Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XX.— NO. , 300.
Tft^ST. PflrUk GI^OBE
SUNDAY, DEC. 2C, 1807.
Weather for Todny —
Fair and Colder.
KiiK'limd's Share In Spoliation.
Civil Service System Safe.
J)isnMt-r in h « li risl iiu.vx Snlntc.
Greek Gunboat Fired Upon.
Carpenter Interviews Ireland.
tit. I'n ul Orphans Kemembered.
Services at St. Paul's.
Berrieea at the Cathedral.
Cattlemen Favor St. Paul.
Christmas at the Hotels.
St. \ inci'iii's < hnreh Service.
Curlers Are BiiNy.
Coinlskey May Go to St. Louis.
Chane Unable to Defeat Michael.
Christinas Season Abroad.
Christmas In the Mill City.
Secret Societies. '
Coining Concert of Yale Club.
The Woman's Page.
'07 Picking Up Ills Duds.
Mystery of Copper River Find.
Globe's Prise Winners.
Greater Sew York.
Social Events of the Week.
Review of the Year ISO 7.
The Field of Labor.
WnntN of the People.
Pnluoe of Liquid Loveliness.
Good Cheer for ISOB.
The Conning Man of the Woods.
Wet— Seibert Concert, 3.."50.
Lost, Strayed or Stolen, 8.15.
Grand— A Black Sheep, 8.15.
People's Church. — Concert, 8.
Sloxart Hall— Mozart Club. 8.
MOVEMENT OF STEAMSHIPS.
NEW YORK— Arrivey: Europe.London,Sail
ed: Lucanla. Liverpool; La Normandie,
Havre; Island, Copenhagen; Amsterdam, Rot
SOUTHAMPTON— SaiIed: St. Louis, New
LIVERPOOL— Arrived: Umbrla, New York.
The No. 8 hat fits more people today
than it did yesterday.
Fitzsimmons has bought another lion.
Is he really afraid of Corbett?
The Christmas offerings to Joseph
Letter were wheat from end to end.
Uncle Sam is excessively slow about
some things. He hasn't paid the bill
of the undertaker who officiated at the
funeral of Garfield in 1881.
An Oshkosh girl ran away and was
not found for several weeks. Her in
sanity was established by the fact that
she had located in Sheboygan.
It was discovered after a St. Louis
man died that he had four hearts.
There was no evidence, however, that
he had worked any of them overtime.
Honolulu is to have a new bank
which is to be a branch of a Pekin
bank. In the event of the annexation
of the Sandwiches to the United States,
would it be proper to float both the
American and the Chinese flags over
What is all this quarrel among E. V.
Bmalley, Columbus C. Pawky and C. B.
Maben as to which first suggested
union of the Twin Cities. The Glo b c
will wager that the Minneapolis Jour
nal made a kick on the proposition be
fore it was made.
It was about this time four years
ago that Mr. McKinley was referring
to the Democratic party as a "bond
issuing, deficit-producing old party."
"Will Mr. McKinley please come to the
front now with an honest characteri
sation of his own party?
THE SAINT PAUL GLOBE.
CIVIL SERVICE SYSTEM SAFE
McKinley's Attitude Toward the Spoilsmen
Is Firm and Determined.
ScFI3tOPS Their Presentation of the Case
to the President an Admission
Bluffing. of Defeat.
Only Changes so far Made by the Administra=
tion Approved by the Commission.
Special to the Globe.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 25.— The alarm
which has spread throughout the coun
try as to the blow which civil service
reform would suffer during the coming
year is founded on reasoning which
ignores the meaning of some recent
events. Throughout the early summer
and late fall the president has been
daily besieged by partisans clamorous
for his revocation of the civil service
orders issued by President Cleveland
in 1896. The most he is willing to do
is to make a few modifications, such
as exempting "private secretaries or
confidential clerks — not exceeding two —
to the president or to the head of each
of the eight executive departments; In
dians employed in the Indian service
at large," except in" certain grades;
"attorneys or assistant attorneys in
any department, whose main duties are
connected with the management of
cases in courts;" and certain cashiers
and deputies in the customs, internal
1 revenue and postal services." of these
exemptions the civil service commis
sion itself approved. Mr. Cleveland
would probably have made them had
he stayed in office longer.
