicious as he has become, though sunk to the very- lowest depths of degradation is no worse, nay not as bad as these. "Speaking of" the march of temperance," continued the speaker. ."When 1 see the change which has been wrought in the sentiment of the coun try since 1884, the magnitude of it over whelms me, and I can only say. 'What hath God wrought.' Some preachers say that the activity of women in the working ranks of temperance reform- : ers is wrong; that they would be better employed at home with their families. 1 am sorry for these people; they don't know the work that woman has accom plised. Young men, 1 look back over an experience of twenty-five years in active iife, and say you can't afford to trifle with the appetite for liquor." (Jen. R. XV. Johnson, in rising to ad dress the meeting, said: "There is a fallacious impression among most peo ple that a man who has shot off a gun on behalf of his country, can also shoot off his mouth on the slightest provocation. 1 don't think that is exactly the case, and have always found it convenient to have a little time for the preparation of an address." He had had none on this occasion. "I have peculiar ideas on the temperance question," said the general. "Either the sale and consumption of liquor is right or it is wrong. If it is j right, no license should be imposed on : the seller. If it is wrong, it ought not to be licensed anyway. 1 have always voted - the straight Democratic ticket, but I want to tell you right here that here-, after I intend to vote for measures, not' men." In conclusion, the general said that his family was noted for longevity "» that he expected to live twenty-five years, and if spared that length of time/ lie proposed to do, considerable work', for the temperance cause. Several others made brief speeches, after which ' he meeting adjourned. FEAST OF THE PASSOVER. .'. The Anniversary of the Exodus t - From Egypt Will Be Celebrated"; by Hebrews To-Day. ;' To-day, according to the Jewish cal-, endar, is the 14th of the month Nisan,> otherwise called Abib, being the date of the first full moon of. the spring and; the anniversary of the Exodus from | Egypt. The day marks the beginning of the Passover season, and is cele brated by the Jews -throughout the world with the Chag hammazzoth, or feast of unleavened bread, which to day partakes more of the nature of a family feast than of the solemn feast of ancient times. In commemoration of the emancipation of the nation from slavery, it was ordained that a yearling lamb, without blemish or spot, should be roasted whole with bitter herbs, and. be entirely eaten in every house, while nothing but unleavened bread should be used." It was also necessary. for. every Jew to make a pilgrimage to the temple in Jerusalem, but to-day it is simply observed by solemn . Passover services at the synagogues. In ■•' St. Paul, at the -temple; corner, of ; Tenth ■ and Minnesota streets, services-will be held at 6 p. ' m. to-day and 8:S0 a. m.' to morrow, and, so far as possible,* the ' 'feast will be rigidly kept. - <r To-day being the beginning of. the Passover season, the following account ■of how Passover bread is made will be interesting: .*•..•' "In the" preparation of the Jewish Passover bread the kneading is done in the ordinary way. Pure gunpowder water is .the only component added. The time for the dough -to be baked is reduced to the minimum. It is broken into flat cakes and then run between Tollers into very thin sheets. Over •these a woman rolls a pronged steel to •perforate the dough •so that air holes may be seen in the baked cakes. A steel hoop cuts the dough into round, flat sheets, which are. then ready for the oven. The baker stands with a paddle Attached to a very long handle. With the r aid of a boy he thrusts the cakes into the brick compartment, and in half a 'minute pulls them out ready for use. A "niatzath cake is round,- about four feet £ in diameter, somewhat browned, and ; having slight air-hole projections on its 'surface. They have a rather pleasant .taste, not unlike that of crackers, and make a good substitute for bread. In some places there is