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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, November 26, 1894, Image 8

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1894-11-26/ed-1/seq-8/

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OUR MILITARY FORCE.
Regulars and National Guards
Make a Total of 137,000
Men.
fIULTIPLY THIS BY TEN,
And It Would Approximate
Our Strength in Case
of War.
SMALL CALIBER WEAPONS.
fheir Superiority Over Large
Caliber Guns Is Well
Demonstrated.
Military science has advanced so far
Mihin the last twenty live years that to
thoroughly understand it requires a
vast amount of study and application.
Governments have recognized this fact
in the curriculum of their military
schools. The courses of study are twice
as hard as they were a quarter of a cen
tury aK(>. and it is more the general pol
icy to specialize. The education of the
graduates from West Point is no longer
considered linished, and the schools of
application at Willei's Point, Fortress
Mouioe and Fort liiley have been estab
lished for their benefit This being the
case, it is clearly evident that the mili
tary knowledge of an officer of the na
tional guard whose familiarity with
military science extends bo farther than
the drill retaliations can be to a great
extent improved upon.
The military of our country today
onsisls of 112,000 national guard and
25,000 regulars, making a good fighting
strength of 137.U00 men. In case of war
this force would be multiplied by ten.
The pn sent officers of the guard (when
mustered into the national service) and
the regular army, who would undoubt
edly be given much larger commands
than they now hold, to be able to do
their auty should know their busi
ness, and although the officers of the
regular army miuht be thoroughly fa
miliar with matters which outside they
may have occasion to cope with, it is
not so with the militia officers. The latter
should, theiefore, exercise every oppor
tunity to improve themselves. Even
the officers of the regular army witli
their excellent educations are required
to attend lyceums for the discussions of
mililary subjects during the winter
months,and if they require it there is
every reason to believe that lyceums for
the same purpose would prove beneficial
to militia officers. We have in St. Paul
today thirty-two officers of the fighting
force—one general officer, three brigade
staff officers, live field officers, eight
Blaff officers and fifteen line officers.
These gentlemen never neet as a whole
in the performance of military duty, in
the study oi military science or in any
military capacity whatever. Would not
It be an excellent plan for them to
establish a lyceutn where they can meet
aud discuss military subjects and estab
lish a stronger aud better brigade spirit?
Our National Guard Lack*
/hat something which creates a love for
the organization, which causes its mem
bers to stand by it through thick and
thin, and which should exist in every
military institution and esprit dv corps.
There are officers, and plenty of them,
in the line of our Eastern militia who
have hold commissions for twenty and
even twenty-live years. A man, upon
being granted a commission there, re
gards it as something, and keeps it.
thereby rendering to the state in time
of need old and experienced officers. In
Minnesota it is much different. Out of
a possible eighty-three line officers,
sixty-nine have received their commis
sions wiltiin the last three years, and of
the sum total there are only three that
can be said to be Hue officers of age and
experience—the officers of Compauy D,
First regiment. The proportion is the
same with the staff. If a proper con
dition of affairs existed this would not
be so. Officers, as officers, do not mingle
iv social intercourse. Society does not
grant them the consideration that it
should (which would no doubt be rem
edied if the standard would be raised),
and our officers do not look upon their
position as one of the dignity that should
be expected.
VViiat we want in our guard is officers
of age and experience. This we can
never get if they resign alter two years
ot service. In order that their positions
may be made of such a character as to
induce officers to stay in the militia,ihey
should mingle more among themselves.
They should raise their profession so
that a rank would be on a par with a
like position in the regular army. And
above all, officers should remember that
they are in the oervice of the state of
Minnesota, and that any amount of dis
couragement and triais shouid be borne
tor its sake.
What the Code Says.
Sec. lof art. 8 of the Military Code
Jays:
The staff of the commander-in-chief
shall consist or one adjutant general,
one inspector general, one quartermas
ter general, one surgeon general, one
judge advocate general and one com
missary general, each with the rank of
brigadier general.a nd two aid-de-camps,
each with the rank of colonel.
Section 2 of the same article says:
When the service requires each of the
general officers named in section 1 shall
have power, with the approval of the
commander-in-chief, to appoint one as
sistant in his decarrment, with the rank
of lieutenant colonel.
The service has not required any such
appointments, with but one exceptional
the adjutant general's tffice. The
Consumption.
The incessant wasting of a
Consumptive can only be over
come by a powerful concentrated
nourishment like Scott's Emul
sion. If this wasting is checked
and the system is supplied with
strength to combat the disease
there is hope of recovery.
Scott's
Emulsion
«f Cod-liver Oil, with Hypophos
phites, does more to cure Con
sumption than any other known
remedy. It is for all Affections of
Throat and Lungs, Coughs, Colds, 3ron«
chitis and Wasting. PamfklH/rm,
gcott&Bowne.N. Y« All Druggists. 50c.aiui$i.
present staff should therefore consist of
six origadier generals, two colonels and
out? lieutenant colonH.
