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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, July 09, 1895, Image 4

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1895-07-09/ed-1/seq-4/

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Ai the Globe undine
Payable in Advance.
Dnily and Sunday, per month .50 j
Daily and Sunday, G mouth**. -.'_.*-.*.
Daily and -Sunday, one yeur...55.00 |
Daily only, per hionth 40
Daily only, per month 4U
Daily only, six months $_*.*__;
Daily only, one year $4.00
Sunday only, one year $1.00
Weekly, one year *5 1 .Oil
Address- all letters and telegrams to
THE GLOBE. St. Paul. Minn. .
eastern ADVERTISING office.
ING, NEW york.
WASHINGTON bureau, 1405 f st.
N. W.
Complete flies of the G lo be always
kept on hand for reference.
. WASHINGTON, July 8. — Forecast
for Tuesday:
„ For Minnesota, North Dakota and
South Dakota: Fair; warmer; wester-
ly winds.
For Wisconsin: Fair; warmer in
northwest portion; westerly winds.
For Iowa: Fair; warmer; variable
For Montana: Fair; warmer in
western portion; variable winds, be-
coming easterly.
United States Department of Agri-
culture, Weather Bureau, Washing-
ton, July 8, 0:48 p. m. Local Time,
*> p. m. 75th Meridian Observa
tions taken at the same moment of
time at all stations.
Place. Ther. Place. Ther.
St. Paul 58 Helena 58
Duluth 60 Edmonton 00
La Crosse 58 Battleford 70
Huron •;•; Prince A1bert.... 70
Pierre .....CS Calgary 66 i
Moorhead 7. 62 "Medicine Hat 70 |
St. Vincent 66 Swift Current ....G6 I
-Bismarck 60 Qu'Appelle 64
Williston 06 Minnedosa 06 |
Havre 66 Winnipeg 68
Miles City 08 -Port Arthur 52 j
Barometer, 26.90; thermometer, 59;
relative humidity, 72; wind, northwest;
weather, cloudy; maximum thermome
ter, 04: minimum thermometer, 54: daily
range, 10; amount of rainfall in last
twenty-four hours, trace.
Gauge Danger Height of
-Reading. Line. Water. Chance
St. Paul 14 . 3.0 0 0
La. Crosse 10 4.3 —0.1
Davenport ....... 3.0
St. Louis 30 ...
—Fall. ... -
Note— Barometer corrected for ter
n and elevation.
Forecast Official.
The farmers of the Northwest
should not again be taken by sur-
prise or at a disadvantage as they I
were in the harvest season of 1891.
They will remember that in that
year a considerable portion of the
splendid wheat crop was either lost
or injured by their inability to take
care of it properly in time. When
the grain came to be harvested, it
was found that the crews were short,
there was not twine at hand
sufficient to bind the sheaves, there
were not men enough to stack the
grain, and thousands. of bushels of
splendid wheat went to waste be-
cause it was exposed for weeks to
the inclemency of the weather. There
.will be no excuse if this experience
is repeated the present year. Up to
date the outlook is good for a wheat
crop approaching in abundance that
of the banner year in our history.
From every part of the Northwest
come reports which say that the
condition of the grain at the present
time could not be more promising.
In many places it stands so thick
that the eye cannot penetrate be
tween the crowded stalks, and it is
heading out superbly. If nothing
interferes between this and harvest
to injure the growing or maturing
grain, it will be more than the farm-
ers can take care of with their pres
ent resources.
Although the unemployed in our
cities have mostly found occupation,
thanks to the improvement of 'the
times and the starting up of in-
dustries everywhere, there are still
plenty of men to be had for farm
work at reasonable wages. The
farmers ought not to wait until their
fields are ready for the reaper be-
fore they engage the necessary help.
They should, to some extent, organ-
ize in the different counties, -com-
pare notes as to their requirements
and get their forces ready. The
same policy should be pursued in
reference to the purchase of binding
twine, the supply of which in the
Xorthwest is certain to be insuffi
cient. Whenever there is a big crop,
more grain is lost through lack of
ability to take care of it than would
make up to the farmer the deficiency
of other years when the crop is a
comparative failure.
Among the careless habits of
too many of our farmers is
that of expecting to have their
grain threshed in the field as
the sheaves are gathered in, and
consequently making no preparation
for protecting the grain in case a
heavy crop prolongs the threshing
season, or rains interfere with pre-
paring it for market. Every
farmer ought to count from the out-
set upon stacking his wheat as soon
as it has been cut. The amount of
additional labor required is nothing
when compared with the additional
safety secured. Wheat properly
Stacked is good against any assault
of the weather, even in this latitude,
for months to come; and the farmer
can thresh out the grain as his leis
ure and convenience and the state of
the market may direct.
• We think that too much impor
tance cannot be placed upon active
preparation from this day forward
for harvesting operations, upon a
more thorough-going plan than has
Commonly . prevailed in the North-
west. Local agencies should ascer-
tain, as far as possible, the amount
Of extra help that will be required,
•md application should be. made to
the cities to furnish men for the
Holds. .There is plenty of .work for
ihe next two months in this section
of the country for all the hands that
can be obtained. There are plenty
of men who would be glad- to get a -
harvesting job that will " provide
them with extra cash against the
demands of the coming winter. We •
rail readily- at misfortune in the
i years when nature is unkind to
us. In those seasons when she shows
her most propitious and favoring
aspect, we should not neglect her"
gifts. A.iYY
The work of harvesting in the
Northwest has never been thor
oughly organized; and, as carried on
usually, involves an immense waste.
