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Lives of great men all remind us,
If we would be truly wise, We should tell folks where to find us; We should learn to ADVERTISE. VOL. XL AND THE GLOBE WINS A Verdict for the Defendant in the Hertogs Suit for Libel. The Newspaper Is the Best Guardian of the Morals of the Public. A Victory for the Press in Its Duty of Uncovering Cor ruption. the Globe Sustained by the Jury in a Memorable Law Suit. UDGE and Jury have passed, re spectively, upon the law and the facts in the libel suit brought by Amelia Hertogs, of Minneapolis, against the Globe, and the • r result is a com- Iplete vindication of the position taken by the Globe. At 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon, after four days of the trial of the cause and 7 hours of deliberation, the jury returned a verdict for the defendant. 'This verdict was re- garded by all who heard the testimony as a foregone conclusion, and though the defendant was the recipient of the congratulations customary upon such occasions, there • was no surprise manifested in legal and journal istic circles. The Globe had thor oughly investigated the facts in the case before the publication and had strength ened and fortified its position afterward and there was no time in the history of the case, from the filing of the prelim inary papers to the retirement of the jury, that the slightest doubt of the result was felt in this office. The Globe did not court the suit, nor did it invite it, but having done it's public duty in the premises, and having had the issue forced upon it, the situation was ac cepted, the light made and the battle won without the loss of a single point. HISTORY OF THE CASE. On Feb. 8 last there was published in these columns a sketch of some of the transactions of Amelia Hertogs. a Min neapolis dressmaker. Stories had been afloat concerning her which tended to show her business was not confined to dressmaking, but was extended to trans actions with certain houses of bad re pute that did not greatly redound to her credit and that were more or less a menace to the public. These charges will not be reproduced here, as there is no feeling in the matter and the public welfare has been conserved. The arti cle was accompanied by the following cut. purporting to be a picture of Mrs. Hertogs : THE PICTURE really did her an unintentional injus tice, as she is a fine looking woman, with iron-grey hair, handsome figure and good carriage. immediately upon the publication Mrs. Hertogs employed counsel ana, as the law directs, de nounced the charges as false and de famatory. No paper solicits the luxury of an expensive defense to a libel suit and a full retraction was published within the time prescribed by law. But this did not satisfy the subject of the sketch, and she began an ac tion in libel, demanding the munifi cent sum ot $50,000. The gage of battle was thrown and promptly ac cepted by the Globe, though with re gret for what must follow. An answer to the complaint was filed by non. E. M. Wilson in which the paper justified, or in other words, declared its charges true. A competent detective was em ployed, and in two weeks' time a web of evidence was woven about the plaintiff from which escape was impossible. The trial of the case came on last Tuesday, before a jury of intelligent business men, and con tinued until yesterday evening. The publication o f the full testi mony has been purposely omit ted, as the Globe had al ready perform ed its public duty and had no desire to need lessly humiliate \the plaintiff or its readers. The case was admir ably conducted by Mr. Wilson, and was finally summed up on Friday evening, though at an - hour too late to admit of the charge to the jury on that evening. THE JUDGE'S CHARGE. When the suit was again called in the district court yesterday morning nearly every seat was occupied, the crowd in attendance including nearly a hundred lawyers, all of whom seemed greatly in terested in the able charge of Judge Young to the jury, who were told at the outset that public newspapers, and es pecially a daily paper like the Globe, fill a very important place, one that we cannot do without. Continuing, the judge said, in ; substance, U JJA X IS SITES.' mong other things, that a daily newspaper is ii powerful agon —one of the most powerful agents in society. It is prop er that it should seek to micovei and expose cor ruption wherevei found, but in doing so it is charged with a responsibil itvfor its utterances which is also prop er. It will not dc to expose even a great wrong with out proper investi gation. But it ii not to be expected that mistakes will not be made; the paper must make such investigation as will warrant a publication in good faith. A mere belief iv the truth of the statements made will not suffice, unless the information is of such a character and from such a source as would warrant a prudent man in giv ing it credit. If the Globe, before the pubhea^n, made such investigation as would/ justify a belief in the truth of the same, then it acted in good fai th, but of this the jury must judge. But good faith is not alone sufficient. The publication must be with good intentions, and FOR A JUSTIFIABLE END. The law will not permit even the truth to be published, if it be of a character to cast reproach upon others, unless to serve some good purpose, unless the welfare of the pub lic demands it. You will see from this that when a newspaper seeks to uncover some thing that corrupts morals, it is a laudable object, but the statement must be accurate, or substantially. There can be no question but that the article published in the Globe was on its face a libel, that it contained charge upon charge of immoral if not criminal conduct on tlie part of the plaintiff, charges which, if not true, should entitle her to damages and heavy damages— not only actual damages as for loss of business, if any, but damages by reason of attacks upon her character and the bad reputation it is likely to give her. The law imposes on the defendant the burden of proof— the presumption is that the charges are untrue; that no woman could do as the plaintiff is alleged to have done. But while a false statement is libelous, the