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DEFENDERS OF NEW lilt A Beautiful Monument to Their Memory Erected by the State of Minnesota at the Scene of Their Bravery. The Splendid Little City Does Itself Proud in the Matter of Hospitality to All the Visiting Delegations. Many Gray-Haired Men Present Who Were Active Participants in the Thrilling Battle of Twenty-Nine Years Ago. Gov. Merriam Makes a Feeling Address in Deliver ing the Memorial to the Good People of the City of New Ulm. The Story of the Battle and the Burning of the Little Settlement Told by the Leader, Judge Flandrau. Addresses Full of Pathos and Information by Rev. E. .C. Sanders, John F. Meagher and Judge E. St. Julien Cox. An Event in the History of the North Star State Which Will Be Remembered to the End of Time. LMOST a third of a century has passed away since the bloody battle with the savages was fought at New Ulm. The great event which was com m c morated yesterday by the unveiling of the state monument. Since that time New Ulm has grown from a i frontier post into a thriving county city, I and the noble monument which this morning cuts the crisp air is the only memento of that thrilling scene twenty nine years ago. Of all of the accounts of the famous fights, none is more inter esting than that written by Hon. Charles E. Flandrau, who was in com mand of the defenders. It is his account which is here given. Everything about the agencies, up to the ISth day of August, 1802, presented the usual appearance of quiet and se curity. On the 17th of Augusta small party of Indians appeared at Acton and murdered several settlers. Whether these Indians hod previously left the agencies with this Intention is doubtful, but on the news of these murders reach- ((Wo Ing the Indians at the upper agency on the 18th, open hostilities were at once commenced, and the traders and whites were indiscriminately massacred. The missionaries residing a short distance above the Yellow Medicine agency, and their people, with a few others, were notified in time by friendly disposed Indians, and, to the number of about forty, made their escape to Hutch inson. Similar events occurred at the Lower agency on the same day. where nearly all the" traders and whites were butchered, and several who got away before the general massacre commenced were killed before reaching Fort Ridg ley, thirteen miles below, or other places of safety, to which points they were fleeing. Nearly ail the buildings at both agencies were destroyed, and such property as was valuable to the Indians was carried off and appropri ated by them. The News of the Outbreak reached Fort Ridgely about 8 o'clock a. in. of the 18th of August, through the arrival of a team from the Lower Agency, which brought a citizen badly 1 y^wfj H«Jjp it^^^^^? THE INDIAN ADVANCE IN THE EARLY MORNING. • r^^^^S^/^^^ , - wounded, but no details could be ob tained. The fort was in command of C.ipt. John F. Marsh, of Company B, Fifth Minnesota Volunteer infantry. He had eighty-five men in his company, from which he selected forty-five, leav ing the balance, under Lieut. T. P. Gere, to defend to fort. This little squad, under the command of Capt. Marsh, with a full supply ot ammuni tion, provisions, blankets, etc., accom panied by a six-mule team, left the fort at 9a. m. on the ISth of August for the Lower Agency, which was distant about thirteen miles up the Minnesota river, and situated on the other side of the river from the fort, being reached by a ferry at the agency. On the march up the com mand passed nine or ten bodies lying in the road, bearing evidence of "having been murdered that morning by In dians, one of whom was Dr. Humphrey, surgeon at the agency. C .» reaching I the vicinity of the ferry no Indians were in sight, except one on the other side of the river, who endeavored to in duce them to cross. A dense chapparal bordered the river on the agency side, where were the troops. Suspicion of the presence of Indians was aroused by the disturbed condition of the water of the river, which was muddy aud con tained floating grass. -Then a group of ponies was seen. At this point, and without a moment's notice Indians in great numbers sprang up on all sides of the troops, and opened upon them a deadly fire. About half of the men were killed instantly. Finding themselves surrounded, it then became with the survivors a question of