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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 19, 1895, Image 1

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VOL. XVIII.— TWO CENTS— > F_S_f?_>„S_ ., ;_
Weather for Today— Fair, Warmer
Hastings Gets the Hospital.
South Dakota Convention Next.
House Unanimously With Grover. '
Nation Congratulate* Cleveland.
Parker Committee to Report.
Irish Cheers for Cleveland.
Mill City Matters.
Explosion on the St. Puul.
English Press Excited.
KiiiK'S of Carnival Event*.
.Navy Veterans Warlike.
ilore Riots in Philadelphia.
PAGE ti.
Bayard Talks to Actors.
rimes Correspondent Astounded.
liar Silver. 157e.
fash Wheat in Chicago. 50 l-2c.
War Talk Depressed Stocks.
Colleges Formally Unite.
Met — Prince Ananias, 815.
Grand— World Against Her, 8.15.
St. Joseph's Academy— Lecture' 8.
City Hail— Assembly, 7.30.
Farwell's Hall— Piano Reeitnl, 8.
NEW YORK, Dec. IS.— Arrived: Man
itoba, from London; Havel, from
Louis, from New York.
Mr. Cleveland could easily be elect
ed president of Venezuela.
Philadelphia is such a slow old
town that walking is about its proper
This is a good time for the Minne
sota militia to get its ear to the
Allen G. Thurman handled his own
affairs so well that he left $100,000 to
his children.
Mr.' Harrison has said nothing to
Indicate that he is not still a candi
date for the hand of Mrs. Dimmick.
Speaking of the matter of bound
aries, there is no longer any question
about the boundary of the Monroe
Who knows but Davis H. Waite, of
Colorado, may yet get an opportunity
for his horse to "wade in blood up to
his bridle?"
In the event of a war a few com
panies of the new women in bloomers
might be useful in awing the blawst
ed Britishers.
In the meantime, let's proceed with
the case of Abdul Hamid, under in
dictment for murder by the nations
of the earth.
Many newspapers are publishing
portraits of the mothers of noted
men. The mother of Mrs. Lease be
longs in the list.
It is pretty plain that the Populists
of the senate are open to the "usual
arguments" offered by Republicans
as a last resort.
Louisiana wants Christmas "sug
ar." Judge Pardee has decided at
New Orleans that the sugar bounty
act is unconstitutional.
Amid the smoke of battle one does
not see the beautiful form of Joel
Heatwole or hear his silver tongue
shouting for more bullets.
The cidermakers of the Northwest
met at Chicago yesterday to protest
against the kind of raisins some peo
ple are putting in their cider.
Harry Hayward is not here to
make affidavit that the "confession"
about to be printed is the confession
he made in the Hennepin county jail.
Senator Quay has presented to the
senate a petition for a tariff on wool.
For this act the senator will no doubt
secure wool enough to pull over the
eyes of the Republican national con
The friends of Gen. Harrison have
decided to leave to some other state
than Indiana to name Benjamin for
president. What a predicament they
would be in if no other state thought
it worth while?
It is a matter worthy of note that
It is a matter worthy of note that
the only two people of prominence
in America who did not approve of
the president's stand on the Vene
zuelan question are Joseph Pulitzer
and John P. Altgeld.
Twenty-nine Republicans are in
Washington trying to get the seats
of that many Democrats in the house.
This is downright cruelty. If twen-
ty#iine Democrats are unseated,
there will hardly be enough left to
form a corporal's guard.
While we are at it, Mr. J. Bull, we
want to know just what you are do-
ing on the Alaskan border. If you
monkey with the surveyors' outfit in
that locality you must not be sur-
prised if our good right arm is used
without much formality to bring you
to your senses.
The senate appears to have just-
discovered what .the Globe has
known for years, that money is be-
ing used to Influence national
legislation. The elections com-
mittee of the body has been
iirected to Investigate the ef-
forts of corporations to control the
{lection of congressmen and also to
iontrol legislation.
Beautiful Location for Buildings,
Besides It Has Splendid and
Valuable Water Power, |
The fourth state hospital for the
insane will be located at Hastings.
Such was the decision reached yes
terday afternoon by the commission
appointed by the governor to look up
a location and supervise the work of
Nine ballots were taken, the first
an informal one, on which Hastings
received 3 votes, Anoka 3 and Chaska ]
1. On the first formal ballot the vote
was Bondy, Smith and Hoper for
Hastings, Bloch, Merriam and East-
man for Anoka and Carlson for Chas
ka. On the next six ballots the vote
stood exactly the same, and on the
ninth Mr. Carlson changed his vote
to Hastings, thereby "giving that
town a majority of one. Messrs
Bloch, Merriam and Eastman voted
for Anoka right straight through the
nine ballots, but when the final vote
was - counted, and Hastings was
found to have a majority, a motion to
make the vote unanimous was put
and carried.
