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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, June 09, 1895, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1895-06-09/ed-1/seq-11/

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CHINESE MINISTER TELLS AA'IIY
CHINESE MINISTER TELLS WHY
HIS PEOPLE MET AVITH
DEFEAT,
FRANKCARPENTER'S LETTER
FRANKCARPENTER'S LETTER
Yang yu intimates that THE
japs DIDN'T play ex-
ACTLY square.
two countries* relations.
The First Great Interview Ever
The First Great Interview Ever
Given by the Chinese Minister .
to Our People. .
' l ' -
Bpecial Correspondence of the Globe.
Bpecial Correspondence of the Globe.
WASHINGTON, June 7.— '■ all the
diplomats in 'Washington Mr. Yang
Til, the Chinese minister, is the most
exclusive. A veil of Oriental mystery
has been wrapped about the legation
since the beginning of the troubles in
the far East, and the minister has
steadily refused to give any informa
tion as to the situation and the pros-
pects. Still, there are few men so
well fitted to talk about China as he.
A great part. of his life has been spent
in Pekin. He comes of one of the no
blest families in China, and he has
long sat under the shadow of the
dragon throne. He is said to be a
special favorite of the emperor, and
his influence with both the Tartar
and the Chinese officials is great. He
is a strong friend of Li Hung Chang,
and it may be that it was through the
cordial reception which the great vice
. Roy gave me during my stay in China
last year that Minister Yang Yu con-
sented to give his views of the present
situation and the situation of Asia
through 'me to the American people.
It took some time to prepare for the
interview. The questions had to be
submitted to his excellency before
hand, and a special delivery letter
which I received yesterday morning
from his private secretary gave me
the announcement thai his excellency
would receive me at the legation at 11
a. m. and reply to. my questions.
y AT THE LEGATION.
It was just 11 o'clock when I rode
It was just 11 o'clock when I rode
lup past the residence of Justice Har
lan to the hills about Washington and
stopped at the big stone mansion which
now forms the Chinese legation. It is
a magnificent building, commanding a
view. of. the .whole city of Arlington
and of the silvery sheet of the Poto-
mac river, which, like a silver band,
lines the southern horizon as you stand
YUNG YU.
ton the steps of the legation and look
over the city. I pressed the electric
button of the front door. A negro
butler opened it, and I was ushered
into the home of China in the United
States. The inside of a diplomatic
building in Washington is practically
foreign territory. The police cannot
come in to arrest the inmates, and they
in many respects are not subject to
American laws. The flags which float
over their buildings protect them, and
when you enter them you are for a
time in a foreign country.
My surroundings in the Chinese le
gation, however, were not far different
from those of American homes. The
house is furnished with foreign car-
pets and with American sofas and
chairs. A Chinese jar or vase stands
here and there, and the walls of the
parlors are hung with magnificent
scrolls covered with Chinese charac
ters in gold on a background of blue
silk; but further than this the furni
ture is of the conventional American
type. The darkey told me "to rest
my hat" on the table, and that the
minister would be down in a moment.
I had hardly taken my seat in the
parlor when two bright-eyed young
Chinamen came in and bade me good
morning in English. These are among
•the secretaries of the legation. They
both speak English perfectly, and one
of the young men was a graduate of
■ -Yale college. y•„
HOW THE MINISTER LOOKED.
' A moment later the minister was an-
nounced. A stout, round-faced, al
mond-eyed, cream-colored man, he was;
dressed in a long silk gown, which
reached to his feet. He had on above
this a sleeveless jacket of bright red,
and his rather handsome head was
topped with a skull cap, with an edge
of gold embroidery running around
It. The front of this cap was decorat-
ed with two buttons. One was of
■come transparent stone about the size
of a pigeon's egg, and of a bright red
In color, and just below this there was
• a great pearl as big as a pea and of
perfect shape. Out of the back of his
cap hung his long queue, and below
his gown shone out slipper-like shoes
of Chinese fashion. His costume was
rich in the extreme, and you know he
Sis said to be one of the richest men of
China. He brought with him the larg
est legation that has ever come to this
country, and it was stated at the time
that his baggage consisted of eighty
trunks. He * has entertained more'
• magnificently than the Chinese minis-
ters of the. past,' and has made a num
ber of innovations in this respect in
the Chinese. legation. He brought his
■ , family with him, and, contrary, to the
• usual - custom of Chinese ladies, . his
wife has taken part in the social fes-
tivities of the capital." ;.
The minister himself has strong pro- .
