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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, May 17, 1896, Image 5

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THE WILY GLOBE
IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY
AT NEWSPAPER ROW,
COR. FOURTH AND MINNESOTA STS.
OFFICIAL PAPER OF ST. PAUL.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES.
Payable in Advance.
Dally and Sunday, per Month .50
Daily and Sunday, Six Months - $2.75
Dally uud Sunday, One Year - ?5.00
Daily Only, per Month - - - - .40
Daily Only, Six Months $2.25
Dally Only, One Year - ?4.00
Sunday Only. One Year - - - - $1.50
Weekly, One Year ------ $1.00
Address all letters an/1 telegrams to
THE GLOBE, St. Paul, Minn.
EASTERN ADVERTISING OFFICE, ROOM
517, TEMPLE COURT BUILDING, NEW
YORK.
WASHINGTON BUREAU, 1403 F ST. N. W.
Complete files of the Globe always kept
on hand for reference.
TODAYJS WEATHER.
WASHINGTON, May 16.—Forecast for Sun
day: Minnesota—Rain, followed by fair in
southern portions; variable winds, shifting to
westerly; cooler in southeastern portion.
Wisconsin—Rain; probably clear in south
ern portion; brisk to high southerly winds,
shifting to westerly.
South Dakota—Generally fair, preceded by
showers in northeast portion; slightly warm
er; northwesterly winds.
North Dakota—Local rains; northerly
winds, becoming variable.
Montana—Fair In southern portion; local
showers in northern portion; warmer in
southern portion; westerly winds.
TEMPERATURES.
Place. Tern. |Place. Tern.
Bismarck 50-60iHelena 48-50
Buffalo 68-72 Montreal 58-60
Boston 72-80 New York 74-80
Cheyenne 54-56 Pittsburg 7C-82
Chicago 62-44 Winnipeg 52-64
Cincinnati 72-80
DAILY MEANS.
Barometer, 29.70; thermometer, 60; relative
humidity, 86; wind, southeast; weather,
cloudy with rain; maximum thermometer,
66; minimum thermometer, 53; daily range,
13; amount of rainfall in last twenty-four
hours, .63.
RIVER AT 8 A. M.
Gauge Danger Height of
Reading. Line. Water. Change.
St. Paul 14 8.6 *0.1
La Crosse 10 9.2 —0.1
Davenport 15 9.4 *0.1
St. Louis 30 14.0 —0.1
—Fall. *Rise.
Note —Barometer corrected for temperature
auil elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer.
■«»-
IT WAS NOT A «FAKE.»
When a New York special stated,
a few weeks ago, that Edison has dis
covered a means by which the invisi
ble rays, revealed by Roentgen, could
be brought within the range of vision
of the human eye, the statement
seemed so incredible that, used as the
public w*s to the unfolding of the
marvelous by the wizard of Menlo
Park, this was looked at askance, as
more likely to be the creation of
some imaginative newspaper man,
gathering news at space rates, than
the statement of a fact. The event
was too important to be allowed to
pass without editorial comment, but
prudence suggested that the comment
be based on a qualified admission of
the merely possible accuracy of the re
port.
The limitations on the utility of the
discovery of Roentgen seemed to make
it more a matter of curiosity than of
practical benefit. While it was shown
that the X rays had the power to pene
tra+" opaque substances, it was, after
all, only their shadows, caught by
the sensitive plates of the camera,
that could be made visible to the eye.
Between the Crookes tube and the sen
sitive plate the object had to be placed,
and, after a long exposure, the shad
ows of the objects, shaded off accord
ing1 to the degree of their opacity, were
defined on the plate. While curious, this
had only a very narrow limit of use
fulness. Bullets »encisted in the body
were located, and fractures of bones
might be exposed, but that seemed
to be about all, except that the differ
ing degrees of opaqueness of crystal
line substances enabled the real dia
mond to be distinguished from the
false one. One of the most interest
ing corners of the great electrical ex
position in progress in New York city,
the one most thronged by the curious,
is where Edison is exhibiting his flu
oroscope, the name he gives to his
calcium tungstate screen, which acts
as the medium by which the effects
of the cathode rays are made visible
to the eye. The screen resembles the
eye-piece of the stereoscope, or the case
in which a field glass is kept, one end
of which fits the face after the fashion
of the shield of the stereoscope, ex
cept more closely, so as to exclude
all light from the eyes. Adjusting the
screen to the eyes, a piece of wood in
which was imbedded a steel screw, was
put between the screen and the Crookes
tube, and the electric current turned
on. For a moment or two the interior
of the screen was entfrely dark, then
the calcium end of the screen began
to grow light, until it was about the
strength of pale moonlight. Then
through the calcium and the wood the
eye can see the screw as plainly as
if it were held up in the air before the
eyes. This removes all suspicion of
the credibility of this latest remarkable
discovery of this man of marvelous
powers, and opens the way for the
utilization of the cathode rays in a
multitude of practical ways.
PROF. LANGLEYJS AERODROME.
