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MEET IN SEPTEMBER.
Cleveland Will Call Congress
Together Between the Ist
The Time at Hand to Deal
With the Financial Con
Cther Countries Strengthen
ing Their Credit at Our
Disaster Will Follow the Con
tinued Purchase of Sil
WASHiKGTOX.June s.— The president
eaid this evening, In reply to a direct
question by a representative of the As
sociated Press, that he intended to call
an extra session of congress not earlier
than the Ist nor later than the loth of
September, unless unexpected contin
gencies should necessitate an earlier
meeting. The president further said:
While there has been no mystery nor
secrecy in regard to my intention In this
iuatter.l think it not amiss that our peo
ple should be informed authoritatively,
that the time is at hand when their rep
resentatives in coneress will be called
upon to deal with a financial condition
which is the only menace to the coun
try's welfare and prosperity. It is well
for the people to take up the subject for
themselves, and arrive at their own
conclusions as to 'the merits of a finan
cial policy which obliges us to purchase
idle silver bullion with gold taken for
our reserve. One does not need the eye
ct a financier to see that this
Gold Thus Subtracted
from the government's stock is eagerly
seized by other nations for the purpose
of strengthening their credit at our ex
pense. It does not need the art of
statesmanship to detect the danger that
awaits upon the continuance of this op
eration. Already the timidity of cap-
It il is painfully apparent, as none of us
can fail to see to fear and apprehension
in Mi' netary circles will ultimately bring
Buffering to every humble home in our
"1 think that between now and the
meeting- of congress much depends
upon the Ration of those engaged in
financial operations and business en
terprises. Our vast national resources
and credit are abundantly sufficient to
Justify them in the utmost faith and
confidence. If, insteau of being fright
sned they are conservative, and if in
stead of gloomily anticipating immedi
ate disaster they contribute their share
at hope and steadiness they will perform
a patriotic duty and at tho same time
protect their own interest. The things
just how needed are coolness and calm
ness in final circles und study and re
flection among our people."
HASSLER AN EXCEPTION.
A. South Dakota n Gets an Interior
Special to the Globe.
Washington, June 5. — Col. J. J. S.
Elassler, of Forest City, S. D., was to
day appointed chief clerk of tho In
terior department. Col. Hassler is well
known in St. Paul, where he was sta
tioned as an otlicer in the regular army
about twenty-five years ago. In those
days he and Buss M linger made a very
strong team. During President Cleve
land's first administration Col. Hassler
was appointed clerk of the interior de
partment, and during the iast four
years he has been building the Forest
City railways. lie was largely instru
mental in securing the election of Sen
Charles W. Dayton, Tammanyitc,
Appointed by the President.
Washington, June s.— The president
today appointed Charles W. Dayton, of
New York city, to be postmaster of that
New Yobk, June s.— The announce
ment this morning from Washington
that Charles \V. Dayton had been ap
pointed postmaster for this city oy the
president caused considerable sur
prise ninong the politicians about
the city hall and officials in the
federal buildings. Mr. Dayton has been
a member of Tammany Hall general
committee for two years. He was pres
ident of the old Harlem Democratic
club, a county Democracy organization,
but subsequently joined Tammany.
Mr. Dayton, wlio is about forty-two
years of age, is a lawyer with an office
in the Mills building.
PROMISED NICHOLS' SCALP.
Ma.j. Baldwin Ihen Took His De
parture for Dulutb.
Special to the Globe.
Washington, June s.— Maj. Baldwin
left for Chicago today, where he will
join Mrs. Baldwin and journey on to
Dulutb. He will return to Washington
about Sept. 1, unless sooner called by
the president, and commence his work
for the next session. Although the ma
jor has failed to secure any large scalps
as the result of his campaign, he has
promises of early action in the case of
Jlonroe Nichols, and as soon as the
president has time to take up tho mat
ter, Taylor will be appointed.
"W ill Kely on Congress.
Washington, June s.— One million
dollars gold has been withdrawn from
the sub-treasury in New York for ex
port tomorrow. This leaves the net gold
in the treasury £8i),834,320. A gentle
man who is in a position to know some
thing about the financial policy of tlie
administration said to a reporter today
that his understanding was that Mr.
Carlisle would go on using the gold re
serve until it is much further reduced,
and rely upon congres>s in extra session
o relieve the situation.
Requested to Resign.
Special to tbe Globe.
Washington, June 5.— P. J. Mc-
Cabe, immigrant inspector of Minne
sota, was today requested to resign.
Dividends to Creditors.
