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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, May 01, 1893, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1893-05-01/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Greatest Fair in the History of the World to
Be Thrown Open to the Public Today by
the Nation's President.
Bewildering Triumph of the Promoters of the
Grandest of Enterprises in Spite of Numer
ous and Perplexing Unforeseen Delays.
An Enormous Amount of Work, Hoy/ever, Is Yet
to Be Done Before the Exhibit Is All
Ready for the People.
[n Half of the Gigantic Buildings Everything Will
Not Be in Appie-Pie Order for at
Least Thirty Days.
Che President Attends Church in the Morning and
in the Afternoon Is Present at a Chris
tening in the Gresham Family.
World's Fair Ground, Chicago,
April 30.— When President Cleveland
presses the electric button to signal the
Formal opening of the World's Colum
bian exposition tomorrow, the public
ivill find the fair in n still somewhat In
complete condition, but this regretful
utuation is duo more to tardiness of ex- I
bibitors than to any lack of zeal on the I
jartor the management of the exposi
tion. Nearly every building, con- >
itructed by the exposition proper, in I
the great White City, is practically
;om Dieted, and while general confusion
still reigns in most of the structures, it
s In the matter of the installation of
exhibits, and not a delay which can bo
ittributed to any failure of the construc
;ion department. Indeed, to Chief
Buruham and President Higginbotham
must bo given most of the credit
jf the phenomenal labors which
have converted a barren park into
sn artistic city in the brief space of
eighteen months. The difficulties en
countered have; been exceptional and
harassing— the most severe winter for
many years to the [building trade
coming just at a time when favorable
weather seemed indispensable to the
success of the international exposition.
For weeks it was almost impossible to
work on the outside of the world's fair
Btrvctures. and the heavy snow storms
of the winter dia much damage to the
roofs of several of these architectural
triumphs on more than one occasion.
Jn the brief respites afforded by the
weather from time to time, however,
every resource of capital and executive
ability was Drought to bear to hasten
the work, and, although the unfavor
able elements have waged almost con
slant warfare, like a vengeful being
of intelligence, up to the very open
ing day, the only significant effect
lias been to delay the installation of ex
hibits and retard the completion of sev
eral structures which were rather the
artistic trimmings of afterthought than
the component part of the world's fair.
The great buildings which constitute
the vital conception of the international
exposition, and which are a monument
to the indomitable executive ability of
Chief Burnhara and his assistants, have
been completed for weeks ready for the
installation of exhibits. They aie the
Manufacturers' and Liberal Arts build
ing, Machinery hall, Electricity hall,
Fisheries' building, Art building, Wom
en's building, Forestry building, Mines
and Mining. Horticultural, Agricultural,
Transpoitation building, Administra
tion building and the United Slates
Government building. Of ilie score of
Btato builrtinirs, nearly all are completed
or Hearing completion, and the Midway
Plaisance shows a dozen of Japanese,
Turkish, Soudanese and other typical
villages, which have sprung up like
mushrooms in a few weeks or days.
"Work Going on in the Buildlns at
Groat Speed.
On all the earth today there is prob
ably no busier community than that
which is working at top speed in the
Manufactures and Liberal Arts build
ing of the world's fair at Jackson park.
]t is a teeming city under iron and
glass. Hundreds of trucks are rumbling
through the streets and avenues of this
thirty-acre house, and thousands of
men make the air ring with hammers.
The saws of the carpenters add the
rasping sounds of a myriad of locusts on
a September afternoon. The soft Hap
of the paint brush, and the dull burr of (
iron fitters' machines supplement the
"slatting and whanging of opening boxes
and bales of exhibits. In a word or
more, the status of affairs In the build
in i; appears at least thirty days this side
or the conditions of readiness that
might be expected to exist on the day
before the opening of this great exhibi
tion. For one writer, or" twenty, to
describe today the details of scene and
action in this, the largest building ever
constructed, is not to be attempted. To
Jill into the picture all the minutiae ■ on
these floors where 300.000 people might
be seated, and on which the greatest
army of the
ICurlii might lie .Mobilized,
would be to count the sands that might
Jill a bushel measure. The building
itself:is completed. It is ready, and the
incompleteness is within. The 11,700,
--000 it was estimated to cost has been
spent; the 3.000,000 feet of lumber need
ed to construct it is in place; the 10.000.
