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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, March 12, 1892, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1892-03-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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Read the personal and
political history of Gov.
Horace Boies in this
Morning's Globe.
Personal and Political Analy
sis of lowa's Favorite
Exactly as He Would Have
Appeared to You if You
Had Seen Him.
A Sterling" Man, Whose Face
and Talent Have Been His
?lis Is Well Known as Affida
vit Boies, Because His
Face Is Honest.
Story of the Triumphs in
Western Politics of a New
York Youth.
With But Three Dollars in His
Pocket He Began the
Study of Law.
Dcs Mouses, March 11.— Democrats
In the West are saying very often and
very forcibly these days that a Western
man should be nominated for the pres
idency by the Democratic convention at
Chicago next June, says the special cor
respondent of the New York World.
These Democrats are discussing the
availability of several men. The one
man about whom most is said and on
whom most hope in the West seems
now to rest is Horace Boies, of Water
loo, 10.
If this man were to journey East and
Walk down Broadway he would attract
Oo« Boies.
Attention from students of faces. Few,
however, would identify him. True, for
forty years he breathed the air of the
Empire state; for fifteen years he prac
ticed law in Erie county, and met Grover
Cleveland at the bar ot Buffalo; and
once he sat in the legislature at Albany
—but notwithstanding these things he
is practically unknown to New York
and the East.
Fame came to him after he left New
York and settled in lowa. He stepped
into the arena of politics in that far-off
commonwealth and, championing the
cause of Democratic principles, led the
Democratic party to victories that it had
not known for more than a generation.
IJis voice rang in every county of the
state, from tlie shores of the Mississippi
lothe bar.ks of the Missouri, and lowa,
that had given Garfield 75.000 majority,
became Democratic. Another campaign
came on and again under his leadership
the state went Democratic. Still an
other contest between the parties fol
lowed, and once more the Democrats
triumphed over those who ha<i thought
the Hawkeye state only wavering in
its long-founded allegiauce to the Re
publican party.
These three successive victories under
Boies, each greater than the one before,
luade Western Democrats talk confi
dently of the new, powerful captain ot
lowa as a man fit to lead in a national
contest. They say that he can carry
iowa and other states which hitherto
have been Kepublican. They say that
his life, his personality, his political
record, his views upon public questions
will command strength in New York
and other stares of the East and South,
as well as in their own West.
In what follows you will find ever so
many thinzs about this New York man
who has made himself so strong in the
"West. And to begin with, and as a sort
cf preface to the whole, let it be said:
First— That he is a tariff reformer and
has been since he went to lowa at the
close of the war; that he holds conserv
ative views upon the silver question;
that he believes in ballot reform, and
that he opposes paternalism and suiup
tuarv laws.
Second— That he has risen from pov
erty to comparative fortune; that he is
a practical farmer as well as a practical
lawyer; that he kept aloof from politics
until ISB3, and that now, at the age or
sixty-four, he is serving his second
turn as governor of lowa.
How He Looks and Talks and
Scents to His Fellow Men.
Gov. Boies has a strong face. You
don't notice that, however, at first. It
is smoothly shaved, full, round, ruddy
and healthful. These points you take
in at a glance. Almost at the same time
you notice his full head of hair. It is
parted on the left and lies straight along
the lines that the brush has passed over.
There is no cowlick nor curl in it. In
color it is neither white nor gray, but
like silver. It betokens the passing ot
years, and, were you to think of the
silver hair alone, you would say that
here was a man who had long ago
passed his prime. But when you note
again the full color of his face, you feel
that the man is yet young and vigorous,
and that his digestive apparatus has an
A No. 1 certificate.
When you learn that ho has never
Bmoked, "never, in fact, used tobacco in
any form, and that he had never taken
a drop of any kind of alcoholic drink;
that he clioosps his food wisely, hasn't
a very sweet tooth and eats sparingly;
tluit he believes in regular hours and
takes good sleep, and that he walks long
walks for exercise and keeps himself in
trim like an athlete, you don't wonder
that your first conclusion is that the
man with such a face is iv first-rate
physical condition and looks like a man
of lifiy years.
.Juslas you cannot help seeing that
the governor's face is healthful, so you
cannot fail to notice that it is honest
and benevolent. He wears a turn-down
collar, with a plain black cravat loosely
tied. Take these away, and put a
Roman collar around his neck and you
would think him a bishop who
had given his years to prayer and deeds
of good-will to his fellow-men. Even
without the Roman collar you get an
impression of the kindliness of his nat
ure. Newsboys on a New York street
would bet their last nickel that they
could sell papers to a man with such a
face, for sure. His <>yes emphasize his
lwk of goodness of heart. They are
blue, rather deep-set, and often twinkle
like those of a buoyant girl during the
time of her first love. If there be cause
for it they will look like wells of sym
pathy. When he talks to a jury these
eyes are sentences in themselves;
when he speaks to an audience
of voters they gleam with a lire
that emphasizes the earnestness of his
utterance. They bring out in another
way, too, the honesty and whole-souled
nature of the man. They look direct
into yours. Xo matter what the ques
tion, the man's blue eyes will not be
turned from your view. They are
there before you, and in them you may
almost discover the processes of his
mind in arriving at the answer his lips
are about to pronounce.
