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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, February 16, 1892, Image 1

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YOU CAN'T i n the way of
po Small Wants than
jby securinjj the
BETTER aid of the
DAILY andSUNDAY GLOBE
VOL XI V.
TARIFF AS A TARGET.
Mr. Hatch's Committee Will
Ascertain Its Effect on
Agriculture.
Alliance Men Insist That Re
sults of the Insidious Tax
Are Bad.
Bills for Free Wool and Free
Binding- Twine to Be Re
ported at Once.
Congressmen Springer and
Bryan Explain the Provis
ions of Each.
Washington, Feb. 15.— The house of
representatives of the Fifty-second con
gress lias decreed that trie tirst investi
gation into the operations ot the McKin
ley law shall be conducted by the com
mittee on agriculture. This arrange
ment has the informal sanction of the
Demociats of the ways and means com
mittee, as the inquiry of Chairman
Hatch and his committee is to be direct
ed particularly to the effect that the
high taiiii' has had upon the agricultural
interests of ttie country.
It is understood that later on the com
mittee on manufactures will be author
ized to conduct an inquiry as to the ef
fect of the taritr law on the manufact
urers and skilled wage workers, and
thus i:i the end, reports will be make
on the various phases of the new law
by as many different committees. After
some formal business. Mr. Hatch, of
Missouri, brought the tariff question to
the front today by moving to suspend
the rules and adopt a resolution re
questing the committee 011 agriculture
to report the
Effect on Agriculture
of the present tariff law. Mr. Bynum
of Indiana, demanded a second, and the
request of Mr. Hatch that a second be
considered as ordered was objected to
by Mr. Kilgore, of Texas. Mr. Kilgore
and Mr. Hatch were appointed tellers,
■na reported the vote as 122 to 2. The
Republicans did not vote; but no one
raised the point of "no quorum. 1 ' Mr.
Funston, of Kansas, however, raised his
voice in opposition. If he believed that
there could be a fair and impartial in
vestigation of the effects of the present
tariff law on the agricultural interests
he would be in favor of it. It could
hardly be expected, however, that an
investigation of this character could be
made without being made upon a party
basis.
Mr. Funston, while commenting upon
thfi prosperity of the farmers, was fre
quently interrupted by Mr. Livingstone
and _\i r. Watson, of Georgia, but lie de
clined to yield. only remarking that they
had told the farmers the contrary be
cause they would not have been elected
had they told the truth. The Repub
licans courted an investigation. That
party had no fear of its record, and had
no apologies to make. But why did not
the Democrats bring in a bill to repeal
the McKlnley act? They
Dared Not Do It.
No such bill would come from the
committee on ways and means. He un
derstood that the chairman of that com
mittee would report a bill to remove the
duty on wool, one of the products of the
farmer, and the only enemy the farmer
had was the Democratic party. When
ever there was a cold biast from the
north, whenever the grasshoppers de
stroyed tne farmers' crops, the Demo
crats put their hands in their pockets
and said: "It is the McKinley bill."
Mr. Dolliver hoped that if the inves
tigation were ordered the committee
would send for the present chief magis
trate of lowa, who in his annual ines-
Eagesaid: "At no time in the history
of lowa have her people been blessed
with more prosperity than they now en-
Joy. "
Mr. Lewis, of Mississippi, expressed
the opinion that from the role Fanner
Funston acted in the tragedy, he was
better equipped as a witness in court
tliau as one to testify here as to what
was for the benefit of the great farming
interests of the country. When the
gentleman spoke of the" prosperity of
the farmer he was either profoundly
ignorant of the effect of the McKinley
bill or he willfully and deliberately mis
represented the situation. Mr. Living
stone, in a two-minute speech, took
with Mr. Funston as to the effect
of t!:e tariff law upon the fanner. The
gentleman from Kansas seemed to be
Afraid of Justice.
Jef Mr. Livingstone) supposed that the
committee on agriculture was a honest
body, aud the imputation that it cannot
be depended upon to make an holiest
report was not justifiable. The farmers
would be heard on this floor, if not now,
in the next congress, and the gentleman
from Kansas could take dne notice.
Mr. Butler, of lowa, expressed his de
light at hearing his colleague (Mr. Dol
liver quote the words of the grandest
governor lowa ever had. Mr. Dolliver
suggested that the present governor was
once a Republican, and Mr. Butler re
torted that everybody ought to improve
as he grew older.
Mr. Simpson, of Kan?a», spoke of the
depression of the farming industry in
his stale. Referring to the burning of
corn as fuel in his state, be said that by
the light of that corn fire the farmers
read the hisiory of the Republican
party, am! that wns the reason that the
Alliance had carried the state at the
last election.
Mr. Hatch mnde a speech in support
of the resolution, and it was then
adopted without division. Mr. Hatch,
who has been pressing this resolution,
Eays he regarded its adoption as the
first shot fired against the target of the
McKinley bill, and believes that it will
have its effect He thinks that an in
vestigation wiil show that law has been
detrimental to the agricultural interests
and that the nnniitee on agriculture
will lind no difliculty in obtainins^ol
nntary witnesses to testify as to exist
ing facts.
Army Proiuotlous.
Mr. Outlmaite, of Ohio, from the
committee on military affairs, moved to
suspend the rules and pass a rule to
establish lineal promotion in the army.
After a short discussion (the opposition
being led by -Mr. Breckenridee, of Ken
tucky) the motion was agreed to and the
bill was passed. The bill provides that
all promotions in the several lines of
artillery, cavalry and infantry up to the
erade of colonel shall be by seniority in
the nest lower snide, according to the
original entrj- into the regular service
as a commissined oilicer.
Mr. Mausur, of Missouri, from the
committee od territories, moved to sus
pend the rules and pass a bill extending
the laws of Missouri relative to mines
and mining over the Indiau territory.
