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St. Paul daily globe. (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, May 02, 1893, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1893-05-02/ed-1/seq-1/

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The President Starts the
Wheels of the Columbian
Exposition Whirling 1 .
Solemn Opening 1 of the Great
Fair Followed toy a Mag
ical Effect.
Great Fountains Throw Their
Geysers Seventy Feet
Into the Air.
&11 That Had Been Inert
Sprung Into an Animated
Greater Multitudes Crowded
the Grounds Than Had
Been Anticipated.
Tremendous Cheers Greet the
Appearanes of President
Chicago, May I.— The electric age
Iras ushered into being iv this last dec
ade of the nineteenth century today,
when President Cleveland, by the press-
Ing of a button, started the mighty ma
chinery and the rushing waters and the
revolving wheels in the World's Colum
bian exposition. No exhibit of the fair
that is to attract the thousands to this
city for the next six months can be
more marvelous than the magical elfect
which followed tlie soieinn opening of
the lair at 1-2:08 today. Of the multi
tude of visitors— some estimate tho num
ber as high as :20U,OK)— probably not one
fully realized the full import of the ef
fect that was to come from the arrange
ment cleverly devised in the opening of
the exposition. It was known in a vague
way that the president was to press a
golden key and that the electric com
munication w!t!i the machinery was to
start the fair; but no one realized how
ntris"' ■ -vis this machinery, how in
fi.: he r i ideations of that electric
E| k, un i ho great fountains
■ iv I [) Their Geysers
se ■ ity feet into the air, and the rum
uij and hum of wneels in the manu
factures building and the clatter of
machinery in all parts of that area of a
mile square or more told the story of
the final consummation of scientific
thought. The lifeless started into being
on every hand, draped statuary shed Its
veil and revealed to the world the
artistic labors of the past eighteen
months, ana in a moment all that had
been apathy and inert and inactive
through the long hours of the morning
Bprung into au animated existence and
thrilled the multitude and crowned tire
triumph of exposition. In previous ex
positions the possibilities of electricity
have been limited to the mere starting
of the engines in machinery halls, but
In this it made a thousand servants do
Its bidding, from the great Corliss en
gine and tlio mammoth fountains down
io the minutest acts where power and
touch were requisite, the magic of elec
tricity dnl the duty of the hour.
Tin- Day's Ceremonies.
The multitudee which thronged the
world's fair grounds today were greater
iv numbers than had been anticipated,
considering the inauspicious condition
ot the weather. Probably o00,00;> people
were assembled when at 11 o'clock the
advance guard of the cortege signaled
the approach of President Cleveland
and the dignitaries of the day, to the
world's fair grounds. After entering
the ground the journey to the adminis
tration building was made with all pos
sible dispatch, the presidential party
not stopping to acknowledge any ot the
popular ovations extended to the chief
executive. Ot course, the cheering was
tremendous when President Cleveland
faced the great multitude assembled-
the largest audience ever factd by an
American citizen.
Following the president ana the di
rector general were the members of the
presidential cabinet, under the escort of
the world's fair ollicials; the Duke do
Veragua and his family, members of
the diplomatic corps, members of con
gress, senators and other prominent
- . •
dignitaries who had seats on the grand
Tlie 2,000 Columbian Guard*
who surrounded the administration
building made a futile effort to keep
back the crowd, but they were swept
forward by the resistless wave and
jammed against the railing until they
themselves became an unrecognizable
part of that incoherent, struggling, but,
good-natured and cheering area of hu
At 11:30, to the min ute, the programme
opened with a blast from the orchestra,
which rendered ths martial air of the
"Columbian" march of John K. Paine.
The music lasted for fiflosn minutes,
and at its conclusion Director General
Davis stepped to tho front of the plat
form, waved his hand BUpplicatiugly
two or three times to tlie vast audience,
and then announced in a tone which
was lost in the hum of voices that liev.
W. ii. Milburn would pronounce the in
vocition. The blind chaulain of the
United States house of representatives
stepped to the frout,aided by a woman's
hand, his adopted daughter, Miss Louie
Geinley, escorting him, and faced the
multitude which he could not even see,
but whose presence he felt by the very
animation that
_- Permeated tlie Atmosphere.
