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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, January 08, 1894, Image 1

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The Globe's Great
Offer of
Shepp's World's Fair
On the Eighth Page.
(he Situation in the House
Eecoming* Grave.
Because of the Possibilities
of the Revolt.
Mthough Eastern Democrats
May Make Trouble.
Washington, Jan. 7.— The tariff bill
Mil occupy the entire attention of the
louse during the coming week, or if not
he bill itself, then the row over the at
lenipt to get it before the house. After
four days of fruitless effort to secure the
presence of a voting Democratic
quorum, the house adopted just before
adjournment Saturday night the ex
treme expedient of ordering the arrest
of all members absent without leave.
Deputies were sent out in all directions
last night to serve the warrants on
these members. Of the forty members
absent without leave twenty-one are
Democrats and nineteen are Republic
ans. As some of them live at a long
distance, they can hardly get them here
tomorrow, and a quorum is therefore
doubtful, although the Democratic lead
ers express confident hope that 179 vot
ing Democrats will be In their seats
when the gavel raps at noon. From
the Republican absentees, of course, no
aid is expected. They can be brought
but they cannot be made to vote. This
applies to some of the Democrats as
well as Republicans, and if the opposi
tion within the ranks of the Democratic
majority can be organized, as some of
them desire, enough Democratic mem
bers might refrain from voting to pre
vent the consideration of the bill in its
present shape. Privately some of the
Democrats do not hesitate to admit that
the gravity of the situation is very
great. The possibility of defeating the
consideration of the bill strikes terror
into their hearts, and some of them.
like Col. Oakes, of Alabama, openly ad
vocate a resort to the parliamentary ex
pedient utilized by the Fifty-first con
gress of counting a quorum. Speaker
Crisp asserts most positively that they
will not be foiced to this resort. He
- links a voting quorum will be here
-certainly Tuesday of. the coming week
yit the farthest. If it cannot be obtained
>hen, another Democratic caucus will
Use called. This is, indeed, what those
.who are dissatisfied with the bill are
■.timing at. 'Ihey declare that as soon as
f hey can demonstrate that not a suffi
cient number of Democrats will vote to
consider the bill, the leaders will be
obliged to submit lo
MATERIAL modifications
which the disgruntled numbers wil
propose. Some of the Eastern Demo
crats, who are lighting the income tax
proposition, are willing to go to almost
any length to eliminate this feature of
the bill. Altogether the prospects are
good for a very interesting contest in
the house during the coming week. Of
course if the quorum is secured tomor
morrow or Tuesday the special order
will be passed, modified, probably, to
recompense the houso for the two days
lost since the order was reported by
lengthening the time of the "debate to
that extent. Once the debate is under
way it will proceed to the exclusion of
everything else. Mr. Tarsney, of Mis
souri, member cd' the ways and means
committee, said to an Associated
Press reporter tonight that if a
voting quorum was not secured by
Tuesday, he would favor the adoption
of a rule empowering the speaker to
count members to make a quorum.
"We must meet revolution with revo
lution," said he. If the Democratic
members are driven to this resort, it is
believed that the Republicans for self
vindication would be compelled to sup
port it. The committee of the house is
not fairly under way, as the opening
snarl over the tariff has required all the
attention of the Democratic leaders of
the house, who constitute the chairmen
of ail the leading committees. .Only
two reports have been presented since
the session opened— one from the judi
ciary commute, on -Mr. Bailey's bank
ruptcy bill, and another from the com
mittee on banking and currency on the
bill of Mr. Brawley, of South Carolina,
to remit
collectable on the clearing house cer
tificates and other forms of private cur
rency issued during the money famine
last fall. But. with the prospect that
the house will be engaged with the
routine and the long speeches of the
members, the committeemen are ex
pecting to get their associates together
and accomplish considerable work. It
is probable that the important bill re
pealing the 10 per cent tax on state
bank issues will be reported from the
committee on banking and currency at
an early day, and perhaps daring* the
coining week. There is a wide differ
ence of opinion between the Demo
cratic members as to the principles of
buch a measure,aud, as these differences
cannot well be reconciled, the general
desire in the committee Is to report a
bill simply repealing the tax and then
let the house decide all differences. The
bill of Mr. Cox, of Tennessee, whicii is
a brief repeal of the state bank tax,
without any effort at regulating future
bank issues, was under consideration at
the last meeting of the committee. To
some extent it is bidding for favor
against the bill of Mr. Springer, chair
man of the committee, which removes
the tax on certain kinds of
secured by government, state or munic
ipal bonds. Mr. Springer thinks the
bills do not conflict and might both be
reported. It is probable, however, that
the simple repeal bill will first be re
potted, aud that the Springer bill will
be taken up by the committee later.
