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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 17, 1894, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1894-12-17/ed-1/seq-1/

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TIPS FOR GLOBE READERS.
Weather—Fair; Northwest Winds.
Ten Thousand Armenians Massacred.
Governor of Alaska in St. Paul.
Currency Bill Being Pushed.
VOL. XY]I.—IKICE TWO CKKTF—{ *°,^Vmw.}
SHOOTING SENSATION
Assistant Bookkeeper in an
lowa Eank Hero of a Sun
day Tragedy.
STOLE A CHECK FOR $500.
Shoots Two Fidelity Officials
and Then Takes His Own
Lite.
CEOMWELL, OF MINNEAPOLIS
One of the Men Shot — Re
ceives Three Bullets, but
May Live.
Cot M ii. Bluffs, In., Dec. 16.— At
11 o'clock today a tragedy was enacted
in the private office of the Citizens'
State Hank of Council Bluffs which may
result fatally for throe persons. John
Huntingdon, assistant bookkeeper and
ection clerk, shot C. A. Cromwell, of
Minneapolis, and F. N. bayden, of Chi
rago, representatives of the Fidelity
and Casualty Company of New York,
aud then emptied his revolver into his
own brain, inflicting a wound from
which he died two hours la:or. Crom
well di:d Hayden, it is thought, will re
cover. .Huntingdon was one of the best
known men in Council Bluffs, and num
bered liis friends by the hundred. So
far as could be learned he had no bad
habits, aud this is wl.at makes his act
the harder to explain. On the '.20th of
last July a cluck of tSOO was turned
over to him by Ira F. Hendricks, one of
the employes of the bank, in the reg
ular routiue of business, tiuntlngton
(barged li» the Check
to the Union Stockyards National bank,
of beam aba. and from that day to
this nothing whatever has been seen or
beard of it. The day following Bunt
in gton left for a vacation trip of several
weeks to New York city. The bank
officials kept thinking t lie check would
turn up sooner or later, and deferred
any action. As time passed on audit
became evident that the bank was out
1600, they sent a message to the Fidelity
and Casualty company notify them
of the fact ami suggesting that inspect
ors come on at once and make an in
vestigation. The bank officials claim
that at the time they had no charges to
make against Iluntington or any em
ploye of the bank. All of the employes
were bonded in the Fidelity, and they
preferred that the Fidelity company
should make the investigation rather
than make it themselves. Messrs.
Cromwell and Hoyden arrived in this
city last Friday and took rooms
at the Grand hotel. They cross
examined each of the batik employes
through whose hands the missing check
had passed, and among the rest llunt
ington. They claimed to have discov
ered that he had been spending more
money than the salary of fID a mouth
which he was receiving would warrant,
an<l on this, together with the fact that
the check nad been last seen in his
bands, they based their suspicions.
HuntiHgton and the representatives or
the Fidelity company met Saturday
eight and made arrangements for
Another .Heeling
at the bank Sunday morning-, when the
investigation was to be resumed. At
the hour appointed they were together
and Cromwell and llayden commenced
to put the young man through a run
ning cross-tire of questions. J. D. Ed
mundson and Cashier C. B. Hannan,
of the bank, were present during most
of the interview. The conference
had Dot been in progress more than
fifteen minutes when Iluntinzton rose
from his chair, pulled a revolver and
commenced iiring at the representa
tives of the Fidelity company. The re
volver he used was a 44 caliber that be
longed to the bank and had been kept
in the desK cf G. F. Spooner.lht- paying
teller. The first three shots were tired
at Cromwell, who had taken the lead in
the interrogation, and all three took
effect The fourth struck llayden and
then Huntington raised the weapon to
his own head and fired. He fell to the
floor unconscious and remained so until
bis death at 1:10 p.m. The two wounded
men ran out of the bank down First
avenue ami into the Grand hotel, blood
dripping from them at every step. They
were taken lo their rooms, and Dr.
Donald MncßnoJr. was summoned. lie
found that one of the bullets had taken
effect in Cromwell's back, just to the
right of the spine, about the waist iine.
It was found about four inches below
the surface and acted. The second
bullet struck in the left side of his
chick, plowed its way around the right
side of his neck and came to a stop just
after missing
I'ilit- < arotld Artery.
The third Btruck him in the right
wrist, he having thrown up his hand to
strike the revolver out of Huntliigtoa'a
baud. It broke one of the bones of the
forfann clear in two, and imbedded
itself in the other bone, almost severing
it. When the bullet was taken out it
was cut almost in two, with the pointed
ecd down. Cromwell will probably los«
the use of his right hand en account of
n stiffening of the wrist joint aa the re-
Bultof the fracture of the bones.
