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THE PflliY GLOBE IS PUBLISHED EVERY DAY AT NEWSPAPER ROW, COR. FOURTH ASI) MINNESOTA STS. SUBSCRIPTION RATES, Pnynble fn Advance. Dally anil Sunday, Per Month .50 Doily and Sunday, Six Months $2.75 Duily and Sunday, One Year- $u.OO Dnily Only, Per Mouth -40 Dally Only, Six Months $2.35 Daily Only, One Year ------ f*«OO Sunday Only, One Tear $1.50 Weekly, One Year -------- fI.OO Address alt communications and make all renilrtances payrble to THo GLOBE CO., St. Paul, Minn. Complete files of the Globe always kept on hand for reference. TODAY'S WEATHER. WASHINGTON, Dec. 28.— Forecast for "Wednesday: .Minnesota— Threatening weather, with light snow Wednesday afternoon in north ern portion; warmer in eastern portion; southerly winds, booming northwesterly. Wisconsin— Threatening weather, with light snow on the lakes; warmer; brisk south to southwest winds, increasing. North Dakota— Light snows; probably colder in western portions; nortli westerly winds. South Dakota— Generally fair; probably colder Ie extreme western portions; north westerly winds. Montana— Threatening weather, except light rain in western portion; westerly winds. GENERAL OBSERVATIONS. Tinted States Department of Agriculture. Weather Bun au. Washington, Dec. 28, fi:4B p. m. Local Time, S p. m. 75th Meridian Time.— Observations taken at the same mo ment of time at all stations. TEM PERATURES. Place. Tern. Place. Tern. St. Paul 24 Qu'Appelle 32 Duluth I*> Minnedosa 28 Huron 30 Winnipeg ...26 Bismarck i- Wllliston 1- Buffalo 24-26 Havre 43 Boston 22-24 Helena 4G cheyenno 44-50 Edmonton "UjChieago 24-26 Battleford 34!Cinelnnati 36-36 Prince Albert 36 Montreal 2-6 Calgary 34 New Orleans 52-58 me liat 36 New York 26-30 Swift Current 34 Pittsburg 28-32 DAILY MEANS. Barometer. 30.14: mean temperature, 17; relative humidity, 90; wind at 8 p. in., south; weather, cloudy; maximum temperature, 24; minimum temperature, 10; dally range, 14; amount of precipitation in last twenty-four hours, trace. Note — Barometer corrected for temperature and elevation. — P. F. Lyons, Observer. -^- AT LAST A TEACHER. Tt has been a standing lament of all orthodox protectionists that they can find no teacher of repute to instruct tlu> young of our colleges in the benefi cence of their conception of govern ment and the legitimate use of its powers. We had only a few months ago Congressman Walker, one of the trustees of Brown, demanding of his fellow trustees the removal of Presi- Andrews because, as he curtly I hrased his accusation, he "is a free Bilverite and a free trader," and we n-;;y n ally b< Heve that the last charge was Brsl in he!nousness In the ac cuser's mind, in the Forum for De» cember we have a letter from the ven erable Morrlll, written in IS7O, then as > > t si nator from Vermont, to Horace y, K'jing into raptures over the ays on Political Economy" which that philosopher of the sentimental school had put out, but which did not survive him. Morrill regrets that Greeley could not take a year off and write "a less popular but more elabo rate" work, "such as might find a place In our institutions of learning, where now nothing is taught except what Is found in the masterpieces of free trade authors." Inquiring students ho can refer to nothing but Carey, ami he "is rather too diffuse." But the vacancy that Carey and Greeley failed in filling is filled at last. Voyagers into the dismal science have found the gloom deepen when they ventured "into the recesses of Gunton's Magazine, a periodical devoted to the abstruse discussions of the metaphysics of sentimentalism. But, like Carey and Greeley, that did not reach the popular taste. So. imitating the Chautauquan, the Institute of Civics and the Uni versity of the Cosmopolitan, Gunton establishes an institute with a for midable array of "counselors," all of the orthodox faith and long In the com munion, except one, Roswell P. Flower, of Now York, a recent convert to the true faith, having experienced in his own purse its benign results. In a copy of the Bulletin of this institute, with which a friend has kindly provid ed us, we find the worthy president— for, of course, Gunton is president of this body of economic evangels—assur ing the students of the institute that "it will be of particular interest to know that three of the most active counselors" are chancellors or presi dents of New York or Pennsylvania universities or colleges, "a fact that is especially gratifying in view of the in difference commonly shown at our American colleges regarding the study of social economics from the modern standpoint." Considering that protection, as a feature of social economics, originated with the pirates of Tariffa some cen turies ago, this assertion that it has any "modern standpoint" admits of serious doubt. One who goes with Lowell through his charming rambles In Italy, in 1554, will find there a de licious bit of evidence that protection is not so modern a feature of social economics as President Gunton im agines. Lowell tells, speaking of men dicancy in Rome, of a talk he had with a woman who begged of him in the Coliseum. "Among other things," he gays, "she complained that the govern ment did not consider the poor. 'Where is the government that does?" I said. 