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THE DfIILY_GLOBE IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY AT NEWSPAPER ROW, COR. FOURTH AND MINNESOTA STS. SUBSCRIPTION RATES, Payable fa Advance. Dally and Sunday, Per Month J>O Dally mid Smwlay, Six Moutli* $2.75 Dully and Sui.ilcy, One Year- $5.01) Dally Only, Per Month ----- « 4 ° Dally Only, Six Months $2.25 Daily Only, One Year $4.00 Sunday Only, One Year - - - - - f I*BO1 * BO Weekly, One Year -------- fI.OO Address all communications and make all remittances pnytble to THe GLOBE CO.. St. Paul. Minn. Complete files of the Globe always kept on hand for reference. TODAY'S WEATHER. WASHINGTON, Dec 2G.— Forecast for Monday: Minnesota— Pair; warmer; westerly wi::ds. Wisconsin— Fair; slowly rising temperature; li^iit westerly winds. North and South 1 >;\kot;;— Fair; wanner In eastern portions; westerly winds. lowa Fair; wanner; southerly winds. .Montana— Fair; southwesterly winds. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. United States Department of Agriculture, Weather Bureau, Washington. Dec. 26, 0:48 p. m. Local Time, S p. m. Totb. Meridian Time.— Observations taken at the same mo ment of time at all stations. TEMPERATURES. place. Tem.lPlace. Tern. St. Paul 20,Minnedosa 8 Duluth S Winnipeg 4 Huron 'SI Bismarck r ( Buffalo 2S-34 Wllliston :;o Boston 30-32 Havre 30 Cheyenne 28-36 Helena 36 Chicago 22-24 Bank-ford X Cincinnati 36-40 Prince Albert (Montreal 24-30 Calßury 28' New Orleans .. ..44-44 Medicine Hat i'l.Vpw York 32-34 Swift Current 2fijPittsburg 32-36 Qu'Appelle 6l DAILY MEANS. Barometer, W. 12; mean temperature, 20; rel ative humidity, 80; wind at 8 p. m., north west; weather, clear; maximum temperature, 26; minimum temperature, 14; daily range, 12; amount of precipitation in last twenty-four hours. '». Xote— Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. —P. F. Lyons, Observer. A GOOD SUGGESTION. Mr. John Kelly, in a communication published in another column, makes some very sensible comments on the currency question. His most valuable ar.<l pertinent suggestion Is that the silver side of the difTlculty be solved by calling in all silver certificates and ordering their redemption In silver dollars as rapidly as presented. We are amazed at the obtuseness of Secretary Cage, whose propositions submitted to congress threaten to create a situation far more serious than that which they promise to relievo. Heretofore the only question presented to the Ameri can people as expressing danger, and the only <iiie that has really menaced the financial solvency oC the govern ment, Is the existence of the greenback demanding redemption in gold. It is this which constitutes the "endless chain," whose operation must be stop ped if we are not to have periodical raids upon the treasury, exhaustion of gold reserve and bond sales to replen ish it. But, while Mr. Gage is considering means of retiring the greenbacks and treasury notes, he includes with these the silver dollars and silver certificates, and thus doubles his task. To suggest to the minds of the people the practi cability of using the silver certificates for the same purpose for which the greenbacks were used— that is, to pull gold out of the treasury — was a most unfortunate action, and one unworthy of a financier. Mr. Gage, by the prom inence given to this possibility, here tofore dormant, will undo all that he might accomplish In other directions. It will be a sufficiently difficult task to persuade congress to arrange for the retirement and redemption of the strictly fiat money known as green backs. If the idea is fixed in the pub lic mind that silver certificates must also be redeemed in gold, and that to have monetary reform we must pro vide for their retirement or have a treasury reserve equal to the task of redeeming them also in gold on de mand, we might as well give up all currency reform. Mr. Kelly's suggestion is an excel lent and sensible one. He urges that paper meney issued against silver be retired, and the silver put out in its stead. This is what ought to have been done at the outset. The silver certificates should never have been "is- Eiifd. Tf there is such a demand and Biich an opening for the use of silver coinage in this country as the advo cates of that metal claim, then the people will take and use all the silver dollars now in existence. The silver certificate was not issued in response to a popular demand, but for the pur pose of trying to force out of the treasury and into circulation by its paper representative the actual coin which the people refused to take. The time has now come to stop this costly fooling. The silver certificates are re deemable specifically on their face in silver dollars. Let them be so redeem ed. The silver dollar is already a full legal tender in the payment of debts. If it were still being coined, so that the aggregate volume of these dollars, whose bullion value Is so far below^ their face, were increasing and likely to expand Indefinitely, they would cer tainly depreciate. "With the volume limited, with coinage stopped, and with no prospect of its resumption, we be lieve that the people of the country •will accept and can use all the dollars now coined to advantage in the small transactions of daily business life. If this plan were followed, the ques tion of redeeming silver certificates in gold would not and could not arise. The treasury would be relieved from the possibility of having to hold a re serve equal to the redemption of the I enormous bulk of silver and paper based upon the silver now outstanding, and the way to a sound and stable currency system would be fairly open ed. Moreover, as we have said already, the sul stltution of silver coin for paper n * ney to a large extent would tow the people of the Knst to- its use as fraely as it is employed in the West, and place our silver money where it belongs — as a currency actually subsidiary, be cause its metallic value is so far be low its face, but readily absorbed and used by