lUNN ANSWERS BIbRMAHN
HE EDITOR CF THE PRINCETON UNION
>? FIRES SOME SHOT.
EXPLAINS HOW- IT IS DONE.
The State Auditor Is Sharply
Criticised — The Methods by
Which the State Has Been
Plucked Laid Bare— How the
State Timber Experts Do Not
Do Their Duty.
Mr. Dunn,' of the Princeton Union'
in his paper issued yesterday, devotes
nine columns of his space to a reply to
State Auditor Biermann's address to the
public on the now famous pine land
sold to Messrs. John S. Pillsbury and
C.A.Smith. We give extracts from
Mr. Dunn's reply as follows:
HIS MAIN CONTENTION.
Mr. Biermann's main contention is
that be followed the precedents of his
illustrious predecessors; that it had
been customary to dispose of pine
stumpage on school lauds at private
sale. That is no justification at all.
Mr. Biertnann was elected lo office as a
"reformer." The battle cry of his party
in toe campaign of IS9O was "Turn the
Rascals Out!" "Let Us Have a
Change!" Moreover, lie was the candi
date of the Populists as well as the
Democrats. Certainly he was not ex
pected to follow in the footsteps of bis
"corrupt" Republican predecessors.
Better things were expected of him. Mr.
Biermauu's immediate predecessor, W.
W. Braden, swore before the legislative
committee that lie had never sold an
acre of virgin pine at private sale during
his term of office. But whether Mr.
Braden did or did not sell at. private sale
is immaterial as far as the case under
discussion is concerned. * * " **
the low estimate.
Mr. Biermann says of the estimate:
"Judging from the comments made by
the court and press, the public may be
led to believe that I sold the nine on
this section lor §1, 400." The court did
not assume anything of the kind. Some
of the pacers may have been misled.
What does a low estimate mean? Let
us suppose a case: Mr. Smith pur
chases a niece of pine from Mr. Bier
mann and it is estimated in Mr. Bier
mann's office at 700.000, when in reality
there are 0.000,000 feet on the piece; an
accommodating sealer makes a return
of 1.000,000 feet to Mr.Biermann— 3oo,ooo
more than the estimate in his office calls
for. The state has gainen 300,000 over
the estimate and Mr. Smith has gained
5,000,000 feet. We do not say that this
would have been done in this particular
case, but had there been no investiga
tion it could have been done, and every
lumberman in Minuesota knows it has
been done. Several letters are before
us as we write. One is from John C.
Smith, of St. Francis, an old pine land
cruiser and one of the recently appointed
Red Lake examiners. lie writes: "Iknow
ot one section of school land on the
Eastern Minnesota railroad where 2,000,
--000 feet of timber was hauled, and only
1.000.000 was returned to the auditor's
oflice." Mr. Smith is an honest man
and strange to say is a good Democrat.
Here is a sample of under-estimating
that is receiving attention at the hands
of the joint investigating committee:
"Amount paid for. 669:860 feet, actually
scaled as cut, 2,120,000; amount paid
for. 675,270 feet, actually scaled as cut,
150,000 teet." A score of other sim
ilar discrepancies between the scale as
returned and the actual cut could be
cited. Now, if the auditor's records
showed the correct estimate of a piece
of pine in the first place such frauds
would be impossible. Because if the
scale reported was less than the esti
mate on the auditor's books he could
send experts and have the timber scaled
from the stump. Then again, scatter
ing pine is not as valuable as compact
pine. it costs more to handle scattering
pine. For instance, 0,000.000 feet of
pine standing on one section is worth
almost double what 6,000,000 leet of
equally as good pine would be.scattered
over five or six sections. Underestimat
ing and underscaling has robbed the
stale of Minnesota of millions of dol
THE VALUE OF THE LOGS.
The claim that the state received all
the stumpage was worth is absolutely
and unqualifiedly false. Pine stumpage
on Rum river is growing scarcer and
more valuable each year. Second and
third cuttings, that is, timber that has
been cut over two or three times, sells
for from 52 to S3 per M. Every piece of
school and university land has been sold
and resold. There is scarcely any pine
left outside the old Mille Lacs reserva
tion, and there is not a single piece of
virgin pine within the limits ot the old
reservation that can be had short of
ti per M. Years ago Hon. D. M. Sa
bin authorized Judge Keith and the
writer to pay as high as S3 to settlers
for small bunches of pine— say from
100,000 to 200,000 feet on an 100-acre
tract. The witnesses for the defendants,
C. A. Smith & Co., all swore that $2 was
a good price for the stumpage on 30-42
--20, and that the logs were worth only
from *57.50 to SS in the boom. Ex-Gov.
J. S. Pillsbury testified that he thought
12 was a fair price for the stumpage.
Here is a copy of a contract made by
and between J. S. Pillsbury and Page
Bros, for "old slashings" on a tract of
320 acres— $2.50 per M. "for 300,000 feet:
Office ofGullßivekLumbeisCo., )
Minneapolis, Jan. 23, 1893. j
Permission is hereby given to Messrs.
Page Bros, to cut and remove the pine
timber on the following described lauds,
viz.: East , 7' of southeast % and the
southwest li of southeast M", and the
southeast %of the southwest %, and
the southwest U of the southwest \i of
section 33. all in 40, range 27. This
permit is to cover the lodging seasou ot
1892 and IS'.)3 only. The estimate of
timber upon said lands, as made by
Lowell Cbadbourne, being 300,000 feet,
and the price is $2.50 per thousand feet,
the same to be paid for on delivery of
the permit. J. S. Pillsbury.
THE STATE TIMBER EXPERTS.
It is no excuse lor Mr. Biermann to
say that lie is obliged to rely upon the
estimates and appraisals of dishonest
examiners. The state makes liberal
provision for the estimating and ap
praisal of pine timber. The examiners
are appointed by the auditor. Mr.
Biermann seems to have unlimited
confidence in his timber and land ex
aminers, Messrs. Hallinan and Westly.
In his lettei of Jan. 23, 1892. to C. A.
