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THE PgllY GciOBE IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY AT NEWSPAPER HOW, COR. FOURTH AND MINNESOTA STS. ~SU BSCRI ptWTates, Payable In Advance. Dally nnd Sunday, Per Month ._0 Dully anil Sunday, Six M»n.l__ $2.75 Dally and Sunday, One Year- $5.00 Daily Only, Per Month - 40 Daily Only, Six Mouths $2. -SB- Dally Only, One Your ?4.00 Sunday Only, One Year- $1.50 Weekly, One Year _--- fl.oo Address all communications and make all remit fances payable to Tile GLOBE CO.. St. Paul, Minn. Complete files of the Globe always kept on hand for reference. WI-ATHI.U I'OK TODAY. WASHINGTON, Dec. 16.— Forecast for Fri day: Minnesota— Fair Friday; westerly winds; low but slowly rising temperature. Wisconsin— Fair; continued cold; westerly winds. North and South Dakota— Generally fair weather; not so cold: west to south winds. Montana— Fair in eastern portion; probably local snow in western portion; rising tempera ture. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. T'nited States Department of Agriculture, ■Weather Bureau, Washington, Dec. 16, :48 p. m. Local Time, 8 p. m. 75th Meridian Time.— Observations taken at the same mo ment of time at all stations. TEMPERATURES. Place. Tern. Place. Tern. St. Paul — 4 _ linnedosa —18 [Duluth — S Winnipeg —18 Huron — 8 ; ■ Bismarck — lOßuffalo 38-44 Williston —12 Boston 46-52 Havre —-2 Cheyenne 6-16 Helena — G Chicago 12-42 Edmonton —28 Cincinnati 38-50 Battleford —20 Montreal 40-40 Prince Albert ...—22 New Orleans ....62-64 Swift Current ...— 22 New York 48-46 Qu'Appelle —24 Pittsburg 46-40 — Below zero. DAILY MEANS. Barometer. 30.32: mean temperature, — 8; relative humidity. 7S; wind at 8 p. m.. west; waather, clear; maximum temperature, 3; minimum temperature, —12; daily range, 15; amount of pr _<_.__ tat ion in last twenty-four hours, .07. Note— Barometer corrected for temperature md elevation. —P. P. Lyons, Observer. OIR INSANE "HOSPITALS." The legislature changed the style of our refuges for the insane in 1891 from "asylums" to "hospitals" and from designating them as "First" and so on to the name of the town where located. ■While the latter change was unobjec tionable, the former is largely a mis nomer. A change in the direction of accuracy would have been the hyphe nating of the two words, making the style "hospital-asylums." This would have the merit of correctly describing their functions. They are first medical institutions for the cure of insane pa tii nts, and, when that is found impos- Ih _ thi y are asylums where the Incurable a:e k pt. fed, clothed, at ter.d : • •'. \ •!. _ _ ad, buried at the <• >.! of the state, that is. of All of Us. 'i he in< :< '." of these asylums in num ber, in the money annually appropri ated 1"' ;• support and for additional buildings, with the startling increase of the insane as compared with the increase in population, taken with the proposition to erect still another, the fourth asylfim or hospital, has attract ed public attention and discussion of other methods of caring for these un fortunates. There are now three of these hos pitals, one at St. Peter, having, Sept. 30, this year, 951 inmates; one at Rochester, with 1,144 inmates, and one at Fergus Falls, with 976 inmates, a total of 3,071, against 2,962 at the same time last year. The cost of the build ings erected to and including 1896 is $2,217,-54, and the cost of their support since ISG2 has been $5,982,547. The av erage cost for buildings is $771,218, an average that may be expected to hold good in any further venture the state may make in providing more hospitals. The cost of support for 1896 was $543, --898, while tho appropriations for sup port made by the legislature of 1897 are $598,400 for 1898 and $593,400 for 3599. As the same legislature added to the appropriations made by the legis lature of 1895 for support ln 1897 the Bum of $54,000, it is probable that the appropriations for the ensuing two years will have to be supplemented by more appropriations next session. Pursuing the division adopted in pre senting the figures relating to all the etate institutions, dividing the ante boom period from 1870 to 18S0 from the subsequent years, all g-ouped in five year periods, we present now the cost of support of our insane institutions and of the buildings erected for them, the latter including the annual re pairs and improvements made upon them. Taking first the cost of build lngp. we get the following data: Total Annual Cost. Averaa;^ 1871-7. $211,169 r.S2_> 1876-80 78,717 15,743 Total $3.9,. 16 $36,991 1881-8. $451, 595 $90,319 1886-Mi- 434.012 86,802 1891-95 578.623 115,721 Total $1,464,230 $97,615 The amount thus expended ln 1896 was $.07,705. nearly six times the year ly average spent prior to the boom period and more than twice the annual average since and to 1895. The legis lature of 1897 appropriated $79,500 for buildings, repairs and improvements for IS9S and $77,500 for 1899, but, as it appropriated $84,000 for the deficiency ln 1597, it is probable that the annual average of the last fifteen years will be maintained by the ensuing two years. Taking now the cost of the support of these hospitals, which includes sal aries, food, clothing and everything except buildings, repairs and improve ments, what is termed "current ex penses," for the same periods, we find: Total Annual Cost. Average 1871-75 $369,090 $73.2.0 1876-80 549,943 109.988 Teal $918,943 $31,594 18S1-8". $817,818 $163,563 1886-91) 1,370.824 274.155 l_9l-.:> 2.179,910 435,982 Total J4.355.562 $291,037 1893 $-.43.598 Here ftre have again the immense an nual average increase in the second period, exceeding more than three times the average from 1870 to 1880, while the expenditure for 1896 is nearly twice the annual average amount re quired during the preceding fifteen years, with appropriations made in 1897 for the two ensuing years of $516,400. In these twenty-six years the state has expended $5,811,387 in the support of its insane and $2,032,054 in buildings, repairs