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FOR THE TOILERS.
fllE EXPERIMENT OF A PIIILAX rftROPIC EMPLOYER IX MIS SOURI. THE VILLAGE OF LECLAIRE, WHERE THEORIES REGARDING CAPITAL AND LABOR ARE BEING APPLIED. AX INTERESTING ENTERPRISE, Which In Being Closely Watched by Students of the Social ' Problem. Special Correspondence of the Globe. ST. LOUIS. Dec. 20.— Eighteen miles from the city of St. Louis on the line of the Wabash and the "Clover Leaf" railroads is the town of Edwardsville, the busy: center of a prosperous agricultural country. Just outside the town limits of Ed wardsville, in what is known as Leclaire village, an experiment is be ing tried— one of the many experi ments continually being made with a view to improving the relations of the workingman. The experimenter at Leclaire is N. O. Nelson, a pros perous St. Louis manufacturer. Mr. Nelson is an enthusiastic student Of labor problems. Nine years ago he attempted to solve one of them by establishing a system of profit sharing in his factories. Most of the employes of the corporation of which Mr. Nelson is the moving spirit, are shareholders, and they divide with their employer the profits of each year's work. Four years after the adoption of profit sharing in his establishment, Mr. Nelson began the execution of his idea for the estab lishment of a community in which his employes could live more com fortably than in the crowded city, and in which they could be encour aged to become the owners of their homes. A MODEL TOW Mr. Nelson's first step was to buy El farm of 125 acres. It was located just outside the town of Edwards ville, so there should be no com pulsion about living there. The work men in the shops may, and, in fact, most of them do, live in the town. It was located beside the railroad track for convenience in shipping goods. It was situated between groves of thick, green woods, and two well-filled ponds guarantee a supply of water for the boilers. On this tract of land Mr. Nelson began the erection of workshops, moving his business gradually from St. Louis to Leclaire. About one-half his men are employed now at Leclaire. The place is called Leclaire vil lage, yet it has no government ex cept the laws of Illinois. It has not been incorporated under any munici pal scheme." There is no policeman l WORKIXGMAS'S HOME. to be found anywhere within its lim its, and Mr. Nelson believes neither police nor sheriff will ever be needed. It is, in fact, a community, but since it is styled a village, for the better understanding of those who hear is spoken of as a village I will so call it in this description. Between the Bhops and the community's tract of land is a high hedge fence, which Mr. Nelson regards with peculiar fond ness. It is the dividing line between authority and independence, for the authority of the shops does not exist in any form in the community, and the people of Leclaire, whether they own or rent their houses, are entirely free from restraint at the hands of the company. Through a break in the hedge a cinder drive leads past the village store and the headquarters of the Pastime club to a public parking, which is decorat ed with well-kept beds of flowering and foliage plants. At this parking the road divides. To the right it passes the new school house, a small building of the Grecian type, brilliant In its new coat of yellow paint. To the left the road leads past the club house, which once stood where the school now stands, but which now turns its back on the school build ing. Opposite the club house and be yond it are the dwellings of some of the people of Leclaire. There are others opposite and beyond the school house. On a cross-road which con nects these parallel divisions of the main street are other dwellings. All are of a modest type, built of frame, two stories high, differing one from another in style of architecture. The Jots on which the houses stand are all 100 feet front by 120 to 180 feet deep. The price charged for this land is $2 per front foot for interior and $2.50 per front foot for corner lots, with interest at 6 per cent from 1892. The company, of which Mr. Nelson is the head, builds the houses after plans mutually agreed on and sells houses and lots to employes on monthly installments of $10 to $20 per month. The charge for the houses is the cost of raw material and labor plus the average profit made by the manufacturing busi ness. RULES FOR PAYMENT. The rules as to payments for houses are not iron-bound; nothing about Mr. Nelson's plans is. Mr. Nelson takes a personal interest in each case end adusts the conditions to suit it. For example, there is a neatly kept house in Leclaire occupied by a man who has been out of work for nealy a year. He was disabled shortly after he bought it. He has paid nothing on the house since he met with the accident, and the living ex penses of himself and his family have been paid out of the provident fund of the company. The provident fund and the educa tional fund are two features of Le claire which are worth noticing. The provident fund has been in existence for a number of years. Originally it was a fixed sum, not contributed as are most provideat funds by the THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 22, 1895.