Mr. Culberson demanded a second, and
he and Mr. Mansur were appointed
tellers. The vote progressed but slowly,
v
the members on the Democratic side
being listless and strolling from their
seats in squads of two or three, and the
Republicans being indifferent a nil not
taking the trouble to vote, willing to
leave with the Democrats the responsi
bility of securing: a quorum. But this
they failed to secure, the vote standing
124 to 17, and on motion of Mr. Tracy,
of .New York, the house adjourned.
WOOLi AXD TWINE.
Springer and Bryan Explain the
Proposed Bills.
Washington, Feb. 15.— The ways and
means committee wiil report three tariff
bills to the house during the present
week. This much was determined upon
at the meeting of the Democratic ma
jority today, and the measures to be re
ported are the Springer free wool bill,
the Bryan free binding twine bill, and
the Turner bill placing cotton ties, cot
ton bagging and machinery for making
the same upon the free list.
The provisions of the Springer bill, as
finally amended and approved by the
Democratic members of the committee,
have been published. Mr. Springer, in
explaining his bill, said: "All wool 3
and hair of the camel and other like an
imals and all waste matter are put
upon the free list, and waste ad
vanced by manufacturers bpyond the
condition of scoured wool, shoddy and
ungo are taxed 23 per cent. The sec
ond section ot" the bill relates to the du
ties on woolen goods, carpets, etc.. and
the provisions of it, as in the former
section, ore net to take eilect until Jan.
1. ISD3. The rates on woolen and worst
ed yarns are fixed for all values at 35
per cent ad valo em. Under the Mc-
Kinley act the rates upon these per
pound and ad valorem are equivalent to
from 103 to 1,0^3 per centum. The rates
on woolen and worsted cloths, shawls,
knit fabrics, etc., are fixed at 4o percent
ad valorem.
Blankets, hats of wool and flannels
for underwear are reduced from 30 to
25 and from 35 to 30, and from 40 to 35
per cent ad valorem. Under the Mc-
Kinley act the rales are from 73 to 110
per cent. On women's and children's
dress goods, etc., having a cotton warp,
the rates are fixed at 35 per cent. Under
the McKiuley act they are over S3 per
cent ad valorem. On women's and
children's dress goods with woolen
warp the rates are fixed at 40 per cent.
The equivalent rates in the McKinley
act would be from 90 to 110 per cent.
Ready-made clothing for men, and
cloaks,tiolmans, jackets ajid ready-made
clothing for women are' fixed at 45 per
cent.
"It will be seen." continued Mr.
Springer, "that by this bill the rates are
lowest upon goods which will be used
by the masses of the peonle, and high
est upon high-priced eood3 worn by the
more wealthy classes. The reverse of
this was true under the McKinley act,
which, by reason of the specific duties,
caused the highest rates to be placed
upon the cheapest goods. Under the
McKinley act the rates upon cheaper
articles of goods worn by the masses of
the people are prohibitory, and. hence
the home product is without competi
tion excent among the home manufact
urers. The passage of this bill wiil
largely reduce' the prices of woolen
goods ana thus increase their consump
tion."
The free binding twine bill which the
Democrats of the committee aiso de
cided to report is very brief, and merely
provides that '"from and Hfter its pas
sage all binding twine manufactured in
whole or in part from tampico fiber,
jute, manilla, sisal grass or sunn shall,
when imported, be exempt from duty."
In regard to the binding twine bill.
Mr. Bryan said: "The tariff bill of
that congress, as it passed the house
fixed a rate of one and a fourth cents
per pound on binding twine. In con
ference the present rate of seven-tenths
a cent per pound was agreed upon.
"Five thousand tons of twine were
manufactured and consumed in the
United States in IS'.K). If, as is proba
ble, the seven-tenths of a cent is added
to the price because of this protection,
then the item cost the farmers of the
United States §700,000 and brought no
revenue to the government. There are
thirty-five cordage and binding twine
factories in the United States,"twenty
nine of which are owned and controlled
by the trust of the National Cordage
company, of New York. The twenty
nine in the trust produce GO per cent of
the total output.
"It's my opinion that tha bill will pass
the house by a large majority, and I do
not believe the senators who favored it
before wiil dare to oppose it this time.
If they will do it they will find it very
difficult to defend their course to the
farmers. The president will hardly
veto the bill if it reaches him, however
much he may be opposed to changing
the existing tariff law. If the senate
once sees the wisdom of modifying the
present law. it may be per3uad'ed to ac
cept other measures which will be pre
sented to it. The bill, I think, will be
reported early this week, in company
with several other measures which are
about ready."
BIK. MILL.S' POSITION.
The Texan Will Support Any Low
Tariff Measure.
WAsmxGTON, Feb. 15.— The attitude
of.Mr. Mills toward the work of the
committee on ways and means has re
sulted in the following statement by
that gentleman : "I have never author
ized any one," he said, "to say what I
would do, and all this stuff that has
been printed has no foundation what
ever. 1 saw only yesterday a story that
I had a bill all ready for presentation
covering the whole question. That is
ridiculous, 1 haven't even written the
caption of a bill, and have had no inten
tion to do so. I shall not," continued
Mr. Mills, "interfere with the commit
tee's action in any way. Any bill,
whether it is a general bill or one of a
series, if it is along the right line,
whether it goes as far as I think it
should or not. will receive my sanction
aud support."
The Seaate Will Kill It.
Washington, Feb. 15.— The house
committee on election of president, vice
president and representatives in con
gress have practically decided to report
an amendment proposed by Mr. Chip
man, chairman of the committee, to
elect senators by popular vote and to
empower the legislature of each state
to prescribe the time, places and man
ner of elections.
No Reciprocity. . ......
Washington, Feb. 15.— The commls
sion considering the question of com
mercial reciprocity between the United
States and Canada adjourned this after
noon without, as far as can be ascer
tained, accomplishing any practical re
sult.
