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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, October 16, 1896, Image 1

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Win in the THIRD
VOL. XIX.— NO, 290.
FRIDAY, OCT. 16, 1806.
Weather for Today-
Fair and Warmer.
fteatwole'n District Close.
Situation In Other Counties.
Watson Not to Be Snbdned.
>l«-tui Champions Talk.
Great Northern Men Not Coerced.
Political Gossip.
Action on the Union Depot Loop.
Broadway Loop Laid Over.
Minneapolis Matters.
Ilrysin personal in His Attacks.
McKinley's Home Popularity.
I'AOE 4.
Truth ReK'ardlnK Gold Shipments.
Ladies Start a Monument Fond,
Purdue and Ski-u-Mah Tomorrow.
Day's Riielnpr Results.
Wellinan's Size-l'p of Minnesota.
Roosevelt's Sound Money Talk.
Restoration of Freight Rate*.
Hnllivuy Gossip.
Bar Silver 64 5-Bc.
Cash Wheat In Chicago GO 3-Be.
Hazing at Madison.
News of the Northwest.
Wants of the People.
Wells and Rose Wanted in the East.
Thieves Capture Reher's Diamonds.
News of the Courts.
AVork olf the Baptists.
Cyclist Killed hy an Internrban.
Metropolitan — In Mizzoura, 8.15.
Grand— Off the Earth, 8.15.
Liedertafel Hall— O. V. A. M. Ball, 8.
NEW YORK— Sailed: Fuerst Bismarck,
Hamburg; Vendam, Rotterdam.
LIVERPOOL— Arrived: Catalonia, Boston;
"Waesland, Philadelphia.
PLYMOUTH— Arrived: Augusta Victoria,
»w York.
BREMERHAVEN— Arrived: Havel, New
York; Weimer, New York.
GENOA— Arrived: Ems, New York. Sailed:
Werra, New York.
— QUEENSTOWN— SaiIed: Germanic, New
Wheat hangs around 70 cents with
a determination which pleases the
Northwestern farmer.
The quiet of Wolfert's Roost is in
pleasing contrast to the vocal gym
nastics of Adlai Stevenson.
The Kellihans are reported to have
been "good" boys. Will lowa please
keep her "good" boys at home Here
Walter Wellman says Minnesota is
for sound money by from 20,000 to 30,
--000. Somebody must have told you,
! »
Grace chapel, New York, has been
turned into a concert garden. The col
lection will hereafter be taken up at
the door.
The queen of Madagascar is unique.
She receives her distinguished guests
while reclining in a bath tub filled
with opaque water.
John Wanamaker appears to have
gone out of politics. He was yester
day elected president of the Pennsyl
vania Sabbath School association.
A Dutchess county. New York, man
sold his wife to his brother for a
pound of tobacco. It is not known
•which got the worst of the bargain.
Cheering news comes from Georgia.
Dr. Harrison, Tom Watson's physician,
telegraphs an Atlanta paper: "I posi
tively object to Mr. Watson making
any more speeches at present."
. i
Maj. McKinley is the most colossal
example of moral turpitude and politi
cal cowardice the age has known. —
Mary El Lease. Mary, aren't you talk-
Ing through your millinery a trifle?
A Bryan "Marseillaise" has been
written by a New York young woman.
Somebody should not overlook the fact
that a Bryan dirge would come in
mighty handy early in November.
A correspondent says Queen Vic
toria's signature to the coronation
oath shows controlled agitation. That
is probably the kind of agitation that
some kind-hearted politician ought to
introduce Gov. Altgeld to.
Ambassador Bayard has come out for
Palmer in a strong letter, thus insur
ing Delaware to McKinley. Mr. Bayard
is a much larger caliber of man than
the fellows who passed resolutions of
censure upon him in the house of rep
Boston has shown her prudishness
to a nicety again by refusing to per
mit MacMonnies' statue Bacchante to
be placed in the public library- The
figure is that of a woman, seven feet
high, holding a child on her right arm
»md ar bunch of grapes In her right
There is a streak of generosity In
Mark Hanna's make-up hitherto un
noted. At Iron Mountain, Mich., he
ordered his mine closed down for three
hours, so that the 600 men at work
there could hear Bryan speak. The
men were not docked a penny of their
pay, eithei.
