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THE DAILY GLOB IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY At the Globe Bulldlns*. ton. FOURTH AND CEDAR STS, SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Payable In Advance. daily and Sunday, per month .51) Daily and Sunday, O monlba. $2.75 Dully und Sunday, one year...f5.00 Daily only, per moiith. -*° Daily only, six nionthi f_._s L'uily only, one > ear 94.00 Sunday only, one years ..... .tfl.SO Weekly, one year ..?LOO Address- all letters and telegrams to THE GLOBE. St. Paul. Minn. EASTERN ADVERTISING OFFICE. ROOM 517.TEMPLE COURT BUILD • ING. NEW YORK. WASHINGTON BUREAU. 1406 F ST. N. W. Complete flies or the Globe always kept on hand for reference. TODAY'S WEATHER. WASHINGTON, Dec. 2.— Forecast for Tuesday: Far Minnesota: Fair; slight ly warmer; westerly winds. For Wisconsin: Fair; westerly winds; warmer in northwest portion. For North and South Dakota and Montana:* Fair; warmer; southwesterly winds. GENERAL. OBSERVATIONS. United States Department of Agri culture. Weather Bureau. Washing ton Dec. 2, (>:IS p. m. Local Time, 8 p. m.. 75th Meridian Time.—Observa tions taken at the same moment of time at all stations. TEMPERATURES. Place. Tern.l Place. Tern. St Paul 4 Swift Current... b Duluth SQu'Appelle 4 Huron 0 Mlnneilosa » St. Vincent 6 Winnipeg •> Bismarck 0 TTT^n Williston 4 Buffalo ---•.•'*• Havre —2 Boston os-bO Helena 8 Cheyenne 18-<A Edmonton 8 Chicago 14-20 Battleford 8 Cincinnati 28-d8 Prince Albert.... 10 New Orleans.. 46-d2 Calgary .-. 14 New York 50-56 Medicine Hat ... 12 Pittsburg 3*>-a2 —Below zero. DAILY MEANS. Barometer, 30.44; thermometer, 4; relative humidity, 66; wind, west; weather, clear: maximum thermome ter, 12; minimum thermometer. — daily range, 16; amount of rainfall or melted snow in last twenty-fcur hours, ►0. Note— Barometer corrected for tem perature and elevation. P. F. LYONS. Observer. MORE MILITARISM. Secretary Herbert is constrained by the traditions of his office, and by his own declarations of policy, to urge upon congress a further in crease in the United States navy. iThe whole report breathes the spirit of militarism that should be repug nant to the ideas of the American people. It follows the lines of the •argument of Gen. Miles for more sea cast defenses, proceeding upon the theory that the United States is not safe unless it has ready at com mand an army and navy equal to that of any other power in the world. It is a false and foolish theory against which, no matter by what man or what party it may be urged, the true American should enter a Btrenuous protest. We can hardly account for the wave of militarism that seems to have submerged, tem porarily, allegiance to the principles on which this republic was founded. For generations we have declared our just abhorrence of the infamous policy pursued by the governments of the old world in taxing the people for the support of great army and navy establishments. We have made it one of our proudest boasts that our people were free from the terri ble exactions which this imposes on the subjects of a monarchy. Now we are following the lead of those alien and unrepublican systems, without any excuse. However unreal may be the pretense of the rulers of Germany, France, Italy and Great Britain, that each must be prepared at any time to do bat tle with a jealous and aggressive neighbor; however true it may be that the real design is to have at the command of the authorities a force sufficient to awe the people into sub jection, no such reason exists in the United States for adopting a kin dred policy. We have no need to fear aggres sion from any power. Slow as any government in Europe would be to provoke a war with another how desperately anxious they are to avoid hostilities is shown by their refusal to interfere in Turkey is far less likely to do any act that would embroil it with the United States. The very last thing that we have reason to expect or to fear un der any conceivable circumstances is a war, unless we deliberately pro voke it. Argument, therefore, that the United States should spend un told millions in preparing for such an event rests upon empty air, unless it is assumed that we are about to enter upon a career of foreign inter ference and foreign aggression. We have now a navy that is more than adequate for all possible needs. Not only have we a sufficient number of vessels to police the high seas thor oughly, and to. protect American in terests in any part of the world, but we have a force of battle ships that would enable us to withstand attack by any other power. Indeed, Secre tary Herbert, in the very report in which he asks for appropriations to build more ships and authority to enlist. more men, says that it is an open question whether the navy of the United States or that of Ger many is superior. When we have placed this branch of the military establishment on a footing of equal ity with that of the greatest mili tary power in Europe, one would think that even the extremist might be willing to call a halt. Instead of that, . the passion which war and preparation for war begets demands always new gratification. No secretary of the navy will ever be found to declare, of his own mo tion,'that this useless expenditure of the people's money should cease. It is the people themselves who must ■peak. We regard . the squandering <*% money raised by taxing the peo ple, on vessels that are to rot in idle ness, and consume more millions cv -1 • cry year to remedy the ravages of natural decay, a less serious matter than the encouragement of the spirit of militarism that has been growing up amongst us. It is a spirit de structive of American institutions. It is. a plain imitation of the worst evil which this government was cre ated to escape. The. dangers that threaten the United States in the future, as in the past,, are not those from without, but those from with in. When we have lowered this country to the level of foreign des potisms, when we have sunk the de sire of the free man for liberty in the base impulse* to triumph over others, we shall have gone far to ward obliterating the differences be tween this and other governments that have been our distinction and our pledge of the future; ' We have too much faith in the American peo ple to believe that the military idea is to become dominant in this coun try. But we should be blind to cur rent tendencies did we not see dan ger in the constant demand to neg lect domestic affairs for the sake of meddling in foreign disturbances, and should be false to the high ideal of the American state did we not de nounce as It deserves the attempt to make over the policy of this coun try upon the pattern of the European military state. Doubtless without in tending to do so, carried away by professional enthusiasm, that is the end toward which the policy of de voting our resources to the building of fortifications and of ships of- war is surely tending. Shall the gov ernment of the United States leave the grooves In which it has run for so long, and desert the policy of the fathers, for the sake of winning a little cheap glory at so great a sac rifice? That is an issue, which those who love American institutions and believe in their necessity and their perpetuity, if men are to remain really free, should keep constantly before the people. .