— TWENTY-FOUR 'PAGES. workingmen, but given by' the com pany. Lately, however, the prov ident fund has been an indefinite sum, appropriated to relieve the ne cessities of those who are disabled while in the employ of the company or those dependent on them, and to J provide for the widows and the or phans of those who die while in the ! company's employ. The allowance on account of disability is approx imately $5 a week for a grown em ploye, $3 for a minor, $2 for an em ploye's wife or dependent mother, and $1 for each child. The allow ance to the families of deceased em ployes is $4 to a widow, $2 to each child under fourteen, and $2 each to aged and disabled parents. In addi tion to this, medical attendance Is provided in some cases and reasona ble funeral expenses are paid. And all of this expenditure is made under the direction of a committee of em ployes elected by the employes them selves, and Is paid out of the profits of the business. The amount of ex penditures of the provident fund each year is between $1,000 and $2,000. EDUCATIONAL WORK. The educational fund was also a fixed sum at one time, but now there is an endowment of $10,000 of the stock of the company. This educa tional fund is even more .liberally bestowed than the provident fund. To be a beneficiary under the > provi dent fund, a man must have been in the employ of the company for six months. To benefit through his chil dren by the educational fund he need not have been in the employ of the company at all. The little school of Leclaire is open to any children, and already the number coming in from Edwardsville every day to take ad vantage of the opportunities it offers threatens to crowd the building to its limit. FEW RESTRICTIONS. .' The streets of Leclaire have been laid out by the company, and not only the public but the private lawns are kept in flowers by the public gar dener and supplied from the public greenhouse. Cinders cover the well laid roads, and there are plank walks four feet wide as far as the houses extend. Water mains have been laid to all the houses, and running water? the distillation of the steam from the company's shops, is furnished free to all. Electric lights are in all the houses, and the charge for them is 25 cents a month each. . There are few restrictions on the residents of the village. One condi tion of the deed to each lot is that houses must be built thirty feet back from the sidewalk and that they are to be used for dwellings or for educa tional or benevolent purposes only. Not only are the employes of the com pany fre? to live where they please, but those who live in Leclaire are at lib erty to trade in Edwardsville if they choose to do so rather than patronize the village store. But they arc stupid If they do, for the store is organized on the Rochdale co-operative plan. Its shares are owned by the people of Le claire, though the people of Edwards ville are at liberty to subscribe to them, and the profits of the business, after paying a fair interest to the sharehold ers, are distributed among the purchas ers in proportion to what they buy each year. Over the store is the billiard room, and behind it the bowling alley. These were free at first, but when It was found that some were disposed to abuse their privileges there, the Pas time club was organized, and an admis sion fee of 25 cents, with 25 cents dues each month, was agreed on. This money is used, to defray the expenses of the club. The outfit was furnishtd free of cost by the company. THE HOUSE OWNERS. The company* does rent houses tempo rarily, although it prefers in all cases to sell. In fact, If it was willing to rent all that were wanted, a great number of the workingmen would be living in Leclaire. But one of the chief objects of the town is the encouragement of thrift, and house renting is a luxury When house owning is possible to the poor man at least. Besides, the best kept houses in Leclaire are the houses of the property owners. The rented houses have a neglected look. When a man leaves Leclaire, the company will buy his house from him, paying him interest on . the money he has paid on it and charging him a fair rent for the use of it. Rents in Leclaire range from $6 to $12 a month. In spite of thfse inducements less