a demand through nut the entire year for the unleavened cakes by dyspeptics. About eight cakes weigh a pound, which in large quanti ,fies sell for 8 cents. The cakes are very .'brittle, and their pieces are ground up into tine meal. This is the substitute for wheat flour in the household during the Passover." V '■'■'-'■ 7i 77- V : • GERMANS PRAISE GOD. Dedication of the New Lutheran ; Temple on Cortland Street. • The German Lutheran Zion church, recently erected on the corner of Cort land and Agate streets, was formally dedicated yesterday morning. Rev. Martin Tirmenstein, pastor of the Evan gelical . Lutheran Trinity church, preached an interesting and eloquent sermon, taking his theme from Matt. xxi., 1-9. He -expatiated upon tbe munificence of God, to render to them such a beautiful house of worship. The movement for a new church having been projected in the early part of last summer, success attended the efforts of the indefatigable little body of workers, and by the middle of last July it saw the present imposing structure being planted on the site of a small wooden chapel. The first day of the present month the church, finished and com plete, was turned over to Rev. E. Rolf, the pastor and rector. The German Lutheran chapel on Ninth and Rosabel streets was for sixteen years the . mod est temple in which Pastor Rolf and his followers worshipped. It was in No vember. ISC4, that Rev. Rolf be gan his work as a minister in this city, and the fruits of his labors are now seen in the new church and its 250 communicants. The interior of the building is very similar in design to the People's church, being built on the amphitheatre style with a large semi-circular gallery. The artistic frescoeing by Mr. Tanscher, a member of the congregation, does much to make the walls and windows attractive, and the Ornate little chancel is , a piece of cabinet art. A magnificent pipe organ, over which Mr.. Streisguth presides, lends an additional charm to the ex cellent singing of the church choir. In all, the beautiful and unique pile of red brick and slate cost the members $13,000, nearly, all of which has been -subscribed.. In the afternoon the Rev. Mr. Fried rich delivered an interesting address, taking his text from Gen. xxviii, 17. ■He said: "Well may you now say, with .Jacob: This is none other but »he .house of God, and this is the. gate of Heaven." He urged the members and friends of the church to devote them selves to its cause ond imbibe the true ■ spirit of a Christian— ceasing not to labor and work for their religion, In tl c evening Rev. O. Vangnoes, of Min neapolis, preached to a large and at tentive congregation. He reiterated the sentiment the former speakers and urged his hearers to be grateful to .and praise the Lord for the grand edifice He has sent into their midst. a CATHOLICS WILL CONFER. Selection of the Date for an Im portant Council of Clergymen. . V; One week from to-morrow will be one of the most important days for North western Catholics in the history of the country. That is the date arranged by "Archbishop Ireland and Bishop Marty, of Dakota, for their . meeting to deter mine upon the division of the vicariate of Dakota into two Episcopal sees, the location of the cathedral city, and the nomination of the new bishop of North Dakota. The details necessary to the organization of these two great dioceses will also occupy the attention of the two distinguished prelates. In all probability nominations will also be made for the new bishoprics of Winona, St. Cloud and perhaps Du luth. Bismarck, Fargo, Grand Forks and Jamestown are all bidding high for the honor of being the cathedral city and bishop's residence. Large offers of money and real estate have been made by each, and the result will be awaited with eager interest. This importance of this meeting cannot be overestimat ed, as it effects the whole of Minnesota and Dakota, and the importance of the selection of the right men for bishops is so great that till . Catholics will . watch for the result with eager and prayerful anxiety. . •..-. , TAKEN l.