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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, July 26, 1896, Image 18

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The World's Biggesf Cyanide MiTT,
(Copyrighted, 1596, by Frank G. Carpenter.)
DENVER, July 23.— 1 begin with this
letter a series describing the revolu
tion which is going on in the mining
regions of the West. During the past
three months I have traveled several
thousand miles in the Rocky moun
tains. They are alive with prospect
ors. It is estimated that 2,000 men are
climbing 1 about the hills and canons of
California, Arizona and Nevada. There
are hundreds of prospectors going care
fully over the old mining regions of
Colorado, and in Utah is now being
developed a new gold region, which
Salt Lake City men claim will produce
more than enough to pay off the na
tional debt. The gold now being mined
at Cripple Creek is enormous in quan
tity, and there are other camps in
Colorado which are turning out for
tunes in gold-bearing rock. The new
processes of gold reduction have
changed almost entirely the character
of gold mining and within the next
few years the whole will be repros
pected for gold.
It is hard to realize that gold is one
of the most common of all the metals,
but this is the fact. Gold is to be
Jound in nearly every part of the
earth, but hitherto the cost of reduc
tion has been so great and the quan
tity of gold so small that in only a
few places could It be mined at a
profit. Gold exists in the waters of the
eea, and the chemist who can invent
a method of getting the gold out of
the great Salt Lake will have a for
tune. The Andes are full of gold. Cen
tral America has hundreds of aban
doned mines. The old dumps or waste
of the mines which the Spaniards
Worked in Mexico will now be put
through the new processes for getting
out the gold, and the result will be
fortunes. There is a vast quantity of
low-grade gold in the eastern part of
the United States. From Nova Scotia
to Georgia runs a golden streak, which
has at different points paid for mining.
Kuggets have been recently found in
Nova Scotia worth $200, and last year
a nugget was found in Crawford
county, N. C, which weighed S pounds
B ounces. All of our gold up until 1827
came from North Carolina, and there
have long been gold mines in different
parts of Georgia. There is a white
quartz near Washington, D. C, which
will, it is said, pay $16 a ton, and v/ith
ln the past year geld mines have been
worked in a small way near the na
tional capital. There is a gold vein in
New Hampshire, which, in 1817, yield
ed $50,000, and gold has been mined
on Manhattan Island which averaged
?4 a ton. There is gold in Ohio and our
mountains of the West have, it is be
lieved, hundreds of undiscovered gold
en veins. In the region between the
Rockies and the Pacific so far has
been produced 99 per cent of all the
gold of the United States, and hitherto
many mines have been discovered and
abandoned, which can now be worked
by the new processes at a profit. There
are valuable gold mines in the state of
Washington, and the sands of the Pa
cific ocean, from Puget Sound to the
Aleutian Islands, contain gold dust,
and in some places they are now being
panned by miners. There is probably
a large amount of gold in British Co
lumbia, the mountains of which have
hot been prospected. The Treadwell
mine of Alaska has an annual output
of more than $500,000 and from it has
already been taken more than $5,000,-
Slender purses don't fear this store. We are offering in
every department bargains that save you money every time.
Here are some of them. Remember this is our Great Semi-
Annual Clearance Sale:
We cannot convey in type the Cost cuts no figure in this de
full force of the wonderful reduc- pa rtment. The decreased prices
tion we have made of our stock in , .. : . '--_. m
this department. These quota- are almost beyond behef - We
tions will give you an idea: quote a few:
No. 964, Parlor Suit, was $95. No. 524, Suit, was $45.00.
Now $60.00 Now $26.00
No. 352, Parlor Suit, was $55. No. 668, Suit, was $30.00.
Now $36.50 Now 17.50
No. 351, Parlor Suit, was $35. No. 311, Suit, was $25.00.
Now $23,50 Now 13 75
No. 382. Parlor Suit, was $30. No. 310, Suit, was $15.00.
