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St. Paul daily globe. [volume] (Saint Paul, Minn.) 1884-1896, December 29, 1895, Image 11

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90059522/1895-12-29/ed-1/seq-11/

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A STARVING RATION
8-!*.;.lo\S OF DOLLAR- KKQI'IRKD
FOR TDK Itl-l-tl-F OF TII3C
AlOirc.\'l--.\S.
YANKEES OF THE ORIENT.
A LOOK AT Till*:**] IV n»XST.-XTIXO
-1*1.!: -- SOMKTHIMi \llOl :
TiiiciJt co. \i..l.
fOXTAIXS T**l- OAKOI'X OF !U)l'\. !
(iiict-r l*t-li;v'miM Su:ter.<«4il ioti„ — Vret
t> K.irls <tl" - ririoiiln—"»lar
t-insrt* (.Usui;*!-..
$*.">■ ial Ccrrtspoiidenoc of ;!;.• 01 ■'■■ .
\\ ASI'UNi;TOX. Dee. Ho.— Millions of
dolhirs wiil be required for the r- Ii- !*
of Aiim.nia. Miss Barton rolls me
that ;H 1,-ast ".iO.OOO of its [i.-ople are !
now in i!,o vei;^e of starvation, and
tliat these will need support for iron,
eight i>- ten months. She dees not j
think a relief expedition should be in:- {
nnd, '.'taken at ;•!! unless §500,000 is eon
tribu-Hd at the start, and she sa\s
that effective work will require an ex- 1
penditure of millions. The Red Cross" [
socieiv lias no funds of its own. It j
has not appealed to the people for
THE AUMEXIA.V PATRIARCH. j
money, uui, ai i in* request 01 me re- :
liginus bodies of the United States, ;
ias merely announced its willingness I
:o distribute such funds as the people
may raise for the purpose. The
.mounts required for such re
lief are enormous. I was in
Russia during the last fam- j
.ne. and the people there ate up be- j
tween two and three million dollars*
worth of food every day. This was !
kept i... for months, and I was told
that the famine had cost very nearly!
half a billion dollars. Tin* private j
lifts of the Russians amounted to $I£o,- \
WO.COO. The government gave nearly i
as much" and the present czar, who i
was then crown prince,", was at th*** j
head of the relief fund. Our gifts to
Russia in food and money amounted |
to less than a million dollars. They;
were merely a chop in the bucket in j
• mparison to what was given by the j
Russians themselves. In Russia il ;
was estimated that one person could I
be fed for five cents a day. It wiil i
probably cost more than this in Ar
menia, as ill •'.' the food will have to
be brought in from Europe. But even j
at five cents a person it will require
.-;:... .< day, or more than half a
million dollars a month for the food
ahme of those who are now starving.
In addition money will be needed for
clothes and shelter during the winter.
The farmers will have to be aided in
planting their crops, and it is hard to
seen how the people can be kept from
now until harvest for less than $5,000,
--000. In this relief every cent will have
to come from the outside, and if the
other nations of Europe do not unite
with us it is doubtful whether enough
funds can be raised to do effective
work. The rich Armenians living out
side of Turkey will probably help, and
considerable aid may be expected from
them.
YANKEES OF THE ORIENT.
The Armenians are the Yankees, of
the orient They are the brightest,
brainiest and smartest of all the people
of Asia Minor. They are superior to
the Jews or Greeks in business. The
Turks say -'-twist a Yankee and you
make a Jew, twist a Jew and you
make an Armenian." The Greeks say
that "one Greek is equal to two Jews,
but that cue Armenian is equal to two
Greeks." Another proverb current in
Turkey is: "From the Greeks of Ath
ens, from the Jews of Salonica, and
from the Armenians everywhere, good
Lord deliver us!" I met the Armen
ians everywhere during my travels in
Asia Minor and I found them acting
at the hi ads of all kinds of businesses, j
There are many rich Armenians in In- j
dia. I traveled with one corning from j
Singapore to Calcutta, who told me he j
was Oil his way back from Hong Kong, j
whore he had gone to sell pearls to j
the Chinese. I i'-mml .the conductors
on the Egyptian railroads to be Ar
menians, and when I traveled over the
transcontinental railway to Paris the
guards on the train and the men who
took up my ticket wcr*-* Armenians
who spoke English and French. There
are hundreds cf thousands of Armen
ians iii Europe. There are a large
number in Persia; and those who live
»ii i,.i'fe:< parts of Turkey are said
to number about one million. There
are a number in Constantinople. They
nia.nairi-* nv*<st of the banking business
of th- Turkish capital and the large
me.-- ■an ill- ps-.tahiishmerts there belong
to th*-*:-!*.. When the riots occurred in
Starabou! a few weeks ago near!*- all
the stoves vera closed, their Armenian
owners fearing they would be tooted
by the mob. When I visited the gov
ernment departments os! the sultan I
found that, though the chief officers
were Turks, the clerks were, in most.