\T<7 THE FOLD. Bishop Gilbert Administers the Rite of Confirmation to a Class. , Christ church was crowded to the doors last . evening, the occasion being the administering by Bishop Gilbert of the rite of confirmation to a class of twenty : seven young people. ' The first part of the service was read by the rec tor, Rev. C. D. Andrews, this being his first appearance in the pulpit since his recent serious illness. An able and very impressive sermon was: preached by Bishop Gilbert, after which the mem bers of the class took their places with in the chancel and were confirmed by the bishop. The names of those who composed the class are Misses Lilian R. .Moore, Cornelia Saunders, Jennie G. Wood, Frank W. Keif, Francis H. Reif,. Clara Ward, Lou . Dickerson, Margaret Taylor, Ida H. Short, Ida Redraw, Ruth Wheelock, Frauds Tarbox, Hallie Belle Kelleher, Messrs. Walter T. King, Harry Creagle, Ed ward Saunders, Frank -Reif, Albert Richardson. Paul Floyd. Ernest Belden, AU»ert Barnacle and Arthur Lawson. Mcjsdames Cornelia Heyde, Mary G. Leech and Mr. and Mrs. . Theodore Shormeyer. The class was presented by) Rev. Sydney G. Jeffords, who has had entire charge of its preparation, and conducted the entire services of the church during the HI ness of the rector. A Convenience to Passengers. "The Burlington has supplied each of the Pullman Sleepers running on that line with an Official Railway Gijide, which may be consulted by ap plying to the porter of the car. I Get Hood's 7 If yon decide to take Hood's Sarsaparilla « do not be induced to buy any other. Hood's Sarsaparilla possesses, by virtue of its peculiar combination, proportion and prep aration, curative power superior to any ".'other article of the kind before the people. "I had been taking Hood's Sarsaparilla . for dyspepsia, and in one store where I went to buy a bottle the clerk tried to in duce me to buy their own instead of Hood's ; he told me tlieir's would last longer; that I '.might take it on ten days' trial; that if I .. did not like it I need not pay anything, etc .; But lid could not prevail on me to change. I told him I knew what Hood's Sarsapa- Yrilla was. .1 had taken it, it agreed with me, I "was perfectly satisfied, and did not V want any hut Hood's. lam glad to -speak ..a good word for this excellent medicine." 7Mks. E. A. Goff, 61 Terrace St., Boston. Hood's Sarsaparilla . Sold by druggists. $1 ; six for $5. ■ Prepared by* C. I. HOOD & CO.. Apothecaries', Lowell, Mas*. v Doses One Dollar 7 . * mm ggg|^g> A St. Paul Clothing House Exclusively Owned ana Con trolled by St Paul Men. Established, 1870. «^__Sf._- —.J /*7 \ ' V V .—%' f\ _ -*• LOST IN THOUGHT. Had we the ability of a Bishop we might read his thoughts; as it is, we - can only surmise that he's wondering why any sensible man should pay a . . tailor forty or fifty dollars for his Spring Suit or Overcoat when as good or better can be bonght here ready made for half as much. " Black Dress Suits — For Evening and Sunday Wear. — It -would be hard to find a larger assortment of Black Suits than are now here, and prices are lower than ever. $12, $15, $18, $20, $26, $30 and $35 are our prices for Men's Black Suits. Boys' Black Suits. — Suita ble for first communion and general dress wear; prices, $6.50, $8, $10 and up to $22. Every Man or Boy's Black Suit in our store we guarantee not to lade, and to give good wear for the price paid lor it. Black Suit Department, Second Floor- Elevator. Notice. — Open evenings till further notice. Men's Wear. — C urrent i "Men's Wear" is full of use ful hints on Men's Dress by the best authorities. We'll send it to you by mail if you'll send us your address. Young Men.