Mankind has never been satisfied
■With the arrangement that gave to
birds the capacity to move through
.the air, while man was obliged to keep
his feet on earth, and numberless have
been the efforts to thwart this dis
pensation with some contrivance that
should overcome the law of gravity,
and let men roam the upper spaces
•with the freedom if not the velocity or
ease of the feathered tribes. The gas
filled balloon, clumsy, unmanaguble,
powerless to do aught but drift with
the air currents, incapable of direction,
and bringing its passengers to dis
aster a,6 often as to a safe ending of
their journey, has been the nearest
"''approach to the end sought that the
- wit of man has hitherto been able to
jlevise.
The later efforts have been to find
some other method of rising and mak
ing continuous and controlled flight.
Jiaxira devised his machine in which.'
enormous wings are used as the sus
taining power, and steam as the motor,
getting the momentum for the ascent
by a spurt of speed over a railway
track, but in his Jatest effort his ma
chine came to grief, and the problem
apparently remained as insoluble as
ever. But it is not the habit of the
Anglo-Saxon mind to yield effort to
obstacles or to accept as final the fail
ure of any one attempt to accomplish
the end sought. It returns again and
again to the assault, gaining something
each time of knowledge, one investi
gator utilizing the experience of others
and adding something to it, until at
last there ccmes to some one man the
happy Inspiration whidi supplies the
missing link, and the mystery is solved,
the impossible is conquered. It took
fifty years of just such piecemeal dis
covery to develop the arc light. One
saw at the world's fair the processes
through which the locomotive of today
•has been developed, and in the various
efforts made to devise means whereby
men may travel through the air one
sees the assurance that the final soju
tion of the problem is but a matter of
time.
The account of the flight of Prof.
Langley's aerodrome, which the Wash
ington dispatches gave last week, was
tantalizingly deficient in particulars.
It is but natural that the professor
should wish to preserve secrecy as far
as possible, being sensitive to the sus
picion of sanity with which men are
regarded who give their time and tal
ents to efforts to solve the unsolvable,
or, what is less likely, he may wish
to guard a valuable invention from the
unscrupulous, who would rob him of
the fruits of his labor. We have only
the bare statement of Prof. Bell, he of
the telephone, that the machine is of
steel, propelled by steam, that it rose
into the air, looking like some enor
mous bird soaring, and that, when the
- propelling power ceased, it settled down
easily into the water, instead of mak
ing the usual descent of the collapsed
balloon. No gas is used to overcome
gravity, and the only means relied on
appear to be the lifting force of steam
in connection with the arrangement of
wings, the direction being given by
propeller wheels. Scant as are the
details, it seems to be established that
a machine is at last constructed that
will rise into the air, travel through
it and alight gradually and easily. If
this is the case, the further develop
ment to the point of practical use and
utility is but a matter of time, and
the century may see, before its end,
the attainment of the efforts of men
for centuries In the transportation of
men on flying machines.
—.—. -«*»»
THE BATTLE OF BRATTLEBORO.
There are a great many of his ad
mirers who will be {.'lad to know that
Mr. Rudyard Kipling does not seem
to have been seriously in the wrong in
his recent difference with his brother
in-law, which has been so lavishly ven
tilated in the Eastern papers during
the last week.
It is a difficult thing to be a genius.
It may also be a difficult thing to be
an acceptable brother-in-law to a gen
ius. The exact facts of any case are
never to be learned from a newspa
per account of the same, but as far as
the details of the late unpleasantness
can be ascertained, they seem to indi
cate that Kipling has tried to be a
good friend to his brother-in-law, who,
unfortunately, resented the impres
sion abroad in the town that Kipling
was his financial backer, and attrib
uted it to some of Kiplnig's own state
ments in regard to the matter.
Last Wednesday the two met on a
stretch of woodland road. Kipling had
just fallen off his bicycle and cut his
wrist, and Balestier was not quite
himself. It will readily be seen that
the circumstances were not favorable
to harmonious conversation. Balestier
proffered his request that Kipling deny
the townsfolks' gossip in language
which was rather sulphurous. To the
judge who asked Kipling if he tried to
calm the excited man, the novelist
responded that this was the first time
he had ever had his life threatened
and he did not know what was eti
quette in such cases. By way of a les
son, he had the belligerent brother-in
law haled before a magistrate, who
bound him over to keep the peace in
the sum of $800.
To "scrap" is not dignified, but at
times it i 3 human and inevitable. The
one unpardonable thing which will not
be forgiven Kipling in connection with
the affair is not that he cannot live«
in peace with his brother-in-law, but
that he is reported to have complained
that the affair was costing him $100 a
day through the interruption of his
work. A British genius may be for
given combativeness, but not cupidity.
— «ai
UNNECESSARY COUNSEL.
To the Editor of the Globe.
Keep your eyes open and note, as spring
comes on, what a beautiful world this is.
You may see each morning an ever changing
panorama more beautiful and grand than the
mest ambitious of human hands ever dreamed
of painting. Look at the leaves of the forest,
the foliage and flowers of the field, they toll
not, neither do they spin, but I say unto you
that Solomon in all his glory was not ar
rayed in garments in form, tissue and fashion
like one of these.