As a matter of fact, the governor's
staff today consists of six brigadiers,
eight colonels, eight lieutenant colonels,
four majors and one captain. (See pace
75 of the report of the adjutant general
for the two years ending July SI, 1894).
Even should the service require addi
tional appointment, as provided by the
Military Code, there are six colonels,
two lieutenant colonels, tour majors and
one captain who now hold commissions
without any authority whnte/er.
The entire governor's staff, with the
exception of the adjutant general and
his assistant, is a farce. Were they
even to know the primary principles of
military science the objection to them
would not be so strong. As it is now,
a gang of about 2,000 brigadier generals,
colonels, etc., are regularly turned out
every two years in the entire United
States. They insist upon being ad
dressed by the title they at one time
possessed, and, as a rule, they don't
know the difference between a bastion
and a bayonet. The people in general
estimate the officers of the national
guard by this material; consequently,
wnen a man is a real colonel, and is
thoroughly familiar with military sci
ence, he is by no means given the
credit that should be awarded.
The staff system is an evil arising out
of the independent position of the stute.
It is a sort of necessary evil, so to
speak, but it can be reduced to a mini
mum, and the way to do it is not to
violate the law, and make colonels and
generals of men who don't'even know
the lust principles of army administra
tion.
military Strength of Mexico.
The total population of Mexico is 12,
--050,000. Her available forces are di
vided into three categories, first, the
active army; second, the reserve; third,
the general reserve- eiving a total
peace strength of 50,000 men. Every
Mexican capable of bearing arms is
obliged to serve in the national guard,
lie is liable from twenty to lifty year 3
of ace. Recruiting foe the active army
is by voluntary enlistment—term of
service live years. The budtretfor 1893
--94 estimates $10,0-23,119 for army and
navy expenditure, of which tiiree
fourths is for the army.
Organized in time of peace, the active
army is divided into four divisions of
infantry. There are also state troops
which can be made use of, although
greatly inferior in discipline and equip
ment. The division in time of peace
consists of two or three brigades of
tliree regiments (battalions) of four com
panies each.
The regular infantry consists of
twenty-seven regiments (battalions) of
four companies each, three auxiliary
battalions and a battalion of invalids,
twenty-seven cadre battalions, two
Yucatan battalions and two local (Can:
peche) companies. The normal organ
ization of a battalion of infantry calls
for 37 officers and 64tS rank and file; the
cadre battalion consists of 2 officers and
32 rank and file. The First. Yucatan
battalion consists of 23 officers and 532
rank and tile. The two Campeche com
panies consists of 4 officers and 75 rank
aud file each.
There are sixteen regiments of cav
alry of four squadrons each, six corps
of auxiliary cavalry, nine corps of
rural guards and one corps of gen
darmes. The regiment consists of 37
officers and 455 rank and tile; the squad
ron consists of 8 officers and 120 rank
and tile; the auxiliary corps consists of
21 officers and 240 rank and file; the
corps of rural guards consists of 2 offi
cers and 204 rank and file each; the
corps of gendarmes consists of 21 offi
cers and 229 rank and file each.
The artillery is divided into five di
visions. First, the artillery department
of the war ministry; second, the field
artillery; third, the train squadron;
fourth, the local companies of fortress
artillery; fifth, the general park of ar
tillery. The field artillery cousi&ts of
4 battalions of 4 batteries of 6 guns
each, making a total of 88 guns. One
battery per battalion is a mountain bat
tery. The peace fooling is as follows:
Battalions, 29 officers and 320 rank ami
tile; field battery, 6 officers and 7<J rank
and file; mountain battery, 6 officers
and 109 rank and file. There are 5
local artillery companies of fort
ress artillery, viz., one at Vera Cruz,
one at Tampico, one at Matamoros. one
at Mazatlan, one at Campeche. and the
company at Ensenada de Todos Santos.
The com Dany at Vera Cruz consists of
6officers, 2 assimilated officers, and 138
rank and file. The four remaining com
panies consist of 5 officers and 54 rank
and file. The Ensenada de Todos San
tos company consists of 8 officers, 160
rank and file. The artillery train is a
squad of trained troops consisting of a
staff and two companies, which belong
to the artillery corps. The staff con
sists of 3 officers and 3 rank and file;
the company consists of 4 officers and 48
rank and file.
The department of engineering con
sists of 3 brigadier generals, 93 officers,
and 725 rank and file.
The strength of the army as given is
about 50,000 men,of these two-thirds are
permanent and one-third auxiliary
troops, it is estimated that In reality
there are only 35,000 troops with the
colors. According to Mexican auttiority
the total available fighting strength, in
eluding federaj and state troops and both
reserves, consists of infantry, 132,000;
cavalry, 26.000; artlllery.4,ooo. making a
total of 102,000, or 27,000 more armed
men than in the United States. Next
Monday's issue will contain a complete
account of the army of Germany.
i Small Caliber Rifles.