'Eh gia, excellency, but this government lets beggars from the country come into Rome, which is a great injury to us Romans/ " After that we should have surcease of this talk about our "American system," and even Gunton should be modest about claiming place for it among modern Bocial economics. But the aspirations of our fellows of the emotional school now have in Gun ton, his three college professors and his long list of counselors, including Flower, the nearest approach to a sub stitute for the pernicious free traders of the schools that they will ever get, and we earnestly commend this insti tution to their charitable contributions. They owe it to themselves to see that cause for the reproach Morrill ex- pressed to Greeley shall no longer exist to blight the young intelligences of the land with the heresies of free trade, to the "great injury of us Romans." AN' INTERESTING RACE. The race of European nations for the best pickings in the partition of China is now fully under way. It Is rather amusing to note the course of current comment on the seizures and occupations that are following each other so rapidly. Each in succession, we are told, constitutes the most com manding position and gives the na tion taking possession of It unheard-of advantages. The truth Is that the average correspondent knows nothing about China, could not shut his eyes and direct you to any given point on the map, and has to draw upon his imagination for an estimate of the im portance of any particular occupation. He told us that the point taken by Germany was the most important in the empire. Now he informs us that the occupation by Russia puts that em pire "in a position to defy the world." Neither of these statements is at all accurate. The Chinese empire is so vast in Its extent that it contains a large number of points of great stra tegic value. There is room for a dozen nations to obtain a large accession of territory and ports that they could fortify against attack. There is no doubt, of course, that each of the burg lars of Europe has picked out for him self the choicest bit from his point of view. The position, however, that would enable any nation to "defy the world" has not yet been discovered on either continent. It seems probable, also, that there Is a close understanding between the emperors of Russia and Germany in this matter. Indeed, the drawing to gether of these two remaining repre sentatives of absolute despotism is the most significant and threatening feat ure in the European situation. It Is such a menace to the supremacy of England as has not appeared in the policies or events of the last three quarters of a century. Both of these nations are bitterly hostile to Great Britain. Russia has been* at swords' points with her along the Indian fron tier ever since the Indian empire was won. Nor has the memory of the Crimean war passed away, or the dis appointment, for which England was responsible, for the close of the war with Turkey. Germany's antagonism is none the less bitter because it has a commercial foundation. Germany is making the most desperate efforts to ©ust England from the markets of the fporld, and with no little success. Each of these great empires, enor mously powerful in a military sense, is ruled at present by a young man, and czar and kaiser hold alike the the ories of divine right and absolutism that date centuries back. At almost the same moment they descend upon China and make their separate seiz ures. It requires no genius of states manship to perceive that they art act- Ing in harmony and that, when China disappears from the map of Asia, the great body of her possessions will have been placed under the imperial standards of Germa.ny and Russia. It is a most interesting and portentous spectacle that is being enacted before the eyes of the world. Well may Great Britain look to her interests, and weigh with anxiety the future relation of the empires which the advance upon China foretells. JIR. FLETCHER'S "IDEE." Mr. Page Morris, thanks to Demo cratic idiosyncrasy a representative in congress from the Sixth Minnesota dis trict, having incubated a postal sav ings bank bill with nothing particular to recommend it, that other statesman, "Your Uncle" Loren Fletcher, also a representative, by grace of the same temporary aberration, from the Fifth district of the same glorious state, mindful of the friendly rivalry between the city of slabs and bran and that of great expectations, must needs also have his bill for the same useless ob ject. The bill of Mr. Morris and those of the other financiers dodged the primal problem of any such measure, the investment of the funds, leaving their bills in that kind of a fix the get ting into which in the long ago made Your Uncle Loren notorious, if not famous. Mr. Fletcher's experience in that historic scrape serves him now. His bill gets into no such ridiculous fix. So trifling a problem as what to do with the millions borrowed of th» savers of dimes troubles him not for a moment. So while lesser minds are pondering over the problem of invest ment as if it were a serious one, Fletcher rushes directly to the solution with the ease and grace that always characterize these Napoleons of fi nance. Columbus did not solve the problem of making the egg stand on end more easily or simply, or, let us add, with less injury to the egg. Use the deposits in paying the ordinary running expenses of the government, says Fletcher. He should add, but he does not think It necessary, then make the expenses equal the deposits. On these deposits he would have paid 3 per cent annually. If the expenses do not absorb the deposits then invest In bonds of most any old kind. Is that not simple? Is it not a marvel that no one ever thought of so easy a solu tion before? Aren't you prouder of be ing a Minnesotan now than you ever were before? The light that shines on Loren's brow is reflected upon every son of the North Star state. Since this country grew to be a billion-dollar ones it takes about half a billion dollars an nually to pay its running expenses. It now gets this money by taxing things that come into our ports and things that are made In breweries, distilleries and tobacco factories. What it lacks it charges over to deficit, or borrows. Mr. Fletcher's luminous idea, then, is to borrow the money, with which to pay the running expenses, of the de positors in the postal banks, and pay interest on it to the extent of some $15,000,000 annually. As this interest must, in turn, be borrowed from the same source, it must also pay the 3 per cent, some $450,000 more annually. We have no d>ubt that no business THE SAINT PAUJC GLOBS: WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 29, 1897. house In the country will purchase Fletcher's copyright on his plan to ap ply it to its own affairs. As the deposits in savings banks now average four or five times the annual