sauve gui peut. Several desperate hand-to hand encounters occurred with varying results, and the remnant of the com mand made a point down the river about two miles from the ferry, Capt. Marsh being of the number. They at tempted to cross, but the captain was drowned in the effort. Only from thir teen to fifteen of the command reached the fort alive. Having massacred the people at the agencies, the Indians at once Sent Out Marauding Parties in all directions. They covered the country to the northeast as far as Glen coe and Hutchinson; to the southeast nearly to St. Peter; to the south as far as Spirit lake, which is partly in Dick inson county; 10., and they carried death and devastation wherever they went, murdering of men, women and children quite 1.000. The settlers, being accustomed to their friendly visits, were taken entirely unawares and were shot down in detail without an opportunity of defense. The agent for the Sioux at this time was Maj. Thomas Galbraith. He had raised a company of men for service in the civil war called the Renville rang ers, and was on his way down to Fort Snelling to muster them in. He arrived at St. Peter on the evening of the 18th of August, and there received news of the outbreak at the agencies. Taking the muskets of a militia company of St. Peter, he immediately started to return to Fort Ridgely, where he arrived on the 19th. On the same day Lieut. T. J. Sheehan, of Company C, Fifth Minnesota volunteer infantry, with fifty-five men, also arrived. Lieut. Sheehan had previously been at Yellow Medicine agency with his company, to aid in preserving order among the In dians, and was there when the threats were made to attack the government warehouse. He had returned to Ridgely, and was on his way to Fort Ripley, and SAINT PAUL MINN., SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 23, 1891.— SIXTEEN PAGES. on the 18th he had reached a point near Glenooe, about forty-two miles from Fort Ridgely. On the evening of the 18th he received this dispatch: "Headquarters Fort Ridgely. Aug. 18. ISG_. — Lieut, sheehan: It is absolutely necessary that vim should return with your command immediately to this post. The Indians are raising hell at the Lower agency. Keturn as soon as possible. John S. Marsh, Captain Commanding Post. Lieut. Sheehan was then a younglrish man of twenty-five years of age, with immense physical vigor and correspond ing enthusiasm. He immediately broke camo and arrived at the fort on the 19th or August, having made a forced march of forty-two miles iv nine and a half hours. lie did not arrive a moment too soon. He had with him fifty men, and, being the ranking officer after the death of Capt. Marsb.he took command of the post. The garrison consisted of the remnant of Company B, Fifth regi ment, fifty-one effective men; Company C, Fifth regiment, fifty men; Renville Rangers, fifty men, with several men of other organizations, including Sergt. Jones, of the regular artillery, and quite a number of citizen refugees, together with C. G. Wyckoff, secretary of the superintendent of Indian affairs. A. J. Van Vorhes, J. C. Ramsey and Mai. E. A. C. Hatch, a man of much ex perie nee with Indians, having long been a trader among them, and once agent for the Blackfeet tribe. This party brought up the money to pay the fans, and remained at the fort. I will here leave the fort with its new commander preparing for the coming storm, and relate hereafter how well he met and treated it. On the night ot the ISth, the Day of the Outbreak, the news reached St. Peter, as 1 have before stated, and turned the Renville Rangers back to the fort. About 4 o'clock a. m. of the 19th the news reached me at my house, about one mile from St. Peter, through Henry Behnke, of New Ulm, who had been dispatched from that town to notify the settlers in the valley. Having disposed of my impediments in the way of women and children, I repaired to St. Peter, where the situation was fully comprehended. Volunteers were called for, and in a very short time about one hundred and sixteen men were enlisted for any duty that might present itself. An organization was formed by the selection of myself as captain, William B. Dodd as first lietenant and Wolf H. Meyer as second lieutenant. I don't think we had time or inclination to com plete the organization by sergeants and corporals. Immense labor was per formed in the next few