legislature has seen tit to enact that after the publica tion of a libel, and within three days of a demand therefor, the paper may publish a retraction, and that if it does so", and the article is published in good faith, even though false in fact, then, in the event of a libel suit, the plaintiff shail take only actual damage. In this case a retraction was de manded, and the defense claims it to have been made. The retraction was complete in itself in that each and every statement in the article was withdrawn: but this is not enough; it must have been published as conspicuously, and of this the jury must judge. The court instructs you that the plaintiff, not having proven any actual dam ages by loss of business or otherwise, or at tempted to do so, she cannot recover there for; neither can she recover general damages if you find the retraction to have been com plete iv all respects, and this WILL END THE CASE. However, the defense do not " rely upon this only— have two defenses, and they are not conflicting. If the retraction is not complete, you may still consider it in mitiga tion of damages, and iv the matter of good faith, or the inquiry upon which it is founded, it is not necessary that the same should have been made in what may be termed, in this case at least, the better walks of life;. in the nature of things the inquiry had to be made largely among a disreputable class, but they may have been truthful for all that. You must determine whether or not information was sought and inquiry made where it would be most likely to get at the facts, whether a ' disreputable source was not the best place; it could not be had from a dry goods merchant, but necessarily must have been looked for in the places and among the classes where the alleged 1 immoral practices were carried on. Independent of the retraction, the law per mits what is called justification, that is, the defendant may prove the truth of its state ment, and if it does so that is a complete de fense. In this case the main charge, the gravamen of the article is that the defendant was engaged in the business of a procuress— that she induced innocent girls to enter nouses and lead a life of shame and other girls to change from house to house. If she has done this then the defendant is justified, but of this you are to judge, because it is not claimed dv the defendant that all of its charges have been proven. I do not recall any evidence to show that plaintiff induced girls who were absolutely innocent to enter such house, it would ap pear that while they may not have been pure, while their previous conduct may not have been without reproach, they had not en tered upon what we know as a life of shame until induced so to do by the plaintiff, and by her taken to houses; and it also STANDS UNCONTRADICTED that she has taken girls from one house to another, or advised the same, and that she was at least largely instrumental in sending the girls you have heard mentioned to a house of ill-lame in Montana. You have heard the testimony, and if you believe it to be true many of the charges must be considered as sustained, be cause the plaintiff, who has had an op portunity to do so. has not seen fit to con tradict them. The evidence shows a very bad condition of things, a low state of mor als in our midst, but you are to determine whether or not the publication is true. If you find that some of the charges are true and that others are remembering that all not proven are to be deemed untrue— then you may consider the charges proven in miti gation of damages. And, you will be justi fied,iudeed, it will be your duty, to determine as to how the charges proven affect the char acter of the plaintiff: because if you find from the evidence in the case that the plaint iff had little or no character to lose at the time of the publication you must consider this in determining what damages, if any.she is entitled to, for it will be evident to you that in such a case she would be entitled to much smaller - dam ages than if her character was good, and in like manner you may determine whether or not her character was such as to entitle her to any damages at all. - You will also bear in mind that it is her character, her reputation that is to be considered ; you are not to award damages because of Her hus band or children— they are not to be consid ered by you. Remember that she is not en titled to actual damages from loss of busi ness in any event, if you find the article was published in good faith and for a good pur pose, even though untrue, and that the re traction was such as the law contemplates, you will find for the defendant: if you do not so find as to the retraction, but do find that the charges have been substantially proven, then you will also find for the de fendant; if you find the charges not to have been proven, then you will find for the plaintiff, fixing the damages at such amount, not exceeding the amount claimed by plain tiff ($50,000) . as under the instructions of the court you may agree upon. THE JURY RETIRES. The delivery of the charge occupied nearly one hour, the foregoing. being a mere synopsis and not the exact lan guage of the judge, and at 10 o'clock the jury retired, returning at about 5 o'clock with a verdict for the defendant. As on many other occasions,some of the secrets of the jury room leaked out very soon after the discharge of the "twelve men, good and true," and it seems that while they were out about twelve hours, but few ballots were taken. The first ballot stood 9 to 3 in favor of the Globe, whereupon the minority explained that they only wanted a verdict for costs for Mrs. Hertogs, because the Globe could stand it. The majority would not have it, and after a brief discussion a vote was taken as to what damages should be awarded, if any, to Mrs. Hertogs, the result being 'as follows: Goose eggs, 6; % cent, 1; 1 cent, 2: 6 cents. 1; 125, 2. More discussion, and at 5 o'clock it being evident that Mrs. Hertogs could not get a verdict, one juryman having surrendered earlier, the two in the minority yielded the point as to costs, "to save the ; disgrace of another trial," and the verdict was agreed upon as stated above. m Bonds Purchased •'. Washington, June 15.