A Helena man accepted an offer of
200 000 American silver dollars at 70
cents on the dollar in gold after Bry.
an's election and the passage of a free
coinage law. He has arranged to put
the matter in the hands of competent
attorneys to enforce the contract.
"What's the hurry? Mr. Bryan has small
prospect of election.
During the quarter just ended there
was a decrease in stamp sales In the
whole country of $1,500,000. This in the
face of the fact that campaign com
mittees claim to be mailing millions of
documents to the farmers. Some of
the speeches and other trash are no
doubt reaching the waste basket before
they reach the postoffice.
Whichever Wins Will Get the Dis
trict by Less Tlian 1,000
Special to the' Globe.
RED WING, Minn., Oct. 15.—Look
ing across the Third district through
the cloud of Republican votes that en- j
counter the vision near at hand and
trying to figure H. J. Peck a possible
winner in his fight with Joel Heat- i
wole is like looking a-down the vista j
of a mule's ear and expecting to see
diamonds — but, in spite of that, the
levely Joel will be a very lucky young
man if he Is in a position to be de
scribed by women correspondents as
the handsomest man in the Fifty-fifth
congress. He has the fight of his life
on his hands, and he knows it very
well. When his friends make figures,
even, they do not make the extrava- !
gant claims that politicians are mak- j
ing generally. I submitted an estimate <
to one of his managers in which I had j
made some very close guesses, based j
on a canvass in four counties, and in j
which the other counties were only !
approximated, and according to which
Joel might win by 800 majority in the
district. The manager in question told
me that the estimate was too high,
and that I would "find it so when I got
Into the counties approximated. He
was right, and no one has any title
•to predict the result. Heatwole and
Peck have both many personal antag
onisms and few strong friends. Heat
wole probably has more enemies than
Peck because he has had a term In
congress, and if a congressman uses
his time properly he can make as many I
foes as he needs. Joel has gone the
limit in this matter, and the conse
quence is that about one man in five
of his personal acquaintances will tell
you that Heatwole is "stuck up"^
which same he is not, but he does not
know how to be genial. Even here in
Goodhue, where the fate of the con
gressman will be decided, if he gets
j the full Republican strength, there
are men, and party men. too, who
will declare deliberately that they will
vote for Heatwole, but that
which is certainly bad for a man run
ning in a district so close that per
sonal following may determine the re
sult of the election. People here do
not know Peck at all, and they may
forget their dislike of Joel and vote
for him. If they do. then he- will car
ry Goodhue by 3,000 majority "and the
district. Two years ago Heatwole had
2,500 in this county and ran behind
his ticket — that was because O. M.
Hall, who lives here, was against him.
This considered together with the gains
that will certainly be made by the
Republicans among sound money
Democrats, and the least Heatwole
can get is 3,000 majority. It may go
above that, and it is a better bet that
it will be^ above that figure than be
low it. Bxit they are not very warm
in matters political in this town of
Tarns Bixby, and it is to be doubted
if there is a Republican here who
claims it for Heatwole by so large a
figure as an investigation warrants
me in conceding it. That's their mod
esty, the quality that Mr. Bixby pos
sesses and uses so much in political
life. And, in spite of this modesty, it is
also safe to assure the Red Wing peo
ple in particular, and those of Goodhue
In general, that they are overmodest
about McKinley's probable majority,
for he will run 200 to 300 ahead of
Heatwole, and possibly more, for he
will get many votes of German gold
Democrats who will not go any fur
ther.in their repudiation of silver than
voting the head of the ticket. And !
most of those Germans with whom j
I talked said positively they could see
no sense in voting the sound money I
Democratic ticket. They are not \
very strong party men anyhow, and
they will just move over into the Re
publican camp and stay there this
year. Palmer is not at all likely to
get more than fifty votes in the coun- I
ty, and of those perhaps ten of the I
1,500 votes in Red Wing will be cast i
for him.