Hayden fared better. The bullet
struck him in tho neck, and, after pass
ing around about a quarter of the way,
emerged and imbedded itself in a panel
of the door, where it was afterward
found. His wound is not considered of
a serious nature, but a variation of half
an inch would have killed him. The
bullet that took lluritingtoh's life en
tered the skal: just behind the ear, and
lodged back of the right eye, where Its
presence was shown by a discolor
ation of the lid. His baring; the
weapon in hid possession . showed he
bad planned it all beforehand, and his
coolness in the face of the terrible deed
lit? was meditating was surprising, all
of the men who were present at ilia in
terview testifying {'-.at they had not the
ii!i,iitCi f. Idea anything out of the usual
Illioar Donnlo The Holiday supply of .this handsome book is \ 1 1 f / > DallMA* Pay Is the author of the greatest acd funniest book for
UUG6I ■ CUBIC being rapidly exhausted, and nil parentsi who «v\\\ lift r 3111181 U9A the Little I'cople that was ever written. Its quaint
* r desire.to Rive their little ones a literary rhnst- vX.\\» J / / / V nesn and word paintings of onrlous things with
mas treat that will last them all the year round should not tail to call at >v X \ _^\ -*8* fc m /■***/ / X vines and stings, paws and claws, in rnymo unl prose. Is simply won
the ULOBK counting Koom at once or send for it by mail. There aro X \W* \ *■ " i\l §7^/ / derftil. Get one immediately at GLOBE Counting Hoom or send for it by
eight parts, and 10 Cenu in silver secures each part. %^ 4 v. \^*^ ft *%* ; Jt\ i VMS s^ BQall> 1<) CeuU la silver secures each part.
order of things would arise. The par
ents of young 11 illiHi:ton were at once
summoned. The aired mother was be
side herself with grief. The death of
their son was affliction enough, but the
honest old people appeared to be
grieved more that their sou should have
committed the two crimes of robbing
Ills employers and lien attempting to
murder than over the mere fact of his
death.
"That he is dead is bad enough," said
the mother, -but th.it he shouM do such
a thing is terrible."
I'j <»i«l< in 1 UlmimtUoii Talk*.
J. 1). Edmundsou. the president of
the bank, was seen and asked for his
version of the affair. He said:
"Huutincton, Cromwell, Harden and
I were Bitting in the private office.
Cromwell was in the northwest corner
of the room. 1 in the northeast, ilayden
about the center and Iluiuintrton be
tween Haydeu and myself. We were
sealed about a table that stands against
the north wall. Mr. Hannen, the cash
ier, had been sitting between Hayden
and iluntington until a few minutes
before the shooting took nlace, when he
went into the front of the bank.
Ilayden and Cromwell had been
questioning the young man very
closely about his mode of living.
On one occasion he had deposited $70 in
the bank, and Cromwell asked him
where he got it. lluntingtou said he
borrowed it. but when asKed of whom
he borrowed it he could not remember,
and said that it was none of their busi
ness anyway. He was al*o unable to say
of whom he trot the mon- y to pay back
the loan. Up to that time 1 had the
most implicit confidence in Huntings
ton's honesty, but 1 must confess his
evasive answers made me doubtful of
it. I saw that something unpleasant
was about to occur and got up to leave
the room. Just-as l got up llimtinirton
did likewise, lie passed behind Hay
den, and I supposed he was going to get
a drink at the water tank. There was
nothing in his actions that indicated
nervousness or excitement. I was
about half way between my chair and
the door when 1
Hoard a Pistol Shot,
and. looking around, 1 saw Huntington
standing between Cromwell and Hay
den. anil a little behind both, with his
revolver pointed at the former, i hur
ried out of the private office, and as 1
went 1 heard several more shots fired.
I ran out and gave the alarm, and wiien
several of us went into the private
office we found Huntington lying on
the floor with blood streaming from a
wound in the back of his head, and the
two other men suffering from the effects
ot his deadly aim. We have always
considered John an honest young mai:,
and if there was any weak point in his
character it was a little tendency to ex
travagance. Of course, the amount
be was in ttie habit of spending would
not have been extravagant in a man of
means, but was lather more than a
young man ought to spend who draws
only S4."> a mouth."
Hayden, one of the wounded men, in
conversation about the affair, said:
"We had only been talking a few
minutes, and no accusation had as yet
been made, but the questions we had
been asking were very pointed, and
were easily taken by him as leading up
to a direct charge of theft. At times
he talked loudly and in a somewhat ex
cited manner, but just before the shoot
ing lie cooled down, and we had not the
slightest intimation of wiiat he was
about to do. He suddenly got up with
out any show of anger and. pulling out
the revolver, commenced firing, first at
Cromwell, then at me. We had no
weapons, and were not prepared to de
fend ourselves, nor is it likely we
should have thought of doing so if we
had been armed, the shooting was done
so rapidly and it was ail over so soou.''
THEIR OWN BA\RKi;S.
Burglars Make a Great Haul at
Erie, Pa.
Erie, Pa. Dec. 16.—Mr. and Mrs.
David Slocurn, a wealthy couple living
near E iiuboro. were robbed about mid
night by a gang of masked burglars.
The burglars, six in number, attacked
the house aud broke down the door with
a rail. Four of the gang entered the
house and bound the aged couple in
their bed and then beat them into sub
mission. The burglars set out to tor
ture the couple into revealing the secret
of their money vaults, but just as the
oil was being applied to Mr. Siocum's
feet one of the burglars found a money
chest. This and other hiding places
showed up between eight and ten
thousand dollars iv gold and green
bacKs. The burglars escaped and the
authorities are in pursuit. Mr. Slocuin
was badly ueaten about the head.
KILLED BY A NEGKO.
Sensational Shooting on a South
Carolina Train.
Chaki.e stun, & C, Dec. 10. — The
conductor of the '.3:15 a. m. train from
.Savannah reports that a white man was
killed on his train near Ilardeeville.