expenditure of the government, It is probable that, if the postal bank does not get them all, it will get at least all the government needs to defray expenses. It occurs to us that congress will have another troublesome surplus on its hands again from the money coming in from customs and internal revenue. This is some $300,000,000 every year. True, it can be used to pay off the national debt, but that would last only about three years, and what then? That sum could not be taken from and kept out of circulation without raising a rumpus. On the other hand the men who pay customs and internal taxes and who now borrow it from savings and other banks when they haven't enough would have to have accommodations. Would Fletcher amend his scheme so as to allow loans to them? And if he didn't where would they be in short order? And would there not be a cry to stop customs and internal revenue taxation and let the money circulate? And does not even Loren see that that means free traded And then would not his own party be in his own old fix? IS THE REMEDY MORE TAXES? In the series of articles we have been giving on our state institutions we have not touched upon the subject of remedy. That will come after the ex amination has shown the conditions that now confront the voters of the state, and more particularly the tax payers, and which are sure to become more instead of less acute. But, if we have not suggested remedies their necessity has been made plain, and Mr. Kelly, whose letter appears elsewhere this morning, endeavors to point out what he regards as the sufficient rem edy. He finds it in the constitutional mandate to the legislature to levy "an annual tax sufficient to defray the es timated ordinary expenses of the state for each year." So far as the preven tion of annoying deficits is concerned this i emedy would be ample. If a leg islature had nothing else to do than to make an estimate of the annual ex penses and then levy a tax to meet it to be collected from some one be side the property owners, from McKin ley's unhappy foreigner, perhaps, that action would fit the case as paper fits the wall. But, unhappily for Minnesota tax payers, there is no foreigner whom we can reach, the nearest approach to it being the holders of the stocks of rail ways, telegraph, telephone, express and sleeping car companies who may be residents of other states or countries, whose dividends we deplete by taking out of the gross earnings of their com panies our liberal share before they can get any. For all else everyone fortunate in property ownership has to go down into his purse to pay the quota assessed to what property he has not succeeded in secluding from the as sessor. This immediate and direct in terest of these payers of taxes in the estimates the legislature make of the amount of our annual expense account would seem to Indicate that the rem edy lies back of that suggested by Mr. Kelly; and rests not so much in the sufficiency of the estimate as in what are the "ordinary expenses" and their amount. Experience very clearly shows that the conception of what Is a suffi cient amount to defray the annual 'ordinary expenses is one having the constant quality of expansion. We were about to use the word "elastic," but elasticity Implies a contraction equal to extension, and our review of the growth of these ordinary expenses shows that they are without the ele ment of contractility. When we reach the consideration of remedies we will endeavor to show that very many of the items now in cluded In the estimates and considered as ordinary expenses are really ex traordinary and needless expenses that can be eliminated from the book of estimates without injury to any real interest of the state. The solution lies in the answer made to the inquiry "what are the legitimate, ordinary, necessary expenses of the state?" We noticed in a newspaper advertisement recently that "prosperity comes quickest to the man whose liver is In good condition." If that is true wo respectfully suggest to the josh editor of the St. Paul Globe that he try c. 1. 1. p.— Faribault Journal. Thanks, awfully; we do not need them; "good digestion waits on appetite and health on that," and prosperity can come or stay for aught we care. It is your old party whose liver needs correctives If they will bring quickly its promised prosperity. Several months ago it was rather amus ing to hear the St.' Paul Globe referred to as a "Democratic paper," but the joke 13 carried far enough.— Morton Enterprise. "Well, drop it then. "Who asked you to carry it at all? m . SOME DEFINITE SCHEME. It Is Promised by the Panama Canal Company Soon. PARIS. Dec. 28.— At the half-yearly meet- Ing of the Panama Canal company today a report was read holding out the prospect of some definite scheme being submitted toward the end of the next year. The report men tions the United States Niearaguan commls sion and promises full facilities and a hearty welcome to the commissio-ners when they visit the Panama works. It expresses the conviction that the United States congress and the American people will eventually ac cept the Panama scheme. Xcw Patent Record. WASHINGTON, Dec. 2S.— Three hundred and seventy-five applications for patents were received at the patent office yesterday, the highest on record for any one day in the history of the office. The fact that the new law, requiring persons who have made ap plications abroad for patents to file their ap plications fc^ foreign patent, becomes opera tive on Jan. i is accountable for the rush. Heretofore applications had been filed at any time within the life of a patent issued in foreign countries. Turkey Willing. WASHINGTON. Dec. 28.