teases, Armenians, and the brightest
man whom 1 met in Turkey was one
THE SAINT PAUL DAILY GLOBE: SUNDAY MOKNING, DECEMBER 29, 1895.---SIXTEEN PAGES.
of the sultan's secretaries, who was of
Armenian birth. He spoke a half dozen j
different languages and was a man of
great influence. There are Armenian
engineers, architects and doctors in j
Constantinople, and when 1 got money
on my letter of credit it was an Ar
menian clerk who figured up the ex
-hang-*", ;'.:i! an Armenian cashier who
handed out the money. The Armenians
•if Armenia proper are almost all farm
ers, and the exorbitant taxes of the
saltan have made the most of them
poor.
ARMENIANS AND PATRIARCH.
I paw a large number of Armenian
_
pilgrnas during one Easter that I
*-;.< i'i at Jerusalem. They had com;;
liV'.i all parts of Asia Minor to praj
at the Church of th Holy Sepulchre.
Th* have a patriarch at Jerusalem
who leads them in these celebrations.
He is .'. tall, thin man with a long
gray beard, and a face not unlike that
of the typical Georgia cracker. He
usually wears a long gown, and has a
liii!- skull cap on tin* crown of his
hi ad. During the Easter celebration
his head was covered with a tiara,
which blazed with diamonds, and his
gown was a gorgeous silk robe, which
was decorated with diamonds. The Ar
menians are, you know. Christians,
and their customs are much like those
of the Greek church. They have mon
asteries and churches scattered
throughout Asia Minor, and they claim
to be the oldest of all Christian peo
ple.
GARDEN OF EDEN.
The Armenians assert that their
country is the- holiest land upon earth.
It lies in Asia Minor, southeast of the |
."Hack sea and between it and Persia.
Mount Ararat is situated in it, not far
from th" locality in which these out
rages are now taking place, and some
of the monasteries claim to have pieces
of the identical ark in which Noah
landed upon this mountain', and there
is a ravine near it which is pointed
out as the site of Noah's vineyard.
The vineyard has a monastery con
nected with it, and the monks show
a withered old vine, which they- as
sert is tin* very one from which was
made the wine which made Noah
drunk. He cursed it after he got over
his spree, and it has borne no grapes
unto this day. Noah's wife is said to
be buried on Mount Ararat, and the
Armenians trace their ancestry back
to Japhet in one long genealogical tree.
They have a tradition that the Garden
cf Eden was located in Armenia. It
was situated almost in the center of
the region where the worst massacres
have occurred, and it is now one of the
' "->* A-t_tKKl.__l MAHJ-RT*. : V
barren parts of the country. The Ar- |
! menians believe that the wdse men of i
I the oast, who followed the star of
Bethlehem to find the young Christ.
came from Armenia, and that the star
first appeared in the heavens not far
from Mount Ararat.
ADAM'S NAILS.
Another curious Armenian tradition
I is as to Adam's fall. According to this,
I when Adam was in the Garden of
! Eden his body was covered with nails
i like those which we have on our fin-
I ger*"- and toes. These nails overlapped
j each other like the scales of a fish,
j thus giving him an invulnerable ar
mor. After the fall the nails all
j dropped off except from the end of his
fingers and toes, where they remain
J to this day to remind man. of his lost
| immortality. The Armenians say that-
i Decorated Silkaline Fans, j $/ $ f^ \ WATCH REPAIRING.