and Improvements, a total of $7,844,041, and the pace is a steadily accelerating one. These figures should set the taxpayers of the state to seri ous thinking before they are called on to again select the holders of their purse strings. m THE LAMENTATION OP TAWNEY. The senators of this state have finally reconciled their differences and agreed to exercise their rights of senatorial courtesy and nominate State Senator Peterson for collector of customs, leav ing to the president the formality of asking the senate to confirm the selec tion. Whereupon the First district statesman breaks out into a lamenta tion that makes all those of Jeremiah sound like a peal of joy. Mr. Tawney was one of the Republican statesmen who went into caucus the other even ing to devise means and methods for taking the starch out of the civil ser vice law. His wail indicates that the two senators have taken the starch out of him very completely. Tawney has ideas, occasionally. The country has received his thinks about chicory and eggs, barley and lumber, and been highly edified and informed therewith. The annexationists having given him a free trip to Hawaii last summer he re ciprocated, on his return, by letting loose on the public a lot more thinks on annexation. Mr. Tawn.v now lets us know his opinion of senatorial courtesy. It is quite as bad a thing as anything in the Wilson-Gorman act. Both ignore Tawney, but the former went farther and ignored Tawney's territorial rights. He says he had the right to expect that, if neither of "my candidates" were acceptable to the senators, he would be asked to suggest the name of some other person in his district. Not only was he not asked, but the senators contumaciously went out of his district to select their collector. This, he re gards as a "manifest injustice," he even ventures to characterize it as an "insult" offered to "the Republicans of the First district by the senatorial com bination in our state," that is to Taw ney. This clearly indicates that there really is something— in Tawney's mind— superior to senatorial courtesy and that is territorial right. The First district has a right to the office of col lector of customs and that right has been turned down by "a senatorial combination." This Idea of territorial rights is original with Tawney. He should protect it by copyright. The grounds of this new idea are worth considering. Mr. Tawney states them fully and indignantly. "The ad- | ministration of our state would now be j under control of the fiv e silver Demo- i crats but for the loyal Rtp_._i.-ar_ of I the. First district." If you do not be lieve it look at the returns. Had the i same proportion of Republicans there "refused to swallow" Clough that did in the other districts Lind would have been elected by 5,000 majority. And under what severe conditions did these loyal Republicans "swallow" Clough. "Never," declares Tawney, "never in the historjr of the state was there a greater or more universal sacrifice of individual opinion — and in many cases of. self respect— than that made by the Republicans of the First district at our last general election." Having sacri ficed not only their "individual opin ion" but their "self-respect" ln "swal lowing" Clough, Tawney thinks that his district gained some rights that even a "senatorial combination" is bound to respect, namely the right to have a collector of customs taken from its "midst." And in return for this heroic swal lowing what, Tawney asks, do they get? Nuffin. "Not even the reward of Lazarus." Not a crumb of all the pie on the counter has been brushed off for the hungry First. Thirty-five fed. eral positions gone and not one for the loyal, swallowing old First. Not even that Albert Lea appointment to Den mark, for that was made because ha was a Norwegian, or, as Tawney eu phemistically puts it, "because he was a representative of a foreign and patri otic race of people residing principally in the Northwest." But Tawney does i not complain because of any mere loss of patronage; not because his constitu ents have had no consideration shown their application; not even because that "senatorial combination" barred out the First district patriots from places at the pie counter; not for any or all of these trivial reasons does Tawney pour forth his lamentation, but be cause of the shocking "ingratitude" to those who so bravely, if with such wry faces, made heroic sacrifices of their self-respect and "swallowed" Clough. For this and for them the heart of Tawney bleeds, for this and them his soul wails and his fluent tongue ululates. .«___- NOW YOU SEE IT AND SOW YOU DON'T. A Republican high-tariff contempor ary informs us with tremendous head lines that "Dingley's Bill Is All Right." It Is all right because "it will soon fur nish sufficient revenue." When we come to search ln the reading matter under its captions for the reason why the Dingley bill is all right, and why it is going to furnish us sufficient revenue some time or other, the only evidence given is that the imports of dutiable merchandise for November showed an Increase of over $5,000,000. The article judiciously omits to state whether this increase is over the. preceding month of October or over November of 1896. It does not really matter, however, for the significance of it is that the high tariffites are now reduced, in their search for apologies, to pin their faith in increased revenue to supposed in crease in imports. We will waive for the moment the fact that Secretary Gage, among the most optimistic of the party leaders, puts the treasury deficit for the year ending June 30, 1898. at $28,000,000, and for the year following THE SAINT PAUL GLOBS: FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1897. at $21,000,000. We are inclined, in the meantime, to think that Mr. Gage's estimates are much too low, but ln any event any improvement upon them is to come, we are assured, from an in crease in the imports of dutiable mer chandise. But Is not this, from the Republican point of view, a cause for woe