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The Saint Paul globe. (St. Paul, Minn.) 1896-1905, December 13, 1896, Image 8

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AH About Laiigley's Steam Flying Machine, Whrch Runs Through
the Air Faster Than a Horse Can Trot :^''i£F&^
(Copyrighted, 1896. by Frank G. Carpenter.)
WASHINGTON, D. C, Dec. 10.—
Within the past few months an inven
tion has been made here at Washing
ton which promises to revolutionize the
travel of the world. It may transfer
the vessels of the ocean to the air and
carry the locomotives among the
clouds. The development of it will, in
all. probability, change the warfare of
the world, and it may make war so
terrible that the national troubles of
the future will be settled by arbitration.
I refer to Mr. Langley's aerodrome.
The word means air-runner, and the
machine is such that it runs faster
upon the surface of the air than a
horse can trot.
For sixteen years Mr. Langley has
steadily pu-sued his work upon it. En
grossed as he has been, first in astro
nomical investigation and later In ad
ministering the greatest of our scien
tific institutions, he has had only his
leisure moments to devote to it, and
now, after thousands of experiments
and hundreds upon hundreds of fail
ures, he has accomplished what scien
tists once declared to be impossible.
Knowing that his work was done al
most at the risk of his scientific repu
tation being questioned, during the
early years of it he kept the object of
his investigations to himself. Today
the world knows practically nothing of
them, and it was only last May, after
persistent urging on the part of his
friend. Prof. Alexander Graham Bell,
that he allowed him to state the fact
that he had succeeded.
Since then additional improvements
have been made. A new and better
machine than that which flew a half
a mlie in May last has been tested. It
has made a more successful flight, and
today Mr. Langley permits me to give
in my own words the first full descrip
tion of-his success to the public. I have
spent several days with him upon the
island in the Potomac river, about
thirty miles below Washington, where
his last experiments have been con
ducted, and on Saturday, Nov. 28, I
witnessed the most successful flight
which has yet been made. I saw this
machine, made chiefly of steel, weigh
ing as much as a four-year-old boy,
yet so large that it would just about
fill the average parlor, moved by a
steam engine which was a part of it,
dart forth from the launching stage
and fly in an almost straight line
through the air a distance of more
than 1,500 yards, or over three-quarters
of a mile. It flew almost as far as
the length of Pennsylvania avenue be
tween the treasury and the capitol. The
flight was horizontal. There was not
a quiver of the wings, and the great
bird-like aerodrome swam, as It were,
upon the planes of the atmosphere. It
first flew to the right, across the bay
toward a strip of woods, and, as Mr.
Langley and myself watched it, our
hearts for the moment came into our
throats, for it seemed as though it
would dash itself against the trees. As
it neared them, however, it gracefully
swept round and downward, then
turned and rose and as straight as an
arrow flew across the bay where we
were standing on toward Washington.
It continued to fly in this straight hori-
. _ . ■;■.., ;■ -- _ _~~ ■■_■ r ". \, .— : — .. „..•-../ .'•■ ... —— - ".- . . " ■•2?ijh*
eontal line until the water which fur
nished the steam was exhausted, when
It slowly but gracefully swept down
and rested upon the water. It lighted
bo gently that not a bit of its machin
ery was injured, and had it not been
that the evening shades were falling
it could have been flown again. I have
never seen any inanimate thing look so
like a thing of life.
It was as graceful as any bird, and
as it swam through the air, its pro
pellers, which were going about at
the rate of over a thousand revolu
tions a minute, made a whirring noise
like the wings of a bird in rapid
flight. The feathery smoke of the en
gine could be seen wreathing its way
out of the smoke stack, and, as the
setting sun caught its silken wings,
and the white, silvery substance which
bound the body containing its ma
chinery, it seemed like a wonderful new
species of bird. The great danger of
losing the machine in the trees led
Mr. Langley to put only enough water
In it to allow it to fly about one and
one-half minutes. It could have car
ried water for about five minutes, but
as it was, it flew by two independent
stop watches, one minute and forty
five seconds, being the only flight of
any aerial maohine except itself which
has ever lasted for more than a very
few seconds. In this minute and three
quarters it flew a distance of almost
a mile, going at the rate of over thirty
miles an hour, and showing that if
it had been fully supplied with water.
It would have flown for more than two
miles. As it was, its flight was only
limited by the exhaustion of its steam,
and there seemed no reason but that
with more steam to run it, it might
not have gone on indefinitely. With a
machine ten times its weight, Mr.
JL.angley told me, a condensing appara
tus could be carried upon it which
could use the water ever and over
again, and the same amount of water
would carry it for hundreds of times
its present flight. The machine flew
against the wind. There was nothing
of the balloon nature about it. There
were no gas bags to uphold it. Its
wings were immovable, and they mere
ly steadied it as it flew like a bird
! through the air. The force which car
ried it onward was generated upon it.