hours in the way of outfit Suffice it to say that be fore noon two men, Henry A. Swift, M Jess f&t afterward governor of the state, and William G. Hayden; in a buggy, and by noon sixteen mounted men, under the sheriff of the county, L. M. Boardman, had started to the Iront, and by 1 o'clock in the afternoon the main body of the company was on its way toward the enemy, wherever he might be found. Each man had a gun of some kind, a bottle of powder, a box of caps and a pocketful of bullets. The advance parties had been sent out to determine whether we should goto Fort Ridgely or New Ulm, which was thir teen miles nearer than the fort, but on the other side of the river. We did not see our advance guards on the march, and instinct or judgment, it is difficult to say which, aided by a note from Gov. Swift, guided us to New Ulm. I should say here that a large squad from Le Sueur, under Capt. Tousley, sheriff of Le Sueur county, accompanied us from St. Peter, and that at an early hour in the day a squad from Swan Lake, some fifteen miles nearer to New Ulm than St. Peter, under Samuel Coffin, had gone to New Ulm to see what was the matter. ___&_J__f Our advance guard reached New Ulm about 4 or 5 o'clock p. m., just in time to aid the inhabitants in Repelling an Attack of about 100 Indians upon the town. They succeeded in driving the enemy off, several citizens being killed, and about five or six houses in the upper part of the town being fired and de stroyed. The main body of my com pany reached the ferry, about two miles below the settled part of the town, about Bp. m., having made thirty-two miles in seven hours in a drenching rain storm. The blazing houses in the dis tance gave a very threatening aspect to the situation, but we crossed the ferry successfully and made the town without accident. The next day we were rein forced by a full company from Mankato, under Capt. William Bierbauer. of whose company I am happy to say I have a complete roster. Several com panies were formed of the citizens of New Ulm. A full company on the 20th or 21st arrived fiom Southßend,and various other squads, greater or less in number, came in during the week be fore Saturday, the 23d, swelling our effective force to about 300 men, but nearly all very poorly armed. We threw up barricades, and sent out daily scouting parties through the surround ing country, who succeeded in bringing in many people who were in hiding, and would undoubtedly have been lost without this aid. It soon became ap parent that to maintain any discipline or order, some one mau must be in com mand of all the forces. The officers of the various organizations assembled and chose a commander; the selection fell to me. A provost guard was at once established and order inaugurated. The defenses were strengthened and we awaited results. Capt. William B. Dodd, my first lieutenant, was made second in command, and S.A.Buell, pro vost marshal, chief of staff and general manager. He had been a naval officer and was a good organizer. Capt. S. A. George, a young man who had been for a short time in some Eastern regiment.who joined us at St. Peter, was made an aid, and proved very efficient In reducing matters to a manageable condition. Nothing of serious consequence oc curred until Saturday morning, when at about 9:3) o'clock the Indians catioe down from Fort Ridgely, thirteen Blues above us, w.ilch post they had been vig orously but Ineffectually besieging since the 20th, As 1 have learned since, 'rom educated half-breeds who were Among the attacking party, Jlje enemy com prised about 650 fighting men, ail well armed and many mQlTntecl. The as sault was well executed, and resulted in \: I / N / m m THE STATE MONUMENT. driving in our lines temporarily. We soon rallied, however, and steadily Held the' Enemy OIF. . j The Indians soon surrounded the whole town and commenced firing the buildings on the windward side. 1 wish I could describe the fight up to about 3 o'clock p. in., but my alloted space for bids, lt was a lively and interesting one. I cannot, however, omit the crit ical event of the day. At 2p.m. a great; conflagration was raging on both sides of the main street in the lower part of the town, and destruction seemed inev itable. A squad of about fifty men was collected, a charge made down the burning street, and the Indians driven out beyond the houses. We then burned* everything behind