than fifteen men have bought homes in Leclaire, though there are 200 men now working in the shops of the village. A dozen men live at th?. club house, not on the co-operative plan, but as patrons of a caterer. Mr. Nelson says that he Is satisfied with what has been accom plished. He does not expect to maK? a revolution in one year or many. He believes that his scheme has made some men happier and more prosper ous and that it will help others. The success of his experiment is being watched by many who have made a study of social problems. Among these are Dr. E. E. Hale and Prof. John Fiske, who have visited Leclaire and delivered lectures In the course which Is held in the school house every winter. —George Grantham Bain. LOCAL LABOR NEWS. Brief Review of the Doings of the Week. The complete harmony with which the delegates to the Trades and Labor assembly have been working for some time past has made It possible to con sider a number of important public questions ln conection with the regular routine work. This was evidenced at the special meeting of the assembly- Monday evening. The proceedings of the Parker retrenchment committee have been carefully watched by the members, and in the discussion of the report the members were of the opin ion that an attempt would be made to cut the salaries of the street laborers, firemen and policemen. This the as sembly proposes to fight, and Ed Chris topherson, Harry Franklin, J. F. Kriegfr, Ernest Seidlltz, Frank Pam pusclti and the president were appointed a committee to take whatever steps were found necessary to maintain the wages of these servants of the city. * * • The question of municipal street lighting was then taken up, and after considerable discussion a committee consisting of E. B. Lott, F. Pampusch, H. W. Dennett, A. Gerber and Samuel Brant was appointed to investigate the question and report to the assembly. * * * Considerable attention was then paid to the late Sutton decision by the su preme court, particularly in view of the fact that it is supposed to cover the case of Deputy Labor Commissioner Jones. Commissioner Powers, it was understood, had requested Mr. Jones to close up his reports. This is taken as an indication that Mr. Jones will vacate the office shortly, and the as sembly has recommended to the gov ernor the names of E. R. Cobb, of Du luth, and J. F. McAuley, of St. Cloud, as suitable and competent men to fill the position. Laboring men generally are opposed to Jones from the fact that, they claim, he fought every proposi tion Introduced in their favor at the last session of the legislature, and if he refuses to vacate proceedings will be instituted similar to those Inaugurated in the Sutton case. The committee having the matter in charge is com posed of W. ' E. Noyes, John O'Toole _ and S. P. Rosenqulst. -•> .- - | ... | The meeting of the Typographical union Sunday afternoon , was fairly , well attended, a large number being j desirous of ascertaining just what the employers were going to do with the, proposition of the union for an increase of wages for the book and job men. j The committee having th? matter In charge reported that no agreement could be arrived at, the employers re- : fusing to grant the request or make J any counter proposition. The com- I mittee were given further time, as well as the advantage of discussing the ' question from a more liberal stand- ' point. H. W. Dennett and W. Mont- ; gomery were elected delegates to the Trades and Labor assembly to fill va cancies. The question of discrimina tion In favor of Eastern printers In the government printing office, as an- nounced in these columns last Sun- ' day, came up, and H. W. Dennett, P. : D. Neff and F. H. Friend were appoint ed a committee to investigate and re- ' port at the next regular meeting of the union. ... The executive board of the Typo graphical union met a similar com mittee of employers Tuesday evening, OFFICFJtS MIMVBSOTA STATE FEDERATION OF LAIiOll. M. E. Neary, Vice President Treasurer. but could reach no agreement in re gard to scale matters. The matter will be further considered at the next reg- '. ular meeting of the union. j ... James Maxwell, sergeant-at-arms Typographical Union No. 30, Is reporttd as seriously ill. j The garment workers were out in : force Thursday evening, the occasion I being the regular term election of offi cers. Although the union is composed i exclusively of young ladies, considera- j ble political ability was displayed and ! as a result there were a number of sharp contests for the various offi ces. Officers selected are as follows: President, Miss Katie Manning; vice president, Miss Lizzie McLaughren; recording secretary. Miss Katie Keat ing; financial secretary, Miss Katie Smith; treasurer, Miss