Along with greater economies in
methods and processes of produc
tion should now go a careful and
economical method of securing the
grain that our fields produce. It is
a question that should be agitated
earnestly and continuously, espe
cially by the lOcal press, in every
part of Minnesota and the Dakotas,
so that, the time of harvest as it ap
proaches will find the - farmer so
completely equipped for it that not
a grain of nature's bounty may be
lost. 7- 7777 77/ Ia
The dispute over boundary lines
between Brazil and France, now,
owing to the armed occupation by
the latter of the disputed territory,
getting into the acute* stage, pre
sents some new phases of the Mon
roe doctrine; a policy that is getting
badly entangled with conditions that
did not exist and were not con-
templated when Mr. Charming sug
gested to Mr. Rush, and the latter
conveyed to Secretary. Adams, the
way to balk the Holy Alliance and
the power that was behind and ani-
mated it, in their designs to restore
to Spain the control of her revoltea
South American colonies. In the
lapse of time and the forgetfulness
of the conditions out of which it
arose, the doctrine has come to
stand for a policy that would debar
any European nation from extend-
ing its territory on the Western con
tinents, regardless of the nature of
the "systems," as Monroe expressed
it, of government they might trans
Monroe had certainly two and
probably three objects in view: The
preservation of the republican gov
ernments established in South Amer
ica; the elimination from this hemi-
sphere of monarchial European pow
ers that might become dangerous
neighbors, and the further separa
tion of church and state which he
anticipated would result from repub
lican institutions. The "systems" ob
jected to embrace all these, and the
word was used because it was broad
er and included more than the words
"forms of government." In the case
of the English extension of territory
in Venezuela it is true that the En
glish form of government is mon
archial, but it is also true that it is
more republican than it was even
in Monroe's day, with a constant
tendency to more and more ultra
democracy. . But with France the ob
jections are all eliminated. France
is a sister republic. She received the
hearty recognition and felicitation
of our government when she joined
the sisterhood. It is true that eigh
teen years later Brazil, too, ex-
changed the rule of Dom Pedro for
the privilege of revoluting occa
sionally in common with the other
republics with Spanish antecedents
and queer conceptions of republican .
government. So that it is at best
but a dispute between two republics
as to which shall extend over cer
tain territory republican govern-
ment. -
When Chili and Peru had their
altercation, and triumphant Chili
carved off a slice of Peruvian terri
tory and added it to her domain, Aye
do not recall any protest or invoca
tion of the Monroe doctrine; although
we believe we did attempt some in-
terference that ended humiliatingly,
anent some vague claims of a guano
company of unpleasant memory.
Our recollection is that our govern-
ment in that matter received and'
pocketed in silence a rather merited
snub from Chili; but, as Kipling ob-
serves, that is another story. Only
it emphasizes, what may be a posi
tion assumed in this French-Brazil
ian matter, that this country does
not regard the acquisition of terri
tory by one republic from another as
being an infringement of the ven
erated doctrine.
Nor is it strictly true that France
wants the additional land in order
to enlarge her penal colony. While,
until 1564, France sent her "toughs"
to Guiana indiscriminately, letting
the indigenous fevers act as her ex-
ecutioners, after that date, with a
nice and humane discrimination, she
sent her convicts of European
descent to New Caledonia, sending
to French Guiana only those of Afri
can or Asiatic birth or descent. It
may, of course, afford an opportun
ity for a new application of the Mon
roe doctrine that France uses Amer
ican territory for a penal colony;
and if our government resists the ex
tension of her domain for that pur
pose, it would take grounds made
tenable by our own application of
that principle in our immigration
laws. It may be argued that it is
quite as important that this country
safeguard citizenship on all _ Amer
ican soil as that it guard the exist
ence of republican governments.
To any protest, however, that we
might make on such grounds France
would doubtless reply that she is en
gaged in the same great reforma-
tory enterprise with which we in
our states are experimenting. She
would point out that she is endeavor-
ing to reform and make good citi-
zens of those unfortunate citizens of
color who have run counter to her
penal laws. She can point to the
fact that the convicts there learn
and follow useful trades; that after
two years, if their conduct is good,
they may marry, or have their fam
ilies sent to them, and land as
signed them for cultivation; ;- ami .
! that, thus equipped with occupation
and sustenance, and with poverty,
that prolific source of crime, elimi
nated, they may become good' citi-
zens, helping in the progression of
the race. So it appears that there
are difficulties in the practical appli-
cation of the Monroe doctrine to the
Franco-Brazilian contention, even if.
we are to depart from our tradi
tional attitude of minding our own
business and adopt the new policy
of minding that of our neighbors
after the true European fashion.
When two murderers were hanged
in St. Paul some months ago, the
community felt itself outraged and
disgraced because a surging crowd
of people passed in procession where
they could get a glimpse of the grue-
some apparatus which was to do
these men to death. A far more dis
gusting exhibition was made in New
York after the execution of Dr. Bu-
chanan, whose case has received so
much public attention. There the
undertaker who had charge of the
body was forced, as he claims, to
admit the public to view the re-'
mains, or they would have broken
down the doors. Many thousand
people passed by the coffin, gaping
at the corpse and giving vent to all
sorts of exclamations of curiosity
and satisfaction. The scene was re-
peated at the funeral, where' a mob
of women surged around the pro-
cession, tore the wreaths of flowers
from the coffin and otherwise mis-
behaved savagely. It is outbreaks
like this which make one feel that,
after all, he is unfamiliar with the
nature of his kind. It is impossible
for the man of decent feeling and
lively sensibilities to so much as
understand the vulgar and bestial
curiosity which hungers for a giance
at a gallows, or a stare into the
dead face of an executed murderer.