and lamentation? How in the world can "Dingley's bill be all right" if the principal operation of it is to encour age or to produce an increase in the volume of dutiable merchandise brought Into this country? Was it not passed because the foreigner, under the privileges granted by the wicked free traders, was simply swamping us with pauper-made goods? Have we not been told, not only for months, but for years past, that the country could not know prosperity again until the mills, made silent and the laborers thrown out of employment by "Democratic free trade," had the stimulus of a law which would exclude the foreigners from our markets? Such a law the Re publican party said that it was going to pass, and such it has affirmed the Dingley act to be. It is not our concern that the thing is a contradiction in terms. No Dem ocrat has any obligation to explain how you can raise revenue on imports by a tariff that shuts out imports. That is for the protectionist to ex plain. But we would like to know how the Dingley bill can be all right if the sole hope of Its suc cess lies in Increasing the amount of imports of dutiable merchandise. That is the panegyric bestowed upon it now; and, if it is deserved, what must the manufacturers think of it, whose busi ness has come into all this increasing competition; and what mu„t be the opinion of the laboring man, who, ac cording to all prior assertions ot the Republican party, will find himself de prived of the opportunity to earn a liv ing by a wicked Republican measure that actually stimulates imports? The Republican tariff argument Is a beau tiful illustration of the principle of the three-card-monte man, because now you see It and now you don't. m A TItUE NOTE. It is particularly encouraging to hear a true note in finance sounded by the convention of Southern bankers at At lanta. The South has been much more prolific of financial heresy than of financial gospel, and yet we are able to see at this date that the South was not so desperately wrong after all. If the desire of her people had been granted, if the object for which her representatives in congress struggled year after year had been realized, it is not too much to say that the nation would have escaped entirely the move ment for free coinage of silver, or else that the latter would have been confined within the narrow limits that restrained the old green -1 :.< \: party. What the South wat t d was free banking by the re moval of the 10 per cent tax on state bank issues. That was a plank of the platform adopted by the National Democratic convention in 1892. It seemed to many Democrats then that Mr. Cleveland pursued the wiser course by ignoring this demand. It is rea sonably clear now that it was one of the errors to which the best and wisest of men are liable. Had that proposi tion been taken up and modified in the direction of safety, the whole volume of currency agitation would have been directed in that channel; and today free banking, instead of free silver, would be the watchword of those de sirous of a radical change in the finan cial system. Whatever objections one may en tertain against free banking, he must admit that it would not be open to the objections that lie against the free coinage of silver, and that it would supply a local currency for local purposes where the latter would not. The party which styles itself the "sound money" party has felt obliged to make a movement in this direction. The suggestion of Secretary Gage that, under certain conditions, banks be al lowed to Issue unsecured notes to the extent of 25 per cent of their capital, Is an entering wedge. It is, to our mind, utterly inadmissible in its pres ent shape, and the favor is designed to be bestowed only upon a small class of banks, but It witnesses the convic tion, at last become general, that something must be done to provide an elastic currency fitted to the needs of | the local community. The Southern bankers' convention has dared to set forth a bold and rad ical proposition. It has the merit of refusing to deal with compromises. The plan that it offers is simple and final. It would take out of existence the various forms of so-called money, the experiments that desire for profit and political necessity have injected into our circulation, and leave ln ex istence but two sorts of money. The excellence in Its first two planks ought to be universally admitted. These de clare that the banking business must be taken out of politics and the gov ernment out of the banking business. It would then retire and cancel the greenbacks and make the money of the people consist of gold and silver coin and a paper currency of bank notes. It would have these bank notes issued, not by a special class of cor porations, but would extend the su pervision of the law and its privileges as well to all banks of the' country. With a system made thus comprehen sive and uniform, and with such safe guards as could be thrown about it, the issuing of notes would be turned over to the banks as credit agencies responsive to the demands of trade, for greater or lesser money volume, ac cording to the changes of the season and the fluctuations of trade. Toward such a scheme as this thoughtful financiers of both parties have been progressing steadily. They are retarded by the fierce preposses sions of men on both sides, who have not studied and do not understand the real nature of money and of credit. Unfortunately, the question ot note issues has been forced into the back ground by the far less important and practical question of flat money. Pub lic opinion is, however, being educated constantly, and if the people of the South eb a whole were to follow the lead of the Atlanta convention and agi tate for the pursuit of free banking.and would contribute immensely at once to the progress ol their section, the good of their coiffttry and the future success of the political party to which a majority of them are devoted. _ These expressions,, are grotesque carica tures of the truth. There was no "sound and fury," no moving of heaven and earth to pass a tariff bill. No "suspense and disturbance afflicted the busineu world," except in the excited imagination of the writer.