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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, June 30, 1889, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1889-06-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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In Circulation—The SUNDAY
GLOBE is the People's Pet-
Read by Everybody
In the Twin Cities.
fhe Revelations of Rochester
Horrors Is Almost In
Tales of Cruelty and Suffer
ing Unequaled in This
Patients Subjected to Treat
ment That Slavery Days
Never Knew.
Kany Witnesses Unite in De
nouncing the Manage
Dr. Bowers Would Not Give
Ear to the Complaints
Whispers of Gross Immor
ality that Pervades the
Horror and disgust were alternately
depicted on the face of Gov. Merriam as
he yesterday listened to the testimony
given bofore the committee he has ap
pointed to investigate the alleged mis
management of the Rochester asylum.
The revelations of Friday were shock
ing; those of yesterday not only sub
stantiated all that had been previously
spoken of, but in lurid colors laid bare
the rank rottenness of the administra- ■
tian of the institution. Assistant Attor
ney General Child continued the ex
amination of witnesses before the com
mittee, Messrs. Williston, Simpson
and Amundson, and Senator Davis
closely watched the interests of his
client, Dr. Bowers. The latter gentle
man was present, and also Dr. Collins.
The face of Dr. Collins was a perfect
study. He was seated close behind Dr.
Bowers, his features placid and .pale,
but the mention of his name suffused
his face with a deep red blush, which
he attempted to hide ever and anon by
discovering something particularly in
teresting on the carpet at the rear of
bis chair.
John B. Trogdon, an inmate of the
soldiers' home, was an inmate of the
Rochester asylum from 18S3 to ISBS. He
is an old resident of Nicollet county,
and gave general corroboration to the
ill treatment of patients by the attend
ants. He was committed to the asylum
for inebriacy. He spoke of a patient
named Haynes being allowed to mal
treat another Hi mcd Hoi broke, the at
tendants standing by all the while.
Attendants Carroll and Mason handled
George Taylor, a patient, very roughly.
Taylor could not attend to himself, had
soiled the bed, and so the . attendants
thrashed him. He was over sixty years
old. and they could not have handled a
dog or a hog worse than they handled
that old mau. Taylor died at the asy
lum, perfectly neglected.
Mr. Child— How neglected? *
Mr. Trogdon— they locked him up ail
night, left him there until morning unat- .
tended. - v .- •:-'..
Dr. Wilson, of Shakopee, was also
abused, and Mr. Trogdon says he saw
Attendant Carroll kick a patient named
Clark, who was a druggist in Rochester.
He had also seen Attendants Carroll
and Mason take a man into a room and
thrash him there for stubbornness. He
heard the man's cries of, "Mercy" and
Mr. Child— Was it a common occurence for
the attendants to beat patients?
Mr. Tropdon— common. I do not
think a day passed" bnt that some one was
beaten ; sometimes half a dozen.
Mr. Child— So far as your experience goes,
were yon well fed?
Mr. Trogdon— sir: I was not. They had
a sort of spite against me. somehow or other.
They would give me half rations sometimes,
and when I complained I was told the less 1
said the better I would fare.
Mr. Child— Had the attendants the same or
a different fare?
Mr. Altogether different. They
had good fare. Properly cooked meat and
good coffee and tea. We had imitation tea
and coffee and boiled meat. I understand it
is better now.
Cross-examined by Mr. Davis, the
witness said within ten minutes of his
entrance into Rochester asylum he be
came on bad terms with Dr. Bowers.
He objected to being put in a ward with
lunatics, the lowest ward in the institu
tion. He also became on bad terms
with Messrs. Sackett and Schimmel,who
are trustees of the asylum. He was of
opinion they wanted to keep him in the
Mr. Davis— Why?
Mr. Trogdon— l think a little gold deceived
them. -•■_-;<-;,>•
Mr. Davis— gold?
Mr. Trogdon— l do not think that a proper
question. mKSHSBBK*^ ■
Mr. Davis— Was there any one interested in
keeping you in the asylum? .
Mr. Trogdon— l think Sackett and Schim
mcl were.
Mr. Davis— Was it a pecuniary interest?
Mr. TrcgdoD— l think they were bribed.
Mr. Davis Who bribed them?
Mr. Trogdon— My impression is that A. J.
Lambert on paid Schimmel _ Sackett's part
ner. Charlie Fay.
Mr. ravis— should they be bribed?
Mr. Trogden— Because he did not want me
on the witness stand.
Mr. Davis— How long have these gentlemen
been pursuing yon?
Mr. Trogdon— years.
Mr. Simpson elicted from the witness
that he had a property suit, and that he
was put in the asylum to keep him from
the witness stand. Sackett and Shim
mel opposed his discharge, and after he
had been granted a lease it was six
weeks before Dr. Bowers allowed him
to go. . It was twelve months before he
got his certificate, and then not until he
had threatened Dr. Bowers with a law
suit. It - was upon these grounds he
based the assertion that Sackett and
Shimmel were bribed to keep him con
fined in tbe asylum. .- ■;
Mrs. Eva Bartlett, of 630 East Third
street, St. Paul, gave the most damag
ing testimony that had been forthcom
ing against the asylum authorities.
Mrs. Bartlett _ a young married woman,
and displayed more than average in
telligence.- The grace and ease with
which she gave her testimony carried
with it the weight of reliability, and the
great importance of that statement is
apparent when it is stated that Mrs.
Bartlett is an ex-attendant of Rochester
asylum. She was an attendant at the
asylum for ten weeks in the fall of 1887.
Mrs. Bartlett thought that Dr. Bowers
tried to have the management conducted
as it should be, but the attendants—
employes— were not competent. She"
knew it to be a fact that the patients ;
were most . cruelly and inhumanly
treated, and that the -attend
ants ■', were immoral. She had
seen Attendant Martha Donoghue, I
with little provocation, strike Mrs. Mut
son, a Norwegian patient, and knock
her against a bench. Mrs. Howe, the
supervisress, was aware of how Mrs.
