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THEJJMGLOBI IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY A-: the Globe Buildlnir. COB. FOURTH AND CEDAHSTS. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Payable In Advance. Daily and Snnday.pcr uiontU .60 Daily and Sunday, O mouths. »*-.75 Daily and Sunday, one > e»r...»3.t*» Dally only, per month •40 Daily only, »i*_ month*. . - - -t"-a5 Vaily only, one year.. . . .. • $1-00 Sunday only, one year .$1.60 ■Weekly, one year fI.OO "Weekly, one year fI.OO Address" all letters and telegrams to THE GLOBE. St. Paul. Minn. EASTERN ADVERTISING OFFICE. ROOM 517.TEMPLE COURT BUILD- ING. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON BUREAU. MSB F ST. N. W. Complete Hies or the G lo b c always kept on htnd lor reference. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. United States Department of Agri culture. Weather Bureau. Washing- ton, Nov. 28. 6:48 p. m. Local Time. 8 p. in.. 75th Meridian Time.—Observa tions taken at the same moment or time at all stations. TEMPERATURES. ' Place Tern. I Place. Tern. St. Paul 34 Edmonton .. .-— Duluth 30 Battleford ....— l2 Huron :. 12 Prince Albert..— l- St. Vincent 0; Calgary ........ * Bismarck l Medicine Hat.... 6 Williston -2, Swift Current ..-4 Havre 12 Qu'Appelle -8 Helena 40, Winnipeg - — - —Below zero. DAILY MEANS. Barometer, 30.08: thermometer, 32: relative humidity, 90; wind, south; weather, cloudy; maximum thermom eter. 37; minimum thermometer, 26 ; daily range, 11: amount of rainfall or melted snow In last twenty-four hours, 0. RIVER AT S A. M. St. Paul, freezing. La Crosse, Davenport and St. Louis, no report. Note— Barometer corrected for tem perature and elevation. P. F. LYONS. Observer. A HARD NUT TO CRACK. ■The Republican organs find diffi culty in dealing with Mr. Carlisle's admirable statement of the situation of the treasury and of the only meth- od of improving it. They can only say, as the New York Tribune does, and its Minneapolis namesake and other lesser lights parody the utterance, that, "for more than a quarter of a century under Republican rule, while the revenues were in excess of the expenditure, the gold reserve was maintained without any difficulty." 'Any attempt to throw responsibility for present financial conditions upon either a Democratic administration sir a Democratic revenue law is an effort that can find success only sinning the'ignorant. Let us see some of the things that were going on dur ing that halcyon period of Republi can rule. The main item is that, in the fourteen years between 1879 and 1893, this same Republican rule au thorized the issue of a total of near ly $500,000,000 of paper money with out increasing the gold reserve by one dollar. Thus the $100,000,000 of gold, which was fixed as the mini mum amount that could sustain in circulation $346,000,000 of legal ten der paper, was required by Republi can legislation to sustain $822,000,000, without counting national bank notes. This is certainly something ■with which neither excessive nor de ficient revenue has anything to do. If a bank is required to keep a re serve fund of 25 per cent, and lets that [••serve dwindle to less than 10 per cent, we know what is likely to happen. The moment that the fact goes abroad there will probably be a run on that bank that will im pair its credit ii" it does not destroy its solvency. That is what the Re publican party did for the United States treasury, as far as financial legislation is concerned. It is no happier in appealing to Its record in revenue legislation. In 1890 the party had full control of all departments of government. There was then an abundant rev enue, and bonds were being redeem ed annually in excess of the require ments of the sinking fund. The Re publican congress, aided by a Re publican president, went to work. What it did is succinctly stated by the New York Evening Post: "By 1892 it had cut down the federal rev enue 13 per cent, increased expenses 23 per cent, and expanded demand obligations 20. per cent; imposing at the same time an annual increase in the floating debt of $50,000,000." So efficacious was "this that two years later the surplus had been practically exhausted, and Secretary Foster, as is well known, had made prepara tions for a bond . issue before the Harrison administration went out of office. The charge of diminishing the national revenue below the safe ty point Is one that lies against the Republican party. Let it not be for gotten that the title of the McKinley bill declared it to be an act to re duce revenue. If, however, this had not been done, if revenue had re mained adequate to meet all public expenses and provide a handsome •surplus, the, situation of the finances ■would not have been improved. . .Again, the big and little parodists of the Republican party cry that, if the government's revenues were suf ficient, the secretary of the treasury might put the greenbacks into the surplus fund as fast as they were presented for "redemption. An hon est critic knows that this is an im practicable method of maintaining the solvency of our currency sys tem. Those who say that Mr. Car lisle should have held the green backs in the treasury as fast as re deemed, and issued bonds to pay current expenses, are like Mr. Slier man in stating that a federal offi cial can act without warrant of law. The law under which bonds must be issued authorises this only for the maintenance of specie payments. It does not -authorize the contracting 0f one dollar of debt for paying cur rent expenses. Furthermore, if the greenbacks were held in the treas ury, if the general distrust" in the ability of the government to redeem its paper money in gold still pre vailed, the drain upon the gold re serve would continue precisely the same. As long as any of the $346, --000,000 of greenbacks remained out standing, they could be used to with draw gold. If all of them could be redeemed and. locked, up in the treas ury, we would have had, first, an enormous surplus which congress would have voted away at its first session In extravagant appropria tions; and we would have hail, sec