Three white Carolina boisterous and
drinking fellows boarded the train and
entered a second-class coach tilled with
colored turpentine hands. A colored
man told them lo stop cursing, when
one white man drew a pistol. A most
powerful negro seized the pistol, turned
the muzzle toward the whit? man and
shot him through the head. The negro
tben jumped ott the lrain,going at forty
miles an hour,and escaped. The names
of the party could not be obtained.
Attempt to Wreck a Train.
Upper Saxdusky, 0., Dec. 16.—An
attempt was made early this morning to
wreck the New York and Chicago lim
ited on the Pennsylvania road. The
train runs fifty miles per hour through
this place. Spikes were pulled from
the switches and the lights blown out.
The work of the wreckers was discov
ered just live minutes before the train
arrived.
Sf:eley Is Resigned.
New Yoik, Dec. 16.—Samuel C. See
ley, the defaulting cashier of the .Shoe
and Leather bank, spent a quiet day in
the Tombs today. He refused to see
anybody, and declined the chaplain's
invitation to attend divine service, pre
ferrinjE to read the newspapers, he sad.
Seeley seems resigned to his fate, and
refuses to converse with any of the
other prisoners.
Miss Pollard Keelr.s Employ menf.
New Yokk, Dec. 16.—A Boston lady
a few weeks ago advertised for a
French maid to take charge of her child
jukl accompany her abroad. Among
those who answered the advertisement
was Miss Madeline Pollard, who
achieved notoriety by suing Congress
man Breckinridge, of Kentucky, for
breach of promise. Referring to the
•natter Miss Pollard «aid last nitriit: "i
can't see anything wrong it) angering
the advertisement. I don't know who
got the letter. I thought that was an
opportunity for my doing something,
but 1 never received a reply. 1 have
answered a number or advertisments in
the hopo of hccurini; employment, but
every one has beta a failure."
WILL BE VERY SIMPLE.
The Inauguration of Gov.
Morton Will Not Be a Glit
tering 1 Affair.
A WELCOME BY GOV. FLOWER
After Which the New Chief
Executive Will Deliver
His Inaugural.
DAILY RIOTS IN SAVANNAH.
Result From a Torrid Contest
Over the Mayoralty—Ex
pensive Fun.
Albany, Dec. 10.—All the arrange
ments for the inauguration of Gov.
elect Morton have been completed, and
the affair promises to be one of the sim
plest of Its kind ever witnessed. At
10:30 a. tn., Dec. 31. the Tenth battalion
N. G. N. Y. troops will proceed to the
executive mansion and escort Gov.
Morton and his stall to thecapitol.
Gov.-elect Morton and his staff will
meet Gov. Flosver and his stall in the
executive chamber, and the party will
then proceed to the assembly chamber.
There will be prayer by Kt. Rev. Cross
well 13. Doane. Episcopal bishop of Al
bany, and, following that, Gov. Flower
will make me welcoming address to the
governor-elect. Secretary of State Pal
mer will administer the oath of office,
aud Gov. Morton will then make his
inaugural address, and the exercises
will close with music by the band and
benediction by the official clergy. At
the conclusion of the inaugural cere
monies, Gov. Mortoa will receive the
public generally at the executive cham
ber. In the evening the governor and
Mrs. Morton wiil receive Albanians at
the executive mansion. The second
day of Gov. Morton's administration
will ihid him in the midst of the heavy
work of the legislature on Jan. 2, when
the governor being compelled to send in
his annual message to that body.
DISGRACEFUL POLITICS.
The Savannah Campaign Not
Creditable to Its Citizens.
Savannah, Ga., Dec. 16.—The most
unique, moat disorderly and generally
accepted as the most disgraceful pe
riod of politics in the history of this
city has come to a breathing pause.
Two factional Democratic candidates
are itithe field for the mayoralty, the
election taking place in January. Un
der the first use of the Australian ballot
system hero no one can vote who has
not paid all taxes, including those of
this year, and registered. This pro
vision led to a wild scramble at first,
and then pitched battles daily between
large forces for choice positions iv line
to the tax collector's offices, lie could
issue only about '200 receipts a day, and,
as the registration closed Saturday, it
was inevitable that many citizens would
be shut out. The two factions hired
two gangs of toughs, each numbering
about ICO, aud including the most des
perate whites and negroes in the city.
Tliese men were paid from §5 to $10 a
day. To each was given a list of six
names, the largest number the col
lector would accept taxes for one per
son, and the money to pay their taxes
with. Eacn morning for ten days past
the gangs have slugged each other in
front of and inside the court house,
hundreds of citizens gathering from all
parts of the city daily to witness the
big mills. Font wo weeks at least no
citizen paid taxes for himself, all on
trusting their names and money to the
hired heelers. At times nearly the en
tire police force of this city had to be
called to establish order and for over a
week the presence of about forty po
licemen has been constantly required
at the tax collectors office. The armies
of heeiers were fed at the rival head
quarters, where many of them remain
all night, going out early each morning
to resume the battle, and at the court
house where beer, whisky, coffee and
sandwiches were given them. Two or
three times a day a number of the work
ers skipped with their lists and money,
disfranchising many citizens. It is cal
culated that the cost of keeping up the
two armies, which in the last few days
has been increased to about 300. to light
for poll tax receipts, was over $10,000.