His nose is not Roman nor so pro
nounced as his chin or lips. But it is
large and significant. Most men's
noses are not perfectly straight. Prob
ably delicate measurements would show
that (Joy. Boies' nose has some crook in
it, but a man who doesn't carry meas
uring instruments in his pocket and
judges simply with his eyes, would say
that (iov. Boles' nose is straight as well
as quite prominent.
It is safe to wager, though, that the
Boies hat must be at least a 7^. Maybe
if he were to buy a derby or a real
statesmanlike beaver lie would have to
take a 7}..< size.
Meet him in his private office at the
capitol in Dcs Moines and you get the
impression that he must be somewhat of
an orator. He has a powerful orotund
voice. He speaks fluently, to the point,
with choice of words and a fine regard
for logic. Put some question to him
that requires a long answer and he
grows emphatic in delivering his sen
tences. There is a sweep to his inflec
tions, a sudden weight thrown upon
some important word and a gesture to
murk the ictus of his thought. A lis
tener sits intent.
"Affidavit Boies'' is a name that the
Hawkeye ueaple have learned to call
him. A Republican lawyer is responsi
ble for the creation of this title. Thii
Republican lawyer is Judge Hubbard.
He is counsel in lowa for the Chicago &
Northwestern railroad. A case con
cerning the railroad was to be tried be
fore a jury, and Hubbard was to sneak
for the company. He found that Boies
was to argue for the other side, and to
some of the railroad officers Judge Hub
bard made the following remark some
days before the trial :
"You don't want to feel sure." he
sail, "that we are going to win this
case, for that man Boies is on the other
side, and when he gets before a jury
and looks at them it is almost enough to
win him the case. His face is so honest
that it's like an affidavit, and an affi
davit of facts that you can't dispute."
This strength of personality availed
him greatly in political campaigning:.
He drew and held a*nd convinced larger
numbers than any other speaker in the
most fiercely fought contest that lowa
ever had. Fanners traveled a clay's
journey in lumber wagons to hear him,
slept over night in the open air and re
turned to their homes next morning. In
one little town of 439 inhabitants in the
western part of lowa he had an open-air
audience one afternoon of between
5,000 and 6,000 people. Most of them
were farmers within a radius of forty
miles. Demonstrations as remarkable
as this were reported in other parts of
the state.
nAn Early Riser ani Strictly Ter-
perate in All Things.
Gov. Boies sets out of bed at his tem
porary home in the Savery house, Dcs
Monies, early enough to breakfast at 7
a. in. lie sits at a table in a corner of
the hotel dining room. Seats are re
served there for him and his daughter,
and others of their family or friends
who may be in town. Yet it may hap
pen that a stranger who has just regis
tered may find a seat at that table.
The governor takes a light breakfast
and, rain or shine, walks briskly to the
capitol on the hill, more than a mile
away. lie puts in ten hours of work at
the executive office, breaking the day at
noon for a mid-day dinner at the hotel.
Aeain he walks to and from the hotel
and by 2 p. in. is at his desk again. It i 3
a square-topped folding desk, and the
papers in it are in order. It stands out
from a corner and the light falls over
his left shoulder. His private secre
tary, Capt. C. D. Ham, a very capable
young man, a graduate of Yale, '83. is
in an adjoining room with a stenog
rapher. In another office is a corps of
clerks. The governor has no electric
button with which to summon a mes
senger, but on his desk is a silver
plated call-bell, bucli. as you see on a
teacher's table. The man whom he
generally wants to see is his secretary,
Ham, and a touch of the bell is suffi
A revolving bookcase is at the gov
ernor's right. State volumes and ref
erence books fill it. Also to the gov
ernor's right are chairs for callers.
They are shrewdly placed, for the light
falls full into a visitor's face and gives
him means to study a caller's face. The
chances are that after he has scanned
his visitor's countenance he will notice
the strong light and ask to change to
the o.ne chair on the other side of the
desk. Then the caller has a better
chance to see the governor's face.
There is little red tape about the ex
ecutive chamber, and a card for the
governor generally gets to him direct
and insures a quick audience. He list
ens attentively, answers briefly and
stops. There is no unnecessary talk.
He is not curt, yet he is businesslike
and has the faculty of limiting a con
versation to the actual questions in
volved. Then it ends, and the ordinary
caller, believing that to tarry would be
to steal a busy state officer's time, de
parts, feeling nevertheless that the gov
ernor has paid him every attention and
been courteous and genial withal.
The governor gives personal study to
details. He hears pardon cases and ap
peals with the care of a judge. Work
over state papers that he can perform
himself he does not throw off to others.
In some senses he is a slave at his desk.
He prefers to write, and uses a stenog
rapher only about once In two months.
His writing is almost straight up and
down, the letters being rather long, with
curves, without flourish, and quite legi
He remains at the capitol until nearly
C p. m., and then walks to the Savery
house. Although he eats only moder
ately, he lingers quite long at the table
and chews his food very deliberately.
He likes to have some one there to
talk with when his daughter is
away. But he seldom asks any one to
dine with him. That is because he is
diffident. This shyness manifests itself
when he enters the lobby the'hotel.
On the street fr- lU tne C av>itol he has
bowed r- acorea, perhaps been stopped
for a moment's chat a dozen times; but
when lie reaches the broad, well-filled
lobby of the Savery house he walks
straight for the elevator or the staircase,
and lingers to talk with none.
After supper he retires to his room.
Often there are no callers. If there be
DO state work to consider he may read
awhile, and then he noes to bed early.
But if there be work to do lie will sit up
until tar into the night to do it. His
messages and important speeches he
writes with pencil on thick pads of light
yellow paper.