Washington, Jong 5. — Dividends
have been declared in favor of tbe cred
itors of the insolvent national banks, as
follows: Cheyenne National bank, of
Cheyenne, Wyo., third dividend 10 per
«cut, making iv all 50 per cent in claims
* s=^s^^^^^^^y r^
proved amounting to $280,900. Corry
National bank, of Corry, Pa., fourth
dividend 10 per cent, making in all 60
per cent on claims proved amounting to
Rag Inspectors Discharged.
Washington, June 5. — Secretary
Carlisle has dispensed with the services
of eighteen Inspectors of rags stationed
at ports in Europe, and directed that
the work performed by these inspectors
be hereafter discharged by United
States consuls and United State 3 marine
officers stationed at these ports.
Now Storekeeper Mullen.
Special to the Globe.
Washington, June s.— Collector of
Customs Geraglity was today author
ized to employ Alexander J. Mullen, of
Minneapolis, as storekeeper in place of
An Assistant to Kekels.
Washington, Junes. — The president
today made the following appointment:
Charles 11. Mansur, of Missouri, to be
second comptroller of the^reasury.
EXHIBITS OF QUEENS.
Contributions of Victoria and Mar
guerite Ad.l Ml to Fair At
England's Ruler Exhibits Tapes
tries and the Pearl ol" Savoy
Rare Old Laces.
Chicago. June s.— The individual
exhibit of Victoria, queen of England
and Ireland and empress of India, ar
rived at the world's fair grounds this
morning. Along with it came
the individual exhibit of Mar
guerite, queen of Italy. These
valuable additions to the attractions at
the "White city" were brouq^t from
the safety deposit vaults, where they
have lain since their arrival in Chicago.
On a big dray drawn by four
huge draught horses wearing gold
mounted harness and guided by a
driver in royal livery, the wagon was
decorated with the royal colors of
Great Britain and Italy on either side
of the precious load marched a
corps of Chicago policemen. The wagon
was driven to the administration build
ing, where it was formally received by
President lliglnbotham,* Director-Gen
eral Davis and other world's fair of
ficials. Brief speeches were made,
after which Sousa's band played
"Rule Britannia" and Italy's national
air. Under an escort of ten Columbian
guards the wagon was driven to tho
women's building, where Queen Mar
guerite's exhibit was unloaded and
placed on exhibition. From there the
wagon went to the litia arts gallery and
Queen Victoria's contribution was taken
from the dray and deposited in the
galleries of the building. Queen Vic
toria's exhibit consists of a great
variety of tine tapestries, some of
which have hung in the royal palace
for centuries. These are of great value
and have their safety guaranteed by a
bond of $100,000. The exhibit of Queen
Marguerite consists largely of laces.
Some of them are centuries
old, while others are of modern make,
but from ancient patterns. The process
by which they were made and by
which their texture is rendered practi
cally indestructible was for many years
a lost art. It was but recently
discovered, and is known only to the
lace makers employed in the royal
household. Consequently the exhibit is
almost priceless in value. The laces
were loaned to the exposition by Queen
Marguerite, and a bond of $100,000 was
given guaranteeing their safe return at
the close of the fair.
Chicago, June s.— The Danes, of
Chicago, other* cities and the tem
porary residents who camo out to see
the fair, or contribute services to the
work of exhibition, united today
in a celebration. The Danish sec
tion in Manufactures building
Was arranged rapidly this morning, and
the general public admitted at noon.
Commissioner General Meyer, Director
General Davis. Dr. Max Henius, Col.
Augustus Jacobson and others spoke,
and there was vocal music.
Dr. McGlynn Doing Penance.
New Yokk, June s.—Notwithstand
ing the many assertions that the Rev.
Dr. Edward McGlynn has sailed for
home in apocryphal steamers, it js
known by his closest friends that he is
in retreat in the Trappist monastery,
neor Lexington, Ky., and that he will
stay there some time, probably all sum
mer, dome pen nance. After the retreat
he will have been purged, and then he
may go to Rome, not as a penitent-seek
ing forgiveness, but as a priest with all,
Receiver Order Vacated.
Skh*x City, 10.. June 5. — In the case
of Wells W. Miller vs. The Sioux In
vestment company, the order appoint
ing a receiver was vacated yesterday in
the district court and the suit dismissed
at the plaintiff's cost. Eastern parties
are very heavily interested in the com
pany. The vacation of the court order
is taken as an indication that its affairs
Whisky Trust Bonds Sold.
Peoria. 111., June s.— The whisky
trust has sold 51, 000,000 worth of its
bonds. At the close of the special
meeting of the directors this morning,
President Greenhut authorized the
statement that one of the bids
received by him last week in Chicaeo
had been accepted, and that the bonds
would be Issued at once. Mr. Greenhut
positively refused to say to whom the
bonds were sold or at what price.