We have called this curiosity bes
tial, but that is doing an injustice
to the beasts; for there is, as far as
we know, no other animal than man
possessed of this remarkable trait
and taint. What possible gratifica
tion can be derived from the ap
proach to the horrible, and the out-
raging of all those finer feelings of
which we are accustomed to think
that even the most degraded retain
some trace, the ordinary man or
woman must fail to understand. It
seems probable that it will take cen
turies more of discipline in decency
to eradicate from human nature this
singular quality. In the meantime,
the process will be most helped, and
the public most guarded against ex-
hibitions that are as harmful in their
tendencies as they are depraved in
themselves, by doubling the precau
tions now taken to secure all the
privacy in connection with public
executions that is consistent with
popular institutions. No community
wants a repetition of anything like
the incidents following Buchanan's
execution, which are not less in their
way a reflection upon human na
ture than was the crime itself for
which he suffered death.
■**___» .
Public attention has been so ab
sorbed by the greater prominence of
the changes and revolutions that
have taken place in the last two or
three decades in some of the leading
articles of production and methods
of distribution that equally impor
tant changes in. minor matters, or
those regarded as minor, have es
caped attention. There has not been
extension and expansion in one or
two industrial directions only, but
the movement has been in all di
rections until there is today hardly
an industry of man to be found
which pursues the same methods
with the same means that were used
a generation ago. We are indebted
to Mr. Edgerton Williams for an in-
teresting resume, in the current
North American, of the changes that
have been wrought in the thirty
years that he has been engaged in
the grain trade. When one even
casually familiar with it a genera-
tion ago follows his account of the
transformations in production,
handling, distribution and values,
the magnitude and the far-reaching
effects become a surprising revela
tion. The difficulty is, as Mr. Wil
liams says, not in recounting, but in
giving credence to the facts.
The two great forces that have
worked the changesare the telegraph
and transportation. The former
has made immediately and instantly
accessible every grain market in
the world to the grain centers.
Weeks and months formerly needed
in placing orders and obtaining re
plies to inquiries are now matters
of hours only. This has abolished
the system of storage of supplies
for months, established a hand-to-
mouth system of dealing, and re-
duced to a minimum the charges
and profits of middlemen. Transpor
tation, with its quick and cheap
ened methods, has served to bring
nearer together the values of the
markets of production and con
sumption. Measured by cost of car
riage, Liverpool is nearer us today
than Buffalo was in the sixties. Grain
is carried from Chicago to Liverpool
for about half what it then cost to
get it to Buffalo. Lake freights
have fallen from a range of 7 to 15
cents to 1 to 3 cents, and ocean
freights from 10-15 to 2-6, while all-
rail freights to the seaboard that
formerly ranged from 35 to 45 cents
range now between 9 and 15 cents,
a decrease of from three-fourths to
Thirty years ago the lakes were
studded with an immense fleet of
..ailing vessels. The opening of the
straits of Mackinaw was a great
event. The grain-laden fleet bound
down had rendezvoused there, and
the flrst vessel or propeller through
was accorded special dock privileges
for the season. The observer stand-
ing on the shore of Lake Michigan at
the opening of the straits would be-
hold the horizon lined with the white
sails - of -the vessels, crowding all
their canvas to reach Chicago or
Milwaukee, and enter on the rich
harvest of freights awaiting them in
lhe monster elevators where the
grain had been accumulating dur
ing the winter months from .our
Western fields. All this is changed.
The process of evolution was first
the. building of larger vessels with
greater -capacity and less propor
tional cost of management. Then
was •evolved from the smaller ves
sels, made- unprofitable by the large
ones the barge system; ■ a grain
laden propeller towing three or more i
grain-laden hulls, cheapening the!.
cost of carriage until grain rates
were frequently a cent a bushel. In
volved in this" was the enormous de- :
struction of vessel values that. sent
many a man into bankruptcy. in the
seventies. . .-"- 7 7
This immense, almost incalculable,
reduction in cost of handling and'
transport has inured mainly to the
benefit of the. consumer, although
the producer has had a share, even
if incapable of separation from 'the
mass and of as exact statement as
is that of the consumer. Approxi
mately this may be obtained by es
timating what would be the price
on Minnesota farms today if wheat
had to pay the same charges now
in carriage from the producer to
the market of final distribution that
it did thirty years ago. Taking the
maximum of the rates then pre
vailing and leaving • out elevator
charges and commissions, its value
would be entirely consumed in cost
of transportation. :7.v
Writh the abolition of the long
With the abolition of the long
storage, the reduction of commis
sions, the narrowed margin of prof
its, have come the "futures" and
"options" of which we have heard
so much in recent years in and out
of congress, and which Mr. Williams
defends as a system of insurance
of prices that is of inestimable value
both to the dealer and the producer.
Aside from the cornering by the
gamblers and the purely specu
lative transactions, he claims that
the operation is merely an insurance
to the miller or the dealer that he
will not receive less for his grain
when ready for market than he pays
for it. Its effect thus, in his opinion,
is to steady markets and prevent
the losses which the narrow margins
and the immense aggregate of stocks
would involve in the fluctuations of
an unbalanced market.