--000 pounds of iron has been put in posi
tion; the great Corinthian pile stands
as a monument to the genius of Amer
ican science and skill. Ihe work today \
being done has to do with the construc
tion of the city of booths, bouses and
temples to hold the display of the na
tions of the earth who are here to vie
with each other in the excellence of in
vention, construction, artisanship, man
ufacture and line arts.
And how stands this work as the sod
Daily ST. PAUL Globe.
den and reeking skies close down upon
the niffht before the great fair's open
ing? Entering the great structure at
the southwest corner the first construc
tion which meets the eye is the domed
building of Persia. Two of the domes
are painted blue, with eoldeu crescent
and stars: the minaret is today a struct
ure of lath, and the sides are yet of
Untainted llouru*.
The interior is full of scaffolding; the
carpenters are hammering it towards
completion. There is no sign of ex
At the left Mexico's spnce is sur
rounded by a wooden wainscot, sur
mounted with paneled glass. It looks
like office railings. Inside unopened
boxes and partly constructed stiow cases
arc, huddled thickly.
Sism is ready to do business when its
boxes are ready. Its gold and crystal
pagoda, with figures of diabolical-iook
ing gods, is ready.
Going down the west aisle, past Siam,
the boxed exhibits of New South Wales
are covered and mixed wiLh lumber and
disjointed show cases, while carpenters
arc working on staging overhead. On
the main aisle, through to which this
department extends, is in better shape.
The exhibit seems to be so far chiefly of
photographs of buildings and localities
in New South Wales. A case of books
exhibited by a public primer is in posi
tion, and a solitary man was at work
putting up an eiglit-legged billiard table
of astonishing idea.
Spain is not yet housed, but will be in
time, it the carpenters do not strike or
die of old age. Trucks were today
trundling in Spain's boxed exhibits.
'File lsl-,m«l of Ceylon
has nearly completed its pretty build
ing of black and gold pillars, surmount
ed by terra cotta lisles, though no goods
are unpacked.
Jamaica has done better. She has her
glass cases in place, and exhibits of
sugar, oils and tobacco are in sight.
There was a chill desolation about
India's small section, although two
red-faced natives were busy unpack
ing precious carvings in Bombay black
wood. Their hand-carved booth of san
dal wood is nearly completed, and the
rain, leaking through the lofty roof of
the big building, was testing its water
tight ness. Then came England, or Great
Britain, as the placards read. Canada
was near by. Both are in good shape,
relatively. A dozen great cases are
lilled with displays, chiefly porcelain,
royal ware and pottery. The great cut
lery and cloth exhibits are not yet in
sight. There are also in position Eng
land's ink, arms, perfumes, pens, art
materials and soap exhibits, and are to
be seen. The most notable feature now
in sight is Windsor castle in miniature,
about 50x150 feet, which forms the top
of a booth devoted to photographs and
engravings. There is a curious pagoda
of pyrotechnic articles, rising fifteen
feet, and the dripping water is making
this exhibit safe, if indeed it be genu
ine powder-loaded fireworks.
Tin' German Exhibit.
There is no more distinctive department
than that of Germany, on which labor
ers and artists .ire worklmr vvitli all dos
sible baste. It is solid, ample in de
sign and sturdy, if not heavy In its en
tirety. The royal throne room of crystal
and sold, with tapestries, embroderies
and paintings, is nearly complete, and
the old sections of national work show
the end is in sight. Few firms or indi
vidual exhibits are as yet in place,
though an elaborate show of cutlery is
an exception.
The Japanese folks have their build
ings complete and decorated with bunt
ing. What is going ou inside is con
cealed by shades. Purple and white
bunting drapes the main entrance and
the white ilag or Japan, with its reel
moon in the center, points each sable.
In the center of the main aisle, near
the north end of the thirty acre build*
ing. an elevator is in progress of con
struction. It seems far from comple
tion today, but when completed will
carry people to a promenade upon the
roof. Near the north end there are a
few New York exhibits waiting dumbly
for a glimpse of daylight, as it is in
Chicago. Beyond, to the end of the
building, there is a chaos of boxes, bar
rels, half-constructed booths and build [
The reference to buildings in prog
ress of construction in this big build
ing may surest, to those who have not
been here only little affairs; but wlien
it is stated that the golden eagles of
Austria are perched on the top of towers
seventy feet in height, and when it is
known'thata New York jewelry firm
lias the noble American bird on top of a
coiumn 10J feet high, the subject will as
sume a proper view to the mind.