Smith & Co., iv referring to the said
section 30. he says: "While the es
timate is not large, I have no doubt
it will cut double the amount
of the estimate." Why didn't Mr
Biermann send his examiners there to
look the matter up? Mr. B. admits that
he bad no faith in the mytbical esti
mate, yet he took no pains to verify his
suspicions. But after the investigation
had been commeuced,'"for my own sat
isfaction," he says, "1 sent both our
state appraisers out, at different times,
and instructed them to take all the time
uecessary to carefully estimate and ap
praise the timber." The state appraisers
could not help discovering what every
lumberman who operated in the Rum
river pineries knew- for years, that in
stead of 700,000 there were nearly 0,000,
--000 feet on the section. The appraisers
also found that the timber was not of
much account, told what it would cost
to cut, haul and drive the logs, what
they were worth in the boom, etc. Of
course, this was part of their duties.
The state hires appraisers for that
purpose. Mr. Hallinan even counted
<&&*%__ £ -BLEMISHES.
jf*m^*_-£%__. The largest iustitutiun In tne
g -^ Fp?£k world for cue treatment of the
S «fc'«i§» Skin, Scalp, Nerves aud Blood,
(vAssjd removal of Moles, "Warts, Pim
(«B tSfa. flelaa ples, Freckles, Tan, Bed Veins,
?■"•? vBJSaw W^S Superfluous Hair, Powder and
lis, - if*]) Birth Marks, and all Skin Imper
il ; ..-rjX <CV fections. 20 years • practical
_\__f§£& f*f experience. Inventor of Wood
"^SssSL* y bury's Facial Soap for tho
\^^?/ Fkln, scalp and complexion.
V __n£S trr For salo everywhere, or sent
by ma!!, 3 cakes for .00. A book on dermatol
ogy ai:rt beauty ■with prion cake. -3638 m
- JOHN H. WOODBURY. Dermatologist.
Consultation Uvm. l'J_A m\mmM, AM- t____a. Y.
the trees, yet he was only on the sec-;
tion one day and the ground was buried
under several feet of snow; Mr.Halll
nan is an exceedingly valuable man.
He could easily estimate and appraise
correctly every section of school pine
land in the state several times a year.
He should go up to Itasca county and
give Senator Dedon pointers on scaling.
► » »
* XO PERSONAL FEELING. 7.,?. ,7
The editor ot the Union has no per
sonal feeling in this matter. We have
no animosity toward Auditor Biermann.
His politics were not taken into consid
eration. Had W. W. Braden been state
auditor it would not have made the
slightest difference— the investigation
would have been pushed just as persist
ently. The Union was the only Repub
lican newspaper in the state that op
posed O. P. Whitcomb the last time
he was a candidate for state
auditor. We believed then that
Mr. Whitcomb disposed of pine
slumpage on school lands illegally
right here in Mille Lacs county. - We
supported Capt. Mahlon Black, the
Democratic nominee for the position,
and a majority of the Republican voters
of Mille Lacs county voted for Mr.
Black. During the session of the last
legislature and since, we have received
letters from at least a dozen individuals
informing us of questionable transac
tions reflecting upon Mr. Biermann.- No
attention was paid to those letters.
We deserve no credit for in
vestigating the sale of section
80. township 42, range . 26.--' The
matter was brought to our attention in
such a way that we were forced to de
mand an investigation. The investiga
tion of that particular transaction will
save the state school fund between
eleven and twelve thousand dollars,
and, indirectly, hundreds of thousands
of dollars. We have no quarrel with C.
A. Smith & Co., or with any other lum
ber firm. Some of the newspapers, and
some of the interested parties and their
attorneys, are trying to make it appear
that pontics is at the bottom of the
matter, and that it is Bob Dunn's
tight. Such contemptible insinuations
are not worthy of mention. The state
id Minnesota, and not Bob Dunn, is the
interested parly. Politics were never
mentioned in connection with this case,
save by the friends and apologists of
Auditor Biermann and C.A.Smith &
Co. We have simply done our auty in
pushing the investigation, and ill doing
so we have made bitter enemies out of
men that have always heretofore been
our friends, but we have no apologies
or excuses to offer. As far as the writer
is concerned, the case is now closed.
TRAVELING MEN'S DINNER.
Third in tho Series Given by the
The traveling men's dinner will be
given tonight at the rooms of the Com
mercial club. This is the third in the
series of monthly dinners -riven by the
Commercial club to the trades and pro
fessions in the city. These features are
proving to be prolific of good fellow
ship and social discussion, and they are
growing in popularity. They result in
bringing out new ideas and increased
loyalty to the city. It is expected that
the gathering of the knights of the
grip tonight will result in much good to
them and the business interests. There
will be music and social converse in
the early evening, which will give place
to the dinner at 8:30.
The toasts of the evening will be as
Toast— "The Traveling Man as a Fac
tor in Business Life;" response by
Mayor F. P. Wright. '
Toast— "The Traveling Salesman;"
response by H. E. Whaley.
Toast "The Ladies;" response by
Toast "The Country Hotel;" re
sponse by Harvey Moore.
Toast— "The Trade Journal;" re
sponse by J. Newton Nind.
Toast — "Our Competitors;" response
by Frank Gibbon.
"Reminiscences," by W. B. Brawley.
J. C. Nethaway?" Still water, was a Mer
chants' guest yesterday.
Hon. Ignatius Donnelly, Nininger,
registered yesterday at the Merchants'.
Supt. Myers, of the St. Cloud reform
atory, was a Merchants' guest yester
day. • 7Vi*'7
George B. Winship, editor of the
Grand Forks Plaindealer, is at the Mer
William Henderson, London, Eng.,
was among the Merchants' arrivals yes
Dr. C. 11. T. Lowndes, United States
navy, was a transient yesterday at the
At the Clarendon— J. M.Jones.Boston ;
S. B. Swabb.Watertowu; John Murphy,
Grand Forks; M. F. Davis, Willmar; U.
D. James. Spokane.
At the Hotel Metropolitan— J. B.
Moreno. New Brunswick, M. J.; E. E.
Sprague, Portland, Or.; R;ot J. Gaunt,
London, E. C; W. L. Brooks. Red
Wing; T. F. Smooth. Ogden, Mich.
At the Sherman— Henry Dave, Chica
go; Charles Ebeling, Duluth; S. M.
Harris, Rev. Barns, Winnipeg; H. C.