But at the same time the president
took three distinct steps forward. He
struck out that part of Rule 111., which
limited the classified customs service to
customs districts where five or more
persons were employed, so that now all
the customs employees,, save the cash
iers and assistants already referred to,
are included. Next he ordered that
hereafter applicants even for the ex
empted positions in the customs and in
ternal revenue services should be "sub
ject to an examination to be prescrib
ed by the secretary of the treasury, not
disapproved by the commission, equal
to the examination held by the commis
sion for positions of like grade. Such
examination shall be conducted by the
commission in accordance with its reg
ulations." Finally, came the much
quoted and highly welcome order that
"no removal shall be made from any
position, subject to competitive exami
nation, except for just cause and upon
written charges filed with the head of
the department or other appointing
officer and of which the accused shall
have full notice and an opportunity to
The issue of these orders did not
cause any diminution of the pressure
upon the president, and he was duly
warned by members of both senate and
house that he would have the privilege
of signing an anti-civil-service reform
bill before the coming session was over,
unless he retreated from his position.
His answer to this threat was in the
tail of his message of Dec. 6:
Much, of course, still remains to be accom
plished before the system can be made rea
sonably perfect for our needs. There are
places" now in the classified service which
ought to be exempted and others not classified
may properly be included. I shall not hesitate
to exempt cases which I think have bef-u im
properly included in the classified service, or
include those which in my judgment will best
promote the public service. The system ha 3
the approval of the people, and it will be my
endeavor to uphold and extend it.
This is equivalent to saying — or as
nearly equivalent as would be possible
for a* man of Mr. McKinley's tempera
ment— "Now, my friends, go ahead; let
us see which of us comes out best."
The congressmen accepted the chal
lenge. They have been trying ever
since the session began to agree upon
some policy in which all could join.
How well they have succeeded may be
judged by the* flourish of trumpets with
which Representative Pearson, of
North Carolina, organized his great
Republican revolt, and the tame con
clusion which it reached when his con
ference resolved that it did not want
to do away with the civil service law
after all, but only to "modify some of
its provisions," speaking, as one of
Dicken' people did, with a cheerful
generality, and not specifying what
provisions were meant— probably be
cause nobody present knew. In the
senate the same sort of a canvass was
made, though not so openly and boldly.
The fruit of that was the little parcel
of advice given to the president the
other day by five senators and self
constituted leaders of the Republican
party, that he must retreat on the civil
question or wreck the party!
Is It possible that any reasonably
SUNDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 26, 1897.
shrewd observer is misled by this kind
of foolery? Do gamblers, when they
know that they hold a winning hand,
give the game to somebody else to
play? Were members of either house
of congress who had in their own
grasp the means of "saving- their par
ty," ever known to go to a president
and ask him to save it for them? If
so, it must have been in the primitive
days when congressmen were without
personal ambitions, and were perfectly
willing to let others reap the credit of
the schemes they had devised. That
kind of congressmen passed away a
long, long time ago. When those of
the present day get hold of a good
thing, they keep it. In other words*,
the very fact that these senators went
to the president with any such warn
ing as the one with which they are
credited, shows that they had discov
ered that they could do nothing in the
senate to destroy the law, and that
A THING OR TWO THE NEW YEAR GIRL PLEDGES NOT TO DO.
their only hope was to Induce the presi
dent to saddle himself with the odium
of damaging the effectiveness of the
rules as far as possible.
Still, there is nothing to show that
the president has any mind to obey the
senatorial behest. While he may make
some modifications as indicated by hi 9
message, it does not follow that he will
do anything like what the spoilsmen
expect of him. Persons who have been
on the inside of affairs In Washington
know that two extensive schemes for
looting the classified service have al
ready been blocked with either his ac
tive assistance or his knowledge and
approval. Secretary Alger had hardly
got warm in his seat as secretary of
war before he requested the opinion of
the attorney general as to the legality
of the Inclusion of some four thousand
and odd places of the engineer depart
ment in the classified service. The
opinion, written by one of the chief
officers of the department of justice
was never promulgated, though the
secretary of war was duly acquainted
with its contents; the secretary did not
press the matter further. In like man
ner the question was raised about the
government printing office, and one of
the assistant attorneys general prepar
ed an elaborate opinion which, if
adopted, would have taken the office
out of the classified service instanter.