■jressive tendencies. He looks at mat- J
ftrs in a common sense way, and his j
CHINESr IEWTIQN /IT MSffIINSTOH
answers to my questions were short,
sharp and to the point. One of his
secretaries had a list of my questions,
and whne his' excellency, had taken
me into his private partlor he began
the talk by pulling a Chinese manu-
script from his sleeve and handing it
to the Chinese graduate of Yale. These
were the answers which his excellency
had dictated in Chinese to. my ques
tions in English. The questions were
repeated, and the secretary read the
answers in English. -From time to
time I asked other questions. These
were interpreted to his excellency, and
he answered them in Chinese, which
was in turn translated by the secre
tary to me. ■'--'•-
CHINESE-JAPANESE WAR.
The first subject was the Chinese-
Japanese war, and I asked his excel-
lency what, in his opinion, ..was the
cause of the Chinese defeat." '
He replied: "The Chinese were
defeated because they wre not pre-
pared for war.' They are as brave as
any other people on the globe, . and
I believe if properly trained they
would make good soldiers. Japan has
been preparing for this wan for the
past twenty years. She has been re-
modeling her army and organizing her
troops on the modern plan. . Japan is
a small country. It is much easier !
for it to adopt foreign methods than
a great nation like China.
"The result is that the Jepanese
government have been able to adopt
modern methods. -They had; estab- i
lished a better navy than : we have, j
and they .did all this quietly and in
such a way that the other Asiatic na
tions had no suspicion" of -their plans, i
Japan was our neighbor. We knew
that she was changing her civiliza
tion, but we had no idea that she was
studying the arts of war as they are
practiced in Europe to fight her next-
door neighbor. I look upon it as a mis- j
take on our part that we did not dis- I
cover this fact. We should have !
known it and prepared for it."
"Then you do not think that the re-
sult is any index of the real strength
of the Chinese nation?" I asked.
"No, it is not," was the reply of the
Chinese minister through the inter-
preter. "The Chinese have not had a
chance to show what they could do.
They had no transportation facilities,
and they could not move their troops.
Speaking of the characters of the two
people, the Japanese have for .years
patterned after us. For centuries they
were imitating the Chinese civiliza
tion. They considered us their, supe- !
riors. Now, if they can learn the j
arts of war in the space of less than j
a generation there is no doubt in my'
mind but that the Chinese can learn j
them. I have no doubt of our capa- j
city to do anything equally well, if not j
better, than the Japanese."
THE WAR ON CHINA. j
"But, your excellency," said I, "what j
do you think will be the effect of this I
war on China?"
"It will probably teach us a lesson," :
was the reply. "Our government has '
learned of the wonders of foreign war- j
fare. It will now realize that we must j.
be prepared to defend ourselves I
against the other nations of the world, !
and that in time of peace we must i
prepare for war. There is no reason '
why China should not have stronger j
defenses than any other nation on the j
globe. We have a vast country made '
up of one people. We have vast re- !
sources which are as yet undeveloped, !
and we have a people who are won- i
derfully industrious, and, I believe, as '
brave as any people on the globe. '
What we will now have to do iff to de-
velop our resources. We must cover j
our country with railroads so that we I
can bring our supplies from one part
of the land to the other at a moment's I
notice. We must reorganize our armjf ;
and navy and must have our troops j
all trained after modern methods. We '
•must have new ships and new forts;
and we must so increase our military
strength that we can defend ourselves
against any nation or all nations.".
CHINESE ARMY OF FUTURE.
"How much of an army might China
have if it were properly organized?"
"It is hard to estimate its wonder
ful possibilities in this regard," replied
the Chinese minister. "There are now
more than 400,000,000 of people under
our government. We could easily put
twice as many men in the fleld\ as any
other nation of the world. The Chinese I
army of the future will be numbered I
by millions, and it will be ably com- I
manded. The Chinese do not lack abil- j
ity to organize forces and to carry out |
undertakings. We have men full of j
courage, men) endowed with great cxc- |
cutive ability and men who ought to
make good strategic leaders. And, I
then, our contry is big enough and rich j
enough to support a vast army. There j
is no soil better than the, Chinese soil, j
and few countries produce more in I
comparison with the area cultivated.
We have all kinds of food, and we \
have the material resourecs which will !
enable us to make with our own coal {
and iron the guns and munitions of j
war which we need. We have already
a number of large arsenals. There is I ,
one in operation at Shanghai which !
employs thousands of hands and which !
has shown that it can make guns with I
Choinese iron. There are iron mines I.
near Hankow which we expect to see
developed, and there are arsenals and
gun works in a number of the cities
of the empire. Such works will now be I
increased. New plants "will be estab- J
lished and the condition of China will, !
I believe, in a short time be materi- i
ally changed as to her possibilities of
self-defense." - y >/*.'-•-
MODERN MACHINERY.