Hot In Gotham.
New York, June s.— New York was
visited by a hot spell this morning, and
there was much suffering in conse
quence. It was the hottest day of the
year thus far, the thermometer regis
tering 94 deg at 2. p. ra., humidity 85.
The hot wave extends from Florida to
Maine and to the lake regions.
Movements of Steamships.
Southampton— Arrived : Trave, New York.
Queenstown — Arrived: Lord Gough,
Philadelphia— Arrived: Lord Olive, Live
Naples— Arrived: Weser, New York.
Boston— Arrived: Bothnia, Liverpool.
Baltimore— Arrived : Weimar, Bremen.
Nfiw Yonfe— Arrived: Berlin. Southamp
ton; Spain, London.
London— Sigh fe3: Veendßßo, New York;
Bremerhaven. New York; Darmstadt Balti
more; Chicago, New York; Cheßter, New
Losdon— Sighted : Pennsylvania, Phila
FOES OF COMBINES.
Anti-Trust Delegates Full of
Enthusiasm and Deter
Gov. Nelson, of Minnesota,
Permanent Chairman of
Ignatius Donnelly Introduces
a Series of Resolutions
Combinations Protected by
Judges in Encroachments
on the People.
Chicago, Juno s.— The anti-trust
conveution, which met at Apollo
Music hall today, was not imposing as to
numbers, but it was a representative
one, and its members were full of en
thusiasm and determination. The con
vention was called by Gov. Knute Nel
son, who. in obedience to a resolution
passed by the legislature of his state,
issued an invitation to all the states of
the Union to take part in a conference
to devise'means to abolish trusts and
combines. Thirty-four states responded
by appointing delegates, and nearly
that many states were represented
today. It was expected that Senator
Sherman, of Ohio, who was appointed a
delegate by Gov. McKinley, would be
present, but he did not put in an ap
Minnesota was represented by its srov
ernor, Knute Nelson; Ignatius Don
nelly, Frank F. Davis, James A. Taw
ney, M. D. Shaver, H. B. Strait, J. F.
Jacobson, A. G. Rice. J. B. Wakefield,
C. A. Oilman and W. P. Murray. From
the other states were D. L. Dell, L.
I). Harris, J. E. Taylor and E. Whiffer,
Michigan; Marcellus P. Thornton. North
Carolina; Justin Wells. Iowa; W. H.
Wakefield, Kansas; 11. G. ShurtlefT and
N. G. Brower, Iowa; N. G. Carr and L.
N. Walker, Pennsylvania; 6. L. Cleve
land. Kansas; J. 11. Blinker. Missouri;
John A. Hubbard, Louisiana: John P.
Sell<\ James M. Wnshburne, S. S.
Boyce, W. G. Eggleston, J. M. Thomp
son, Henry D. .Lloyd, E. O. Brown.
H. W. Clendennin, Illinois; Frank
Rader and H. F. Newell. California: C.
E. Martin. Kentucky; J. K. Bymaters,
Texas; Dewitt C. Dewitt, Pennsylva
nia; Gen. J. 11. Blinker. Mississippi; J.
C. Ilodeson, 11. P. Pinkham, North Da
kota; C. W. Brain. Ohio; T. V. Ilalv
ston, Idaho; E. Rosewater, N. Charl
ton, J. D. Howe, B. J. Hilson, Ne
braska; J. B. Daly, Oregon; P. Cor
coran. W. D. Roberts. Utah; C. Ted
man. Missouri; Col. W. R. McEldowney.
We3t Virginia; N. B. Loughlin, J. C.
Carrear, New Mexico; S. C. Crocker,
A. C. Cott, Oklahoma; A. 11. Mitchell.
J. H. Quinn, Montana; J. R. Kinnear,
E. S. Meaney, P. W. Rochester, Wash
ington; John Uanlon, D. O. Boyd,
Frank A. McLister. W. R. Callicotte,
Frank Moody, J. S. Berry, Colorado.
Called to Order by Nelson.
The convention was called to order
by Gov. Nelson, who read an address in
which he gave a history of the anti
trust movement in Minnesota which
had resulted in the call for the conven
tion. The legislature, Gov. Nelson
said, made a searching investigation of
the coal trust which existed in Minne
sota, and the J umber trusts which flour
ish there. The evidence brought out in
the investigation was conclusive, and
clearly showed the nature of the com
bines, but the remedy was not so ap
parent. The legislature, therefore, de
termined to ask the other states of the
Union to help devise a remedy.
"The operations of the trusts." said
the speaker, "are so intricate and secret
that the courts refuse to define them
except in general ternis. The present
laws declare them illegal, but fail to
provide punishment. Relief can only be
obtained through statutory enactments
which will be sweeping and searching.