ond, the same old endless chain in operation by means of the Sherman notes and the silver certificates whose redemption could have been demanded. The liability of the treasury to pay out gold exists and must continue to exist as long as there are outstand ing government obligations redeem able in gold directly or indirectly. In attempting to shift to the Democrat ic party the responsibility of Repub lican errors, the organs have a hard nut to crack. It is characteristic of them that they should prefer this course rather than to meet the sit uation as they find it, in the only rational and patriotic way. HOW THE EXPERIMENT WORKS. Victoria has been ..'ie paradise of the state socialist. A tax wall has sheltered its industries from foreign competition. Its labor organizations are compact and vigorous. They dom inate the province and direct its leg islation. The state is all in all with all. Legislation is the universal cure-all. In all lines of state effort experiment has been made in this province. Earliest of all was the con struction of railways. The state took over this enterprise. It built the rail ways parliament ordered. Parlia ment ordered those to be built which would serve the interests of those who controlled parliament. Railways became the capital of politicians who rode into office on promised railways. "The people" demanded a line, and they got it. The state managed the railways. There was a bureau, or a department, and a minister at its head. He was pressed on many sides. The pres- sure he felt the sharpest was that of men for place or employment. Scarce- ly less than this was the need of mak ing the traffic pay interest on bonds and operating expenses. Then came the shippers with demands for les sened rates, plainly antagonizing the investors holding bonds. Besides, there was the steady impairment of the plant, which good management required to be remedied. But no pri vate or public interest pushed the minister in that direction. Recently it was found that the affairs of the railways were in bad shape. Com plaints rose of poor management, high rates, and the revenues were falling. So a commission was appointed to investigate, and it set about its work, and, evidently, did not spare the search light or direct its rays away from dark corners. We have its report, and the facts to be sum marized from it furnish reading that is good for us in this country where there is talk about the nationaliza tion of the railways, in order to get rid of evils real or imaginary. We learn from this report that the rail- way debt of the province is about $190,000,000, on which the annual in- terest charge is nearly $7,000,000. The rates, which are five times those charged in this country, produce rev- enues that fall some $2,000,000 short of paying the annual interest, and. the deficits on that account now amount to over $10,000,000. The wages paid are higher than with us, and the proportion of trainmen to rolling stock is larger. The 302 en gines in service give employment to 579 drivers, 440 firemen and 262 clean ers, or an average of four men to each engine. This is the result of the application there of the policy ap proved by ex-President Harrison here, and stated by him to rest on the duty of the state to afford occu pation for its citizens. As there was no pressure on the minister from the repair side, it naturally suffered. It could be made to wait while more importunate and influential parties were served. So we find it stated that the impair ment of the rolling stock is estimated at $6,000,000, to say nothing of track- age. Another feature of the report suggests incidents disclosed In the investigation into Tammany's meth ods of running New York city. The books showed $5,000,000 worth of rail way material to be on hand, but the commission could find but $1,000,000 worth in existence. It was inevita ble there, as it will be here when states take on railway operation, that members of the legislature demanded the construction of branch lines into their districts. We have seen in a small way how it works with our pension business. "Everybody is j getting one, and I might as well have j one, too." The usual log-rolling j methods were used, and the granting j of needed supplies was made contin- J gent on the grant of an appropriation i for a useless branch line. So we find in the report that thirty-one branch lines, that cost $17,500,000, do not earn enough to pay operating expenses, while fourteen more do not earn enough to meet the interest on the bonds issued to build them. The commission sees no way to remedy this condition, except to put the rail ways.on a strictly, business basis and operate them as a private corpora- tion would; but this would involve a sharp reduction in operating ex- penses, cutting down the force of, men; and, controlled as Victoria is, this will not be accepted. If an ex- periment carried on by Englishmen, with all their native conservatism; and Inherited prudence, brings forth such results, it affords no encour agement to try it here, where poli tics and business pursue paths yet so far apait. :'Y ...!..:: i THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 29, 1895 THE FUTURE METHOD OF VOT- I AG. The practical results which have been experienced in New York state this year.