The commission decided not to,ad
vertise for plans "and specifications
until several -hospitals had been vis
ited. They will go to St. Peter today
and to Rochester tomorrow to look
over the buildings.
The offer made by the city of Hast
ings to the commissioners is a very
liberal one. The city is to receive
$1,500 for the site, which is 642 acres
in extent. The value of the land is
$60 per acre, and it has a water power
valued- at $80,000. The city agrees
further to put improvements on the
site to the value of $40,000. From the
descriptions furnished of the other
sites offered the Hastings one con
tains all the advantages and In every
way meets the demands of a location
for such an institution. The citizens
who appeared before the commission j
to urge the claims of the town were
Hon. John T. Norish, Senator Schal
ler, Mayor Parker, Aid. Bailey, Tut
tle and Busch, ex-Mayor John Her
nan, C. Melloy and Charles E. J
Before the plans are advertised for
the commissioners will have to settle
upon the general plan of the build
ings, whether they will be on the cot
tage plan or as the other hospitals
are, and. in connection with this the
Important proposition as to whether
the hospital shall be for the treat
ment of acute cases only or for all
classes of patients, as the other hos
pitals are. The commissioners have
been in correspondence with author
ities all over the country in regard
to this matter, and it was discussed
briefly at the meeting yesterday. The
general feeling seems to be in favor
of the cottage plan, but the commis
sion will visit some of the most pr6m
inent hospitals in the country before
arriving at any definite conclusions
as to what plan will be recommended
to the legislature next winter.
A good deal of excitement was got
ten up around the capitol while the
meeting was in progress, and this
was increased when Rush City ap
peared in the field as a candidate. A
large delegation came down and of
fered a site of 640 acres of land or
$15,000 in cash. In addition to the del
egation from Rush City there were
several members of the Duluth cham
ber of commerce and a number of
representative men from Taylor's
Falls and the surrounding towns and
counties. The delegation from Rush
City was headed by J. D. Markham
and S. C. Johnson, president of the
village council. The other members
were D. McGuire, J. J. Squires, J. F.
Somers, D. Farrell, I. C. Carlson, ' H.
W. Hart, F. C. Laird, T. W. Wadlow,
K. G. Ramberg, J. J. Flynn and V. D.
Eddy, of the Rush City Post. Sen-
.-;■:- A". „yy
ator Hodge,- of Pine City, and Rep-
I resentative Anderson and L. W. Fol
som, of Taylor's Falls, also accom
panied the delegation.
, The visitors ' were given a hearing
and a map was presented showing the
location of the other asylums, and di
viding the state Into districts. Tne
map showed that sixteen and one-half
counties, containing a population ac-
cording to the state census, of 562,769,
were directly tributary to Rush City;
that it was a district constantly in
creasing in population, and, In short,
a natural location for the hospital, be-
ing easily accessible from- the three
largest cities and the mining district
ln the northwestern part of the state.
Mr. Markham stated that the soil in
that vicinity was excellent, and they
could offer a tract of land with a fine
stream running through it.
After listening to the proposition, the
commission decided that no "further
sites could be considered, as ah oppor
tunity had been given . some time
since for cities desiring to do so to
send in plans.
The delegation from Anoka was also
quite large, and they came down fear
ing no competition except Hastings.
The commissioners were all present
at the meeting. O. C. Merrlman, of
Minneapolis, presided. After the mat
ter of a location was disposed of, the
board adjourned to meet today at St.
The City Illuminated— Ovation to
the Mayor.
Special to the Globe.
HASTINGS, Minn., Dec. 18.— The lo
cating of the fourth insane asylum in
Hastings was hailed with joy and en-
thusiasm here ? tonight, ' Second and
Vermillion streets being ablaze with
Illuminations. A spontaneous recep
tion was tendered Mayor George Par-
ker and others of our citizens'; in"- rec
ognition of • their noble efforts, and
flag's and banners floated to the. breeze.
The procession consisted of. the Hast
ings militia, the Hastings Are com
pany and citizens in carriages and on
foot, headed by the Hastings and
Prescott brass bands. That j Hastings
was the appropriate place for the lo
cating of the asylum is conceded by
all in point of merit, considering her
magnificent site, her fertile" soil', ex
cellent water power, her pleasant sur
roundings, and her easy access to St.
Paul and Minneapolis. The men com
prising the commission are to be con-
gratulated, and it will ever be to the
credit of Minnesota that the asylum
was located In the beautiful city of
The selection of Hastings as -the site
for the hospital was satisfactory to
the people of St. Paul. A number of
them, seen after the announcement of
the result was made, expressed them
selves a3 follows:
T. L. Schurmeier— l am well satisfied
with the location and believe Hastings
Is, all circumstances being considered,
the best place for the asylum.