The most casual canvass here in Red '
Wing demonstrated that there will be
no great breaking away from party
lines. A few very prominent Democrats
are out flat for gold, and there is one
eminent gentleman whose personal
preference is for gold, but who, from a
to H. J. Peck, will not declare himself.
I refer to O. M. Hall. He will not say
he is against the Chicago platform, and
he may feel constrained to go on the j
stump for Peck, but it is quite certain !
that he is not in sympathy with the '
principles of Democracy as represented
by the silver people. If he should de
clare for sound money, then good bye [
to the chances of Peck, for as Hall i
goes so goes the Democracy of Goodhue
county, and the county would be prac
tically unanimous for Heatwole — with
the exception of the Populist vote,
which is not large enough to cut any
figure at all. But Hall will not go
over. Two years ago Peck worked like
a Trojan for Hall and talked himself
and half the people in the district to j
distraction — and the same fact makes i
Hall safe.
Another prominent Democrat who is
out for sound money and who will do
what he can to strengthen the Palmer
movement, or the sound money move
ment, for anybody, is J. C. Pierce, ex
chairman of the Democratic county
committee. He has been a strong man
in the county, and still has a considera
ble personal following. To stand off
these, I could find but one silver Re
publican of prominence — though there
may be others. Dr. H. E. Conley, of
Cannon Falls, was a delegate to the
silver convention at St. Louis, and he
is pushing the silver propaganda about
Cannon Falls with such vigor that It is
quite certain that proportionately the
largest silver vote in the county will
be cast therabouts. Dr. Conley was
formerly a man of some consequence in
the Republican party, and Is one of the
very few free silver Republicans of any
sort of prominence in the district.
There were rumors of other defections
of Republican politicians — one dealing
with an ex-member of the legislature.
It would not be fair to give his name,
as he disavows any intention of coming
nut for silver. But he Is under sus
picion. He was not renomlnated to the
legislature and is generally accredited
with being sulky. In spite of the very
large predominance of
in Goodhue county, there is the usual
indisposition among merchants to talk
politics. They are all agTeed that they
have among their customers some peo
ple of opposite opinions, and the feel
ing on the money question is strong
enough for gold men to patronize gold
merchants and vice versa. In fact,
the one man of prominence to declare
for silver is a wholesale man who has
always been a Democrat and who Is
willing to take his chance on the plat
form adopted by his party. In asking
twenty men of good standing-, with big
stcrpß-Tind other indices of prosperity,
I could only get direct replies from
four as to their standing on the money
question. The three were for sound
money, and among politicians it was
conceded and claimed that they were
all practically gold men, but did not
want to get into any sort of quarrel
with their customers — though the sil
ver strength among these latter was
virtually nil.
C.E.Frederick, member for the coun
ty of Peck's congressional committee
and a business man of prominence, 1
could not find, and he seemed to be
about the only Democrat of promi
nence considered. There is no regular
fusion county ticket in the field, hence
|no county fusion organization. The
! party leaders have put G. F. Hibbard,
'■. a Rcscoe Democrat, in nomination for
the legislature, and is conceded by
even the Republicans to be a strong
I man. He will get a good many Re
publican votes, but his case is hope
less in such a strong Republican dis
trict. And that is all the fusion rep
! reaentation there is on the county tick
et. So that the silver strength is
hardly worth speculating on when,
they have no stronger hopes for county
Republican Chairman Rasmussen is
naturally very hopeful of the outcome,
both in the county and district. "We
ought to carry the county by at least
| as much as two years ago," he said,
i "and indeed much stronger claims are
' made. Heatwole ram behind his ticket
- 200 two years ago, but that was be
j cause Hall lives here; and perhaps also
; because Nelson developed such great
! strength. This year there will be a
I great gain in the total vote. If the
weather is fine there ought to be about
7,000 votes cast on the head of the
ticket. For congressman it is not
l'-'kely hatt there will be quite so many,
but there will be enough to give Heat
wcle 2,800 and possibly 3,000. Our
party gains will be among
and laboring people. I know these
gains will be considerable, and I also
know our losses will be inconsiderable,
but I must confess that I would have
to speculate if I attempted figures.