It is for this convention to take some
action which will lead to the enactment
of efficient laws."
Gov. Nelson then dissected the Sher
man anti-trust law, which, he said, was
but an experiment, and one which had
resulted in no practical good. The law
is weak, he said, because it does not
define the crime. It is almost impossi
ble for prosecutors to draw up indict
ments under it which will hold in the
courts. In every case brought under
the Sherman act the prosecution had
failed, because the pleadings were too
indefinite, in no case has there been a
conviction, aud no case was ever tried
on its merits.
"What is needed," said the governor,
"is a law which will enumerate -the acts
of the trusts which are Illegal. It ought
to prescribe a short and simple form of
indictment. In order to simplify the
rules of evidence in such cases the law
should provide that certain visible acts
of the trusts and their agents should bo
accepted as pritna facie evidenoe of an
illegal combine. The laws should be
made to clearly define what is a monop
oly of trade. Legislatures of the various
states must be looked to for relief. While
the Sherman law is an experiment, it
will do as
An Enterlnc Wedgo.
•'lt Is for us to enlarge upon It. It Is
tor us to devise a plan to right this
worst form of the modern anti-chnst.
What is necessary is concerted action
between the federal ana state authori
ties. I suggest that this conveution ap
point a permanent committee on legis
lation, whose duty It will be to devise
suitable laws and devise means to have
Gov. Nelson, at the conclusion of his
speech, moved that a temporary chair
man be appointed and the convention
organized ai once, the motion resulting
in the selection of Henry D. Lloyd, of
Chicago, as presiding officer for the
time being. Mr. Lloyd, on taking: the
chair,said that he felt the greatest favor
of his life had 6ee*u conferred upon
him. Then be attacked the trusts, as
the speakers preceeding him had done.
"Gov. Nelson is right," he said, "in
speaking of the trusts aftd uhhefly com
bines as anu-chrisi. The spirit which
animates them is born of greed and
rapacity. It Is the sjjirit of the thief
and fraud. It la a different spirit tliaj
animates us. We atS hdre fQf h6hesTy
and tair play, for freedom. 1 am glad
to tell you that In Chicago public opiu
ion is lh favor of this movement. The
press is unanimously against the trusts,
■recoguizing that this movement Is one
for a new union of states. The time is
ripe for it, and let us take advantage of
Tarns Bixby, of St. Paul, was made
6T. jtAUL, MINN., TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 6, J893.
temporary secretary. A motion was
then passed to appoint a committee on
credentials to decide who were the ac
credited delegates of the various states.
After a wrangle which consumed con
siderable time a committee was finally
appointed to pass on credentials. Mrs.
Corinne Brown, representing the Wom
en's Alliance of llinois, was admitted
as a delegate. Marlon Uarlan, the au
thoress, was also made an honorary
A committee was appointed to select
permanent officers, and the convention
took a recess for a quarter of an hour.
When it was called to order again the
committee reported recommending Gov.
Nelson as permanent chairman; Ed
ward S. Meaney. of Washington, for
secretary, and J. E. Morton, of Ken
tucky, for assistant secretary. Ignatius
Donnelly came In to tne convention
with a series of. resolutions which he
will ask it to adopt ns a declaration
against trusts. The resolutions are as
"Whereas, Governments are Insti
tuted among men to promote the wel
fare of the people and laws are enacted
to protect honest men and punish
"Whereas, It is unreasonable to ask
the virtuous nnd industrious citizens to
maintain by their toii the machinery of
government for the protection of thosa
who are conspiring illegally to plunder
and impoverish them: therefore be it
"Resolved. That we suggest to the
people of the United Status, as a dernier
resort, should all other measures fail,
the enactment of laws to confiscate the
real and personal property of all trusts
and combinations, to deny them access
to the courts to enforce the collection of
their claims and to withdraw from their
property the protection of the law, so
that it it shall appear to the satisfaction
of the jury the prosecution of any per
son for larceny tiiat the property taken
belonged to any unlawful combination
or trust, it shall be the duty of the court
to ar once discharge the party accused
of such larceny: and,
"Whereas, Many of the giant evils of
our civilization are the result of artifi
cial corporations, called trusts, endowed
with immoral life capable of existing in
a thousand r,',aces at once, and treed
from all the 'imitations which restrain
individual action, and that.
