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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 04, 1894, Image 5

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1894-12-04/ed-1/seq-5/

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Bj the moait... mail or carrier — 40c
Ones ear by carrler.in advanco.S-1.00
Oi.t-jcai- by mull, in advance. . .$3.00
■r.tl&ta. AMI &UN DAY.
ll} Ihe month, mail or carrier..soe
«>-'»■ > ear by carrler.inadvanee.Bs.oo
Ono yea*- by mail. In advance. .94.00
Per Single Copy Five Cents
Three .'ton! lit., mail or carrier..soc
One 1 ear, by carrier $1 50
One Year* by mail *1 J. 5
Cue year. $1 ! Sis mo., <-*c | Three mo., ttS
AaUiit't» all letters and telegrams to
'IUX GLOBS, St. Paul, Minn.
Eastern Advertising Office-Room 517
Temple Court Building, New York.
WASHINGTON bureau. i*.e V st. NW.
Complete filesof the Globe always kept on
hand frr reference. Patrons aud iriends are
cordial invited to visit and avail them
selves of 'the facilities of our Eastern oflices
when in New York ami Washing-tots,
lOIIAY'S ws.Aiiii.it.
Washington. Dec. 3.—lndications: For
"Minnesota: fair; warmer in northern Dor
tions; south winds.
For Wisconsin: Fair; south winds.
For Iowa: Fair; warmer in eastern por
tion; south winds.
for the Da kolas: Fair; warmer; south
For Montana: Fair; warmer in southern
portion: southwest winds.
SI HAL observations.
[*imin States Department of AaßictrLT
rKß, Wbatueb liiuE'.r. Washington, Dec
3. 6:46 p.m. Local Time, Bp.m. 7..ih Meridian
'i into.- Observations taken at the same mo
ment ■>*" time at all stations.
Place bar. l"r Place. 'Bar. T*r.
St. Paul.r..puis 311 Med'eHat... 3.74 34
Duluth. •.''•.'■si 34j|Sw't Cur'ent 29.1*1 IS
La Crosse, ptt.lt" yu'Appclle 'J&.SS 14
Huron ... 30.14 30 jj ttiune<ioßß.. 30.00 4
Pierre ''■.•.l.'j ***. Winnipeg. .'-.>.01 16
Moorhead .. 13 '.04| 3* Port Arthur. 20.94 22
St. Vincent. I**9.sS l'|| |
Bismarck **..l"i -.1* ; Boston 36-****
WiUistou-.p-0.00l 24 Buffalo 28-56
Havre 29.04 :-..- (Cheyeune
Miles City.. |.'i'.l'4 *, Chicago .... 28-36
Helena.. ..|»\:'ri 2i. Cincinnati.. 38-4*
Edmonton ''.ii.vii 2b j I Montreal 28-28
Battleford. . j]New Orleans li 2-72
Pr. Albert -.piSO i New York... ;iC--_
Calgary .'-:■"". J29.6t* "i-sll Pittsburg..".. 36-40
P. F. Lyons, Local Forecast Official.
A root, many congressmen will ap
preciate the fact that their chairs have
6oft cushions.

Yt.t so Mr. Bailey signalized his
presence at the opening by some re
mark.--, as usual.
Mi: Koi contented himself with
swearing, just what plain, ornery cotin
tty lawyers do when the court is agin
Bin. At>ks appears to have been
addicted to a truly senatorial largeness
of matrimonial views and practices, it
Mrs. Addicks* divorce complaint is
We are dad to note that the presi
dent did not use the term "freer" trade
once in his message. We suspect he
himself thinks now he used it once 100
Mu. Cleveland is right in declaring
it wrong to carry "fake newspapers and
trashy novels"' in the mails at one-eighth
the price --aid by publishers of standard
Baktkxi'EUsj notice a marked de
crease in the consumption of Old Crow
since the election. The brand has fallen
into disfavor with Democrats. It is too
confoundedly suggestive.
No one who reads the message will
accuse the president of being silver
tongued. There is a silence anent the
while metal that must be positively
painful to Uncle Dick Bland. "
Did it occur to Mr. Crisp that, had he
not .sidetracked the tariff in tne Fifty
second congress to give silver the right
of way, the second session might have
opened under more inspiriting condi
HtLE it was noted that flowers galore
adorned the desk of Breckenridge, it
was not staled that the girls of Troy had
decorated Haines" desk with a bouquet
of collars aim cuffs. The cuffs the voters
of the district gave him were sufficient
and deserved.
Was Mr. Cleveland ever a newspaper
man? is a question that may be asked
when reading his recommendations con
cerning the mails. He thinks a reform
in the line -suggested would eventually
result in carrying periodicals and news
papers free.
Senator Hans has views on finance
and currency as well as on eggs and
sheep, hut it would strike even a su
perficial thinker that a man who can
soberly assert that a. reduction in the
number of she«p in his state of 350 per
cent was a mathematical possibility
could know little of the more complex
problems of finance, and would best
preserve his dignity by keeping his
mouth shut.
Senator Jim Smith was one of the
sugar senators. He wanted to protect
the workmen in New Jersey refineries.
His heart bled at the thought of their
having to compete with pauper labor,
and so he fought for a bonus to there
liners. Now Havemeyer shuts down
his refineries and throws several thou
sand of Smith's constituents out of
woik at the opening of winter, and Jim
is mad. He threatens to go into the
senate and put his shoulder to that pop
gnu bill putting sugar on the free list
and push it right straight through the
senate. Wonder if Jim hasn't sold
sugar stock short.
Dr. Price's Cream Baking Powder
wants your patronage. Unexcelled
qualities of strength and purity. A
trial is convincing.
Editor Wise, of Mankato, calls our
attention to a dispatch from the south
ern part of the state that appeared some
time since in some of the Twin City
dailies, saying that cholera was raging
among the hogs in that section, and
stating'specifically that 150 had died in
one day on a farm near Blue Earth
City. He denies the report in toto, and
advises editors receiving similar mes
sages hereafter to kill them.and also the
sender. The mischief in such state
ments is that they are taken up by the
press of other states and reported
abroad, and discredit our pork in home
and foreign markets.