As I looked at it I could hardly
realize the remarkable thing which Mr.
Langley has accomplished. Let me
repeat it.
The aerodrome is a machine made
almost altogether of steel. A balloon
floats because it is lighter than the
air. This machine weighs more than
one thousand times as much as the
air through which it moves. The work
ing parts of its machinery are of steel,
and it carries a peculiar steam engine
which forces it along through the air.
In construction this machine, the ques
tion of weight was an all important
one, and everything had to be reduced
to the minimum. The aerodrome,
weighing less than thirty pounds, car
ries about four pounds of water. This
is about two quarts, and the little en
gine is so wasteful of it that its flight
must be proportionately short, for when
the water has been once converted
into steam, the aerodrome must stop
flying, as there is no more water to
furnish steam to run it. The machinery
of the air-runner is very light, indeed,
but it requires a considerable force to
move it in proportion to its weight. Its
engine is equal to more than one horse
power, and the movable parts of the
machinery weigh twenty-six ounces.
You could put all of its machinery
into a peck measure. Now, a horse
weighs a thousand pounds. Think of
reducing the size of a horse to a peck
measure, and its weight to that of a
kitten, and you have some idea of Mr.
Langley's aerial engine.
What does the aerodrome look like?
I have describeed it in flight. I ex
amined it at rest and I have gone care
fully over its different parts. It is
about fifteen feet long and about four
teen feet wide from the tip of one
wing to the other. The machine moves
through the air on much the same
principle as that by which the twin
screw steamer forces its way through
the water. On each side of the aero
drome there is a sort of screw pro
peller or pair of blades in the shape
of one cutting of a screw so hung upon
a pivot that when the steam is on they
fly around at the rate of a thousand
revolutions a minute. They look, in
fact, much like the wheels of an elec
tric fan when in action. They cut the
air so rapidly that you cannot see the
blades, and they are, in fact, a pair
of wheels about four feet in diameter
flying at this wonderful speed around
through the air. As they move they
screw the airship onward, and this
advancing motion keeps it up in some
what the same way that a swift skater
can be supported by thin ice.
The machinery is in a metal recep
tacle which ends In a smokestack. This
is hung to a frame work of steel. The
wings, which are stationary, are fas
tened to the upper part of the frame
work, and they extend out above the
body holding the machinery.
The machinery is wonderfully deli
cate, but it is as. strong and at the
same time as light as scientific inves
tigation can make it. The fuel is gaso
line, which is converted into gas be
fore it is used, and which furnishes
such an intense heat that it would
melt the boiler in a second If there
were not a special pump by which
the water Is kept flowing radidly
through the boiler, the intense heat
converting some of the water into
steam as it flows. Every part of the
machinery is of the most practical
nature and it has been constructed at
an enormous expense of patience and
experiment. It may be said that near
ly every atom of the aerodrome as it
is now put together is the result of
experiment. The making of the boiler
alone consumed months of work. Every
bit of the machinery had to be con
structed with scientific accuracy. It
had to be tested again and again. The
difficulty of getting the machine light
enough was such that every part of
it had to be remade many times. It
would be in full working order when
something would give way, and this
part would have to be strengthened.
This caused additional weight and
necessitated the cutting- off Of that
much weight from some other part of
the machinery. At times, the difficulty
seemed almost heartbreaking, but Mr.
Langley went on piece by piece and
atom by atom, until he at last suc
ceeded In getting all the parts of the
right strength and proportions. Even
after he had completed his model and
had it ready for flight, he was con
fronted with an unexpected difficulty,
which was, it seemed at the time, al
most impossible to surmount.
This was the launching of the ma
chine into the air. One of the most dif
ficult things that large, soaring birds
have to contend with in flying is in
getting a start. You know how diffi
cult it Is to launch a, ship into the
water. It is far more difficult to launch
an air ship. Mr. L»angley found that
his machine had to be clamped down
on the launching stage and to be ar
ranged in euch a way that the ma
chinery could be started, so that it
Bhould receive a slight initial velocity
and then be released with a spring.
This looks easy. It was hard. But Mr.
Langley at last succeeded in launching
his machine by hanging it to a mov
able table, so that it could be turned
to face the direction in which the flight
was to be made, and so that the wheels
of the table would carry the aerodrome
straight out in a horizontal line and
„— M . M^ . f
kuinch it off into the air. The launch
ing apparatus which we used on ijo
vember 28 was built on the top of a
house boat, and the work of arranging
the table was no small one. As I stood
I upon it and examined its construction
Mr. Langley said:
"It don't seem to be much, but it Is
the result of five years of experiments."