The question of the war department
is no lonrer "shall we adopt the small
caliber weapon?" but "what make the
small caliber gun shall be that we arm
our troops with?" The . civil war in
Chili in 1891 between the Presidential
party and the Congressionalists dem
onstrated clearly the advantages of small
calibers, and other experiments have
shown that that style of weapon is capa
ble of produciug great effect. According
to an article in the "Broad Arrow"
of May, 1894, the experiments of the
medical staff *of the German army
have proved that "the wounds inflicted
by the small arms bullet have furnished
further proof that, notwithstanding Its
diminutive size, its effects are highly
destructive. Owing to its rapid speed
of rotation, which causes the tissues
struck to be torn within a radius of four
inches— up to 600 yards a bullet strik
ing a head, neck or abdomen means
death; from 660 to 1,000 yards most
serious and, in many cases fatal,
wounds are certain to be Inflicted; be
yond 1,600 yards the injuries caused re
semble those inflicted by the round bul
lets which were in use before 1860."
The advantages derived from the
small caliber weapon are three fold.
First the lightness of the weapon, sec
ond lightness of the ammunition, third
the terrible range and powers of execu
tion. From an average of forty-five
the nations have come down to a
caliber of about twenty-six. Many
critics blame the United States and
Russia for adopting guns of the com
paratively large caliber that they have,
alleging that it would be but a short
period when the common caliber will
be about.24. : '. .
The following is a complete account
of the arms adopted by the following
nations for the use of their armies:
Canada—Make,Mnrtini-Metford; cal.,
.303; weight, with bayonet, 11.28
pounds; length of bayonet, 17.5 inches;
single loader; sighted to 1,900 yards;
bullet coated with nickel copper; initial
velocity, 2,200 feet; penetrates three
eighths of an inch of steel, or twenty;
-four inches of green oak weight of bul
li't, 219 grains; weight and kind of pow
der, thirty grains Corditej number of
cartridges carried by soldiers, 100.
Lulled States Army— Make of guv,
THE PAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: MONDAY MORtfltfGr, NOVEMBER 26, 1894.
modified Krag-Jorgenson; caliber, .30
inches; weight, with bayonet, 10.4
pounds; length of bayonet, 11.75 inches;
chargu of five cartridges or leas, or one
by one; maximum sight, 2.200 yards;
bullet covered by cupro-nickeled steel;
weight of bullet, 220 grains; weight
and kind of powder, 43 grains of Pey
ton; initial velocity, 2,000 feet; pene
tration. 19.G25 Inches seasoned oak
against the grain; number of cart
ridges carried by soldiers, 100.
United States Navy—System not dis
closed; caliber. .298 inches; weitht of
bullet, 135 grains; weight and kind of
powder, S3 grains smokeless; initial
velocity, 2,400 feet; other points uuder
consideration.
Mexico—At present uses the Reming
ton, caliber .433; a government commit
tee had, however, favorably reported
upon a gun invented by Maj. Manuel
Mondragon, of the Mexican artillery; a
complete description had not been ob
tained of this wetpon, but it is rumored
that it is one of the best of its kiud.
Argentine—Make of gun, Mauser;
caliber „301; weight with bayonet, 9.97
pounds; length of bayonet, 16.14 inches;
method of loading, strip of five or less
or one by one; maximum sight at 2,187
yards; jacket and material for bullet,
maillechort; weight of bullet,2ll grains;
weight and kind of powder, 40.9 liott
weite smokeless; initial velocity, 2,120
feet; at 438 yards penetrates .24 inchos
of iron and 19.7 inches deal, nt 109 yards
penetrates .31 iron ami 27.5 inches deal;
number of cartridges by soldier, 150.
Brazil has adopted a Mannlicher make
of the model of 1893; caliber, .296 inches.
In regard to other tacts nothing is
known.
Chill— Mannlicher, model 1888; cali
ber, .315 inciies; weight of gun with
bayonet. 10.5 pounds; length of bay
onet, 9.75 inciies: method of loading,
clip of 5 introduced through receiver:
maximum sight, 2,406 yarns; jacket ma
terial tor bullet, steel; weight of bullet.
.235 grains; weight and kind <>: powder,
40 grains smokeless; initial velocity,
2,060 fwet; number of cartridges carried
by soldiers, 150. This country expects
soon to adopt a Mauser of '«3; caliber,
.276 inches.
Peru—Gun agrees in every pnrtlcula
with the weapon of Chile, excepi that
the bullet is 244 trains, the powder
black with a weight of 42.5 grains, and
the initial velocily 1,891 feet.