— Chicago Tribune. ■ If these expressions are "grotesque carica tures," then President McKlnley and Senator A'drich are expert caricaturists. On May 25 Senator Aldrich assured the senate and the country that the Industry of the country was in a condition of suspense waiting the pas sage of the tariff bill. On June 2 the presi dent addressed a banquet given on the open ing of the museum of the national manufac turers' association, in which he said when the tariff act is done "we will have business con fidence and prosperity." Congress, when It meets next week, will find a very gratifying snowing for the first four months of the new tariff law. Its earn ings during the first four months have ex ceeded by several millions of dollars the earn ings of the corresponding four months of the Wilson law. Its November earnings reached $25,000,000, which is more than 25 per cent ln excess of the November earn ings ln the first year of the Wilson law.— Tracy Republican. You, and the other Hanna bureau papers which are running this statement, should mildly expostulate with your boss against such silly mendacity. Neither he nor you can take it for granted that your readers are all fools or that you are their sole sources of information. INVESTED BY THE STATE. Money Recently Lolaned to Varlons School Districts. The state board of Investment has made the following loans from the permanent school fund: County. Dlst. No. Amount. Beltrami 10 $820 Benton 32 350 Carlton 16 374 Hubbard 25 156 Hubbard 26 800 Jackson 85 500 Kandiyohi 99 600 Lincoln 50 400 Martin 113 400 Meeker 60 300 Nicollet 40 400 Rice (Faribault No. 1) 16,000 Todd 87 630 Town of Thomson, Carlton county 2,000 Town of Vega, Marshall county. 1,300 Total $24,930 TO USE AN ALLEY. Northern Paclfio Wants to Build a Spar Track. The ordinance granting to the North ern Pacific Railway company the right to construct and operate a spur track from its present right of way through an alley running between Fifth and Sixth streets to Broadway, was con sidered by the aldermanic committee on streets yesterday afternoon. Aid. Kenny said there was a demand from the property owners for the construc tion and operation of the track. L. T. Chamberlain, who appeared for the railroad company, stated that the own ers of forty-three out of the sixty-four lots abutting on the proposed line of track were in favor of it. All of blocks 37, 38, 39, 40 and 41, through which the track would pass, was owned by the railway company. From the middle of block 41. which is midway between John and Locust streets, the company did not expect to lay the track until needed, but under the ordinance be fore the committee the track would be completed to John street by June 1, Some of the committee were of the opinion that it would be best to hear from the property owners as to ob jections, If there were any, before rec ommending the ordinance to pass. The ordinance was laid over until the next regular meeting of the committee at which time those of the property own ers who desired to be heard will be given an opportunity. SEEKING REDUCED RATES For Delegates to the Stoclc Breed ers* Convention. The special committee, consisting of Secretaries Tajlmadge, of the chamber of commerce;. Randall, of the state fair association, and Townsend, of the jobbers' union visited the various railroad offices yesterday on the mat ter of making rates, and otherwise aid ing in making the convention of the National Stock Breeders' and Feeders* association, which Is to be held here Jan. 11 and 12., successful. The com mittee reported last night that the railroaders had taken a lively Interest In the onventlpn. and had promised to do all in their power to make it a big, enthusiastic gathering of men inter ested in live stock. , An invitation has been sent to Sec retary' Wilson, of the department of agriculture, to come here and address the delegates, and other prominent sneakers will also be in attendance The chamber of commerce committee* which will see to the entertainment of visitors consists of Messrs. J. H. Cor nish, J. T. Clark, Thomas Irvine, Al fred Scheffer and A. S. Tallmadge. The chamber also named the following delegates to the stock gathering which is slated for Denver, Jan. 25, 26 and 27: Messrs. Flower, Brooks, Hastings, Moore and Scott. ACTION FOR LIBEL. Col. Tietz Brines an Action Against the Volksze-tnng. Edward Tietz has begun an action agains. the receivers of the Volkszelt ung Printing and Publishing company to recover $15,000 damages for alleged libel. The receivers are Albert Schaller and Hiram D. Brown. The alleged libellous article was pub lished ln the Volkszeltung on the after noon of Nov. 10, 1897. It was headed "Em Schurfenstrelch," which, trans lated Into English means "The Deed of a Rascal." The article charged Col. Tietz with entering into a conspiracy with a man named Wolff to have Henry Bergmeier brought before the probate court and examined as to his mental condition. / Col. Tietz denies every allegation cpntained in the ar ticle and declares that certain subse quent publications by the Volkszeltung with reference to the original article, constitute an aggravation of the al leged libel. JOHN MULLER'S LETTER Is "What Has Gotten Joseph Hneb scher In Trouble. Joseph Huebscher, who was brought to St. Paul from Marshall, Minn., by Deputy United 1 Stattes Marshal Henry, Wednesday night, and is now ln the county jail, is charged with obtaining possession of a letter to John Muller, of this city, by fraudulent means. The letter came from Switzerland and reached the St. Paul postofflce last February. It contained a draft for $140. Mr. Huebscher, it is charged, managed to get himself iden tified at the postofflce as John Muller, and the letter was thereupon delivered to him. Huebscher will be examined before United States Commissioner Spencer next Monday forenoon on the charge of