~<» —
Real Estate Congress.
NAsnvnxE, Term., Feb. 15.—Dele
gates to the national real estate con
gress have began to arrive for the first
session of three day's, ;. beginning
Wednesday. Over a thousand dele
gates will be present from the principal
cities of the United States.' St. Louis,
Chicago, Buffalo, Milwaukee' and C;n
einnati alone semi 400 delegate_s. Gov.
Buchanan will deliver the Welcome ad
dress.
PAINT PAUL MINN., TUESDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 16, 1892.
WILL IT BE FLOWER?
With Cleveland and Hill on
the Side Track, Roswell
May Catch On.
Whitney and Morrison Like
wise Have Sanguine and
Hopeful Friends.
Gov. Boies Conceded to Be a
Sure Second, With Bright
Possibilities.
A Symposium of Views and
Opinions on Candidates
of Both Parties.
Special to the Globe.
Wasitimjtox, Feb. 15.— "0f all the
names mentioned in my recent letter,"
says Senator Vest, •'! regard the name
of Mr. Flower as the strongest. I be
lieve that Mr. Flower can carry New
York state, and be elected." Senator
Vest expresses the sentiments of a large
number of the Democrats in both houses
of congress. It is a singular fact, how
ever, that the Cleveland men are as en
thusiastically devoted to the ex-presi
dent as the Ulaine Republicans are de
voted to the brilliant son of Maine.
They will listen to no other name, and
some of them declare that they would
rather be defeated than support any
other nominee. This, of course, is said
through excess of zeal, and ail Demo
crats will support the national ticket.
One reason for the persistence of tlie
Cleveland men is the fact that Hill hag
undertaken to run the affairs of the
party to suit himself, and to discipline
all Cleveland men in advance. Just as
BLiine and Conklioe separated and
fought each other to the death, llili has
caused an apparent breach between
himself and the ex-president. There
fore, Democratic leaders are realizing
the fact that it will be wise to give up
the hope of nominating either one of
the distinguished New Yorkers. Gov.
Flower's name is being used oftenest
UDder the dome of the caDitol: but
there is a wholesome undercurrent in
favor of ex-Secretary Whitney, to whom
we are most indebted for the modern
navy which was able to make a formid
able demonstration towards Chili, as
good presidential timber. He is popular
in New York and throughout the couu
try with the Democratic masses.
The lowa Democrats here declare that
Gov. Boies is a big enough man to run
at the head of the presidential ticket;
but there seems to be but little response
to their claims. At the same time, it is
almost universally conceded here that
Gov. Boies will receive the vice-presi
dential nomination. Col. William K.
Morrison, of Illinois, is being consid
ered, and even Gen. Palmer, who has
pronounced ambitions of his own, today
said: "Col. Morrison is a good man.
His soldier record is excellent. His
service in congress was long and hon
orable. He was the lirst great fighter
for revenue reform. He is a Democrat
and a good man." Gen. John A. Logan
always spoke with great respect of Col.
Morrison, as one of the bravest and best
soldiers ever sent forth by Illinois.
POLITICAL POTPOURRI.
Different Views of Many Men of
the Land.
Washington-, Feb. 15.— An unusual
number of prominent persons are in the
city at present, and they have been ex
pressing their views on the presidential
possibilities. B. F. Jones, chairman of
the Republican national committee in
18SJ4, said: "I do not hesitate to say
that I think Mr. Harrison will be nom
inated and that the outlook for his elec
tion is a bright one, and daily grows
brighter. As to the Democratic nom
ination, I can only make a guess. I
think it will be Cleveland. The chief
issues in the campaign will be protec
tion and sound money, so far as the Re
publicans are concerned, and the Dem
ocrats will oppose both of them."
Hon. Poindexter Dunn, for ten years
a representative from the First Ar
kansas district, but who has spent the
last three years in Los Angeles, Cal.,
speaking of politics on the Pacific const,
says: "The local sentiment out there
is strongly in favor of Mr. Cleveland.
He has the confidence of the masses,
and if the question comes to the will of
the people 1 have no doubt about him
being the nominee. The question of
availability, however, will have to be
taken into consideration, and consider
ing the warring factions in New York,
1 am inclined to think some Western
man will be nominated." Turning to
the other side, Mr. Dunn said: "Mr.
Blame's withdrawal is certainiv a great
disappointment to the Republicans
throughout the country. He is stronger
with the masses today than at auy time
during his life."
Hon. J. K. Luttrell, 1572 to 1879 a
Democratic congressman from Cali
fornia, said: "California can be carried
again by Harrison, but Blame would
have carried the state by, I think, 20.000
majority. There is a division of senti
ment between Cleveland and Hill. How
ever, a Western man would suit us bet
ter—any one of the four— Morrison or
Palmer, of Illinois; Boies, of lowa, or
Gray, ot Indiana. Alger is a very pop
ular Republican of the coast. I have
heard just such political sentiment all
the way along the Hue, in Nevada, Ne
braska and lowa."
Ex-Congressman J. H. Sweeney, of
lowa, said: "lowa has always been
very strongly attached to Mr. Blame.
Now that he is not a candidate, re
cognizing, as they do, that Mr. Harrison
has given the country an admirable ad
ministration, it seems quite probable
that he may receive the support of the
state in the next convention. If either
Charkson or Allison wish the support
of lowa, it would doubtless be enthu
siastically accorded. Gov. Boies will, in
my opinion, receive the support of the
lowa delegation in the next national
Democratic convention, and I deem him
much more available presidential tim
ber than a number of others, whose
names are mentioned in that connec
tion. The fact that he has been twice
elected governor of lowa, together with
the fact that he is a man of ability, will
arrest the attention and receive pretty
careful consideration from delegates
from the whole country."
Ex-Congressman Casey Young, of
Memphis, thinks the opposition to Hill
wili not amount to a row of pins."