I Decorated Silkaline Fans. j JLf J$ /& f WATCH REPAIRING. j
I This is ati occasion when merchandise of merit can be had for little money. We searched the markets more zeal- ]
1 ously than ever before to secure bargains to eclipse all past efforts here or elsewhere, and that we have f/tscceeded (even
1 beyond our own expectations) will be easily and quickly shown by the following quotations; \
1 NOTE- The values placed on these goods are the regular ev_ry-day selling prices. We do not offend your intelligence by placing fabutous. untruthful worths |
H (as Mcrtti $1.00 for 1 9c), which ofccuitd in "cds. " uow-a-days. Vt'c never misrepresent. 1
I «*^^™^^ a^LE'BEeiNS MONDAY MORNJNG AT e_3o G'&LOCK-'OKe^^^
I ioo pieces All-Silk Pongee, placed on these goods Black Surah Silk, regular selling price 6oc, for yenr Fancy Taffeta Silks, untruthful worths *£ I
<ns vicrih $1.(!0 for 1 _»_), which abound in "cds." now-a-days. We never misrepresent.
BMJE B&mMS MONDAY MORNING AT B_S§ G ? OL®o_i_<^^^ I
.00 pieces All-Silk Pongee, |A § Black Surah Silk, regular selling- price 6oc, for 35c tf Fancy Taffeta Silks, aj
-1 Good quality. For this sale, price only. ™& I ' Black Satin, yarn dyed, regular price 6 5 C, for 39c -^rth^-^i^"^! 1 . "^ . dC " igM! 1
1) T V'U'U it * it nUUH vVti • .uIL jJ] ILL
bil * " - -•* - - rt rr . 11*11 \ ' r r /-_r_ ' - V 1
Iso pieces Plain China Silk, |r Black Taffeta, all silk, regular price 65c, for 39c Brocaded India Silks, , Q I
| * In black and all colors, For this sale, jjjg « Black Brocaded Satin DllcheSSC, Worth $1.00, for 59C X Black and all colors, neat spray design, _JoC I
Kj price only » rC". v » > . X new effects; worth Toe, for m
1 . ':■.... -'.'„"""" « Black Satin Duchesse, regular price 85c, for 59c si Rm^rpd rh-,.-^ihi ( . Tifw_ I
U 50 pieces Japanese Silk, /jj-> « ... J "-"»' 1/ Drocacea cnangeaoie laneta, in m
In black and all colors. Regular value, /yC » Black Rhadame, 24-inch, all Silk, worth 85c, for 59c X The very newest designs and combinations, 4yC 1
ISO,* Sale mice *=<>- **»* «tm 1 t*. . o ... .„..- *~ —>( regular value Si. CO. Sale price SI
we. r .!_ai-, price « Black Princess Satin, 24-inch wide, worth $1.00, 10r... 65c \l _-. _.:,, „ 1
Black Habutai and White Habutai; ja Jn.■ , p ,Ar <? . .-, , ? Fancy Silk Crepes, m,, I
both -7 inches wide. Regular price, 85c. ABC » Black Brocade d Gros Grams, worth $1.00, for 69C g In plain evening shades, fancy stripes and JjUQ 1
Sale price ' 8 Black Arm lire Royal, regular price 81. 00, for , 69c other patterns; worth $1 and $1.25, for I
3 6=inch Black and Cream Habutai, rA » •**>-__■, Cn "flraln cup r pm,lnr nriro ■*•! no for « 50 pieces Fancy Novelty Silks, - ft §
Regular price, SI.OO. 5vC » regular price §1. 00, lor ...AiCft Brocaded and Changeable Taffetas, .stripes gUf |
Sale price W tf Black Moire Antique, 24-inch, worth $1..00, for 75C « and new figured designs; worth 51.25, for |
Brocaded Taffetas, 2fl Black Namesie Gros Grain, 24-inch, worth $1.25, f0r..79c Plain Satin D " che ? sc ' „ ,* n 1
In evenin"- shades only: neat desierns, -IvL >; ,-,!•-. Icr - 1 • r -^Z^sJl Pure silk, all eolers; regular Si. (X) {foods. 81/ i, Ha
Lth6Mor . ...^ *" W § Black J^^J^£^J^g ular P rlce $I^J2l^^' 8 Saleprice .V^ |
nDn^C rO^hQ cA¥ )p | OUTING FLANNEL. 8 1
, „ •; V a ofp i , ,„ m j _s^iS !^:*4 mussed Handkerchiefs. 1
A Phenomenal Drop iv Price to Close Out Four Lots of Dress tt "ohsc to cc sianßurercc. _-iore inv_„t-ry. a m
Goods Before Inventory. This is an Unprecedented Offer, aud the \\ OUTING FLANNEL. s? QQ Lad j es » F j ne Handkerchiefs from OUr Christ- I
L»Kt&s» uuuu_> &a_-c. I ,a*s^*K-j_2: j Mussed Handkerchiefs.