obtaining a letter from the United States postofflce under false pretenses. TO fIEPAIR BRIDGES CONFERENCE COMMITTEE DE VOTES AN AFTERNOON Fl GXTRING OUT WHAT IT WILL TAKE. NO DEFINITE CONCLUSION YET MOTION TO PLACE 9100,000 IN THE ESTIMATE DEFEATED BY A CLOSE VOTE. REPORT OF ENGINEER RUNDLETT. Telia the Condition of Kach Bridge In the City nnd What Each Needs. For two and a half hours yesterday afternoon the conference committee discussed the question of how much m.ney should be placed ln the tax es timate for next year for bridge repairs. At the adjournment a motion had just been defeated by which $100,000 was to be placed in the estimate, of which sum $63,500 was to be set apart as a fund for the rebuilding of the south end of the Wabasha street bridge and the balance used to repair other bridges. The comptroller favored this plan, but his proposition was knocked over by a vote of 5 to 4, those voting against it being Messrs. Bement, San born, Copeland, Horst and Wheelock. The comptroller favored an adjourn ment until today, when all the mem bers of the conference committee could be present. The motion to adjourn was carried, and the question will be fought over again today. The consideration of the nineteenth item of the estimate, allowing $10,000 for the bridge repair fund, was the special order, and, when the commit tee was called to order, City Engineer Rundlett presented the following re port as to the condition and needed repairs on the several bridges: Edgerton Street Bridge— This bridge was erected in 1887 by the railroad and city, the railroad company paying for that portion of the bridge over their right o. way and the city paying for that portion over Fauquier street The bridge is the full width of the street and a first-class structure, and was built under a general agreement with the railroad company that they should build the bridge and abutments in accordance with the requirements of the city, and the city should afterwards maintain it. We have already painted this bridge once at the expense of thfi city, and 1 have an order from the com mon council at the present time to refloor it. In this connection I submit a copy of the agreement with the railroad, under which this work was done. Fort Snelling Bridge— This bridge has not been painted since 1889, and it needa it bad ly. This painting, however, is not so im portant an Item as the flooring of other bridges, and could be cut out If we cannot raise the money. High Bridge— This was erected ln 1889 and the floor needs renewal. The bridge also needs painting, but as this bridge has less traffic than most of the other bridges under con sideration, and consequently the danger of an accident Is much less. It could go over until another year better than most of the other bridges. Lafayette Avenue Bridge Painting— This bridge was erected in 1889, and needs paint ing. The bridge was erected under the gen eral agreement. Lafayette avenue existed on the old lines, as I understand It, before the railroads acquired any right of way, but it being one of the most dangerous crossings in the city, the line of the street was changed and a bridge was built by the railroad com pany under the general agreement that they would erect the bridge and the city maintain it. The city has not as yet done any work on this bridge and have ordered the rail road company to make the necessary repairs. Third Street Bridge— This bridge was erect ed by the different railroad Interests and the city. There was a special contract with relation to this bridge with the Great North ern railroad, a copy of which is herewith submitted, and the city since the erection of the bridge has painted it twice. The floor system is now giving out and needs renewal, and it must be done next year. , University Avenue Bridge— This bridge was erected by the various interests in connec tion with the Transfer and by the city. There was an agreement that the city should main tain the bridge in accordance with council proceedings of ISSB. which are herewith sub mitted. The bridge itself is a first-class structure, and only requires renewal of the floor system and painting. Wabasha Street Bridge — In ISB9 a portion of this bridge was rebuilt from the north end to the island, and it was expected at that time that an appropiiation would bo made the next year to rebuild the remaining part, but on account of the hard times It has been put off from year to year. Tho roadway on the narrow portion is eighteen feet wide, and on this there are two tracks. The travel at certain times on this portion of the bridge is congested, and, that portion of the bridge being on a 5 per cent grade, on several occasions street ca.3 have gotten away and accidents have resulted. During the winter season, on account of the necessity of keeping the snow off the street car tracks, there is a constant comp'alnt on account of the difficulty of traffic. The bridge should be widened to correspond with the northern portion of the bridge at the earliest time possible. The old piers are in bad condition, and required repairs last year to make the bridge safe, and it probably will not be safe for more than two or three years. If a new bridge Is not built, it will require $3,500 to put the bridge ln proper repair, which does not include painting. The north 600 feet, which was reconstructed in 1889. needs a new floor. The cedar blocks are almost entirely worn out, and the floor planks are ln bad condition. This bridge has a heavy traffic, and these repairs should be made next year. Westminster Street Bridge— This bridge was erected ln 1881. It has been painted since, and has been repaired and a pavement put on at the expense of the city. This Is one of the first bridges erected under the general agreement with the railroad companies. The floor has broken through several times this fall. Tho floor system should be renewed without delay. The railroad companies. I un derstand, have been ordered to make the necessary repairs. Western Avenue Bridge— This bridge was built in 1888, and