— follow ing is a statement ■of United States bonds purchased from August' 3, 1887, to date: Amount bought, of 4s, $61, --652,600; of 4>£s, $109,554,600; total, $171, --207,200. Cost of 4s, 179,009,314; of 4}£s, 18,621,904; total, $197,631,218. Cost at maturity, of 4s, $108,635,613; of 4^s, $124,702,047; total, $233,337,660. Savings, 4s, $29,628,297; 4Ks, $6,080,143; total, $35,706,441. ■ -.. SAINT PAUL, '.MINN., SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 16, SIXTEEN PAGES. BY HER NEXT FRIEND A Friend of Mrs. Sabin's Re pells the Insinuations Against the Senator. She Went Into the Asylum Knowingly and Has Perfect Liberty of Action. Her Comfort Is Provided for and She Has No Complaints to Make. Forest Fires Have Burnt Themselves Out— Firemen's Tournament. New Yobk, June Prompted by statements that the wife of Senator D. M. Sabin, of Minnesota, was "thrown into an insane asylum and detained there against her will while a divorce was obtained and without the knowledge of her relatives," E. C. Taintor, of 239 Broadway, New York city, has prepared this statement: "Before marriage Mrs. Sabin was a member of the family of Dr. Hutchins, of Daniel sonville, Conn. I am a son-in law of Dr. Hutchins, and have acted as the next friend of Mrs. Sabin in this matter. Reports casting discredit on Senator Sabin were so far from true that they were intolerable even to the friends of the lady. Mrs. Sabin had herself made written application to be admitted for treatment to the institu tion at Flushing, L. 1., where she now is. She did so because it was the best thing, and she did it after consultation with her friends, and took the step and without compulsion on the part of Senator Sabin, or, in fact, of any one. I accompanied her there and placed her in the doctor's care and have since frequently called upon her there. She has entire LIBERTY OF ACTION. and is free to come and go, to receive her friends and to communicate with them, which she continually does. At a recent interview with me she ex pressed her desire to remain there as long as possible, and afterwards wrote to me asking me to use my influence with the senator to provide for her con tinued treatment there. This Senator Sabin willingly did when asked, regard less of the great expense incurred. In fact, there has been no disposition on the part of Senator Sabin to withhold anything that would contribute to Mrs. Sabin's comfort or welfare. Everything requested or suggested by Mrs. Sabin or myself, or any other of her relatives or friends has been freely done, and satisfactory provision has been made for her future support by Senator Sabin. Mrs. Sabin and her friends have been fully aware of the divorce suit from the beginning to the end and have been at all times free to op pose the suit, if she or they had so de sired. Her friends and relatives ac knowledge that Senator Sabin has acted generously by her in his provisions for her present and future comfort, and they consider that his conduct in the whole matter has been all that could be expected under the melancholy circum stances of the case. Burned Out. Special to the Globe. Tower, June 15.— The forest fires are still burning, but about all the damage possible has been done. The loss to timber and other property will foot up to several thousand dollars. South Dakota Firemen. Special to the Globe. Yankton, S. D., June 15.— South Dakota Firemen's association will hold their sixth annual tournament at Ynnk ton, commencing Friday, June 18, and continuing throughout the week. On Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, Prof. Ward, the aeronaut, will descend in a parachute from an elevation of 3,000 feet, and on Friday a Western league ball game will be played between the Minneapolis ana Sioux City teams. Tnis will be a postponed game which was occasioned by the rain at Minneapolis two weeks ago. The streets are gaily decorated to-night, and special accom modation have been provided for the 10,000 visitors that are expected. LOCATING A BRIDGE. United States Engineers at La Crosse to Locate a Bridge. Special to the Globe. LaCrosse, Wis., June 15.— Lieut. Col. Suitor and Maj. Miller, St. Louis, and Maj. Mackenzie, of Rock Island, constituting commissioners to examine plans and report on location of the pro posed wagon bridge across the Missis sippi, held a meeting here to-day. City officers, steamboat owners and the pub lic generally attended, and the matter was freely discussed. River men ob ject to the location proposed as a hin drance to free navigation, and wish the bridge to go lower down. During the afternoon the commissioners drove about the city and inquired into the manufacturing and commercial situa tions as one feature of . their duty. To-morrow it is proposed to examine the river with a steamboat, which will run a log raft by the town as a practical demonstration of what portion or the channel is used for such purpose. Won't Pay Taxes. Special to the Glooe. Sioux City, 10., June 15.— The Win nebago Indians on the reservation on the Nebraska side of the Missouri river, six miies below this city, have signed a bill providing for the disposal of all their unallotted lands, which will bring into the market something over 30,000 acres, and the whites in that vicinity are exceedingly happy over the matter. It is confidently believed that the Omahas will follow in the footsteps of the Winnebagos, and that in the near future Thurston county, Neb., will have a good, healthy boom. ; These steps have been . brought about by the attempt of the assessors :to list the In dians. They will not pay the taxes. Postal Matters. Special to the Globe. Washington, June 15.