-.--. - r AN EXCELLENT SHOWING, Those interested in the fortunes of the Northern Pacific railroad, as well as those in charge of the manage ment of its affairs, are to be con gratulated upon the encouraging financial showing which it is able to make. The report published this morning shows a continued gain in both gross and net earnings. The increase in the net earnings is now at the rate of about $375,000, per month, as compared with the figures of a year ago. For the four months covered by the report, the total net earnings are more than $3,000,000, and the gain over last year is over $1,000,000. While the railroads of the country in general and of the North west in particular are doing splen didly this year, showing the effect of the improvement in business and the great crops that have to be moved to market, this show ing by a road which is still in financial difficulties and has been troubled by the disagreements of the courts in securing a uniform and settled control is remarkable. It is evident that such a demonstration of its earning capacity will hasten the process of reorganization. A prop erty that is in such condition as this, and able to earn so large a net profit, ought not to remain long in the hands of receivers. It is probable that the movement of the security holders to place the system once more upon a settled basis will re ceive new stimulus from this con tinued evidence of a business suc cess that has come to stay. With a proper readjustment of its debt and such an efficient practical manage ment as now has charge of its af fairs, there is no reason why the Northern Pacific should .not take its place, after many misfortunes and misadventures, as one of the solid and paying railroad properties of the country. MINNESOTA STAY-AT-HOMES. That there is no right without its correlative duty is a law admitted to be of universal application and also admitted to be of infrequent recognition. Nowhere is this the case more than in the relations of the citizen to the public. The right to hold office is sturdily insisted on, but the sequent duty of administer ing the office solely in the interests of the public is so seldom felt that when it is done it is a .matter of surprised and grateful commenda tion. Then there is the right to vote; a right so generally supposed to be among the fundamentals of a re public that the dictum of the courts that it is a concession of the sov ereign state, to be granted or with held at discretion, rests solely in law, and not in the general acquiescence of the people. But while every man sees clearly his right to vote, he sel dom sees the other side of it, which is the duty to vote. While there has been some talk by those whom the practical folk desig nate as cranks and doctrinaires about the need of a law compelling men who have the right to vote to perform the duty of voting under penalties for non-performance, dem ocratic Switzerland has acted, and in the cantons of Zurich and Neufchatel voting is compulsory, with every prospect of its adoption In the other cantons. This has the merit of be ing both logical and democratic. In j the landsgemeinden, answering to our town meetings, compulsory at tendance is general. The right of a citizen to share in the government is also made a statutory duty. ■: ■-=■'-„ Z'k We recently made, in considering the results and significance of * the fall elections, an examination into j the number of citizens who failed to ! perform this, their highest duty of citizenship, and remained away from the polls. Following the investiga tion there made into the voting, in our own state we find a similar condi tion prevailing; showing an astonish-, ingly large number of men who have a right which they deliberately omit to exercise, on whom is imposed a correlative . duty which ir they ■ as thoughtlessly".'' refuse io'Z^^^tOrnL}. While a : statement of this- growing • evil may not operate to quicken the THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: TUESDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 3, 1895. consciences of these derelicts, It may tend to awaken attention to the question whether the state will be obliged eventually to interfere to compel its citizen to . perform this duty, unless prevented by some un avoidable cause. ':Z~': The census of 1890 gave the state a population of 1,301,826, and 376,036 males of voting age. Of these 37,297 were aliens and the civil status of 17,390 was unknown. Assuming the "unknown" to be aliens, we have a total of 53,687 of these possible vot ers who are non-voters, leaving 322, --349 capable voters. The state cen sus of 1895 gives a population of 1,574,910. In IS9O the proportion of voters to population was one to 4.3. The same proportion in 1895 would give us a potential of 366,258 voters, an increase of 14 per cent. The elec tion of IS9O was one well calculated to bring the voters to the polls. The Republicans had made their advance on Moscow, and the Democrats were defending and attacking vigorously. Out of the 322,349 voters that year, but 240,893 went to the polls; 81,456, or about one-fourth, willingly or necessitously abstaining. After mak- . ing all allowance possible for sick ness, absence from the state and othet?