That opinion was sent to the very offi
ce it affected, to be put into type; but,
for some reason inscrutable to its au
thor, it, too, was shoved into a dark
pigeon-hole and suppressed.
Allowing for the weaknesses of poor
human nature, it is always possible
that the president may change his
mind on any of the points on which he
has committed himself. Until he shows
some decided signs of doing so, how
ever, it is only just to assume that he
intends to stand honestly by the declar
ations of his party platforms, his own
speeches in congress, and his Inaugural
address and first annual message, and
it isiho duty of all sincere civil terviee
reformers to take pains to let him
know that if he stands firm he will
have the whole enlightened sentiment
of the country behind him.
IS CIiOUGH A CANDIDATE?
Washington Gossip Says He !■ Out
for the, Senate.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 25.— Word has
been received from Minnesota that Gov.
Clough is a candidate for the United
States senate to succeed Davis in 1890.
It is also learned that ex-Congressman
J. B. Gilfillan has already began his
canvass for the same high office, and
this week he and his friends have been
sending letters out through the state.
Capt. Castle and other strong suppor
ters of Senator Davis do not seem to
be disturbed over the announcement of
the two Minneapolis candidates, and it
cannot be learned that any holiday en
gagements have been changed since It
became known that Gov. Clough is
going to try the stepping-stone from
the state house to the senate.
THAT DIRRAXT SEXSATION.
Final Card of the Defense at Last
SAN FRANCISCO, Dec. 25.— The
long-promised sensation in the Durrant
case has developed. W. A. Durrant,
father of the murderer, has presented
an affidavit to Superior Judge Sewell
charging Juror Smyth with having
knowingly used certain information not
presented at the trial of Theodore Dur
rant la deciding- the merits of the case
in his (Smith's) mind. Durrant Sr. says
that Smyth talked of the case to rep
utable persons before the trial was con
cluded; that Smyth told the persona
that Theodore D arrant had been on
terms of criminal intimacy with near
relatives, and that he was abnormally
developed sexually; that Juror Smyth
had intimated that Durrant Sr. knew
of these relations, and that Smyth had
made up his mind as to the defendant's
ASHEVII.L.E. N. C., Dec 25.— A
crowd of one hundred more men and
beys were firing a Christmas salute
from an old cannon on the outskirts
of town today when a can of thirty
pcunds of powder exploded in the thick
of the crowd. Thirty or forty persons
were injured, but none, it is believed,
fatally. The cannon was fired several
times and then Joseph Finch, an em
ploye of the Southern Railway com
pany, picked up the powder can and
be^an to reload the piece. The gun
had not been swabbed and the moment
the tiny stream of powder struck the
heated metal there was a flash and
the powder exploded Vith a report that
made the earth tremble. Immediately
there was a scene that made sick the
hearts of those watching from a near
by hill. In the smoke that rose from
the explosion they saw human beings
run blindly here and there over the hill,
falling and rising only to fall again as
they frantically rushed about, blinded
and powder burned, trying to ex
tinguish their flaming clothes. Those
who were unhurt ran to the aid of the
unfortunate ones, smothering flames,
or cutting the garments form their
RIOTING IN Cavalry Compelled to Disperse
a Crowd With a Drawn Saber
HAVANA, Dee.-f25.~- As is customary
here on Christmas eve large crowds of
Spaniards asembled In Central park
and indulged in dancing, singing and
other forms of amusement. A large
nvmber of these present, becoming in
tcxicated, began to make demonstra
tions and shout "Viva Weyler," "Viva
Espana," "Viva union .jconstitu.ional,"
"Down with autonomy," and other
cries. The police were summoned, and
upon their arrival ordered the crowd
to disperse. No attention was paid to
their orders, and, the officers being re
inforced, guards were stationed in all
the avenues In the vicinity of the park.