— An indication of the willingness of the Turkish government to oblige the United States minister at Con stantinople, who has been pressing for the punishment of the murderers of the Amji» can bicyclist, Lentz, is contained in a crSie grajn from Minister Angel, received today at the state department, announcing that the murderers have been convicted and sentenced to fifteen years' imprisonment. These mur derers, however, are at large, having es caped into the Russian Caucasus, so that the Turkish government bas prosecuted, con demned and sentenced them In their ab sence. POT ST. PAUL BAJIKS PRESIDENT MOCLTOJf, OF A MINNE APOLIS SAVINGS BANK, SPEAKS TOO BROADLY. SAYS THE RATE OF INTEREST WILL BE CUT BY ALL THE SAV INGS BA\KS IN THE i; STA/TE. ST. PAUL BANKS WILL CONTINUE To Pay the Rate They Have Been Doing — Chance f^or Minneapolis Depositors. President E. H. Moulton, of the Farmers and Mechanics' Savings bank, at Minneapolis, in an interview in a Minneapolis paper last evening, stated that after Jan. 1 "every savings bank in the state will reduce the rate to 3 per cent." Mr. Moulton evidently al luded to the rate of interest which would be paid by Minneapolis savings banks and possibly institutions of a like character in some other parts of the state, but not St. Paul. Officials of St. Paul savings-banks do not concur in the statement of President Moulton. President F. Willius, of the State Savings bank, seen by a reporter for the Globe last night, said the insti tution of which he was president had not decided as to the rate of interest to be paid. The law under which the bank was operated provided that the trustees should every six months de clare the rate of interest to be paid. At the last meeting of the trustees, when a dividend of 4 per cent was de clared, it was suggested that it would soon come to a question of 3 or 3% per cent. Further than this the matter had not been discussed. There was a dis position in all savings banks, Mr. Willius said, to reduce the rate of in terest, but the institution which he was connected with would not fix the rate until July next. The interest was paid from the profits, and, of course, this could not be determined until after July, 1898. Thomas A. Prendergast, president of the Savings Bank of St. Paul, said the statement made by Mr. Moulton as to the decrease of profits in investments was correct, but that all the savings banks in the state were to reduce the rate of interest to 3 per cent waa not correct. The charter his bank was working under provided that 4 per cent interest be paid. He had been inform ed by the officers of the Farmers and Mechanics' bank, of Minneapolis, that after Jan. 1 only 3 per cent interest would be paid by that institution. This rate would be all any of the savings banks ought to pay. The rate at the bank he represents, however, would be 4 per cent until July 1, as at least six months' notice would have to be given depositors if any change was made in the rate. MR. SULLIVAN'S TROUBLES. Trying to Learn the Law About Abatement. County Auditor Sullivan has been in office long enough to be familiar with the law, but the fact that there are some things he hasn't learned was manifest in the secret meeting of the board of abatement called by him last Thursday. The law of taxation in this county is said to be very plain. First, the assessor makes his return upon real and personal property between the first day of May and the 15th of July of each year, when he turns over all his work to the county auditor. The board of equalization is required to pass upon the assessor's work between the third Monday of July and four weeks following; at the expiration of which period the board of abatement, consisting of four councilmen, the mayor and auditor, is empowered to correct errors of the assessor and board of equalization — and their jurisdiction ends on the first day of September of the same year; incidentally the board of abatement is authorized to refund taxes illegally paid. The policy of the law appears to be that the county au thorities shall get through with their work in making assessments upon prop erty by the first day of September. Dur ing the term of the present auditor it has been the custom to call a session of the board of abatement at any time after the first day of September, and abate taxes and assessments for the cur rent as well as for prior years; and the board was in the habit of allowing such abatements, whereupon the coun ty auditor issued abatement orders to the successful applicant for reduction of taxes, and the county treasurer paid such order, and thug a great many hundreds of dollars j have been paid cut of the county treasury annually. During 1897 the board of equalization adjourned four weeks after the second Monday in July: but the board of abatement did not go into session as it should have done from the adjourn ment of the former board to the first day of September; and thus people who had grievances for over-assessments on their property were left without a remedy. Some of them heard that the beard of abatement convened last Thursday, and that it would be in ses sion yesterday, so they flocked to the county commissioners' room, where such board was in session, but learned to their great disappointment that it would adjourn to Feb. 8, 1838, when all matter relating to the 1897 assessment would be considered. For fear that there would be an at tempt to tap the treasury of the coun ty to a great extent by applicants for refunding of taxes claimed to have bsen over-paid for prior years, the auditor urdcubtedly was prompted to request an opinion of the county attorney as to the extent of jurisdiction of the board of abatement. The legal adviser promptly rendered an opinion of four typewritten pages, the conclusion of which is that the present board is a continuous assessing tribunal of taxes for the year 1897, and that it possesses no other powers except to pass upon error committed by the. assessor and board of equalization in making the assessment in this county for the year 1897. The members of the present board were not satisfied, with his opinion, and pclitely and firmly suggested that they would like to hatfe the county attorney ask the attorney general for an opinion as to the poweirs and jurisdiction of the said board, ajnd Mr. Anderson said he would cheerfully do so. TRUST GETS THE LAST Unabnorbed Cracker Factory in the Twin Cities. Sven Abramson used to keep a bak ery and cracker "factory at 863 and 865 