Now $19.50 Now 8.75
T|||r ftf>jß I PE*| has been busy in every department,
$■ lit <9UnLI tL and the lowest prices ever made will
stare you in the face from every nook and corner of our vast estab
lishment. We will quote only a few:
Oak Extension Tables. s3.so 6-Hole Steel Range.. s27.so
Baby Carriages 4.50 Cane Seat Chairs 750
Cobbler Seat Rockers.. 2.50 Iron Bedsteads 3.75
Oak Bed Room Stands. 05c Roll Top Desks 15.95
All Wool Carpets, yard. 39c Lawn Settees 950
Oak Chiffonieres 6.00 1 00-Piece Dinner Set. 6. 75
Wallblom Furniture & Carpet Co. JMV
000 worth of gold. This gold is of such
a low grade that some years ago no
one would have thought of trying to
mine it. Its average Is between $2.50
and $3 a ton, and still at these low
figures it gives the proprietors 100 per
cent profit. The gold of the Dakotas
is of a low grade, and there are hun
dreds upon hundreds of square miles
in Colorado which contain low grade
ore. Wagon loads of rock picked up
off the grazing fields about Cripple
Creek have assayed $22 per ton, and
old mines which have been abandoned
are by the new processes now being
worked at a profit.
You can never tell where gold is un
til you find it, say the old miners, and
the prospecting which is now being
dene will develop, in all probability,
mines containing the richest of ore, as
well as low-grade mines. Take the
Golden Fleece mine, which now pro
duces from twenty to thirty thousand
dollars a month and has been doing so
for four or five years. It was located
about twenty years ago, worked for a
time and abandoned. It was then
sold. The buyers worked it and gave
it up as a failure. Then a man named
Davis, who understood the peculiar
ores of the Golden Fleece, took an op
tion on the property for $15,000. He ap
plied new processes to the reduction
-of his ores, and his first car load net
ted him the amount of the bond. On
the strength of that car load he was
offered such a price for the property
that he could have sold out and made
$75,000 on the deal. He went on min
ing, and soon struck a big vein. This
mine has now 600,000 shares, and I am
told that it has already paid about
$500,000 in dividends.
The reduction of the low-grade ores
will alone revolutionize the gold pro
duct of the world. The increase is
already enormous. The South African
mines are to a large extent low grade.
They produced $40,000,000 worth of gold
last year, and $10,000,000 worth of this
would have been lost had it not been
for the new processes of getting out
gold by the use of cyanide of potas
sium. These mines were opened first
in 1887. Up to the first of last January
they had produced about $150,000,000
worth of gold, and Hamilton Smith,
the great English mining engineer, es
timates that there is more than a bil
lion and a half dollars' worth of gold
in the already known fields of South
Africa yet to be mined. The Austra
lian mines are turning out great quan
tities of gold, and in 1894 both Africa
and Australia were ahead of us in
gold production. It is only lately that
we have gotten these new processes at
work upon our ores, but last year we
regained our place as the chief gold
producing country of the world. In
1895 we led both Africa and Australia
by more than $10,000,000, our gold pro
duct last year amounting to $50,000,000.
Colorado alone had an increase in 1895
over Its product of 1894 of $8,000,000.
and it stands today as the greatest
gold state of the Union. It produced
last year $18,000,000 worth of gold, or
three millions more than California,
and Colorado men tell me that they ex
pect to get at least $25,000,000 worth of
gold out of the mountains during the
present year. There will be an enor
mous Increase In the gold product of
Utah this year, and California, which
produced $15,000,000 worth of gold in
1895, will produce more in 1896. Alto
gether in 1895 the world produced
nearly $200,000,000 worth of gold. This
is a greater amount than has ever
been mined in any one year. It is
equal to the entire product of any
twenty years up to IS4O, and if the
present ratio of Increase goes on we
shall in 1900 have an annual product
of $320,000,000, and the world's stock
will, between this time and that, have
been increased by more than $2,000,
--000,000. These figures are inconceiva
ble, but they are founded on fact, and
they represent a revolution brought
about by a combination of new discov
eries in natural resources and new in
ventions as applied to mining, which
will revolutionize the financial system
of the world.
But let me tell you something of these
cheap methods which have lately been
invented for getting out gold. You have,
all heard of placer mining-, or the wash
ing of gold grain, nuggets or dust out
o£ the beds of rivers and the sides of
mountains. The first mindng done was
of this kind, and until lately nine
tcnths of all of the gold of the world
was gotten out in this way. An enor
mous quantity was then produced by
crushing tha rock and smelting it. This,
however, is a very expensive process,
costing $14 and upward to the ton of
rock, and ore whiich does not contain
more than $20 per ton seldom pays the
cost for smelting-. By the new process,
if there is $10 worth of gold in a ton
of rock it can be gotten out at a profit.