The ways and means committee have
two important tasks before them, one
the final settlement of the terms or the
internal revenue branch of the tariff
bill, and the other the authorization of
bonds to meet the present treasury de
ficit. Mr. Wilson says the bond ques
tion will have to wait until the tariff is
out of the way. There is little doubt,
however, that a bond proposition will
emanate from the committee at an early
day, as the majority of the
Democratic members of the com
mittee aie known to be ready
to adopt a measure on the lines
suggested by Secretary Carlisle in his
recent rcpoi t. On the other hand, there
is an energetic minority among * tin-
Democratic membership of the commit
tee which does not believe in a bond
issue. Mr. Bryan believes in coining
the seigniorage now in the treasury,
and Mr. Whiting would either coin the
seigniorage or resort to another issue of
notes, something like the old green
backs, to the extent of ?100.00J,000. and
make these notes payable in coin. These
minority views are not likely to receive
much consideration, however, when the
administration wants bonds and a ma
jority of the Democrats on the commit
tee are favorable to the bond project
The internal revenue features of the
tariff will be passed on by the ways ami
means committee within a day or two,
as Messrs. McMiilin and Bryan have
completed THE DRAFT
which is to be submitted to the full
Democratic membership of the commit
tee, and then to the full committee. The
essential features of an income tax, an
increased 10 per cent tax on whisky, a
tax on playing card*, etc., are
well understood. but there, re
main to be determined the im
portant details of how the income tax
shall be levied and collected. It also
remains to be settled whether the in
ternal revenue feature shall be intro
duced as apart of the tariff bill now
before the house, or as an independent
measure. This point may cause much
trouble, as there is very determined
opposition within and without the com
mittee to making the internal revenue
feature, including the income tax, an
amendment to the general tariff bill,
and rushing it through with the prestige
which would attach to the tariff branch
of the bill. The appropriation commit
tee is making good progress on the large
appropriation bills before it, but there
is no prospect of an immediate report
on any of them. The committee on riv
ers and harbors will have daily sessions
during the week to bring forward the
completion of their bill. The military
committee is fairly well along on the
appropriation bill for the United States
military academy. The othet commit
tees will do much during the coming
week in formulating their work for the
| ' ; " BOEN A ENTITY.
The Seventh Minnesota Not -Well
Specie] to the Globe.
Washington, Jan. 7.—Representa
tive Been hates dreadfully to talk for
publication in relation to next fall's
election prospects. He absolutely de
clines to announce himself as in the
field for re-election, or to say that he
will not be a candidate. Here is what
he did say:
"The people of the Seventh district
are a mighty independent lot of Ameri
can citizens. 1 try to represent them
by imitating their independence. After
a while these independent voters will
get together and nominate somebody
for congress. Whoever the Populists
nominate in my district the people will
elect— that much is certain. Ido not
agree with Senator Washburn, who as
serts that the Populist movement is
dying out in Minn esota. My informa
tion leads mc to believe that it is in
creasing in strength aud volume, and I
believe there will be a larger number
of Populist members in the Fifty-fourth
than there is in this congress."
It is not intended to be unkind to Mr.
Boen or the Seventh district when it is
truthfully said that Mr. Boen does not
represent here in congress everything
in the heavens above or ou the earth
beneath, or in the waters under the
earth. In some respects he is an im
provement over Kit tei Halvorseu, but
only in a very few particulars. It
really seems that the sensible people ot
the Seventh district would get tired
alter a while of meeting every two years
at their polling places simply for the
purpose of declaring a vacancy in con
gress. With Mr. Boen (and this is not
intended to be unkind, only a free
statement of a useful fact) the chief
uses he subserves in congress is to
draw his salary aud he himself seems
to confess that that is the chief end of
every member of congress. He has no
party influence, no department Influ
ence, no executive influence, no kind of
influence. He is doubtless an excellent
man in his place, but his place of good
use is not in congress. He professes to
represent the farmers, but may God
help the agricultural guild if it is rely
ing upon the -lerry Simpsons, the Poll
ers and the Boeus for encouragement
or aid.
What the Seventh district should do
is to elect a Democratic successor to
lioen. He would be able to do some
thing for his state and section, because
he would have behind him— even though
as untrained as Boen— power ot the
majority party. Failing in this, the in
telligent voters of Northwestern Minne
sota had better elect a straight-out Re
publican, lie, too, would have the
intiuence of the brainy leaders of his
party, and would not stand so abjectly
and painfully lonesome as this man,
who now simply sits in the house, like
the oyster in his shell, and draws per
sonal sustenance from the dregs of his
political surroundings.
It is too bad for the district and the
state. Minnesota is really entitled by
population to eight representatives in
tact. Now she has only six. If the
Populists must have a representative,
why don't they send Donnelly and done
with it? He could scold and tell stories,
and amuse the house, and lead Jerry
Simpson. You can be sure he would
never follow that eminent Sunflower
publicist— Mr. Simpson.
Funeral of Mrs. Cockrell.
Washington, Jan. 7.— The funeral
of Mrs. Cocurell, wife of Senator Cock
rell, of Missouri, took place this after
noon. Only the relatives and a few in
timate friends were invited. The serv
ices, which were brief and simple, were
conducted by Rev. George B. Patch.
