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LESSONS IN FORGERY
Dr. Tolman Explains the Dif
ficulties Which Surround
Viewing the Blaisdoll Signa
tures Under a Powerful
Judge Shaw Insists Upon Ap
plying His Right Eye to
The Prosecution Making Slow
Progress in Entering In
At the opening of the Collom case
yesterday morh'ng Judge Hooker an
liounced the decision of the court in re
gard to the submission to the state ex
perts of signatures which bad not been
placed in evidence and made standards
«.f comparison. Tho decision was ad
verse So the defense and an exception
was taken. Several more of such sig- \
natures were ottered with like result
and exception noted for the defense.
Judge Hooker said to the jurors that
if they hail any business which needed
immediate attention they had best at
tend to it at once. This was tak«-n as
an intimation that they would ln-re- ;
after during the continuance of the
case be Riven in charge of the sheriff ■
during the hours that the court is not
One of me signatures presented to
Mr. A ■>,. - yesterday morning was writ- ;
ten in pencil, and County Attorney |
Jamison objected to it on that ground, j
and for the further reason that it was j
not in evidence. Judge Hooker an- j
nounced that he would give his decision >
after Hie noon recess. Mr. Ames con
"1 believe these forgeries to have been
made '••% the tracing process. 1 have
made some tracings of Mr. Blaisdeil's
signature, and have them in my
Tin' witness was then released, and
Dr. 11. L. Tolman, of Chicago, was
called. On being sworn, he said :
•■I am a photographic and micro
scopic expert. ■ I have been sworn in
.-tiiosii 55 cases as an expert."
The witness was then shown the nho
t ograph containing copies of exhibits A,
;;.«'..]>, and F. and asked if, in his
opinion, the origidals were all written
by the same person.
••They were not," was the quick and
"And then exhibits A 1 to A 53— were
they written in the same hand as the
signature in exhibit AY" inquired the
"No, sir, they were not," said Mr.
At this point the court adjourned un
til -.: p. m. After an intimation to the
jury t>y Judge Hooker that after the
noon recess } they would be restrained
of their liberty. "This action,"said the
judge, "is taken on my own motion
without any intimation from the counsel
on either side ilia! it is desiiable."
At 3 p. in. Mr. Tolraaa again took tho
stand, aid with liis blackboard, the
bromide, photographs of exhibits A. B.
«'. ]). F. and F. his pointer and copies of
exhibits in the hands of the jury, pro
cetded to give his reasons why lie
thought exhibit A was not written by
tin same person who wrote the other
exhibits, or rattier their originals.
He proved to Ik a voluble and ready
witness, and dwelt with great emphasis
upon the fact that la all of the genuine
signatures there was always an unmis
takably heavy downward stroke, that
the curve's were almost Invariably
curved, while in tin- disputed signatures
they were wedge shaped or acute an
•Mr. Blaisdetl's signatures are all
regular within the rales which govern
them. The pressure of the pen is re
markably regular and even, while in
the disputed "signature this peculiarity
is lacking. One is a natural hand writ
ins, and the other is an imitation. There
is a remarkable evenness in the length
of Mr. Blaisdell's signatures from I*B4
to IW9, which covers the period for
which 1 have examined them. They
run from two and one-eighth inches
down to one and live-eighths inches in
length. The pressure of the pen upon
the paper is very even throughout all of
the signatures, and the depth of the
burrows in the paper is nearly the same,
varying only according to the underly
ing material upon which the paper
rested when they were written. Mr.
Blaisdell'a habit is to make inverted
triangles at the top of his letters. This
a young man or a trained writer does
not usually do."
Speaking of the tremors In writing.
Mr. Taiwan said:
"Ti.ey are the effect of natural cause*,
anil benoe they are comparatively regu
lar in their appearance aitd difficult of
imitation. They appear in curves and
not in andes. An angle indicates a
mental variation and a purpose. It is
an indication of an effort to cover up.
"In my opii.ion Exhibit A was traced.
Mr. Blaisdell does not finish his capital
J's with the same motion of the pen.
When he nets to the lowest point of his
.J he finds it diilk'iilt to make the last
upturn, so h<> takes his pen off of the
paper.coromenees at the top of the hook
and brings it down to a point of junc
tion. Sometimes he succeeds in iorm
iiiL' v perfect junction at toe bottom and
sometimes he does not. This peculiar
ity is v\ autiiiir in thedismiled signature.
"In tracing :i signature it is not pos
sible to pt all of "the shading which oc
curs in the original. Jn the former the
trrmorr- are unnatural and affected. In
the latter they are natural and recur
with almost unvarying frequency. One
is assumed and the other is constitu
tional: one is artificial and tin* ether is
Here the witness entered upon a
scientific and interesting exposition of
the cause of these tremors, lie said
that in Mr. Blaisdell's case they were
not the manifestations of palsy, but of
advancing ase; that ■while their effects
were not always exactly the same, but
would vary with the mental and physi
cal condition of the writer, the paper
upon which he wrote, the kind of a pen
which he used, and the underlying
substance, yet in his signatures there
was found a remarkable coincidence in
the number of their manifestations.