He is one of the historic characters of
American politics, first receiving his
appointment as chaplain of the house
of representatives some years ago, and
lately bning selected chaplain of the
United States senate. During his long
residence in Washington Mr. Mil burn
Ins been the intimate acquaintance of
presidents, cabinet officials, senators
and congressmen, until today, although
blind, he probably recognizes by the
timbreof their voices more men prom
inent in American life than it has been
the lot of most men to ever know. After
a brief pause, when the murmur of
voices had ceased, tlie blind chaplain
uttered an eloquent prayer.
"The Prophecy," an ode written by
W. A. Croll'ut in honor of the exposi
tion, was next on the programme. It
was read by Miss Couthoui, a delicate
young woman whose enunciation was
perfect, but whose voice was, of course,
lost to (ill except the immediate circle.
The overture of "Rienzl," by Wagner,
was next rendered by the orchestra,
and then Director General Davis, on
behalf of the exposition, delivered an
As the director general stepped back
the president of the United States
stepped forward, and the climax of the
ovations of the day was reached. For
minutes tho crowd cheered over and
over asain, and men 500 feet away
tossed their hats in the air, waved their
umbrellas and otherwise disported
themselves in frantic exhibitions of
their enthusiasm. The president bowed
once or twice, and then spoke as fol
An UxaSted IWis*ioii.
"I am here to join my fellow citizens
in the congratulations which bclit this
occasion. Surrounded by the stu
pendous results of American enterprise
and activity, and in view of magnificent
evidences of American skill and intel
ligence, we need not tear that these
congratulations will be exaggerated.
We stand today in the presence of the
oldest nations of the world, and point to
tho great achievements we here exhibit,
asking no allowance on the score of
youth. The enthusiasm with which
we contemplate our work intensifies the
warmth of the greeting we extend to
those who have como from foreign
lands to illustrate with us the growth
and progresso? human endeavor in the
direction of a lusher civilization.
We who believe that popular edu
cation and the stimulation of
the best impulses of. our citizens lead
the way to a realization of the proud
uational destiny which our faith prom
ises, gladly welcome the opportunity
hero afforded us to see the results ac
complished by efforts which have been
exerted longer than ours in the field of
man's improvement, while in apprecia
tive return we exhibit tho unparalleled
advancement and wonderful accom
plishments of a young nation, and pre
sent tho triumphs of a vigorous, self
reliant and independent people. We
have built these splendid edifices, but
we have also built the magnificent
fabric of popular government, whose
grand proportions arc seen throughout
the world. We have made and
here gathered together objects of
use aud beauty, the products
of American skill and invention;
but we ha\e also made men who rule
themselves. It is an exalted mission in
which we and our guests from other
lar.ds are engaged, as we co-operate in
the inauguration of an enterprise de
voted to human tenlightenment. and in
the undertaking we here enter upon we
exemplify, in the noblest sense, the
brotherhood of nations. Let us hold
fast to the meaning that underlies this
ceremony, and let us not lose the im
pressiveness of this moment. As by a
touch the machinery that gives life to
this vast exposition is now set in mo
tion; so at the same instant let our
hopes and aspirations awaken forces
which in all time to come shall influ
ence the welfare, the dignity and the
freedom of mankind.
Pressed tlie Button.
At the conclusion of his address the
president touched the electric button,
and the world's Columbian exposition
of 1893 was ushered Into official exist
ence. The huge fountains three hun
dred feet away from the grand stand
threw a volume of water seventy feet
in the air. and the roaring of the en
gines In Machinery hall, a quarter of a
mile away, told the multitude that the
electric spark had done its duty. As
soon as the ceremonies attendant upon
the formal opening of the exposition
were over. President Cleveland, Gov.