-. excusable reasons, over 70,000 voters must have deliberately re fused to perform one of the highest j duties of their citizenship. Applying to the possible legal vot ers the average rate of increase, there should have been 354,583 per sons of voting age in the state in the fall of 1892. The votes cast for pres idential electors in that hotly con tested campaign numbered but 267, --238; 11,316 who voted for those offi cers refusing to vote for the candi dates for governor. This larger num ber deducted from the number of pos sible voters shows that 87,345 voters abstained from voting, assuming that the proportion of aliens continued. This is an increase of 6,889 since 1890. The delinquents were again nearly 25 per cent of the total. This means that twenty-five out of every hun dred men having the right to vote, and on whom the duty to vote is laid, refused to act. Coming to the elections of 1894, we gain additional data from the re port in the statistics of the Blue Book of the number of voters who regis tered. If the rate of increase among legal voters held pace with that of population, the number of possible voters last year was 390,041. Of these 366,130 registered, thus expressing their intention to vote a short time prior to election. The total vote for governor, for which office the great est number of votes was cast, was 296,249. This is 93,792 short of the possi ble and 23,911 short of the number who had qualified themselves to cast their ballots. This is 24 per cent of the possible vote and 7 per cent short of those who had taken the trouble to register. A CHUNK OF HARD SEXSE. The editor of the Northwestern Ag riculturist is refreshingly at variance with the most of his rrethren in the field of farm journalism in his treat ment of the "debtor class." Instead of joining his fellows in lamenting the sad fate of this, class and pre scribing all sorts of political nos trums such as free coinage or land loans, he heaves at them chunks of common sense that should do them good if they hit them hard enough. The editor of the Agr^pilturist tells his readers this plain truth and we hope it will do them good: The argument that a man who goes into debt in order to become a farmer thereby becomes worthy of special con sideration, is balderdash. There is no special virtue in going into debt either in the city or in the country, and the man who rushes blindly into debt does so at his own peril, and if he is honest he will endeavor to pay the debt with out howling about it. That is what editors are expected to do and we fail to see why an editor should be any better or any worse than a farmer. ..One gets the same sense of weari ness in reading these moanings about the debtor class and the duty of gov ernment to do something to relieve them, that one does from the narra tions of the personal ailments of oth ers, or the tales of the Weary Will iams, or the parading of their serv ices by professional old soldiers as a prelude for a demand for more pen sions. If farmers knew and farm ed itprs^realized the position they put themselves and their class of work ers in by these pitiful lamentations over conditions which all experience, they would stop sniveling, brace up, meet their conditions with the forti tude and pluck that other business men meet theirs and stop calling on Jupiter to help them out of the rut into which they have heedlessly fallen. .Some stray copies of the first num ber of the Republican League Lead er, the organ of the Republican League Clubs of the country, which has been promised for so long, have reached Minnesota. It is what might be expected; the rankest kind of or gan, with no other quality to rec ommend it. As one would expect from its antecedents, it devotes con siderable space to Minnesota politics and politicians. Its remarks under this head our Republican friends will find stimulating rather than soothing. Its motto is, "Build up the organization and lay aside all acri monious bickerings." This is illus trated by the following extract from its editorial columns: "A great many barnacles cling to the National League, like Goodnow and Byrnes of -Minnesota. They should be scraped off without delay. They are a disgrace to any organization." This, with some similar kindly re marks about other leading party lights, promises to make Republican harmony so thick that you could cut It with a knife, and. to throw in the knife without extra charge. Wendell A. Anderson, our consul general at Montreal, passed through the city yesterday on his way to his home In La Crosse, where he will : spend his vacation. Incidentally, we suspect, he will look* over the gerry mander which** the Republicans of that state have been cooking up -for the coming legislature. " Mr. Ander son, la something-; of expert him self In what the Swiss call "electoral" geometry." J _ _ _,_ _ STUDY OF HISTORY DISCUSSED AT A MEETING OF THE COMMITTEE ON w : SCHOOLS. WHAT IS NOW TAUGHT. ~ ' " l * PRINCIPALS OF A NUMBER OF* '' SCHOOLS EXPLAIN THEIR *£ WORK. CHANGES IN THE STAFFS. '. Report That Will Be Submitted to' the Bourd of Education , Tonight. ' *t_s, The committee on schools of the school board met last evening at the high school to discuss, with the prin cipals, the question of changes that have been suggested in the course of study. The principals invited to meet with the committee at the last meeting were Miss Hand, of the Van Buren school; Miss Lennon, of the Sibley; Miss Saunders, of the Neill; Miss Phelan, of the Maxfield; Prof.- Baker, of the Jefferson, and Prof. Bryant, of the Humboldt. There were present Dr. Abbott and Inspectors Scholle and McNamee", the latter be ing present for the first time, since his appointment. After calling the meeting to order Dr. Abbott stated the reasons for asking the princi pals to come together, and suggested that the question of the study of his tory in the grade as well as in the high schools be gone into. Miss Saunders, of the school, was asked by the committee to out line, the work done in the fourth grade, Miss Phelan following with a sketch of that done in the fifth. A little discussion arose as to the ad visability of giving a text book to children in this grade, but the ma jority favored the teaching of his tory work, as the custom has. been by having stories read and then re produced. In the sixth grade Grecian history together with mythological stories is taken up in connection with the geography work, which is Europe and Asia in this year, while in the seventh grade the entire year ! is devoted to American history, and the last year in the eighth grade to English history. It has been sug gested frequently of late that enough time was not paid to the study of the history of our country and consid erable discussion arose at this point as to whether enough