A large compound microscope was
called into play and placed upon the
table used by the attorneys. Different
bpecimens or If Blaisdell's signature
wen placed under the lens, as well as
the signature in dispute, and the jury
ai d council applied, their visions to the
aperture while Air. Tolman explained
Mr. Col man said that the class was
arranged for the right eye, but Judge
Shaw said his right orb was rio
good, so he was permitted to apply the
Tin- jury slowly filed back and forth
several times to look at the exhibits
under tlie glass, reminding one of the
manner of looking at a corpse at a
On the cross-examination different
letters and combinations of letters of
the genuine and disputed signatures
were placed und*T the glass and sub
mitted to the same solemn examination.
.Mr. I oiiiian admitted that in some of
the admitted genuine signatures the
same angles were found as in the dis
puted BlgnstßVM. but on the redirect
examination explained that in all of
them the heavy downward stroke and
evenness of pressure of the stroke was
lacking. Before he would risk an opin
ion upon this subject, however, h« in
sisted upon placing the samples under
lie said that the forger might have
used a hand-glass in making the trac
ing, but that it was done with a soft pen
and pale ink, and that one marked feat
ure of it was that the pressure of the
two nibs of the pen were not even.
while Mr. Dlaisdell bore upon both nibs
< qiii.lly in writing.
An unmounted photograph of the
signatures in exhibits A, B. C, D, E and
¥ was shown him and he said that there
was a slight difference in it, caused by
tne stretching of the paper in mounting
it upon the cardboard.
Before the court adjourned Judge
Hooker delivered the jury into the cus
tody of the sheriff with a caution to read
no "newspapers, and i ot to discuss the
evidence with anybody outside of tin
case, nor among themselves.
An adjournment was then ordered
until 10 o'clock this morning.
The Aldermen Meet and Formu
late Reports for the Council.
The committee on fire department ap
: proved bills for supplies amounting to
! £1,702, and the pay rolls of the different
companies, amounting to $15,502.17.
The committee on gas had a number of
petitions for gas lamps befor it. Some
of the petitioners wanted lamps
out on the prairie half a mile from the
nearest boose. Chairman Smith ami
the committee wrestled with the peti
tions for over an hour, and th"ii re
ferred all the petitions to a subcommit
tee, consisting of Aids. Love ami Vogh,
for consideration. Whatever the sub
committee will recommend will be re
ported to the council. After the work
house committee had audited the regu
lar monthly budget of bills they in
spected the institution and found it in
i excellent condition. The question as to
how the inmates should be employed
during the coming winter was a per
plexing one. It was finally decided,
however, to make the inmates pound
rock during the pleasant days, and the
vans and drunks who are sent up from
I the municipal court will find employ
ment in opening Fortieth ave
nue north between Second and
! Lyndale. The committee on print
ing are in favor of the retrench
ment and reform promised by the ad
| ministration, and in furtherance of that
! promise have agreed to recommend that
I hereafter all the annual reports of the.
1 different departments shall be printed
iin one book. It this scheme is
i adopttd the cost of binding will
I be reduced, but the cost of printing
will remain about the same. The com
mittee on health and hospitals met to
open bids for the removal of dead ani
mals. As there were no bids to con
sider, they spent the afternoon in ap
proving bills amounting to about 11,500
lor the health department, and others
amounting to about §5(K> for the hospi
tals. As the stock yards company had
refused to receive any more dead ani
mals from the city, Dr. Kilvineton
stated that he had made temporary ar
rangements with McMillan & Co. to re
ceive the animals until some one would
come forward and contract to dispose of
DISTRICT COURT BKIEF9.
A Deed of Conveyance From
Father to Son Set Aside.
There was a case on trial yesterday
before Judge Hicks in the district court
in which some mraatanl family trou
bles were brought to light. The action
was one of .John Mullany and his wife
vs. John B. Muliany, their son. The
o!d man. it seems, had been induced to
deed iii> property to the son, with the
understanding that be was to be cared
ior by him. After the evidence had
beea "given Ju.lge Hicks declared the
deed null and void.
The wife of Police Officer Watkins
has begin an action in the district
court against Patrick Graham, claiming
£:>.<h>o damage for alleged slander. The
action Is an outcome of the trouble in
Dudley P. Chase Post. Q. A. R.. he
having, it is alleged, slandered .Mrs.
Watkins' good name.
James H. Howes, a grocer, who has
been doing business at 20:;T Hennepin
inviine, has a>signed to F. W. Johnsou.
Tl.e liabilities amount to SL2ML
The case of Ida J. Foglesong against
John P. Barber for So.ooo, claimed on a
real estate d> al, cam • up yesterday in
the district court and was dismissed.
The case of Harriet F. Waite. against
Charles May. Frank Bardwell and the
Hi. Paul, 'Minneapolis and Manitoba
Railroad company, came on for trial be
tore Judge Hea yesterday morning. The
case involves the property owned by
the Manitoba railroad at Lake Harriet.
A very A. Gates has begun an action
against H. T. Finch and others to have
adverse clain-s to a lot in Nicollet Park
addition to Minneapolis set aside.
Joseph 1). Knox has begun an action
against Alonzo Campbell for the re
covery of H^4&27, claimed on notes.