Staples; J. M. S. Dixon, Ellsworth,
Wis.: William F.Baillie, Brown Valley;
L. W. Olds, Carry, Pa.
At the Windsor— B. Thayer, n I
ford Eriekson and wife, Superior; 1. H.
Block, St. Peter; Robert N. Wallis,
Boston; W. D. Bradshaw, H. W. White,
Chicago; Edward Donaldsou.Owatouua;
Ashley Cotfman, St. James.
At the Evan— W. Hauser, Montana;
J. F. Parker, A. E. Phillips, New York;
Robert C. Perm, Toledo; Charles Boyle,
Duluth; Mrs. John M. 'fenny, Seattle;
B. B. Hopkins, Milwaukee; John S.
Meagher_ and son, Mankato; E. G.
Holmes, uetroit; George F. Odell, Salt
Lake City: vV. O. Skinner, Albuquer
que, N. M. ; George L. Briggs, Rock
ford. Ill,; M. J. Forbes, Duluth; H. C.
Yard, New York.
At the Merchants— S. L. Levy, Fargo;
M. R. O'Neill. Graceville, S. K. Mc
(itiire, Willmar; E. E. Corliss, Fergus I
Falls; B. P. Yates, LeMars: A. Q.
Millar, Duluth; M. L. Elsemore, Hinck
ley; T. J. Dougherty," St. Cloud; A. R.
Chace, Marshall; Joseph Roach, North
field: George A. DuToit. Chaska; Will
iam E. Lee. Long Prairie; 11. D. Mor
ton, 11. G. Mooney, Duluth: E. H.
HARD ON THE COMPANY.
Omaba-Council Bluffs Motor Line
Loses Its Franchise.
Council Bluffs. la., Dec. 28.— The
agitation tor the five-cent fare on the
Omaha-Council Bluffs motor line, which
has been kept up for the past year, re
sulted today in a decision in the su
perior court that the company has no
rights iv this city. Judge McGee handed
down the decision in the case, which is
entitled "The State of lowa ex rel. J. F.
Crossland against The Omaha & Coun
cil Bluffs Railway and Bridge Company,
ot Nebraska." The suit was brought i
several months ago to forfeit the charter ■
of the lowa corporation, and to oust the
Nebraska corporation from the uso of
the streets of Council Bluffs for its motor
line. Judgment will be entered dissolv
ing the defendant lowa corporation and
ousting the Nebraska company from the
use ot streets of Council Bluffs.
Wanted His Winter's Board:
Chicago, Dec. Francis Ragan
asked the city authorities today to lock
him up for the winter, as he feared that
he would set fire to Chicago. He said
that twice before he had committed
arson, serving a term of seven years in
a Canadian prison, and having been re
cently released from -the Michigan City
penitentiary after an imprisonment for
six years for arsou. The man will be
held pending investigation.
• Special Excursion
Rates via .the Nickel Plate Road for
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: FRIDAY^MORNING, DECEMBER 29, m*.
WILL STOP CHILD LABOR.
LABOR COMMISSIONER POWERS WILL
ENFORCE THE LAW.
BOYS WORK. TWELVE HOURS.
Powers Will Proceed First Against
the District Messenger Com
pany. Which Is Alleged to Em
ploy Young Boys Twelve Hours
a Day, and Twelve Hours at
Labor Commissioner Powers was in
terviewed yesterday by a Globe re
porter concerning the enforcement of
the child labor law. He said that when
his office is through with Its work in'
connection with tlio street car matter he
should take up the question of the em
ployment ot child labor, and begin first
ou the A. D. T. Messenger company.
It was his understanding that this com
pany has two crews of messengers who
are required to work twelve hours' each,
many of them quite young in years. Tho
sulary of the messengers is stated to be
$12 per month for the day employes. and
$12.80 for the night, though as to that he
had nothing to do. The night messen
gers are largely employed in connection
with the sporting interests, and are sent
to many places where children of their
years ought not to go; and one of the
objects of the prosecutions, which it is
proposed to inaugurate, is to remedy to
some extent this evil. The original law
passed on this subject by the legislature
of 1858 was at that time the most pro
gressive law known in this or any other
country. Indeed, Minnesota led the
world in this reform. Later it was
amended in accordance with a New
York law, suggested by Anthony Coin
stock, under whicli an attempt was
made to prevent children from being
sent to immoral places with telegrams
or messages, but the prosecutions
failed because the law could not be held
to apply to occupations of that class.
It applied to their employment as rope
walkers, dancers, gymnasts, contortion
ists, in begging or receiving alms, in
any mendicant occupation, in any in
decent or immoral exhibition or prac
tice, or in any practice or exhibition
dangerous or injurious to life, limb,
health or morals of the child. It was
under the danger to morals clause that
prosecutions in New York failed when
it was attempted to apply to messenger
boys, and so the law was amended last
winter by adding the following:
"Or at any labor of any kind outside
of the family of such child's residence,
before 7 o'clock in the morning or after
6 o'clock in the evening."
The crime is a misdemeanor. Parents
permitting the employment of their
children contrary to the provisions of
the law are also guilty of a misde
meanor. The restriction as to age is
"apparently or actually under the age
of sixteen." Prior to last winter per
sons who compelled a child under six
teen to labor more than ten hours were
guilty of a misdemeanor. The law was
amended to apply to those who permit,
as well as to those who compel. The
hours apply to factories, workshops or
any mercantile or manufacturing pur
suits. The penalty for each offense is
a fine of not less $10 nor more than
Prosecutions, Mr. Powers stated,
would commence on the A. D. T. cases
first, if prosecutions should be neces
sary to correct the evils, and thtn on
the telegraph messengers, following up
the work on other occupations as might
The Time to Travel
Cheaply will be during the Holidays
Special rates on the Nickel Plate Road?
I WELL ENTERTAINED. '
Charity Performance at the Peo
-7*7 . ple's Theater.
Under the auspices of the citizens' re
lief committee the People's Theater
company presented the "Ticket-of-
Leave Man" to a fair-sized audience last
j night. The portrayal of this interesting
plot was especially effective by Georg
Wessells, the leading man, as Bob Bri
erly, and Miss Alleen Crater, as Sam
i Willoughby. The feature of local tal-
I ent added very materially to the even
ing's entertainment, which was purely of
a charitable nature, inaugurated for the
especial benefit of distressed families.