our people. It is in this way that France is able to keep out so large a volume of silver money, and we can use all that we ftave in domes tic transactions. This plan is feasible if the redemption of silver money in gold is not discussed or projected. Should Mr. Gage's idea on this matter be carried out, the process of main taining the parity and redeeming our obligations is an almost impossible one. Another suggestion of Mr. Kelly, that the government use paper money Issued as a mere promise to pay, and not legal tender, bas ed on tax receipts, and that it set apart a portion of the receipts from imports yearly to redeem this money, is not so practical. It could be done if this were a business gov ernment, instead of one controlled by political considerations. In the first place, nobody probably could induce congress to put out paper money with out giving it the legal tender quality. In the next place, we have in effect a tariff act that assures a yearly defi cit. Using all our revenue for ordinary expenditures, there is not enough money to pay the expenses of the gov ernment. The first duty of congress is to do what the Republican party as severated so loudly that it was going to do, but what it has failed to ac complish, namely, to assure an ade quate revenue. With a tariff properly laid to produce revenue, instead of to slaughter it by prohibitory taxes, and with a proper cutting down of expendi tures, we could easily have a surplus; and, in that case, a portion of this surplus might be devoted annually to the redemption of the greenbacks by the process that Mr. Kelly advises. We come here again to the intimate connection between revenue legislation and the currency, and we are confront ed with one of the greatest difficulties of the situation, which is the complete failure of the Republican party to so administer the government, either on the side of taxation or on that of ap propriation, as to make both ends meet. It requires no great study to see that the currency question is a "problem" not so much because of any inherent abstruseness, as because a sane and sound treatment of it is in consistent with the selfishness and am bition of the politicians. Let our sil ver money stand on its own base, oc cupying the position that it now does in our currency, provide adequate rev enue, cut down expenses and retire the greenbacks, either by the Issue of low-rate bonds convertible Into cur rency on demand or by the application of a portion of the annual surplus from taxes, and present difficulties will be cleared away and the country ready for the coming discussion of free bank ing and local note issues. That is the way a business man would look at it. That is not the way in which it is likely to be treated or considered by the people at Washington. -^»- "WHERE OATS, PEAS, BEANS AND BARLEY GROW." Rather where the packages of their seeds come from that the esteemed rural constituents of the eminent statesmen who gather annually in Washington will receive in the next month or two and which, when the advancing sun shall have banished winter's frosts, they will proceed to plant, while their less favored brothers will drop their dimes into the country merchants' tills in exchange for pack ages of seeds supplied by the private enterprise of seedsmen. We are in re ceipt of a copy of a Toledo paper de scribing the process of handling the seeds bought and being prepared for that gratuitous distribution by the seed house to whom was awarded the con tract this year, and the award of which to that particular house, our readers will recall, Mr. Hanna assured the sec retary of agriculture "means much to me." The arrival in Toledo of Gen. Brig ham, assistant secretary of agriculture, to inspect the work of putting up the seeds is the occasion of the article. Very correctly the paper says that "few, if any, have any conception of the enormity of the undertaking," al though we can believe that the word "enormity" was used in its innocent and not its sinister sense. Thirteen million distinct packets must be filled, each with its exact modicum of the precious seed, properly labeled with di rections how to sow or plant, and an assortment of the packets gathered into a larger package and an address label pasted on it. It will take four months to do all this, from the as sembling of the seeds to their being sent off by the carload. There will be thirty carloads to come into the warehouse, and there will be forty carloads to go out, the ten carloads representing the volume of the paper packages. Of the seed, there will be four cars each of peas, beans and sweet corn. Most of the seed is home grown, but flower seeds come from foreign parts, and Egypt is drawn on for cotton seed. Time was when girls and boys sat at tables and filled all these little pack ets with seeds measured by spoons, but home industry is encouraged to do something else or nothing now; and a few little machines automatically re ceive the seeds from the apartments of the great hopper into which they are dumped in bulk, accurately weigh Into each packet the portion of seed assigned each variety, and paste the flap down to prevent spilling of the precious contents. Then thirty girls sit before an endless cloth belt or carrier onto which the machines drop the packets, and the first girl takes one of the larger sacks and slips one seed package into it, the next girl slips in another of a different variety, and so on until the first five girls have filled a sack. The next five are doing the same thing to the packages that come their way, and so on down the line. Pasters take the sacks and seal them and put on the address label for the congressman or his secretary or some government clerk to write on the name of the loyal and influential constituent. The sacks then drop into mail bags aiid go to the postoflice, to make the THE SAINT PAUL GLOBS: MONDAY, DECEMBER 27, 1897. clerks grunt over work that pays the office nothing 1 for its trouble, for all this carrying is done deadhead. We are confident