The honorary pall-bearers were Vice
President Stevenson, Senators Vest,
Gorman, Allison, Hale and Walthall.
The remains were forwarded to War
rensburg, Mo., for the burial, and were
accompanied by Senator Cockrell and
his children.
Because He Refused to Make
Pretty Estrulia Shattuck His
Wife— The Mother of the Girl
Handles the Revolver Which
Sends Pool Across the Dark
~ River.
San Francisco, Jan. 7.— A sensa
tienal murder occurred here this after
noon. Harry G. Fool, a young man
well-known about town, and of a well
to-do family, was shot and almost in
stantly killed by Mrs. Shattuck, the
aged mother of Estrulia Shattuck, a
young and pretty chorus girl at the .
Tivoii opera house, who severed connec
tion with the Tivoii company last night,
and was to have left the city tomorrow
with Henderson's "Sinbad" company.
Young Fool was summoned to Miss
-Shattuck's home, on Stevenson street,
this morning, where the girl's mother
met him, ana demanded that he marry
Miss Shattuck at once. Fool refused,
and Mis. Shattuck put a pistol to
his temple and shot him dead. Tho
woman was arrested for murder, and is
now a raving maniac at the city prison.
The girl is also in hysterics and unable
to talk. Speaking of Miss Shattuck's
appearance with tho Tivoii company as
leader of the Amazon march in the
spectacular "Island of Jewels." the
Examiner this morning says: "The
pleasing young person with a sword
who leads this march is perhaps as
much entitled as any one to wear the
title 'The California Venus,' as she was
the model of the crowning figure in the
mid-winter fair fountain in the Sunset
City, and her fac simile in staff will
stand amid the falling drops of water
in front of the administration building
as a sample of what California can pro
duce iv the way of female beauty."
And the Mayor nas Called Him to
St. Louis, Mo., Jan. 7.— Mayor YVal
bridge has preferred charges against
City Attorney James J. Butler, and on
Tuesday next will have the city at
torney appear before him to make
answer. The charges are: Being in a
house of ill-repute fat unseasonable
iiours, assaulting and shooting one
£ames Leary, and failure to prosecute
gamblers. Butler, it will be remem
bered, on Dec. 2G, while visiting the
house mentioned at 4 a. m., as he said,
"on legal business." became involved in
a quarrel with Lean*, finally shooting
him. Butler alleges that the shooting
was in self-defense. Butler is also
munager of the Standard theater here,
and it is alleged has given his consent
to the running of a gambling joint in
the theater building. It is also charged
that he neglected the business of his
office to attend to that of the theater.
The Detroit Tribune Grooms an
Early Bird.
Detroit, Jan. 7.— The Detroit Trib
une, the leading Republican newspaper
of Michigan, will publish tomorrow
morning a column double-leaded edi
torial advocating the election of a legis
lature this year favorable to the choice
of Gen. Russell A. Alger for United
States senator to succeed Senator Mc-
Millan, lt urges him "chiefly and par
ticularly because the united action of
Michigan Republicans on two great oc
casions in the history of the national
Republican party has made him the
logical nominee of the Republican ma
jority." Gen. Alger was presented by
Michigan Republicans as a candidate for
the presidency in the national convention
of 1888 and in 1892. Although again in
dorsed by Michigan and other states, he
remained in the background to assist
Mr. Blame's candidacy. In advocating
an early discussion of the subject the
Tribune says that heretofore -'the issue
has not been made as between individ
ual candidates until after v the legisla
tures have been duly elected and some
gentleman or other has had the votes
necessary to secure the plum neatly
ensconced in his vest pocket. The con
dition of affairs has been, in fact, un
healthy for the party and unfair to some
exceptionally deserving party leaders."
He Says He Is Confident of Suc
[Copyrighted. 1604. by the Associated Press.]
Rio be Janeiro, Jan. 4, via Monte
video, Jan. Admiral da Gama still
holds out, stating that he expects the
Aquidaban and the Republica with re
inforcements tomorrow from the south.
He appears confident of the ultimate
result, and received £12,000 on Saturday
from sympathizers, in order to pay his
men. The diplomats have refused to
recognize the belligerent status of the
insurgents, on the grounds that the pro
visional government has not a sufficient
standing. Admiral Chavas, the minister
of marine, resigned his office on account
of difference of opinion with President
Peixoto regarding the imprisonment
and general treatment of the naval
officers suspected of sympathy with the
insurgents. Ilis successor, Admiral
Meatto, is considered honest, though he
has no special ability. The past week
has been uneventful. There was some
skirmishing in the vicinity of Mocau
gue and occasional firing along the
shore front of the city. The forts at the
mouth of the harbor, which have been
silent for the past week, fired again to
day. The cruiser Tamandare fired a
few shots daily at the batteries of the
Niclheroy, the latter replying.