They were disbanded early this morn
ing. The next legislature will be ap
pealed to to amend the law so as to pre
vent any repetition of these scenes.
AMBASSADOR TO TOKIO.
Chang Yen Kwan Reported as
Named Tor That I'lace.
London, Dec. 10.—A special dispatch
to the '1 imes from Shanghai says there
is a Chinese report that Chang Yen
Kwan, president ot the board of rev
enue, has been appointed ambassador
to'Tokio to arrange terms of peace. A
dispatch from Hiroshima to the Times
says tiiat Field Marshal Yamagata, com
mander of the first Japanese army, has
arrived at that place, having been in
valided at home. The dispatch adds
that the third .Japanese army is still at
Firoshimo awaiting orders.
Shanghai, Dec. 10.—An imperial
edict has been issued commanding the
gendarmes of Pekin to give special pro
tection to the legations in that city and
to the residences of foreigners. The
gendarmes are directed to immediately
arrest aay person wlio attempts to dis
turb the peace.
PORT ARTHUR ATROCITIKS.
Tbe Government at Tokio timers
a Denial.
Washington, Dec. 16.-A telegram
has been received at the Japanese letra
tion in relation to the atrocities alleged
to have been committed by the Japanese
at the capture of Port Arthur. The
government at Tokto is not yet in pos
session of full details of the afrair, but
the information already at hand sho'.va
conclusively that some of ttio reports
which have been circulated concerning
th? conduct of the Japanese troops are
exaggerated and misleading. If there
was any unnecessary bloodshed the
Japanese government cannot believe
but that there must have been loiiit in
FAINT PAUL, MINN.. MONDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 17, 1894.
citing cause, for the behavior of the
Japanese troops has hitherto been most
exemplary, at times under circum
stances calculated t« - - feelings of
the deepest rest ..unent and animosity.
It is known to be a fact that the great
majority of Urn Chineso who were
killed at Port Arthur were not peaceful
Inhabitants, but Chinese soldiers dis
guised in civilian dress. Most of the
inhabitants tied from the place several
days before the capture md at the
present time have reti I and are
pursuing their ordinary avocations
without molestation or restraint. The
Japanese government and its repre
sentatives have no disposition to con
ceal any of the facts, but, on the con
trary, caused the strictest investigation,
the result of which will be promptly
made public.
GOBBLE BTORAGK BATTERIES
Very Important Purchase by a
Philadelphia Company.
Philauki.piiia, Dec. 10. — W. W.
(Jibbs, president of the Electric Storage
Battery company, of this city, stated
tonight that the. company lias consum
ininated New York the purchase of all
patents and patent rights concerning
the manufacture and use of electrical
storage batteries of the Edison com
pany, the Thomson-Houston, the Brush,
the Accumulator company, tuo Consol
idated Eiectric Storage company and
the General Electric Launch company.
Mr. Uibbs asserted that this secures to
the Electric Storage Battery company
the sole right to supply in this country
electric storage batteries of all the va
rious types heretofore developed, as
well as the protection of every decision
thus far rendered by the federal court
in interpretation of patents of this kind.
FUNERAL OF BOWEN
WILL OC( I X THIS .TiOKMNG IN
NEW OIIL.KANS.
Gov. Foster Expresses Himself as
Emphatically Opposed to •.»
Prize Fights.
New Ori.ka.ns. La., Dec. 16.—James
Barry left this morning for home much
disappointed, and says lie will pay no
attention to Connors In the future.
Tommy Ryan departed. Lavigne is de
tained by the police. As soon as >»•
can set away he will go home and rest
for three months, lie will not retire
from the ring, but will try for a match
with Johnson, of England, Bowen's
funeral will take place in the morning.
The errand jury will begin an investiga
tion at the same time and fix the blame
for the death. Gov. Foster was seen
this evening and asked for an opinion
of the so-called glove contests in the
light of the tragic outcome of the La
viirne-Bowen light. The governor ex
pressed himself as firmly opposed to
such exhibitions. He said:
"I havo always been very positive
and emDhatic In my opposition to the
glove contests as carried on in New
Orleans by professional prize fighters.
1 regard it as a brutal exhibition tend
ing to demoralize public sentiment and
nowise calculated to elevate the tone of
public morals in the community. When
the effort was made to have the Corbett-
Mitchell light take place in New Or
leans, 1 determined to exhaust all the
power of the state to prevent it, and so
declared at the time. Subsequent to
this the right of athletic clubs to have
such exhibitions wa-s taken into court
and is still pending. I urged in my
message to the legislature the passage
of a law declaring glove contests of this
kind a criminal offense, and several
bills were introiluoed to that end, but
for some reason no bill was passed.
"The unfortunate termination of the
Lavigue-Bowen contest accentuates the
importance of prohibiting any further
exhibitions. A sound, healthy public
sentiment has outlawed the exhibitions
in almost every state in the Union, and
1 believe the great body of the people
of this state are unquestionably op
posed to making Louisiana, especially
New Orleans, the scene of brutal con-*
tests."
THOMPSON'S iiODY.
The Casket Closed in His Dangh-
ter's Presence.