-Some ten years ago what was lied
the cholera raged among the herds of
swine in Southeastern Minnesota on the
upland farms, where the water supply
for stock was the artificial ponds, in
which the water became stagnant and
filthy; and the disease was confined iv
I such- localities, except as it was trans
j in lied by contagion. .Willi the advent
\ «d the* drillers and a supply ot pure
: water the disease disappeared, and has
j never since appeared there or elsewhere
I in the s ate. -
| a*!;-. Wise is correct in saying that the
' conditions of climate arc in no state as
: healthful as here in Minnesota, and that
! all eas**S of death from sickness among
! the swine can easily be traced to the
instances where our farni?rs have taken
I advantage of the cheapness of hogs in
{ the drouth-stricken regions of Dakota
j and lowa to buy stockers which came in
j poor condition, and for whose digestion
I the rich feeding on 40-cent wheat was
j t much. The deaths, he says, have
i been entirely among these imported
hogs, ami that tiie cause is not coolers
is shown by the fact that the disease
does not spread to native pigs in the
] tine herd.
. ******
The message of the president, which
we lay before our read* in full this
morning, will be read with many dif-a
fering shades of interest iv and out of
his own party. There will be tho
chronic cynicism of the implacable in
the opposition, to whom no good could
come from that source, who will read it
solely to find where they can hang a
sneer or slur; and in the president's
parly it will be read with comments
vary from the approval of the cnn«s
servative element to expressions of
disappointment by the radical wing.
While a large space is given to a pres
entation of our relations with other
nations, there is nothing of a serious
nature in them, and what there is that
is troublesome grows out of our tariffs.
The attitude ot Germany towards our
meat products is solely the result of
our discrimination against her sugar, in
contravention of our treaty with her,
and to the same cause is due the strained
relations with Spain, who retaliates
through her customs sharply aud an
uoyingly. But these matters do not in
terest the general public as do the two
topics of the tariff and the currency,
which take up the closing portions of
this long message.
The recommendations on the tariff
are a distinct disappointment to those
in the party who saw in the opening of
congress following the defeats of No
vember an opportunity for the presi
dent to point the party more than the
congress to the causes and the future
course the party should take. They
felt that he had the opportunity to com
mit the party to a (creator and a better
cause than that he gave it in 1887, and
that he might have spoken words that
would have reinvigorated and inspired.
Those, however, who regarded the
Wilson bill as it came to the house as a
full redemption of the Chicago plank,
will look on his recommendation that
the differential and discriminating taxes
on sugar and those on coal and iron be
removed as being all that could be ex
pect, d of him.
His recommendations on the currency
will be satisfactory to all who are not
infected with the greenback heresy or
the free silver mania. These will resent
his rebuke of congress for failing to
make provision for the repletion of the
gold reserve when, under our vicious
currency jumble of systems, it became
depleted. His distinct announcement
that the treasury will issue bonds
whenever needed to maintain that, fond
will grate on the ears of the soft and
cheap money men in all parties; but as
they cannot repeal the act of 1873, they
will have to content themselves with
The conditions and discussions in the
press and magazines of our so-called
currency "system" mada it an easy
guess for the Washington correspond
ents to represent the president as pon
dering some plan of uniformity to sub
mit to congress, but they were mistaken
in guessing that he would recommend
the Baltimore plan as adopted by the
bankers' conference. There are two
radically opposite propositions dealing
with paper currency; the one is that all
issues of paper should be made by the
government; the other, that it should
have nothing further to do with paper
money than to authorize and regulate
its issue by private persons. Mr. Cleve
land takes the latter position, and urges
a divorcement of the treasury from
banking functions as soon and as fast
as possible.
The plan suggested by Secretary
Carlisle and indorsed by tho president
is in part the Baltimore plan of substi
tuting a guarantee fund, made up of an
annual tax on circulation, for bonds as
security tor bills, but omits the bad
feature of a federal guarantee. The
secretary's plan contemplates a relief
to the gold reserve in the requirement
of a deposit of greenbacks or Sher
mans equal to 80 per cent of the note is
sue, which goes into the safety fund in
case of failure of the bank; and if
the safety fund be insufficient to re
deem the notes.an assessment on all the
banks is made. The system is made
self-supporting by a tax on the circula
tion enough to defray expenses of the
supervision by the government. These
features keep the government within
the limits of its function of "coining
money and regulating the value there
of," which implies the regulation of
issues of substitutes for metallic money.
But the novel feature is the extension
of the plan to state banks, by repealing
the 10per cent tax on the issues of those
banks which assure the treasury that
they practically conform to the provis
ions of the national act. The proposi
tion to repeal that tax standing alone
was opposed even by those who regard
ed the tax as a usurpation of the taxing
power for a purpose other than revenue,
but who felt that a sound currency was
a necessity that excused the act. These
persons have felt that hand in hand
with the repeal should go some act that
would insure the solvency of the notes
of the state banks. This the secretary's
plan does. With this feature incorpo
rated in a measure it is very probable
that it would pass congress at this ses
sion, offering, as it docs, a relief to
tlnse portions of the country pressed
for more money and demanding free
coinage of silver because of their needs.
Sodden Conservatism Keeps It.
Boston Herald.
It is in tiie nature of an anomaly in
the the operation of - our government
that the existing congress, which has
been repudiated by them, should tie at
once called in to legislate, while that
chosen should have to wait a year be
fore it can be operative. This is ab
surdly unjust, and it is something like
a sodden conservatism tiiat prevents a
change beinit made in accordance with
I efficient government by the people.
Wilson Much Elated Over the
Free Iron and Coal Rec
Other Congressmen Consider
It Businesslike, Vigorous
and Able.
Comments of Other Leading:
Journalists on the Doc
Washington:, Dec. 3.—Speaker Crisp
had ou opportunity to examine the mes
sage carefully, owing to the frequent
interruptions, and was not prepared to
talk until he had done so. Mr.
Wilson, chairman of the ways and
means committed, expressed his great
gratification over the president's vigor
ous recommendation of the free coal
and iron bills sent to the senate, and his
indorsement of the recommendation for
the abolition of the differential ou re
filled sonar. „
Mr. Bryan (Dem., Neb.) said he was
opposed to any financial scheme which
would give private individuals the pow
er to issue money.
Mr. Harter (Dem., O.) characterized
the president's banking scheme as a
good, long step In the right direction,
but personally he thought he ought to
go further. The government, in his
opinion, ought not to guarantee the
payment of national bank notes or of
any corporation.