We have only polled one town, and
! that has always been strongly Repub
lican. We found that out of 200 votes
there was one lone silyer man. Yes,
it is a largely Scandinavian town, but
there have always been a few Demo
crats there; it was to be expected there
would be som*, even on the proposition
tihat some fellows hold that it is better
to be against the government. No, I
don't think I ought to give you the
name of the town." I found out from
another source that Mr. Rasmussen
stated an actual fact about the poll,
and that he referred to the town of
Holden. In 1894 there were 152 Repub
licans, 1 Democrat and 10 Populists
there— of the vote cast. This month
the poll showed a considerable gain in
voting strength and the wiping out of
the opposition to sound money. I could
not find out whether it was one of the
Populists or the Democrat of the vast
vintage of '94 that was out for silver —
which would really be worth knowing.
In the village of Cannon Falls there
have been very notable silver gains.
The village is one of the few places in
the state where anything like a strong
campaign has been made, and Dr. Con
ley is to be thanked for that. In fact,
wherever there has been a development
of silver sentiment it has been brought
about by local men or conditions, for the
campaign made by the fusion commit
tees is absurd. The managers actually
know nothing of the stand of some
strong in the councils of the party
hitherto, but now outside of it. On
more than one occasion I have found
these gold men in the possession of lit
erature which had been sent out by the
fusion committees with a request that
it be distributed! When the party
managers know so little of the standing
of prominent men in the county, it is
absurd to suppose that they know any
thing of the conditions in the state or
are capable of making any estimate on
results. And the platform campaign is
practically being conducted, outside of
the larger cities, by men whose inter
ests lie in the county in which they
speak. These speakers have nothing to
do with the state central committees of
the fusionists.
where there has been a Republican ma
jority of 107 on the state ticket two
years ago, there will be a fusion ma
i jority this year in aIU probability, or at
I least the Republican majority will be
| wiped out. They have a hot silver club
| and read every piece of silver litera
| ture they get hold of. In fact, there
I are few small communities in the state
where things are kept quite as warm as
at Cannon Falls. The silver people
hold a meeting every night or two and
i they are soliciting every possible source
for silver speakers— and not getting
! many at that. But that is very nearly
I the limit of the silver campaign in the
I county. Elsewhere It is covered with a
I golden ' Sheen. The farmers are pros
perous and they are going on the prop
osition that it is better to let well
enough alone. "I tell you," said an old \
and wealthy German farmer to me, "Ye
let schleeping togs lie. Vot you dink?"
Dakota county is going to make good
the condition I have found generally in
districts of considerable size: That
where either party had a strong organ
j ization and a large vote two years ago
I it will be nearly as strong this year.
j It has been found so generally in the
j southern part of the state and is so
there. I don't refer to small communi
ties but to counties. Dakota will give
Peck a majority of 700 to 900 over Heat-
I wole. It gave a combined Democratic I
i and Populist majority of about 900 in i
1894 in a vote of 4,200. The county may
give Bryan considerably more votes
than it will Peck; in fact, that is quite
certain, but, in any event, Peck will
have 600 majority over Heatwole, and
his strength may run to the 800 or 900
that Bryan will have. The Repub
licans are making no particular effort
;in Dakota, but, in spite of that— or per-
I haps because of It, Clough will run
ahead of his ticket. There are plenty
of Democrats who will vote for Bryan I
on the proposition that he was nomi
nated by the party in national conven
tion and was formerly a Democrat, if
he is not now. But they will scratch
Lind because he was too recently a
Republican, and his conversion was
too readily brought about.
A number of Republican politicians
who have some acquaintance in the
district made this guess at what I
would find in the district. They were
so obviously fair in making their fig
ures, and the figures make it so ob
vious that the result Is speculative that
they are worth giving as a forecast
to be corrected by the district canvass.