The la rout Irou Arches
are 210 feet above the lioor, and there is
room enough for New York's Trinity
steeple and more, too. On the east side
of the main aisle, at the north end of
the building, there is a settlement of
black and gold buildings which are de
signed for the curious and "handy" ex
hibits of New England. There was to
day not an article in these booths,
though New England has ready sqnie
individual exhibits. Pennsylvania lias
as yet a meager showing of anythiug
save unopened boxes, though her work
is being rapidly pushed. The exhibit of
scales is plalformed and ready for the
canvass covers to be removed. A py
ramidal booth entirely covered with.
playing cards is a novel feature on the
floor. .A pyramid of trunks forming the
booth of one linn is a feature, and a
great plate glass trunk vyith burnished
bass hinges and mountings constitute
the house of some firm in travelers' ar
ticles. A monstrous stove, hollowed and
eilded inside, stauds with each of its
four legs upon a pedestal, and so forms
a twenty-five foot high booth of a Mich
igan stove linn.
The wall paper trust has a towering
and ornate structure, surmounted by a
great eagle, which has the earth in his
France, Noble France,
is perhaps the most tardy In her prepar
ations; not because she has done little
work, but because sue is doing so much
and Is doing it so well. Her ground
floor structures arp well progressed and
some are linisheiC but the most impor
tant structural work is yet under the
hands of her white-frocked artists and
artisans. The gallery, booths and pict
ure walls of France are as yet beini;
prepared. She baa placed some photo
graphs, topographical maps, chromo
typographs and engravings, and upon
these was the rain beating through the
great roof aloft. Her walls for paint
ings in the main building are today only
rough board walls, save for one corner
where the crimson tir apings were today
going up.
Belgium is today in a chaos of un
opened boxes and staging, with only
one' case of pottery and ceramics in
place: Canada's space is like the site of
a village in process ol building.
Switzerland and tlus Netherlands,pos
sibly except Germany and Austria, are
nearest the conditions they are work
ing to attain. Magnificent booths beau
tifully draped and surrounded by mam
moth paintings of prune scenes are be
ing finally located in them.
on the main aisle, has no massine ef
fects, but appears to be largely repre
sented by heterogeneous products and
individual efforts. Belfast is draping
a pretty building today. Around the
great clock tower, in the center of the
building, there is a network of scaffold
ing and oven now the chime of sweet
toned bells are being hoisted to their
places just beneath the big clock that,
standing 150 feet above the floor, will
indicate to ail the flight of the hours.
Workmen are lixing the live great
iron circles from which, high under the
iron arches, over !)00 electric arc lamps
will shine upon the busy city below.
In the south-end gallery the American
school exhibit is being placed, though
dozens of booths of this department are
yet empty.
Broadly speaking, the work of pre
paring facilities for showing the boxed
up goods is now going forward under
pressure, and at least thirty days would
not be too much time in which all this
might be well done. The authorities
appreciate the situation, as is evidenced
by huge placards that were this morn
ing tacked up in all parts of the manu
factures and liberal arts building: They
have this alliterative head line in big,
black, poster types: "Vim, Vigor,
Victory." Then follows an exhortation
to haste in preparation, and at the close
these words in liig type: "There is no
such word as fail."
Following this is the announcement
that the building would be surrendered
to the sweepers and cleaners tonight.
An Exhibit Whose Grandeur Baf
fles Description.
Could Ajax but step within the portals
of the magnificent temple of electricity
at the World's Columbian exposition,
he would scarcely have the audacity to
defy the modern lightning, bridled as it
is by science. Its wonderful force
would certainly appall any but a god,
for within this building are displayed
machines and engines and contrivances
marvelous in their power to perform
man's bidding. The electrical dis
play far surpasses anything the
management of the great fair had
ever hoped to secure. There is in
this place of wonders everything
in the way of an electric contrivance,
from Benjamin Franklin's lightning
rod, the first instrument of the com
mercial application of electricity, down
to Edison's latest achievement, the
kinetograph and electrical synchron
ism. In this building SO per cent of the
exhibits have arrived aim, according to
a statement prepared by Supt. Barrett,
00 per cent of them are installed. An
outsider who looks into the vast struct
ure would scarcely place the estimate
so high, as there is such a chaos of boxes
and barrels ana bundles scattered
about. It is also estimated by Supt.