time was de voted to the study, or whether some time could be spared from some other j part of the history work and devoted; to American history. Miss . Hand pointed out that in the lower grades, from the kindergarten up, the study of history in the way of stories of Washington and Lincoln are told and afterwards reproduced by the children. In the third grade come stories of such men as Hennepin, and in connection with this the history'; of Minnesota is taught. Then in the seventh grade the entire year is de voted to the subject, and the idea at j sacrificing any of the time devoted to i the study of English history as sug gested by some of the people , who i would like to improve the course was j not favored by the majority of the * j principals when the matter was put - to a vote. '• : Asked, as to what he thought of the advisibility of changing the course of study in the manner sug gested, Mr. Gilbert said that, while there might be a plan devised where by the study of American history could be brought into the work of some of the other grades he thought that it would be a very great pity to change the plan whereby the study of English history is taught through out the entire eighth grade. He said that he considered that the study of English history was so connected with the study of our literature that the broader culture for which every pupil is seeking could not be gained if this study were omitted from the list.. The board, after getting all the in formation possible from the princi ples, excused them from further at tendance at the meeting and invited them to be present on the Monday evening before the next regular meet ing, when the question of the meth ods of teaching science in the schools will be discussed. After the principals had retired, the committee took up the matter of the regular report of the committee of schools to the board, which will be presented at the regular meeting to morrow night. The report follows: "We recommend that the following resignations be accepted: Miss Libbie E. Eustace, first grade Lincoln school; Miss Grace Otis, first grade, Lafayette school; Miss Mary Ransom, third grade, Hancock school; Mrs. M. D. Welch, second grade, Jefferson school. "That leave of absence without pay be granted to Miss Anna Nedobyty, third grade, Lincoln school; Miss Helen Mackey, Cleveland high school; Miss Cora Carel, third grade, Sibley school. "We recommend the promotion of Miss Mabel Colter from the second grade Van Buren school to the eighth grade of the same school, at the first year schedule salary for grammar grades (SSO). ' ■'.-" '*, --■ ' j "We recommend that the following pupils be graduated from the teachers' training' school: Miss Edith Scott, Miss Joy Maraden, Miss May. Caul field, Miss Jean Brash, Miss Greta Mehl, Miss May Slattery, Miss Eliza beth Huelster, to date from the be ginning of the school month of De cember. .--- -.---.---- '- " '-■ . * "We recommend 1 the appointment of Miss Edith Scott to the third grade, Hancock school; Miss Grace Robinson- : to the third: grade, Lincoln school, at the third year schedule salary ($50);, Miss Jean Brash to the first grade, Lincoln school Miss Isabel Roth to the' first grade, Lafayette school, at the ■* fourth year schedule salary (sss>; Miss Greta Mehl to the third grade,. Sibley j school; Miss Helen Sargent to the po-, sltlon of kindergarten assistant, Smith school, at minimum schedule salary* for single session kindergartens ($25), '. to date from Nov. 1; Miss Elizabeth: Huelster to the second grade, Van Bu- . ren school; Miss Kate Delaney to the second grade, Jefferson school, at max- ' lmum salary ($65); Miss Margaret Ma-' honey to the first grade. Rice • school. ; All of the above appointments are to date from the beginning of the school month of December, and are at min imum schedule salary unless otherwise specified. .-. - ,< ■ •- ":_'.■ "We recommend that Miss Minna Bartleheim be placed upon the third year of the schedule salary for first primary teachers, to date from Oct. 1. "We recommend that Mrs. F. H. Whitman be appointed principal of the Douglass school at a salary of $900, and that Mrs. McGee, of Smith school, be paid the same, to date from Dec. 1. "We recommend that night' schools be closed for the vacation from Dec. 14 to Jan. 6. . ■- -; ."-:; a "We recommend that the use. of the assembly hall of the high school be granted the St. Paul Teachers' asso ciation for the purpose of a lecture on the evening of Dec. 30." .->-,■• *>^v* : t.. Gibson on . Flowers. V, - William Hamilton - Gibson gives,-*, at. the People's church tonight, '.his first lecture on "The Mysteries of the Flow ers."-The advance sale of seats Indi cates that he will be greeted by a good bouse. ' ON THE STRICT Q. T. John Goodnow Said to Have Been n Harried Man Two Years. John Goodnow, the Minneapolis poli tician and 'base ball magnate, and Mrs. Flora E. Powers, the erstwhile amanu ensis of Attorney General Moses E. Clapp, are said to be man and wife, and; what Is still more remarkable about the matter, it Is claimed they have been married for more than two 'years, and nobody knew' a thing about •It. The fact leaked out yesterday morning, and In an Incredibly short ilme.Mr., Goodnow's friends in Mlnne polls arid Mrs. Goodnow's friends at the state capitol all knew about it, and, 1 among other things, all wondered why the marriage was a secret one, and also f marveled that, with the wide ac quaintance which both enjoy, the groom and bride should have been able to keep the knowledge of their union from •friends and relatives. - Mrs. Powers was employed at the capitol for a num ber of years, first In the office of the governor, and later in the office of the attorney general. She and Mr. Goodnow became acquainted and formed a mu tual attachment, which resulted In a courtship and a rather romantic mar riage. In the summer of 1893, Mrs. Powers resigned her position in the office of the attorney general and accepted a po sition in the Minnesota building at the world's fair. About the middle of July, she re turned to* St. Paul as Mrs. Powers, and there were few, If any, of her friends here who knew that she was really Mrs. John Goodnow. She passed the matter of her resignation over lightly, saying she had tired of the position, and soon after secured a position in the legal department on the Great Northern road. In the fall of that year, her health broke down completely and she was very ill for several