A PhCMom-n-il Drop in Price to Close Out _-onr Lots of Dress ',) nouse to ue siangnterea o-iore tnvc«tory. a
; Goods Before Inventory. This is an Unprecedented Offer, and the 8 The finest qualities made in Ught^ie- Ladies' Fine Handkerchiefs from OUr Christ- 1
Goods Should Not Last Long at Such Prices. » dium and dark styles, for Wrappers, O ' ■ g
! ° • « Night Gowns, etc.; any house ni g mas window display; some are mussed and some I
I One lot of All-Wool Cheviots, j One lot of Fine All-Wool Black -, would ask you 12^ c for them. Qf. X slightly soiled, otherwise perfect. Regular sell- 1
full 48 inches wide; reg- «P ? trench Serge, SO inches wide; \) Our dealing ice * ft . C" J r &"-"-" H
ular selling price 65c. To £JJC i regular selling price rA « Comfortables -- Home-Made, very « ing* prices were lip to 25 cents. "i A |
close out the lot > 85 cents ?7CS< large, filled with pure white batting, » - Monday at o o clock the entire lot goes on ili/^i
I One lot of Fancy Black Dress To close the lot out / handsomely tufted; worth rf»] *n , on our Barmin Table at 11 11 i 1
Goods, in Fancy Soleils, Fancy On. lot Of Fine Silk and Wool g 00 * Our Clearing Price, JI e^ sale on Our bargain 1 able at, lIFWi
Figured Mohairs, Fancy Gran- S Mixtures, beautiful 3 and 4- S) Ca ° 1 >> eacn - |j
I ite Cloths and Fancy /A < tone colorings; regular f"A » Blankets — 200 pairs large /" p « t - - # ■ _ . ? 9
I Serges; a regular 81 g^C ? selling price 75c.' To JlljC « 11-4 Gray Fleeced Blankets, fj^r « Remember, TllCSe Handkerchiefs Are Worth Up tO 25c. |
I quality. To close the lot > close the lot out «/wv « the fsc kind; price, per pair v^V S) ||
I ____™^™~ - -. ™^ ™^ ™^* f^fe ..._ 8 FANCY GOODS DEPARTMENT. S
I .Horse Winter Garments at Your Own Prices g «-*« f_„ ,
I /^Y;^*.i^| ; . P 1 c -_ V x if ?> Blotters, i ~*^^~ •>•*«—^, g
| 4%^f%o*^^X. t*^i*"**lKvtS« V The time has arrived hen Winter Garments must 00. Cur irrevocable policy of not carrying >*, 800 Fancy Cal- ] //^^^ 1
te^'^C V' —^-—rTE^^-s-afc. \* goods from one season to another demands a quick clecring. It's hard to offer our sty.'isb, up=to= X endar Blotters, I '' %j_ j g
JJfcT^^fcMte — r^^-*4 |> X date garments at such ridiculous prices when they will be just as fashionable next season. But our ft ™S n ! a -! priz Zg | 1
|| ,OSS ' S y °? r S^ n " - r0 - tbylt - |jeach, nb ' kf{ I^^^ I
Ilf^ 8 'oss is your gain. BEAVER JACKETS— [25 ALL-WOOL KERSEY JACKETS— X each* ' * >{* ; Mj^^: 1
Ij^r/^^ 55 "^^! \\ 75 ALL=AVOOL BEAVER JACKETS- [25 ALL=WOOL KERSEY JACKETS— j Ulll - v *^^j M^oJ^.:
|^^^^-S_»gia________-_--___-aK-JI A 2B inches long, very large rib/® AA < Extra fine, two-button effect, ripple /fe*d AJ( Handkerchief i •&$&? _I___ ; I
B^-_^^Yl. ■■'. --"^-"T^ X sleeves, deep storm collar. Reg- %«*& ||^.J back and front, faced with satin, col-^ li| >S and Glove Cases, • $&W\ ■' ZfrSrr^r] ' 1