Bertha Mar tin; guide, Miss Lizzie Stenzel; guar dian, Miss Una Smith. Miss Katie Keating and Miss Kate Healey were elected delegates to the trades assem bly. The report of the delegates to the state federation of labor was . then read and commented upon, after which amendments to the constitution pro posed by the local convention and re ferred to the local unions, were taken up for consideration. A motion then prevailed to assist financially all mem bers in need of assistance, caused by the recent fire in the establishment of Guiterman Bros. • * * The tin, sheet Iron and cornice work ers have received a proposition from international headquarters whereby the union can reinstate all suspended members at a nominal cost, and will consider same at the next regular meeting. ... The carpenters transacted routine matters and selected the following of ficers for the ensuing term at their regular meeting Tuesday evening: President, J. B. Morrison; vice-presi dent, E. G. Lidstrum; recording sec retary, F. B. Hester; financial secre tary, A. J. Metzker; treasurer, N. Johnson; warden, W. Martell; con ductor, E. Dubois; trustee, B. Strums; delegates to Trades and Labor assem bly, J. L. Hughes and J. B. Morrison. ... The entertainment and social dance given under the auspices of A. R. U. No. 214 at Assembly halls Friday even ing was a very pleasant affair and highly aprpeciated by the large num ber ln attendance. Lee Combs, of Min neapolis, and Sylvester Keliher, A. R. U. director of the Northwest, made short addresses, and the Vega quar tette, Miss Chlnstrom and Miss Kern entertained the audience with a num ber of vocal and Instrumental selec tions. At the conclusion of the enter tainment those present enjoyed a short dancing programme. -.-.'..-. ... The joint sections of the socialist labor party have completed arrange ments for holding an entertainment and Christmas tree at Assembly halls Dec. 29. They will have part of the entertainment in the afternoon and other features in the evening. .... The meeting of the Trades and La- bor assembly next Friday evening promises to be ; an unusually Interest ing one and a large number of dele gates will probably be present. A num ber of Important committees will re port. Including those on? free text books? ' municipal street lighting and the committee appointed to oppose re ductions lin i wages of street laborers, firemen and policemen. * * * The retail clerks will elect officers for the coming term at their meeting Thursday evening. - ... The bricklayers' unions of the Twin Cities, through committees, have been considering a proposition looking to a uniform rate of .wages for the ensuing season. The matter came up for final action at 'their regular meeting- Thurs day? evening, and the proposition was unanimously adopted. These confer ences have had the effect of closely cementing the two unions, and they have not only decided to send frater nal delegates to the respective bodies, but are now considering the advisa bility of holding a series of joint, meet ings. A committee has the matter un der advisement and will report at the next regular meeting. * * * Chairman Lotlt, of the assembly com mittee on municipal lighting, has President Secretary. called a meeting of 'the committee for Monday evening at Assembly hall. , - ... j A testimonial benefit will be ten dered Robert C. Groh at Assembly hall I Monday evening by his many friends. The entertainment will consist of vo cal and instrumental selections, as I well as a curtain-raiser by the Modern i Woodmen minstrels. The entertain • ment will be followed by dancing. '■'■"'.* ... I The ' Re.tail Clerks' association will ! meet Thursday evening. instead of i Wednesday, their regular meeting night. •""•.•. :;-•?■ * » * The members of the steam fitters' union 'have been requested to attend a meeting of the union Tuesday even ing, instead of Wednesday, on account of Christmas coming on the latter day. ... The following organizations aire scheduled to meet- at Assembly halls during the week: Scandinavian section S. L. P. Boilermakers' union, bar bers' union, municipal lighting com ; mittee, Groih benefit entertainment, i Tuesday— Plumbers' union, steam fitters' union. Wednesday— meetings. Thursday — Cigar-makers' union, bricklayers' union, Retail Clerks' as sociation. ?■- :'- '. Friday— Trades and Labor assembly. Saturday— lronmoulders' union, bak ers' union, brewery workers* union. GENERAL LABOR NOTES. Items of Interest Clipped From Lending; Trade Journals. The granite cutters of Kansas City won thedr strike. Toledo got three new unions in No vember. The A. R. U. Is organizing the Mex ican Central railroad. The three warring painters' unions of Pittsburg amalgamated. Keir Hardle has gone back to Eng land. He may return soon. Plngree's potato patch plan will be given a trial in Oakland, Cal. The English parliamentary commit tee is working for an eight-hour law for bakers. '.?