"Then ths war will lead to the intro
duction of modern machinery into Chi
na" 'yy-y^y-y '■•':: '"- .*■■
" "Of some kinds, yes," replied the
minister. "We will have to have [
much new. machinery, but it will be
only of certain kinds. We will need
all kinds of machinery for making ord-
nance and munitions of war. We will
" have to have railroad material •: and i
the machinery for shipbuilding.
. Such machinery is very expensive, and
the importations will probably cost a
large amount of money. : As to ordi-
nary labor-saving machinery, however,
I think, China will keep out as far as
possible, all which come into \ competi
tion with the trades and the labors of
the common people*. We have a vast y
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MORNING! -JUNE 9, 1895.— TWENTY " PAGES.
population, and we cannot afford to
take the bread out of our own people's
mouths. It would be hard to make
them understand that such machinery
would eventually be 'to their benefit.
They would certainly create trouble
if it was introduced in large amount
at the start. I think you may safely
say that the introduction of ordinary
labor-saving machinery as to matters
outside of railroads and gun works will
be slow."
CHINA AS THE WORLD'S FAC-
. , TORY. -
"Will China ever manufacture for the
whole world?" ' y <--' -~* .. ~ *
"I think' so," replied his excellency.
"We have as skillful workers as you
will find in the world. There are few
things we cannot make, and there is
nothing we cannot copy. We have
"enormous natural resources. There
are large deposits of undeveloped coal
and iron ail over the empire, and our
country seems to be well fitted for a
great factory. Our labor is very
cheap, and our people are very glad
to work for the wages they get. They
i are willing to work a whole day at a
time if they get paid for it, instead of
eight hours, and I think the time will
come when we will go into manufactur-
ing. We will some day export goods
in large quantities to foreign countries.
We will know what the wants of the
rest of the world are, and we will
! probably be able to satisfy those wants
j cheaper than any other people in the
world, and quite as well. The time
when this result will be obtained, how-
ever, will be far distant. • Have you
j ever reflected about the Chinese mar-
I ket? Think of our hundreds of mill-
ions, and remember that every man,
j woman and child of them has his
' wants that must be satisfied. The
i Chinese markets are enormous, and
they are big enough for us to work for
for years to come. You cannot quick-
ly change such a vast nation as the-
Chinese. It must move slowly. The
export manufacturing trade will hard
ily come until after the railroads. I
| think, in fact, that it will follow them."
"How about the development " of
' China, your excellency?" I asked.
"Will the country be developed by the
Chinese or by outsiders?"
"I think we will be able to develop
our own resources. The Chinese are
good business people. They are ac-
customed to the handling of capital
and labor."
CHINA AND AMERICA.
"What ought we Americans do to in-
crease our trade with China?"
"One great thing would be the build-
ing of the Nicaragua canal. This
would bring you closer to the Chinese
markets. You ought to study the
wants of the Chinese people and make
your goods as cheap as possible, in
order to compete with those which are
sent to us from Europe.
t '.'Are the Chinese friendly to Ameri-
cans?" - y
"There is no doubt about that," re-
plied the minister. "Both the Chinese
government and the Chinese people are
friendly to the United States. They
think that the Americans are sincere
and just, and they are glad to be
friends with them. There is some op-
position to Americans in South China.
It is from this part of the country that
those Chinese whom you have in the
United States have emigrated. Their
hostility comes from the exclusion act.
The rest of the empire, however, is
extremely friendly to America and
Americans, and the Influence of these
few Southern Chinese is not strong
enough to affect the sentiments of the
government or the people in this re-
gard." yy -'\'y
MISSIONARIES DOING GOOD.
"How about our missionaries in
China? Are they doing any good?"
"Yes, I think so," replied the mm
ister. "They are intelligent people, and
the better class of the Chinese know
that they labor with sincere and hon
est" intent. The opposition to them
comes from the lower classes, and from
i these classes the majority of their con
! verts have also come."
j "Do you think that the Chinese will
! ever become a Christian nation T'yyyy
I "It might be so," said his excellency,
with a smile. "But I think the pos
sibility is very remote. The doctrines
: of Confucius have a strong hold upon
i the people, and I doubt whether they
j will ever give . them up for those ot
! Christianity." ?:""'
j CHINA WILL LAST.
I "It is said that China is on the verge
of dissolution, and that the empire will
soon be shattered in pieces. Do you
believe this, your excellency?" I asked.