is in very bad condition. It will have to be renewed or closed before another season. Raymond Avenue Bridge— There has been appropriated already $27,500 for this bridge. It was expected that the railroads would pay the balance, and suit has been brought to compel them to do so. The case has been tried, but no decision has been rendered. In my opinion, it will require $10,500 additional to build the bridge ln accordance with the plans and specifications which hare been ap proved by the common council. Of the bridges the repairs to which aro most necessary I wou_i name University avenue, Westminster street. Third street, Wabasha street and Edgerton. This bridge, however, might be closed and the traffic turned onto Payne avenue and Burr street. Aid. Bell suggested that the placing of $90,000 in the budget for 1898 and the balance ln 1899 would allow the Im provement to be made. It was an out rage that the bridge was not properly widened and repaired. Mr. Bement favored the placing of enough ln the budget for 1898 to build the substructure and then ln the 1899 budget the balance could be appropri ated. Mr. Bell was of the opinion that a sufficient amount could be put ln the estimate to pay for the work to be done in 1898. The comptroller said this could not be done, as, when a con tract was let, provision must be made to raise the funds and have them on hand before the contract was let Mr. Rundlett said it took about as long to get the iron work ready as It did to build the bridge. His idea was that the contracts for the substruoture and superstructure should be let at once. Aid. Sanborn said the bridge would last two or three years, and It would be better not to spend $150,000 until there was some sale for real estate on the West side and elsewhere. He did not want the tax levy Increased for this bridge or any other or for any other purpose. In view of the present condi tion of affairs, he moved that only $11, --500 be allowed for repairs on the Wa basha street bridge. This amount, the engineer said, would pave the north end or wide part of the bridge with brick and repair the narrow part by putting ln Joists and replanklng. The top pavement would be put In the nar- row part of the bridge at the expense of the street railway company. Mayor Doran thought the danger on the southeast end of the bridge was from the street cars and called atten tion to an ordinance which provided that only one track be operated by the street car company on the bridges dur ing the months snow was on the ground. The ordinance, however, had never been enforced. If it was there would be less danger. Aid. Sanborn said this would necessitate two switch es on the both bridges, and owing to the expense the street car company would not do it. Mr. McCardy objected to the motion of Mr. Sanborn to put $11,500 in the es timate for repairs of the bridge. He advocated the putting in an amount sufficient to start a fund for the re building of the bridge and in lieu of all other motions that $63,500 be placed in the estimate for 1898 for this purpose. Mr. Bement insisted that the amount to be spent on the other "infernal bridges" be ascertained first before any more money was appropriated for the Wabasha street bridge. The engineer's report was then taken up. On the re pairs on Edgerton street bridge the question came up as to whether the city or the railroad companies had to bear the expense. In the discussion which followed^, copies of an agreement signed by J. J. Hill, as general man ager of the St. P., M. & M. Ry. com pany; H. B. Sargent, of the N. P. company; H. H. Porter, of the C. St. P. M. & O. company, and J. R. Ilsley, of the St. P. & D. company, were read. The agreement ln effect is that the companies shall build the abutments and superstructure, over rights of way, and the city build the approaches and afterward maintain the structures. The agreements were dated Aug. 23, 1880. Assistant Corporation Attorney Phillips informed the committee that the legal department had never looked at the agreements as contracts for the reason that only the mayor of the city at the time signed them. They had never been agreed to by the coun cil. Mr. Wheelock questioned whether it would be policy for the city to force the railroad companies to stand the expense of repairing the bridges. The companies were ln a position where they could do the city a deal of good or damage. He knew of several im portant industries which were hanging fire solely on the action to be taken by the railroad companies. This was a very Important question as affecting the future prosperity of the city, s_ad he advised careful consideration of the matter. If the railroad companies were advised that they would have to build and maintain bridges, It was, to say the least, not very encouraging to the railroad corporations. He said It would be good policy for the city to enter into some agreement with the railroad com panies which would be satisfactory to both parties. The committee figured for some time and then decided that $39,100 would be necessary to repair bridges as follows: Edgerton street bridge, $4,500. Third street, $12,000. University avenue, $18,000. Westminster street, $4,600. Aid. Sanborn said some of the $150,000 appropriated for the street, sewer and bridge fund could be used for repairing bridges. Mr. Copeland, Mr. Rundlett and the mayor were opposed to spend ing any of the street fund for this pur pose. This is the fund from which the street force is paid, and, as there are two elections next year, the adminis tration officers evidently were not in favor of cutting down this fund. After considerable discussion and va rious suggestions by Mr. Wheelock as to how the roadway of bridges could be planked instead of paved and a neat sum saved, the comptroller moved that the item in the estimate for bridge re pairs be made $100,000, of which amount $03,500 was to start a fund for the re building of the Wabasha street bridge and the balance to be used In repairing other bridges. The city engineer thought, with