There are immense ore bodies near
Salt Lake City, which can be profitably
mined for $2.50 a ton, and there is one
mine there where the cost of reduction
is not more than 75 cents. I am told that
mills are now beting put up in Parke
county, Col., which will treat ores for
75 cents per ton and save 96 per cent
of the gold, and more than half a mil
lion dollars of gold which would have
been wasted has been gotten out of
Cripple Creek rock by the cyanide mill,
which I describe further on. Then there
is the chlorination process, by which
certain kinds of ore are treated with
chemicals and gases, and out of them
are finally taken ingots of pure gold.
There 'is the bromination process some
what similar, and a method has been
lately invented in Germany for getting
the gold out of the rock by electricity.
The most important process, how
ever, is the extraction of the gold by
means of cyanide of potassium. Cyanide
of potassium is a chemical which looks
for all the world like alum. It now costs
from thirty to fifty cents a pound. It
is made of the hoofs, horns and refuse
of cattle, and it is deadly poison. It has,
however, a wonderful affinity for gold,
and when mixed with water and appli
ed to the ore in a certain way it will
Buck all of the gold out of the rock.
This process of extraction was Invented
by two Scotchmen, and the first mill
was put up In Australia and in 1889.
Then one was put up in South Africa
and in 1892 the first cyanide mill of the
United States was erected in Boulder
county, Col. There are now more than
fifty cyanide plants in South Africa.
There are twenty-four in Austra
lasia and something like twenty in
different parts of the United States,
with a number of others going up all
over the world.
The biggest and most perfect of all
so far erected is that of the Metallic
Reduction Works near Florence, which |
I visited the other day. Into this mill
are poured car loads of what look like
cobble stones, railroad ballast or
broken granite, and out of it every
mcnth as a result comes a brick of solid I
gold, worth $40,000. New works are now !
being added, and by the time this let
ter is published it will be four times f
as large as it is now. It will then be
able to reduce 400 tons of gold ore a i
a day, and, supposing the rock to have !
only one-half ounce of gold to the ton, !
its output will be at the rate of $6,000
per day, or about $2,000,000 worth of I
geld per year. The works are situated
on the edge of the Rocky mountains !
within two miles of the oil town of
Florence. They look much like an im
mense wheat elevator or rudely built
big Pennsylvania barns, but they con
tain the finest machinery of their !
kind in the world. They suck 97 per cent
of the gold out of the rock which passes
through them, whereas the mills of
South Africa, it is said, are able to
save only from 60 to 80 per cent. These
mills use petroleum as fuel, and the
Florence Cripple Creek railroad brings
the Cripple Creek ores directly to them.
Let us now take a train load of gold
bearing rock and follow it through this
great mill. How the gold is gotten out
of the mine I will describe in another
letter. Our freight cars are filled with
the ore. It is a mixture of broken gran
ite, porphyry and other stones of dif
ferent colors. There is gTavel in it. It
contains dirt, and it is for all the world
like a pile of broken up rocks mixed
up with the refuse of a quarry of rot
ten granite. There is not a sign of gold
anywhere. You can take up a piece
of rock from any part of the car load
and examine it througli a microscope
and you will ncrt see a glint of yellow
or anything which to your eyes would
Indicate gold. Still, that rock wdll aver
age a half an ounce of gold to the ton.
In those car loads em« atom in every
48,000 is gold, but this atom is almost
evenly mixed throughout the whole,
and the question is to get it out.
Tt« lupertatendurt of tb« works tell*
us this as we ride upon the cars up
te the mill, We are carried by means
of an engine- on a trestle work track,
which lands the ore at the top of the
mill, for the rock Is carried from one
level to another by means of gravity,
We look down at the load as we go
«Pi There ara specks of stone the size
of th< head of a pin. and there are
immeris* boulders weighing hundreds
of. pounds. AJi this must be crushed
to powder before it can be worked.
The car stops at the top and the ore
is loaded into: what looks like a
gigantic coftea'imill, the top of which
is as big around as a hogshead. As the
rock falls intc it the mill seizes the
stones in its great steel teeth and
grinds them to- .pieces. You hear them
apparently groan as they are crushed
and you shudder at the thought of
getting into the. jawa of the machinery.
This mill grinds the ore to the size of
a walnut. Another takes it and re
duces it to pieces the size of a pea,
and it is then, ready for the dryer.