"Why," said he, "Mr.*Hi!l is absolute
boss of the situation in New York. He
is the only real leader the Democratic
party has had for a quartorof a century.
Democrats there know it, and the conn
try is fast coming to tlie same conclu
sion. Aiiave always beta an ardent
Cleveland supporter, but Mr. Cleveland,
with all his rugired baukbone, does not
approach - Mr. Hill as a leader in his
party. Hill's policy is that of his party,
and h« has never yet failed to record
the will of his party in the strictest
Jacksonian terms that lay In his power. .
It is that quality that has made Harri
son such a ready choice for a renoiiiiua-.
tion with his party. Mr. Hill can carry
New York, and he can be elected if
nominated, lie is a born political
leader." "'
A primnent Missouri politician .is
Col. R. J. Dentiani. He sa}s tMatilis
souri will send a solid Cleveland
tion to Chicago. It does, not like his
silver views, bot it does like his notions
on tariiT. So far as Cleveland goes, the
Missouri Democracy is like the man who
married an ugly woman: "I don't like
her looks any better than you do," he
explained to his mother, "but I did not
marry her for looks; I vailed her be
cause she's a good housekeeper."
Cleveland's a mighty good presidential
housekeeper, and we w II put up with a
few anti-silver notions. If Missouri 1
can't have Cleveland it will want a u:an:
from the West. Missouri is getting tired
of beins run by New York. So is the
entire West. If you all want to see
Democracy out our way, the good old
Tom Benton Democracy, dwindle, peak
and pine, you want to keep getting your
orders from New York."
Hon. E. J. Lowe, of Birmingham, Ala.,
says Alabama will semi a solid delega
tion to Chicago for Senator Hill, and
tl'.a; while it will be a red-hot fight be
tween Hill and Harrison, he beliovea
that Hill will win in November.
LOUISIANA DEMOCRATS.
A Desire for Hunnony Expressed
by Leaders.
New Orleaxs, Feb. 15.— The state
central committee met at noon today.
There was a large audience, and a
lengthy executive session was held, the
object being to make a general inter
change of views among the members.
The desire for harmony was unanimous.
At 2:30 the doors were, thrown open
and the following resolution was unaui
inously adopted: »
Resolved, The state central committee of
the Democratic party of Louisiana, do here
by adopt and ratify all that the state execu
tive committee has done since this body was
last iv session and especially 1 the action of
said executive committee ia directing that
all the Democratic tickets have printed oa
them '"against the amendment," and that all
Democratic nominees for the general assem
bly be instructed to vote against any call for
a constitutional .convention and all other,
recommendations of said committee.
Col. Crandell then moved that the
chairman of this committee be author
ized and directed 10 communicate to T.
S. Wiikinson, the chairman of the other
committee:?, propositions looking to the
unity and harmony of the Democratic
party, the same propositions as those
that were contained in the proposition
of the executive committee. The mo
tion was adopted. The committee ad
journed till tomorrow ni<rht at 9 o'clock.
PALMER'S t'oWER. \ '■%
The Ex-Senator May Deprive Alger
of His Boom.
CincAGO, Feb. 15.— Genv r "Russell A.
Aleer may secure the cornplinientry
vote of his own state delegation in the '
Minneapolis convention. The only ele*-. |
ment in the way is ohe man, President
Palmer,of the World's Columbian expo-_
sition, ex-United' States senator for.,
Michigan and ex-United States minister
to Spain. Senator Palmer has probably
cost Gen. Aiger as many sleepless
nights as picket duty has. It has been
a question whether Senator Palmer
would allow the generrl to have the
Michigan delegation this year. No one
ever diluted his power to deprive him
of it. Senator Palmer was asked yester
day if he would exercise this power. "I
prefer to reserve my decision in that re
gard. Geu. Alger and I are friends.
There is nothing unpleasant of. a per
sonal nature between us. I think the
recent cloud, or attack upon his mili
tary career, will not injure his char
acter any."
BELITTLING BEX. .;
Senator Teller Sees No Merit in
Harrison.
Dknver, Col., Feb. 15.— Senator Tel
ler says: "There is a suspicion that
Mr. Blame will not persist in his decli
nation if his friends continue to demand
that he shall remain a candidate. I see
no reason why the Republicans of Colo
rado should favor Mr. Harrison's renom
ination, and ldou't think he is stronger
elsewhere than various other candidates
who will be presented to the Minneap
olis convention. I have no personal
controversy wtth President Harrison,
but he has been a persistent opponent
of free coinage aud of every step look
ing to the rehabilitation of silver as
legal tender money. I think we will
secure the passage of a free coinaee bill
through congress, the opposition of the
president to the contrary notwitustand-'
ing, but no one believes that the pres
ident will, under any circumstances, ap
prove such a measure."
HARRISON AND TRACY. ' 1
Vice President Morton Disin
clined to Ran Again.
Washington, Feb. 15.— 13 stated
on authority close to the vice president,
that he has informed the president of
his intention to withdraw from office at
the close of the present term. Mr.
Morton has said to friends within a
short time, and has intimated to the .
president, that in his opinion Secretary
Tracy would make* ai* admirable candi-*
date for the vice presidency. The sec
retary's success at ihe head of the navy
department has recommended him trt
many of the leaders in Washington; and
intimations have, been received from
New York that his nomination would
be acceptable to all sections of the party
there. A strong and influential move
ment for a ticket reading "Harrison
and Tracy" is on the cards.
HILL DELEGATES.
The Senator Has a Cinch on a Big
Majority. - v* ;: :
Albant. N. V., Feb. 15.— 0f the 354
delegates to be selected to attend 4ha
Democratic state convention 276 dele
gates are out of New York and Kings i
counties. At the headquartersof Sena
tor Hill at the Delavan .house," it 1" was
given out tonight that 123 delegates out*
side New York and Kings had already
been selected, ot whom 120 are for Sena
tor Hill. The remaininz delegates will
be elected on various days this week.