the $36,500 left. If Mr. Mc- Cardy's motion carried, he would be able to get along. The motion, how ever, was lost by a vote of 5 to 4. Mr. Sanborn then moved that $40,000 be the amount appropriated for the bridge repair fund, an increase over the comptroller's estimate of $30,000. Before the vote could be taken Mr. Mc- Cardy moved an adjournment which was carried. It Is the intention of thos? members of the conference commit tee who favor some appropriation for the widening of the Wabasha street bridge next year to bring the matter up again at the meeting today. It Is hoped by those favoring the plan that a full attendance of the committee can be secured this afternoon, and the plan proposed by the comptroller can be put through. -«-__- The Unemployed. To the Editor of the Globe. Modern society Is confronted by two evils — the mil'lonalre and the tramp. Great wealth i and desperate poverty, however serious In themselves, derive their chief significance as symptoms of an abnormal condition of so ciety. I intend briefly to state the origin and na ture of this evil and its cure. None can realizo more vividly than I do the difficulty of solving practically this problem, yet the fact that It Is of recent growth gives us good reason to believe that It may as quick ly be done away with. Originally, this nation had neither poverty nor wealth in the modern sense. Capitalists and tho proletariat were un known. Tho producing class were the middle class, and owned the means of production. Land, the principal source of wealth, was within the reach of all; so there could not possibly be such a thing as lack of employ ment. But, with tho advent of the steam | engine and the corresponding progress of ma ! chine development, Individual effort and re | source became Insufficient to own and use the new means ot production. Accordingly, | men united their means, formed stock com panies and the struggle between labor and capital began. The first dividend that was declared published to the world that labor was enslaved, for such dividend was the tribute of the vanquished to their conquerors. It mattered not that wages might be good, nor even that employment could easily b . I | had; the one deeply significant fact remained ! • that labor could no longer employ Itself, that j it was dependent and could not have all that It earned. Thus was ushered In the era of machinery. Commercialism supplanted the aristocracy of land, and financial fuedallsm Inherited the Ir responsible power of the more ancient des potism. Chattel slavery fettered the Individual and made his personeJ liberty subservient to the baser instincts of his master. The modern tyranny purchases not individual industry, but collective efTort, labor— not the laborer Is a commodity. Yet the result Is the same and the principle Involved Is the same, and so we have confronting us tho old Irrepressi ble conflict that ushered ln the civil war— the contest between freedom and slavery. Here, then. Is the evil we must contend with —private ownership of the means of produc tion, for even ln the most prosperous time, there will be more men looking for work than '■ there are Jobs for them; because when the competition Is even — tho supply and demand balanced — tho capitalist will not run his ma chine. Thus labor must ever be at a disad vantage — there must be a margin of unemployed to be a margin of profit, there must be a margin of profit to be any employment at all, and the standard of liv ing will be regulated by the wages for which the desperate out-of-work will consent to take the place of the man with a Job. This evil, slight at the beginning of tho present era, has grown with the growth of machine civil ization. All our progress has been to save labor and to destroy the laborer and make his Ufo a curse. The organised unemployed pro pose to stop this. Capital reduced to its ultimate essence Is the earning capacity of labor. The function of the capitalist Is to buy labor cheap and sell It dear. I__bor must learn to get along without the capitalist. We believe we can do thl3. With enmity to none, we Invite the co-operation of all. We will accept the suggestions of a millionaire as readily as those of the humblest tramp, and for their fortune or misfortune we blame neither, believing that both aro tho victims of a common evil. To grapple successfully with this problem out great need Is not money, but practical Intelligence and ability. The trouble with most plans for social oetterment Is that they won't work. We think we can overcome this difficulty, and In doing so we invite the co-operation of all public-spirited citizens. — F. R. Hays. Secretary of the Organized Unemployed. Frederick Tarbox will return from Concord. N. H., wliere he la attending school at St. Paul's, for the Christmas holidays. Goodrich B. and Frank R. Rhodes, sons of Roy. Dudley W. Rhodes, of Ashland avenue, will return from Yale this week for the holidays. ' LIFE'S BRIGHT SIDE PAST AXD FUTURE EVENTS IN ST. PAIL'S SOCIETY CIRCLES. CONCERT THAT WILL DRAW. THAT FOR THE BENEFIT OF THH HOUSE OF THE GOOD SHEPHERD. THE IIUMBIRD-IURR WEDDING. Marriage of Miss Emma Clara Han*. dotrf and ( hnrles A. Conies, of St. Cloud. The concert for the benefit of the House of the Good Shepherd Is boom ing along at a great rate. From an ar tistic standpoint the concert will be a drawing card. The musical part of the programme will be under the manage ment of Richards Gordon, and that gentleman is kept busy attending re hearsals, listening to suggestions and arranging for the proper seating of the large orchestra that will interpret the numbers allottted them. The Sympho ny orchestra, under the direction of Prof. Frank Danz Jr., will be the same that gave the music-lovers of St. Paul such a treat last winter by Its work at the Minnesota Boat club concert. The soloists are to be Miss K'atherina Gordon and Mrs. Hermann Scheffer. Mrs. Scheffer's playing on her chosen instrument, the piano, Is always a treat. She is to play among other things a concerto with the