•^*jK^^^^^_______g_i__g^^^\ X ul*i_ Jbw selling price, §7.50. gj^og yf%\ ors blacker blue. Regular low-selling «f| |II i\ Collar and Cuff; ~^Wi j-1 •"■";■ 'V* :^ ! j |
gT~T| R "rarwl « -educed ptcice... ' %j/xJi/\J < price, 515 and SIS. Reduced price. ... KyM-W 0 Boxes. Photo I to |ji's'jLU'^ '.:'■:, | |
ip] SI llf § •«*» LADIES' CLOTH JACKETS— > LADIES' FLANNELETTE WRAPPERS— ji and^ne-day at j -S L^V,'"'-' '"" I
1 /^-^^^-^^^^•^^g^fe*' i! Boucle or Chinchilla, some lined throughout J Made with Watteau back, large g\r\ >S j"^ {$£$& f l tßi' i * al?x< ) m \ 1
|j /^fe-^-*^^-:--^-^---^-- X with silk, others three-quarter /j*.*****? |__/\ ? sailor collar, trimmed with braid. igV/-** <? HALF-PRICE. U -V ■/ „» ,} 1
M .„ TT -^ on a „ 0^„ c-.^„+ „i. 0 faced; all newest styles. Regu- %, / b-.PI > Regular low-selling price, $1.75. *f (/ll , » HeadrpQt, inn q;u, tt„o,i^_ +_.__. 1
m 100 Heavy 76x80 Square Street or X lar low-selling price, l *hl'» and -% fi ail S Reduced price &_-»•» /WW S neac>rests — IQO Silk Headrests, < J** n
I Stable Blankets, woven in fancy AH, ft % ci_ai-iu^- v"cc' ff I •t/.V/-> Reduced price /UV « with Cords and Tassels; regular ]kf I
1 stripes, with double and twisted 9 hPPN'c; 'fiDFTfHFNS is© CHILDREN'S ANGORA FUR SETS- J price2sc,for **^W j
I heavy warp; worth 51.40, for X CHILDREN SGRETCHENS- I* Collar and Muff, silk-lined. This lot _**H S Frames — s °° Celluloid Cabinet-size I
I All the odds and ends in Horse Blan- 5 . Long Cloaks, made with new style fr* gO j must be closed out Monday." Price re- tytiC 8 hoto Fra " ie^ aLso Embossed O/^l
ffl kets of every description to.be closed out Q: ;fi< cape , and full sleeves; sizes 6to 12 $j),yo V duced to " /UV « Frames, with Tassels; worth 5c to -*Cr £
«at '/ 3 off our regular low prices. ft years; worth Reduced price. . < ■" * " ** « 10c; each <»»/V S
t^j__Bg_sPWß»--B-^^ ■_a___B_S^__E_^B|
when God made Adam of clay he had
a little piece left over. He threw this
upon the ground, and as it fell it be
came gold and formed all the gold of
the world. The Armenians believe in"
the Bible and they are naturally a re
ligious people.
LAND OF PRETTY GIRLS.
The condition of the women of Ar
menia is now terrible. They have no
refuge from the Turks, and outrages
of all descriptions are perpetrated,
ending in death. In some the Armen
ian cities during the late massacres the
girls were collected into the churches
and were kept there for days at the
pleasure of the soldiers before they
were killed. One statement describes
how sixty young brides were so treat- ,
Ed, and how the blood ran out under
the church doors at the time of their
murders. These Armenian women are
among the most attractive of the far
east. I saw a number of them during
my trip through Asia Minor. They
have large, dark, luminous eyes, with
long eyelashes, and their complexion i
is that of rich cream. Many of them
have rosy cheeks and luscious red lips.