Mutson came to have the black eye,
which resulted" from the blows; but a
few days after, when a • committee vis
ited the asylum, Dr. Bowers informed
them that one of the patients had given
Mrs. Mutson the black eye. Mrs. Howe
was standing near when the doctor said
this. Mrs. Bartlett testified to three
attendants seizing Barbara Buecker,
when in a bad spell, draggiug her to
the floor, stamping on her breast, and
also shaking her against the floor. One
of the attendants was in the act of
striking the woman on the face, and
Mrs. Howe said : "Girls, don't strike
her on the face, because you will mark
her and the doctors will know. then."
Instead of striking her on the face, they
choked her until she was apparently
lifeless. _E_P*B_BBF'.
Mr. Child— Do you know whether the doc
tor was informed of that treatment?
Mrs. Bartlett— Oh ! no. *~
Mr. Child— any of the physicians in
formed? -^Mn<9kA_MHf*
Mrs. Bartlett— certainly not Every
day something of the kind occurred.
Among the cases cited by Mrs. Bart
lett was that of a Bohemian girl of the
name of Susehanuah. She did , not
know her surname— the patients were
given nicknames .by the attendants.
This patient was repeatedly taken down
on the floor and choked by the attend
ants until she was' senseless. Maggie
Ford, an old woman, perfectly irre
sponsible, was very often choked until
she could -not speak. Mrs. Bartlett
named Theresa Ritz, sixteen years old,
an attendant, who repeatedly abused
patients in this patients old
enough to be her grandmother.
Mr. Child— this treatment practiced
by more than one of the attendants?
Mrs. Bartlett— yes. This treatment
was universal throughout the asylum, as far
as I know.
Mr. Child— Did the physicians visit ; the
wards? .
Mrs. Bartlett— assistant doctors went
through every morning. Dr. Bowers did not.
Mr. Child— Why did not you report this ill
treatment of patients to Dr. Bowers?
Mrs. Bartlett— went to Dr. Bowers' office
to talk with him. and he said: "I have no
time to hear what you have to say." He dia
not say that I should call again, or that he
would sometime hear my story.
With respect to the question of fare,
Mrs. Bartlett said the attendants and
patients received alike, but it was not
what any one would relish— it was? not
what the committee or Dr. Bowers
would sit down and eat. Milk, or some
thing of that kind, was occasionally
served to sick patients. The sick were
not overwell attended. On one occasion
a Mrs. Haggerty, really, not able to sit
up. was compelled by Dr. Phelps to get
out of bed. The attendants were told
to bring her out of the room, close the
door, and not let her go in.
Mr. Child— What was Dr. Phelps* reason
for that?
Mrs. Bartlett— l did not know that he had
one. Ido not think Dr. Phelps fit .to be a
dog catcher. That is my real opinion of
him. ' y.;'-%; B___f-I '' ■ ' "
No instructions beyond those con
tained on a printed slip are given to the
attendants when they enter the asylum.
Dr. Bowers merely told Mrs. Bartlett
that her duties would be very trying.
In cross-examination by Mr. Davis, it
was denied by Mrs. Bartlett that she
was discharged from the asylum. Mrs.
Howe told her to make it a practice not
to have any report go from her ward.
She did not know that Theresa Ritz was
discharged for abusing patients.
Mr. Child— : did you mean by your
reference to immoral attendants?
Mrs. Bartlett— lt is absolutely true that
Martha Donoghue would use an oath at the
commencement and end of every sen tence,e_
cepting when Mrs. Howe or any of the physi
cians were present.
Mr. Child— You may state whether there
was any communication between the two
Mrs. Bartlett— in the wards. There was,
I presume, in the kitchen.
Mr. Child— Are yon aware of any immoral
conduct on the part of the two sexes?
Mrs. Bartlett— never witnessed anything
of the kind myself. '
Mr. Child— You have no knowledge of any
thing of the kind?
Mrs. Bartlett— by hearsay.
Mr. Child— Were you informed of any such
conduct on the part of persons employed
there, or patients? •
Mrs. Bartlett— I have been informed.
Mr. Davis— l object to this, Mr. Chairman.
Mr. Williston— Give us the name of your
informant. Mrs. Bartlett. '
Mrs. Bartlett— heard it from a Mary Wells,
a Miss Gibbons and my sister, Dora Hofacre,
and others, but I don't remember their
Mr. Child— Did the information relate to
an intimacy between the two sexes? " ' *
Mrs. Bartlett— lt did. - ■'•-•••
Mr. Child— a criminal nature? '■:■■
Mrs. Bartlett— Yes, sir. •
Mr. Between parties? ■■■■"
Mrs. Bartlejt— Patients, as I understand.
Mr. Davis objected to further ques
tioning on this matter, it being hearsay
evidence. Mrs. Bartlett explained her
small estimate of Dr. Phelps, stating
that he was pompous in his conduct to
subordinate employes in other words
he was conceited, and did not possess
the elements to make a model man. ; A
large proportion of the attendants
looked upon the asylum as a biding
place. They were not educated. Mrs.
Bartlett said when any committee visit
ed the asylum, the attendants were re
quested to get everything in order, and
Dr. Bowers passed through the wards
prior to the committee.
Hans C. Michaelson, of Minneapolis,
was at the asylum four years ■ ago. He
remained twenty-one months. He has
been there again seven weeks this
spring. He spoke of being thrown to
the ground, jumped upon and choked.
That occurred on his first incarceration.
He was placed in , a crib, and : the at
tendants got on top to have lots of fun
with him, saying: ; "If he is not crazy,
we will make him crazy." Michaelson
added; "At last 1 did become crazy."
He was kicked, and had a rib broken,
which was never professionally attend
ed to. He saw John Larson abused by
Attendants Charles Rehbel and Ben
Ware. Larson had some ribs broken.
He saw three attendants seize Samuel
Munger, of Red Wing, pnt him on a
bench and kick him. One of the at
tendants got on the bench to kick the
man in the back. Rebehl was one of
the three, and after they had left, he re
turned and kicked Munger on the
legs. Munger remained sitting on
that bench, two days, when witness
asked him how he felt. He said he felt
as if all his ribs were broken. Cross
examined by Mr. Davis, he said when
in the asylum he believed that people
could read his mind. That was his
trouble. His memory was perfectly dis
Mr. Davis— Did you never have any delu
sions—thinking things that are outside of
your mind?