• — Majorities —
County. Peck. Heatwole.
Goodhue 2 700
Dakota 600 ....
Le Sueur 100
Scott 1,000
Me Leod 600 ....
Carver 200
Sibley " 200
Renville 400
Meeker 300
Totals 8,700 5.400
Heatwole' s majority 700 _
At this writing I would make It stronger
_^^^^^^^^^^-3_ I HISTORICAL
In Spite of His Goktd Luck Souvenirs, There Is Something in the Air WThich Makes Mr. Bryan Uneasy.
for Heatwole, by making Goodhue 3,000 ma
jority. But these are Republican figures.
It Will Go for Him— Mixed as to
Special to the Globe,
NEW ULM, Minn., Oct. 15.— 1n 1894
the number of votes cast for
governor in Brown county, was 3,227,
Becker receiving 704, Owen 1,220, and
Nelson 1,303, the latter leading by 8.3.
In 1892 the number of votes cast for
governor was 2,651, Donnelly receiving
557, Nelson 991, Lawler 1,103, Lawler
leading by 112. The indications for the
coming election are that John Lind's
plurality will be about 500 in this coun
ty. The majority of the business men
in this city are Lit-d men. The Land
club here now numbers over 400 mem
bers. The silver men are of the opin
ion that he will carry the county by
at least 800, while the sound money
men, at least most of them, admit that
he will carry the county, but they place
the majority very low. The latter
have had some six or eight speakers
here to argue their cause. Lawler is
expected here in the near future. The
silver men have had but one demon
stration. Towne and Lind were the
speakers. They expect to gain whe.i
Bryan passes through here on his way
from Huron to the Twin Cities about
Oct. 9. It is thought that he will speak
to the crowd that will be at the depot.
Although Mr. Lind will undoubtedly
carry the county, the outlook for Bryan
is not so good. The majority of the
farmers are inclined toward sound
money. The silver men gained points
by the action of Republican county
convention, which required that every
candidate for office on their ticket, work
and vote for the straight ticket. Even
sound money men are disgusted.
Chippewa County la Close for Otber
Special to the Globe.
MONTEVIDEO, Minn., Oct. 15.— For
the last two elections there has been
very little difference between fusion
candidates and Republican candidates
in Chippewa county. Since 1884 the
election returns have shown about the
same state of things. The Prohibition
vote has been about a hundred, and I
which way it will go in this campaign !
is hard to determine. There will be
about 2,000 votes in the county and they
will be divided about equally. This is
the conservative estimate I obtain after
consultation with many persons whose
judgment is good as to the result. The
Bryan forces seem to have all the argu
ment. The McKinley forces seem to
have all the organization. If they could
trade goods a little the campaign would
be a litle mpre interesting. The Mc-
Kinley crowd have fireworks, bands of
music, torchlight processions, mock
elephants and all things very fine. The
Bryan crowd have put their hands into
their pockets and held two very inter
esting meetings, with no fireworks.
The advantage Is with the McKinley
people in point of display. What it
will amount to I cannot say. That will
be found out election day. These influ
ences at work make it impossible to
determine what the result will be. John
Lind will carry this county. Majori
ties either way will not amount to
I much. The local tickets will not In-'
I fluence either way much. The fusion
county ticket will be about balanced
in influence by the Republican county
ticket. There are about fifty free silver
Republicans in this city and vicinity.
They have been leaders among Repub
licans In previous campaigns. Their
influence must amount to considerable
In the present campaign.
But Grant County Will Be Close on
Special to the Globe.
ELBOW LAKE, Minn., Oct. 15.— 1n
1894 Grant county gave Knute Nelson a
plurality of 76, the number of votes re
ceived by the different gubernatorial
candidates being as follows: Nelson,
Rep., 822; Owen, Peo., 745; Becker,
Dem., 35; Hilleboe, Pro., 47. Nelson ran
behind his ticket.
In 1892 Harrison, far president, had a
plurality of 456. The vote for governor
stood: Nelson, 790; Lawler, 303; Don
nelly, 194; Dean, 96. This gave Nelson
a plurality of 487 and a majority of
197, he having run ahead of his ticket.