Mr. Springer (Dem., 111.) said the
president's devotion to routine recom
mendations in reference to the business
of tariff suggestions is wise and time
ly. The business interests of the coun
try may rest assured that there is to be
a long period of rest so far as the gen
eral tariff legislation is concerned.
Mr. Bailey (Dem., Tex.) is opposed
to the government becoming a surety
for the promissory notes of any business
corporation, even though it be a bank.
Senator Mitchell (Rep., Or.)— His
whole financial scheme is impossible,
it is a proposition really going back to
old wild cats.
Senator Blanchard (Dora., La.)—l ap
prove of state banks recommendation.
I am opposed to the repeal of one-eighth,
and one-tenth of a cent differential on
sugar, for the reason that 74 per cent of
7,000,000 pounds of sugar produced in
Louisiana shares in the differential.
Senator iiansbrougli (Rep., >. D.)—l
had heard that the president was suffer
ing from the gout, and the message con
firms it. He recommends a decrease in
the tariff, notwithstanding the deficit,
and makes no recommendation for the
increase of revenue.
Senator , Perkins (Rep., Cal.)—l like
his recommendation for an increase in
the navy, but am opposed to his free
shipping proposition.
Senator Vilas (Dem., Wis.)—lt is a
good business message.
Senator Chandler (Rep., N. IL)—The
message is a very commonolace docu
Mr. Reed, of Maine, had nothing to
say with regard to the message.
Mr. Burrows, of Michigan, had no
comment to make.
Gen. Catching**] (Dem.. Miss.), one of
the committee on rules, strongly in
dorsed the president's financial views.
The scheme of making state banks
banks of issue under federal supervis
ion for the redemption of the notes
would, he thought, emancipate the
banks of the interior from the great
financial institutions of the money cen
ters, especially in times of stringency,
and furnish a safe and elastic currency.
Of the Democratic members of the
senate committee on finance Senators
Voorhees, Harris and Vest asked to be
excused from expressing any opinion
on the financial views advanced by the
president, and Senator Jones, of Arkan
sas, would only repeat what he had
heretofore said, that he did not believe
that any financial legislation would be
possible during the present session.
Republican members of the committee
were almost as disinclined to talk as
their Democratic colleagues. Senator
Sherman would go no further than to
say the message contained nothing
Senator Allison declared it was not a
time for Republicans to take the lead.
Senator Gorman, while declining to
directly discuss the recommendations
of the message, said that at the short
session, which was now beginning, ac
tion would depeud largely upon the
willingness ot the Republicans to per
mit anything to be done.
Senator Brice (Dem., 0.)-The Balti
more plan strikes me as a pure dream.
Its adoption would certainly demoralize
the finances of the country.
Senator Teller (Rep., Col.)—I cannot
see that the message offers any relief
for the country, and it appears to me as
if the president faiied to comprehend
the financial or political conditions.
Senator Hoar (Rep., Mass.)—lt Is a
message without courage or vigor, indi
cating in every sentence the president's
consciousness of public disapproval.
Can this be haughty Marmion?
Senator Caffery (Dem., La.) — With
reference to the president's recom
mendation on the sugar differential. 1
have my views, but prefer to withhold
them for the present.
Senator Stewart—The financial plan
in Mr. Cleveland's message, stripped of
its verbiage, means that the United
States shall give bankers $75 for $22.50.
Any bank that will deposit $22.50 of
legal tender, whether greenbacks or
treasury notes, will receive $75 of our
government money, a cunning way of
retiring greenbacks, it removes all re
strictions of the banking law against
expansion ana contraction by the banks
to enable them and their associates to
"rig" the market.
Blossoming "Sweet Girl Graduates"
and American "Princes of the Blood"
rendered alertly vigorous, mentally and
bodily, with rood raised by Dr. Price's
Baking Powder.
Watterson Criticises the Message
as Uninteresting*.
Lovisvii.i.k, Ky., Dec. 3. — The
Courier-Journal will say: The presi
dent's annual message, transmitted to
congress yesterday, is unusually long,
and is almost as uninteresting as it is
long. Aside from tho indorsement and
synopsis of .Secretary Carlisle's plan for
currency reform, with one or two
recommendations, the message has but
little other significance than attaches to
a clerk-like condensation of the various
department reports. In this respect it
is very different from some of the pre
ceding messages of Mr. Cleveland. The
feature that will attract most attention
is the recommendation of a plan looking
to the commendable object of divorcing
the government from the business of
banking, and providing for an ample,
elastic aud perfectly safe bank cur
Cleveland, 0., Dec. 3.—The Plain
dealer wiil say: The president is noth
ing if not tenacious of his opinions, lie
still clings to the idea that coal and iron
ore should be placed upon the free list.
hut he gives no reasons for it. The
president- is silent, and by his silence
approves the tariff on raw su«,iu*. It
strikes us that raw sugar is a pretty
raw material, and if his logic is good
against a tariff on coal, iron and wool,
certainly he ought to advo ate putting
sugar on the free i'st. 1 lie policy which
the president advocates of external.g
our commerce ami enlarging our mer
chant marine Is to be commended by
every patriotic, citizen. Tne president
rightfully indorses the civil service re
form and the reorganization of the
Union Pacific* Hail way company so as
to take it out of the hands of a re
The Leader says the message Is re
markable for nothing but the president's
financial recommendations, which, It de
clares, are intended to please the Popu
lists and Democrats of the South and
West, and which, if carried out, would
result in the revival of wild-cat cur
rency and the material weakening ot
the national banking system by decreas
ing the security of the bill-holders and
leaving depositors at the mercy of dis
honest bank officials.
Kansas Cn\, Dec. 3.—The Journal
(Hep.) says: The president's message
is a document which will attract atten
tion only because of its length, and not
because of handling of subjects in which
the American people are interested.
The document is a disappointment
to the people and must be a humiliation
to his adherents. °
The Times (Dem.) says the striking*
feature of President Cleveland's annual
message is its lucidity and comprehen
siveness. Th-* surprising feature of the
document is the absence of any recom
mendations that would invite conten
tion. The message is written in
that vigorous style and rugged peri
ods which mark all the state papers
of Mr. Cleveland. It is likely to make
a profound impression ou congress and
ihe country.