. Mr. Michaelson— Yes; I thought there was
something— that I cannot account
for. I saw things that I cannot believe my
Mr. Davis— lt was not the devil— was it? - "•-'
--. Mr. Michaelson— Well, I do not know. I
can tell you one thing: One time I passed a
bedroom. There was one bed empty— I
do not trust my own mind as to what I saw.
Mr, Davis— What did you see? •--..',■
Mr. Michaelson— Nothing but dirt
Mr. Davis— Are you satisfied you saw noth
ing. - ' '.-••».- .
Mr. Michaelson— l do not know. .
A recess was taken for lunch at v the .
close of Mr. Michaelson's testimony..
Ominous Whispers as to the Moral
Air of the Asylnni. -•";
'■■'■. J. S. Vandiver, of Stillwater, reporter
of the Stillwater Messenger, made some
shocking disclosures. He was an in
ebriate patient of the asylum from May,
1 1887, to June, 1888. Prior to giving tea
timony, he had a record made of a let
ter received by V. C. Seward, his em
ployer, which ran:- . j -,
: Mr. Vandiver promises to ; trouble . us with
many vague charges against the institution.
In order to know their value, when not sub
stantiated, we would like to show his ■ gen
eral character as regards veracity and be
havior. •» You told me of the general estimate
of him when you were here. Will you please
.write me a short, letter, enumerating some of
his escapades and the views and wishes |of
people to be rid of bim. Also their estimate
of his veracity. If you will do this it will be
aid to us. Yours sincerely, y '^ v;y
Dr. R. M.Phelps,
- Assistant Physician.
Mr. Wiliston said the witness would
be given every facility to guard his
character or veracity, if either were im
peached. Vandiver gave evidence of
the kicking and cuffing of G. W. Dea
con, of St. Paul; Antonio Princon, Paul
Scbuelier, of Blue Earth city; a patient
named Richardson, Arthur Joy, of Min
neapolis. He mentioned Edward Sew
ard, F. Eshler, Ben Vail. Charles Re
behl, Frank Wickey, Ole Jergens,
guilty of inhuman treatment. Richard
sou used to have a bunch of pins thrust
into his legs to make him sit down.
Taylor Combs, the patient who was
murdered, was compelled by attend
ants to whip other patients. A patient
named Haynes told him that Eshler
had "knocked hell out of him." y •
Mr. Child— you know any other case? *
Mr. Vandiver— There was James Cain, on
account of his filthy habits. I have fre
quently seen tbe attendants, as a punish
ment, compel him to eat and drink the ex
cretions from his own body.
Mr. Child— Who were the attendants?
Mr. Vandiver— The attendants in the hall
of which I speak were Ed Fanning, Ronan,
and I think Cote, and I am not positive but I
think Conley.
Mr. Child— were the attendants : that
obliged the patient to do that?
Mr. Vandiver— There was Kovan and Ire
Senator Davis was not present at the
afternoon session, as he was suffering
from an attack of neuralgia in the
head. Mr. Kellogg took his place and
cross-examined Vandiver, who denied
he composed obscene poetry when in
the asylum, giving them to patients
with instructions to read them in the
laundry to the women. He acknowl
edged that several verses, the manu
script of which was produced, were
written by him, but said they were
copied for attendants Cote and Date.
Mr. Kellogg— Then you did not compose .
this poetry?
Mr. Vandiver— I am not particularly
stuck on it; it does not display great genius.
Mr. Kellogg— it does not.
Mr. Vandiver— True, great minds run in
the same channel. [Laugh terj. ■ '_-.
Mr. Kellogg— Thank you for the compli
ment. ■;.••-' r;'
Mr. Vandiver had complained that
his letters had been intercepted when
in the asylum: He was positive of some
letters having been sent. They were
sent by his correspondent.
Mr. Kellogg— Who was your correspond
Mr. Vandiver— decline to answer. ;;,>..
Mr. Kellogg— it not Mrs. Montgomery,
a former Datient? •■ • -
Mr. Vandiver— l decline to answer. Ido
not want anybody's name dragged into this
business. - I have carefully refrained from
making mention of some other ladles. One
physician present knows it would be emi
nently • embarrassing to a lady connected
with the institution, and I have refrained
from making mention of it, and shall do so
unless lam forced. - "=- :vy '
Mr. Child— Have you any information in
volving any physician and the female at
tendants? _HB_9
Mr. Vandiver— Ouly from hearsay.
Mr. Child— From whom did you hear it?
Mr. Vandiver— lt was the general remark;
and the specific case was told me by the
assistant baker, named William Kiser.
A very high' opinion of Dr. Collins
was expressed by Mr. Vaudiver, who
said Mr. Dale told him that the doctor
was reprimanded for being too lenient
with patients. He was reprimanded by
Dr. Bowers. Mrs. White, of Minneapo
lis, testified to her husband, since de
ceased, being an inmate of the asylum.
He told of the ill-treatment of patients,
specifically mentioning the case of Van
Dyke, by Ben Dale and Frank Witty,
who were discharged. Her husband
also stated that when the patients were
taken to the grove the ■ attendants en
couraged them to fight and swear.
The committee adjourned at 4 o'clock,
and will meet at Rochester on Tuesday,
where the investigation will be re
sumed. . Another meeting will be held
for the convenience of witnesses who
were not heard by the committee. .
An Overwhelming Vote in Favor
of the Annexation of Populous,
Suburban Towns.
Chicago, June 29.— The question of
the annexation to Chicago of the closely
adjoining suburbs of Hyde Park, Lake,
Lake View, Cicero and Jefferson ! was
voted on to-day. The campaign which \
has been conducted for several weeks
East was a spirited one,' and both sides
have been making a tremendous strug
gle. The antis were generally headed
by the present office holders in the
suburban governments, who made
a bitter fight against coming
into the city. While the . offi
cial vote from all the points
has not yet been announced, there is no
room for doubt, from figures received,
that all the suburbs named have been
carried by the Annexationists. The va
rious towns give to Chicago an addition
al population of nearly 200,000, bringing
the total up to probably 1,100,000, The
territory annexed will give Chicago a
total area (approximately estimated) of
about 174 square miles, making it the
largest city, in area, in the United
States. All of the suburban towns an
nexed are built up solidly for miles,
radiating from the old city limits. A
person unacquainted with the bounda
ries of Chicago would not know where
any of the towns began, the dividing
lines being the center of boundary
streets. • ' '-.••*■'-'
Registration Shows That _ ess
Than Two Thousand Lives Were
Lost at Johnstown.