— Postmasters ] appointed to-day, Minnesota: H. C. Odney, Verkhoven, vice Woodburn, re moved; S. J. Haaraless, New York Mills, vice Ormsby, 'removed; Henry Fox, Rice, vice Walter, removed. Da kota: James A. Finley, Pine Ridge Agency, vice Wallace, removed Post masters commissioned, Dakota: Ira Park, Antioch; William B. Tapley, Frankfort Edwin H. rover, llanna ford; Spencer L. Sage, St. Lawrence;. Charles Gordinier, Vandervoort. Min nesota: Ivor Thompson, Cyrus. ■ A new postoffice named "Lyman", has been ordered to be established twelve miles southeast of Sauk Center, on lay man's Prairie, Steams county. It is named after Hand Lyman, the first set tler in that county. Without a License, Special to the Globe. Furgus Falls, June Peter Schroeder, a wealthy brewer of Per ham, was brought to this city yesterday afternoon charged with selling liquor without a license. He was taken before Justice Frankberg, waived examination and was bound over, giving $200 bail. Schroeder has been furnishing beer by the keg to the people of Henning, a neighboring village which voted "no license" last spring. He had an agent there and shipped beer in regularly, and the temperance people are deter mined to stop it if possible. The Hoppers Wiped Ont. Special to the Globe. lergus Falls, June 15.— Capt. O. C. Chase, chairman of the county board of commissioners, returned from Perham yesterday and announces that the fight against grasshoppers is over. None of the insects have hatched upon land that has been plowed, and those that have hatched on unplowed land have been destroyed. Some 6,000 acres have been plowed at a cost of about $8,000 to the state. Capt. Chase believes that this swarm of grasshoppers is wiped out permanently. He speaks in nigh terms of Prof. Lugger's services. Well Entertained. Special to the Globe. • West Superior, Wis., June- 15.— A special train of six coaches of the East ern railway celebrated the inauguration of its passenger service by giving an ex cursion to the head of the lake. The train contained about forty representa tive business men of St. Paul and Min neapolis, besides prominent railroad men. The guests were met by the city council and prominent citizens and taken for a sail about the harbor on the steamer Plowboy. They expressed much surprise at the steamers of the Northern line, the elevators and coal docks. The party left for Duluth in the evening. Severed His Windpipe. Special to the Globe. > La Crosse, Wis., June 15.— A singu lar accident is reported from the village of Midway, this county. William Kind hammer, working on a new building, fell to the ground. He had a sharp ax or hatchet in his hand which somehow struck him across the ; throat, severing the windpipe. Doctors conld not be had for some time, and on arriving found one lung full of blood and one arm broken. He was alive this afternoon, . but the doctors say he is certain to die very soon. He has a family, v ; % ; -/s -._ • Walked in Her Sleep. " , Special to the Globe. '."", Eau Claire, June 25.— Miss May Hotchkiss, daughter of a well-known East side citizen, while walking in her sleep last night, stepped off the landing of an outside stairway and fell fifteen or twenty feet to the ground, sustain ing concussion of the brain and both fracturing and dislocating her right shoulder. She lay insensible for five hours, when she was picked up by members of the family about 6 o'clock in the morning. Her recovery is un certain. A Soaking Rain. Special to the Globe. Pierre. S. D., June 15.— A steady soaking rain has been falling all day, making the prespect for a good crop on the Missouri slope first-class this season. Pierre firemen have decided to abandon the steamboat excursion to the Yankton tournament, not having come to satis factory terms with the Benton Trans portation company for hiring the steamer Helena. One hook and ladder and one hose company will now go ununi formed. __ Another Palace. Special to tne Globe. Sioux City, 10., June 15.— The corn palace festival will be repeated in Sioux City next fall. That fact was settled at a meeting held to-night, and over $10,000 has been subscribed toward paying the expenses. Permanent officers were elected, and work will begin at once to make the affair a greater success than on the two previous occasions, if pos sible. Fire at Wansan. Special to the Globe. Wausau, Wis., June 15.— J. H. Joice's handsome residence on East hill was partly destroyed by fire last night, with the contents. Loss between $4,000 and $5,000. Insured for $4,000, $2,500 on the house in the Royal, of Liverpool, and $1,500 on goods in the Northern, of London. It is supposed to have caught from a lamp. Farmers' Alliance. Special to the Globe. Yankton, S. D., June 15.— county farmers' alliance was formed here to-day. Addresses were made by Hon. J. W' Hardin, of Woonsocket, and F. B. Fancher. vice president of the territo rial alliance. This organization is pre paring for an active campaign in Da kota politics. Drowned in a Pond. Special to the Globe. Wausau, Wis., June Richard Priebe, a six-year-old son of August Priebe, was drowned in Stewart's mill pond this morning at 10 o'clock. The body was recovered after twenty min utes. Doctors worked over him three hours, but failed to resuscitate him. Still Have Hopes. . Special to the Globe. Washington, June 15.— 1t is believed here that the appointment of Dr. Leon ard, of Rochester, to be consul ; general to Shanghai, finishes the Gjertsen case. The latter's friends, however, hope that Gjertsen may yet be appointed to Cal cutta. The Dronth Broken. Special to the Globe Yankton, S. D., June 15,— Rain vis ited this part of Dakota to-day. Crops are in a fair condition, but have suffered considerably by drouth. Small grain is the only crop thus affected, the corn being in good condition. Boy Drowned. Special to the Globe. Chippewa Falls, Wis., June 15.— . young lad named Gus Frederickson, aged thirteen years, was drowned in the Chippewa river at this place this af ternoon while bathing. . yy- -Sy- Lost His Leg. Special to the Globe. ' • . - - N • '-••'■■ : .--' Tower, June 15.— Will Spain, a brakeman on tbe . switch engine in the : mine yard, was run over this afternoon and his left leg cut off. He is in a very serious state at present. - - — ; -. .."■■."'• - "■' i CRUEL WAR IS OVER. The Troops Arrive at Mille I f Lacs and Will Now March Back Again. A Terrible Experience in the Trackless Forests of the North. All to Ascertain That a Drunken Indian Had Shot :• at a White Man. Capt. Hannay Holds a Council With the Chiefs and Learns Nothing. Special to the Globe. ■ Mille Lacs Lake, June 15.