— -We're after your trade particularly ; nobby, fashionable and tony garments here, especially adapted for dressy Young Men. Top Coats. — Cut short, strap seams, full back, made from English Covert Cloth, four different shades. Prices —$15, $17, $18 and $20. Overcoat Department, Second Floor- Elevator. Four- Button Cutaways. — Suits, or Coats and Vests ; English, German, Irish and Scotch Fabrics, solid colors and beautiful mixtures; $12 to $30. Fancy Vests. — Handsome patterns, $2, $3, $3.50 and $5. Trousers. — Made from the latest patterns of fashion able Trowserings. Prices from $2 to $10. Twenty two styles from $4 to $6 a pair. , Trousers Department— First floor. . You expect only the best when you come here, and you are not disappointed ; that's why the Young Men bring their friends ; they've been here themselves. Children's Clothing.Moth ers tell us— "Your Child ren's Clothing is ever so much nicer than other stores sell." Why shouldn't it be? Children's Clothing, Second Floor- Elevator. BOSTON ONE-PRICE CLOTHING HOUSE, THIRD STREET ***%*%% * ST. PAUL. ... ____ . N. B. — Out-of-Town Orders solicited. Goods sent on ap proval to any part of the West Price List and Easy Rules for Self-Measurement \ mailed free upon application. Joseph McKey & Co. —^ -_—-»--—-__^__— ; NEW PIANOS I OLD INSTRUMENTS NEW -:- ORGANS NEW PIANO PARLORS ! HI | "f f IJ 100 Pianos on One Floor, iWW fj^ *%. 111? St. Paul warerooms. 148 ami 150 East « * _■*___!? 9_S _■ H H Third street. Bf Ifnl-X 1 __ H Minneapolis wareroomrf, 509 and 511 I hJB H 38 wAJj H "Nicollet avenue. r _***-*___r jg ESTABLISHED 1858. R.C. IVIUNGER DECKER DIANfIQ HAINES BRIGGS riAIlUd EVERETT STERLING ORGANS NEW ENGLAND Prices Low. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, Terms Easy Wholesale and Retail. ST. PAUL, MINN NA^Pi 1 H Ski GIVES bargains IN A I |4H^l KNABE, *A 1 1_UB« HARDMAN, mmmaam M B *l!^| FISCHER, FjlDh PIANOS! ™ __ I^T LP Mr^ CLOUGH & WARREN 92 and 94 E. Third St. Low Prices. Easy Terms. Q!_RC3--A.3-^rSJ BABY CARRIAGES ! — '■■yy.yj^yyy-'yry'y —-ON—— yCS^^^^®^^^^P^^M^^^^^^^^^^ INSTALLMENT i At SMITH & FABWELL'S Furniture and Carpet House, 339 East 7th St HIGH ART JEWELRY AND EVERY NOVELTY KNOWN TO THE TRADE AT E. A. BROWN'S, 111 East Third Street St. Faul. Minn. ' f— € scMliek .& CO., M |l . 85 and 89 E. Third St. SL PauL me Footwear! !p Our Gents ' $5.00 and s3.oo Shoes: are' Without *J2__Bs**^ an Equal or Style, Fit and ability. These Goods Have Distanced All Competfto rs Ladies' Front Lace Shoes, New and Stylish. Our Ladies' French KJd Handk Turn Shoes for $4.00 and $4.50, Best for the Money in ihe City. Ladies" Patent Leather Street Boots. New Styles in Ladies' Low Shoes. Over-Garters in aft coir ors. Agents for Burt's Shoes. Write for our New Illustrated Catalogue and Price List Mail orders will receive prompt and careful attention. ■ P. V. DWYER & BROS., Plumbing and Hot Water Heating AND DEALERS IN ABTISTIC GAS FIXTURES! 96 EAST THIRD STREET. rWERS&~SPANIOL FINE TAILORING. Satisfaction Guaranteed. 152 West Seventh, Seven Corners. ENGINES QUALITY HIGH, PRICES LOW BOILERS & Northwestern Machinery Go. MACHINE R Y 34 2 Sibley Street, OF EVERY DESCRIPTION. ST. PAUL, - - MINN SOMETHING NEW! We beg to announce for the infor mation and accommodation of bor rowers that we are prepared to lend _tvIOISrE"Y" ! In large or small amounts, at low est rates on tirst-class improved St. Paul business and residence prop erty, and to give the borrower the VALUABLE PRIVILEGE! Of paying the whole or any part thereof, not less than $100, on any interest day. "On or before" you see applied to regular mortgages. Building loans made with the same privilege. How does this strike you? R. M. Newport & Son, Drake Block. Opp. Merchants Hotel. EYE EAR! ■ Dr. J. G. Walker, 104 East Third Street, St. Paul, attends exclusively to | the eye and eft- ARTIFICIAL EYES. If any dealer says he has the W. L. Douglas Shoes without name and price stamped on the bottom, put l him down as a fraud. W. L. DOUGLAS S>o oHUh. GEITMJBMEN. Best ln the World. Examine his •$5.00 ii KVU'ixe Hand-Sewed sho* 94.00 HAXD-SEWEO Welt Shoe. 9:1.50 Police and Farmers*' Shoe. 92.55 Extra Value Calf Shoe. 92.30 Worklngman's Shoe, a •->.■_.-*• »2.00 and 91.75 Boy's School Shoe All made in Congress. Button and Lace. W. L. DOUGLAS fqr $3 SHOE LADIE9. Best Material. Best Style. Best Pitting. ' : If not sold by your dealer, write H W. J_. DOUGLAS, Brockton, Mass. . "For Sale by . . ;'. -/' • .V Bochette & Sons, 211 West Eleventh street. W. W. Thomas. 416 Wabasha street.- •"* * •■' -' •• J. H. Horeiseh, 381 West Seventh street. . - A. Gundlack. 395 Rice St., cor. ol Martin.