Japan—Model,Murato of the year '87;
caliber, .315 inches; length of gun with
out bayonet, 45.03 inches; weight with
out bayonet, 9 pounds; leucth ami
weight of bayonet, knife pattern, 10.5
ounces, 11 inches; charge, number of
rounds. 8; extreme range, 2}', miles;
jacket, material, copper over hard lead;
number of cartridges carried by soldier,
100; weight of bullet, 238 grains: type
and weight of powder, Wetterin Smoke
less, 30grains; initial velocity of bullet,
1,850 feet.
We will give a minute and complete
description of the arms carried by the
European soldier in the next issue.
Service lie ward.
The decoration illustrated herewith
is the one about to bestowed by the
state upon members of the national
euard ot New York as a sign and re
ward of continuous service for ten or
mere i ears, and is to be known as the
Jong-servica medal. The suggestion
came from Adjt. Gen. Horace Porter,
and the design is by Tiffany & Co. It
is of the sign shown in the illustration,
and is to be suspended by a ribbon.
The motive 16 a live-pointed star, the
points indented to typify the bastions
of a fortress, enclosing the arms of the
state and the words "Faithful Service."
Each point \a decorated with a symbol
of one of the five arms of the service
infantry, cavalry, artillery, naval re
serve and signal corps. The medal is to
be made in four denomiuations--ten,
fifteen, twenty and twenty-five years
designated upon the bar across a
laurel wreath to which the rib
bon is attached. That for ten
years will be of bronze; those
for the higher denominations of a com
bination of bronze, silver and gold in
variations not yet fully determined.
The prooosnl to give a fifth and mo9t
valuable form for thirty years of service
has not been carried out, though many
members or the guard would be entitled
to receive it. Just when this decoration
will be ready for distribution is not yet
known, nor exactly how many will be
called for. It is estimated that about
one-tenth of the whole present roll of
the guard has served more than ten
years. The ordinary length of service,
however, is only three or four years,
and it is a saying that every regiment
changes once in five years. This is re
garded as a detrimental feature, and it
is with the hope of encouraging by this
honorable reward a longer period of en
listment thai the medal has be<ju insti
tuted.
GUARD NOTES.
The battery gave tlie first of Us infor
mal hops last Friday evening, and it is
needless to say it was well attended.
The battery boys are very careful in re
gard to whom they admit, and each per
son must previously satisfactorily as
sure a committee of bit good character.
This is a move in the right direction, as
it not only raises the tone of the battery,
but of the guard in general.
The armory came very near going up
In smoke the other evening. The livery
stable next to it caught fire, and the
armory was saved only by the quick
efforts of the firemen. It Isstated that
the janitor in charge did not wake up
until Chief Cook's heavy boots disturbed
his sweet dreams of peace, when all was
over.
Gen. Muhlberg and Capt. Hart have
gone down to Lake City in order to per
sonally supervise the enlarging of the
campus. It will undoubtedly be in
readiness for a brigade eucampmeut
next summer.
Company H gave its formal hop on
the evening of the 21st. It was well at
tended, and bore witness of the pop
ularity of the H boys with the young
ladies.
The Globe will publish valuable mil
itary information every Monday in re
gard to the great armies of the world.
Be sure and read it.
Company D held a meeting Tuesday
evening and elected Private Krendes to
succed Schroeder as financial secretary.
The number of males of the militia
age in Montana is 55,490, Colorado 140 •
441, aud Wyoming 24,614.
The assembly took no action Thurs
day in regard to changing the armory.
Company C will give its formal hop
on the evening of the 10th of December.
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE
To California and the West via
"The North-Western Line," .
Only 36 hours to Denver.
Only 55 hours to Salt Lake.
Only 80 hours to Sao Francisco, or
Less than 3K days on the cars.
Sleeping car accommodations secured
through to destination. For tickets at
lowest rate? call at city offices: 13 Nic
ollet House Block, Minneapolis; corner
Robert aud fcjixili tie., St. I'nul,
A VICTORY FOR PASKOLA.
It Receives the Official In
dorsement of Eminent
Experts' and a Jury
of Representa
tive Citizens.
The suit brought by Ohio's food com
missioner against a Cincinnati drufgist
for selling Paskola on the ground that
it was nothing but glucose resulted in a
great victory for Paskola and a verdict
against the state.
During the course of the trial Prof.
Shaller, of the University of Cincinnati,
testified that Paskola was not glucose,
and, even if it was, it would be harm
less. He also bore witness to its activ
ity as a digestive agent.
Prof. William Dickon, of the Miami
college, testified to tne same facts. So
did Prof. Schmidt, the chemist of the
board of health; Prof. William Hoffman
and others.
A practical test was made in court,
showing the digestive action of Paskola
on eggs and meats of various kinds,
whereas glucose under precisely the
same conditions produced no effect
whatever.