The delegates from Albany county wiil
be elected Saturday. •■...-.
■~ — -"■=■ — — : ■■■■?•; -i
Britain'ls Careful. . '- 1
London, Feb. 15 — Replying to a \
question -put to the government in the
house of commons today regarding the
oppression of the Stundists by the Rus
sian government, Re. Hon. James Low
ther, parliamentary secretary of thf }
foreign office, said that the govefritufcnt:
did not intend to remonstrate wit 6
Russia against her treatment of relig
ious sects uuless the people oppressed
.were British subjects, " -• V- j
RAISE THE RED RIVER.
Maj. Jones, of U. S. Engineers,
Announces a Great Reser
voir Scheme,
Whereby the Red River Is
Made Navigable in the
Open Season.
A Canal to Open dp the Vast
Rainy River Re
gion.
Improvements Which Minne
sotans Should Demand With
Unanimous Voice.
For the sum of $560,000 I expect to create
water transportation Hues as follows:
Lake Winnipeg to foot of Big Stone
la&e 6!5 miles
Red lake river 325 miles
Ked lake 50 miles
Total i <J9O m i;es
This is the conclusion reached by
Maj. Jones, L T nited States corps of en
gineers, stationed in St. Paul, in a report
first transmitted by him to Washington.
The matter is one of weighty impor
tance to the citizens of Minnesota, and
particularly to the residents in the Red
river valley. The report made by Maj.
Jones :is the 'outcome of a survey
ordered by the last 2ongres3. The ob
ject was to see what means could be
adopted to improve navigation on the'
Red River of tnVNorth, and the result
of Maj. Jones' survey and conclusions
are very satisfactory. The Ked
River of ' the North ■ flanks : the
border between the forest of
Minnesota lake land and -^ the
trreat prairie which sweeps away to the
West throuzh the Dakotas. The river
winds its way In a sreneral northerly di
rection to Lake WinniDeg. Indications
point to the time when the river flowed
in a directly opposite'direction, carrying
the waters of the Saskatchewan and
Assiniboine rivers iv theniighty prehis
toric Mississippi to the gulf. Gen.
-Warren aptly reasoned that the south
flowing waters were turned backwards
by a lifting up of the land, which had
its maximum effect upon the valley and
the river between the Great Lakes,
whose dwindled descendants are now
called Lake Bigstone and Lake Trav
erse. The lied River of the North is a
narrow, sluggish, tortuous stream, and
drains an area ot 32,000 square
miles. The banks are of clay,
and in height increase from twelve feet
at Breckenridge to fifty feet at Per
n The bed is mainly of clay, with
some gravel and bowlders near oid Fort
Abercrombie and at Goose Rapids. In
the former locality there is a strip of
about twenty miles of river which has a
considerable slope, 1.36 feet per mile,
resulting from great massesof bowlders
which incumber the channel.
Mr. Jones says: "It i? more than prob
able ■ that with the removal of these
bowlders and some drediring this slope
can be reduced so that with
A Uniform Discharge
of 1,200 C. F. S. no further improvement
will be needed. The river flows through
a plain of soft alluvion, interlaid with
a great bed of clay. At scattering inter
vals on this plain occur small
deposits of drift in the shape
of small bowlders, cobblestones
and gravel composed of several va
rieties of crystalline rocks and a well
defined fossiliferous limestone.. At
Connolly's and Goose Rapids the river
is cut through a number of these de
posits, and tlie removal of soft material
has allowed the drift to settle and c6n
centrate upon the surface of the river
bed until it forms a sort of pavement,
which the river can no longer affect.
This material restricts the channel and
creates the rapids. Its removal will
distribute the slupe and obviate the ob
structions. The slope of the river is
small and striKinsly uniform. The im
provements to be suggested promise to
practically convert the river into a great
canal. The total fall, over 395.5 miles
to the international boundary, is 19i.5
feet, or about 0.49 feet per mile.
' ••Until ISS6 the lowest volume at
Moorhead was considered to be about
500 cubic feet per second. In 1574 the
low water volume at Breckenridge was
placed as high as 1,000 cubic feet per
second, based upon 'information that
covers the last twenty years.' Since
the low water volume has reduced
a half. During excessive dry periods the
Bois de Sioux is merely pools of water
connected by dry bars... The Otter Taii
furnishes the supply at Brecken
ridge, about 200 cubic feet per sec
ond. From herg. to Moorhead this
amount is increased by, say. fifty
cubic feet per second. Down to Grand
Forks another increment of 50 is added,
aud there it melts about 200 cubic feet per
second corning in from Red Lake river,
thus making" about 500 cubic feet per
second as the low water volume at that
point. From here to the boundary line
probably 100 cubic feet per second are
added.
At IiOW Water.
"For the extreme low water stage of
250 cubic feet par second at Moorhead
the ruliug depths are about:*
Inches
Breckenridge to Moorhead ...6
iloorhead to Goose Rapids 12
Goose Rapid 3.... ti
Goose Rapids to Grand ■ Forks . 12
Grand Forks to boundary liue..';T.'^fr^^3oi
' '•For the stage corresponding to 500
cubic feet per second at Moorhead we
have: 9ESI -----
-*■"•-"--. Inches
Breckcu io .Moorhead...-. i:>
Moorhead to Goose Rapids.... ............13
GooFeßapids. ..IS'
Goose Kapids to Grand Forks '....IS
Grand Forts to boundary, 5ay..... 35
--"The river varies . iv width between
100 and 300 feet, and lies in a very nar
row vnlley, with steep slopes subject to
its actio . There is no Hood plain to
ihe present river, but the anci nt liv t
hu i c 'i he great plain nv.v Known
:•> the Red river valley. The steep
banks an: mucti subject to s'.idir.g in
great masses into the river, sometimes
temporal ily damming it, frequently
forming bars which almost obstruct
navigation. It will always be necessary
to maintain upon the river a dredging
plant to meet the contingencies sud
denly arising from these slides."