Ir< the meanwhile the groups in the
perk continued their shouting and dem
onstration, compelling the cavalry, a
detachment of which had been sum
moned to the scene, to charge upon
them, saber In hard, and disperse them.
Several of the police were slightly in
jured by stones thrown by the popu
lace. Eight arrests were made, but no
shr.ts were fired.
Rumors which have been circulated
here that Sylvester Scovell, a New
York newspaper correspondent, had
been hanged by the Insurgents are un
true. It is reported that he and Senor
Rafael Madrida, the American consul
at Sancti Splritus, were the bearers of
an important dispatch from President
McKinley to "President" Masso and
Gen. Gomez. Generally speaking, the
condition of the reconcentrados is as
pitiful as it was during the adminis
tration In the island of Gen. Weyler.
A relief fund of $100,000 will hardly
give the sufferers twenty cents each.
La Lucha demands that the amounts
expended by municipal authorities for
the relief of the destitute inhabitants
During the last month numerous
robberies and sta%>bi*g affrays are re
ported to have occurred in Havana.
These outrages are ascribed to the
return to Havana from Ceuta prison
of the "Nanigoes," who have been par
doned for political offenses under re
cent decrees. It is officially stated
that many cane fields in Havana prov
ince have been burned by the insur
gents. It is reported that Erigadier
Arangueren was at Guana bacoa night
before last. A party of Insurgents, it Is
reported unofficially, recently dyna
mited a culvert and bridge on the rail
way between Sagua and Remedios-
It is reported that, in various engage
ments with the insurgents, the forces
of Gen. Pando have suffered considera
ble losses. The column for several days
was short of provisions, owing to the
vigorous* resistance ■ made by the In
surgents to the advance of the Spani
ards and the many impediments placed
In their way. Gen. Pando's exact losses
are not known, owing to difficulty of
communication. Eighty residents of
Bejucal, in Havana province, while
guilt before thd trial was half con
Durrant'B attorneys have formulated
papers on a motion for a writ and
probable cause and presented them to
Judge Bahrs, but he denied the motion
and gave notice that an application for
a writ of probable cause should be
made before the supreme court. This
will be done in a few days, the attor
neys for Durrant say.
Thirty Men More or Less
Seriously Injured toy an
Explosion at Asheville.
bodies. One man was blown complete
ly down the high bluff, 200 feet nearly
to the river. The people in the neigh
borhood ran to the scene and the work
of giving assistance to the injured be
gan. The hill was dotted with black
ened, groaning figures, some of whom
lay almost perfectly nude. A number
of the injured were able to walk from
the scene, while cots were provided and
gentle hands placed the more seriously
wounded on them and conveyed them
to an old residence near by, which was
improvised into a hospital. Those in
jured worst, are:
Joseph Finch, Edward Miller, John Ingle,
Barton Means, Clarence Bedford, Vernon
Sentell. Charles Farwood, Hay Eaton, Eu
fene Wynne, D. Bennet, Dexter Aldrlch, John
owell.B. L. Gowan, Henry Mclntyre, Buck
Trivett. Dell Bishop, George Eaton, J. E.
Hamilton, James Warren and Frank Pratter.
Joseph Finch la among the more se
riously hurt, his nose and mouth being
torn out of all shape and he is probably
blinded. Clarence Ledford, who stood
near the cannon when the powder ig
nited, was thrown more than fifty feet.
His clothing was torn or burned en
tirely off and a part of the skin on the
forehead burned loose. Charles Ear
wood and John Ingle also are seriously
hurt and several others probably will
lose their sight or be disfigured for life.
foraging a few days ago, were Bur
prised by a band of insurgents, who
stripped them of their clothing. The
insurgents have burned the cane fields
on the estate of Senor Cardenas, at
Calagaza Sague. While a number of
insurgents were carrying a case con
taining dynamite, in the province of
Puerto Principe, the dynamite explod
ed, killing seven of the party and
wounding eight others.
BUT ONE VICTIM.
Othern Thought (o Hare Perished In
the Coliseum Safe.