"No. I do not," replied the minis-
ter. "China has lasted for a number
of thousands of years, and I expect
that the empire will last some thou-
sands of years longer. The government
is strong, the people are loyal, and
they are fond of peace. You would be
surprised at the great reverence which
the people of China have for their em-
peror. They respect the government,
and they are loyal and patriotic. It is
true, there are some internal dissen
sions. These exist in all nations. We
have some lawless and turbulent peo
ple, but such elements in China are not
organized. They lack purpose. They
are men of no character, . and . their
leaders have little ability. The country
has been torn up with such revolutions
before, and it has come out all right.
Take the Tai-Ping rebellion. It lasted
for years, and it was scattered over
ten provinces. It did not affect the sta
bility of the general government. The
-rebels were finally put down, and the
emperor was again supreme ■ over the
whole of China. The - government
grows stronger every year through the
introduction -of modern institutions.
We have now the telegrajh by which
we learn the reports of dissatisfaction
or uprisings in an instant of time. We
will soon have railroads, and the great
empire of China will be boufid together
as it never has been before."
AMERICAN CAPITAL"- IN CHINA.
I "What chances are there for Ameri-
I can capital in China?"- was asked. -
"I think there will be great chances,"
I replied jj the minister. : "Following . this j
I war there j must be a development of
I the material . resources of the empire.
! New! gun works will have to be estab
j lished. New railroads ' are to be built.
Coal and iron mines are! to be opened,*
and the work of modernizing China will
probably begin. The bringing about of
such a result will require large capital.
■Whether China will { furnish this her-
self by : borrowing -it- or whether I the
' government will : farm out such things '
to syndicates, jin j either case a". large;
capital will be required^ "This I capital
will have ito come from i America ' or
) Europe. y The Chinese j will probably
take it from the point where they can
get it the cheapest and at the best rate.
iKSAy^y FRANK Q. CARPENTER. i
* .-*.—-. ■ ■ •_-:-,■,■ ■-;
GIiOHY GfIDETS
••-_ ■ -.. .. :■ ■-■:*-■; - ■■■ .--■-■' ■ ;.:. :, -
LIVELY. TIMES AT THE .."WEST
LIVELY TIMES AT THE WEST !
POINT AND ANNAPOLIS
schools. ■' ';;;:-: yy
THE GRADUATING CLASSES. :
FORTY-ONE. STEP OUT FROM j :
VAL AND FORTY-THREE FROM -
MILITARY SCHOOLS. **
JACK TARS ARE FORTUNATE. ''
■ ' ~" :'.>. J
All Will Get Commissions-Few
All Will Get ConimiHslong-Pew
Vacancies in the Arniy for y
Soldier Boys.
Special Correspondence of the Globe. -
NEW YORK, June -June week at
Annapolis and West Point is always
fraught with the keenest interest to
the young men who are . soon to be
come the official defenders of the na
tion. These days tear asunder the
comradeship of years, transform the
boy into a man, taking him away from
the guardianship of careful instruc
tors and launching him . a full-fledged
officer upon his career.
The boys at Annapolis are now say
ing good-bye, and in a few days the
lucky ones who pass the severe "ex- |
am" at West Point will be doing like- {
wise. Forty-one graduated on Friday
from the naval academy, and forty- ]
three hope to do the same at West j
Point. The latter in a few months will ;
SOME OF THE WEST! POINT GRADUATES.
be doing the hard work of keeping
order on the plains, teaching ugly In
dians how to follow the laws of Uncle
Sam, and battling with the outlaws of
the West. It is exciting but not pleas
ant work that the soldiers of the plains
have to perform, but it is* of the kind
which hardens the youngster and gives
him a sound taste of what real .war
fare and danger mean.
The Annapolis youngsters are more
fortunate than their comrades at West
SECTION OP THE ANNAPOLIS GRADUATING CLASS
Point, for the reason that all the grad
uates are certain of immediate com
missions. In all there are now forty
two vacancies in the navy, seventeen
in the line and twenty-five in the en
gineer corps. By June 30 there will.be.
eight more vacancies, * as that number
of officers will come up before the re
tiring board to be placed on the pen
sion list. . . . '
FEW VACANCIES IN THE ARMY.
In the army there are only twenty
nine vacancies for the forty-three
young men and some of them will have
to go on the waiting list. Of the twen
---.--.■* ..tin ••'..'. . .■/*.;; -.
THE ARTILLERY,I DRILL. . ;'*-
ty-nine vacancies five are in the cav
alry, three in the sixth regiment, .one
in the seventh and ; one in the ninth.