Barrett that the exhibits will all be in
place and that the building wiil be com
plete in its entirety within ten days.
Several Bis; Displays.
Of the foreign countries here repre
sented, Germany will have the largest
display. It has 23,000 square feet of
space. France comes next with 21,000
square feet and England third with
0,000 square feet. Austria, Spain and
Italy each have 1,000 square feet The
United States leads them ail with 120,000
square feet. Among the wonders of
the electric exhibition will be the most
tare feet. Among the wonders of
electric exhibition will be the most
powerful search light ever made. The
projector of this light measures six feet
in diameter, the light is of 180,000
candle-power, and so strong are its rays
that it is said an ordinary newspaper may
be read by it at a distance of seventy
live miles. It was made in Nuremburg,
Germany, but the greatest wonder of
the exhibit is Edison's latest born, the
kinetograph. It Is a combination cam
era, phonograph and electrical synchro
nism, by means of which a speaker can
be photographed forty times a second,
while the phonograph takes his words
with all the modulations of his voice.
Then there is a stereopticon attached,
by which the photographs taken are re
produced on a screen at the rate of
forty-seven a second, while the phono
graph reproduces the speaker's words.
In a word, the machine will produce a
Living Picture
with a living voice.
Then there is a long-distance, loud
speaking telephone, by which a party
n't people may sit in a room in Chicago
and listen to a concert or lecture deliv
ered in New York or Boston.
In the center of the buildinz will be
a cut-glass tower, eighty feet in height
and thirty feet square at the base. In
this tower will be 18,000 incandescent
lights. There will be, exclusive of
these, 20,000 incandescent lights scat
tered throughout the building, and 700
arc lights.
The feature of the electrical display
which will attract the women will be
the household appliances. Here will be
shown instruments which will make
matches, fuel and fire unnecessary
articles about the modern home.
One exhibitor will ebony a complete
electric dining room service, which will
dispense with the necessity of a servant.
Another firm has on exhibition a dish
washer, by which dishes can be cleansed
and dried without labor on the part of
the operator. There will be
Electric Cooking Appliances,
laundry and flat irons heated by elec
tricity. Iron workers will be interested
in the electric welding and forging ma
chines, and Uie machines operated by
electricity, by which all classes of black
smithing arc done without the use of
fire or forge.
In the historical department will be
the original telegraph instrument made
by Samuel F. B. Morse, and the Cyrus
W. Field . collection of apparatus used
in constructing and laying the first At
lantic cable. Included in this will be a
model of the steamship Great Eastern,
the original of which was used in laying
the first cable across the Atlantic.
Franklin's first lightning rod will be ex
hibited in this department.
The electrical building is 750 feet hji
length and 350 feet in width, and was
erected at a cost of $650,000. The archi
tecture is a combination of the lonic
and Corinthian, and is well calculated
to harmonize witli the use for which the
structure was erected. There are four
great entrances to the building, which
are magnilicent in their designs. The
interior decorations are of a subdued
nature, in order to lessen the intensity
of the light, which otherwise would be
so fearful as to blind the eyes of visitors.
This building will have the distinction
of being the first devoted entirely to the
display of electricity at any of the great
Great Britain and Germany Lead
in Placing Exhibits.
There is less confusion in the line arts
galleries than in any other of the build
ings, but this is owing much to the
fact that tho exhibits are less cumber*
some and moro easily handled than
those in the old buildings. Some of the
exhibits are in excellent shape, notably
those of Great Britain and Germany,
whose work in all departments seems to
De more advanced than of most of the
other nations. One trouble with the
galleries of fine arts is that the building
itself is not yet finished. Today
the person standing directly be
neath the dome of the build
ing could look up at the dark gray sky,
which was visible through a hole about
fifteen feet in diameter in the top of the
dome. The strong northeast wind,
which drove the rain In blinding sheets,
sent clouds of white spray dashing
through the opening, and down upon
the main floor was a pond of water
twenty-five feet in diameter. In one
end of this pond reposed a little plaster
Cupid, who was soaking himself to death
with a hopeless, pleasant smile on his
chalky face.