■?.» .- The San Francisco furniture work ers' union is agitating against Japan ese importations. Armenians employed In a machine shop at Whlttinsville, R. 1., struck for the discharge of Turks. Pennsylvania miners will probably return .to the old system of district , strikes. Bosses won't agree. A co-operative exposition is being held at Preston, England. Only co operative products are shown. The New Orleans Screwmen's asso ciation has given up the fight against the stevedores after a year's tussle, Thomas I. Kidd, of the woodworkers, has been on an organizing tour through Michigan. He was well received. A St. Louis report says the garment workers of that city will join the Unit ed Garment Workers affiliated with the A. F. of L. o,y. . , Oigarmakera will hold a world's con gress at Antwerp, Belgium, next year, one week before the world's labor con gress meets in London. > The Introduction of machinery In a St. Petersburg, Russia, cigarette fac tory led to a riot and the demolition of property. Many arrests were made. James Duncan, secretary of the Gran ite Cutters' National union and second vice president of the American Feder ation of Labor, has left his home in Baltimore for the purpose of visiting Kansas City with the intention ot en THE CHOICEST OF WINES LIQUORS FOR THE HOLIDAYS ARE TO BE HAD AT — MICHAUD BROTHERS! *3 ; I Seventh and Wabasha Streets. CALIFORNIA WINES. Bottle. Claret . 25 Zinfandel .' ' .' .' .' ." .' '.'.'.'. '. '.7.7.7. ..".:! '. 35 j Medoc ....-.-.50 j Grand Yin Cabernet 50 I Hock . .... .25 |Gu'tedel .30 ( Berger 30 Riesling, A ." 35 'Riesling, B .30 Riesling, Cabinet .50 ;Johannesberg 50 'Sauternes ..". .... -.35 'Muscatel .25 Muscatel 35 'Angelica .25 [Angelica .35 1 :Port .. ... .25 Port 35 ! Port 50 Port, AA .75 Port, XXX :............ .85 Port, vintage 1885 ." 85 (Sherry .25 Sherry 35 'Sherry, Extra ...... 50 jTokay .35 ; Tokay .... 50 I Tokay, very old .75 Sweet Catawba :. : " .25 1 Dry Catawba .25 •Madeira ... .50 Burgundy 35 ! Altar Wine ; 25 IMPORTED WINES. Burgundies. " " Bottle. Macon, 1889— Quarts 1.00 Macon, 1889— Pints 55 Beaune? 1889— Quarts 1.20 Beaune, 1889— .65 Pommard. 1889— Quarts 1.40 Pommard, 1889— Pints .75 Volnay, Quarts 1 50 Volnay, 1889— Pints 85 Chambertin, Quarts 2.00. Chambertin, 1889— Pints 1.10 Macon, 1885— Quarts ....1.15 Macon, 1885— ..........'.... 65 i ßeaune, 1885— Quarts 1.40 Beaune, ISBs— Pints .75 Chablis, 1889 Quarts... 1.35 Chablis, 1889 (white?)— Pints 75 V-i ■ Sparkling Burgundy. ; :U - Bottle. Chauvenet, Ultra Sec, ISB9— Quarts $2.50 Chauvenet, Ultra Sec, 1889— Pints 1.35 RHINE WINES. t: . ; P. J. Valckenberg, Worms. -■ f Bottle. ; Laubenheimer — Quarts . . 70 Durkheimer — Quarts ........... 75 Durkheimer — Pints 40 Hockheimer Quarts ....; 1.25 Hockheimer— Pints .......... .. 65 Rudesheimer Berg — Quarts .... 1.30 ; Rudesheimer Berg — Pints .75 [ Liebf raumilch • • Klostergarten — j Quarts 2.25 Quite a reduction is made on any of the above goods by the case. deavorlng to settle disputes of marble ! cutters working on the new post office ! at that place. After leaving Kansas , City Mr. Duncan will visit some of the | more, important marble working cen- < ters in the West. :- v ' | The Lawrence, Mass., iron and brass molders have been successful in their • request for the establishment of $2.50 as the minimum pay per day, and also an advance in the wages of higher priced men. The increase has gone into ef fect. Besides the advance in wages the men have also secured the abolition of piecework and the recognition of their union." -. . ' H. H. Camp, a retired banker of Mil waukee, is interesting himself in the establishment of a loan bureau that J will have for its object the loaning of I money to poor people at a low rate of . interest. Mr. Camp estimates that a , fund of $50,000 will be necessary to carry the project through successfully, and he expresses a willingness to sub scribe liberally to the fund. ? There are still in the United States 599,085,495 acres of public land, of which 313,837,888 acres have been sur veyed. Last year there were 19,04 a en tries of land, amounting to 6,016,685 i acres. • •_ ' :;-__ -' The eight-hour movement in Austra lia was begun by the building trades in | 1873, and it took them three years to win for eight different branches. To day over sixty trades enjoy the eight hour day in that country, or about three-fourths of the laboring popula tion. Since the hours were reduced the number of arrests for intoxication has decreased from 23.17 to 8.3 per thou sand. ?