Dr. C. A. Wheaton— am glad to
know that Hastings won the hospital,
for it Is a good point, and its business
Influence will be ln favor of St. Paul.
I think, however, that it would have
been fortunate had it been located in
the midway district, for the Twin
Cities are the center of professional
interest, to far as medicine is con-
cerned in the state, and the hospital
would have been invaluable from a
clinical standpoint. Still" I am glad
that Hastings got the hospital
! Dr. J. W. Thompson— The fact of the
hospital being located at Hastings
gives this city a decided advantage.
Hastings is a fine point, from a health
standpoint; in fact, a better location
would be very hard to find. The selec
tion Is a wise one, which time will
more fully demonstrate, than It ap
pears now.
B. H. Evans, of Schuneman & Evans
.—lt is a good thing for this city, and
I, for one, am glad Hastings got the
Henry E. Wedelataedt— The location
is fortunate for both St. Paul and
Hastings. The asylum is a good thing
for everybody seems to have wanted
It, and I am glad that Hastings won.
Joseph ' Elsinger— l am pleased to
know of anything which Is a benefit
directly or indirectly to St. Paul, and
the new asylum at Hastings will help
this city. Hastings is to be congrat
ulated on her success. .'■ ,-y ';"•'...
William Bannon, of Bannon & Co.—
I have been so occupied with business
that I have. not followed this matter,
but I am pleased to hear of the good
fortune of Hastings. It will, I have
no doubt, prove a benefit to St. Paul
In a business" way. y -:*' y-
Decision in the Lawsuit Over the
Fayerweather Estate.
1 NEW YORK, Dec. 18.— general
term of the supreme court has affirmed
the. decision of Judge "Truax :In the
Fayerweather will case, in favor of
the five plain colleges and against
the executors of D. B. Fayerweather,
the costs to be paid 'out of the es
t?!e* „ 'V Vv v .' ""': .
~V' r<#- '-.'=<•-: ■ Vy.Vfy
.. ..a' ■ t > . "t" "i
w -'yy < ':
": 10. "V
Officers Chosen to Boom the State
and Convention Ad-
Special to the Globe.
ABERDEEN, S. D., Dec. 18.— Com-
mitteemen Bebe, of Ipswich, and
Narregang of Aberdeen, representing'
South Dakotas interest in the immi
gration organization effected in St.
Paul recently, had a meeting here
today for a state convention which
will probably either be held in Hu-
ron or Mitchell between Jan. 10 and
15. Secretary of State Thorson, of
Pierre, and A. E. Johnson, of Ar
mour, were added to the advisory
committee. Capt. Arnold, of Ipswich,
started for Chicago tonight to con-
sult railway managers and interest
them in the movement. '-"'!■
Arguments in the Mendenhall
Case Begin Today.
Special to the Globe.
DULUTH, Minn., Dec. 18.— Plaint-*
iff's rebuttal testimony in the Menden-'
hall divorce suit was all in this after- *
noon and court adjourned until tomor-
row, when the arguments will be made. :
Mrs. Mendenhall's testimony flatly;
contradicted that of her husband, her
son Watson and her old friends, Mrs. '
W. S. Woodbridge, who has known
the Mendenhall family twenty-five j
years. Some of trie testimony .is so'
positive- and unreconcilable that the ;
only • inference is that somebody has
either lied or been dreaming. Mrs. ji
Mendenhall said she forbade Mrs. ;:
Woodbridge to call on Miss Hardy and
tell her the feelings of the former to-
ward her and when she found It out
she accused her old friend of being
a traitor. J. L. ' Washburn, attorney
for Mrs. Mendenhall, also went on the
stand to explain why he had paid $500
to get Anna Johnson, .. who testified to
acts between Mr. Mendenhall and Miss
Hardy, within the jurisdiction of the
court. He said he simply submitted
to blackmail because he could not heip
himself. This is the most remarkable
divorce suit ever tried in Duluth. The
Mendenhalls have two sons, Watson'
who sides with his father, and Austin,
who has sat by his mother through
the trial. Feeling Is Intensely bitter
between two divisions of the- family.
Mrs. Mendenhall is very ill and was
hardly able to remain in court today.
Answer . to the Ottawa Govern-
meat Will Be Plain and Blunt.,
Special to the Globe. V V
WINNIPEG, Man., Dec. Attor
ney General Slfton returned today
from the East, where he had a con-;
sultation with Laurier and other Lib-
eral leaders on the school question.
Mr. Sifton said the local cabinet will
meet Friday and complete Its an-
swer to the Ottawa government's com-
munication of July last. The docu
ment, will probably be forwarded Sat-
urday. While the attorney general
could not tell the exact wording of the
reply, he Intimated It would be to the
effect that Manitobans would not re-
vert to the separate school system and
were not aware that anything less
than the state of things which exist-
ed prior to 1890 would satisfy the Ro-
man Catholc minority. It was not for
the Manitoba government to propose
any compromise. They were willing, ;
however, to negotiate with the minor-'
ity through a commission as to what
amendments to the present school law
would be acceptable to them.