A Big Demonstration Expected at
Columbus, 0., Jan. Every train
arriving in the city tonight is loaded
with people coming : to attend the
second Inauguration of Gov. GcKinley
tomorrow. The prospects are for a big
demonstration in the way of parade of
military and Republican clubs. The
Canton Guards, from the home of Mc-
Kinley, arrived this evening aud acted
as escort to McKinley in attendance on
church service, and will be his personal
escort tomorrow. The inaugural cere
monies proper will take place at noon, to
be followed by the parade and a re
ception in the evening In the gover
nor's honor, J
When Requested to Do So by the
Weil-Armed Trio — They Get
Scared at a Movo hy the
Porter Before Robbing the
Express Car and Holt lor the
New Orleans, Jan. 7.— The Missis
sippi Valley passenger train that arrived
here at 8:05 this morning was held up at
the crossing of the "Vicksburg &
Meridian railroad, just south of Vicks-i
burg, at 1:05 a. m. The train was stop
ping at the railroad crossing, waiting
for the Vicksburg & Meridian train to
pass, when ir was boarded by two
masked men. A third man was stand
ing guard on the track. Conductor
Morris, in an interview, gave the follow
ing account of what happened on the
train: "We were just a few minutes out
from the Vicksburg station and had
reached the Alabama & Vicksburg
road's crossing in the suburbs of the
city. The train always stops at this
point, and the engineer waits for some
one to come and flag the train, i was in
the second car of the train. It is divided
into two compartments, the part in
front of the partition being a passenger
compartment and the rear end the bag
gage room. 1 was standing in the front
part of this rear compartment with Mr,
Dorsey, the baggage master, when 1
heard a man yell:
"I looked through the door and saw
two men, both masked, marching the
porter down the aisle toward us. They
had us covered with pistols, and, of
course, our hands went up. One fellow
was a big man, weighing, I judge, about'
100 pounds. He kepi us covered while
his partner, a small, nervous fellow,
went through our pockets. The little
man was evidently new at the busiuess.
Dorsey was searched first. He had no
gum and nothing was taKen from him.
Then they turned their attention to vie.,
I had no weapon. He left a §10 bill in
my vest pocket and other little articles
which 1 had in other pockets. They
then marched us to the express car and
ordered me to open the door. 1 told
them the door was bolted. 'Then kick
it in,' said the big man, and I kicked."*
1 was still kicking on the door when the
porter, finding himself for a moment:
uncovered by the . men's guns, leaped
from the train and rushed to the* rear.
The two men jumped out and a moment
later ' " ' *"'••
disappeared IN DARKNESS.
"Just as the men got off the train the
express messenger opened the express
car. The robbers ..evidently . became
frightened when' they saw the porter
jump off and run to tiie rear. All the
time we were being searched the en
gineer kept blowing his whistle for
some one to come and flag the A. & V.
crossing. It is the porter's business to
do this. The engineer said we were
stopped eight minutes at the crossing.
When the robbers appeared 1 was look
ing over a circular, and when 1 heard
the order to hold up hands 1 thought it
was possibly a joke of some fellows
about the roundhouse near by, and did
not hold up both my hands at once, but
held up one hand, the other banging
down with the circuiar in it. I re
ceived a leminder that both hands must
go up in a voice that meant business,
and I obeyed. The men held pistols to
our heads all the time." _;^'-
Just a Rny or Two Thrown From
St.. Loir is.
St. Louis, Jan. 7.— A sensation has
been sprung in police circles here by a
statement that may result in the clear
ing up of a murder mystery. On May
20 last Benjamin M. McCulloch, paying
teller of the Missouri State bank, was
murdered at his home in Woodstock, a
suburb of this city. All efforts to find
his murderer proved unavailing. Last
night James and Edward Murray, two
colored youths in jail at Clayton, St.
Louis county, charged with the murder
of Conductor Fitzwilliams.made a state
ment in which they charge George
Kirby, alias Charles Williams, with. the
murder. They afterwards attached
their names to warrants for Kirby's ar
rest for the crime. Kirby is at present
serving a two years' sentence in the
penitentiary at Jefferson City for. lar
ceny. Kirby is the one who first ac
cused the Murrays of the Fitzwilliams
murder, and today when interviewed in
the penitentiary he stated the accusa
tion of the Murrays was made for the
purpose of "getting even." He denied
all knowledge of the murder of Mc-
Culloch. Sheriff Garrett, of St. Louis
county, however, says he has some cor
roborative evidence that will, he thinks,
fasten the crime on Kirby. He adds
that there was an accomplice who Is as
yet unknown. ***•
In a Quarrel Over the Taking of
Music Lessons.
Elgin, III., Jan. 7.— Clark Burr,one of
the wealthiest farmers of this vicinity,
killed his son, Charles, with a shotgun
last evening in a quarrel growing out of
the latter taking music lessons. The
young man, who was seventeen years of
age, was endeavoring to draw a revolver
when the father fired. The coroner re- .
leased him in bonds of §10,000, which
was promptly furnished by his neigh
bors. :
Shot By a Robber.