They are tall and straight, soon be
coming fat after marriage. .They are
very intelligent, and not a few of them j
are married to Turks. These women j
have a dress of their own. They wear I
red fez caps with long tassels, much J
like some of the country girls of Greece j
The richer ladies wear loose jackets, j
lined with fur, and long, plain skirts |
of silk or fine wool. In the province I
of" Van; where some of the outrages'*
have occurred, the girls wear trousers :
under their skirts, which are tied at.
the ankles. Some. have long, sleeveless
jackets, or cloaks, reaching almost to
the feet and open at the sides up to
the waists, and others wear gorgeous
head dresses, covering the front of
their caps with gold coins, which hang
down over their foreheads. Girls often
wear their whole dowry on their per
sons, and in massacres like those which
have occurred rings are torn from the
ears, arms are cut off for bracelets
and many a woman is killed for her
jewelry. The poorer women are hard
workers. Nearly every household has
some kind of labor' by which it adds
to its income. Some of the finest em
broideries we get from Turkey are
made by Armenian women, the best of
work being done, by' hand in hovels.
ARMENIAN HOUSES.
The houses in which the Armenians j
live are different in different coun- I
trie-*. In many of the cities of Turkey j
there is an Armenian quarter, and the
older Armenian houses of Smyrna are
built like forts.' They have no win
dows facing the street, and it has only
been of late years when the people
have considered themselves safe from
religious mobs, such "as have lately oc
curred, that they' ; have built houses
more like the Turks. In Armenia
proper, where the. oil images are going
on, the poorer classes have homes
which would hardly be considered jit
for cows in America. The cow, in
fact, lives with the" family. The
houses are all of 'one -story, and it is
not -uncommon to ta.il d a house against
the side of a hill, in order to save the
making of a back wall. The roofs
are flat, and are often covered with
earth, upon ' whlcfi-* and flowers
grow, upon .which_the sheep some
times are pastured..* floors are
usually sunken beloWjthe level of the
roadway, and the • ordinary window is
of about the size oi^a. port hole. You
go down steps to enter the house, and
you And a cow stable on one side and
on the other the kitchen and private
apartments of the family. Each room
has a stone fire-place, and the cooking
is done with fuel of cow dung mixed
with straw. There are no tables and j
very, few chaiis. The animal heat of
the cattle aid*? the fire in. keeping the
family warm, and all of their living \
arrangements are of the simplest and
cheapest nature.- The houses of the
better class are more and
in the big Turkish' cities some, of the
rich Armenians have beautiful homes.
The Armenian women are good house
kcfcpe.rs. They are- much 'more cleanly
than "the Turks, . and '-yon their hovels
-are 'kept clean. '". '
-'' MARRIAGE CUSTOMS.
.
They have a " better home life than |
the Turks. A man can have but one
wife, but the families of several gen
erations often live, in one house, in
which case the daughter-in-law is, to
a large extent, thftiKrvant of her hus
band's family. £§§*_' has to obey her
father-in-law, ana,; .during the first
days of her man-fed" }Me she is not al
lowed to speak, to hat husband's pa
rents, or any of -the Jfamily who are !
older than herself, unfil her father-in- j
law gives her pei-nj_s_Jbn. Up to this
time she wears a r*?dV*-*ll, as a badge !
of her subjection. ;*J3&IS-hts veil Is often j
kepi on uutil hei^__B__ baby is born, j
Armenian., girls are .married very j
young. l__ov-i! or twelve in eoi)_i_-*,
I ered quite old enough, and women are j
j still young when they have sons aged
twenty. Marriages are arranged by
the parents or by go-betweens. The
usual wedding day is Monday, and on
: the Friday before the marriage the
bride is taken to the bath with great
ceremony. On Saturday she gives a
.big feast to her girl friends. On Sun
day there is a feast for the boys, and
on Monday the wedding takes place.
It usually occurs at the church, where
the priest blesses the ring "and makes
prayers over the wedding garments, j
There are numerous other ceremonies, !
making the wedding last from three !
to eight days. One curious custom is i
j that shortly after her return from the j
j ..church the children present rush to !
pull off the bride's stockings, in which i
I have been hidden some coins of money i
| for the occasion, and another is the i
j placing of a baby boy on the knee of !
the bride, as she sits beside the groom >
I on the divan, with the wish that she !
| may become a happy mother.
MAHOMMEDAN FANATICS RULE. j
The real cause of these outrages is, I
to a large extent, religious fanaticism.' !