Johnstown, Pa., June 29.— The sub
committee appointed to secure an ac
curate account of the. living and dead
has filed its report. The report, how
ever, is as unsatisfactory as any of the
preceding reports. It is as follows:
Fifteen thousand four hundred and
fifty-five men, women and children have
been registered as survivors, which in
cludes 4,250 heads of families. ' The
morgues have accounted for over 3,000
bodies found, while the registration re
port shows 0n1y 1,838 as the total number
of lives lost. The committee offer as an
excuse for this discrepancy that they
have not been . allowed sufficient time
to properly cover the ground and that a
part of the information given to them
was incorrect. There are but few peo
ple here who estimate the loss of life
under 10,000. The citizens \ are very in
dignant at the last reduction in the
working forces and have requested that
the force be increased instead of dimin
ished. Austro-Hungary consul Scham
berg to-day distributed among his coun
trymen the special : donation received
from the emperor of Austria. _
Benjamin Will Recreate.
Washington, June 29.— presi
dent will leave here Tuesday for Wood
stock, and will be accompanied by a
party, including Mrs. Harrison, Secre
taries Tracy and Noble and Sir Julian
Pauncefote, the British minister. The i
president and Mrs. Harrison expect ;to
return to Washington Friday evening.
_ -'. . .: '! *?J ■ -v-.'i'V;
Gigantic Railroad Develop-;
ments in the : Canadian , \
Northwest. ! |
The Northern Pacific to Build
a New Line to the Pa- 'p'-:\
That Will Parallel the Canada
Pacific by the HcKenzie :
";.'..,'" Route .-■..0;
And Develop a Gigantic Tract
of Country Tubulary to C
.».'.■■/.. St Paul. -'; '— ■
The Northern Pacific Will
Not Drop Its Canadian J :
Such Rumor Denied by Au- i
thority of Oakes and Mc- ;
Naught. |;
: T. F. Oakes, president of the North
ern Pacific, was asked yesterday wheth- •
er there was any truth in the report that
his road bad signified its intention of
withdrawing from its Canadian rela
tions, or had sold out its interests in the
dominion. He replied: "Absolutely
none. I wish yon would . deny, the re
port most emphatically, from me. '■ Our
contract with the Manitoba government
precludes our doing anything of the
sort. Even if we desired to withdraw
we could not do so. We are building
new lines very rapidly all through
Manitoba, and regard that as one of the
most valuable parts of our whole sys-^
tern. Manitoba and the surrounding ter
ritories form finer wheat-growing coun
try than Dakota, and we have a most;
valuable piece of property. No, we have
not yet bought the Northwest ■ Central
railway, but some negotiations looking*
that way are going on. I am glad the
Globe denied the rumors about our;
withdrawal from Canada, as nothing is
further from our intentions. We are
spending a pile of money there and'
could not afford to withdraw. Besides,
look at the tremendous concessions the;
Manitoba government has granted us."
Mr. Oakes was told of the talk-indulged •
in by many people to the.effect that the >
consolidation of the "Northern Pacific
and Wisconsin Central roads would-:
seriously injure the former . ; through
making five or ' six enemies of roads ;
which were formerly friendly. He ;
laughed, saying: . "The Northern Pa-;
cigc is fully able to take care of Itself.
We calculated ' on all the chances be-'
fore we made the deal, and should not
have made it if we had not been certain
it would prove a paying speculation." : ;
"Did you see that article in the Globe '
some months ago, in which affiliation
between the Northern Pacific and
Grand Trunk roads was predicted?"
was asked. '.iitg_MPQi4PGaß__B_ ;
, . "You were perfectly right in your sur
mise. That was
to buy the Wisconsin Central. By that
road . we got close connections at Chi
cago with the Grand Trunk. We de
sired closer relations with that road,
and have now got them. Where was
your informatien on that subject ob
tained?" .- -._••;.■■
"From Sir Henry Tyler, president of
the Grand Trunk.*'
■ "Well, he ought to know. You see
by these connections' we have a road
straight across the continent from Port
land. Me., Halifax, Nova Scotia and
Montreal on the St. Lawrence to the
. Pacific coast. This gives us a powerful
system of roads." -:
Col. James McNaught, counsel for the
Northern Pacific and president of the
! Northern Pacific — Manitoba, was asked 1
the same ' question ' about their with
drawal from Canada. Col. McNaught
ridiculed the : idea in much the same
terms that President Oakes had done,
saying: "Those reports are merely be
ing spread to injure . our business.
They are absolutely false and without
foundation. The Manitoba govern
ment agreed to give us a very
large bonus for building the road
they had projected, and one of the ex
press terms of the agreement was that
we should not sell out, either to the
Canadian Pacific or to the Manitoba
road. Look at the thousands of tons of
iron we are shipping to Manitoba, the
thousands of men we are employing
and the thousands of dollars we are
spending. That contract was not made,
between the government and the North
ern Pacific, but between the govern
ment and Messrs. Henry Villard. T. F.
Oakes and James McNaught personally.
Our interests are too great there to per
mit of our withdrawal.; Instead 7 of that
look out for further development." . ;
: .The conversation of some of the most
prominent railroad men now in the city,
combined with remarks let drop by oth
ers who have been here within the past'
few months, taken in connection with
facts, known perhaps to only a few, but
facts nevertheless, point to the ■ follow
ing developments, which are herein
predicted as certain to come to pass in
the immediate future. ! The Northern
Pacific will buy - the Great Northwest
' Central railroad. The history of this
latter road has been chequered. It has
not been completed, owing partly to the
apparent irresponsibility of the parties
who were endeavoring :to obtain the '
land grant from the Dominion govern
ment, and partly to the determined op
position of the Canadian Pacific,
railroad. - However, portions .of : :it
have been graded. • and now tile •
Northern Pacific and ; Manitoba road
is about to buy it. A safe prediction to
make is that they will own it inside of
four weeks. This projected road i runs
northwest from Manitoba, penetrating
the vast wheat fields of the Saskatche
wan valley, the finest - wheat-growing \
district in the world, according to 'Kas
Wiman. Many hundred miles : north
west it runs, passing Battleford V and :
terminating at Edmonton. When this
belongs to - the Northern ; Pacific and
Manitoba, it will be extended at once to
the Pacific coast, which it will strike at
Skeena bay. This is the route the Car
nadian Pacific - . . , V ■;■■ ■>'
.^,;' ..• OUGHT TO HAVE TAKEN. - . V-li ■'.:.
and is '■■ that known • as the "MacKenzie
route," which was advocated |by Hon.