- In voting under the new Australian ballot act, give additional force to the demand for the adop tion, of the voting machine. The New York law, as explained in these columns, is thoroughly unsatisfac tory, it provides for a party em blem or device at the head of the ballot, near which there is placed a circle. A mark in this circle counts for a straight party vote. The in dependent can instead place a mark opposite the name of each candi date whom he desires to support. If any name is crossed off the ticket, the ballot is spoiled altogether, and cannot be counted. No complete es timate has yet been made of the number of mistakes In the recent election. The majority was so large that these cannot affect the total re sult. Had the election been close, however, a large number of ballots which had to be rejected on account of some technical irregularity might have changed the fortunes of one party or the other, and defeated the will of the people as they intended to express it. Then there comes the difficulty of canvassing the returns. In all the states which have adopted the Australian ballot, this is the most serious feature. The time required to complete returns, where each ballot is two or three feet long, is great. The neces sary holding back of returns opens an opportunity for fraud that will not be neglected. All these objections will be removed by the use of the voting machine. Some of these are now in operation, and have given general satisfaction. It is said that no one of them is yet so perfect mechanically, but prac tical experimenting with the differ ent machines has so disclosed their weak points that it is now possible to make a perfect voting machine. As soon as it appears, it ought to be adopted by law in every common wealth. All trouble about ballots im properly marked, or Irregularly vot ed, would disappear. The voter can not use the machine to cast more than one vote for any office. If he makes a blunder, it is his misfor tune, but it is irrecoverable. It does not reappear to embarrass the can vasser of the vote. The greatest advantage of all, per haps, is that the machine counts the ballots as they are cast. When the last man has voted, and the polls are closed, the machine has al ready registered the total vote for each candidate. Nothing then re mains to be done except to unlock it in the presence of all the judges, and to read the registered return of the vote. There is no delay in as certaining, within five minutes of the hour for closing the polls, who has been elected. There is no excuse for holding back returns, and no possi bility of tampering with them. It is evident that the secrecy and se curity of the ballot which the safety of our institutions demand will come only when the voting machine is in universal use. A PARADOX. The controlling sentiment in the Republican party today asserts prac tically that the McKinley act must be restored. Newspapers and public speakers do not proclaim this in so manyNwords, but it is implied in all that they say. They declare the root of the country's trouble to be a defi cient revenue. They say that this must be remedied by increased taxa tion. They declare that they will not consent to impose a tax on beer, or to raise revenue in any other way than by a reimposition of heavy tariff taxes. Only thus, they reiter ate, can revenue be made equal to expenditures, and the current deficit be cured. Now, as we have stated many times, the McKinley bill, to which these gentlemen continually hark back, was entitled an act to re duce revenue. One excuse made for it at the time it was passed was that the surplus must be disposed of. The treasury was collecting too much revenue. The surplus had become a bugbear. They wanted to reduce in come, and their method of doing this was to increase duties on imports to such a point as would make them practically prohibitory. The passage of the McKinley act did reduce revenue by 13 per cent. How, then, can a return to the same policy answer our needs when it is more revenue, and not less, that we require? The fetichism into which the Republican party has fallen with regard to the protective tariff never showed itself more plainly than in its maintenance of these two contradictory propositions. In 1890 it said we have too much revenue; a high tariff will reduce it; therefore let us put on more taxation. In 1895 it says we have too little revenue; a high tariff will increase it; therefore let us put on more taxation. The discrepancy does not trouble your orthodox Republican at all. What he is aiming at is not the result, but the method. He cares little about more revenue or less revenue as long as he secures the extortionate tariff system whose central purpose is not revenue at all, but is to fatten the favored manufacturer at the ex pense of the great mass of the peo ple. This is going to be made more and more clear to them with every day that passes between this and the next election. Even careless readers of partisan papers must have been struck by the peculiar method of reasoning so frequently adopted by writers more anxious to score a point than to elicit the truth. Occasionally there is a fact given as the basis, but more frequently it is a mere surmise. The next step assumes the surmise to be an unquestionable fact. Then from this "fact" they proceed to draw their irrefutable conclusions. This, of course, assumes a condition of ignorance in their readers, and, from the frequency with which our Re publican contemporaries resort to this method, it is inferrable that they depend largely on such a condition. The Evening Wisconsin supplies a fine illustration of this style of ar gument. Anent Secretary Carlisle's recent speech, it starts its comment with this fact: "Mr. Carlisle thinks the country Is suffering from the greenback, and proposes Its retire- ment." Next comes its surmise: "It is shrewdly suspected that his object is to pave the way for the restoration of the wildcat state bank issues.'' The guess becomes a fact by the next* step, and what was merely "shrewd ly suspected," becomes an actuality. Then the writer proceeds to assert; that "the people do not agree with Secretary Carlisle. They remember the evils of wildcat currency, and want no more of it." Our contem porary is quite as expert as any of its kind in fixing up its man of strawl and then pummelling him with the vigor of an indignant and offended virtue. With practical unanimity the Re- publican press criticises the green back retirement policy of Secretary Carlisle as unsound, and declare that the greenback must remain. This indicates' the attitude of their na tional convention next year, and ten- ders an issue the Democrats should not be slow or unwilling to ac- cept. «^ Thomas 8.. Reed has announced as his watchwords: "Don't worry!" He also takes this shot at the young- sters of the Joel Heatwole stripe: "It will be a good thing for new con- gressmen to get acquainted with their surroundings before essaying to