Just why the editor of the Globe
should be favored with this advice from
some unknown correspondent is one
of those Dundreary mysteries of the
bureau of correspondence of newspaper
offices that are given up as one of the
things no fellow can find out. Sur
mise runs in several directions. Pos
sibly the writer has sent in a poem
on spring, which our unappreciative
literary editor has mercilessly con
signed to the waste basket Perhaps he
is one of those disappointed readers
who have watched in vain for that
editorial on "Spring In Minnesota,"
which the swelling buds and release
from frosts inspire editors to indulge
in, sometimes quite prematurely. May
be the incog thinks that the editor of
the Globe is so absorbed in the rou
tine of his work that he does not know
whether it is springtime or midwinter,
and needs the friendly aid of some
sympathetic friend to be recalled to
the . wonderful transformation scenes
going on daily in the world of nature.
But whatever the motive that in
spired the writer of the note, and how
ever mixed may be the metaphor that
makes bands dream, Ke are glad to
THE SAINT PAUL GLOBE: SUNDAY, MAY 17, 1896.
I
have his confirmation of the statemem
of the Hebrew prophet-poet, that Sol
omon, with all his power and wealth,
could not find, in all his dominions, a
tailor who could fashion his garments
out of the leaves of the forests, and
that, consequently, when the queen of
Beersheba made her historic call on
him, on which occasion he no doubt
arrayed himself in his best bib and
tucker, he was not arrayed in garments
of either the "form, tissue or fashion"
of the "forest leaves," trimmed with
the "foliage and flowers of the fi?!d."
This leaves the sole distinction of hav
ing been thus clothed to an earlier in
dividual, who, however, found his ap
parel so ill suited to the inclement
weather that he borrowed the hide of
some ancestor of some one of the ani
mals that went on a voyage of f~rty
days' duration with Noah, in which to
clothe himself comfortably. Meantime
we assure our writer with the throb
bing heart that we do keep our eyes
open to these wondrous beauties of a
Minnesota spring, and loaf our soul in
their luxuriant magnificence.
.
THE GALATEA LIBRARY.
Col. Thomas Wentworth Higginson
has spent fifty years in collecting an
unique library, which he has just pre
sented to Radcliffe college, formerly
known as the Harvard "Annex." The
collection, which is known as the Gal
atea library, is believed to cover the
history of woman better than any other
library in the world, and the literature
of all languages has been ransacked in
its~ making. Its documents regarding
the learned ladies of the middle ages
who were* scholars and professors at
the Italian universities is especially
complete. It also contains a large
amount of Information regarding the
women who have distinguished them
selves in warfare in the annals of
Europe, and who, with the one excep
tion of Joan of Arc, are completely for
gotten today. There are about five
hundred of these blood-thirsty ladies,
and there is also a very long list of
the famous and forgotten fair who, in
the past, have distinguished themselves
in medicine, astronomy, mathematics,
botany, zoology, philosophy and other
branches of abstract thought, as well
as of those known in commerce and
manufactures. The array is one cal
culated to humble and surprise the
modern woman, who is under the im
pression that her sex has never done
anything worth mentioning until the
present century, while the fact seems
to have been that the women of the
middle ages did very much as they
pleased, but thought it unnecessary
on that account to advertise them
selves conspicuously.
But if the modern woman, studying
Col. Higginson's valuable documents,
grows wiser in regard to the history
that is behind her, it may also be that
Col. Higginson, studying the modern
woman, has been enlightened as to
her future, and so decided, by the
graceful gift of the library, to a wom
an's college, to put an end to the mak
ing of a collection which, if kept up to
date, would shortly become so enor
mous as to be unmanageable.
,^».
THE MONTANA STRADDLE BUGS.
The Helena Independent scores the
Republican convention mercilessly for
Its attempt to bestride the awful
chasm that parts silver from gold. "It
declared for free silver in Montana,
and voted to accept the gold standard
at St. Louis." It backed the senators
for defeating the tariff bill and
"whooped it up for protection." Fi
nally the Independent bids it farewell
in the following lines:
The lights are out, the statesmen gone,
But work they did lives after,
And viewing it please kindly check
A tendency toward laughter.
Those statesmen did the best they knew*
Right bold the way they straddled;
They took both sides of everything
Before they'd be skedaddled.
Oh, statesmen great and grave and just,
The brow bears thoughtful puckers.
To see the way in which you take
The rest of us for suckers.
A Democratic exchange says that If the
Republicans nominate McKinley "from that
hour will Democratic prospects brighten."
Doubtless it is this belief that causes the
Democratic organs generally to expostulate
so earnestly against McKinley's nomination.
Of course our Democratic brethren don't want
anything done that will brighten their pros
pects.—Milwaukee Sentinel.