Altgeld, Mayor Harrison, the Duke of
Veragua and other notables were
conducted to the dining hall on
the third floor of the ad
ministration building, where they
were entertained at dinner by the
world's fair officials. When the dinner
was over, the party, with President
Cleveland and Director General Davis
in the lead, was conducted from the ad
ministration building and was driven
around the grounds. At the manu
factories building, which was the first
place reached, the presidential party
alighted at the main entrance and
walked from one end of the monstrous
edifice to the other. From hero they
drove to the north end of the grounds,
among the state buildings and back
along the main drive past the horti
cultural building to the south end of
tiie grounds. After lrtiving thoroughly
inspected the White City President
Cleveland and his party were driven to
Grand Crossing, where they took the
train to Washington.
W. A. CrolTut, the Former Minne
sotan, Contributes a Poem to
the Ceremonies.
Columbus' Vision Described in
Blank Verse by the Poetical
Sadly Columbus -watched the nascent moon
Drown in the gloomy Oeeau's western deeps.
Strange birds that day bad fluttered in th_>
And strange flowers floated round the wan
dering keel.
And yet no land, aud now, when through
■ :■ the dark
The Santa Maria leaped before the gale, .
A nd angry billows tossed the caravels.
As to destruction, Gomez Kascon came.
With Captain Pinzou through the frenzied
And to the admiral brought a parchment
Saying '-Good Master: Read this writing
An earnest prayer it is from all on board.
The crew would fain turn back tn utter fear.
No longer to the Pole the compass points,
Into the zenith drops the northern star.
You saw but yeslcr c'en an albatross
Drop dead on deck beneath the flying scud.
The Devil's wind blows madly from the East
Into the land of Nowhere, and the sea
Keeps sucking ua adown the maelstrom's
Francisco says the edge of Earth is near
And off !o Erebus we slide unhelmed.
Last Sunday nlghi Diego saw a witch
Dragging the Nina by her forechains West,
And wildly dancing on a dolphin's back.
And as s'ho danced the brightest star in
Slipped from its leash and sprang into the
Like Lucifer, and left a trail ol blood.
I Dray tliee. Master, turn attain to Spain.
Obedient to the omens, or perchance
The terror-stricken crew, to escape their
May mutiny and "
"Gomez Rascon, pence," exclaimed the ad
miral. "Thou hast said enough,
Now prithee leave me; I would be ulone."
Then eagerly Columbus sought a sign
In sea and sky, and in his lonely heart;
Finding, instead of presages of hope.
The black and ominous portents of despair.
The wild winds roared around him, and he
Shrill voices cry "Return, return, return;"
He thought of Genoa and dreams of youth,
His father's warnings and his mother's pray-
Confiding Beatrix and the prattling babe.
The life mid mirth and warmth of old Castile.
And templing comfort of the peaceful land:
And wild winds moaned "Keturn, return, re
As thus he mused, he paced the after-dock,
And gazed upou the luminous waves astern.
Strange life was in the phosphorescent foam.
And through the gobliu glow there came ana
Like elfin shadows on an opal sea
Prophetic pictures of the land he sought.
He saw the end of his victorious quest,
He saw a blaze on Isabella's breast,
A string of Antillean jewels rest,
The islands of the West.
He saw invading Plenty dispossess
Old Poverty, the land with bounty bless.
And through the wretched caverns of Dls-
Walk star-eyed Happiness.
He saw the Bourbon and Braganza Drone,
For Ancient Error tardy to atone,
(iivintc the plundered people back their own,
Aud flyiug from the throne.
He saw an empire, radiant aa the day,
Harnessed to Law, but, under Freedom's
Proudly arise, resplendent in array.
To show the world the way.
He saw celestial peace in mortal guise.
And, filled with hope and thrilled with high
Lifting its tranquil forehead to the skies,
A vast republic rise.
He saw, beyond the hills of golden corn.
Beyond the curve of Autumn's opulent horn,
Ceres and Flora laughingly adorn
The bosom of the morn.
He saw a cloth of gold across the eloom
An arabesque from evolutions loom,
Ann from the Darren prairies' driven spume
imperial cities bloom.
He saw an iron dragon dashing forth
Along an iron thoroughfare— south, north,
East, west, uniting iv beneliceul girth
Hemotest ends of earth.
He snw the lightning run an elfin race
Where trade, love, grief and pleasure inter
And absent ones annihilate time and space
Communing face to face.