The changed and improved meth
ods of storage and handling on land,
the building of the whaleback, and
the increase in capacity and speed
of freight carriers have all con
tributed their shares to this revolu
tion. It would, indeed, be difficult
to select any department of pro
ductive activity .in which such
sweeping changes have been made
and such wonderful economies real
ized in the last generation as in the
American grain trade.
Mayor Warwick, president of the
Republican Union League of Phila
delphia, is on the road to Democ
racy in company with some of our
own distinguished citizens. Closing
a debate in the league on a resolu
tion declaring for sound money, Mr. !
Warwick said: '7 . '77 -7
"To juggle with this question is
cowardice. We cannot climb over it,
dive under it, or sneak around it. This
is more than a question of party. It
is a question of principle and honesty.
The government has no more right to
debase the coin than the rogue has to
clip it. The government does not make
standards of value. They are made by
commerce and the laws of supply and
demand. The government can't make
honest a thing that is dishonest."
This is as severe an arraignment'
of that other league that met in
Cleveland recently as we have read.
It also hits hard sundry Republican
presidential possibilities. It gets in
under the ribs of one Benjamin Har
rison who climbed over it, or dove
under it or sneaked around it in 1890,
with Mr. Allison and Mr. Reed and
Mr. McKinley and the general ap
proval of his party. When Repub
licans thus castigate their leaders, j
it is plain that they are on the road !
to Democracy.
This is the more certain from the '
This is the more certain from the
attitude of the Manufacturers' club •
of that city, the organization that j
boasted that it won the national vie- I
tory for the party in 1888, and among j
whose members was raised the cor- '
ruption fund that John Wana- !
maker placed in the hands of the na
tional committee. ....
In the issue of its organ before
the meeting of the league, the reso
lution was bitterly opposed in an
editorial headlined: "Mr. Cleve
land's Proposed Seduction of the
Union League." "It is to fulfill his
wish," the article closed, "to play
his game, to fly his flag, to exalt him !
to high place, and to honor him J
as the one hope of the nation, that i
the Union League of Philadelphia is !
asked to approve of him and his ;
British money system." The Manu- j
facturers' club and its organ are at
least consistent. They know that
protection to manufacturers and free
coinage of silver are identical in
spirit, and they must stand by each
other. If one falls, the other must
go. Hence this bitterness. The res
olution was adopted by an over
whelming majority. Democracy is
rapidly retrieving lost ground.
Pity and a paresis hospital seem
to be the natural portion of a man
who can so fearfully and wonder
fully construct a sentence as this
from a recent article in the New
York Tribune, bewailing the arrival
of better times while Democratic leg
islation is in force: "Thus the cur
rent rise in wages and the current
rise in prices work to defeat each
other under- duties reduced very
much less than Democrats threat
ened and tried to reduce them, and
either is liable at almost any time
to cause disastrous reaction, pros
trating some part of the American
They say that even New York's
Sunday closing does . not close so
tight that a few drops may not
trickle down a thirsty throat. .77..-.
- United States is quietly gath
ering in the carrying trade of the
Pacific, and not making much of a
noise over it, either.
To a man up a tree. Mr. Moore, it
looks as if American weather is a
pretty wild team for you to handle.
A good many eyes are on Secretary :
Morton in these days. But .let him
beware the ready -letter-writer, which
has slain its tens of _ thousands
and hungers for him as a victim.
~-~ * .** — : —
The Chicago Tribune notes the
The Chicago Tribune notes the
great decline in 'the price of sugar
and says that "it has been beaten
down by the enormous production of
beet sugar in the bounty-paying
countries of Europe." Yet that is
the sort of competition which the
Republican party proposes to meet in
the United States by taxing the peo
ple to pay more bounties, and so
make the business continually more
artificial and unprofitable.
Am AAA-iYy. ' .. "■ . "' 7
The Wilbur Opera company com-
The Wilbur Opera company com-
menced singing the second week of
their brief . summer engagement at the
Metropolitan opera house to the same
.lacge and -enthusiastic audience which
has .been the rule since their opening
performance. This week they will be
heard in that opera which has always
been so favorably received by the thea-
, ter-goers of this city— "Fra Diavolo"—
until Thursday; "Indiana" will be the
bill for the balance of the week. Three
matinees will be given weekly during
the Wilbur engagement— Wednesdays,
Thursdays and Saturdays. Those wish-
ing to obtain choice seats for the re-
mainder of this week will do well to
secure their seats early at the box of-
fice. Evening prices, 15, 25 and 50 cents;
matinees, 25 cents, to all parts of the
* » *
The cooler weather andtheannounce-
ment that, this is positively the last
week of the Grand's stock season has
served to materially increase the busi-
ness of the Giffen & Neill company at
that popular play house. "Mr. Barnes
of New York" drew the largest audi-
ence of the stock season last night.and
in presenting the company in a drama
of the romantic school Mr. Neill has
evidently caught the public's fancy.
"Mr. Barnes of New York" certainly
presents the company to the very best
advantage. Miss Crosman as the fiery
Corsican girl,. Marina Paoli, is making
an unusual hit. Matinee tomorrow.
The Two Grand Exalted it tilers
Conic to Terms.