Work of the North Dakota Immi
gration Convention. Ended, y
FARGO, N. D., Dec. 18.— The work
of the first great immigration conven
tion of the state of North Dakota was
completed today and the convention
adjourned after the election of officers.
and the adoption of a set of resolu
tions. The report of the committee
on permanent organization was as fol-
lows: '::-', ■■". ' • :
Your committee recommend as offi
cers of the association a president, vice
I president, secretary and treasurer, ex
! ecutive committee, consisting of one
man from each judicial district, of
which the president and secretary
I shall be members ex-officlo; board of
I directors, consisting of one man for
J each county in the state. We would
suggest the following officers: Presi-
dent. I. P. Baker, of Burleigh; vice
president, G. B. Clfford, of Grand
Forks ; secretary, JA B. Power, of Rich-
land; treasurer, A. 0. Whipple, of Ram-
sey. We would suggest that the secre
tary be the executive officer of the as
l sociatlon. We would further recom-
I mend that the delegates present from'
the respective counties each name one
I man to rpresent their county upon the
I board of directors and in counties
where there is no representation, that
the president of this convention" ap-
point residents to fill vacancies. We
further recommend that members of
the board/ of directors In each judicial
district elect one of their number to
the executive committee- the executive
committee be empowered to formulate
rules and by-laws for the government
Of the association, and we further rec
ommend that each county in the state
organize an auxiliary association, and
that said organization be left to the
discretion of the directory elect of said
The committee on resolutions report-
ed the following:
The people of North Dakota, assem-
bled from all parts of the state in con-
vention at Fargo, believing that the
time Is ripe for making known to the
home seeker in the Eastern states and
the Dominion of Canada, as well as to
the same class In the British islands
and Northern Europe, the advantages
our state possesses for them do re-
solve: . . .-■-,.. . ... . ■ -
First— That 'for healthy and Invigor
ating climate our state is unexcelled.
Second— The diversity of "soil; from
the rich and unequaled depth in the
Red river valley to that of the Boiling
prairies of the James and Missouri, "arid,:
the Devil's Lake arid Turtle region of-'
fer a choice location for all branches of
farming and stock raising, as well as
products of the dairy. -
Third)— to honest and' industri-
ous home seeker citizens every county-
In the state will extend a cordial ' wel-'<
come, and no other etnas' need apply. 3
Fourth— has-been demonstrated by.V
scientific analysis at Washington that-1
. ...... ... ~, • *»-._,
the natural grasses of the prairies of
North Dakota possess nearly twice the
amount of albuminoids (which ls tho
flesh-making principles) of Eastern
states; therefore our state is peculiarly
successful in stock-raising.
(Fifth— Another special advantage to
which we call our attention to home
seekers la the cheapness of good agri-
cultural land of North Dakota, result-
ing from large areas still uncultivated.
We believe that nowhere else in the
world can rich land suitable tot farm
; ing be purchased at as low a price as in
this state. > "-'■ • -V
', * Sixth— we request our senators
and representatives In congress to urge
;an appropriation sufficiently large to
! complete the examination of the ar
| tesian basin of the James valley, and
a hydrographlc survey of the rivers
i and lakes in the states.
1 i Seventh— That the chairman and sec
, retary of this convention transcribe a
certified copy of the sixth resolution to
each of the senators and representa
tives ln congress.
t_ Considerable favorable discussion
was brought out by the motion of
Hon. H. S. Oliver, of Ransom county,
•for the executive committee to have
a list of what every section needed in
1 printed . form for Eastern investors.
This was followed by an address by
Freight Agent Moore, of the Northern
» Pacific, on "What That Road Had
'Done for the Development of the
Northwest and North Dakota;" J. E.
I Streeter, of Larlmore, on "Immigra
• tion and the Best Method to Secure
It;" J. E. Phalen, "North Dakota for
.North Dakotans;" Prof. Kaufman, of
' the ' agricultural college, on "Cream-
cries." Just before adjournment a
call was Issued for the organization
of a state business association for
j every town In North Dakota to work
Independently of the Immigration as
' sociation.
'Marshal Thompson Captures Al-
; i leged Cattle Thieves.
Special to the Globe.
| ANOKA, Minn., Dec. 18.— A couple
of alleged cattle thieves, giving names
of Steve Turner and Wally Wyzizski,
were lodged In the county jail at this
place this morning by Marshal Thomp-
son, cf Ramsey county. The Ramsey
authorities will probably take them to
St. Paul today. The marshal has been
following them for a couple of days
and finally located them In the town
of Blame, this county. One of them Is
a pretty tough customer and had to be
jfioned. ;.V-: V;' "< ;
'*"""-... Mortality at Anoka.