He saw relief through deadly dungeons
Foes turned to brothers, black despair to
And cannon rust upon the grass-grown slope,
Ana rot the gnllows rope.
Ha saw the babes on labor's cottage floor,
The bright wails hung with luxury more ami
And Comfort radiant with abounding store,
Wave welcome at the door.
He saw the myriad spindles flutter round.
The myriad mill wheels shake tue solid
The myriad homes where jocund joy is
And Love is throned and crowned.
lie saw exalted Ignorance under bau.
Though panoplied in force since time began;
And Science, consecrated, lead the vuu
The Providence of man.
The picture cameaud paled nud passed away;
And then the admiral turned as from a
trance, ■'■ •..:
His lion face aglow; his luminous eyes
Lit with mysterious fire from hidden suns:
And then he said to Pihzon In the gloom,
'Now, .Martin, to thy waiting helm again;
asie to the Pinta, till her Bagging sails
For on my Koui hath dawned a wondrous'
sight . • , ".'- ■ "
Lo, thro' this segment of the watery world
I prose a hemisphere of glorious life, ■
A realm of golden grain and fragrant fruits,
And men and womeu wise and master! ui. ■•;
Who dwelt at peace In rural cottages;
And splendid cities bursting into bloom— ' '
Great lotus blossoms on a flowery sea;
And happiness was there, and bright-winged'
hope— • ■ -■ -. ■ - - . - ? .
High aspiration, ssoariug to the stars.
And then, metbought, U ilartiu! thro' the
storm • ■ " •
A million faces turned on me and smiled . i
Now go we forward— forward : Fear avuunt.'
I will abate ho atom of my dre.tm • • '* \i
Though all the devils of the underworld
Hiss in ihe sails and grapple to the keel, : ■'
Haste to the Piuta! Westward keep her prow
For I have had a vision full of light ' •
Keep her prow westward in i.he sunset's
wake -/r-i.'--;
From this hour hence, and let no man look
Then from the Pinta's foretop fell acrv
A trumpet song '-Light-no: light-hu! "light
• • ho!"
Crushed by a Rock.
Special to the Globe.
Adrian, Minn., May l.— a youii" 1
man named Jeleberg, living, two miles
north of town, was killed^ this after
noon. He was digging a . lar-e rock
from the gtmind and the loose soil gave
way before lie could -ret oit of the way,
letting the rock fail, pinning him i<
the ground. The rock weighed several
o:ih. and the younz man had his lift-,
.-rushed out before u^istance could
reach him.
Bad Police Arrangements for
Handling the Immense Crowd
of Spectators.
Thirty Persons Removed Uncon
scious by Ambulances to the
Chicago, May I.— While wait ing the
arrival of the presidential party a num
ber of women in the crowd who had
been on their feet for hours swooned
or fainted, and the services ot Red
Cross ambulance chairs were in con
stant requisition for over half an hour.
2S'o sooner had the opening ceremonies
commenced tliau the bad police arrange
ments were shown in au unfortunate
manner for many people. A handful of
Columbian guards had been detailed for
duty to keep the inside border of the
mass of humanity from encroaching on
the press seats, which were arranged
below the grand stand on either side.
Not even a rope was strung aloug the
line of the grand stand to keep a pass
ace way clear for the newspaper men
and ambulance corps. The pushing
and crowding at the northeast end of
the administration building soon be
came so severe that many women
fainted, while others became so sick
that they had to be lifted bodily over
the railing into the press seats until the
arrival of the lied Cross corps with the
wheel chairs.
While the poem was being read it
looked as though a panic with fatal con
sequences could not be averted. The
guards were almost powerless. \\ omen
i'ainted from weakness, and others were
getting in a fainting condition, and had
to be lifted over the heads of the crowd
by guards and newspaper men Into the
press seats and grand stand reserved
for distinguished guests. City police
mingled with the guards, and endeav
ored to quiet the excited, swaying mass
within bounds of personal safety. The
crowd in attendance was variously esti
mated at 150,000 to 175,000. Before the
ceremonies were half over twenty wom
en and half as many men had been re
movea unconscious to the hospital,
where a corps of physicians was in
waiting. Most of the helpless ones had
simply fainted, but a number were suf
fering from internal injuries received
in the jam, and it was feared that a
fatal termination might ensue.