Peter Larson has begun an action
against Jennie E. Jones and others for
3043.50 claimed for labor iv erecting a
Even Ousdahl and others have begun
nn action against ("arolin Lyng and
others for the dissolution oi partnerships
which existed between them in the
drug business, under the firm name of
K. Lyng & Co.
Judge Hicks yestesday filed a decision
for the defendant in the case of Charles
P. Chouteau vs George M. Hunt. A lot
in Minneapolis was under dispute.
HAVE HIM AT LAST.
Dr. Hoyt Is Formally Made Pastor
of First Baptist Church.
Rev. Dr. Wayland Iloyt, of Phila
delphia, was last night formally made
pastor of the First Baptist church of
Minneapolis. A special meeting was
held at the church for listening to the
report of the pulpit committee and tak
ing action upon it. The report was
read by the chairman of the
committee, J. N. Wolvertine. After
detailing what had been done by the
committee since its appointment last
February in the way of seeming Dr.
lloyt. the report arrived at certain con
ditions that Dr. Hoyt asked the church
to pledge itselr to fulfill. These included
pledges to support the prayer meeting
and Sunday school, missions and educa
tional schools of the churches, etc. The
conditions weie voted on separately by
rising votes, and each one was accepted
unanimously. The study at the church
will also be enlarged to accommodate
itself to Dr. Hoyt'tf library.
Dr. lloyt is to come to Minneapolis on
a salary of $5,000 a year, to be raised to
£G,ou«, his ©resent salary, as soon as the
church can afford it. He is also to bo
given $1,000 tor moving expenses. The
acceptance of Dr. Hoyt was read and he
was appointed to the pastorship of the
i-hureh. The committee telegraphed
the result of the meeting to Dr. lloyt
last nitrht and expect a reply soon. The
history of Dr. Hoyt** career was printed
two weeks ago iv the ULOBS at the
time of the first news of his acceptance.
Kick on the Awards.
Commissioners Cole. Bki^srraj and
Morse, composing the committee of the
park board, appointed co hear objec
tions to the allowances made for ion d
to be taken for park parponofl at Powdor
Horn lake and Todds pond, met yester
day afternoon. Attorneys were pres
ent representine a half dozen
owners of property about Todd's
pond and about double that num
ber ot Powder Horn lake property
owners. The claims on the average
were for from one third to one half
more than the board has so far seen fit
to ailow. Owners of lands, for instance,
appraised at from SijOO to froo, generally
wanted the valuation raised to $l,unu.
The committee listened patiently to ob
jections, and will meet again to decide
what recommendations shall bo made to
I>octors May Be Mistaken.
Joseph Harrison, a miiiwrieht and an
old citizen of this city, while working
in the Pillsbury distributing agency
some months since fell and injured his
left hip. The doctor who was called to
attend him said the head of the femur
THE SAIXT TAUL DAILY GLOBE: TI'ESDAY MOENIXG, OCTOBER 29, 1889.
was broken. Mr. Harrison consults!
several eminent physicians of the city
and they all told him that his case, was
hopeless, and that he would never
be able to walk without crutches.
The left limb was an iii'-h shorter than
ihe other, and he had given up all hope
of recovery until one day iast week,
when he made a misstep and fell back
wards. In the fall ne was badly hurt,
and, strange to say, the hip which had
lieen dislocated ever since the first ac
cident, came into place,- and the limb
regained its original length, and he is
now in a fair way to recovery.
Key. \. R. Graves Tendered a
Ueception at Geihseniane
Last evening the people of Gethsem
ane parish gathered at the rectory on
Tenth avenue south as an informal
party for the purpose of congratulating
Hey. A. R. Graves on his election to
tne position of bishop. Rev. Graves ar
rived at home Sunday night from Chi
cago, and has not yet accepted the posi
tion of bishop, and the time of his leav
ing Minneapolis is wholly undeter
mined. The reception last night lasted
fnmi 7 :?,0 to 0:30. during which time the
paiisbonen were coming and going,
leaving their offering of good will.
The rectory was quite rilled all evening,
and the occasion was one of genuine
Mrs. Charles F.Thompson will give a la
dies' reception at her home, on Ninth street
south, Thursday afternoon.
The fast of a series of dances by Harmony
Chapter, Order of the Eastern Star, will be
held at .Masonic hall. East Minneapolis, to
. The Lucy Hayes W. C. T. U. held a social
at 22 '8 Six-aud-R-half avenue south last
evening. .Mrs. G. E. Leavitt was present, and
gave a health talc, illustrated by charts.
Fred W. Spatilding and Miss Jennie Dally
wore married Saturday evening by Rev.
Father Harrison at the cathedral in St. Paul,
in the presence of a few friends and relatives.
Mr. and Mrs. Spaulding will reside at 136'J
Mrs. Frank Semple will give a cotillion
Friday evening, Nov. l.
Wednesday evening Mrs. F. B. Suyder, of
lOO~> Fifth street southeast, will give an in
A large dancinsr party is in prospect for
Wednesday evening next, the hostess being
Mrs. E. J. Kd wards.
Rev. and Mrs. C. M. Ilenrd gave a reception
to iheir parishioners last evening, find will
pive (mother Friday afternoon of this weefc,
at their residence, 71*6 Twenty-fourth ave
1). E. Dugda!e, catcher of the Minneapolis
lin^e Ball club, end Miss Mary B. Gleason
will be married on Nov. 'JO at the Church of
the Holy i o^ary. Miss Gleason is a m«sß*»
of the choir of the church.