that every reader of the Globe who will get one of these sacks of peas, beans, cabbage and turnip seeds next spring will be pleased to learn the processes each went through, and we are equally cer tain that the vastly larger number who are not influential and favored and, consequently, get none of these benefactions of our paternal govern ment, will be no less interested in this brief summary of the manner in which the seeds they help pay for are put up for the benefit of those of their fellows who bask in the sunshine of a con gressman's favor. , . _^». THE SEW NORTHWEST. In the January issue of Harper's Magazine appears an interesting and valuable article on "The New North west," by Mr. J. A. Wheelock, editor of the Pioneer Press. Mr. Wheelock's familiarity with the facts and process es of the wonderful growth of this section fits him to treat the subject with breadth, and with the intelligent enthusiasm of the man who has played his own part in the progress of great events. He sketches the early history of the country covered by the some what vague term "Northwest," and its development and settlement as a consequence of the invention of the locomotive and the building of rail roads. This involves, necessarily, a his tory of railway construction, including the building of two transcontinental roads, the tale of which is well told. "The New Northwest" is defined tech nically as applying particularly to the chain of states stretching from the head of the great lakes to the Pacific ocean, and it Is their fortunes that furnish the theme of the remainder of the article. Their resources are described in detail, and the history of their sudden and enormous growth, their reaction under temporary adversity, their pres ent prosperity and the golden outlook of their future are given with the graphic pen of an eye witness, and with the confidence of one who relies upon visible facts and is happily free from the? too agile fancy that so often makes such descriptions descend to the level uf a palpable attempt to boom a state or section. The article Is full of statistics which are both informing and convincing, and of the reasonable prophecies of the future which we of the Northwest know to be based upon certainties. The people and the indus tries of the Northwest can ask no bet ter fortune than to have their circum stances given to the public accurately, soberly and intelligently, and this ser vice Mr. Wheelock has performed for them with excellent judgment and ability. DING LEY AS AN ESTIMATOIt. Tco much reliance, we regret to be obliged to say, cannot be placed upon the accuracy of the statements of Mr. Dingley— the statesman upon whose shoulders was cast the onerous burden of providing the treasury with that revenue that the president In his in augural declared to be the immediate, urgent need— as to the working of the measure he. with the invaluable as sistance of our own Chicory Jim, evolv ed from the Innermost recesses of their intellects and the hearings given our manufacturing weaklings. When, on March 24, he spoke of his perfected measure in the house, he stated the problem the party had to solve to be "to provide adequate revenue from duties on imports to carry on the gov ernment," that is, to make the income equal, at least, the outgo. Then he proceeded to elucidate his solution. He went on to tell just where all the revenue was to come from. He took schedule by schedule and stated how much each was expected to yield. And he assured the country that, "on the basis of last year's importations*, the bill will increase the revenue $112, --000,000." But he knew he could not take that basis because he had framed his bill to diminish importations. So he stated his allowances for that and also for anticipatory imports. Ho scaled the increase of income from wool from $17,500,000 to $11,000,000; from woolens from $27,000,000 to $14,000,000. He let sugar stand at $20,000,000, and from the increase on tobacco of $7,000, --000 he left $4,000,000. The other sched ules he slated to increase revenue $31, --000,000. Finally, as a sort of general round-up of results, he felt he had hedged enough to permit him to safely promise an increase in 1898 over the revenues of 1896 of from $70,000,000 to $75,000,000, and of $100,000,000 or more In 1899. As the revenues from customs In 1896 were $160,021,750, his estimate called for $235,000,000 for 1898, a sum never before realized, and neared only in 1890, when $229,000,000 were thus col lected. As the first four months of the working of his revenue producer have produced a deficit of $46,000,000, It is quite evident that the customs will have to work very lively during the remaining eight months to come up to Mr. Dingley's mark. This becomes ap parent by a comparison of the receipts from customs during the same months in other years, and, to make the com parison the fairer, we take those when that "tariff for deficits only," the Wil son-Gorman act, was collecting taxes. The receipts for customs were as fol lows in the months of: 1895. 1896. ISO 7. AuRUSt $10.G39.(H7 $12,329,495 $6.557,702 September ... 14,653,907 11,374,116 7,943,100 October 13,773,055 11.105,493 9,713,491 November .... 11,455,314 9,930,385 9,830,025 Totals ....