run matters at the capital of the nation." The Minneapolis Journal is always a prize winner when it comes to lit tleness. Will the Journal please ex plain what humor or what good sense there is in its wishbone car- toon of yesterday on St. Paul and Minneapolis? The Minneapolis Tribune is re- sponsible for the announcement in half a hundred papers that Harry Hayward has confessed. He has done ■ nothing of the kind, but the Tribune feels obliged to be sensational even if the truth has to suffer. AT THE THEATERS. Joseph Jefferson appeared at the Metropolitan opera house, yesterday afternoon and evening, before two of the largest audiences of the season, in the role of Rip Van Winkle What more can be said? The actor and the character have become so united and so famous that today the story of "Rip Van Winkle" calls to mind Joseph Jefferson, the actor, as readily as it does Washington Irving, the author. It is an interesting co incidence that one of the stories of the most finished writers of English prose that America has produced is presented iri dramatic form by the most exquisite and accomplished actor that America now possesses. It has been denied by some that Mr. Jefferson is a great actor. Why? Sim ply because he has seen fit to alter one character— that of Bob Acre's— to suit his own personality. ' While the actor must be held responsible for such a change, the end in the case of "The Rivals" justifies the means. To sound the virtues of Mr. Jeffer son's personification of Rip Van Win kle, his complete absorption by the character, would be only to ring famil iar chimes. It is a. consummate work of art, / this portrayal of a mythical; man. Mr Jefferson is a consummate artist 'That is why people flock to see him in a role that no contempo raneous actor has ever found it prof itable to play. But supreme as Mr. Jefferson's art is, sitill more remark able is his personality. , It is rare and delightful. His "Rip"— there is no other— a >sot, but our tears fall for him when his suffering wife turns him out of doors. Jefferson, like Dick ens, can draw tears with the same touch that provokes laughter. His humor and pathos are twins. Spon taneity is the secret of his success in delineating characters. Nobody ever saw Mr. Jefferson make a studied move or heard him deliver a stilled syllable, or voice an unnatural tone. The mechanism of his art is never ex posed to spoil the illusion. He holds the mirror up to nature, but so holds it that the truths of nature are not distorted. nor its beauties deformed. Mr. Jefferson's support was satis factory. This evening and tomorrow afternoon he will again present "Rip Van Winkle." Tomorrow night Mr. Jefferson will close his engagement with his double bill, "Cricket on the Hearth" and "Lend Me Five Shillings." His impersonation of Caleb Plummer in the former play is one of the gems of the stage. • * * "The Twelve Temptations," with all its attractive features, was seen at the Grand yesterday by two of the largest audiences of the season. The bright ballets, funny comedians, beautiful ef fects, etc., were richly enjoyed and made a pleasing impression with all present. This attraction is one of the best that the Grand has offered. There will be the usual matinee tomorrow, which will be the only one in the city tomorrow. * » * "Darkest Russia," which comes to .the Grand next week, commencing Sunday night, deals with Russia as' it is today, and portrays the political workings of the czar's empire. The Russian character is seen in every phase, from the noble to the exile in the Siberian mines. H. Gratton Don nelly, the author, has written an inter esting story and has followed lines new in stage craft. There is plenty of good comedy interspersed through the play. Manager Ellis has employed a clever acting company and has elaborately staged the production. ♦ » * Frederick Bancroft, the magician, will give the patrons of the Metropoli tan opera house Sunday evening, and for three nights thereafter, a perform- j ance in conjunction with his new and! original feats of legerdemain that has never before been attempted. None of th theater scenery, furniture or pro perties are used in his production of magic WITH INTENT TO AMUSE. One who never drinks behind the bar— mosquito.— Texas Sittings. "Happy Thought"— Mem. (from note-book of careless man)— When nothing els© to do, wind up my watch. It saves time. Punch. "And did he say he remembered me when I was a girl?" "No; he said he remembered jpu when he was! a boy."— " I presume you carry a memento of some sort in that locket of yours?" ■ "Precisely; it is a lock of my hus band's hair." . "But your husband Is still alive!" "Yes, sir; but his hair is all gone."— Lo Spirito Folietto. It was doubtless absent-mindedness on his part, but it is said to be true, that the Duke of Brokeboro ordered a pair of green-back ducks for dinner the other night.— • "Excuse me," he said, "if I seem to be a little Impertinent, but my curiosity has gotten so much the best of me that) I must venture a question." "What is it?" "Are you a gentleman going golfing or a lady going bicycling?"— Washin gton Star. A bad break in a curate's sermon is reported in the Church Times. After appealing to the old with "And you old men with your hoary heads," he turned to' the young men with the appeal: "And you young men with your blooming cheek." He tried to change the phrase, but It Was too late. —Philadelphia Press. . ■.< • ■ .* ■; - .-. INTERIOR AFFAIRS SECRETARY HOKE SMITH RE- PORTS OX HIS DEPART- MENT. CIVILIZING THE INDIANS. SEVERAL RECOMMEND FOX IMPROVING THE PRES- ENT SYSTEM. PRESERVING THE FORESTS. ConjcreMN In Urged to Take Imme diate Action lo Settle Pa- cific Bond Affairs. WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.