I here asked Mr. Langley what first
attracted his attention to aerial navi
"I oan't tell when I was not Inter
ested in it," he replied. "I used to
watch the birds flying when I was a
boy and to wonder what kept them up.
I afterward heard the theory that they
possessed great muscular power. You
know some scientific men have stated
their belief that the muscular strength
of birds must be enormously greater in
proportion than that of men. But this
it seemed to me could not be true. I
could not believe what some French
mathematicians calculated, namely,
that an eagle must be nearly as strong
as man. It finally occurred to me that
there must be something in the con
dition of the air which the soarlngr
I birds instinctively understood, but
| which we do not. This idea I held for
! a long time, the flight of birds con
j tinuing to be a wonder to me. It is
curious how an idea of that kind sticks
I to you. I seldom saw a bird flying that
I I did not think of it, and even lately I
I have watched them for hours, trying
| to understand how they could move
j about through the air, rising and fall
ing, soaring up and sailing down with
out any motion of the wings."
"But Mr. Langley, I thought that
birds used a great deal of strength to
fly. They can't fly without moving
their wings, can they?"
"The soaring birds can," replied Mr.
Langley, "and they do fly long dis
tances with apparently very little exer
tion. Darwin once watched the South
American condors, which, you know,
are immense birds, for hours. He says
they ascended and descended, soared
and circled about, with scarcely the
movement of a feather. He could not
detect a single flap of their wings.
"I remember," continued Mr. Lang
ley, "how I stood one cold November
day on the Aqueduct bridge that cross
es the Potomac river above Georgetown
and watched a turkey buzzard which
was lazily soaring round and round
watching something in the river below.
I The wind was blowing a gale. It was
going at the rate of at least thirty-five
miles an hour, still the bird moved
about with the greatest ease, keeping
generally on one level, but swaying a
little as it went round and round. It
was not more than sixty feet above me.
I could see it perfectly and could not
note the flapping of a wing, though
I watched it for c, long time. I stayed,
in fact, until I got so cold that I had
to leave."
"Then you early saw that there was
something wrong in our theories as to
the wind, Mr. Langley?"
"Yes," was the reply, "I have always
felt so, and I remember well when I
began to experiment to see If my sup
position was correct. It was after a
meeting of a scientific association, In
which some one stated that an inani
mate thing could, under certain circum
stances, be made to move In the air
against the wind by the power of the
opposing wind itself. He claimed that
he had made experiments proving this
fact, and he stated as an evidence of
the truth of his theory that he had
seen birds not only come close to the
earth and hang stationary in the air,
but even advance agaTfist the wind and
ascend in the air without flapping their
wings. He was laughed at, but it is
now conceded that what he claimed Is
not theoretically impossible. I, myself,
did not believe he was right at the
time, but it set me thinking. My old
interest in the subject revived and I
began at once to make experiments. I
wanted to know the actual facts as to
the power needed for flight, and how it
was possible that bodies heavier than
the air they displaced could keep them
selves in the air without falling. I did
discover that there was no doubt but
that a machine could be made which
could support bodies in the air, and
which would carry them forward. I
have shown you here today a machine
which will do this. I have proved that
we have the power, and the only ques
tion now is to learn how to direct and
control it."
"Tell me something of your experi
ments Mr. Langley," said I.
"My first experiments were made
when I was connected with the astro
nomical observatory in Pittsburg. It is
now more than fifteen years ago that
I built my first laboratory for aerial in
vestigation there. A friend of mine,
William Thaw, a wealthy citizen of
Pittsburg, supplied the means and I
was enabled to make all sorts of tests
to ascertain the power used in aerial
motion. One device which I had was
a whirling table. This was an arm
about thirty feet long, which swung
about on a central pivot, ten feet above
ground. It was moved by a ten-horse
power steam engine, and it went flying
around, moving at all speeds up to
seventy miles an hour. Now, on the
end of the arm I put instruments which
would measure the lifting power of the
wind upon any inclined surface hung
to them. I had, for instance, a spring
scale hung there, and to this brass
plates were attached. When the arm
was put in motion I found that the
faster it went the less weight the plates
registered on the scales, until at great
speed they almost floated in the air. I
found, in fact, that the higher the
speed the less was the force required
to keep the plates from failing. This
seems at first a contradiction of known
principles, but I have no time now to
explain it. I found that not one-twen
tieth of the force before supposed to be
required to support bodies under such
conditions was needed, and what before
had seemed impossible began to look
"This means that I found," continu
ed Mr. L&ngley, "that an entirely
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wrong esitimate had been made as
to the force needed to sustain moving
bodies in the air. Some mathematic
ians, reasoning from false data, had
concluded that if it took a certain
amount of power to keep a thing from
falling, it would take much additional
power to make i^ advance. My experi
ments showed just the reverse. I
found that It took much leas force to
push a body rapidly through the air
than was needed to simply sustain It
there. I found, in short, that the con
ditions of air travel with my planes
and of land and sea travel were in
one Important respect the oppoeltes of
one another. An ocean steamer run
ning at twenty knots an hour will take
several times as 'much coal as is re
quired to run it at the: sate of ten knots
an hour. The linuted express uses a
great deal more coal than the slow
freight for the same weight and dis
tance. This is not so in aerial flight
with planes. Actual experiment
shows, I repeat, that the faster the
speed the less the force required to
sustain the planes, and that It would
cost less to transport such planes
through the air at a high rate of speed
than at a low one. I found further
that one horse-power could carry brass
plates weighing 200 pounds at the rate
of more than forty miles an hour in
horizontal flight. Everything, how
ever, depended upon the flight being
strictly horizontal. I found" that if
it were the least irregular the power
must be increased in proportion to
the irregularity."