Edward Harriiran and company began
a week's engagement at Harris' theater
last evening to a packed house. While
it ran hardly be said that Mr. Harriean
(tame to expectations in all respects,
the play "Old Lavendei,'' which has
has been reviewed at length in these
columns, seemed to give fair satisfac
tions judgiug from frequent applause.
Kate Castleton appeared at the Grand
opera house last night in "A Paper
Doll." in which sue was seen here last
season. Her rapport is fair, and there
is nothing more to say, as both the bea
nie Kate and her play are too well
known to theater goers.
"A Legal Wrong" opened a week's
engagement last night at the Bijou to a
very good house. The play deals with
honor, villiany and love, a sea voyage
and shipwreck in the tropics, all of
which afford scope for some excellent
scenery which t!ie company carries.
Circumstances tix the crime of mur
der upon Clarence Gray, of which be
is innocent. He is sentenced to a
life of penal servitude, but makes
l'is escape and is picked up
by the Morning Star on an out voyage.
The ship founders in the tropics, but
the hero succeeds in saving his own life
and that of Miss Sarah Farley, his old
sweetheart. Clarence and Sarah are
married by the ship's chaplain, who
dies soon afterwards. Sarah's father,
who is a sea captain, comes to the res
cue, but ret uses to take Clarence aboard,
anil in an attempt to go to his young
wife he is shot by some of the ship's
crew and left for dead. He is cared for
by the natives and recovers and after
wards returns to New York to claim
his wife, and the play ends happily.
George O. Morris, a clever actor, plays
the part of Clarence Gray, and Helen
Wilton that of Miss Farley. Koyce
Alton, as the ship's roustabout, is the
comedian, and does several pleasing
specialties. The rest of the company
act their parts acceptably.
Miss ' Laura G. Libbey. the author of
"That Pretty Younir Girl," will have a
proscenium box at the Grand to-night.
At Armory hall next Friday evening,
under the management of Company A,
Mrs. Scott-Siddons will give an evening
of her iniiiiitHble recitals. The Tmory
has bees entirely refitted for the Ly
ceum course to be Riven by Company A,
and is now very comfortable. These
entertainments are all secured from the
"Keaoath bureau." of lJoston, and are
the best that can be found. They w'll
be every two weeks during the
Charles L. Davis (Alviu Joslin), who
will appear at the new Grand opera
house tiie last three dpys of this week,
ii quite a practical joker. Several years
ago, while he was playing in Lawrence,
one of the local newspapers passed
harsh criticisms not only on the play,
but on Mr. Davis' fondness for display,
as shown in his possession of numerous
diamonds. Mr. Davis said nothing un
til the mcarriannnt ended, and he had
moved on to the next stand. Then he
sent a telegram to one of the editors of
the paper, stat : ng that a very costly
diamond ring had slipped from Mrs.
Davis' finger while wasning, after the
performance, and that it coull probably
be found in the alley next to the theater.
Mr. Davis requested the publication of
liis dispatch, but the sly editor didn't
do that. He folded it carefully, stored
it away in liis pocket, and then searched
over every Inch of the alley for the al
leeed lost ring. Davis had in the mean
time wired to the editor of the opposite
paper that his first dispatch was a hoax,
and the guying that the first editor re
ceived almost drove him from town.
PHASES OF LIFE.
An Englishman, who has been attend
ing the Collom trial, said to a reporter
yesterday: "Blarst my bloody hies,
but you fellows couldn't talk about a
trial in Hingland like you do in your
papers in this bloody country, you
know. You would be locked hup in
jail, you know."
C. H. Fowler, the well known Third
street fuel dealer, who has just returned
from a trip to Pierce co :nty, Wisconsin,
says that the drought there is some
thing fearful, and that unless they
have heavy rains soon the country will
be in ft terrible state. Cattle are being
driven miles to running water, and one
enterprising farmer back of Bay City,
who has an unfailing supply of water
in a well 300 feet deep, tinds his hands
full of business in selling the water at
seveu cents per barrel.
An excited lady on a Fourth avenue
street car last night, thinking she had
passed her getting-off place, frantically
seized the wionff cord and rans up about
twenty fares on the luckless conductor
before she could be stopped in her mad
The charges made by Frank E. Wood
ward, a former well-known Minneapo
lis reporter, in a sensational article
which he wrote for the St. Louis J'ost-
Dispatch regarding abuses at the mili
tary post in that city, wiiere Woodward
was an enlisted soldier, have been in
vestigated by a board of army officers
and found to be practically true— a re
sult which must have astonished even
the versatile reporter himself.