Among the projectors were Mayor and
Mrs. Wright, Capt. 11. A. Castle, A. S.
Tallmadge, J. E. Campbell and James
Morrow. At the solicitation of this com
mittee the most accomplished of St.
Paul's local talent presented itself in
the person of Prof. Charles L. Carman,
whose magnificent baritone voice is only
too seldom displayed in public. He was
twice called before the house for encore.
What the audience lacked in number it
I appeared to possess in sympathy for the
generous contributions in aid of the un
fortunate, and when Miss Aurelia Phil
lips s^ang to the accompaniment of her
accomplished sister. Grace, every au-
S ditor manifested an enthusiastic delight.
I Miss Phillips has a marvelously rich
| contralto voice, the prospect for which
I is far greater than may be apparent
jto those untutored in the cult
ure. Miss Phillips graciously responded
to an encore. Franklyn W. Lee, in
original recitations, is always entertain
ing, in that his genius displays itself
only in features which originate with
him. Charley Fairchild missed his call
ing when he refused, a few years ago,
to adopt the stage professionally. He is
one of the cleverest recitateurs in tha
country. A. S. Willoughby's sweet
tenor voice was heard in good tone. He
sang "Calm Is the Night" with a pleas
ing and technically well qualified effect.
Take it all in all, the venture in the
I- Interest of poverty-pinched families was
I a pecuniary as well as a social success,
and the People's theater management
.is to be commended for its timely
Miss Morgan and Mr. Grotecloss
Married at St. Paul's.
At St. Paul's Episcopal church last
evening occurred the marriage of Anna
Nance Morgan, daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Joseph Morgan, aud John Grote
closs, ot New York. The ceremony
was performed by Rev. John Wright.
The bride wore a very handsome
gown of white silk, en traiu,
a veil, and carried bride's roses.
The maid of honor, Miss Elizabeth
Carlisle, of Wilmington, Del., wore a
white silk dress, and the bridemaids,
Miss Helen Gertrude Jamar and Miss
Mabel Louis Gates, wore blue and yel
low silk respectively. The best man
was Charles O. Krieger, and the ushers
Ralph Moore Peters and FredProuty
After the ceremony a supper was
served at the home of the bride, and
the happy couple departed on the even
iug train for New York, where they will
reside. Among the immediate friends
of the family who were present were
Mr.and Mrs. John Grotecloss Sr.. father
and mother of the groom, from New
York, and Miss Jayne, of Patterson,
Carnegie Becomes Generous.
• Pittsburg, Dec. 28.— Andrew Car
negie has written a letter from New
York to Robert Pitcairn, of the citizens
relief committee of this city, offering to
duplicate all contributions made by the
citizens of Pittsburg for the unem
ployed, to the amount of $5,000 for each
working day for two months. It the
highest possible figure is realized, the
donation will amount to oyer $250,000,
Saintly City Council? No. dO Or
The organization of the Saintly City.
Council No. 50, qf the United Commer
cial Travelers of America, was com
pleted yesterday, and the new council
starts with twenty-one members, and
the "following officers elected" and
installed: .* '• * i
Past counsellor, L. VV. Irvine; senior
counsellor, C. W. Rice; junior counsel
lor, E. M. Estey; secretary, li. PL
Moore; treasurer, T. E. Noble ; con
ductor, J. N. Hatfield; page, J. Mi.
Dresser; sentinel, G. 11. Brou; execu
tive committee, E. H. Nylus, L. Her
man, C. 11. Hoyt,; acting physician, Dr.
J. E. Sawyer. _ ' \
The organization was completed at
Twin City Odd Fellows' hall, corner
Sixth and Seventh streets, yesterday
afternoon. arid the installation
of officers took place in" the
evening. The organization was
perfected and the Installation performed
by A. J. Dowd, of Chisago, assisted by
the Zenith City ".council, of Duluth.
The initials of "United Commercial
Travelers" stands -also for "unity,
charity and temperance," typical
of the object of the association,
is _7 announced to be to "elevate
the '.. moral : , standing of com
mercial travelers as a class.-??? The
association has also for. its- object
the purpose of aiding and protecting the
widows and educating the orphans of
traveling men. An indemnity is pro
vided from which each death by
accident Is paid to the widow or
nearest of kin §6,300. The organization
has only one salaried officer— the su
preme secretary, who receives $1,800 a
a year. So far, in an existence of- six
years, no member of the organization
has been required to contribute over
£5.60 a year.
At the close of the installation of
officers last night the travelers repaired
to the Merchants' and enjoyed a ban
quet, at which the strongest drink was
cold water. The eatables were, of
course, up to the standard of any cham
pagne banquet. Mr. C. W. Rice pre
sided, aud Mr. Dowd acted as toast
There were no set toasts— it was ex
! pected that every one was present
j cocked and primed "with the lat
est," aud would go away dis
appointed it" he didn't get a chance to
tell it— so what was the use of trying to
confine the jolly company to the
routine of set topics. Among
those who spoke were Mr. Dowd, Mr.
Irvine, Mr. Rachelman, Mr. Morton, of
Minneapolis; C. W. Rice, Mr. Murray,
ofthe Pioneer Press; H. P. Hall and
An Early Morning Fire. ._ :
At 2:15 this morning a fire at 702 Page
street burned a barn belonging to Charles
Creiger.' Two cows, a horse and buggy
were burned. Loss, about $000.
Hundreds of Cases Brought to
Light in Baltimore.
Baltimore, Dec. 28. -United * States
Special Examiners Cutler aud Peters
admitted today that the report that
extensive pension frauds had been dis
covered in this city by them was true.
"We are not at liberty to make any spe
cific statement, in regard to the frauds,"
said Mr. Cutler, "but it is true
that we have discovered many,
and we are making daily reports to
Commissioner Lochren at Washington."