"It must have been Interesting, Mr.
Langley," said I.
"It was interesting," replied Mr.
Langley, "but so far it had been con
ducive to no practical results. I had
been working, now for years, seeking
to learn the principles involved in
flight. I thought I discovered some
of them. The field, you know, was en
tirely new. I had to make, and to a
large extent invent, the machinery I
used. My experiments showed me that
I must have a very light engine: but
they did not tell me how to get it. They
did not show me how to keep the flight
horizontal, nor did they give me any
idea how such a machine as I might
construct could be made to start and
alight in safety. There were a number
of other things which I should have
liked to know, and some of which I
still hope to learn which were entirely
in the dark. As the result of my
work I had some extremely important
and valuable facts, but my experiments
so far had not told me how to apply
those facts to the making of machines
for flying. I had only the conviction
that what had hitherto been an im
possible fancy might in the. future be
come a mechanical fact. I could see,
at any rate, from what I had learned,
that the subject was worth a new
and scientific Investigation."
"How did you go about the work of
applying your facts?" said I.
"I next began a very different kind
of experiments," replied Mr. Langley.
"The average man might have looked
upon my next work as something child
ish. I spent many hours In experi
menting upon little toys, which I trie a
to make actually fly. I had my facts
you know, and I wanted to see how
they would work out in actual prac
tice. The only thing that had yet been
done in making toys or anything that
would fly was by an ingenious French
man, named Penaud, who, a deca.de or
more ago, had made a flying toy by
twisting strands of rubber, which, in
untwisting, turned a 4ittle propeller
wheel made of a couple of feathers.
The propellers moved the toy forward.
They kept It in the air for a number
of seconds, enabling it to fly from fifty
to 100 feet. Simple as this toy looked,
it was the father of a future flying
machine, and France ought to have
the credit of it. I tried the same thing
again and again on. a larger scale, my
object being to learn what the con
ditions were by which-we could secure
a horizontal flight In free air."
"What did you find?"
"I did not find out a great deal. Th«
rubber models flew so irregularly and
for so short a time that I could not
learn much from them. I soon saw
that I must have a better motive pow
er. I must have something that would
make a machine fly long enough for
me to observe how It flew. In other
words, in order to learn how to mak>?
a flying machine, I must have a flying
machine to begin with.
"I examined and experimented on
every kind of a motor," Mr, Langley
went on. "I tried compressed air, car
bonic acid gas, the storage battery,
the primary battery and many other
things, including the gas engine. The
last was the most promising, and it
may some day prove to be the best;
but like everything else I found it too
heavy, for you see the engine had to
be exceedingly light in proportion to
the power. After much experiment
of this kind I concluded that the only
immediate hope was in the steam en
gine, and that it could only be used
provided it could be built to a degree
of lightness which had hitherto never
been attained. I had to have nearly
one horse power to give me a good
chance for any practical experiment.
Now, it is only a few years since an
engine developing this amount of pow
er weighed as much as a horse him
self. In other words, it weighed some
thing like 1,000 pounds. I had to have
a one horse power engine and boiler
which together would weigh less than
ten pounds, or one-hundredth thp
weight of a horse, and I at once went
to work to make it. It took me a year
to construct it, and I had the best of
mechanics to help me. I reduced the
weight atom by atom, building and
rebuilding, until now I have what I
believe to be the smallest one horse
power engine in the world. Its moving
parts, as I told you, weigh just twen
ty-six ounces, or less than two pounds.
As it was with the engine, so it has
been with every part of the machine.
Every part of it has had to be made
over and over again, until, as the re
sult of the greater part of my leisure
for the past fifteen years, I have ac
complished what you have seen today."