$55,521,383 $44,739,489 $34,471,321 As there were deficiences of revenue in the months of the two years when customs produced very much more than they have in the Dingley months, and as the spending is somewhat greater now, it is difficult to see the ground for his recently expressed hope fulness that his bill is "all right," that "it is doing all that was expected or it," or that it is yielding the increases his imagination pictured nine months ago. If the act is to give us $235,000,000 by next July, it is quite evident from the above statement o£ the receipta in Its first four months that it will have to "milk" imports of $200,000,000 in the coming eight months, or at the rate of $25,000,000 a month. In view of the utter impossibility of this, and con templating the comparison above made of the revenue-getting qualities of the two measures, we must decline here after to pin any faith- whatever on Mr. Dingley's estimates. As an estimator he is a dismal failure. WHY THIS DISCRIMINATION f The decision of Assistant Secretary Davis, of the interior department, In the case of the application of Mary Ann, widow of ' Daniel Spetz, once a member of a Pennsylvania regiment, for a widow's pension, calls attention to a singular discrimination in the de pendent pension act of 1890. The appli cation is denied because it is not shown that the provision made in the ex-sol dier's will is not equivalent to the rat ing of $8 a month allowed widows in that act, and that, therefore, the pre sumption is that she has "other means of support than her daily labor." The act of 1890 grants a pension of $8 a month to the widow of any deceased officer or enlisted man who Is "without other means of support than her daily labor." If she has such that Is "commensurate to $8 a month," she can have no pension under this ruling. The decision is warranted by the let ter of the law, but the question rises why this discrimination between the widow and the soldier? It was not originally so intended when the dependent pension act was proposed. The purpose of the act was to provide support for destitute soldiers whom disease had incapacitated for the performance of daily labor. As report ed by Senator Davis in March, 1890, the bill added to that incapacity the provision additional "and who are de pendent upon their daily labor or the contributions of others not legally bound thereto for their support." Two conditions were essential to relief, men tal or physical incapacity for labor, without regard to its nature, and lack of other means of support than daily labor. So strongly did the justice of the bill thus appeal to the senate that it passed with but twelve opposing votes. The opposition to It was mainly based on apprehension that its spirit and letter would be avoided and the modest estimate of the increase of the roll through It, made by Senator Davis, would prove fallacious. In the house there were several sub stitutes proposed, and one was adopted pensioning at $8 a month all soldiers suffering from mental or physical dis ability which was equivalent to the grade established by the pension office for that rating. In conference the house substitute was dropped and the senate bill accepted with the very material modification of the omission of the re quirement that the applicants should "be dependent upon their labor or on the contributions of others not legally bound thereto, for their support." It merely required that they be "incapac itated from the performance of manual labor." But the provision as to the widow remained unchanged, and she must show that she has "no other means of support." Under the act as passed, and its lib eral construction, men who have abun dant means of support, but who can show that they cannot perform "man ual labor" because of mental or phy sical disability, are the recipients of this "dependent" bounty, but their widows cannot get a continuance of the pension if they have "other means of support" equivalent to an income of $8 a month. The reason for this discrim ination Is not readily comprehended. If a soldier is entitled to k dependent pen sion regardless of his-./'other means of support," why should' not his widow also be? Was it that the soldier had a vote and the widow none? And why was the eminently proper provision of dependence upon- daily labor for sup port, the one thing that Justified the act, dropped out" v between the house and the senate? . — • It la not alone fhfe Democratic press that is making protest agMast the theft of Hawaii. As the gross swindle is exposed, and the down right immorality of the whole scheme, from its inceiptlon in the lust of the sons cf mis sionaries to the consummation in the annexa tion "treaty," begins to dawn upon the mind of the public, protests come from the press of the party responsible for the shame!os3 scheme. Among Republican papers in this state that find themselves unable to go with the administration is the Morris Sun. It says: As soon as it was evident that It was the purpose of the combine, who are engineering the Hawaiian grab, to secure by precipitate action In congress the passage of the an nexation treaty, the real sentiment of the country, despite the effort to conceal It, has found expression and as it is seen that in fluential public opinion is against the meas ure, a formidable opposition has appeared in congress and there is a question as to whether the designs of the annexation scheme have not been frustrated. It is to be hoped that a quietus will be put upon the designs of a gigantic monled combine whoso inordi nate greed leads them to covet possessions that will ensure for their monopoly of certain pro-ducts a world wide control. The Globe hates a pensioner with such honest vim that we aro almost persuadad to the confession thait it Is a Democrat.—Dis patch. Better suppress that confession; if made it would jeopardize yimr reputation as "the lying littla Dispatcfy." £ , -i SenatCT Davis secured the passage of a bill protecting the seals' ln th* senate on Wed nesday. — Hastings Gazette. That 13 the only place tfhere his bill will protect seals, but why protect them only on Wednesdays? r^--t — A large numiber <of frlsnds gathered to gether at the home of Re*-. Abel Anderson Monday evening.— Mpn'tevicteo Commercial. And, may we be -permitted to ask, when they separated did tfhey gather apart? .i *•' — rr Fatal ChrLMniiis Bonting. ELMIRA. N. Y. ' Dec. '^6.— Rudolph Boe rlcke, aged 33 years? son of Dr. Boericke, of Philadelphia, and his bwther Edward, of Chicago, were rowing on Keuku lake, three miles from Hammondsport, Christmas night, when the boat was upset by their dog. Both rcen were taken from the water alive, but Ru dolph died almost immediately afcer he was brought ashore. Ex-Consul Dead. WORCESTER, Mass., Dec. 26.