weeks, alter which she returned to her old home in the East Then it transpired that Mr. Goodnew had gone to the world's fair, and continued his court ship in the Windy City with such suc cess that Mrs. Powers was won over to a secret marriage, which took place In Milwaukee, July 9, 1893, After the wedding, the happy couple returned to Chicago and Mr. Goodnow soon re turned to Mineapolis. •-.. : - THEY KEPT IT QUIET. Mrs. Powers, it appears, wanted to have the marriage made public at once,' but Mr. Goodnow, according to her story, pleaded that It would seri ously interfere with some of his busi ness plans If it were known that he were married, and persuaded the bride to allow the matter to remain a secret for one year, after which the wedding could be formally announced. When Mrs. Power/3 returned to St. Paul she took up her residence at the Collonade, and while there she fell a victim to nervous prostration. Then she was taken from the hotel to the house of friends and cared for until she had recovered sufficiently to return East and receive treatment. During this time Mr. Goodnow saw to it that hi/-* wife was supplied with funds, al though the marriage had not been an nounced. Just before she left, how ever, her physician notified him that « his wife was very ill, and that he '•should see her at once. Then he went to see her. . - After spending several months In the East, Mrs. Goodnow returned to the Twin Cities, and remained for some time, after which she returned to Chi cago, to remain until the year was up. Then, at his solicitation, it is said an arrangement was -made by which she .Was to remain in Chicago for another year and pursue her studies, which she did. Since that time, however, Mrs. Goodnow says she has repeatedly urged her husband to have the mar riage made public, but he put off the announcement from time to time, urg ing her in the meantime to continue her studies. Finally Mrs. Powers come to ■ Minneapolis and entered the employ of a law firm in this city. That posi tion she held until recently, when she .took up her residence at the Ryan un der her rightful name, and Invited her friends to call on her as Mrs. Goodnow. The announcement came like a thun derbolt out of a clear sky to those friends, for so closely had the secret of the marriage been kept that prob ably not to exceed a dozen persons in the state knew of it, and probably half of these thought they alone possessed the secret. In the meantime it is said that Mr. j Goodnow has provided liberally for his I wife, arid no fault could be found on j that score. Now that the secret is out, ! both parties will be kept busy receiving ! the congratulations of their friends. | Mr. Goodnow was not to be found yes | terday afternoon when the announce ment of his marriage was received in Minneapolis. His brother, Charles Goodnow, said that he himself knew nothing of the affair. JOHN B. ATWATER Recommended for. the States Board of Arbitration. Commissioners Kellogg and Johnson, the two members of the state board of arbitration appointed by Gov. Clough, met yesterday at Mr. Kellogg's office, , in this city, and selected the third mem | ber of the board. Their choice was John B. Atwater, the Minneapolis at torney. Under the law this third mem ber is to be recommended to the gover nor for appointment, by the two other members, providing they can agree. Otherwise, the governor is to make the appointment upon his own judgment exclusively. Messrs. Johnson and Kel logg found no difficulty in arriving at a choice yesterday. The new commis sioner—for doubtless Gov. Clough will follow this recommendation— is a son of Judge Isaac Atwater, one of the most esteemed pioneers of the Flour City. The son occupies a distinguished position at the Minneapolis bar. He Is a graduate of Yale college. His per sonal character is of the highest, and, his breadth of mind and fairness of views are well known. Mr. Kellogg represent the employer on the state board, Mr. Johnson the employe. Both these commissioners are naturally pre sumed to favor their, respective sides. The third commissioner, who will fre quently cast a deciding vote, should, therefore, be a man of marked intel ligence, high integrity, and a mind judicial in the best sense.- The selec tion of Mr. Atwater fills all of these re ! qulfements. '.-■•- " : : ~,±'Vi * - - " i .jit ■ : 'ZzZ:Z: : . .'.Z . : ', '-Ei H. DEARTH EMBARRASSED. iijiio-:-. -■;;-_■-.■.. ___■ .;-; v ;j: '-A-Hhchmentsi Ark r.-un ting Jjs-.'.00U ' ■ Sued Out <•,--!* list the Company. . ;1 - Michael Doran and others have sued ;o,ut attachments aggregating $25,000 f) against the Elmer H. Dearth Adver tising-company. This Is the company , of, -which J. L. Stack used to be man f-ager. Stack pulled out of it some time agOcand went to Chicago, and Dearth IjbiiJines him for injuring the business r.b-j staking away some of the best cus , ; torn era. Charged With Burglary. . Clinton Colledge, a brakeman resid ing at 337. Mlnnetonka street, on the West side, states that his house was robbed Saturday night of his trousers and vest, as well as of $13 in green backs and some silver. Mrs. Colledge was awakened at 3 a. ■ m. by a noise, and detected a man in the room. He soon escaped, but not before she. caught- sight of his face. The police have arrested one - Charles Weldon, whom Mrs. Colledge believes to be the robber. He will be tried tomorrow. Missing With n Crew of Four. ROCKPORT. Tex.. Dec. 2.— schoon er plying between here and Mexico in the fruit trade.. due at Tuxpan Nov. 30, Is believed to have been lost with her crew ol four. -- >. TnhPNCURREfIGY EX-GOVERNOR MERRIAM SAYS THE LAW NEEDS TO HE AMEXDED. SILVER LESS IMPORTANT. COGEXT ADDRESS DELIVERED LAST NIGHT BEFORE THE LINCOLN CLUB COMMISSION TO BE NAMED A« Soon iin the Republican Party . Comes Into Power. Again. The Lincoln club met last evening at Its room In the Endicott building. George Warren pasted up a new bulle tin of returns from lowa, President Wolterstorff took the chair, and then the club went Into executive session. The announced feature for the even ing was a paper on "Money," by Hon. W. R. Merriam, and It was evidently feared that the views of the noted financier might get Into print, for no one but members was allowed to hear it. He spoke as follows: "There has always existed a great confusion In the popular mind as to the proper definition of money," said the governor. "Money is far from being wealth. Real estate, bonds, etc., con stitute