us, and the day was won. The desperate character of the fighting is well told when I say we lost sixty men in about an hour and a half, ten killed and fifty wounded, and these out of a much depleted force.Lieut. William Huey having gone with about seventy-five men to guard the approach by the ferry, and crossing to the other side of the river was cut off, and forced to retreat toward St. Peter. It was sim ply a mistake in judgment to put the river between himself and the main force, but in his retreat he met Capt. E. St. Julien Cox with reinforcements, joined them and returned the next day. He was a brave and willing officer. The company from South Bend, having heard that the Winnebagoes had joined in the outbreak, returned to their homes before the attack Saturday to protect their families, and on the morning ot the attack a wagonload left us and went down the river. 1 doubt if we could have mustered over 200 guns at any time during the fight. About 190 houses were burned by the enemy and ourselves dur ing the encounter, leaving nothing of the town but the small portion em braced within the barricades. The fight continued all Saturday night, and with dusultory firing up to Sunday forenoon. The Indians then drew of to the north ward, in the direction of the fort, and disappeared. About noon Sunday Capt. E. St. Julien Cox arrived with about fifty men, sent by Col. 11. 11. Sibley from St. Peter, to reinforce New Ulm. Lieut. Huey, with part of his detach ment which had been cut off Saturday, was with them. That they were wel come guests can well be imagined. New Ulm Evacuated. There were in the town at the time ot the attack on the 23d, as near as can be learned, about 1,200 to 1,500 non combatants, consisting of women, chil dren, refugees and unarmed citizens, every Individual of whom would have been massacred to a certainty had our little force been overcome. Such a stake was well worth fighting for. We were fortunate in having a lino corps of physicians, who established hospitals and assiduously attended to the sick and wounded. There were Dr. Daniels, of St. Peter; McMahon, of Mankato; Ayers and Mayo, of Le Sueur, besides Dr. Weschke, of New Ulm. On Monday, the 25th, provisions and ammunition becoming scarce and pesti lence being feared from stench and ex posure, we decided to evacuate the town and try to reach Maukato. This des tination was chosen to avoid crossing the Minnesota river, which we deemed Impracticable, the only obstacle between lis and Mankato being the Big Cotton wood river, and that was fordable. We made up a train of 153 wagons, loaded them with women, children and about eighty wounded men, and started. A more heart-rending procession was never witnessed in America. The dis position of the guard was confided to Capt. Cox. The march was successful; no . Indians were encountered. We reached Crisp's farm toward evening, which was about half-way between New Ulm and Mankato. I pushed the main column on, fearing danger from varied sources, but camped at this point with about one hundred and fifty men, in tending to return to New Ulm, or hold this point as a defensive measure for the exposed settlements. On the morn ing of the 26th we broke camp, and 1 endeavored to make the command re turn to New- Ulm, or remain where they wera; my object, of course, being to keep a force between the Indians and the settlements. The men had not heard a word from their families for more than a week, and declined to re- WiW^&^ turn or remain. I did not blame them. They had demonstrated' theit willing ness to fight when necessary, but held the protection of their families as para mount to mere military possibilities. I would not do justice to history did I not record that.wiien I called for volunteers to return, Capt. Cox and his whole- squad of forty or fifty men stepped to the front, ready" to go where commanded. Although I had not heard of Capt. Marsh's disaster. I declined to allow so small a command to attempt the inoccu pation of New Ulm. My staff stood by me in this effort, and a gentlemau. from Le Sueur county (Mr. Freeman Talbott) made an eloquent and impressive speech to the men to induce them to return. The train arrived safely at Mankato on the 25th, and the balance of the com mand on the following day, whence the men generally sought their homes. THE DAY AT NEW ULM. Royal Entertainment of the De- fenders of the City. Special to the Globe. New Ulm, Aug. 22.