Speaking for itself, the Globe
believes that McKinley's nomination
will "cause Democratic prospects to
brighten," and that his elevation will
make Democratic success a certainty
in 1900. Certainly, of all the Repub
lican candidates named or suggested
as possibilities, we prefer Mr. McKin
ley. Long ago we predicted his nomi
nation, and welcomed it, because it
would be an infallible indication that
the great cause of freedom of trad« 3
had been only temporarily obscured by
the silver dust, and that, under a mo
mentum that nothing could check, the
great irrepressible conflict of this gen
eration was sweeping the country into
the final contest between American
free trade and European enslavement
of trade through taxation. Adventi
tious as is the personification of the
monarchical system of taxation in Mc-
Kinley, he is accepted by all as typi
fying it, and we only trust that the
Democrats at Chicago may put up
against him some man who is his anti
type.
-^-
A single issue of the Dcs Moines Reg
ister has three editorials, one by the
political editor, one by the philosophical
editor and one by the sociological ed
itor. The political editor says "we"—
by which he means his party—"we
want to provide employment" for the
laboring people. The philosopher says
"people have wild notions of doing
something. Men must learn to put
aside the foolish notion that in a few
years or even in their life times they
can reform the world, abolish poverty
and make all people prosperous and
happy." The sociologist remarks that
"investigations among the farmers of
New York show a depreciation in val
ues of lands estimated at 50 per cent.
A large amount of dissatisfaction ex
ists among the farming classes. Those
Who live,in the. country seem to have
their hearts set.,on getting into the
cities. It is-.harii to teach people by
precepts. Moat &t them will not learn
until they have run their heads against
stone walls." There should be a con
ference of the political editor with the
philosopher and the sociologist.
Heatwole is In a fletcneiTix. He had
gone toilfully over the list of his con-
Etituent3 v.horn he would favor with his
quota of seeds, and written their full
names and addresses on the seed pack
ages and affixed his John Hancock
frank and rested contented with his
labor, confident that long ere this
those seeds were going into the fertile
fields and- gardens of the Third dis
trict. Visions of the toothsome sweet
corn, the succulent beans and the
pumpkin pie made from squash which
his grateful constituents would set be
fore feitn as he peregrinated around
the dtatrtftt this fall, rose before his
eyes as he rested. And then there
comes wftfc startling suddenness the in
formatioijr that his seeds are still rest
ing in tite wardrooms of the Philadel
phia contractor. The days of seeding
and planting in his district have passed
or are speeding to their end, and the
precious seeds lie useless for any pur
pose, political or other, in Philadelphia.
Great are the tribulations of the states
man, and uneasy lies the head, and
so on.
—; m
The denial of a seat in the senate to
Mr. Dupont would have greater value
a£ a precedent had the decision not
gone on partisan lines solely. There
was not a single break to indicate
that the senate had considered or de
cided the question as a judicial one,
involving grave consequences. Just
what are the rights of a state senator
upon whom is devolved, by a constitu
tion, the succession on the death of a
governor, whether he ceases to be
senator or whether he retains those
functions added to the duties of the
governorship, are questions involved in
the Dupont case, and likely to arise
again. The case merited other treat
ment than the effect of the decision
on party control of the senate, or, as
in the case of the Populist votes, the
addition of a senator opposed to their
financial ideas.
Tom Reed's caustic wit has its check
rein taken off, now that Vairmount
has cracked the pitcher that held his
presidential 'opes, and, if a World
Washington correspondent is to be be
lieved—a prudent proviso—its first vic
tim is the man.from 'hio. The czar is
said to have said: "McKinley doesn't
want to be called a gold-bug or a sil
ver-bug, so he has compromised on a
straddle-bug." If the Democrats at
Chicago stand straight up for the gold
standard, with silver subordinate; for
freer trade steadily approaching free
trade; for a national banking system
and the retirement of federal credit
notes, and put on this platform a man
whose past record embodies it, McKin
ley, in November, will undergo a trans
formation and come out a tumble-bug.
Comptroller Eckels, who is in Illinois
doing what he can to counteract the
work of the Altgeld-Hlnrlchsen fac
tion, says, in an interview printed in
the Chronicle:
"I think it is not denied that Gov. Altgeld,
who is reported to be a man of large wealth,
incorporates in his leases a gold contract
clause, while our own townsman. Attorney
General Moloney, admits that he does likewise
In placing contracts for moneys loaned by
him. lam sure they demonstrate their busi
ness capacity in thus conserving their large
wealth; but why demand gold payments as
beneficial' to themselves and insist that bless
ings eaa come to the laboring man only
through the medium of silver?"
This is- the course followed by Sena
tors Stewart and Jones, and by busi
ness men in the'silver states. Should
free coinage come, these men do not in
tend it shall hurt them.
-—■ -^
Ex-Gov. Crittenden, nf Missouri, now con
sul general of the United States at the City
of Mexico, has changed his opinion respect
ing the policy of free coinage of silver, after
witnessing its effects in Mexico. In a recent
letter he writes:
I came to this country favoring silver at a
ratio of 16 to 1, but since have had such
evidence of the evils of silver monometallism
that I have changed my views, believing it
would work incalculable harm to the people
of the United States. I think it may be safe
ly asserted that all wages in countries on an
exclusive silver basis are very low, and must
necessarily be. Mexico is an example.