This year McKinley will carry the
county by a plurality of 600. As be
tween Clough and Lind for governor,
the former will probably win by a close
vote. The rest of the Republican state
ticket will win by safe majorities. The
Republican county and legislative tick
ets will also wia* by from 200 to 600
J majority.
According- to Rumor Watson Was to
Have Been Asked to Give Un
the Race,
ATLANTA, Ga., Oct. 15.— Senator
Marion Butler did not come here to
night. Advices from Chicago are that
the trip to see Watson was abandoned
on receipt of a message from Watson,
the character of which is not known.
The belief here is that Watson takes
umbrage at the committee's action. Mr.
Watson has mailed to Senator Butler
a letter accepting the nomination for
the vice presidency of the United
States. Mr. Watson, in confirmation of
the rumor that the letter had been
forwarded, telegraphed the Journal to
day as follows: "My letter of accept
ance was mailed to Mr. Butler yester
The proposed conference between the
committee, headed by Senator Butler,
and Watson was expected to develop a
political sensation. It was generally
believed in inside Populist circles here
that the visit of the committee would
result in a formal request for Mr. Wat
son to withdraw. There are numerous
rumors of official positions to be ten
dered Mr. Watson in case he withdraws
and the Democratic party is successful
at the November elections. The stories
of the promised position range all the
way down from a cabinet portfolio,
but no one claims to have definite in
formation as to Just what, if anything,
will be promised. There is grave doubt
expressed, however, whether Mr. Wat
son will promise to withdraw.
It is freely stated that the Populist
manifesto of yesterday was by no
means pleasing to the vice presidential
candidate, and the committee's haste
in notifying him of the intended visit
Is said to have been the result of a
fear that he would take precipitate ac
tion before the conference could be
held. That fear was set at rest, how
ever, by a message which Mi*. Watson
sent to Chairman Washburn today,
expressing a willingness to see the
committee. Mr. Watson, according to
the rumor, allayed the fears of the
Populist leaders by appending to his
telegram that he would await the com
ing of the subcommittee.
There is a growing impression that
Mr. Watson will take more kindly to
the alleged suggestion of withdrawal
than he would have done at an earlier
date in the campaign.
Kolb Forced Out for Giving Aid to
BIRMINGHAM, Ala.. Oct 15.— The
Populist state executive committee to
day passed resolutions expelling Capt.
R. F. Kolb, twice Populist candidate
for governor of Alabama, and Col. P.
G. Bowman, former state Populist
chairman, because of their action in
abandoning Watson and supporting
Sewall and the silver Democratic con
gressional candidates.
Mr. Butler Hai Decided Not to Go to
CHICAGO, Oct. 15.— The projected
trip of the committee appointed by the
Populist executive committee to . call
on Mr. Watson Iras been abandoned.
Senator Butler left for Washington
last night. Committeeman Reed, of
Georgia, and George F. Washburn,
Chairman of the "Western branch of
the committee, who were to accom
pany Senator Butler to Georgia, are
still in town, and say that no formal
call will be made on Mr. Watson. A
telegram was received from the Popu
list vice-presidential candidate today,
but both gentlemen emphatically deny
that its contents were the cause of
the abandonment of the trip, Mr.
Washburn stating that the trip was
abandoned because it was absolutely
necessary for Senator Butler to re
turn to Washington at once.
Caustic I.uuKuiiKc for the Fusion
I'op.uf i*t» and Sewall.
TOPEKA, Kan., Oct. 15.— Thomas E.
Watson will not come to Kansas. He
sent this telegram to Abe Steinberg !
this afternoon:
An ulcerated throat will prevent my :
keeping my appointments. I gTeatly
regret this. The middle-of-the-road
Populists have my sympathy and ad
miration. They have been sold out I
and their party made a foot mat for
the Democratic politicians to wipe
their feet on, under the hypocritical \
pretense of patriotism. The fusionists
have abandoned principle and g-one
Into a mad scramble at the pie coun
ter. If Bryan is defeated, it will be
the fault of the traitors in his party
and ours who have ignored the St.