Leadville, Col., Jan. ?.— Hold-ups
have been frequent in. this city this
winter, but not uutil this morning has
a murder been attempted in the street
for the purpose of robbery. About 1
o'clock J. W. McGill was shot through
the lungs at Twelfth and Poplar, streets
by a man who ordered him to stand and
deliver. McGill fired three shots at the
would-be robber, who rau away.
McGill's recovery ls doubtful. 7 I
Murdered by a Burglars
Irving Station, Mich., Jan. T.— •
Leroy R. Rogers, a retired business
man, was found murdered In his home
this morning. He lived alone,' and it is
supposed the murder was committed
last night by a burglar. So far as is
known the murderer secured, nothing
but a watch.
Ex-Congresman Gear Will Have
More Votes Than Any of His
Competitors on the Marly Bal
lots—Editor Perkins, of Sioux
City, Will Also Have a Pretty
Good Following. /
Dcs Moines. 10.. Jan. 7.— ln spite of
the day being Sunday the senatorial
canvass progresses in lively style. All
headquarters were open and supporters
working hard. A committee consisting
of one representative of each candidate
has been conferring, trying to fix a date
for the caucus. The friends of Gear
want an early date, as they feel confi
dent their man will win if the caucus is
held soon. Next Wednesday is the date
favored by them. The managers of the
various candidates are not giving out
figures yet, but estimates have been
made by several. From a variety of
sources, mostly from friends pretty
close to candidates, the following is
given as to the vote on the first ballot:
J. 11. Gear. 35 to 42; W. P. Hepburn,
23 to 27; A. B. Cummins, 15; G. D. Per
kins, 18; J. Y. Stone, 10 to 15; J. F.
Lacey, 9. G»*ar will have all the First
congressional district to start with, as
he lives in that district. Then he is
strong in the Third and Fourth dis
tricts, which are in tha northern and
eastern parts of the state. In the Sec
ond district are three Republican votes,
and these will go to Gear. He will also
divide the vote in the ..Fifth district.
Hepburn comes from the Eighth dis
trict, and, in addition to having solid a
district vote, every state senator and
representative being Republican, will
draw on the Tenth. Cummins will
have the Seventh district vote and part
of the Fifth. Lacey will have to de
pend on the Sixth district. Stone has a
number of supporters in the Tenth dis
trict and the solid support of the Ninth.
Goe3 Up for Life.
Omaha. Jan. 7.— Ellsworth de France
was sentenced for life in the United
States prison at Sioux Falls, S. D. He
robbed a wheelbarrow containing
United States mail at Gordon, Neb., in
October, securing only one cent for his
trouble. : - rCir-.
Sensational Discoveries Reported
to Have Heen Made. .
..Charleston, S. C, Jan. .7. —Some
excitement has been created in Charles
ton by the presence in this city of '"sev
eral officers of the United States army,
and the sensational reports that have
been put in circulation .concerning
their mission, lt is said that the
Washington authorities have dis
covered a plot by which enemies
ot the Brazilian government are to for
ward supplies to .'Admiral De Mello
from some point on the South Carolina
coast, aud that seven or eight army
officers have been stationed along the
coast to prevent the consummation of
the scheme. Two lieutenants arrived
in Charleston on Friday last, and four
more have been located at as many
near-by coast, towns,- where they are
keeping a close watch on incoming and
outgoing vessels.
Stabbed for Ten Cents.
I Mount Sterling, Ky., Jan. 7.—
Deep Bottom, a place near here, today
Will Connor (colored) stabbed Tom Hunt
(colored) twice near the heart, severing
a blood vessel, from which he died in
stantly. The trouble arose over a game
of craps. Connor claimed Hunt owed
him 10 cents, which the latter denied.
Great excitement prevailed for a time,
but Connor was finally jailed.
St. Jackson's Day.
NASiiviLLE.Jan. 7.— The anniversary
of the battle of New Orleans will be
celebrated, beginning at noon tomor
row, by a salute of forty-four guns. The
public schools will hold appropriate
exercises, and at night the Ladies-
Hermitage association will give its
annual Jackson ball at the Nicholson
The Reading's Annual.
Philadelphia, Jan. 7.— The annual
report of the receivers of the Reading
Railroad Coal and Iron company has
been made public, and will be sub
mitted to the stockholders at their
meeting tomorrow. They will then
learn details of the transactions which
made the company insolvent when but
a very short time before the reports
snowed a surplus of 53, 181,485.52.
Of the "Sights and Scenes of the World."
Every day this week a coupon for Part Ten of the Great
Art Gallery which the Globe is supplying the public will be
printed on this -page. Any three of the coupons, with ten
cents, secures you Part Ten. Do not try to use this coupon
for Part Nine- or Part Eleven. It is for Part Ten only. If you
want two copies of Part Ten, send six of the coupons printed
this week and twenty cents. If you only want one copy of
Part Ten. send three coupons and ten cents. The advertise
ment on Page 5 today tells you how to secure the first nine
parts if you have neglected obtaining them. .