The better class of the Turks and the '
more intelligent of the Mahommedans !
would probably stop them if they could. |
The sultan has, J am told, tried to do \
so, but he is afraid of his life. He real- I
izes that if the common people get the
idea that he is false to his religion he |
is almost sure of assassination. The
Inmans and the Sheiks, or. in other I
words, the Mahommedan priests, to a '
large extent, rule Turkey today. They !
are, in most cases, ignorant and intol- j
erant. At the head of them is the I
Sheik-ul Islam, or Grand Mufti. He is \
appointed by the sultan, and the sultan i
cannot kill him so long as he holds his j
1 title, though he can depose him. The !
sultan himself cannot be deposed unless \
the Grand Mufti so decrees. He is a j
sort of a supreme judge in addition to ;
his religious character. Among the j
Mahommedan fanatics there are a large I
number known as dervishes, who roam i
about from country to country inciting j
trouble. They are walking delegates,
as it were, for the killing of Christians! I
They stimulate the religious zeal of the j
people and make violent speeches i
against unbelievers. They fast much I
and they have curious methods of wor- I
ship. One class is known as the wheel
ing dervishes, whom you- may see any
Friday going through their worship in
Constantinople. They dress in long
white robes, fastened at the waist with
black belts, and on their heads they !
wear high sugar-loaf hats. They ring I
the Koran as they whirl about in the |
mosques. As they go on the chief
priest makes prayers. They whirl fast
er and faster, until at last their long
I skirts stand out like those of a ballet
dancer. They become red in the face,
and some finally drop to the ground in
fits.
Another class of these fanatics are
the howlers. There is a great organiza
tion made up of these in Turkey, and |
they have probably been largely con
cerned in inciting feeling ' against the
Armenians. I have visited then
mosques, but I despair of adequately
| describing their religious gymnastics.
! They work themselves Into a frenzy
by gasping and howling out the name I
i of God, and the dervishes of the interior
part of Turkey often take knives and {
: cut themselves and each other in relig- I
ous ecstacy. They go Into epli-tic fit-
and foam at the mouth, and the most
j of them think that the killing of a
I Christian is a sure passport to heaven.
I would say, however, that these people
are the cranks of Mahommedanism, and
| that they are not a fair sample of the
Mahommedan world.
-->:' —Frank .G. Carpenter.
— «*_s-— ; — . * 7-
RELEASIXG RESERVE GOLD.
W. A. Smitli'-M Plan to Retire the
Greenbacks.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.— Represen-
I tative W. A. Smith, of Mchigan, intro
j duced in the house t day a b 11 em
! bracing a new plan to absorb the green-
I backs and treasury notes and release
| in their stead the gold hell by the banks
jas reserve. The bill ha- been -übmit-
I ted to Senator Sherman, Chairman
j Dingley, of the ways and m an.* m
! mittee, and Comptroller E k 1-, Mr.
! Smith says, and has bin a- p oved by
j them. It provides that rational banks
j in the cities of Albany, Ealtim ire, Bos
! ton, Cincinnati, Chicago, CI veland,
J Detroit, Louisville, Milwaukee, New*
j Orleans, New Toi-k, Philadelphia. Pitts
| burg. St. Louis. San Francisco • rid
Washington shall keep on hand in Un t
ed States and treasury notes an amount
equal to at least 25 per c nt of .heir
notes in circulation an! their pests,
and all other banking a s:ciations 18
per cent. When thi so reserve-? fall
below the amounts -giv. n. the bill pro
vides that the banks shall not increase
their liabilities by making new loans !
and discounts, except by purchasing J
or discounting bills of exchange paya- '
ble at sight, nor pay a dividend un- i
til the reserves are restored to the re- j
quired amount: also the comptroller j
and secretary of the treasury may, aft- !
er thirty days' notice, put in the hands J
of a receiver, to be closed, banks that j
fail to maintain the required reserves. |
The principal change which Mr. |
Smith's plan proposes is the substi
tution of United States and treasury '
notes, which include the greenbacks i
and demand paper, for the present re- j
quirements of -'lawful money" for the i
reserves. This would withdraw the
currency which now keeps in motion
the "endless chain" and release the
gold in its stead. Mr. Smith says that, j
according to tho last report of the I
comptroller of the currency, there was j
In the banks, in individual deposits. i
United States deposits and deposits of j
United States disbursing officers, the |
sum of $1,715, 194,. an amount approx- j
imating the reserve requirement. He ,
estimates that $350,000,000 of treasury
notes and United States notes could be
immediately taken up and held by the
banks under this plan.