Louis compromise and tried to force
the Populists to vote for Sewall. the
bondholder, the national banker, cor
poration plutocrat and gold clause
millionaire. — Thomas E. Watson.
The Glean Brother* Lost Everything
Elae in Cuba.
NEW YORK, Oct. 15.— William and
Louis Glean were passengers on the
Ward line steamer Yumurl, from Ha
vana, which reached quarantine last
evening. The brothers said today that
they were glad to get away from Cuba
with their lives, although financially
ruined. Their fine plantation and
; property at Sagua were entirely de
stroyed. Both men had been in prison |
for thirty-nine days, but, through the
efforts of the United States consul at !
Sagua and other influential friends, i
they were finally liberated. No cause |
was given by the Spanish authorities
for their arrest, their only crime, they
said, being the fact that they were
American citizens, which, in Spanish
eyes, was m itself sufficient' evidence
that they were hostile to Spain. Both
men are warm in their praise of the |
United States consul at Sagua, and !
also of Gen. Lee, the United States I
consul general at Havana, who were
untiring in their efforts to regain them j
their freedom. The Glean brothers j
will lay their case before the state de- I
partment at Washington within a few

National Organisation of Producer*
Formed at Chicago.
CHICAGO, Oct. 15.— The Butter, Egg
and Poultry association Is the name
of a new national organization formed j
here today. The meeting was called
by the officers of a number* of local
societies in Michigan, lowa, Ohio, In
diana amd Nebraska, Only shippers
of the farm products named in the
title are to be admitted. Clarence J.
Chandler, of Chelsea, Mich., In calling
the convention, of probably sixty
Bhippers, together, said there was a
need for an organization in order to
protect the dealer from the commis
sion men. He said there was no as
surance that shippers would get mar
ket quoted prices because the com
mission made no efforts to protect
the shippers, and left them practically
at the mercy of the buyers. Among
the leading shippers present at the
convention are A. W. Johnson, Otta
wa. 10., president of the lowa associa
tion; H. P. Miller, Defiance, 0., presi
dent of the Ohio and Indiana associa
tion, and L. B. Kerchbraum, president
of the Nebraska association.
The Little Town of Sagoln Wai
MILWAUKEE, Wis., Oct. 15.— Forest
fires broke out again in North
ern Michigan last night. The little
town of Sagola, located north of Iron
Mountain, Mich., on the St. Paul rail
way, was threatened with total de
struction. The St. Paul company
promptly forwarded a relief train to the
scene for the purpose of carrying resi
dents out of danger, if it was found
necessary. At 10 o'clock it was re
ported that Sagola waa no longer in
Question of Wages I. Dl.ca.oed at
Some Length by the Orator*
The joint debate which occurred last
T?!£? In Market hall in the P^sence
of 2,700 people between Col. Louis
Ayme and J. M. Hawthorne upon the
richness and poverty of Mexico was a
unique political feature.
It would have been a better success
had the opponents of Mr. Ayme's argu
ments displayed more politeness and
less of the bullying tactics they have
used all through the campaign.
The sentiment of the house was
about equaly divided. There seemed te
be just as many on one side as on the
other. One side made as much noise
as the other, but it must be said that
those who indorsed the arguments ad
vanced by Mr. Ayme displayed a little
of the usual courtesy accorded debat
ers and allowed both sides fair play.
The debate lasted for three hours
during which both speakers crammed
into their arguments many hard nuts
to crack.
Mr. Hawthorne thought because he
had visited Mexico in 1898 that he knew
more about the country than Mr.
Ayme, who was there in 1886.
On the other hand, Mr. Ayme
thumped the table as he insisted that
he rather thought a man who was in
the land of the peons for eight years
was better posted on the condition of
the Mexican republic than a man who
had been paid to hunt up one side of
a story in forty-nine days.