This ie»t but confirmed the experts'
statements and proved Paskola to be of
great value in indigestion and wastiug
diseases.
This verdict disposes of the malicious
attack that has been made against Pas
kola by interested rivals, and suits have
now been brought acainst the proprie
tors of a well-known emulsion of cod
liver oil for having given wide circula
tion to a false formula and other mis
representations regarding it.
The animus of this attack will be the
better understood when it is staled
that Paskola is being largely used ii)
the place of cod liver oil.
Recherche Bal Masque.
The extensive arrangements which
the management of the Recherche club
have been making for the past tew
weeks for their grand masquerade ball
at Turner hall Thanksgiving .evening
are almost completed, and the affair
promises to be the most gorgeous and
enjoyable event that has taken place in
St. Paul in a long time, and,as the name
of the club implies, its grand bal masque
should furnish the most lastidious with
an unlimited portion of tun and froiic.
Dancing will commence promptly at 9.
I Have Traveled a Good Deal
The last year, both in Europe and Amer
ica, but I have never enjoyed any rail
road trip more than a recent one on tlio
"Burlington." The scenery alone the
great "Fathei of Waters" ia so mag
nificent and varied that one forgets it
late or n*?ver.—Dr. F. Voss AJohn,
World's Fair Correspondent of the
"Aftenblad," Bergen, Norway.
FIRST-CLASS SERVICE!
To California and the West via
•The North-Western Line."
Only 30 iiours to Denver.
Only 55 hours to Salt Lake.
Only 86 hours to San Francisco, or
Less than 3% days on the cars.
Sleeping car accommodations secured
through to destination. For tickets at
lowest rates call at city offices: 13 Nic
ollet House liiock, Minneapolis; corner
Robert and Sixth sts., St. Paul.
Midway Horse Market.
The management wisli to announce
that the following: shippers will be on
the market at the next regular auc
tion. Thursday, Nov. 29. All will be
sold without reserve: Randall & Peter
son, Sififourney, 10., 17 head; P. J.
Clancy, Oeiwein, 10., 19l*ead; D. W.
Ringer, Hawkeye, 10., 21 h^»d;W. H.
Harris, Winnebago City, Miiifi., 20
head; John Montgomery, Madison,
Wis., 118 head; J. P. Mulvehiil.Manager.
I)IEI>.
6'HARA—In St. Paul, at family residence.
- No. Gf6 McLean street, Sunday, Nov. 2S, at
6:30 p. m., James C. O'liara. aged twenty
one years. Notice of funeral hereafter. '
AfIftOUUCK.tIEfITS.
p« EBJIANIABASK,»T. PAUL.MINK
VX Paid-up capital, 8100.003. Wm. Bictel,
president; P. M. Kerst, cashier. Does a
general banking business and pays interest
on time deposits. Located in its own
building, opposite the postoffice. A few
choice offices for rent.
AMUSEMEafTS.
METROPOLITAN
L. N. SCOTT, Manager.
— -THE-
gTAVARY
I Grand English
Q Opera Co.,
H Presenting Verdi's Master
piece,
illTrovatore!
At 8
[Tavary, Guille, Mertens
Snarp and
1 Yon Doenhoff in the Cast
Tuesday ..... LOHENGRIN
Wednesday Night—
? ;.. -■:•;■- CAVALLERIA RUSTICAKA
rm. «. , AND I' AGLIACCI
Thursday (Thanksgiving Matinee)—
BOHEMIAN GIRL
Thursday ....FAUST
Friday ••• TANNHAEUSER'
Saturday Matinee CARMEN
Saturday Night ...WILLIAM TELL
Next Week— STUART ROBSON.
The GRAND ™to
Everybody.
Were i||y TIT 1 Come • •
¥011 [fey m I Toniekt.
There? \\%W f|| T| I
Everybody J^" UIjIJ
%Z. 3: KENTUCKY.
CON ROY AND FOX NEXT.
To induce you to Tisit our New Studio.
Opposite Metropolitan Opera House.
1850C^^25£2E2^i834
99 and 101 sixth Sti-eot.
Christmas Photography!
4 Q CABINETS and ONE 01 Bxlo
1/ $3.00. -V OHK
Out-Door and Commercial Work a Specialty
Telephone— 107 L
•IP^^MR ZIMMERMAN'S PERSONAL
13*>£K^ ATTENTION to APPOINTMENT
HOTEL IMPERIALS^™
,_ , .. , of., CIIICAOO.
» One 2.. i l* 8681 and best in the city.
Rooms, 81.00 per day up. Send for circular.
Half a bloQk from l?th st exit of the new
"tools Central Ration, All bairtiairo fleiiv,
rod FURS from Ills. Central dipßi NO ft X
ares uecessarj. Look out for our porter at ■
he station. v. you waut eimfort, c6nven
nce and ecouoiay. gtou at the uqw
WANTED- A few persons in each plaoe to do
writing. Send stamp for 180 page book of par
tUul«». J, W, W<K*buif, li.i] w e ,t jhh, &,*
; ■—
t f
New: Silks !