Pensions Subcommittee.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 28.— Chairman
Cannon; of the house committee on ap- !
propriations, has appointed the* follow- j
ing subcommittee on pensions: W. A. I
Stone, Pennsylvania; Blue. Kansas: j
Northway, Ohio; Robertson. Louisiana; I
Lay ton. Ohio. The Republican mem- •
bers are all veterans of the rebellion.
The committee expects to sit through
the holidays and report the pension
bill as the first of the appropriation
bills.
Post master*.
WASHINGTON, Dec. Postmast
ers were appointed today as follows:
Minnesota — Clayton, Faribault county,
G. G. Holverson, vice E. VV. Morgan, j
resigned.. North Dakota— Villard, Me- |
Henry county, George of man. Wis-- I
consin — Alabama, Polk county, August I
Nelson. . j
Do Sot {-Tea-loot I
The opportunity to visit dear friends during
the holidays. The Nickel Plate Road, always !
catering to the wants of the traveling public. 1
the popular low-rate line along the south !
shore of Lake Erie, will sell tickets at great- i
ly reduced rates on Dee. 24, 25, 31 and Jan. ]
1, good . returning until Jan. 2. For (ureter
particulars apply to J. Y. ("alahan. Gesw^d |
Agent, 111 Adams street, Chicago, 111.
jHOTIVE JS^OBBERY
BRITISH WILL ATTEMPT TO S__lZl|
THl_ COXGESSIOXS TO AMER.
IC.WS.
ARMING the LOCAL FORCES,
Rapid Traus-.-o.i of the Native Po*
lice Into a Military Brigade—
A Dausrerua-- Situation.
; LONDON, Dec. JN.-The St. Jam,,
j Gazette this arternon gives promi
| nence to an article dwelling on tr^.
■ mail news just received from British
; Guiana, and in which it i.< announced
: that at a meeting of influential resi
| dents recently held in Georgetown,
| capital of British Guiana, a provision^
\ al beard of dire 4_>rs was appointed
. fcr the company known as the Brit
j ish Guiana Chartered company, organ
! ized for the purpose of developing th
j interior of British Guiana. This board
| includes among its members some of
! the leading commercial men of the
j colony, and some of them are men who
i have hitherto been identified with tile
! sugar industry of British Guiana. This
[ makes a decided change of those prom
i intnt in the planting interests of the
j colony, and the idea seems to be to
j start a chartered company in the col
[ ony and invite home capitalists to
I enter into the undertaking. This new
; development is mainly due to the dis
patches of the secretary of state for
| the colonies, Joseph Chamberlain, in
September last, asking if the local
capitalists of British Guiana were pre
[ pared to take up a large concession
in the northwest portion of that col
ony and develop the mineral and
other resources of the territory. At
the same time the hint was clearly
conveyed to the people of British
Guiana that if their capitalists were
not in a position to take up the mat
ter, there were people in Great Brit
ain who were able and ready to do
so. It now remain- to be seen wheth
er the government will grant a char-
I ter to this company, in view of the
j fact that it has as competitors the
j home syndicate which has already
I made proposals to the local govern
| ment, which propositions, however,
i have net been accepted.
i The St. James Gazette adds that
| "there i*- no reason why Mr. Cham-
I berlain should delay his division in
the matter, and it is a fair inference
that his dispatch of September was a
counter-move tc the Venezuelan con
cession made to Americans in Febru
ary, and it may be fraught with
larger oons_*:nsenccs than appear at
first sight."'
In another paragraph the St. James
Gazette says: "Hitherto the inspec
tors of the British Guiana po
lice have been uniformed ci
vilians, but now they/ will be
strengthened by the addition of
Capt. Johnstone and Lieut, Cobb-, of
the British army, an safc_n<-pei tors.
Their appointments were- announced
today, and are significant of the rapid
transition of the British Guiana police
into a military force. Capt. Johnstone,
we apprehend, will Instruct the negro
police in the working of Maxim guns."
9

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