orchestra that calls for the most brilliant work of which she is capable. Miss Gordon'_ numbers have not yet been decided on. It is almost certain, however, that sha will sing Mendelssohn's "Hear Ye, Is rael," with full orchestra accompani ment and Ohamlnarde's "E* Etc" "Hear Ye, Israel," Is one of the most dramatio songs Mendelssohn ever wrote, and "I_'Ete" is a pyrotechnic composition that was sung here about three weeks ago by Lillian Blauvelt. The complete programme will be published ln the G1 o b con Sunday morning next. Dur ing the evening Archbishop Ireland and Rev. S. G. Smith will make addresses of ten minutes each. The date of thia concert is Monday evening, Dec. 20, at the People's church, and there ought not to be seats enough in the spacious auditorium to accommodate holders o_ tickets. St. Paul is a music-loving city. People always respond to the call of charity. With such a concert and such a charity there can be no question aa to the result. Reserved seats are on sale at Howard, Farwell & Co.'s., not at W. J. Dyer & Bros., as the tickets exchangeable for reserved Keats read. The concert will begin promptly at 8:15 p. m. The doors will be closed during the rendition of the musical numbers. HUMBIRD-BURR. A quiet wedding took place last even ing at tho residence of Mr. and Mr.. John A. Humbird, of Dayton avenue. The contracting parties were Miss Jane Humbird and Stiles \V. Burr. Rev. D. W. Rhodes performed the ceremony in the presence of the Immediate relatives of the families. The rooms were pret tily decorated with holly, roses and Christmas green. The relatives from out of the city were: Dr. and Mrs. Johnson, of Hudson; Mr. and Mrs, Da vid Humbird, of Hudson; Miss Grace Humbird. of Pittsburg, and Thomas Humbird and family. Miss Emma Clara Hausdorf, 'laugh ter of Col. C. F. Hausdorf, and Charles Ambrose Coates, of St. Cloud, were quietly married at th.> home of the bride Wednesday, at i_ o'clock. After the ceremony a breakfast was served. The bride was attired in white satin, trimmed with real lace, and carried lilies of the valley and white violets. Miss Madge Mack, of Fargo, N ly was maid of honor, wearing a hand some gown of embroiii. red mulle and lace, and carried pink mses. Frank A. Hausdorf, brother of the bride, was best man. Rev. Mr. Parshall, of St. Cloud, officiated. None but the imme diate families b. - i n *<- present. Mr. and Mrs. Coates left on the afternoon train for St. Cloud, where they were ten dered a reception by Mr. and Mrs. John Coates, parent., of th" groom. PROGRESSIVE EUCHRE Mrs. W. I). George, of Dayton avenue, _ava a progressive euchre party yesterday after noon. There were seven tables and the prizes were won by Mrs. <;. i - . Andrews, first: Mrs. John Hutson, se ond: Mr cham berlain, third, and Mrs. \V. J. Canfleld, con solation. Tho guests were: Mesdi s Doran, Coburn, French, Wilkinson, Salisbury, <_i_ fl-ld, Horn, Unison. Andrews, Gould, Shapes, Farwell, Ellison, S:ilj!n. Chamberlain, Krayenbuhl, Collins, Gilford, Whltacre, Wat son. Cumbey, Stockenstrom, Roland, spro.it. McLaughlin, Newcomb, Alexander, f'ohoon find Davis. Mrs. C. A. Davis nnd Mis. Sproat assisted th" hostess and will also as sist her in the second of her companies, which Is to be given this afternoon. PINK AND WHITE EUCHRE. Mrs. W. F. Lord entertained at a pink and white eu- lire yesterday afternoon al hei on Portland avenue. She was ass'sted by Mrs. Pleckenstein, Mrs. jj. m. Tv die, Mrs. Frank Van Duyne, Misses Ida May* Lord nnd Donalda Donald. Tho gu Mrs. 11. B_ Farwell. Allen Krieger, Trary, Spindier, Daraler, Deehach. Phillips, Miller, brink, Bascom, Lewln. McCartney, Ft, : : irffman. Swift, Matthews. Donald F. Smith, J. Middle ton, Danz. Edward Meyer, Schaelfaln, Miss Krieger. TWICKINOHAM CLUB. The Twickingham Cinch club . . » at the home of Mrs. W. C. Montgomery Wednesday evening. The hostess was .sslstcd by Miss Rylle and Miss Peterson. The first prizes were won by Mrs. Montgomery and J. L. Klelnfetter. Consolation prizes by Miss Aggie Arth and C. Arth. The next me. t!:,i< of tho club will be at the home of Mr. and Mrs. J. L. Kielnfelter. of 823 East Seventh str*- 1. PIQUET PARTY AND LUNCHEON. A piquet party was given last evening by Miss Finch, of Summit avenue. Miss Tarbo.x gave a luncheon of twelve covers yesterday for Miss Gotzlan. JARLEY WAX WORKS. Tho cast of characters In the Jarley Wax Works entertainment to be given ln the Day ton avenue church thi.. evening, is: Mrs. Jar ley. Charles Fair.hlld; Little Nell, Maurice Dunlap; Grover Cleveland, Mr. Vanderwarker; ex-President Harrison. 10. M. War.-; Man who Told the Truth, E. C. Stringer; Bluebird, Mayor Doran. In addition to these attrac tions there will bo some merry distractions and grewsome pleasantries in the shape of a chamber of horrors; Gen. Weyler. a room full of horror In himself. There will be rep resented, also, a bicycle fiend and a football fool, and best of all an imaginary thing they call a "woman with a secret"— all these will be in wax works, but will nevi rtheless, at the touch of a magic button wax eloquent SOCIAL AND PERSONAL. The Young Ladies' Euchre club met day with M-M Grace Sanborn, of Virginia avenue. There will be a studio t»a thi glven by Bdward licKe • and Will am Farwell at their studio In the Moore block. An Informal bop will be given Jan. 13 by the Ben Am_ Social <!_b. The Evening Social • lob will glv" an talr.rn.nt and dar.-e tomorrow night af Odd Fellows' hall, Fifth and Wataoha. A chicken pie supper, fcll.wrd by a doll carnival, will be glTen at 701 ESeat Third street this evening, by tho Ladles' \ld S of the Bates Avenue M. K. Th 3 Woman's Work Society ol the Central Presbyterian Church will meet this afternoon ln the church parlors. The ladle.' Societies of the First Baptist church will hold a union meeting 'his after noon at the residence of Mr 3. NOfthrup, -I Summit avenue. The prosr_J____a Will bu lv charge of Mrs. A. F. Bebnke. Edward Saunders will return fr im Yal« and Miss Caroline Saunders from Smith col lege for the h-lldays.