St. Lot'is, Mo., Dec. 3.—The Globe-
Democrat will say: The message of
President Cleveland this year is the
longest one he has ever written, and tho
one that contains the least matter of
original interest and importance, lt is
composed mainly of abstracts of the
reports of the different departments,
with passing leconimendations upon
points that do not particularly affect the
general welfare.
Cincinnati, Dee., 3.— The Commer
cial Gazette (Rep.) says: The presi
dent's message shows a weakening on
the tariff, and is lacking in any reme
dial measures after the popular ex
pressions therefor the past two years.
Heretofore it was understood President
Cleveland would veto a free silver bill.
Now it Is reasonable to infer a Pill for
limited coinage upon a basis of 10 to 1
would be signed. The message will
create a measure of renewed distrust
and general anxiety.
Conservative and Judicious.
New Orleans, La., Dec. 3.—The
Picayune says in substance: It is doubt
ful it there has ever been presented to
a congress a more conservative and
judicious address than that sent in by
President Cleveland. It is free from
radical views and aggressive proposals,
and should create harmony in the
councils of the party.
It is the first time Mr. Cleveland has
failed to burden his message with a
policy. Once he dwelt upon the neces
sity for civil service reform; another
time it was tariff reform, and still at an
other it was a radical course in Hawaii,
and at auother an anti-silver policy.
This time the president has sept free
from any violent positivism, and he has
done well.
' The Times-Democrat will say: Presi
dent Cleveland's message is what
might be called a lardy message. The
president has been laid up for the last
two or three weeks with gout, or some
ailment of that sort, and the message
bears traces of compulsory inactivity,
for it is made up in large measure
of condensations of the cabinet
ministers' reports. There is a less of
original matter in the message today,
and less, too. of that robust intellectu
ality which used to be one of the most
noticeable characteristics of Mr. Cleve
land's public documents. The message
in fact makes the remote suggestion
that its author might probably be "los
ing his grip."
Nashville. Term,, Dec. 3. — The
American will say: With the veto
power which Mr. Cleveland holds, and
which he will unquestionably exercise
if necessary.i auy further attemptud
legislation upon the silver question by
this congress will be a mere waste of
time, lt is therefore the duty of
every true Democrat to accept" the
inevitable and labor earnestly for the
enactment of the very best financial
legislation that can possibly be accom
plished looking towards a perfect and
complete separation of the government
from the banking business, to the re
moval of the control of the currency
from the hands of a few national bunk
ers and its restoration a3 nearly as may
be to the people themselves..
meets All Expectations.
Detroit, Mich., Dec. 3.—The Free
Press will say: In the main, it meets
all just expectation, though the oppo
nents of the income tax will be disap
pointed to find in it no confirmation of
their hopes for a recommendation
to nullify tbat enactment by not
appropriating the funds neces
sary to put it in operatiou.
In the closing portion of his message
the president comes up most fully to
the public expectation. His declarations
that we ought to have tree coal and free
iron, and above all that the differen
tial duty in favor of refined sugar should
be stricken off, are in entire accord, we
believe, with popular judgment.
The Tribune wiil say: Mr. Cleveland
acknowledges that gold is at present
the only money of final redemption.
The president meets the situation with
great courage and great obstinacy.
He insists that he will maintain the
gold reserve and Keep right on selling
bonds whenever it, shall be neces
sary to keep the gold reserve at.sloo.
--000,000. In that he is courageous. He
is obstinate in that he ignores the real
necessity of the hour, and that his hos
tility to silver stands like a stone wall
to prevent any legislation looking to a
restoration of a bimetallic policy.
Memphis. Term., Dec. 3— The Com
mercial Appeal will say the president
broadly intimates that the action of
Germany In excluding importations of
live stock and fresh meat from this
country is due to the provisions of our
custom act imposing a discriminat
ing duty of one cent a pound
on sugars coming from countries that
pay an export bounty thereon. The
message recommends a repeal of such
duty in the interest of commerce. We
do not feel inclined to approve this
recommendation. An export bounty
paid by a foreign country operates to
the disadvantage of tho American prod
uct. A discriminating duty in such
cases is not a ptotection against fair
competition but against unfair competi
Too Brief on Currency.
St. Louis, Mo., Dec. 3.—The Repub
lic (Dem.) will say: Mr. Cleveland's
message would have been more useful
if he had elaborated his views upon tie
currency, and referred briefly to the
reports of his secretaries on other sub
jects, instead of stating other subjects
and fully contenting himself with an
indorsement of Secretary Carlisle's
plan for a change in the currency,
Reorganization of the currency is by
far the most important subject that has
been urged by any president since the
war. In the absence of settled knowl
edge in their own minds the great mass
of citizens would very much like to have
at length the reasons which have in
duced Mr. Cleveland to give his unqual
ified approval to a reversal of the whole
monetary system of the country.
Cincinnati, 0., Dec. 3.—The En
quirer (Dem.) criticises the message
throughout severely. It says: The
most interesting feature of the presi
dent's recommendation of withdrawal
from the Berlin treaty in his
recognition of congress as having
some authority concerning our foreign
relations. That the president should
think it worth while to consult congress
in this .matter is a most encouraging
sign of the beneficial effect upon him
of his experience in the Hawaiian busi
The message is pronounced "rheu
matic and gouty."
San I-'iivm [si■(>. D,.. 3.—The Ex
aminer will say: Iho president in his
message favors the abolulion of "every
particle ot differential duty in favor of
refined sugar" and the abolution of the
retaliatory duty on refined Imported
from countries that pay export bounties,
If he had taken this stand at the close
of the last session instead of permitting
Mr. Carlisle to identify the adminis
tration with the sugar trust, something
might have turned out differently.
Tribune Calls It a business Me«>
. Ciikaoo, Dec." 3.—The Tribune:
With the exception of the brief tariff
statement aud the somewhat longer
'financial statement, the message is
purely clerical, and reflects the routine
work ot the departments. Summed up,
it is a long business message without
partisan exaltation on the one hand or
useless mourning over recent catas
trophes on the other, aud with evident
suggestions of gout.
The Record says: The president's
unequivocal declaration that ho will
maintain the national currency on a
gold basis at any cost in bonds should
uispel all doubts on that score if such
doubts have still existed anywhere.