Examiner Cutler further stated that
about 2,000 fraudulent cases had been
discovered in this city, which were
worked up. it is alleged, by Frank
Rice, an ex-newspaper man of this city,
who had taken 200 bogus names
of persons entitled to pensions, made
out applications in which he had in
serted the bogus names, prepared the
applications for pensions in due form
and then sold the batch to Washington
attorneys. The attorneys worked their
wits generally in finding the alleged
applicants for pensions and failing,
iii may cases, filed the claims with the
pension bureau and endeavored to in
duce the government to reimburse them
for the money they had paid out to
Rice. Rice, who it is alleged worked
for a short time on a Baltimore news
paper, has disappeared, and, it is ru
mored, died in Philadelphia some time
AN INFERNAL MACHINE
Found in Colorado Addressed to
Loveland, Col., Dec. 28.— An in
fernal machine was picked up in an
alley this atternoon by a six-year-old
boy, who took it home. It was a wooden
box four inches square, neatly wrapped,
and addressed to "The President,
Executive Mansion, Washington, D. C."
On the lid was written "Compliments of
a Colorado miner." The box contained
some chemical compound mixed with
gunpowder aud a detonating nap so
arranged that when tho lid was removed
it would explode. Who operated the
machine or what was its object is a
The Shotgun Route.
Atlanta, Ga., Dec. 23.— Dr. A. W.
Read committed suicide today by shoot
ing himself in the head with a shotgun.
Death was instantaneous. Mrs. Read
found her husband this morning with a
razor in his hand, unbuttoning his
collar. She knew that Dr. Read was
contemplating suicide, and persuaded
him to abandon his attempt. A little
later he slipped up stairs and shot him
self. He was born in Virginia seventy
four years ago. He graduated from the
University of Pennsylvania. He was a
licensed preacher in the Baptist church.
Another Gretna Green.
Jeffersoxville, Dec. 28. Never in
the history of the famous Gretna Green
for runaway lovers did so many eloping
parlies come here as came today. Teu
young men from Kentucky with their
sweethearts were married here within a
few hours. They seemed to be all well-
to-do and came in great style. One
magistrate married eight pairs, and his
fees amounted to $50. ; ;
The following bit of conversation,'
reported In Harper's Bazar, contains a
lesson for others beside painters:
"How are you, Hurley? I hear you've
given up art," said a successful rival
artist to a young man.
"Yes: I found out I couldn't paint,
and I gave it up."
"How absurd! Why, man, when you
find out you can't paint you are just
The Lying Press.
Mr. Murray Hill (who has been read
ing a marriage notice in a morning
paper)— There is one thing I can't un
Mrs. Murray Hill- What Is that?"
Mr. Murray Hill— According to the
newspapers every bride is beautiful.
Now, where do all the plain married
i women come from?
He Didn't Burn Oil.
Detroit Free Press,
"I hear, Mrs. Parvenue, that your son
is a great student, and spends the most
of his time over the midnight oil."
itt"Theie isn't a word -of truth about
that oil. ma'am; we have gas all over
the house, aud Alfred has a whole
chanticleer in his room, Oil, indeed!"
and the haughty dsine tossed her head.
In the Famous Pollard-Breclctn
'Cincinnati, Dec. , 28.— Miss Madge
Pollard,, of Pollard-Brecklnridge noto
riety, is in Cincinnati tonight. 7. Her
attorneys. Messrs.Carllsle and Johnson,
are also here. . Miss Pollard was
brought, here incognito today by her
attorneys to collect' and establish evi
dence for the forthcoming suit against
Congressman Breckinridge;! such evi
dence ( as .was Impossible for any one
.but herself to secure. Certain people
had to be confronted and certain facts
? had to be proven, none of which could
.be effected otherwise than" by her per
sonal presence In this city. Her other
came with her, and they are at the
same hotel incognito. Her case
will, depend chiefly on testimony of
people. in this city, since most of the
alleged offenses of Mr. Breckinridge
occurred while she was a student at the
Wesleyan re male college on Wesley
avenue, this city, over which Rev. Dr.
D. K. Brown presided.
Mr. Breckinridge's son has been in
this city collectiug evinenco for the de
fense, and it is stated that Miss Pol
lam's legal representative has been
thwarted •in several places where
important evidence ; was expected
This young attorney was a friend of
President Brown, and had .also been a
professor in Wesleyan college, and had
thus acquired special facilities for col
lecting evidence. It is stated that both
parties tried to secure his serv
ices aud only Miss Pollard succeeded.
This attorney found his way unexpect
edly blocked in certain quarters, in that
some who knew about the case refused
to talk. This decided Miss Pollard's
attorneys to bring her here.
It is stated that Miss Pollard, under
assumed names, at different Tyiug-iu
hospitals gave birth to three children
in this city while receivipg atten
tions from the Kentucky congress
man. One ot these places, she says,
was the foundling asylum of the Black
Cap in Reading. She bore the name of
Wilson. . Sister Agues, of the asylum,
yesterday, when Miss Pollard visited
her, recognized her as a former inmate.
The news given above was collected
by the Comercial Gazette, independent
of these parties. Attorney Johnson
was seen hy a Commercial Gazette
reporter. He repelled an attempted
interview; declined to affirm or
deny a report that he was here collect
ing evidence in the Pollard-Breckiu
tidge case. He said his position was
such that he must say nothing. He
said, however, that both he and Mr.
Breckinridge had denied that any com
promise was contemplated.
NICE POINTS AT LAW.
Northern Pacific Loses a Com
Seattle, Wash., Dec. 2S.— lmportant
points at law were decided by Judge
Han ford in the United States court
today in the case of Henry Cuima
raes against the Northern Pacific
Railroad company for $25,000 damages
for fright and shock sustained by his
wife and for the loss of $875 cash and
valuables in a train robbery at Hot
Springs Nov. 18, 1893. The judge
instructed the jury that the com
pany was not liable for the loss
of more money than was necessary for
traveling expenses, or than a prudent
man would carry with him when he
had other means of safely bestowing it.
He also ruled that while the railroad
company must care for the safety
of passengers it cannot be called on to
insure them against loss by robbery.nor
to carry force enough to repel robbers.
On these instructions the jury found for
the defendant. '"'■?'
Fake Advertising Schemes.
. G. S. Pearl,, editor of the Anoka
Union, has a "Street Talk" department,
which is always interesting. In his las
issue. he flings this shot:
7 "Oh, most wise railroad, managers!