All around were piles of figures which
had been hastily snatched from the
pelting rain which had come through
the unfinished dome. Some of the men
in charge of the exhibits said that they
would not unpack their exhibits until
the roof had been entirely repaired. In
the space allotted to Austria the work
is very well along, there being but few
pictures unhung. The American pict
ures are in poor shape, but few of them
being upon the wall. Spain is in worse
shape, ih 're being but little done in her
department, italy and Belgium are in
about the same condition, while Holland
is in a fairway to have everything in
shape within a week. France, whose
exhibit is very large, is in trouble, and
it will take at least a fortnight for hei
workmen to have matters in shape.
Tiie paintings as a rule are better pre
pared tor exhibition than the sculptures.
The vast majority of the laitor are hud
dled together in different portions of
the building, and it will be some time
before they are grouped as they will be
through the period of the exposition.
The space beneath the dome is reserved"'
for the statues, and, as it would ruin
them to be placed there now, they will
remain in their present arrangement
until after the dome is fixed and the
scaffolding removed. However, despite
the confusion in the tine arts building,
the exhibition even now is a great one.
The number of pictures in place is
larger than were hung at the centennial
in 1870, and is enough to satisfy any
reasonable being.
The Exhibit Will Not Be Ready for
Many Days.
The Mines and Mining buildine is
simply a wilderness of boxes,unlinished
booths and unpacked exhibits. It will
be one month at the inside before this
building is in proper order. Through
out the entire length and breadth of the
building there is but one exhibit in
complete readiness, and that is the one
which came from the farthest end of
the earth, from New South Wales. This
is In place, and today was covered with
large white tarpaulins which screened
it from the dust which rose in
clouds as the army of workmen
pulled, tugged and slammed around
in their efforts to get ttie work done
quickly. The cause of the deiay in the
preparation of this building for the
opening in due directly to the tardiness
of exhibitors in forwarding their goods.
The building was finished completely
over eight months ago, and has been
ready for exhibitors since that time.
The fact that the exhibit which had the
longest distance to cover is the first to
be ready, is conclusive evidence that if
other exhibitors had forwarded their
good promptly, it could long ago have
been placed in proper shape.
The exhibits of Utah and Idaho were
at noon today nothing but heaps ot
dirty boxen. Some of the boxes had
been unpacked, but not many, and
nothing had been done toward arrang
ing the exhibits. Brazil was in no bet
ter state, and the samples of the mineral
wealth of Oregon were hidden from
sight in a mass of dusty cases which
were piled upon one another in dire
confusion. New Mexico was in no bet
ter shape, while Chili was far ahead of
any of the American states. Its exhibit
is not yet arranged, but it is getting
there very rapidly. None of the other
foreign countries In this building is in
anything like presentable shape, and
the space allotted to Spain is space and
nothing more. Up In the galleries,
which extend the entire 700 feet of the
building, matters are in no better shape.
The Standard Oil company, which
has the^pace at the north end of the
galleries, has but very little of its ex
hibit in place. A large force of men
were at work in this portion of the
building, and it is expected that every
thing will be in shape in about two
weeks. Down on the floor of the build
ing, which covers nine acres of space,
there was a tremendous force of men,
all working with desperate energy.
Teams were trotting through the build
ing and the rattle and clang of switch
ing trains on the tracks which run
through the building from end to end,
added to the din raised by the work
men, who were erecting booths, der
ricks for hoisting heavy mining machin
ery and banging away upon engines
and boilers. Everybody was' working
with all possible energy, but no force
of men, no human power, can arramre
the exhibits in the mines and mining
building before May 20, and the force of
meu cannot do it before June.
An Exhibit Which Is Sure to Be
Very Interesting.
Situated on tbe island at the entrance
north of tbe lagoon is the Fisheries
building, a model of architectural
beauty. The novelty of the design ex
tends to the interior, and it is douUful
if any exhibit on the ground will be
looked upon with greater interest than
this. The structure consists of a main
building and two annexes, extending
to the east and west, and are
connected by colonnade courts.'* While
the building is not massive, Us architect
ure is quaint and attractive. The total
length of the building and annexes is
1,100 teet, and the cost o£ erection was
1224.000. In the main building the dis
plays are being rapidly placed in posi
tion. One of the most attractive sights
is the skeleton of a nnmmoth whale,
suspended by wire cables from the roof.
There are boats of every description ar
ranged about the building. The rude
canoe hewn from a tree by Alaskan In
dians, and a trim sailing smack are dis
played side by side. Vast quantities of
dried fish, caught in Norway waters. and
lish prepared in every conceivable man
ner are plentiful.