The recommendation that the discrimi
. nating duty against German sugars be
removed, mid that free coal, free iron
and free ships be granted to the citizens
ot this country merely serve to empha
size the small figure cut by tariff argu
ments in this message.
The Times will say: Undaunted by
what the. Republican organ- are pleased
to call the verdict against free trade,
Mr. Cleveland demands free coal, free
iron ore and free ships. lie even sug
gests that if revenue considerations
would permit he "would be glad, under
existing aggravations, to see every par
ticle of differential duty stricken out of
our tariff law"—an expression winch a
vast body of people of the United Slates,
victims of trusts fostered by these du
ties will heartily echo. The president's
currency recommendations the Times
has nuled in another column only to
emphatically condemn.
The Herald will say: The annual
message of President Cleveland is very
much in earnest throughout, and those
portions which express his personal
views of public policy and the principles
of government, with his usual force
and directness. On the whole it is a
satisfactory document, which clears up
the situation amazingly, which wili ex
cite but little hostile criticism aud
which is s creditable American state
Chicago, Dec. 3.—The Inter Ocean
says of the president's banK note policy:
The Inter Ocean does not fear the actual
adoption of this wildcat system. The
house may pass it. and probably will,
but tho Republicans of the senate
surely will prevent its passage
in that body. If necessary the
regular appropriations should be
blocked. Better, infinitely bolter, a
special session of the congress-elect iv
the spring than the overturning of our
present monetary system, with a return
to oue fundamentally the same as the
old ante- state bank bill system.
Severe Newspaper Criticism on
the Message.
New York, Dec. 3. -The Staats Z ei
tung—His plan for currency reform is
evidently not quite matured. Although
offering a sufficiently sound basis
for the security of bank notes,
tho security for bank depositors
will be reduced, and for this reason we
do not believe that the banks will be in
duced to issue notes on this basis. The
message is not lacking in interesting
points, but it must be said that on the
whole it does not come up fully to the
situation. The president has not shown
sufficient courage to read an object les
son to tho American people from the
terrible disasters his party has met, and
from the general political and economic
situation of the country. Although he
does not retreat before his adversaries,
he is no longer as aggressive as he was
in 1887,
New York, Dec. 3.—Press: Mr.
Cleveland's demand for more free trade
legislation is an insult to the American
people and an essential denial of the
rihht of popular sovereignty by a pop
ular plurality of more than a mill
ion and a half to the American people
condemned Clevelandism, rejected free
trade. If obstruction in the senate is
necessary in order to enforce the peo
ple's mandate, then let obstruction be
used fearlessly and resolutely.
New York, Dec. 3.—World: The
message is as a whole disappointment.
There is no claar note of leadership in
it. It csutalus not the slightest recog
nition of the causes of the late
overwhelming disaster to the Demo
cratic party, lt has not a word indicat
ing the purpose to amend the faults and
correct the blunders that contributed to
this defeat.
Currency Proposals Criticised by
limes and Standard.
London*. Dec. 4.—The Times thinks
Secretary Carlisle's plan is probably
the best devisable • under the circum
stances. The prospect of carrying any
currency reform* in the present con
gress is rather hopeless, but the
fact that the shrewd managers of New
York banks helped the treasury by sub
scribing for the gold loan shows they
still hope that congress will listen to
reason. If it does not, the American
people are within a measurable distance
of being forced into adopting a silver
standard whether they wish to do so or
not, for the treasury's gold cannot again
be replenished.
London, Dec. 4. — The Standard
thinks that the framers of Secretary
Carlisle's proposals in gazing into the
distaut future, take too little into ac
count what may happen in the mean
time. How will the plan put cash into
the treasury to meet the various pres
ent and future demands? Gold reserves
in the treasury can only be re
plenished without risk by changing the
budget deficits into surpluses and ac
cumulating these surpluses into gold.
Secretary Carlisle's proposals are weak
and impossible. America docs not want
more of currency legerdemain. She
wants honest money.
Gov. Oatea' Opinion.
Montgomery, Ala., Dec. 3.—Com
menting on the banking clause in Pres
ident Cleveland's message, Gov. Gates
said: "There Is * little too much cen
tralization in the president's banking
scheme to please state rights Democrats,
but lt would be a great improvement on
the present banking system, and 1
heartily approve it."
Japan meditates division of China into
three kingdoms. Purity, strength, econ
omy are avowedly the provinces over
which Price's Cream Raking Powder is
Coal Trust Applies the Screws.
1 New York, Dec. 3.—The sales agents
of the anthracite companies held an ad
journed meeting today, and acting with
the consent ol their presidents, to whom
the matter was referred after last Tues
day's meeting, decided to restrict pro
duction during the month of December
to one-half their mining capacity. This
will be between 2,500,000 and 2,(500,000
tons. They also decided to advance
tidewater prices to the following, f. o.
b., gross: Broken, 13.50" egg, $3.00;
stove, $3.75. The actual vet selling
prices under this circular will be 15
cents less than those quoted.
Fellows' Hearing He-jun.
New Youk, Dec. 3.—The trial of Col.
John F. Fellows, district attorney of the
city and county of New York, upon
charges of neglect of duty was begun
before Gov. Flower's commissioner, ex-
Senator John J. Lenaon, of Kingston,
today. One set of charges made by
Good Government clubmen embraces
over three hundred specific cases, while
another set, presented by the German-
American He form union makes exactly
501. 'Hearing ol arguments was theu
Continued From First Pnge*
of Leon Baldwin, an American citizen,
by a hand of marauders In l'urango,has
bt-en accepted, and is being paid in in
stallments. The problem of the storage
and use of the waters of the Rio Grande
for irrigation should be solved by ap
propriate concurrent action of the two
interested countries. Rising in the Col
orado heights, the stream flows inter
mittently, yielding little water during
the dry months to the irrigating chan
nels already constructed along its
course, 1 his scarcity is often severely
fell in the regions where the river forms
a common boundary. Moreover, the
frequent changes in its course through
level sands often raise embarrassing
questions of territorial jurisdiction.
Prominent among the questions of the
year was the Bluefields incident iv
what is known as the Mosquito Indian
strip, bordering.on the Atlantic ocean,
and within the jurisdiction of Nicaragua.