Con,c to Ter-«s*
, ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., July 8 —
This city is overrun with Elks to-
night, who have come here to attend
the third annual convention of the
grand lodge of the Benevolent. Pro-
tective Order of Elks, which opens
tomorrow. The convention promises
to be the greatest in the history of
the order. The Western delegations
have all arrived, the last reaching
here this morning. The delegations
from Washington, Baltimore and
the South reached here this evening.
The last batch of delegates to ar-
rive will be those from Philadelphia,
who will come down tomorrow morn-
ing 200 strong. All the prominent
hotels are decorated with flags and
bunting, and the Atlantic avenue
business houses are almost con-
cealed beneath a wealth of red, white
and blue. At a meeting today be-
tween Grand Exalted Ruler Edwin
,B. Hay and Mead F. Detwiler, of
.Harrisburg, who was elected grand
*exa]ted ruler by the Buffalo faction,
It was agreed to compromise the dif
ferences existing between the two
'factions. Mr. Detwiler comes here
.with full authority to act. and it
: is now a settled fact that the order
| will' be united before the conven
tion adjourns, which will probably
be on Friday. *'
,- • The grand lodge will convene at
10 o'clock tomorrow morning in Mor
ris Guards armory. William G. Mey-
ers,-' of Philadelphia, is ah avowed
candidate for the office of grand ex-
alted ruler, and it seems to be the
general opinion that he will be
chosen to succeed Edwin B. Hay.
Twenty thousand out of a total mem-
bership of 28,000 Elks in the country
will be represented at the meeting.
A monster parade will take place
on Wednesday, when it is expected
that between 6,000 and 8,000 Elks will
be in line.
Dr. Bryant Says ll. s a Pine Little
BUZZARD'S BAY, Mass.. July 8—
BUZZARD'S BAY, Mass., July B.—
Cosy Gray Gables today was bathed in
warm sunlight, and the early existence
of the new Miss Cleveland, the per-
sonage In whom the residents of Buz-
zard's Bay are most interested, was
marked by bright, pleasant weather.
Dr. Bryant reported today that Mrs.
Cleveland and the little one are rest-
ing quietly, and that everything is
progressing finely.He will add nothing,
except that the newcomer is a "fine
little girl." Telegraph boys paid nu
merous visits to the house today, bear-
ing messages of congratulation to the
president from all parts of the country.
In company with .Tcseph Jefferson
and Charles B. Jefferson, Mr. Cleve-
land spent nearly all day trout fishing
at East Sandwich, where Mr. Jefferson
has a private stream. The party left,
early in the day and did not return
until nearly Oo'clock. Ruth and Es
ther did not drive with their nurses
to the village this noon, as they have
done almost every day since their ar-
rival at Gray Gables, nor were the
horses sent to the postoffice, but a mes
senger was dispatches on foot after
the mail. The children remained at
their play, often chattering", as they
ran about the piazza and lawn, over
the little sister so recently introduced
to them. Both children seem delighted
with the idea of having another little
one in the household. The president,
after his return from fishing, devoted
the evening to the perusal of messages
of congratulation. To an inquiry this
evening as to the condition of Mrs.
Cleveland and the baby, Dr. Bryant
reiterated his former words, "Mother
and baby are both doing well."
'■ 4,..- -■*-".'_•'.' "am
T_iey Take in the Sights of Colo-
' _»"10 '■
I . „,.._ rado.
DENVER. Col., July B.— Miss Helen
I DENVER, Col.. July B.— Miss Helen
Gould and a party of friends from
New York came to Denver today from
Greeley, Col., Where their special train,
under personal charge of General Man-
ager Doddridge, of the Missouri Pa-
cific', stopped over last night. They
were. provided here, by United States
Senator Woleott and Receiver Trum-
bull, of the Gulf road, with a special
'narrow gauge train and 'made a trip
today arountK the famous "loop" in the
mountains. . This, .evening the party
went to Colorado Springs. Tomorrow
they will ascend Pike's Peak over the
cog'road. and Wednesday evening,
after spending th. day at Manitou,
they will return East over the' Missouri
Thot'.snuils of Acres to Be Re-
Thousands of Acres to Be Re-
stored, to Them.
Wlf'HTTA. Kan. .July S.— J. B. Brown,
WICHITA. Kan. .JuIy 8. -J. B. Brown,
. superintendent of , the Pcnca Indian'
school, at Fonea, T. T., who is on his
way to Denver with three educated
Indians to attend the National Edu
cational convention, stated today that.
a decision was handed down by the in-
terior department Saturday which will
deprivel cattlemen of the use of 63,000 .
"acres of grazing lands belonging to the
Ponca tribes. . . '. •*■',-;
.- ..-7- '-:
'f.Y4YI "' ' *
A Change Means Ruin to Ameri
ca*. Hankers and Disaster to
Working- People.
SPENCER, Ind., July 8. — Hon.
William Bynum, of Indianapolis,
opened his sound money campaign
here tonight. He spoke in the opera
house to a large and representative
audience of people composed of the
members of both political parties.
He was listened to by bankers, busi-
ness men, farmers and laborers, and*
was given the closest attention
throughout. There was liberal ap
plause as the speaker made his argu
ment against the free coinage of sil
ver and pointed out what he claimed
to be the fallacies of the advocates
of free coinage. Mr. Bynum was in-
troduced by Hon. Willis Hickam,
and spoke for two hours. He said in
"The advocates of free coinage as-
sume, and all their arguments are
based upon this erroneous assumption,
tha with free coinage of both metals
at a ratio of 16 to 1 we would have bi
metallism. This assumption is the
great desideratum in the discussion of
this question, and until they demon-
strate that both metals would remain
in circulation, all their declamation
about a double standard, bimetallism,
and an increased circulation is pure
fustian. Is there the least probability
that with free coinage the price of sil
ver would rise until it reached a. parity
,of 18 to 1? Could we by our individual
action double the value of all the sil- j
ver in the world and maintain it at
an increased value, together with the
annual production of $200,000,000? The
capacity of our mints is only $40,000,000
annually. It would take four years
to coin the bullion the government
has on hand, and by that time the ac-
cumulation would be sufficient to keep
them running twenty years longer.