In the artillery there are but ; three
vacancies, " one : in the , first ; regiment,
one in the second and one in the third/
In - the infantry there are twenty-one
vacancies, one in j the : third . regiment,
two in the fifth, $ three '■ in the j ninth;
three in the twelfth, one in the four
teenth, one in the sixteenth, two in the
eighteenth, three in the twentieth, one
in the ; twenty-first, ' one in ; the twenty
second,» one :in the *• twenty-fourth and
one ?in , the I twenty-fifth. _y : ,
At the Naval academy , the last week
has been a busy one. This programme
shows what the ' boys ' have just gone
through: 0 Monday, June !3, 10:45 a ■ m.,
reception of : board of visitors;; 5 p. m.,
steamship drill (Monongahela).
Tuesday, June 4, 9 a. m„ battle drill
afloat. (Bancroft and boats); 10:30 a. m.,
target practice (Bancroft) *il2>m.;; ma
chineshop drill; 5 p. steam tactics,
first and - second i classes ; boats * under
oars, third and fourth classes. . Wednes
day, June 5,9 a. m., battalion of infan
try; 4 p. m., dress parade. Thursday.
June 6, ; 9 a. m., battalion of artillery;
3 p. m., fencing, setting,' up and ; gym- :
nasties; j 6:3o p. m., dress parade. Fri
day, June 7, 10:30 a, m.,' graduating ex- «
ercises. - ; ..- .;,-,...■
U jAt the I ball following the *■- gradu
ating exercises, Cadet . Richard H. M.
Robinson, of Ohio, the honor ; man of l
the second ' class, . and . class ■■ president
of the same, received with Mrs. Cooper,".
wife of ; Superintendent Cooper.
Nearly all the members of the gradu
ating class made records for them
selves in field sports, and with a few
exceptions start the real battle of life
with nicknames of a humorous char
acter, bestowed upon them by their
companions. •Z-AAA-yAZyA
' '. \ "SOME ODD NICKNAMES.. \
- There is Frank Hartman Brumby,
of Georgia, j for instance, who has al
ways been called "Four Hundred," be
cause he came from *. the state which
gave the late Ward McAllister birth.
.He 'earned the distinction of being
cadet,' lieutenant and commissary in
his first class year. - Arthur Tremaine
Chester, son of Commander C. M.
Chester, U. S. N., appointed at large,
has always been called "Kid." Wal
ter Rockwell Gherardi, son of Rear
Admiral Gherardi, was always spoken
of as "Jerry,'.' not a very dainty ab
breviation of such a well-known name.
"Smiler" is the happy name bestowed
upon William Gerard Grosbeck, ap-
pointed from Ohio. He stood No. 2
in his class every year, and is sure to |
get one of the commissions.
A JAPANESE CLASSMATE.
One of the most interesting members
of the class is Motohiko Takasaki, a j
Japanese, called "Taki" for short. He j
;'|vas appointed from the empire of Ja
j , pan, and would have graduated this
1 year with honors had he not obtained
; leave of absence to join in the recent
[•- war against China. He is back again
; now. the best envied man. in the acad-
I because he can , tell stories about
i real sea -fights that he took part in.
! David Wooster Todd, . a thin young
I gentleman from California, is better
know.i as "Skinny," while Samuel Cur-
tls Vestal, a long-legged youth from
Indiana, monopolizes -the nickname of
"Shanks." SW ;"_ ''-r- '"I
"The others In the class are Henry
Barnum Butler Jr., from New York;
William Reynolds Cushman, from
New York; William Christopher David
son, from South Dakota; Albion James
Wadhams, - from New York; Edward
Home Watson, from Kentucky;
Thomas Murritt, from South Carolina;
Edward Howard Dunn, from Connecti
cut; Michael Jamen McCormack, from
Michigan; John R'ouert Monoghan,
from Washington ; James Joseph Raby,
, from Michigan; Joseph Draper Say-
ers Jr., * appointed from New York, al
though his home, is ] in Texas; Stuart
Farrar" 5 Smith, : from Pennsylvania;
William . Harry Staudler, from Cali
fornia; Ernest Frederick Eckhart, bet
ter ■ known as - "Guffie," from Wiscon
sin ;'■: Frederick" Newton Freeman, from
Indiana; Daniel *--;: Mershon Garrison,
called :'." Jo- Jo,"/; from .*■ New '-.-Jersey;
Franklin D. Karns, from - Ohio, the
best all-around athlete in the academy
and called "Dutchy;" Charles Ring
Mallroyj from y Tennessee; ". ;*: Newton
Mansfield, from Ohio; John Francis"
Marshall, from Texas; ' Darwin Robert
Merritt, .'"from _ Iowa; James : Proctor,
Morton, - from Missouri ; Charles Henry
Walker, **■ from Massachusetts; Newton
Hamill Hall, from Texas, but generally
called "Steer;" Z. Johnston "Jr.,
from ~. North ; Carolina; John Valentine
Kiemann, from New York; Orle Smith
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' I'll' '----' oj --y-y:-< -*'-■■ yrs q _r^""' - a
¥ Great Spring Bargains
V drear Sf ring Bargains
I Will Be Sprung Tills Week in Our
DRY GOODS DEPARTMENT
| There were all sorts of sales around town last week, all sorts of
There were all sorts of* sales around town last week, all sorts of
J -» prices on all sorts of goods, but we met them all. That's our way. .