~.'T '• In New York city 8,000 members of small woodworkers* unions have joined the Brotherhood of Carpenters. Omaha C. L. U. and A. R. U. jointly established club rooms. The building trades unions of San Francisco will shortly federate. The New York clothing .contractors who recently signed a contract . with the garment workers' union have vio lated the contract, and 10,000 clothing makers are again on strike. The great shipbuilding strike at Clyde and Belfast has been settled, the masters having agreed - substantially to the demands of the men. . . , '•' Grand Master Workman Sovereign threatens to sue seceding D. A. No. 49 for the property of the assembly, which includes furniture, seal and sev eral thousand dollars. Cincinnati unions have followed the style of the Cleveland unions in re questing the newspapers, minteters.lec turers, and, in fact, everybody, to talk "eight hours." ■-- The Philadelphia district council of textile workers has decided not to per mit more learners for twelve months, owing to the present surplus of weav- St? Louis reporters have formed a union— not a namby-pamby affair, which takes in politicians and' other persons who do not work, but a genu ine labor union. ' ■ The American federation of labor convention adjourned Tuesday after electing John Mcßride and Adolph Strasser as fraternal delegates to the British labor congress. __ __. . D. A. 49, late of the K. of L., has started a radical national organiza tion. The assembly claims a member ship of 7,500, and Is composed of New York Central Labor federation, the Brooklyn Socialist Labor federation, the United Hebrew Trades and the Newark Central Labor federation. i .... The Solid Through Trains Of the Nickel Plate Road, equipped with the most modernly-corcstructed day coaches and luxurious sleeping and dining cars, illuminated throughout with the famous Pintsch gas lights, and colored porters In charge of day coaches, are some of the features of this popular lino that are being recog nized by travelers seeking the lowest rates and fast time. J. Y. Calahan, General Agent, 111 Adams street. Chi- j cago, ill. s Liebfraumllch Klostergarten — Pints ...... 1.25 CLARETS. ChaiTes de Rancourt, ? Bordeaux. These Wines Imported Direct. . . - '. '..<"' Bottle. ' Domaine St. Paul, Bordeaux (di dect importatlon)-#Quarts 60 Domaine St. Paul— '. .30 Doinaine St. Paul— casks of 57 gallons (per gallon) 2.00 Paul Dubois & Co., Bordeaux. St. Julien (direct importation) Quarts ? 75 Medoc Civrac — Quarts 90 Medoc — Pints 50 j Chateau Landon — Quarts 1.10 I Chateau Landon 60 St. Julien— Quarts 1.25 St. Julien— 65 ' I St. Estephe— Quarts 1.40 St. Estephe— Pints .75 St. Emilion— 1.50 ' St. Emilion— ... .80 ' Margaux— Quarts 1.65 Margaux — Pints .85 Pontet-Canet — Quarts 1.75 Pontet-Canet— Pints 90 Chateau Leoville — Quarts 2.00 Chateau Leoville Pints 1.10 Mouton Rothschild Quarts .... 2.25 Mouton Rothschild— Pints 1.25 Chateau Margaux — 2.50 Chateau Margaux — Pints 1.35 Chateau — Quarts 2.75 Chateau Lafite— Pints 1.50 WHITE WINES. Charles de Rancourt, Bordeaux. Bottle. Graves— Quarts $1.10 Graves— Pints 60 Barsac — Quarts 1.25 — Pints 65 Sauternes — Quarts ..' 1.40 Sauternes— Pints " . ........ .75 Haut-Sauternes — Quarts 1.65 Haut-Sauternes— Pints 85 : Chateau Rieussec — 1.75 Chateau Rieussec — 90 Chateau la Tour Blanche — Quarts : ; 2.00 Chateau la Tour Blanche — Pints 1.10 Chateau — Quarts .... ... 2.25 Chateau Yquem — Pints 1.25 CHAMPAGNES. r Bottle. Morizet (our own importation)— ." Quarts ? ....... 2.75 Morizet (our own importation) — Pints -. 1.50 Ernest Irroy, Grand Extra Dry — Quarts 2.75 Ernest Irroy, Grand Extra Dry —Pints ............ 1.50 Pommery Greno — Quarts 3.00 j Pommery Greno — Pints ........ 1.75 Veuve Clicquot— Quarts 3.00 Veuve Clicquot — Pints 1.75 i Moet & Chandon, White Seal- Quarts 2.75 fh/» <sl t /sVVs»/%^<sVsV%^^%%^<» I POCKETS IN SINK, i . The old lady who insisted that she wanted no safer bank for her money than her own stocking is apparently vindicated by the latest novelty in hosiery. It had just been placed on the coun ter when a newspaper woman saw it. It was a pair of black stockings. Nothing strange about that. All modern women wear black hosiery. But these black stockings were like none others ever made. Right on the outside of each stock ing leg near the top was the cutest little pocket woven onto the stocking. Now, very few women have pockets in their dresses: at least, none in their Paris dresses. Only women with tailor-made gowns and black silk stripes down the outside seams of their skirts, like Ada Lewis, ever have enough pockets. But the min ute the woman laid eyes on those stocking with the pockets she knew the reason why and all about it. It didn't take a diagram to explain to her that those pockets were made for valuables. One woman