— At an early hour this morning all was bustle and activity in New Ulm. The first peep of the morning sun saw the entire city ar rayed in gala attire. Every business house, residence and public building was bedecked with creeping vines and flowers, and even the broad avenues were not spared the hand of the artistic decorator." Here and there were tri umphal arches, as beautiful and elab orate as time, taste and expense could make them. Across Minnesota street at frequent intervals hung festoons beating the hospitable word" Welcome," which seems to* mean more in New Ulm than almost anywhere else. This word, so conspicuous everywhere, yielded in one place to the Inscription, "To the Guardians of the Frontier in 1862," which expressed both the object of all the preparations and the respect and love of the city for those who lied to the defense of New Ulm in her time of need. New Ulm never does anything by halves, and the elaborate preparations made for the dedication of the monu ment erected by the state to commemo rate the battles of New Ulm, fought twenty-nine years ago, are being ad mired by a crowd that has its rep resentatives from all parts of the state. From the time the special car bearing Gov. Merriam and a dis tinguished party of ladies and gentle men from St. Paul arrived, at 7 o'clock this morning, visitors have been com ing by carriage and rail from all dlrec- of t9/iM*s<L^£oAasvu tions. Defenders from St. Paul, Minne apolis, Winona, Mankato, Le Sueur, Henderson. St. Peter, Shakopee, and even from many points outside the state came, and they came in numbers. St. Paul was represented by Gov. and Mrs. Merriam, ex-Senator Ramsey, Mrs. Furness, Miss Fumes-?.' Judge Flan drau and wife, Mrs. T. R. Selmes, Charles M. and William Blair Flandrau, Adjt. Gen. Mullen, Col. Bobleter, Na than Myrick. Judge J. J. Egan, George Griggs and wife and ex-Judge Westcott Wilkin. From Mankato came a party comprising Hon. John F. Meagher, :-'. • ' : . ,-- ■ RAID ON A WAS ON TRAIN OX AUG. 19. James Shoemaker and William Bier bauer, ail officers of the old Mankato volunteers that rallied to the relief ot New Ulm so promptly. At least sixty more old settlers of Mankato, headed by Editors J. C. Wise and L. P. Hunt, were also on hand, most of whom wer3 also enrolled in the volunteers. Le Sueur was not behind, and Editor J. J. Green, of the Sentinel, headed a party of the old Indian lighters of that county that were equaled only by the number sent over from St. Peter. In this number were ex-Judge £. St. Julien Cox, who was Capt. Cox, the daring leader of St. Peter's citizens so many years ago; Lieut. Gov. Ives and family, Editors Johnson and Fichthorn, J, B. Sackett and Wile, and many more. Maj. B. H. Randall, the the old sutler at Fort Ridgely, too, came all the way from Winona to be present. From Cottonwood, Sigel, Lafayette, Newton, Miiford and every other town and village far and near came the sol diers who feared not to do battle with the renowned Little Crow at the head of his great band of savages. | The local defenders were almost om nipresent, so anxious were they to ex tend every honor to their guests. There was Dr. Charles Weschke, the only phy sician in New Ulm at the time of the outbreak, smiling aiid^aiidsome as he was during all the yeaß he filled the office of mayor. Capt. Jacob Nix, who lost a finger in the first day's fight and sustained severe wounds later, vied with ex-Senator Rudolph iv entertain ing the visitors. Others well known among the valiant local heroes were S. A. George, George Jacobs, A. Zleher, L. Meier, L. Schilling, Judge Brandt, Herman Beussmann, Charles Jacobs, a .gray-haired veteran of eighty-one years, and a host of others, . ; i The first break the wave of conver sation and reminiscence came when the New Ulm battery, under Capt. Burg, •thundered a salute In honor of the ar rival of special trains from east and west bearing the bulk of the outside de fenders. These visitors were escorted to Turner hall at once, and Mayor Charles Wagner welcomed them to the city in the most cordial manner. After alluding to the causes leading to the celebration, he said: In the name of the city of New Ulm, which I have the honor to represent, I give you a hearty welcome to Ujo city which twenty nine years ago '. you BO gallantly defended against the Indians. Be assured that we will