So much for the personality of this
lowa leadei. There are some points,
though, on which a word or two should
be said. For instance:
He shaves himself, and he doesn't
care much about wearing a dress suit.
He doesn't play cards, and couldn't
make two counts at billiards or pool.
fie doesn't care for base ball, would
be mystified by the performance of a
Princeton eleven, and he never handled
a tennis racquet in his life.
He doesn't swear.
lie doesn't use tobacco or rum; but
he says if other people do and it doesn't
hurt them he has no objection.
He can appreciate a joke, but he is
not adept at making one or telling
He smiles more often than he laughs,
but when he laughs it is a hearty yet
subdued laugh.
He likes to ride horseback, but isn't
much of a sportsman.
He frequently thrusts his hand
through his hair and makes it tousled
like a feilovv who has just come from a
Turkish bath rub.
He talks freely to newspaper men
and says that he knows his friends are
talking of him for the presidency, but
he won't lift his little finger to get it.
How He Became a-Demoerat and
Led lowa to Democracy.
Until he was fifty-six years old Horace
Boies had been a Republican. For the
last eight years he has been a Democrat.
For the last three years he has been the
most foremost Democrat in the newly
Democratic state of lowa. The story of
how he became converted and how the
state was converted is one and the same.
It furnishes an illustration of how many
men in lowa have been moved by con
science and faith in principles.
lowa was Republican through the war
and after the war. because the lowa
people believed that the Republican
party wns the guardian of the National
Federation and the exponent of sound
Horace Boies was a Republican for
like reasons.
In the forty years of life in the East
he had never been a politician. The
holding of office did not attract him.
When lie arrived in lowa, at the close
ot the Rebellion, lie found that the ma
jority of the voters in the state held
views similar to his own. He was there
fore among friends. Soon many of
them became his warm friends. Re
quests that he should accept the nom
ination for congress were repeatedly
made. He declined one and all. He
relt no special call to take a nomina
tion foi that or any other office, and
3 r et to have become a candidate for
congress at any time within ten years
after the war, wjien the opportunity
was laid before him, would have mad*j
Horace Boies a most prominent Repub
lican and given him precedence in the
line of aspirants for the gubernatorial
chair. But the future of the Repub
lican party in those days seemed safe
to him even without holdinir office,
through its power, and, therefore, car
ing more for the law and the farm than
for the glamour of political place, he
.stuck to his briefs and to his acres and
to his fields of corn.
In those times the Republican con
ventions of the state adopted platforms
recommending the reduction of the war
tariff. The leading men among lowa
Republicans, from Grimes to Allison
and Kasson, had been tariff reformers,
and Horace Boies stood with them.
In ISBO the Republican party at its na
tional convention adopted a protection
plank which antagonized the beliefs of
most lowa .Republicans.
Among those who were dissatisfied
was iiocace Boies.
Argument was made by Republican
leaders that notwithstanding the na
tional attitude of the party they should
all maintain their allegiance to the or
With the independent lawyer of
Waterloo such a course was out of the
question: He did not openly break with
his party, but his faith was shaken.
Three years later another cause . of
dissatisfaction arose, and then he rose
in protest and led a revolt. . :
The prohibition craze had struck the
state. Its advocates dominated in Re
publican councils. The decision was
reached that prohibition would be a
good thing for ' the people, and there
was every indication that a law forbid
ding the manufacture or the sale of
alcoholic beverages would be forced
upon the state.
So far as his personal tastes and habits
were concerned the adoption of such a
law would not have affected Boies. He
had never smoked and the taste. of
liquor was' unknown to him, but the
probability of a prohibitory law was ob
noxious to his sense of justice. He had
always been a firm believer in the prin
ciple of the largest liberty for the indi
vidual; he had always opposed the claim
that the state possessed a right to euaet
sumptuary legislation.
Therefore, because his creed of per
sonal liberty compelled him, he entered
into the anti-prohibitiou movement.
His friends in the Republican party
remonstrated. They argued that . by
his course he would jeopardize the
safety of the party. ; . -
He answered that he cared more for
his principles than for the organization.
A state campaigu was pending and a
legislature was to . be. chosen. It was a
critical moment, and the Republicans
besought him to be silent, but the man's
love of independence had been aroused
and he refused to be still. He prepared
a protest against the Republican prohi- !
bition policy and against the election of
its candidates for office. He signed the
protest, obtained signatures "from his
friends and circulated the document
from one boundary of the state to the
The state supreme court had decided
that the prohibition amendment was
unconstitutional. Mr. Boies had pointed
out that fact. One of those on the su
preme bench, Judge Day, was a can
didate for. reuomination, ; and the Re
publicans decided to punish him for
daring to prononnce the prohibition
amendment unconstitutional. They re
fused to place him, upon the' ticket.
This impressed Boies as an act of injus
tice, and he refused to be restrained.'
Here are the words with which he made
his protest:
"As Republicans we . cannot indorse the
action of our party on the subject of prohibi
tion as defined in the third plank of the plat
form lately adopted at Dea Moines. We be
lieve that such position is fraught with the
gravest of dangers. . Among other objections
thereto we uree that the laws enacted to
carry such policy iujo effect will tend to re
tard immigration and drive from the state a
class of people who. whether correctly or not,
regard such laws as intolerant and proscrip
tive. .- ■::■■ . v- ■:.■:- - .