"Yes, Mr. Langley," said I, "that is
true, you have worked, but you have
"Yes," replied Mr. Langley, "I have
succeeded. I have proved both theo
retically and practically that ma
cbines can be made which will
travel through the air. The ques
tion of the development of the fact
is one of the future. My motive and
interest in the work up to this time
have been purely scientific ones, but if
I had the time and money to spend
upon the construction of a large ma
chine, I believe I could make one on a
scale such as would demonstrate to the
world that a large passenger-carrying
flying machine can be a commercial aa
well as a scientific success. There are
many things yet to be learned concern
ing it, but I have no doubt that they
will be "discovered in the future. The
moment that men see that such ma
chines are not only practicable, but
that they may be made commercially
profitable, there will be a thousand In
ventors working upon the problem
where there is now one. I believe,
however, that the flying machine will
first come into national use in the arts
of war rather than those of peace. In
an event of a great war by means of
an aerial machine the armies of one
nation will be able to know exactly
what those of the enemy are doing,
thus radically changing present mili
tary strategy and tactics, to say noth
ing of their power of dropping down
bombs out of the sky. believe, how
ever, that such inventions will finally
be of even greater advantage In the
arts of peace. I Jia\gs faith that the
swiftest "and-.perhaps the most -luxuri
; oub.l if; riot I the; safest, traveling; in \ the
future j may be through the air."' : -
i: "But will it not 4be i impossible to ln
experiments on such* machines?"
s*: "I ? think \ not," replied Mr. L&ngley/
t "If 1 1, had ; a large aerodrome^construet-'
) ed on the principles sof i the « one ' you
; have I seen today, though the dangrer iof
the »Initial, experiment ? would £ undoubt
edly *be gpaat, I(am j aurttl I should | have
to turn away any > number of i men who
would \be; anxious to risk ] flighit'upon
it.";-' ~ —Prank Q. Cerpenter.":"
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Albion. Mich. V^-, ; 7.
America Relieving the Needs of
- - Foreign v Financial Center*.
I NEW YORK, Dec, 12.— Financier
says: --~ The" surplus reserve of the New
York clearing house banks," after :hav
ing increased from $8,220,650 on Sept.- 6
last, to $32,404,400 Dec. 5, shows signs of
halting. - The decrease..for; the week
■ ending Dec. 12, being $858,050. This con
traction was brought -'I about \; mainly
through the enormous expansion in
loans. ;. . "■-'-'-.■■-"... -
The increase in loans :is the largest
reported since the election, and is in it
self a striking evidence of the presentl
workings of : the -I low '{ money market. '
On Nov. 1 the 1 total loans. of the" New
York banks were $442,179,700. The total
for the week ! just ' ended, was $483,503,
--500, showing an expansion of $41,312,800
in j about \ one month. : The growth for
the past week, therefore, was almost
30 per cent of the whole.: But it Js prob
, ably v true ; that this unparalleled in
crease comes from sources other than
I those . arising , from commercial | de
mands. The sterling exchange opera
tors, • by which local capital Is being
used abroad, figures -heavily In the
loan ! column,: although It would be idle
to dispute the fact that the needs of
this j aid have ' contributed in . bringing
about the unprecedented upward move
ment which seemingly has not yet cul
minated. :-"; : , :.
The peculiar position which the New
York banks occupy * today \ toward for
eign " commercial centers is Illustrated
in this statement. The crop movement
having virtually closed, money is flow
ing ■ into ; New York \ banks faster than
it can be used, and the result is a re-,
markable . and busy market. How
much money ,we have received from
abroad during the late season of strin
gency cannot be estimated with ac
curacy, but our enormous exports have
made foreign nations debtor .to the
United States, and, instead of getting
their money back in • the form of bal
ances, they are compelled to borrow on
this side to relieve stringent conditions
there. This has never happened be
fore. •' " _ '.'': .
FRANKFORT, Ky.,; Dec. 12.—
court of -;■ appeals today : reaffirmed the '
decision .' of . the lower court at ~ New- j
port, Ky. in sentencing Alorizo ■ Wall- '
Ing to :be hanged ]as , the accomplice of
Scott Jackson In : the murder of Pearl
Bryan last January. -
;. Covington, Ky., Dec 12.—When , the
news of his death sentence being af
firmed was told Walling, he was play
- ing cards with Scott: Jackson and
Robert Laughlin, the latter is to be
. hung January 9, for killing his wife
-and niece.; Walling was indifferent and
not surprised. He insisted he had noth
ing to say and claimed the points just
won by him In the game.. Tttien-he
urged them to proceed with the game.
y^^slloW • Which ~AL
/ way • the-wind • blows"*\
/ Northwestern-people-prefer y
I Export and Excelsior-/'-" \
\ soothe: and -mild !y • stim-^»7
\ v late • dnd > are - " more »w^
\ digestibie • tn&n-milK-^/
V# Telephone 935'2y
,\^ for-a-hoapitabic ••
case-oF.-qMJsrt^ .