The west wing is devoted to Brazil's
exhibit and angline apparatus. Perhaps
the most interesting display in the
building is in the ea.st wing. Here are
ten aquaria, constructed of glass and
containing every form of fish and ani
mal life which it is possible to obtain.
It is necessary, in order to secure perfect
safety for salt water fish, to ship salt
water here lrom the ocean. The water
is first evaporated, shipped here and
diluted. In the center of the building
workmen are constructing a huge aqua
rium, from which rises a mound of
rock. It is the intention to arrange a
system of water pipes so thst fresh
water will issue from the rocks inces
santly. Tins-aquarium will bo populated
with fresh water fist). Around the court
adjoining the rotunda glass aquaria are
arranged for the- reception of almost
any number of fish.
Every variety of fish from the half
vegetable formation found at the bot
tom of the sea, to the most active speci
men known, may be seen and form a
basis of interesting study for those so
inclined. All of the exhibits have not
yet been received and many of those in
the building hnve not been unpacked.
It is asserted that every exhibit will be
iv its place soon, but the indications
are that it will require some active
work to arrange it in less than two
weeks.Jllowever, the doors of the build
ing will be thrown open for visitors
after the opeuing exercises tomorrow.
A Structure Which Challenges
Universal Admiration.
With characteristic determination and
enterprise the lady managers of the
women's building have about completed
the installation of their exhibit. The
building and exhibit will stand as a
monument to the energy and courage of
women of the present era. The "grace
ful style and architecture ©f the build
ing has not been surpassed in any of
the more pretentious buildings at the
fair. Planned by Miss Hayden, of Mas
sachusetts, a mere novice in the prac
tical work of designing.itchailengestlie
admiration of everyone who has seen it.
The structure was erected at a cost of
$138,000, and in dimensions is 388x199
'feet! Weeus of active endeavor have
resulted iv the majority of the exnibits
being placed, and the building will be
thrown open tomorrow to visitors after
appropriate dedicatory exercises are
held. The natural attractiveness of the
interior of the building is Heightened by
the beautiful specimens of women's
handiworij observable on every side.
The structure was planned with a view
of securing as much light in the interior
'as possibles and this effect has been ob
tained. A large rotunda extends through
the second story to the roof, and i 3
lighted by a clear story.
A gallery surrounds the second story
flouting the rotunda, and here a splen
did view may be had of the art exhibit
arranged in the rotunda on the first
floor. At the apex of the inches at tue
north and south ends of the rotunda
mural paintings immense In size have
been arranged. The series of three pan
els at the south end was executed by
Miss Cassel in Paris. The series of
three at the north end was conceived
and painted by Mrs. McMounies, wile
of Sculptor McMouuies. and was for
warded here from Paris. Among the
countries arranging exhibits are Eng
land, New South Wales, France, Italy,
Mexico, Japan, Siam, Norway, Sweden,
Spam, Ceylon, Russia, Germany, Aus
tria. The "arranging of thesu exhibits
has not been entirely completed, but it
is expected that they will be in a short
time. The east vestibule entrance has
been set aside for the English display.
One of the novelties of the state's dis
play is that of California. On the sec
ond floor this state has finished a room
in native redwood. Kentucky has a
typical old colonial room, finished in
white and gold. The most artistically
finished room is the library, decorated
in detail, with hand-painted canvas, re
lieved by a heavy gold cornice. The
model kitchen is situated in the north
wing, near the assembly room. Every
article displayed is from the hand of
woman. Espe'clal interest is centered
in this building and its display, as this
is the first national or international fair
at which a display of this character has
been made.
Columns of Tree Trunks in the
Natural State.