' '•These proposed laws will practically de
stroy property of the value of many millions
of dollars v ... & -. -„^ *«, . •■; ;■ ' ■
"i'-hey will prove an unwarranted attempt
to regulate by force the social habits .of a
large class of our citizeue. ■'.* _<„-.; :2- '■■*.■ - J •
"They will substltutelHe unpopular power
1 Continued on Eighth Page*
One of the Most Peculiar Di
vorce Cases on Record on
Religion Said to Have Sepa
rated Two Prominent New
York People.
Mrs. Ellsworth Wins Her First
Point in the lowa Divorce
The List of Casualties in the
Great Storm Steadily
Growing 1 .
Special to the lobe. '■!■ - _'. ? i s
Rapid City, S. D., March ■'1.1.—A
novel and racy story of domestic un
happiness is unfolding itself in the
Williams divorce case, which began
before Judge Fuller here today. ..Will
iams is a prominent manufacturer of ■
Rochester, N. V., and his wife,, who is a
devout Catholic, is alleged to have de
serted and refused to occupy the same
room with him on religious grounds,
declaring that it was ; a sin for a Cath
olic to be united to a heretic husband.
Mrs. Williams is sick at Usage, .16.', but
as the substance of her .testimony
was admitted .. a . motion for contin
uance was denied. Williams' evidence
was a harrowing story of domestic mis
ery. He told how a fanatical servant
girl named O'Malley so . influenced .-! his
wife that she would have nothing, to do
with him. She locked him out of ; her
chamber, and treated him with coldness
and contempt. The O'Malley woman
is said to have, received an intimation
from the Virgin Mary, and advised Mrs.
Williams to have no marital relations .'.
with him. At the opening of the after
noon session the appearance of .Nettie*
Boyd, Williams' ? alleged mistress,
created a decided sensation. She is a
captivating blonde of splendid figure;
and refined- and intelligent appear
ance. Williams denies the charge
of infidelity, and it is un
derstood that he will go
upon the stand in defense of her repu
tation. In the event of a successful
issue it is surmised that Miss Boyd
become Mrs. Williams. The depositions^
read by the defense this afternoon con
tain a graphic story of how! Nettie
Boyd rose ; from the ' position of a do
mestic In calico to the surroundings of
a lady in silk, satins and diamond^.'
Some portions were * very racy, '- with
night robes, ltfnif silk stockings, etc.y'iV*
accessory. The case will be very closi'ly*
contested. Testimony covering a thou
sand typewritten pageg, has been taken,'!
and Mrs.Wnriams«laim"sJier attorney**
fees to date" ar£"slo,ooo.' An allowance
has been granted of $800. The case- im
probably ? occupy three or, four days,,
Miss Boyd's appearance upon the staUU,',
is awaited with greai'interesti-f-' I 'v'r. •»*. .t
The evidence of the principal witness,'
Emma ='- Wy land, ."• who worked in * the
Earl house, was considerable weakened 1
by contradictions and the fact ; that she'
had married a time without cer
tain knowledge of her husband's dt?ath.
The details were quite salacious at some
points, and Judge .Fuller/ frequently
expressed disgust, and ; . declared '- >: lie
: wished to hear no repetition.. ■■■ s ..'.^'.r. \r
The Old Decree of Divorce Is Set
Aside. . . ;-. ;;j : - ;
Eldop.a, 10., March 11.— When tho
court convened this « afternoon the at
torneys for the plaintiff asked the court
to make the following entry, which was
done: "The degree for divorce granted
E. S. Ellsworth, Dec. 15, '91, against his
wife, llattie A., before Judge ', Hind
man, is upon motion of plaintiff's at-,
torneys set aside, and the case is to be ;
tried upon its merits." 1 " "'
After reading several . letters from :
Mrs. Ellsworth, the plaintiff's attorneys
moved that the case be dismissed with
out prejudice."' So 1 ends for the present
one of the most sensational and unfort
unate of lowa divorce cases. :. ;,;";..
The court decided yesterday morning
to hear the evidence in the case as to
the legality of ; the decree. The' court .
room was crowded. Several witnesses
testified that the plaintiff told them the
divorce case was heard in chambers,
and that the evidence had ..been
removed from the records. Fifteen
neighbors of Mrs. Ellsworth, many
of them having known her for ; two
years, testified as to her character. J -Tne
height of interest was reached when
the defendant took the stand. : She
showed the effect of recent sickness, but
was cool and self-possessed during the
examination. •■■■ -• ■ :•;■• - i
. In addition to her testimony, Mrs.
Ellsworth said that after returning
from the coast, she stopped in Cedar
Rapids one day and then went to Chi
cago, where she was met by her hus
band. They had an affecting meeting,
embracing each other five minutes and
crying. " . : ■ "-. . -
The cross-examination brought out
many incidents regarding the visit of
her husband and attorney to her home
at lowa Falls, Nov. 16. Witness said ;
both urged her to confess and all would
be forgiven, and admitted that a divorce;
was urged as a consequence If she did
not confess. Letters . introduced' show 5
that notwithstanding their trouble the
husband and wife were ' warmly driven ;
towards each other. , No bitterness; was
shown during the trial between plain
tiff and defendant. . ' ■
As soon atter the case was . dismissed
as the attorneys could prepare • papers, 1
an original notice ; was . served upon •
Ellsworth by his now legal wife charg
ing him with cruel and inhuman treat
ment. The case has been assigned for
trial at the next term of court, which ;
meets in six weeks.