always remember with unbounded gratitude that in the hours of danger yon rushed to our assistance and shoulder to shoulder with us have defended our homes and your homes, in fact saved tha whole Minnesota valley from the Sioux. We shall do everything in our power to make this day an interesting oue for you. a day that you will always remember with pleasure. Make yourselves at home in our city and you will find that you are wel come in every household and to everybody, and that our citizens will make every effort to entertain you. The defenders and their families will now be shown to their quarters. The next two hours were given up to the dining of the visitors, and shortly after 1 o'clock one of the events longest to be remembered took place at Turner Hall park,"wheu medals and souvenirs of beautiful design and workmanship were given to all defenders. The form ing of the procession was next, but ow ing to the multitude present it was fully an hour before the divisions were ready to move. Finally Col. F. Baasen. chief marshal, aud, by the way, the first sec retary of state of Minnesota, aided by his adjutant, the brilliant young Lieut. Scherer, of the United States regulars, and Marshals William Koch, Andrew J. Eckstein and John F.Neuman, smoothed out things, and the greatest procession ever seen in Southern Minnesota start ed. Its size may be gathered from the following: Chief Marshal. Col. F. Baasen Adjutant, Lieut. L. Scherer FIRST DIVISION. Marshal, Wm. Koch Band Company A, Second Regiment School Children Gov. Merriam ana Staff State Monument Committee Speakers City Authorities Hecker Post, No. 48, G. A. R. Capt. Burg's Battery SECOND DIVISION. Marshal, Andrew J. Eckstei Band St. Peter Defenders Mankato Defenders Le Sueur Tigers New Ulm Defenders Milford Defenders Cottonwood Defenders Sigel Defenders Lafayette and W. Newton Defenders Ambulance wiui Defenders - - THIRD DIVISION*. John F. Neumann, Marshal ::. Turn verein St. Joseph's Society Maennerchor • ' Other Civic Societies Fire Department Citizens on Foot Citizens in Carriages From Turner hall the procession marched to Third street, thence to Min nesota and up the latter to Broadway, down this to First north, and from here direct to the monument. One of the features of this great parade was the number of prominent men, men who have made their marks in all the walks of life, who trudged; along with their old comrades. Col. i Bobleter, state treasurer, marched with his fellow members of Hecker post, G. A. R., and Judge Cox. of St. Peter, headed the St. Peter defenders. James Shoe maker, Hon. John F. Meagher and Capt. William Bierbauer were promi nent in the Mankato veterans. Capt. F. Weilc, of the Miiford company, and Herman 11. Beusman|made an interest ing pair, venerable and erect as though the snows of nearly thirty winters had not whitened their locks since they drove off and made secure the cattle of Miiford and surrounding towns. The monument reached, Hon. John F. Meagher, of Mankato, who, on behalf of the state monument committee, formally turned over the monument to Gov. Mer riam as the representative of the state. Mr. Meagher's well-known features were a signal for a little applause.which was increased at the close of his neat and taking address. Mr. Meagher is not a man to waste words, but he is an . effective speaker, and all the vast assemblage heard what he had to say. This was followed by Gov. Merriam, the pooular chief magistrate of the state, who yesterday appeared at his best, in a speech as felicitous as the governor's efforts always are in these later days, turning the monument over to the local authori ties. The procession next moved on to Turner Hall park, where the speech making was again renewed. Ma j. San ders, formerly the captain of the re doubtable Le* Sueur Tigers, was intro duced as the orator of the day, deliver ing a speech filled with history and ex perience. He was followed by Peter Scherer, one of the New Ulm defenders in German. Both of these will be found in another column. Ex-Gov. Ramsey spoke but a few words, expressing his delight at being present, but asking to be excused. Judge Flan drau. the ,- savior of New Ulm," was received with tumultous applause. He was not a little affected by . this greet ing, which did 'not, however, prevent him from delivering an . eloquent ad dress. Capt. Cox concluded the speech making. ■ gfegfeSg.. In