— After twenty-three miles of the most terrible traveling that troops ever underwent in this state Capt. Hannay and Lieut. Free land, with their detachment of thirteen soldiers, reached this point at 9:30 Fri day night, ten hours and a half out from Mora. The journey was made by a literal hand-to-hand tight with a wilderness of pine stumpage, mudholes, windfalls and a trail only opened this spring. At times it was necessary to hew a path through the forest, or "all hands" turn in and rescue supply wagons and horses ■ from depfchless abysses of mud. A heavy fall of rain for two hours added to . the discomfort and fatigue made doubly burdensome by swarms of hungry gnats. The old troopers, who have done service m Montana and Dakota, agreed that the march was over the worst territory they ever got into. Now that the center of the Indian trouble has -\ '■•■.-:■ -HON." H. M. RICE, yy ,'->>- Chairman Chippewa Commission. - been reached and people can be found whose word is to be relied upon, it ap pears that the trouble has not been seri ous enough to warrant the- presence of troops. The relations between the squatters and ,: the Indians s \ are so strained that encounters have been fre quent, and culminated on Wednesday in the murder of an inoffensive Swede, the driving of; settlers from the re serve,' and the threat from the Indians that .1 they. intended to ; drive away ." or ; kill ' all whites ' upon the reservation. To go back to the i beginning of the trouble on this reser vation. In ;or about 1862 the general ] government agreed to pay. the Chippe ':- was upon the Mille%acs reservation, : and in twenty-three annual payments, . a compensation sum for their lands, something over three ; townships, or about 61,000 acres. The Indians accepted \ this, and in 1885 received their last pay ment, and the reservation was declared open for settlement. Afterwards it was closed again, owing to the fear of an Indians outbreak, and until the Indians could be moved. Since then, owing to the fail ure of congre ss to act, the reservation ; has remained closed, while the Indians and whites confronted each other, claiming «.->■*• THE COVETED LAND. In 1882 there was over 60,000,000 feet of pine on the reserve and the soil when free from stumps, made excellent farm land. As soon as the Indians had been paid their last annual payment the whites began their struggle for entrance. Ex-Senator Sabin and A. H. Wilder are said to have scripped 24,000 of the 61,000 acres. Sabin afterwards sold his por tion to Weyerhauser. Squatters poured in and the Indians were crowded out. At the same time the whiskey trader and others seeking to dupe or use the abo rigines poured in the liquor. Further, the Indians holding that they still pos sessed the land, gave powers of agent and attorney to Johnathan Simmons and Nathan Richardson, of Little Falls, to protect their Interests.; It is claimed here that these last two have persist ently urged the Indians to drive the I whites out. Thus -bad whiskey and a clouded title to land has given ; the i Chippewas two seemingly very ! sore grievances. This spring their bad 1 blood has been most manifest against I the squatters upon the reserve. The 1 bucks have had unlimited liquor from Aitkin, Brainerd and Mora, and armed with good Winchesters, have terrorized their opponents. On Jan. 5 one of them attempted to kill R. P. Briggs, but was prevented by his squaw. On May 25 Joseph H. Deweg narrowly escaped with his life. The bucks all the time kept warning the whites to move or they would be killed. During the last fortnight preparations : for a medicine dance gave the Indians occasion for a drunk. Conspicuous in the spree was an Indian, Wadena, a tough and bully. Sunday last Wadena was stabbed by an old ij chief ■ins aj. quarrel. Monday and Tuesday he was drunk and conversing with a wild crowd of followers. , Wednesday night they went to the resi dence of ; wen ? Magnusson, who ■' lived at Mosoraoni point.the summer grounds j of the Indians. Magnusson had done Wadena numberless kind acts, never ; less, with whoops and- howls, they called him to his door, and as he came' out Wadena shot him twice in the face. They then went on to three families, •who had been on the reserve but a day, "and drove ■: them out. It :is certainly known that they have not killed .several persons in . that neighbor hood who ; were , first reported . mas sacred. The whites here have been too scared to venture out and inspect. Mag usson: - fell '- at r his own door, but man 'k-*TGi»G.' ' - aged to crawl to the house of Andrew Berg and tell his story. Berg warned the Briggs brothers and so the alarm came. On Thursday Magnusson was taken across the lake to Brainerd for treat ment. Saturday morning Capt. Hannay made Mosomoni point, where the In dians called a council to receive him. Te-Cum-Me-Gersen, Wartip Tia, Keg Wedoshe and other chiefs were IN the COUNCIL Henry Vinuet acted as interpreter. Reg Wedoshe did the most talking. He is the father of the murderer Wadena. He denied the bad actions of the Indi ans, claimed ill . treatment . from , the whites and said the murder was caused by whisky furnished by white men. He said that Wadena had not in tended to kill . Maguasson, but that he was drunk and mistook him for a man whom he : had a grudge against. None " of the? chiefs would reveal by a direct assertion that Wadena had done the killing. Capt. Hannay warned them of the consequence of ill-behavior and the -troops withdrew. The return journey to Mora was begun Saturday afternoon, and St. Paul will hardly be reached before Sunday. The result of the trio, has been nothing, except to demonstrate the assminity of some one in sending a . large body of troops into . a practically unbroken pine country. The government has expended some thousands of dollars on this farcial campaign to dem onstrate that between squatters, bad whisky and cheating trades an Indian is occasionally forced into killing a white man. One man in two days, at an expense of $15, could have done the same thing. It may come to pass that the lusty bucks of Mille Lacs will kill at wholesale rates some day, but the settlers are well armed. Very few have their " wives with ; them, and an outbreak could not possibly con tinue long. The, violation of the liquor laws are so open here that an easy explanation is found in that for the frequent troubles betweenfltbe whites and Indians. Capt. Hannay found nothing to warrant the belief that a massacre is to be feared, or that the Indians had gone any.: further than to have a whisky carouse. The civil auth orities will act in the case of the shoot ing of Magnusson. . \ MAGNUSSON'S STORY. With a Whoop and a Howl the In ■ dians Shot Him Down and Fled. Special to the Globe. . . ' ■ St. Cloud, June 15.