The List of Storm Casualties la
Quite Large. /'
Specials to the Globe.
; Bbainerd, Minn, March 11.— The in
juries received by employes . of- trie
Northern Pacific in the wreck' at "Lake
Park are more serious than at first sup
posed. Engineer Carr died this mem
ing at the Northern Pacific hospital in. r
this city. Engineer Rapp is "s6;se-«
riously "injured that fears are. enter
tained for his life. : . . ; -i -" ;.; ,- ;\" {
Carlto^, Minn., March 11.— As re
sult oFthe terrible storm last Thursday
the body of Frank Defoe, an Indian on ;
the Fond dv Lac reservation," was found
yesterday frozen to death. ■ .' •.'-. ■'-■:-■s■-.:
Michigan City, N. D m March 11.—
Joseph -: Kalde.has . been ■ found : frozen
to death, nine mjles north of here. He
was foune lying about twenty rods
from a tanner's barn and only a short
distance farther * from the house, file ! .
lived seventeen . miles north, and was ■
ou liis way borne when overtaken hi
■ '■■k^o.^ ■■■■ j. •>£*'*; #* yzz' ' ; ■ v '.-Z^i f: x ■
the storm. Deceased was about lorty
hve years old, and leaves a wife and
six little children. Three others are
reported missing from the same neigh
Devil's Lake. N. 1)., March 11.—
The body of Asa Wiison, from Eden
Valley, Minn., was found yesterday
fifteen miles north of here, frozen, with
in a hundred yards of his house. Re
ports show much damage to stock by
the recent storm. Citizens contributed
*2T7 to the relief of the family of \V\ E.
Griffin, lost in the storm Tuesday night.
Caxdo, N. I)., March 11.— The most
severe blizzard experienced in this sec
tion for years raged for twenty-four
hours from the evening of the Bth.
George Emly, endeavoring to reach his
home, a mile west of here, was caught
out in the storm and remained out all
night. His hands, feet and ears were
badly frozen. Sevtral farmers return
ing home from town had a narrow es
cape from disaster, but no other cas
ualty has been reported.
A Thousand Otter Tail Farmers
Make Themselves Ridiculous.
Special to the Globe.
Fergus Falls, March 11. — To a great
many people the announcement of a
"big wolf hunt" in the northern part of
Otter Tail county Friday, the lltli mat.,
carried no particular significance, but
to those who have participated in an
event of the kind the statement brought
a thrill and a wish to be present. For
such a hunt is not only a sight worth
witnessing, but is calculated to stir the
blood ot every person who takes part in
it as few thinirsdo. outside of "grim vis
ased war." More than 1,000 men started
from appointed stations at 8 a. in. to
day, each squad of thirty captained by
an experienced hand. A large crowd
went up from this city to participate,
and many others came from loiik dis
tances. Those who went from Pelican
Rapids started with teams very early
in the morning.
A large part of the hunters were
Scandinavians. They had a most amaz
ing variety of weapons, including
spears, forks, hooks, daggers, bayonets,
etc. One antiquarian counted sixty
seven distinct types of weapons,
not counting clubs. Many walked
ten miles to take their place
in the lines before lieht this morn
ing, and teams came from much
lor.ger distances. Captains of squads
were on horseback. The march began
promptly at 8 o'clock. It was a difficult
one, over broken country, and many of
the more dense clumps of timber were
left unexplored by those whose enthusi
asm waned after a few miles' tramp.
The final scene occurred at SlVclock
this afternoon in the open valley previ
ously selected. None of the Banters
had seen any wolves, but each squad
Bupposed the others had. and pressed
*>n with unflagging zeal. Then
the lines linaliy got into position
where they could see each other,
and the intervening space theiemust
have Meen surprise in the minds of
some, for the total result of the round
up was several dozea jack rabbits and
one solitary wolf, wiiifih ran anxiously
\ round and round their circle. The
grandeur of the grand hunt departed,
but the thousand or more men present
managed to prevent that wolf from es
caping. Thus ended the first, and prob
ably the last big wolf hunt in Otter
Tail county.
Browntfiyes Himself Up.
Special to the Globe.
Mankato. Minn., March 11.— Last
September Charles Brown killed Elias
Gustavson at South Bend, three miles
from here, hitting him on tiie head with
a club. He ran away, but has returned,
given himself up and been placed under
$1,900 bonds for appearance at the next
term of court. The coroner's jury de
clared Brown killed Gustavson in sell
defeuse. Officers have been scouring
the country for him without avail,
everybody is surprised at his return,
and many believe him justified in the
Overturning Epidemic.
Special to the Globe.
Lk Sukvh, Minn., Mar:h 11.— Harvey
Keetz, one of Cosgrovt's teamsters, met
with quite a severe accident today. A
load of hay overturned, throwing him
upon his head, which was severely cut
and bruised, and himself rendered in
sensible. He will recover. Another
almost similar accident happened to a
man with a load of wood. Just as he
was coming into town his Joad was
overturned, and he comes off with a
badly larcerated lip and head.
Back Into the Woods.
Special to the Globe.
West Scvkiiior, Wis., March 11.—
The recent snow has been a God sena to
lumbermen in this vicinity. Men had
begun to come out of the woods, and
now they are going back and work is
being resumed. The Thayer company
and Staples & Co. hope to put in 5,000.
--000 and 1,000,000 feet more, respectively,
than they have already cut.
