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THE DAILY GLOBE rUBLIISHKI) EVERY DAT . AT THE GLOBE BI'IIDIXG, COR. FOUJITH AND CEDAR STREETS BY LiKAVIS BAKER. I 6T.PAUL GLOBE SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Daily (Not Ikcmjdixg Bursat.) 3 yr iTjHii.-Hi.cp.?^ 00 i 3m. in advauces2 00 tiu. in auvHiico 4 OO I 1> weeks in adv. 1 00 One montn. 70c DAILY AND SUXBAY. 3 yriii advanreSlO 00 I 3 inos. in adv. .$2 5< t w.:n advance 500 I 5 weeks in adv. 100 One moii ill Hoc FITS DAY ALONE. 3 yr In advance.^:! 00 1 3 mos. in adr 50c « m. iv advance 1 OO | lmo. iuadv 20c Tni- Weekly— (Daily — Monday. Wednesday aud Friday. 3yr in advance. s4 00 | 6mos. in adv.. B2 Ov>. •^months, in advance. ...$1 00. »Ii;KI.Y ST. FAUL OLOBE. One year. SI | six Mo. 65c | Three Mo. Sse Rejected communications cannot be pre terved. Addres-s all letters aud telegrams to TIIK GLOBE, St. Paul. Miiiu. Ecsiern tdvertising Office. Room 46 Tribune Building. New York. TO-DAY'S WEATHER. Washington. Jan. 10.— Vor Minnesota: Idght snow; stationary, followed by rising temperature iv western portion: colder in eastern portion; northerly winds; cold wave In eastern portion. For North Dakota: Light snows; winds shifting westerly; a slight rise in temperature. For South Dauota: Snow an eastern, fairiu western portion; uortherly winds, becoming variable; colder, followed by slowly rising temperature. GKNKUAL OBSERVATIONS. = I Bill S H c >a v. .\ —re a'A H 3§ So riaceof 3° 5$ Place of gS S■» Obs'vation. 2g. §=V Obs'vation. g2. £^ - ~ J ' re A 7T ■5 :ci ° :S? St. Paul.... 30.001 2HJ Helena.... 30.32 0 Duluth ... 2!».9^ 1 23 Ft Totten. Lacrosse.. 30.00 32 Ft. Sully... [30.30 0 Huron >.'J<;' — 2,iMinnodosa '3o.34 —4 Moorheiul..|»>.-J4' 4i [Calgary.... 30.40 — *J St. Vincent 30.24 --10] Edmonton. 30.20 o Bismarck.. 30.32 —2 Q'Appelle. 30.44-10 Ft Buford. 30.38 -iiji.Medic'e H..! .' Ti. Ouster.. 30.3til....l;Wiuiiii»eg..i30.'.!0 —8 —Below zero. LOCAL FORECAST. For St. Paul, Minneapolis aud vicinity: Light snow; much colder. THE STORY OF A DAY. The Marquis of Harlingtou is dangerously ill. The Bank of South Dakota, Madison, S. D., fails. La grippe is retardi-.ig work in the 'Wiscon kin woods. Fire destroys the People's elevator at Xew York Mills. An artesian well deluges the town of Woon- Bocket, S. D. There uro prospects that S.t. Paul will have an auditorium. John W, Roche wins the Carpenter Park mandamus ease. New York uml C'hicaao make their pleas for the world's fair. The London Times must swear to its circu lation in ihe Parnell case. St. Paul lias a dashing runaway with a ro xnantic rescue attachment. The London Times offers Thomas Brennan §100,000 to betray Parnell. There 1* trouble in the managerial depart ment of the "Said Pasha" company. Funeral services over the remains of Judge Kelley are held in the house of representa tives. The Ramsey county grand jury fails to in dict the Lake Johanna suspects, and roasts the central station. Mrs. Emma 11. Williams, the well known Minneapolis singer, sues Ikt husband fora divorce on the ground of cruelty. The North Dakota senate reconsiders Its resolution designating Feb. 15 as the final clay of adjournment. '* — EDUCATIONAL REFORM. Educational reform is unquestionably making progress in this country, yet it is progressing under more difficulties than, perhaps, any other kind of re form. The advance from the old-field school of our fathers' day to the public school of this period .is a lons stiide, and yet but few of us realize what ob stacles had to be overcome in taking that step. Only the professional educa tors, ho have come up from the old conditions to the new, fully comprehend what has been accomplished in the cause of educational reform ; and even they do not seem to realize how little has been done in comparison with what remains to be done. Instead of having penetrated the inner court of the tem ple, as we fendly imagine, we have really just reached the vestibule of educational progress. The necessity for industrial training lias not yet fairly dawned upon us, but the light is breaking. Nor have we fairly recovered from the sDell of the old delusion that book cramming was the essential feature of every educational ' system, yet we are beginning to out grow it. Through all these years we have held with superstitious reverence to that folly of follies, the school exami nation; but oven that error is being dis pelled under the influence of the new evangel of reform. The light is shining from all sidc-s more and more unto the perfect day. so that we can confidently look forward to the time when our edu cational system shall be so firmly es tablished on a basis of common sense that there will be no necessity to edu cate the people up to its support. It Will commend itself, and not need the extraneous forces to boost it that now have to be applied. But in clearing away the obstacles that lie in the pathway of future educa tional progress our law nakers must first learn to treat the sohool system as a rational subject and not as a mere piece ot mechanism, to bo tinkered with by careless and incompetent hands. The prevailing idea with most of our legislators is that the common school system is only a sort of clockwork, to be wound up and then let go until it runs down. And the mysterious part of it is that a great many of tho profes sional educators have adopted the same false notions. The average legislature thinks it has performed its whole duty when it has adopted a cast-iron school law and then provides a fund with which to run tho machine for a few months. There are teachers, and a good many of them, who think they have performed their duty when they draw their salaries and Jiil in so many hours a day for a specified term in return for the "salary they get. There are school boards, too, whothink they nave performed their duty wheu they can pocket the profits on contracts for building and furnishing school houses. There can never be any true educa tional reform until we can overcome all these pernicious notions and eliminate from the conduct of the school system the wolves who wear sheep's clothing. As long as legislators who are lacking In intelligence and moral sense make our school laws, as long as we employ teachers who have no higher sense of duty than to kill time for money, and as long as the management of the schools is entrusted to n.eu whose patriotism never rises above the horizon of their pockets, just so lone will the cause of educational reform be retarded and fail to make substantial progress. - First of all, the cast-iron featu res of our school laws must be relaxed.; The teachers must be given more elbow room, and they must have more ground on which to stand. " The tendency of our present system" is to repress the in dividuality ot the teacher. ; That is all. We want a more expansive system— one. that will encourage the teacher to de-, velop individuality— to develop it botli in himself, or herself, and in the pupil. When the practice of making a mere automaton of the teacher is abolished there will be moro teachers in love with their profession, and more of them will be stimulated to attain a higher stand ard in their profession. -;•'.