YVhereas. The supremo court of the
United States lias decided these heart
less and soulless corporations to bi;"per
sons, human and endowed with all the
privileges of citizenship," and has au
thorized them to jro from state to state
and devour the substance oX Uio people;
therefore, be it
"Kesolved, That we call upon the peo
ple of the states and nations to seriously
consider this most important subject,
and enact such laws as shall limit and
circumscribe the growth and power of
those unnatural and irresponsible br?
inns, and provide lor their ultimate ex
tinction, and thu<J make this, indeed, a
government of the people, by the peo
ple and tor the people, and not a gov
ernment of money, by money and for
"llesolved, That we view with tho
greatest apprehension the steady en
croachment of the judiciary upon the
legislative and executive branches of
the state government and the
Prophecy of Thomas Jefferson
is being vapidly fulfilled that the su
preme court of the United States would
eventually concentrate In its own hands
all the powers belonging to the whoio
people, wlfile no power is granted in
the national or state constitutions to the
courts to veto or abolish or override an
act of conzress or of any state legisla
ture, the judiciary by steady and grad
ual encroachments has brought us to a
condition where the power of the peo
ple to legislate for their own protection
against trusts, combines and other evils
is practically at an end, and anything
in law that does not receive the ap
proval of the oligarchy in many cases
selected and appointed to judgeships by
the very offenders and plunderers of the
people." We point to the case of Eng
land, where an act of parliament is ab
solutely supreme and no bench of
judgessits above it to brinsr to naught
the will of the whole nation, and we
call upon the people of this country to
reassume their ancient liberties and re
establish the grand doctrine that all
power must ultimately rest with the
inhabitants of tha land making laws
through their duly chosen representa
tives, believing, with the author of
Declaration of Independence, that wo
can better endure the legal evils which
flow from too much liberty than evils
resolving from too little liberty."
No provision having been made for
the election of vice president, it was
suggested that, as a Republican had
been named for the presiding officer,
some good Democrat should be selected
for that position. This precipitated a
discussion which threatened to cause
trouble, but It was checked by a motion
to appoint a committee on resolutions to
consist of one member from each state.
The motion was adopted. The conven
tion then elected the permanent officers
recommended and adjourned until 2:30
IN THE AFTEKNOOX.
Many Resolutions Presented by
Ciiicaoo. June s.— Gen. Weaver was
elected hist vice chairman, and Judge
Thomas 11. Walker, of Pennsylvania,
second vice chairman. Philip Corcoran,
of Utah, presented the first resolution.
He proposed that telegraph lines
and coal lands should be pur
chased by the government. This
would put an end to two of
the most d estructive monopolies in
the country. Delegate Davis, of Min
nesota, offered a resolution that the
convention call itself the "Auti-Trust
association," to be made into an inter
national one by the different
states. Mr. Wakehara spoke in favor
of the solution of Delegate Corcoran.
Lieut. Gov. Gilman, of Minnesota,
thought the way out of the difficulty in
the matter of coal was to purchase the
coal lauds. He said that the law gave
one capitalist power to outrage
half a million workingmen. E. O.
Brown, of Illinois, wanted protective
tariffs abolished. He was in favor of
the tax values on land and public own
ership of railroads. Restrictive legis
lation would not have any great effect
while these fundamental wrongs exist
ed. In a bright and spirited 6peech Mrs.
Corrine P.Brown spoke of the sufferings
of women and children through the ex
cessive price of coal in winter. The reso
lutions ot Ignatius Donnelly were then
Delegate Cory, from Pennsylvania,
offered a sarcastic resolution, in which
he wanted anybody to point out in
what way the government had been a
failure. Dewitt C. Dewitt. his colleague,
declared that the gold and silver
mines should not have a monopoly of
furnishing money, but that it should be
in the hands of the people. He declared
that the country was governed by
whisky and insurance companies and
said It was impossible to make an Honest
dollar out of a silver dollar. Mr.
Cory presented another sarcastic reso
lution, in which he*. wanted to kno"w
ttlfl fiauVSs of those trusts which had
violated Hie law. Gov. NelSoTi said
sarcasm was not watted, and Gen.
Weaver told Mr. Cory thaj he would
furnish him with all the proof Neces
sary b'ofore Me got tbrou-h with the
conference. All the resolutions were
turned over to the committee, which,
met later in the evening to prepare one
that would b« satisfactory to all the
AMITY IN TRADE,
An Auspicious Opening of the
Second International Rec
A Large Proportion of the
Delegates Named Attend
Hon. P. H. Kelly Starts the
Programme in a Business-
Mayor Wright Extends a Wel
come in True Western
Gov. Burke Responds in Kind,
and Mayor Eustis Proves
a Good Second.
Hon. James Fisher Sounds a
Keynote for the Conven
Amity and commerce!
The banners of reciprocity have been
flung to the breeza at the head of the
great Mississippi valley.