- AND •, YOU.'; ARE ",~, DPB ■-: AT „- SANTA
■■'-.- • . CLAI'S' PIANO HEAD. '-> -/
■-•"'.'.? I'■'"'■•■ Ql ARTEHS, :-"-'.-:-*-"' " . •'-'- ■
\- . ASSIGNED. - - ". ,
Hiarh Grade Pianos at Assignee Sale
. Is a Great Thine for Christ
. ..;' ' ■ •'. .-<:' ■■•': mas. .
Do you want a merry Christmas?
Why • not buy a Piano? This is not • the
■ conundrum department Yof the i paper,
■ but after dinner today it might be us
as well to sit down and think of : what
an intimate relation one conundrum
bears to another.
I '-" Next ; : week Friday will be Christmas.
That is the one day in the year when we
look for as near universal . happiness as
can ever;.~: be found. • Supposing- you
contribute ;to make things especially
merry in your home. Some Christmas
will : come which will find : you absent.
Gone forever. ' You won't take - Pianos
nor anything else with you, but don't
you ! really believe you will feel better
up to that date, if you have done what
you could to make home . happy, and
never missed the chance to give wife
and children a merry Christmas as: each
Dec. 25th rolled around? Would there
be any comfort in life if it was not for
the home? If the home . isn't happy,
is there any comfort in the . home?
Therefore, ■;, if there is no comfort in
home, there's no comfort in v life. Aa
between a comfortless home and buy
ing a Piano, don't the odds favor the
Piano? .
' But I was talking about Christmas.
It's the first time in the history of St.
:Paul that an assignee sale of high
grade Pianos and Christmas have been
in ,perihelion. It may not be exactly
two of a * kind, but it's ' a great pair. I
am closing out the stock of Pianos Mr.
Hunger* assigned to his creditors. The
, creditors : have ; authorized t .me to be
Santa Claus, as a business necessity.
The amount of the loss doesn't worry
J me. It's divided among a ■ good ; many
people and they tell -me to make such
: prioes that any one * who is going to
have a merry Christmas at all can af
ford to buy a Piano or Organ.
. Munger was an old Piano dealer. Had
a big stock. Represented the best
Piano manufacturers on earth; Decker,
Haines, .Weber, Steck, : Everett, etc.,
were all on. his list. But listen to my
tale of figures: "r "-T.: . :
Steck baby grand, rosewood case.
You never heard of a poor Steck Piano.
This one should sell for $500 at least,
but $225 takes it.
A. B. Chase upright, rosewood case,
the largest size, remarkably full, round
tone; case a little soiled. ,- Worth $325,
-but it goes for $145. . ■-.."■-,,•".
•V Lester Upright Piano, Circassian wal
nut, largest size, exceptionally fine
tone and easy touch, worth $385. As
signee saya. $185. '.->
- C. iA. Smith . upright, rosewood case,
-7 1-3 octaves, three strings, $98, with
scarf and stool. „-•:.-■ •>.■ i ; :
' Weber ■• parlor grand, rosewood case,
perfect in. tone and action, should sell
for $600. Our price, $295. ■:,.: ;:: ;' :. ?; .;
New -' England '. upright, ebony case, [
has had a few . months' ; use, but looks
like new, $115. : w .- .. ..•", ; ./.-. ,
: Everett upright, - Style 12, Burl wal
nut, largest: size, I easy and responsive
action, a beautiful Piano. . Retail price,
$400.. Assignee's price, $212, with best
stool and scarf in the store. •
' Isn't that. a gorgeous list? But it
doesn't begin to be them all. It's just
a " mere sample. A stool and scarf go
with each one, free, | and : you only have
to pay $25 cash down for the very best,
and;. the; rest, , $10 a, month, on : those
$200 or less, and $15 a month on those
over $200. '•; - f>-*l- i ;S r.w;-. ; ; v -„;.•>.,-^J:--k-
... .' AS TO CHRISTMAS. J. ■
You'll spend $25 in the aggregate 1 to
make a merry Christmas for your fam
ily.; Why not concentrate iit and come
in and select a Piano which I will hold
for : you I and put in your parlor Christ
mas eve. Your wife will ■ smile, your
children ',' shout, the neighborhood will
all turn out, and you'll all feel gay, as
the Piano comes rolling in. You think
I " say this Just ' because I am selling
Pianos. That is a mistake. - I want to
see people have in-erry Christmas, and
I know that very many who could nev
er afford a Piano before can afford to
get one at this Munger Assignee Sale
of high grades. t; Pianos are; not always
cheap because the price is low, but
these are, because the. grades are j hign
and prices low — rare combination.