-. The existing system is just as repress ive on the p upi as it is on the teacher. They a!) have to go through the sam.> grind, like grists in a mill, without re tard to the quality of the grain. When teachers are given more latitude they can be more discriminating. But under the existing system all they can do is to turn tiie crank and pour the grain into tho hopper. Children are being edu cated without 'the slightest regard to their intellectual endowments or their capacity for receiving instruction. Ed ucation is being pitched into them ou a fork, like hay into a barn. It is next to a miracle that with such a system as we have, and with such methods . as we. adopt, educational reform has made any progress in this country.- It has only done so through • the untiring exertions, and by the in-, domltable will of the few brave men and women who have fought for reform in the face of all difficulties, and who through sheer force of character and by a phenomenal display of pluck have' surmounted obstacles, and have elevated the system with them as they have con tinued to climb the hill of progress/ Fortunately, these same brave men and women are still in the vau.^and are leading the way to victory. » THK ELKCIIiIO \V\YS. Electricity is marvelonsly rapid. It dashes along the right of way given it, and is constantly revealing new uses and possibilities. Still, it is a surprise that it has come to the front at a bound as the coining motive force of the Twin City railways. The introduction of it to do the duty of the animals that have been unable to keep step to the progress of municipal development was re garded as but an experiment. Reports of its operation in other cities had afforded insufficient basis for definite opinion. It is then the unexpected that again happens. Tlw belief that the ob stacles that have nudo doubtful the efficiency of the electric sys tem have disappeared, and that it Is the co.niu.* potency for the greater part of city locomotion, is evidently wide-spread. Boston and other cities are palpably convinced that it is to supersede all the old methods. The conversion of Lowuv and his coad jutors is suggestive of the apostle whose name is so locally familiar. lie saw a light, and its mental induration was per manent. That it should be pronounced a more desirable system than the cable is not a minor feature of the surprise. It is presumed that the change in the directing minds is like that of Paul in freedom from selfish inspiration; not that it may not be more economical in operation, but that would not satisfy if the service were not up to the progres sive demands of th« citie3. They would not be pacified with any slow and in ferior process. If the electric system is not the best now in sight, it would ba unwise in Lowbt or any corporation to impose it upon the community. The demand is for the best, and there is small concern as to what that is. It is gratifying to know that there is to be no delay in hastening the connection between the Twin Cities. — — lUUSKa'S POSITION. . : The explanation by Gov. Haiser in Saturday's Globk of the situation in Montana, as related to his action and that of the Democrats, relieves it of any possible impression that personal aspir ations liave been allowed to impair the strength of the Democratic position. If the governor was desirous to represent the young state in the senate, his ambi tion had none of the selfish features that would imperil general interests. The Democrats out there have had more than ample material, of the best quality, for that station; and llauser would give one of the largest of the new seats full occupancy. His course, as ex plained, will commend itself to the care ful judgment of the party there, in terpreted by urgent local interests. As a matter of principle every Demo crat woild be reluctant to concede any thing in compromise. The natural im puloe would be to demand the full rights or lose all. It is evident that the gov ernor was right in insisting that to or eanize the senate under the circum stances was to lose the strong position. Other counsels prevailed, and others were designated to carry fragmentary ensigns to Washington. It is not prob able that the senate will seat any of the contestants. The governor will be saved the prosecution of a fruitless mis sion, so far as the immediate parties to it are concerned. It is gratifying to be lieve that its embarrassments have not been multiplied by his counsel or acts. DON'T M A It V HIM. A bloated sot and wreck of an edu cated, promising young man of a few years ago is now an inmate of a poor house in one of the prominent Western cities, lie had a prosperous business, - held a good position in society, and a rich relative was kind enough to die and leave him #f.0,000. But he was not altogether a model in his habits, and the very amiable and sensible young lady ho wanted to marry had the good sense to decline. He made the usual plea that he needed tier elevating and refining influence and loving hand to lead him to the height of the exem plary husband and citizen. She pitied and loved, but was not possessed by the romantic sentiment that a woman ought to marry a nameless apology for a man to reform and try to make a de cent tiling out of him. On her refusal he increased his dowu ward pace, and in two or three years got rid of all his fortune, lie was often picked up in the gutters, and has become a common drunkard and pauper. His maudlin conception is that the lady whoso happily averted a deplorable fate by rejecting him is responsible for his ruin. Such instances are good to hold up as object lessons to young women. Tender, sympathetic and lov ing, they are quite liable to be per suaded that the erratic ways of the lover are incidents of an ardent and noble nature, andean be relieved by her companionship and gentle guidance. However low and profligate the man is, he generally wants to marry a girl who is good enough for wings. He would have her the purest and truest of womanhood. The dash and glitter of the fast young man at times bewilder and allure. Instances are notable on ev«ry hand where men who have failed to le form have model wives. It is a fearful peril that any girl faces when she marries a man to reform him. - If he insists that he will otherwise pliinge. recklessly downward, that confession of cowardice and iitiioble nature should remove any possible doubt; no respon-. sibility r cau attach to her, whatever his THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: STjy DAT MORNING,'" JAXTJARY 12. 