Special to the Globe. V..
ANOKA, Minn., Dec. 18.— Moses
Frost, a forty-year resident of Anoka,
died at his heme on the West side
early this morning. He has been ail-
ing for some time. He leaves a wife,
.two daughters and a son. He was
seventy-four years of age. James
Cady, an old and respected resident of
this j place, died last night from the
effects of an ' apoplectic stroke. -He
was seventy-eight years of age.
Decided to Sell.
BRAINERD, Minn., Dec. 18.— spe
cial election was i held here yesterday
to: decide the question of disposing of
the, city's electric lighting plant to
Messrs. Parker and Gibson, in accord-
ance with their offer to buy, made to j
the council • some weeks ago. The elec
tion was a quiet" one, * only 900 votes
being cast, giving a majority 'in favor
of the proposition to sell of 580 votes""'
An ew. power house will ■be erected
and other improvements made at once,
and the entire plant remodeled to
make it first-class in every way.
A Loss to Winona.
Special to the Globe.
WINONA," Minn., Dec. 18.— E. A.
Gerdtzen* aged about seventy-three
years, died in this city at 10:30 o'clock
- this morning. He has been an old set-
tler In this part of the country, and
was much esteemed. He moved to this
city in 1856 from a. place in Wisconsin.
He 'was born at Hamburg, Germany.
j In 1863 he was admitted to the bar of
• this state, but of late years has re-
tired 'from active practice. His loss
will be mourned by many friends.
Great Enthusiasm in Crespo's Re-
,: NEW YORK, Dec. 18.— A dispatch
to the World from Caracas, Venezu
ela, says: The news of the Cleveland
trinemessage, uncompromisingly up-
ing Venezuela and the Monroe doc-
trine, created the wildest joy and
enthusiasm in this capital. It has
produced new confidence in the fut
ure of the country and .acts like
teiagic on business activity and en-
terprise. The Venezuelan foreign
office declares that it will sustain the
dignity and sovereignty of the repub
lic by force if necessary. One hun-
dred and fifty thousand soldiers can
be put into the field. The govern-
ment declines to speak officially in
regard to the Yuruan incident, but
the World correspondent is assured
that it will refuse to concede the in-
demnity of $60,000 recently demanded
' by Great Britain. ' .'
• It is reported that English warships
are on their way here. The arrival of
the American* naval squadron is anx
iously awaited. The Venezuelan press
calls upori the ' people "to show their
patriotism on this great occasion and
their gratitude towards the whole re-
public of the North, which has proved
• in the supreme crisis its staunch al
liance to the principles laid down by
its most' advanced statesmen in the
early years of its history. The press
! also urged upon the people the duty of
prepartirig at once for war with all
their energy. ; VV--
;. Englishmen, resident In Caracas be-
tray their uneasiness, but express the
hope that there wil be la peaceful so-
I lution of the difficulty.
:i Tonight Caracas Is crazy with patri-
otic enthusiasm. Pictures of ex-Presi-
dent Monroe are displayed everywhere
and the statue of Washington has been
decorated with American flags and
■ floral wreaths. A grand mass meeting
was held in the public plaza, at which
ringing speeches were made. The
American minister was afterwards ser
enaded. * A grand ball In celebration
Of the event which now absorbs the
thoughts of Venezuelans will be he"?;
Jan. lat the Union club. . .'„■ _
The minister of foreign affairs called
, formally at the American legation to
-day and expressed to Minister Hazel-
ton the thanks of President Crespo.
yi ■■ ■ . .
Americans Mnst Be Cnrefnl Not to.
j Americans Mnst Be Careful Not to
.•• Carry Arms.
i 'BOSTON, Mass., Dec. 18.— George Os
' gbrne Grant, secretary pro tern of the
I "Guiana organization known as Union
'j3e Loyale la :Guayane Brltannique'
SOuth Amerlcique, today issued a no-:
tlce cautioning all ship owners- In
Boston against contracting to convey
ammunitions of war to Venezuela," with
' the intimation that any ship doing so,
j If "discovered, will be prosecuted to the
■ full extent of international Jaw. i ---•
\ >t % _
If Britain Re-establish Friendly
Relations They May Settle
Without Our Intervention.