Payne avenue. He no' longer keeps a cracker factory. The biscuit trust gob bled it up a few 1 , dayS ago, and thus disappeared the only regaining cracker and biscuit manufactory in St. Paul owned by private individuals. It is understood that ' Mr. Abramson re ceived a good round price for his cracker machinery. How much, he declined to state, when seen last night, but he admitted that he got the price he named. Asked how he happened to sell out, Mr. Ab'ramson said: "When the biscuit trusts were fight ing each other a year ago. the prices were cut so that I had to stop making crackers. "When things were fixed up and the prices began to rise, I intended to start my cracker business again, but a*bout a week ago a representative of the New York Biscuit company came to see me, and offered to buy my machinery. I named my own price and got it. That's all there is to it. I can't tell you how much they paid me." BLAME ZOLLUAN FOR IT. Police Say He Railroaded a Case in Police Court. Considerable feeling has been stirred up between the police department and the county attorney's office on account of the disposition of the charge of burglary against J. E. Scott and T. F. McDonald, the young men accused of burglarizing the grocery store of Dona hue & Co., Selby avenue and Victoria streets, two weeks ago. Scott was per mitted to plead guilty to the charge of petty larceny and received a sentence of ninety days in the workhouse, while McDonald was discharged. This course, the police claim, was without their consent and against the advise of the officers who made the arrest, par ticularly in the case of Scott. To prove the case against the young men the detectives claim they had seventeen witnesses ready to appear in court and testify when the case was called on the day set for trial. Instead of con ducting the case in the regular order it is alleged that it was "railroaded" through when neither Detective Mur nane nor Detective Galvin were present nor any of the witnesses. The censure in the case is placed at the door of Assistant County Attorney Zollman. The police claim they placed all of the evidence in his hands, fully informing him of the strong case they claimed to have against Scott, but that he called the case without their knowl edge and informed the court that the prosecution would be satisfied if Scott was given a workhouse sentence for petty larceny. Chief of Detectives Schweitzer and Chief Goss were angry when they learned of the disposition of the case. FIRED A DRIVER. Fire Board Aired a llo.se Company Fuss. The last meeting of the fire board for the year 1837 was held at flre headquarters last evening. Little was done outside of the or dinary routine business, consisting of ths presentation of roports by the officials having charge of the different branches of the de partment. The statement of Secretary Owen showed a balance of 111,910.20 over the ex penditures of the year. This showing is re garded with satisfaction by the board, as tha allowance of $10,000 for the improvements In the fire alarm telegraph system and an extra month's pay roll are deducted from the year ly expenditures before the balance was found. These figures show a saving over the ex penses of 1896 of nearly $14,000, which gives a practical balance of nearly $26,000. Chief Jackson reported the suspension of Hose Cart Driver Hoare, of Engine Com pany No. 5, for disobeying the orders of Capt. Irvine, and further recommended Hoare' discharge, alleging that ho had ap plied opprobrious eppithets to Capt. Irvine, and had also struck his superior. The recom mendation was concurred in by the board, and Hoare's discharge ordered. Second Pipe man W. F. Schultz was reported under sus pension for entering a saloon in the depart ment uniform. In concurrence with a reso lution passed by the board in 1894, Schultz was fined one month' 3 pay and reinstated. The fine will be deducted, one-half from his December and one-half from his January sal ary. The December pay roll, amounting to $13,- C 51.47. was passed. A communication was received from the Chicago firm which Is to put in the new fire alarm telegraph system, saying that the sup plies wore on hand, and that work would shortly be commenced on the contract. Residents of Maple street sent in a com munication requesting the co-operation of the fire board in boulevarding and paviug tho street. The board owns 120 feet of property on the thoroughfare, and its share of the Im provements is estimated at j'jout $300. The matter was laid on the tabl4 until the next meeting. Supt. Carey, of the alarm system, reiported the monthly test of tho different circuits as satisfactory, and the system as a whole in good working order. Bills to the amount of $84.61 were allowed. DOUGLAS COUNTY JAIL. Secretory Hart Says It Is the Worst in the State. Secretary H. H. Hart, of the state board of corrections and charities, returned yester day from Alexandria, where he inspected the local institutions. He says that the Douglas county jail is the worst in the state, with the possible exception of the one In Wilkin county. It is located, he says, in a cellar, and had six cells in all, two wooden, two iron, aiyj two brick cells, all of them dark and poorly ventilated. The brick cells were built c#.side the wall, underground liko co-si cellars in city buildings, and were unfit for* habitation. They were so insecure that a prisoner once escaped with no other tools than a brick and a piece of firewood. Douglas county had one of the best court houses in the state, and is out of debt and has money In the treasury. The Jail Mr. Hart visited will soon be replaced with a new one, as the old one has long been an eyesore to tho county, and tho county commissioners will let the contract for the erection of a new one soon. The city lock-up in the same town waa in the engine house. It consisted of two iron cells inclosed in an inner room, constructed of pine boards, warranted to roast tho prison ers to a turn if the flre ever got started. In such event it would be a regular fire trap, as there would be no way of escape for the