-j Orders by mail are Subject to delay of a week or ten days,
as the parts are mailed by the Eastern publishers.
f Sights and Scenes |
J PAR T of the World; |
X jQ JAN. 8,1804. I
| Date Changed Every Day. f
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'X See our advertisement today on page 5. I
Supreme Conrt Scored for Its De
cision— Charged With Usurp
ing Legislative Powers — Ap
peal to the Ballot Box to Be
Made — Amendment Asked to
Abolish Supreme Court.
Senator Donnelly, who is stopping at
the Ryan, in speaking yesterday in re
gard to the recent action of the supreme
court in relation to the state elevator at
Duluth, had this to say:
"1 have nothing much to say. and 1
do not suppose that anything I would
say would greatly influence the readers
of the Glove or produce any practical
results. This is in theory a govern
ment of the people, and it Is supposed
the people rule the •legislative, or law
making power; and yet we have in this
state the astonishing spectacle of
every effort made by the people
to relieve themselves from gross abuses
thwarted by the iudicial department of
the state. Our whole system of gov
ernment has undergone a gradual and
quiet revolution. The judiciary is ab
sorbing into itself all the power of the
commonwealth. The constitution of
the state delegates the sovereign power
of the people to three departments— the
law-making power, the power to exe
cute the laws when made, and the ju
dicial power to interpret or apply the
law in disputes between the citizens.
The constitution further declares that
no one of these departments shall ex
ercise the functions belonging to the
other. There is nowhere in the con
stitution any warrant or authority for
the judicial branch to make
laws on to unmake them. If the people
blunder in their law-making power, it
is for the people, with whom the sover
eign power rests, to correct the mis
takes at the ballot box. On the other
hand, we have seen grow up by insen
sible accumulations in the nation and
in the state, beginning with humble,
small innovations, a system whereby
the supreme court practically makes the
statutes and laws of the commonwealth
by applying her approval to some and
her veto to others, and nothing remain s
of law that does not meet with her ap
proval. There is no possible legislative
proposition that cannot be proved by
legal ingenuity to be in conflict with the
letter or the spirit, or the atmosphere,
or the possible intendment of the con
stitution. We are no longer a republic,
but an oligarchy of lawyers. The peo
ple : may amuse themselves holding elec
tions and passing laws, but the final
power to say what the laws are rests
with five men called the supre me court.
"The farmers of this state have, for a
quarter of a century, been the subject
of the most cruel extortions, practiced
by a ring of wheat buyers and elevator
owners, which has taken complete pos
session of the wheat markets of this
state, and built up immense fortunes
by robbing the bulk of the taxpayers of
the fruits of their industry. One St.
Paul paper demonstrated by carefully
collected statistics that this robbery
amounted to from 10 to 13 cents a
bushel. This would be equivalent to
from 5,000,000 to 0.030,000 bushels of
wheat annually. When wheat was
worth $1 a bushel, this repre
sented §5,000,000 or 69,000,000, and
even at the present low prices
it would amount to about one-half as
much. This was not only taken out of
the farmers, reducing their prosperity
pro rata, and represented to-day by
mortgages everywhere, but it means,
In the last twenty years.sloo,ooo,ooo car
ried out of the state, most of it never to
be returned to it. It represents bank
ruptcies for the local merchants and the
great wholesalers of our principal cities,
it represents so much less demand for
the wares of our manufacturers and the
labor of our mechanics, lt represents
the arrested development of St. Paul
and Minneapolis; tho fall in real estate;
the blighted hopes and the saddened
hearts of hundreds of thousands. It is
a gigantic and awful robbery.
The farmers, looking the whole
ground over, concluded there was no
remedy for the evils they suffered, but
to build a state warehouse that could
not be owned or controlled by the ring,
through which they could ship their
grains directly to the Eastern markets
or to the old world. In this way the
wheat would not pass out of their own
hands until it had reached beyond the
power of the plunderers who were so
cruelly robbing them. The money they
would save would remain in the state,
and benefit , directly or indirectly
every citizen of the state. They
did not ask the state to expend
$1 out of the funds of the people
iv the construction of such an elevator.
The stale had established a system of
inspecting wheat, and supported it by a
fee levied upon the wheat so inspected.
This fee came out of the farmers, while
it was really of very little benefit to
them. Its real purpose was to protect
the little thief at the primary market
from , the big thieves at the terminal
markets. Nevertheless, a little fee of
20 cents per car has not only paid all the
expenses of the inspection system, but
has left a surplus of $00,000 or $70,000.
The fee had been originally 50 cents a
car, but had gradually been reduced to
SJC cents, because it yielded more reve
nue than was needed. The farmers
said let us take that fund and its subse
quent accumulations and with it build
an elevator at Duluth, owned by the state.