WASHINTON, Dec. 18.— President
WASHINTON, Dec. 18— President
Cleveland had many callers today,
mostly senators and representatives,
who came to congratulate him on the
attitude assumed in his message.
i The telegrams, which began to come
in yesterday, commending his course
were supplemented today by letters
through the mails. Secretary Olney
also had his share of callers. Al-
though there was no suggestion of
any abatement of our claims— and,
indeed, it is generally recognized
that by announcing his determina
tion to hold Great Britain outside the
boundary to be defined by our own
commission the president has left no
avenue for retreat it is still confi
dently believed here that the diffi
culty can and will be settled peacea
bly, and with honor to all parties
concerned. This belief is based on
the expectation that Great Britain,
as Lord Salisbury indicated in his
last note, will re-establish diplomatic
relations with Venezuela. As the
revolution in that country has been
quelled and the international peace
Lord Salisbury demanded as a con-
dition to a resumption of Venezuelan
negotiations is restored, he will treat
'the subject,- it is believed, and as he
practically promises in his note, in a
more compliant spirit than the Brit-
I ish government has exhibited here
| tofore in the negotiations, and thus
j speedily reach an arrangement sat
i isfactory to Great Britain and Ve
| nezuela, and so, as a natural result,
acceptable to the United States.- In
this way Great Britain would avoid
any concessions of the right of a
third party to interpose, and like-
wise escape an admission of the ac-
ceptability or applicability of the
Monroe doctrine. It is entirely prob-
able that Great Britain will abstain
from presenting any evidence in sup-
port of her title to the commission,
■ for by doing so would admit our
right to interpose, so that the com-
mission's report is likely ,to fall sub-
ject to the criticism that Lord Salis-
bury applied to Secretary Olney's
statement, namely, that it is ex parte
and based entirely on the Venezuelan
One source of present danger .which
gives some apprehension to the ele
ment that looks for a peaceful solu
tion of the problem, lies with the
Venezuelans themselves, as it is
feared that, carried away by their
enthusiasm, they may be led to at-
tack the' British outposts on the
Uruan. Lord Salisbury's responses
to Secretary Olney's arguments are
not regarded in official circles in
Washington as being weighty or log-
ically strong. The parallel he seeks
to draw between the Alaskan boun
dary question and the Venezuelan
boundary controversy utterly fails,
it is said, when viewed in the light of
the definition of the Alaskan boun
dary given in the Russian treaty of
cession. As for his objection to the
injection of the Monroe doctrine into
international law and the making of
new international tew by the United
States, it "is recalled that interna
tional law, as Speaker Reed once re-
marked of parliamentary law, "is not
an exact science;" that it is made and
amended from time to time by na
tions able to support their views; and
that the United States has as sound
a right to apply this doctrine to
American affairs as had some of the
European powers, by combination,
to regulate affairs in Europe and
force their views upon Oriental na
tions. It is improbable that Secre
tary Olney will make a response to
Lord Salisbury's notes at this time
beyond a mere formal acknowledg
ment of their receipt, and the presi-
dent probably will await the action
of. congress upon his suggestion
looking to a commission before pro-
ceeding further with the negotia
As the North Atlantic squadron
corresponds to the British channel
squadron in being charged with the
defense of our most important coast
line, it may be that the authorities
will take the view that prudence
would seem to necessitate the aban
donment of the proposed evolution
cruise, which would take the ships
away from home and leave the coast
defenseless, and also would cut them
off from their base of supplies in the
event of trouble, the principal coal
ports in the waters where the drills
were to have taken . place being in
British hands. The plans for the
squadron, however, will not be fixed
until Secretary Herbert returns to
Washington. The armored cruiser
Maine was today attached to the
North Atlantic squadron.
The message of President Cleveland
was prepared with remarkable rapid-
ity, considering the length of the doc-
ument and the Importance of the sub-,
ject treated. The president wrote
every line of it without having re-
course to dictation. ' Returning . to
Washington Sunday afternoon, he had
a conference with Secretary Olney and
Secretary Lamont that night, and
then, sitting down .to his desk, he
worked unremittingly until nearly 4
o'clock Monday morning. The result
was fifteen pages of manuscript In the
president's peculiarly small hand, and
It was all printed before 11 o'clock that
same -morning. --'-- - - .-.---• - :-
I Members of the- house - today fell at
once. Into "the discussion of the mes-
sage, Which was the topic foremost
throughout the city. One point of ihe-
I 4- ' ' w-'i-- ■ ;;...
message upon which dissent was heard
was its recommendation that the com-
mission should be' appointed by the
executive, several members thinking
that congress should have a voice in
the selection of the men to Investigate
the boundary problem. But on this
point also there was a division, other
Republicans saying that it would be
more advisable to permit the admin-
istration to bear all the responsibility
for carrying its policy Into effect.
Moreover, the' feeling of responsibility
and appreciation of the weight of the
Interests involved was not . lacking
among both parties, and tended to act
as a brake against any hasty action.
There were not lacking members of
the house willing to serve upon the
projected commission, and there was
also a prevalent idea that the commis
sion would go to Venezuela to prose-
cute its inquiry. The president did
not suggest the necessity of such a
trip, and some of the foremost lawyers
of* the house said 10 was no more neces
sary than for a court to personally In-
spect real estate to pass upon Its title.