— Swan Magnus son, who was said to have been killed by the Chippewa Indians at Mille Lacs in the first dispatches, is now lying dan gerously wounded at the hospital in this city. He has two wounds in his head, inflicted by a small caliber revolver. One is on the . left side, enter ing the cheek close to the nose. The . other bullet struck him on the right side of the face and lodged in his neck. Surgeons here are of the opinion that he may recover. He does not speak English, and the follow ing is substantially i what . was learned in an . interview with him through a Swedish . interpreter. He lived on a claim in a Swedish settlement on the East shore of Mille Lacs lake, which he worked as a farm. The Swedes were industrious, treated the Indians fairly and never had any trouble. Lately, however, the Indians had been supplied with whisky in large quantities, and on such occasions would display all the primeval savageness Jthe noble red man of the forest is capable of in the way of whoops and sun dances, but even then they did not molest the whites. On Wednesday last the Indians.as Magnus son presumes, had again been supplied witb fire water and that night one of the Chippewas, Wadena, came to his house and requested him to come out. Mag nuson's relations with Wadena had always been friendly, and although his actions betrayed that he was under the influence of liquor, he went to the door. As be opened it the Indian shouted the war whoop, emptied two chambers of the revolver into his face and ran. Magnuson fell unconscious and was soon after picked up by some of his neighbors, ; who heard the shooting. Fearing more trouble they rowed across the lake and then took him to Brainerd, from which point he was sent here. WORKING UP SENTIMENT. Nothing Yet Accomplished at Pine Ridge, Bat Qniet Work Is Being Done. Special to the Globe. Pine Ridge Agency, S. D., June 15. —A heavy wind storm almost destroyed the great roofed space which had been intended for the council of the Indians, yesterday afternoon, and nothing has been done except to repair the damage. The Indians have not all arrived yet, though couriers have been dispatched to the different camps to summon them. On the south side of the agency lies the wide-spreading encampment of Chief Red Cloud, while on all sides are many other camps. . Louis Richard, an old time chief of scouts under Gen. Crook, has been among these Indians explain ing the bill and working in its interest. He is close-mouthed and says nothing as to what the result of the meetiugs here will be. The commission will possibly remain here for two weeks, and even longer. The visiting of agencies will not be concluded before Aug. 15 at this rate of progress. Three councils were held in the camp to-day, at which Gov. Foster put in an appearance and gave them a little informal talk, setting forth the purpose for ; which the com mission had come among them, allud ing incidentally to the success of negoti ations at Rosebud agency. Speeches were made by several of the prominent older Indians, which disclose a strong - spirit OF opposition to the treaty. Among others may be mentioned Red Cloud, Big Road and White Antelope as the most earnest in their opposition to • the treaty. Red Cloud has at last openly declared -him self as against any sale -of land, ex pressing himself to the effect that bis people needed all the land which . they had now, and that to properly induct them into the - mysteries of the white man's civilization all this land would be required, without the relinquish ment of an acre. Taken as a whole the situation here seems simi lar to that at Rosebud when the com mission came there. The mixed bloods and white men intermarried into the tribe are in favor of the bill, knowing this to be the most advantageous offer ever made, or ever - likely to be made. The acknowledged leader of the younger and more progressive Indians > here is Young-Man-Afraid-of-His- Horse, and he leads the advocates of the treaty. He • is credited with :< the expression : "When ■;- my friend, Gen. : Crook, comes and tells me he has a good heart towards the Indians." ': With , him are Fast .Thunder, No Flesh and Six "Feather. . There are at this : agency' about 5,600 , Indians, with 1,830 adults, not including the white men who will be allowed - a voice ;.. in the matter. Though their connection with the tribe by marriage, these people are , arrayed for or against the bill with a large num ber.- or the . fence ready to climb down on ,- the . side where there the most numerous crowd or the juiciest beef roasts are to be had. LOWER THAN A BRUTE Clara Blatz Tells the Shock ing Story of Her Brutal Life. Practices With Her Paramour That Robbed Her of Her Reason. Doctors Come to the Conclu sion That Her Mind Is Unbalanced. The Case Cannot Be Con cluded Before To-Mor row. Beyond the pale 'of a little uncer tainty, the end of the Clara Blatz trial can be seen. Eleven long and weary days have been spent in empaneling the jury and hearing the case thus far. Five days were occupied in active trial, and six days in challenging and swear ing jurors. - When court opened yes terday morning, all had good reason to expect that the case would 'go to the jury last night. -Such hopes ; were doomed, however, to disappointment where the defense began anew its ob stiuate fight. The monotony was slight ly relieved when Mrs. Reid. the ex matron of the county jail, very meekly informed the court that as she was sworneon the day before to "tell the whole truth and nothing but the truth," she desired to make an explanation of her evidence given on Friday. She startled those present by telling the court that she had not slept a wink on Friday night and tbat her conscience had caused her great uneasiness. She had been thinking the matter over very seriously and has come to the conclusion that since Clara Blatz was on trial for her life she had better get the benefit of Mrs. Reid's scruples. Mrs. Reid!s testimony on Friday was to the effect that she did not think Clara Blatz was insane. After she had made her speech to the court yesterday she unfolded a Beat little memorandum, which, she told the court, would refresh her memory as to some of the specific aud peculiar actions of the prisoner while in jail. Mrs. Reid desired to be heard from the witness stand again, saying she did not Intend to be "bluffed by any one." This was suggestive of the cross-examination ad ministered by the county attorney. Judge Kelly thought a memorandum prepared at such a late date would not be admissible, so Mrs. Reid was com pelled to lay aside he notes, take the - stand and- testify from . her mental pictures alone. Mrs. Reid then stated .