Maj. Jones referred to the connecting
streams and lakes of the Red River of
the North. Those from the west were
of no importance. The Otter Tail river
is a Minnesota river, and takes its rise
in a system of lakes in the timbered
country adjoining the Mississippi water
shed upon the west. Lake Traverse is
about thirty miles long, with banks
sloping up to the prairie level from 60
to 150 feet above. In the present low
water stage more than one-half
Tiie Area I* Dry.
At the upper, or south, and the water
is sixteen miles long by one mile wide,
while the marsh at its lower end is from
two to four miles wide with frequent
ponds of water, and intersected by a
number of sloughs which unite at the
lower end in the Bois de Sioux. The
Bois de Sioux is about tiftv miles long.
For about eight miles it is merely a
slough of the lake. In the remaining
distance the banks are tolerably well
defined, aud there is supposed to
be a fall of about fifty feet. Bie
Stone lake is on the bend of
to Minnesota river. It is about twenty
five miles long, from one to two miles
wide, and lies in a deep gash in the
prairie about 150 feet below the level.
Its low water area is about eighteen
square miles. At the lower end marshes
and meadows fill the valley. A strip of
low laud about five miles long separates
it; from Lake Traverse, and upon this is
located the small town of Brown's Val
ley. The low water of Big Stone Jake
is 7.71 feet below that of Lake Traverse.
Red lake, in Northern Minnesota, is
situated in the midst of a magnificent
pine fores*., except that from its very
waters upon the north and northwest a
great swamp stretches across to the
Canadian boundary. The lake is 50
miles long and from 12 to 25 miles in
width, covering an area of 488 square
niiles. The Red Lake river discharges
into the Red River of the North oppo
site Grand Forks, and the distance from
the lake is about 325 miles.
Maj. Jor»e s explains the survey that
wa 1 * made aud gives the following con
clusions:
Red Lake Reservoir.
"Red lake can probably be raised two
feet by a dam at its outlet, and also it
can be lowered about two feet by
dredging across the shoal at its outlet
and enclosing the cut between dikes to
prevent it tilling up from wave action.
This would afford ample accommoda
tion for about two years' rainfall and
wouM possibly relieve the Red river
valley from effects of floods on the Red
Lake river. The output of the reservoirs
on the Mississippi river above Pokega
ma during 1891 was barely at the rate
of 10,000,000 cubic feet per square mile.
There was rather less than an average
precipitation. Now assuming that the
precipitation in the two water sheds
before us is 90 per cent of that of North
ern Minuesota, we have 9,000,000 as an
approximate output per square mile m
a year of average rainfall, which simply
means that one-half the time the outout
will be more than this, and one-half the
time it will be less. We will then have
for the Red Lake reservoir 1,930 square
miles x 9,000,000=17,370,000,000 cubic
feet, for the average output of water in
one year. This will permit supplying
the river as follows:
Cubic Feet
SOO cubic feet per second for 214
days 14,791,630,003
230 cubic feet per second (about)
for 152 days 2,578.320,000
Total 17,370,000,00J
"The effect of this reservoir would be
to maintain a uniform stage duriug the
boating season.
Lake Traverse Reservoir.
"By damming the river the water of
the Otter Tail can be diverted in a
canal across the flat, marshy country
southeast of Breckenridge, and brought
into the Bois de Sioux via the Rabbit
river. The distance is about eight miles.
Then by placing a reservoir dam on
the Bois the Sioux just below the mouth
of Rabbit river, sufficient height could
probably be obtained to back the waters
into Lake Traverse for a reservoir. The
quantity of waters which would therein
be impounded cannot be reasonably es
timated without more measurements to
determine the areas overflowed at dif
ferent heights, but the quantity ob
tainable from the watershed may Ge ap
proximat^y stated. Its area is about
3.450 square mi1e5—3,450x9,000,000=3L
-050.000,000 cubic feet. This would per
mit supplying the river as follows:
Cubic Feet.
1,200 cubic feet per second for 214
days 22,187,520,000
250 cubic feet per second for 152
days 2.733.200,000
Overplus for Minnesota river G, 079, 28.), 000
Total 31,050.000,000
"The Lake Traverse reservoir would
have an approximate capacity of 20.00;),
--000,000 cubic feet only.but the remainder
of the gathered waters would probably
be easily held in the extensive lake por
tion of the watershed.
A Navigable River.
"It is thus reasonable to expect that
the two reservoirs will furnish sufficient
water to render the Red river continu
ously navigable during the whole open
season from the Rabbit river dam to
Lake Winnipeg. And, further, by plac
ing a lock in the Rabbit river dam navi
gation would be extended to the head of
Lake Traverse, and still further. Meas
urements taken by Mr. Davenport in
1882 show that Big" Stone lakeisonly
seven feet below the level of Lake
Traverse. Hence if we place a dam
across the outlet of the former, and cut
a short canal between the two. naviga
tion would be extended to the foot of
Big Stone lake, thus creating a water
transportation line 615 miles, iii extent.
without counting Lake Winnipeg and
the Saskatchewan river."
Maj. Jones continuing, says that the
creation of these two reservoirs will
relieve the R°d river valley from a con
siderable portion of the effects of Hoods.
Another aspect: The stored-up waters
in the Ked lake distributed uniformly
during the ope" s ason through Ked
Lake river would render it navigable
for small craft: one or more damsatid
locks at the falls, near Thief river, and
at Crookston, would enable boats to
pass up to the reservoir dam. passing
this by means of a lock, they would pro
ceed to the head of the lake. From
this point to Rainy Lake river there
is a marsh all the. way, a distance of
fifty-five miles, and hence a canal can
be cheaply constructed across, and an
outlet via Crookston and Grand Forks
would thus be afforded for the timber
and other products of the extensive
Rainy lake country, which at present
has no outlet in the United States.