Every molecule of moisture must be
taken out of the ore before it can be
ground to powder. This is dona by
passing it through enormous steel
tubes of the length of an ordinary rail
road passenger coach and as big
around as a flour barrel. Through
these tubes flames of gas continually
blow. They are inclined at such an
angle that the ore going in at the top
as they revolve rolls elowly down to
the bottom. As it rolls it has this
flrey bath, and the heat takes all
the moisture out of the rock. Then an
| elevator of iron buckets, much like
j that which carries wheat up in a flour
mill, carries the ore to the top of the
works, and it is emptied in steel
crushers, which grind it to powder.
The ore which we saw before as cobble
stones and broken rock, has now be
j come a flour. It looks like dust, and
I it is composed of millions of grains,
| but each of those grains contains an
; infinitesimal quantity of gold, and this
I costly dust is worth a fortune. The
rock was hard and rough. The dust
is so soft and fine that you can rub
it to and fro in your hands without
scratching the skin, and it looks much
I like powdered pumice stone. It has,
however, no gleam of gold, and were
it on the road, you would drive your
carriage through it without thinking.
The dust is now ready for its cyanide
bath. It is loaded into cars and wheel
ed into what might be called the bath
room. This is an immense room, filed
with circular tanks made of steel.
Each tank is about thirty feet in diam
eter and as high as your waist. Each
will hold 100 tons of this powdered dust.
The cars run along a little railroad
which leads from one tank to another
and from whico the dust is dumped
into the tanks. When the cyanide so
lution is introduced by means of pipes.
The solution is a fluid as clear as crys
tal. It looks like water, but it is water
containing the poisonous cyanide of
potassium. It takes about one pound
of cyanide to g-et the gold out of each
ton of ore, and as the stuff runs
through the duet the mixture looks for
all the world like brown mush. It Is
mush, but it is mush mixed with gold.
Now, by the affinity which the cyanide
of potassium has for gold, as the solu
tion runs through the sandy dust, the
gold leaves the earth and melts and
assumes the form of a liquid and be
comes a part of the solution. It is just
as though you had a lot of salt or
sugar mixed with dirt. If you should
put water on the dirt the salt and
sugar would be dissolved and go into
the water. Well, that is the way the
gold does with the mixture of cyanide
of potassium and water. It takes
some time, however, for the solution to
soak all of the gold out of the sand,
and it is left for several days upon It.
At the end of this time the gold has all
gone Into the solution and you have
this fluid made up of water and gold
and cyanide floating around through
the mush. The solution is still as clear
as crystal, and there is no sign of gold.
Now, each of these Immense tanks has
two bottoms. One is of solid material
through which the water cannot pass
and the other 5s of canvas. When the
dust is first put in the botom is double,
with the solid bottom beneath. After
the liquid has been long enough on the
mush the old bottom is taken away
and the solution containing the gold
drains out through the canvas and is
carried away, leaving almost nothing
but the dirt behind. One tank of dust
at the estimate of half an ounce of gold
to the ton contains a thousand dol
lars' worth of gold. Of this $970 worth
has gone into the water, leaving a
waste of only $30 in one hundred tons
of ore.
We have now several hogsheads of
golden water. It "looks like common
water. It is clear as crystal, and
were it in a pitcher you might drink
it by mistake. We know, however,
that it has that $970 worth of gold in
it, and the question is how to get it
out. If it were salt or sugar we might
evaporate the water and the residue
at the bottom would be a part of the
sugar and salt within it. But gold is
not to be gotten out in that way. It
is taken from the water much on the
same principle as that by which it has
been extracted from the rock. Gold
as it exists in the cyanide solution has
a peculiar affinity for zinc. If there is
an atom of zinc next to one of these
molecules of gold it will leave the
cyanide water and stick to the zinc.
But zinc is expensive, and a large sur
face is needed to. gather all these little
molecules of gold. The surface is got
ten by having the zinc prepared in
circular disks of the size of a dinner
plate and about; as thick as the head
of a pin. These; by means of a lathe,
are turned into fine shavings, much
like the excelsior used for packing
dishes. This zinc excelsior is now put
into steel vats about eighteen feet long
and four feet wide and two feet deep.
These vates have partitions running
i through them, and each compartment
i is loosely filled with this zinc excelsior.