The scarcity of 10-cent pieces in cir
culation lately has been the subject of
much remark and inconvenience. The
cause has just been discovered. The
tirls in the telephone exchange have
been calling on each of their admirers
for a sample of the coin engraved with
the donor's initials and telephone num
ber with which to make themselves
Wangles. Assurances have 'been given
that the demand has been about sup
plied, so that the stringency will soon
Last Sunday some miscreant put a
counterfeit *5 gold piece on the plate in
one of the most fashionable churches of
Minneapolis and received four big.
round silver dollars in excange. Here
after the collections in that church will
be taken up by experienced bank tell;
Charley Pillsbury is said to have la
bored up the steps of the chamber of
commerce yesterday morning with
5,200.000 bier," round iron dollars in his
pocket, being the proceeds of a sale, of
the rillsbury mills and country eleva
tors, divided as follows: :.-
Sites of mills s«io,:X>o
10 country elevators *.. ■ 75 ',000
City elevators ; 500.000
Mr. Pillsbury was seen at a late hour
last night, but the labor of carrying this
amount of money around since Satur
day night, when the deal is said to have
been consummated, had so thoroughly
exhausted him that he was unable to
say a word.
• • •
lion. .Tared Benson, of Anoka, was in
Minneapolis yesterday, having just re
turned from an extended tour through
Montana. He is of the opinion that
Great Falls is the coming city of the
tenitory, and that it will reap great
advantages from James J. Hill's Great
Northern scheme, which, Mr. Benson
thinks, means the construction of a new
short Hue to the Pacific coast.
Mr. Benson says that the exact point
where the Pacific line will diverge from
the Montana Central is not yet known,
but that it will be either in the valley
of the Milk river or that of the Sun
A line of road is now under construc
tion from Great Falls to the Belt mount
ains, which are said to contain the rich
est deposits of ore on the American
continent. The distance from Great
Falls is about thirty miles and the ores
will be brought to that point for smelt
ing. One large smelter is now in oper
ation, employing upwards of 200 men,
and another one is in contemplation.
Mr. Benson says the drought has been
very severe in Montana, and that no
grass has grown there this year, but
that the difficulty has been largely over
come by cutting hay from grass that
grew last year.
- . ♦ * ♦
All the horns the Pan-Americans got
at Council Bluffs were polished ox
horns decorated with ribbons. It is un
derstood that they preferred the Min
On an average of 100 beeves and 400 hogs
weie butchered at the slock yards last ween.
The estate of the late Robert Hale was yes
| terd\y settled in the probate court. The
estate amounts to about §25,000 besides the
Contractor George Rich was yesterday
granted a permit to erect a Mock of brick
stores and dwellings on Plymouth avenue
to cost 312.000.
Children playing with matches caused a
fire in Charles Johnson's dwelling, at Nine
teenth avenue south and Fourth street, early '
last night. The loss whs about S-0.
Dr. Guinness will be present this afternoon
at the regular weekly prayer meeting of the ;
nii>.-ii)iiary training institute which meets at
fci"B Sixth 'avenue south, at 4 o'clock.
Lawrence Driscoll, the lad who was run ■
over by a street car at Eleventh and Henne-
i>:ii on Friday last, is recovering from his in
juries It is feared that lie will be a cripple ,
Hey. Father Xii Kent, of Liverpool, Eng
| land, who preached at the Immaculate Con- :
ception church Sunday, will deliver an ad- "
dress to local Catholic temperance societies
some night this week. . ..••%.!
The Val Blatz Brewing company yesterday
took out a permit to erect a two-story brick J
building to be used as a bottling works in
connection with their brewery. The cost of
the building will be $25,000.
The executive committee of the State
Woman's suffrage association met yesterday
morning and discussed plans for meetings to
be held iv East ana South Minneapolis to be
addressed by Susan B. Anthony.
O. K. Humbert was ordained Sunday night
at Our Savior church by Rev. B. Harstad.
Mr. Ramberg is a graduate of Luther semi
nary, and has received a call from congrega- ;
tions at Scandinavia and New Hope
The Central \V. C. T. U. has decided to
wage war on the use of tobacco by minors.
The penalty of giving or selling tobacco to a
child under sixteen years of ago is not less
than line nor more thirty days in the
Edwin F. Brightbill has been appointed by
Postmaster J. J. Ankeny assistant clerk in
the city delivery department of the postoffiee
to fill the vacancy made vacant by the death
of Miller Evans. Mr. Brightbill resides at
529 Sixth street.
Friday night at the All Souls Universalist
church there will be a meeting in the interest
of "Women and the Ballot." The speakers
will be Miss Susan B. Anthony, Rev. Dr.
Charles F. Thwing, Key. S. W. Sample and
Rev. Dr. R. X. McKaig.
A clever swindler, who claims to be solicit
ing aid for one J. P. Linuington, a railroad
brakeman, has succeeded in swindling a
number of charitably disposed people. No
such person has been injured, and the police
are on the lookout for the man. . ; >
The following cases of contagious diseases
were reported at the li~e.il th office yesterday:
Diphtheria at 415 Tenth avenue north, 25:i7
Thirtieth avenue south and 1524 Twentieth
avenue south; -scarlet fever at 012 sixth
street south and 1624 Fifth street south.
Articles of incorporation were yesterday
filed in toe office of the register of deeds for
the Muliord Elevator company. Tne capital
stock. is Sloo,Oi;0. The incorporators are A.
D. Mulford, .T. F. Swanton, Benjamin W.
Mulford, Austin M. Clapp and William V.