wealth, but money is simply a medium of exchange. When this fact is borne in mind, it is easier to under stand the laws which govern money. One of the most important questions that belong to this subject is the pro posal that it would be better to aban don the use of silver entirely. Gold Is certainly less variable. It would therefore seem to afford a more stable medium of International exchange. • "There is no fear that there will not be enough gold, for abundant supplies of gold have been discovered recently in Southern Africa, and there has been a marked Increase in the output of" gold in the United States. The gold supply, he believed, would be Increased next year by over $200,000,000, most of which will find its way into circula tion, and strengthen the basis of our immense credit system. The theory of modern finance is to have less and less of precious metals and resort more to the credit system. "Money," he said "has been cheap ened in the last fifteen and twenty years, not grown poorer, but money lent at a much less rate of Interest. This decrease has been from 12 per cent to 6 and 7 per cent in this city. Noth ing has lowered in price more than money. "More confidence rather than more money Is what we need. When we have the confidence the money will come into circulation. I predict that as soon as our currency is on a sound basis we will have years of great prosperity. "When the law of 1873 was passed, a great cry went up that a crime had been committed, but there was no crime perpetrated, as the bill had been be fore congress a sufficient time for all to have been informed as to its con tents and meaning. Until 1890 we con tinued to coin silver, and, notwith standing all efforts to use it it is still depreciated. These facts tend to show the laws of trade follow natural causes. "I do not believe we can keep the two metals in use at a parity when they have dissimilar values. We can maintain a certain quantity of silver in circulation, such as subsidiary coins. While the free coinage of silver would be advantageous to the mine owners, It would work a hardship to others. It would mean repudiation of tho rank est kind, a financial craze, which, when understood, will fall. The practical ef fect of free coinage would be the driv i ing out of circulation of $650,000 of gold. If we were to shrink our cir culation to this extent, and bank ers cut down the credits, you can see what a financial chaos would come. The depression of 1593 would be a zephyr compared to the cyclone which would sweep over this country. We would be on a par with China, Mexico and India. The class to be benefited Is the debtor, the class anxious to settle on a basis of 50 per cent; but the great mass are not debtors In that sense. They are cred itors. If a man contracts to work three months he is a creditor the sama as the man who has a "bank deposit, and he does not want a bad dollar in pay. It would be a great calamity for the United States independently to at-' tempt to coin silver on a basis of 16 to 1. I do not know that International bimetallism would succeed; I am not sure as to that. All the greater na tions are opposed to the adoption of the use of silver except for subsidiary purposes. "The great question will be the refor mation of the currency. The sliver question is passing from sight, as is evidenced by recent events. The Re publican party will be called upon to reform the currency of the country. In th© last two years it has been found that the greenbacks have proved a great annoyance on account of the enormous expense incurred in their re issuance under the law. The present secretary of the treasuary will un doubtedly offer some measure for the retirement of greenbacks. It was a war measure. My opinion is that if they cannot lie retired and canceled they might be used instead of bonds as the basis of the national bank circula tion. The principal danger in green backs is the possibility of an attempt being made to issue more. It would be much better for the country if they were paid. The mission of the Repub lican party is to reform the currency of the country. We know full well how the Democratic party has per formed its work. The only party which has ever aided in the upbuilding ; of the country and stood for sound money is the Republican. "I believe that the Republicans, when they are once again restored to power, will appoint a commission of j fifteen or twenty men to make a thor ough investigation of the currency question. Such an investigation may take several years. But when the cur rency question Is at last settled, through the recommendations of a committee, or otherwise, we will then • have good times. The currency prob- 1 lem out of the way, millions of foreign capital will come to this country, and a brilliant period of prosperity will again be upon us." SOLDIERS ON WHEELS. Riders From Washington Reach New York Ahead of Time. : NEW YORK, Dec. 2.— The first mili tary bicycle expedition, conducted ex clusively by military riders, was suc cessfully concluded today. There were ten relays of two men each, and the last two riders, Lieut. Frank Llbbed and Private E. A. Pitkin, of the Sec ond separate company. District of Co lumbia national guard, dismounted at the barge office at 4:48 a. m., twelve minutes ahead of their schedule time. Twenty-four hours had been allowed to cover the distance, 249',. miles. Lieut. Libbey was the bearer of a special message from Gen. Nelson A. Miles, at Washington, to Gen. Thomas H. Ru ger, on Governor's island. Libbey and Pitkin rode all the way from Washington, starting earlier than the others, and arrived at New Brunswick in time to rest before starting on the last relay. "It began to rain as we came out of New Brunswick and the roads were vile all the way here," said Libbey. "We came by the plank road from Newark, but the riding was bad. Some policemen stopped us because our lamps were out, but let us proceed when told what our mission was. My left leg and right arm are a little stiff, but otherwise I feel all right." Pitkin looked as fresh as If hp had ridden but ten miles instead of 2."0. Stambach and Stevens, although cov ered with mud, were in good condition. When the message was delivered by Lieut. Donovan during the forenoon, Gen. Ruger said: -V- '.'.-. ' A ; *J ■'*■ : ./ ■ "I am glad to see that the expedition has been a success, but I am not yet assured that It can be brought Into general use for the army. Under some conditions, however, I have no doubt that the bicycle will be of great serv ice."