—Secre tary Smith, of the interior depart- ment, has made his annual, report to the president. It reviews the varied work of the department, be- ginning with the Indian service, and calls attention to the strict enforce- ment which has been given to civil service reform, both as to those places covered by the classified serv- ice and those to which the rules of this service do not apply. The sec- retary dwells on the necessity of eliminating politics from the man- agement of Indian affairs and of conducting each reservation upon strictly business principles, the ob- ject being to make every Indian who remains on the reservation self- supporting and ready as soon as possible to assume the duties of citi zenship and be freed from the pa- ternal care of the government. The secretary is of the opinion that the resources of each reservation are treated intelligently, and the Indians required to labor in those pursuits which are adapted to particular res- ervations. In a few years practically all the Indians can be made self- supporting. The secretary recom- mends the reorganization of the bureau as follows: First, that in- stead of a single commissioner of In- dian affairs, the Indians be placed in charge of three commissioners, two of them to be civilians, appoint- ed from different political parties, and one to be a detailed army offi cer; second, that the tenure of of- fice of an Indian agent- be conducted upon the faithful discharge of his duties, and appointments and remov als be made by the president on the recommendation of the three com- missioners of Indian affairs; third, that the classified service be ex- tended over all the subordinate po sitions, both at the agencies and at the schools. The reduction of 20 per cent which the law , requires to be made in connection with the In- dian contract schools shall be strict- ly carried out, and the secretary adds that there seems no reason why such reduction should not continue from year to year. INDIAN CITIZENSHIP. Referring to the subject of allot- ments, the secretary says there are a number -of changes which should be made in the present allotment system which require congressional According to the present law "an Indian becomes a citizen of the United States upon receiving his al lotment. In many cases he is ready to receive land before he is prepared for the consequences of citizenship. Allotments should be made long be- fore reservations are opened. Each Indian should be settled upon his homestead and be self-supporting before citizenship is conferred upon him. When citizenship is conferred, the government ought to let him alone and allow him to take his place, surrounding him with no more restraint and giving him no more help than is accorded to other citi zens. Under the present system In- dians to whom allotments have been made and upon whom citizenship has been conferred still receive enor mous gratuities and need every dol lar they receive. Upon each reser vation a part of the Indians will be ready for citizenship before others, and all are ready to own land and work it before they are ready for citizenship. The law should /, be changed so that allotment can >be made, upon the recommendation 7 of the agent, and patents should be issued later, with the approval of the secretary of the interior, to those Indians showing themselves fitted to receive the lands so as- signed. The secretary also recom- mends that general authority, with the approval of the president, be given to the Indian bureau to sell parts of Indian reservations, the money to be used exclusively in the improvement of alloted lands, or for the purpose of furnishing agricul tural implements and cattle to the Indians who may reside on the re- maining lands. Referring to the Ucompaghre res- ervation, the secretary calls atten tion to the fact that, through the geological survey, an examination has been made, of the gilsonite beds, which seem to be of very great value, and he recommends legislation which will allow these deposits to be sold or leased to the highest bidder. ' DAWES COMMISSION. . The report reviews the Jackson Hole distiUbance and gives an ac- count of the active measures taken by* the department to secure justice for the killing of the Bannock In- dians on July 15 last, and also to preserve peace between the Indians and the whites. He commends the peaceful course of the Indians under circumstances so extremely aggra vating on the part of the whites. -J The secretary presents a copy of the report of the Dawes commission, Which recommends: jiWL A territorial government over the five civilized tribes, adapted to their peculiarly anomalous condi tions, so framed as to secure all rights of residents in the same, and without impairing the vested rights of the citizen Indian or other person not ! an intruder. "2. The extension of the jurisdic tion of the United States courts in j the territory, both in law and equity, ! to hear and determine all controver sies and suits of any nature concern ing any right in or use and occupa tion of the tribal lands of the sev eral nations, to which any citizen Indian or other person, or the tribal government of any nation, is or may be made a party plaintiff or de fendant." ''?'-''.■.■ y Referring to the law work of the assistant attorney general's office and of the general land- office,; the sec retary again urges the importance [ of creating a board of principal ex aminers, both in the secretary's of- j fice and the land office, to whom may be referred such charges as the secretary and the commissioner may deem advisable. The object of this board would be to hasten the examination of land titles and to leave both the secretary and the commissioner of the general land office freer for the performance of their varied administrative duties. The report estimates the amount of public lands undisposed of to be about 600,000,000 acres at the close of the fiscal year, and shows that the total receipts during the year for public lands amounted to over $2,000, --000. The unadjusted land grants to railroads amount to nearly 90,000, --000 acres. FORESTS AND ARID LANDS. After reviewing in detail the work of the land office during the past twelve months, the secretary takes up the question of the disposition of the arid lands and the preserva tion of the forests. He urges that these two questions are closely al lied, for the quantity of arid lands far exceeds the present water supply, even if it were all utilized for irriga tion. The increase of the