Under them an earnest a.^y of men
will work and light for a broadening of
TWO FLAGS, ONE PEOPLE.
the at present restricted trade relations
existing between tlie United States and
Inspiring their efforts ' Will be a deter
mination to band together in closer
union people alike in blood, in thought,
in hope— separated only by an imaginary
To cut away all barriers to wider
ai-..ty, to abolish all hindrances to nat
ural progress, to tear down and sweep
from the earth all trammels on trade is
to bfl the ultimate aim of the leaders
ana the hosts who will march to the
music of mutual exchange and mutual
R«9ounding was the keynote for this
great commercial movement struck yes
terday in this city at the Auditorium.
There had gathered a large number of
earnest, thoughtful, energetic men.
bound to further by every legitimate
means the cause to which they are
pledged. With thes*men to determine
is to act, and the preliminary lines of
the great struggle ahead have been laid
down with a generous purpose, with a
broadness of vision that promises great
It was a business-like gathering In
which business men participated. No
theorists those who faced the chairman,
except in so far as sound theory de
velops into helpful actuality. Accus
tomed to dealing with figures and facts;
practiced in the ways that are traversed
to success in commercial life; alert to
grasp possibilities and work out results;
the delegates were there for business,
and the first session promises auspici
ously for the outcome of the second in
teiuational reciprocity convention.
Gay With Colors.
Recent work on the interior of the
Auditorium has vastly improved its ap
pearance. Buntiug of almost every
color has been used generously and
with good taste. Unsightly beams and
rafters are disguised in its fojds. while
scattered throughout the building are
scores of flags which set off the large
space to advantage.
Still, the crowd looked small yester-
THE POUR SF.CRETARIES.
day, because not nearly all of the
delegates are here. Spectators are
very lew in number, which is prob
ably attributable to the fact that oniy
the preliminary work was to be done.
Placards devoted the positions of the
various delegations, but the St. Paul,
Minneapolis and Winnipeg sections
were the only ones that were at all full.
Beginning at the right of the platform
the delegates are seated in this order:
Risht. Center. Left.
Minneapolis, Brandon. St. Paul,
St. Cloud. Pottaee la Prairie, Superior,
Moorht?ad, Winnipeg. Dulutb,
Crookstou, Grand Forks, Seattle,
Faribault, Wiuona. Spofcaue,
Willinsr, Mankato, Everett,
St. Peter. Ashland, Spring Valley,
Brainerd, Furgo. Mitchell,
Grand Rapids. Marquette, Watertowu.
»K. Grand Forks, Devils Lake,
Besides these. Chicago, St. Louis, In
dianapolis and various other places, both
in Minnesota and outside her borders,
were represented on the tioor and on
the committees. The names of regu
larly appointed delegates have hereto-
\'v Jjji I'
XXV. ME. COVERT.
fore been printed in the Gi-oijk, and a
large proportion of them will take part
in the proceedings of the convention.
A noticeable feature is that most of
the delegates are men on the sunny side
of life's hill. Graybeards there are, but
in just sufficient number to add diiriiity
to the gathering. Tlie coming men, the
middle-aged men. these two groups are
the predominant factors in this greatest
movement of modern political activity.
All walk.s of business life are repre
At 2:30 o'clock Hon. P. 11. Kelly
pounded centlyon a polished table with
a new, shining hammer. "Fellow citi
zens,' 1 said he, "before we proceed with
the exercises of tlie afternoon we will
have proyer by Rev. Mr. Covert"
When the youthful looking, smooth
shaven minister had finished his brief
invocation, the sage of St. Paul com
merce introduced Mayor Wright, who
extended a heartynvplcome to the dele
gates on behalt of the city. In closing
he tendered the freedom of St. Paul to
Ex-Gov. Burke, of North Dakota.pres
ident of the first convention, met with a
hearty reception. What he had to say
was well snid and attentively listened
to. His speech is given elsewhere.
Sounded the Keynote.
When Hon. James Fisher, of Mani
toba, was presented the American dele
gates expected to hear something that
would give a hint of the lines likely to
be followed by their Canadian brethren,
and they did." Mr. Fisher undoubtedly
sounded the keynote of the convention's
work. Referring to the treaty of 1854.
which worked satisfactorily for a dec
ade, and was abrogated solely by rea
son ot a mistake, as he as
serted, arising out of the American civil
MAYOR F. P. WRIGIIT.
war, Mr. Fisher boldly voiced the opin
ion that no lasting good can be accom
plished in the way of reciprocal trade
relations between the United States and
Canada unless that treaty is restored or
a wider and mote liberal one is secured
Further than this., he said Canada
cannot be satisfied with any ' ar
rangement that will permit
merely an interchange of natural prod-
Continued on Fourth Page.