the evening both the large halls of Turner hall were * crowded, a concert and tableau being followed by dancing until a late hour, many of the guests remaining oyer until Monday. The governor's special car lett for St. Paul at 11:30 p. in. THE MONUMENT. Description of the Memorial Erected by the State. Two blocks away from the business center, and in a commanding position, " at the intersection of State and Center streets, stands the monument. It is plainly visible from all parts of the city, and a fine view of the valley can be seen from its location. It is of white bronze and rests on a base seven feet square and two feet in height. The plinth is five feet eight inches square, and two feet eight inches in height. The spur and cap give a total height of twenty-four feet. The north and south plinths show in base relief,battle scenes; and the least and west plinths, with four tablets, give a life-sized me dallion of Judge Charles E. Flandrau, and the following inscriptions: "This, monument is erected by the state of Minnesota to commemorate the battles and incidents of the Sioux Indian war in ISO., which particularly relate to the town of New Ulm; erected 1890. "Honored be the memory ofthe citizens of Blue Earth, Nicollet, Le Sueur and adjacent counties, who so gallantly came to the rescue of their neighbors of Brown county, and by their prompt action and bravery aided the inhabi tants in defeating the enemy in the two battles of New Ulm, whereby the depre dations of the savages were confined to the border, which would otherwise have extended into the heart of the state." Then follows the historic inscription : The Sioux Indians, located at the Redwood and Yellow Medicine agencies on the upper waters of the Minnesota river, broke into open rebellion on the ISth day of August, 18112. They massacred nearly nil the whites in and about the agencies. Under the leader ship of the chief, Little Crow.they proceeded down the river toward New Dim, and on the 19th of August entered the settlement of ( fe& "lift" ) cf Sift CAPTAIN NIX. Milford, about seven miles west of New Ulm. and killed many of the inhabitants. On the afternoon of the 19th of August force of about 10 I warriors attacked the town of New dm, killing several of the citizens and burning a number of buildings, but did not carry the barricades which had been hast ily thrown up: while the battle was in pro gress the advance of Capt. Charles E. Flan drau's company, Iron: Nicollet county, about fifteen strong, under the command of L. M. Boardman, entered the town and the sav ages withdrew. The defense up to this time was in eh arpe of Capt. Jim Nix. At 9d. m. of he 19th of August ao large force, consist ing of Cant. l'luniliar.'s company, from Nicollet county, together with "a com pany from Le Sueur county, arrived and took possession of me town; reinforce ments to the number of several hundred sub sequently arrived. On the 20th Capt. Flan drau was chosen commander-in-chief and the defenses were strengthened. On the 23d the Indians, 650 strong, again attacked New Ulm at li::; J in the morning, aud besieged it until noon of the 24th. The assault was vigor ously executed and desperately resisted. One hundred and eighty buildings were destroyed in the contest, leaving of the town such part only as lay within the barricades. Of the defenders thirty-four were killed and about sixty wounded. Reinforcements ar rived at noon of the 24th under Capt. Cox. of St. Peter. On the 25th the town was evacuated and the inhabitants all safely con veyed to Mankato. On another face of the monument is the roster of those killed in the battle. Roster of those killed in the battle of New Ulm: .Capt. John Belin's Company, New Ulm, Eleventh Regiment. State Militia— G. W.OttO Bant, Jacob Castor, William England. Julius Kirchsteln, Matthias Mayer. August Roepke, Leopold Senzke. Le Sueur Tigers No. I— Capt. William Delaughtcr, First Lieut. A. M. Edward, William Lusky. Le Sueur Tigers No. 2— Capt. E. C. Sanders, Sergt William Maloney, .Mathew Aherni, Washing ton Kulp. Cant. William Blerbauer's Mankato Com pany—Newel E. Houghton, William Nichol son." Capt. Charles E. Flandran's Company, St. Peter Frontier Guards— First Lieut, W. B. Dodd. Max Haack, Jerry Quaue, John Sum mers, Rufus Higgius, Luke Smith. Cupt. Louis Buggert's Company— Capt. Louis Buggert. _ New Ulm Company— Ferdinand Krause, August Riemann. Miiford Company— Jacob Haeber'e. Citizens killed Aug. 19. 