The comment of Senator Vest on
this will probably be that Crittenden
Las joined the "cuckoos," or that he
"wears the administration's collar."
There is nothing like a sneer for blunt
ing tha edge of a fact.
After 'ifhat', if the Republicans came into
power iR March, 1897, as they are certain to
do, business methods will be-applied to the
government and we shall again have an
overflowing treasury.—Minneapolis Tribune.
If "tffcey, are certain to," why the
preceding,"if?" The succeeding part
of the~'sensence wobbles quite as badly.
The "business methods" that are to be
restored.changed, in the four years of
their work, a surplus of about $200,
--000,000 Into a deficit of $70,000,000. The
Republicans took an "overflowing
treasury""'in 1889, and In four years
not only emptied it, but left it $70,000,000
"In the»h»le." The moon is waning,
but its,- influence still pervades the
editorial;.rooms of our contemporary.
William M. Hahn Is the Republican
national committeeman for Ohio. He
is one of the missionaries sent into
New York to assure the business men
that Me is all right on the .money ques
tion. Interviewed by a Sun reporter
he says that "McKinley would be a fool
to announce his position on the money
question until after the platform was
adopted at St. Louis." Whatever that
may be, he will then point to it and
say: Them's my sen-Uments, gentle
men. Likewise, the foreigner pays the
tax.
««».
Senator Vest vows he will se
cede if the Chicago convention adopts
a gold standard plank or nominates a
candidate of that hue. We believe the
senator did some seceding in 1861, and
the experiment is hardly worth repeat
ing. He will be no more successful now
in disrupting the Democratic party
than he was in severing the Union
then.
—i *
EdisSfti^^uoroscope will be a decided
boon tg tb| disciples of Browning. At
the electrical exposition a book of 500
pages was placed between the Crookes
tubes and Jhe tungstate screen, with a
silver 4oll£r between its leaves. The
observer ttfcked through the book, see
ing thai -d&ilar. Any one will now be
able to see through Browning, or any
other mystic.
___j »
Two JseAlences from speeches made
by McKinley give accurate measure
of the utter incapacity of the man, his
complete Helplessness in the presence
of economic problems. One was "the
foreigner pays the tax:" the other, "I
want the double standard." Every
body accoMs him sincerity, but it must
;be at the expense of his intelligence.
-> m
Speaker Reed counted a quorum the
other evening in a contested election
case where a Democrat was confirmed
in his seat. The Illinois Republican
members ran for the cloak rooms to
break the quorum, but the speaker
coolly counted them as present. And
they are very wrathy.
— 1 _3J«-
. Col. Klefer is receiving in Washing
ton piteous appeals from his constit
uents in 'St. Paul to give their appli
cations for appointment under the "re
form" administration that is soon to
begin reforming, his indorsement. And
because he is so far away he again
"laughs hearty."
TALK WITH JipOUfl
FAMOUS CHICAGO MILLIONAIRE
CHAT c ABOUT BUSINESS AXD
RELIGION.
VISIT TO THE ARMOUR MISSION
AND THE ARMOUR INSTITUTE ON
WHICH $3,000,000 HAVE BEEN
SPENT.
CHARITIES NET HIM 1O PER CENT.
Future of American Wages—Clever
Argnmentx Reg-nnllnpr the Big;
«nd Little Batcher.
(Copyrighted, 1896. by Frank G. Carpenter.)
CHICAGO, May 16.—1 met P. D. Ar
mour, the richest man In Chicago and
the most powerful capitalist of the
West, on Sunday afternoon. I had
gone out to the Armour Mission to at
tend the services with Rev. Dr. Frank
.W. Gunsaulus, the pastor of the Plym
outh Congregational church, and was
waiting for the opening when a big,
broad-shouldered, full-formed man of
about sixty came in and took a seat at
my side. This man had an enormous
head, which was very bald at the top.
His face was long, • his forehead was
high and full and his jaw was as
strong as that of Prince Bismarck. He
had a clear blue eye, a complexion fair
to rosiness, and his bushy side whisk
ers were of a bright red. He wore
black clothes, and was well but sim
ply dressed. There was nothing in his
attire, in fact, to distinguish him from
the rest of the people present, and it
was only from having seen his photo
graphs that I was able to recognize
in him the noted Philip D. Armour. He
put his overcoat on the back of the
seat, sat down and looked with what
seemed to me to be a decided pleasure
upon the crowd which was fast pack
ing the hall. There ware at least 1,500
people In the house. Boys and girls,
young men and women, were moving
rapidly about getting their seats. The
ushers were making places for the
strangers. The mos-t of the people
seemed to know one another, and a
general air of good fellowship prevailed.
Phil Armour's presence was by no
means an unusual thing. He comes to
the mission services every afternoon,
and from his retired seat in the back
of the hall he seemed to attract no
attention whatever. Twice an usher
rapidly passed him and each time I
heard him speak out in a low metallic
voice the words:
"Hello, boy, get me a singing book."
But the boy did not hear him and
went on. I noticed that Mr. Armour
seemed to know many of the young
people present. Boys and girls came
up and shook hands with him, and
no one appeared to be afraid of him.