; Now the cyanide solution, with its gold
in it, is turned into the vat and so
arranged that it will slowly flow about
through the zinc excelsior. As the
i golden water washes the zinc shavings
! the atoms of gold leave the water and
. stick to the zinc until at last every bit
|of water has given up its gold. The
I zinc under its influence gradually turns
I from a bright silver to a dirty yellow.
i It grows heavier and heavier with its
; golden load, until it has at last gathered
; all the gold. The solution is then
I drawn off through holes in the bottom
i of the vat and strengthened up in or
der to be used to gather more gold. The
zinc and gold is put into a furnace and
smelted, and after a short time the
result is a brick of solid gold, purer
than that which is used for wedding
{ rings or golden eagles.
—Frank G. Carpenter.
"Thafs a life-like picture of your little
"I don't think so. The photographer mada
I him sit still."
with LOCAL, APFLiICATIONfI, ns they
cannot reach the seat of the disease.
Catarrh is a blood or constitutional
disease, and In fiorder to cura it you
must take inteifnal remedies. Hall's
Catarrh Cure isrUaken internally, and
acts directly on ih« blood and mucous
Burfaces. Hail's c Catarrh Cure is not
a quack mediclae. rlt was prescribed
by one of the best* physicians in this
country for years,* and is a regular
prescription- It is composed of tha
best tonics known, combined with the
best blood purtflers, acting directly on
the mucous surfaces. The perfect com
bination of the two ingredients is what
produces such wonderful results In
curing Catarrh. Bend for testimonials,
P. 3. CHENEY * CO., Props.,
Toledo, O.
Sold by flruggiata, price 76c
Before Bnalneaa With the East Will
Be Conducted Ai-rotm Lake
Special to the Globe.
MANITOWOC, Wis., July 24.— There
are other matters In this "land of peas
and plenty" than Its peas and canning
factory to Interest and attract the at
tention of those dwellers In the great
Northwest who raise Europe's food,
and those who convert it into the inter
mediate conditions between the field
and the table, as well as those whose
business is that of finding markets and
distributing the food material over the
most direct routes. It Ls getting things
from the field to the consumer that
costs, as many a farmer has learned
in comparing home markets with those
of final consumption, and it is a matter
of interest to him if the route can be
shortened and thus cheapened. He may
not get all the benefit but he will get
some. And in these nipping times
when the margins are snug, too snug
for comfort, the same matter interests
the miller and the merchant, the ship
pers out and in. And it is this feature
of this little city on the shore of Lake
Michigan, that is soon to play a part
in transportation whose effects will
reach to the farthest farm in the great
Northwest, that makes of present in
terests the work being done here.
I wrote from here something more
than a year ago of the railway scheme
that was to make a line from the Twin
Cities to New York and Boston nearly
as direct as the bird flies. Transverse
ly across this line lay sixty miles of
lake. For years, ever since rails began
to be laid for trains to carry the pro
ducts of the West to the hungry East,
this stretch of water has been regarded
as an insuperable obstacle which, like
the log in the field that Lincoln told of
in one of his illustrating stories, that
could not be moved nor burned, but
was "plowed round." The railways
plowed 'round the great pendant of
water that nature hung on the face of
the earth, three hundred miles long
I and sixty miles wide, athwart the cur
rent of land commerce. Take your map
and see how they haVe gone around
to the south and make Chicago pos
sible, or to the North across the Soo.
Necessity knows no law nor for long
yields to obstructions. Commerce, like
motion, runs on the lines of least re
sistance. If the lines are not there they
must be laid; if the resistance is
there it must be removed. If the lake
will not get out of the way it must be
subdued and made to serve the uses of
commerce. So, in due course of time
came the venturesome man who pro
posed to lay rails on a boat and run
the trains on them and make the lake
bear the train across itself. Car ferries
across streams were no novelty, but
across broad lakes, sometimes turbul
ent and, in winter, coated with ice, was
ciuite another thing. But nature is
getting accustomed to being subdued
by man and she had to yeild here. The
car ferry has established itself and,
someday in the future, car freight
trains will be billed direct from St. Paul
to Vienna and be ferried across the
Atlantic to take the rails on the other
side for the completion of their journey.