CHICAGO, Dec. 25.— The fire which
lost evening destroyed the Coliseum at
Sixty-third street and Stony Island
avenue claimed only one victim. He
was N. H. Johnson, whose charred re
mains were recovered from the ruin.i
today. Johnson was a fireman em
ployed about the building. He had evi
dently remained at his post until the
last moment. Then he rushed toward
an exit. Within a few feet of the door
an immense piece of glass fell from
the roof, pinioning him to the earth
while the flames slowly smothered him.
It Is practically certain that Johnson
was the only person killed; but a
thorough search of the ruins is being
carried out. Those who were reported
missing last night returned to their
homes today. Most of them had nar
row escapes from death. Sholan Huf
fian, the Armenian who was employed
In the Streets of Cairo exhibit and who
was thought to have been killed, re
turned to his hotel this afternoon after
having wandered about the city all
night. He said that in trying to escape
from the burning building he ran to
the wrong exit, when he finally reach
ed the open air he had inhaled so much
smoke that delirium set in and he
•wandered about the streets all night.
The fresh air finally revived him and
he appeared at the Coliseum this after
ACCEPTS A POST.
Senor Grovln Takes a Place In the
HAVANA, Dec. 25. — Senor Antonio
Grovin,* secretary of the Autonomist
party, who has for nearly a year past
resided in the United States, has ca
bled to the government his acceptance
of a post hi the colonial cabinet.
In March laat, Senor Grovin left Ha
vana for the United States. On his
departure it was understood he was
leaving only for a short trip for his
health and " relaxation- Many friends
went to the wharf and boarded the
steamer to see him off. Once on board,
Senor Grovin surprised his friends by
pointing to the Moro castle flagstaff,
and stating that he would not return
until the flag was changed. "Up to
now " he 6ald, "I have had confidence
and 'faith in the edifice of Spanish na
tionality, but now It Is crumbling and
falling down. I do not wish to perish
in ruins, hence I am going away."
Senor Grovln'a remark created a
great deal of excitement. ...
in ii in hi.
Two Views of the Warlike Complications
in the Far East.
LONDON NOT ALARMED.
Seizure of Kiao-Chou No
Surprise to the British
Salisbury and the Emperor Suspected of
Some Sort of an Understanding.
LONDON. Dec. 25.— 1n well informed
circles the general impression prevails
that the scare in the* newspapers and
among the public in regard to the far
East is at least premature. While the
members of the government are reti
cent they are evidently sincere in dis
claiming the least alarm. The impres
sion gathered in ministerial quarters Is
that Great Britain is carefully watch
ing events, biding her time and that
she certainly will not fail to act
promptly and vigorously at the proper
moment. It Is intimated in quarters
usually well posted on such matters
that Germany eithar has or wishes to
have an understanding on the subject
with Great Britain. This view is
strongly supported by Prince Henry's
visit to Queen Victoria at Osborne, and
his subsequent trip to London and by
the autograph letter which the prince
as being a distinctly conciliatory step
peror's letter to the queen is regarded
confirmation is forthcoming. The em
from Emperor William, etc., of which
is said to have taken to her majesty
upon the part of Germany. But there
is no doubt Great Britain is quietly
preparing for all eventualities. Should
it become clearer that Germany and
Russia have really commented a game
of grab, Great Britain will be prepared
to assert her claims for a division of
her spoils. At the Chinese embassy the
view prevails that there is some under
standing between Great Britain and
The public scare seems to have arisen
from the idea that the proceedings
took Great Britain by surprise. This is
impossible, for, since her intervention
in the Chinese-Japanese war, It has
been known that Geimany has only
been awaiting a favoiable opportunity
to obtain a foothold in China and at
various times it has been reported that
Lap'pa, Quemoy and Amoy had been
secured, while a year ago German ships
surveyed Kiao Chou bay, all of which
was known at the British foreign of
fice. The reception of the German
squadron at Portsmouth, and the facil
ities which the ships were afforded and
will be afforded at all the British coal
departments on their way to Hong
Kong, point to the sympathetic support
of Great Britain. That Russia does
not expect trouble Is shown In the fact
that she has not one battleship in the
far East. But, of course, if Russia dois
not leave Port Arthur in the spring her
stay there may lead to other grabbing.