supply of water must depend upon the growth and preservation of the forests. At tention is called to the failure of the Carey bill to accomplish the results expected, and tho secretary attributes this to the fact that the bill intended that money for their irrigation should be raised upon the arid lands given to the states. This has been impossi ble on account of the fact that suffi cient control over the lands was not given to the states to make them available as security for the money expended in their reclamation. The secretary suggests the advisability of patenting the lands to the states after it is fully determined that the selections made by them under the Carey act are arid lands. He calls attention to the fact that the reser voir sites selected by the geological survey remain without proper leg islation providing for their use, while the water they were expected to store is being diverted to less practicable and economical sites. He suggests the utilization of these sites in con nection with the lands granted to the states under the Carey act. Under the subject of forests, the sec retary calls attention to the fact that 17,000,000 acres are now included with in forest reserves, the object being to thus preserve the forests for future use, and through their preservation to control the supply of water so that it may be stored and utilized for ir rigation. The present force of the general land office, it is stated, is in adequate to protect these reservations. Unless some plan is devised by con gress for the protection of the for ests, either by the army or by toast ers living on the reservations, it is manifest that the object sought to be accomplished will fail. The secretary criticises the law authorizing the lease of permits for the cutting of timber from the public domain, and urges that the timber cut therefrom should be sold for a sufficient sum to make it possible to preserve the standing for est and see that the cutting is done in a way not destructive to it. The review of the pension office con sists chiefly of statistical information furnished by that bureau. THE PACIFIC ROADS. One of the interesting features of the report is the discussion of the relations between the goverment and the Pacific bond-aided reads, and of the possibility of collecting the amount due the government from these roads. The report urges that two things are to be considered: First, the col- lection" of the debt due to the gov ernment; and, second, the creation of a great through line from the Mis- souri to the Pacific, which was the original purpose of the government leading to the issue of subsidy bonds. The report shows in. detail the amount of the subsidy bonds, the amount of the interest which the government has paid on them, and the amount of the first mortgage bonds. The secre tary says the government Is already out $117,438,000 on these roads, and that the first mortgage bonds only amount to $64,613,000; that the property is worth vastly more than the first mortgage bonds, and that the government inter- ests can be protected. if necessary, 'by taking up these bonds. He says that all of these bonds are now matur- ing and draw C per cent; that they can easily be replaced with a 3-per-cent bond, if the government guaranteed them, and as the government holds a second lien and must protect the prop- erty against the first lien, the gov ernment should see to it, if any new set of bonds is issued, that the first mort- gage bonds draw no higher rate of interest than the government bonds would draw. The secretary says that the net earnings of each one of the lines during the past ten years have made an average of nearly 6 per cent on the sum of the first mortgage bonds and the government subsidy bonds, and suggests the possibility of a new issue of bonds, guaranteed by the gov ernment, drawing 3 per cent, equal in amount to the first mortgage bonda and the subsidy bonds, with the inter- est on the same. As the roads could easily earn the interest en these bonds and leave a handsome surplus, capital- ists should be found who would buy the property, subject to the bonds, and pay a fair sum into the treasury each year towards their liquidation. The secretary discusses the scheme of the government directors, and also of the reorganization committee of the Union Pacific, and finally urges that the government, being in the attitude of second mortgage security holder, it is absolutely necessary, in order to protect its claim, that negotiations be had between the government and the other parties in interest and such cap- i italists as are likely to take hold of j the enterprise This work cannot i successfully be performed by con- ! gress, and the responsibility for it ; should be placed at once by congress | upon a commission or upon some duly \ authorized representatives of the gov ernment, whose duty should be to take the subject up in a business way and work out the best plan for disposing of , the government's interest with the least possible loss. Pensions. WASHINGTON, Nov._S.— Northwest- crn pensions were granted yesterday as ! follows: Minnesota— Original: Joseph Adklns, ' ! Smith Mills. Widows: Ophlia S. Ware, I St. Paul. Wisconsin— Original: Charles W.Hav- ford, Milwaukee; Mathes Hillenbrand, 1 Milwaukee: James Fezier, Marinett. increase: William Bhermer, Milwau kee. — • Mi inteitpol is on the Ocean. Mi mien poll* on the Occnii. WASHINGTON, Nov. 2s. — A tele. I i gram received at the navy department i ! today stated that the cruise;- .Minne- ' I apolis passed out through the Chesa- ! I peake capes at 1 o'clock yesterday ' j morning bound for Turkey. ' She will j probably make the trip in about tit- j teen days, touching, perhaps, at Gib- ; ralfnr for mail. « Good II" Lived I|i To. 7 Good If Lived li» To. I Buffalo Commercial. The suggestion that congress will solemnly "affirm" the Monroe doctrine reminds the. Xew York Evening Post of the old Scotchwoman who admitted that she did not know what the Sol- emn League and Covenant war, hut defiantly exclaimed. "I'll main teen 't'" I There is. also in all the 'copious mis- j understanding and misapplication of i the "doctrine" fas in the Cortuto Inci- dent, for example), a reminder of the j old woman who was asked her opinion i of the doctrine of Total Depravity, I and replied that she considered it an j excellent doctrine if one only lived up I to.it. i TtfAMFUh NATION JOINT ACTIO* OF THE HOME AUTHORITIES REGARDING TIUKI'V. A TOTAL DISMEMBERMENT. PRESIDENT ..CLEVELAND SETS THE EXAMPLE FOR ALL AMERICANS. PEACE AFTER HOSTILITIES. :, , ____' The Day of TliunkKeiviug as Ccl- The Day of TliunkHeiviiiK im Ol- ebrated in Various Sections of . (he Land. WASHINGTON, Nov. 28.