THE ARMOUR MISSION.
Before I Rive my talk with Mr. Ar
mour, I would like to say one word
about the Armour Mission and the
Armour Technological institute. The
mission was founded several years ago
by his brother, but has been added to
by him, and upon it and the institute
he has already spent more than $3,000,-
COO. It takes about $100,000 a year to
keep the institute running, and it is
giving out what is, perhaps, the best
system of education in the United
States. About 700 boys and girls, young
men and young women are being edu
cated in it, and it is, in fact, a large
college taught by the best of professors
and equipped with some of the finest
mechanical and other laboratories that
you will find in the world. The plan
of the institution was outlined one Sun
day in a eermon by Dr.' Gunsaulus, and
at its close Mr. Armour came to the
doctor and said that he believed In
his scheme, and that he would supply
the money for such an institution if
he would take charge of it as Its pres
ident. I might make a letter on the
institute alone, but I can only say that
its system of education Is so fine that
the rich cannot afford not to send their
boys to it, while the charges are so
low that the poorer classes of children
are able to come. By it Armour is aid
ing in bringing the people of the ave
nue and the alley together, and in this
school the rich and the poor are treated
alike. He does not believe in socialism,
and this is his means in aiding in
counteracting the theories advocated
by Gov. Altgeld and the anarchists.
The school is thoroughly practical. In
addition to giving all the advantages
of a first-class college, it has a cooking
school, a millinery and dress-making
department, blacksmithing and wood
working shops, and such other branches
as will enable a young boy or girl to
learn almost any trade within it. A
large number of young men and wom
en are making money out of the train
ing which they have gotten there. I
remember one black-eyed girl of about
eighteen, who stopped and shook hands
with Mr. Armour as she passed by.
As she left he turned to me and said:
"That girl is the daughter of the cook
of one of our Chicago hotels. She is
now getting $15 a week in a millinery
establishment. When she came to the
institute she left a place where she
was working for $3 a week, but she
learned a new trade there, and she is
now getting a good salary."
Mr. Armour then pointed out some
boys in the mission who were doing
equally well, and as he did so, I said:
"I should think, Mr. Armour, that
you would receive much pleasure from
the work that is going on here. It must
be a great satisfaction to you to know
that you can do so much good. This
must be a good thing to think about
when you want to sleep at night."
"Yes," replied Mr. Armour, "I think
I am getting a good profit out of this
institution. I consider this a good 10
per cent investment. I know that I get
the worth of my money out of it every
Sunday. Yes, I am sure the invest
ment nets me in satisfaction alone
more than 10 per cent."
"Most rich men leave such Invest
ments until they are d-fcad," said I.
"Yes, I know that," replied Mr. Ar
mour, "but they make a mistake. Such
action is bad business. As for me, I
prefer to do the work now. It is
cheaper, you know. It saves the com
missions, and it gives a man a chance
to kick if his plans are not carried out
as they should be."
THERE IS SOUND MARGIN.
At this moment the services began,
and our conversation stopped. I con
tinued it, however, the next day at
Mr. Armour's office. I had noticed that
the. majority of the people at the mis
sion services were children. I referred
to ttfts fact during my talk, and Mr.
Armour replied:
"Yes, the chief object of the Armour
Mission is to do good for the children.
I don't care much for the old men and
the hasdened sinners. I don't think
you can do much with the one-legged,
one-eyed drunkard who lies in tke gut-
ter, and I tell the preachers they ought
to step over him and let him go, and
save the young child who is playing on
the street. Tou can't make much out
of the old drunkard. There is same
margin in the child. The most impor
tant time in life is before the age of
twelve, and the Impressions gotten be
fore that time are the most lasting."
ARMOUR AND THE PREACHERS.
"How about religion, Mr. Armour;
you don't seem to- believe much in the
churches?'"
"Yes, I do," was the reply. "I be
lieve in them, but there are mony peo
ple whom you can reach best outside of
the churches. I don't think much of
the east-iron kinds of religion—I mean
the hell-fire and the brimstone kind.
When the mission was first started I
put it in charge of a preacher of this
kind. He was a Scotchman. When I
engaged him I was about to leave
here to take a tour of some months.
The first thing I asked him was as to
whether he could sing. He straight
ened himself up. Inflated his chest
and said, 'Just try me.' I had appar
ently hit upon his stronghold, and I
saw that he thought he was good at
singing if he was good for anything.
I wanted a good singer as well as a
good preacher, and I engaged him. I
left the mission in his charge. When
I returned I went out to attend the
services. I entered the hall when the
preacher was in the midst of his ser
mon. He "was charging up and down
the platform, and you could see the
lurid flames of hell, and smell the
brimstone in his every sentence. It
was a fine piece of word painting, but
it did not create the impression I
thought we needed. When he had
closed I asked him to call upon me at
the office the next day, as I wanted to
have a talk with him. He came, and I
said:
" 'Now, Mr. Blank, I heard your ser
mon yesterday. It was a very good
sermon for some places, but it is not
• just what I want for the mission. I
; want you to drop the hell-fire busi
ness. I want you to get some little
children onto that platform. I want
them to sing hymns and speak pieces.