inmate, as inside this wood inclosuro wa sthe iron cage, making it a veritable flro trap. When Mr. Hart was there one lene prisoner was enjoying its hospitalities with his faith ful dog. lie was serving out a term of fif teen days for having too good a time on Christmas day. "If I ever get out of this." he vowed, "you'll never ccc me here again." The humor of the declaration was apparent, Mr. Hart says, in view of the fact that all the doors were unlocked. No guard was vis ible, and apparently the only restraining force was the warmth of the interior con trasted with the frlgid'air outside. CORONER MUST PAY When He Employs a Stenographer ::« an Inquest. Hereafter, if Coroner Nelson engages a sten ographer to transcribe the testimony given at a coroner's inquest, the stenographer will have to look to the coroner for his pay. At any rate, he needn't look to the county for it, bo says Attorney Anderson In an opinion furnished by him to the county auditor yes terday. It sems that a stenographer from the Hess Business college was employed to take the testimony at the inquest in the case of the persons "killed by the falling elevator in a Fourth street wholesale house. The bill for the stenographer's services, presented by the Hess Business college, waa submitted to tho county by Coroner Nelson. In response to the county auditor's request, County Attorney Anderson has furnished that official with an opinion in which he holds that the coroner 13 allowed by law a salary of $3,500 a year, and that the law makes no provision requiring the county to stand an expense of this character Incurred at a cor oner's Inquest SEW PASTOR TODAY. Plymouth's Sew Shepherd "Will Be at Tonight 1 * Meeting. The congregation of the Plymouth Congre gational church are preparing to give their new pastor, Rev. George E. Soper, who- will arrive from Alexandria today, a hearty -wel come. A reception will be tendered Dr. Soper and his wife on Thursday evening of this week, when the congregation will welcome their' new pastor and his wife in the work he is about to undertake. The annual distribu tion of pews will also take place that even- Ing. Tonight the Plymouth society will hold Its annual meeting at 7:30 p. m., after which Mr. Soper will deliver the preparatory lecture for the communion services to be held next Sunday. FOR THE FIRE BOARD. First Ward Suggests A. G. Johnson to the Mayor. A delegation from the First ward called on Mayor Doran yesterday and presented the name of A. G. Johnson as a candidate for appointment on the flre board. Mr. Johnson Is a bookkeeper for the Gribben Lumber com pany, and is aJso president of the Cltlzsns' union, of the First ward. Mayor Doran in formed the committee that the name of Mr. Johnson would be considered when the matter of appointments was taken up. One or' the delegates, after the conference with his honor, expressed the opinion that tho move In the interests of Mr. Johnson was too late, as he had been Informed the slate had been made up by the mayor several days ago. PJIYTfIEIR RESPECTS MOST PROMINENT DIGNITARIES OF THE CATHOLIC CHinCH VISIT ST. PALL TO HONOR MGR. MARTINELLI. THE ABLEGATE GUEST OF HONOR *AT ANOTHER SELECT DIN NER PARTY. PUBLIC RECEPTION PLANNED. Citizens of St. I'nul to Honor the Apostolic Delegate New Year's Eve. Mgr. Martinelll was the guest of honor at another small dinner party given last evening at the residence of Archbishop Ireland. Those present were : Archbishop Ireland. Archbishop Hennessey, of Dubuquo. Archbishop Katzer, of Milwaukee. Archbishop Langevln, of Winnipeg. Bishops Scannell and Bonacum, of Ne braska. Bishop Cotter, of Winona. Bishop McGolrlck, of Duluth. Bishop Shanley, of Fargo. Bishop O'Gorinan, of Sioux Falls. Bishop Trobec, of St. Cloud. Bishop Mesmer, of Wisconsin. Father Keogh, of Milwaukee. Father Cleary, of Minneapolis. Dr. Rooker and Dr. Pace. Mgr. Martinelli, aside from a drive yesterday mcrning, passed the day very quietly. This evening he will attend a reception at St. Paul's seminary. A reception will be given at the Ryan hotel New Year's eve in honor of Mgr. Martinelll. The arrangement of the re ception is in the hands of prominent citizens. A meeting was held yesterday to decide upon some suitable acknowl edgment by the people of St. Paul of the presence of the distinguished pre late in the city. C. D. O'Brien was chairman. It was decided to hold a reception, and Daniel W. Lawler will deliver an address of welcome. The fol lowing committees were appointed: Executive Committee — C. D. O'Brien. H. G. McXair. Frank Schllck. Charles Mlchaud. Eric Dahlgren, Cornelius Shields, Casper Ernst, John Kerwin, Dr. Buckley, Charles F. Pusch, Patrick Butler, John D. O'Brien, Dr. J. H. O'Brien. Dr. A. Macdonald, D. W. Lawler, C. J. McConvllle, Jeremiah Prender gast, William L, Kelly. John Twohy Jr., H. J. Darragh, P. M. Hennessey, T. A. Prender gast, Thomas McCormlck, C. H. P. Smith, J. C. Xolan, John Brodeiick, J. G. Donnelly, Thomas Grace, John Caulfleld, M. W. Cole, H. T. Quinlan, J. S. Grode, J. S. Prince, Herman Grode, John Rogers Jr., T. Foley, M. Foley. John H. Allen, Michael Doran, M. 11. Foley, Pierce Butler, William Cunning ham, T. D. O'Brien, Henry F. Wesael. T. J. Lllley, Charles Friend, P. M. Kerst, A. Du fresno, John Dwyer, Ed O'Connor, E<J O'Brien, D. M. Sullivan, M. Mullane. Ter rence Kenny, John Dowlan, P. H. Kelly, J. C. Horrlgan, A. L. Larpanteur, M. C. Hellion, J. C. Geraghty, George Gerllch. Reception Committee— Eric Dahlgren, chair man; C. J. 