Alexander Mackenzie in the days when
be was premier of Canada, in and
around the year 1878. It is a much
more feasible route than that taken by
the Canadian Pacific through the Kick
ing-Horse Pass to Vancouver. :- The im
portance of ; these developments to St.
Paul and to the Northern Pacific road,'
which is essentially a St. Paul road,
cannot be over-estimated. The ; great
est wheat belt in the world lies around
the Mackenzie. Peace and Saskatche
wan rivers. It is to-day nothing but a
i rolling prairie.' ' No farmer can locate
; there .• because of the impossibility of
reaching a market for his produce. This
: new road will open up the < country,
making it entirely tributary to St.Paul.
1 That it will be settled ;up immediately
ion the entrance of the railroad cannot
tie doubted in the light of past history.
Here is a ; stretch of country r. many
thousand miles long and in parts 1,000
miles wide, which can grow over thirty
bushels of wheat to the acre, year after
year, on the basis of the yield of Mani
toba, which is in every way its inferior
for wheat raising. The entrance of the
Northern Pacific to this vast territory
will cover . every section with farms.
> The - produce of • these •*. farms - will be
'shipped east over the: Northern Pacific'
via St. Paul. All of this hitherto un
known Canadian Northwest will at
once become
and will prove a potent factor in her
future development. The principles of
the Northern Pacific are about as fol
lows: Let other roads seek an outlet
; via Duluth, let other roads ignore St.
Paul, the Northern Pacific will make
the whole Northwest, from their south
ernmost branch to the north pole tribu
: tary to St. Paul. The road . must be
come a paying concern in a very few
years. The Canadian Pacific has a fear
ful white elephant on its hands in the
shape of over 400 miles of road north of
Lake Superior; 400 miles of road built
at the most terrific outlay of money
ever put into railroad construction. The
interest on this money aud the absolute
certainty that this long stretch of rock
bound wilderness will never yield a
single penny, form a fearful incubus.
The Northern Pacific ; has nothing of
this sort with which to contend.- It now
has its terminals in Chicago, in direct
connection with a through line to the
Atlantic coast, and can control the
traffic of the whole Northwest in a way
that no other road can pretend to com
pete with. St. Paul will reap the direct
benefit of all this new development, and
for this reason the immense importance
Of the Northern Pacific's progressive
policy should not be lost sight of.
Railroad Magnates Adopt a Fool- ;
' ish Scheme to Bring the Burling
ton Into Line.
if Chicago. June 30.— managers of
: the Western and Northwestern roads re
convened to-day to consider further the
.Tate situation in the Northwest. The
'Committee appointed to wrestle with
'the Burlington and Northern for
the purpose of securing its accent
to the withdrawal of the low commodity
tariff, unanimously adopted about a
week ago, reported no progress. .The
-managers then discussed the situation
'informally and it was finally decided to
{communicate with Vice President Har
iris. A committee was then appointed
to see what could be done in this direc
tion and the meeting adjourned until
j Monday morning. The general opinion
is that the Western roads will gain
i nothing by going to Vice President
Hasris with a request that he reverse
.: the orders of his traffic manager.
• ■ ■ Ballast. ,:•>'■-':-.
At a meeting of the Lake Superior
lines, held in Chicago yesterday at . the
.instance of the Lake Superior Transit
company, it was finally ; decided to re
store lake and rail rates, New Yore to
t St.Paul and Minoeapolss, July 15, to
1 the following « basis, being the same as
that recently instituted by the Northern
; Steamship company and . the Eastern
[Minnesota railway, except that first and
second class rates will be three cents
i lower. The figures for the six classes
will be: First, 66; second, 56; third, 47;
I fourth, 35; fifth, 30; sixth, 26. The lake
i aud rail rates to Duluth will be : 61, 51,
43, 32, 28, 24. It is understood that
| canal rates via Buffalo, and all rail
{ rates via the Soo, will be adjusted at
: the same time. : . ■
; In answer to many inquiries the
\ Union Loan and Trust . company, of
New York, announces that a scheme is
on foot to build a railroad from Sioux
Falls to the gulf of Mexico, passing
■ through lowa, Missouri, Arkansas and
Louisiana, striking the gulf at Morgan
City and connecting with a line of boats
to Central and South American points.
\ The project is backed by very strong
* Eastern and European capitalists, who
are prepared to build at once. They
j propose to build and equip the line in
the English way, so as to . make the
roadbed perfect, and announce that
the first-class passenger fare will be 1
cent per mile and freight to correspond.
- pTbe Illinois Cential and Kansas City
roads made pretty, fast time with three
carloads of bananas from New Orleans.
They made the trip from there to St.
Paul in three days, reaching here yes
• terday. Of this time the Kansas City
handled only 260 miles in ten hours.
W. H. Dixon, of Milwaukee, informed
the proprietor of the Hotel St. Louis
that he must withdraw his announce
j ment of half-rate tickets to his guests,
I suggesting . that instead he reduce his
: board bills.
i .. On and after to-morrow all short line
j tickets on the Milwaukee and Manitoba
; roads between St. Paul and Minneapo
lis,' will be interchangeable. This does
not apply to mileage, passes or coupon
tickets. ' v^fKW^'f^fftT m V / l] ''""Iff Y1
■■■ A. L. Palmer, general agent, and
James Maloney, chief freight clerk of
the lowa Central at Marshalltown, were
in the city yesterday.
I W. H. Whittaker left for the Yellow
stone National park yesterday in charge
of a party of Eastern tourists. . v
•■J C. T. Finling, agent of the Northern
Pacific at Miles City, left for that point
jesterday. , ■ - ,
* P. O. Stohr, general freight agent of
the Kansas City, was in the city yes
'£ C. J. Eddy, general agent of the Mil
waukee at Fargo, left for Chicago yes
terday. -"•.•■
W. R. Busenbark, general : passenger
agent of the Kansas City, is in the city.