-., that : . the ,; prisoner . laughed a great - deal when arraigned ana acted very silly. •'. The ■ prisoner's : sole pleasure seemed to be in the pos session ;of a small : tintype picture of Doherty which she kept under her pil low. Mrs. Reid's further testimony was relative to the prisoner's broken jaw, how she suffered from it, etc. The wit ness would not testify that she believed Clara Blatz insane at the time she noticed the strange actions of the prisoner, but now. looking back over the past for weeks, she believes that the woman Blatz must have been insane. Mrs. Walker, the present matron, was called to testify to the late actions of the pris oner, and how they compared with those immediately succeeding her im prisonment. Attorney Egan objected to it as irregular, and the court sus tained him. John Work testified to some details of the quarrels Doherty had with the prisoner when they lived at 176 East Fifth street. Dr. E. H.Whit combe took the stand about 10:45 and answered questions as to his treatment of the prisoner at the time her jaw was broken and she was lying in the house corner Rosabel and Seventh streets. In his . examination the doctor found that the fracture of the bones extended to the nasal and malor, the latter being splintered. She suffered such terrible pain and agony that the doctor pre scribed morphine. -- As she regained the use of her teeth she became very irritable. He had noticed some thing strange and peculiar about her eyes, and at that time thought that the woman was suffering from a slieht af fection of the brain. Attorney Warner then brought up the matter of intro ducing expert testimony bearing upon the question of what effect the practices ot Doherty upon the prisoner would have upon the latter's VITAL AND MENTAL FACULTIES. The defense had prepared to prove what the court said it must show to se cure the admission of such testimony. The court also ruled that if it could be shown by the prisoner that she herself was unchaste and a low prostitute, and had permitted such fiendish and loath some abuse, the court would admit the evidence on that question as far as it affected her sanity. Something shock ingly obscene was expected, and the court room was ordered cleared. Three witnesses, two reporters, the jury and the court officials were the only per sons , allowed to remain. The prisoner was put upon the stand, and, without a blush, acknowledged having been a party to such unnatural indulgence. This was all the court wanted of her. Dr. Whitcomb again took the stand, and dilated upon the effects of such licentiousness upon the physical and mental faculties of the prisoner. At 2 o'clock Judge Egan be gan the cross-examination of the wit ness in a vigorous manner. Dr. Whit, comb testified that it was quite possible that the prisoner was insane on the day of the homicide all due to the abusive and lustful relations with her para mour. Judge Egan briefly recalled all the events which transpired at the time of the murder and those previous there to for many years, and then asked the doctor whether he could, under the cir cumstances, swear that Clara Blatz was insane. The witness would not state positively whether she was or not, but asserted that certainly her mind must have been extremely weak and flighty and her brain diseased. Her < entire physical and mental- resources had been drained of all vitality— so to speak— the pernicious habits heretofore alluded to. The witness ad mitted that he had no settled reason for believing the prisoner to be insane when he was treating her broken face; but he was unusually attracted by symptoms ; which, upon reflection, he concluded were very suggestive of mental derange ment. Judge Egan recalled how marvel ously correct and retentive the prison er's memory proved to be from her own accurate * testimony concerning every thing in her life < from birth to within two ■ days of trW crime, and then, ob livious of all that occurred " in : the ■ two days previous and the fatal day, she , dlstlnctitly c remembered -everything from the morning after the shooting to the present day. He asked. the witness if that was possible with a really insane person, and if it did not appear like a design to deceive the jury. : The wit ness and . the county ; attorney en i gaged in a lengthy ■ discussion about Let us, then, be up and doing, The public mind to probe; Still inviting, still pursuing Trade and Profit through the GLOBE. NO. 167. the degree of responsibility of persons under a delusion, illusion or hallucination. The doctor rightly argued that "delusion' was an erroneous vision to the mind of some thing in "'.reality, and therefore based upon fact. liie prisoner may have been laboring under the delusion that the deceased would do her great bodily harm or kill her if he saw her again, and in her weak and frenzied condition, if such it was, she blindly ascribed such intention •to Do herty, and when she saw him she shot upon an unreasonable impulse. An 'illusion' is an unreal vis ison, presented to the mental or bodily eye, and if the prisoner was swayed by this mad picture of the imagination, she was not excusable, accarding to the ideas of the medical world. Hallucina tion is the belief -in the existence of things which have no real existence iv a false conception which one is unable to distinguish from a true perception. The county at torney questioned and cross questioned to elicit upon what the wit ness based his convictions of a partial