Dashed from end to end with a spray
from Lake Michigan, and surrounded
on all sides by a waste of sand and mud,
there was an appearance of sturdiness
about the Forestry building this after
noon that charmed one into half forget
fulness of the dismal environment. The
tact that the hundredsof columns in ttie
structure are big trees in a natural
state, and that the massive shingled
walls are designedly innocent of paint,
give it a uniqueness ail its own. Unlike
the trausient staff and the delicate
lightness of the other buildings, the
Forestry showed practically no effects
of the fierce storms of the winter, and,
notwithstanding an unpicturesque
background of freight cais, presented a
good front, deeming to tell of well-ar
ranged exhibits within and everything
well In hand. This impression was
somewhat dispelled when the outer col
onnade was gained and the long
stretches of walk found covered with a
litter of boxes, shavings, excelsior and
Men with wheelbarrows full of rub
bish rapidly passed outward through
the doors, and then glimpses of a corps
of sweepers inside were reassuriug, but
hope sank aeain when a full view of
the interior of the building was ob
tained. Scarcely more than a dozen
booths were even approaching comple
tion, while almost wherever the eye
rested could be seeu exhibits still un
packed in boxes, canvas, wrap Ding pa
per and all sorts of covering. In many
instances only the platforms upon
which exhibits weie to stand were in
sight, while in several places there was
nothing but a staring black bound
ary line on the vacant tloor en
closing only the name of a state
or some individual exhibitor. Withal]
these drawbacks, however, the spectacle
was one worth many a mile's journey to
see. More huge cross sections and logs
of different varieties, more specimens
of branches and leaves and blossoms,
uioi-o polished brilliant- colored slabs
and posts were about than an average
man would expect to see at a dozen
world's fairs.
Curious gnarled stumps from South
America, bamboos from .lapan and mii
gular-looking palms from Africa spoke
mutely of how the earth had been ran
sacked. Promise of speedy betterment,
too, was observable. The great glass
roof let In a perfect light for the groups
of workmen scattered through the
big building, all incessantly saw
ing and chopping, lifting and chopping
and hammering and polishing. The
exhibit of Brazil, among the foreigners,
and Connecticut and Colorado, among
the Americans, were conspicuous for
their good conditon. The land of steady
habits came to the front amazingly. No
person was to be seen near the Con
necticut exhibit, ail bauds probably
keeping Sunday religiously, but every
thing within the inclosure was in apple
pie order, finished to a dot, the whole
surrounded with little banners of true
bluo bearing a golden inscription, not,
as in itrtit have perhaps been expected,
"Excelsior," but just plain •■Connecti
Where Uncle Sain Will Do a Lit
tle Showing Oil*.
Head and shoulders above everybody
else in Bight today was Uncle Sam,
with a building and exhibit magnificent
in their completeness. Whatever else
where within the exposition limits
might have been said of disappointing
conditions, it would be a poor speci
men. Indeed, of American citizen who
even in the howling wind and drench
ing rain, this afternoon, could approach
the United States government struct
ure, or peer within, without a delighted
thrill of exultation. Possibly never
more perfectly has the effectiveness
of the national resources been
brought to bear to meet condi
tions. From the stars and stripes
fluttering above the huge red
dome and the great gilded eagle
over the entrance, to the tiniest of de
tails of the showing of Uncle Sam's
household affairs, everything* was in
spick and span order. It is a curious
fact, in striking contrast with the be
wildering confusion in so many other
piaces, that inside the federal walls in
the big space devoted to the army, the
most serious necessary preparation in
readiness tor tomorrow's opening was
being carried on by two boys in blue
who were rubbing some stray flecks of
dust off of a couple of life-like repre
sentations of government mules, at
tached to an amuulance. Near at hand
was a fifty-two-ton specimen of modem
ordnance, exactly in place as it will - be
throughout the exposition.
Similar system, (.rd^r and readiness was
uniform, whether one chose to (raze at
the handsome model postoflice, with the
shining fast mail railway coach along
side; at the varied and complicated de
vices for river and harbor improvement;
the state department's oil paintings of
famous Americaus.anu cases of precious
documents; torpedoes that would hoist
a hostile man-of-war skyward; the ex
emplifications of Arctic explorations;
fascinating displays Illustrating the
rarest natural history and geol
ogy of the country, and „t he
curiosities of the patent office and so on.
The grandeur of the nation has a fitting
type in the space under tho great dome.
In the center of the great circle,, with
brilliantly, executed frescoes looking
Continued 011 fourth
NO. 121.
Six Workmen Lose Their
Lives While Asleep in a
Tenement House.
The Flames Spread So Rap
idly That They Could Not
Be Saved.
Evidence That the Building:
Had Been Saturated With
The Police Suspect a Servant
Cirl of Setting the
Bl RUNGTON, Jo., April :«).— Six
lives were lost in a fire in a tenement
house, 855 JeffersoD street, at an early
hour this morning. When the Bremen
arrived it w»s discovered that several of
the inmates of the building were still in
their rooms, but the rapidity with
which the tiaines spread rendered futile
every effort to save them. Win n tin* fire
bad beensabdoed ami theworkmen could
gain an entrance to the building, asick>
ening sight nut their eyes, six black
ened corpses were found in the upper
rooms, where they had been caught like
ruts in ti trap. The names of the victims
v. 0. sciil'MAN.