* Business . has been splendid the past
week. '. Had all I : could attend to and
made a great i many sales. But I tell
everybody not to. delay. You'll feel
better to come before they are all gone.
It won't cost ' you anything to come
after the sale is over, but you'll have
the' pang, that of all sad words :by
tongue or pen. the saddest are these,
Pianos have been. -^ ■.-" j
V I Invite country. trade and box and
deliver at depot without extra charge.
Open evenings. 49 East Seventh street,
between Cedar and Minnesota, is where
I am at. Where are you at? .
.:.:,. ■%.--■ ; —A E. Whitney, .-.,,
Agent for the Munger Assignee Piano
- Sale. : ; .:; ■..-..- :,, .. -':,'■ '.-■■ %
-^ — —
New Lake Cutter Given Her Official
\ Trial.
CLEVELAND, 0., Dec. 12.—The of
ficial - trial of the new. revenue cutter .
Walter Q. Gresham, took place today
and proved: highly satisfactory. For
about two hours, under a 9team pres
sure :of sixteen j pounds and the j wheel
making 155 revolutions, ;;.. the speed
averaged was 19,6 miles an hour in ten
fathoms of water. " From this itTvaried
in different depths up to 171 revolutions
and the speed as high as 21.1 miles an
hour, ■in " fifteen fathoms. -- The vessel
was turned 1 while going -at full speed
in * one ; minute •; and ■-„: fifteen ; ' seconds
withouit apparent heel, changing her
course ' from ' due North to dive South, j
The trial was conducted by Capt. John
W. ' Collins, engineer in : chief of the '
revenue cutter service, assisted by In
spector- Jeffries and an - efficient staff :
from Washington. •-
Prominent Chicago People "; Found
Dead in Boston.
- - :-V_V — ' . .■- ■• --; - - . - -■ ■ '■-'■■■
BOSTON, Dec. : 12.—Samuel vP. - Put-'
nam,:, president 'of the Free .Thought;
congress," and Mary L. Collins, both of
Chicago, were '■ found * dead - upon " the
floor ;, of ian • apartment in . St. Botolph
street, nin :, the ■ fashionatole : Back :, Bay
district of . this \ city today. | The woman*
was ; tw«nty -:» years ,■; of age, " Putnam i
fifty. A gas cock in the room was wide
Sidle Block , Pipe Sale,
open and the fumes of the gam ha* 1
been; the cause of death. - - •_••." ■
-.; DASGBH SODA, *• * "
Serious Results'. Sometime. Follow
'-■~\_ -■ /: ;;.. Its Excessive Use. ': - '~-:'^.. "<M
-;- Common soda is all right 3 in its place
and indispensable in the kitchen and for ■
cooking and I washing purposes, but it
was never intended for, a medleine, an<S
people who * use rit> as such will somo
day regret it. : v , ; -./,»;-, >y<., >r~
' We refer to the common use of soda
to • relieve heartburn or sour stomach
a-. habit - which ■ thousands of •' people
practice almost. daily, and one which ia
fraught :' ; with :s danger; fe% moreover the
soda only gives temporary relief and -
in the ; end the • stomach trouble '* get 9
worse : and worse. , -■ . :^- r ° ■•-»
■, The soda acts as a : mechanical irri
f tant to the : walls of t the stomach and
bowels and cases ■ are on record where
it accumulated in the intestines, caus
ing death ;by ; inflammation or neri
tonitis. v . - •:■■■- •■' • ' v •
:-'■: Dr. ' Harlandson. recommends as tha
safest and surest cure for sour stomach,
(acid { dyspepsia) *an excellent " prepara
tion sold by druggists under the name
of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets. These
tablets are large 20-gram lozenges, very
pleasant Ito taste ; and | contain the j nat
ural acids, peptones,* and digestive ele
ments essential ;to • good - digestion, and
when taken after meals they, digest the
food • perfectly > and promptly before it
has time. to ferment, sour and poison
the blood and nervous system.
Dr. Wuerth states that.he invariably
uses Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets in all
cases of stomach - derangements ' and
finds them a certain cure not only for
sour rstomach, but by promptly digest
ing the food they create a healthy ap
petite, increase flesh and strengthen
the action of the heart and liver. They
are not a cathartic,. but intended only
for stomach diseases and weakness
will be found reliable in any stomach
trouble except . cancer of the stomach.
All druggists ■ sell . Stuart's Dyspepsia
Tablets at 50 cts. per package. . :
; A little book describing all forms of
stomach weakness ■ and \ their i cure
mailed free by addressing the Stuart
Co.. of Marshall, Mich. '
-Jo -— — o •-;■
.. :". ' •-.;■- ' ■-■ ■ ■- ■-. -■ - . - •-.. . • .