President liiginbotham realized the
gravity of the situation, and while the
orchestra was playing he arose from
his seat, advanced to the edge
of the platform and raised his
hands above his head in a mute appeal
to the assembled thousands. He cried
out at the top of his voice, "For God's
sake, keep cool," but his words were
not heard far. llis appeal had a salu
tary effect, however, as the center and
rear portions of the wedged-iu mass re
frained from pushing towards the frail
barriers. Yet the hospital chairs con
tinued to be forced through the almost
blocked passage to cany out sick women
and children. Others, braver and
stronger, fought acainst the physical
strain, and were able to hold their
ground with the aid of liberal doses of
brandy supplied by the Keel Cross
For several minutes it looked as
though a terrible catastrophe could not
be averted. The multitude continued
to sway to and fro, and the air was
filled with the shrieks of the women,
the hoarse shouts of the men, the cries
of little children, of whom there were
many hundreds if not thousands, and
the warning yells of the occupants of
the grand stand. With the view of
facilitating the disposal of the throne,
President Hikinbotnam escorted Mr.
Cleveland and" the ducal party from the
platform with all possible haste, but
this did not suit the temper of the spec
tators, and they yelled "Come back, we
want to see more of the president."
Finally by breaking into the throng
from a half-dozen points, the Columbian
guards succeeded in turning it into half
as many channels, but not before a sec
tion of the platform occupied a few mo
ments before by the president and his
party had been turned into a harbor of
refuse tor no less than twenty-six sick
or unconscious women and children.
' An Alleged Brother Tells of a Cer
tain Scar.
Special to the Globe.
Sioux FAU,s,May 1.- Patrick O'Hare
dieuat'2 o'clock this morning, and a
few hours later Joe Kirby was ap
pointed administrator of the estate. A
tew days ago reports ware dent out
from here saying that O'ilare wa.; dy
ing; that he was worth §50.000. He haa
made no will and has no known rel
atives. This afternoon atelecram was
received from Michael O'llure, St.
Louis, who said lie thought Patrieifwas
his brother, and asked that search be
made for scars on his neck and head.
The scar was found. The dead .man
once told that he was robbed in St.
Louis years juto and injured about the
iiead and neck. A telegram was sent
to Michael, telling him all the facts.
Notlriiu: has been her.rd from him.
Siintti believe tlie sender to b-^ the
Irothcr who parted from Patiick forty
iwo years ago, and others that he is
The Kmpire's Exhibit Inaugurat
ed When the Golden Key
Was Pressed.
President Cleveland Led Around
the Exhibit in Manufact
ures Hall.
Chicago, May l.— The participation
of the German empire in the inaoguara
tion of the big lair was an elaborate
affair, which must be accredited to that
country and to its representatives.
The opening of the World's Columbian
exposition was celebrated by Privy
Councilor Wennuth, the imperial Ger
man commissioner, and his stall' in
grand style, worthy of the occasion of
the memorable day, and in a manner
thoroughly befitting that potent state
which he has. the honor to serve aud
represent— in fact, it was a gala day for
Germany at Jackson park. At the mo
ment President Cleveland poshed the
button that set the machinery in mo
tion, the chimes in the chapel of Ger
many's representative building on the
1 border of the lake were brought into
| action, their beautiful and melodious
j tones filling the air with "Glory llalle
i lujah," in honor of the event. On the
I platform amid the dignitaries of
the fair, Commissioner V/ermuth
and his staff, the whole body com
prising forty-four members, attracted
no little attention. Herr Weruiuth, in
iiis gala uniform as privy councilor of
the German ministry of the interior,
and Assistrnt Commissioner ilerr Franz
Berg, in cavalry uniform ot the Prus
sian landwehr, were in sharp contrast
with the other members of the commis
sion in civic dress; a distinguished body
of men were the enlightened German
professors who constitute the commis
sion in charge of Germany's educational
exhibit. These gentlemen were attired
in black robes similar to those worn by
the judires of the United States supreme'
court. The oflicial ceremony over. Com
missioner Wermuth led the president of
the United States around the interior
section of the German exhibit in Manu
factures hall.