« The Omaha will resume I its sleeping
iter service to Sioux Falls to-morrow. •
i J. 1. Hazzard, formerly with the Kan
las City, leaves for Chicago to-day.
W. Prior, of the Northern Pacific, left
for Bismarck yesterday.
-ST- " - .
Marriage of Jobn V. Dahlgren
•j; and Miss Elizabeth Drexel.
$ New York, -. June 29.— Archbishop
Corrigau this morning, at the cathedral,
united in marriage John V. Dahlgren
and Miss Elizabeth Drexel. The cere
mony took place at 11 o'clock, and long
. before . that hour the ; big s church was
filled with friends of the young people::
. The bridesmaids ' were - Miss Katharine
Drexel, Miss Lucy Drexel, Miss Übica
Dahlgren and Miss Helen Dudley. The
• ushers were Thomas Bayard, George
W. Childs Drexel, of Philadelphia;
Thomas Jenkins, of Baltimore; Edward
Hosmer. Harry Morton, William Bliss,
of -Washington; Horace Wiley, C. Stacy
Clark, Count Pierra de ' Chambran, of
Washington; Samuel de la Cuera, vice
consul -.. of . Spain, y: The bride ■ is the
daughter of the ■ late Joseph Drexel,
and . the groom . is ; the T son of the late
Rear Admiral Dahlgren.
■*p ■ y •;: y .-■' ~ ". " ■•— ■ .."'.;. -'
My: i. Clarkson on a Toot.
Washington, June ;'.' 29.— First ■ As
sistant Postmaster General Clarkson,
I with a party of friends, to-day left for a
" trip down ; the } Potomac river. He will
} be absent several days. 1
Hon. "Sunset" Cox, the New
York Congressman, in
St. Paul
En Route to Make the Amer
ican Eagle Scream at
An Interesting Conversation
al Chat With the Witty
The Trip Is Patriotic, Not
Political, and He Eschews
There arrived in St. Panl yesterday
morning a~very prominent politician, in
the person of a gentleman who, in view
of existing circumstances, may rise into
still greater prominence, as the candi
date of a great party for the presidency
of the United States. The arrival was
Hon. Samuel S. Cox, of New York, who
stopped at St. Paul on . his way to
Huron, Dak., where he will deliver an
oration on Independence day. His wife
accompanies him, and the Hotel Ryan
is their headquarters. - During the day
Congressman Cox was .at the Globe
office, where he spent some time in con
versation with several gentlemen who
were friends of his youth in Eastern
Ohio. Many a campaign and many a
bloody political battle of their early
days was fought . over again. Great
and renowned were the names recalled
incidentally; poignant and amusing the
stories told. Congressman Cox is a
magnificent exemplification of what
taking life easy can do in the way of
preserving perennial youth. Though
called by his friends, "Sunset," he is
apparently little nearer the end of his
life's day than when he first entered the
Thirty-filth congress. - The fact is that,
however complex the political problem
he was called upon to solve, , however
long the years of waiting for victory ;
however disastrous the defeat, the con
gressman from v New York has always
made it a principle to allow none of
these things to worry him. His smile
has always been of the brightest, his
wit has always been keen, his view of
life has always been optimistic The
result of this is seen in the merry
sparkle of the blue eyes that made
many a Turkish maiden sigh when he
left Constantinople, in the jaunty
step and ; sparkling brilliance of the
conversation which :.. charmed ■ kings
and " emperors, his grey hairs
do y not make him look old.
His life has been one of bustle and ex
citement but his principle has been
that which he says should be that of
every, wise man,- to get "the most
rational, healthy pleasure out ot lite
that is possible." The men who stood
beside him in . many a political fight,
the men who were withered by ,
in battles fought ■ before most of those
who will- read these : lines . were born,
have gone long since. "Of the Thirty
fifth congress," said he, "I am the only
living representative. True, there . are
men who have served for longer con
tinuously than I have, but not one man
who sat in that congress is living to
day save myself." Mr. Cox evidently
dwells upon the two years he spent
in Turkey, as the representative of
this country, with much, pleasure.
In speaking of his departure, he said:
"The sultan, Abdul Hamid, could not
understand why I wanted to go. He
had done all he could to make my resi
dence pleasant, and succeeded as well
as ' was possible in a strange country.
But a man who has been born and bred
in America gets homesick after being a
year or two in a place like Constanti
nople. I used to sit by the hour and
tell stories to Said Pasha. He is a very
bright man and seemed to enjoy my
stories. You should have seen me
when I went out. - A Turk all covered
with scarlet and green, embroidered in
gold leaves, walked before me carrying
a big sword, with which he made room
for his excellency through the crowd.
Fancy that • sort of thing for a fellow
who was brought up in a place like
Zanesville! > I could not stand it very
long. They are all slaves In Turkey.
The sultan himself is a slave, born of a
slave woman. When he goes every
year down the Golden Horn to kiss the •
robes of Mahomet, the whole populace
turns ' out to see him. They line the
streets, and soldiers ; are everywhere.
Dead silence Is preserved as he goes,but
after he has kissed the robes of the
prophet, said his prayers and starts to
return, the whole crowd commences to
shout: Allah ii Allah! Allah ii Allah!
Great is Abdul Hamid! Great is Abdul
Hamld! But there is one greater Ma
homet? Allah ii Allah ! and Mahomet is
his prophet! The missionaries have
not made a single convert
among the Mussulmans, though
they are spending hundreds
of thousands over colleges and schools.
They are trying to make Presbyterians
of the American Christians, and the
good mussulmen look sly and say: 'Let
the dogs fight „ among themselves!
Allah 11 Allah! and Mohamet is ■ his
prophet!' It is little use trying to con
vert them. They worship God in the
name of Allah. They reverence Abra
ham, Moses and Christ and take care of
the tomb of David. : There is a great
mosque dedicated to • Christ at Damas
cus. i The sultan was a nice fellow
when he got used to my . style, and I
used to hum a little tune as I left him—
something like this : ';.....
. •Porte, Porte,
Fair, fat and forty !