1862. returning from a reconnaissance— Almond I). Looniis, Uri Loomis, William Tuttle, William Carroll, George Lamb, DeWitt Leman, Ole Olson, Nels Olson, Tory Olson. Jan Tomson. JOHN F. MEAGHKK SPSAKS.'j Brief Talk by the Distinguished Mankato Citizen. Your Excellency, Ladies and Gentle men: Three years ago the legislature of» our state made an appropriation for the erection of a monument to commemor ate the great struggle of defense against the most warlike tribe of Indians of modern times, which took place on this beautiful plain twenty-nine years ago. In the absence of our chairman, who was Minnesota's most distinguished cit izen—the late Gen. Henry 11. Sibley— it becomes my duty and pleasure to pre sent for* your keeping this gift of a grateful people to the memory of the gallant defenders who laid down their lives in our state's defense. ' New Ulm, its patties and defenders, as time rolls on, become as inseparably a part of our great state as the mighty Minnesota, whose waters received the life-blood of the brave men slain by sav age hands while defending their dear ones and homes. . A conflict with a savage tribe, such as took place here, will never occur again among our people, and hence it is well THE BATTLE OF AUG. 22 AT ITS HEIGHT, NO. 235. for us to commemorate the last great, struggle by our citizens in defense of their homes against people whose his tory in battle yields but a single life saving act of mercy. Such were the foes who were met and : repelled here— from such an enemy the New Ulm defenders saved our state and its lovely women. To commemorate that defense this beautiful monument is erected, and' now, in behalf of the trustees, I com mit it as a full account of our steward* ship to your safe keeping. GIVEN BY THE GOVERNOR. The Monument Presented on Be* half of the State. I am accorded the privilege, Mr. Mayor and fellow citizens of New Ulm, of performing the final act In connec | tion with the law authorizing a commission to select a suitable mem orial to testify to coming genera tions tbe gratitude of the citizens of Minnesota for Id- ft^YlA^vo^ the heroic deeds enacted near this spot more than a quarter of a century ago. It is a pleasure I highly esteem to be the me dium of pre senting to you this beautiful shaft of bronze, by which means the peo ple of the state express their appreciation of the bravery, fidelity and loyalty of the men who defended this frontier village when attacked by bands of infuriated and merciless In dians, and checked the tide of disaster which threatened to devastate our en tire northern borders. The state takes pride in commemor ating the deeds of sacrifice and of hero ism of that eventful day. She does it in letters cast in lasting bronze, that time may not efface the records of those who fell" victims to savage brutality. She does it thai she may ever exercise her affection and thankfulness to the living as well as the dead. She does it because she desires to forever indicate that loyalty and sacri fice are worthy of commendation, and to teach her sons that the first duty of every citizen is to defend his state, and to protect the defenseless against foes from without and within. She does it in response to a sentiment as old as recorded time- -that heroic deeds be made perennial in monuments of brass or marble. Nations have ever desired to testify their love and veneration for noble acts. . Brave deeds, great sacri fices, devoted loyalty, patriotism and wise leadership in war or the fields of statesmanship will always be held in grateful remembrance in the hearts of I the people and perpetuated in enduring metal or granite. Three hundred years after the battle of Thermopylae", the i&'bbdJC J**^r&*<£ ' children in the schools of anc'ent-Greece were tansht the name of each one of the famous three hundred men who de fended that immortal pass, thus hold ing up to the minds of the young that patriotism and sacrifice are worthy of imitation. It i* thus models are cre ated for the youth of the land. It is tins the loftiest ideal is presented as a guide io measure the standard of human action. Happy he who is thus honored. Grateful the commonwealth that is possessed of men worthy such honor, and lasting its gratitude." Our state, though but a young sister in the republic, has many honored citizens. Continued on Third Page.