Ship-Builder Cramp Speaks of Our
NEW YORK, Dec. 18.— A local pa-
per prints an interview in Washing-
ton with Charles H. Cramp, the head
of the Philadelphia shipbuilding firm,
on the subject of possible war with
England. He does not think there will
be an immediate order for new yes-
sels, for he says these ordered now
would hardly be available, if needed
soon, as It takes at least two years to
build a battleship. He said:
"The president's message Is just so
strong as It represents the national
strength on the sea. Without a single
battleship, It would be weak and be-
neath notice; with one such vessel It
would demand some attention; and so
on as the number increased, until. If
backed up by twenty. It would be un-
answerable. Now, what Is the United
States strength as to battleships?
There are available, or will be ln a
few months, four of the first-class, the
Indiana, Massachusetts, lowa and Ore-
gon. Then there are the Texas and
the Maine, of the second class, the
i Monterey, which has demonstrated her
I ability to go on sea cruises; the Mlan-
tonomoh, which ls smaller than the
Monterey, and the Amphitrlte, of the
Monitor class, and ■ the Terror, the
Puritan and Monadnock. With this
showing it can be seen what strength
the president's message has."
When asked how long it would take
to transform the four ocean grey-
hounds to war vessels, as stipulated
in the mail contracts, Mr. Cramp said
they could be made ready in a couple
of weeks, but that he did not think
they would be of much use In a naval
battle, but would be of service as
commerce destroyers. The Cramps
have .now In their yards the Massa
chusetts, first-class battleship, which
was reported to the navy yard on
Dec. 1 as 95 per cent near completion,
so It will not take long to finish her;
the lowa, a first-class battleship, re-
ported as 50 per cent near completion,
and the Brooklyn, an armored cruiser,
64 per cent completion.
One That Has' Been Proved by
' Usage to Be a Desirable One.
- BOSTON, Mass.. Dec. 18.— J. H. Beale
Jr., professor of intenational law at
Harvard, says it is erroneous to' believe
the president's assertions in the Yen-
ezuelan question are justified by in-
ternational law. They are merely an
affirmation of a national policy, but
one which has proved by usage to be a
sound and desirable on?.
"As to the enforcement of the doct
rine by this government, 'by by every
means in its power,'" Prof. Beale
says: "force is the only tribunal which
can pass on the question, it being that
no principle of international law Is in-
volved." .
Prof. Beale referred to the fact that
the Monroe doctrine, adopted .by this
country at the suggestion of England,
to thwart the designs of th? "Holy Al
liance," pleased England then, but In
the present case the boot appears to be
on the other leg. When asked to cite
a precedent, If any existed, for. Presi-
dent Cleveland's action, Prof. Beale
referred to the controversy between
this - government and France over the
occupation of Mexico by Maximlllian s
army, In which the principle involved
was the same as now, though the cause
of the dispute was different. France
insisted that her course was . directed
by no desire to acquire territory by
conquest, but by a purpose ' to redress
wrongs. . Secretary Seward insisted on
the enforcement of the Monroe doct
rine, with the result that France with-
drew her army. . . ■-,
He Says President Cleveland Has
Been HI- Advised.
NEW HAVEN, Conn., Dec. 18.— Prof.
Thomas Woolsey, who holds the chair
of international law in the Yale law
school, speaking today of the presi-
dent's message on the Venezuela dis
pute, said:
"The president has been 111-advised.
When he says that the dispute be-
tween Great Britain and Venezuela Is
dangerous to our national safety, he
says that which everybody knows to
be ridiculous. The president empha-
sizes unduly a single phase of the
Monroe doctrine, without taking Into
account the special circumstances
which the Monroe dostrine was in-
tended to meet. In the whole matter
the Monroe doctrine should be kept
out of sight as inapplicable, and the
question should be argued on grounds
of national policy. The president finds
his offer of arbitration declined. He
now announces himself as a mediator.
But the mediator known to interna
tional law' must be accepted by both
parties, who are also both free to re-
ject his decision. In this case neither
party made the president a mediator,
and he announces his Intention to en-
force a decision. He Is, therefore, not
a mediator, but- a dictator. Compul
sory mediation in this case is as much
out of place as would have been a sim-
ilar proposition ln our northwest and
northeast boundary disputes."
Prof. Woolsey said' he regarded
England's refusal of arbitration in
" the riiatter as a mistake. Referring
conversationally to the president's
message, he said: "The president has
gone gunning without taking, out a
gun Lyonaise."
He Likes the Stand That Cleve-
.. '. land Has Taken.