We Will Always Meet or Beat Any Price Named Else-
where on All Kinds of Dry Goods.
......GORSE SSU AND CONVINCE YOURSELVES......
"■"......G0ME BRI AMD GORIVfIRSGE YOURSELVES......
- -...'.••• - :''y^y~ .~~ "..-■......-. ... - - _ -—
'jflkk'^ ■''■■BLACK ■■.'GOODS........
mml&SS^i Monday we will take orders for 100 more Accordion'
IBSllliiifi - Pleated Skirts made l» your measure, exactly. like cut,
JilS4iBM ■ °f Pure En&lish Mohair Brilliantine, worth §6.00
W liSMm^^^M "^ /^____l
t BLACK 000D5...
Monday we will take orders for 100 more Accordion
Pleated Skirts made to your measure, exactly like cut,
of Pure English Mohair Brilliantine, worth §6.00
each, for
$3.09.
Mil ' s>>ecial Silk s»«-*
//////////ffl • Monday morning at 9 o'clock we will sell 2,000 yards of
• Monday morning at 9 o'clock we will sell 2,000 yards of
/////////M Wash Kai Xi Silks" These are not seconds or last year's
////////////M passe styles, or remnants of damaged goods picked up to
//m////////m lii! II f1 ! 1 1 1 iI i lill 111 It lIU m\\\\ \\\u\ - advertise at a price, as the other fellows have been doing-,
111/11/lllllMMlm who claim to carry the only reliable Silks in the Northwest.
yW^w////Ml/M Every yard the best quality made, and *
Vywy//7j^^^®///////i//11l llilu IH ! I Hi il\\\i b|\\\ \\\\Vhl this season's choicest styles, selected .
M//^////I//////^ by expert buyers; goods that cost 24 *g g^ X,
• *Ww////I///I!ilIM cents a yard to import, and never sold ■™ _• I £9
less than 35 cents a yard. We say the if £. tf"_) 1
lowest price on record- -Special Ja. ____f _£ x^--*
Dress Goods Specials. New Wash Goods.
yy ...... .* t-. tit „i Carloads of new, choice and beautiful styles
Monday we will sell ten pieces Pure Woo that are not to be seen elsewhere) at prices that we
Changeable Vigoreaux Serges 44 inches wide all . def competition. on equal qualities.l
new and beautiful summer shades; this quality
you would pay the old-time merchant SI a yard; • % • • DIMITIES • • • •
this line is a bargain at 75 cents. We say Monday, LA . . ... ... .:: --i-
while they last, special price, . VJ°? Pie^s m . neat dainty ">, rings, the iden
tical kinds that the old fogies sell at 10c, 15c, 18c
35 Gents. AA. 4c, Be, 12: c and 15c.
Linens and White Goods. Dress Linings.
15-Cent Imitation Haircloth 4-C
-.*..""-■:"• .AAAyy 15-Cent Imitation Haircloth 4C
This department is always crowded. Good 7S-Cent Genuine French Haircloth . . .-40 c
goods for the least money in the Northwest is Fast Black Rustling Taffeta Cambric. . . 8c
what does it. Read our price list for Monday.' • 18-Cent Fancy Silesia, large' variety '. 9c
■'.A.. --*■'•, '■ . y "•■'•. -A. „ -m„ , -. . Fast Black Moreen Skirting only |8c
Bleached Crash Towehng-5 000 yards, ft In 20.Cent Percalin extra quality, all colors... |5c
always sells at 5 cents a yard. Goes U9\J * ' * " *— —
Monday at:. .'...;..:...:. .'.y. ::.. ......... & _^ # _^
Fringed Damask Napkins, worth 10 cents Rf> L/OITieSIIC tvOOITI. .
each. Monday, 65 cents a dozen, or each.. Uv -nn . . .4 ,«.*..,
yy-y .-~7y 'yy-- 200 pieces Wrapper Flannels, light colors, -neat
Towels— loo dozen fringed and open work QRn figures and stripes; not the ordinary shirting
Damask and Huck, none worth less than 35 /[)(- styles, but suitable for house dresses or C a
cents each. We say while they last. .. fancy waists; never a yard sold less than Ml.