—Presi dent Cleveland and Mrs. Cleveland came into town this morning, and, after spending an hour at the White house, they attended services at the First Presbyterian church and lis tened to a sermon by Dr. Talmage, following the reading of the presi dent's Thanksgiving proclamation and the rendition of several hymns. From church the president and Mrs. Cleveland drove directly to Woodley, where they enjoyed Thanksgiving dinner in the privacy of the family. The day was observed at many churches. All government depart ments, were closed, and there were several football games between lo cal athletic clubs and colleges. DEPRIVED OK A DI.WKH. Chicago Landlord Prevents a Free Layout for Cash Girls. CHICAGO, Nov. Thanksgiving day was generally observed in this city. The customary dinner, with turkey, was given at the public in stitutions, hospitals, orphan asylums, etc. Only one instance of the com mercial spirit interfering with a programme is known. This was in the case of_the Women's Suburban club, which had arranged to give a dinner to cash girls. A large num ber of them gathered in front of the building where the club has rooms, while the members were up stairs getting everything in readiness. The agent of the building, William H. Hopps, however, had received in structions from the landlord not to run the elevators, so, as the children could not walk up seven or eight flights of stairs, they had to be sent away without anything to eat. It seems likely the landlord had a claim of $17.50 for back rent, and this may have influenced him in declining to incur the additional expense of 75 cents for running the elevator for the accommodation of the club's guests. It is understood that the landlord lives somewhere in the East, probably in New Jersey. HIGH HOLIDAY AT ATLAATA. South Carolina and Georgia Hay Brought a Vast Throng. ATLANTA, Ga., Nov. 28.— Today was set apart at the exposition as Atlanta and South Carolina day combined, and early the prediction that it would be the greatest day in point of attendance in the history of the show was certainly maintained. Over 100,000 visitors are In the city, and more strangers than were ever in attendance before. The streets were moving masses of humanity throughout the early morning, and be- fore 9 o'clock the capacity of the turn- stiles at the exposition entrance was being taxed. The combination of the Thanksgiving holiday, the* Palmetto state celebration and Atlanta day were responsible for this enormous attend- ance. The. stores, shops and offices in the city were closed, and all Atlanta joined the army of visitors at Piedmont park, South Carolina covered herself with glory, excelling all other states that have had special days at* the fair in the number of visitors contributed and in the military display made. Since yesterday morning a score of trains leaded with South Carolinans have rolled into the city, and a fair estimate places the number of Carolinians now in attendance at from 12,000 to 15.0C0. Gov. Evans and Senator Tillman, ac- companied by the governor's staff, ar- rived yesterday and took quarters at the Aragon. Gov. Evans suffered con- siderably from the fatigue of the jour- ney and was indisposed during the night, but was better this morning. During the afternoon, evening and i night special trains came from across the line bearing between two and three thousand cadets and state militia and several hundred school girls from the Winthrop normal and industrial schools at Rock Hill, while still other sections and specials brought overflow ing carloads of citizens. Shortly after 9 o'clock the military began to assemble in Walton street, and m a short while the three brigades had formed. In a few minutes they began moving in the following order: The marshal of the day, Col. John S. Candler, with the members of his staff: First and Second battalions of the Fifth regiment of Georgia; Macon light Infantry and Ma con volunteers. Gov. Evans and staff rode at the head of the South Carolina troops. ! i AMERICAAS l\ LOADOIV. i Bayard Couldn't Attend Tlieir Thanksgiving Dinner. Thanksgiving Dinner. LONDON, Nov. 28.— American I Society of London, which was organ ] ized several months, ago on much the j same' lines as the Ohio Society of Mew j York, celebrated Thanksgiving day by j a banquet 'tonight at -.'ne Holborn res , taurant. James R. Roosevelt, first sec j retary of the American embassy, pre ■ sided. It was found that 60 guests were j present, including Andrew Alnslie Common, F. R. S.. president of the Royal Astronomical society; Mcncure H. Conway, Robert Barr and several of the I'nii I States consuls in Eng land. Regrets were read from United States Ambassador Bayard, who had been expected to preside at the din ner, but was unavoidably absent. Rl.*AVO\ I'KKSIBBD, Three Hundred Americans Dine Together in Berlin. BERLIN, Nov. 28.— Americans in Berlin celebrated Thanksgiving day by a dinner at the Kalserhof, at which CHEW $*"%jfa PURE AND IlilSf HARMLESS SMOKE gSgJI SATISFYING Si- .777'YYA.fy-"T'J- NERVOUS * Ek-Y'-v' /HTJ ."-DYSPEPTIC __g Be*, /ill I l-DYSPEPTIC _rf§ United States Ambassador Runyon presided. In proposing a. tcast to Em peror William, Ambassador Runyon dwelt upon the amicable relations ex isting between Germany and the Unit ed States. Later, in proposing a toast to the president of the United States, he eulogized air. Cleveland and the blessings of individual liberty in Amer ica. James E. Risley, United States minister to Denmark, and United States Consuls Moncghan and Opp, were among these who made speeches. The number of guests was about 300. RELIGIOUS FREEDOM. Rubbi Reiss Objects io Days of Thanksgiving. CLEVELAND, 0., Nov. 28.