Maj. Jones conclude* his admirable
report with an estimated cost of the im
provements, placing it at SStiO,OOO.
A $0,000 Verdict.
The jury in the case of «J. S. Keater &
Son against John Glaspie, of Still water,
returned a verdict of -?l>,ooo in favor of
the plaintiffs. The cause occupied sev
eral -days iv the Uuited States circuit
court.:
A SYNDICATE STEP,
The Weyerhausep Lumber
Kings Will Build a Wis
consin Railroad
To Open Up Lake Communi
cation With Their New
Mill at Hay ward.
O'Connor, t T ie Alleged Minne
apolis Postal Thief Is
Placed on Trial.
No Evidence to Be Offered
by His Counsel in De
fense.
The great Weyerhauser timber syndi
cate heiil a meeting at the Merchants'
lasting nearly all of yesterday. The
meeting was an executive one and
those present were: Frederick Weyer
hauser, of St. Paul; ex-Senator K. L.
McCormick, of Hay ward; Ed Rutledge,
of Chippewa Falls; Matthew Norton
and \V. H. Laird, of Winona; Capr. G.
E. Rogers, of Hayward, and William
Sauntry. of Stillwater. The object cf
the meeting, as given out, was the mat
ter of putt: us in a steam plant at the
Hayward mills. This change was
decided upon, but it was but a
small part of the business that
came before the meeting. For a long
time this company has controlled a vast
amount of the finest pine timber in
Northern Wisconsin, which is manu
factured at Hayward and Cbippewa
Falls, the mill at Hayward having a ca
pacity of 230,000 feet per day. But the
railroad facilities at both of these points
are limited, and at the meeting yester
day a proposition was considered" which
contemplates the building of a line of
railroad from Chippewa Falls to Su
perior by way of Hay wood, thus giving
these two places a direct route to the
head of the lakes and insuring lower rates
for the carrying of lumber. Chippewa
Falls is on the line of the Wisconsin
Central, which is now in the hands of
the Northern Pacific, and by the build
ing of this line the latter would have a
direct line between Chicago and the
head of the great lakes. While none of
the members of the company would dis
cuss this matter, the fact that a repre
sentative of tha Northern Pacific at
tended the meeting is evidence that
this company is behind this proposed
railway.
AFTER MANY DAYS.
The Alleged Minneapolis Postal
Robber Faces a Jury.
John W. O'Connors, alias "Billy Con
nors," is on trial in the United States
district court upon an indictment charg
ing him with being a participant in rob
bing the Minuepolis postoffice of $ 15,
--000 worth of postage statnp-j in 1888. At
a trial several years ago tha jury dis
agreed and O'Connor escaped from the
Ramsey county jail Feb. 13, ISB3, in
company with two other prisoners.
The exit was made through a hole
sawed in the roof of the old jail. O'Con
nor . has since served a term
n the penitentiary at Joliet,
111. He is a rather prepossessing man,
of medium height, about thirty-five
years old. and wears a short auburn
beard. At the time of his former ttial
here Bobby Adams turned against him
and admitted that they both participated
in the robbery. Adams served tims for
his participation in the offense. After
he was released, it is claimed, the gang
threatened Adams' life for "peaching."
Assistant United States District Attor
ney Edgerton put a witness on the
stand yesterday to show that the gen
eral belief is that Adams is dead, be
cause he has not been seen in Chicago,
his former home, for over a year. Ex-
Marshal Campbell, G. \V. O'Leary and
Mrs. Fray were put on the stand to
prove that Adams had testified to
O'Connor's being a party to the robbery.
Louis Peterson, jailer for the past seven
years in Ramsey county, testified that
O'Connor was in jail July l, 18S7, when
he was taken to Winona" for trial, and
was brought back Sept. 8. July 13, ISSjJ,
he, with two others, escaped. The gov
ernment having rested, J.J. McCafferty,
for the defense, moved for a dismissal,
and also that the court instruct the jury
to find a verdict of not guilty, on the
ground that the evidence was insuffi
cient and that nothing had been estab
lished for introducing the testimony as
to Adams' confession at the former
trial. It was also claimed that sufficient
evidence had not been adduced to es
tablish the death of Aaams.
The court temporarily overruled the
motion of Judge McCafferty and stated
that he would consider the "point when
the time for instructing the jury ar
rived.
Tha defense announced that no testi
mony would be offered.
Ah adjournment was taken until this
morning, when the court will decide
upon the point raised by the defense.
WHICH SHALL. LEAD?
Tariff Reduction Bills or the Free
Coinage liill.
Washington, Feb. 15.— 1t is probable
that there will be an interesting strug
gle between the tariff biils and the
Bland free silver coinage bill for pre
cedence in the order of consideration in
the house. In fact the struggle has
already begun. The contest is as yet
conducted in a very quiet manner and
is merely a matter of argument as to
whethei or not party policy requires the
silver bill to precede or to follow out.' or
more of the tariff bills. The silver men
have urged through Chairman Bland
and others that the way to prevent the
silver question from being made unduly
promim-nt is to take it up and pass it
promptly.
With the silver bill out of the way
public attention would be concentrated
on the tariff bills, and by keeping that
question before the public steadily its
prominence would be much greater
than if the silver bill was sandwiched
in between.
IS THE ACT VOID ?
BlcKinley'** Statute Burdensome
and Complicate:!.