Come not on me your manner haughty I"
'. Mr. Cox was asked about : 'M&&SM
and what he : was going to talk about to
the Huronites. He said: "I am not go
; ing to give them a dose of politics, but
am just going to tickle | the great Amer
ican war. eagle up so that he will shriek
and scream and ■ make ' feathers ' fly.
Those I fellows out in Dakota | feel very
friendly to me, I am glad to say, as they
are good fellows to have for friends."
"They have good reason to feel
friendly, have they not, Mr. Cox?" wa s
ciskcd. ■ " . .
"Well," replied he, "I suppose they
have. I guess it was my efforts that
made them two states instead - of a big
territory.- I saw, what they wanted and
what they had got 'to ■; have. At that
time, most of the men with whom 1 was
associated, were opposed ! to my plans,
but 1 brought them around and demon
strated the justice of the claims of the
territories. This -is a great year for
centennials, and was a most appropriate
year in which to add four . more stars
to the flag. I think I will talk to them
about Jefferson and the Louisiana pur
chase. George Washington had no idea
of the country ever extending as far
west as the Mississippi. In those days
people used to stand :on the hills in
West Virginia and fancy they could see
Lake Erie. Neither Washington nor
Jefferson ever had any idea of what
would become. Lewis and Clarke went
out a little over 100 years ago,' and dis
covered the sources of the Missouri and
Columbia rivers. :- Another curious
thing is that exactly 100 '. years ago to
morrow Mackenzie started out on his
famous trip. He discovered the Mac
kenzie river and Great Slare lake. Yes,
this is a great centennial year. France
has been celebrating . centennially. So
have we. It was the most appropriate
time to bring in the new states, and I
am glad to have had some '■ small share
in bringing it about. 1 shall entirely
eschew politics in my speech in Huron,
and will pile on the centennial racket-
Jefferson, France, Louisiana and Da
"What are your plans after leaving
- "I shall probably go to * the Yellow
. stone National park. I may possibly go
to California, where 1 may deliver a
lecture or two. Alaska? Oh! there are
too many great men up there just
now.'' Mr. Cox says he is out of poli
tics, but is understood to consider the
chances slim for an extra session.
President Harrison's New York ap
pointments he regards as fairly satis
factory, and he thinks the speakership
will go to Tom Reed, of Maine, in case
of an inextricable tangle between Mc-
Kinley, Cannon and Burrows. After
luncheon at the Ryan Mr. and Mrs. Cox
and Mr. and Mrs. Louis Baker went to
the Hotel St. Louis at Minnetonka to
visit Sir Charles Gibson, where the rest
of the day was spent.
Russia Wants Bulgaria and Ger
many Would ike to Divide
Switzerland. .
Berlin, June . 29.— Count Kalnoky's
speech, expressing confidence in the
intentions of _ the Servian : regency, has
tended to allay the alarm which the
Emperor Francis Joseph's spies pro
duced. : The cordial references of both
to Bulgaria are regarded as an answer
to the czar's toast to the prince of Mon
tenegro. - Notes exchanged between
Austria, Germany, Italy, and England
on the question of recognizing Prince
Ferdinand, show that, while there is no
desire to press the matter, no . objection
will be offered. Turkey's decision de-
Eends upon that of the other powers,
ut, - h apart from . Russia's oppo
sition, the : recognition ' of Ferdinand
can hardly- become - a , fait • acompli
while Prince Bismarck shows so little
interest in Bulgaria's fate... The Sile
cian Gazette goes to the length of as
serting that even should. war result
from a Russian occupation of " Bulgaria
and a demand for the evacuation ot
Bosnia by Austria, Germany would not
feel obliged to assist Austria in the
struggle, as the j convention relative to
the occupation of Bosnia and Herze
govina was made without Germany's
consent. The Cologne Gazette, refer
ring to Turkey's rejection of Russia's
overtures for a convention to insure
Turkish neutrality in case of war,
dwells on the expediency of Turkey
joining the triple alliance, which, it
says, is a further check on Rus
sian : aggressive > scemes. -West
Prussian papers report ■ ' that Rus
sian troops along the:- German
frontier are being strongly reinforced.
. The National . Zeitung in 'an article
headed "England and Her Rivals" ably
reflects the feeling here on the failure
of the Egyptian conversion scheme. It
argues that since ■ Russia is pushing her
frontier ever eastward in Central Asia,
has become most important for En
gland, who is less inclined than ever to
evacuate Egypt or share her dominion
there with any other power. Therefore
all the materials are ready at hand for a
Franco-Russian coalition against En
gland, forcing her to become an infor
mal member of. the Central European
Peace league. The North German Ga
zette continues to make daily attacks on
the Swiss government. Though
the incident is practically ended
with the disavowal of .the -Wohlge
muth article, the Hamburger Nach
rlchten admitted . dealing with
the question from an academic and
theoretic point . of view, but none the
less is attracting much attention. It
discusses the partition of Switzerland
between France, Germany and Italy as
a solution of the question, and says this
would - greatly contribute toward the
chances of peace* by bringing the Ger
man and Italian frontiers in direct con
tact with the St. Gothard railway and
compensating France for the loss of
Alsace-Lorraine. The Liberal press
shows no sympathy with • the official
attacks on the Swiss government, which
have already injured the business re
lations between German and Swiss
commercial houses. Emperor William
will arrive at Kiel at 8 o'clock on Mon
day morning, and will witness a regat
ta.. At 5 p. m. he will sail on the
royal yacht Hohenzollern for Norway,
accompanied by the dispatch boat Greif .
According to the present programme
he will return to Friederlchskron on
July 22, and will sail for England on
July SO, returning on Aug. 8. It is
semi-officially denied that he intends to
spend a week in Italy en route to Ath
ens. It is reported that the emperor
to approve any one of the five candi
dates for the bishopric of Munster, pre
sented by the chapter, notwithstanding
the fact that they were carefully
chosen with the view of their being ac
ceptable to the government. The diffi
culty threatens a renewal :of the
kulturkampf. Tbe government has
further expressed r - dissatisfaction at
the lukewarmness of the archbishop of
Posen in combating the Polish agita
tion. The Catholic journals are making
an ardent campaign in behalf of the
anti-slavery congress at . Lucerne.