Agreat species of sense has struck those
in St. Paul, hereafter they will adver
tise only in daily papers and the regu
lar country weeklies. The fake pam
phlet, the church fair brochure,
the business guides, the city di
rectories and the hundred and one
other things that are either ephemeral,
intermittent or the like are not in it.
No more will their pages be graced
with advertisements of the railroads.
Now if the business ."men would but fol
low the footsteps of the railroad these
publications would die a natural death,
and would be known no more forever.
"I verily believe that there is nearly
as much money wasted in advertising in
fake publications as there is expended
in legitimate newspapers. The older I
grow the more I'm convinced that the
only . sensible way to advertise is
in newspapers, daily and weekly.
The shrewd advertiser will tell
you that he gains better results from
advertising in a newsaper than in any
other way. Therefore all other forms
should be given the go-by, and the
money saved should be used by increas
ing your patronage of reliable news
Great Town to Live In.
Albert Lea (standard.
St. Paul is an exciting town to live in.
Murders and robberies on the main
streets are so common that they no
longer create a sensation. It is said
that even Joe Wheelock and H. P. Hall
are afraid longer to go arm In arm to
church together, and Mayor Wright,
who has missed several inviting oppor
tunities to resign, wears a coat of mail
over his most animating vital parts and
carries a bull dog under his right arm
.whenever he goes up to the corner to
"smile" or "see a man." Truly St. Paul
is a pictutesque aud lively town and it
grows more so almost every day.
Docs It Because It's Nice.
Albert Lea Standard.
Miss Horace Greeley Perry, editor of
the St. Peter Journal, has donned a new
dress. It is bright, handsome, fits beau
tifully, a: d sets off her interesting aud
'winning "form" most admirably. But
new type cannot well increase the
sparkle of her ideas nor the esteem in
which she is held lv the profession. In
her announcement of the improvement
she says: "No one should make any
exception to us because we were born
lucky instead of masculine," and yet it
is nice to do it and we know she will
graciously forgive us all.
Read Up on Law.
Waseca Radical. . ; 77 .77-. 7;.
Queer thing our state supreme court.
Declared Mrs. Blaisdell not insane, and
then found a new law passed by the last
legislature the court had never heard
of, so the case has to be reheard, and
.now the woman may be insane. The
court should read up law.
The Globe Was Right.
Taylor's Falls Journal.
The Pioneer Press recommends that
residents of St. Paul carry guns and
shoot footpads on sight. Guess the
Globe was about right in regard to the
desperate condition of police regulations
Perils ofthe Newspaper Fraternity
Footpads are becoming desperate.
They have commenced slugging news
paper men in St. Paul. The editorial
association has wisely concluded to
meet in Minneapolis^
Why William Favors Knute.
Anoka Union. »'" ■
Unless it was to further his own po
litical ends, Bill Merriam would no
more advocate Knute Nelson for United
States senator than he would eat soup
with a fork.
FAILED TO RING THE BELL.
SUIT BASED ON THE NEGLIGENCE OF
COURT BELOW REVERSED.
The Supreme Court, in Six Cases
Handed Down Yesterday,
Makes One Reversal— Plaintiff
Injured by an Engine— Bell
Not Bung— Plaintiff Given a
New Trial by the Decision.
The supreme court yesterday handed
down decisions in six cases, all written
by Justice Vanderburgh, five of which
are affirmed and one reversed.
The reversed case is that of Philip
Westaway et al., co-partners as Porter
Bros. & Co., respondents, vs. Chicago,
St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Rail
way Company, appellant. The plaintiff
is grante d a new trial.
The case is one in which a servant of
the company, namely, an engineer,
backed. a train down over a crossing
that was used continually by plaintiff's
teams and did not ring the bill. On the
occasion in question the plaintiff was
injured, and apparently through no
fault of his own. The syllabus of the
case is as follows:: J? l
Philip Wests way et el., copartners as Porter
Bros. & Co., respondents, vs. Chicago, St.
Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha Railway Com
pany, appellant. Order reversed.
Where a raiiway company has recog
nized and acquiesced in the use of a
private wagon crossing over its tracks,
and adopted the usual signals therefor,
on the approach of its trains, it cannot
lawfully discontinue the same without
notice, and a negligent omission to give
them resulting In an accident will sub
ject the company to an action.
Plaintiff's team was struck and in
jured on such a crossing by one of
defendant's engines, and the question
of the negligence of the defendant and
that of the servant of plaintiff in
charge of plaintiff's team was by the
court submitted to the jury for its de
termination. But for errors of the
court, particularly in refusing certain
instructions asked by tho defendant
upon the question of contributory negli
gence, a new trial is granted.
The syllabi of the other decisions are
K. G. Staples, appellant, vs. Edwards and
McCulloeh Lumber Company, respondent.
Order ailirmed. Vaxuerbur'gu, J.
The plaintiff entered into an agree
ment with defendants to saw into lum
ber at his mill logs furnished by them.
The lumber was to be handled an I dis
posed of on joint account chiefly by the
defendants, who were large dealers in
lumber. The contract was silent as to
the prices at which the lumber deliv
ered and disposed of at several different
lumberyards, owned in whole or in part
by them, should be accounted for,
whether at wholesale or retail. Held,
that It was competent to prove by patrol
what was the understanding of the
paities as to the basis of their 'account
ing as adopted by them in the course of
the business, and as shown by their
conduct and acquiescence.
Alfred D. Aldrich. Respondent vs. City of
Minneapolis. Defendant. Theodore Wet
more, Appellant Order affirmed.
A cause of action for injuries result
ing from noxious vapors from a cess
pool or stagnant water suffered to re
main on his premises by the owner, in
an excavation thereon made by him,
may be united with one for damages,
from depositing dirt or rubbish removed
from such excavation and deposited in
the street iv front of the adjoining
The allegations in the complaint held
sufficient to admit of evidence of the
effect of the nuisance in question as
respects its interference with the com
fortable enjoyment and use of the ad
joining premises by the owner as a
place of abode, and with the business
carried on by him there.
Other assignments of error consid
ered, and held to be without merit.
Charles C. Johnson, appellant, vs. Mary S.
Avery et al., respondents, order affirmed.
..' .7.' 7 Vakdebbubgu, J.