1390. --SIXTEEN PAGES. fate. It is an absurdity that a young ' man can never love another. If he has any manliness in him, he will indicate it by getting up into the better way, and. if one woman will not have him he will rind himself able to transfer his affec tions to another who will be entwined quite as closely in them. Men are not much given to marrying vicious women to reform them, but the chances are far greater than in the case of the vicious man. "WHO OPPOS IT ? This canteen business introduced in the afmy has the combined and organ ized opposition of the post traders to meet, as would be natural with those suddenly deprived of an avocation with lucrative opportunities. They have vigorous allies, or co-workers, in the people who follow the leadeiship of the St. Johxs and their ilk. The war. de partment has evidently anticipated an onset from both these quarters, and has tried to meet it in advance by giving to the press something of the workings of the new system, with the indorsements of military people. The canteen is a co-operative business and social club, under the control and supervision of the government. Under some restraints it furnishes the men beer, wine, liquors, as well as tobacco and most all things wanted by the sol diers. It makes the government a participator in the liquor busi iness about as Vice President Moetox is in the irrigation feature of the Shoreham. When Hayes was presi dent he issued a special order that the post traders should sell no liquors, but it has been a dead letter. There is no ques tion tiiat more or less liquor will be had, and the war department, thinks it bet ter that a pure article should be dis pensed under the direction of a com missioned officer than to have it sur reptitiously obtained of irresponsible parties, outside. The radical temper ance view doesn't concern itself about the quality or the fact that it is sold by the post traders. It is the connection of the government with the matter that disturbs. However, the good people in the White house and cabinet are not ' disturbed, and it is probable, that the sale will go on under the sanction of the secretary of war. Congress will proba bly appropriate something to pay tho traders for their buildings, aud they will be known no more about military quarters. ■ -«» ■ The Christian Union is not probably one of the publications to which Tat. mage contributes any of his versatile effusions. It doesn't enthuse over the manner of the dramatic preacher in dis cussing his efforts. It speaks of him as tramping over the Bible lands and emit-* ting each Sunday "a vapid and per functory discourse," to be cabled and sold to the American newspapers. This sugggests to it the role of the showman and a commercial theology. Perhaps its difficulty would be relieved by the theory that the sparkling imagination of the preacher enables him to dictate to his typewriter his peripatetic dis courses in advance of the tour. Their value could hardly be affected by any question as to their actual delivery. It appeabs that the secret of the di vining rod, or the new device for <k* termining the location of waters or minerals in the ground, is the nim ble and persuasive electricity. These bodies emit electricity, and. the rod establishes connection with the elec tricity of the operator. There is appar ently no limit to the service this subtle agency stands ready to perform for man as he interprets its mission and (iuds out its methods. «<x» : — The mayor of New York anticipates that by the close of next summer that city will be free from overhead wires. Other cities are likeiy to follow its ex ample. Last week St. Louis had a big scare when the wires were covered with ice and sleet, and were constantly fall ing upon each other. But only a few street car horses were killed. There should be regulation had in all cities to obviate the crossing of dangerous wires as far.as possible. A Philadelphia paper ungenerous ly speaks of the attempt of the import ers of silk ribbon to recover some of the duties paid as an exhibition of "cupid ity of a few importers and their lawyers who see a chance to rob the treasury of SS.00(>,000. If Mr. Waxamakeb is the chief of these importers, the state meut should be revised. Epidemics generally eet around most numerously among women and chil dren, but the grip seems to be an ex ception. A Boston paper says that 70 per cent of the deaths in that city of late are among those over thirty years of age, and especially with men. Less than 20 per cent have been children under five years of age. Policemen seem especially liable. . «m A street cau company in Detroit un dertook to refuse coppers from passen gers, and the fact, unfamiliar to many, was brought out that the one, two, three and five-cent pieces were legal tender to the amount of 25 cents, and the silver coins up to 50 ceuts were good up to $10. -^ TnE Philadelphia Record notes that, while the weather reports at St. Paul show that 18S9 was the dryest year on record, the condition was precisely re versed at Philadelphia. Probably the thing will swing around the other way this year. The contest for the site of the world's fair is now getting on in earnest before the congressional committee. As soon as the decision is made it will be urged that the date be changed, as the time will be too short to erect the buildings forlS92. mm It is noted as a remarkable fact that at the McAllisteh cream ball in New York, out of $100,000,000, of jewelry worn none was stolen. The police were noted for efficiency. -•»- Thk wealth of Great Britain and Ire land is put at 150.000,000.090, and of this country at $40,000,000,000. It is not very equally distributed iv either country. _- SWEET LAND OF DREAM. Oh. could I unfurl 'V-* The hiight wings of thought. i And Hy to the sweet land of dream, Where love ne'er grows cold And we ne'er grow old Aud all things are just as they seem. I I'd walk through the fields Of heaven's deep blue. '•'.'