30 pieces new designs in Plaid
Taffetas, the $1.25 quality, for
98c.
20 pieces new Damas Check
Taffetas, illuminated back
grounds, a decided novelty, to
be had here only, $1.25.
15 pieces Imperial Gauffred
Silks, choice and exc/usiue.
$1.50 quality 24-inch Satin
Duchesse, 98c.
#7.75 quality 24-inch Satin
Duchesse, 31-13
--25 pieces New Taffeta Faconne
Silks.
20 pieces New Brocade Taffetas
and Satins.
30 pieces New Japanese Habu
tais, dark effects.
35 pieces New Japanese Taf
fetas. Prices this week, 49c,
69c, 98c. Values up to $1.50
and $2.00 a yard.
Semi-Annual Clearing Sale
of Trimmed Millinery..
The time has come to reduce
stock, and we have cut prices on
all kinds of Trimmed Hats low
enough to induce all to buy.
Nothing will be gained by wait
ing longer. Prices will not be
lower than now, and the assort
ment will be much less. Our
Millinery is of the finest kind,
and the styles are the best in
the Twin Cities.
Hats that have been $5 to $8
reduced to $3.48.
Hats that have been $8 to $12
reduced to $5.98.
Hats that have been $12 to $15
reduced to $8.98.
Hats that have been $15 to $20
reduced to $10.78.
Velvet Roses, all the new
shades, worth $1 a bunch, for
39c.
Ostrich Tips, newest shades,
worth $1.50, for 59c.
Genuine Knox Hats in all the
leading shapes.
Mourning Millinery of the fin
est description, including veils,
at all prices. Orders are prompt
ly filled at short notice. Spe
cialties in Evening Hats. We are
constantly receiving new ideas
from New York and Paris.
DRESS GOODS.
You will find it will pay you to
look through our stock before
you buy anything in fine Wool
Gown Fabrics. We are continu
ally getting in new lots, and you
may' rest assured they are
cheap or we would not buy them
now. We have many elegant
novelties, and we are selling
them at very low prices. Here
are some specialties that no com
petition can beat:
Pure Wool Henriettas, in a full
line of fashionable colors,
25c a Yard.
HANDSOME SILK AND WOOL
MIXTURES, 40 inches wide, in
rich winter colorings; 75c has
been the price. We sell them
for 37c.
Handsome Novelty Suitings of
French manufacture, 40 and 42
inches wide; $I.2shas been their
price. We sell them for 69c
HIGH-GRADE BLACK DRESS
GOODS AT SPECIAL PRICES FOR
CHRISTMAS GIFTS.
Our past experience has taught
us that many of our most valued
patrons buy fine Black Dress
Goods for holiday gifts. We had
an opportunity a few days ago
to buy five lines of first-class
dependable fabrics much under
value. They have just come in,
and we place them on sale Mon
day in three lots:
Lot I, at 89 Cents-
48-inch Pure-Wool Granite
Cloths, beautiful lustrous fabrics
of high quality, such as all first
class retailers have held at $1.50
or $1.75.
48-inch All-Wool Wide Wale
Diagonals of splendid quality.
Lot 2, at 69 Cents
-46-inch All-Wool French Serge
of very superior quality.
46-inch extra fine all-wool
Silk-Finish Henriettas.
Lot 3, at 49 Cents.
25-inch all-wool French Serge.
These prices mean a very con
siderable saving of money on the
ordinary values.
Lace Dept.
You can always find novel at
tractions in this stock. New
things are continually appearing,
and they are a/ways sold at rea
sonable prices. We show tomor
row high ndvelties in
LIBERTY SILK SQUARES; Polka
Dots and Persian Effects.
Another shipment of real
OSTRICH FEATHER BOAS.
New Veilings of all kinds are
on sale.
Sixth and Robert Sts.
ST. PAUL, KIND.
EXTRAORDINARY SALE
■ — - OF—
Beds and Bedding,
' - Mattresses,
!Hll§| Blankets, Etc.
This will be a very important sale. The Beds and Bedding
are all of the best hind, and the reductions announced are genuine.