promptly explained that they were intended for women to keep stray diamonds in. She asked: . "What highwayman would ever think of looking there for money, or what pickpocket, even the most ex perienced, would expect to have to pick a pocket in a stocking?" says the New York World. SAFE PLACE FOR JEWELS. The colors in which the stockings with pockets are made lend weight to the idea that hereafter women dressed ! for the evening will not go down to dinner and leave their stray rings and jewels lying around upstairs for sec ond-story burglars, but will sit down . to dinner calm in the consciousness that their jewels are safe in their stocking pockets. ? ?t : V Some of the prettiest of designs are , evening colors— pale pink, cream lav ender and blue. The pockets on these are always of a contrasting color and are elaborately embroidered with silk in floral and vine designs. Around the pocket is another inch-deep row of embroidery. When a woman wears a pair of these and puts on gold garter clasps and fills the two little pockets if H HmH si M Pricr 50 Cents. 1 IILJb M MVj B ! UxinßfAT.iT rsrD akt> t^om- W9 SI V| HUF *• 'I'^litp-^V^ mtNDED F<>r. Cuts, Burns, i'.v.nsr.s «■ MB -^-fr £ np^^?. r X CS -B Colds, Catarrh, Sore Throat, all I W\&[7^(~r ) \ I Pain, Piles and Inflammations. Genuine in oub BOTTLES j| Sf^^Cffl^^^ ?i ONLY, BUFF WRAPPEB3. Ell OUB [J ''^©^^"^^S^^ 1 ira mm jG*9*. MMtOem Moet & Chandon, White Seal- Pints .....; 1.75 G. H. Mumm, Extra Dry— 3.00 G. H. Mumm, Extra Dry— Pts.. 1.75 Heidsleck & Co., Dry Monopole —Quarts . . '.'. '.. .... 3 .00 Heidsleck & Co.", Dry Monopole . Pints ......"........... ..:.... 1.75 Grand Yin dcs Ambassades (our own importation)— Quarts .... 2.00 Grand Yin dcs Ambassades (our own importation) Pints .... 1.15 CORDIALS AND LIQUEURS. "'■■. E. Cusenier. - : ?: ;pS->;yfey- Bottle. Anisette, Extra ? $1.50 Absinthe .'....... ... ..?.'... 1.75 Creme-de-Menthe Glaciale 1.50 Creme-de-Cacao .^..'1.50 Creme-de-Cacao, Extra a la Vanille 1.75 Creme-de-Noyaux .'. 1.50 Orange Curacoa — Quart jugs .... 1.50 Curacoa, Extra Sec 2.25 Kirsch, No. 1.. 1.25 Kirsch, Very Old 1.50 Kirsch, 1875 2.75 Kirsch, 1886 1.75 Kummel, Triple Sec 2.00 Marasquin 1.50 Cherry Brandy 1.60 Marie Brizard & Roger. Bottle. Orange Curacoa — Quart jugs $1.50 Marasquin ■; 1.35 Anisette ?.?...'..? v 1.50 Creme-de-Menthe 1.50 Creme-de-Cacao, a la Vanille.. 1.60 Creme-de-Menthe — .. 1.50 Peppermint 1.50 Benedictine Quarts '. 2.00 Benedictine — Pints 1.10 Chartreuse, green — Quarts .... 2.85 Chartreuse, green — 1.50 Chartreuse, — Quarts .... 2.35 Chartreuse, yellow Pints 1.30 Absinthe, Edouard Pernod Qts. 1.75 Vermouth, Noilly, Pratt & Co.— Quarts ..' 75 Vermouth, Martini Sola & Co., Quarts 75 Vermouth, French — 75 Vermouth, Extra, Italian, Fra telli Cora— Quarts 85 Kummel, Gilka 1.35 Militar Punsch 1.35 Cherry Cordial, Heerings 1.50 Aquavit 1.25 PORTS. Bottle. Cockburn's A— Quarts $1.25 Cockburn's B— Quarts 1.00 Clode & Baker, Oporto. Our Own Importation. No. 3-Quarts Bottle. No. 3— Quarts $1.25 No. s— Quarts 1.50 No. B—Quarts8 — Quarts 1.75 No.' 9— Quarts .' 2.00 Madeira Quarts 1.50 Malaga— Quarts 1.25 with rolls of bills she is altogether tod valuble to lose a limb in a Brooklyn trolley catastrophe. . Naturally the woman who is ac- | customed to carrying her wealth hid-, den In her stocking will at once take j to pockets in her stockings, and the | only marvel is that nobody has ever j thought of the idea before. Although it is too neat an idea to have been born anywhere but in the brain of a ' Connecticut Yankee, at the same time the stockings are stamped "Made in Germany," but the knowing saleswom en say:' "They are from Paris." , There is a belief that only elderly women and emigrants are given to secreting ready cash where they can't get at it without retiring to some se cluded corner. A woman who has been traveling continually declares that she got over being astonished at the num ber of cultivated women who are never sure their money or bills of exchange are safe except when stuffed down in to their stockings. USED BY BUSINESS WOMEN. A very clever business- woman, the financial head and manager of a pub lishing business that clears for its two partners $10,000 each a year, never thinks of trusting all her traveling cash to even the inside pocket in her vest, but makes sure she has a reserve fund pinned inside her stocking. In all the woman's parlors In railroad stations and in the large shops such numbers of women are seen dally tak ing rolls of bills from their hosiery hid ing places that this pocket on the stocking mainifestly fills an ancient want. This pocket comes above and on the outside of the knee. It is just wide enough to hold a good roll of bills or a watch or any small