- FIGHTING DEMOCRATS. Riot and Head Siiiiimliliik a a Cook County Meeting-. CHICAGO, Dec. The hall of the Cook county Democracy was tonight the scene of a desperate free-for-all fight, In which chairs, clubs, canes and fists were used for all they were worth. Thfre was a contest between John Powers and Thomas Gahan, the latter an Altgeld man, for the chairmanship of the county central committee. The trouble began when Mike McDonald arose to tell, as he phrased It,' "the miserable, low-down Gahan push a few things about themselves." Gahan numbers John P. Hopkins, the ex mayor, among his friends, and Mc- Donald directed a large portion of his pungent eloquence to Hopkins and his administration. The burden of his grievance lay in the assertion that Hopkins misrepresented campaign funds, and McDonald was sued for ex penses toward which these funds should have been applied. A big man, sitting on the window sill, became so moved by McDonald's flow of language that he whacked a Gahan man in the eye, and then it was all over the place. The doors were locked and the fight raged for half an hour. When there were no chairs left and everyone In the room was smashed, Powers and his friends withdrew, having lost the po litical fight, but ready for more of the physical set-to,* : KILLING THEM FAST. Spaniards Defeat Rebel Bauds and Inflict Heavy Loss. HAVANA, Dec, 2.— A dispatch from Santiago de Cuba announces that the columns of troops commanded by Brig. Gens. Munzo and Gasco, numbering 2,000 men of all arms, recently came un expectedly on an insurgent stronghold in the Sierra Maestra district of the province of Santiago, and engaged the bands comanded by Rabl and Victor Ramos. Thanks to the artillery fire of the Spinlsh troops the latter cap tured the well-defended positions of the insurgents, together with their camp, hospital, a shoe factory and other industries for the use of the insurgent .. army. The . insurgents lost thirty-seven killed and had many wounded. Five soldiers were killed, and one : lieutenant and thirty-one soldiers wounded. The Colon batallion of troops found itself for awhile in a very hazardous position at Losbuyes, In the Manza nillo district, owing to a surprise by the Insurgents. The. batallion, how ever, soon recovered Itself, and by en ergetic action dislodged the insurgents from their position and put them to flight. The latter lost sixty dead and wounded, while the loss to the troops was fourteen. Word has been received that the insurgents have derailed a train in the Remedios district and plundered the passengers. Gen. Martinez Campos In reply to in quiries telegraphs from Santa Clara that he has more confidence than ever at this time that he will be able to re establish peace; "the more so," he con tinues, "if I am able to prevent Max imo Gomez from entering the province of Matanzas." This would be a diffi cult feat for Gomez, says Gen. Cam pos, and not likely to be accomplished. "At present," Gen. Campos telepraphs, "Gomez is at the shores of the River- Jatlbonico and is rather deceived as to his chiefs in Santa Clara province, who have not proved equal to his hopes." Gen. Campos doubts that Gomez will attempt to enter Matanzas, as he has made no perceptible move from where he is, and therefore Campos feels as sured that with the reinforcements he is expecting he is sure to crush the rebellion in Santa Clara and thus in sure the safety of the sugar crop. Peace, he believes, will soon follow. But Gen. Campos Includes a proviso with this opinion, that if, against his expectation, Gomez shall penetrate Matanzas province, the condition of the revolution would assume very se rious proportions. The captain general said further that he was momentarily expecting the surrender of, 250 insur gents at Ciefuentes, "which will great ly favor my plans." The government is about to issue $20,000,000 in bank bills, and in order to make the necessary arrangements there will be a meeting at the palace tomorrow under the presidency of Gen. Arderius, the general com manding here as acting captain-gen eral during the absence of Marshal De Campos. Senor Galbris Gonzales Mendoza, director of the . Blanco Espanolio, and representatives of the bankers and leading merchants of f this city, will be present. "WAS FATALLY DRUGGED. Prominent Contractor nt Fort Mead Dead in a Dive. STURGIS. S. D., Dec. 2.— E. A. Stur gis, a prominent government contract or at Fort Mead, was found dead in the doorway of a dive. The . inmates '. said he was thrown from the place drunk. The . police declare he was given "knock-out" drops, which are said to be. fatal. A large sum of money known to have been on his person was missing. . Five persons have been ar rested. - MEARS WEAKENED. Courts Decided Against Him nnd Reuinnded Him to Jail. Special to the Globe. FARGO, N. D.. Dec. 2.— The supreme court in this city today affirmed the decision of the .lower court in the Meat's . contempt case, and Mears was 1 again remanded *to jail. He finally made up his mind to conform with the order of the court," and signed over all the deeded property to the receiver. This involves thousands of acres of land.. --- '.•..;: WITH INTENT TO AMUSE. I "Isn't she just nice enough to eat? ' [ "No, her taste is execrable."— Detroit Tribune. - Johnny— Ma's awfully tickled at this time of year. *--" '•'"'." Willie— Johnny— lt's too cold to go swimniln' and not cold enough to skate on thin ice.— Chicago Record. Apropos of Bloomers.— Mr. B. — You are trying very hard to be a man, it seems. ■ -- '" --- Mrs. B.— Well, don't you think we need one in the family?— "The : farmer said one of the little pigs was sick* i so I brought it some sugar." ...--. -- >-•;■-• --"Sugar?" "Yes, sugar. Haven't you ever heard of ■ -sugar-cured " hams?" — Oakland Times. •" - '••'■' Little Miss' Muggs (haughtily)— My sister never goes out without a chap eron. -.-.... Little 'Miss Freckles (disdainfully)— My sister wouldn't be allowed to. eith er, if she were like your sister.—Chi cago News. '• --;"*• Stranger (sarcastically)— l hear you use a knife in partaking of your water here. • *■> Chicago Man: (with dignity)— Possibly some of the lower, classes use a knit.-, but everybody who is anybody uses a fork, sir.