10c. Monday special
Special Sale Table Damask. German Indigo Blue Print, 100 pieces, very.njn
....•• best 10-cent grade, all new styles. Uotl
50-inch Cream Damask, 25c quality; Special, 19c Monday L
54-inch ' " " 40c " ..". 29c * '
54-inch Bleached m Is' I ? sic Drapery Room.
66-inch " *"**' " 60c . " .'•■"■' 49c *>-•
72-inch Bleached Satin Damask, worth §1.50^ 1,000 yards Figured Curtain Scrim, extra A J ~
yard. Special .^9c quality and designs. jj^
Napkins— loo dozen Silver Bleached, worth 18c grade
$1.50 dozen ..... :98c 50 pair Lace Curtains, pretty and styl- ff>Q J[Q
WHITE GOODS. J&^SUSf?..!*?,. !?!?..£?! W-*°
100 pieces White India Linon, worth Be, f0r.... 5c IRISH POINT CURTAINS.
200 pieces extra quality Lawn, 40 in. wide; -ICn 50 pair worth $2.50 a pair; special •SI 75
sold by other houses at 25 cents. We say m%M^ 100 pair worth §4.00 a pair; special $2.48
Hemstitched Lawn and Tucked Lawn, 40 AQp 25 pair worth §7.00 a pairj.special. $4.75
to4Bin.wide,worthttpto37^c. Monday __.0^ 25 pair worth $9.00 a pair; special $5.25
Kneffer, from Pennsylvania, and Har
ris Laning, from Illinois. V'.'y:'
THE HOPEFUL LIST AT WEST
POINT.
The boys who ' hope to pass ; the ex
amination at West Point are Messrs.
Duncan, Parker, M. F. Smith, McGrew,
F. W. Smith, Conrad, Schulz, Creden,
Bugge, Sturtevant, Gurney, Darrah,
Pritchard, Mcßroom, Charles, Nissen,
Watson, Mitchell, Davis, Augustln,
Springer, Herron, Dixon, Nuttman,
Ames, Cavenaugh, Simmons, Howland,
Fleming, Pearce, Miles, Hutton, Payne,
Stanley, White.Hawkins, Bigelow, Sills,
Lewis, Richardson, Arnold, Switer and
H. E. Smith. V yyy
The exercises at the academy finish
on Wednesday, when thegrauating hop
takes place. Of the many drills which
mark the closing of the term the cav
alry and artillery are the finest, partic
ularly the latter. It is an inspiring
sight to see the big guns sweep out
upon. the grassless plain and fall into
position ; like clockwork. One of the
features of the week will be a reunion
of the class of '70, when a large num
ber of the old-timers will gather to see
how the work of- the youngsters com
pares with that of a quarter of a cen
tury ago. - »
•***■
EFFECT OF THE NEAV RIFLES.
A Surgeon in China SnyH They
Wound More Men, but Not So
. Severely. ." "***■
The evolution of the modern military
small-bore rifle has been of so recent
date that, until the war in the East,
no. opportunity has occurred to enable
comparisons to:. be made of the de
structiveness in actual warfare of the
long, thin bullet of the new . weapon
with the larger and heavier ball of the
older style gun. 'Up to the present
time the knowledge of the surgical re
suits of the marked reduction in cali
ber, has been biased upon . the . experi
ments made upon bodies of : men and
animals by numerous investigators in
■ this country and abroad. , The deduc
tions made from these tests ; have nat
urally been largely, of a theoretical na
ture,* and as such have not been en
tirely satisfactory to military surgeons
and ; others -in teres 'in f the , develop
ment of the Small-bore rifle. .--"
X During the : progress of the Eastern
war a portion^of; the Japanese army.
was armed with the Murata" rifle, a
] small-bore weapon carrying a copper
I and nickel-plated bullet of a diameter
I of .315-inch, weighing 238 grains, and
projected with a muzzle velocity of
1,850 feet per second. This weapon
approximates the Lee-Metf ord rifle of
the English army, but is of slightly
' larger caliber than the Krag-Jorgen
' sen gun adopted for the United States ;
! service. The character of the wounds ',
i made by the Murata rifle, as shown by •
! the Chinese injured in the military op
' erations in Manchuria, is given in de- i
| tail by Dr. Dugald Christie, of the '
Moukden Medical mission, in a letter
to the British Medical Journal. ■
Since part of the Japanese forces
were provided with a modification of
the old Martini-Henry rifle, with its
comparatively large soft bullets, mov-
ing at a relatively moderate velocity,
: the effects of the two forms of bullets
I were the more marked and . Striking*.