— James W. Allen, of the- banking firm of Winslow & Allen, dird in this city today of pneumonia, ! agrd 37 years. He wad United States consul j at Zanzibar from 1892 to 18&5. I TO EXGHAjIGI IDEAS PROFESSORS, TEACHERS AND STATE EDUCATORS BEGIN TO ASSEMBLE TODAY FOR ASSOCIATION MEETING. COUNTY SUPERINTENDENTS' SEC TION BEGINS THE WORK WITH A SESSION TONIGHT. GENERAL, RECEPTION ARRANGED. Officers and Club Presidents off Stnte Federation of Clubs to Give It. The Minnesota Educational associa tion holds the boards for the next four days. The several branches of the as sociation will not get down to work until tomorrow, but today the teachers will begin to arrive and there are a number of preliminary meetings sched uled for today. The county superintendents' section, wtich will meet in the senate chamber of the capitol, holds its first session to night. The programme for tonight is: Informal reception. President's Address— "Some Things That Are and Some Things That Ought to Be," Supt. George W. Scherer. Round Table Talk — "Records, How and "What to Keep," Supt C. A. Boston, Assist ant State Superintendent C. W. O. Hyde, "Compulsory Attendance" — Supt. Flora J. Frost, Supt. D. Robertson. The general discussions of the super intendents are along the line of subjects pertaining to rural schools, how to build them, some of the problems of the present, etc. The general meetings of the associa tion will be held in the audience room of the Central Presbyterian church, Exchange and Cedar streets. The first session will be held tomorrow morning at 9:30 o'clock, the programme for the opening session being: Prayer— Rev. Andrew B. Meldrum. D. D. t pastor Central Presbyterian church, St. Paul. Address of the president. "The School Library"— President L. C. Lord, Moorhead. Discussion— Principal C. L. Sawyer, Minne apolis; Prof. C. F. Koehler, Mankato. Music by a chorus of pupils from the pub lic schools of St. Paul, under the direction, of C. H. Congdon, St. Paul. "The Duty of the State to Its Youth Who Are Drifting Beyond the Good Influences of Society." a. "A General Summary"— Secretary H. H. Hart. St. Paul. b. "What Is Done for Them In the Kinder garten?"— Miss Katharine E. Hancke, St Paul. c. "What Is Done for Them In Our School System?"— Supt. R. E. Denfleld, Duluth. d. A general discussion by tho association, led by Supt. V. G. Curtis, St. Paul. The high school section meets in the house of representatives. Its first ses sion will open tomorrow afternoon at 2:30 o'clock, the programme being: President's Address— "Environment an Im portant Factor in Education," Lafayette Bliss. Waseca. Discussion — "Place of Art in Secondary Ed ucation," Jessie Spencer, Mankato. "Picture Projection In School Work," Judge Frank T. Wilson, Stillwater. Discussion — "Literature and Character," Katherine Gill, Moorhead normal school. Wednesday afternoon a number of round table sessions are arranged for, ta include: English round table, Latin round table, history and civics round table and science round table. The first session, of the elementary section, which meets in the audience loom of the Central Presbyterian church, is scheduled for 2:30 tomorrow afternoon. The Child Study association meets at the same hour in the school room of the Central Presbyterian church. Wednesday afternoon there will be a joint meeting of the child study and elementary section. The college section meets in Room 16, Central high school building, at 2:30 tomorrow afternoon. The programme: Opening Address— By the president. Prof. L. H. Batchelder, of Hamllne university. Paper— "Place and Value of Examinations in College Education," Prof. George Hunt lngton, of Carleton college. Discussion— Prof. W. W. Folwell, of tho state university. The graded schools section convenes in Room 19, Central High school, to morrow afternoon, and the music sec tion meets at the same time in the as sembly hall of the Central High school building. Tuesday evening the Minnesota Academy of Natural Sciences has a meeting in the hall of the houie of representatives, when Dr. H. T. Eddy, of the University of Minnesotn, will deliver an address on "Recent Conclu sions Respecting Sirlus, the Sun and Their Congeners." All the city and village superintend ents are requested to meet in the par- Icrs of the Windsor hotel on Monday, i Dec. 27, at 4:30 and also at 8 o'clock p. m. This is an important call and a full attendance at this meeting is urged upon the superintendents of the state. There will be a reunion of the grad uates of the St. Cloud normal school on Tuesday evening, Dec. 28, from 8 to 10 o'clock, in the parlors of the Windsor hotel. The Twin City Carleton club will have a reunion and banquet on Tuesday evening, Dec. 29, at the Commercial club. On Wednesday evening of this week tho general officers and club presidents of the State Federation of Clubs will give a reception in the parlors of the C( ntral Presbyterian church to the state association of teachers. They will be assisted by the regents of the Daughters of the American Revolution, and cordially invite all members of the j federated clubs to be present. The ad dress of welcome will be made by Miss Evans, and the response by Prof. San fcrd. of the state university. Follow ing this will be a few remarks by Dr. Bissell on "Mothers' Clubs," and the concluding address by Bishop Gilbert. Miss Hope's Mandolin orchestra will give several numbers. RUIZ A MAJOR ANDRE. Correspondent's View of the Cuban Affair. To the Editor of the Globe. I regret to see that you Join in the denun ciation of the Cuban patriots on account of the Ruiz affair. How does the case of Ruiz differ from that of Ma]. Andre? Dr. I3aac Arnold who, by the by, is no way related to Benedict informs us that Beverly Robin son called on the latter with the king's offer to America of autonomy, under a parliament in two chambers, whose members were all to be native Americans. Washington and other patriot leaders, including Arnold him self, if he would assist to "end desolation and bloodshed, etc.," were to be the new peers. This was the temptation to which Arnold yielded, the bargain which Andre came to consummate. His countrymen made the same outcry about his execution which the Spaniards and their America.