The postoffice employe* are busily engaged
this week in arranging for the lemoval into
the new building. Kverv day this week sorre
of the employes will be at the building from
9 a. m. to 4 p. m. to give out the keys and to
collect the rent of tb% boxes for November
The mending class, under the auspices of
the W. C. T. U. Industrial school, was organ
ized yesterday afternoon. A laundry is also
to be one of the features of the new school,
and work is to be done at popular prices. All
the clothes are to be mended at reasonable
rates, tuner branches are soon to be organ
William Strathdel, who has charge of the
rooms in the Finuegan block, says that the
statement in an evening paper last night
that Mrs. Thomas N. Parsons, the wife of the
man who had trouble on Hennepin avenue
yesterday with a Miss Draper, is not true
that ho keeps a respectable place and does
not lei rooms to single women, nor to any
woman whose respectability is not vouched -
for. :-..<-- !
Friday evening there will be a meeting in
the interest of "Women and the Ballot" at '
All Souls' Universal! st church, Eighth aye- r
nue southeast, between Sixth and seventh
streets. The speakers will be Miss Susan B. i
Anthony. Rev. Dr. Charles F. Th wing. Rev.
S. W. sample and Rev. Dr. R. N. McKaig.
The admission will be free, though a collec- ;
tion will be taken for suffrage work in Da
The tickets lor Mr. Cowles' mind-reading
entertainment for the benefit of the hos
pitals of Minneapolis will be placed on sale
next week. They can be had at Dyer &
Howard's music store, Hawthorn's drug
store, West hotel news stand, and other con
venient locations throughout the city. Mr.
Cowles wishes the names of all that are not
strictly private hospitals, also including the ;
newsboys' home. The names are to be placed
on cards and three drawings in succession ,
made to decide the lucky names. Fifty per
cent of the whole will be divided equally
among three hospitals. The city hospital is
excluded from sharing in the drawing, but
should its name»be drawn the money will be
deposited at Interest to go towards a new
building for city patients. :';" ;;
AT THE HOTELS.
N. B. Ingersoll. of Detroit, Is at the Holmes.
George K. Stocker and wife, Spokane Falls,
are West hotel guests.
D. J. shonall and W. rF .Walsh, of Still
water, are at the Holmes hotel. •
M. J. Forbes and George Spencer are
guests at the West hotel from Duluth.
Mrs. William Everets and Mrs. S. C. Eck
enbeefc. of Waseca. are guests at the Holmes.
' W. A. Strayer, canlor, 0., and B. B. Par
sons, of Tacoma, are guests at the Holmes'
William H. Mnllan, Waterloo; Otto New
man, Wheaton, Minn., are guests at the
S. It. Trowbrldgc, Faribault; Frank 11.
1 rones, Fargo; W. Uincle Smith, Amcnia. N.
I)., are guests at the West hotel.
."•: ■ . — -«»-. —
. liny Coal of C. G. Kol ft".
TYPES OR NO TYPES?
A Question the Newspapers of
This Country Ar3 Now
Description of a Machine
Which Does Away With
It Is Called the Electro-Matrix
Machine, Being Operated
. by Electricity.
This Article Froduced by the
New Process—Great Sav
ing in Time.
The perfected cylinder printing press
is generally conceded to be the great
est invention of modern times. By
means oi this truly wonderful machine
many thousands of printed sheets can
be run ofi in an hour and placed be
fore the public at a price that years
ago would have been considered my
thological, first the impressions
were taken directly from the face of
the type; but as time passed the ster
eotyping process was invented, by
means of which a matrix of card
board, prepared by a certain process,
received the impression of the type.
The matrix is then placed :n a closed
receptacle, melted type metal poured
in, ami a solid plate the exact counter
part of the form is produced and from
this the sheets are printed. During
the past lew years there have been
many machines invented for the pur
pose of making matrices by other pro
cesses than the regular one employed
in the offices of the great dailies. None
of these devices, however, have seemed
to answer the purpose so. well as a re
cent invention of Geo. A. Gootlson.
This is an electro-matrix machine and
is handed by the Minneapolis Electro-
Matrix Company. The plan is to lease
tbe machines to printing houses for an
indefinite period for the sum of $500,
nndebarge ten cents per thousand ems
for the stereotype plates preparetLTor
the forms. The company will also fur
nish operators for the machines.
By means of this machine composi
tion in entirely done away with. The
copy is prepared for the compositor
as usual, then turned over to an oper
ator who makes a type writer copy
This copy is in turn past-eel on an oper
ator at the matri:: m achine who pre
pares a matrix board. The board is
then placed in "a casting flask, metal
is poured in, and a stereotype plate
made the width and height of a col
umn and any length desired. This is
then placed in the forms in the print
ing office and locked up with headlines,
advertising and other matter, and the
stereotype pace made in the usual
,The machine is operated by an ordi
nary incandescent electric current, by
passing it through a small motor and
making connections by means of a
small leather belt. In appearance the
machine resembles a sewing ni achine
to some extent, being mounted on a
Ktsind about tin- same size and shape.