j The contused, lacerated wounds of the
; softer large-bore bullets, with their
] characteristic ragged point of entrance,
! the extensively splintered bone, and j
j the gaping exit so well known to the j
1 older army surgeons, contrasted forci- J
bly with the small, clean-cut wounds j
made by the small-callbered bullet, I
the absence of bruising of the sur
rounding tissues, the slight tendency'
to comminution of the bones and the i
rapidity with which the wounds '
healed. While the increased explosive J
action ' which is given to small-caliber j
bullet by the high muzzle velocity. j
would apparently point to greater de- ■
struction of the tissues, it was shown j
that the harder shell of the ball, and
its lesser liability, to become deformed, :
resulted on the whole in an explosive ;
effect not so marked. - j
From an experience with a large {
number of the wounded from. the bat- I
ties of y Ping- Yang, Chin-Chow and !
I other -engagements In the region of !
j Manchuria, Dr. Christie is led to con- j
elude i that, while the new bullet of i
j small caliber and great velocity may i
i wound ' a larger nuifiber of ' men, it Is j
j less destructive in its effects on the
I. tissues of the body, and therefore less
fatal than the older missile. -
; ■ . • — — i_»i ' — —
Knew His Husi'iicns.
Knew Hitt HuMine**.
Philadelphia Item.
A.— What is that curious machine
that Count M. has had constructed on
your recommendation? He tells me
that the thing cost a lot of money, but -
he jis delighted . at ' its beneficial effect
on. his. health. What is it for? -- y
7\, B. (Count M.'s medical adviser)— The'
machine is intended to pump fresh air,
11
from outside into the close and stuffy
library where the count spends most
of his time. £>_>:?•-'
Yes, but wouldn't It do just as
well If the windows were opened?
Certainly; but my occupation as
the count's family doctor would be
gone if I dared to suggest such a thin;-?.
££HHoCS>___^
fij Results |fl
S Results 2
8 from S
3 Advertising £
jj Was never born of half-hearted- ▲
ness. One must RISE to sue- M
£*\ cess, and to rise requires effort, A
a It is our business to help direct
Vy that effort — to aid in having W^
f^m the conditions of success com- jm
jkJ plied with. We bring to your X
'/▼ service a wide experience in Nr
h*t conducting and placing adver- M
k^ tising. We offer new ideas and W>
■VI energetic methods. We are phic- V
j\>^ ing to-day some of the largest M
L^j lines appearing in this paper. *a>
R J. L. STACK CO., J
Jv Newspaper Advertising, N^
kj^ 112 Dearborn St. .Chicago, & St.Paul. hj
ssj-B M 2 Dearborn St., Chicago .& St.Paul. (^
£QB___B___f___i
rrhlelie»'er'« I'n_U»'i Diamond Iran /.
P*'hiche»;rr'« rnslUh Diamond I'run /.
ENNYROYAL PILLS
ENNYROYAI PILLS
_/f^*>- ■ Original and Cnly Genuine. A
.- /**i>"\ safe, alw»v« reliable, ladies xli /«\
*- it t»!*_-l liruzjl't tot ChiehtsUr * i'-ia/i-A l>l"-/afKA.
fc*<4i^__©v """■'' Sraml *"* Ke<l and '.*•'■' nietallioXjy**/
*^x -— !!>«33*x>x<w. nealcd t-lta blue ribbon- Toko \fir
I*l *»* *WSn-» other. Btfitie dangtrvut mbstitu. V
I" / - flftii.man'llmitu'. At Druz-sisu. or-eo<l4e. j
I l^. Vi In *tarr.'>i I'-r *_***_"_*, trutimonlal* an '
*_• KS "Helltf for Ladle*,** »i '■""-. '. return
_\~ If -Hull. . 10.000 ■ .iimoni».4. .Van- I'aptr.
—^/l*hlciie»terChe:ul<.-i»lCu.,"duill«t.ri-**quu.e,
■old by ail Local Hi nil I**— rhiltde., l'_
■ imrO learn "How to Masnajre the face." fcrcmore
| Imm learn "How to Maasapre the face." iffcrcmore'
I A 111 r \ Freckle-*. Tan, I 'imj,le-J * Wrinkle*. Illus-
LuUI LU. t rated l«iok.^iviir„'fi.ll Instruction*. *Kir
n I'l'-txix-skin rood," by ,„„)• -0 rents.
Address Kiley Toilet Co.. Box lit Buffalo. N. V. _"
NEW FACES ALL A BOUT CHANGING **teik
isfc- 11 . I "WW the Features and Ueruov- / * **fll
• fc? Blemishes, In ISO p. book for a stomp. f»**»^
•John EL Woodbury, 127 W. 13d8t.,N. f / JfcvT^
. Inventor OX Woodbury's i'acii! Soon, \2£'

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