valuables the wearer may want to protect especially. Some of the pockets are five or six inches in depth,;others a little less. The black stockings for street wear have deeper pockets and less elaborate deco rations, and would easily hold a few thousand dollars and a couple of mode rate diamond necklaces. The pockets are ornamented with some droll designs, y The favorites are a primitive likeness of the man in the moon, a very lean looking heart pierced with a sky-blue dart, and the third and most catchy Is woven in imitation of a watch face, on w"hlch the hours are indicated by black numbers. Telephones nnd Trolleys. A telephone circuit is to be construct ed along all the lines of the trolly car system In Hartford, Conn., and Its suburbs, so that the conductors may communicate with -the power house and the car dispatcher in case of accl 19 ITALIAN WINE. Bottle. Chianta Extra— Pints 50 SHERRIES. R. Garcia del Sal to. . . Bottle. Xerez, No. I— Quarts 75 Xerez,. No. 3— Quarts 1.00 Xerez, No. s— Quarts '.. 1.15 Xerez, No. 7 Quarts 1.50 Xerez, No. B Quarts 1.75 Montillo — .75 Cabinet— Quarts 1.00 Amontillado— Quarts 1.25 Run. Eottle. New England Quart bottles ... .75 New England— Full pint flasks.. .45 New England— Full half-pint flasks .25 New England Rum— Gallon .... 2.50 St. Croix— Quart bottles 1.25 St. Croix— pint flasks 65 St. Croix— Full half-pint flasks.. .35 St. Croix (per gallon) 5.00 Martinique Quart 1.25 Martinique Half-pint 35 Martinique, Dcs Lys — Quart 1.50 Jamaica-Quart ...... 1.00 Jamaica, White Ball — Quart 1.25 Jamaica, White Ball — Half-pint .35 Jamaica, Moss Vatted Quart.. 1.50 GINS. '_*' . Bottle. Domestic Tom Gin (per ga110n).. 50 Holland Gin, DeKuyper — Large bottle ............ :.?•. ;.y. :•.': ?: .. 1.25 I Holland Gin, DeKuyper— -Small | bottle ...:}.:. 90 j Holland Gin— Pint flask 50 I Holland Half-pint flask.. .25 Holland Gin (per gallon) 4.00 ' Jockey Club Cognacs. Our Own Importation. ,-;: Bottle. ***— Quart $1.00 V. Quart 1.25 V. S. O.— Quart ..., 1.40 V. S. O. Quart .'. 1.75 Extra, W. V. S. O. P.— Quart.... 2.25 V. Half-pint 35 V. S. Half-pint 40 V. S. O. Half-pint 60 Extra ' W Half-pint.. .75 Paul Dellery. Bottle. G. Moutet, vintage of 1878 (our own importation) Quart $2.25 WHISKIES. Scotch. Bottle. ! Jockey Club Scotch (direct im portation—Quarts $1.40 Jockey Club Scotch (direct im portation) Pint flasks 75 John Barleycorn (direct impor tation) — Quarts 1.00 J John . Barleycorn (direct impor tation) Pint flasks 55 j ; Queen's Liqueur Scotch, 21 years j old (direct importation) 2.00 I A choice variety of the best Do j mestic, Rye and Bourbon Whiskies. i dent or delay. A telephone wire will be ; strung on the trolley poles, and at ev [ cry eighth pole there will be a switch for making connections. Each car will I carry a transmitter. It is expected : that the device will prove of great util i ity and convenience, and will do much to prevent accidents and delays on the I single-track lines that run long dis- I tances into the suburbs. The device is the invention of W. C. Fielding, of Hartford. It ought at least to prove of 1 great service in relieving the minds of the passengers and the strain on the conductor when the power is suddenly shut off and the car halted, and every one wants to know just what the trou ble is. There Is no more exasperating situation of utter helplessness than to be halted in a trolley car a mile or two outside the city line, and not be able to gain the slightest Idea of why the power has been shut off, or when it is likely to be turned on again. Not a few suburbanites have been brought near to insanity of a violent type by just such a situation of trying uncer tainty. ' _, ■ Sure Connection With the pleasant results can al ways be depended on by the "Soo Line," which is offering its route and rates to the holiday trade. CHRISTMAS "PLANTATION SONGfc Christmas day oil soon be here Come along Saint Nicklas— Grandes' time oh all de year Come along Saint Nicklas— Stockin's hangln' on de flue Full ob things so nice an' new, Oh, de dancln' we oil do Come along Saint Nicklas. Take mah settah an' a gun Come along Saint Nicklas— Git up wid de risin' sun Come along Saint Nicklas— See a rabbit er a quail, Squirrel, robin er a rail. Take an aim— l nevah fail Come along Saint Nicklas. I Bush a hangin' full o' gilt Come along Saint Nicklas — Lemonade an" elder split Come along Saint Nicklas— Candy canes a hangin' down, Fruit cake lookln' nice an' brown Chillen runnin' all aroun' j Come along Saint Nicklas. Den beneaf de mlstleto' Come along Saint Nicklas— Kiss Miss Susie er Miss Flo' Come along Saint Nicklas— Den de lancers er a glide, Heel an' toe aroun' wlf pride, See me spin mah future bride, Come along Saint Nicklas. —Henry Llppincott. i " — i