-, agents are now making about that of Ruiz. American jurists admit that the case was somewhat novel. But they judiciously add that every argument to show that Andre was not a spy in the ordinary sense has the unlucky effect of showing that he wa3 something more in si(Ji?us and dangerous. So was Ruiz. Al ready the Cuban leaders have had to shoot over seventy deserters seduced by just such prepositions as he brought. It is in the very alphabet of international law that a herald cannot addres3 soldiers, except through their officers, and that the rank of the officer he must address depends on the authority ac ceptance of his proposition requires. No less authority than the provisional government had a right to hear propositions like those of either Andre or Ruiz. A Cuban general who accepted autonomy on his own account, for j himself and his command, would have been | just as much a traitor as Arnold. Does any cue doubt that if Arnold had been faithful | he would have forbidden Robinson and Andra | to visit him as soon as he knew what they were coming for; or that if they persisted, aftsr that, in bringing proposals insulting to himself and adapted to corrupt his subordi nates, he would have treated them as spies? The plain truth is that our govern ment, while rapaciously reaching after Ha waii, Is not doing its duty by our smaller American neighbors. It has allowed Flayti to be coerced in an arbitrable matter, against our protest. It is assisting Spain to perpet uate monarchy in Cuba. According to Spain the Cubans are not belligerents. If noi, our people have a right to trade with them, and our government to demand reparation for all damage by the insurrection. But all this our government is too much Europeanized in its associations and policy to attempt. It had rather ape England and other European powers by acquiring territory in Corea and Oceanica. It is time for us to resume, the policy of Washington. Monroe and Cleveland, who believed in protecting all America and letting trtner continents alone. But first we need a revival of the old American spirit, which held independence manifest, destiny, and revolutionary governments aiming at it under peculiar obligations to exact all the rights which it implies. — C. L. James. Eau Claire, Wis., Dec. 24. _^»» AT THE THEATERS. "Lost, Strayed or Stolen?" The interroga tion point belongs right after the title of the musicaJ melange that was presented at the Metropolitan opera house last night. The pro gramme should be amended in this respect. A period, while it ends most discussions, cannot do duty for tha eloquent question mark. Thera are moment 3ln "Lost, Strayed or Stolen," as presented last night, that are not dull. They happen in the second act, when a quartette of soldiers, led by Bert Thayer, who carries tho solo verses with a musical tenor-baritone, sing "I've Married Your Red- Haired Daughter," and sing it well, and in the fourth act, when Corporal Bridoux (A. M. Holbrook) and one of his privates meet three nurse girls in the park and contributs a quartette that furnishes the third nur39 girl with inspiration for a pas soul. T!i2ra wag a tete-a-tete duet in the third act between Miss Anna O'Keefe and Mr. Thayer that merited tho applauso it did not receive, for the audience by this time had become- t-kepti cal and could not trust its own ears or eyes. Tha programme bear 3la bold-faced type the name of Harry Clay Blaney. Naturally, one expects something or Mr. Blaney that will distinguish him from the rest of the cast In this "one" is not disappointed. Mr. Blaney is a comic acrobat. Not a single member of the company can dispute his title to the dis tinction. The inextricable confusion In which he becomes involved: with the rounds of a ladder in Act 111. establishes his right to be starred. It is absolutely the funniest thing in the play. "Lost, Strayed or Stolen"— it Is never clear which is tUe ease— is a skeleton of possi bilities. The possibilities are not realized by the company at the Metropolitan. Mr. Blaney, the star. Is called upon to sing and speak lines. This is manifestly too much, and Mr. Blaney turns a pirouette on his head to square himself. Miss Anna O'Keefe, whose attractive per sonality is undeniable. Is restricted to one act, which is a ehort-alghted piece of economy' Bert Thayer'a voice is not heard as often as It ought to be. Less horse play and more music could be tolerated. The last act di vested of the quintette specialty between the soldiers and nurses, would appear to be with out excuse. The pleasing feature of the company ex pressed itself through the medium of an at tractive aggregation of young women, who displayed a maze of lingerie upon the slight est provocation. When they danced one "wished them a wave o' the sea," that they might always bo thus. When they read novels on the park benches, their lingerie was still lv evidence. • • • Mr. Hoyt has never been accused of writ ing much of tho Puritanism of his New En gland home into his farces, and "A Black Sheep" i 3 not the most serious of his many efforts. In Its original days it was not straight-laced, and now that it has been aaapted to the standard of a popular audience it cannot be called austere. In the change the farco has lost rather than gained, but It is still funny, after Mr. Iloyfa clever'fash ion, and the people who packed the Grand last evening found much to admire and ap plaud. They liked Edward Garvie, who haa succeeded Otis Harlan, and they laughed moat of the time w'uen he was on the stage. A clever little colored boy. Introduced aa Master Mason, was a hit, and tho house found dif ficulty in letting him go. "For Fame and Victory," by Mr. Deagon and the company, the best musical ensemble of the evening, was given a double encore, and the specialty by Miss Thompson, "The Gay Parisienne," found unlimited