-.;'-.;. . And gem with gold stars my dark hair; .' And garlnnds I'd twine Of fancies so fine ; : To wreathe round my body so fair. I'd wrap myself close In bright sunset clouds, And sink with the sun god to rest; Of love he would speak. And kiss my soft cheek, And soothe me to sleep on his breast. - ; My feet would grow light E As butterflies are, g Aud all things would he as 1 deem; £ My heart there would bloom * And throw out perfume. In that beautiful land of dream. Hives Charleton ; ■■■ - - :'■'- TOPICAL TALK. Judge Kelley's If not the most con spicuous figure, cer- Independence. tainly the most famil iar figure was re moved from the halls of congress when Judge Kelley died. Up to the time of his death he and Mr. Randall were the best known men in public life. Mr. Randall still stays; but it is only a question ot time, and a very short time at that, when he will join Judge Kel ley on the other side. They belonged to opposite political parties, yet they possessed one trait in common which often placed them in antagonism to their respective parties. That was in dependence of character. Party ties sat very lightly on both Kelley and Randall when it came to a question of conscience or fidelity to the interests of their political constituencies. Rax dall has always beeu at loggerheads with his party on the tariff question; yet there have been times when, if he had consented to yield his convictions on this question, he could have been the nominee of his party for president. Judge Kelley wns more fortunate in being in accord With his party on that issue, and was recognized as the leader of the protectionists on the floor of the house; but there was another question concerning which he did not agree with his party associates, and he fouaht them as strenuously on it as if he be longed to the opposition. That was the question of finance. Judge Kelley, like Bex Butlek, was a Greenbacker, and he never lost an opportunity to fight the Republicans on their financial policy. He differed from Mr. Randall in one respect. The latter would either sulk in his tent, or resort to parliament ary tactics to hold his party associates in check when a tariff reform move ment was before congress. That was not Judge Kelley's style. He was an open fighter, and when a measure came up before congress proposing to dishon r the greenback currency he could array himself with the opposition and fight his party as vigorously as it he had til ways been a Democrat. I remember listening to a memorable debate in con gress about the time John Shebmjljt was pressing his resumption plan. Gen. Ton Ewixg was a representative from Ohio, and lie led the Democrats in that fight. The day the bill was discussed in the house of representatives, the galleries were packed to overflowing, and most of the senators had come over from the other end of the capitol to listen to the debate. Gen. Ewixg led off in brilliant style, and evolved round atter round of applause. He is a man of commanding physique, and he ap peared to better advantage that day than I ever saw him. lie was followed by Gabfield, who was the idol of his party, and right well did he handle himself. His speech was pronounced by those who were accustomed to hear him to be the greatest effort of his life. His party friends were more than enthusi astic over it, and when he closed the popular supposition was that no Demo cratic David could be found to conbat this Goliath of Republicanism. Fort unately for the Democrats, they were not put to the test. The David was in readiness, but he didn't come from the direction of the Democratic camp. Gen. Gakfield had scarcely taken his seat, amid the congratulations of the hard money men, wiitn Judge Kelley got the floor, and delivered the most re markable speech I ever listened to. It was not only a red-hot argument in sup port of the greenback dollar, but it was a fearful indictment of the Republican party for what he denominated its ruin ous financial policy. He roasted Jonx Sheiimax, tore Gakfield's argument into shreds, smote his party associates on both cheeks, and urged the Demo crats of the house to stand loyally by the people in their light against the money power.. It was the sublimest exhibition of personal independence 1 ever wit nessed, and from that time forth I was constrained to invest Judge Kei.i ey with a species of hero worship. It is a pity that such men have to die. That Audi- It is wisdom to strike while the iron is hot. torium and Although public senti ment is not yet hot Library enough to burn, still it is so much warmer Building. than it has ever before been on the subject of an auditorium and public library build ing, it is evidently a good time to strike. Two gentlemen of wealth have made public their willingness to contribute liberally to the object, and others are said to have the matter in serious con templation. We have never made such progress before, and we can't afford to let the movement retrograde. It must be pushed forward. There is no ques tion but that the necessary amount can be raised and will be raised. There are some preliminary matters to be disposed of first, and they should be considered without delay. First, it must be deter mined what sort of a building we want, and the probable cost. Then the question of location must be disposed of. In additi n to a library building we need an audi torium—a place to accommodate the ed ucational convention next smnmor, and one that will answer for similar pur poses in the future. The location should be an eligible one— that is, in a respectable part of the city and easily accessible. There is no necessity for buying a piece of ground, because the city already owns all the ground that is needed for public buildings. Smith park has been suggested, and the site of the old city hall near Rice park. Sum mit park has been mentioned, but the objection urged that it is too far from the hotels. The same objection is made to Indian Mound park on the bluff, al though a lovely outlook could be had from either site. Central park is advo cated by a good many as the proper place to locate the auditorium. Still, in the multitude of eligible sites, there ought to be no difficulty in getting a suitable one, and it should be donated to the city. All the money subscribed shouhl go into the building, and when the subscription books are closed, if the amount is not sufficient to put up just such a building as we ought to have, let the deficiency made up by an appropria tion from the city treasury. Wherever or however it is to be built, let us make sure that it is built. Ohio's New It will look a little queer to see Cat. Bkice Senator— That shining as a plutocrat in the senate. I am Is to Be. thinking of him now as he looked a dozen years ago, when he was a contractor and looked for all the world like a section boss on a railroad. He plouted around with his pants stuck down in his boots, a limber slouch hat urooping down over his ears, an abridged fatigue jacket of coarse woolen material, and altogether about as husky and uncouth-looking a chan as oue meets in a decade. But he was then, as he is now. what we North westerners call a hustler. He never had anything of the Micawber ele ment in his make-up. lam told that in late years, since he got to be a million aire and a big politician, Mr. Bkice puts on style. lie wears patent leather boots, and puts scented grease on his hair. He was always a man who had a keen sense of the pro prieties and could adapt himself to his company. About the time: Mr. Brice came to the surface the new method of railroad building . had come into vogue. The method was to organize a railroad company to build a new line, to bond it, and then to let the contract for building; the road to a construction company at about double what the road would act ually cost. The construction