Secured His Release.
Special to the Globe.
Dkadwood, S. D., March 11. —
Through the intercession of J. T. Busch
the release of John Treber, one of the
most prominent and wealthiest citizens
of this city, from a German prison,
where he had been confined for the past
two months for desertion from the Ger
man army twenty years ago, was se
"Tascott" Sent Up.
Special to the Globe.
Milbaxk, S. D., March 11.— Leon J.
Barnes, the barber who struck Henry
Eikman on the forehead with a bottle
while in the chair, was today sentenced
to one year in the penitentiary at Sioux
Falls. Barnes is the man arrested a
year ago at Aberdeen for Tascott.
Pclk County Democrats.
Special to the Globe.
Red Lake Falls, Minn., March 11.
— The Democratic county convention of
Polk county will meet at Crookston,
Thursday, March 24, to elect delegates
to the state convention.
Baker Gets Five Years.
I Special to the Globe.
Ashland, Wis., March 11.— The last
chapter of the Baker trial was com
pleted this morning at 11 o'clock, when
Baker was taken before Judge Parish
and sentenced to five years at hard labor
at the state penitentiary.
Public School Burned.
Dubuqtje, 10., March 11.— The Irving
public school in this city was burned
this afternoon. The children all es
caped unhurt. Loss, $15,000; insured.
The Bank Wins.
Special to the Globe.
Win'ONA, March 11.— Judge Start filed
a decision today in favor of the First
National Bank of Winona in the suit
against the Winona Plow company, in
volving 119,424 and interest.
Movements of Steamships.
London— Sighted: City of Chicago.
London— Sighted: City of Chicago, Michi
gan,' New York ; Yenetia, Baltimore; Minne
sota, Baltimore.
The Discovery of Iron a Nev
er-Ending Wonder and
Explorers, Prospectors and
Investors on the Range in
Stories of Some of Those Get
ting in on the Big
Iron Wave.
How Some of the Big Oper
ators Have Grown Im
mensely Wealthy.
Special to the Globe.
DriA'TH.^lmn., March 11.— The past
month has been v novel and exciting
one in the annals of Duluth, a city long
famed for its booms and sensational
leaps forward in all that goes to make a
great city. The recent discoveries on
the Mesabi range have made the Zenith
City the Mecca toward which the ex
plorer, the speculator, the adventurer
and the capitalist have all turned their
footsteps as they did toward the Gogebic
range a few years ago. The lobbies of
the hotels have been crowded clay after
day and night after night with men. not
madly excited as some would infer from
the*rftpopts.uat intent on ; business. Al
"though midwinter, the wild and unset
tled districts where the iron discoveries
have been made have been traversed in
all directions by explorers, prospectors
and iuvestors,and where two months ago
hardly 500 people could be found
there are today more than 5,000
Towns that are destined ■ to. grow and
flourish as Hurley, Bessemer and Mar
quette have, are springing into exist-,
ence like magic, and a wilderness is to
be made to furnish homes ■ and employ
ment for thousands; within one short
year.: ; v ; . :' '■.•'-• ' : A■'
All parts of the country have been
represented by prominent, men. in Du
luth during the past few weeks, al
though Minnesota has, of course, had
the largest representation. ;:T .
. The bronzed and 'grizzled veterans
who made or missed making fortunes
on the .Gogebic • range were, early on
deck, and some of them, knowing the
value of good mines from experience,
have paid fabulous sums for mere
chances. '-- Governors, ex-governors,
judges, congressmen, and all man
ner of politicians were early on
the field, <■ and : many of them
"took a flyer" when they were
able to get in on what is popularly
termed the "ground floor." In this
connection it vis amusing' to hear the
land owners tell about the letters they
have received • from all parts of the
state beeping for . chances -to get into
new companies at the start. One of the
prominent operators, in speaking of
this; said:
"I am going to buy a forty-acre field
down at Oneota just to give the boys a
chance to get in on the ground floor. It
will take that much room. to hold the
. This would seem to indicate that
there is a wild-eyed desire to . secure
stocks regardless of the value and pros
pects, but this is not the case. The
stocks have not been sold to the ex'ent
anticipated. The desire of investors
has been rather in the direction of
securing control of properties. This has
probably been due to the manner in
which the largest holders have man-,
aged their properties and companies.
Few of the latter have been started
without having a showing of iron, and it
is safe to say that never before has so
much testing been done in a short space
of time as has been ;in the past two
months on the Mesabi range. When a
man suggests the organization of a com
pany he is asked,' not, "What lands have
you?" but, '."What "showing have you
made?" . :.".-■•' ■■:'■•,-■ • • -■"
:Up to the • present there has been no
selling of stock without delivery. The
festive broker is about, but he is largely
confined to the curbstone, and the buck
et shop • operator -is as yet unknown.
This condition of affairs has also served
to check speculation. The host of small
s flscuht.W3 wto hue visited Dulutk
since the excitement commenced were
obliged to go away empty-handed. It
required too much casli to make a deal.
But, as has been stated, the money has
not been made in stocks, but rather in
lands and claims. Ami to this the peo
ple of Minnesota have secured the prin
cipal slice.