The line of the Wisconsin Central,
of whSch I wrote, Is nearly completed
and will be ready for traffic In a few
days. Here everywhere there is busy
preparation for handling the business
that Is to come. Let us stand on the up
per bridge thait spans the river that
makes a straight run for the lake after
winding about to form a letter "S" in
nature's largest font of type, and take
note of what Is going en. Eastward,
'toward the lake, between the harbor
piers, a dredge is digging up the mud,
on account of the general government
and dropping it into a mud-scow which
a waiting tug will tow a couple of miles
out into the lake where the scow's load
' will be dumped. Nearer us another
dredge is puffing away as its great
shovel comes up with its load. It is
I fourteen feet now to the bottom and the
dredges and the two others at work
elsewhere are sinking that bottom
down to twenty feet, four feet lower
than Chicago harbor can be made un
less the tunnels are given up or lowered
The general government pays for that
cuter harbor dredging and the city
j pays for the interior, mid-river exca
vating, while the lot owners will have
to pay to get a twenty-foot channel to
their properties. Chicago gets her in
side as well as outside dredging done
j at the expense of the whole country,
but then Chicago 1? a hog and Manito
woc wears no bristles.
Now turn westeward. Here at the
right are the terminal grounds of the
I Central, over twenty acres of them,
with the river bending around them in
a half circle. This was all a ship yard
j in the old days when vessels got fifteen
cents a bushel for carrying wheat from
Chicago and Milwaukee to Buffalo, and
a thousand shipwrights used to find
good wages and steady work there.
But large propellers with their barges
have changed all that and the dry-dock
across the neck, doing repairing of dis
abled vessels, is about all that remains
of that industry. Just above the depot
building there, where that pile driver
is at work sinking a row of piles, is
the slip into which the car ferry will
back and connect her rails with those
on land, so that the freight or passen
ger train may run from the tracks on
land to those on the boat. Further up
workmen are building the great coal
docks, like those across the river where
a steam barge and her tows are un
loading coal from Buffalo or Cleveland.
Down there by the lake the North
western road— you call it the "Omaha"
in St. Paul— is going tc cut a slip sev
eral hundred feet long and build coal
docks and yards and Join the Central
in Bupplyir.gr the Northwest with its
winter fuel. Somewhere on the Cen
tral's grounds a large elevator is to be
built and large warehouses, to shelter
the incoming and outgoing merchandise,
are under way. As the commerce
grows there is ample room along the
banks of the winding river for several
miles to build docks and warehouses,
and that the commerce will grow is a
matter that both the railway companies
have faith In and are testifying to by
their works.
The significance of the work here 1b
appreciated by the large rival eighty
miles further up the lake, and Mil
waukee Is moving for the establish
ment of a car ferry to take trains
across the lake. Her papers are already
giving space to it and a feature of their
articles that pleases the people of Man
itowoo is the endeavor to show how
superior are their advantages to those
of Manitowoo; It is an admission of
the importance of the movement here
unwillingly made and appreciated ac
cordingly, But th« Milwaukee venture
Hanan Slice Co.
WL m and see the Shoes We
JBHL^: hgj*. We Quote a few Prices.
-^^^ ' Everything Reduced.
■ ? an , ai \T & n ,^ a " 00 OC Ladies' Tan and A I flf|
dies' Man-Fashion V < #h Black Oxfords, half- \ I BSU
Shoes, half -price... OOtLO cost tD 8| U D
Ladies' Tailor-made (ft A A A Ladies' Fine Shoes A A if%
m Tan Shoes, half- \J U| and Oxfords, half- \7 IQi-
Price O^IUU cost OZlluf
Misses' Fine Button A| Jft Men's Fine Russia A A f P >
and Lace Shoes, VI /111 Calf Tan Shoes, \II X \
half-price VIITU half-price o£ll J'
Hanan & Son Men's A A A P Men's French Pat- A A 7P
Finest Tan Shoes, \ < /*\ ent Leather Shoes, \ / fN -
half-price HIJ|4U half-price o£l I J
Men's Fine Tan Shoes, Half Price, $1.49.
I If You Will Buy Shoes at AMY Price, this
Sale Offers Greater Bargains Than
Have Ever Been BlSade at ARIY Sale.
is only looking to the Indian coal fields
and has little interest for the North
west, to which the Manitowoc line
opens a real air line to the East with
a saving of a couple of hundred miles
of distance. The name of this little
city, hitherto unknown to the shippers
of the Twin Cities, will soon be a famil
iar one to them, and "via Manitowoc"
will be a common direction on their
bills of lading and their orders for the
shipment of their west-bound mer
chandise. — P. J. S.
Plans of Actors and Managers for
Next Season — Gossip of the Stage.