Iron beds, 3 feet by 6, worth $8.75, f0r...... . $6.48
Iron Beds, 3 feet by 6, worth $9.75, for 7.48
■ Iron Beds, 3 feet by 6, worth $18.50, f0r..... 9.98
Iron Beds, 4 feet by 5, worth $15.50, for 10.98
Brass Beds, 3 feet by 6, worth $30.00, for 23.48
Brass Beds, 4 feet by 6, worth $30.00, for ... 20.00
Brass Beds, 4 feet by 6, worth $45.00, for... 33.75
Brass Beds, 4 feet by 6, worth $60.00, for.. 38.98
Brass Beds, 4 feet by 6, worth $70.00, for 52.50
Brass Beds, with canopy, 4 feet by 6, worth $70, f0r..54.00
30-lb. best XX XX Moss Mattress for ;.. ..... 6.25
40-lb. best XXXX Moss Mattress for 7.45
30-lb. Hair Mattress for 73.50
40-lb. Hair Mattress for. 16.75
10-4 AII-Wool Blankets, worth $5.00, for .. .... 3.49
10-4 All-Wool Blankets, worth $5.50, for 3.90
Down Quilts of Sateen, worth $6.50, for ...-. 4.75
Sateen Comforts, worth $2.50, for 1.78
Chaliie Comforts, our own make, for 1.69
Brass and Iron Beds draped at moderate prices.
Old Furniture remodeled and reupholstered.
Cloaks, Furs and Wrappers.
It is a very unusual thing for us to have so large a stock of
Cloaks in Thanksgiving week, but so many have been disappointed
in getting the garments they wanted, owing to the strike, and the
demand continues so active, that we have not hesitated to increase
our stock beyond precedent. The strike is by no means over, but
you will find garments enough here in the best materials and
styles; more than we have shown at any time this season.
We have the novel 28-inch Coats, made of CHINCHILLAS, KER
SEYS, SCOTCH CHEVIOTS and BEAVERS, all with extra high storm
collars, from $13.50 to $20.00.
We have a great many handsome Coats in lengths from 36 to
44 inches of the same materials.
Our arrivals of Chinchilla Coats place us far in advance of any
competition in the Twin Cities. We have excellent Coats at $12
and $13.59, and our Coat at $15 we believe to be the best for the
money that can be found in Minnesota. These and many others,
all with high storm collars and the NEW coat back. At $30 we
show very handsome Coats of finest imported Chinchilla, 40-inch
and 44-inch, lined throughout with heavy Satin'Rhadame.
OURFUR DEPARTMENT
Has made a wonderful record this year, and the continued, in
creasing demand is good proof that our patrons are pleased.
Kindly words and complimentary expressions come to us from ail
directions as to our styles, qualities and low prices.
Our furs are made for us by furriers of national reputation,
whose names are familiar as household words in every part of
America, and everywhere they are well spoken of because their
Furs are good. We could not afford, holding, the position we do in
the trade of the Northwest, to handle any other kind.
Those who buy Furs froii us are safe. Our guarantee goes
with everything we sell/, and its value is well known.
Large additions have just come in to our stock of ALASKA
SEAL, OTTER, KRIMMER and ASTRAKHAN COATS and CAPES of
all kinds.
We show much the largest assortment of FINE FUR CAPES in
the Twin Cities. We have them in Alaska Seal, Persian Lamb,
Black Marten, Electric Seal, Belgium and Sheared Coney, Astrakhan
and other popular Furs in the latest and most stylish shapes.
NECK SCARFS and MUFFS of all Furs at lowest possible prices.
FUR-LINED CIRCULARS in targe variety.
FUR-LINED SILK CIRCULARS, worth $50, are on sale at $39
Fur-Lined Cheviot Circulars, worth $35, for $23.
Our Fur Factory is running in full force. We have furriers of
the most competent kind, who are well known in both cities. We
give satisfaction in every case.
$4.50 Another invoice of Swansdown Flannel Wrappers, colors Rose,
Wrappers Light Blue, Navy Blue, Gray, Reseda Green, Black and White. Those
for who failed to get one at our sale last week will find pientu here on
$3.00. Monday.
$6.00 Wrappers With these came another lot of All-Wool Eiderdown Wrap
tor $4.00. pers in Pink, Green, Gray, Navy and Cardinal at $4.00 each.
Glove Department.
12-Button Opera Mousquetaires,
Button Opera Mousquetaires,
20-Button Opera Mousquetaires,
I2f' nk' Blue ' Nile> Lemon > Chrysanthemum, Cardinal and Pearl, at a sauina of
$1.00 on every pair — y J
20-Button, worth $4.25, for $3.25
16-Button, worth $3.50, for. .$2.50
12-Button, worth $3.00, for .'.52.00
Ypsilanti Underwear
AT LESS THAN HALF=PRICE._
nn' ldrnJ.n H% avy. Ribbed Woal YPsilant> Vests and Pants; catalogue prices ' ,
tpj.UU ana q>2.50. Until sold, 69 Cents.
■ T/nn Wool and Lisle Thread Ypsilanti Combination Suits; catalogue i
price, $4.00 up. Of the Wool Suits we have small sizes only. All will be closed
out at $1.50 Each.
«i* UK 16?/ 8 Pul <Yps'l<™ti Combination Suits; catalogue prices, $8.00 to
$10.00. Now, $3.75 Each.