'McConvllle. D. W. Lawler, E. J. Darragh, Dr. Buckley, Georga O'Reilly, W. L. Kelly Jr., T. F. Naughton, M. J. Boyle, John Clark, Casper Ernst, Dr. H. J. O'Brien, P. M. Kerst, M. Fitzpatrick. Henry Whaley, T. D. O'Brien, A. D. Hardenbergh, Thomas Fitzpatrick Jr., T. J. Brady, J. C. Pren dergast, John S. Grode, Thomas Grace, P. H. Kelly, Thomas Green, Henry Allen, A. L. Larpenteur, A. Dufresne, L. N. Dion, John Rogers Jr., A. H. Schllck, T. J. McDermott, Win. L. Kelly. John W. Willis, T. A. Pren dergast. John D. O'Brien. Dennis Ryan. M. F. Kennedy, C. H. F. Smith, Wm. Devereaux, James King, M. J. O'Connor, M. P. Kaln, Gen. M. R. Morgan, Dr. A. Macdonald, Wm. Cunningham. T. J. Lilley, H. F. Weasel, T. F. MeCormick, Michael Doran, Lieut. McAn drews, Capt. Wilkinson. J. L. McDonald, B. A. Cox, C. H. Williams. Thos. Fitzparlck, Patrick O'Brien, Frank S. Dowlan, P. T. Kavanaugh, John Flannigan. C. J. Hondy, A. Galbraith. P. J. Bowlin, Roger Kennedy. Committeo on Arrangements— H. ('. Mc- Xair, Dr. Buckley, John Kerwin, ('has. Pusch, Chas. Michaud. Committee on Invitations— C. J. Mcfonville, E. J. Darmgh. Patrick Butler, John Twohy, Jr., Pierce Butler, M. J. Boyle. Committee on Decorations and Music— J. G. Donnelly, Frank Schliok. Cornelius Shields, Casper Ernst, P. M. Hennessey. The reception will begin promptly at 8 o'clock. Besides Ablegate Martinelll there will be present the ablegate's sec retary, Dr. Rooker; Dr. Pace, of the Washington university; Archbishop Ireland and other prominent visiting and local clergy. SCANDINAVIAN TEMPLARS. The Grand Loiiu'e Put.i In Another Busy Day. The Scandinavian grand lodge con tinued its session in Garfleld hall yes terday. The reports show the order to be increasing, there being at this time seventy-five lodges with a membership : of 1,854. Reports were also read from Massachusetts and New York where? Scandinavian grand lodges hays been organized. In Illinois there are many Scandinavian lodges, but all their ef forts for a separate existence have been defeated. The Minnesota grand lodge passed a resolution of sympathy. A special committee was appointed and drafted resolutions memorializing the international supreme lodge to re vise the rituals, laws and rules of the order, eliminating all matter of a re ligious nature, thus making the order true to its motto "Our field is the world," by which it signifies itself as universal and open to the Wbole com munity. The committee of laws submitted many changes which were adopted af ter sharp contentions. The committee j on appeals wrestled with many ques tions, making the spsslon very interest ing. More than one appellant will go home happy. No session was held last evening as the delegates were tendered a recep tion by Garfleld Lodge No. 101. The election of officers will take place to day. HAZEL W ILL APPEAL. He Is Fined $1 in the Mnnlclpal Court. W H. Hazel, the colored man who was arrested on the charge of disorderly conduct as the result of an argument with M. Y. Bridges, proprietor of the Market restaurant. over the latter's refusal to serve the colored man, was yesterday before Judge Twohy, and required to pay a flue of $1. Hazel de clared his intention of app>^aling the case to the supieme court, and a stay until Jan. 28 was granted. LOST THREE DRAFTS. A Metropolitan Guest I» .Minus Sj!.'lOO on Paper. *D. F. Longstreet, of the City of Mexi co, who is a gue-st at the Metropolitan hotel, reported to the police last even ing that he had lost three $100 drafts. Mr. Longstreet was uncertain as to how the property disappeared, but thinks ho dropped his wallet with other valuable papers from his pocket. Payment on the drafts has been stopped. ONLY ON INSIDE RECEIPTS. Telephone Company Exclude* Inter state Bualness in Its Report. The Northwestern Telephone com pany yesterday notified State Treasurer Koerner that it would not pay any tax on its interstate business, but filed a report as to the business done within the state, which, so far as it goes, is in compliance with the law passed by the legislature at its session last win ter. The company reports the business for the year as $334,000, on which the state tax at 3 per cent. Is $10,020. TußKnrt Huh Gone. J. P. Taggert. who for some time has been the Northwestern passenger representative Of tha Baltimore & Ohio, with headquarters in St. Paul, left last night for Philadelphia v/hero ho is to be city ticket agent of the cor.-j.ny. Ha ig to be succeeded here by Ihomas McGill. at present assistant city ticket agent at Chicago of the B. & O Mr McGill is a brother of "Willie" McGill. 'the ball player, has been here long enough to be properly introduced, and will take his ' new station seme time this week. A number of Mr. Taggarfs friend 3 saw him off on tha train last cicht. BOTTBNHBSa IN BELTRAMr. 31 r. AV'ei '» Report Shdivn a Pretty- Kettle of Fl»h. If the report of Deputy Public Ex aminer West is well founded, Beltraml county affairs are pretty rotten. He says: The chairman of the county board has sold the county a court house for double its value, putting in hi 3 brother-in-law for the P"n>ose. The sheriff haa a bill of $150 for sheriffs barns; the county attorney is al lowed $1 200 a year salary, and in addition to this the commissioners have allowed a bill of $500 for legal advice. June 29, last, the county tsued $12,130 In bonds for the purpose of paying the floating Indebtedness of the county, alleged to havo exited prior to April 23, IS9. Aug. 14 the auditor was directed to ad vertise for bids on a new court house. No bids were received, but W. H. Roberts offered, to sell a building he was erecting, the commissioners decreed that "court house orders" In the sum of $3,800 should be issued to him in payment for hts building. The claim was not presented to the commissioners and audited when It became due, as re quired by law. The report says the building Is not con sidered to be of the value of $2,C00; and the taxpayers wero denied the right to ap peal from what they term an outrage. In order to keep the matter a secret from the people as long as posible. the proceedings were not published until Oct. 14. It is further related that the chairman of t3ie county board formerly owned one of the lota on which tha court house is built. Five days before the trade was made ha deeded the property to Roberts, his brother in-law, who made the deal with the board, and the "store" -which the chairman had been building became the court house, for which the county paid two prices. On Aug. 14 a $1,200 lockup was ordered, and the proceedings supressed until Oct. 14. J. W. HEXDEUSO.V ARRESTED. Secretary BfcDavitt Causes a Wnr rnnt to Issue. Secretary McDavitt, of