Fortune has distributed her favors
lavishly on the Mesabi range, and the
men who have made the greatest strikes
have not been those either "born with
a silver spoon in their mouths," or who
came here wealthy. Nor were the
"early birds" given a monopoly. The
best "finds" have recently been made,
and poor men who a year ago could
hardly find men to "grub-stake" them
are now worth their thousands and even
hundreds of thousands. Only the other
day a man who had homesteaded 120
acres sold out for $10,000 in cash and a
royalty of 25 cents per ton on all
ore mined, to commence in one year
with a guarantee that it shall not amount
to less than $7,000 per year after the
present year. This
was a good sale,
but there have
been many others
quite as irood. Of
course the people
of Duluth have
taken a treat in
terest in these de
ve lo pments, be
cause nearly all
the ore mined on
the new iange will
be shipped to Du
luth and here
either manufact
ured or shipped
East. There is a
feeling here that
the V c r m i 1 1 ion
range, under the
control of the Min
nesota Iron com
pany, has been
against Duluth,
and this has made
every Duluthian a
Mes ab i range
Among those
who have struck ji'st aukivrd.
It rich outside of Dulutli are: Judge I).
B. Searle, Hon. C. A. Gilman.C. 1?. Ben
son and 1). W. Bruckart, of St. Cloud;
Robert Jamison, ex-coul.ty attorney of
Honnepin county ; ex-Go v. A. R. McGill.
Andrew Erwin, W. W. Braden, ex-state
auditor;. W. D. Lowry, Aid. J.
C. iiaynes, Marcus Johnson, Maj.
A. G. , Postlethwaito and numerous
other equally prominent citizens of St.
Paul and Minneapolis; K. 1). Chase,
Donald Grant, Sam Grant and Hudson
Wilson, of FarSbault; Senator Henry
Keller, of Sauk Center; Hon. J. C.
Flynu, of Little Falls; George N. Bax
ter, ex-United States district attorney
for Minnesota, and a small host, of
men not so well-known to the people of
the state at large. Among the notable
instances of this kind Is the case of Mr.
Erwin, formerly of Fergus Falls. With
keen foresight he dipped into the Me
sabi range, and selected some of the
best state lands, on which he took leases.
Some of these have been sold at hand
some prices, while others have been
taken by companies. . His ; success has
given him the name of the "Carnegie
of the West," which ho bears with be
coming modesty, being, like the Carne
gie of Pittsburii, a good Presbyterian,
although a strong rjcinorrnt. : -• * "
'•I ob.ert to the name Carnegie," he
said to a friend, "because negie con-
sorts : .\viUi
Blame . and
belie in
■ protection. I
,have never
,i lone . any
■ thing to de
-1 serve such
A n amus
ing incident
in con nec
tion with Mr.
Er win's tine
deals took
place in the
lobby of the
I ijriirhton the
other day.
A clothing
merchant of
Fergus Falls,
Salo Desky
by nain o ,
came to Du
]tilt) to inves
tigate the
prosuects for
the e stab-
liK.vi.i.v .not iv it. lislunentof a
clottiinir stem; at the new town of Mer
ritt. Vr. Desky went up to tlie site of
Mi r i t and there tumid a load of lum
ber and Baven pine trees chopped down,
remaining wheie fiev fell. All around
was the unbroken wilderness. He came
back to Duluth, deciding to leave the
clothing store project rest awhile. To
thoroughly appreciate the story it is
necessary to state that Mr. Desky is a
very conservative man, who would not
risk a cent for a prospect of the wealth
of the Indies. He was acquainted with Mr.
Ei win, the "Carnegie fof ihe West"
when the latter operated a lumber yard
in Fargo, and ror this reason several of
the boys decided to have a little fuu
with him. Two engaged him in con
versation, and after a time one re
"How much did Erwin make in that
deal today? '
"Twenty-five thousand in cash and a
half million in good stocks," was the
ready answer.
Desky's eyes fairly bulged ont, but
he said nothing.
"lie must have made at least balf a
million so far," r emarked the other
member of the party.
"At least that," said the other mem
ber of the party without a quiver or
This was too much for the conserv
ative clothing man. Taking it for
granted that all he heard was true, he
said :
"Well, I stick
to my clothing
business. 1 want
nothing to do
with mining
stocks. '1 hi s
business is just
like the clothing
business. A man
comes into my
store and tells me
he wants a suit
of clothes. I
show him a suit
and tell him it i 9
the best thing in
the world. Maybe
It is not worth v ,
d— n. This is<
just the same;
with mining
Mr. Desky re- the coppers
turned home that catch ox.
evening without any stocks or proper
ties, and the whole Mesabi range could
not have been sold him for -$500 on six
months' time, lie is a fair sample, how
ever, of the keen business men who are
daily arriving to watch the prospects
for business openings in the new coun
try that is being opened up. All are not
like him, however. The other day
Longyear, the owner of the fee of the
great No'rrie mine in the Gogebic ranze
whose revenue from royalties exceed
$100,000 ' per ; year, returned • from a
trip on the Mesabi range, and in two
days purchased above • 50,000 acres of
! land, much of which lies south of
where the iron has been found so far.
; Many "o{ the' operators consider Mr.
Facts, scenes and inci
dents of the Iron Boom
depicted in the Globe.
They reward perusal.
NO. 72.
Weather-Fair; slightly colder.
The life of Gov. Horace Boies.
The big Mesabi iron boom.
Sensational divorce at Rapid City,
Mrs. Ellsworth wins her case.
Many Belgian miners entombed.
Tariff discussion in the house.
Otter Tail county's wolf hunt.
The wheat investigation-
Judge Otis on oil inspection.
Large list of storm casualties.