VOICED THE KEY.
Eloquent Addresses Inaugu
rate a Movement Laden
A Liberal Interchange of
Commodities Bespoken by
Brothers in Blood, Alike In
Hope, Desire That Bar
riers Be Erased.
St. Paul's Mayor and a Dako
ta Leader Speak for a
The Chief Executive of Our
Twin Voices His People's
Canada's Honored Spokesman
Carries the Refrain in
Words ot welcome to the delegates
who will labor for reciprocity were well
spoken by Mayor Wright yesterday on
behalf of the citizens of St. Paul. On
being introduced to the convention by
lion. P. 11. Kelley, the mayor said:
Gentlemen: It is my pleasant duty and
privilege to bid you, on behalf of our citi
zens, a most hearty welcome to St. Paul; and
while it is not expected, nor indeed would it
Le fitting, for me to make a speech on the
subject of reciprocity to you, who have made
the matter one of so don and careiul a
i I ■ \\
I \ °\ \\
1 » At
VL. l\ \ jr^ // / /* /A* 1
\ /-/ ° • ~w? — —* —
MAYOItnV. 11. KITSTIS.
study— still I wish the privilege of adding my
voice to those of go many who have declared
themselves In Its favor, even if be only to
say, as did tho old darky, when he pointed
to the copy of the Lord"s prayer, wiiir.n he
had pasted on the head of his bedstead,
•'Them's my sentiments."
Ot this, however, I am confident: That
uudcr no condition can tho progress and
prosperity of two nations ko closely allied
physically and by similarity of language us
are the Dominion of Canada and tho Hepub
lic of the. United Mates be aa well assured,
their various interests so fully and com
pletely developed as when thero are liberal
trade relations and a mutuality of commer
cial privileges. I also know that this condi
tion can never be reached uuiil it is demand
ed by public sentiment, and that public
sentiment is created by such conventions as
you are now holdine.
St. Paul appreciates the compliment you
have paid in selecting this from among the
many places available for your convention,
am:, as the chief executive'otlicer. 1 have tho
honor to extend to you the freedom of tho
ciiy while you are with us, and I know that
St. Paul hospitality will leave no chance for
regret, unless it bo on account oi the short
ness of your visit.
There was a wave of applause through
the edifice at the conclusion of the kind
words of t he mayor.
"I desire to introduce to you a man
who has been the principal cntise of our
being here," said Air. Kelly, as he an
nounced the governor, "lie has been
filled with the spirit of reciprocity since
the inception of the project, and to him
is due the greater portion of the credit
of preparing for tiiis convention."
Oov. Burke Heard From.
Mr. Burke bowed and smiled his ap
preciation of the applause, and at once
Ueiran his speech:
Gentlemen of the Convention: In meeting
this convention for the second time. I take
pleasure In congratulating you upon the
HOX. JAMES FISHER, M. P. P.
splendid gathering, the numbers and per
sonnel of which will do much to further th?
objects for which you are called together.
The large number of gentlemen present
who met with us at our last convention as
sures m<? that there is no abatement in their
enthusiasm, an enthusiasm, 1 am sure, wtiieu
will continue until reciprocity Is an accom
plished fact and until tiie imaginary liucs
which act as burs to much of the trade and
commerce which should come to the North
west, especially that portion lyiuj: along the
Canadian border, shall cense to hinder the.
prosperity of those new and vigorous com
The objects of this convention of represent
ative citizens of several states and provinces
are well known. While many of you may not
agree with me as to the benefits which the
system of protection has given to the Eastern
sections of thi6 country, we are a unit in the
belief that the doctrine of reciprocity fairly
applied will increase the material wealth of
the mnftuificent country which sends ilsreD
resentatives here today. This doctrine is ns
|| Jy *
/f Sr — ; —
old as commerce, but its application by that;
prince of statesmen, who lias lately passed!
away, represents the American Idea, and '•]
approved by Americans from both sides of |
the line which divides states and dominions
mid provinces, where thousands of citizens
love and reverence the memory ot James J. J
And it Is not fitting that a reciprocity con- 1
Tendon should assemble without a reference
to that great man, pioneer and father of i
modern reciprocity. if he was considered I
great us a politician or us a statesman, lie
was renter as a distinguished citizen, not
only of the United States, but of America, Of
I may My, without exaggeration, of the 1
civilized world. j> " .1
Nevor since history began have a people
held such rich possessions as ours. There if i
a diversity of interest and of productions in!
the various sections which authorized thoes-l
tablishmont of the most equitable laws of •
trade which mortal man has ever devised, '
and a friendly rivalry which can bo cement- 1
ed in friendship ana maintained with profit
of all concerned. For there in a production
which every section < produces of a superior ,
kind, without which no country can prosper.*
and failing ihc host development of which
no country can achieve the highest success, i
For the cultivation of this product, climate
and soil and seed aro all of the best, and tho ;
result has fully Justified the claims which
borne of the more moderate among us have
made concerning it. The product referred to
is men and women. _ ■ -j
It it within the recollection of the most of,
you here present when the pioneers came to'
the prairies and forest* of the Northwest.