The German exhibit in Manufactures
hall is by far the most advanced in
comparison to the status of installation
work of other representative nations.
The gorgeous pavilion by Prof. Gabriel
Seidl is a masterpiece of architecture
and artistic decoration, and is undoubt
edly one of the principal attractions in
the world of sights which will be dis
played to the public to full advantage
in a few days. Another prominent
feature of the German exhibit which
attracted the attention of America's
executive was the Gennania group
in bronze, standing on a pedestal
one hundred feet high. This magnifi
cent monument was sent to Chicago by
the German government, and is to
adorn the new parliament building in
Berlin, now in course of erection. Dur
ing the clay thousands of visitors in
spected the interior of the beautiful
building, with its Gothic halls and its
artistic fresco paintings. German mili
tary music was furnished by a bund of
100 musicians, under the leadership of
Music Director Ruscheweyn, the or
chestra also giving a hearty greeting
to President Cleveland when he arrived
at the Gerra&u section in the manufact
ures building. After this they marched
to the German biate building in a body.
Motor Ijino Sold.
Special to tlio Glebe.
Sioux Falls, S. D., May l.—J. A.
Tiow, of Madison, will tomorrow close
a deal foe tiio sale t o the Chicago, Mil
waukee <fc St. Paul Railway company
ot tiie steam motor line to the Chantau
qua grounds. The railroad company
expects to put in an electric motor and
to make other large Improvements.
~\ i
i k ray ■ i ;^
fc\ Vi;: '»i.^.? i «>. fist ■ fcn-V .' - :.;:i- s .-.-=+r— -a.^ r - ■- • -*o-
ta»@ fea^^ir iff in
iiM^wiiw: fall 'tali'
... Machinery hall . .. !
Transportation Facilities to and
From the Grounds Given Xheir
First Test.
Yesterday's Experiences Show
That They Will He Amplf lor
All Demands.
CHICAGO, May I.— Today th« trans
portation facilities to and from the ex
position grounds were ?iveu their first
trial. At the time of tho dedication
exercises last October none of
I these were in complete opera
tion. The Illinois Central ran a
large number of extra suburban trains,
and the cable lines did their utmost, but
they were not quite sufficient to meet
the demand upon tlie.n. Today they
were prepared, and the thousands of
people who started for the fair between
9 and 1:30 o'clock reached tht-ir destina
tion promptly and in comfort. The
bulk of the down-town traffic came upon
the Illinois Central, which all day long
ran trains of eight cars each at intervals
of three-minutes. Tnis was sufficient
to handle the 7,ooo people who rode from
its Van Buren street station every
hour. At this point the Illinois Central
has erected twelve ticket offices,
six of them being on one long platform
and six on another. Prom each plat
form trains are to go during thja exposi
tion at three minute intervals, making
"no train every ninety seconus. This
schedule will be increased by additional
trains whenever occasion demands.
Today the rush was all upon ono plat
form. The other was not quite com
pleted. The excellent manner in winch
the road handled 7,000 people an hour
today, with but half iti terminal system,
is strong evidence that it will, when
things are once settled in a regular rou
tine, be able to handle with ease almost
three times as many passengers as it
did today.
The Cottage Grove avenue ciblo line
carried about 5,000 an hour, and that
with cars not too badly crowded. They
were full, and he who got a seat was
lucky, but there was no sufrocatlng
crush or rib-breaking jam. drip cars
with two and three trailers ran to Jack
son I'ark every two minutes. The ele
vated road was not so fortunate. Its
terminal system at Congress street is
not yet ready, and it was swatiped to
day. It ran trains every three ninutes,
but they were powerless to diminish the
crowd at the station. At the foot of the
stairs leading up to the depot ti special
detail of policemen were stationed, and
several times the rush of the crowd
threw some of the officers down. They
could not use their clubs, for the people
were qniet and orderly, but the trouble
lay in that fearful pressure of a tremen
dous crowd, which is one of the most
powerful forces on the earth, and one
of the most difficult to withstand. The
stairs and platforms wen; packed to ,i
tearful degree. Many people who had
passed the ticket chopper were unable
to reach the trains for the best portion
(,;■ ;ii: nour. The road carried about
4,000 nn hour, and could have collected
fare from almost three times that num
ber, if they could have found room for
them in the trains.