— Rabbi M. Reiss, of Wolson Avenue temple, the most prominent Jewish synagogue in the city, preached a remarkable sermon at the Church of the Unity to day before an audience composed of Unitarians, Universalists and Jews. He said he objected to the form of ob serving Thanksgiving day and was op posed to the issuing of proclamations by the president calling on the people to meet for prayer and thanksgiving, because, he declared, this was not a Christian nation. While the majority of the people were Christians, a strong minority were not, and that minority was entitled to consideration. He said he did not desire to detract anything from Christianity, because he realized what it had done for the country*, but he was in favor of larger religious freedom and the most of his sermon was devoted to a plea for such free dom. Paris Parlies. PARIS, Nov. 28.— A number of pri vate dinners were given this evening in honor of Thanksgiving by members of the American colony here. Danced in Mexico. CITY OF MEXICO, Nov. 28.— American colony celebrated Thanks giving with a ball this evening, which was a magnificent affair. MIAAESOTAJS SLICE. Some Fat Offices in the House of Representatives. WASHINGTON, Nov. Minneso ta is going to receive the following po sitions in the house of representatives, the same being assured through the absolute certainty of the McDowell- Glenn combine going through at the caucus: Enrolling clerk, C. R. Mc- Kenny, of Ramsey county, salary, $2,500; superintendent of folding room, Capt. A. H. Reed, of McLeod county, salary, 2,000. In addition to the above first-class appointments, there will be one position assigned to each of the other members who have not secured the beetter places. Representative Towne held aloof from the combine and may not feel ap? well as the bal ance of the delegation. So far as the committee prospects go, it looks like Tawney on ways and means. McCleary on education and labor, Heatwole on library and printing, Kiefer on public buildings and claims, Fletcher as chair man of interstate and foreign com merce, Towne, rivers and harbors and Eddy, Indian affairs. Representative Pickler, of South Da kota, has arrived in Washington. He said today that he would probably vote with the McDowell people, although he would like to support Gen. Harri son for some good office. Maj. Pickler is ambitious to become chairman of the committee on pensions. He is the rank ing Republican member on this com mittee and also on Indian affairs. He has heard nothing from Mr. Reed, and does not know what he will do. It is said that Pickler, however, is pretty certain to get the chairmanship on either Indian affairs or pensions. Sen ator Pettigrew is also in the city. A caucus of the Republican sena tors will be held after the adjournment cf the senate on Monday next. A suf ficient number of name* have been signed to a call to insure the caucus. which will consider the party policy for the coming session. The reor ganization of the senate may I c dis cussed, and the Northwestern senators have decided to present the name of ex-Mayor A. J. Shaw, of Spokane, Wash., for sergeant-at-arms. An Extraordinary Apprehension. Boston Herald. Those who are examining Senator Sherman's book that embodies his rec ollections of public life continue to find some quei/" things in its pages. Re ferring to the attempt to pass a free coinage act in 1890, he says: "The si lence of the president on the matter pave rise to an apprehension that if a free coinage bill should pass he would not feel at liberty to veto it." Vet Harrison was president at that time. Can it, indeed, lie that the country was in danger of a bill for free silver coin age being signed by a Republican pres ident after its passage through a Re publican congress in 1890? Perhaps President Harrison may have some thing to say on that point. We sup pose everybody will agree that there could not have been any such danger under President Cleveland. A Montana Estimate. Helena Independent. Judge Kelly held with the state, and the importance of his decision in the, interests of the government of the neoj pie. by the people, for the people, IT] is almost impossible to exaggerate. If the action of a single legislature were to be permitted to bind its successors for all time, no matter how unconsti tutional or how ill-advised its proceed ings might be, it is perfectly easy to see how the vital essentials of govern ment would be rapidly smuggled away from the people into the possession of wealthy corporations, all by the char ter method. Judge Kelly's decision earns him the gratitude of the entire Northwest. Leaders to lie Pro ml Of. St. Louis Republic. William R. Morrison, of Illinois; Roger Q. Mills, of Texas, and John G. Carlisle, of Kentucky, gave the Democratic party the inspiration of a principle of action and a policy of co herence and aggression. There were other men. valiant in service and ripe in counsel, but around these three raged the battle which was fought against foes without and foes within the party. There was a host of Israel before the walls of Bethlehem, but only three mighty men of valor who braved the Philistines <-> bring back the life-giving water from the well at the gate. Aot a Democratic Vest. No, George G. Vest is not a Demo crat and Grover Cleveland Is, and <;. Vest has lost Missouri and Grover Cleveland has not, and Grover Cleve land is Democratic and *•> is Missouri Grover Cleveland Democratic. A re sult which eviscerates Vest and vindi cates Cleveland is good for the United States, good for Missouri and good for the human race. _ It Is the Truth Th.-it Hurts. Nothing for years has hurt the Re publicans more than Minister Bayard's recent association of protection and state socialism as branches of the samo root. The minister is catching it right and left, but no one has ventured to take up and answer the dozen lines into which he condensed his argument. It is simply unanswerable. They are re duced to the emptying that the state ment was made to coddle John Bull.