By the treaty of PiOO between Great
Britain and Nicaragua the former gov
ernment expressly recognized the sover
eignty of the latter over the strip, and a
limited form of self government was
guaranteed to the Mosquito Indians, to
be exercised according to their customs,
for themselves and other dwellers with
in its limits. The so-called native
government, which grew, to be
largely made up of aliens, for many
years disputed the sovereignly of
Nicaragua over the strip, and claimed
the right to maintain a practically inde
pendent government Early in the past
year efforts of Nicaragua to maintain
sovereignty over the Mosquito territory
led to serious disturbances, culminating
in the suppression or the native govern
ment and the attempted substitution of
an impracticable composite administra
tion, in which Nicaragua and alien resi
dents were to participate. Failure w.as
followed by an insurrection,which for a
time subverted Nicaragua.: rule, expel
ling her officers and restoring the old
organization. This in turn gave place
to the existing local government estab
lished and upheld by Nicaragua, Al
though the
Alien line re-sis
arrayed against Nicaragua in these
transactions have been largely Amer
ican, and the commerce of that region
for some time has been and still is con
trolled by our citizens, we cannot for
thai reason challenge the rightful sover
eignty of Nicaragua over this important
part of her domain. For some montns
and during part of the time two of
onr naval 6hips have been stationed at
Biueficlds for the protection of all legit
imate interests of our citizens. In Sep
tember last the government at Managua
expelled from its territory twelve or
more foreigners, including two Amer
icans, for alleged participation in the
seditions or revolutionary movements
against the republic at Bluetields al
ready mentioned.but through the earnest
remonstrance of this government the
two Americans have been permitted to
return to the peaceful management or
their business. Our naval commanders
at the scene of these disturbances, by
their constant exhibition of firmness
and good judgment, contributed largely
to the prevention of more serious con
sequences and to the restoration of quiet
and order. 1 regret that in tho midst of
these occurrences there happened a
most grave and irritating failure of
Nicaraguan justice. An American citi
zen named Wilson, residing at liaamk,
Mosquito territory, was murdered by
one Arguello, tfhe acting governor of
the town. After some delay the mur
derer was arrested, but so insecurely
confined or guarded thai he escaped,
and, notwithstanding our repeated de
mands, it is claimed that his recapture
has been impossible by reason of his
flight beyond Nicaraguan jurisdiction.
The Nicaraguan authorities, having
given notice of forfeiture of their con
cession to the canal company en grounds
purely technical and not embraced iv
the contract, have receded from that
Peru, I regret to say, shows symptoms
of domestic disturbance, due, probably,
to the slowness of her recuperation
from the distresses of the war of 1881.
Weakened in resources, her difficulties
in facing international obligations invite
our kindly smpathy, and justify our for
bearance in pressing our long" pending
claims. i have felt constrained to tes
tify this sympathy in connection with
certain demands urgently preferred by
other powers.
The Lzcla Case.
The government of Salvador having
been overthrown by an abrupt; popular
outbreak, certain of its military and
civil officers, while hotly pursued by
infuriated insurgents, sought refuge on
board the United States war ship Ben
nington, then lying in a Salvadorean
port. Although the practice of asylum
is not favored by this government, yet,
in view or the imminent peril which
threatened the fugitives, aud solely
from consideration of humanity, they
were afforded shelter by our naval com
mander, and, when afterwards demand
ed under our treaty of extradi
tion with Salvador for trial on
charges of murder, arson aud
robbery, I directed that such
of them as had not voluntarily left the
ship be conveyed to one of our nearest
ports, where a hearing could be had be
fore a judicial officer 111 compliance with
the terms of the treaty. On their ar
rival at San Francisco such a proceed
ing was promptly instituted before the
United Stales district judge, who held
that the acts constituting the alleged
offenses were political, and discharged
ail the accused except one, uegos,
who was held for an attempt to murder.
Thereupon 1 was constrained to direct
his release, for the reason that an at
tempt to murder was not one of the
crimes charged against him and upon
which his surrender to the Salvadorean
authorities had been demanded.
The people judge Dr. Price's baking
powder by the sum total of its merits
and achievements, not by the enviously
jealous claims of rivals."
Harmonious—Disputes With Spain
—Turkish Outrages.
The recent death of the czar of Rus
sia called forth appropriate expressions
of sorrow and sympathy on the part of
our government with his bereaved fam
ily and the Russian people. As a fur
ther demonstration of respect and
friendship, our minister at St. Peters
burg was directed to represent our gov
ernment at the funeral ceremonies. The
sealing interests of Russia in Mehring
sea are second only to our own. A
modus Vivendi has therefore been con
cluded with the imperial government
restrictive of poaching on the Russian
rookeries and of sealing in waters which
were not comprehended in the pro
tected area defined in the Paris
award. Occasion has been found
to urge upon the Russian gov
erument equality of treatment for our
great life insurance companies whose
operations have been extended through
out Europe. Admitting, as wo do, for
eign corporations to transact business
in the Untied States, we naturally ex
pect no less toleiance for our own in
the ample fields of competition abroad.
But lew cases of interference with nat
uralized citizens returning to Russia
have been reported during the current
year. One Kizemenskt was arrested
last summer in a Polish province on a
reported charge of unpermitted renun
ciation of Russian allegiance, but it
transpired that the proceedings originat
ed In alleged malfeasance committed by
Kizeminski while an imperial official a
number of years ago. Efforts for his
release.which promised to be successful. ,
were iv progress when his death was '
I)i«l>iite*. With Spain.
Unreasonable and unjust cues im-
Dosed by Spain on the vessels and
commerce of the United Mates have de
manded from lime to time during the
last twenty years earnest remonstrance
on the part of our government. In the
immediate past exoroitant penalties
have beeu imposed upou our vessels
and goods by-customs authorities of
Cuba and Porto Rico for clerical errors
of the most trivial character in the man
ifests or bills of lading.. In some cases
fines anionutiug to thousands of dollars
have been In vied' upon cargoes or the
carrying vessels, when the gi.ods in
question wire entitled to free entry.
Fines have been exacted even when the
error had been detected and the Span
ish authorities notified before the ar
rival ol the goods in port.
This conduct is in strange contrast
with the considerate and liberal treat
ment extended the Spanish vessels and
cargoes In our ports in like cases. No :
satisfactory settlement of these vexa- !
itioiisqiiestionjihas yet been reached. !