Fregoli continues to draw big crowds
to Olympia. The vitality of the little
Italian is simply extraordinary. He has
now been playing in New York city
every night since May 11. and as yet
does not show the slightest evidence of
fatigue or overwork, neither has he
grown careless or indifferent. His per
formance is marked by the same degree
of freshness and Interest as in the be
ginning. During the present week he
is presenting a sketch called "El
Dorado," in which he appears in at
least fifty different types of characters
of both sexes; sings songs In voices
varying from baritone to soprano, dis
plays his skill as a ventriloquist, gives
an amusing exhibition of sleight of
hand and mechanical tricks, plays a
variety of musical Instruments, his
clever ringing of the sleigh bells being
especially notable, and winds it all up
with his remarkable clever imitations
of Wagner. Verdi, Mascagnl, Sousa,
Seidl and other distinguished musicians
of Europe and America. The last por
tion of his act never fails to arouse
genuine enthusiasm.
Fregoli is about thirty years old and
weighs about 130 pounds. He never
grows tired, apparently. He says he
is always willing to go on so long as
his audiences express such a pleasure.
His present act takes about an hour
and three-quarters to perform, and
there are no waits.
• • •
Charles H. Hopper's "Chimmie Fad
den" company will have an excellent
business staff, as well as Its own intrin
sic merit, to make its Beason a suc
cessful one. The tour will be under the
direction of Frank McKee. Charles T.
Bulkley, who has been Mr. Hopper's
business manager since "Chimmie"
made his original hit, will be with the
company. George Bowles will be in ad
vance. The latter will have an attract
ion to work, whose brightness and clev
erness Is well worthy his rare and fer
tile ingenuity and classic fluency of
• * •
Lewis Morrison Will indulge in a
striking bit of realism as the uncivi
lized Indian brother in his new play
"The Indian." He will wear little be
sides the characteristic breech-clout.
His body will be statined a copper
color. Mr. Morrison's lithe and supple
figure, his graceful movements and
strong and expressive face should make
him an ideal actor for such a part.
There is no reason to believe that there
will be anything offensive in this strik
ing characterization. Mr. Morrison is
too thorough an artist and has too great
a reputation to maintain to indulge In
mere sensational experiments. The new
play Is In no sense a blood and thunder
drama. It has powerful and absorbing
ly Interesting elements in which the
Indian hag something of the heroic
ideality of Metamora In the old fash
ioned drama made famous by Edwin
Forrest and John McCullough.
• • •
There 1« a certain transitory element of suc
cess in v&udeviH* from which the drama is
free. Vaudevllla must provide us not only
with novelties, but with great performers, elsa
It fails as the imperial and Comedy fell, eayg
t£ ' V Press - Now where are the vaude
ville managers to find great performers who
are new enough to create the sensation that
carries prosperity? We have already become
more or less bored by the master workers in
this form of diversion of Carmencita, Guilbert,
Fuller, Fougere, Chevalier, the Martinettis.
Cinquevalli and Sandow. Who shall follow
these clever people? Gus Elen is the only
yaudevilhst of reputation that has visited
America. He has been offered $2,000 a week
to come here, and he will probably come. But
after Elen— what? There may be new and
wonderful performers in Southern Europe
where Oscar Hemmerstein discovered Fregoli.
There may be remarkable inventions like tha
cinematographe. There may be trainers o?
wild animals like Lockhart and Darling. But
having already run through the entire list ol
European attractions, it is not to be believed
tnat within a few months fresh and startling
performed will spring up to satisfy the appe
tite that vaudeville has sharpened. It is evi
dent that the time is near at hand when tha
vaudeville managers, at their wits' end to se
cure new temptations for a public that they
have made fastidious, will exhaust the list of
novelties and be compelled to fall back on or
dinary performers of the Bonnie Thornton.
mi S Dressler . Conroy and Fox stripe. Thea
will begin the decadence of vaudeville and its
disaster will be sudden. Unless new Fregolis
Guilberts, Chevaliers and Loie Fullers can be
produced our audiences will in great measure
abandon vaudeville and return to the drama.
Popularity earned in this whimsical system of
entertainment is not enduring. We wearied ot
Yvette Guilbert in a month, but John Drew
has remained in applause for twelve years.
Eight years' acquaintance with his talents
have steadily increased our approval of young
Sothern, but Fregoli, Chevalier and SandoW
have hard work to maintain our attention
throughout a season. Vaudeville is merely a,
curious, extraordinary and perishable fungug
that grows on the tree of art.
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