company, usually consisted of the men who were the chief officials of the road, and they pocketed the profits on the contract for building it. . The road would never pay a dividend, and usually defaulted in the , interest on its bonds; 'but the construc tion company accumulated wealth. A good many of the Ohio millionaires got , their wealth in that way. It is a singu lar fact nowadays that when a man accumulates a million of dol lars he imagines he has acquired , all the qualifications necessary for statesmanship,, and at once sets about to break into the United States senate. Cal Buice is perhaps as good a type of the modern American statesman as can bs found either in Ohio or out of it. He is an active, ag gressive man, and will make himself felt in whatever sphere he may be thrown. He belongs essentially to the new school of politics— that is, he knows very little about party principles, and cares less. lie merely looks upon party organization as a means to a business end. He doesn't bother his head about Jeffersoniau theories or Jacksonian doctrine. He is too busy a man to spend time in the study of questions that are barred by limitation. lie is about as good a Democrat as Chaklie Fostbb is a Republican. Both of them are a long ways from being an Ali.e.v Tiiiu m vxora James A. Gaiifiei.d. ■■> GOSSIP OF THE DAY. How Gen. Sick- Wherever I see Gen. Dan Sickles bowling les Got a Cab. over cobblestones in a cab drawn by a very handsome bay horse, says a Xew York writer, in which he always rides down to his office, I wonder how- many peo ple, know where the gallant general got that cab and horse. The general an swer would be, 1 suppose that he bought it. He did not do anything of the kind. He received it as a fee for legal servi ces. Not very many' years ago Gen. Sickles acted as the legal adviser of a ' very pretty young woman, who was en- ! gasreU to be married to a young man of a very wealthy and aristocratic family : in this city. The young man's relatives opposed the match. The cab and horse was a present from the. young man to his fiancee, and cost $1,200. The young man was worth a million and a half in his own right, but his uncle, a wealthy banker, persuaded him to make him trustee of his estate, only reserving to himself the income. An action was brought in the supreme court to set aside the trust, and for a time a very sen sational story promised to become pub lic property. The suit was compro mised, however, and the story never got into the newspapers. As soon as the compromise was effected the uncle shipped the young man oft 1 to Australia, in charge of a p.ivate detective. The young woman traveled all over Europe in search of him. In Paris she was seized with brain fever, and when she recovered she gave up the search and came home. Gen. Siekle3 acted as her legal adviser in certain matters growing oil t of her troubles afterward, and 'she gave him the cab and horse as a fee. i * . .. . ■ : .Depew's I never meet Chaun p;V eey M. Depew but : New Idea, what ho has some new ■' ; i " idea or story with which to interest or amuse. This week he said to me. "Do you that railroad .locomotion and transportation are grow ing cheaper every day, and that a rail -.road can now do much with a profit that ; fifteen years, ago would have meant loss? The modern locomotive has been brought to such a state of perfection that its coston one side and its main 'tenanceon theotherare but a fraction of what it used to be. • There has been a similar improvement in cars, rails, frogs, switches and the numberless details which are involved in the business. Add to this the smaller price of labor, the greater amount of work done, and the low rate of interest upon capital, and you can easily see, how revolution has occurred in all railway travel within the memory of our own generation. If things keep on in the same ratio, it will | be possible before many years have elapsed to transport people profitably at a much less rate than now. There will be a similar lowering in freight rates, so that it will be as easy and as cheap for a man to move his household furniture from New York to Chicago, or even to Omaha, as it is now to take it from New York to Brooklyn." | Maryland's Gov. Jackson, of •'.'•-.-■• Maryland, . who bids Rich .j fair to become Senator Gorman's colleague in ; Governor, the United States sen ate, is a frequent vis i tor to this city and a familiar figure on upper Broadway, about tho leading ho tels, says . the £ New York Star. Gov. J BCkson is one of the wealthiest resi- d ents i>f the eastern shore of Maryland. II is entrance into politics is of very re cent date. In fact, until within the past few years, he steadily refused all over tures of politicians who sought to make him a party candidate. His change of heart is attributed by those who know him best to his pretty and talented young wife. Mrs. Jackson was Miss Alice Humplueys, and was for. some years the belle of Princess Anne, the county seat of Somerset county, and the native place of Dr. Evans, the cele brated Paris dentist, and Col. Charles Cuaillu Long, the explorer. But for the Memphis yellow fever epidemic in IS7B she would probably not now be the wife of Maryland's governor. She was then about to be married to a young Balti more merchant, who died at Memphis during that year. • - : z. ";? I Cabinet With the publication of the report of the at . ■ Reports. torney general, all of the annual reports of the members of the cabinet arc "out," says the New York Tribune. All of them have been published broadcast: some of them widely read. The prep aration of these reports is a task that is dreaded by the heads of departments. They have to watch each sentence in the document to see that it is not sus ceptible 9P two constructions, one of them possibly undesirable. After they have read over and over again the re port, they develop a honor of it that can. only be compared with the feeling of the little boy who has surreptitiously obtained possession of his big sister's * box of candy. One of the secretaries, sjjeaking of the task which he had ac complished, said a few days ago: i"l felt, before I had finished my re port, like the convicted murderer who -had 1 carefully studied an appeal for njercy which he was to make before sentence was passed upon him. The speech was prepared by his attorney, and when it was read to him the crimi nal broke down and >obb;-d aloud. " 'That will certainly move the judge,' he said. 'It cannot fail to move him.' "A day or two later the lawyer called to see if the speech had been committed to memory . properly. The criminal looked somewhat disconsolate. --:3P5P5 "'1 don't, think that is a very good speech,' he said. " 'Not good I' said the attorney. 