And it is a most remarkable circumstance
that the means of quick transportation fol
lowed these pioneers so closely that the later !
arrived of them were able to penetrate the
wilds of the undeveloped country in palace
curs. These means of transportation have ,
Increased, until now tho dream of the cheat)- '
rate of freight from the far West to the |
far East is no longer a dream. Waterway
and railway urc In competition, and a dis
tinguished citizen of this city has prophesied
the day. not far in tho future, when toe rails
of steel shall bear huge trains of Northwest
ern supplies destined for the Eastern cities
of consumption, at rates low enough to puz- 1
zle the owners of vessels traversing the great '
Demand for Might*.
Reciprocity apostles do not come bcgginir
for favors nor for advantages. They ask.they
demand that rights shall be accorded them. i
The Southwest has been the care of the gov- 1
eminent Jetties and levees, dredging ma
chines and works of engineering skill of the.
highest have been freely given for the im
provement of the commerce ot a country
Laving but a small fraction of our natural
advantages. Wo do not come asking our j
share of these benefits. We are not suppli- ;
ants for bounty. nor chasers afierappropria-j
tions. • Wo propose, however, that the things
to which we are justly entitled shall not Do
withheld from uh, and it is our intention to •
persevere until tho ends for which we bare j
striven and for which wo are striving shall •
huve been accomplished.
As an American, speaking on behalf of tho
delegates from the United States in this con
vention. I desire to express our great pleas- :
ure in meeting hero so large and influential '
a body of representative men from the Cana
dian side of the international boundary, and i
to say to them that their presence cheers us ,
in the work we have undertaken, and assures ]
us that their interest in it is no less than ours, ;
and that we may count on them to Join hand*
with us at all rimes in v movement which
they and we believe to be in the line of ad- ■
vancing civilization and of the warfare of
two great peoples, living side by side clear
across the continent from ocean to ocean.
Gentlemen well qualified to speak of tho
requirements and necessities of the North
west will address you. and I trust that much,
good may be done in this present meeting
In conclusion, I thank you for the honor
conferred upon me In choosing me to prcsida
over you, and for your kind attention.
Canada Stands Ilcudy.
Hon. James Fisher, of Manitoba, was next
Introduced. He announced that be had not
expected to speak on the subject, but ho
readily told of the necessity for reciprocity,
and said it would be wise to prepare some
plan for the establishment of reciprocal rela
"The abrogation of the treaty of 1854,
which lasted twelve years, wan duo to tbe
American congress," he said. "Canada ami
her people are desirous of seeing reciprocity
re-established, and it is their strongest wish
to see it done. Let us try and restore tho
old treaty, or secure a wider one. There has
been no doubt that the peoplo of the United ■
States were not >atlsh'ed- with the last reci
procity treaty. Hut there will bo no use for
us to ask tho United States for reciprocity
unless we will agree that it would include
manufactured products as well us natural
There w:ll be a desire on the part of tho
Canadian people to see that Great Hiltain in
not discriminated against. This cannot be
entirely avoided, but we can arrive at a
treaty of reciprocity which will include the
needed articles "without discriminating
against Great Britain. We arc a nation of
farmers up In Manitoba. Our farmers want
to get their agricultural implements as cheap
as possible, and free if they can. We want
those things included. The treaty of 1854
was satisfactory to us, but wo cannot feel
satisfied with a new one unless agricultural
implements ar» Included on the free Bet.
During that treaty your business with Cana
da was $9:>,009,000 larger than her business!
with you. We have sold more to you than to
Great Britain at times, but we give tou a
market for your agricultural Implement*
which you do not dream of. You nave at
times, withiu a DerioJ. sold us over $00,000,000
more than Great Britain has.
You have entered into treaties with Brazil
and other Southern countries, but Canada
has been a better market for you th.in all of
those Southern countries. We buy from you
much more than you buy from us. At times
we have paid m ten years $l!.<))i,Q/M more
dulvtbau we paid England at the same time.
We must talk this matter over as business
men, and lorn i-ure that we feel that we do
not wish to have reciprocity unlcEi wo can
have agricultural Implements free."
Mayor KimlU Honored.
Mr. Kelly then said that he would
Continued oil Fourth Page.