They say . that .; they want the German
delegates to . show clearly that the anti
slavery movement nowhere • awakens
greater sympathy than in the Father
and."-. The bundesrath, which hay re
sumed its sittings, is mainly dealing
with financial matters. Herr Lanigue,
who ' was elected from Metz, has re
signed his seat on the . ground that he
did not receive sufficient votes to justify
him in holding it. It is expected' that
the seat will remain vacant till the gen
eral election.
~y — •
*. Warships for Delagoa Bay.
! London, June 29.— The cabinet Coun
cil held to-day decided to send addi
tional w arshipsDelagoa bay IniiaMi ito
ately. ; £^ - •
Largest of Her Kind. .
'•"- London, June 29.— The new White
Star line steamer Majestic was launched
Are Printed in the GLOBE than
any Twin City Paper— Read
Them Carefully and
Count For Yourself.
NO. 181.
— : ■-.
Hence the Wealthy Duke ot
Portland Declines to Wed '
;.- a Princess.
■ —
At Present His Grace and the
Heir Apparent Are at Log
— r "-..-' .
Stanley, the Intrepid Ex
plorer, Suffers Shocking
Privations in Africa.
Hot-Headed Paul de Cassag
nac Expelled From the
Chamber of Deputies.
— : --. r -
London, June 29.— The betrothal ol
Princess Louise to the Earl of Fife re-,
vives the rumors which were prevalent
a short time ago of coolness between
the Prince of Wales and the Duke of
Portland, which, it is said, has assumed
the character of a permanent rupture.
It is asserted that both the queen and
the Prince of-= Wales desired
an alliance with the Duke of
Portland, and in pursuance of this de
sire, a friend of the prince was commis
sioned to sound the duke as to his will
ingness to become son-in-law to the heir
to the throne. To the amazement of the
mutual friend and the chagrin of her
majesty and the prince, the duke flatly
refused to listen seriously to the propo
sition. He is said :to have expressed
himself seriously as not at all flattered
by the proposal, in view, of the pitiful
snubbing which the Marquis of Lome
had received at the bands of his
wife's relatives on many occasions,
and declined to permit himself to be
placed in a similar position. In verifi
cation of this story attention is called to
the fact that at the recent wedding of
the duke it was observed that the queen
had sent no present, and the omission;
caused much comment. It is believed!
that the Earl of Fife will be created a
duke in order to more firmly establish/
the precedence of his offspring. The
grandchildren are necessarily royal, and
take precedence even of the brothers'
and sisters of sovereigns.
The Intrepid Explorer Subjected
to Shocking Privations in Africa.
London, June 29.— Mail advices from
West Africa confirm previous reports of
the shocking privations to . which . Mr.
Stanley has been subjected. It is stated
that his hair has turned snow white;
that his clothes are rags, and that he is.
without shoes, being obliged" to ~ use.
skins to cover his feet.
He y Makes ■ , Serious . Charges
Against the; Minister of Justice
and Is Expelled.
Paris, June 29.— the chamber of
deputies to-day M. Pichon questioned'
the government concerning a letter
which a journalist named Woestyne
wrote to M. Meyer, who was recently
sentenced to imprisonment for connec
tion with the Credit Mobilier frauds,
suggesting the forging of documents,
and implicating the government in those,'
frauds. He asked whether that was the
only attempt made in this case to dis
credit the Republicans. M. Thevenot,
minister of justice, replied that ten let*
ters were seized in Meyer's ".- house,]
and i their contents testified to
the shamelessness of the 800 lan
gist party. M. de Cassagnac de
clared that the letters were police
forgeries. M. Thevenot ' answered this
charge by saying that Meyer bad ad
mitted that the letters were genuine.
He also mentioned the name of the
anti-republican leader who visited him.
Here there was a violent interruption b_
the fright, and M. de „ Cassagnac in
an excited manner accused M.
Thevenot of being Meyer's accomplice.
This led to another uproar. M. de Cas
sagnac was censured by the president
and expelled from the chamber. Many,
members of the right ' followed him out,
while the left cheered the president's
decision. M. Thevenot announced that
it 'was the intention of -the- govern-*
ment to prosecute the offenders. Then
M. Herissee. on behalf of the Boulan
gists, and M. Casenove, on behalf of
the Royalists, having denounced the in
trigues, the chamber, without a dissent
ing voice, asked the government to
adopt measures for their repression.
An En lenle in Servia.
Belgrade, June 28.— 1t is feared
that the outbreak at Novi Bazaar is
more serious than represented. Eight
een Servians '. have already been ar
rested, and 240 have fled to Austrian
Bosnia. Servia - has concentrated 260
men in the vicinity in hopes to appro-
bend the fugitives, and Minister Cruies
has requested the Poite to reinforce the
garrison at Novi Bazaar. .
Barnum Booked for Britain.
London, June 29.— George Starr,
agent of P. T. Barnum, has signed con
tracts on behalf of the American show
man, giving him contracts of the
Olympia, the largest building in Lon
don, in which to give exhibitions. A
large deposit was made, which is to be
forfeited if the "greatest show on
earth" is dot brought to London in 1890.
Wolseley Fears War.
London, June 29.— Gen. Wolseley, in
an address which he delivered at Black
heath to-day, said that the nation must
consider the fact that an invasion of
England could not last over a fortnight
and that volunteers should be equipped
in accordance with this view.
A Madman on Parade.
Naples, June 29.— While the ber
sagliers' regiment was marching here
to-day, a private named Borrelli, in a
fit of madness, fired upon his comrades,
killing the major of the regiment and
wounding a captain and others. The '
madman was - finally killed with %
revolver. 1 i^SS— — Sfii
Mingling With Wage Workers.
Brussels, June 29.— The shah of
Persia to-day, in the dompany of King
Leopold, visited the works at Seraing.
He was much pleased with what he
saw, and shook hands with a delega
tion iof workmen. He : made a . short
speech to ' them, alluding to their em»
ploy ment in a few pleasant words.
, Sold for Three Millions.
San Francisco, June 29.— ; is an*
nouaced here to-day, that ' the Philadel
phia brewery has been sold ■■ to an Eng
lish sydtcate for $3,000,000. This state-,
ment Is . semi-oflku>lly - denied, but the}:
managing- partner says that the brewery
is tor •*«le at the piico stated.

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