The Mora case*, eterivd to in my last
annual message remains unsettled. ;
From the diplomatic correspondence ou
this subject which baa been laid before :
the senate, it will be seen that this gov- '
ernment has offered to conclude a con- j
vention with Spain for disposal by arbi- i
tration of outstanding claims between
the two [countries, except the Mora
claim, which, having been long ago ad- !
justed, now only awaits payment as I
stipulated, and of course it could not be i
included in the proposed convention.
It was hoped that this otter would re- '
move parliamentary obstacles encoun- j
tered by the Spanish government in !
providing payment of the Mora indem- j
nity. 1 regret to say that no definite I
reply to this offer has yet been made, ,
and all efforts to secure "payment of this j
settled claim have been unavailing.
Outrage-* in Turkey.
In my last annual message i adverted
to the claim mi the part or Turkey of the
right to expel, as persons undesirable
and dangerous, Armenians naturalized
in the United States and returning to
Turkish jurisdiction. Numerous ques
tions in this relation have arisen. While
this government acquiesces in the as
serted right of explsiou it will not con
sent that Armenians may be imprisoned
or otherwise punished lor no other rea
son than having acquired without im
perial consent American citizenship.
Three of the assailants of Miss Melton,
an American teacher in Mosul, have
been convicted by the Ottoman courts,
and 1 am advised that an appeal against
the acquittal of the remaining five has
been taken by the Turkish prosecuting
A convention has been concluded
with Venezuela tor the arbitration ot a
long-disputed claim growing out of the
seizure of certain vessels, the oroperty
ot citizens of the United States. Al
though signed, the treaty of extradition
with Venezuela is not" vet in force,
owing to the insistence of that govern
ment that, when surrendered, its citi
zens shall iv no case be liable to capital
The rules for the prevention of col
lisions at sea which were framed by
the maritime conference held in this
city in 1889, having been con currently
incorporated in the statutes of the
United States and Great Britain, have
been announced to take effect March 1,
1895, and invitations have been ex
tended to all maritime nations to adhere
to them. Favorable responses have
thus far been received from Austria,
France, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.
Advice That tho United Stater;
Withdraw Reiterated.
In my last annual message 1 referred
briefly to the unsatisfactory state of
affairs in Samoa, under the operation of
the Berlin treaty, as signally illustrat
ing the policy of entangling alliances
with foreign powers, and on May 9, 1894,
in lesponse to a resolution of the senate.
I sent a special message and documents
to that body on the same subject, which
emphasized my previously expressed
opinions. Later occurrences, the cor
respondence in regard to which will be
laid before congress, further demon
strate that the government which was
devised by the three powers and forced
upon the Samoans against their inveter
ate hostility can be maintained only by
tho continued presence of foreign mili
tary force at no sniuii sacrifice of life
and treasure.
The suppression of the Mataafa in
surrection by the powers, and the ban*
ishment of the leader and eleven other
chiefs, as recited in my last message,
did not bring lasting peace to the island.
Formidable uprisings continued, and
finally a rebellion broke in the capital,
and revolts, headed in Aana, the West
ern district, by the younger Tamasese,
and in Atua, the Eastern district, by
other leaders. The insurgents ravaged
the country and fought the government
troops up to the very doors of Apia.
The king again appealed to the powers
for help, and the combined British and
German naval forces reduced the Atti
ans to apparent subjection, not, how
ever, without considerable loss to the
natives. A few days later Tamasese
and his adherents, fearing the marines,
professed submission.
Reports received from our agents at
Apia do not justify the belief that the
peace thus brought about will be of
long duration... It is their conviction
that the natives are at heart hostile to
the present government; that such of
them as profess loyalty to it. do so from
fear of the powers, and that it would
speedily go to pieces if the war ships
were withdrawn. In reporting to his
government on the unsatisfactory situa
tion since the suppression of the late
revolt by foreign armed forces, the Ger
man consul at Apia stated: "That peace
will be lasting is hardly to be presumed.
The lesson given "by firing on
Atua was not sufficiently sharp
and incisive to leave a" lasting
impression on the forgetful Samoan
temperament. In fact, conditions are
existing which .show that peace will
not last, and is not seriously intended.
Malietoa, the king, and his chiefs are
convinced that the departure of the war
snips will be a signal tor a renewal of
the war. The circumstance that the
representatives of the villages of all the
districts which were opposed to the gov
ernment have already withdrawn to
Atua to hold meetings, and that both
Atua and Aana have forbidden inhabi
tants of those districts which fought on
this side of the government to return to
their villages, and have already partly
burned down tho latter, indicates that a
real conciliation of the people is still
far off. And, in a note or the 10th ult.,
in closing a copy of that report for
the information of the govern
ment, the German ambassador said:
"Tho contents of the report-awakened in
the imperial government theapprenen
sion that under existing circumstances
the peace concluded with the rebels will
afford no assurance of the restoration of
lasting tranquillity in the islands."
ihe present government has utterly
tailed to correct, if, indeed, it has not
aggravated the very evils it was intend
ed to prevent. It has not stimulated
our commerce with the islands. Our
participation in its establishment
against the wishes of the natives was in
plain defiance of the conservative
teachings and warnings of the wise and
patriotic men who laid the foundations
of our free institutions, and 1 invite an
expression of the judgment of congress
as to the propriety of steps being taken
by this government looking to the with
drawal from its engagements with other
powers on some reasonable terms not
prejudicial to any of our existing rights.
Two splendid medals to the credit of
Dr. Price's Baking Powder. Highest
awards at Chicago World's Fair aim Cali
fornia Midwinter Fair.
Entire Deficit, f.»r tho Fiscal Year
Ksti mated at $20,ooo.o<)<).
The secretary of the treasury reports
the receipts to this government from all
sources of revenue during th d fiscal
year ending June 99, 1891, amounted to
$372.802.198.29, and its expenditures to
$442,005,755..57, leaving a deficit of $69
803.200 58. There was a decrease of
$15,952,674.66 in the ordinary expense
of the government, as compared with
the fiscal year 1806. There was
collected from customs $131,818,530 62'
and from internal revenue $147,168,
--449.70. The nalance of the income for
the year, amounting to $93,015 517 97
was derived from the sale of lands ami
other sources. The values of our total
dutiable imports amounted to $275,199,-
~-^J"l»>, j**^"a -?*lf»^" rL PUP
*Mmwti«i»t»i-isiaS»tt-uiiiim***E"m. mII
Mild "«,it»".a. Fine 2%a«
f- cT ■> iP
WSSOSII u.sfc. y
Has stood the Test of Tims
086. being $146,057,625 less than during
the preceding year, and the importa
tions free of duty amounted to
$379.795,50fi. being $64,748,675 less
than during the preceding year.