'Why you cried when you first heard it.' . . "'I know I did,' said the criminal, 'but that was before I had studied it. Every time I have been ov»*r it "I" have liked it less: and. to tell you'-the truth, am so tired of it by thistime, I really believe 1 would rather be hanged than deliver it.' . . • "And that was about my attitude to ward my report before I had completed i it," said the secretary In conclusion. ' SUNDAY CHATTER. Captious , people sometimes ridicule the habit most people have of referring, to the weather on meeting. A young lady who affects to rise above tne com monplace, into the esthetic and literary, yesterday morning pettishly responded to the : good-natured suggestion of a passim? acquaintance, "It snows," i'Just as if I didn't know that." Aside Tiom the lack of courtesy and the bad taste, there was a lack of comprehen sion of social philosophy. -".There is no expectation of adding to information or. occasioning any surprise by such obser vations, but it is not mere chatter, or in dicative of mental vacuity. It is a step beyond the foimal recognition of tluv nod or perfunctory salutation. It is an indication of kindliness, and a desire to induce pleasurable feeling. Then, when strangers or casual acquaintances meet, the atmospheric conditions do excellent service. They establish a common platform. It matters not as to the actual facts; there is al ways among well-mannered people per fect agreement as to the weather. If you think it is growing colder and the acquaintance says, "The weather is a little milder," you will promptly re spond to that view. If you are sweat ing as you enter a stieet car and a lady friend says it "is cold again," you will indorse her fiction. It is the one common platform for all; nobody would impeach your veracity or general good sense if you were a little off from the facts. It is a great social convenience to have a climate that is uncertain and variable. In countries where one day is certain to be just like another, some substitute has to be found for the weather as the social small change. Perfect serenity would be monstrous and commonplace. The Oriental per sonal palaver is not as sensible and serv iceable as the uncertain and changing weather. ' Christians at the Theater. On a recent Sunday one of the most prominent Protestant pulpits of this city touched upon the question whether church members should ever attend the theater. It was insisted that the indi vidual alone could determine that ques tion. If there were benefit receivedto mind or body that should guide the honest person. If detnmeut, keep away. The general principle was to be kept in view, to abstain from all that would lower the moral tone. Rev. Or. Bridgman, of New York, a leading Bap tist clergyman, in a recent interview, stated that he often went to the theater and opera, and expressed his view in this way: "I think the ability to act is as much a divine gift as the ability to sing, and persons blessed in that way should be encouraged by Christian men and women to make their gifts bene licial to humanity. Whenever I want to be lifted above the burdens that sur round me, give me a good old comedy. There are times when a play will do j me more good than a prayer meeting— unless I could select the fellows at the meeting." He also liked a game of cards occasionally, and approves of athletic exercises generally. There is much less disposition than formerly to expend pulpit ammunition in these di rections. Down On It. The cigarette, no doubt, has many friends, but it is likely to give them ex ercise to save it from overthrow. Many, perhaps most, of the states ot cities have prohibited its sale to boys, and a further advance aeainst it is inau j gurated in Kentucky, which is not exactly the region one would look to for arbitrary restraints upon habits. The old and conservative capital of the state, Frankfort, has, by a unanimous vote of its council,absolutely prohibited the sale of cigarettes in that city. The legislature is in session there now, and interviews reported with the members indicate that they will take the matter up and make it a state law. Such ac tion in a state so neighborly with the tobacco interests, .and where the use is so universal, and which has no profes sional reformers to speak of, will be easily taken up by other states, and it will not be surprising should the al ieged baneful article soon need an epi taph. Make Their Own Way. The paper published by the attend ants at the University of Minnesota estimates that more than three-fourths of the SOO or 900 attendants make their own way in the main, many of them en tirely. This is probably the case to a much greater. extent in the West than in the older and more wealthy com munities of "the East. The sons of pros perous parents are often sent to the Eastern institutions, as they: are pre sumed to have larger resources and superior educational advantages. The growth of great institutions like the university of this state is rapidly equal izing the conditions and reducing any preference for older institutions to the remains of early familiarity. The father attended an Eastern coilege, and he wants his son to go there. This is a temporary condition. As a few great universities in each state concentrate the higher educational facilities, they will rank with the similar older ones. Those young men who push their own . way are. as a rule, the most likely to succeed in life. Clerical Sportsmen* The queen's chaplain. Rev. Francis Byng, ha^ recently got into trouble by betting on horse races— not exactly the betting, but his bad luck in putting his money on the wrong horses. It is com mon in England for parsons to bet on races, and it does not appear that there is any loss of repute or unction in con sequence. In this instance the trouble was aggravated, or chiefly caused by betting a good deal more than he had and losing. Thero is no providence or spiritual illumination that helps out that class of sportsmen. Could there be some exclusive device for shielding them from mistakes in the matter, the higher interests could be promoted by their investments; still, it would be taking an. unfair advantage of the con fiding worldlings. In this country the devotee of the turf is not often seen in the pulpit. One instauce is recalled of a devout orthodox clergyman who was famous as a horse trainer and lover of equine speed, with no disparagement of his position in the sacred desk. The rapid steert^is not in necessary antago nism to W#n devotion. Mil The Vice President's (louse. Washington Letter to Indianapolis Journal.' Vice President Morton is giving the finishing touches to the dining room in his residence— Alexander Graham Bell mansion— and it is attracting uni . yersal attention in Washington, since it is to be the scene of the leading dinner parties of the present administration. The addition which Mr. Mortor has just been making to - his great house on Scott circle was chiefly designed to ac coinodate this dining-room. ■ It is done in red and natural oaic. The