the state board of modical examiners, yesterday procured the arrest of J. W. Henderson upon the charge of violating the state law. It Is alleged in the complaint that the accused "rtvc mm ended a certain agency treatment on Nov. 15 for one Edith Smith." Henderson was taken in to the municipal court and entered a plea of not guilty to the charge. He was released upon his own recognizance until Friday. State Expenses. To the Editor of the Globe. Your comments concerning the state ex penses and taxation do not point out the remedy, except Inferentlally, that of reducing the expenditures which per se admits the right to exercise discretion. The remedy is provided In the constitution, article 9, section 2, which commands the leg islature to provide "an annual tax sufficient to defray the estimated ordinary expenses of the state for each year." The tax must be sufficient, not more or less, and must de fray the estimated ordinary expenses, and nothing olso. The practical operation of this rule is that the ordinary expenses (current expenses) must bo flrat estimated and then the legislature pass a law levying a tax suf ficient to pay Bucta ordinary expenses. Tl>e tax is limited to ordinary or current expenses, which ordinary expenses must be estimated In advance, and then tho levy made to pay ft and nothing else. Hence tho constitution con fines the state expenditures to ordinary ex penses, and the tax lo pay that kind of ex pense, which, if followed, will prevent any deficit. The constitutional language, "An an nual tax sufficient to defray the • stlmatcd ordinary expenses," can have but one mean- Ing, which is that the annual tax is limited to ordinary expenses, which must be »Htlmat ed tn advance, and then a tax levied suffi cient to pay suc-h ordinary expense, and this Is the constitution Riven by ait the courU who have consldei stlon. —John Kelly. St. Paul, Deo. 21. Is It a St. Pnnl Coat? Tho Minneapolis authorities yesterday no tified the local police of the arrest <>f two men giving the names ot Herman W.ebber and John Finn, in the Mill City, with a valuable overcoat in their possession, which la be lieved to have been Rtnlrn In this city, Chief Schweitzer requested thai the men be until today, when an officer will be Bent to investigate the ownership ot the Said it* Have St«;l<-n Trousers, Samuel Sargent, a young man who has been under arrest frequently f"r alleged of wab yesterday corralled by officer Squires after an exciting chase, and locked up on the eh irge ■ I larceny. He is accused ling two pairs of trousers valued at ?i 50 from the clothing st< rnberg & venth and Wacouta Btreets. Udermcn Meet T«*Jii«l>«. An adjourned meet lug of the board of aldermen Is scheduled for this evening, it was expected the lilwaj ordinance would N> taken up but as the company^ ua not as ;/et decided on Just what they <lt«iire to have' the m< asm ■ pi Per taining to railway matters will be ,v the meeting. Department H«« Tliree < jill.m. The lire il ponded tn tlin-n alarms yesterday, but little or no damage resulted 1 niLny" Ins tan b ing a chimney Bre at :'io Fourl false mercurial alarm from the Pion< ir Press job printing offl< street, and a slight blaze at Linkc! baum's grocery Btore r t, the lat handling i i j <-md.o In thawing ti frozen wati r pipe. Celebrates Mis rir»t m«mm. cl Ber vices will t, (i again held at St. t'a church next Sunday, when Rev. Bdwai I Qerreagh-ty, a St. Paul boy, recently ned by Bishop Shanley, at Farg>, will celebrate his ttr wi " commenced promptly at 10:30. Very Rev. Thomas Eagan, of Jamestown, X. I-, w.n preach the sermon, ar.d-a large number of visiting priests will also bu present. . a_^i FOUGHT LIKK A FIEND. Colored Murderer Captured and Then Lynched, as ! suul. MINTER CITY, Miss., Dec. 28. Jo seph Hopkins, the negro who murd ?red two white farmers on Christmas day at Glendora, a small inland town near this place, was captured by a p at daylight this morning on the James plantation near Swan L«ake. Hopkins tied himself in a gin house, but was discovered by two "who gave the alarm. Hopkins fought like a fiend before being taken Into custody, and when arrest 'i It was found th;it gro had been shot In three places during the melee. He was not fatally injured, however, and was at once tak en to the scene of hi 3 crime. Hopkins confessed his guilt, and did not p for mercy, but b< gged his captors to make quick work of him, and little time was lost In carrying out the re quest. A rope was pla it the negro's neck, ard h<? was hanged to th» limb of .-l tree. The body was then riddled with bullets and left hanging. Hopkins' record Is a very bad one. many recent crimes being attributed to him. _ MINNEAPOLIS MAN IRRESTED. <.'liarj4o«l "With Abducting a Seven teen-Year-Old Girl. FT. SCOTT. Kas.. Deo. L'S.-P. Harmon, traveling salesman for a Minneapolis wire ■works, la In Jail here, eharsrd with tho ab duction of Mlfs K!!a liunn. thi- L7-year>old daughter of a oW«cvinaii ,f ;.- t . .:,. f jfsr mon and the girl 1 -ft h°i" la=t Saturdaj were apprehended at Springfield Upon 1j - Ing brought back, Harmon proposed mar riage, but the girl's fathrr w.>uld not i;ive his conent. Harmon frrmeiH f\>- 1 at Wichita. Suit Tramtferred. HAMILTON. 0.. D«c. B.- Judge Nlelan. of th.- common pleas rcurt who on last I ■"• appointed Samoel J. Fitter) receiver of the Herrlng-Hall-Mervln S;ifo company, today, on petition of the defVr.dnnta, transfers I suit to the United Irenlt court at Cineinn-atl. Mr. Fltten's position us receirer Is not yet affected by the trai: . ' move ia avowedly for the protti-tiun of the Ohio creditors of the concern and to prevent Ohilo assets from b<lng used to pay pre ferred creditors In other states. 11.-iKkan Him inliin . OTTAWA. Ont.. Dec. 23.— it Is said In offi cial circles that the mooting between the I'.r'.t- Ish and Amerl'-an authorities for finally de termining tho boundary of Alaska will bo he!d this winter. Tin* meridian llni- Is ■ tically agreed upon, and the main point ol dispute will be as to the atrip running alonj the Pacific coast contiguous "to lirltisli umbia.