London, Doc. 17.—The Times says
that orders were given yesterday after
noon for the coffin containing the re
mains of Sir John Thompson, prime
minister of Canada, to be finally closed.
This was done in the presence of Miss
Thompson and Sir Charles Tupper, the
Canadian high commissioner. In an
article on the colonies the times says
that the selection of Hon. Mackenzie
Bowell as prime minister of Canada was
the simplest expedient that the Do
minion could adopt under the calamity,
though it can hardly be expected that
the arrangements will be more than
temporary. Discussing the Newfound
land question, the paper says:
Even if we were" disposed to do so,
we cannot in our position as a naval
power view with Indifference the dis
aster to and possibly the ruin of the
colony we may some day regard
as among the most valuable of "our naval
stations. Neither can we view the posi
tion without consideration for the wide
spread suffering that an absoluie re
fusal to grant assistance would entail.
It is probable that a cheaper system of
administration would retrieve the.posi
tion without casting an overwhelmingly
heavy burden on the imperial tax-pay
ers. If we interpret public feeling
rightly it will be in favor of giving the
colony the help that may be found essen
tial, but if the assistance required takes
anything like the radical proportions
that at present seem necessary, it can
only be granted at a price—the
surrender of the constitution
anil the return of Newfoundland
to the condition of a crown colony.
But, even if the colony is prepared to
accept this condition, further informa
tion will bo required before the govern
ment decides to what extent it can just
ly meet the wishes of Newfoundland.
SHE MUSI DIE.
So Hopa for the itecovery of Miss
Wary Stevenson.
AsiiKVir.r.K, N. C, Dec. IG.-rVlce
President Stevenson, who has been
here for a week with his sk-k daughter,
Mary, returned to Wasiiingtoa last
nii^lit. Mr. Stevenson is liable to be re
called to Asbeville any hour, as Misa
Stevenson's condition is extteueiy
critical; in fact, it is conceded that her
recovery is impossible. Her strclgth is
fradually f;*iin^c, and the cud may
come any day.
Editor Shipley Dead.
Springfield, Mass., Dec. " lfe^-Jo
scph 1,. Shipley, for twenty rears editor
and principal owner of the Springfield
Union, died suddenly of heart disease
shortly alter midnight.
CHIEF JUSTICE DEAD.
The Head of the Supreme
Court of Minnesota
Passed Away
EARLY SUNDAY MORNING.
Confined to His Home for
Two Months With Liver
Complaint.
A DISTINGUISHED JURIST.
Served on the Supreme Bench
Continuously for Nine
teen Years.
Another prominent citizen has fol
lowed those that have passed away
within the last few months. James
Gilfillan, chief justice of the stale su
preme court, died yesterday morning at
0:04. lie was in his sixty-fifth year. He
had been confined to his house for
about two months. For a long time it
was supposed that his indisposition was
but temporary, and the result of over
work. During the last few weeks, how
ever, a serious disease of the liver be
came apparent to his physician, Dr.
Senkler, the true nature of which seems
yet to be a mystery. Although the jus
tice suffered but little, his strength
failed rapidly. The presence of all his
family consoled his latter days.
Rev, Dr. Andrews will officiate at the
obsequies, which will take place tomor
row afternoon at 2 o'clock from Christ
church. The pallbearers have not yet
been selected, but it is known that the
Loyai Legion wiil attend in a body.
The deceased was not alone a member
of that organization, but had been its
commander from his election in 18'Jl
until his successor was elected in 18"J2.
The Loyal Le*gion of Minnesota will at
tend the funeral in a body.
In all civilized nations the chief of
the judiciary has followed the chief
executive alone in dignities and honor.
This secondary position is the result
rather of necessary policy than of ts»
sential right; for whatever may be the
abilities of an executive leader, it is in
the fountain head ot justice that con
science and intellect—man's only di
vine attributes—are indispensable.
A Scotchman, a son of that nation of
moralists and philosophers, Chief Jus
tice Gilfillau possessed in unusual devel
opment both conscientiousness and men
tal strength. Even his most noticeable
idiosyncrasy, a uniform and sometimes
startling indifference to questions of
policy and self-interest, but augmented
his judicial fitness. Justice—that ex
quisite balancing of law with equity—
was alone his object and care.
His manneis were often abr.ipt.
The young lawyer, or the law
yvr from the outlying counties,
would frequently feel a sense of per
sonal slieht. But. the oldest leaders of
the local bar knew well the impartiality,
the trooil intentions, of their abrupt
chief justice. His mind was strikingly
cautious, analytic and independent. No
decision was arrived at hastily. The
most complicated questions became
easy. His references to authorities
were few, for he realized that a judge
who depends upon himself has an in
variable standard, while he that is
swayed by the decisions of others lies
at tiie mercy of the advocate with the
most industry or erudition. His knowl
edge of the law was notable. Even in
his early days the younger lawyers
came constantly to one who not oniy
"knew the law. but whero to find it."
All familiar with the chief justice rec
ognized his kindly heart. His ways,
however, were so free from art and
self-seeking that they brought rather
the tew friends that remain than the
many who flit away. It follows, of
course, that such a mnn was equally
devoted as a husband and father.