- "-V- *f~ ~~V . ' „. . - .
Boom Acts of Kansas to Be Un
TOPEKA, Kas., Dec. : 12.—1t is stated
here that Gov.-elect Leedy, in his
forthcoming message to the state
legislature, will recommend a general
consolidation of county governments
in the thinly settled districts of West
ern Kansas, where * county govern
ments organized in boom times are
now maintained at a great' expense to
taxpayers. It has even been suggested
that forty counties lying west of the
99th meridian be reorganized into but
eight counties, . but it is stated that
the governor's message will not recom
mend any specific arrangement. The
plan is sure to meet with determined;
opposition in many of the towns which
would cease to be county seats.
• vT.-r^ —: . -^k. '— '■—
Uncovered by the Killing: of Young
CBDAH RAPIDS, 10., . Dec. The'
killing of young Wolf by Station Agent
Benedict ' at "~ Fairfax, : reveals the ex- -
tent and methods of the gang infest
ing lowa and Johnson counties for
years ' past. . Crimea ;. of t every nature
nave been committed and J the local
authorities were unaMe to cope with
the situation. • Search .. today reveals
that the dead 'man's name was ' not
Wolf, : but Loescher. He has a sister
in this ' city. It is " believed there is a -
fence ' for the gang in Cedar Rapids.
... J „ , _^». _____ . . ; -,.^^'V.i
Chance for Bryan.
CHICAGO, • Dec 12— Jackson celebra
tion banquet, at which. William J. Bryan will
be the chief guest of honor, will b© held Jan. V
7 at the. Tremont house.. This 'was. decided:
upon at a conference ,of Democratic " leader^ j.
today.■;.; It .Ib , expected that Mr. Bryan, on, ; '
that 'occasion, will make a speech urging the
friends of silver, to keep up the figtit. Gov. v
Altgeld will also be present. , ■.: . -^
Vote of Washington.
OLYMPIC, Wash., Dec. * 12.—The official
canvass of the vote of the state of Wash
ington for the November election has just
been completed by the secretary iof state.
The vote is as follows: Bryan, 51,646; Mc-
Klnley, 38,574; Levering, 968; Palmer, 148.
_^»_ .
~. . Thirty-«ne Children. ,''j'.T
In the parish I register .of Kirton-le-Moor,
Cumberland, Bng., under date of July 1' 81,
1781, mention is made of a man and wife"
who, . together with.- their ; thirty ! children,
walked to church so as to be -present at the
christening of the thirty-first child. Thomas
Greenhill, "surgen" to the Duke of Norfolk,
in 1698, was the seventh son and thirty-ninth
child of one father and mother.—St. Loui3
Republic. ■■.... j'-■ ■■ ;->;•.■ ••;,,-■ , ,•.
■ Travelers shudder with horror at the
thought of the train- wrecker who stealthily C
undermines the supports of a railway bridge : ■
and precipitates a passenger train with it*
load of precious human freight to a horri- J
ble death by fire and water. There is a
deadlier enemy than the train-wrecker that,
menaces not only travelers but stay-at
homes. Its name is indigestion. It slowly
undermines the supports that hold up the I
bridge of life and yearly precipitates untold .?
thousands into the dread valley of consump
tion. If people will only take the right pre-,
caution' they can avoid this calamity and
even remedy it after it has occurred if they |
will act in time. ' '
All cases of indigestion and every disease
that has its inception in indigestion or faulty \
nutrition are cured by Dr. Pierces Golden J
Medical Discovery. It cures 98 per cent, of :.
all cases of consumption. - It cures wasting
diseases. It is an failing remedy for nerv- 1
ous prostration. It is the great blood-maker,
flesh-builder, and nerve tonic. Thousands X
, have testified to its merits. There is nothing ;
«lse "just as good." Druggists sell it.
" I b«g leave to inform you," writes Mrs. J. ";
fhely, of No. 1701 Thomas Place, Minneapolis, I
Minn., "that Dr. Pierces Golden Medical Dis- I
. eovery cored my trouble in my neck—Goitre. It £
went away in three months. At the sixth bottle >
It began to grow smaller. Before,'it had grown "
larger very perceptibly. lam very grateful for '
the cure. - _-- ;- \ . "'^.
Healthy babies. Healthy mother. Healthy
father. These are what you find in the homes
that have a copy of Dr. Pierce Common -
Sense Medical Adviser. ; Send 21 ■ one-cent ?
■tamps,' to cover cost of mailing only, to y
World's i Dispensary Medical Association, '.',
Buffalo. N. IE. Cloth binding, 3J J3tamps.
j|| MiatUtoe and Christmas Green* at §1
|LL May Go.'g, 25-27 W. sth St ij

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