favor. The company. In fairness, should not be compared with that which presented the farce at higher prices, and the same thing is true ■J "I* specialties, and yet such a comparison would not be so odious as might be ex pected. The farce is presented with spirit and go, and the specialties average well. Tho musical numbers are bright and catchy and most of tho dancing capital. The com pany in general is adequate, the costuming is elaborate and effective, and. as tho per formance has no other mission than to amuse. It is perhaps best to overlook its comparative weakness and indorse tho un doubted verdict of those who witnessed it last night and write It down a success. Spe cialties are contributed to the programme by Frank Latona, who, as Under Dog. was funny, and whose musical "turn" was as good aa anything of the evening; Drew Don aldson. "The Queen of the Burlesque;" Jo- j seph Natus, who snng two acceptable ballads; Miss Ritchlo and the Sisters Clayton. "The Red Soubrettes." "A Black She,;," w jh be repeated at the Grand during the week. with matinees Wednesday end Saturday. Solution of the Currency Difficulty. In his report and formulated bill, the r,ec- j retary of the treasury only look 3at the side ! of this question In which his capabilities havo been trained— to wit: the banking inter ests. The settlement cf this money question Is very easy if reasoned out lexically. Tho condition is that there i 3in circulation a larger amount of promise to pay, cr paper 1 money, than there te of gold to redeem It. i The evil arising out of thi3 condition is the ! rerl?mption In gold of paper money redeem- j able In silver. The remedy for this evil is either (1) to redeem in silver the paper money ! redeemable la sliver and to redeem in gold '< the paper money redeemable in gold; or C 2) • to call In all tho paper money redeemable in silver and issue silver coin therefor. The first plan has been repudiated on the ground that to make this distinction would destroy i the i>irity of tho two metals. To adopt the ! second plan would not lessen tho circulating i medium, nor interfere with the parity of i both metals, because It Is only substituting '. the thing (the res) for the paper promise ! to pay It. and would abrogate th* unconsti tutional and idiotic system of tho govern meut acting as a warehouse and issuing ware houso certificates, by storing the silver and issuing paper promises to pay that Ellver when demanded. Logically statc-d, there is more paper money than there is of gold reserve to redeem It tho surplus being the paper redeemable hi silver, which in the effort to maintain the gold standard Is redeemable in gold; hence I the remedy is to cut off this overplus; but ! as the circulating medium could not be thus ' contracted, the promises to pay in silver j should be called In and the silver issued in the place of the paper promises to pay. because there I 3 no common sense in storing the silver and then issuing promises to pay ! out that sliver when demanded, especially when the promlso Is demandabie in gold, though payable in silver. The first step ia to call In and cancel all the silver certificates by paying out tha sil ver stored in the government warehouso for its redemption, and then we are at the end I of the ldtotic buslnrsa of storirg stiver for tha redemption cf silver certificates, but re deeming such certificates !n golrt. The next step is to call ia a proportionate amount monthly or yearly of the gold cer tificates or the paper redeemable In gold, and issue paper money or promises to pay, bottomed on taxes (Import duties), and set apart a portion of the Import duties yearly or monthly for their redemption. This will abrogate a gold reserve obtained by bonds and ultimately redeem all paper money or promises to pay. Under the constitution, the government Is limited to the power to coin gold and silver end has no power to lusue paper money except as a war measure; but can Issue premises to pay without the legal tender clause; because th» debates in tho constitutional convention expressly assert a^d tha constitution was so franic-d (1) that the government and no state has the powor to issue paper money, and (2) that tho government and no state can make pa-per a legal tender, and (3) that j the government, though limited to coining gold and silver, can nevertheless issue prom ises tj pay, but without the legal tender clause. -John Ke!!y. . SCOTT IS OUT Op IT THOMAS n. RESIGNS THE riIKSI DEKCT OF THE LIFE INSURANCE CLEARING COMPANY. HIS SUCCESSOR IS CHOSEN. HAS ACCEPTED THE POSITION \M) WILL TAKE HOLD VESRI SHORTLY. COMMISSIONER DEARTH'S REPORT, It Will Probably lie Given Oat To day—Said to Be a Plain Docu ment. The Life Insurance Clearing: com pany has a new president. The (i lo b c is not at liberty to give the name of the gentleman this morning, but he is a well-known insurance man, and his identity will be made public in a day or two. Thomas B. Scott, after the first meeting of the directors, held the middle of last week, concluded to rg* sign from the presidency of the com pany, and did so. His successor has since been chosen and accepted the position. It possibly saved a legal con test, aa it was reported that the di rectors considered that a change would be in the best interests of the com pany. It is expected that Commission er Dearth will be advised today of this action, together with such other as may have been taken by the Clear ing company directors, and that the commissioner wi;i make public the re port of the condition of the Clearing company as learned by the recent in vestigation. It is understood that the report handles the matter in plain English, and tells just what the books of the concern disclosed. The conip^ny will as soon as possible, If it has not already done so, strengthen up the capital stock to the amount it has been found to have been impaired, and it is expected the company will continue to do an increasing and prof itable business. It is said that, despite the recent inattention the company has received, its business is good, ami those interested see no reason why it slnmld not continue when its financial stand ing has been put on a solid basis and its affairs directed by a new manage ment. ONE lto.