Justice Giifillan was born atltannock
burn, Scotland, Nov. '.», 1829. His pa
rents removed with him to New York in
1830, and there he received an academic
education. At Buffalo and Ballston
Spa his legal studies were conducted,
and at Albany, la 1552, lie was admitted
r to tne bar. Tii« same [year he beean
the practice of law in Buffalo. In Jan
uary, 1837, lie arrived in St. Paul. His
'first legal" partnership was witl» his
brother, C. D.GHIIHan, who continued
in the linn durinz some eight years.
Meantime, in 1862, Mr. Gilflllan raised
Company 11, Seventh Minnesota volun
teers, and was commissioned captain in
August of that year, llu accompanied
his regiment in the campaigns o f the In
dian war, and later at the South. Tupelo
and Tallahatchee were among his bat
tles. He was made colonel of the Elev
enth Minnesota in 1863. and held com
mand of that regiment until mustered
out in 18G3.
Upon his return from the war he re
sumed the practice of law. Ha dis
solved partnership with his brother,
and continued the practice alone until
July 1, ISO 7, when was founded the firm
of AUis, Giltillan & Williams. He
withdrew from this firm in 186 IJ, being
then appointed chief justice by (iov.
Marshall for the first time. At the end
of a year he once more resumed prac
tice with the old firm. In 1871 the firm's
style became Gilfillan, Allis & Will
iams, his partners being Lorenzo Allis
and 11. L. Williams. So it remained
until 1875. Then Mr. Gilfillan was ap
pointed chief justice by Gov. Davis for
the second time, and in the same year
was duiy elected to the high position he
has ever since held.
The chief justice was allied to the
Episcopal faith by both membership
and marriage, lie has been a warden of
Christ church for fifteen years. He
married in 1865 a daughter of the same
church's lector in the person of Miss
Marthu McMasters. Her father, be
loved of the old citizens, was in charge
of the parish tiom 1803 until his death
in 1875.
Seven children are left—James, Perry
and Russell, the last-named being the
youngest, and Mis. Katherine Gilbert,
wife of Samuel Gilbert; Caroline, wife
of Trevor McCiurjj, and Misses Mary
and Martha.
At the time of his marriage Mr. Gil-
filJan lived on Iglehart street, just be
yond Western avenue, but since 1876
he has occupied the present spacious
residence ou South Exchange street.
Mitchell, of the supreme
Justice
court, gave the following appreciative
estimate of the deceased jurist's abil
ities:
Justice Utefctell'a Eulogy.
Although 1 have known Judge Gii
fillan for some thirty-five years yet
my intimate personal acquaintance
with him only began about fourteen
years a?o, when 1 became a member of
the supreme court of this state. Since
that time I have been in constant asso
ciation with him, officially and socially.
In my opinion, he was one of the
ablest judges who have sat on any
bench in this country during the past
quarter of a century. He was a man of
unusually vigorous and analytical mind,
and of the most fearless courage and
independence. In the discharge of his
official duties he knew neither persons
nor classes among litigants or counsel,
his sole aim being to decide a cause ac
cording to legal ;principles as he under
stood them.
Ii never once entered into his mind
to consider what effect any particular
decision might have upon himself. He
never did or said a tiling for mere effect.
There cannot be found in any of his
judicial utterances a word or syllable
designed to m ako a show of learning or
to cater to popular taste. Had lie been
i ambitious of fame. In th« onlinary sense
lof the word, a man or his a'oiliiy might
I have achieved a much trreater degree of
success in that direction than he did.
13ut iii writing his opinions his sole aim
; was to do his duty, to decide a cause
j correctly and to state -clearly the
i grounds upon which the decision rested;
J and he said nothing that was not ueces
j sary for the purpose. In his mini erona
i decisions to be found In over thirty-live
J volumes of our reports, lie has left an
; enduring monument to lus eminent
ability as a jurist.
To appreciate bin as a man it was
necessary to know him intimately. To
j those who were not personally well ao-
I quainted with him his inai.ner some
j times seemed ratbei cold and reserved,
I and, at time*, even brusque. But those
who knew him well soon found that
j this was a mere matter of external man.
j ner. Be was, In fact, a man of exceed
! ingly kind heart, although never dem
[ onstrative. While, like all men of
; Strong mind, he hud positive opinions,
! and the courage to express tiiem, yet he
! was modest In his estimate of his own
! abilities, and always considerate of the
I opinions of others.
If 1 were asked UMMWM the trail most
prominent in his character as n man, it
would be his strong sense of duty and
I his sincero desire to perform it faith
fully, but not ostentatiously. In his
death the state has sustained a great
loss, and 1 certainly havo lost not only
a most helpful colleague, but also a
[ most valued personal frirnd.
11. 1.. Wt]llMM> Opinion.
li^nry L. Williams, old-time partner
of the Judjre, after recalling tlxe early
incidents of Mr. (iiirtllan's career, con
tinued: "He went on the beech at the
earnest solicitation of the bar and the
business men. and at a pecuniary logs
to himself. His mind was peculiarly
fitted for the position ho hold.
noted for his knowledge of the law. As
a justice his reputation was very high
la man; othctr sates l>es ides Mi&M
PKICE TWO CENTS—{five rcknL}—NO. 351.
sota. lie was a broad-minded man,
quite indifferent to the position or in
fluence of any that come before him—
the rich, the poor, the hi^h, the low
were equal. As a lawyer be was en
gaged in many important cases. One
of the principal causes was that of the
water works tunnel at Minneapolis,
where damages were claimed on ac
count of tho water breaking through
the walls of the tunnel. Another case
concerned the foreclosure of the mort
gage on the Southern Minnesota Rail
way company. The road was then
bought in. and has since been operated
by the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul
Railway company.