The British government, however, is
apparently' not borrowing trouble.
From a trading point of view it is
pcinted out that even in the event of
the opening of three new foreign ports,
they will probably be as little harmful
to Shanghai as Boston, Baltimore and
Philadelphia are to New York.
In the meanwhile not a few people
regard the Times' editorial, expressing
satisfaction at the Bering sea settle
ment and protesting against the ' loosa
insinuations of bad faith on the part
of the United States government which
have been thoughtlessly and unjustifi
ably made in England," and Japan's
withdrawal from the attitude she had
assumed in connection with Hawaii as
indications of a desire for an Anglo-
GT?FFIC Friendly Explanation of
Gunboat the Affair demanded
Fired Upon. or the Sultan.
ATHENS. Dec. 25.— As the Greek
gunboat Actium was leaving the Gulf
of Ambracla today a shot was fired at
her by the Turks at Fort Prevesa, on
the north side of the entrance to the
gulf. The Actium and sever other
gunboats which were following her
were compelled to' return to their
anchorage. The government has wir^d
to Prince Mavrocordato, the Greek
minister at Constantinople, instructing
BERLIN LESS HOPEFUL.
China the Center of All
Interest at the Capital
of the Kaiser.
BERLIN, Dec. 25. — China has occu
pied public opinion to the exclusion of
everything throughout the week. The
government and the foreign office con
tinue reticent, even the occupation of
Port Arthur having failed to elicit any
official statement with the exception of :
a denial of the extravagant utterances
of the Cologne Gazette and other usual
ly inspired papers. The reason for thl9
exceptional taciturnity lies In the sim
ple fact that Germany herself does not
know where she stands or how far the
other powers will permit her to go.
Germany, Russia and France art: still
negotiating, and while there Is a strong
pressure to bring about joint action of
these powers In the far East, equally
potent Influences are working to frus
trate such plans. It depends largely
upon the outcome of these negotiations
as to what Instructions Prince Henry,
of Prussia, will find awaiting him when
he arrives at Hong Kong early in Feb
ruary. In the meanwhile the mission
of Prince Henry may be characterized
as mainly a display of spread-eagle
ism. A prominent diplomat In an Inter
view with the correspondent here of
the Associated Press, said:
"Russia's occupation (if Port Arthur
is permanent. She thereby secures a
much desired terminus for the Siberian
railroad, which will forthwith be ex
tended from VTadivostock to F'"i t Ar
thur, making Russia the undisputed
mistress of Manchuria and the whole
of North China. Her Interests In China
in no way collide with those of France,
whose sphere of action Is in Smith
China. Between them is an immense
territory which may eventually be dis
puted between Great Britain, Germany
and Japan. A movement is now on
foot between Japan and Germany to
arrive at an understanding, as Japan
sees clearly that this course is the
wisest. Russia will not tblerate Japan
in Corea, as it would upset all the
schemes she has been preparing fur
the past two years. Therefore Ger
many is the only friend and ally Japan
can look for in the coming • vent*.
That is, if she knows how to play li>r
cards and establish a basis of mutual
Interests for which I hear th
From good sources the eorr<
here of the Associated Press tearna
that the Bay of Giao-Chou is by no
means so valuable aa at first believed.
Part of the harbor freezes during three
months of winter and ice breakers are
required to keep it open. Th.- binter
land is barren and treeless and the
nature of the ground necessitates th«
erection of costly large fortifications In
order to hold the bay and adjoining
territory against attacks. If Germany
concludes to retain It, she will have to
spend large sums of money.
I him to a«k the Turkish government for
a friendly explanation of the la
VTCHISON. Kan., Dec. -20.— The Mil
Pacific's south-bou'id limited
that left Omaha .
was ditched between Becker and Willis, thir
ty milts north of At. o'clock to
night. The tender, the combination ba(
and mail car and the chair car left
The combination >ar turned coUMtptettlj
J J. Pike, tii-- l>ag o 'aK.- and upn
ger was painfully bruised, but no out- wild
seriously hurt, the passengers were trans
ferred to a special train-