We can put the fee back to 50 cents a
car. Fitly! cents, divided among 300
bushels iv a carload, would make no
appreciable difference to the wheat
raiser. With that sum so raised, the
state can in time erect other elevators at
St. Paul and Minneapolis, and thus
give the farmers a choice of markets.
In this way millions of dollars will be
added to the wealth of the state every
year without a dollar of cost to the peo
ple of the state, except the farmers, who
want to pay it. The bill was thoroughly
discussed and became a law, and steps
were taken to carry it out
But a member of the wheat combine,
perceiving that the plunder was about
to be dragged out of its paws, was set
on to appeal to that body, which seems
to be the last resort of the defenders of
iniquity in this commonwealth; and the
five lawyers constituting our supreme
bench have vetoed the law, have leeis -
lated it off the statute books, and have
done so on the pretense of opposition to
It is not paternalism to levy a fee
upon the farmer's wheat to prevent the
wheat ring from cheating each other;
but it is paternalism to take the surplus
of that fund and use it for the protec
tion of the people who pay it. It is
paternalism to spend §150,000*t0 build a
warehouse for the farmers with the
farmers' money, but it is not paternal
ism to tax those farmers to maintain an
asylum for orphans and vagrants at
Owatonna and another at Ked Wing, or
to plunge the hands of the government
into the pockets of people to adorn the
principal towns of this state for the
deaf, dumb, blind, insane and inebriate.
They can spend $100,000 to support an
historical society for the preservation of
Little Crow's scalp and a mutual ad
miration club for a lot of old settlers.
They can spend $150,000, more than half
of which was contributed by the farm
ers, for Chicago's grand show, from
which those farmers will probably
never receive five cents' worth of bene
fit. But all this is not paternalism.
But if the people seek to break up a
great coal combine, cruelly seeking to
plunder the people and Inflict untold
hardship on the poor, the courts go at it
with clubs to beat such legislation to
pieces. And when the farmers attempt
to break out. of a. den of thieves the
court blocKs up the way with paternal
ism. ... !•■.":': .*: ■--•/^V : :^
"There is no remedy but to submit to
see our form of government revolution
ized, or to fight this thing at the ballot
box with all the energy and zeal of a
free people. For one, lam in this war
to stay. I hope. to see the next legisla
ture submit to the vote of the people
amendments to the constitution, that
shall put an end to these usurpations of
the judiciary, and that will wipe out
the present supreme court, and consti
tute in its place a court of appeals, the
members of which shall be elected,
one in each congressional district."
No state elevutor will be built. The
supreme court declares the act uncon
stitutional. What is the constitution,
anyway? A prey for the corporations.
—Fergus Globe (.Pop.).
In the present instance the supreme
court wisely states that the state could
with equal propriety engage in the
brewing and lumber business as in the
grain trade, and who can deny the logic
of this argument?— St. Cloud Times. '
The state elevator decision may be
unfortunate, but it will be well worth
while just to see Donnelly fume. Won't
he be angry, though! The leader in the
Representative next week will be head
ed "Usurpation," with six big black
screamers.— Duluth Commonwealth.
That law was doubtless well meant
by its author and supporters, but it was
based upon an utterly wrong concep
tion of the functions and duty of the
state, and was therefore demoralizing
in its tendency upon public sentiment,
as it would have been destructive in its
actual results if carried into active op
eration.— Winona Republican.
This decision is eminently ju3t and
proper. The establishing of a state
elevator and entering upon the grain
buying business is a species of socialism
which should not be encouraged. The
only good which the Free Press could see
from the establishment of a state ele
vator would be to demonstrate the Im
practicability of such a course.—Man
kato Free Press.
The doctrine that the state could en
gage in the grain business was deemed
unsound by those who had given the
subject careful consideration, It would
hardly be contended by any one that
the state could enter into the dry goods
or grocery or hardware business, and if
it could not engage in those lines how
could it constitutionally enter into the
grain trade?— Duluth Herald.
The state elevator at Duluth has been
knocked into a cocked hat. i he supreme
court has decided that the state had no
right to go into the grain business. This
ends the whole matter, and the advo
cates of the elevator scheme who voted
for the new capitol in order to get tne
St. Paul members, to vote for the ele
vator are in a hole. The new capito
comes high these hard times, but it
constitutional.— Fergus Falls Journal.
Small-Pox in Nashville.
Nashville, Jan. 7.— lnformation was
given the state and county health offi
cers today that two negroes claiming to
be recently from Nashville had devel
oped small-pox in Bedford county, sixty
miles south of this city. In trying to
locate the portion of the city in which
these negroes had lived, the health offi
cers by accident found near the Fisk
university, in the northwest portion of
the city, four well developed cases of
small-pox among negroes occupying ad
joining houses. There is probably one
other case, but this is not definitely set
tled. Strict quarantine and isolation of
houses and inmates is beiug enforced.
Arkansas Town Wiped Out.