walls are terra cotta and the high wainscoting of paneled oak. The ceiling is of paneled oak also, showing the beams, and the walls and ceiling are joined by a sort of arch-shaped . "cow" continuous all around • and ! adorned with ornamental > plastering ia red. Behind the vice president, as he sits at table, will be . a huge fireplace with a carved oak mantelpiece and a great mirror above it. Nearly the whole of one side of the room is occupied by a triple bow window, with enormous sheets of plate glass filling the . lower frames and the upper frames contain ing some mosaic glass, with designs in lead work and rjewels," specially made for Mr. Morton by a Philadelphia firm. The floor is of inlaid wood. The dining room doors, when thrown open, show a sweep of two parlors and a library, the whole range of the four rooms extend ing 110 feet in a straight line. APHORISMS. We can be thankful to a friend for a few acres or a little money, and yet for the freedom and command of the whole earth, and for the great benefits of our being, our life, health and reason, we look upon ourselves as under no obliga tion.—Seneca. The chief secret of comfort lies in not suffering trifles to vex us, and in pru dently cultivating our undergrowth of small pleasures, since very few great ones, alas! are let on long leases.— Sharp. It should seem that indolence itself would induce a person to be honest, as it requires infinitely greater pains and contrivance to be a knave.— Shenstone. It is impossible that an ill-natured man can have a public spirit; for how .should he love 10,000 men who never loved one?— Pope. A good inclination is but the first rude draught of virtue; but the finish ing strokes are from the will; which, if well disposed, will by degrees perfect; if ill disposed, will by the superinduc tion of ill habits, quickly deface it.— South. An indiscreet man is more hurtful than an ill natnred one; for the latter will only attack his enemies, and those he wishes ill to; the other injures in differently both friends and foes.-Ad dison. Good manners are the blossoms of good sense and of good feelintr. If the law of kindness be written on the heart, it will lead to that disinterestedness in both great and little things— that desire to oblige, and that attention to the gratification of others, which are the foundation of good manners.— Swift. How empty learnina aud how vain is art, But as it mends the life and guides the heart. Youug. ■«•- DIAMOND DUST. Lovers who dispute— adore. "Woman: man's first domicile. ; " Marriage is sometimes only a long quarrel. Sensitive beings are not sensible be ings. There are no marriages in Paradise. Thank heaven! A gilded bit does not make the horse better. One triumphs over calumny only by disdaining it. Love extinguished can be rekindled; love worn out— never. When a woman is no longer attractive, she ceases to be inconstant. The love of the past is often the hatred of the present. The most chaste woman may be the most voluptuous if she loves. To love is to ask of another the hap piness that is lacking in ourselves. To amuse the public— what a sad vo cation for a man who thinks. The worst of all countries is the one in which we have no friends. Pleasure is the flower that passes; re membrance, the lasting perfume. Celebrity— the advantage of being known to those who do not know us. One may ruin himself by frankness, but one surely dishonors himself by du plicity, i-r- . : The greatest of all sins is the sin of love; it is so great it takes two Dersons to commit it. Ilypocricy has become a fashionable vice, and every fashionable vice passes for a virtue. There is more merit in subduing a passion than avenging an injury. The grtatest misfortune one can wish his enemy is that he nmy love without being loved in return. Nothing makes old people who have been attractive more ridiculous than to forget that they are so no longer. It is dangerous to discover the faults or weaknesses of certain persons; they never forgive us the knowledge of these secret ulcers. There are women so hard to please that it seems as if nothing less than an angel will suit them; hence it comes that theX often meet with devils. — : ■•■■ ' BORROWED BRIGHTNESS. "What are you doing?" demanded a furniture dealer of his clerk, who upset an extension table. "I'm only turning over a new leaf, sir."— Baltimore Her ald. A sick dude called on a doctor. "What he needs," advised the physician, "is absolute seclusion, with nothing what ever to excite him." "Leave him alone with his thoughts." promptly said his 1 friend, as they withdrew from the room. —Chicago Globe. The new national organization, the mule spinners' union, may be expected to do a lot of kicking.— Kochester Post- Express. "Papa, where does Santa- Claus go after the holidays?" "Broke."— Toledo Blade. The best cigar meets its match when it is lit.— Merchant Traveler. Unless the surgeons get a slash at him. a man always goes through life on his last legs.— Binghampton Uepubli can. Mr. Sounds (oracularly)— No, my son, to-morrow never comes. Johnny — Then, pa, how is Fourtheriulv goiu' to get here?— Puck. A Natural Effect. • Omaha Bee. New York and Minnesota have en acted laws forbidding the publication of reports of reports of executions. As a result there has been a marked increase of horrible details in the noose line. Would Liike One. Philadelphia Record. Kansas City is vexed by an Ice-gorge. If St. Paul could get one she would thankfully lift it on end. run electric lights through it aud call it an ice palace. ■ ■ «. LACKED TACT. BT TROL-RA.DOUK, /jj^\ STYLISH young tnaid tm WL^S / A handsome young HF( sT^fcfc / A street in the A meeting, 'a bowiner, /j<~ »5sW3» wo Rl anc e s — each r^\"^*S'i^A'^ A wa!k along J'^^M >V* Boulevards A/MtmMiM§ A brighfcouVersa lion, / V<tH HH^-^ a glance overhead, ■ JS& illlP^shi Low" from a |BP^ Aquick,conscious look A word or two said— • •'So, thank you; not Any ice- Cream 1" ..A sauntering on, A look of cliiigrin, ■ Another siku — One amoiis' Many : A question repeated. A shake ot the head— '•Ice cream? Oh, uo, ..