CLEVELAND,. 0., Dec. 18.— T. De-
Witt Talmage, "who la here' ion a
lecture tour, said today concerning the
president's message: :'"Z'Z\
"I am indeed glad that President
Cleveland has taken this stand. If
this matter had been allowed to run
on for some time, two or three differ-
ent opinions would have become a3
generally prevalent among as many
classes of people, and there Is no pre-
dieting what the outcome mignt have
been; but, now that the firm stand has
been taken, foreign nations will leain
that they are obliged to respect us
and will act : accordingly. Anjway,
this Is too late In the history of the
world for the Christian nations to act
as belligerents, and you may depend
upon It that we will never become in-
volved Iri trouble with Great Britain I
. serious enough to warrant it." ' J
Mr. Chandler Proposes an Appro-
priation of $100,000,000 for
Defensive Purposes.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 18.— Today's
session of the house did not last an
hour, but it sufficed for the passage
of a bill authorizing the president to
appoint a commission to investigate
the Venezuelan boundary, and ap
propriate $100,000 for the expenses of
the commission. The bill, which car-
ries into effect the recommendations
of the president's message, was pre-
pared by Mr. Hitt (Rep., 111.) this
morning, and met the approval of
Speaker Reed. Although several
Republican leaders expressed them-
selves in conversation as favoring
the reference of the message to the
committee on foreign affairs for a
report, Mr. Boutelle, of Maine, was
the only one who voiced the view on
the floor. Speeches for the bill were
made by Mr. Hitt and Mr. Crisp, and
attempted by other members, who
could not secure recognition. There
was no vote against it and considera
ble applause was given to the patri-
otic references in the speeches. The
house decided to have its holiday re-
cess extend from Friday, Dec. 20,
to Friday, Jan. 3, a vacation of two
weeks. There will be but one more
session before the holidays, that on
Friday next, when Speaker Reed will
defy superstition and announce the
house committees.
Mr. Hitt (Rep., 111.) rose in the
house as soon as it had been called
to order and asked for unanimous
consent for the consideration of his
bill to empower the president to ap-
point a commission to consider the
Venezuelan boundary question, and
to appropriate $100,000 for the ex-
penses thereof. The text of the bill
"Be It enacted by the senate and the
house of representatives of the United
States of America, in congress assem-
bled, that the sum of $100,000, or so
much thereof as may be necessary, be
appropriated,, and the same Is hereby
= appropriated, for the expenses of a
commission .to-be appointed, by the
-president to investigate . and report
upon the true divisional- line between
the republic of Venezuela and British
A scene of considerable excitement
followed the request of Mr. Hitt for
unanimous consent to consider the
bill, which had been read by the clerk
and loudly applauded.
Mr. Boutelle (Rep., Me.) was on his
feet in the aisle in front of Mr. Hitt.
He prefaced his remarks by the
statement that he disliked to object
to the consideration of such a bill,
"but," he said, "it seems that this
subject is one of such serious im
portance that the house of repre
sentatives should proceed in a decor-
ous manner to consider it. The presi-
dent's message was read but yester-
day, and it seems to me that the gen-
tlemen may not be ready to pass on
a matter of this importance without
Cries of "Ready! Ready!" from the
Republican side interupted Mr. Bou-
telle, but he proceeded, urging that
the matter was one which affected
the two great English nations of the
world. Said he: "I have been ac-
cused of being a Jingo, whatever that
may mean. I hope that no one in
that part of the country where I am
known would believe that I would
hesitate in my support, if the honor,
dignity or safety of the country re-
quired to take up arms against any
or all nations of the world. But tha
press shows the country to be in a
state of feverish excitement. It
seems that we ought to give this mat-
ter as much consideration as we
would give to an appropriation of a
few thousand dollars."
Mr. Boutelle then referred to the
"president's message as an "extraor
dinary one" and went on: "It seems
that we should send it to the com
mittee to be calmly considered, this
great question and the message in
which the executive himself, for the
first time in the history of our cor
respondence, has outlined the possi
bilities of war between the two great
Anglo-Saxon nations of the world."
The Speaker— the gentleman
object? J ,
Mr. Boutelle said that he had
merely suggested a hope that the bill
go to the committee. •
Mr. Hitt announced that he only
desired to say a word concerning tho
bill and Its purpose. He would do
so, he said, without mentioning this
side or that side, for he hoped there
would be no two sides when it came
to a question like this. Aside from
its general discussion of matters of
national policy and interests, there
was a request made by the president
for help from the house to enable him
to exercise his executive functions.
"The first thing for us to remembei
as patriots." said Mr. Hitt. "is that tha
success of our country depends upon
our maintaining a united front-thai
our government should speak for all
the people of the United States. The
suggestion of the president was for a
judicial Investigation. He was sure
it was made In the proper spirit, and
the occasion required that the country
should act' as one man. ..:. "-,:.-'
"In such a time the executive is
hampered -by every ; criticism that
comes from our own country. It
would be urged by the British press
that the president was not backed up
by his country, but only by his own
party. We have had a long time to
consider the' Monroe doctrine. We
Continued on Fourth Page.

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