Upon the facts disclosed by the trial
in this case and recited in this opinion,
held not an abuse of its discretion on
the part of the district court to refuse to
confirm a sale of real property and in
ordering a resale thereof upon a judg
ment in an action for partition.
Marcus Bates respondent. vs.B.B. Richards
Lumber Company, appellant. Order af
firmed. Vandebbcbuh, J.
A beneficial interest in a con
tract for work and labor may be as
signed by a party who engages therein
to perform the same, so as to entitle the
assignee to recover the contract price
upon the fulfillment of the contract.
Where the court in summing up the case
to the jury stated that certain questions
were conceded to be the only ones in
the case tor the consideration of the
jury, eliminating all other questions,
and no exceptions to the charge were
reserved, a general verdict of the jury
will be final as respects the issues of
fact in the case if there is sufficient evi
dence to sustain it.
Stale of Minnesota, respondent, vs. William
Decrine & Co., aDpeliaut. Judgment
affirmed. Vandeebubgu. J.
Agricultural machinery manufactured
in another state, but brought into this
state and stored in this state in a ware
house, for the convenient distribution
thereof in supplying customers and
tilling orders, is subject to taxation as
other personal property, following Mc-
Cormick vs. Fitch, 14 Minn. 252.
Upon the return of the citation Issued
in pursuance of eh. 11, sec. 00, G. S.
1878. the party cited may, upon proper
cause shown, have errors in his assess
ment corrected. In which proceeding
the burden will rest upon him to show
CIVIL RIGHTS LAW
Upheld by Judge Brill In the Fogg
Judge Brill has overruled the demur
rer to the amended complaint of Ed
ward J. Williams against fl. G. Fogg.
This is an action for damages in refus
ing to serve a colored man wilh a meal
at a restaurant. Judge Brill observes
that the law supports the proposition
that the regulation of the civil rights of
individuals is a proper subject for the
exercise of the police power of a state,
and that laws similar to that which
forms the basis of this action, passed to
effect such regulation, have been al
most universally upheld.
The demurrer to a similar complaint
of George Gooden against 11. G. Fogg
has also been overruled by Judge Brill*
Holiday Excursion Rates
Via the Nickel Plate Road. Dec. 23, 24,
25,30,31 and Jan. 1. Good returniug
until Jan. 2, '94.
8 A Wonder- ©
§ working g
§ quarter is the 25 cents
quarter is the 25 cents 2
invested in a box of S
_f__ (Tasteless) gm.
9— a medicine that in W
X numberless cases, will g
q give relief promptly. 6 q
0000#9##000 i l
Federal Court Grants One In a
Patent Right Case.
Judge Nelson, of the United States
circuit court, entered a consent decree
in* the case of Abraham Popkin and Al
fred Hohn against W. H. Elsimrer &
Co., deciding that the plaintiffs are the
owners of a patent design for cloaks,
and perpetually enjoining the defend
ants from manufacturing or selling any
cloaks of the design covered by the pat
Armour Against the state Dairy
The case of The Armour Packing
Company against The State Dairy Com
mission will have a hearing in the
United States circuit court Jan. 9. It
will be remembered that Judge Nelson
issued an injunction preventing the
state from interfering with oleomarger-
Ine In original packages and in *the
hands of importers and agents. The
case. will therefore be considered on
that day. 7?7
"The Milwaukee" is the only road
running ekctric-lighted. steam-heated,
solid vestibuled trains to Milwaukee
and Chicago, from St. Paul and Minne
apolis. : Five trains eacn day. The best
and most frequent service. Private com
partment cars, library buffet smoking
cars.palace sleeping cars.elegant dining
cars , and free reclining chair cars—
thoroughly heated by steam.
. Low Winter Tourist Excursion Rates
and best accommodations to all South
ern points and the Hot Springs of Ar
kansas. Also to California.
Special Holiday Excursion Rates.
Apuly at Company's TicKet Offices,
365 Robert street and Union Depot, St.
Guaranty Building and "Milwaukee
Depot," Minneapolis, or address
? 7' -;. : . . J. T. Conley,
Ass't. Gen. Pass. Agt.,
St. Paul, Minn.
FACTS AND FANCIES.
$5 Tor ST.
You can get a "55 meal ticket lor $4 a
Stephen Burns" Restaurant, 321 Wabasha, be
tween Third and Fourth.
STA.ULMANN— In St. Paul, Minn., Dec. 27,
ISO, at the family residence. No. 1-77 West
Seventh street, C. A. J. Mahlmanu, ncied
twenty-live years. Funeral services will
be held at family tesideuce Sunday, Dec.
3!.' 1893, at 2 o'clock p. m. Friends are in
vited to attend.
MOODIE — Dec. 24. in Chicago. Donald
Moodie, of pneumonia. Interment at
' Belleville, Ontario, Can.
WILLIAM J. S»LKPPY, Funeral Director.
Undertaking Rooms. 49"> aud 407 t-eiby av
enue . corner Mackubin. Residence. 515
Dayton avenue. Telephone call 527.
MARRIAGES, BIRTHS DEATHS,
John Thill Josephine Schranz
Mr. and Mrs. E. It. Edwards Boy
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Reeves Girl
Mr. and Mrs. James L. Walker Hoy
Mr. and Mrs. 11. C. Fiizenkerger Boy
Mr. and Mrs.Gustave Party Girl
Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin J. Rock Girl
Mr. and Mrs. W. Ackerman Boy
Mr. and Mrs. Byron K. Hay Boy
Mr. and Mis. John L. Schuenn Boy
Walter Da\ ids, 7*3 St. Albans 3 yrs
liuberta Each us, u'.)7East Fourth.. 8 mos
D. C. McCarthy. Auburn avenue.
Flora A yd. 1175 West Seventh st..'J.^yrs
A cream of tar tar baking pow
der. Highest of all in icaveuin»
Btrensrth.— Latest United States Gov
ernment Food Report
Royal Baking Powder Co.,
106 Wall St.. N. Y.
IViUUEII SIGHT. mm Tomorrow.
If ■""? B-"-**TP From the Empire
L, £} _~* | Theater. New York.
B"The Best American Drama known to I:
the annals of the staae.' I—N.1 — N. Y. Herald. [\
Prices— 25c, 50c, 75c and $1.