- Thank you— not Any!" A tnrn in the street, . .' A pout on lips sweet, • AUoorandft 5 Hand-clasp re sisted ; A fricid "Good davj" "Have I displeased you— snj?" '•Oh, no: but you *" Should have "in sisted!"' SOME WELL-KNOWN MEN. Montana E. L. Bonner, oi Butte City, Mont., is Millionaires, one of the strong JJe publicans of that new c tate, says the New York Press. Prob ably as niucli as any other one man ho contributed to the causes that have finally led to the election of two Hcpub lican United blates senators from that state. lie is at the head of the largest mercantile establishment in the state, besides belne interested in timber com panies and other enterprises, lie is a partner of ex-Gov. S. T. Hauser in rail road building, and his sales of timber to Marcus Daily, of the bisr Anaconda mine, amount to $40,000 per month; Hauser and Daily are stiff Democrats. With W. A. Clark and Col. Broadwatet they make up the Democratic "Big Four*' that tried to carry the state after its admission. As long as Mon tana was a territory Bonner had little to say about politics— nothing openly. By reason of Ins business associations he was counted as an ally of the Democ racy at least. But he quietly set about making the new state Republican as soon as the canvass began, and dismayed Daily and Hauser by his stand. It en abled the Republicans to carry five members of the legislature on the west side of the mountains, which gave them the preponderance in the legislature* Mr. Bonner's name has been frequently mentioned in the senatorial contest at Helena, but 1 think he ran away from the state to avoid the possibility of being thus honored. He has been in Wash ington for several winters, and the prize docs not tempt him, especially as his wife is averse to political life. From Clerk Eugene Kelly, the millionaire banker of to Banker. New York, was once, as every old St. Louisau knows, a clerk in St. Louis. Mr. Kelly tells a story on himself which had a very strong effect upon his judgment of men's actions, and which led him to mistrust circumstantial evidence. Back in the early days of St. Louis a large number of immigrants came in by the way of New Orleans, reaching St. Louis about 4 o'clock in the morning. On one oc casion a friend of Mr. Kelly's, who had business with the steamers which car ried the immigrants, asked him if ho had ever seen the landing of a body of immigrants. Mr. Kelly replying iii the negative, the friend suggested 'that he take in such an event, mentioning a time and making an appointment tor 4 o'clock on the levee. On the morning of the appointment Mr. Kelly strolled down to the .levee to meet his friend. When he got to the point lie lound he was too early by about half an hour. He strolled along the alley, and was just passing a notorious gambling resort when a crowd of disreputable men and women, partially intoxicated, came out. In a moment they surrounded Kelly. and some even spoke to him. He stood gazing at the people about him, quitw interested in a new phase of humanity, for several minutes, then returned to the place of appointment, saw the im migrants land and returned home. "W hen I thousrht of my standing at the door of that gambling hell at nearly 4 o'clock in the morning, apparently one of the disreputable characters emerg ing from the' place. I wondered what my employer would have thought had ho seen me, and how I could have satis factorily explained my presence there at that time of the morning. Since that time I have never been hasty in my judgment of men by circumstances. However unfavorable, because 1 know there are many cases where a person appears guilty of wrong when in reality they are innocent." Tweed and One of the stories that went around at Campbell. Tim Campbell's Ori ental club banquet the other night, says the New York Sun, was the one of Mr. Campbell's alleged remark to Tweed when the latter, then in the height of power, had caused to be offered to Campbell an immense sum, if he would join the Tweed ranks. "Mr. Tweed,' Campbell is said to have said, "you're a good fellow nnd I like you, but you can't get anything out of me; I'll be up here at Albany yet when you're behind the bars." After Tweed's fall, and when his resi dence in Ludlow street jail made him a constituent of Campbell's, the two men struck up a great friendship and Camp bell used to go around *to the jail evenings and play cards with tin- old man. Tweed himself then spoke of Campbell's remarks of several years before and talked mournfully of the fulfillment of the prediction. One Democrat (!er. Ivosecrans. who still retains his place Still on Duty, under the Harrison ad ministration as register of the treasury, and who is also on tho retired list of the army, with the rank of a brigadier-general, has for his right hand man in the office. Col. L. W. Reed, of Alexandria, Va.. says the New York Tribune. Col. Reed fought on the Con federate side during the war and lost a leg. and is compelled to hobble around on crutches. Col. Reed belonged to a West Virginia cavalry brigade, and for a time was with McCauslancTs com mand. He worked his waj up to the rank of colonel. He was appointed chief man to the register of the treas ury shortly after Cleveland's inamrura tion, and through the influence of Sena tor Barbonr. The friendship existing between "Old Rosev" and the Virginia colonel is very great. A'teroftice hours they can be seen togetner almost any day walking down the avenue. llnghitt for Marvin Hughitt. of Chicago, president of Chicago, the Chicago & North western rail way, passid through the city yesterday morning on his journey to Washington, says tho Pittsburg Dispatch. At the capital lie will lend his influence to the effort to secure the world's fair for Chicago. Mr. Hughitt spoke with gratification of tho immense freight traffic being done by all railroads. The Immediate result, he said, was increased earnings, and the ultimate, result would be the improve ment of the railway lines and the ex tension of feeders. A Peculiar To look at Judge Turpie front the senate Senator. gallery, si.^s the New York Tribune, ono would be more apt to take him to be a college professor than a senator of the United States. He usually sits quietly in his seat, as if absorbed in thought, and up to the present time has not made many speeches. lie is somewhat ab sent-minded, and certain habits get ;i strong hold upon him. It is said that in 1874-75 when he. was speaker of the lower branch of the Indiana legisla ture, he would do some queer things. Whenever a roll call was ordered he would pound on the desk until every thing was perfectly quiet. Then in rather a moderate * to-je of voice ho would say: "The roll will be called. Those vot ing in the affirmative, will, when their names are called, say 'aye;' those in the negative *no.' " '1 hen. as quick as a flash, he would, turn to the reading clerk, and in a loud, shrill voice would say: "Call!" The first time he did this the reading clerk came nearjumpingoutof his skin. The various preachers in Indianapolis were from time to time asked to offer prayer in the house, and some times ministers from other parts of the state-, who happened to be in town, were in vited to invoke divine blessings upon the Hoosier lawmakers. One morning Speaker Turpie rapped on the desk and slid : "The house will be in order. Prayer will be offered by IJev. Mr. Smith, of Vmcennes." Then, just asihe reverend gentleman bowed his head to begin the prayer, he was startled by hearing the speaker command him in a loud voice: "Pray!" "Familiarity breeds contempt." Don't acquire the habit of permitting your aimer to eet you, too often, beside your,, self.— Philadelphia Press.