Watterson wants Grover to withdraw.
Canadian Pacific coming to St. Paul.
Important hospital decision.
Shall Ireland have the red hat? j
Longyear "off" on this; but he ha 9 a
theory that the most valuable finds
have not been made yet.
"And," remarked an acquaintance,
"when Longyear has a theory, ne wlll(
follow it until either he proves itort
Milwaukrp, Chicago, Cleveland. Cin
cinnati, Detroit and even St. Louis
bare sent representatives. Aiming th»
Cream City crowd is Rudolph Nunne
macber, who made a fortune out ol ti:<>
(logebic and expects to largely increaso
it in Minnesota. The visit ol ez*6ov.j
Campbell, of Ohio, is still fresh
in tho minds of the people,'
but it was but the commencement of tho
Ohio lietrir.i. It. Italian!, of Cincinnati, j
is here ;it the head of a party of Cincin-
nati and Louisville
parties, among whom
are W. B. Craii and
C. W. Howard, of
Louisville. Who n
they came they hard
ly expected to do any- 1
filling, but in a short]
lime they changed'
their minds mid have
secured large hold*
pi.ksty ok fa mi. ings. This is a com
mon experience. But now for th* lucky;
Miuneiotans who have made "big!
Judge D. B. Searle. of St. Cloud. is ; f
emitted with being from a quarter to a
half million richer than he was before'
he came to Dulutli and took Sold of trm
Mesabi range. Be is. however, as affa
ble as ever, and quite ns reticent as to
whether or not he will be after the Re
publican congressional no'iiination in
this district next year. The best
politician here failed to learn his
intentions. Some are cruel enough to'
say that this shrewd judge of the Sev
enth judicial district by coining over to
Dulutli ;iii(l taking nn interest in the
development Of the section, has neatly
ciipiod tlie wings of one <i. G. Hartley,
who is supposed to regard this end of
the new Sixth congressional district as
under a m >rtgago to him, which can i> •■
foreclosed at any time. Bo this as it
may. Judge Searlo has no reason to
regret his temporary devotion to iron.
Gen. James 11. Baker, of Blue Earth
county, is another well known states
man who will b« able to have a good
sized campaign fund for us*; in the com
ing campaign in the Second district if
he atrain di-sires to enter the race which
be Ml nearly won two years ago.
Ex-Lieut. Gov. "Charley" Gilmaii, of
St. Cloud, is well abreast of the tide,
and is credited with having amassed
enough of the yellow
stuff to enable him
to make, a campaign
against Henry Kel
ler every year. Mr.
(■ilmaii has discard
ed boiled shirts, and
as the manager of a
mining CO mpa n y
feels it incumbent
upon him to dress as
a woodsmen, even
though he spends
nearly all of his time
in the lobbies of the
Spaldlng hotel. stocks jump*
Ex-State Auditor i.\<. DP.
Braden, who is now land commissioner
of the Great Northern, is very largely
••in"' on the new rantrf. and ho and his
Immediate friends will be able to retire
from politics, or make a winning raco
for United States senator against any
railroad that may have a candidate.
I.x County Attorney "Hob" Jamison,
of Minneapolis, has not announced
himself yet, but "Uncle"' Lores ptether
had better Keep his weather eye on thu
handsome attorney, for he has 'Struck
it" about as rich as any of the men who
came in at the stint.
K. D. Chase, of Faribault, is a modest
appearing man. but as president of tlio
New Duluth. Mesabi A Northern rail
road, which it is predicted will be the
best paying railroad in the United
States, his coffers will have to be en
larged. Mr. Chase is interested in a
great many mines as well.
Andrew Thompson is one of the
heaviest operators. He is said to bo
backed by Capt. 11. S. Cole, the well,
known Otter Tall county granger, and
to have made a fortune for himself as
well as his principal.
Ex-(iov. A. It. McUIII is another well
known statesman who came in on the
ground floor. The
course of history in
Minnesota might
have been changed
had the "Sa;jo of .St.
Anthony Park" nia<l«
his "strike" before
the memorable cam
paign of 1888.
T h c remarkable
i history o f A. K.
Ill u mphreys, the Bfer
fiitt brothers, the Mc-
Kinlcys. Judge Hall
a li (I other Uuluth
ians, who in the
space ol a few short
months have laid the
foundations for great
fortunes, is too well
known to need re
peating. Noii n of
them were wealthy,
but they had faith in
th c Mesabi range,
and to them in n
struck it wen. large measure will
be due the credit for
having opened to the world si new
source of wealth. And for all their
sacrifices, privations and efforts they
will reap rewards that can hardly be
The business manner in which St.
Paul has treated the developments 111
this new section of the state has been
gratifying to the people of Dnlnth.
They had rather expected the metropo
lis to be a little jealous, but St Paul
wants cheap iron as well as cheap lum
ber and cheap coal, and both of these
can be hail from Dnluth In the near fut
ure. The Importance.of these discover
ies to St. Paul, of course, all here admit
can hardly be overestimated.
Great blast furnaces are already be
ing projected for Duluth, and when
they commence operations manufactur
ing cities in Minnesota like St. Paul
and Minneapolis will be placed on ,\
basis that wiilenable them to manufact
ure all articles in which wood and iron
enter at a smaller cost than can be done
by the manufacturing cities in the East.
At any rate the people of Dululh, with
out stopping to consider the causes, are
delighted with the- treatment accorded
them and interest taken by St. Paul.

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