"As a justice his standing was very
high. When there was formerly but
one judge in this county the appoint
ment of referees was very common, and
Mr. Gilfillan was then the favorite ret
eree of the bar. Personally he was a
most kind-hearted man, and was be
loved by all the bar."
Ex-Attorney Geucral Clapp
said lie had known the chief justice pro
fessionally during six jean, "and my
official duties as attorney general nat
urally brought me into very intimate
personal contact with him, resulting in
my forming a very high opinion of him,
both as a man and as n lawyer. While
he was somewhat difficult to become
acquainted with, yet when one came to
know him he found him both sociable
and companionable. The bar was
sometimes disDosed to feel that
the chief justice was somewhat
gruff in his manner, but it was always
noticeable that bis gruffness was not ex
hibited toward young and inexperienced
members of the UHr any more than
toward the oldest practitioner and
leader, lie was a man of most un
swerving integrity, and never seemed
to consider the effect of his decisions,
so far as it influenced, or might influ
ence, his popularity. His methods
were characterized by great research,
and he possessed a broad and ready
grasp of leial principles. His integrity
an:l ability will come to be still more
appreciated as those who have, per
haps, at times felt the severity of his
manner, forget that trifling defect In
the contemplation of his long, honest
and laborious career."
Said Judge Charles E. Flandran:
"James (iilrillan camp to this state In
1857. He entered into the legal busi
ness with his brother Charles and at
tained a good practice. When the court
of common pleas was created, at which
time the district court had but one
judge, Mr. Giihllan was nominated by
the Republican party for Use position of
judge of the common pleas court. He
was detpated, however, by Judge Will
iam Sprig? Hail, who held the position
until his death. Mr. (iiltiilan formed a
partnership subsequently with Mr.Allis,
and enjoyed a liberal practice. He was
engaged in one of the most important
litigations tke state has ever known,the
foreclosure proceedings of the first di
vision of the St. Paul & Pacific Kail
road company, representing the bond
holders. Id this litigation he was associ
ated with many distinguished New York
lawyers, among whom were Evarts,
Southaiead and Choate. Shortly after
the termination of these proceedings he
was chosen chief justice of the state,
and has been in that position up to the
time of his deaih. He was always con
sidered a wise and able counselor when
practicing his profession, and as a
strong and just judge when upon the
bench. One of the most remarkable
opinions that he wrote while upon the
supreme bench was in the case which
sustained the law authorizing die pay
ment of the old ' railroad bonds, issued
by the state, withou; submitting the
question to the people. The effect of
that decision was to declare a clause in
our constitution unconstitutional, be
cause of its conflict with the constitu
tion of the United States. The reason
ing that Justice tiiifiilan brought to
bear upon that decision characterized
his mind to be. in an eminent degree,
logical and judicial. Some lawyers re
gr.rd a fow^of his decisions as a little
erratic, but upon his whole career as a
lawyer and a judge I think he ranks
very highly."
"He was,"' said Judge C. E. Otis, "a
very able, strong judge, a dtligent,
faithful and learned lawyer. 1 think
his death a great loss to both the bar
and the state at large. Socially, I was
not so well acquainted with the justice.
He was a man who had many friends
and his qualities were best appreciated
by those who knew him best.'"
Follow Soldier** Comment.
-11. I>. Brown, of Albert Lea, had tbe
following to say of tiia deceased:
"He was colonel of the Eleventh
Minnesota, and I was adjutant. lie
was promoted from captain in the
Seventh Minnesota. While colonel of the
Eleventh his service was chiefly as
commander of what was called a 'sub
district' under. Gen. Ilosser, who coin*,
maudetl the district of Nahville. His
duties were more those of judgj than
strictly military, and his fitness was
very apparent.
"He was conservative in his dealings
with citizens. Was not in tavor of
loosely appropriating. Did not think
that any and everything belonged to
the victors. Insisted on strict account
ing for all public property, and that
confiscated property was public rather
than private, and did not take to con
fiscation mueb.
"His judicial instincts led him to take
notice of and report evident looseness
in some departments, such as quarter
masters. But a way had grown np of
putting these departments, such as
quartermasters' hospitals and colored
soldiers, into separate lines, outside of
the immediate subordinate commanders.
That is. a quartermaster would report
direct to his superior quartermaster,
and so on up. Tne natural friendly
feeling for each other of those in the
same line served to cover up what
Col. Giilillan would have brought to
light. When assigned to his sub
district, he was to assume command
of the forces found within Ills territory.
Among these was a partially organized
regiment of colored troops. Theso sol
diers seeming to be rendering no serv
ice, and hanging around rather loosely,
Col. Gil filial] ordered the colonel of tins
regiment to get his command out to
drill, inspection and parades, and to nut
out guards for his retninant and to de
tail guards for general duty in connec
tion with detatls from the other com
mands. The orders nere not obeyed.