The operator sits at one end of this
stand. Immediately in front of the
operator is an index board with coun
ter sunk holes representing the differ
ent letters and characters. An align
ment bar or die carriage has a single
key atoneend and at the other carries
one font of hardened steel dies. This
bar -is pivoted in the center and can
he swung backward and forward or
from side to side by a pantograph mo
tion. hen the key is placed over one
of the counter sunk holes in the index
board the pantograph motion brings
the die representing the correspond
ing letter or character directly over a
hole in a steel plate, and directly under
a punch. Just under the plate is the
matrix board, dry, and prepared in
about the same in anner as the board
used in stereotyping. When the electric
contact point of the key is pressed
flown into one of the counter sunk
holes in the index board, the circut is
closed and the matrix board is auto
matically fed forward theproper num
ber of spaces to receive the die. The
escapement which feeds the matrix
board forward closes another circut
which operates on an electric solenoid
having a reciprocating soft iron com
At every revolution this core is in close
proximity to an armature connected
with a pair of tog level's. The current
passing through the solenoid magne
tizes its core and armature, and the
two being magnetized cling together.
The punch is attached to the lower
end of these tog level's, and the mo
ment the circut is closed is driven
down upon the die and forces it
through the hole in the plate into the
matrix board and leaves the impres
sion of the proper letter or character.
The circut is then automatically
broken and the punch flies up, releas
ing the die, which in turn is pushed up
ward by a spring, leaving the matrix
board free to be fed forward again.
The matrix board is fed ahead by a
differential electric escapement oper
ated by closing the circut of the index
board." The contact points in the
counter sunk holes in the index board
are arranged in six groups, each group
beinT connected with a wire leading
back to a magnet which limits the es
capement to (be proper throw. "\-~.\?
; : The width of letters and spaces is
'"bawd on a system of units, six units
being equal in width to an "em 'quad.
lAMjlobe column is 120 units in width.
Attached to the typewriter on which
the first copy is made is an electric in
dex which indicates the number of
units in a line. The operator writes a
line and at the end places a figure in
dicating the number of spaces that
must be thrown in or taken out to
make the line fill the column. This
figure is ascertained by reading tlie
dial on which the electric index re
volves. To tbe left of the index board
on tbe matrix machine is an index
hand and near this is a set of spasing
keys bearing numliers. If no extra
"ipt'ces are to be thrown in to justify
the line, tbe operator simply presses on
tbe spacing key marked "o" after each
word. The regular space is then
thrown between tbe words. When ex
tra spaces are to be inserted to fill -out
the line the process is -Afferent. Sup
pose the type writer copy indicates six
extra spaces, the operator can then
press down the space key marked "1"
after each of six words, or the key
marked after each of three words,
and tbe extra spaces are automati
cally thrown in, the dial indicating
when the process is completed. After
tbeneet*sary spaces Lave been thrown
in the operator keeps on working the
same spacing key with his left hand
until the line is finished, tbe machine
automatically switching- back to the!
regular space. All letters are built on
the unit system, as for instance a lower
case '"i" It tiro units wide, "el' is three.
&c. The six groups of contact points
in the index board are of course ar
ranged on the basis of the width of
these letters and characters.
To feed the matrix board forward
in tbe direction of the length of the
column, space racks are constructed
on . the point system, a ; nt being
fourteen one- thousandths of an inch.
Different racks are made for different
sizes of type, and are interchangeable.
The point system is the same as that
used in Benton's self-spacing type.
The racks are provided with smell
pins which fit into boles in the edges
of the matrix hoard ami bold it in
'"'be arrangement of letters on the
index board is very convenient, those
letters which are most frequently used
being nearest the operator, and those
employed in the most frequent combi
nations being placed nearest each
other. With a little practice an oper
ator can become very proficient in tbe
use of the machine. An average ex
perienced operator will easily do
twenty-four words in a minute, while
a good printer will not average over
seven words in the same length of
time. All the time i-sed in distribut
ing type is also saved.
So far as mistakes are concerned,
this machine lias a great advantage
over the ordinary process of type set
ting. A very large per cert, of the
errors in composition arise from
wrong distribution, but in the work
b£t be Electro-Matrix Machine all tbi*3
is avoided. Hence the only i.bauce for
errors is in pressing the contact key
into the wrong counter sunk bole in
the index board. But an experienced
operator will rarely do this, therefore
the chances for errors in this direction
are very small. And an inverted let
ter is an impossibility, as the steel
dies always remain in the same posi
tion in the die carriage. After the ma
trix board has been prepared for ster
eotyping it is carefully proof read and
any mistakes that may by any possi
bility have crept in are corrected. So
the stereotype that is turned over to
the printer is absolutely correct. The
time occupied in preparing the stereo
type for the printer is less than that
re-quired for ordinary composition.and
the cost much less.
The f-ompai'y have three machines
in their rooms in tbe Globe building,
where four persons are now regularly
employed, one to prepare the type
writer copy, and the other three to
operate the machines. They are nl
rerdy becoming quite proficient in the
new art. and in a short time will be
able to double discount any printer in
The machines are manufactured at
Chfcopfe, Mass., where the company
has a factory and special machinery
for turning them out at a rapid rate.
A contract for one hundred of the ma
chines is now being filled, and tbey
willsoon be put in operation through
out the country. There is every prob
ability that they will in a short time
be in general use. This article ia
printed from plates prepared by the
State of Minnesota,)
County of Hennepin.) .