The exercises can be religious ones,
but I want the children to make up
the greater part of the service.' As
I said this the preacher looked at me
in a rather angry way. After a mo
| ment he said:
" 'Now, Mr. Armour, there is no
doubt in my mind that you know all
about pork, but I don't think you know
very much about religion.'
"I laughed, but I answered: 'Well,
Mr. Blank, I think I know what I want,
and I want to know whether you will
do what I want done.' The preacher
thought a moment and then replied
, that he would. The next Sundey after
noon I went again to the mission. I
found that he had accepted my sug
gestion, and that he had at least one
hundred ohildren on the platform. He
increased the number each Sunday.and
In a short time he had the thing run
ning in good shape. He stayed with us
for some time. Just before he left he
called in to say good-bye, and at this
time he said:
" 'I want to thank you, Mr. Armour,
for what you have done for me in con
nection with the mission. You have
given me a new knowledge of human
nature. I can see that my theory was
wrong, and that there are other ways
of doing good than my own.' "
PHIL. ARMOUR'S RELIGION.
"You have nc church organization at
the mission?" said I.
"No," was the reply. "The chief
trouble I have had is to keep out of
the churches. Dr. Milne, who is at
! the head of the mission, would like to
have a church organization, but I don't
j want it. Our people can join other
'■ churches if they wish to, but I think
such an organization would hurt our
usefulness. Besides, we don't make
any great pretensions. We don't offer
to give everything in the way of salva
tion. All that we aim to do is to give
sixteen ounces to the pound and 100
cents on the dollar. When we baptize
we feel that we can use a finger bowl
or a dishp-an just as well as a cut glass
jar or an immersion vat. It is the
fact, and not the means, that we
want."
"Now, Mr. Armour," said I, "I am
going to ask you a personal question.
It is one often asked in connection
with missions. I want to know whether
you are a Christian?"
Mr. Armour thought a moment and
then replied: "I am not a Christian in
the sense of being a member of the
church, but I believe in Christianity.
I believe in Christ rather than creeds.
I go to church, and my boys have been
brought up to go to church. I know
that they went when they were young.
I am afraid they don't go as much as
they should now. The churches are all
right, and I think the closer a man
keeps to them the better. It makes lit
tle difference to me, however, as to
the minor parts of the different doc
trines which the churches profess, and
I think that there is about an equal
chance for the Catholics and Protes
tants, that they are each on the right
road to heaven."
"You were speaking of your boys,
Mr. Armour. How about them; are
they good business men?"
"I think so," said Mr. Armour, as a
smile of conscious pride came across
his face. "My boys are, you know, my
partners. They do most of the business
now, and ail I have to do is to sit here
and kick now and then."
TALKS OF MONEY MAKING.
The conversation here turned from
religion to business, and I asked Mr.
Armour how he was able to handle an
institution doing $100,000,000 a year with
such apparent ease. He replied:
"It is almost altogether a matter of
organization. I make it a point to get
good men about me I take men when
they are young and keep them just as
long as I can. Nearly all of the men
you see here have grown up with me.
Many of them have worked with me
for twenty years. They have started
in at low wages and have been steadily
advanced until they have reached the
highest position which their capacity
allows."
"How about the chances for young
men, Mr. Armour?" said I. "Are they
as good today as they were when you
were young?"
"Yes, I think so," was the reply. "The
world is changing every day, and new
fields are constantly opening. We have
new ideas, new inventions, new meth
ods of manufacture and new ways to
do everything. There Is plenty of room
for any man who can do anything well.
The electrical field is a wonderful one.
There are other things equally good,
and the right man is never at a loss
for an opportunity."
"Are there any rules by the following
of which a man may become rich?"
said I.
"Yes," replied Mr. Armour, "provid
ed the mt^i-iias some ability to start
with. If a man is thrifty, honest and
economical there is no reason why
he should not attain so-called success
in life."
"To what do you attribute your suc
cess? " said I.
"I think that thrift and economy
have had much to do with It," said Mr.
Armour. "I owe much to my mother's
training and to a good line of Scotch
ancestors, who have always been thrif
ty and economical. As to my busine.s9
education. I never had any. I am, in
fact, a goood deal like Topsy. I "jest
growed.' "
RICH MEN BORN.
"But, Mr. Armour, is not this mat
ter of money-making to a large ex
tent an inherited talent? Are not rich
•men. after all, born, rather than
made?"
"Ye 3, I think they are," replied Mr.
Armour. "The power of making and
accumulating money and of handling
large affairs are as much natural gifts
i as are those of a singer or an artist.
Thrift and business habits aid in the
utilization and development of the pow
ers. The germs of the power must be
in the man. Take, for instance, the
people we have working for us. I
can get millions of gojd bookkeepers
or accountants, but not more than five
men in a hundred of all those I have
employed have been great successes
as organizers and traders."
WAGES AND A PROTECTIVE
TARIFF.
"How about wages? Will they not
from now on be on the decline?" I
asked.