The receipts from customs "were
$73,536,488 11 less, and from inter
nal revenue $13.8:«i,539.77 less than in
1893. The total tax collected from dis
tilled spirits was $85,259,350.33: on man
ufactured tobacco, $8,617,898.02. ami on
fermented liquors, $31. 4! 1,788.04. Our
exports of merchandise, domestic and
foreign, amounted during the year to
$892,140,572, being an increase over
the preceding year of $44.495.*"78.
The total amount of gold exporteu dur
ing the fiscal year was $70,893,061. a.
against $11*8,.'50.444 during the fiscal
year 1893. The amount imported was
$72,449,119. as against $21,174,381 during
the previous year. The imports of silver
were $13,280,552, and the exports were
$50,451,265. The total bounty paid upon
the production of sugar in the United
States for the fiscal year was $12.100,,
--208.89, being an increase of $3.7*25,078.01
over the payments made during
the preceding year. The amount of
bounty paid from July 1, 181*4, to Aug.
28, 1894, the time when further pay
ments ceased by operation of law, was
$900,185.84. The total expenses incurred
iv the payment of the bounty upon
sugar during the fiscal year were $130,
--140.85. lt is estimated that upon the
basis of our present revenue laws the
receipts of the government during tha
fiscal year ending June 80. 1895, will be
$424,427,748.44, and its expenditures
$444,427,743.44, resulting in a deficit of
On the Ist day of November, 1894.
the total stock of money, of all kinds, in
the country was $2,240,773,885". as against
$2,204,051,000 on the Ist day of Novem
ber 1893. and the money or ail kinds in
circulation, or not included in the treas
ury holdings, was $1,072,093,422, or
$21.27 per capita upon an estimated
population of 68,887,000. At the same
date there was held in the treasury gold
bullion amounting to $44,015,177.55, and
silver bullion which was purchased
at a cost of $127,779,988. The purchase
of silver bullion under the act of July
14, 1890, ceased on the Ist day of No
vember, 1893, and uo to that time there
had been purchased during the fiscal
year 11,917,658.78 fine ounces at a cost
of $8,715,521.32, an average cost of
$0.7313 per fine ounce. The total
amount of silver purchased from tha
tune that the law took effect until
the repeal of its purchasing clause,
on the date last mentioned, was fine ounces, which cost
$155,931,002.25. the average price per
line ounce being $0.9244. Tha total
amount of standard silver dollars coined
at the mints of the United States sines
the passage of the act of Feb. 28. 1575,
is $421,776,403, of which $373,166,793 was
coined under the provisions of that act,
$38,531,143 under the provisions of tho
act of July 14, 1890, and $5,073.
--472 under the act providing
for the coinage of trade dollar bullion.
The total coinage of ail metals at our
mints during the last fiscal year con
sisted of 6 ',485,220 pieces, valued a.
$106,216,730,06. of which there were $99,
--474,912.50 in gold coined; 8758 in stand
ard silver dollars;lso,o24. hi sub
sidiary silver coin, and $716,919.26 in
minor coin. During the calendar year
1893 the production of precious
metals in the United States was
estimated at 1.739,323 fine ounces
of gold, of the commercial and
coinage value of $35,955,000, and 60.0JJ,
--000 fine ounces of silver, of the bullion
or market value ot $40,800,000, and of
the coinage value of $77,5.000. It ii
estimated that on the lsi day of July,
1894, the stock of metallic money in the
United Slater consisting ot coin and
bullion, amounted to $1,251,640,953, of
which $627,923,201 was gold and $624,*
347,757 was silver.
National Kanks.
Fifty national banks were organized
during the year ending Oct. 31. 18.14,
with a capital of $5,285,000* and seventy
nine, witn a capital of $10,475,000, went
into voluntary liquidation. twenty-one
banks, with a capital of $2,770.0j0,
were pi iced in the hands of receivers.
The total number of national banks
in existence on inn 31st day of Oc
tober last was 3,750. being 40 less
than on the 3lst day or October. 1893.
The capital stock paid in was $0.2.671.
--305. being $9,678,491 less than at the
same time the previous year, and the
surplus fund and undivided profits, less
expenses and taxes paid, amounted to
$334,121,082.10, which was $16,089,
j less limn on Oct. 31. l**93. The circula
! tion was decreased $1,741,563. The obli
| gallons id' the banKs to each other wen
! increased $117,208,334, and the Individ-
ual depos ts were $277,294,489 less than
at the corresponding date In the pre
vious year. Loans and discounts were
$161,200,923 more than at the same time
the previous year, and checks and other
cash items were $90,349,960 more. Iha
total resources of the banks a; the dats
mentioned amounted t053,473,922,055, al
against $3,109,563,284.30 in 1893.
A vital question—what baking now
der do you use? Or. Price's is immeai
urably the best.
Increase of the Effective Strci!,di
of the Army men tied.
From the report of the secretary ol
war It appears that the strength of ih«
army ou Sept. 90, 1894, was 2,135 officer*
and 25,765 enlisted men.
Although this is apparently a verj
slight decrease, compared with the pre
vious year, the actual effective force ha:
been increased to lhe equivalent ol
nearly two regiments through the reor
ganization of the system of recruiting
and the consequent release to regiment
al duty of tho large force of men hull,
erto serving tit the recruiting depots.
The abolition of these depots, it is pre
dicted, will, furthermore, edect an an
nual reduction approximating 1250.0J0
in the direct expenditures, besides pro
moting generally the health,morals ami
discipline ot the troops.
The execution of the policy of con
centrating the army at important cen
ters of population aim transportation,
foreshadowed in the last annual report
of the secretary, has resulted in tno
abandonment of fifteen of the smaller
posts, which was effected under a plan
which assembles organizations of ttio
same regiments hitherto widely sep
arated. This renders our small forces
more readily effective for any service
which they may be called on to perform,
increases the extant of the territory un
der protection, without diminishing the
security heretofore afforded to any
locality, improves the discipline, train
ing aud esprit de corps of the army

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