Mr. Hawthorne said Mr. Ayme was
an antediluvian and a Rip Van Win
Mr. Ayme said his "corpulent and
benevolent adversary" went to Mex
ico with the intention of looking out
for No. 1, and for advertising purposes.
The introductory remarks were of the
"you are" and "I ain't" order, afterr
which the speakers exposed the milk
in the cocoanut and offered the hearers
a drink.
Mr. Hawthorne went to bat first. He
had no substitutes on the bench, but
seemed to have a lot of rooters in the
bleachers. He opened by making a
play for the favor of the umpires and
said the only way to gain the truth
of any question was to hear both sides
of it. His first strike was. a direct
statement that, while he was in favor
of bimetallism, that even if the country
went to a silver basis and gold to a
premium, that even that would be of
benefit to the country. Mr. Ayme was
behind the plate and cawght the ball
on the end of his bat, and the score
went down on his card. Then Mr.
Hawthorne settled down to the game.
He thought the fact that his oppo
nent left Mexico eight years ago de
barred him from discussing an up-to
date question, and illustrated his ptate
ment* by saying that if a consul should
have returned to Austria in 1886, he
would be unable to give a proper state
ment of the condition of affairs in Min
nesota in 1896.
"I spent seven weeks in Mexico and
went into the farm house, over the
plantations, into the executive depart
ments of the government, in its rail
way offices and through its factories.
I interviewed the president and some
fifty-five high authorities who have
been In Mexico from five to twenty
years each.
I will start with the statement that
the values of real estate in all Rold
standard countries have depreciated
during the past five years. Men who
were in affluence a few years ago in
this country will go to a pauper's
grave because of the depreciation in
Mr. Hawthorne stopped long enough
to tell in what catalogue he was listed
and that his batting average as a Re
publican had never been questioned
and that he could not stand along with
the rest of the gang which threw the
game at the St. Louis convention
"I will make the assertion that r^al
estate has risen in value in Mexico
during the last three or four years
from 25 to 200 per cent. There- has
been a steady increase and no boom.
Agricultural and suburban sales have
Increased 50 to 200 per cent. One lot
that the New York Life company pur
chased in Mexico in '91 for $140,000 was
refused sale at $250,000.
"Three years ago England, at the
request of the Rothschilds, closed the
India mints and gold went up. Three
years ago Grover Cleveland and the
bankers' ring forced a panic upon the
country in order to make an object
lesson and force the repeal of the
Sherman law. It left hundreds of
financial wrecks and 4,000 suicides: but
how did it affect Mexico?
"The direct result was that all tlTe
factories in Mexico in 1893 opened up.
and have been running nigrht and day
ever since. Train loads of Americans
are going there. Millions are being
invested. Mexico has never been as
prosperous as she is now, and my
friend cannot deny this. Mexico hap
not had a business failure in four
The speaker called attention to the
trading of Mexico under a silver basis,
together with that of China and Ja
pan. Between 1890 and 1894 the ex
port trade, of Mexico increased 45 per
tent; that of China 60 per cent, and
that of Japan 102 per cent. The ex
port of England decreased 16 per cent;
of Germany 10 per cent, and of France
10 per cent, the last three being gold
standard countries* Between '92 and
'96 the export trade of the United
States decreased 22 per cent. The ex
port trade of Mexico exceeded its im
port trade $60,000,000.
The speaker told all about how he
interviewed Henry Derring, British
ambassador to Mexico. The latter told
how gold had ruined England.
Coming to the question of wages, Mr.
Hawthorne said it was a self-evident
truth that when wages were compared
it should be a comparison between the
wages of the white men of one country
and the white men of another. The
speaker then made comparisons be
tween the pay rolls of the United States
and Mexican railroads, which subject
he investigated in the offices of Consul
General Crittenden. He took the pay
rolls of two great Mexican railroads.
He admitted that nearly all of the
skilled labor of Mexico was American
and that the Mexican men are not ca
pable of skilled labcr. Some of th°
ws ges he quoted were as follows: Rail
way division superintendents. $350 per
month; train 'dispatchers, $250 to $400;

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