Chicago, Feb. 15.— The constitution
ality of the McKiole; administrative
act is to be attacked. The a'rst move
was made in the United States circuit
court here this afternoon by the filing
of a motion to dismiss the appeal of
Collector Clark from a decision of the
board of general appraisers assessing
CPrtain duties on dress goods belonging
to Locke, Uuieatt & Co. The motion is
on the ground that the administrative
act is void, and a number of technical
points are raised in support of the po
sition taken. Success would mean that
the present board ot general appraisers"
RE AD The Globe offers
ny the greatest In
ducements ia the
EVERYBODY ™y°<
Help, Sals or Exchange Wants.
NO. 47.
THE NEWS BULLETIN.
Democratic state committee today.
Maj. Jones' report on the Eed river valle/
Tasoott turned up for the 100 th time.
Growing sentiment for a Western man. ,
"Weyerhauser syndicate's big schemes.
Chamberlain to have a pontoon bridge,
Blame divorce case next Monday.
Billy Conners, postoffice thief, on trial*
Weather— Warmer and fair.
The Minnesota school teacher mystery.
Oratorical contest at Hamline university*
Col. E. P. Drake dies in California.
A singular father at St. Cloud.
Lehman must prepare for hanginer-
Leaders explain the new tariff bills.
Free wool and twine bills on the tapis.
Politicians discuss candidates.
Fine point in a bigamy trial.
The building inspector farce still on.
RUN OP THE MARKETS.
The crowd on Chicago 'chance was some
what demoralized by the execution of Eeliinjj
orders from Pardndge yesterday, bi:t at the
close wheat was higher than Saturday at
SBfec February. 9-% c May. Corn closed at
4'^c February, 41% c -Marcn, 4:ic May. Oat 3
ended: February 23c, May 31% c. Pork
closed a: 511.70 February, Sl2 May.
Continued activity on the New York stock
exchange caused material gains in all the
stocks traded in, compared with last week'a
prices, and the close was active aad full of
strength ai top prices of the day.
Movement* cf Ocean SteamjulD*..
Boston— Lake Superior and
Michigan. Liverpool; Scandinavian, Glas
gow.
Liverpool— Arrived: France, Xew York;
Kansas and Virginia. Boston.
Philadelphia — Arrived: Pennsylvania,
Antwerp.
SouTHAjrpTox— Ems. Xew York.
London-— Pennland, Sew Yo«"k.
New York— Arrived: Servia, Liverpool;
Nedderiand. Antwerp; La Gascogne. Havre;
Ogdam, Rotterdam.
would be abolished and the administra
tive act of 18S3 be revived. The at
torneys interested assert that the pres
ent statute is burdensome on importers
aud its machinery too complicated.
POVERTY TO AFFL.UEXCE.
A Batte Police Court Figure Gets
a Fortune.
Special to the Globe.
Butte, Mont., Feb. 15.— A letter has
been received by the chief of police of
Buttefrom Temple & Colwell; attor
neys, at Chillicothe. asking information
in regard to William U. Bradley, and
stating that he had fallen ueir to an
estate of : 81,000,000. left Lby his aunt,
Katlierine Bradley, of Chillicothe, who
died recently. The property is located
at Peoria, 111. Bradley is well knowa
in Butte. and has been in hard luck.
lie has been a conspicuous figure in the
police court during the past year, and ia
known about town as a rounder. Ha
was found in Anaconda tonight.
-•.
MEXICO TO GET IT.
Alleged Secret of the Lottery
Withdrawal.
New Yokk. Feb. 15.— A dispatch from
Xew Orleans says that at last the true
secret of the withdrawal of the Louis
iana state lottery from the fierce polit
ical struggle which has been raging for
many months is out. . Tne lottery is to
go to Mexico. Arrangements to that
end have about been completed with
President Diaz, ana the Fortress of.
Chapultepec will be the loation of the;
'•Louisiana lottery" after 1593."- While
the directors of the company have not
as yet held any meeting to consider the
propositions made by different cities ia
other countries, it is known that Mr.
Morris favors the Cily of Mexico, and
that that practically settles the entire
matter.
A NAVY DESTROYER.
Successful Te?t of an Electric Tor
pedo.
London", Feb. 15.— There wa3 an in
teresting and successful test today in
Portsmouth harbor of the new Sims-
Edison electrical torpedo. The trial took
place under the direction of the ad
miralty officials, aud representatives of
the United States and most of the Euro
pean powers were present. Mr. Sims
personally operated the torpedo. It was
sent out a distance of a mile and a quar
ter, and was under such perfect control
that the manipulator turned it at will in
any direction while the steamer waa
moving rapidly along more than a miltj
away.
■a»
FAIR OFFICIALS AGREE.
Amicable Arrangement to Avoid
Future Clashing. i
' Cnic.vno, Feb. 15.— Several confer
ences were held today between commit
tees of the world's fair national and lo
cal boards on the question of jurisdic
tion over exhibits and other points of
difference. A commissioner said thia
evening one result would be that the
question, of transportation would be
h'ually adjusted tomorrow. The pro
gramme of adjustment contemplates a
dual arrangement — the directors to ap
point trairie managers who shall handle
transportation business under the su
pervision of the director general and
the national committee on transporta
tion.
A Derelict Official.
CixcrsN.vri, Feb. 15.— committee
of the Catholic Knights of America, ap
pointed to examine the books of Grand
Treasurer O'Brien, who was recently
indicted for "embezzlement, has marl • i
report recommending that Grand Sec-:
retary George W. Barr, ot Lebanon;
Ky., send in his resignation for the rea
son that t'.iey aiv satisfied he withheld
the knowledae that O'Brien was in de
fault,. and therefore was subject to -
ceusure.
Half a Jlillion for Orphans.
San Fisancisco, Feb. 15.— An even
ing paper says ex-Senator; James G.
Fair today made a will.bequeathing
$500,000 to charity. Two hundred thou
sand goes to the Catholic orphan asylum
in . memory of his late wife, $200.01 to
the Protestant orphan asylum of" tbia
city and 100,000 to the Hebrew orphan
asylum." '"-? '•" ' ■

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