The opening of our mints would not,
in my judgment, appreciably affect the
price of silver; if so, it would be a
feat more remarkable than that of the
tail wagging the dog. The only effect
would be to -drive out our gold and
force us to a silver basis. It is claimed
that silver never would have fallen in
value had it not been for the discrimi-
nation against it by our own and other
governments in 1873 and since. It is
said that even members of congress
did not know what the provisions of
.the act of 1873 were. There is nothing
startling about that. My experience of
ten years as a member of the house
has led me to believe that not ten
members of that body ever do know
what is being done. From a reading of
the provisions of the act it is difficult
to understand how any one who ex-
amined it could have been misled. I
am inclined to the opinion that the sib
ver question was deemed of such little
consequence at that time that no one
felt much interest In the subject, there-
fore paid no attention to the details
of the measure.
The consumption of silver by us
since 1873 has been more than $650,000.
- of coinage value, and yet it is
boldly asserted that the cause of the
fall in its value was the discrimination
against it as a money metaL During
all the time the great consumption was
taking pl-.cc the price of silv* r wis
constantly going down. It is alleged
however, that other nations . demone
tized silver and that their action had
something to do with the fall in its
value. If such be true, how necessary
must their aid be to its restoration.
beveral causes, in my judgment, have
operated to cheapen silver. Gold Is the
more- valuable metal; more valuable
because of the greater demand for its
use in the arts; more valuable because
it can be transported from nation to
nation at less cost; more valuable be-
cause of its properties.
"As nations advance their commerce
grows, their transactions increase and
a more valuable standard becomes nec-
essary. It is because of this necessity
that so many nations within the last
quarter of a century have adopted the
gold standard. The displacement of
silver has not been because of any un-
friendliness, but because conditions
had so changed, wealth had so In-
creased as to require the use of a mora
valuable standard. Gen. Mansfield, in
ins work on moneys, declares 'that iron
is the monetary metal of a people ex-
tremely poor, copper of a people who
are poor, silver of a people who are
well to do, and gold of a people who are
rich. Not only do nations as they in-
crease in wealth change from the
cheaper to the more valuable kind of
money, but they reach a point where
money ceases to be actively used be-
coming simply the base of a super-
structure of drafts, checks and ex-
changes. This increased demand for
gold by many European nations was
met by an increase in production and
thus silver was relegated to a subordi
nate position. In 1873 the coinage value
of the world's production of. gold was
$96,200,000, while in 1894 it was
over $180,000,000. The value of the gold
product of the world in 1894 was greater
than the annual average product of
both gold and silver from 1861 to 1865
Not only has the production of gold in-
creased nearly 100 per cent, but the
production of silver has increased in a
greater ratio. The world's production
of silver in 1873 was $86,800,000, while in
3893 it was $208,371,000. Not only has
there been a large increase in : metal
money.but by the device of checks and
drafts and a system of exchanges the
capacity of money has been largely
increased. It is impossible to calculate
the celerity of circulation today as
compared with forty years ago," but
certain it is that time and distance
have been practically eliminated. You
can place a hundred thousand dollars
in a bank in New York at noon and
transfer it to the vaults of a -bank in
San Francisco before that hour. All
these changes, improvements, and con-
veniences have had much to do with
the displacement of silver, and they •
will never and can never be abandoned
"or its full restoration. Another fact
which establishes beyond controversy
that silver has not fallen in value be-
cause of any discriminations against it
by way of legislation is that, notwith-
standing the low price for which it
has been selling, fabulous fortunes
have been accumulated from its
production. From 1"." mines producing
silver it was ascertained by the direct-
or of the mint in 1887 that the cost of
producing an ounce of silver was only
52.4 cents. The price is now about 66
cents, and the owners of mines wish us
to appreciate the value until they can
realize $1.29.
"In view of all the evidence we have
before us, does any one believe that to
open our mints would have any other
effect save to debase the value of our
silver coin and for-^e us to a silver
basis? What would be the result of
such a policy? Our silver dollar, which
is now worth 100 cents all over the
world, would instantly drop to its
bullion value, now, about 50 cents, and
our $600,000,000 of gold would instantly
disappear from circulation. No argu
ment is necessary to prove that gold
and silver would not circulate side by
side when one was worth outside of
our limits twice as much as the other.
With the disappearance of our supply
of gold there would lie a contraction of
more than one-third in our circulation.
It would take fifteen years of • steady
work by our mints to replace this, vol
ume of circulation by coining silver.
The very opposite of what the advo- .'
cates of free coinage are contending ;•
for would take place. The contraction ',
in our circulation would be so sudden. ;
so severe as to bring upon us a panic '
more sweeping than that of 1573. J
"Is it not apparent that the free I
coinage of silver means a change of the *
standards with us? yea. it means more! I '
It means an abandonment of the stand-
ard and the adoption of a fluctuating
base by which to measure domestic
commerce. Who can contemplate th.
demoralization, the wide-spread ruin
that would result from such a policy?