The boats ran at about thirty-minute
Intervals, but tho day was too cold and
the lake too rough for the roitetobe
very popular. They carried several
thousand people, however, iii addition
to these means of reaching the park, |
were tho Illinois Central regular sub
urban service, wuicli carrioJ fully 10,
--000 people to the park during the day,
tin- electric road and the Sfute and ■
Sixty-third street cable line, which took
about half that number. Taking the
day. and it was :; day heavier than the
average will be, as a criterion, it is safe
to say that the transportation to the
pane from down town will be ai:iple for
all demands m.nk upon it.
NO. 122.
Was the Great White Colum
bian City When Dawn
The Summits of the Massive
Structures Project Imo
Regulars and Militia the Ad
vanc9 Guard of a Mighty
Soon Afterward a Friendly
Breeze Lifts the Low-
Lying Mist.
Prominent People Appear on
the Platform Early in
the Day.
Old Sol Shines Forth Just
Before the President Is
Chicago, May I.— Half in cloudland
was the white Columbian city by the
lake when, diffused and sourceless, the
slow daylight crept upon the earth this
morning. The eastern horizon had no
more of color than tho western horizon.
Eastward, where the dawn was break
insr, drifting scarfs ot mist brooded close
down upon the;wateis of Lake Michigan,
so that cloud and water mingled into a
grey field that battled vision and per
spective. Northward, southward—ev
erywhere, a palpable, leaden veil
trailed from aloft to the lowest reaches
of the horizon. To one who early stood
in the midst of the great plaza whera
the crowds should later be, tho sur
roundings, stupendous in plan, ponder*
ova in their extent, and soft white in
the morning liijht, gave more than evet
the impression that this w.is a K'l'ostly
city that hail been raised up in the
night; or, that It may have been a de
s?rted cily whence Titans of, some
Strange race had moved away to- other
11l Cloud laii d. I
The bases and columns of the sur
roundinK buildings were softly distinct,
but their domes, mlnarettcs, tow and
flagstaff's were yet in the clotjdland.
You liave seen the rock-ribbed bfises of
mountains whose topmost ~ trees v tore
locks of wool from the low-down clouds;
so, In some measure, was the spectacle
at early dawn in the aisles and avenues
of the great White city, which Should,
at the noontide hour, be formally
turned over to the uses of mankind.
Even Columbia, riding her ship At state
at the eastern edge of the plaza, though
relatively not high in the air. was in
clondland, as veritable goddesses are
and should be. The figures of her
handmaidens, straining at thej oars,
were wet and dripping with the; mists
of the morning, which chiefly 'consti
tuted their raiment. Under tin* prow
of Columbia's bark, and stretching out
toward tho restless, cloud-smothered
lake, the waters of the grand basin
were steely blue in the half light. Cir
cling about them was their settling of
green turf, between the great butildiugs
of Agriculture and Manufactures.
Human Taste Delicti. j
Human pigments of green anil blno
are never used as a foil, one against
the other, for no shades of thes<l colors
that man has «:ver made harmonize or
blend. But here was nature's own
artistry defying the tastes ot man, but
reaching a combination and results
beautiful in the early hours when the
city was scarcely astir, and when none,
save the guards and watchmen, were
about to see. Across the vista, lake
ward, arose in delicate grill-work tho
pillars of the colonnade under which tho
waters of the lake creep into the lagoons
and basins. Like a dim picture of the
imaginative school these outlines, white
positive, were so softly lined against
ill.; gray background of waters and
clouds as to suggest rather than affirm
their own existence.
Within her gyves of wooden scaffold
ing Hi' 1 Goddess of the Republic, at the
Jakeward and of the gran i basin, rose
ii',) ponderous in her golden might.
Veiled she \v;is by the curtain which
w:i3 so arranged that it should fall away
at the moment t i : • - nation's president
■i!: > ild jrive the electric signal t<uidi to
Continued on Fourth Page.

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