insanity of the prisoner. Dr. Jones, of Minneapolis, a physician of the St. Peter insane asylum, was the next wit ness called. He was on the stand from 3 o'clock until adjournment at 5. His testimony was an exhaustive lect ure upon the various forms of Insanity, the possibilities and responsibilities of an enfeebled mind and disorganized reason. The county attorney fired his verbal grape and can nister of logic and reason, while the witness coolly responded with his sci entific facts and technical diagnosis of the prisoner's case. The witness did not credit emotional insanity, and did not think that Clara Blatz was suffering or had ever suffered from partial insanity OK transitokiai? mania; but he did think tnat her case was one of chronic mania. When asked upon what he based his conclusion, lie said upon observation and study of the hypothetical statement of facts of the prisoner's life. In : Dr. Jones' case, as in Dr. Whitcomb's, everything, or nearly everything, was based upon a hypo thetical statement of facts. They had both heard what had been incident to the prisoner's career, and diagnosed her case accordingly. "Doctor," asked Judge Egan, "do yon con sider a person afflicted with chronic mania capable of discerning right from wrong and do you think, from what you have reard of this case, that the prisoner knew she was shooting Doherty with a deadly weapon, and by so doing intended to kill him?'' . "It ; depends much upon the affection. Some persons would know ruin from wrong. others would be denser in their coma condi tion and would not. I think the prisoner knew she was shooting Doherty, but I do not think she could comprehend the gravity of the act." v . "You mean she did not appreciate tte weight of the consequences of • firing a pistol bullet into the body of the man; don't you?"' "Well, yes.'' "Is revenge a motive, doctor?" "Yes; but I do not think it was in this case." "What was, then?" "Jealousy. I should say." "Doctor, if this woman should have shot you or me or any one else, after having been the subject of such a life as . she claims she has led, or any other woman surrounded for the same period of time by similar condi tions, should shoot A., B. or "C, what would you think of her?" • r5 "I should say she was crazy." - Here the court adjourned; and- the defense announced that all its testimony was in. The greatest part of the odious trial is over. On Monday morning Judge Egan will introduce expert testi mony in rebuttal, after which the final arguments will be made to the jury, and the case will be- deliberated upon, and the fate of Clara Blatz determined. DEFIED THE COURT. A Mother Conceals Her Child and Goes Bravely to Jail. Cincinnati, 0.. June 15.— A sensa tional scene was enacted this morning in Judge Outcalt's court— the common pleas. He has had in hearing and under consideration, for several months an unusual -habeas corpus case, where two women claim to be mother of the child for whom the writ was issued. Miss Kate Schaller averred that she gave birth to an illegitimate child and placed it in the hands of Mrs. Humbser, the midwife, to dispose of, and that Mrs. Humbser placed it in the family of W.J.White to be adopted. Subsequently Miss Schaller wished to recover possession of her child, and applied to Mrs. White, when that lady informed her that the baby she had was not an adopted child, but was her own. The testimony before the court was most conflicting, but Mr. and Mrs. White brought many witnesses to show that the disputed baby was theirs. They have had it in charge during the trial. To-day the judge was to render the de cision, but Mrs. White appeared in court without the child. When asked' by the court where it was. Mrs. White in a determined manner answered: "Judge Outcalt, I was submitted to a severe examination the other day,' and I understood you were going to decide against me, and I have protected my child. I know the consequences and am here to abide by them, and if 1 have to stay in prison ten years I am satisfied, so, if at the end of' that time, I have my darling." This reply, of course, made a sensation. Her attorney promptly disclaimed' having advised this. course of action, and asked that his client have time to reflect. The court said that if Mrs. White did not produce the child she must suffer the consequences of con tempt of court, and he allowed her till noon to consider. The resolute mother for two hours was urged by her attorney and friends to produce the child, but at the end of the time she re? mamed firm and went bravely to jail under sentence of the court for con tempt. Meantime the judge withholds his decision of the merits of the case. m AUGUSTANA SYNOD. It Is Scored by a Minister From Minnesota. BEB Rock Island, 111., June 15.— 1n the Augustana synod this morning, the re port of the committee on resolutions, presented yesterday, referring to the appointment of a new constitutional committee, was the special order. Tho committee reported, recommending that a new committee be appointed consist ing of one member from each confer ence; that each conference should also elect a special committee, and that these conference committees should report to tbe committee of the synod. The reso lution was amended by making the com mittee consist of one clergyman and one layman from every confer ence. This launched the syn- . od . into another warm dis cussion, especially as to the instruc- ' tions to be given > the new committee. .The ideas were almost as varied as the minds of the speakers. The main diffi culty lies in the fact that the synod covers the whole United States, that several of the conferences have their own colleges, and that each is doing mission work independent of < the 'other; so that, in the minds of some, there is a conflict between * special and general interests. : In the afternoon the matter of > the constitution for the synod was resumed. Rev. Sjoblom. ot Minnesota, scored the synod for rejecting the pro- . posed constitution which would have made the * synod a* strong united body-. The resolutions . were adopted. The > college business- was next .'. taken up. Rev. E. Carlson, the former business manager, resigned as a member of the board of directors. Adjourned to Mon day.