Let It once be definitely settled that
such is to be the policy of this gov-
ei*nment, and every creditor will de-
mand payment of the obligations due
him. Every depositor in a bank will
hasten to check out his balance, and
every bank will be driven to resort
to the most radical measures, to collect
its loans. The consequence would be
such a sacrifice of securities, such a
shrinkage of values, and such a dis-
traction of credit as would entail uni
versal distress and suffering. The-
benefits which) debtors see skirting the
edges along the pathway of this storm
would be swallowed up In its vortex
and dashed to pieces amidst the uni
versal wreck and ruin that would mark
Its course. :.7.._7:_<- ;
"It Is said that the bankers are op-
posed 'to free coinage and therefore
every other • class ought to favor it.
There is no class in the country that
would be so much benefited— that
would reap such a rich harvest— as the
bankers, if we could pass from a gold
to a silver standard with as little dis
turbance as the friends of free coinage
would have us believe. That one dol
lar of gold would instantly become
worth two in silver no one can serious-
ly doubt. Why, then, some one may
ask, are they -not in favor of free coin-
age? It is because they know that the
moment it is ascertained that we are
likely to go to a silver basis there
would be such a rush by depositors to
secure their money that they will lie
crushed before they can escape from
beneath the wheels of this Juggernaut.
They see, in the excitement to escape
before the pillars of credit are all
pulled down, that no one can hope to
get out without injury.
"Who would be the greatest sufferers
during the crisis that would follow?
That class which could least afford to
stand it; the wage workers and those
earning fixed salaries. In the read-
justment of prices which would fol-
low they would be the last to receive
an advance and then nothing in com-
parison with the depreciation in the
purchasing power of their earnings.
The standard of wages, with slight ex-
ceptions, has been constantly rising,
and with returning confidence is on
the increase. There never was a time in
the history of the world when a dollar
would command more of the luxuries
of life, and why should they join in
an effort to pull down the roof that
shelters them? Why stake the price-
less boon of our financial standing—
the stability of our monetary system—
and the prosperity of the nation in the
pursuit of the will-o'-the-wisp, 'cheap
money,' which, has led every people en
the face of the earth that pursued it
into the bogs of financial distress and
ruin?" . *
Split on Coxey.
COLUMBUS. 0., July 8.-Populists
COLUMBUS, O.^.Tuly B.— Populists
have invited Coxey to speak at the
Washington Court House free silver
meeting next Wednesday. The silver
Democrats objected, and the outlook is
that separate meetings will be held.
Mnj. .Simons, of Virginia, De-
nounced by Business Men.
RICHMOND, Va., July S.-In a letter
RICHMOND, Va., July 8.-In a letter
published here this afternoon the board
of trade of Pocahontas, Va., charges
Maj. W. E. Simons, who has command
of the Virginia troops there, with being
too autocratic, and intimates that the
soldiers are being used in the interest
of the coal operators. The statement
says that persons are made to work
against their will, and that innocent
citizens are arrested, placed In prison,
kept there for days and never given a I
civil hearing. Maj. Simons is charged ;
with making false statements in his !
letters with reference to affairs there.
Pennsylvania Road Takes Ad-
vantage of Low Interest Kates.
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., July B.— lt
PHILADELPHIA, Pa., July B.— lt
was announced this afternoon that the
Pennsylvania Railroad company has
placed with a firm of bankers in Lon-
don £1,000,000 sterling consolidated
three and one-half per cent bonds, ma-
turing in 1945. The price is not stated.
Inquiry at the office of the company
elicited the fact that negotiations have
been in progress for the sale of the
bonds. Notification of the deal being
closed had not \ been received up to
the close of lousiness, but was mo-
mentarily expected. It is understood
that the money is to be used to take
up certain mortgages falling due Janu
ary next, among them being $1,000,000
West Jersey first sixes, and several
small loans on branch roads in the vi-
cinity of Pittsburg. An officer of the
company explained that the object in
making the loan at this time was to
reap the advantage of the abnormal
ease of the money market. "The com-
pany," he said, "has driven a pretty
good business bargain, in that it is to
secure a renewal of its loans at a re-
duction of two or two and one-half
per cent interest. A portion of the new
money will probably be expended in
A Question of Hon- to Collect a
Lumber >■;!!.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., July B.— John
MILWAUKEE. ' Wis., July B.— John
E. Glover, president of the Willow '
River Lumber company, of New Rich- j
mond, visited the United States court
today in an endeavor to ascertain what I
he would have: to do, and how to do it,
in order to secure payment for a lum
ber shipment that was sold the North-
crn Pacific during its occupancy of the
Wisconsin Central lines. He learned
that the effort to collect the bill would
cost about two or three times the i
amount of the claim, and even then I
he might not be able to have the satis-
faction of collecting it. There are
creditors, according to Mr. Glover,
whose claims run up into the thou-
sands, and he thinks they ought to take
the initiative in bringing about a so-
lution of the problem. He expressed
th? sentiment that the smaller credit-
ors would undoubtedly join in such a '
Opriiln*- Leetnres Delivered nl !
Oiicnlng Lectures Delivered ai
Plat tt<l> org*.
fourth session of the Catholic Sum- j
mer School of America opened at the \
Plattsburg theater today. The first
lecture was by Rev. W. H. O'Donnell, -
of Boston, on "External Relations of •
the Early Church," followed by' Conde ;
B. Hallen, of St. Louis, on "Philosophy
of Literature." The attendance was
large. .717 .•;
Another Judge Will Try Hanker
Fred L. Day.