E. U. Geesaman,
being duly sworn, according to law,
deposes and says, that he was tbe op
erator upon the Electro-Matrix Ma
chinewho produced tbe matrix for the
above article, descriptive of said ma
trix machine, and that said matrix
watt made by me on said machine at
tbe rate of 4500 ems per hour. De
ponent further nays, that the limit of
paid machine as to speed depends
upon the operator, and that the above
rate can be greatly increased.
" E. U. GEES AM AN.
Subscribed and BWorn to before me,
this 22c 1 day of October, A. D. 1889.
CHARLES E. BEEWSTEE,
(Seal.) Notary Public.
Eennepin County, Minnesota.
THE COLLOM CASE.
Dr. Talman, of Chicago, the state ex
pert who was on the stand -at the ad
journment of the Collom case last even
ing, and who will resume his testimony
tills morning, is a microscopic expert of
great renown, and has been a witness in
a great many cases, including a number
of murder trials, where he was called
upon to decide whether samples of
blood were human or animal. lie is
a ready witness, and has his sub
ject in full command, so that his
answers came quickly without hesita
tion. The efforts of the defense to con
fuse and wind him up on the cross-ex
amination were jut remarkably suc
cessful. On the wnoie, he was a good
It is hinted that the theory of the de
fense, as outlined last week in the
questions put to Mr. Anderson retard
ing a conspiracy between Mr. Collom
and himself, by which the latter
was to claim that the Ulaindell
signatures are a forgery, and then force
a settlement with the creditors at 50
cents on the dollar, was only a feint, and
that the real defense is yet held in abey
ance. This is, of course, a matter of
mere speculation, but there is no doubt
that the fight will be a bitter one to the
All talk alwut Mr. Collom being nerv
ous and careworn is nonsense. He pre
serves his equanimity and coolness to a
remarkable degree. Apparently there
has been no change in his demeanor
since the commencement of the trial.
If the jury should convict the defend
ant it can be safely predicted that the
case will be taken to the supreme court.
The defense already has in sufficient
exceptions to secure this result.
Foundered in Midoeean.
Liverpool, Oct. 28.— News is re
ceived here that the British ship Bolan,
fro: Calcutta for Liverpool, has foun
dered at sea, and her crew of thirty
three persons were drowned.
I S a complaint from which many suffer
1 and few are entirely free. Its cause
is indigestion and a sluggish liver, the
cure for which is readily found in the
use of Ayer's Pills.
" I have found that for sick headache,
caused by a disordered condition of the
stomach, Ayer's Pills are the most re
liable remedy."— Samuel C. Bradburn,
"After the use of Ayer's Pills for
many years, in my practice and family,
I am justified in saying that they are an
excellent cathartic and liver medicine
sustaining all the claims made for them."
— W. A. Westfall, M. D., V. P. Austin
& N. W. Railway Co.. Burnet, Texas.
"Ayer's Pills are the best medicine
known to me for regulating the bowels,
and for all diseases caused by a dis
ordered stomach and liver. I suffered
for over three years from headache, in
digestion, and constipation. I had no
appetite and was weak and nervous
most of the time. By using three boxes
of Ayer's Pills, and at the same time
dieting myself, I was completely cured."
' — Philip Lockwood, Topcka, Kansas.
" I. wast troubled for years with* indi
gestion, constipation, and headache. A
few boxes of Ayer's Pills, used in small
Lilly doses, restored me to health.
They are prompt and effective." H.
Strout, Meadville, Pa. -"
PREPARED BY '
Dr. J. C. Ayer * Co., Lowell, Mass.
Sold by til I>rn i»U Md _ Dealer* in Medicine, i
I MONEYJATTER !
FREE FOR ALL !
AVAIL YOURSELF OF THE CHANGE.
WHAT ARE THEY?
500 PAIRS OF ALL-WOOL PANTS !
NOBBY PATTERNS, CORRECT STYLE?; Cheviots, Cassimeres,
Scotch Tweeds, etc., in plain mixtures, stripes and checks,
to be sold at the gift price of
No retailer can sell them for less than $3.50. You know
what bargains with us mean. THE'f GO QUICKLY. SO
SEEK NO FURTHER !
BEATS ANYTHING EVER OFFERED.
400 Suits at - - $10.00
300 Suits at - - $13.50
600 Suits at - - $15.00
ALL WOOL LOVELY PATTERNS.
Tweeds, Cheviots, Cassimeres, Worsteds, etc. The most
fastidious can be suited. We guarantee you a saving of 25
per cent. Quick decision acquires the first ar.d best choice.
Procrastination must satisfy itself with the leavings.
COME AT ONCE. See a few of the styles in oui
BROWNING, IE 4 CO.,
N, W. Gor, Seventh and Robert Sts,
Largest Manufacturers and Retailers of Fine Clothing ii the Worli
— are —
— BY —
Join W. Taylor, Agt.
Room 18, Globe Euilthg.
HIGH ART JEWELRY!
aao Ei/Ltir huyELrr known to the trade at
E. A. BROWN'S,
111 Eaßt Third Street St _Faul, Ming
plVlfi 'NFS tU ALIT Y HIGH, PRICES LOW
BOILERS & Northwestern Machinery Go.
M ACHIN ERY | ™ i«*** st,
W EVErtY DtaUKIPTUN. ' ST. PAUL. - - MINN