Col. Gilfillan put the commander under
arrest, li^r, using his independent
Couliuuctlou iiitli i'.s^o.
TIPS FOR GLOBE READERS
Chief Justice Gilfillan Dead.
Sensational Shooting in lowa.
Fed Tition of Lator Aniual.
Cabinet Crisis in Italy.
STEVENSON NO MORE,
The Author of "Dr. JakylJ
and Mr. Hyde" Dies Sad*/
denly at Apia.
APOPLEXY WAS THE CAUSE,
The Remains Interred on 9
Mountain Thirteen Hun
dred Feet High.
ENRAPTURED WITH SAMOA,
The Popular Novelist Ha&
Made the Island Country
His Home.
Axckland, N. Z., Dec. 10.—Advlco
from Apia, Samoa, of the date of Dec,
8 are to the effect that the well-knows
novelist, Robert Louis Stevenson, hsi
died suddenly from apoplexy. His re<
mains were Interred on the summit ol
Pala mountain, 1,900 feet high. At the
time of his death Mr. Stevenson had
half completed the writing of a new
novel.
Robert Louis Stevenson was born in
Edinburgh Nov. 13, I£oo. He was edu
cated at private schools and at the
University of Edinburgh, and was
called to the Scottish bar, but traveled
and devoted himself to literature.
One of iiis earliest works was an ao
count of his travels in California,
but the work wnich established
his reputation as a writer ol
fiction was "Treasure Island." puft
published In ISS3. Among; the mosS
popular ot" his works is "Dr. Jekyll anil
Mr. Hyde," which was dramatized and
played at the Lyceum theater in Lon*
don in 1888 and subsequently in the
United Slates. Among his other works
are "Kidnaped." "The Now Arabian
Nights" and "The Black Arrow."' Some
time ago Mr. Stevenson, who was suffer
ing from lung trouble, went to the South
Pacific for his health. He became en
raptured with the Sainoan islands, aad
decided to take up his residence and
spend the rest of his days there. Ha
took a close interest in Samoa*] affairs,
and has written inauy letters to the
newspapers in favor of the native? as
against the treaty powers under whose
direction the government of the islaudf
is conducted.
WASH FOR UNWASHED,
SWINDLERS GATHER IN ABOI |
825,000.
Sold State and Territorial Right*
for an Alleged Washing
Compound.
Fort Scott. Kan., Dec. 16.- The res«
idents of Branson and vicinity, a few
miles from here, are wrought up over
the report that a number of their citl«
zens have been swindled out of money,
properly and stock to the extent of at
least 525,000 by three sharpers, who
professed to bj the inventors of a
washing compound, for which are
claimed wonders and for which they
were selling state and territorial rights.
They came to Bronson about two
months ago, and claimed to be brothers,
giving their names as Diffie, from Little
Rock. After remaining injthe little city
several days, the three men rented an
oflice, and soon became acquainted with
the leading business men and citizens
of the little village. 'Ihey explained
the merits of their mysterious washing
compound, and soon succeeded In
working up a great; interest
in the new fluid. Bankers, farm
ers, merchants and mechanics all
caught th<* money-making fever ami
wanted to purchase territory in which
to sell the labor-savins preparation,
and soon contracts were being closed Id
all parts of the little city and thecloiely
surrounded country. Many citizens
and farmers secured territory, paying
for it In cash. fine stock and mortgages
on their farms and property. Tii«
sharpers were very accommodating and
were willing to take any kind of ~ prop.
erty la exchange for their territorial
rights. For the state of lowa they se
cured from a bank cashier several
blooded horses and jacks, among which
were the well-known racers Dick Bunt
ing ton and Molly Broun. Michigan
was secured by a jewelry Grin, who
traded it-, entire stock ol jewelry, val
ued at about $2,590. Other states,~cou«
ties and territories were secured by
other citizens for various sums ranging
from 5100 to 11,000.
A few days ago the three swindlers
gathered together their property, ton
sitting of some $11,000 in cash, first
mortgages on some of the best farms in
the county to the extent ot some S'.t.OOO
and three carloads of fine horses, and
without notice left the country. Tha
stock was consigned to themselves at
Little Rock, and from this it is sup
posed they are now in that city. Many
of those who bought territory refuse to'
believe that they have been swindled,
ami think they have a fortune insight,
but the more conservative of the victims
now see that they have been fleeced by
professional swindlers, and that tiii
territory they nave purchased has al
ready been sold several times over.
A MISFIT UAKON
Fails to Get Along With tbo
Widow of a Turfman.
Nashville, Term., Dec. 16.—Some
weeks aeo Baroii Gruenbiium, of Aus
tria, ami Mrs. Franklin, widow of the
well-known turfman, were married by
a justice of. the peace in this city, and
repaired at once to Kennesaw, the
Franklin stock tarm, in Sumner county,
to pass the honeymoon. Everything
went smoothly until some ton days ago,
when it was hinted in Gallatln that
trouble bad arisen and divorce pro
ceedings would follow. In the mean
time Grnenbaum leU Kennesaw 'anil
took up quarters at a hotel in Qaliatin,
telling a tale of trouble and woe to "nil
listeners: Friday evening he raised
money enough tor passage to New
Fork and left for that city. HeUried
to file a bill for divorce, but was nd 1-
Vised he had no legal grounds.

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