Walnut Ridge, Ark., Jan. 7.— Word
is received here that the town of Poca
hontas, Ark., twenty miles from here,
was wiped out by fire this morning.
The loss will be ?GO,OOO.
Fatal Drop In Coal.
Centeuviei.e, 10., Jan. 7.— A fall of
coal in amine owned by Harlan Rich
ards killed Richards and a miner
named John Foster*
YOU cau set * Parts of
Views of the Colum
bian Exposition, each contain
ing: 16 magnificent picture!?, for
a nominal sum with GLOBE
NO. 8.
In Efforts to Secure News
From the Corwin.
Capt. Mung-er Asserts That
He Can Say Nothing.
By the Accredited Represent
ative of This Government?
Washixgtox, Jan. 7.— There is a
wild rumor here tonight which cannot
be traced to any reliable source that
Minister Willis is aboard the Corwin
and that he was given his passports by
the provisional government of Hawaii.
The rumor is received with no credence
here and state department officials
characterize it as a fabrication.
Macox, Ga., Jan. 7.— Hon. James T.
Blount received a telegram from Wash
ington today calling him before the
Hawaiian committee. He left the capi
tal this afternoon.
Sax Francisco, Jan. 7.— The Cana
dian Pacific steamship Miowera, which
went on a reef at Honolulu, is expected
to arrive here at any hour, and close
watch is being kept for her. The Mi
owera is coming here for repairs.
Sax Fraxcisco, Jan. 7.— The atti
tude ot Capt. Munger. of the revenue
cutter Corwin, toward the representa
tives of the press and public in general
is without precedent in this port. From
the moment the Corwin arrived the
men on board have been as inaccessible
as if they were in mid-ocean, save for
the brief interview that a reporter had
with Capt. Munger yesterday evening,
when the cantain went ashore in his
gig to mail a packet of letters. The
captain saw fit to go ashore with the
letters himself rather than trust a mes
senger, who might let some iota of news
drop r by accident, or otherwise, under
reportorial pressure. .It -was when on
shore this time for a very few minutes
that the Corwin's captain talked with a
reporter and verified the correctness of
the Auckland cablegram to the Asso
ciated Press, lie also stated that the
Corwin left Honolulu Dec. 24. The re
porter quotes Capt. Munger as follows:
"1 can tell you no more than came in
that Auckland dispatch. It is no pleas
ure for me to hold news or information
from the people, but then you must re
member that I am powerless in the
matter myself. Even if I knew the
contents of the secret dispatches, as an
officer and gentleman I could not reveal
them without permission. Here lam
within twenty minutes of my home and
cannot get away. It's no pleasure, I
assure you, but 1 will have to stay here
for three or lour days or maybe a
When asked directly whether any
revolution had occurred at Honolulu,
and whether the provisional govern
ment was still in power, Capt. Munger
would only reiterate his statement that
he could say no more than was con
tained in the Auckland dispatch. The
cutter is still lying about a mile out
from San Quentin penitentiary, and
over ten miles from this city. So far as
getting any news from her she might as
well be in Behriug sea. No one is
allowed on board, and not ono of her
crew has been allowed over the side of
the vessel. Since her arrival the cutter
bas been
in Whitehall boats, but all along the ap
proach of a small boat has oeen the
signal for one of the cutter's officers to
appear on deck, when sailors would be
ordered from the rail and cautioned to
maintain silence. Once the officers
were caught unawares, and a seaman
started to talk. A reporter asked him
the latest news from Honolulu.
"Hell's a-popping down there," was
the decidedly expressive reply of the
sailor, but he was allowed to say no
mere.for an officer appeared and order-ed
him below. Just what this strange
silence means no one here seems to
comprehend. People here generally
believe that there have been stirring
times in Honolulu. The unheard-of
secrecy on board the Corwin, despite
the eagerness of the sailors to talk,
would seem to indicate that the sailors
have an interesting story to tell, if the
men were only allowed a ghost of a
chanco to ventilate their information.
San Francisco papers are bristling with
severe criticism of the authorities
responsible for the suppression of the
news that the Corwin's men might
make public.
The Chronicle (Republican) pointedly
asks: "Why does President Cleveland
insist on veiling the Hawaiian situation
in a profound mystery? Why should
tiie commander of the revenue cutter
Corwin decline to inform the press of
the United States of the facts as they
existed when he left Honolulu? So
long as the negotiations.
are pending, it is easy to understand
that matters of detail may be properly
held in reserve, but when it conies to a
statement of actually existing condition
of affairs, secrecy is very much out of
place. Where is there any need for all
this mystery and concealment? What
interest can Mr. Cleveland have in
Hawaii in which the people of tha
United States do not share?"
The Examln er (Democratic) says: "IJ
the Hawaiian republic were situated in
a cave of which Mr. Cleveland held the
only key, we could understand the curi
ous performances of the Corwin since
her arrival In port. News from the isl
ahds, being unpleasant d hanumilat-
Continued onFourtk l'age.

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