"I dop't think that wages have fallen
to any extent," replied Mr. Armour.
I "Wages are to a large extent depend
ent upon certain conditions. They are
subject to the times. They cannot b
increased when times are hard, and
they cannot rise above the level of their
| possibilities. In order for them to
j hold their own and to go upward w
j must have a protective tariff. This is.
j I believe, the true financial policy of
the United States. As to the increased
taxation through the tariff, the ad
vance that the laboring man pays for
! what he uses is a bagatelle as com
j pared with the extra money he re
: ceives in good times. It does not
j amount to 1 per cent. I believe w<>
J can learn a good deal from the condl
) tion and actions of the people of Eu
rope. Take France; she Is the thriftiest
and richest of all the European na
tions. Does she have free trade? No,
And why not? Because she wants tho
Frenchman to get good wages, and
not the English and the Germans.
We don't care to help the European
workman. Business and charity both
begin at home. I believe in legislation
for America and not for PJurope. I be
lieve in high wages, and high wagia
for Americans."
BIG BUTCHER VS. THE LITTLE.
"How about monopolies in business, •
Mr. Armour? Are not the monopolies
which you and others have injurious
to the people?"
"I think not," was the reply. "I
think that the great department stores
and establishments, such as those of
Armour & Co., are for the good of
the people. It is a question of th«
greatest good to the greatest number.
Why should the people pay high prices
for the privilege of keeping any small
class of men at work? We can give
better and cheaper moat to the people
than they can get anywhere else. Th, ,
small butchers cannot understand hi»w
we do it. They appeal to congress, and
they say that there is a beef combine
and a pork combine. You ask them
how they know it and they will reply:
" 'Know it! Why, of course we
know it! Phil Armour !.s in it. Why,
he drove me out of business.'
" 'And how,' you ask, 'did he drive
you out of business?' And th>> man
invariably replies: 'Why, he sold meat
cheaper than I could.' This is the
I same story you hear everywhere. Now
I want to know if this is not for Ih
! good of the people, and, if so, why
should it not exist?"
ALL BUT THE SQUEAL.
"But do you sell meat cheaper, and
how do you do It?" I asked.
'"I will tell you," replied Mr. Ar«
i mour. "When the ordinary butcher
j kills his animals a great part of the
I cow or hog goes to waste. In the pack
i ing houses every bit of the animal la
j saved. It is facetiously said that w
j save every bit of the hog except his
j squeal. There are a number of differ
ent works connected with the packing
houses. Take, for instance, our gluo
works. We use in them every year
waste materials which to the ordinary
butcher would not be worth $50,000.
We mix the waste with brains, and by
scientific manipulation, care and labor
we put It through certain processes by
I which we turn the $50,000 worth of stuff
into products which we can sell fop a
million. We send bones by the shij>
load across the Pacific. The Japanese
buy them and make buttons and carved
work out of them. Why, some of our
bones bring as much as $150 a ton. It
Is so with every atom of the animal.
j Our profits come out of the waste, and
it is from these profits that we can
afford to sell better and cheaper meat
than the ordinary butcher. We havo
j at the same time such a largo business
that we cannot afford to sell a poor
article, and while the people get cheap
er meat they at the same time get
better meat."
SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST.
"I suppose that is true, Mr. Ar
mour," said I. "But what are the
poorer butchers to do? A Chica^>
man said to me yesterday that you and
Pullman and the department storea
were driving the small fry off the
earth."
"I don't think that is true," was tho
reply. "This Is a mighty bifr world,
and there are plenty of other openings
for brains and muscle. As to the
'small fry,' you must remember that
business is not mission work. It is
now and always has been a question
of the s-urvival of the fittest. As for us,
we don't claim to do business for char
ity. All we are trying to do is to give
sixteen ounces to the pound and 100
cents on the dollar."
"How about the times, are they go
ing to be better?"
"I think that the times will steadily
improve from now on. I believe that
we are at last on the up-grade, and
that we will stay there."
—Frank G. Carpenter.
._
HEAVY PENALTY.
Defnnltlnsr Treasurer Given n Long:
Term of Imprisonment.
OMAHA, May 16.—Henry 8011-n, ex-city
treasurer of Omaha, was this afternoon sen
tenced by Judge Baker, of the criminal court,
to serve a terra of nineteen years at hard
labor in the state penitentiary, and In ad
dition to pay a One of $211,000. Lollcn wai
for nearly four years city treasurer. His pec
ulation commenced a few months after his
election. His shortage was discovered last
July. He was convicted on his second trial
last week, the jury having disagreed on the
first trial. Bollen Is fifty-five years of age.
and nineteen years practically amounts to •
life sentence in his caae.
—— ——-^ —
"A Blot on the Record.«
Pittsburg Dispatch (Rep.).
The objectionable feature of the measure
is not the amount involved, but the principle
of profligate appropriation and greedy ac
quisition. It is a bill to add >100 a month to
the compensation of members who never em
ployed a clerk, and is a precedent for the ad
dition of stationery or other evasive expenso
accounts that may double the actual salaries
paii to members of aoßVtaa according to law.

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