— Detroit Trubune. Gladys— What are you going to do when you- leave college? • Tom— Oh, live on my income, I guess.. Gladys— A man as clever as you might do something to prove his cleverness. Living on my Income would prove me one of the cleverest financiers of the age.,— Life. DID J.OT PASS IT. CHAMBER OF COMMERCE DIS CUSSES THE FREE TEXT ' / BOOK QUESTION. v... SEVERAL AGAINST IT. THE MEMBERS INDULGED IN A LITTLE FILIBUSTERING ON THE QUESTION. MORE DISCUSSION OF IT. Made a Special Order for Next Week— Sentiment In Favor of Resolution. The sentiment of a majority of the directors of the chamber of com merce seems to be in favor of adopt ing the resolution accompanying the report of the committee on text books favoring free text books. The | report had been made the special i order for yesterday, and when it ; came up it was freely discussed by '. the directors. There was consider able filibustering, and twice the chamber divided. As each vote was practically the same the result showed that the preponderance of sentiment is in favor of free text books. Those who are opposed to j them were anxious to dispose of the ! matter at once, but when a vote . was taken on the question of laying I the matter on the table for a time ! those in favor of text books carried the day. Later when a motion was j made to make the subject a special ! order again for next Monday the di ; rectors opposed to free text books l voted in the negative. But there I were only twelve of them, to twenty j five in favor of a further considera ! tion of the subject. The vote was as ! follows: \ ■;■'. ".'. : \. Yeas— F. W. Anderson, C. C. An* ; drews, M. Auerbach, G. A. Archer, S. | O. Brooks, H. W. -Childs, J. P. Egbert, John Espy. H. S. Fairchild. C. B. Gil ' bert, W. H. Howard, E. A. Jaggard, I H. A. Castle, W. H. Lightner. S. L. I Moore, James Morrow, E. B. Olmsted, : A. W. Perry. C. M. Power, L. W. i Rundlett, John A. Stees. O. L. Taylor. j R. B. Wheeler, H. L. Williams. E. E. [ Woodman. j Nays— H. D. Brown, C. M. Griggs. E. j J. Hodgson, R. Jefferson, R. A. Kirk, I J. D. Ludden. Dr. George E. Metcalf, j D. Moreland, E. W. Peet, J. W. Bishop, ; W. P. Clough, P. Berkey. J When the subject came up Director i Hodgson spoke against the resolution j very pointedly claiming there were no j more reasons why there should be free ; text books than anything else free. Mr. : Peet took the same view, saying they I might as well furnish free lunches as , free text books. Capt. Castle favored ; free text books, and Director Lightner ' also looked at the matter in the same ! light as the captain. He took particu i lar strong exceptions to Directors ' Hodgson and Peet's views of the sub • ject. Ex-President Clough desired to ! amend the resolution for free books • by using the words "for those who are j financially unable to purchase them." i Dr. Egbert thought that was class leg j islation, and that it was a pretty deli cate matter to discriminate between I those who are able to buy them and j those who were not. He thought they I ought to be furnished free to all schol i ars. Supt. Gilbert said that a limited ! number were now supplied free to a j limited number of families. He favor j ed the original resolution. Many other j cities, he said*, including Minneapolis, ; furnished the scholars with text books, ; and found it economical in the end. | They found that books would last five ! years and that after the first year they i cost less than 20 per cent of the orig j inal cost. It cost Minneapolis about $35,000 the first year, and after that [ about $5,000 a year. ' Mr. Peet then moved to lay the matter j on the table until the report of the in ; vestigating committee had been receiv ' ed, but this was voted down by a vote , of 12 to 22. Then came Director Wood j man's motion to make the subject the I special order again for next Monday, ' and that was carried by the vote here ■ tofore given. «S»T» ALTERNATE SECTIONS. ''<\ Supreme Court Says $-.50 Per Acre Is the -Price. WASHINGTON. Dec. 2.— Justice Harlan rendered the opinion of thA supreme court today in the case of Benjamin Healy involving the price of lands on alternate sections within railroad land grants entered under the desert land laws. The court held j that the laws providing a price of $2.50 per acre in such cases had not been repealed by the timber culture act, as was claimed, and that $2.50 I was, under the law, the correct j charge on entries within land grants. In the several cases between the Washington & Idaho Railway com pany vs. the Coeur d'Alene Naviga tion and Railroad company, involv ing the question of right of way at Wallace, Idaho, the court decided In favor of the Coeur d'Alene com pany. Justice Shiras delivering the opinion. He also incidentally decided that the United States circuit court of Idaho had properly- taken jurisdic tion in the case. In the case of Stephen M. Folsom, who, as president 'of the National Bank of New Mexico had been found guilty by the territorial court ot ' falsifying the books of the bank, the :'. I chief justice delivered r the opinion - ! of the court, holding that the federal ' courts did not possess the right to re view the judgment of the terriorial • courts in such case." The Southern Pacific railroad case. Involving several thousand^ acres of ; the "overlap" lands in the vicinity . of Los Angeles. Cal.. was reassigned - for the first Monday in March. .-; \ ■'. ■'■ r -7 -"^ ' z : ' r '~ \ CATTLE DISEASE IX BRAZIL.- £, ' ' ' ..'•. ~. " -'--.■'' Foot and Mouth .Disease (Spread- , ing With t.reat Rapidity. > j h WASHINGTON. Dec. 2.— The consul. general of the United. State 3ln 'Brazil", has reported to the state department that foot and mouth' disease Is quite . • prevalent" in the state of * Soa Paulo. -.' The wide range covered by. the disease .; and the difficulty of applying any ef- ; fective means of extirpating it among ■'. the cattle ranches of Southern Brazil .", render the likelihood' of Its spread '- throughout Uruguay and Paraguay to '_. the Argentine republic extremely prob able. The great importance of the in formation lies in Its probable effect on the shipment of cattle from Argentine, which has so recently developed Into a ■..-. pronounced competitor in this line of,* trade with the united States. PLAYED WITH FIRE. Three Children Meet Death in a ; II ins* House. - WINNIPEG, : Man.. Dec. 2.— At Glad stone village yesterday, during the ab sence of their mother, v . three children ■ named Gangel, aged four, two and one."' year, were burned to death. They were- playing with fire and set fire to the house which was burned to tin ground.