CHARLIB, v txjilcnnnker.
The lodging Douse was kept by a Mr.
Jndson, and was patronized by the
poorer class of laborers ami mechanics.
The lire stinted shortly alter :i o'clock
in the room of a servant uirl, Jounlo
Bailey, who tells a singular story. She
Bays some one rapped on her door, and
a man's voice called her to get up. as it
was time to net breakfast. She heard
n match struck in tho hull, and
directly after a sheet of lire hurst under
her door and ran across the Hone as if
following a stream of oil. -She ran up
stairs to wake Mrs. Judson, the wife of
the proprietor, and the Ore spread so
rapidly that both women had to jump
from a window. They were not seri
ously hurt. Th« police are Investigat
ing the matter.
Silk Mill Burnod.
Ni;wiii KOH, N. ST., April :50.— Harri
son & Gores' silk mill near hero was
burned this morning. LOSS, 1100,000;
insurance, 150,000. The cause of the
lire is unknown. Sixty hands are
thrown out of employment.
A Workman Lose* Ills Clothe*
and His Life.
Speclnl to the Globe.
BUTTB, Mont., April SO. -John (1.
Williams fell 700 feet in the Gagnon
mine this morning from the ;;00-foot
level to the bottom. He was Instantly
killed and the body horribly mangled.
The body was found perfectly nude, Hit)
clothing having all been stripped oil' in
the fall. Williams was at work in tim
bering the shaft at the 800-foot level.
One more body was taken from tho
Silver Bow mine today. bellig«one of the
victims of the lire disaster in the mine
ten days ago. The body was partially
decomposed, and it can't be told who it
is, the bony is so bloated and disfigured.
There are still three bodied in the mine
that haven't yet been readied.
Today March was made of an old
Cabin occupied by Antonio liiava. ono
of the Italian miners who.se body is still
in the silver Bow mine. 'I bree feet in
the earth a tin box WBS dm: up Which
contained t1,590 In gold and green
Mr. Kent In Chicago.
Chicago, April 80.— Hon. Whitelaw
Reid and family reached the city this
morning on their way home to New
York from California, where they havo
been for a month past at Millbrae. the
home of • I>. 0. Mills. Mr. Reid,
whose health was much impaired after
the arduous campaign of last fall, re
turns rrom his rest greatly Improved.
The family remained quietly In their
private car all day, the weather beinsj
very disagreeable, and left in the even
ing for New fork.
In Taylor'fl Memory.
Special to the <;lobe.
Wivmi'l.i., Man., April :SO.-K.-t>T
encewas made in every church In tho
city today to the death of Consul Taylor.
llih many virtues and great abllitj were
alluded to at length. There* were ujauy
callers at the consulate, Including th«
governor, members ol the local cabinet,
officials and leading citizens. The
floral tributes were uumer ma and beau
tiful. The body will be Bent 9outh thla
morhing after services 111 the Knox
Dord to 01.50N Acres.
Special to the Globe!
CmPPEWA F.vr.l.-, Wis., April 30.—
A deed covering 91,598 acres oi land was
filed in the register of deeds 1 ol).
terday. it is given by llnny \V. Sage,
of Ithaca, N. V.. to the Sagi Laud and
Improvement company, of the same
city. The land is all situated in Chip
pewa county. The consideration is
Davis Coming Home.
Special to the Globe.
Wa-iiin'.ion, April 90. — Seoatol
Davis left for St. i'aul today, where hn
is calied by important legal business.
Ho had not expected to leave before tho
middle of May, and so Mrs. l>avis will re
main here for about two week* to make
preparations for spending the summer
in Si. I'aul.
Grover at the Capital.
Special to the Globe.
\\ A-iiiMiToN, April 30. — If. I).
Orover, of St. I'aui, solicitor for tho
Great Northern, is at the Shorenam
with the Misses Grover. He will remain
for several days to look after some bus
iness in the interior department.
Died at L.i«hty-Six.
Special to the Globe.
Hastings, Minn., April
Mary Breudemuhl, an early resident of
Denmark, Washington county, died to*
day, aged eighty-six years*

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