$6 50° mNow $2 ao%.S ri"an Ypsi/anti Suits; cata'o^e prices, $4.75 to
Men's Department.
IpECUiL iyc^Jii^nOF^N'SOh? VES- Every Pair fitted and warranted.
pH£™!*t^^^igr llmt qUa"tlJ ' r***»w our regular
price S: EaZ^s^ 66^ ■"-»"* '»' regular ;
Pernn's Best Pique; usual prices, $2.50 and $2.26. Our price, $2.00
Reymers Dressed and Undressed; usual prices, $2.50 and $2.25 Our
price, $2.00.
Perrin's Dogskin; usual prices, $1.85 and $1.75. Our price, $1.50.
— LI NENS— ■—
Plain Linen Tea Cloths, 36x36 inches, hand-hemstitched; $1.50 has been the
price. Now, $1.25. HEMSTITCHED DAMASK TEA CLOTHS;
86x36 inches for ..... :................ $1.00 Each.
45x45 inches for 1.75 Each.
45x45 inches for. 2.00 Each.
They were $1.25, $2.50 and $3.00.
An accumulation of Fine Table Cloths, without Napkins to match at prices
that should close them out in quick order. As quantities are limited an earlu
examination will be most satisfactory. ' *
2x2}4-yard Cloths at... $4.05 and $5.04
They were $5.50 and $7.00.
2x3-yard Cloths at... $.88 and $7.13
They were $6.00 and $9.00.
2x3J4-yard Cloths at .. .$5.70
Were $7.00.
2x5-yard Cloths at $6.45 and $9.45
Thay were $8.00 and $12.00.
Sixth and Robert Streets, St. Paul, Minn
Carpets
WILTONS,
AXMINSTERS,
BRUSSELS,
TAPESTRIES,
— AND
EXTRA SUPER INGRAINS
~~ *
Because of excellence of de
sign, fabric and coloring, our
Carpets have won a place in the
best homes, hotels and halls in
the Northwest. Never has an
enterprise gained so strong a
position an d shown so large an
increase in so short a time, in
an admittedly bad year, as this
department.
Notwithstanding our large
sales the stock is always full,
I because continually replenished.
When you want a Carpet, we will
be glad to have you look through
our stock, and we have no doubt
we will be able to please you.
Muslin Underwear Oept.
DOLLS.
[ Special Prices on FINE DOLLS
\for the Carnival.
Exquisite line of APRONS for
the holidays.
Maids' Aprons, Nurses' Aprons
and Five o'Clock Tea Aprons.
See the line of Aprons we offer
for 25 Cents each.
Special prices on Children's
Coats and Capes, for 7, 2 and 3
years.
Ferris Waists for children,
from 25 Cents upwards.
Ferris Waists for women, from
$1.00 upwards.
P. D. Corsets, $1.50 and up
wards.
We are sole agents for Her
Majesty's Corsets, the renowned
Parisian "Fasso" Corsets and
Double V Waists for women and
children.
OUR ART
DEPARTMEiNT
grows in popularity daily. This
will be a good time to visit it
and inspect the stoch, which is
now at its best.
In addition to our remarhable
assortment of
CUT GLASS, ART CHINA
AND BRIC-A-BRAC,
We show special designs in
DINNER SETS!
AT LOW PRICES.
We offer an English Dinner Set
of 130 pieces, in the novel Ken
sington design, white and gold,
for 517.75.
The order may be given and
the set will be delivered at any
time between now and Christmas.
Our stoch of Banquet and Bou
doir Lamps is one of the largest
and most varied in America.
So many of our patrons come
to us inquiring for some hind of
CREAM for chapped hands that
we have decided to publish a list
of the various CREAMS and
BALMS for dry cracking of the
shin and for beautifying the com
plexion that may be found in our
department for DRUGGISTS'
SUNDRIES:
Hudnut's Milk of Cucumber and
Orris.
Hudmd's Toilet Cerate Cream.
Hudnut's Orange Flower and
Cucumber Cream.
Graves' Skin Food Creaiu.
Cream Simon.
Gilbert's Witch Hazel Emol
Hence Cream.
Patey's Cold Cream.
Hinds' Honey of Almond Cream.
Ferris' Almond Cream.
Espey's Cream.
Rose and Glycerine.
• Vaseline Cold Cream.
Almond Meal.
Piuer's Lait d'/ris Cream.
All these can be had at spe
cial prices.
NEW CLOAKINGS and SEAL
PLUSHES can be found in out
Flannel Department.
Butterick's Patterns are here
in full assortment, including the
latest and most fashionable Au
tumn and Winter Styles.
MAIL ORDERS are always wel
comed end carefully filled at oar
lowest special prices.
Sixfhand Robert Sis.
<»T. PAUL. MINN.

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