\l> TO VICTORY. Louisville Courier-Journal Point* It Out for 1800. It was the opinion of the editor of tho Courier- Journal, and he lias not changed his opinion, that the action of the Chicago con vention of 1896 was not merely revolutionary, and, therefore, binding upon no Democrat, but dangerous to the country and ruinous to the party. Being wholly Bincere In this be lief, and having the courage of Its opinion, the Courier-Journal Bought to meet the sit uation with a counter movement, designed, as It still further believed, to rescue tho party from the hands of the extremists Into which it had fallen. Touching this latter movement It Is free to admit that it made two mistakes; first, the movement did not draw to It Democrats enough to lay the foun dation for future party action, and. if it had, it would havo accomplished tha object it was designed to prevent, the suc cess of the revolutionary ticket and platform Vhich were set up by the Chicago convention. Still further put to the test in Kentucky, thu movement showed the same lack of vitality. But. as far as the Courier-Journal wan and is concerned, it was a Democratic movement It had no other aim than the maintenance of Democratic doctrines, no othi r purpose than the vindication of Democratic policies. It was distinctly an honest effort to stand be tween two dangerous extremes, with the hops of ultimately reclaiming the Democratic ex treme from tho excesses threatened by the fu sion with Populism and free silv< r Repub licanism, and of thus restoring the party to its better self as the apostle of the doctrines Uuight by Jefferson and Jackson. Herein tho editor <>r the Courier-Journal Is not conscious of having gone our or come back. lie is preaching now. aa be has always preached, the gospel of home rule, free trade uc.d honest money agairiKt centralization, pro tection and tiatism. Whatever party embod ies the gospel of borne rule, free trade and honest money, thai party will be support. In tho absence of any party organization em bodying them pure and simple, that party which cornea nearest to doing bo -.vill he sup port. It is not the business of a newspaper to call conventions, sit up candidates for office and look after the carrying of • lections; and about such concrete things the Courier- Journal will never again concern Itself. It has had enough of what is called practical politics. Hut. with deferent to our friend's su perior Judgment, may we not ventui opinion that. In planning for i: an exact reproduction of tl ampalgn of 1896, lie fi>ro e-ast.s another Democratic oVf.;it more sweep ing that the last? On the lines of the latest Chicago platform, with Mr. Bryan in the lead, there -an be nothing less In store for those who would put an end to the policy of robbery and Jobbery, which U th<- direct offspring of paternali.sm. The mainstay of free silverlsin, as of fiatism, Is the notion that wealth may be created by That is also the mainstay of proti Oura is of the foremost nations <,f Christen dom. We cannot afford debs sort. Wo cannot afford to degrade tho coin age and relegate ourselves to the financial company of Mexico. We cannot afford to is sue irredeemable paper and drop Into fiscal companloship with Italy. The South learned during the days of the Confederacy exactly wliat cheap money, and plenty of It. means. The fusion effected at Chicago In !->!»6 wa3 certainly a promising fusion. Mr. I'ryan was certainly an Ideal candidate for Hint fusion. N'r ither the fusion movement nor it.s e an( ji_ date will ever be so strong again. Hven their triumph In an election would not neces sarily Imply free silver and flat money, bo cause, every American being a ix.m finan cier, the likelihood Is that success at the jk>lls would be followed by :;u'h a Babel In congress as to destroy the party brought Into power at the end of a popular revolu tion. However, let us not rf> too fast. Many things are likely to happen between this and 1900. It Is not wel! to ins!jt too strongly upon any aspect of conditions which are shifting so from time to time. To win In 1900, the Democratic party must plant Itself upon high and solid ground, and. In that centennial y ax, seeking a thorough Jeffersonlan revival, It must preach the gospel of Jefferson ami .li'-k --son, in a Democracy unterrirled and unde nted, true to the nation and the pi That, In our judgment. Is the only cr.o sure road to victory.— Courier-Journal. STATE PRISOJS CKUELTY. The Investigation of the Btillwoter prison still goes on, and the St. Paul <; lo b •• is likely to have exciting matter to print for the ba'aace of the winter. La Crosse I'rrss. • * * Wouldn't it be a good idea to allow the commission, appointed by Qov. Ciough, to de'-idt; the prison Investigation question? No doubt the gentlemen selected for that pur pose are amply qualified.- Stlllwater <; • • • The commission to investgate the al I cruelty of prisoners of Stlllwater penitentiary has resumed Its work of drawing \u pay. Some more evidence has be< ■ I n-t much to the credit of Mr. Lemon, although nothing very serious. About the that will be accomplished by the ci mmisslon is to investigate and draw pay. So will Lemon.— Sleepy Bye It- raid. • • • Should the charges bo sustained, in wholo or in part, the Globe has dnn« a ■ not only to the state, but to the m i ment of the prison Itself. Should I prove unfounded, the vindication cus«--«l persons and of the ; <ustlfies any expense- the i. have cost.— St. Peter Journal. I!nrir<iu!u v Toiul Wreck, NASSAU, N. P-. Dec. 26.— Tha tcbocn r Harlequin, wh:.:h, as prevl went ashore on tho reef near Rumcay, Ha hams. on the I:2th. became v total -033. The crew and material veo\ The vessel was owned in New York. The F.iiisr. man of-war P ■ went t.) her > and speut several hours with btr. TUt schoonor wes in ballast.