Under the management of Mr. Stinson.
NEW YEARS WEEK !
Monday Matinee and AS YOU LIKE IT
Tuesday Even In? oO IUU Ll&Ci 11
, a y ay E^S . . THE loye CHASE
gSSffy THE HUNCHBACK
ZSSSSE.. . ?. . TWELFTH NIGHT
Ma'ffi'.MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING
IvenS.. ROMEO AND JULIET
Reserved Seats Selling Xow.
Concert .by Glee and Banjo Clubs.
20 finely trained voices.
15 skillful banjo, guitar and mandolin
players. Whistling, college glees and medleys
JANUARY 1, 1894.
People's | Advanced Sale— Howard, Far-
Church, well & Co.. 20 W. Fifth Street.
8 i». Of. I Seats— 2s. ______ 75e. s(»c.
Each one adapted to the cure of one disease.
Anti-Cold Tablets 25c.
Catarrh Tablets 2uc.
Anti - Fat Tablets 50c.
Digestive Tablets- 2*>c,
Nervous Debility Tablets $1
Cough Tablets .....25c
Croup Tablets 25c.
Kidney Tablets .............25c
Liver Tablets 25c.
Sore Throat Tablets-. 25c.
Worm Tablets 25c.
Book containing list and full directions free. Any
gpecitlc pent post naid on receipt of price. Prepared
only by TAYLOR A MYERS PHARMACY CO.
(The St. Paul Homoeopathic Pharmacy), 109 East
Seventh Street, St. I'uul. Minn.
FORTIPIES THE SYSTEM AGAINST
DISEASE- Hastens recoverv from La Cripaa
. and other diseases. CURES DYSPEPSIA.
| HTSoId by all druggists, «.W per bottle.
The Amazing- Success of Our
Sale of the .
of the Powers Bros. Co. is with
out parallel in our experience.
It can only be explained by the
extraordinary values which the
mag-nitude of our purchase en
abled us to offer.
Those values are by no means
exhausted. Duplicate pieces of
Black Silks which, it was im
possible to crowd on the tables
the first day are placed there
as quickly as there is room.
Broken pieces of Colored Silks,
Failles and Fancy Plaids that
will make excellent Waists for
The entire purchase is divid
ed into two lots at 49c and
69c for Silks worth three
times these prices.
Attractions continue to in
crease, and they are attractions
of the very highest order. We
are continually on the outlook
for g-ood things for our patrons,
and here is something particu
We have just closed an im
portant deal with Belding*
Bros. & Co. for
at a big discount from regular
prices, which we place on sale
1 at about half the ordinary re
; tail price. Every lady in St.
Paul knows the excellent char
acter of .these Mittens, and at
the prices for which we offer
; them they are not likely to re
main with us long.
Women's double Silk Mittens,
with fancy backs, wool-lined.
The retail price is $1.50. You
can buy them today for 79c.
Women's fine double Silk
Mittens, with fancy backs, wool
lined. The retail price is $2.
; j You can buy them today for
1 98 c.
Extra fine double Silk Mit-
I tens, with entire fancy back,
J wool-lined. The retail price i 3
| $2.50. You can buy them to
] day for $1.29.
Our Special Prices on Fancy
including- red, green, navy and
purple, will be continued until
after Jan. Ist. This will give
KID GLOVES for New Year's
Day at a great reduction from
ordinary prices. •
Our 50 4-bntton Suedes for 81.10.
Finest quality Trefousse, with large pearl
buttons and embroidered backs, in Navy,
Red. ( Jreen and Purple, usually sold at B*2,
1 ..-otitton Opera Mousquetaires for 92.00.
lfi-bntton Opera Mousquetaires for $2. 50.
'JO-buttou Opera Mousquetaires for $3.00.
A saving of Sl on each pair.
Reduced Prices on
NIGHT SHIRTS and
FINE WHITE SHIRTS
You can buy the matchless
GOLD AND SILVER SHIRTS
at reductions that come only
once a year.
Gold Shirts, laundered.for. . . .$1.13
Gold Shirts, u.ilaimdcred, for.. 89c
Silver Shirts, unlaimdered, for 67c
Silver Shirts, laundered, for... 89c
89c for Night Shirts worth $1.25
69c for Night Shirts worth SI.OO.
47c for Night Shirts worth 75c
Art Wares and Fancy Goods
Art China, Cut Glass,
Derby Silver, "Lamps,
Onyx Stands and Paintings^
With everything in the
Cloaks, Suits, Wrappers and Waists,
At 25 PER CENT DISCOUNT
Sixth and Robert Sts.
Tor Horses, Cattle, Sheep, Dogs, Hogs,
500 Page Book on Treatment of Animals
and Chare sent Free.
Fevers, Congest ions. In
A.A.< Spinal Meningitis, Milk Fever.
B.B. —Strains, Lameness, Rhenmatianu
C.C— Distemper, Nasal Discharges.
J).!).-- Hots or Grubs, Worms.
K.E."Coi<!ihs, Heaves, Pneumonia*
F.l*.— Colic or Gripes, Bellyache.
G.G.~ Miscarriage, Hemorrhages.
H. ll— Urinary and Kidney Diseases.
J. l.— Eruptive Diseases, Mange.
J. Diseases of Digestion, Paralysis.
Single Bottle (over DO doses), - - .qq
Stable Case, -with Specifics, Manual,
Veterinary Cure Oil and Meditator, 57.00
Jar Veterinary Cure Oil, - » 1.09
Sold by DrcrcUU; or «»at prepaid anywhere and In any
quantity on receipt of price.
IIC~9FaREYB--ni-D.ro., 1 11 & 118 William St., Sew fork.
mmr_mmm_m-_jm^_m_m a^-m^ m _ m . ml ^__________^m m -^ -jf.^ _■ _, _ XM _ ll»^l—^p
Lr^^^S HOMEOPATHIC f§ f$
In use 30 years. The only successful remedy fos
Nervous Debility,' - Vital Weakness,
End Prostration, from over-work or other causes.
91 per vial, or 5 vials and large vial powder, for $51
Sold by Druggist;, or seat postpaid on recent ol price*
BU2IFURI-YS- Sill. CO., 11l * 113 Willlsa st?, New York,
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