MILWAUKEE, Wis., July B.— The
MILWAUKEE, Wis., July B.— The
case of Frederick L. Day, president of
the defunct Plankinton bank, was
called in the municipal court today.
Mr. Day's attorney immediately filed
a plea of prejudice, and Judge Wallber •
ordered the case plac.d on the calertdar
until he could make arrangements to
call in another judge to try it.
f*\ W
I I find the Royal Baking Powder i
1 I find .the Royal Baking Powder W
1 superior to all the others in every re- §
l.;:spe"c"t: It is purest and strongest. |
I spect. It is purest and strongest. |
1 7 WALTER S. HAINES, M. D. jjj
| Consulting Chemist, Chicago Board of Health. |
| Consulting Chemist, Chicago Board of Health. i
rf* O
4 8
■_BBB*_nsJ*B*nsjni£**oA_;is*ih. 7 7; 1
a Mild *iX_tra.Fin-; ___| *W
<3%YnKjJ$tX I
C^n*Jx/?ttf ywk I
"7 -A? r*A- iP i
I «•*. _______ u.o__ y a
Hm stood ihe Test of Time
Has stood ihe Test of Time 1
Eustis Called Upon to Re pudiiiti
Eustis Called Upon to Itepndiati
an Interview.
PARIS, July B.— The Figaro pub.
PARIS, July B.— The Figaro pub*
lishes an interview today with th.
American ambassador to France.
Hon. James B. Eustis, in which he ii»
reported as saying that nothing has
yet been decided as to his candidacj
for the nomination for the presi
dency of the United States. Respect-
ing the Japanese-Chinese war, Mr.
j Eustis is quoted as remarking that
he regretted the Japanese had not
taken Pekin. The story of a secret
treaty existing between Japan and
the United States was absolutely un-
"We have no treaty with Japan,"
"We have no treaty with Japan,"
he continued, "other than the ar
rangement modifying former treat-
ies, and even this does not come- into
force for five years. Besides this,
the United States adheres before
everything else to the principle of
non-intervention in European or
Asiatic affairs.".
With reference to the movement in
With reference to the movement iri
Canada to separate the dominion
from Great Britain. Mr. Eustis said
it rested entirely with the United"
States as to whether Canada should
or should not be taken into the con-
federation of the states. But the
people of the United States have
preferred to let the question rest,
while at the same time saying to
Great Britain, "No nonsense, or we
will annex Canada." - -yu-. .*
Regarding the insurrection in
Cuba, Mr. Eustis is reported as hav
i ing admitted that American sym
pathies favored the insurgents, who
found in the United States, unknown
to the government of that country;
assistance of all kinds. In conclu
sion, Mr. Eustis is quoted as saying:
"If the insurgents can maintain the
struggle for a year I am not sure
that Spain will not have futilely
spent her money on costly expedi
Mr. Eustis was questioned today in
regard to the alleged interview with
him published in the Figaro and said:
'I have not been interviewed, and have
not consented to or authorized the pub-
lication of an opinion from myself or.
any questions discussed in the alleged
Kansas City li.. of L. Stirring- Up
the Aldermen.
KANSAS CITY, Mo., July B.— Like
KANSAS CITY, Mo., July B.— Like
the members of the Denver city
council, Kansas City councilmen are
in hot water, and are threatened
with a rope. Local Assembly 3398,
Knights of Labor, today filed a com-
munication to the mayor and city
council, demanding municipal owner-
ship of the gas works, and T. W.
Gilruth, recording secretary of the
assembly, created a lively scene in
the city clerk's office by accusing
councilmen of unfairly treating the
people. When Gilruth entered the
office he threw the document on the
desk with a rap of his knuckles,
and said to Councilmen Brown and
Kid well, who were standing near:
"We mean business; you must not
exploit the rights of the people."
The councilmen made a sharp re-
tort, whereupon Gilruth continued:
"It is plain to us that the council
has been engaged in crooked busi-
ness, and I will tell you very plainly
that the people are getting exasper
ated. If this thing continues, sir,
we will visit you with ropes."
After a few Irot words Gilruth hur
ried away.
General Election*. Believed to He
Near in Canada.
MONTREAL, July B.— lt is stated
MONTREAL, July B.— lt is stated
freely today, by 'members of parlia
ment who know, that the dissolution
of the Dominion parliament is near at
hand. The French members have for
some days been ready with a vote of
censure of the government for their
inaction in regard to the Manitoba
school question, but the Liberal Eng
lish members refuse to support it.
MacKenzie Bowell is to_ resign shortly
and Hon. John Haggart, minister of
railways and canals, it is said, is to be
the coming premier, and the only one
who has sufficient command of the
party organization to attempt to ke?p
the Conservatives in power. A general
election will shortly follow.
Tni-oinn DaiikH Uniting*.
.'—:,'.- Tneonin H:-.-«"_s I ' 1 1 . *i 1 1 •_, .
TACOMA, Wash., July B.— lt was an-
TACOMA, Wash., July B.— lt was an-
nounced today that the Pacific Na
tional and Citizens' National banks,
two of the strongest banks in Tacoma,
will be consolidated as soon as legal
requirements can be complied with.
Their combined capital of $300,000 will
be increased to $500,000. The primary
object is to enable them to do business
on a larger scale.

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